Transcript: Space Station Alpha | Aug 21, 2004

Fast scenes show a rocket from various perspectives taking off from Earth and racing into space.

[Radio chatter]

Man says 4-3-2-1 AND LIFTOFF!
[Cheering]
[Radio chatter continues]

Woman says 3 AND 104.

Various perspectives show a rocket igniting with flames and smoke billowing from its base. Animations show it ascending rapidly into space.

Man says 8 SECONDS...
AND ROLL PROGRAM, HOUSTON.

Woman says UP ON THE RIGHT, RUN THE
TIME.

Man says COMING UP ON THE MARK.
CHALLENGER, THROTTLE UP.
COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM
CHECK.
COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM
CHECK.

The opening slate reads "TVO Ontario Presents The Shuttle Years, From Challenger to Columbia."

Man says ... ENGINES 103, 103
[Radio chatter]

Woman says IT'S LOOKING GOOD.
[Playing Orchestral Music]

Announcer says AND THE SHUTTLE
HAS CLEARED THE TOWER.

[Tchaikovsky's Waltz of the Flowers plays]
The scene opens with a rocket taking off into the air leaving plumes of smoke in its wake. A full-screen caption reads "Danger of Ascent."

Man says 4-3- TOUCHDOWN.
[Unclear]
WELCOME HOME TO [Unclear]
BEAUTIFUL, BEAUTIFUL.
[Applause]

As the rocket soars higher into the air a caption reads "STS-1. April 12, 1981. The first Shuttle Mission."

Over an image of the Earth seen from space a caption reads "Primary Mission Objectives: Check out overall Shuttle system. Accomplish safe ascent into orbit. Return safely to Earth."

Over a landing sequence a caption reads "Columbia’s Maiden Voyage inaugurates the Space Transportation System (STS)."

Members in the control room clap enthusiastically. The astronauts descend the rocket and shake hands with technicians.

Man says COMING OUT, LED BY
COMMANDER BOB CRIPPEN, CAPTAIN
NORMAN THAGARD BRINGING UP THE
REAR, HAS THE DISTINCTION OF
BEING THE FIRST MEDICAL DOCTOR
TO FLY IN SPACE.

Clips show the astronauts entering a shuttle. A moment later the rocket takes off from its platform. A caption reads "STS-7. June 18, 1983. 7th Shuttle Mission."

Man says WE HAVE MAIN ENGINE
START.
IGNITION, AND LIFTOFF.
LIFTOFF OF STS-7 AND AMERICA'S
FIRST WOMAN ASTRONAUT, AND THE
SHUTTLE HAS CLEARED THE TOWER.

As the rocket soars into the air a caption reads "Primary payload: Anik C-2, Canada."

Now a rocket is shown taking off at night. A caption reads "STS-8. August 30, 1983. 8th Shuttle Mission. First night launch. Primary paylod: INSAT 1B, India."

Inside the rockets, the astronauts are all wearing headsets.

Ronald Regan says CONGRATULATIONS
ON A SUCCESSFUL AND SPECTACULAR
NIGHT LAUNCH.
EVERY ON OF THESE LAUNCHES OF
THE SHUTTLE IS A NOTEWORTHY
EVENT, BUT THIS ONE HAS
CERTAINLY ITS SHARE OF FIRSTS.

Now, another rocket launches into the air. A caption reads "STS-9. November 28, 1983. 9th Shuttle Mission. Primary payload: Spacelab-1."

Man says 3-2-1 SOLID MOTOR
IGNITION AND LIFTOFF.
LIFTOFF OF COLUMBIA, AND THE
FIRST FLIGHT OF THE EUROPEAN
SPACE AGENCY'S SPACELAB.
THE SHUTTLE HAS CLEARED THE
TOWER.

Man says ROGER, ROLL.

Now clips play of astronauts in space performing experiments. A caption reads "Primary objective: Researching microgravity."

Man says PAYLOAD
SPECIALIST BYRON LICHTENBERG
OPENS AIR LOCK [Unclear]
SPACELAB MODULE FOR THE FIRST
TIME.

Man says MISSION SPECIALIST BRUCE
McCANLISS PERFORMED THE FIRST
CHECK OUT OF THE MANNED
MANOEUVRING UNIT.

A clip shows an astronaut floating out of the rocket. The Earth shines bright behind him. A caption reads "E.M.U. equals Extravehicular Mobility Unity."

Man says FLYING UNTETHERED, FIRST
IN THE PAYLOAD BAY, THEN MOVING
AWAY FROM THE SHUTTLE TO A
DISTANCE FO 300 FEET, AND SAFELY
RETURNING.

A rocket launches into the air. A caption reads "STS-41-G. October 5, 1984. 13th shuttle mission. Primary payload: Earth Radiation Budget Satellite."

Man says HERE COME THE SOLIDS.
IT TAKES, FROM LIFTOFF, ABOUT 8
1/2 MINUTES.
YOU'RE GOING 17,500 MILES AN
HOUR.
OUR CANADIAN, MARC GARNEAU, THE
PAYLOAD SPECIALIST WE HAD ON
BOARD, DID A FANTASTIC JOB.

A clip shows Marc holding mechanical equipment inside the rocket. A caption reads "Marc Garneau. First Canadian in space."

Astronaut says THE INTERNATIONAL
ASPECTS OF THE PROGRAM, THE ARM
ITSELF WAS BUILT UP IN CANADA BY
AN OUTFIT CALLED SPAR, AND IT'S
BEEN A MARVELLOUS ASSET TO THE
SHUTTLE.
WE DO GET SOME FRESH THINGS UP
THERE NOWADAYS, LIKE, SUCH AS
THESE CARROTS.
MARC'S GOING TO LOSE THE THING
THERE.

Marc is shown eating a bag of carrots. He loses hold of one and it starts to float away.

Now a clip plays of a cylindrical payload slowly being removed from the shuttle and into space.

Astronaut says THIS IS DISCOVERY.

Man says GO AHEAD.

Astronaut says WE'RE ROLLING THE
DEPLOY FROM THE BEGINNING.

Man says OKAY, WE'RE WATCHING.

As the payload slowly turns a caption reads "The shuttle can carry payloads weighing up to 29,000 kilograms."

Man: DISCOVERY, HOUSTON.

Astronaut says GO AHEAD.

Man says HEY, I'VE GOT A
PROCEDURE FOR YOU THAT WILL
ALLOW US TO POINT THE [Unclear]
AXIS OF THE ORBITER AT THE
SINCOM.

A landing sequence is played. A crowd of people are shown nearby.

Man says TOUCHDOWN.

The crowd applauds and cheers.

Man says NOSE GEAR DESCENDING NOW.

Man says OUR FANS ARE OVER HERE
IN THE CORNER.

Now, the astronauts are standing in an open field. Ronald McNair stands at the microphone. He is in his forties with short black hair and a thin mustache. He wears sunglasses and a blue jacket with the NASA logo on it.

He says AT THIS TIME
I'D LIKE TO INTRODUCE YOU TO
PERHAPS A PERSON CAME TO SEE,
AND THAT'S CHRISTA McAuliffe,
OUR PAYLOAD SPECIALIST TEACHER
IN SPACE.

Christa McAuliffe approaches the microphone. She is in her forties with curly brown hair. She wears a matching blue jacket.

Christa says WELL I AM
SO EXCITED TO BE HERE.
WE WATCHED COLUMBIA GO OVER THE
HOUSTON AREA THIS MORNING, AND
THAT WAS A THRILL.
I DON'T THINK ANY TEACHER HAS
EVER BEEN MORE READY TO HAVE TWO
LESSONS IN MY LIFE.
I'VE BEEN PREPARING THESE SINCE
SEPTEMBER, AND I JUST HOPE
EVERYBODY TUNES IN ON DAY FOUR
NOW, TO WATCH THE TEACHER
TEACHING FROM SPACE.

A clip plays of a rocket taking off. A caption reads "STS-51-L. January 28, 1986. 25th Shuttle Mission."

Man says WE HAVE MAIN ENGINE
START, 4-3-2-1, AND LIFTOFF.
LIFTOFF OF THE 25th SPACE
SHUTTLE MISSION, AND IT HAS
CLEARED THE TOWER.
[Radio chatter]

Man says 65 PERCENT, THREE ENGINES
RUNNING NORMALLY, THREE GOOD
FUEL CELLS.
THREE GOOD APU.

As the rocket launches into the air, a caption reads "Primary payload: Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-B."

Man says VELOCITY 2,257 FEET PER
SECOND, ALTITUDE 4.3 NAUTICAL
MILES, DOWNRANGE DISTANCE 3
NAUTICAL MILES.

A clip shows the rocket soaring into the air from below. A caption reads "Challenger is named after a U.S. naval research vessel that sailed the oceans in the 1870s."

Man says ENGINES THROTTLING UP,
THREE ENGINES NOW AT 104 PERCENT.

Man says CHALLENGER, GO WITH
THROTTLE UP.

Astronaut says ROGER, GO WITH
THROTTLE UP.

The rocket bursts apart mid-air. Debris fall to the ground. Streams of smoke fill the air.

Man says 1 MINUTE, 15 SECONDS,
VELOCITY 2,900 FEET PER SECOND,
ALTITUDE 9 NAUTICAL MILES,
DOWNRANGE DISTANCE 7 NAUTICAL
MILES.

Man says FLIGHT FIDO, GO AHEAD.

Man says R.O.S. REPORTS VEHICLE
EXPLODED.

Man says COPY.
OKAY, EVERYBODY, STAY OFF THE
TELEPHONES.
MAKE SURE YOU MAINTAIN ALL YOUR
DATA.
START PULLING IT TOGETHER.

Man says WE HAVE NO DOWNLINK.

[Sombre music plays]

A caption reads "The loss of Challenger is caused by the failure of joint-seals in the right Solid Rocket Motor."

Clips show deb ris falling into the water.
Man says THIS IS MISSION CONTROL,
HOUSTON.
WE HAVE NO ADDITIONAL WORD AT
THIS TIME.

Man says REPORTS FROM THE FLIGHT
DYNAMICS OFFICER INDICATE THAT
THE VEHICLE APPARENTLY EXPLODED.

Photographs of the fallen astronauts are shown on the scene in slow succession. Caption read "Francis Scobee, Commander. Michael Smith, Pilot. Judith Resnik, Mission Specialist. Ellison Onizuka, Mission Specialist. Ronald McNair, Mission Specialist. Gregory Jarvis, Payload Specialist. Christa McAuliffe, Payload Specialist, Teacher in Space Project."

The scene fades to a launch pad with no rocket. A caption reads "There are no Shuttle Missions in 1987."

A moment later the air is full of applause and cheering. It is a bright sunny and sunny day with a shuttle ready to launch. A caption reads "STS-26. September 29, 1988. 26th Shuttle Mission. NASA returns to flight."

Fast clips show the astronauts walking down a platform followed by a clip of the walkway leading into the shuttle. The name "Discovery" is printed on the side of the shuttle.

Man says THIS IS THE WALKWAY USED
BY THE ASTRONAUTS AS THEY ENTER
THE ORBITER.
IN CASE OF AN EMERGENCY, THE ARM
CAN BE PLACED BACK INTO POSITION
WITHIN ABOUT 15 SECONDS.
WE HAVE A GO FOR AUTO-SEQUENCE
START.
10, WE'RE GO FOR MAIN ENGINE
START, 7-6, START,
3-2-1-0 AND LIFTOFF.
The rocket ignites and soars into the air. A caption reads "Primary payload: Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-C. (TDRS-C)."

Man continues LIFTOFF, AMERICANS RETURN TO
SPACE AS DISCOVERY CLEARS THE
TOWER.

["Pompand Circumstance" BY Elgar plays]

Man says ROGER, ROLL, DISCOVERY.

As the rocket soars into the air a caption reads "Discovery is named after a ship sailed by Captain James Cook." Cook explored Alaska and northwestern Canada in the 1770s."

Man says ALL PROGRAMS,
HOUSTON NOW CONTROLLING.
THREE ENGINES 104 PERCENT.
THREE GOOD APUs, THREE GOOD
FUEL CELL, THROTTLE AT 65 PERCENT.
HOUSTON THROTTLING DOWN NOW TO
MAINTAIN A CERTAIN SPEED AS THE
SPACECRAFT PASSES THROUGH MAX Q.
THREE ENGINES AT 65 PERCENT NOW.

As the shuttle exits the Earth’s atmosphere a caption reads "The shuttle accelerates from 0 to 28,000 kilometres per hour in 8.5 minutes. The shuttle takes off like a rocket."

As the shuttle orbits in space a caption reads "It becomes a spacecraft in orbit."

Clips show people in Mission Control working followed by astronauts looking at charts.

Robin Williams says GOOD
MORNING, DISCOVERY!
GOOD MORNING, DISCOVERY.

Astronaut says THIS IS REALLY A
PRETTY SATELLITE.
REALLY SOME GORGEOUS VIEWS OUT
THE WINDOW THROUGH THE
DEPLOYMENT, AND I HOPE WE
CAPTURED A LOT OF THAT ON FILM.

A clip plays of a cylindrical satellite being removed from the rocket. A caption reads "TDRS is part of a tracking and data network of communication satellites."

Astronaut says THERE YOU SEE IT,
VERY SMOOTH SEPARATION.
WE HEARD NOTHING AND FELT
NOTHING IN THE CABIN WHEN THAT
SEPARATED.

Man says IT LOOKS GREAT, MIKE.

Astronaut says DEPLOYMENT FROM
OUR POINT OF VIEW IS UH...
WE UNDERSTAND IT'S WELL ON ITS
WAY TO GEOSYNCHRONOUS BY NOW.

The TDRS swiftly floats away into space. A caption reads "TDRS allows the shuttle to send and receive data during most of its orbits."

Now, the Earth is shown from the perspective of the shuttle.

Astronaut says AS WE, THE CREW OF
DISCOVERY, WITNESS THIS EARTHLY
SPLENDOUR FROM AMERICA'S SPACE
CRAFT, LESS THAN 200 MILES
SEPARATES US FROM THE REMAINDER
OF MANKIND, IN A FRACTION OF A
SECOND, OUR WORDS REACH YOUR
EARS.
BUT LEST WE EVER FORGET THAT
THESE FEW MILES REPRESENT A
GREAT GULF.

A caption reads "To ascend through this seemingly tranquil sea will always be brought with danger."

Astronaut continues LET US REMEMBER
THE CHALLENGER CREW, WHOSE
VOYAGE WAS SO TRAGICALLY SHORT.
WITH THEM, WE SHARED A COMMON
PURPOSE, WITH THEM WE SHARED A
COMMON GOAL.

A caption reads "Dear Friends, We have resumed the journey that we promised to continue for you."

Astronaut continues DEAR FRIENDS, YOUR
LOSS HAS MEANT THAT WE COULD
CONFIDENTLY BEGIN ANEW.

A caption reads "Dear Friends, Your spirit and your dreams are still alive in our hearts."

A clip plays of astronauts in the cockpit talking to Mission Control.

Man says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON,
TALKING TO YOU THROUGH TEDRIS
NOW.

Astronaut says OKAY, LOUD AND
CLEAR.
UNDERSTAND YOU'RE THROUGH
TEDRIS, AND YOU'RE NOT GETTING
ANY MORE DOWNLINK.

Man says THAT IS CORRECT.

Astronaut says HOUSTON,
DISCOVERY.

Man says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON WITH
YOU AT [Unclear], GO AHEAD.

Astronaut says ROGER, THE BURN
WAS GOOD, NO RESIDUALS.
WE'RE NOW TAKING A VIEW FROM THE
HELICOPTER OVER THE LANDING
AREA, AND WE'RE LOOKING AT SOME
OF THE 380,000 PEOPLE GATHERED
FOR THE LANDING OF DISCOVERY.

The shuttle is shown re-entering Earth’s atmosphere.

Man says WE CAN SEE EDWARDS FROM
HERE, HOUSTON.
IT SURE LOOKS GORGEOUS.
[Sonic Booms]

A landing sequence plays as a caption reads "The twin sonic booms are created by shock waves from the shuttle’s nose and tail."

The crowd applauds and cheers.

Man says DISCOVERY NOW COMING IN
AT 40,000 FEET.
SHE'S NOW AT ABOUT 6,500 FEET,
DESCENDING AT A RATE OF 180 FEET
PER SECOND.
GEAR ARE DOWN...
MAIN GEAR TOUCHDOWN.
COMMANDER HAUP NOW ROTATING THE
NOSE DOWN.
STANDING BY FOR NOSE GEAR AND
TOUCHDOWN.

The shuttle lands on the run way. A caption reads "Mission duration: 4 days, 1 hour, 11 seconds."

Man says DISCOVERY, WELCOME BACK.
A GREAT ENDING TO THE NEW
BEGINNING.

Astronaut says THANKS A LOT.

Now a shuttle is shown on a Launchpad. Technicians are surveying the area.

Man says THIS IS SHUTTLE LAUNCH
CONTROL AT T MINUS 3 HOURS AND
HOLDING.
THE ICE TEAM AND THE CLOSE OUT
CREW ARE IN THE PAD AREA NOW,
AND THERE THEY WILL INSPECT THE
TANK'S AFT DOME AND THE SHUTTLE
ENGINES.
THE WEATHER PEOPLE, SAYING STILL
THAT THERE IS A 60 PERCENT CHANCE THAT
EVERYTHING WILL BE SATISFACTORY
FOR LAUNCH ON TIME THIS
AFTERNOON.

Astronaut says HOUSTON, ATLANTIS.
MS1, HOW DO YOU READ?

Man says ATLANTIS, MS1, HOUSTON,
YOU'RE LOUD AND CLEAR.
GOOD MORNING, MARK.

Man says COMING UP ON THE 8
MINUTES POINT IN OUR COUNTDOWN.

Astronaut says FLIGHT OTC.
GO AHEAD.

Man says FINAL CLEAR TO LAUNCH
FROM THE RANGE.

Astronaut says I COPY, THANK YOU.

Woman says GO FOR E.T., LO2,

Astronaut says WE'RE AT GO

Man says COPY THAT, SIR.

Man says T MINUS 2 MINUTES 20
SECONDS, THE PILOT RON GRABE HAS
CLEARED THE CAUTION AND WARNING
MEMORY.

Astronaut says WE ARE READY TO
FLY.

Man says COPY THAT.

Man says T MINUS 1 MINUTE 20
SECONDS AND COUNTING.
AND WE HAVE GONE FOR OUT OF
SEQUENCE START.
10, WE HAVE A GO FOR MAIN ENGINE
START, 7-6—

[Orchestral Music Plays]

The shuttle ignites and accelerates into the air. A caption reads "STS-30. May 4, 1989. 29th Shuttle Mission."

A clip plays from the perspective of the accelerating rocket of a shaky view of the Earth disappearing below. A stream of smoke is left in the shuttle’s wake. A caption reads "Primary objective: Deploy the Magellan spacecraft. Atlantis is named after a research sailing vessel used by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute from 1930 to 1966."

Man says ATLANTIS, HOUSTON,
YOU'RE GO FOR THE PREFLIGHT
CHECK OUT.

Astronaut says ROGER, GO FOR THE
CHECKOUT.

Man says NOW LOOKING AT THE
BUSINESS END OF THE INERTIAL
UPPER STAGE OF THE MAGELLAN
STACK.
THIS IS THE NOZZLE FOR THE SOLID
ROCKET MOTOR.

Now in rocket is shown orbiting in space. A shiny brown cone juts out from the bottom of a rocket.

Man says ATLANTIS, HOUSTON,
SUNNYVALE HAD A GOOD DIRECT
CHECK AND THEIR COMMAND IS
COMPLETE.

Astronaut says OKAY, PETER, WE
COPY.
WE'RE PROCEEDING INTO THE
I.U.S.P.I. LOCK CHECKOUT.

Man says ROGER THAT.

A clip plays of Magellan being released from the shuttle. The brown rocket is attached at its base. A caption reads "Magellan is the first planetary probe deployed by the shuttle."

Magellan accelerates away. It glows white against the blackness of space. A caption reads "Magellan begins a 15-month journey to explore the surface of Venus."

A clip now plays of an astronaut looking at a laptop inside the shuttle.

Woman says THIS IS MISSION
CONTROL.
THESE TV VIEWS SHOW MARY CLEAVE
USING THE PAYLOAD GENERAL
SUPPORT COMPUTER, AS SHE'S
MONITORING THE FLUID EXPERIMENTS
APPARATUS.

Mary Cleave says WE'RE STARTING
AT THE BEGINNING OF THE CRYSTAL,
MOVING DOWN THE CRYSTAL.
YOU'RE BEGINNING TO SEE THE
FOLDS HERE.
YOU CAN SEE AT ONE POINT THAT WE
ACTUALLY DID MAKE CONTACT FOR
ABOUT 2 INCHES WITH THE GLASS
CONTAINER.

A clip plays of a shiny crystal slowly being rotated. It is riddled with cuts and scratches.

Man says MARY, COPY THAT.
THANKS FOR THE INFORMATION.
IT'S GREAT PICTURES.

Man says ATLANTIS, HOUSTON?

A clip plays of a shuttle on Earth during a sunny day. A caption reads "STS-34. October 18, 1989. 31st Shuttle Mission."

Astronaut says GO AHEAD.

Man says PENDING W.C.S.
DEACTIVATION, YOU HAVE A GO FOR
DE-ORBIT BURN.
YOUR SIGNAL IS CHARLIE, DAVE.

Astronaut says ROGER THAT.
WE'LL BE LEAVING MARSHALL ON
TIME.

Astronaut says I THINK IT'S AN
INCREDIBLE RIDE.

Man says YOU LOOK GREAT.
CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL OF YOU.

A caption reads "Primary payload: The Galileo spacecraft bound for Jupiter."

Astronaut says YOUR FLIGHT
CONTROL POWER IS OFF.

A clip plays of astronauts inside the cockpit of the shuttle. A caption reads "The air pressure inside the Space Shuttle is about the same as on Earth."

Astronaut says MINE IS OFF.

Astronaut says OKAY, NOW,
REMEMBER WHEN WE GET AN
ATTITUDE, AND THIS IS ABOUT A...
LOOKS LIKE ABOUT A 7 MINUTE
MANOEUVRE.

Astronaut says AND WHEN WE GET AN
ATTITUDE, WE WANT TO REMEMBER TO
GO TO 11 AUTO BURNS.
BELOW Z, AND FALSE ON
THE ROTATIONAL MAP.

Fast clips play of astronauts performing experiments inside the shuttle.

Astronaut says HOLD THE FILM
FLAT...
EACH EXPOSURE FRAMED.
[laughing]
THERE'S KITTY HAWK.... AT 250, KITTY HAWK MIGHT GET
US SOMETHING.

Astronaut 2 says YEAH, I GOT IT.

Astronaut 1 says THERE'S SHIPS'
WAKES, AND SHIPS.

Another astronaut says AH, THIS IS ELLEN,
TAKING BLOOD PRESSURE.

Astronaut says THE ICE CRYSTAL
EXPERIMENT IS HOOKED TO THE
CEILING WITH A COUPLE OF SPRING
BUNGEES HERE.
THE CAMERA MOUNTED ON IT JUST
ABOVE MY HEAD AS YOU CAN SEE
THERE.

A clip shows a beam of light reflecting off a thin piece of crystal.

Astronaut continues
WE'VE TRIED TO LOOK INSIDE THE
CHAMBRE USING THE CHAMBRE LIGHT,
AND THE FOCUS ON THE FILAMENT
WIRE WHERE THE CRYSTALS GROW IS
EXCELLENT.

A close-up shown fine crystal growth. A caption reads "Several crystals grow, after the crew reactivates the experiment."

Astronaut says AND IT APPEARS TO
BE VERY SHARPLY IN FOCUS.
HOWEVER, WE HAVEN'T SEEN ANY
CRYSTALS YET.
I DON'T KNOW WHETHER THAT'S TO
BE EXPECTED OR NOT, BUT WE'RE
KIND OF WAITING TO SEE HOW THAT
COMES OUT.

[Vacuum cleaner humming]
As astronauts clean the shuttle a caption reads "Each crew member perform housekeeping tasks during the mission."

Another clip shows astronauts floating in all directions inside the shuttle. A caption reads "There is no up or down in space."

Astronaut says AND THIS IS MEAL
PREP.
LUNCHTIME IN THE MID DECK OF
ATLANTIS, EVERYBODY TRYING TO
GRAB SOMETHING AND HAVE A BITE
TO EAT, BEFORE SOMEBODY ELSE
GETS IT.

[Orchestral Music plays]
A view of the Earth from the shuttle is shown. A caption reads "In orbit, the shuttle travels at a speed of 8 kilometres per second."

Another clip shows astronauts climbing into cots, pulling blankets over their bodies. A caption reads "Each 24-hour period in orbit is divided into an eight-hour sleep period and a 16-hour wake period for each crew member."

Back on Earth, a shuttle is getting ready for take-off.

Man says T MINUS 13 SECONDS.
T MINUS 10, GO FOR MAIN ENGINE
START.
WE ARE GO FOR MAIN ENGINE START.

Man says T MINUS 6-5-4-3-2-1 AND
LIFTOFF OF THE SPACE SHUTTLE
DISCOVERY WITH THE HUBBLE
TELESCOPE, OUR WINDOW ON THE
UNIVERSE.

The rocket ignites. A caption reads "STS-31. April 24, 1990. 35th Shuttle Mission."
The rocket sheds its booster rocket and protective capsule as it exits the Earth’s atmosphere.

Man says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON, YOU
HAVE A GO TO OPEN THE DOORS.

A clip plays of the shuttle expanding a large panel. A caption reads "Opening the payload bay doors cools down the shuttle’s avionics."

Astronaut says UH, ROGER,
HOUSTON.

Man says THIS IS MISSION CONTROL,
HOUSTON AT 3 HOURS, 2 MINUTES
INTO THE FLIGHT OF DISCOVERY.
WE'RE SEEING THE REMOTE
MANIPULATOR SYSTEM ARM, AS IT IS
PUT THROUGH ITS PACES BEING
CHECKED OUT FOR TOMORROW'S
ACTIVITIES RELATED TO THE HUBBLE
SPACE TELESCOPE.

A mechanical arm is being slowly rotated and tested. A caption reads "Primary objective: Deploy the Hubble Space Telescope."

Man says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON,
WE'RE GETTING SOME REAL GOOD
PAYLOAD BAY TELEVISION DOWNLINK,
AND WE SEE THAT STEVE HAS BEEN
HARD AT WORK GETTING THE RMS
DEPLOYED.

Astronaut says OKAY, HE'S GETTING
A GOOD START AT THE RMS CHECK
OUT RIGHT NOW.

Man says ROGER, LOREN.

Man says WE ARE LOOKING AT THE
END EFFECTOR AS IT IS RUN
THOUGHT THE SNARE DRIVE TEST.
THE END EFFECTOR WILL BE USED TO
GRAPPLE THE HUBBLE SPACE
TELESCOPE TOMORROW.

The circular-shaped bottom of the end effector is shown. Several interlocking wires frame its surface.

Steve says HOUSTON, DISCOVERY.

Man says GO AHEAD, DISCOVERY.

Steve says ROGER, JIM, WE THINK
RMS CHECKOUT IS COMPLETE, AND WE
THINK THE ARM IS FULL UP.
WE DIDN'T SEE ANY ANOMALIES AT
ALL.

Man says THAT SOUNDS GREAT,
STEVE, AND WE CONCUR.

At Mission Control, Bill Reeves says GOOD MORNING,
DISCOVERY.
GOOD MORNING FROM BILL REEVES
AND ORBIT 1 TEAM.
YOU'VE GOT A GO FOR HST DEPLOY
OPS.

Astronaut says THAT'S
OUTSTANDING, THANK YOU.

Bill Reeves says SURE IS.

Man says THIS IS MISSION CONTROL
HOUSTON.
OUR P.D.R.S. OFFICER HERE IN THE
FLIGHT CONTROL ROOM CONFIRMS
THAT THE HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE
HAS BEEN GRAPPLED.

Bill Reeves says DISCOVERY,
HOUSTON.

Astronaut says GO AHEAD.

Bill Reeves says YOU'VE GOT A GO
TO RELEASE AND A
GO TO TRANSFER THE HUBBLE TO
INTERNAL POWER ON TIME.

Astronaut says ROGER THAT,
UNDERSTAND.
GO FOR RELEASE AND GO
FOR TRANSFER TO INTERNAL POWER
ON TIME.

Bill Reeves says LET'S BURN.

Astronaut says I SEE IT COMING
UP.
I SHOW US ABOUT 2 INCHES
STARBOARD.
GOOD CLEARANCE, STILL LOOKS
GOOD.

The grappling of the Hubble Telescope by the remote manipulator system arm is shown from the inside of the shuttle. The Hubble Telescope is a long tube-shaped object.

Astronaut says Z-- OKAY, Z IS
MINUS 538, AND IT'S COMING UP
NICELY.

Man says DISCOVERY, NO NEED TO
ACKNOWLEDGE, FOUR LATCHES ARE IN
MOTION.

Astronaut says ROGER, HOUSTON, WE
COPY.

Man says DISCOVERY WILL TAKE THIS
ATTITUDE RIGHT HERE.
I'D LIKE YOU TO GO FREE DRIFT
FOR PDM DEPLOY.

Astronaut says ROGER, FREE DRIFT.
WE SEE BOTH HIGH GAINS MOVING.

Man says DISCOVERY, GO FREE DRIFT
FOR PLUS SDM DEPLOY.

Astronaut says FREE DRIFT,
DEPLOY.
AND WE SEE FIRST MOTION, LOOKS
GOOD.
SO FAR WE SEE GOOD SMOOTH
MOTION, BOTH SIDES.

A rectangular panel extends from the Hubble Telescope.

Man says AND WE GOT T.V. DOWN HERE,
LORNE.

Astronaut says HOUSTON,
DISCOVERY, LOOKS LIKE MOTION
STOPPED WITH JUST ABOUT 1 PANEL
SHOWING.

A caption reads "When the solar panel fails to extend, the Flight Director must avoid a potential crisis."

Man says AND WE SEE THAT, TOO,
LORNE, THE DCE IS OFF.
IF WHATEVER THEY WANT US TO DO
FAILS, DO THEY WANT US JUST TO
PRESS ON TO BACK THEM UP?
WE NEED TO GET ON WITH IT.

Woman says OKAY, FLIGHT, I'LL
COME BACK WITH THE ANSWER.

Man says I NEED ANSWERS NOW.

Back in Mission Control, Woman says FLIGHT F.A.O.?

Man says GO AHEAD.

Woman says YEAH, I DON'T FEEL
COMFORTABLE WAITING UNTIL AFTER
6:20...

Man says I DON'T EITHER, THAT'S
WHY I WANT THE ANSWERS NOW.

Woman says YES, 6:20 IS MY DROP
DEAD TIME FOR DROPPING FROM
ADDING UP ALL THE TIMES.

Man says ALL RIGHT, CAPCOM, TELL
THE CREW WE WENT THEM TO PRESS
ON INTO E.V.A. AND WE'LL STOP
THEM WHENEVER WE HAVE TO.
QUICKLY, WE'VE GOT FOUR MINUTES
ON THIS PASS.

Bill Reeves says DISCOVERY,
HOUSTON.

Astronaut says DISCOVERY, GO
AHEAD.

Bill Reeves says OKAY, WITH THE
PANELS THAT YOU'VE GOT OUT THERE
RIGHT NOW, IT'S NOT SATISFACTORY
TO STAY OVER NIGHT.
SO WE'RE GOING TO HAVE TO MOVE
OUT ON THE E.V.A.

Astronaut says OKAY, WE'RE
PROCEEDING WITH THAT.

Bill Reeves says THANK YOU.
DISCOVERY, HOUSTON.

An image shows the panel jutting from the Hubble Telescope.

Astronaut says DISCOVERY, GO
AHEAD.

A clip shows an astronaut putting on a spacesuit. A caption reads "Throughout the morning, the STS-31 crew prepares for an emergency extravehicular operation."

Bill Reeves says WE THINK THERE
MAY BE SOME PROBLEM WITH THE
TENSION MONITORING SOFTWARE.
THEY'VE GOT THE DCE BACK ON.
WE'RE GOING TO DISABLE THE
TENSION MONITORING AND RESEND
THE PROX TO DEPLOY THE MINUS
SDM.

Astronaut says OKAY, HIT IT, AND
STATUS FOR YOU, HOUSTON.
CHARLIE'S DOWNSTAIRS IN THE
PROCESS OF GETTING BRUCE AND
KATHY BUTTONED UP IN THE SUITS.

Astronaut says OKAY, HOUSTON, WE
SEE MOTION.

Bill Reeves says WE'VE GOT THE
IMAGE DOWN HERE, LORNE.

Astronaut says OKAY, HOUSTON, WE
THINK IT'S STOPPED.

A caption reads "After flicking several micro-switches the problem is identified, and solved."

Bill Reeves says IT'S FULLY
DEPLOYED.
THE MICRO-SWITCHES CONFIRM IT.

Astronaut says OKAY.

Bill Reeves says AND FOR BRUCE
AND KATHY, WE'D LIKE YOU TO STOP
THE AIRLOCK DEPRESS AT 5,
PLEASE.

Astronaut says OKAY, THEY COPY
STOREY, AND WE'RE AT 5.5 RIGHT
NOW.

Bill Reeves says OKAY, CHARLIE.

Astronaut says RENDEZVOUS, WE'RE
GO?

Man says RIGHT-O, GO, EAGLE?
GO, DE-COM, GO.
INCO?

Man says WE'RE GO.

Man says FAO?

Woman says GO.

Man says G.C.?

Man says GO.

Man says AND WE'RE GO.
PAYLOADS?

Woman says FLIGHT PAYLOADS, WE
ARE GO.

Man says CAPCOM, WE HAVE A GO FOR
RELEASE.

Bill Reeves says DISCOVERY, GO
FOR HUBBLE RELEASE.

Astronaut says OKAY, WE HAVE A GO
FOR RELEASE.

Man says OKAY, CHARLIE.

[Orchestral Music plays]
A clip shows the Hubble Telescope floating away from the shuttle. Large panels now extend all along its façade. A caption

A caption reads "Hubble can see objects up to 14 billion light years away. Hubble’s images are 10 times sharper than images from Earth-based telescopes."

Astronaut says HOUSTON,
DISCOVERY, WE'RE READY TO CLOSE
THE BAY DOORS IF YOU STILL ARE.

A view of the Earth from space plays as a caption reads "Each shuttle flight is a single step in the long-range plan to establish a permanent human presence in space."

Man says YOU HAVE A GO FOR
PAYLOAD BAY DOOR CLOSING.

The panels of the shuttle close.

Man says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON, GO
TO MANOEUVRE TO BURN ATTITUDE,
AND A GO FOR THE BURN.

Astronaut says ROGER THAT, GO FOR
THE BURN.

The end credits roll.

Executive Producer, Rudy Buttignol.

Producer, Writer, Director, David Sobelman.

Production Editor, Julian Lannaman.

Footage courtesy of NASA Johnson Space Center.

Produced by TVO in association with Saskatchewan Communications Network. Knowledge Network.

The Shuttle Years, from Challenger to Columbia.

A production of TVO Ontario. Copyright 2004, The Ontario Educational Communication Authority.

Watch: Space Station Alpha