Transcript: Danger of Ascent | Jul 24, 2004

A split screen shows a Shuttle on a launch pad and the rocket firing and
climbing into the atmosphere. Crew members appear in a vibrating cabin. Against
three-way clips and an image of a shuttle in orbit with its hatch open, a
caption reads "TV Ontario presents The Shuttle Years... From Challenger to
Columbia."
(Classical music plays)

[Radio chatter]

The Man says 4-3-2-1, AND LIFTOFF!
[Cheering]
[Radio chatter continues]

The Woman says 3 AND 104.

The Man says 8 SECONDS...
AND ROLL PROGRAM, HOUSTON.
[Playing theme music]

The Woman says ON THE RIGHT, RUN THE
TIME, THROTTLING

The Man says COMING UP ON THE MARK.

The Man says CHALLENGER, THROTTLE UP.

The Man says COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM
CHECK.

The Man says COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM
CHECK.

The Man says ... ENGINES 103, 103
[Radio chatter]

(music plays)

The Woman says IT'S LOOKING GOOD.

The screen fades to black. Against the flaming rocket engines of the Shuttle
undergoing a test firing on the pad, a caption reads "Danger of Ascent." A
launch features flames coming from both the booster and the Shuttle. A caption
reads "STS-1, April 12, 1981... The first Shuttle Mission."

An Announcer says AND THE SHUTTLE
HAS CLEARED THE TOWER.
[Playing Tchaikovsky's
Waltz of the Flowers]

Over a picture of Earth taken from high orbit, a caption reads "Primary Mission
objectives... check out overall Shuttle system. Accomplish safe ascent into
orbit. Return safely to Earth.

Over a clip showing a Shuttle landing, a caption reads "Columbia's maiden
voyage inaugurates the Space Transportation System (S.T.S)."

The Man says 4-3- TOUCHDOWN.
[Unclear]

Mission Control says WELCOME HOME TO... [Unclear]
BEAUTIFUL, BEAUTIFUL.

Everyone claps at Mission Control. the astronauts descend from the Shuttle
and then others enter the Press Room wearing blue uniforms.
[Applause]

A reporter says COMING OUT, LED BY
COMMANDER BOB CRIPPEN, CAPTAIN
NORMAN THAGARD BRINGING UP THE
REAR, HAS THE DISTINCTION OF
BEING THE FIRST MEDICAL DOCTOR
TO FLY IN SPACE.
[Playing Tchaikovsky's
Waltz of the Flowers]

The new set of astronauts, including a woman, enter the Shuttle prior to takeoff.
The Shuttle rocket engines fire.
(Roaring)

The reporter says WE HAVE MAIN ENGINE START.
IGNITION, AND LIFTOFF.
LIFTOFF OF STS-7 AND AMERICA'S
FIRST WOMAN ASTRONAUT, AND THE
SHUTTLE HAS CLEARED THE TOWER.

(music plays)

Over an image of the ascending rocket through a smoky haze, a caption reads
"Primary payload... Anik C-2, Canada." Another launch, at night this time, reads
"STS-8, August 30, 1983. 8th Shuttle Mission, First night launch. Primary payload...
Insat 1B, India."

Astronauts listen as Ronald Regan says CONGRATULATIONS
ON A SUCCESSFUL AND SPECTACULAR NIGHT LAUNCH.
EVERY ONE OF THESE LAUNCHES OF
THE SHUTTLE IS A NOTEWORTHY
EVENT, BUT THIS ONE HAS
CERTAINLY ITS SHARE OF FIRSTS.

A daytime launch of the shuttle appears. A caption reads "STS-9, November 28
1983, 9th Shuttle Mission. Primary Payload... Spacelab-1."

The reporter says 3-2-1 SOLID MOTOR
IGNITION AND LIFTOFF.
LIFTOFF OF COLUMBIA, AND THE
FIRST FLIGHT OF THE EUROPEAN
SPACE AGENCY'S SPACELAB.
THE SHUTTLE HAS CLEARED THE TOWER.

The Man says ROGER, ROLL.

The Man says [Unclear] PAYLOAD
SPECIALIST BYRON LICHTENBERG
OPENS AIR LOCK [Unclear]
SPACELAB MODULE FOR THE FIRST TIME.

Astronauts conduct an experiment inside Spacelab. A caption reads "Primary
objective... Researching microgravity."

The reporter says MISSION SPECIALIST BRUCE
McCANLISS PERFORMED THE FIRST
CHECK OUT OF THE MANNED
MANEUVERING UNIT.
FLYING UNTETHERED, FIRST
IN THE PAYLOAD BAY, THEN MOVING
AWAY FROM THE SHUTTLE TO A
DISTANCE FO 300 FEET, AND SAFELY RETURNING.

This is seen happening. A caption reads "EMU... Extravehicular Mobility Unit."
[Playing Tchaikovsky's Waltz of the Flowers]

Another nighttime launch takes place. A caption reads "STS-41-G, October 5,
1987, 13th Shuttle Mission.

The Man in Mission Control says HERE COME THE SOLIDS.
IT TAKES, FROM LIFTOFF, ABOUT 8 1/2 MINUTES.
YOU'RE GOING 17,500 MILES AN HOUR.
OUR CANADIAN, MARC GARNEAU, THE
PAYLOAD SPECIALIST WE HAD ON
BOARD, DID A FANTASTIC JOB.

Marc is shown at work holding a camera. A caption reads "Marc Garneau...
First Canadian in Space."

An Astronaut says THE INTERNATIONAL
ASPECTS OF THE PROGRAM, THE ARM
ITSELF WAS BUILT UP IN CANADA BY
AN OUTFIT CALLED SPAR, AND IT'S
BEEN A MARVELLOUS ASSET TO THE
SHUTTLE.
WE DO GET SOME FRESH THINGS UP
THERE NOWADAYS, LIKE, SUCH AS
THESE CARROTS.

Marc tosses a carrot in the air, but can't catch it in his mouth.

The Astronaut continues MARC'S GOING TO LOSE THE THING THERE.

a satellite is launched from the Shuttle.

Another Astronaut says THIS IS DISCOVERY.

The Man in Mission Control says GO AHEAD.

The Astronaut says WE'RE ROLLING THE
DEPLOY FROM THE BEGINNING.

The Man says OKAY, WE'RE WATCHING.

(music plays)

The Man says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON.

The Astronaut says GO AHEAD.

Discovery is shown in its orbit. A caption reads "The Shuttle can carry
payloads weiging up to 29,000 kilograms."

Mission Control says HEY, I'VE GOT A
PROCEDURE FOR YOU THAT WILL
ALLOW US TO POINT THE
AXIS OF THE ORBITER AT THE SINCOM.

The Shuttle comes in to land.

Mission Control says TOUCHDOWN.
[Applause and cheering]
NOSE GEAR DESCENDING NOW.

A reporter says OUR FANS ARE OVER HERE
IN THE CORNER.

Astronaut Ronald McNair says AT THIS TIME
I'D LIKE TO INTRODUCE YOU TO
PERHAPS A PERSON CAME TO SEE,
AND THAT'S CHRISTA McAuliffe,
OUR PAYLOAD SPECIALIST TEACHER
IN SPACE.
[Applause]

Going up to the mike, Christa McAuliffe says WELL I AM
SO EXCITED TO BE HERE.
WE WATCHED COLUMBIA GO OVER THE
HOUSTON AREA THIS MORNING, AND
THAT WAS A THRILL.
I DON'T THINK ANY TEACHER HAS
EVER BEEN MORE READY TO HAVE TWO
LESSONS IN MY LIFE.
I'VE BEEN PREPARING THESE SINCE
SEPTEMBER, AND I JUST HOPE
EVERYBODY TUNES IN ON DAY FOUR
NOW, TO WATCH THE TEACHER
TEACHING FROM SPACE.

A new liftoff runs. A caption reads "STS-51-L, January 28, 1986... 25th
Shuttle Mission." Another caption reads "Primary payload... Tracking and
Data Relay Satellite-B. Challenger is named after a U.S. naval research
vessel that sailed the oceans in the 1870s."

Mission Control says WE HAVE MAIN ENGINE
START, 4-3-2-1, AND LIFTOFF.
LIFTOFF OF THE 25th SPACE
SHUTTLE MISSION, AND IT HAS
CLEARED THE TOWER.
[Radio chatter]

Mission Control says 65 PERCENT, THREE ENGINES
RUNNING NORMALLY, THREE GOOD FUEL CELLS.
THREE GOOD APU.
VELOCITY 2,257 FEET PER
SECOND, ALTITUDE 4.3 NAUTICAL
MILES, DOWNRANGE DISTANCE 3
NAUTICAL MILES.

(music plays)

Mission Control says ENGINES THROTTLING UP,
THREE ENGINES NOW AT 104 PERCENT.
CHALLENGER, GO WITH THROTTLE UP.

The Astronaut says ROGER, GO WITH
THROTTLE UP.

(music plays)

The white smoke contrail suddenly bifurcates.

Mission Control says 1 MINUTE, 15 SECONDS,
VELOCITY 2,900 FEET PER SECOND,
ALTITUDE 9 NAUTICAL MILES,
DOWNRANGE DISTANCE 7 NAUTICAL MILES.

Mission Control says FLIGHT FIDO, GO AHEAD.

A voice says R.O.S. REPORTS VEHICLE EXPLODED.

A fiery, smoky contrail shows Challenger careening out of control.

Mission Control says COPY.
OKAY, EVERYBODY, STAY OFF THE TELEPHONES.
MAKE SURE YOU MAINTAIN ALL YOUR DATA.
START PULLING IT TOGETHER.

An explosion is seen and particles trailing smoke fall to Earth. A caption reads
"The loss of Challenger is caused by the failure of joint-seals in the
right Solid Rocket Motor."

Mission Control says WE HAVE NO DOWNLINK.
[Playing sombre piano music]

Mission Control says THIS IS MISSION CONTROL, HOUSTON.
WE HAVE NO ADDITIONAL WORD AT THIS TIME.
(A funeral march plays)
REPORTS FROM THE FLIGHT
DYNAMICS OFFICER INDICATE THAT
THE VEHICLE APPARENTLY EXPLODED.

Photos show the crew members who died in the failed mission, standing against
U.S. flags.

A dark-haired man in his forties is captioned "Francis Scobee, Commander."

A dark, curly haired man in his thirties is captioned "Michael Smith, Pilot."

A dark, curly haired woman in her thirties is captioned "Judith Resnik,
Mission Specialist."

A dark-haired man in his thirties is captioned "Ellison Onizuka, Mission
Specialist."

A man with short dark curly hair and a fringe beard and moustache in his
forties is captioned "Ronald McNair, Mission Specialist."

A man with receding graying hair in his fifties is captioned "Gregory Jarvis,
Payload Specialist."

A woman in her thirties with shoulder-length curly brown hair is captioned
"Christa McAuliffe, Payload Specialist, Teacher in Space Project."

The sun sets over a calm sea. The abandoned launch pad appears. A caption reads
"There are no Shuttle Missions in 1987,"

(music plays)

A daytime clip shows a new Shuttle launching. A caption reads "STS-26, September
29, 1988, 26th Shuttle Mission. NASA returns to flight."

Orange-suited crew members walk out of the building to the transport.
[Applause and cheering]

The reporter says THIS IS THE WALKWAY USED
BY THE ASTRONAUTS AS THEY ENTER
THE ORBITER.
IN CASE OF AN EMERGENCY, THE ARM
CAN BE PLACED BACK INTO POSITION
WITHIN ABOUT 15 SECONDS.
WE HAVE A GO FOR AUTO-SEQUENCE START.
10, WE'RE GO FOR MAIN ENGINE
START, 7-6, [Inaudible] START,
3-2-1-0 AND LIFTOFF.

The fiery, smoky liftoff takes place. A caption reads "Primary payload...
Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-C (TDRS-C)."

The reporter continues LIFTOFF, AMERICANS RETURN TO
SPACE AS DISCOVERY CLEARS THE TOWER.
[Playing "Pomp and Circumstance" BY Elgar]

Against a distant view of the takeoff, a caption reads "Cook explored Alaska
and northwestern Canada in the 1770s. The Shuttle accelerates from 0 to
28,000 kilometres per hour in 8.5 minutes. The Shuttle takes off like a rocket.
it becomes a spacecraft in orbit.

Mission Control says ROGER, ROLL, DISCOVERY.
ALL PROGRAMS,
HOUSTON NOW CONTROLLING.
THREE ENGINES 104 PERCENT.
THREE GOOD APUs, THREE GOOD
FUEL CELL, THROTTLE AT 65 PERCENT.
HOUSTON THROTTLING DOWN NOW TO
MAINTAIN A CERTAIN SPEED AS THE
SPACECRAFT PASSES THROUGH MAX Q.
THREE ENGINES AT 65 PERCENT NOW.

Robin Williams says GO-O-O-D
MORNING, DISCOVERY!
GOOD MORNING, DISCOVERY.

An Astronaut replies and says THIS IS REALLY A
PRETTY SATELLITE.
REALLY SOME GORGEOUS VIEWS OUT
THE WINDOW THROUGH THE
DEPLOYMENT, AND I HOPE WE
CAPTURED A LOT OF THAT ON FILM.

A black and white clip shows the deployment of T.D.R.S. A caption reads
"T.D.R.S. is part of a tracking and data network of communication satellites."

The Astronaut continues THERE YOU SEE IT,
VERY SMOOTH SEPARATION.
WE HEARD NOTHING AND FELT
NOTHING IN THE CABIN WHEN THAT SEPARATED.
[Playing "Pomp and Circumstance" BY Elgar]

Robin says IT LOOKS GREAT, MIKE.

The Astronaut says DEPLOYMENT FROM
OUR POINT OF VIEW IS UH...
WE UNDERSTAND IT'S WELL ON ITS
WAY TO GEOSYNCHRONOUS BY NOW.

Seen in Geosynchronous Orbit, over the white and gold satellite a caption
reads "T.D.R.S. allows the Shuttle to send and receive data during most of
the orbit."

The Astronaut says AS WE, THE CREW OF
DISCOVERY, WITNESS THIS EARTHLY
SPLENDOUR FROM AMERICA'S SPACECRAFT,
LESS THAN 200 MILES
SEPARATES US FROM THE REMAINDER
OF MANKIND, IN A FRACTION OF A
SECOND, OUR WORDS REACH YOUR EARS.
BUT LEST WE EVER FORGET THAT
THESE FEW MILES REPRESENT A
GREAT GULF...

The Astronaut reads a snatch from a quotation and says "To ascend through
this seemingly tranquil sea will always be fraught with danger."

The Astronaut says LET US REMEMBER
THE CHALLENGER CREW, WHOSE
VOYAGE WAS SO TRAGICALLY SHORT.
WITH THEM, WE SHARED A COMMON
PURPOSE, WITH THEM WE SHARED A
COMMON GOAL.

The Astronaut says DEAR FRIENDS,
WE HAVE RESUMED THE JOURNEY THAT WE
PROMISED TO CONTINUE FOR YOU. YOUR
LOSS HAS MEANT THAT WE COULD
CONFIDENTLY BEGIN ANEW. YOUR SPIRIT AND
YOUR DREAMS ARE STILL ALIVE IN OUR HEARTS.

Mission Control says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON,
TALKING TO YOU THROUGH TEDRIS NOW.

The Astronaut says OKAY, LOUD AND CLEAR.
UNDERSTAND YOU'RE THROUGH
TEDRIS, AND YOU'RE NOT GETTING
ANY MORE DOWNLINK.

The Man says THAT IS CORRECT.

The Astronaut says HOUSTON,
DISCOVERY.

The Man says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON WITH
YOU AT [Unclear], GO AHEAD.

The Astronaut says ROGER, THE BURN
WAS GOOD, NO RESIDUALS.

From a helicopter, orderly rows of cars and bystanders appear on a flat
desert landscape.

A reporter says WE'RE NOW TAKING A VIEW FROM
HELICOPTER OVER THE LANDING
AREA, AND WE'RE LOOKING AT SOME
OF THE 380,000 PEOPLE GATHERED
FOR THE LANDING OF DISCOVERY.

An Astronaut says WE CAN SEE EDWARDS FROM
HERE, HOUSTON.
IT SURE LOOKS GORGEOUS.

From the ground, Discovery is seen plunging from its orbit. A caption reads
"The twin sonic booms are created by shock waves from the Shuttle's nose and
tail."
[Sonic Booms]
[Applause and cheering]

Discovery has now decelerated and levelled its flight. it drops its landing gear.

The reporter says DISCOVERY NOW COMING IN
AT 40,000 FEET.
[Applause and cheering]
SHE'S NOW AT ABOUT 6,500 FEET,
DESCENDING AT A RATE OF 180 FEET
PER SECOND.
GEAR ARE DOWN...
[Applause]
MAIN GEAR TOUCHDOWN.
COMMANDER HAUCK NOW ROTATING THE
NOSE DOWN.
STANDING BY FOR NOSE GEAR AND TOUCHDOWN.
[Applause and cheering]

Mission Control says DISCOVERY, WELCOME BACK.
A GREAT ENDING TO THE NEW
BEGINNING.

The Astronaut says THANKS A LOT.

Another Shuttle stands on its launch pad.

A voice says THIS IS SHUTTLE LAUNCH
CONTROL AT T MINUS 3 HOURS AND HOLDING.
THE ICE TEAM AND THE CLOSE-OUT
CREW ARE IN THE PAD AREA NOW,
AND THERE THEY WILL INSPECT THE
TANK'S AFT DOME AND THE SHUTTLE ENGINES.
THE WEATHER PEOPLE, SAYING STILL
THAT THERE IS A 60 PERCENT CHANCE THAT
EVERYTHING WILL BE SATISFACTORY
FOR LAUNCH ON TIME THIS AFTERNOON.
(Dramatic string music plays)

An Astronaut says HOUSTON, ATLANTIS.
MS1, HOW DO YOU READ?

Mission Control says ATLANTIS, MS1, HOUSTON,
YOU'RE LOUD AND CLEAR.
GOOD MORNING, MARK.
COMING UP ON THE 8
MINUTES POINT IN OUR COUNTDOWN.

The Astronaut says FLIGHT O.T.C.

M.Control says [Unclear]

The Astronaut says GO AHEAD.

M.Control says FINAL CLEAR TO LAUNCH
FROM THE RANGE.

The Astronaut says I COPY, THANK YOU.

A Woman says GO FOR E.T., LO2,
[Unclear]

The Astronaut says WE'RE AT GO
[Unclear]

A Man says COPY THAT, SIR.

A Man says T. MINUS 2 MINUTES 20
SECONDS, THE PILOT RON GRABE HAS
CLEARED THE CAUTION AND WARNING MEMORY.

The Astronaut says WE ARE READY TO FLY.

A voice says COPY THAT.

The Man says T MINUS 1 MINUTE 20
SECONDS AND COUNTING.

(music plays)
AND WE HAVE GONE FOR OUT OF
SEQUENCE START.
10, WE HAVE A GO FOR MAIN ENGINE
START, 7-6...
[Playing Orchestral Music]

The rocket engines ignite in a burst of fire and smoke. The launch takes place
normally. A caption reads "STS-30, May 4, 1989, 29th Shuttle Mission. Primary
objective... Deploy the Magellan spacecraft. Atlantis is named after a research
sailing vessel used by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute from 1930 to 1966."

M. Control says ATLANTIS, HOUSTON,
YOU'RE GO FOR THE PREFLIGHT
CHECKOUT.

The Astronaut says ROGER, GO FOR THE
CHECKOUT.

The solid rocket nozzle appears as a simple metallic cone with a deflector
plug at its centre.

The reporter says NOW LOOKING AT THE
BUSINESS END OF THE INERTIAL
UPPER STAGE OF THE MAGELLAN STACK.
THIS IS THE NOZZLE FOR THE SOLID
ROCKET MOTOR.

M. Control says ATLANTIS, HOUSTON,
SUNNYVALE HAD A GOOD DIRECT
CHECK AND THEIR COMThe ManD IS
COMPLETE.

The Astronaut says OKAY, PETER, WE COPY.
WE'RE PROCEEDING INTO THE
I.U.S.P.I. LOCK CHECKOUT.

M. Control says ROGER THAT.
(Gentle classical music plays)

A caption reads "Magellan is the first planetary probe deployed by the Shuttle."
Magellan is seen first in orbit, then heading towards its destination with
its solid rocket engine firing. A caption reads "Magellan begins a 15-month
journey to explore the surface of Venus."

A Woman says THIS IS MISSION CONTROL.
THESE TV VIEWS SHOW MARY CLEAVE
USING THE PAYLOAD GENERAL
SUPPORT COMPUTER, AS SHE'S
MONITORING THE FLUID EXPERIMENTS
APPARATUS.

Mary Cleave says WE'RE STARTING
AT THE BEGINNING OF THE CRYSTAL,
MOVING DOWN THE CRYSTAL.
YOU'RE BEGINNING TO SEE THE
FOLDS HERE.
YOU CAN SEE AT ONE POINT THAT WE
ACTUALLY DID MAKE CONTACT FOR
ABOUT 2 INCHES WITH THE GLASS
CONTAINER.

M. Control says MARY, COPY THAT.
THANKS FOR THE INFORMATION.
IT'S GREAT PICTURES.

M. Control says ATLANTIS, HOUSTON?

The Astronaut says GO AHEAD.

M. Control says PENDING W.C.S.
DEACTIVATION, YOU HAVE A GO FOR
DE-ORBIT BURN.
YOUR SIGNAL IS CHARLIE, DAVE.

The Astronaut says ROGER THAT.
WE'LL BE LEAVING MARSHALL ON TIME.

The Astronaut says I THINK IT'S AN
INCREDIBLE RIDE.

Over the open loading bay of the Shuttle, a caption reads "STS-34, October 18,
1989. 31st shuttle Mission."

M. Control says YOU LOOK GREAT.
CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL OF YOU.

(music plays)

Astronaut 1 says... YOUR FLIGHT
CONTROL POWER IS OFF.

Astronaut 2 says MINE IS OFF.

Astronaut 1 says OKAY, NOW,
REMEMBER WHEN WE GET AN
ATTITUDE, AND THIS IS ABOUT A...
LOOKS LIKE ABOUT A 7 MINUTE
MANEUVER.

A caption reads "The air pressure inside the Space Shuttle is about the same as on Earth.

Astronaut 1 says AND WHEN WE GET AN
ATTITUDE, WE WANT TO REMEMBER TO
GO TO 11 AUTO BURNS.
[Unclear] BELOW Z., AND FALSE ON
THE ROTATIONAL MAP.

An Astronaut says HOLD THE FILM
FLAT...
EACH EXPOSURE FRAMED.
[laughing]
THERE'S KITTY HAWK.... AT 250, KITTY HAWK MIGHT GET
US SOMETHING.

Another Astronaut says YEAH, I GOT IT.

The first says THERE'S SHIPS'
WAKES, AND SHIPS.

A Woman says AH, THIS IS ELLEN,
TAKING BLOOD PRESSURE.

An Astronaut says THE ICE CRYSTAL
EXPERIMENT IS HOOKED TO THE
CEILING WITH A COUPLE OF SPRING
BUNGEES HERE.
THE CAMERA MOUNTED ON IT JUST
ABOVE MY HEAD AS YOU CAN SEE THERE.
WE'VE TRIED TO LOOK INSIDE THE
CHAMBER USING THE CHAMBER LIGHT,
AND THE FOCUS ON THE FILAMENT
WIRE WHERE THE CRYSTALS GROW IS EXCELLENT.

Over a view of an experiment, a caption reads "Several crystals grow after
the crew reactivates the experiment."

The Astronaut continues AND IT APPEARS TO
BE VERY SHARPLY IN FOCUS.
HOWEVER WE HAVEN'T SEEN ANY
CRYSTALS YET.
I DON'T KNOW WHETHER THAT'S TO
BE EXPECTED OR NOT, BUT WE'RE
KIND OF WAITING TO SEE HOW THAT
COMES OUT.

An astronaut vacuum cleans. A caption reads "Each crew member performs housekeeping
tasks during the mission.
[Vacuum cleaner humming]

Against a shot of the astronauts weightlessly floating around, a caption reads
"There is no up or down in space."

The Astronaut says AND THIS IS MEAL PREP.
LUNCHTIME IN THE MID-DECK OF
ATLANTIS, EVERYBODY TRYING TO
GRAB SOMETHING AND HAVE A BITE
TO EAT, BEFORE SOMEBODY ELSE
GETS IT.

Over a clip showing Atlantis in Earth orbit, a caption reads "In orbit, the Shuttle
travels at a speed of 8 kilometres per second."
[Playing Orchestral Music]

Two astronauts, a man and a woman, get into sleeping bags anchored to hammocks.
A caption reads "Each 24-hour period in orbit is divided into an 8-hour sleep
period and a 16-hour waking period for each crew member.

Dawn breaks over a new launch day.

M. Control says T MINUS 13 SECONDS, MINUS 10,
GO FOR MAIN ENGINE START.
WE ARE GO FOR MAIN ENGINE START.
T MINUS 6-5-4-3-2-1 AND
LIFTOFF OF THE SPACE SHUTTLE
DISCOVERY WITH THE HUBBLE
TELESCOPE, OUR WINDOW ON THE UNIVERSE.

A caption reads "STS-31, April 24, 1990, 35th Shuttle Mission."
(Roacket engines roaring)
[Playing Dramatic Orchestral Music]

The booster rocket releases Discovery into orbit. Houston Mission Control
appears. A caption reads "Primary Objective... Deploy the Hubble Space Telescope."

M. Control says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON, YOU
HAVE A GO TO OPEN THE DOORS.

The Astronaut says UH, ROGER, HOUSTON.

M. Control says THIS IS MISSION CONTROL,
HOUSTON AT 3 HOURS, 2 MINUTES
INTO THE FLIGHT OF DISCOVERY.
WE'RE SEEING THE REMOTE
MANIPULATOR SYSTEM ARM, AS IT IS
PUT THROUGH ITS PACES BEING
CHECKED OUT FOR TOMORROW'S
ACTIVITIES RELATED TO THE HUBBLE
SPACE TELESCOPE.

M. Control says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON,
WE'RE GETTING SOME REAL GOOD
PAYLOAD BAY TELEVISION DOWNLINK,
AND WE SEE THAT STEVE HAS BEEN
HARD AT WORK GETTING THE RMS DEPLOYED.

The Astronaut says OKAY, HE'S GETTING
A GOOD START AT THE RMS CHECK
OUT RIGHT NOW.

M. Control says ROGER, LOREN.

The reporter says WE ARE LOOKING AT THE
END EFFECTOR AS IT IS RUN
THOUGHT THE SNARE DRIVE TEST.
THE END EFFECTOR WILL BE USED TO
GRAPPLE THE HUBBLE SPACE
TELESCOPE TOMORROW.

Steve says HOUSTON, DISCOVERY.

M. Control says GO AHEAD, DISCOVERY.

Steve says ROGER, JIM, WE THINK
RMS CHECKOUT IS COMPLETE, AND WE
THINK THE ARM IS FULL UP.
WE DIDN'T SEE ANY ANOMALIES AT ALL.

M. Control says THAT SOUNDS GREAT,
STEVE, AND WE CONCUR.

From Mission Control, Bill Reeves says GOOD MORNING, DISCOVERY.
GOOD MORNING FROM BILL REEVES
AND ORBIT 1 TEAM.
YOU'VE GOT A GO FOR HST DEPLOY OPS.

The Astronaut says THAT'S
OUTSTANDING, THANK YOU.

Bill Reeves says SURE IS.

M. Control says THIS IS MISSION CONTROL HOUSTON.
OUR P.D.R.S. OFFICER HERE IN THE
FLIGHT CONTROL ROOM CONFIRMS
THAT THE HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE
HAS BEEN GRAPPLED.

Bill Reeves says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON.

The Astronaut says GO AHEAD.

Bill Reeves says YOU'VE GOT A GO
TO RELEASE THE [Unclear] AND A
GO TO TRANSFER THE HUBBLE TO
INTERNAL POWER ON TIME.

The Astronaut says ROGER THAT, UNDERSTAND.
GO FOR [Unclear] RELEASE AND GO
FOR TRANSFER TO INTERNAL POWER ON TIME.

Bill Reeves says LET'S BURN.

The Astronaut says I SEE IT COMING UP.
I SHOW US ABOUT 2 INCHES STARBOARD.
GOOD CLEARANCE, STILL LOOKS GOOD.

The Astronaut says Z.... OKAY, Z. IS
MINUS 538, AND IT'S COMING UP NICELY.

M. Control says DISCOVERY, NO NEED TO
ACKNOWLEDGE, FOUR LATCHES ARE IN
MOTION.

A woman Astronaut says ROGER, HOUSTON, WE COPY.

M. Control says DISCOVERY WILL TAKE THIS
ATTITUDE RIGHT HERE.
I'D LIKE YOU TO GO FREE DRIFT
FOR P.D.M. DEPLOY.

The Astronaut says ROGER, FREE DRIFT.
WE SEE BOTH HIGH GAINS MOVING.

M. Control says DISCOVERY, GO FREE DRIFT
FOR PLUS S.D.M. DEPLOY.

The Astronaut says FREE DRIFT, DEPLOY.
AND WE SEE FIRST MOTION, LOOKS GOOD.
SO FAR WE SEE GOOD SMOOTH
MOTION, BOTH SIDES.

M. Control says AND WE GOT TV DOWN HERE, LORNE.

The Astronaut says HOUSTON,
DISCOVERY, LOOKS LIKE MOTION
STOPPED WITH JUST ABOUT 1 PANEL SHOWING.

A solar panel unfolds, but one side fails to extend properly. A caption reads
"When the solar panel fails to extend, the Flight Director must avoid a potential
crisis."

M. Control says AND WE SEE THAT, TOO,
LORNE, THE D.C.E. IS OFF.

The gray-haired Flight Director, in his fifties, says IF WHATEVER THEY WANT US TO DO
FAILS, DO THEY WANT US JUST TO
PRESS ON TO BACK THEM UP?
WE NEED TO GET ON WITH IT.

The Woman Astronaut says OKAY, FLIGHT, I'LL
COME BACK WITH THE ANSWER.

Flight Director says I NEED ANSWERS NOW.

The Woman Astronaut says FLIGHT FAO?

Flight Director says GO AHEAD.

The Woman Astronaut says YEAH, I DON'T FEEL
COMFORTABLE WAITING UNTIL AFTER
6-20...

Flight Director says I DON'T EITHER, THAT'S
WHY I WANT THE ANSWERS NOW.

The Woman says YES, 6-20 IS MY DROP-DEAD TIME
FROM ADDING UP ALL THE TIMES.

Flight Director says ALL RIGHT, CAPCOM, TELL
THE CREW WE WENT THEM TO PRESS
ON INTO E.V.A. AND WE'LL STOP
THEM WHENEVER WE HAVE TO.
QUICKLY, WE'VE GOT FOUR MINUTES
ON THIS PASS.

Bill Reeves, bald in his fifties, says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON.

The Astronaut says DISCOVERY, GO AHEAD.

Bill Reeves says OKAY, WITH THE
PANELS THAT YOU'VE GOT OUT THERE
RIGHT NOW, IT'S NOT SATISFACTORY
TO STAY OVERNIGHT.
SO WE'RE GOING TO HAVE TO MOVE
OUT ON THE E.V.A.

The Astronaut says OKAY, WE'RE
PROCEEDING WITH THAT.

Bill Reeves says THANK YOU.
DISCOVERY, HOUSTON.

The Astronaut says DISCOVERY, GO AHEAD.

Over a clip showing activity inside the Shuttle, a caption reads "Throughout
the morning, the STS-31 crew prepares for an emergency extravehicular
operation."

Bill Reeves says WE THINK THERE
MAY BE SOME PROBLEM WITH THE
TENSION MONITORING SOFTWARE.
THEY'VE GOT THE D.C.E. BACK ON.
WE'RE GOING TO DISABLE THE
TENSION MONITORING AND RESEND
THE PROX TO DEPLOY THE MINUS S.D.M.

The Astronaut says OKAY, HIT IT, AND
STATUS FOR YOU, HOUSTON.
CHARLIE'S DOWNSTAIRS IN THE
PROCESS OF GETTING BRUCE AND
KATHY BUTTONED UP IN THE SUITS.

The Astronaut says OKAY, HOUSTON, WE
SEE MOTION.

Bill Reeves says WE'VE GOT THE
IMAGE DOWN HERE, LORNE.

Against a clip of the now fully extended panel, a caption reads "After flicking
several micro-switches, the problem is identified and solved."

The Astronaut says OKAY, HOUSTON, WE
THINK IT'S STOPPED.

Bill Reeves says IT'S FULLY DEPLOYED.
THE MICRO-SWITCHES CONFIRM IT.

The Astronaut says OKAY.

Bill Reeves says AND FOR BRUCE
AND KATHY, WE'D LIKE YOU TO STOP
THE AIRLOCK DEPRESS AT 5, PLEASE.

The Astronaut says OKAY, THEY COPY THE
STORY, AND WE'RE AT 5.5 RIGHT NOW.

Bill Reeves says OKAY, CHARLIE.

The Astronaut says RENDEZVOUS, WE'RE GO?

Flight Director says RIGHT-O, GO, EAGLE?
GO, DE-COM, GO. INCO?

a voice says WE'RE GO.

Flight Director says FAO?

The Woman Astronaut says GO.

Flight Director says G.C.?

A voice says GO.

An Astronaut says AND WE'RE GO.
PAYLOADS?

In Mission Control, a Woman says FLIGHT PAYLOADS, WE
ARE GO.

The Astronaut says CAPCOM, WE HAVE A GO FOR
RELEASE.

Bill Reeves says DISCOVERY, GO
FOR HUBBLE RELEASE.

The Astronaut says OKAY, WE HAVE A GO
FOR RELEASE.

Another Astronaut says OKAY, CHARLIE.
[Playing Orchestral Music]

A clip shows the Canadarm releasing Hubble in Earth orbit. A caption reads
"Hubble can see objects up to 14 billion light years away. Hubbles images
are 10 times sharper than images from Earth-based telescopes." Against the
Shuttle loading bay doors closing, a caption reads "Each Shuttle flight
is a single step in the long-range plan to establish a permanent human
presence in Space."

The Astronaut says HOUSTON,
DISCOVERY, WE'RE READY TO CLOSE
THE BAY DOORS IF YOU STILL ARE.

Flight Director says YOU HAVE A GO FOR
PAYLOAD BAY DOOR CLOSING.
DISCOVERY, HOUSTON, GO
TO MANEUVER TO BURN ATTITUDE,
AND A GO FOR THE BURN.

The Astronaut says ROGER THAT, GO FOR
THE BURN.

(Theme music plays)

Against colour clips showing activities inside the Shuttle, the end credits
roll.

Executive Producer, Rudy Buttignol.

Producer Director, David Sobelman.

Production Editor, Julian Lannaman.

Footage courtesy of NASA Johnson Space Center

Produced by TV Ontario in association with Saskatchewan Communications Network.

Knowledge Network.

The Shuttle Years... From Challenger to Columbia.

TV Ontario 2004.

The Man says DISCOVERY, HOUSTON
LOOKING GOOD ON THE...

Mission Control says BETTER GET THE GEAR, 300.
[Radio chatter]
A LITTLE BIT HIGH.
A LITTLE BIT HIGH, UNDER 260,
KEEP IT COMING DOWN.
[Unclear] 50 FEET.
LOOKING GOOD, 20, 230, 15, 10,
230, KEEP IT OFF, KEEP IT OFF,
KEEP IT OFF. TOUCHDOWN.

Mission Control says CHALLENGER, GO WITH
THROTTLE UP.

The Astronaut says ROGER, GO WITH
THROTTLE UP.

Mission Control says COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM-CHECK.
COLUMBIA, HOUSTON, COM-CHECK.

A Man says ... ENGINES 103, 103
[Radio chatter]

A Woman says IT'S LOOKING GOOD.

Watch: Danger of Ascent