Transcript: Zero-G | Jul 24, 2004

A split screen shows a Shuttle on a launch pad and the rocket firing and
climbing into the atmosphere. Crew members appear in a vibrating cabin. Against
three-way clips and an image of a shuttle in orbit with its hatch open, a
caption reads "TV Ontario presents The Shuttle Years... From Challenger to Columbia."
(Classical music plays)
[Radio chatter]

[Radio chatter]

A Man says 4-3-2-1 AND LIFTOFF!
[Cheering]
[Radio chatter continues]

A Woman says 3 AND 104.

A Man says 8 SECONDS...
AND ROLL PROGRAM, HOUSTON.
[Playing theme music]

A Woman says ON THE RIGHT, RUN THE
TIME.

A Man says COMING UP ON THE MARK.

A Man says CHALLENGER, THROTTLE UP.

A Man says COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM
CHECK.

A Man says COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM
CHECK.

A Man says ... ENGINES 103, 103
[Radio chatter]

A Woman says IT'S LOOKING GOOD.

Against orange space-suited astronauts emerging from the Checkout Building,
a caption reads "Zero G."

A Woman says HERE WE HAVE THE
GROUND FLOOR OF THE OPERATIONS
AND CHECKOUT BUILDING.
THE FLIGHT CREW NOW COMING OUT.
[Applause]
BEING WISHED A GOOD FLIGHT BY
EMPLOYEES HERE AT KENNEDY SPACE CENTRE.
ALEX CABANA, BRUCE MELNICK, BILL
SHEPHERD AND TOM AKERS.
[Orchestral music plays]
A FINAL PURGE OF THE MAIN ENGINES.

The Shuttle stands on its launch pad.

Mission Control says THE FLIGHT CREW O.T.C.,
CLOSE AND LOCK RISERS, INITIATE
O2 FLOW AND HAVE A GOOD FLIGHT.

The Woman says WE HAVE A GO FOR AUTO
SEQUENCE START.
T MINUS 10-9, WE HAVE
A GO FOR MAIN ENGINE START, 6-5-
4-3-2-1 IGNITION AND LIFTOFF OF
DISCOVERY AND THE ULYSSES
SPACECRAFT BOUND FOR THE POLAR
REGIONS OF THE SUN.
[Epic Beethoven music plays]

Clouds of smoke and flame billow out from the base of the rocket as it slowly
rises with its Shuttle payload. A caption reads "STS-41, October 6, 1990,
36th Shuttle Mission. Primary payload... Ulysses." The Shuttle settles into
its orbit and ejects the booster rocket. Another caption reads "The Shuttle
accelerates from 0 to 28,000 kilometres per hour in 8.5 minutes."

Mission Control says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON.
YOU'VE GOT A GO FOR PAYLOAD BAY
DOOR OPS.

Astronaut says OKAY, GO FOR
PAYLOAD BAY DOOR OPS.

A Man says THAT'S CORRECT.

The open payload bay doors are seen. A caption reads "The payload bay doors
are kept open in orbit to radiate excess heat."

Astronaut says THEY'RE OPENED AND
IS EVERYTHING IS ALL WATERTIGHT.

M. Control says ROGER.

In the Mission Control room, a Man says CAPCOM, WE ARE GO FOR DEPLOY.

A Woman says DISCOVERY HOUSTON, YOU
ARE GO FOR DEPLOY.

Astronaut says COPY GO FOR
DEPLOY, K.T., AND WE ARE AT 29 DEGREES.
THE TIME TO RAISE WAS 3 MINUTES
40 SECONDS.

Astronaut says WE'VE JUST DROPPED
THE UMBILICALS, AND UH, RAISING TO 58.

M. Control says 30 SECONDS TO DEPLOY,
FLIGHT CONTROLLERS.

A Controller says 3-2-1 MARK.
[Beethoven music plays]

The satellite emerges from its housing. A caption reads "Ulysses embarks
on a five-year mission. Ulysses is the first space probe to explore the
uncharted polar regions of the Sun. The shuttle orbits the Earth every
90 minutes. there are no beds on board. Astronauts strap themselves into
sleeping bags to avoid floating around. Astronauts experience sixteen sunrises
and sunsets every 24 hours."

Astronaut says GOOD DEPLOY,
HOUSTON, ULYSSES IS ON ITS WAY.

K.T. says THAT'S A GREAT JOB.

Astronaut says FANTASTIC.

K.T. says YOU GUYS DID A GOOD JOB.

A woman reporter says DISCOVERY IS NOW OVER
THE SOUTH PACIFIC, GOING...
SEEING ONE OF ITS MANY SUNSETS.
THE CREW CURRENTLY HAS ABOUT
FOUR HOURS AND 35 MINUTES LEFT
IN THEIR SLEEP PERIOD.
AND ALL REMAINS TO GO QUITE
SMOOTHLY HERE IN THE FLIGHT
CONTROL ROOM.

M. Control says GOOD MORNING, DISCOVERY.

Astronaut says GOOD MORNING, HOUSTON.

On a split screen, the Astronaut says GEORGE SALAZAR AND
HIS CREW DOWN THERE AT THE
JOHNSON SPACE CENTRE HAVE PUT
TOGETHER A SYSTEM THAT ALLOWS US
TO CONTROL THE CAMERAS WITHOUT
USING OUR HANDS.
WE CAN JUST USE VOICE COMMANDS
TO TALK TO THE CAMERAS.
SO HERE'S A QUICK DEMONSTRATION
ON HOW THEY WORK.
D-V-1, DELTA, RIGHT... STOP.
TILT UP. LEFT, STOP.

M. Control says OKAY, COPY THE...
COPY THE RED FLYPAST AND THE
FIRST CHECK OUT IS NORMAL.
AND WE DON'T NEED THE NUMBERS,
AND YOU'VE GOT A GO TO CLOSE THE
DOORS.

Astronaut says OKAY, GO TO CLOSE
THE DOORS.
[Epic classical music plays]

the Mission Shield appears... It is round, with a red rim, and features the
Shuttle, with crew members' names on the rim, reading "Nagel, Cameron, Godwin,
Apt and Ross." A flying caption settles over it and reads "STS-37."

Astronaut says THIS IS SAR-X
CONTROL, GO AHEAD.

Three kids and a woman stand in the Mission Control room. A caption reads "Every
system onboard the Shuttle is monitored by Mission Control."

A Child says SINCE THE DEPLOYMENT
OF THE GAMMA RAY OBSERVATORY,
WON'T OCCUR UNTIL TOMORROW, WHAT
KIND OF PREPARATIONS ARE YOU
MAKING TODAY, OVER.

Astronaut says OKAY, RIGHT NOW,
WE JUST FINISHED A TEDRIS
DIRECT CHECK, AND REACTION WHEEL TEST.
EVERYTHING IS GOING VERY WELL
WITH GAMMA RAY OBSERVATORY, AND
WE LOOK VERY GOOD FOR TOMORROW, OVER.

A woman reporter says THE CREW IS IN THE
MIDST OF POWERING UP THE REMOTE
MANIPULATOR SYSTEM, ALSO KNOWN
AS THE ROBOT ARM IN THE PAYLOAD BAY.

Astronaut says HOUSTON, THE ARM
HAS POWER.

A Man says COPY THAT, LINDA.

A Woman says ATLANTIS, HOUSTON, YOU
HAVE A GO FOR GRAPPLE.

Astronaut says ROGER, GO FOR GRAPPLE.

A Man says THE RIGHT UMBILICAL IS
JUST RELEASED.

Astronaut says HOUSTON, ATLANTIS,
DO YOU HAVE DOWNLINK TV
AVAILABLE?

In M. Control, a Woman says THAT'S AFFIRM, I'M
LOOKING AT IT NOW.

Astronaut says OKAY, WE THOUGHT
THAT WAS A NICE PICTURE.

A Woman says IT'S A GREAT PICTURE.

A white structure with windows appears atop the Shuttle. A caption reads
"Primary objective... Deploy the Gamma Ray Observatory."

A Man says OKAY, LOOKED LIKE A VERY
CLEAN UNBERTHING, ONCE WE
STARTED SOME VERTICAL MOTION.

A Woman says ATLANTIS, PLUS Y, SOLAR RAY
DEPLOY COMMAND SENT AT 22 says16 says00.

Astronaut says OKAY, HOUSTON, WE
DID NOT SEE [Unclear]

In M. Control, a Woman says OKAY, IT LOOKED GOOD,
JAY, THANK YOU.

Astronaut says [Unclear] PANELS
ARE AT AN EVEN ANGLE AS YOU CAN SEE.
GETTING SOME NICE [Unclear] OFF
THE BELT, IT'S JUST A BEAUTIFUL
SPACESHIP.

A Woman says AND I'M SURE YOU'RE
GETTING SOME NICE PICTURES, TOO.

A reporter says THE NEXT STEP IN THE
PROCESS, MOVING TOWARD RELEASE
OF THE OBSERVATORY, IS
DEPLOYMENT OF THE HIGH GAIN ANTENNA.
THAT'S A LARGE, DISH SHAPED
ANTENNA USED FOR HIGH VOLUME
COMMUNICATIONS WITH THE GROUND.

A Woman says ATLANTIS, DEPLOY
COMMAND SENT 23-39.

Astronaut says ROGER, PLUS 39, THANKS.

Over a clip of the Control room, a caption reads "The antenna fails to deploy
on command." A clip shows a white dish antenna and a tangle of wires. Another
clip reads "To save the antenna, an unscheduled spacewalk becomes necessary."

A Woman says ATLANTIS, HOUSTON, THE
[Unclear] HAS TERMINATED THE
DEPLOY COMMAND.
WE DID NOT GET THE MOTION WE EXPECTED.
WE'VE TERMINATED THE COMMAND SO
THE MOTORS DON'T OVERHEAT.

A Man says WE'LL WANT FOUR ROLL
MOTION CYCLES.
PLUS, MINUS, PLUS, MINUS.
AND WE'LL SEE IF WE CAN'T JIGGLE
THE ANTENNA LOOSE.

A Woman says LINDA, ON MY MARK,
STAND BY. 3-2-1, MARK.

Astronaut says OKAY, IT'S
COMPLETE, NO SUCCESS.

A Woman says OKAY, STEVE, I SUSPECT
THE BOYS ARE HALF WAY THROUGH IT.
BUT WE HAVE A GO FOR E.V.A. PREP.
IT'S TIME FOR THE JAY AND JERRY SHOW.

Astronaut says ROGER THAT.

A Man says PILOT KEN CAMERON
ASSISTS MISSION SPECIALISTS
JERRY ROSS AND JAY APT AS THEY
PREPARE FOR THEIR SPACE WALK.

A black and white clip shows an open hatch. The astronaut appears maneuvering
in space. A caption reads "17 minutes into the spacewalk, the astronauts
fix the antenna."

Astronaut says I'LL GO AND GET
SOME TOOLS.

Astronaut says OKAY, AND I'M
GOING TO GO DOWN THE HILL.

Jerry says OKAY, I'M ON ONE OF
THE ADAPTERS.
AND I CAN REACH THE BOOM FROM
HERE IF YOU WANT ME TO JUST TRY
PUSHING ON IT SOME FROM HERE.

M. Control says WE CONCUR, JERRY, GO
AHEAD AND GIVE IT A TRY.

Jerry says IT'S FREE, IT'S FREE.
I CAN SEE IT MOVE.
IT'S FREE, I CAN SEE IT MOVE.

M. Control says STAND BY, JERRY, ONE
WHILE WE GET A LITTLE
CONCURRENCE IN THE ROOM.
IT'S GOING TO TAKE A MINUTE.

Jerry says FANTASTIC, YEAH, GOOD
WORK.

Astronaut says I CAN SEE THE
MICRO-SWITCHES THAT SAY THE
THING IS DEPLOYED.
I CAN SEE THE BRACKETRY, THE
OVER CENTRE BRACKETRY MOVING HERE.

The white dish antenna moves slowly into position.

Astronaut says JUST GIVE IT A
LITTLE NUDGE AND LET IT MOVE.
OKAY, [Unclear] LOOKS REAL GOOD.
[Gentle music plays]

Astronaut says WHERE DID YOU GET
UP FROM?

Astronaut says I WAS JUST ON THIS
ONE F.S.S PIN AND JUST KIND OF
SHOOK ON THE SIDE OF THE [Unclear]

Astronaut says GOOD PLANS.

A Woman says ATLANTIS, HOUSTON,
YOU'RE GO FOR RELEASE.

Astronaut says COPY, MARSHA, GO
FOR RELEASE. WE'RE READY.

Over a clip showing the release operation, a caption reads "Deployment
of the Gamma Ray Observatory occurs after a five-hour delay. The probe
departs on its two-year research of celestial gamma-ray emissions."

In M. Control, a Man says E.V.A. OFFICER REPORTS
THAT APT AND ROSS ARE CURRENTLY
IN THE PROCESS OF MOUNTING THE
INSTRUMENTATION ON THE CEDAR RAILS.

Over a view of the Shuttle, a caption reads "The astronauts test rail carts
for a Space Station NASA plans to build in the near future." A rail cart
traverses the length of the payload bay, moving with the aid of "arms" placed
in the front. A caption reads "The astronauts report that the hand-operated
rail cart works best."

Astronaut says THIS WILL BE A
HAND OVER HAND, ANOTHER MAX FOR
THE MAX BRAKING.
[Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 in C Minor plays]

Astronaut says OKAY, HERE'S A
SECOND NOMINAL, JIM?

Jim says ROGER THAT.

Astronaut says HERE WE GO.
THE ACCELERATION STILL NO BIG
DEAL AT ALL.

Astronaut says OKAY, HERE WE COME
BACK DOWN. STAND BY.

Astronaut says OKAY.

Astronaut says TO ALL THE GUYS ON
THE GROUND FROM THOSE OF US IN
ATLANTIS, WELL DONE.

In M. Control, K.T. says WE COPY THAT, JAY, AND
WE'LL PASS IT ALONG, AND WE'D
LIKE TO THANK YOU FOR DOING
PATHFINDER PROCEDURES
DEVELOPMENT FOR STS-49 IN THE
NEAR TERM, AND SPACE STATION
FREEDOM A LITTLE LATER ON.

A Man says WE'RE ABOUT ONE HOUR, 26
MINUTES AWAY FROM A PLANNED DE-
ORBIT BURN TO BRING ATLANTIS
INTO EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE.
HOWEVER THE LATEST
WEATHER CONDITIONS SHOW THE
WINDS STILL ABOVE LIMITS ON ALL
OF THE USABLE RUNWAYS FOR THE
END OF MISSION OF ATLANTIS.

Over a clip of Mission Control, a caption reads "The Flight Director decides
if weather conditions on the ground permit a safe landing."

The Flight Director says ATLANTIS, HOUSTON.

Astronaut says GO AHEAD.

Flight Director says STEVE, I HOPE YOU DON'T
MIND IF WE ASK YOU TO STAY UP
ANOTHER DAY, BUT WE'RE GOING TO
GIVE UP ON TODAY.

A reporter says ATLANTIS CURRENTLY ON
THE NIGHT SIDE OF EARTH.
HOWEVER, IT SHOULD BE MOVING
INTO SUNRISE MOMENTARILY, IN A
FEW MINUTES.
[Rock music plays]
[laughing]

Astronaut says WHAT IS THIS?

A Woman says IT'S THE THEME TO
"MAGNUM P.I."

A Man says OH.
[laughing]

M. Control says THIS IS A WAKE-UP CALL
TO THE CREW OF ATLANTIS, AND A
SPECIAL WAKE UP TO LINDA.
THIS IS TOM SELLECK, AND I HOPE
YOU HAD A NICE NIGHT'S SLEEP.
RISE AND SHINE, LINDA.

Astronaut says WE'VE GOT 100 PERCENT,
BRIAN ON THE [Unclear].

A Man says SHALL I SHOW YOU?

The Atlantis Shuttle plunges from its orbit.
[Sonic Booms]

A caption reads "The twin sonic booms are caused by shockwaves from the
Shuttle's nose and tail."

The reporter says SONIC BOOMS HEARD AT THE
LANDING SITE NOW.
ATLANTIS 32,000 FEET, DESCENDING
AT A RATE OF 362 FEET PER SECOND.

In Atlantis, an Astronaut says 10,000.

In M. Control, a Man says WINDS ARE CALM.
LOOKS REAL PRETTY.

A Man says LANDING GEAR NOW DOWN AND LOCKED.

M. Control says TOUCHDOWN [Unclear]

In M. Control a Man says STEVE, YOU AND YOUR CREW
DID IT ALL AND YOU MADE IT LOOK EASY.
CONGRATULATIONS ON A GREAT JOB.
NO POST-LANDING DELTAS RIGHT NOW.

Astronaut says THANK YOU.

Over a view of the taxiing Shuttle, a caption reads "Mission duration...
5 days, 23 hours, 32 minutes, 44 seconds."

A new Shuttle stands on its launch pad.

M. Control says M.P.D. S.R.O. 212.

Astronaut says GO AHEAD S.R.O.

M. Control says YOU HAVE A FINAL RANGE
CLEAR TO LAUNCH.

Astronaut says I COPY.
LAUNCH DIRECTOR, DO YOU COPY?

A Man says I COPY.

A Woman says FLIGHT CREW, CLOSE AND
LOCK YOUR VISORS, AND INITIATE O2 FLOW.
HAVE A GOOD TRIP.

Astronaut says ROGER THAT.
[Epic classical music plays]

Over the liftoff sequence, a caption reads "STS-40, June 5, 1991, 41st
Shuttle Mission." another caption reads "Primary payload... Spacelab Life
Sciences-1."

The Woman says WE HAVE A GO FOR
ENGINE START, 6...
3-2-1, IGNITION AND LIFTOFF OF
COLUMBIA AND THE FIRST DEDICATED
MEDICAL RESEARCH FLIGHT.

Columbia settles in orbit and opens its payload bay hatches.

A reporter says AS COLUMBIA CROSSES OVER
THE SOUTHEASTERN AFRICAN COAST,
WE HAVE CREW MEMBERS IN THE
SPACE LAB MODULE.

In M. Control a Woman says AND COLUMBIA, HOUSTON.
WE ARE WITH YOU IN THE LAB.
YOU LOOK GREAT. HI, TO YOU.

An Astronaut says THIS MISSION IS
THE FIRST ONE SINCE 1885 TO
CARRY THE EUROPEAN-BUILT
PRESSURISED LABORATORY CALLED SPACELAB.
NOTICE THE SIZE OF THE LAB.
IT ALMOST FILLS THE ENTIRE CARGO BAY.
AND IT HAS A 15 FOOT TUNNEL
WHICH ALLOWS THE CREW MEMBERS TO
FLOAT BACK AND FORTH FROM THE
ORBITER INTO THE MID-DECK LIVING
AREA, AND THEN BACK TO THE SPACE
LAB MODULE WHERE THEY DO THEIR
RESEARCH WORK.

A clip shows Spacelab. A caption reads "The habitable Spacelab is the first
module dedicated solely to life sciences."

The Astronaut continues WE HAVE A CREW OF
SEVEN FOLKS, INCLUDING FIVE
HIGHLY SKILLED AND TRAINED
SCIENTISTS.
AND FOR NINE DAYS IN SPACE,
WE'RE CONDUCTING EXPERIMENTS IN
THE FIRST EVER SPACE FLIGHT
DEDICATED TOTALLY TO LIFE SCIENCES.

A Woman says SPACELAB HAS RACKS
ALONG THE SIDE IN WHICH
EXPERIMENTS ARE LOCATED.
WE HAVE 20 LIFE-SCIENCES
EXPERIMENTS ON THIS FLIGHT.
WE ALSO HAVE A LOT OF STOWAGE IN
THE OVERHEAD LOCKERS, AND WE
HAVE SEVERAL PIECES OF EQUIPMENT
IN THE CENTRE AISLE.

As she speaks, clips show every action the Astronaut describes.

A Woman Astronaut says IN THIS AREA WE HAVE
THE MAJORITY OF OUR
CARDIOVASCULAR EXPERIMENTS.
DREW HERE, IS WORKING ON THE
ECHO-CARDIOGRAPH MACHINE, WHICH
USES SOUND WAVES TO GENERATE
PICTURES OF THE HUMAN HEART, SO
WE CAN SEE HOW THE HEART CHANGES
IN SIZE AND VOLUME DURING THE
FLUID SHIFTS OF WEIGHTLESSNESS.
IN THIS PORTION OF THE SPACELAB,
YOU SEE THE SHOULDER BARS FOR
OUR BICYCLE ERGOMETER.
WE'RE DOING MAXIMAL AND SUB-
MAXIMAL EXERCISE ON THIS FLIGHT,
AND MEASURING CARDIAC OUTPUT TO
SEE HOW THAT WILL CHANGE IN
WEIGHTLESSNESS.
WE'LL ALSO BE SEEING HOW
EXERCISE CAPACITY CHANGES.
THE LUNG FUNCTION EXPERIMENT,
WHICH IS LOCATED IN THIS RACK,
AND THIS IS JIM BACON USING THE
LUNG-FUNCTION EXPERIMENT... WILL
TELL US HOW THE DISTRIBUTION OF
AIR AND BLOOD CHANGES WITHIN THE
CHEST WHEN WE'RE IN A WEIGHTLESS
ENVIRONMENT.
IN THIS RACK IS THE LARGE
CENTRIFUGE THAT WE USE TO
SEPARATE THE BLOOD CELLS FROM
THE PLASMA ON THE BLOOD THAT IS
DRAWN FROM THE CREW MEMBERS IN FLIGHT.
THOSE OF YOU WHO HAVE EVER TAKEN
A C.P.R. COURSE, WILL RECOGNISE
RESUSCA-ANNIE.
ANNIE IS SERVING AS A PATIENT ON
THIS FLIGHT TO HELP US BETTER
EVALUATE AN OPERATING AND
EXAMINING TABLE THAT MIGHT
SOMEDAY BE USED ON SPACE STATIONS.
THE BODY MASS MEASURING DEVICE
THAT WE HAVE HERE ON THE FLOOR,
IS THE EQUIVALENT OF YOUR
BATHROOM SCALES.
OF COURSE, IN WEIGHTLESSNESS, YOU
CAN'T MEASURE YOUR WEIGHT, BUT
IF YOU SIT IN THIS CHAIR, YOU
RELEASE SOME SPRINGS AND IT
OSCILLATES BACK AND FORTH.
AND IT GIVES US A MEASUREMENT OF
MASS, WHICH IS RELATED TO WEIGHT.
SO IN CONJUNCTION WITH OUR DIET
LOGS AND OUR URINE SPECIMENS
THAT WE'RE COLLECTING, WE CAN
GET AN IDEA OF HOW OUR BODY'S
METABOLISM WORKS IN WEIGHTLESSNESS.
NOW WE'RE OVER ON THE OTHER SIDE
OF THE SPACELAB.
MY FRIEND AND CREW MEMBER TAMMY
JURNIGAN, IS INJECTING SOME
ACTIVATOR INTO SOME WHITE BLOOD
CELLS THAT WE'VE DRAWN FROM CREW
MEMBERS ON THIS FLIGHT...
HERE INSIDE AN INCUBATOR THAT
KEEPS THEM WARM, SO THEY CAN
GROW AND WE CAN SEE HOW THEIR
GROWTH CHANGES IN WEIGHTLESSNESS
AS COMPARED TO SOME EARTH BASED
WHITE BLOOD CELLS.
[Tchaikovsky "Danse Des Mirlitons" plays]

A split screen shows a close-up of an eye and a view of the inside of the
Shuttle. a woman astronaut is seen applying white straps to a male astronaut's leg.
Different experiments are shown, including a balloon being popped.

A Woman says WE DO THIS BEFORE IT
GETS ALL DIRTY. READY, EVERYBODY?

A Man says YEAH. BOY.

Against jellyfish moving around in a tank, a caption reads "Spacelab's primary
objectives... To study how micro-gravity affects basic biological mechanisms...
To study how weightlessness affects the human body... To study how to maintain crew
health on space stations in the future."

An Astronaut says THERE ARE 2,478 OR
SO JELLYFISH ABOARD COLUMBIA.
THE JELLYFISH HAVE AN ANATOMY
THAT INCLUDES SOME CRYSTALLINE
STRUCTURES THAT ARE NOT
TERRIBLY DISSIMILAR FROM THAT
FOUND IN THE INNER EAR OF HUMAN BEINGS.
THESE STRUCTURES HELP THE
JELLYFISH UNDERSTAND WHICH IS
UP, WHICH IS DOWN, WHICH IS SIDEWAYS.
THIS EXPERIMENT IS TO DETERMINE
THE EFFECTS OF MICRO-GRAVITY ON
THESE DEVELOPING JELLYFISH IN
ORDER TO ALSO UNDERSTAND AND
PREVENT SOME OF THE ADVERSE EFFECTS
THAT ATTACH TO HUMAN
BEINGS WHEN THEY ENTER THE
MICRO-GRAVITY ENVIRONMENT.

Inside Spacelab, a Man says IF YOU SAY YOU'RE OUT OF
CONTROL...

A Woman says TORTILLA?

She slings a pancake to an astronaut.

The Man says THAT ADMITS SOME DEGREE OF...

Another Man says NEGLIGENCE?

The first says NEGLIGENCE, YES.

In M. Control a Woman says COLUMBIA, HOUSTON,
WE'RE TWO MINUTES TO L.O.S, BACK
AT 9-22.

A Woman reporter says ALL OF THE EQUIPMENT
AND INSTRUMENTS THAT THE CREW
HAVE BEEN WORKING WITH FOR THESE
LAST NINE DAYS OF SCIENCE
ACTIVITIES IN THE LABORATORY
MODULE HAVE TO BE SECURED.
[Indistinct conversations]

Astronaut says WE'RE ALL WRAPPED
UP AND READY TO COME HOME.
[Radio chatter]
[Music plays]

Astronaut says HOUSTON, COLUMBIA.
YEAH, WE'RE ALL SET AND READY TO
CLOSE THE PORT DOOR IF YOU'RE
READY TO [Unclear]

M. Control says ROGER THAT, BRIAN.
WE'RE SITTING HERE WATCHING...

The Shuttle hatch closes.

M. Control says COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, WE
HAVE A GO FOR THE BURN.

Astronaut says ROGER, GO FOR BURN.
[Dramatic classical music plays]

Another Shuttle stands ready on its pad. a clip shows the new crew gearing
up for the flight.

(Bizet's "Marche du toreador" from Carmen plays)

A reporter says PICKING UP NOW, IN 2-1,
T MINUS THREE HOURS AND COUNTING.
THE CREW NOW IS SUITING UP TO
PREPARE FOR THEIR TRIP OUT TO
THE LAUNCH PAD.
FIRST SHOWN HERE IS OUR
COMMANDER, RONALD GRABE.
HE WILL BE PREPARING FOR HIS
THIRD FLIGHT IN SPACE THIS MORNING.
NEXT TO GRABE IS UH, ONE OF OUR
PAYLOAD SPECIALISTS FROM THE
EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY, ULF
MERBOLD, MISSION SPECIALIST NORM
THAGARD IS PREPARING TO MAKE HIS
FOURTH FLIGHT INTO SPACE TODAY.
AND OUR CANADIAN PAYLOAD
SPECIALIST ROBERTA BONDAR,
SHE'LL BE THE ONLY FEMALE
ONBOARD THIS MORNING.
SHE'LL BE MAKING HER FIRST TRIP
INTO SPACE, BUT THIS WILL BE THE
SECOND FOR A CANADIAN PAYLOAD
SPECIALIST TO FLY ABOARD THE
SHUTTLE, AND OUR MISSION
SPECIALIST DAVE HILMERS WHO WAS
SOMEWHAT OF A LAST-MINUTE ADDITION.
HE IS ACTUALLY... WAS NOT
ASSIGNED TO THE ORIGINAL CREW.
HE IS REPLACING THE LATE SONNY
CARTER WHO WAS KILLED IN AN
ACCIDENTAL PLANE CRASH ABOUT A
YEAR AGO.
AND OUR MISSION SPECIALIST BILL
READDY, MAKING HIS FIRST FLIGHT
INTO SPACE TODAY.
THIS IS SHUTTLE LAUNCH CONTROL
AT T MINUS 1 HOUR, 34 MINUTES
AND COUNTING.

The new crew emerges from the Checkout Building.

The reporter continues AND HERE THEY COME, OUR SEVEN
MEMBER LAUNCH TEAM, LAUNCH CREW,
LED BY COMMANDER RON GRABE, AND
PILOT STEVE OSWALD.
[Applause and cheering]
MISSION SPECIALIST NORM THAGARD,
BILL READDY, AND DAVID HILMERS,
AND OUR TWO PAYLOAD SPECIALISTS,
ULF MERBOLD AND ROBERTA BONDAR.
[Applause and cheering]

M. Control says OKAY, WE'LL BE
PERFORMING UP [Unclear]

The reporter says AND WE WILL BE
TRANSFERRING TO ORBITER INTERNAL
POWER AT THIS TIME.
DISCOVERY IS NOW RUNNING OFF ITS
ONBOARD FUEL CELLS.
AND THE GASEOUS OXYGEN VENT,
HOOD AND ARM IS NOW SLOWLY BEING
RETRACTED AWAY FROM THE TOP OF
THE EXTERNAL TANK.
T MINUS 45 SECONDS.
COMING UP ON A GO FOR AN AUTO
SEQUENCE START.

In M. Control a Woman says VLS IS GOOD FOR AN
AUTO SEQUENCE START.

The reporter says AND WE HAVE A GO FOR
AUTO SEQUENCE START.

Against the Shuttle rocket now separated from its gantry and awaiting
ignition, a caption reads "STS-42, January 22, 1992, 45th Shuttle Mission."

M. Control says 10-9-8-7, WE HAVE A GO
FOR MAIN ENGINE START.
WE HAVE THREE MAIN ENGINES UP
AND RUNNING.
3-2-1-0 AND LIFTOFF.

A clip shows the complete liftoff sequence.
[Bizet's "Marche du Toreador" plays]

M. Control continues LIFTOFF OF THE FIRST
INTERNATIONAL MICRO-GRAVITY
[Unclear]

In M. Control a Man says HOUSTON, [Unclear]
DISCOVERY EN ROUTE TO ROLL, AND
ON COURSE.

Another Man says ROLL PROGRAM.

M. Control says HOW'S YOUR ROLL,
DISCOVERY?

M. Control says RANGE IS THROTTLING BACK
UP [Unclear] AT 104.
DISCOVERY NOW TRAVELLING AT OVER
1,000 MILES PER HOUR, ALTITUDE
65,000 FEET, DOWN RANGE DISTANCE
8 NAUTICAL MILES.
ALL SYSTEMS PERFORMING WELL.

A Man says [Unclear] PERFORMANCE NOMINAL.

M. Control says WE HAVE SEPARATION,
DISCOVERY NOW FLYING FREE
[Unclear]

Over a clip showing discovery in orbit, a caption reads "Primary payload...
International Micro-gravity Laboratory-1 (IML-1)" another caption reads
"IML-1 is a dual-shift mission, requiring 24-hour payload operation by
two teams. Scientists from 16 countries participate in IML-1 research on
how life forms adapt to zero-G."

A Woman says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON,
WE'VE GOT A GOOD DOWNLINK VIDEO
OF YOU.

Another Woman says THIS IS MISSION
CONTROL, HOUSTON.
THE CREW HAS COMPLETED ALMOST 14
OF THE 16 STEPS.
SO FAR IN THE ACTIVATION
PROCEDURE, EVERYTHING HAS GONE
VERY SMOOTHLY.
CONTROLLERS HERE IN
HOUSTON ARE IN THE PROCESS OF
WATCHING OVER THE SHOULDER OF
MISSION SPECIALIST NORM THAGARD
AS HE ACTIVATES THE LABORATORY.

A Man says THE BIORACK SCIENCE
TEAM, FROM THE EUROPEAN SPACE
AGENCY, MONITORING THE [Unclear]
EXPERIMENT HERE IN OUR SCIENCE
OPERATIONS AREA.
ON BIORACK THERE'S SOME
17 EXPERIMENTS, 14 OF WHICH HAVE
BEEN CONTRIBUTED BY THE EUROPEAN
SPACE AGENCY, AND 3 BY THE UNITED STATES.
THIS PARTICULAR EXPERIMENT
SERIES USES EQUIPMENT SPECIALLY
DESIGNED OR MODIFIED FOR SPACELAB.

Astronaut says LOOKING GOOD.
LOOKS LIKE DAVE IS DOING PRETTY
GOOD ON THE BLINK CONTROL, MAN,
THAT LOOKS GREAT.

A reporter says PAYLOAD SPECIALIST
ULF MERBOLD AND MISSION
SPECIALIST DAVE HILMERS, HAVE
SET UP THE SLED EXPERIMENT.
ONE OF SEVERAL SPACE PHYSIOLOGY
EXPERIMENTS TO BE CONDUCTED
DURING THE 7 DAY SPACELAB MISSION.

In M. Control, a Man says AT THE PRESENT TIME, THE
CREW IN THE SPACELAB MODULE ARE
SETTING UP THE TRIGLYCINE
SULPHATE CRYSTAL GROWTH EXPERIMENT.

Roberta Bondar says I'LL USE
NUMBER 3 INSTEAD OF NUMBER 2.

In M. Control a Woman says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON,
WE'VE GOT A GOOD DOWNLINK VIDEO OF YOU.
ARE YOU READY FOR YOUR CALL FROM CANADA?

Astronaut says HOUSTON, DISCOVERY
IS READY FOR THE CALL FROM CANADA.

Brian Mulroney says GOOD EVENING,
ROBERTA, AND CONGRATULATIONS ON
BECOMING CANADA'S SECOND SPACE TRAVELLER.
I UNDERSTAND THAT YOU CAUGHT A
GLIMPSE OF CANADA DURING YOUR MISSION.
WHAT STRUCK YOU MOST DURING THE SIGHT?

Roberta Bondar, in her forties with wavy brown hair, stands inside Spacelab
and speaks. A caption reads "Roberta Bondar, First Canadian woman in Space."

Roberta says WELL, AT
LAUNCH TIME TODAY, I HAD A TAPE
ON, I HAD A CASSETTE TAPE ON AT
THE TIME, AND I ACTUALLY HAD A
RECORDING OF, OR I HAD RECORDED
FOR ME, BEFORE I CAME UP HERE,
OF "O CANADA." AND I JUST
HAPPENED TO GO UP TO THE FLIGHT
DECK AND WE WERE GOING RIGHT
OVER CANADA, AND IT WAS JUST FANTASTIC.
I KNOW IT'S WINTER TIME, AND WE
WERE GOING OVER THE NORTHERN
PART OF CANADA, WE WENT ACROSS
THE NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, DOWN
ACROSS INTO QUEBEC, AND ONTARIO,
AND YOU COULD CERTAINLY GO BACK
AND YOU COULD RECOGNISE ALL THE
LAND FEATURES, THAT ARE JUST
ABSOLUTELY FANTASTIC, AND THERE
WERE VERY, VERY FEW CLOUDS
AROUND, AND ACTUALLY WHAT WE
DISCOVERED IS THAT THERE ARE A
LOT MORE MYSTERIES THAT HAVE TO
BE LOOKED INTO AND QUESTIONS
RAISED, AND PROBLEMS AND
EXPERIMENTS TO SOLVE IN THE
FUTURE YEARS AHEAD.

Mulroney says WELL, ROBERTA,
ALL CANADIANS ARE PROUD
OF YOU AND WHAT YOU'VE ACHIEVED,
AND I'D LIKE TO CONGRATULATE
YOUR OTHER CREW MEMBERS AS WELL
ON THIS SPLENDID ACHIEVEMENT,
AND ON BEHALF OF ALL CANADIANS,
WISH YOU ALL A VERY SAFE JOURNEY
HOME. GOD BLESS YOU ALL.

Roberta says THANK YOU
VERY MUCH, Mister PRIME MINISTER.

Commander Ron Grabe says YES, Mister PRIME
MINISTER, ON BEHALF OF THE
ENTIRE CREW, THANK YOU VERY MUCH
FOR THOSE WISHES.
[Classical music plays]

Astronaut says HOUSTON,
DISCOVERY, WE'RE READY TO CLOSE
PAYLOAD BAY DOORS IF YOU ARE.

A Woman says ROGER THAT.

M. Control says YOU HAVE A GO FOR
PAYLOAD BAY DOOR CLOSING.

M. Control says YOU'VE GOT A GO FOR THE
DE-ORBIT BURN.

Astronaut says GO FOR THE BURN,
THANK YOU.

A caption reads "De-orbit burns last about three minutes. Each burn slows the Shuttle
down, lowering its orbit for reentry into the atmosphere."

(Theme music plays)

Against colour clips showing activities inside the Shuttle, the end credits
roll.

Executive Producer, Rudy Buttignol.

Producer Director, David Sobelman.

Production Editor, Julian Lannaman.

Footage courtesy of NASA Johnson Space Center

Produced by TV Ontario in association with Saskatchewan Communications Network.

Knowledge Network.

The Shuttle Years... From Challenger to Columbia.

TV Ontario 2004.

A Man says GOING FOR THE BALLPARK,
KEEP THE ROLL COMING, 600.
[Sonic Booms]

A Man says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON
LOOKING GOOD ON THE...

A Man says BETTER GET THE GEAR, 300.
[Radio chatter]
A LITTLE BIT HIGH.
A LITTLE BIT HIGH, UNDER 260.
KEEP IT COMING DOWN.
[Unclear] 50 FEET.
LOOKING GOOD, 20, 230, 15, 10,
230, KEEP IT OFF, KEEP IT OFF,
KEEP IT OFF. TOUCHDOWN.
CHALLENGER, GO WITH THROTTLE UP.

Astronaut says ROGER, GO WITH
THROTTLE UP.

A Man says COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM CHECK.
COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM CHECK.

A Man says ... ENGINES 103, 103
[Radio chatter]

A Woman says IT'S LOOKING GOOD.

Watch: Zero-G