Transcript: Hadfield, Thirsk, and Garneau | Aug 14, 2004

The opening sequence plays.

[Radio chatter]

The space shuttle appears on screen attached to the arm support.

A man says 4-3-2-1 AND LIFTOFF!
[Cheering]
[Radio chatter continues]

The shuttle launches.

Woman says 3 AND 104.

Several vertical clips show the shuttle launching and entering into orbit.

A man says 8 SECONDS...
AND ROLL PROGRAM, HOUSTON.
[Playing theme music]

The shuttle continues to shoot up and flashes of space walkers working on the space station and astronauts wearing orange suits and clear helmets controlling the shuttle as it takes off appear on screen.

A caption reads "TVO Presents."

Woman says ON THE RIGHT, RUN THE
TIME.

A man says COMING UP ON THE MARK.

A man says CHALLENGER, THROTTLE UP.

A clip of the Challenger space shuttle exploding into two in the sky appears on screen.

A man says COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM
CHECK.

A man says COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM
CHECK.
[(music plays)]

As pieces of the Challenger falls, the title reads "The Shuttle Years, From Challenger to Columbia."

A man says ... ENGINES 103, 103
[Radio chatter]

Woman says IT'S LOOKING GOOD.
[Playing Orchestral Music]

The space shuttle on the launch pad appears on screen early morning before the sun has risen. The title reads "Hadfield, Thirsk ad Garneau."

The sky is pitch black and the shuttle is getting ready for take-off on the launch pad.

The announcer says WE ARE NOW IN THE
COUNTDOWN FOR THE LAUNCH OF THE
SPACE SHUTTLE ATLANTIS ON THE
SECOND MISSION TO DOCK WITH THE
RUSSIAN MIR SPACE STATION.
WE ARE NOW IN THE SUIT UP ROOM,
AND WE SEE OUR COMMANDER, KEN
CAMERON,

Ken is in his forties and puts his white cap on his head while he sits in a black leather chair is in his orange space suit.

The announcer continues AND OUR PILOT JIM
HALSELL.

Jim Halsell is in his thirties and gets fitted for his orange space suit while sitting in his black leather chair.

The announcer continues MISSION SPECIALIST CHRIS
HADFIELD WHO WILL BE HANDLING
THE REMOTE MANIPULATOR ARM
DURING THIS FLIGHT.

Chris is in his forties, has short, side-parted, dark brown hair with a thick brown moustache and gets ready in his orange suit while sitting in a black leather chair.

The announcer continues BILL McARTHUR, READY AND
PROCEEDING WITH HIS SUIT UP
ACTIVITIES.

Bill is in his forties, has short, side-parted, dark brown hair, wears large glasses, is clean-shaven, and gets fitted for his orange space suit in his black leather chair.

The announcer continues AND THIS SHOULD BE JERRY ROSS.
THESE LAUNCH AND ENTRY SUITS ARE
NOT VERY COMFORTABLE, BUT
THEY'RE CERTAINLY FUNCTIONAL.
[Playing Orchestral Music]

Jerry is in his forties and a man helps him place on his helmet over his white cap and orange space suit while he sits and waits.

The astronauts all walk out toward the van to be transported to the launch pad.

The announcer says T MINUS 1 HOUR 27
MINUTES AND COUNTING.
THIS IS SHUTTLE LAUNCH CONTROL.

A man in mission control says ATLANTIS, LOOKS LIKE
WE'VE GOT EVERYTHING LINED UP
READY FOR YOU GUYS TO GO, SO
HAVE A GOOD MISSION AND WE'LL
SEE YOU BACK HERE IN ABOUT 8
DAYS.

Astronaut says ROGER THAT, THANKS
VERY MUCH, SIR.
WE SURE APPRECIATE THE HELP.

Now during the day, the engines ignite.

Woman says LS IS GO FOR ET.
LO2 [Inaudible]

Announcer says THE [Inaudible]
BEANIE CAP NOW BEING RETRACTED.

Man says FLIGHT CREW, OTT.
CLOSE AND LOCK YOUR VISORS AND
INITIATE 02 FLOW.
HAVE A GOOD FLIGHT.

Astronaut says ROGER THAT, THANK
YOU.

Woman says ELS IS GO FOR ET LH2
[Inaudible]

Announcer says T MINUS 15
SECONDS.
T MINUS 12-11-10-9-8-7, WE HAVE
A GO FOR MAIN ENGINES.

Announcer says 5-4-3-2-1, LIFTOFF
OF SPACE SHUTTLE ATLANTIS, FOR
THE MIR DOCKING LAUNCH.
[Playing Orchestral Music]

As the shuttle takes off, a caption reads "STS dash 74, November 12, 1995, 73rd Shuttle Mission."

Man says ATLANTIS, HOUSTON, GOOD
MORNING.
TIME TO WAKE UP AND DO THE RIGHT
STUFF TODAY WITH THAT DOCKING
MODULE.

A caption reads "The shuttle accelerates from 0 to 28,000 kilometres per hour in 8.5 minutes."

Astronaut says YOU TIMED IT
PERFECTLY.
WE ARE JUST COMING INTO A
BEAUTIFUL SUNRISE.

Now in orbit above Earth, a caption reads "Primary objective: 2nd Shuttle dash Mir Docking."

Chris Hadfield says HEY, BILL?

Bill McArthur says YES?

From the cockpit, Chris Hadfield says I'M STARTING
THE PAYLOAD BAY SURVEY.

A caption reads "Chris Hadfield, Canadian Mission Specialist."

Bill McArthur says ALL RIGHT,
I'LL BE OUT AS SOON AS
[Inaudible]
[Orchestra Playing,
"Stranger In Paradise"]

A caption reads "Atlantis delivers a Docking Module to Mir."

Astronaut says HOUSTON, WE HAVE
CAPTURE.

Man says YOU'RE FINE.

The two spacecrafts dock.

A caption reads "The docking module is a passageway between two spacecraft."

Astronaut says DAVE, BEFORE WE
LOSE YOU, WE ARE ALSO READY FOR
RMS ON GRAPPLE.

Man says OKAY.

A caption reads "This docking module will be a permanent addition to Mir."

Astronaut says HOUSTON, WE HAVE
THE DOCKING MODULE CAMERA ON
DOWNLINK.
YOU CAN TAKE IT WHENEVER YOU
WANT TO.

Dave says HELLO, CHRIS, WE HAVE A
GOOD IMAGE UP IN THE DOCKING
MODULE.
LOOKS LIKE A FUN PLACE TO ENJOY
YOURSELF IN ZERO GRAVITY.

Chris Hadfield says YEAH, I DON'T
THINK IT WILL BE EMPTY FOR LONG,
DAVE, BUT IT'S A NICE BIT OF
SPACE RIGHT NOW.

A caption reads "First sighting of Mir is at 8 nautical miles or 14.8 kilometres."

Astronaut says ACTUALLY, WE'RE
QUITE IMPRESSED THAT WE CAN
ACTUALLY SEE THE FLASHING
LIGHTS, CONSIDERING THAT MOST OF
THAT LIGHT HAS TO BE BOUNCED
FROM THE SUN.

A caption reads "The astronauts use handheld lasers to measure the rate of Atlantis’ final approach."

Chris Hadfield says .05.

Astronaut says YEAH, THAT NUDGES
US JUST UP IN THERE.

Astronaut says STOP.
BEAUTIFUL WORK, KEN.

Ken Cameron says THANK YOU GUYS.

Announcer says THE MIR SPACE
STATION IS NOW IN ITS EQUIVALENT
OF FREE DRIFT, INHIBITED FROM
HAVING ANY MOVEMENTS DURING THE
FINAL PHASES OF THE RENDEZVOUS
AND DOCKING.
ATLANTIS IS NOW AT 40 FEET FROM
THE SPACE STATION.
COMMANDER KEN CAMERON WILL BE
SLOWING THE DESCENT.

Announcer says HE'S NOW 8 FEET
FROM THE SPACE STATION, CLOSING
AT A RATE OF .07 FEET PER
SECOND.

A caption reads "The ring adapter is part of the shuttle’s permanent Orbiter Docking System (ODS)."

Astronaut says 8 INCHES, 4
INCHES, NOW.
WE HAVE CAPTURE.
LOOK HOW CLOSE THAT THING IS.

Astronaut says THAT SUCKER IS
RIGHT THERE.
[chuckles]

Astronaut says GOOD LORD, DID WE
REALLY DO THIS?
[laughing]

Announcer says THE NEXT STEP IS
TO BRING THE RING ADAPTER DOWN.

Cosmonaut says [Speaking Russian]
[Orchestra Playing,
[Orchestra Playing,
"Stranger In Paradise"]

Astronauts shake hands as they dock.

Ken Cameron and the rest of the astronauts gather around in the cockpit and Ken says WE'VE COME TO
THE END OF WHAT I THINK HAS BEEN
THE MOST SUCCESSFUL MISSION I
COULD HAVE POSSIBLY IMAGINED.
WE HAVE WORKED TOGETHER
EXTREMELY WELL, HAD A GREAT
LAUNCH, RENDEZVOUS AND DOCKING.
AND THE CHANCE TO SEE THE
STATION MIR, TO FLY AROUND
INSIDE IT, EXCHANGING CARGO, I
THINK IT'S MOST DIFFICULT TO SAY
GOODBYE, AND THE RUSSIANS HAVE A
MUCH BETTER EXPRESSION, WHICH IS
DAS VIDANYA, UNTIL WE SEE EACH
OTHER AGAIN.

Cosmonaut says DAS VIDANYA.

Chris Hadfield says DAS VIDANYA.

Cosmonaut says [Speaking Russian]
DAS VIDANYA, CHRIS.

Chris Hadfield says DAS VIDANYA.

Astronaut says OKAY.

They close the door now.

Chris Hadfield says YEA, I WILL
BE PUSHING THE UNDOCKING BUTTON.
JIM, I'LL BE LOOKING FOR SOMEONE
TO WATCH THE HOOKS WHEN I PUSH
IT.

Jim Halsell says YOU GOT IT.

Chris Hadfield says HERE WE GO.
CLOCK'S RUNNING.

A caption reads "Atlantis undocks from Mir."

Chris Hadfield says WE HAVE GOOD
PHYSICAL SEPARATION.
[Beeping]
LOOKS BEAUTIFUL.

Cosmonaut says [Speaking Russian]

Announcer says THE RUSSIAN
INTERFACE OFFICER IS NOTIFYING
MISSION CONTROL IN KELENINGRAD
THAT THE MIR CREW CAN GO BACK TO
ATTITUDE CONTROL NOW ON THE
SPACE STATION.
[Orchestra Playing,
"Stranger In Paradise"]

The shuttle releases from the space station and re-enters back into Earth’s atmosphere.

Now another shuttle appears on screen at dark on the launch pad.

Announcer says THIS IS SHUTTLE
LAUNCH CONTROL.
T MINUS 3 HOURS AND HOLDING.

Now in the suit-up room, the announcer says AND WE CO HAVE COVERAGE OF
COMMANDER KEVIN CHILTON READY TO
GO THIS MORNING,

Richard is in his forties, has short, side-parted, dark brown hair, and wears an orange space suit as he waits for launch.

The announcer continues PILOT RICHARD
SEARFOSS,

Richard is in his forties, wears a white cap and an orange space suit as he waits for launch in a black leather chair.

The announcer continues The MISSION SPECIALIST RON
SEGA,

Ron is in his forties and wears an orange space suit as he waits for launch in a black leather chair.

The announcer continues MISSION SPECIALIST SHANNON
LUCID, FLYING FOR THE FIFTH TIME
TODAY, THE FIRST AMERICAN WOMAN
TO BE LAUNCHED ABOARD THE MIR
STATION.
SHE'LL BE STAYING ON MIR FOR
ABOUT 143 DAYS, UNTIL AUGUST,
CONDUCTING LONG DURATION SPACE
RESEARCH.

Shannon is in her forties and wears a clear helmet and an orange space suit as she waits for launch in a black leather chair.

The announcer continues MISSION SPECIALIST RICH
CLIFFORD,

Rich is in his forties and puts on a white cap and an orange space suit as he waits for launch in a black leather chair.

The announcer continues MISSION SPECIALIST
LINDA GODWIN.
SHE IS MAKING HER THIRD FLIGHT
TODAY.

Linda is in her forties, has short, side-parted, dark brown hair, and wears an orange space suit as he waits for launch in a black leather chair.

Man says [Inaudible] MEMORY,
VERIFYING NO UNEXPECTED ERRORS.
FLIGHT CREW, CLOSE AND LOCK
VISORS, INITIATE O2 FLOW.
HAVE A GREAT FLIGHT.

Astronaut says THANK YOU VERY
MUCH.

Announcer says THIS MARKS THE
THIRD FLIGHT OF THE SHUTTLE TO
THE MIR LINKUP.
T MINUS 40 SECONDS.

Man says WE HAVE A GO FOR
AUTOSEQUENCE START.

The shuttle takes off at night and a caption reads "STS dash 76, March 22, 1996, 76th Shuttle Mission."

Announcer says 9, WE HAVE A GO
FOR ENGINE START.
5-4-3-2-1, BOOSTER IGNITION AND
LIFTOFF OF ATLANTIS FOR HER
THIRD SHUTTLE MIR DOCKING
FLIGHT.
[Orchestra Playing, Wagner's
"Ride of the Valkyries"]

The shuttle launches.

Announcer says AND ATLANTIS IS
NOW FLYING FREE, POWERED BY ITS
OWN MAIN ENGINES.

A caption reads "Primary objective: 3rd Shuttle Mir Docking."

Cosmonaut says [Speaking Russian]

Astronaut says 8 FEET, PULSE AT.08.

Astronaut says AND I SHOW 8 FEET
ALSO.

Astronaut says GOOD, GOOD
COMPARISON.

Astronaut says GO FOR CONTACT,
CONDITIONS FOR POINT ONE,
SHELLY, WE'RE A LITTLE ON THE
SLOW SIDE.
OKAY, V-DAP THAT IN.

A caption reads "The shuttle moves towards Mir’s Docking Module."

Astronaut says RAW DATA HAS
PICKED IT UP SHOWING .11.
2 SECONDS EARLY..10 ON THE RATE.

Astronaut says OKAY, HOLD WHAT
YOU'VE GOT, IT'S SWEET..10, .10.

Astronaut says I AGREE.
1 FOOT OUT THE WINDOW.
1 SECOND EARLY.
ABOUT SIX INCHES, 2 INCHES,
CONTACT.

Astronaut says CONTACT.
HOUSTON, CAPTURE.
DISARM PCT, AND CONFIRM CAPTURE.

Astronaut says CAPTURE IS
CONFIRMED.

The spacecrafts dock.

Man says YES, I SAW IT.

Astronaut says PCT DISARMED,
FLIGHT CONTROLLER POWER OFF.

Astronaut says BEAUTIFUL,
UNBELIEVABLE.

Woman says VERY, VERY, VERY GOOD.

Astronaut says INCREDIBLE,
AWESOME.

Astronaut says SWEET.

Woman says ABSOLUTELY.

Cosmonaut says [Speaking Russian]

Astronaut says THE DAY OF THIS
TOUR STARTS WITH THE AIRLOCK,
AND NOW WE'RE ENTERING THE
DOCKING ADAPTER, AND HEADING
OVER TO THE MIR SPACE STATION.

A caption reads "A tour of Mir."

Astronaut says IT GETS PRETTY
CROWDED IN THE PASSAGEWAYS
THERE.
MOST OF THESE BAGS ARE FILLED
WITH TRANSFER ITEMS GOING ONE
WAY OR THE OTHER.
RIGHT AT THE CENTRE OF THE FIELD
OF VIEW IS ONE OF THE GYRODYNES.
WE TRANSFERRED ONE OF THOSE
YESTERDAY AS ONE OF OUR FIRST
TRANSFER ITEMS, A NEW,
REFURBISHED GYRODYNE FOR THE
MIR, AND THEN WE'RE TAKING BACK
AN OLD ONE FOR REFURBISHMENT.
THIS IS INSIDE THE SPECTRA
MODULE, WHICH WILL BE BASICALLY
SHANNON'S HOME FOR THE NEXT
SEVERAL MONTHS.
SHE'LL BE CONDUCTING HER
EXPERIMENTS IN HERE, AND HERE,
YURI OTACHENKO AND SHELLEY AND
SHANNON ARE DISCUSSING SOME OF
THE TRANSFER OPERATIONS.

A caption reads "There is no up or down in space."

A caption changes to "Floating in space is similar to swimming under water."

A caption changes to "Shannon Lucid will live on Mir for the next four months."

Astronaut says FROM HERE, WE'RE
GOING TO PROCEED INTO THE MOD 1
MODULE, AND AT THE END OF THAT
IS THE SOYUZ, AND WE'LL GET ALL
THE WAY DOWN TO THE END PICTURE
HERE AND POKE THE CAMERA IN.
HERE ARE THE RUSSIAN SUITS
INSIDE THE SOYUZ, AND NOT ONLY,
ALL THREE OF COURSE ARE RUSSIAN
EQUIPMENT, BUT SHANNON'S SUIT IS
IN THERE, IT WAS CHECKED OUT
YESTERDAY, AND SHE'S OFFICIALLY
A MEMBER OF THE MIR 21 CREW NOW.

A caption reads "Soyuz is the station’s ‘life boat.'"

Announcer says THEY CERTAINLY
HOPE NOT TO USE THOSE SOYUZ
MODULES, BUT IT'S NICE TO KNOW
THEY'RE THERE SHOULD IT BECOME
NECESSARY.

Astronaut says WE'RE JUST ABOUT
READY TO ENTER THE DOCKING
MODULE, AND IF YOU NOTICE THE
LOWER CENTRE PART OF THE FIELD
OF VIEW, YOU'LL SEE A TARGET
SIMILAR TO THE...
WELL IT IS THE EXACT DOCKING
TARGET THAT SHELLY USED TO DOCK
YESTERDAY.
AND WE'LL PLAY ODS CENTRE LINE
CAMERA HERE FOR JUST A MINUTE,
AND DO OUR OWN LITTLE DOCKING
MANOEUVRE.

Man says COPY THAT, RICK, AND WE
HAVE TO USE THAT THING QUITE A
FEW MORE TIMES, SO, LET'S BE
CAREFUL WITH IT.
[Orchestra Playing,
"Stranger In Paradise"]

A caption reads "After five days of resupply, Atlantis undocks from Mir."

Astronaut says PHYSICAL
SEPARATION.

Man says COPY, PHYSICAL
SEPARATION.

Astronaut says WELL WE HAVE A
SPECTACULAR VIEW OF THE MIR
SPACE STATION OVER THE SOUTH
PACIFIC.
[(music plays)]

Man says 5,000 RADAR.
BOTH CHANNELS LOOK GOOD.
1,000.
400...

The shuttle undocks and heads back into Earth’s atmosphere, slowly coming down to the runway for landing.

Announcer says THE LANDING GEAR
IS NOW DOWN AND LOCKED.

Man says 40, THROUGH 40, 30.
SLIGHT LOW, TO 30, 15, HOLD IT
RIGHT THERE.
TO 20, 7, TO 16, TOUCHDOWN AT
270 KNOTS.

A caption reads "Mission duration: 9 days, 5 hours, 15 minutes, 53 seconds."

Announcer says AND NOSE GEAR
TOUCHDOWN.

Astronaut says PUTTING ON THE
BRAKES.

Announcer says ATLANTIS IS
ROLLING OUT ON RUNWAY 33 AT THE
KENNEDY SPACE CENTRE, COMPLETING
129 ORBITS OF THE EARTH.
[Playing, "L'Amour
Est Un Oiseau Rebelle," Bizet]

Now another shuttle sits on the launch pad at sunrise.

Announcer says THIS IS SHUTTLE
LAUNCH CONTROL AT T MINUS 3
HOURS AND HOLDING.
WE'RE IN THE SUIT UP ROOM NOW,
WITH COMMANDER JOHN CASPER,

John is in his forties and wears a clear helmet and an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

The announcer continues AND
HERE'S PILOT KURT BROWN,

Kurt is in his forties and wears a clear helmet and an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

The announcer continues MISSION
SPECIALIST ANDY THOMAS,

Andy is in his forties and wears a clear helmet and an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

The announcer continues DAN
BURSCH.

Dan is in his forties and wears a clear helmet and an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

The announcer continues HERE IS CANADIAN MISSION
SPECIALIST MARC GARNEAU.
THIS IS HIS SECOND FLIGHT INTO
SPACE.

Marc is in his forties, has short, side-parted salt and pepper hear, is clean-shaven, and wears an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

The announcer continues MARIO RUNCO MAKING HIS THIRD
TRIP INTO SPACE.

Mario is in his forties, has short, side-parted, dark black hair, is clean-shaven, and wears an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

The astronauts walk out of the suit-up room and over to the van that will shuttle them to the launch pad.

The announcer says AND HERE ARE OUR ASTRONAUTS
RIGHT NOW, JUST LEAVING THE SUIT
UP ROOM, HEADED FOR THE
ELEVATOR.
[Playing, "L'Amour
Est Un Oiseau Rebelle," Bizet]

The shuttle prepares for launch.

Man says [Inaudible] UNDERGROUND
1, HOW DO YOU READ?

Man says TDR1, LOUD AND CLEAR.

Man says TLD LOUD AND CLEAR.

Man says LS 1, LOUD AND CLEAR.

Man says LS 2, LOUD AND CLEAR.

Man says LS 3, LOUD AND CLEAR.

Man says LS 4, LOUD AND CLEAR.
[Inaudible]

Astronaut says ROGER, AND WE'LL
SEE YOU IN 10 DAYS.

Announcer says GREEN SAFETY
COMMAND SYSTEMS ARE ARMED.
[Playing, "L'Amour
Est Un Oiseau Rebelle," Bizet]

Announcer says 7, IGNITION
SEQUENCE START.
5-4-3-2-1-0, AND LIFTOFF OF THE
SPACE SHUTTLE ENDEAVOUR TO
DEVELOP THE PRACTICAL AND THE
BENEFICIAL ASPECTS OF SPACE.
[(music plays)]

A caption reads "STS dash 77, May 19, 1996, 77th Shuttle Mission."

The shuttle takes off.

Man says HOUSTON NOW IN CONTROL
OF ENDEAVOUR'S 11th TRIP TO
SPACE.
[(music plays)]

Announcer says THE ENGINES ON
BOARD NOW THROTTLE BACK TO
PREPARE THE SPACE CRAFT TO PASS
THROUGH THE AREA OF MAXIMUM AIR
PRESSURE AND GO SUPERSONIC.
[Playing, "L'Amour
Est Un Oiseau Rebelle," Bizet]

A caption reads "Primary Payload: SPARTAN 207 (IAE) Satellite."

Announcer says THAT WAS A GOOD
JETTISON OF THE TWIN SOLID
ROCKETS.

Woman says ENDEAVOUR, PERFORMANCE
NOMINAL.
[Woman Singing, "L'Amour
Est Un Oiseau Rebelle," Bizet]

A caption reads "Marc Garneau, Canadian Mission Specialist."

Astronaut says HOUSTON,
ENDEAVOUR, WE HAVE IT.
[Singing Continues]
[Singing Continues]

Now above the Earth, the shuttle flies up to the space station.

A caption reads "The SPARTAN 207 (IAE) carries an experimental free-flying antenna."

As the antenna releases from behind the SPARTAN satellite, a caption reads "IAE equals Inflatable Antenna Experiment."

The caption changes to "The 60 kilogram IAE antenna inflates to 15 metres in diameter."

The caption changes to "Inflatable antennas are inexpensive to produce."

The caption changes to "They are light weight and require less stowage space.

Astronaut says OKAY, WE SEE THE
JETTISON, HOUSTON.
AND THE ANTENNA WAS FLYING AWAY
FROM US.
[Singing Continues]
[(music plays)]

A caption reads "On the third flight day, the Canadarm must capture the reusable SPARTAN pallet."

Now the astronauts appear on screen shaving and washing their hair.

Astronaut says ALL RIGHT, COMING
BACK TO EARTH.
[(music plays)]

Now during sunrise at the shuttle launch, Announcer says FROM THE KENNEDY
SPACE CENTRE IN FLORIDA, THIS IS
SPACE SHUTTLE COLUMBIA LAUNCH
CONTROL.
AND WE ARE AT T MINUS THREE
HOURS AND COUNTING.
SITUATED IN COLUMBIA'S PAYLOAD
BAY IS THE LIFE AND MICROGRAVITY
SPACE LAB.
THE LMS MISSION WILL SEEK
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS ABOUT OUR
ABILITY TO SUSTAIN LIFE FOR
PROLONGED PERIODS OF TIME IN
SPACE.

Now in the suit-up room, the announcer says THIS IS A GOOD VIEW OF COMMANDER
TOM HENDRICKS, WHO IS ON HIS
FOURTH SPACE FLIGHT.

Tom is in his forties and wears a clear helmet and an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

The announcer continues OUR PILOT, KEVIN KREGEL IS ON
HIS SECOND FLIGHT,

Kevin is in his forties and wears a clear helmet and an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

The announcer continues JEAN-JACQUES
FAVIER IS A MEMBER OF THE FRENCH
SPACE AGENCY.

Jean-Jacques is in his forties, has short, side-parted, dark black hair, is clean-shaven, and wears an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

The announcer continues SUSAN HELMS IS THE ONLY FEMALE
ABOARD THE VEHICLE THAT WILL BE
FLYING TODAY, AND SHE HAS
ALREADY FLOWN TWO MISSIONS.

Susan is in her forties and wears a clear helmet and an orange suit in a black leather chair as she waits for launch.

The announcer continues MISSION SPECIALIST RICHARD
LINNEHAN IS ON HIS FIRST FLIGHT,

Richard is in his forties, has short, side-parted, dark black hair, is clean-shaven, and wears an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

The announcer continues CHARLES BRADY, ON HIS FIRST
FLIGHT AS WELL, IS GIVING A
THUMBS UP THAT HE, TOO IS READY
AND ANXIOUS TO GO.

Charles is in his forties, has short, side-parted, blond hair, is clean-shaven, and wears an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

The announcer continues AND THE FINAL MEMBER OF OUR
SEVEN PERSON CREW IS ROBERT
BRENT THIRSK REPRESENTING THE
CANADIAN SPACE AGENCY.

Brent is in his forties, has short, side-parted, dark black hair, is clean-shaven, and wears an orange suit in a black leather chair as he waits for launch.

HE IS A MEDICAL DOCTOR, AND IN
1993 AND 94, HE WAS THE CANADIAN
SPACE AGENCIES CHIEF ASTRONAUT.
EVERYTHING CONTINUES TO GO ON
SCHEDULE, FOR A LAUNCH OF THE
SPACE SHUTTLE COLUMBIA.

Now the astronauts walk out of the suit-up room and over to the van that will take them to the launch pad.

The announcer says AND HERE WE HAVE THEM.
[Applause and cheering]

Announcer says TOM HENDRICKS,
SUSAN HELMS, FOLLOWED BY KEVIN
KREGEL, RICHARD LINNEHAN,
CHARLES BRADY, JEAN-JACK FAVIER,
AND ROBERT BRENT THIRSK.
[(music plays)]

Announcer says NOW WE HAVE
PICTURES OF THE CREW DEPARTING
THE VAN, NASA TEST DIRECTOR JOHN
GUIDI HAS GIVEN APPROVAL FOR THE
CREW TO BEGIN ENTRY INTO THE
VEHICLE.

The crew members get set up in the cockpit of the shuttle.

The announcer says AS THE CREW IS PREPARING TO
ENTER THE ORBITER, ASTRONAUT
SUPPORT PERSONNEL HAVE MOUNTED
IN THEIR CREW MODULE A SMALL
CAMERA THAT WILL ALLOW US TO SEE
LIVE PICTURES OF THE CREW BEING
SEATED IN COLUMBIA.
NOW THIS IS THE FIRST TIME NASA
TV HAS SHOWN LIVE PICTURES OF
THIS EVENT.

Announcer says T MINUS 7 MINUTES
AND COUNTING.
COLUMBIA IS NOW RUNNING OFF ITS
THREE MAIN ONBOARD FUEL CELLS.

A caption reads "STS dash 78, June 20, 1996, 78th Shuttle Mission."

Announcer says T MINUS 15.
[Playing Rossini's "Cavatina."
[Playing Rossini's "Cavatina."
from Barber of Seville]
9-8, WE HAVE A GO FOR MAIN
ENGINE START.
5-4-3-2-1, AND WE HAVE LIFTOFF
OF THE SPACE SHUTTLE COLUMBIA.
[Rossini's "Cavatina."
from Barber of Seville]

The shuttle ignites, launches, and shoots straight into the daytime sky.

Astronaut says THAT'S WHY WE HAVE
TETHERS.

Back in the cockpit, the crew suddenly lose their hold of gravity and start to float slowly.

Man says A LOT OF PEOPLE REAL
HAPPY TO SEE THAT VIDEO.
IT SURE DOES SHOW YOU COMING
BACK OFF YOUR CHAIRS AFTER THE
3-G.
REAL NICE.

A caption reads "Primary payload: Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS)."

Now the astronauts appear on screen in the shuttle up in space.

Astronaut says IT'S JUST A
FANTASTIC EXPERIENCE TO SHARE.

Astronaut says WELCOME ABOARD THE
SPACE SHUTTLE COLUMBIA.
THIS IS STS-78.

Astronaut says IT'S A STUDY ON
THE EFFECTS ON THE HUMAN BODY
BEING EXPOSED TO THIS
ENVIRONMENT.

A caption reads "Robert Thirsk, Canadian Payload Specialist" and Robert Thirsk says ASTRONAUTS
TEND TO INADVERTENTLY DEVELOP A
TORSO ROTATION MOTOR STRATEGY TO
TRY TO MINIMISE OUR SYMPTOMS OF
MOTION SICKNESS.
WE'RE GOING TO BE MEASURING OUR
EYE MOVEMENTS, WITH SPECIAL
ELECTRODES THAT WE APPLY TO OUR
FACE, AND ALSO WE'LL BE
MEASURING OUR TORSO MOVEMENTS AS
WELL WITH A SPECIAL BACKPACK
ACCELEROMETER WHICH IS AFFIXED
TO OUR BACK.
[(music plays)]

Robert Thirsk says THIS IS ALFE,
SHORT FOR ASTRONAUT LUNG
FUNCTION EXPERIMENT.
AND IT IS DESIGNED TO MEASURE
GAS EXCHANGE IN THE HUMAN LUNGS
ON EARTH OR IN SPACE OR FREE
FALL.
AND WHAT WE HOPE TO ASCERTAIN
FROM THESE EXPERIMENTS IS HOW
THE GAS FLOW RATE IN THE LUNGS
CHANGES OR ALIGNS ITSELF IN THE
LUNGS.
ALL OF THIS INFORMATION WILL BE
PUT TO USE IN ONE WAY OR ANOTHER
FOR LONG TERM SPACE FLIGHT.

Robert Thirsk says NOW OUR
PRIMARY GOAL IN LMS IS TO
QUANTIFY THE EFFECTS OF
MICROGRAVITY ON THE ADULT HUMAN
BODY.
BUT WHAT HAPPENS TO A DEVELOPING
ORGANISM IN MICROGRAVITY?
WELL WE'RE FINDING AN EXPERIMENT
CALLED SLTB, WHICH STUDIES JUST
THAT.

Robert Thirsk says NOW STLB IS A
MODULE FILLED WITH MEDOCA FISH
EMBRYOS, WHICH ARE BEING ALLOWED
TO DEVELOP ON ORBIT WITH US
DURING THE MISSION.
NOW INITIAL RESULTS SEEM TO
INDICATE THAT OUR SPACE EMBRYOS
DEVELOP SOMEWHAT SLOWER THAN
THOSE ON THE GROUND.

A caption reads "Passengers orbiting Earth experience 16 sunrises and 16 sunsets every 24-hours."

The caption changes to "The astronauts inside LMS study how zero G changes the body rhythms of all life-forms."

Robert Thirsk says AND NASA HOPES
TO SOMEDAY USE THIS INFORMATION
TO BETTER UNDERSTAND THE NORMAL
EMBRYOLOGICAL PROCESS OF
DEVELOPMENT AND ALSO HOPEFULLY
TO APPLY THIS KNOWLEDGE LATER
ON, TO LONG DURATION SPACE
TRAVEL AND COLONIZATION.
[(music plays)]

Robert Thirsk sits in the middle of the seven-member crew holding the Canadian flag and says HAPPY
BIRTHDAY, CANADA, FROM THE SPACE
SHUTTLE COLUMBIA.

The screen fades to black.

As the credits roll, clips of the space shuttles launching and landing combine with clips of space walks.

Man says GOING FOR THE BALLPARK,
KEEP THE ROLL COMING, 600.
[Sonic Booms]

Man says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON
LOOKING GOOD ON THE...

Man says BETTER GET THE GEAR,
300.
[Radio chatter]
A LITTLE BIT HIGH.
A LITTLE BIT HIGH, UNDER 260.
KEEP IT COMING DOWN.
[Unclear] 50 FEET.
LOOKING GOOD, 20, 230, 15, 10,
230, KEEP IT OFF, KEEP IT OFF,
KEEP IT OFF.
TOUCHDOWN.
CHALLENGER, GO WITH THROTTLE UP.

Astronaut says ROGER, GO WITH
THROTTLE UP.

Man says COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM
CHECK.
COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM CHECK.

Man says ... ENGINES 103, 103
[Radio chatter]

Woman says IT'S LOOKING GOOD.

The credits read, Executive Producer, Rudy Buttignol.

Producer, Writer, Director, David Sobelman.

Production Editor, Julian Lannaman.

Footage courtesy of NASA Johnson Space Center

The Shuttle Years, From Challenger to Columbia. A production of TVO Ontario. Copyright 2004, The Ontario Educational Communications Authority.

Watch: Hadfield, Thirsk, and Garneau