Video Transcript

(music plays)

A fast clip in sepia shows a man unfolding an old map while a few rocks fall to the floor. Then a close-up of a hand shows the illusion that it is grabbing a huge rock rising in the distance. The title of the show appears on the rock as if printed on a coin - “Time Team.”

Tony walks into a school. He is in his sixties with receding gray hair. He’s wearing a dark coat and boots.

A caption reads “Tony Robinson.”

Tony says WELCOME TO NORTHWOOD
PREP SCHOOL IN HERTFORDSHIRE.
AND STRANGE AS IT MAY SEEM,
TIME TEAM
IS GOING BACK TO
SCHOOL.
AND WE'RE IN SEARCH OF A LOST
TUDOR PALACE WHICH SOME PEOPLE
SAY WAS MORE SPLENDID THAN
HAMPTON COURT.
NOW THAT'S A HUGE CLAIM.

(classical music plays)
An excavator crane digs a trench.

Tony continues IT LIES SOMEWHERE BENEATH
THESE PLAYING FIELDS.
AND WAS BUILT BY CARDINAL
WOLSEY, HENRY VIII'S RIGHT
HAND MAN.

Holding a small object, Danni says WOW, LOOK AT THAT!

Raksha extracts an object from the excavator shovel and says I DON'T THINK
THAT'S TUDOR, DO YOU?

Tony says WE'RE HERE, NOT JUST
TO FIND IT, BUT TO SEE IF THE
RUMOURS ARE TRUE.
WAS WOLSEY'S LOST PALACE
REALLY GRANDER THAN HAMPTON
COURT?
WE'LL KNOW IN THREE DAYS.

Theme music plays. Fast sepia-tone clips show men digging out hidden objects from the soil such as a vase, a ring, and a skull. Then, the opening sequence of the hand grabbing the rock plays again.

Tony says NORTHWOOD PREP, NEAR
RICKMANSWORTH, HERTFORDSHIRE.
A SMALL SCHOOL WITH A BIG
HERITAGE.

Schoolboys play ping pong.

Tony continues IT'S THE SITE OF THE MANOR ON
THE MORE, NAMED AFTER THE OLD
ENGLISH WORD FOR MARSHLAND.
THIS PALACE WAS CONCEIVED IN
1520 BY THE ALL-POWERFUL
RELIGIOUS LEADER AND
STATESMAN, CARDINAL WOLSEY.

A painting shows an old cardinal wearing a red robe.

Tony continues IN ITS HEYDAY, IT WAS AN
OPULENT PLAYGROUND FIT FOR
ROYALTY AND STATE VISITORS.
NOW, THE SCHOOL AND ENGLISH
HERITAGE HAVE INVITED OUR
SLIGHTLY LESS STATELY TEAM IN
TO DIG UP THE PLAYING FIELDS
AND FIND OUT JUST HOW GRAND
THE MANOR ONCE WAS.

Phil is in his sixties with long blond hair. He wears a cowboy hat and a brown sweater.

Phil says YOU LEARN FROM THE
DEPTH, ABOUT THE DEPTH...

Tony says “TIME TEAM.”
ARCHAEOLOGIST PHIL HARDING IS
ALREADY GETTING THE INSIDE
TRACK FROM PROFESSOR MARTIN
BIDDLE, WHO WAS JUST A
SCHOOLBOY WHEN HE EXCAVATED
THIS SITE BACK IN THE '50s.

The caption changes to “Martin Biddle. Archaeologist.” Martin is in his sixties, clean-shaven with white hair. He’s wearing glasses, a black jacket and a white shirt.

Martin says I RECKON WE'LL SEE
OUR FIRST WALL WITHIN THE HOUR.

Phil says YEAH.
WELL, IF IT'S NOT THERE, EITHER
YOUR RECORDS ARE INACCURATE...

Martin says IT'S BEEN PROVED BY
THE GEOPHYS.

Phil laughs.

Tony says AS A 15-YEAR-OLD
BUDDING ARCHAEOLOGIST, MARTIN
WAS THE FIRST TO UNCOVER
WOLSEY'S PALACE.
AND IN 1957, ARCHAEOLOGY
WASN'T QUITE WHAT IT IS TODAY.
UNBELIEVABLY, HE JUST ENLISTED
THE HELP OF HIS PALS FOR A
SUMMER-LONG EXCAVATION.
HE KNEW FROM THE RECORDS THAT
WOLSEY'S PALACE HAD BEEN
DEMOLISHED IN THE 1590s.
IT WAS HIS AMBITION TO FIND
THE REMAINS.

Black and white picture show a group of young archaeologists and a trench.

Tony continues HIS 1957 DIG ONLY REVEALED
SOME OF THE WALLS MARKED HERE
IN ORANGE.
SO THERE'S STILL A HUGE AMOUNT
OF THE PALACE LEFT TO UNCOVER.

An animation places a green outline of a building with orange spots on an aerial view of the field. The caption changes to “Courtyard.”

Tony continues BUT MARTIN'S FINDINGS DID
ENABLE HIM TO SPECULATE ABOUT
THE LAYOUT OF THE ENTIRE
BUILDING, WHICH HE RECORDED ON
THE SKETCHES MADE AT THE TIME.

Jackie says WE'VE GOT WHAT
SHOULD BE THIS MAIN BUILDING...

Tony says SO CAN SITE DIRECTOR
JACKIE McKINLEY TURN THOSE
DOTTED LINES INTO SOLID LINES?

Jackie shows a map of the site to Martin, John and Phil. She’s in her forties with short brown hair. She’s wearing a brown coat, blue jeans and boots.

Jackie says BASICALLY, I FEEL A
BIT LIKE A KID IN A SWEET SHOP
BECAUSE THERE ARE SO MANY THINGS
WE COULD GO FOR HERE.
WE REALLY ARE GOING TO HAVE TO
FOCUS IN ON PARTICULAR BITS OF
THIS HOUSE COMPLEX.

Tony says JACKIE, DID YOU JUST
SAY A HOUSE?

Jackie says I DID.

Tony says SURELY WE'RE LOOKING
FOR A PALACE, SOMETHING LIKE.

Martin says COME OFF IT, TONY.
WHEN THIS HOUSE WAS UP, IT WAS
MORE SPLENDID THAN HAMPTON
COURT.

Tony says MORE SPLENDID?

Martin says THAT'S WHAT
SOMEBODY SAID.

Tony says JACKIE, HOW DO WE
ESTABLISH THAT THIS COULD BE
MORE SPLENDID THAN HAMPTON
COURT?
WHERE WOULD YOU PUT A TRENCH
IN?

The caption changes to “Jackie McKinley. Time Team Site Director.”

Jackie says SO THE GATE HOUSE IS
GOING TO BE WHERE WE'RE GOING
TO START FROM BECAUSE IT GIVES
A REALLY GOOD FOCUS FOR GETTING
A HANDLE ON EVERYTHING ELSE
THAT'S GOING ON IN HERE.

Tony says IF WE'RE LOOKING FOR
SPLENDOUR, WHY ARE WE LOOKING
FOR THE HOME OF THE BLOKE WHO
USED TO OPEN THE DOORS?

Martin says DON'T BE SO DEMOTIC
ABOUT IT.
WE ARE COMING UP AGAINST THE
GATE HOUSE, 50 FEET HIGH, WITH
THREE LEVELS OF DECORATION,
PROBABLY ON IT, AND THE ARMS
OF THE GUY WHO OWNED IT.

Jackie says THIS WOULD BE THE
FIRST THING THEY WOULD SAY.
THEY'D COME THROUGH THIS GATE
HOUSE, THEY'D SEE THE VIEW OF
EVERYTHING IN THERE.
SO THE GATE HOUSE ITSELF IS
GOING TO BE A VERY GRAND PLACE.

Martin says COVERED WITH
DECORATION.
IT'S MAGNIFICENT.

Tony says 20 YEARS OF
TIME TEAM
AND IT'S THE FIRST TIME I'VE
BEEN ACCUSED OF BEING DEMOTIC.
[laughing]
ARE YOU HAPPY WITH PUTTING A
TRENCH IN HERE?

Phil says I'M URGING TO GET ON.
AND I'M PARTICULARLY PLEASED
THAT YOU ARE DEMOTIC.
[laughing]

Tony says WELL, DON'T JUST URGE,
GET ON WITH IT.

(music plays)

Tony says JACKIE CAN ALREADY
ADD TO WHAT SHE KNOWS FROM
MARTIN'S DIG WITH SOME GEOPHYS
THAT THE SCHOOL COMMISSIONED
LAST YEAR.
THE RADAR SUGGESTS A LARGE
STRUCTURE UNDERGROUND THAT
COULD BE THE FOUNDATIONS OF A
BUILDING 50 METRES BY 60
METRES SURROUNDED BY A MOAT.
IT'S AN ENORMOUS SITE TO
SURVEY.
SO IT'S GOING TO BE A REAL
CHALLENGE TO PIECE TOGETHER A
LAYOUT AND FIND CLUES TO WHAT
IT ONCE LOOKED LIKE.

An animation highlights an orange square underneath the green outline of the site over an aerial view of the field. Then, an area within the outline appears in white.

Tony continues SO WHERE BETTER TO START THAN
THE GRAND ENTRANCE?

Phil says COME UP NICE AND
STRAIGHT 'COS THE EDGE IS
STRAIGHT ALREADY.

Tony says MARTIN'S 1957 DIG
FOUND SOME REMNANTS OF A GATE
HOUSE ON THE WEST SIDE.
BUT THE REMAINS WEREN'T WELL
PRESERVED.
SO JACKIE'S PUT PHIL IN CHARGE
OF DIGGING THE OTHER SIDE OF
THE GATE HOUSE.

An animated white rectangle placed on an aerial view of the site reads “Phil’s trench.”

Watching how the crane works, Phil says THAT'S THE WAY YOU
TAKE THE TURF.
LOOK AT THAT, THAT'LL GO BACK
NOW.
IT WON'T KNOW IT'S BEEN
SHIFTED.

Tony says TO UNDERSTAND
CARDINAL WOLSEY'S OBSESSION
WITH GRANDIOSE ARCHITECTURE,
WE HAVE TO LOOK AT ANOTHER OF
HIS MASTERPIECES, AND HIS
POWER BASE, HAMPTON COURT.
HIS GRAND DESIGN FOR HAMPTON
COURT WAS TO EMULATE THE
GREATEST RENAISSANCE
ARCHITECTURE.
A PALACE THAT WOULD IMPRESS
VISITORS OF THE HIGHEST ORDERS
FROM CHURCH AND STATE.
FROM WHAT WE KNOW FROM OUR DIG
SO FAR, THERE'S EVERY REASON
TO THINK THAT THE MANNER OF
THE MORE WAS BUILT WITH THE
SAME ASPIRATIONS.
WE KNOW IT WAS POPULAR WITH
KING HENRY VIII, AND WOLSEY
WAS HIS MOST TRUSTED STATESMAN.
AND LIKE HAMPTON COURT, IT WAS
BUILT IN ORDER TO ENTERTAIN
WITH COURTYARDS AND
ACCOMMODATION FOR GUESTS.

An aerial view shows a magnificent white palace with spectacular surrounding gardens.

Tony continues THOMAS MORE AND CATHERINE OF
ARAGON WOULD HAVE KNOWN THIS
PALACE INTIMATELY.
LEGEND HAS IT THAT IN 1527, A
FRENCH AMBASSADOR WHO STAYED
AT THE MANOR OF THE MORE
DECLARED IT WAS MORE SPLENDID
THAN HAMPTON COURT.

The team shovels dirt in the trenches.

Tony continues THE QUESTION WE'RE ASKING IS
WHICH WAS GRANDER?
AND ALREADY PHIL'S HIT
SOMETHING JUST A FEW
CENTIMETRES INTO THE SCHOOL
TURF.

Jackie says NOW THEN, PHIL.
OH, I SAY, THAT'S BRILLIANT,
ISN'T IT?

Using his trowel to remove dirt, Phil says IT'S ABSOLUTELY SPOT
ON.
WHAT WE'VE GOT IS THE CORNER
OF A ROOM OF YOUR GATE HOUSE.

The caption changes to “Phil Harding. Time Team Archaeologist.”

Jackie says RIGHT.

Phil says THERE'S THE OUTSIDE
WALL OF THE GATE HOUSE.
SO IF YOU'RE ARRIVING AT THE
PLACE, YOU RIDE UP OR WALK UP
THROUGH THERE.
AND HERE IS THE ACTUAL CORNER
OF THE GATE HOUSE ITSELF.
THERE'S THE WALL.
AND YOU ARE STANDING ON THE
WALL THAT IS ACTUALLY GOING TO
GO ALL THE WAY AROUND.
SO I GUESS, YOU KNOW, WHEN HIS
MAJESTY PARADES UP THROUGH
THERE, HIS RETAINER WHO IS
LIVING IN, OR INHABITING THIS
LITTLE ROOM, GOES OUT THROUGH
A DOORWAY AND DOFFS HIS CAP TO
HIS MAJESTY.

Jackie says YEAH.

(soft music plays)

Tony says PHIL'S UNCOVERING
WALLS THAT BELONG TO THE
EASTERN HALF OF THE GATE
HOUSE.
THEIR LAYOUT TIES IN WITH THE
GEOPHYS AND MIRRORS WHAT
MARTIN FOUND TO THE WEST.
FROM OTHER TUDOR PALACES,
JACKIE KNOWS THERE WOULD HAVE
BEEN TOWERS ON THIS GATE HOUSE.

An animation places orange semicircles over the aerial view of the site, near Phil’s trench.

Tony continues EVIDENCE OF A TOWER WILL HELP
US UNDERSTAND THE SCALE OF THE
PALACE ENTRANCE.
NOW, JACKIE'S ALL SET TO
PLUNDER THE HEART OF THE
PALACE IN SEARCH OF WHAT COULD
BE THE MOST OSTENTATIOUS ROOMS.
GEOPHYS HINTS AT TWO OF THEM.
JACKIE BELIEVES THE LARGER ONE
TO THE EAST IS WOLSEY'S
CHAPEL, AND THE ONE TO THE
WEST COULD BE THE GREAT HALL.

Over an animated radar photograph of the site, two white areas read “Chapel” and “Great Hall.”

Tony continues SO MATT SETS TO WORK DIGGING
FOR THE GREAT HALL.
AND TRACEY IS ON A HUNT FOR
THE CHAPEL.
WILL EITHER TRENCH TURN UP ANY
CLUES OF PALACE SPLENDOUR?
AWAY FROM THE HUSTLE AND
BUSTLE OF THE DIG, HISTORIANS
KENT RAWLINSON AND SUZI
LIPSCOMB HAVE UNCOVERED VITAL
TUDOR RECORDS ABOUT THE PALACE
LAYOUT.

Tony, Kent and Suzi stand in front of a table looking at several documents. Suzi is in his thirties with long curly blond hair. She’s wearing a red sweater under a brown leather jacket.

Suzi says WE'VE GOT THIS
SURVEY THAT WAS DONE UNDER
ELIZABETH I, AND IT DESCRIBES
ALL THE BUILDINGS THAT WERE AT
THE MANOR OF THE MORE.

The caption changes to “Suzannah Lipscomb. Historian.”

Suzi continues IT EXPLAINS THERE IS A
PRINCIPLE GATE HOUSE AND
LODGINGS ON EITHER SIDE WITH
TWO TOWERS AND EXPLAINS
LODGINGS ON THE EAST AND WEST
OF THE SAID QUADRANT WITH A
TOWER AT EACH END OF THE SAME,
ADJOINING UPON THE MOAT.
AND FINALLY, IT MAKES A
MENTION OF A LONG GALLERY ON
THE NORTH SIDE OF THE HOUSE
INTO THE GARDEN WITH TWO
TURRETS AT THE NORTH END OF
THE SAME.
SO IN LENGTH IT IS 253 FEET.

Tony says THAT IS VERY BIG,
ISN'T IT?
HOW DOES THAT TIE IN TO WHAT
WE'VE GOT HERE?

Kent is in his thirties, clean-shaven with brown hair. He’s wearing glasses, a pale blue shirt, a tie and a brown sweater.

Kent says WELL,
WHAT'S WONDERFUL ABOUT THIS IS
IT IS SO DETAILED IT MAKES US
REALIZE WHAT WE'VE PREVIOUSLY
BEEN LOOKING AT, THE SORT OF
MOATED SITE, ALL THESE
BUILDINGS CAN'T FIT IN THERE.

The caption changes to “Kent Rawlinson. Historic Buildings Expert.”

Kent continues SO IT MEANS WE HAVE TO SORT
OF RETHINK.
SO HERE, WE HAVE A NEW REVISED
IDEA WHICH IS BASICALLY THREE
TIMES THE SIZE.
SO WE'VE GOT A BASE COURT DOWN
HERE IN THE BOTTOM.
THE ORIGINAL MOATED SITE IN
THE CENTRE, THEN THE GREAT
LONG GALLERY ABOVE.

Tony says WHY IS THIS CALLED
THE BASE COURT?

Pointing to a palace plant, Kent says IT
BASICALLY MEANS BASE IN THE
SENSE OF A LOWER SORT OF COURT.
AND EVEN MORE EXCITING, NOT
ONLY DO YOU HAVE THIS GATE
HOUSE, BUT YOU SEEM TO HAVE
THESE FOUR LARGE TOWERS SORT
OF MARKING OUT THIS WHOLE NEW
STRUCTURE THAT WE DIDN'T
PREVIOUSLY KNOW ABOUT.

Tony says THE ELIZABETHAN
SURVEY TRANSFORMS WHAT WE KNOW
ABOUT WOLSEY'S PALACE.
NOT ONLY DO WE HAVE TO
RADICALLY EXTEND OUR PLAN OF
THE PALACE, BUT IT MAKES OUR
SEARCH ALL THE MORE
CHALLENGING.
WHILE THE DOCUMENTS TELL OF A
LONG GALLERY RUNNING OFF TO
THE NORTH, WE'VE NO REAL IDEA
WHAT IT WOULD HAVE LOOKED LIKE.
AND TO THE SOUTH, THERE WAS A
LOWER, OR BASE COURT.
WE'D EXPECT THIS BUILDING TO
CONTAIN LODGINGS FOR GUESTS,
AND TO SURROUND A COURTYARD.

An animation places two dotted white lines that stretch upwards from the palace plan. Then, a pale green palace pops up in a court at the opposite end.

Tony continues IT'S MARKED ON THE HISTORIC
PLAN, BUT MARTIN'S 1957 DIG
NEVER FOUND IT IN THE GROUND,
SO THE LOST BASE COURT IS
JACKIE'S NEXT TARGET.
BUT IT'S A HUGE SPRAWLING
SITE, SO THE PRESSURE IS
REALLY ON FOR THE GEOPHYS TEAM
TO GIVE US SOME CLUES ABOUT
WHERE TO START DIGGING.
WHAT KIND OF GEOPHYS ARE YOU
USING?

The caption changes to “Jimmy Adock. Time Team Geophysicist.” Jimmy is in his forties, with a short beard. He’s wearing a gray cap and a dark brown zip jacket.

Jimmy says WE'RE GOING TO USE
THE RADAR AGAIN.
WHICH IS WHAT WE USED WHEN WE
WERE LOOKING AT THE MAIN HOUSE
IN THE PREVIOUS SURVEY.

Tony says AND REMIND ME...
I SAY REMIND ME, I DON'T
REALLY KNOW AT ALL.
HOW DOES RADAR WORK, JIMMY?

Jimmy says IT'S VERY MUCH LIKE
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL.
SO INSTEAD OF FIRING RADIO
WAVES INTO THE SKY AND
BOUNCING THEM OFF AIRPLANES,
WE'VE TURNED IT UPSIDE DOWN.
WE'RE FIRING IT INTO THE
GROUND.
AND BY BUILDING UP THE DATA,
WE CAN STRIP AWAY ALL THE SOIL
AND JUST LEAVE THE
ARCHAEOLOGY.
SO WE'LL HAVE A MODEL OF WHAT
IS UNDER THE GROUND, WITHOUT
ACTUALLY HAVING TO TAKE ALL
THE SOIL OFF, WHICH IS A BIT
TRICKY IN THREE DAYS.
SO ANYWAY, I'LL PUSH MY MERRY
WAY ALONG HERE, AND HOPEFULLY,
IN A FEW HOURS TIME, WE'LL
HAVE A BASE COURT FOR YOU TO
LOOK AT.

(piano music plays)

Tony says WE'RE NEAR THE END OF
DAY ONE, AND WE HAVE A HUGE
SEARCH ON FOR A BASE COURT
THAT HASN'T BEEN SEEN FOR
OVER 400 YEARS.
Jimmy rolls out his radar kit across the field.

Tony continues BUT WE CAN SAFELY SAY THAT
WOLSEY'S LOST PALACE IS NO
LONGER LOST.
AND WE ARE TURNING UP CLUES
THAT COULD TELL US HOW MUCH
MONEY HE LAVISHED ON HIS
MANOR.
RUMOUR HAS IT THEY'VE COME UP
WITH OUR FIRST SPLENDID FIND
HERE IN TRENCH ONE.

Tony approaches Paul, who is lying in a wheelbarrow.

Tony continues STAY THERE.
THIS ACTUALLY IS HOW PAUL
SPENDS A LOT OF HIS TIME ON
SITE.

Paul says IT'S TRUE.

Tony says SHOW ME THIS FIND.

Paul says IT'S WONDERFUL.
OH, IF I CAN GET OUT OF THIS
WHEELBARROW.
WHAT WE HAVE GOT, ALL THE WAY
FROM THE NETHERLANDS, SOME
REALLY QUITE SPECTACULAR FLOOR
TILE.

Paul grabs a tray and hands Tony a small tile. He’s in his fifties, clean-shaven and bald. He’s wearing a gray hooded-sweater and matching trousers.

Tony says WOW!

Paul says THAT'S PROBABLY 16th
CENTURY, OR THEREABOUTS.

Tony says AM I ALLOWED TO LICK
MY FINGER AND...?

Paul says VERY GENTLY.
IT'S QUITE FRAGILE THIS STUFF,
SO BE CAREFUL WITH IT.

Tony says READY?

Tony rubs the tile and a blue, yellow and green design appears.

Jackie says THOSE COLOURS ARE
ABSOLUTELY FANTASTIC.

Paul says ISN'T IT?
IT'S BASICALLY A WHITE TIN
GLAZE, THEN THAT DECORATION IS
HAND PAINTED WITH DIFFERENT
COLOURED PIGMENTS.
IT'S COBALT, IT'S OCHRE, IT'S
COPPER.

Jackie says IT'S EXPENSIVE.

Paul says OH, YEAH.
IT'S BAKED IN.
IT'S THE SORT OF THING YOU
ONLY FIND IN A SPECTACULARLY
POSH PALACE OR SOMETHING LIKE
THAT.
WHICH IS A COINCIDENCE.

Paul chuckles.

The caption changes to “Paul Blinkhorn. Time Team Pottery Expert.”

Jackie says SPECTACULAR POSH
PALACE, YEAH.

Tony says WHAT CAN WE TELL FROM
THIS FIND?

Jackie says WELL, THE
INTERESTING THING ABOUT THIS,
ALTHOUGH IT'S A LITTLE BIT
BROKEN UP, IT DOESN'T LOOK
LIKE IT'S BEEN VERY KNOCKED
ABOUT.
SO IT DOESN'T LOOK LIKE IT'S
TRAVELLED VERY FAR.
NOW, IT SUGGESTS THAT IT COULD
ACTUALLY HAVE COME FROM INSIDE
THE GATE HOUSE ITSELF.
NOW, GATE HOUSES WEREN'T JUST
A WAY INTO SOMEWHERE.
THEY ALSO, QUITE FREQUENTLY,
HAD THE MOST SPECTACULAR FANCY
ROOMS FOR GUESTS TO STAY IN
AND LODGINGS.
AND THIS COULD ACTUALLY HAVE
COME FROM LODGINGS WITHIN THE
GATE HOUSE.

Tony says CARDINAL WOLSEY MIGHT
ACTUALLY HAVE TRODDEN ON THAT.
WHICH MIGHT BE WHY IT BROKE.
IT'S AN EXCITING CLUE TO THE
SCALE AND GRANDEUR OF THE GATE
HOUSE.
BUT JUST HOW LARGE THIS
ENTRANCE WAS AND WHAT IT
LOOKED LIKE IS STILL ALL IN
DOUBT.
PHIL'S GOT TWO DAYS TO FIND
OUT.

Tony walks towards a pile of dirt.

Tony says BEGINNING OF DAY TWO
HERE IN HERTFORDSHIRE, WHERE
WE ARE LOOKING FOR CARDINAL
WOLSEY'S LONG LOST PALACE,
WHICH REPUTEDLY WAS EVEN MORE
FABULOUS THAN HAMPTON COURT.
WAS THAT TRUE?
WELL, THAT'S WHAT WE'RE HERE
TO FIND OUT.
SO WE'RE GEOPHYSING AND
DIGGING LIKE MAD TO PROVE HOW
EXTENSIVE THE PALACE WAS.
WE'RE BEGINNING TO DISCOVER IT
HAD STATELY LODGINGS FOR
WOLSEY'S MANY GUESTS.
AND THE HISTORY BOOKS ARE
THROWING UP SOME CLUES ABOUT
WHO THOSE GUESTS WERE, AND THE
ROLE THE MANOR OF THE MORE
PLAYED ON THE EUROPEAN
POLITICAL STAGE.
IN 1525, HENRY VIII WAS MAKING
CLAIMS ON FRENCH TERRITORY.
WITH THE PROSPECT OF THE
COUNTRY BEING DRAGGED INTO A
CONFLICT, WOLSEY BROKERED A
HIGH LEVEL MEETING BETWEEN THE
TWO OLD ADVERSARIES RIGHT HERE
AT THE MANOR OF THE MORE.

Two paintings show a king and a royal meeting.

Tony continues AND SUZI'S FOUND THE
PAPERWORK TO PROVE IT.
IT'S IN LATIN, I KNOW THAT.
WHAT IS IT?

Tony and Suzy sit at a table looking at an old document.

Suzi says THIS IS THE TREATY
OF THE MORE.
THIS IS AN ANGLO-FRENCH TREATY
THAT BASICALLY SUMS UP THAT
HENRY IS GOING TO GIVE UP HIS
TERRITORIAL CLAIMS ON FRANCE
FOR A LITTLE WHILE, IN
EXCHANGE FOR A VERY LARGE
PENSION OF 20,000 POUNDS.

Tony says WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN
A HUGE AMOUNT OF MONEY AT THAT
TIME.

Suzi says YEAH.
HIS ANNUAL REVENUES WERE
110,000 POUNDS, SO THIS IS
REALLY SIGNIFICANT.

Tony says AND IT WAS RIGHT HERE
THAT IT WAS SIGNED?

Suzi says ABSOLUTELY.
IT ACTUALLY SAYS HERE, AT THE
MORE ON THE 30th OF AUGUST,
1525.

Tony says CARDINAL WOLSEY
SEALED THE TREATY IN THE
PRESENCE OF SOME OF THE
BIGGEST TUDOR FIGURES OF THE
DAY.

Suzi says SO WE'VE GOT, FOR
EXAMPLE, WILLIAM, ARCHBISHOP
OF CANTERBURY.
WE'VE GOT THOMAS, DUKE OF
NORFOLK.
AND LET'S SEE, HERE'S A NAME
YOU MIGHT RECOGNIZE...

Tony says THOMAS MOORE.
SO THIS IS LIKE THE EU, ISN'T
IT?
ALL THE POLITICIANS AND
BUREAUCRATS DEEM OVER AND HAVE
LOADS OF FOOD, AND ALL THE
BUREAUCRATS SIGN THE PAPER.

Suzi says YES, ABSOLUTELY.
AND YOU CAN SEE HOW
BUREAUCRATIC IT IS, JUST BY
THE LENGTH OF THE DOCUMENT.
AND AT THE VERY END OF IT,
WE'VE GOT THE FRENCH ENVOY,
JOHANNES JOACHIM WHO SIGNED IT.
AND THIS IS HIS SEAL.

(classical music plays)

Tony says BUT THE SIGNING AND
SEALING WAS WORTH NOTHING
WITHOUT THE POMP AND CEREMONY
THAT SUZI BELIEVES WOULD HAVE
FOLLOWED IT.
IN THE PALACE CHAPEL, IN FRONT
OF A MULTITUDE OF COURTIERS
AND DIGNITARIES.
RAKSHA'S BEEN ROPED IN.

Now, Suzi and Tony stand next to Raksha by a trench. Raksha is in her thirties with dark hair tied-up. She’s wearing a blue safety helmet and a striped blue and white shirt.

Suzi says SO LET'S IMAGINE
THAT YOU'RE THE FRENCH ENVOY.

Tony says YES.

Suzi says I'LL TAKE YOUR HAND.
AND IF YOU COULD JUST BE
WOLSEY FOR A MOMENT.
AND WE'D PUT YOUR HANDS
TOGETHER LIKE THIS, AND THIS,
BY THIS, YOU SWEAR TO KEEP
PEACE BETWEEN YOU.

Tony says I WILL GIVE YOU
20,000 POUNDS.
IN EXCHANGE, WILL YOU PROMISE
NOT TO ATTACK ME?

Raksha says SOUNDS LIKE A GOOD
DEAL.

Tony says THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

Raksha says I WILL.

Suzi says AND THAT WAS
ACTUALLY WHAT WOULD CONFIRM
THAT THE TREATY HAD TAKEN
PLACE.

Tony says THERE IS JUST TWO
DAYS REMAINING OF OUR DIG HERE
IN THE GROUNDS OF NORTHWOOD
SCHOOL.
AND THERE'S STILL AN AWFUL
LOT TO DO.
IN PHIL'S TRENCH, THEY'RE
INVESTIGATING THE REMAINS OF
WHAT'S THOUGHT TO BE AN
ELABORATE GATE HOUSE.

Phil gets into a trench and says OH, IS THAT A TILE?
OH, WHAT AN ABSOLUTE GEM!
OH, THAT'S GLAZED, INNIT?

A male member of the team says YEAH.

Phil says OH, GOOD MAN.
AND THAT'S ON THE SAME LEVEL
AS THAT BIT OF FLOORING OVER
THERE.
PLUS, WE'VE GOT THOSE
FRAGMENTS UP THERE.
IT ACTUALLY CONFIRMS WE ARE IN
A ROOM.
AND IT TELLS US SO MUCH MORE
ABOUT WHAT THAT ROOM WOULD
HAVE LOOKED LIKE.
WE NOW KNOW WHAT THE FLOOR
LOOKED LIKE.

The male member of the team says YEAH.

Phil says SPOT ON.
OH, THIS IS GETTING GOOD.

Tony says THIS IS ALL POSITIVE
STUFF.
PARTICULARLY SINCE THE
ACCOUNTS THAT DESCRIBE THE
FATE OF THE MANOR OF THE MORE
PAINT A GRIM PICTURE.
IN THE LATE 16th CENTURY, IT
WAS SYSTEMATICALLY DISMANTLED
AND THE MATERIALS WERE SOLD
OFF.
AND IT'S THOUGHT THAT MUCH OF
WHAT REMAINED OF THE STONE WAS
ROBBED AND REUSED.
SO THAT'S A BIG PROBLEM FOR
OUR TEAM.
IS THERE ENOUGH REMAINING IN
THE GROUND TO DETERMINE THE
TRUE SCALE OF THE PALACE?
AND COULD THIS EXPLAIN WHY IN
SOME KEY LOCATIONS, GEOPHYS
AREN'T FINDING ANYTHING?

Jackie and Tony stand in front of Jimmy and John, who are sitting at a table looking at computer screens.

Tony says WELL, I GUESS THE BIG QUESTION
IS, HAVE WE GOT THE BASE
COURT?

John is in his fifties with short receding grey hair and a beard. He’s wearing a black jacket and a pair of glasses.

John says YOU TELL US.

Jimmy says THERE COULD BE QUITE
A SMALL ANSWER TO THAT
QUESTION.

Jimmy turns the screen so that Jackie and Tony can look at some graphs.

Jimmy continues SO THIS IS THE DATA WHERE WE
FILLED IN THE GAP.
BUTTING UP AGAINST WHERE WE
SURVEYED OVER THE HOUSE
BEFORE.
WE'VE GOT THE CRICKET PITCH.
AND OTHER THAN THAT, YOU KNOW,
THERE'S NOT A HUGE AMOUNT THAT
JUMPS OUT AT US.

John says IF WE PRESENTED THOSE
RESULTS TO YOU, WITHOUT BEING
TOLD THERE WAS A BASE COURT
AND AN OUTER GATEWAY, WE'D
SAY THERE'S NOTHING THERE.

The caption changes to “John Gater. Time Team Geophysics.”

Jackie says YEAH.
THE THING IS, IT'S LIKELY THAT
THIS AREA IS GOING TO BE
PREFERENTIALLY ROBBED OUT.
AND THAT INCLUDES THE TOWERS.

John says IF YOU ARE NOW
TELLING US THAT IT MAY WELL
HAVE BEEN ROBBED OUT TOTALLY,
THEN WE ARE ONTO A LOSER.
WE MIGHT AS WELL TEAR UP THE
GEOPHYSICS FOR THIS AREA.

Jimmy says PLEASE DON'T.

Jackie says WE DID KNOW THAT
THIS WAS POTENTIALLY SPURIOUS
SIZE WISE.

John says POTENTIALLY SPURIOUS.

Jackie says BUT IT COULD
ACTUALLY BE THE SAME SIZE AS
THE MOAT.
COULD BE HERE.

John says WE'RE MOVING THE GOAL
POSTS ALL THE TIME, AREN'T WE?

Tony says THAT'S WHAT YOU HAVE
TO DO WHEN YOU'RE LOSING
BADLY, JOHN.
[laughing]
SO THE LAST THROW OF THE DICE
WOULD BE TO ASK JOHN AND JIMMY
TO COMPLETE THE GEOPHYS ON
EITHER SIDE.

Jackie says WELL, I MEAN, JUST
ONE SIDE MIGHT DO.

Tony says SO YOU'LL HAVE DONE
THAT IN ABOUT AN HOUR,
WOULDN'T YOU?

Jackie says DOESN'T LOOK VERY
HAPPY ABOUT THAT, DOES HE?

Jackie laughs.

Tony and Jackie leave.

Speaking to John, Jimmy says DON'T THINK THERE'S
ANY CHANCE THEY'D WANT TO HELP?

John holds his head looking worried.

Tony says JACKIE IS RAMPING UP
THE PRESSURE ON THE GEOPHYS
TEAM TO TRACK DOWN THE BASE
COURT.
NOW, THE MOST LIKELY PLACE TO
FIND ANY REMAINS IS OVER ONE
OF ITS TOWERS NEXT TO THE
MOAT.
SO BY THE TIME JIMMY'S PUSHED
THE RADAR AROUND THERE, HE'LL
BE ON HIS WAY TO CLOCKING UP
16 KILOMETRES GEOPHYSING.
BUT SORE FEET OR NOT, WE HAVE
TO LOCATE THE BASE COURT TO
PROVE IT WAS HERE AT ALL.

Martin, Kent and Jackie walk towards an old pillar sitting by a building.

Martin says I CAME OUT FROM ONE
OF THOSE DOORS...

Tony says THERE IS, THOUGH, SOME
EVIDENCE OF TUDOR SPLENDOUR
THAT WE DON'T NEED TO DIG FOR.

Martin says I COULDN'T BELIEVE
MY EYES!

Jackie says OH, WOW, THEY ARE
FANTASTIC, AREN'T THEY?

Martin says THEY ARE HUGE, AND
LOOK AT THIS UNBELIEVABLE
CARVING.
AND I LOOKED AT THAT, WITH
TREVOR.

Tony says THESE REMAINS OF
STONE PILLARS HAVE SURVIVED
FOR FOUR CENTURIES HIDDEN IN
THE UNDERGROWTH, UNTIL THEY
WERE DISCOVERED RECENTLY BY A
SCHOOL GROUNDSMAN.

Kent says THIS IS THE
KIND OF DECORATION YOU SEE
BEING IMPORTED FROM ITALY.
SO IT'S BASICALLY A COPY OF
ROMAN DECORATION.
SO YOU'VE GOT THIS BEAUTIFUL
PALMETTE HERE AT THE TOP, THEN
THESE VEGETAL SWIRLS COMING
INTO FLOWERS ON EITHER SIDE.
AND THEN THE WHOLE THING TIED
TOGETHER WITH ACANTHUS LEAF.
SO THIS IS ABSOLUTELY TYPICAL
OF SORT OF A REVIVAL OF THAT
SORT OF CLASSICAL RENAISSANCE
STYLE.
AND WHAT'S ASTONISHING ABOUT
THIS, THIS IS SORT OF THE
FIRST HUGE MANIFESTATION OF
THAT.
THESE ARE MONUMENTAL.
AND GOING BACK TO HAMPTON
COURT, WE HAVE MOST OF THE MAIN
ENTRANCES FROM HAMPTON COURT.
AND THERE'S NOTHING LIKE THIS
AT HAMPTON COURT.

Martin says DO YOU THINK YOU CAN
FIND THE SITES OF WHERE THESE
CAME FROM ON THE BUILDING?

Jackie says THE GATE HOUSE
WOULD BE AN ABSOLUTE CLASSIC
PLACE, OR THE ENTRANCE TO
THINGS LIKE YOUR MAIN HALL OR
YOUR MAIN CHAPEL.
AND THEY ARE GOING TO BE
PRETTY BIG RECESSES THAT THESE
ARE GOING TO FIT INTO.
I THINK IT'S GOING TO STAND
OUT.
IT SHOULD STAND OUT LIKE A
SORE THUMB.

Tony says THESE CARVINGS ARE
EVIDENCE THAT WOLSEY WAS ONE
OF THE FIRST IN BRITAIN TO USE
ITALIAN RENAISSANCE-STYLE
ARCHITECTURE.
JACKIE'S THEORY IS THAT THESE
MAGNIFICENT PILLARS STOOD ON
PEDESTALS BESIDE THE ENTRANCES
OF WOLSEY'S PALACE.
IF SHE'S RIGHT, THEY'D BE
GRANDER THAN THE DOORWAYS AT
HAMPTON.

An animation recreates a splendid gate with two massive pillars.

Tony continues SO COULD THE PILLAR BASES BE
IN OUR GATE HOUSE?

(mysterious music plays)

Tony says WOLSEY WANTED TO CREATE A
PLAYGROUND ON A PAR WITH
HAMPTON COURT.
THE MANOR OF THE MORE'S 600
ACRES OF PARKLAND WAS
EXCLUSIVELY FOR THE USE OF
WOLSEY AND HIS GUESTS.
TO GET THE BEST VIEW OF IT,
SUZI AND EMMA ARE ON THE
FAIRWAY OF A LOCAL GOLF
COURSE.
WITH THE HELP OF SOME
HISTORICAL MAPS, EMMA'S
CREATED A 3D MODEL OF THE
MANOR'S PARKLAND.

Suzi and Emma get off a golf cart. Then, they look at a laptop screen.

The caption changes to “Emma Wood. Time Team Geophysics.” Emma is in her thirties with short brown hair. She’s wearing a brown zip sweater.

Emma says SO WE CAN SEE THE
MORE IS DOWN HERE WITH THE MOAT.
AND I THINK WE ARE SOMEWHERE
UP HERE.

Suzi says OKAY.
IT GIVES A REAL SENSE OF THE
SORT OF ROLLING LANDSCAPE
AROUND IT, DOESN'T IT?

Emma says YEAH.

Suzi says IT IS MASSIVE, THIS
PARK.
THERE'S AN ACCOUNT OF WOLSEY
HAVING 400 OR A 500 DEER IN
THIS PARK.

Emma says GOSH, BLIMEY.

Suzi says AT ONE POINT, WHEN
THE PALINGS, SORT OF RAILINGS
AROUND IT HAVE BEEN DILAPIDATED,
TO REPLACE THEM, THEY NEED TO
KNOCK DOWN 200 OAK TREES.
SO THAT KIND OF GIVES SOME
SENSE OF THE SCALE.

Two blue rectangles pop up on 3D map of the area.

Suzi continues THIS MAP GIVES US A VISION OF
WHAT WOLSEY'S PARK WOULD HAVE
LOOKED LIKE.

Emma says YEAH, YEAH.

(music plays)

Suzi says WHEN WOLSEY CAME HERE
AND BROUGHT HENRY VIII HERE,
IT WAS EXACTLY FOR HUNTING AND
GOING OUT DOING SOME HAWKING,
DOING SOME FALCONRY.

Emma says JUST SORT OF SHOWING
OFF BASICALLY.

Suzi says CAPTURING GAME.
JUST FUN.

A painting shows a royal hunt.

Tony says WE'RE NEARLY HALFWAY
THROUGH OUR DIG, AND USUALLY
ON “TIME TEAM” WE GET A BIRD'S
EYE VIEW OF OUR SITE WITH A
HELICOPTER.
BUT WE'RE ALWAYS UP FOR TRYING
OUT NEW TECHNOLOGY, SO THIS
TIME, WE'VE OPTED FOR A SPY
PLANE.
WILL IT HELP US FIND THAT
ELUSIVE BASE COURT?
SO WHAT HAVE YOU GOT ON IT?

Tony and Martyn stand in a field. Martyn’s holding a small plane. He’s clean-shaven, in his sixties, with white hair. He’s wearing glasses and a windproof jacket.

Martyn says WELL, WE'VE
GOT A CAMERA TO TAKE THE
IMAGES.
WE HAVE AN ONBOARD COMPUTER SO
THE AIRCRAFT IS IN
COMMUNICATION WITH MY PC WHILE
IT'S IN THE AIR.

The caption changes to “Martyn Palmer. Mapping Consultant.”

Martyn continues SO IF THE WIND SPEED GETS TOO
HIGH, I GET THE WARNING, AND I
CAN DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT.

Tony says SO IS IT READY TO FLY?

Martyn says YES.

Tony says WHERE SHOULD I STAND?

Martyn says JUST BEHIND
ME, PLEASE.

Tony says OKAY.
SO IT'S CHOCKS AWAY.
WELL, NOT QUITE.
IT'S A BIZARRE WAY TO START THE
ENGINE.
MOVEMENT TRIGGERS THE MOTOR
INTO ACTION.

Martyn shakes the plane back and forth.
[motor humming]

Martyn releases the plane.

Tony continues AND A FLIGHT PLAN SENDS THE
POLYSTYRENE DRONE CRUISING AT
A HEIGHT OF 400 FEET, WHERE IT
WILL TAKE A SNAP OF OUR SITE
EVERY FOUR SECONDS.
ALL TO SEE THE LIE OF THE
LAND.

The plane takes three snapshots of the site.

Martyn says I'M NOW
GOING TO INITIATE LANDING, SO
IF EVERYBODY COULD JUST STAND
BEHIND ME, PLEASE.

The drone lands and Tony picks it up.

Tony says THAT'S INCREDIBLY
LIGHT, ISN'T IT?
JUST LIKE PICKING UP A PIECE
OF CARDBOARD.

Martyn says YEAH, IT IS
INDEED.
YEAH.

Tony says JUST MAYBE IT'LL SEE
SOMETHING GEOPHYSICS CAN'T.
WE'LL KNOW AFTER THE BREAK.

(music plays)

Tony says AFTERNOON OF DAY TWO,
AND WE'RE DIGGING UP THE
SCHOOL PLAYING FIELDS HERE IN
HERTFORDSHIRE AND FINDING
CARDINAL WOLSEY'S LOST PALACE,
WHICH ONCE DOMINATED THIS
VIEW.
WE SENT A CAMERA-EQUIPPED
DRONE UP AND, AMAZINGLY, THE
PHOTOS DO REVEAL FAINT TRACES
OF THE PALACE'S NORTHERN EDGE.
A GHOSTLY SCAR IN THE TURF
FROM FOUR CENTURIES EARLIER.

An animated green line cross the site.

Tony continues BUT IN THE SOUTH, THERE'S NO
SIGN OF THE BASE COURT.
THE PALACE'S GRANDIOSE
CENTERPIECE WHERE WOLSEY
RECEIVED HIS GUESTS.
AT PHIL'S TRENCH, OVER THE
PALACE GATE HOUSE, THERE'S
SOME GOOD NEWS.

Phil says WE HAVE GOT THE
GRANDEST GATEWAY OF ANY
BUILDING THIS SIDE OF LONDON.
IT IS IMMENSE.

Tony says SEE, I KNEW HE'D SORT
US OUT.
SHOW ME ALL ABOUT IT.

Phil says OKAY, THE FIRST THING
WE'VE GOT TO THINK ABOUT IS
THE FACT THE BRIDGE WOULD HAVE
BEEN COMING IN ACROSS THE MOAT
WHERE OUR WATER BOTTLES ARE.
SOMEWHERE THERE.
NOW, HERE, THIS IS THE MOST
EXCITING PART.
WE HAVE GOT THE FOUNDATIONS OF
AN ENORMOUS TOWER.

Tony says THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN
MASSIVE, WOULDN'T IT?

Phil says ABSOLUTELY.
AND THE NICE THING ABOUT IT,
TOO, LOOK, WE'VE GOT PART OF
THE FLOOR, AS WELL.
SEE?
PART OF THE FLOOR TILE.
SO THAT IS PROBABLY THE LEVEL
AT WHICH, I DON'T KNOW,
CARDINAL WOLSEY'S GUARD WOULD
HAVE HAD HIS BREAKFAST.

Tony says WHAT HAVE YOU GOT UP
THE OTHER END OF THE TRENCH?

Phil says WELL, ANYBODY COMING
HERE WOULD HAVE PARADED
THROUGH THAT MAIN CORRIDOR,
RIGHT THE WAY THROUGH, AND
THEN THEY WOULD HAVE EXITED
THROUGH THERE, OUT INTO THIS
INNER COURTYARD.

Animated coloured areas pop up where Phil points to.

Phil continues BUT WHAT IS REALLY, REALLY
NICE, IS DO YOU SEE WE'VE GOT
THAT SQUARE BOX THERE?

Tony says YEAH.

Phil says NOW, FUNNILY ENOUGH,
MARTIN HAD A SIMILAR FEATURE
LIKE THAT OVER THERE IN THE
1950s.
WE'VE GOT A PAIR OF THEM.
AND WE'VE MEASURED UP WITH THE
STONE COLUMNS.
WE THINK THAT IS PROBABLY
WHERE THOSE TWO MASSIVE
COLUMNS WOULD HAVE GONE UP
EITHER SIDE OF THE GATEWAY.
IT'S JUST SUPERB.

Tony says PHIL'S COMPLETED AN
ENORMOUS PIECE OF THE JIGSAW.
IT'S LIKELY THAT THE STONE
COLUMNS IN THE SCHOOLYARD
WOULD HAVE STOOD ON THE SQUARE
BASES EITHER SIDE OF THE GATE
HOUSE.
SO BY ADDING THE STONE
COLUMNS, WE NOT ONLY HAD THE
DIMENSIONS OF WOLSEY'S
DOORWAY, WE CAN RECONSTRUCT IT
IN ALL ITS RENAISSANCE GLORY.
THE GATEWAY WOULD HAVE
WITNESSED MANY A STATE
RECEPTION.
BUT NOT ALL WAS CELEBRATORY.
AS A PRELUDE TO DIVORCING HIS
FIRST WIFE, CATHERINE OF
ARAGON, KING HENRY BANISHED
HER HERE TO THE MANOR OF THE
MORE.
CATHERINE HAD FAILED TO
PRODUCE A SON.
AND HENRY WAS ALREADY COURTING
HIS NEXT WIFE-TO-BE.
CATHERINE WAS KEPT HERE FOR
TWO YEARS.
WE CAN ASSUME BEING IN THE
HOUSE UNDER THE CARE OF THE
HEAD OF THE CHURCH KEPT THE
WORST OF THE SCANDAL AT BAY.

A painting features a young aristocratic woman wearing a luxury red and white gown.

Tony continues NOW PHIL'S EXTENDING THE
TRENCH TO SEE IF THE ENTIRE
GATE HOUSE MATCHES THE
SPLENDOUR OF WOLSEY'S GRAND
DOORWAY.
WE KNOW MOST OF THE FINERY OF
THE PALACE WAS SOLD OFF OR
ROBBED, WHICH MAY ACCOUNT FOR
THE LACK OF OBJECTS IN THE
GROUND.
BUT IN THE CHAPEL TRENCH,
TRACEY'S FOUND REMNANTS THAT
WOULD HAVE BEEN OF LITTLE
INTEREST TO THE ROBBERS, BUT
HELP TELL US SOMETHING ABOUT
THE CHAPEL'S DECORATION.

Danni says WHAT YOU GOT, TRACEY?

The caption changes to “Tracey Smith. Time Team Archaeologist.” She is in her forties with long red braids and bangs. She’s wearing a blue safety helmet, a brown jacket and trousers.

Standing in a trench, Tracey says IT IS ANOTHER PIECE
OF WINDOW GLASS.

Danni says ANOTHER PIECE?

Tony says IT'S PROMPTED SOME
EXCITEMENT FROM “TIME TEAM'S.”
SMALL FINDS EXPERT DANNI
WOOTTON.

The caption changes to “Danielle Wooton. Time Team Small Finds Expert.” Danni’s in her thirties with blond hair in a braid. She’s wearing a pink windproof jacket.

Danni says OH, MY GOODNESS!

Tracey hands Danni a small transparent case containing two glass pieces.

Tracey says ISN'T IT GORGEOUS?

Danni says THAT IS AMAZING.

Tracey says THE THING THAT GETS
ME IS THE PATTERNING ON THAT
IS SO CLEAR.
IT'S AS IF IT WAS PAINTED
YESTERDAY.

Danni says WOW.
BRILLIANT, ISN'T IT?
LOOK AT THAT.
I'M ACTUALLY LOOKING THROUGH A
PIECE OF WINDOW THAT CARDINAL
WOLSEY, OR HENRY VIII OR
CATHERINE LOOKED THROUGH.
THAT IS AMAZING, ISN'T IT?

(piano music plays)

Tony says A FRAGMENT OF STAINED
GLASS.
A TINY LINK TO THIS PALACE'S
ILLUSTRIOUS PAST.
PERHAPS A REMNANT OF A LARGE
EAST-FACING CHAPEL WINDOW.

A 3D animation recreates a chapel window right where the trench is.

Tony continues OVER HALFWAY THROUGH OUR DIG,
AND WE'RE DESPERATE TO LOCATE
THE BASE COURT.
TUDOR DOCUMENTS TELL US THAT
WOLSEY BUILT IT HERE.
BUT JACKIE WANTS TO FIND
PHYSICAL REMAINS TO ADD TO
WHAT'S KNOWN ABOUT THE LAYOUT
OF THE PALACE.
SO SHE'S SCOURING THE SOUTHERN
PLAYING FIELDS FOR ANY OTHER
CLUES.

Jackie says HERE WE ARE, LOOK.
IS THAT ONE OF THOSE BITS OF
DOOR SURROUND?
OR IS THAT SOMETHING ELSE?
BECAUSE IT'S DEFINITELY BEEN
WORKED, HASN'T IT?

Jackie walks in the woods and crouches to pick up an object.

Kent says YEAH.
I THINK IT'S A BIT OF WINDOW.
I THINK THAT'S A SLOT FOR THE
GLAZING.

Jackie says OH, RIGHT.
THAT'S AMAZING.
BECAUSE I MEAN...

Martin says THAT'S A NEW
DISCOVERY JUST SPOTTED HERE.

Jackie says JUST LYING ON THE
SURFACE.

Tony says A WINDOW FRAME AND
MORE COLUMNS ALL IN THE
VICINITY OF THE BASE COURT.
BUT KENT'S MADE A MORE
INTRIGUING FIND.

Kent says WE HAVE
ACCOUNTS AT HAMPTON COURT,
WHEN THEY ARE COBBLING THE
BASE COURT IN THE 1530s FOR
RIVER COBBLES LIKE THIS BEING
COLLECTED.
SO PEOPLE WERE ACTUALLY PAID
TO GO OUT INTO FIELDS, GATHER
THESE PEBBLES, PUT THEM IN
BASKETS, AND THEN SORT OF SELL
THEM TO THE OFFICERS AT WORK
LAYING THE COURTYARD.
SO IF THESE COBBLES ARE OF THE
KIND OF SORT THAT WE FIND AT
HAMPTON COURT, THEN HERE,
THEY'VE JUST MOVED POTENTIALLY
FROM THE BASE COURT, OVER
THERE, JUST LITERALLY A
STONE'S THROW AWAY.

Martin says LITERALLY, YEAH.

Jackie says WHERE THAT FLAG IS
THERE.

Kent says BEEN
CLEARED OR DUG UP AT SOME
POINT AND JUST DUMPED HERE.

Tony says TUDOR COBBLESTONES
FROM A COURTYARD FOUND
TANTALIZINGLY CLOSE TO THE
AREA WHERE THAT BASE COURT
OUGHT TO BE.
SO FAR, WE'VE JUST GOT A
GAPING HOLE ON OUR PALACE
PLAN.
SO TO ATTEMPT TO PROVE THE
SIZE OF THE PALACE, JACKIE'S
DECIDED TO GO FOR BROKE AND
DIG UP THE LAST KEY BUILDING
IN THE COMPLEX THAT, ACCORDING
TO THE DOCUMENTS, IS SUPPOSED
TO BE HERE.

Tony and Kent look at a plan Jackie is holding.

Tony says THIS IS THE LONG GALLERY,
RIGHT?

Jackie says THIS IS THE LONG
GALLERY.

Tony says WHAT WAS THE LONG
GALLERY FOR?

Kent says IT'S
BASICALLY FOR RECREATION, BUT
IT'S ALMOST, IT DOESN'T HAVE A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
IT'S ARCHITECTURE FOR
ARCHITECTURE'S SAKE.
IT'S ONE-THIRD OF THE SIZE OF
THE PALACE.
AND IT JUST STRETCHES OUT INTO
THE GARDEN.

Tony says THEY DON'T PERFORM
ANY REAL FUNCTION?
YOU JUST WALK ALL THE WAY
TO THE END OF THE GALLERY, AND
THEN WALK ALL THE WAY BACK?

Kent says THEY'RE THERE
TO BE BEAUTIFUL AND STUNNING.
THEY ARE THERE TO TAKE YOUR
BREATH AWAY.
THAT'S THE FUNCTION.

Tony says HOW DO WE FIND IT?

Jackie says WELL, WE'VE GOT A
NUMBER OF PROBLEMS HERE.
ONE IS THAT, UNFORTUNATELY,
THE GEOPHYSICS CAN'T PICK
ANYTHING UP IN THE ASTROTURF.
AND, IN FACT, THE GEOPHYSICS
HASN'T PICKED UP ANYTHING AT
ALL.
SO OUR STARTING POINT IS GOING
TO BE THE PIER THAT MARTIN
PICKED UP IN THE 1950s, WHICH
IS WHERE THE BRIDGE WAS.
AND THAT'S THE POINT WE'VE GOT
MARKED HERE.
SO WE WOULD ESSENTIALLY BE
STANDING ON THE BRIDGE GOING
OVER THE MOAT, THE GALLERY
GOING OVER THE MOAT.

Tony says SO THE GALLERY IS...?

Jackie says WE SHOOT OFF IN
THAT DIRECTION.
WE NEED TO GO AROUND THE
OUTSIDE AND COME THROUGH AT
THE OTHER END.

Tony says JACKIE'S BEST GUESS
IS THAT THE LONG GALLERY
STRETCHED FROM THE BRIDGE,
ACROSS THE MOAT, AND OUT
THROUGH A PRIVATE GARDEN.
AT A LENGTH OF 253 FEET, IT
WAS ONE OF THE MOST FLAMBOYANT
PARTS OF THE PALACE.

Jackie says NOW, IF YOU LOOK
BACK, CAN YOU SEE THE MACHINE
ALL THE WAY DOWN THERE?
She points to a tennis court and continues THAT'S AT THE GATE HOUSE.
THAT JUST GIVES YOU A SENSE
OF SCALE OF THE WHOLE SITE.
IT'S MASSIVE.

Tony says SO WHERE ARE YOU GOING
TO PUT IN A TRENCH?

Jackie says WELL, WHAT I WANT
TO DO FIRST OF ALL IS PUT A
LONG SLIT TRENCH JUST THIS
SIDE OF THE ASTROTURF TO GET
THE WIDTH OF THAT GALLERY
WITHIN THE PRIVY GARDEN.

Tony says WITHOUT GEOPHYS TO GO
ON, JACKIE'S TRENCH WILL ONLY
BE A STAB IN THE DARK.
BUT IF SHE FINDS IT, SHE'LL BE
UNCOVERING ONE OF THE LONGEST
TUDOR GALLERIES IN BRITAIN.

(music plays)

Driving a cart, Tony says BEGINNING OF DAY
THREE HERE AT NORTHWOOD
PREPARATORY SCHOOL IN
HERTFORDSHIRE.
AND I'M ABOUT TO TAKE YOU ON A
TOUR OF CARDINAL WOLSEY'S LOST
PALACE.
BEYOND THE TENNIS COURT, THERE
WOULD HAVE BE THE GREAT
GALLERY.
AN INCREDIBLY LONG COVERED
WALKWAY, ABOUT 250 FEET LONG,
WHICH WAS VERY ELEGANT, AND
ACTUALLY TOTALLY POINTLESS.
IT DIDN'T REALLY LEAD
ANYWHERE.
OVER HERE IS WHAT WE ARE
CALLING THE CHAPEL TRENCH.
A VERY IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL
TREATY WAS SIGNED THERE.
THIS IS MY FAVOURITE TRENCH.
YOU'VE GOT MORE FOUNDATIONS IN
THERE, A MASSIVE BUTTRESS.
AND THAT SUPPORTED THE GREAT
ENTRANCEWAY TO THE ENTIRE
PALACE.
BUT IN OUR QUEST TO FILL OUT
THE PALACE PLAN, JACKIE NEEDS
TO PROVE THE EXISTENCE OF THE
LONG GALLERY.
WE KNOW FROM THE TUDOR RECORDS
IT WAS MADE OF WOOD AND STOOD
ON TIMBER PILLARS.
SO JACKIE'S DECIDED TO SEND
RAKSHA'S TEAM OFF ON A MISSION
TO LOOK FOR EVIDENCE OF THESE
PILLARS.
THE TROUBLE IS, THE BEST SPOT
TO DIG IS THE OTHER SIDE OF
THE TENNIS COURT, WHICH COULD
BE TRICKY FOR OUR DIGGER.
AS THEY FIGHT THEIR WAY
THROUGH TO DIG UP THE LONG
GALLERY, ON THE OTHER SIDE OF
THE SITE, JACKIE'S DECIDED TO
PUT IN YET ANOTHER TRENCH.

The excavator crane slowly drives by a tennis court hitting a few tree branches.

Tony continues WE'RE GOING TO PUT IN ONE LAST
TRENCH WHICH JACKIE THINKS
MIGHT BE THE OUTSIDE OF THE
BASE COURT, ALTHOUGH JOHN
THINKS IT COULD BE A PIPELINE.
JACKIE, WHAT IS IT WE'VE GOT?

Jackie points to a radar photograph John’s holding.

Jackie says WELL, IF YOU LOOK
ON HERE, CAN YOU SEE HOW THERE
IS THIS LINE GOING DOWN THERE?
IF I PUT THAT ON THERE.
THIS IS WHAT THE GEOPHYSICS
HAVE PICKED UP.
AND THAT LINE IS PRECISELY IN
LINE WITH ONE OF THE WALLS OF
OUR MAIN BUILDING COMPLEX.
NOW, DOES MAKE IT A BIG BASE
COURT, ABOUT THE SAME SIZE AS
HAMPTON COURT.

Tony says AH.
JOHN, THAT IS BEGUILING, ISN'T
IT?

John says YEAH, JIMMY IS
ABSOLUTELY CONVINCED THAT THAT
IS A PIPE OR, AT BEST, A
CONDUIT.
HE DOESN'T THINK IT'S THE WALL
OF A BUILDING.
THERE'S ONLY ONE WAY TO TEST
IT, THOUGH.

Tony says AND THERE IS QUITE A
DEAL OF MONEY ON THIS, ISN'T
THERE?

John says ABSOLUTELY.

Tony says FIVE POUNDS HAS BEEN
WAGERED.

Jackie says I'M NOT SURE I
SIGNED UP FOR THAT.

Tony says BUT THIS IS OUR LAST
CHANCE, ISN'T IT, TO ESTABLISH
WHETHER OR NOT WE CAN FIND THE
BASE COURT?

Jackie says IT IS SO COMPELLING
THE LINING UP, I THINK IT WOULD
BE A MISTAKE NOT TO HAVE A
LOOK.

Tony says SO THE FINAL TRENCH
GOES IN OVER A RADAR TRACE
THAT LINES UP WITH THE EDGE OF
THE MAIN PALACE.
IF THIS IS A PALACE WALL, THEN
IT WOULD MAKE THE BASE COURT
MUCH LARGER THAN JACKIE
EXPECTED.
AND IT'S HER LAST CHANCE TO
TAKE A LOOK.
BACK IN THE JUNGLE BEHIND THE
TENNIS COURTS, THERE ARE
FURTHER DELAYS IN DIGGING UP
THE LONG GALLERY.
RAKSHA'S HAD TO CALL IN THE
SCHOOL GROUNDSMEN FOR SOME
TREE CLEARANCE.
AND THEY FINALLY HIT
SOMETHING.

Raksha extracts a long metal bar from the excavator shovel and says I DON'T THINK
THAT'S TUDOR, DO YOU?
NO.

Tony says BUT THERE'S NO DOUBT
THE TOWER THAT PHIL'S DIGGING
IN THE GATE HOUSE IS TUDOR.
HE'S UNCOVERED THE PLACE WHERE
IT MEETS THE MOAT, AND IS
PUZZLING OVER THE FINAL CLUES
AS TO WHAT THE GATE HOUSE ONCE
LOOKED LIKE.

Phil says WHAT I'M NOT SO SURE
ABOUT IS WHAT THIS PROJECTION
OF BRICKWORK IS COMING OUT
HERE.
IT COULD BE PART OF THE TOWER.
AT THE MOMENT, WHAT I'D JUST
LIKE IS A MOMENT OF PEACE AND
QUIET TO ALLOW ME TO CONTINUE
WITH MY LABOURS.

Cassie is in her thirties with brown hair tied-up. She’s wearing a white and yellow stripe shirt, a blue safety helmet and blue jeans.

Cassie says I'LL GET BACK ON ME
OWN.

Tony says BUT AS THE HOURS RUN
OUT, THE SEARCH FOR OUR LONG
GALLERY IS BECOMING EVER MORE
URGENT.

Tony says HIYA.
I'M AN EMISSARY FROM A FAR
AWAY PALACE.
IT ACTUALLY IS PRETTY FAR AWAY.
IT'S ABOUT 150 YARDS AWAY.
PEOPLE ARE WONDERING WHY
YOU'RE NOT GETTING ON QUICKER,
TO PUT IT POLITELY.

Raksha says ARE YOU KIDDING ME?

Tony says NO, WELL...

Raksha says LOOK AT THIS.
WE'RE IN THE MIDDLE OF A WOOD.
WE'VE HAD TO CHOP DOWN TREES.
WE'VE HAD TO GET RID OF
VEGETATION.
AND LOOK, WE'VE STARTED THE
TRENCH, AND WE'RE DOWN ONTO
THIS.
IT'S PROPER ARCHAEOLOGY.

Tony says LISTEN, IT'S NOT ME,
I'M NOT HAVING A GO.
THE OBSERVATION SIMPLY IS IT'S
VERY LATE, AND IF THIS TRENCH
DOESN'T GET UNDERWAY FAIRLY
SOON, THEN ACTUALLY WE'RE NOT
GOING TO BE ABLE TO FINISH IT
BY THE TIME WE LEAVE.
IS PAUL DOING ANYTHING?

Paul says I'M WAITING, TONY.

Paul and Tony laugh.

Jackie says BELIEVE IT OR NOT,
HE'S ACTUALLY BEING QUIET FOR
ONCE, WHICH IS A NICE PROBLEM.
BUT THE GOOD THING IS WE HAVE
GOT BUILDING DEBRIS STARTING
TO TURN UP HERE, WHICH IS A
REALLY GOOD THING.
RAKSHA, THAT'S NOT A PIECE OF
GLAZED TILE DOWN BY YOUR FOOT
BY ANY CHANCE, IS IT?

Raksha says YES IT IS.

Tony says BELIEVE ME OR NOT,
THAT WASN'T REHEARSED.

Raksha says NO.
LET'S HAVE A LOOK.

Jackie says ACTUALLY, I THINK
IT'S JUST DROPPED A LITTLE BIT
OUT OF THE SECTION THERE, SO
BUT YOU CAN SEE IT'S GOT THE
GREEN GLAZE ON IT.

Paul says IT'S -- I'LL HAVE TO
CLEAN IT UP, BUT I THINK IT'S
EARLY 16th.

Tony says DO YOU WANT TO GET UP
AND COME OVER AND HAVE A LOOK
AT IT?
OR ARE YOU FINE FROM WHERE YOU
ARE?

Paul says I'M FINE FROM HERE,
TONY.

Jackie says THAT IS THE KIND OF
THING WE WOULD HAVE HAD ON THE
FLOORS OF THE GALLERY ANYWAY.
SO...

Paul approaches Tony and takes a look at the small rock.

Paul says YEAH, I MEAN THAT'S
ONE OF THE YELLOW TILES WE'RE
GETTING ALL OVER THE SITE.
YELLOW AND GREEN CHECKERBOARD
FLOOR.
EARLY 16th CENTURY.
RIGHT WHERE WE WANT TO BE, YEAH.

Tony says SO THE JOB'S GETTING
DONE RATHER WELL.
CONGRATULATIONS.
IT'S A FANTASTIC TRENCH.
HOW FAST YOU'RE WORKING.
I'LL GO AWAY AND SHUT UP.

Raksha says BYE-BYE.

Tony says AND OVER IN TRACEY'S
TRENCH, THE DIGGING IS ALMOST
DONE.
AS WELL AS EVIDENCE OF A
CHAPEL, SHE'S ALSO UNCOVERED A
MASSIVE CHUNK OF BUILDING.
TRACEY, THIS CORNER REALLY IS
IMPRESSIVE, ISN'T IT?

Tracey says IT IS.
I MEAN, LOOK AT THE SIZE OF
THIS WALL.
THIS IS FANTASTIC.
THIS IS WHERE MARTIN PUT HIS
TRENCH IN THE '50s.
SO WE'VE COME IN AT THE SAME
PLACE, BUT WE'VE EXTENDED IT,
SO WE'VE GOT THE WHOLE SWEEP
COMING OFF THAT WAY AND THEN
THE TURN COMING UNDERNEATH
YOUR FEET.

Tony says SO WHAT'S THAT LITTLE
SQUARE THERE?

Tracey says THAT WOULD BE THE
BUTTRESS TO SUPPORT THE CORNER
TURN OF THE WALL.

Tony says THIS TRENCH CONFIRMS
MARTIN'S WORK, AND ADDS A
BUTTRESS AND A PALACE CORNER
TO THE PLAN.
THE FOUNDATIONS WERE BUILT FOR
STRENGTH.
ABLE TO SUPPORT TWO STOREYS
AND ENCLOSE A GREAT HALL AND A
CHAPEL.
ALL OF IT DESIGNED TO IMPRESS
WOLSEY'S INTERNATIONAL
VISITORS.
BUT WHAT ABOUT THE BET ON
FINDING THAT BASE COURT?
YOU GOT OUR BASE COURT, JOHN?

John crouches in a trench removing dirt with a trowel.

John says WHERE'S THE FIVER?

Tony says IT'S A PIPE?

John says NO, IT'S A CULVERT.

Tony says WHAT IS A CULVERT?

John says WELL, IT'S A BRICK
BUILT CULVERT.
IT'S A CHANNEL, IT'S A DRAIN.

Tony says COULD IT BE OLD?

John says THE BRICKS DON'T LOOK
MODERN.
THEY COULD BE REUSED.

Tony says OR IT COULD BE TUDOR.

John says COULD BE TUDOR.

Tony says BUT WHATEVER IT IS,
IT'S NOT OUR BASE COURT.

John says IT'S NOT THE WALL OF
THE BASE COURT, NO.

Tony says AND JIMMY GETS HIS
FIVER.

John says NO, I GET THE FIVER.
HE SAID PIPE, I SAID CONDUIT.

Tony says IT'S JUST A
NON-SENSICAL SEMANTIC DEBATE
BETWEEN GEOPHYS.
TYPICAL.
JUST KEEP SCRAPING, WILL YOU?

John says JUST TELL JACKIE SHE
OWES US A FIVER.

Tony says SO JACKIE IS OUT OF
LUCK AND OUT OF POCKET.
IT'S ALMOST THE END OF OUR
DIG.
AND WHILE IT'S HOME TIME FOR
SOME...

The students leave the school.

Tony continues THERE IS STILL ALL TO PLAY
FOR IN THE LONG GALLERY.
HAVE WE COME ANYWHERE AS FAR
AS THE LONG GALLERY IS
CONCERNED?

Jackie says WELL, WE HAD QUITE
HIGH HOPES THIS AFTERNOON
BECAUSE IN THE AREA HERE, WE'D
GOT QUITE A FEW BITS OF
BUILDING DEBRIS.
A LOT OF CHALK SPREAD,
INCLUDING NICE PIECES OF TILE.
BUT IT'S KIND OF DISAPPEARED,
HASN'T IT?

Raksha says IT HAS DISAPPEARED.
WE KIND OF CAME DOWN ONTO THIS
LOVELY KIND OF CHALK SPREAD
THAT WE THOUGHT WAS POSSIBLY A
CHALK RAFT THAT THE TIMBER
GALLERY WOULD HAVE SAT ON TOP
OF.
AND WE DID ACTUALLY GET WHAT
SEEMED TO BE POST HOLES COMING
THROUGH.
WE'VE HALF SECTIONED THEM.
NO DATING EVIDENCE.
IT'S LOOKING MORE LIKE
CARDINAL WOLSEY'S GAZEBO,
RATHER THAN A GALLERY.

Jackie says SO IT WAS ALWAYS
GOING TO BE A LONG SHOT ON THE
LONG GALLERY.
AND UNFORTUNATELY -- BECAUSE
IT IS VERY EPHEMERAL.
AND WE DIDN'T KNOW EXACTLY
WHERE IT WAS BECAUSE WE HAD
LIMITED EVIDENCE.
SO I'M AFRAID IN THIS CASE,
WE SEEM TO HAVE DRAWN A BLANK.

Tony says OCCASIONALLY, ON
TIME TEAM,
THERE ARE MOMENTS
WHERE YOU HAVE TO ADMIT THAT
YOU FOUND ABSOLUTELY NOTHING.
AND IN THIS LITTLE AREA, THIS
IS ONE OF THOSE TIMES.

(soft music plays)

Tony says SO NO LONG GALLERY, AND NO
BASE COURT.
NOT EVEN A TRACE ON THE
GEOPHYS.
IT'S CERTAINLY UNLUCKY, AND
NOT WHAT WE WERE EXPECTING.
BUT DEEP IN THE FOUNDATIONS OF
THE GATE HOUSE, PHIL AND HIS
TEAM HAVE UNCOVERED THE FRONT
OF A GREAT TOWER.
WITH KENT'S HELP, HE'S WORKING
OUT ITS UNUSUAL LAYOUT.

Kent shows a laminated picture of the palace to Phil, who’s standing in a trench.

Kent says THIS IS
OXBURGH HALL IN NORFOLK.
AND IT'S VERY LIKE WHAT WE ARE
DEALING WITH HERE.
IT'S SORT OF A MOATED SITE.
AND YOU CAN SEE THE WAY THE
RANGES, AS WE THINK HERE, SORT
OF COME RIGHT UP TO THE MOAT.
SO THEY SORT OF DISAPPEAR.
YOU GET THIS BEAUTIFUL
REFLECTION.
BUT THEN IT'S ALSO GOT THIS
FANTASTIC GATE HOUSE.

Phil says THIS IS OBVIOUSLY THE
BIT THAT ACTUALLY INTERESTS
ME, THE GATE HOUSE.
BECAUSE OBVIOUSLY, SOMEHOW OR
ANOTHER, I'VE GOT TO TRY AND
VISUALIZE WHAT HAPPENS GOING
UP IN THE SKY.
ALL I'VE GOT IS THE
FOUNDATION.
BUT -- AH, WHAT'S THIS ONE?
THAT'S BETTER.

Kent says THIS THE
DETAIL OF THE GREAT HOUSE.
DOES THAT HELP?

Phil says OH, WHAT?

Kent says IT'S GOT
THESE TURRETS.
AND YOU'RE THINKING YOU MIGHT
HAVE A TURRET HERE, AS WELL?

Phil says WELL, I
KNOW
I'VE GOT
A TURRET HERE.
HOW MANY SIDES FROM YOU GOT ON
HERE?

Kent says ONE, TWO,
THREE, FOUR, FIVE.
IT'S BASICALLY OCTAGONAL.

Phil says IT'S OCTAGONAL.
WELL, I KNOW I'VE GOT FOUR
SIDES.
AT LEAST I'VE GOT FOUR SIDES
AT THE BOTTOM BECAUSE I'VE GOT
ONE IN THERE, THEN THERE'S ONE
GOING BACK PARALLEL WITH THE
EDGE OF THE TRENCH, AND THEN
THE ONE WE KNEW ABOUT GOING
BACK THERE.
SO WE'VE GOT ONE, TWO, THREE,
FOUR.
SO WE'VE DEFINITELY GOT
ONE HALF OF AN OCTAGON.

Kent says YOU'VE GOT
HALF A TURRET.

Phil says I MEAN, SEE, THE
OTHER THING, TOO, IT'S GOT
THIS SENSE OF THE BUILDINGS
COMING RIGHT UP TO THE MOAT,
WHICH WE'VE GOT NO EVIDENCE
FOR IN THE GEOPHYSICS.
WE'VE GOT EVIDENCE FOR A BACK
WALL, BUT WE DON'T HAVE ANY
EVIDENCE FOR THE FRONT WALL
ACTUALLY FRONTING ONTO THE
MOAT.

Kent says DO YOU
THINK THAT'S JUST BECAUSE
THEY'VE FALLEN INTO THE MOAT
OVER TIME?

Phil says WE'VE LITERALLY LOST
AN ENTIRE WALL, PROBABLY, NOT
FAR OFF THE LINE OF THESE
BRICKS HERE, JUST BORDERING
ALONG THE SIDE OF THE MOAT.

Kent says WHICH IS
EXACTLY WHAT YOU CAN SEE HERE.

Phil says THEY SAY A PICTURE
TELLS A THOUSAND WORDS.
THAT PICTURE TELLS ME TEN
THOUSAND WORDS.
IT REALLY DOES.

(dramatic music plays)

Tony says BACK IN THE 1950s,
MARTIN BIDDLE DUG UP HALF OF
THE GATE HOUSE.
NOW, PHIL'S TRENCH HELPS
REVEAL WOLSEY'S GATE HOUSE IN
ITS FULL SYMMETRICAL GLORY.
WE'VE DISCOVERED IT HAD TWO
OCTAGONAL TOWERS BUILT TO RISE
STRAIGHT UP OUT OF THE WATER.
IT WAS A JEWEL OF TUDOR
SPLENDOUR AND A STATEMENT OF
WEALTH DESIGNED TO IMPRESS ANY
VISITOR.
IT'S NOT BEEN AN EASY DIG.
CENTURIES OF THE SITE BEING
ROBBED HAVE MADE IT DIFFICULT
TO PROVE THE TUDOR ACCOUNTS OF
A BASE COURT TO THE SOUTH, AND
A LONG GALLERY THAT GRACED THE
GARDENS TO THE NORTH.

An animated recreation of the palace appears.

Tony continues BUT OUR FINDS DO GIVE US A
GLIMPSE OF WOLSEY'S OPULENCE.
FINE FLOORS, ORNATE STONEWORK,
AND GORGEOUS STAINED GLASS
WINDOWS.
WAS IT MORE SPLENDID THAN
HAMPTON COURT?
WELL, ONLY THAT 16th CENTURY
VISITOR COULD REALLY TELL.
OUR DIG LEAVES A LEGACY FOR
NORTHWOOD SCHOOL, THE GUARDIAN
OF THIS SPECIAL SITE.
WE'VE ADDED NEW COLOUR TO THE
STORY OF CARDINAL WOLSEY AND
TO THE ROLE THE MANOR OF THE
MORE PLAYED IN SOME OF THE
MOST DRAMATIC EVENTS IN TUDOR
HISTORY.

Students stand by a trench watching how a male member of the team works.

The theme music plays as the end credits roll.

Presenter, Tony Robinson.

Editor, Oliver Baker.

Head of Production, Val Croft.

Executive producer, Philip Clarke.

Produced and directed by Sophie Elwin Harris.

Series producer, Tim Taylor.

Copyright 2013, Videotext communications Ltd.

The Picture House Television Co. Ltd.