Transcript: The Space Symphony | May 14, 2005

The opening slate reads "TVO Presents The Space Symphony, Variation 2."

A new slate reads "Earth Views."
(Classical music plays)

A satellite photo shows a hatch opening and an orbital view of a blue
Earth from below. A caption reads "Suite number 3 in D Major... "Air,"
Johann Sebastian Bach."

Over other orbital views, captions read "We are all children of this Universe...
Ray Bradbury." Then, "Astronomy compels the soul to look upward, and leads us
from this world to another... Plato." This is followed by "The origin of life
appears at the moment to be almost a miracle... Francis Crick." Then, "Earth
arose suddenly, just like a cloud, like a mist, now forming, unfolding...
Mayan Creation Myth." Next, "We are ancients of the Earth, and in the morning
of our times... Alfred Tennyson." Then, "The Universe, too, loves to create
whatsoever is destined to be made... Marcus Aurelius." "Enclosed and safe
within its central heart, nestles the seed of perfection... Walt Whitman."

The orbital view now includes the Space Shuttle with its hatch open.

A full-screen caption reads "Spirit of Mars."
(Classical piano music plays)

A white rocket with a bulbous head stands on a launching pad. A caption reads
"Piano Concerto number 21, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart."

A view from a distance shows the large rocket and birds flying past. The
rocket ignites and flames and smoke billow from its base. A caption reads
"Spirit begins its journey on June 26, 2003." The rocket, seen from an onboard
camera, takes off. Animations show it ascending rapidly into space. A caption
reads "Spirit must travel 500 million kilometres to reach Mars. Animations
show it in Earth orbit and shedding its booster rocket and protective capsule.
A caption reads "Two-thirds of all Mars missions fail to reach the red planet.
The animation shows the spaceship spinning regularly and leaving Earth orbit
after gaining momentum. It divides in two. The disc-shaped lander turns red
hot after entering the Martian atmosphere. A caption reads "January 4th, 2004...
Spirit enters the Martian atmosphere." A parachute opens and the lander sprouts
a tetrahedron-shaped protective layer of plastic bubbles, which lands and
bounces along the surface. Photos relayed from the lander appear. One of them
shows a radiating pattern of spokes from a crater.

The colour animation shows the bubble-wrap lander coming to a stop. A caption
reads "Spirit lands in Gusev Crater. Gusev Crater may have been a lakebed."
After the bubbles deflate, the tetrahedron-shaped lander opens up three flaps
to reveal the vehicle, which unfolds to a platform on wheels, surmounted by
an optical device. A caption reads "Spirit takes 9 days to unfold itself."
The binocular optical device swivels around, taking in the landscape. Against
what appears to be a colour photo of the red-tinted landscape, a caption
reads "During its first working day, Spirit's nine cameras take 3,900 pictures."
Some of the pictures are shown. Another caption reads "Mars's rusty red soil
contains iron oxide. Spirit can travel upto 100 metres per hour. Spirit
searches Gusev Crater for signs of water. Spirit is 1.5 metres tall and 2.2
metres wide. Spirit's robotic arm holds several geological instruments.

It deploys a circular scraper embossed with the Stars and Stripes and places
it against the surface of a rock. A caption reads "History's first rock grind
on Mars." The actual photo showing the circular mark left on the rock is seen.
Another caption reads "This rock is named "Adirondack. A spectrometer
evaluates its iron-oxide content. Spirit searches for signs of organic life.
"Spirit has far exceeded its 3-month lifespan." The camera homes out of an
animated picture of Spirit on the Martian surface.

The screen fades to black.

A full-screen caption reads "Journey to Saturn."

The caption changes to "Symphony Number 8 Franz Schubert."

A shuttle takes off.

A caption appears on screen. It reads "Cassini’s 7-year journey to Saturn begins in October, 1997."

An animation shows Venus and the Earth orbiting the sun.

The caption changes to "After two flybys of Venus, then a flyby of Earth and a flyby of Jupiter Cassini passes Jupiter’s moon Io, on January 1, 2001. It studies Io’s aurorae, and continues its journey."

Cassini orbits a large white moon. A caption reads "June 11, 2004, Cassini studies Saturn’s moon, Phoebe. Cassini arrives at Saturn on July 1, 2004. It enters the least turbulent area of Saturn’s rings to study their composition."
An animation shows a rectangle stretching out of Saturn’s rings. The caption changes to "Cassini takes 100 photos of Saturn and its moons every day."

Some of the photos taken appear.

The caption changes to "Captured by the ringed planet’s gravity, Cassini begins a 4-year exploration of Saturn. On December 25, 2004, Cassini sends the Huygens Probe to Titan. Titan is the only moon in the solar system with its own atmosphere."

A parachute opens from a purple flying object that lands on a yellow surface.

A reads "Data is sent to Earth 1.5 billion kilometers away. Cassini studies Saturn’s magnetosphere and its moons."

An animation shows Cassini orbits around Saturn.

The caption changes to "Cassini will stay in Saturn’s orbit forever, like one of its moons."

The screen fades to black.

A full-screen caption reads "Deep Space."

A shuttle flies into space.

The caption changes to "La Traviata: Prelude Giusepe Verdi. Deep Space 1 begins its journey on October 24, 1998. Deep Space is to study Comet Borrelly. Comets are ancient relics formed in the coldest part of our solar system. September 22, 2001: Deep Space 1 photographs Comet Borrelly. Deep Space takes infrared images of the comet’s nucleus."

Colourful infrared images appear.

A caption reads "It measures the comet’s magnetic and electric fields. It analyzed the gases surrounding the nucleus. Deep Space 1 is the closest encounter with a comet for the time being."

The screen fades to black.

A full-screen caption reads "Age of the Universe."

The caption changes to "Peer Gynt, Suite Number 1-Morning Edvard Grieg."

A shining beam of light bursts in the universe.

The solar system appears.

The caption changes to "It is owing to their wonder that men at first began to philosophize about the origin of the universe. Aristotle." Then, "April 25, 1990: Hubble Space Telescope is launched. Hubble will travel back in time at the speed of light."

A space center launches a shuttle.

The caption changes to "Deep inside a cluster of hundreds of thousands of stars. Hubble records images of the universe never seen before."

A series of pictures show pink cluster of stars.

A caption reads "White Dwarfs are the oldest burned-out stars in the Milky Way. White Dwarfs are 13 billion years old."

A whitish star turns red next to an animated clock.

Pictures of multi-coloured galaxies flash by.

The caption changes to "Galaxy NGC 3949. Galaxy M100. Spiral Galaxy NGC 3370. Galaxies at various stages of evolution. Eagle Nebula 7,000 light-years from Earth. Hudge 301 Tarantula Nebula. Cluster of elliptical and spiral galaxies. Cat’s Eye Nebula. Exploding star 8,000 light-years from Earth. NGC 4414 60 million light-years from Earth. Starburst Galaxy. Galaxy Nebula 3603."

A bright white explosion occurs.

The caption changes to "Hubble brings us closes to the origin of the universe."

The screen fades to black.

A full-screen caption reads "Earth Views 2."

A caption reads "Suite number 3 in D. Major... "Air," Johann Sebastian Bach."

Over orbital views of Earth taken from the Shuttle, captions read "Earth is too small a basket for mankind to keep all its eggs in. Robert. A. Heinlein," and "No question is more sublime than why there is a Universe: why there is anything rather than nothing. Derek Parfit," and "We can lick gravity, but sometimes the paperwork is overwhelming. Werner von Braun," and "Only barbarians are not curious about where they come from, and how they came to be where they are. Isaiah Berlin," and "Genius hath electric power which earth can never tame. Lydia Maria Child," and "The observable universe has a radius of 15 billion light years. Big Bang Theory."

The screen fades to black.

A full-screen caption reads "Space Station Mir."

The caption changes to "Polovtsian Dances, Number 1 Alexander Borodin."

Fast clips of space stations orbiting the Earth appear.

The caption changes to "The Soviet Union sent Mir aloft on February 10, 1986."

Crewmembers shake hands inside the station. The caption changes to "In Russian, Mir means ‘peace’ 104 cosmonauts and astronauts inhabited the space station. Mir was originally designed to last for 5 years. It functioned for 15 years."

Crewmembers float around performing their daily activities in the station.

The caption changes to "In 1991, Cosmonaut Sergi Krikalev was stranded on board when the Soviet Union collapsed. In 1995, Cosmonaut Valery Polyakov set a world record of 438 days in orbit. In 1997, a Progress cargo ship crashed into Mir, the crew was seconds away from abandoning ship before control was restored. Mir was decommissioned on March 23, 2001. It burnt up during re-entry. Space Station Mir 1986-2001."

The screen fades to black.

A full-screen caption reads "The Canadarm."

The caption changes to "Rigoletto: La donna è mobile. Giuseppe Verdi."

Astronauts work using a series of robotic arms on space shuttles.

The caption changes to "The Canadarm began work on the shuttle on November 13, 1981. Besides moving heavy loads, the Canadarm helps astronauts grapple and retrieve satellites. They also use it as a mobile work platform. The Canadarm is 15 meters long. It has shoulder, elbow and wrist joints, similar to a human arm. The Canadarm 2 was launched on April 19, 2001. The Canadarm 2 is 17 meters long. Both Canadarms are integral to the construction of Space Station Alpha."

Space Station Alpha consists of pressurised modules, external trusses, solar arrays, and other components.

The caption changes to "The handling capacity of the Canadarm is 266,000 kilos. The Canadarm really does function like an extension of your body. Marc Garneau."

The screen fades to black.

A full-screen caption reads "Space Station Alpha."

The caption changes to "Symphony Number 9 in D Minor Ludwing van Beethoven."

Over a launching sequence, a caption reads "December 4, 1998: Construction of Space Station Alpha begins."

Over the docking of modules, a caption reads "The Unity Node is attached to the Zarya Control Module. Unity is the foundation for future space station components."

Then, the caption changes to "October, 2000: Alpha’s communication system is activated. A 73-meter long solar array will provide enough electricity to power 15 residential homes. November, 2000: Alpha’s first Commander welcomes a visiting shuttle crew."

Floating, crewmembers shake hands.

A caption appears on screen. It reads "February, 2001: During 3 long space walks, the Destiny lab is attached. Destiny adds 8.5 meters of habitable space to Alpha. April, 2002: Second of four beam structures is attached to Alpha. Alpha is named after a mystical Greek mountaintop where mortals could contact the worlds above. June, 2002: The mobile base for Canadarm 2 is mounted. November, 2002: sixth crew exchange takes place.

Fast clips show the process described.

The caption changes to "February, 2003: Space Shuttle Columbia and crew lost during re-entry. Shuttle flights are suspended. Construction on Alpha ceases for the time being."

The screen fades to black.

A full-screen caption reads "Space Walkers."

A caption appears on screen. It reads "Giazotto-Adagio in G Minor Tomaso Albinoni."

Against astronauts working in space, captions read "Humanity is not forever chained to his planet. Neil Armstrong, Apollo," and "The most fun I’ll ever have in my life. Sally R. Ride, Space Shuttle," and "I looked and looked and looked but I didn’t see God. Yury Gagarin Vostok, " and "Zero G and I feel fine. John Glenn, Mercury," and "What the space program needs is more English majors. Michael Collins, Apollo," and "To boldly go where no man has gone before. Captain James T. Kirk, Starship Enterprise," and "I never knew what the word round meant until I saw Earth from space. Aleksei Leonov, Voskhod, " and "The experience changed my attitude toward life itself. I am one of the lucky ones. Roberta Bondar, Space Shuttle," and "It was like sitting on God’s back porch, looking back home. Gene Cerman, Apollo," and "You sort of get addicted. You want to go back again and again. Kalpana Chawla, Space Shuttle," and "For one crowning moment, we were creatures of the cosmic ocean. ‘Buzz’ Aldrin Junior, Apollo."

The screen fades to black.

A full-screen caption reads "Spirit of Mars 2... The Twin Rovers."

Over a Mars lander separating from its orbital section, a caption reads "Symphony number 40 in G. Minor, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart."

Over a landing sequence, a caption reads "On January 24, 2004, Spirit's twin, "Opportunity" lands on Mars. Opportunity bounces into a region called Meridiani Planum. Opportunity's mission is to study soil and seek evidence of water. Opportunity finds itself inside Endurance Crater, 20 metres deep and 130 metres wide.

A photo taken by the lander shows streamlike patterns on the edge of the crater. A caption reads "These patterns may have been formed by an evaporating body of saltwater. Martian rocks may have formed underwater or by lava flow. Deposits of gray hematite indicate water and organic life. Iron oxide indicates lava flow. This is not conducive to organic life. Opportunity studies the inner slope of Endurance Crater. Spirit and Opportunity are paving the way for future Mars missions by humans."

An image of the red planet fades to black.

A full-screen caption reads "Earth Views 3."

A caption reads "Suite number 3 in D. Major... "Air," Johann Sebastian

Over orbital views of Earth taken from the Shuttle, captions read "O Earth,
O Earth, return! Arise from out the dewy grass... Night is worn, and the morn rises
from the slumberous mass.... William Blake," and "In the beginning, there was nothing
but chaos. Out of the bleak nothingness came a small miracle, Love....
Greek Creation Myth," and "Man still bears in his bodily frame the indelible stamp
of his lowly origin.... Charles Darwin," and "Had I been present at the
Creation, I would have given some useful hints for the better ordering of the
Universe.... Alfonso the Wise," and "Earth hath swallowed all my hopes, but
she... she is the hopeful lady of my earth.... William Shakespeare."

The screen fades to black.

The end credits roll.

Executive Producer, Rudy Buttignol.

Producer, Writer, Director, David Sobelman.

Production Editor, Julian Lannaman.

Footage courtesy of Johnson Space Center Jet Propulsion Lab.

The Space Symphony.

Logos: TVOntario, TFO, TVO, ILC.

A production of TVOntario. Copyright 2004, The Ontario Educational Communications Authority.

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