Transcript: Ep. 4 - Henham's Lost Mansions | Mar 06, 2016

(music plays)

A fast clip in sepia shows a man unfolding an old map while a few rocks fall to the floor. Then a close-up of a hand shows the illusion that it is grabbing a huge rock rising in the distance. The title of the show appears on the rock as if printed on a coin - "Time Team."

Tony says ON THE 8th OF MAY
1773, A BUTLER BROKE INTO HIS
MASTER'S WINE CELLAR WHILE HIS
BOSS WAS ABROAD IN ORDER TO
STEAL HIS FINEST CLARET.

Tony stealthily walks into a room and crouches to drinks wine. He is in his sixties with receding gray hair. He’s wearing shorts, a dark jacket and a pair of sneakers.

A caption reads "Tony Robinson."

Tony continues RUMOUR HAS IT THAT HE WAS SO
SLOSHED HE NOT ONLY SET THE
CELLAR ABLAZE, BUT ALSO SET
FIRE TO HIS BOSS' ENTIRE HOME,
WHICH HAD STOOD SINCE TUDOR
TIMES.
WE'VE COME TO MAGNIFICENT
HENHAM PARK, NEAR SOUTHWOLD IN
SUFFOLK, WITH ITS BEAUTIFUL
PARKLAND, WELL-STOCKED LAKE,
AND ANCIENT TREES.
BUT THANKS TO THE FIRE, NO
TRACE OF THAT TUDOR MANSION.

The team works in a large field.

Walking down a forest, Tony continues THE BUTLER FLED THE SCENE AND
WAS NEVER HEARD OF AGAIN.
BUT THE HOUSE WHICH HE
SUPPOSEDLY BURNED DOWN IS
STILL UNDER HERE SOMEWHERE.

Raksha says OH, WOW.

Matt says LOOK AT THAT.

Raksha says OH.

Tony says IN ITS TIME, WAS IT
ONE OF THE FINEST TUDOR HOMES
IN ENGLAND?
THAT'S WHAT WE'RE HERE TO FIND
OUT.

Phil says POSH.
ITALIAN MARBLE.

Tony says OH, AND WE'VE GOT
THREE DAYS TO DO IT.

Theme music plays. Fast sepia-tone clips show men digging out hidden objects from the soil such as a vase, a ring, and a skull. Then, the opening sequence of the hand grabbing the rock plays again.

Two SUV drive across a park.

Tony says HENHAM PARK MIGHT BE
A SEDATE COUNTRY ESTATE TODAY,
BUT THIS IMPORTANT SITE BOASTS
AN ILLUSTRIOUS DRAMATIC PAST.
FOR MORE THAN 500 YEARS, IT'S
BEEN OWNED BY THE
WELL-CONNECTED, ARISTOCRATIC
ROUS FAMILY.
As Tony gets out of one of the trucks, he says THE TUDOR HOUSE IS LONG GONE,
BUT THE ROUSES ARE STILL HERE.
THE LATEST IN THE ROUS DYNASTY
IS HEKTOR.
AND HE'S NOT QUITE WHAT YOU'D
EXPECT OF AN ENGLISH COUNTRY
GENT.
HOW COME YOU'VE GOT AN
AUSTRALIAN ACCENT AND NOT A
POSH ENGLISH ONE?

Tony chats with Hektor in a kitchen. Hektor is in his forties, clean-shaven with brown hair. He’s wearing a blue polo shirt.

The caption changes to "Hektor Rous. Henham Park Estate."

Hektor says YOU KNOW, MY
FATHER WAS A BIT OF A WHEELER
DEALER, A BIT OF A WILD CARD.
HE WAS EXPELLED FROM HARROW
WHEN HE WAS 15.
HE WENT ON TO AUSTRALIA TO
GET SOME SUNSHINE, I THINK,
AND IT WAS THE LAND OF
OPPORTUNITY THEN.
SO, YOU KNOW, I WAS BORN OUT
THERE.
HE INHERITED THE PROPERTY IN
THE '80s AND, YOU KNOW, EIGHT
YEARS AGO HE SENT ME BACK TO
TRY AND FIX IT.

Tony says SWAPPING A CAREER IN
BANKING FOR ONE IN ESTATE
MANAGEMENT, HEKTOR IS THE
THIRD OLDEST SON AND RUNS THE
ESTATE ON BEHALF OF HIS
BARONET FATHER.

A black and white picture shows Hektor next to his father.

Tony continues HE'S TRANSFORMED HENHAM'S
DWINDLING FORTUNES BY OPENING
IT UP FOR OTHERS TO ENJOY.
IT'S A PREMIER LEAGUE VENUE
FOR EVENTS AND FESTIVALS LIKE
LATITUDE, NOW IN ITS 7th YEAR,
AND A ROARING SUCCESS.

A time-lapse features people attending a festival.

Tony continues BUT FOR THE NEXT THREE DAYS,
WE'LL BE GOING BACK TO A MORE
GENTLE PERIOD IN HENHAM'S
HISTORY.
HEKTOR WILL BE PUTTING HIS
IMPRESARIO ROLE ON HOLD TO
HELP US DELVE INTO THE LIVES
OF HIS POMMY ANCESTORS.
HE WANTS TO DISCOVER WHAT,
IF ANYTHING, MIGHT BE LEFT OF
HENHAM'S TUDOR MANSION.
GETTING TO GRIPS WITH THE
ESTATE IS SITE DIRECTOR FRANCIS
PRYOR, AND "TIME TEAM'S."
PHIL HARDING WHO IS ARMED WITH
THE EARLIEST KNOWN MAP OF
HENHAM AND A LARGE ESTATE PLAN.

Now, Tony sits next to Francis and Phil outdoors looking at a map.

Tony says FANTASTIC 3D MAP THIS, ISN'T
IT?
PRESUMABLY, THIS IS THE WHOLE
ESTATE.

The caption changes to "Professor Francis Pryor. Time Team Site Director." Francis is in his sixties, with a short blond beard and receding gray hair. He’s wearing a white shirt under a brown vest.

Francis says IT IS, TONY.
IT'S HUGE.
THREE AND A HOUR THOUSAND
ACRES.
BUT THE CENTRE OF THE WHOLE
ESTATE IS HERE.

Tony says AH, THAT'S THE TUDOR
HOUSE, YEAH?

Francis says YES, THAT'S RIGHT.

Grabbing a plan, Tony says WHICH HAS BEEN BLOWN
UP HERE.

Francis says YOU CAN SEE IT'S A
HUGE HOUSE.
I MEAN, IT'S ALMOST A PALACE,
IN FACT.

Phil is in his sixties with long blond hair. He wears a brown jacket and a cowboy hat.

Phil says LOOK AT THE DETAIL
IN THE MAP, HERE.
LOOK AT THIS WHACKING GREAT
GATE HOUSE.
AND PRESUMABLY THESE ARE THE
MAIN RESIDENTIAL AREAS.
IT IS AN ENTIRE RECORD OF A
TUDOR STATELY HOME.

The caption changes to "Phil Harding."

Tony says WHICH HAS BEEN BURNT
TO A CINDER.

Phil says IT DOESN'T MATTER.
WE COULD STILL GET SOME
SERIOUSLY GOOD ARCHAEOLOGY IN
THE GROUND SHOWING WHAT THESE
FOUNDATIONS, WHAT THAT
BUILDING ONCE LOOKED LIKE.

Tony says THIS 1699 MAP IS A
BIG CLUE AS TO THE LAYOUT OF
THE HENHAM'S TUDOR HOUSE
BEFORE IT WAS BURNT TO THE
GROUND.
IT HAD FOUR BLOCKS OF ROOMS
KNOWN AS RANGES BUILT AROUND A
CENTRAL COURTYARD.
THE FRONT RANGE SEEMS THE MOST
ORNATE, SO THAT'S WHAT WE'RE
AFTER FIRST.
ALL HINGES ON "TIME TEAM'S."
INTREPID GEOPHYS TEAM LOCATING
IT BENEATH THE GROUND.

An animation recreates the house on a map.

Tony continues AND THERE SHOULD BE NO EXCUSE
FOR MISSING IT BECAUSE JOHN'S
GOT A BRAND NEW GADGET.
IT'S THE LATEST IN SWEDISH
RADAR TECHNOLOGY.
AND HE CAN'T WAIT TO SHOW OFF
TO ANYONE WHO IS PREPARED TO
LISTEN.

Francis and John stand on the field looking at Jimmy driving a cart. John is in his fifties with short receding grey hair and a beard. He’s wearing a dark zip jacket over a striped blue shirt and a pair of glasses.

John says BASICALLY, IT'S
REPLACING JIMMY.

Francis says REALLY?

John says IN THE PAST, HE USED
TO WALK UP AND DOWN WITH THE
CART.
WITH THIS SYSTEM, WE'VE GOT
EIGHT ANTENNA ON THE BACK OF
THE VEHICLE, SO IT'S EIGHT
TIMES AS EFFICIENT.

The caption changes to "John Gater. Time Team Geophysicist."

John continues AND WE CAN GO MUCH MORE
QUICKLY.
IT'S COLLECTING MORE DATA, AND
IT GIVES A FAR BETTER PICTURE
OF WHAT'S BELOW THE GROUND.

Tony says JIMMY'S EVERY MOVE IS
TRACKED BY SURVEILLANCE, WHICH
TELLS HIS ONBOARD COMPUTER
EXACTLY WHERE HE IS AND
ENABLES HIM TO INSTANTLY BUILD
UP A PICTURE OF WHAT'S UNDER
THE GROUND.
AND NO DOUBT JOHN WILL BE
TAKING THE CREDIT FOR WHATEVER
IT FINDS.

Francis and John look at the cart’s computer.

Francis says OH, THAT'S
EXTRAORDINARY.

John says SO THAT'S WHAT I WAS
SAYING.
BUT I DIDN'T BELIEVE THE
RESULTS WERE GOING TO BE SO
CLEAR.
I MEAN, THAT IS ABSOLUTELY
STUNNING.
HOW DEEP ARE WE THERE?

Jimmy is in his forties, with a short beard . He’s wearing black-rimmed glasses, a gray cap and a brown zip jacket.

Jimmy says JUST OVER A METRE
THERE.
1.2.

John says SO WE'RE SAYING THAT'S
THE WALL OF THE TUDOR BUILDING.
THAT'S THE GATE HOUSE THERE,
AND THEN THE WALL CONTINUING.
YOU DON'T NEED TO DIG IT,
FRANCIS.

Francis laughs and says IT IS QUITE
EXTRAORDINARY, ISN'T IT?
IT REALLY IS.

Tony says OF COURSE WE NEED TO
DIG, THIS IS TIME TEAM.
AT LAST, PHIL'S GOT THE GREEN
LIGHT.
SO HE'S PUTTING IN A TRENCH
OVER WHAT WE THINK IS THE
TUDOR MANSION'S GATE HOUSE.

Phil says WE GONNA GO FOR IT?

Francis says YEAH, LET'S GO FOR
IT.

Phil says GRANDDAD!

Francis says COME AND DID A
HOLE.

An excavator crane starts to remove dirt.

Tony says GEOPHYS' NEW
TECHNOLOGY HAS COME UP TRUMPS.
AS SOON AS THE JCB STARTS TO
DIG, UP POPS A TUDOR BRICK.

Phil says WELL.

THAT'S A GOOD START, ISN'T
IT?

Phil says A BIT OF BRICK.

Tony says AND THEN ANOTHER.
AND ONE OF THEM LOOKS A TAD
CHARRED.

Holding a piece of brick, Phil says OH, LOOK AT THAT.
THAT'S BLACK AND BURNT.
IS THAT THE GREAT FIRE,
EVIDENCE THEREOF?

Tony says RAKSHA AND MATT ARE
OPENING A SECOND TRENCH A FEW
METRES EAST OF PHIL'S.
IT'S WHERE GEOPHYS BELIEVED
THE TUDOR HOUSE'S CORNER TOWER
SHOULD BE.
AND IF THEY CAN FIND IT, WE'LL
BE ABLE TO ACCURATELY PIECE
TOGETHER THE WIDTH OF THE
TUDOR BUILDING FOR THE FIRST
TIME.

An animation highlights a green square where the tractor is digging.

Tony continues BUT APART FROM SCALE, WE WANT
TO GET A HANDLE ON HOW GRAND
THE BUILDING ONCE WAS.
HISTORIAN SUSIE LIPSCOMB HAS
BEEN DOING SOME DIGGING AROUND
HERSELF AND HAS UNEARTHED A
LATE 17th CENTURY ILLUSTRATION
OF THE HOUSE.

The caption changes to "Doctor Suzannah Lipscomb. Historian."

Hektor and Suzannah sit at table in the field. She’s in her thirties with long curly blond hair. She’s wearing a blue blazer over a striped shirt and a piercing.

Suzannah says AND THIS IS
THE REAL TREAT.
WE FOUND THIS IN THE BRITISH
LIBRARY.
AND I DON'T THINK YOU'VE SEEN
THIS BEFORE.
THIS IS A PICTURE OF WHAT
HENHAM HALL ACTUALLY LOOKED
LIKE AS A TUDOR MANSION.

Suzannah opens a large old book.

Hektor says WOW, LOOK AT
THIS THEN.
AMAZING!

Suzannah says ISN'T IT
GORGEOUS?

Hektor says THAT IS
STUNNING.
I DEFINITELY HAVEN'T SEEN THIS
BEFORE.

Suzannah says AND IT GIVES
US A REAL SENSE OF WHAT
THEY MIGHT FIND.

Hektor says SO WHAT DO YOU
THINK WE'LL BE ABLE TO GET OUT.
YOU KNOW, ARE WE TALKING
TURRETS?
WHAT PARTS OF THE BUILDING DO
YOU THINK THEY'LL BE ABLE TO
IDENTIFY?

Suzannah says WELL, WE CAN
SEE HOW MAGNIFICENT IT WAS.
WE CAN SEE THESE FOUR TURRETS.
WE CAN SEE IT'S THREE STOREYS,
BUT WHAT THEY'LL PROBABLY
FIND, I MEAN, LOOK, WE'VE GOT
STONEWORK HERE, STONE POINTING
ON THE EDGE OF THE BRICK
TURRETS.
WE'VE GOT LEADED GLASS, WHICH
WOULD HAVE BLOWN OUT IN THE
FIRE, SO THERE MAY BE BITS OF
IT THERE.
WE'VE GOT TILES HERE.
SO THEY MIGHT FIND SOME TILES
FROM THE ROOF.
AND LOOK AT THIS ORNATE DOOR.
THIS LOOKS LIKE A FRIEZE OF
SOME SORT.
SO MAYBE WE'LL FIND SOME TERRA
COTTA DETAILS.
WOULDN'T THAT BE WONDERFUL?

Hektor says IT WOULD BE
FANTASTIC.

Tony says HENHAM HALL WAS
A SUMPTUOUS PALACE BUILT BY ONE
OF THE MOST IMPORTANT MEN IN
TUDOR ENGLAND, CHARLES
BRANDON, DUKE OF SUFFOLK.
NOT ONLY WAS HE HENRY VIII'S
BEST FRIEND, HE WAS ALSO
MARRIED TO HENRY'S SISTER,
MARY TUDOR, FORMER QUEEN OF
FRANCE.
CHARLES AND MARY WERE LOVERS
DURING HER MARRIAGE TO LOUIS
XII.
WHEN HE DIED IN 1515, THE PAIR
MARRIED IN SECRET.
NORMALLY, THIS WOULD HAVE BEEN
SEEN AS TREASON, BUT THANKS TO
THE FAMILY CONNECTION, HENRY
VIII IMPOSED A FINE INSTEAD OF
LOPPING OFF THEIR HEADS.

Two black and white drawings show a duke and a couple wearing luxury clothing.

Tony continues HENHAM WAS SOLD TO THE UP AND
COMING ROUS FAMILY IN 1545.
AND FOR THE NEXT 250 YEARS, IT
STOOD AS A PROUD EXPRESSION OF
POWER AND INFLUENCE.
UNTIL ITS FIERY DEMISE.
LUCKILY, IT SEEMS THE BUTLER'S
HANDIWORK HASN'T COMPLETELY
OBLITERATED THE HOUSE.
BACK AT PHIL'S GATE HOUSE
TRENCH, TUDOR MATERIAL IS
BURSTING OUT OF THE GROUND BY
THE MINUTE.
AND JOHN'S BASKING IN THE
GLORY OF HIS FANCY NEW
GADGETRY.

Cassie and Phil crouch in a trench trowelling dirt. Cassie is in her thirties. She’s wearing a blue safety helmet, a white and blue striped shirt and blue jeans.

Cassie says IT'S SO NICE TO SEE
IT.

Phil says WELL, YEAH.
LOOK AT THAT, EH?

John says WE SAW IT TWO HOURS
AGO.

Phil says OH, PLEASE.
SPARE ME THE DETAILS.
SPARE ME THE DETAILS.

John says WE KEEP TELLING YOU,
THERE'S NO NEED TO DIG ANYMORE.

Cassie laughs.

Phil says OH YEAH, YEAH, YEAH.

Tony says THIS BRICKWORK
CLEARLY INDICATES A BIG
STRUCTURE, BUT PHIL ISN'T
PREPARED TO GIVE GEOPHYS
ALL THE CREDIT, ESPECIALLY
WHEN THEY'RE, WELL, GEOPHYS.

Phil says ALL IT TELLS US AT
THE MOMENT IS THAT WHAT YOU
SAW ON THE GEOPHYSICS IS HERE.
WHAT IT DOESN'T SAY IS WE ARE
LOOKING AT A TUDOR PALACE.
THE GATE HOUSE TO ME WOULD
HAVE A HELL OF A DEEP
FOUNDATION.
AND I DON'T KNOW WHETHER YET
IF THIS IS DEEP.
HOW DEEP DO YOU TRACE THESE
FOUNDATIONS TO?

John says WELL, I THINK THEY
GO DOWN TO ABOUT ONE METRE 60.

Phil says YEAH, SEE, I DON'T
KNOW WHETHER THAT'S ENOUGH.

John says BUT WE MIGHT NOT SEE
THE BOTTOM IN THE RADAR.

Phil says GOOD OLD RADAR.
IT'S GOT ALL THE ANSWERS
EXCEPT IN THE QUESTIONS YOU
WANT ANSWERS TO.

Phil chuckles.

Tony says BUT WHILE PHIL'S NOT
YET CERTAIN HE'S GOT A
SUBSTANTIAL GATE HOUSE IN HIS
TRENCH, AT RAKSHA'S CORNER
TOWER TRENCH, THEY SEEM TO BE
BANG ON THE MONEY.

Matt gets into a trench and takes out a brick. He's in his forties, clean-shaven with shaggy brown hair. He wears a gray shirt and a blue safety helmet.

Matt says THERE YOU GO.

Francis says IS THAT PART OF
A WINDOW?

Raksha is in her thirties. She’s wearing blue jeans, a dark jacket and a blue safety helmet.

Raksha says OH, WOW.

Matt says LOOK AT THAT.
IT'S A ROSE.

Raksha says OH, WOW.

Tony says FRANCIS, I JUST HEARD
'OH, WOW LOOK AT THAT, IT'S
AMAZING'.
WHAT HAVE YOU GOT?

Francis laughs and says WELL, IT IS.
WE'VE SUDDENLY COME UP WITH
THIS TERRA COTTA.
LOOK AT THAT.

Tony says OH, AH, WOW, THAT IS
AMAZING, ISN'T IT?
LOVELY FIND.

Raksha says BUT I THINK IT GOES
LIKE THAT BECAUSE THERE'S
MOULDING HERE WHICH IS VERY
SIMILAR TO IT COMING THROUGH
JUST HERE.

Francis says OH, YES.
YES, I THINK -- YES, THAT GOES
LIKE THAT.

Tony says WELL, I THINK WE KNOW
WHAT PERIOD THAT CAME FROM,
DON'T WE?

Francis says I THINK SO YES.
THAT LOOKS VERY TUDOR.

Tony says VERY.
THERE'S NO DOUBTING THIS IS A
SPECTACULAR FIND, BUT THERE'S
NOT ENOUGH FOUNDATION
STRUCTURE EXPOSED IN RAKSHA'S
TRENCH TO CONFIRM WHETHER THIS
WINDOW PIECE IS FROM A CORNER
TOWER OR A DIFFERENT BIT OF
THE BUILDING.
WE'RE CLEARLY IN THE RIGHT
AREA FOR A TUDOR HOUSE, BUT
UNTIL WE IDENTIFY WHICH BIT OF
IT WE HAVE IN EACH TRENCH,
IT'S IMPOSSIBLE TO FATHOM THE
SIZE AND SCALE OF THIS
MANSION.
AS THE DAY PROGRESSES, MORE
AND MORE TANTALIZING TERRA
COTTA COMES OUT OF RAKSHA'S
TRENCH.
AND THERE'S NO HOLDING BACK
HEKTOR.
AFTER ALL, IT'S BEEN NEARLY
250 YEARS SINCE A ROUS LAST
LOOKED AT THIS STUFF.

Tony, Francis and Hektor stand by a trench next to the terracotta findings.

Tony says HEKTOR, LOOK AT THAT.
THERE'S YOUR HERITAGE.

Hektor says THANK YOU.
VERY, VERY KIND.

Tony says I DIDN'T GIVE IT TO
YOU.
THAT'S FROM YOUR ANCESTORS.
FRANCIS, WHAT DOES ALL THIS
SAY?

Francis says WELL, IT'S REALLY
CLASSY STUFF.
AS YOU'D EXPECT.
I MEAN, LOOK AT THIS.
AND THERE YOU SEE, LOOK,
YOU'VE GOT THE TUDOR ROSE.
SO, YOU KNOW, IT'S ACTUALLY A
SYMBOL OF LOYALTY AND ROYALTY.

Tony says GREAT STUFF.
AND IT'S JUST THE END OF DAY
ONE.
MIND YOU, THE BAD NEWS IS THAT
THIS TRENCH HERE, WHERE WE'VE
BEEN BEAVERING AWAY ALL DAY,
WE STILL CAN'T MAKE HEAD NOR
TAIL OF IT.
IT'S TOTAL CONFUSION.
BECAUSE PHIL'S NOT AT ALL
CONVINCED THAT WE DO HAVE THE
GATE HOUSE HERE AFTER ALL.
THERE'S A LOT MORE WORK TO DO
TO PROVE IT EITHER WAY.
BUT AS WE HEAD FOR HOME,
PUZZLING OVER WHICH SECTION OF
HEKTOR'S ANCESTRAL PILE WE'VE
GOT IN THE GROUND, WE CAN ONLY
HOPE OUR NEW SUPER-DUPER
GEOPHYS MACHINE CAN SHED SOME
LIGHT ON THE STORY TOMORROW.
BEGINNING OF DAY TWO
HERE AT HENHAM PARK IN
SUFFOLK, WHERE WE'RE HOPING TO
FIND EVIDENCE OF ONE OF THE
FINEST TUDOR HOUSES EVER
BUILT.
YESTERDAY, WE PUT IN A TRENCH
HERE, AND ANOTHER ONE OVER
HERE, BUT QUITE FRANKLY, THEY
WERE PRETTY CONFUSING, AND
DIDN'T TELL US VERY MUCH ABOUT
THE LAYOUT OF THE HOUSE.

Walking towards John and Francis, Tony says ALTHOUGH LAST NIGHT, JOHN, YOU
PRINTED OUT SOME GEOPHYS,
DIDN'T YOU, WHICH I THINK IS
FAIR TO SAY YOU'RE FAIRLY
EXCITED ABOUT.

Holding a radar picture, John says IT WAS PRETTY GOOD.
IF WE STEP BACK TO YESTERDAY,
WE PUT THIS TRENCH IN BECAUSE
WE THOUGHT WE MIGHT BE AT THE
MAIN GATEWAY INTO THE HOUSE.
WE EXPANDED THE SURVEY, AND I
MEAN, BASICALLY, WE'VE GOT
THIS PATTERN OF WALL LINES.
THIS IS THE INNER COURTYARD.
AND WHAT WE SUDDENLY REALIZED
IS WE'RE NOT AT THE CENTRAL
GATEWAY, WE'RE ACTUALLY AT
THIS CORNER TOWER.
SO PHIL IS EXCAVATING THAT
CORNER TOWER THERE.

Tony says YEAH.
SO WHERE DO YOU THINK THE
MAIN ENTRANCE IS?

John says WELL, THE MAIN
ENTRANCE IS ACTUALLY GOING TO
BE HERE.
SO WE'VE GOT TO DO A BIT MORE,
AND I MEAN YOU THEN WANT TO
PUT A TRENCH IN?

Francis says I DO, YES.
I DON'T KNOW, THE SPOIL HEAP'S
IN THE WAY, TONY.

Tony says SO WE'VE PUT THE
SPOIL HEAP ACROSS THE ENTRANCE
TO THE ENTIRE BUILDING?
OVER THE MAIN ENTRANCE?

Francis says OVER THE MAIN
ENTRANCE.

Tony says OF THE ENTIRE HOUSE.
SO THE BAD NEWS IS BECAUSE WE
STARTED DIGGING WITHOUT THE
FULL GEOPHYS PICTURE, WE'VE
SPENT A WHOLE DAY LOOKING FOR
THE TUDOR GATE HOUSE IN THE
WRONG PLACE.
GEOPHYS NOW THINK THE WHOLE
HOUSE IS SIX METRES FURTHER
EAST.
THAT MEANS RAKSHA'S TRENCH
ISN'T PART OF THE HOUSE AT
ALL, BUT COULD BE A DITCH
WHERE DEMOLITION RUBBLE WAS
DUMPED.
EXTRAORDINARILY, WE NOW THINK
PHIL'S TRENCH IS THE CORNER
TOWER, WHICH PUTS THE GATE
HOUSE UNDER THE SPOIL HEAP.

An animation places green squares and rectangles over an aerial view of the rectangular field.

Tony continues AND TRACEY'S BEEN CHARGED WITH
FINDING IT.

Francis and Tracey stand looking at a trench. Tracey is in her thirties, with long red hair in a braid and bangs. She’s wearing blue jeans, a dark pink shirt and a blue safety helmet.

Francis says RIGHT.
THIS IS ON THE ALIGNMENT OF
THE WALL WHERE PHIL WAS, OKAY?
I'M HOPING WE'RE GOING TO COME
DOWN HERE ON THE CENTRAL
GATEWAY.
OKAY?

Tracey says COOL, YEAH.

Tony says FINGERS CROSSED THAT
GEOPHYS ARE RIGHT THIS TIME.
THEIR RESULTS ARE KEY TO
CRACKING THE MYSTERY OF THE
TUDOR HOUSE'S SIZE AND
GRANDEUR.
WHATEVER IT'S LIKE, ONE
THING'S FOR SURE.
IT WOULD HAVE BEEN MORE
IMPOSING THAN THE CURRENT ROUS
RESIDENCE, WHERE HEKTOR IS
SHOWING SUZIE A PRICELESS
HEIRLOOM.
AN 18th CENTURY SCROLL SHOWING
THE ROUS FAMILY TREE.

Hektor, Suzannah and Tony stand in a living room.

Hektor says THIS IS ONE OF
THE BEST HISTORICAL ARTIFACTS
WE'VE GOT.
THIS PEDIGREE ROLL.

Suzannah says WOW.
HOW FAR BACK DOES IT GO?

Hektor says LEGEND HAS IT
WE CAN TRACE IT BACK TO THE
NORMAN CONQUEST.

Suzannah says SO WHAT WE'RE
LOOKING FOR IS THE PERSON WHO
ACTUALLY BOUGHT HENHAM HALL.
AH, HERE WE GO.
She reads SIR ANTHONY ROUS BOUGHT HENHAM
HALL IN SUFFOLK IN 1545 AND
MARRIED AGNES.

Tony says SO WHAT ABOUT THE GUY
WHO WAS AROUND WHEN IT WAS
BURNT TO THE GROUND?
OH, IT DOESN'T HALF GO ON,
DOESN'T IT?
I'M RUNNING OUT OF TABLE.

Hektor says LET ME BRING
IT UP A BIT.

Suzannah says THIS IS
EXTRAORDINARY.

Tony says THIS IS HIM, ISN'T IT?
SIR JOHN ROUS BARONET.
ONLY SON AND HEIR.
MARRIED IN 1788.
AND THE HOUSE BURNT DOWN IN
1773.

Tony says THAT'S HIM, ISN'T IT?
PISH POSH, WE GOT HIM.

Suzannah says SO
THIS IS THE PERIOD WE'RE
INTERESTED IN -- STRETCHING
FROM THIS GUY TO ALL THE WAY
TO THIS GUY.
PEOPLE WERE LIVING HERE IN
THAT WONDERFUL TUDOR MANSION
THAT WE'RE HOPING TO FIND HERE
AT HENHAM HALL.

Tony says THE SCROLL REINFORCES
THE IMPORTANCE OF THIS FAMILY,
WHO FOR CENTURIES RUBBED
SHOULDERS WITH ROYALTY,
COMMANDED TROOPS AGAINST
NAPOLEON, AND EVEN HAD ISLANDS
IN AUSTRALIA NAMED AFTER THEM.

(rock music plays)

Tony continues TO FIND OUT IF WE'VE UNCOVERED
ANY MORE OF THEIR PAD IN OUR
TRENCHES, I'VE HITCHED A RIDE
OVER TO PHIL'S TRENCH WITH OUR
VERY OVER HAIRLESS BIKER
POTTERY EXPERT, PAUL BLINKHORN.

Tony gets off a motorbike and says WHEN I LEFT PHIL IN THIS
TRENCH YESTERDAY, IT WAS LIKE
A LABYRINTH OF ARCHAEOLOGY.
AND YOU WERE PRETTY CONFUSED,
WEREN'T YOU?
ARE YOU STILL CONFUSED NOW?

Phil says NOT AT ALL.
ABSOLUTELY 100 PERCENT CLEAR
WHAT IS GOING ON.
IT IS THE CORNER TOWER OF THE
TUDOR MANSION.
I MEAN, ACTUALLY, IF YOU LOOK
AT IT ON THE DRAWING, YOU CAN
SEE EXACTLY WHAT'S GOING ON.
Pointing to the drawing, he continues HERE IS THE FOUNDATION OF THIS
TOWER.
NOW THAT WALL THERE IS THE
FRONT WALL OF THE BUILDING.

Tony says SO THIS IS THE LONG
MAIN WALL OF THE WHOLE
BUILDING.
AND IF I WANTED TO GET INTO
THE TOWER I'D GO IN THROUGH
THERE SOMEWHERE.

Phil says THAT'S IT ABSOLUTELY,
TONY.
IT IS VERY, VERY CLEAR.

Tony says WHAT ABOUT FINDS?

Phil says AHA.
WELL, CRUCIALLY, IN THE BOTTOM
OF THE FOUNDATION TRENCH WE
GOT THAT.

Phil hands Paul a small object. Paul is in his forties, clean-shaven and bald. He wears a light gray T-shirt and an earring.

Paul says LOVELY.
THAT IS A PIECE OF, I SUPPOSE
WHAT WE CALL IN THE TRADE
ESSEX REDWARE.
IT'S 15th-16th CENTURY.
AND UNLESS I'M VERY MUCH
MISTAKEN, IT'S EITHER A MUG OR
A DRINKING JUG.

The caption changes to "Paul Blinkhorn. Time Team Pottery Expert."

Paul continues WHICH IS THE SORT OF THING
YOU'D EXPECT TO SEE.
YOU'VE GOT PEOPLE BUILDING.
THEY'RE DOING HOT, HEAVY WORK.
THEY'RE DRINKING LOTS.

Phil says GET AWAY!

Paul laughs and says I THOUGHT YOU MIGHT
BE ABLE TO RELATE TO THAT.

Phil chuckles.

Tony says TRUST PHIL TO STUMBLE
ACROSS THE FIRST CONNECTION
WITH BEER DRINKING ON THE
SITE.
BUT IT'S AN IMPORTANT FIND.
SLAP BANG IN THE MIDDLE OF THE
TUDOR PERIOD.

(music plays)
An animated jug appears.

Tony continues THE QUESTION OF WHAT THIS
ESTATE MIGHT HAVE LOOKED LIKE
WHEN THEY WERE KNOCKING BACK
THE REAL ALE IS SOMETHING
LANDSCAPE ARCHAEOLOGIST
STEWART AINSWORTH AND
TIME TEAM SURVEYOR EMMA WOOD
ARE GRAPPLING WITH.

Stewart looks at Emma’s computer screen. He is in his late fifties with gray hair. He’s wearing glasses and a gray zip sweater. Emma is in her thirties with dark brown hair tied-up. She’s wearing a gray dotted shirt.

Stewart says THERE IS ONE PHOTO
I TOOK FROM THE HELICOPTER.

Tony says THEY ARE OVERLAYING
AERIAL PHOTOS ONTO THE 1699
MAP, TO SEE IF THEY CAN
IDENTIFY ANYTHING TUDOR IN THE
MODERN LANDSCAPE.
AND STEWART LOOKS LIKE HE'S
SPOTTED SOMETHING.
WASTING NO TIME, HE'S GRABBED
HEKTOR FOR A JAUNT THROUGH
HENHAM'S 3,500 ACRES IN SEARCH
OF A DRIVEWAY THAT SHOWS UP ON
THE HISTORIC MAP AND IN THE
MODERN PHOTOGRAPHS.
TODAY, ONLY PART OF THE TRACK
IS VISIBLE.

An animation places the old map of the field on an aerial view of the area. A yellow line crosses the map.

Tony continues STEWART WANTS TO FIND THE REST
OF IT AND THE ENTRANCE TO THE
DRIVEWAY.

The caption changes to "Stewart Ainsworth. Landscape Archaeologist."

Stewart and Hektor walks across a forest.

Stewart says CAN YOU SEE WE'RE
IN THIS BIG WIDE HOLLOW HERE.
IT'S ABOUT TEN METRES WIDE.

Hektor says YES.

Stewart says YOU CAN SEE THE
PROFILE DOWN THE SIDE GOING
BACK UP THAT SIDE, HEKTOR.
THIS ISN'T A WIDE DITCH.
THIS IS THE OLD ROAD WOULD HAVE
BEEN HERE IN THE MEDIEVAL
PERIOD.

Hektor says YOU'RE KIDDING
ME?

Stewart says IT'S A CLASSIC,
MEDIEVAL, SUNKEN HOLLOW WAY.
IT'S SORT OF WORN OVER
HUNDREDS AND HUNDREDS OF YEARS.
YOU WOULDN'T SEE THE HOUSE AT
ALL OVER THIS.
IT'S COMPLETELY HIDDEN.
AND PART OF THE IDEA OF HOW
THESE LANDSCAPES WORK, IS THAT
WHEN YOU ARRIVE AT THE HOUSE,
IT'S A REVEAL, YOU KNOW?
IT'S UNLEASHING ITSELF ON YOU
VISUALLY.
SO YOU'RE NOT INTENDED TO SEE
IT 'TIL YOU GET QUITE CLOSE TO
IT.
WHAT THIS MAP SHOWS, THE 1699
ONE, IS THAT THE ROUTE IS DEAD
STRAIGHT.
AND IT'S GOT LIKE AVENUE, LINE
OF TREES ONE SIDE, DOUBLE LINE
OF TREES ON THE OTHER SIDE.
I WAS LOOKING AT THAT VERY
LARGE OAK THROUGH THERE.
SEE THAT ONE?

Hektor says YES, YES.

Stewart says I THINK THAT COULD
BE ONE OF THESE AVENUE TREES
DOWN HERE.

Tony says THIS DISCOVERY PAINTS
A VIVID PICTURE OF TUDOR
HENHAM.
500 YEARS AGO VISITORS WOULD
HAVE APPROACHED THE HOUSE
ALONG THIS MAGNIFICENT AVENUE
OF FINE ENGLISH OAKS.
AND THAT AVENUE WOULD HAVE LED
STRAIGHT TO TRACEY'S TRENCH,
IF SHE'S FOUND THE MAIN GATE
HOUSE IN IT.

Tony walks towards Tracey’s trench and says TRACEY, HAVE WE ESTABLISHED
YET THIS IS ACTUALLY THE GATE
HOUSE?

Tracey says YES.

Tony says WHY DO YOU SAY THAT?
GIVE ME SOME PROOF.

Tracey says WELL, ONE WE'VE HAD
TO ACTUALLY CLEAN DOWN THE
TRENCH AND TROWEL IT OFF, YOU
CAN SEE BEHIND YOU THERE, THIS
IS SUBSTANTIAL AREA OF
BRICKWORK HERE, SET INTO SAND.
TUDOR BRICKS.
THE SHAPE OF THE STRUCTURE
LOOKS RIGHT.

The caption changes to "Tracey Smith. Time Team Archaeologist."

She continues SO WE DEFINITELY IN THE GATE
HOUSE.
THERE'S NO DOUBT THIS IS THE
TUDOR GATE HOUSE, WHICH IS
REALLY EXCITING.

Tony says SO WHERE IS THE GATE
HOUSE ACTUALLY?

Tracey says WELL, YOU WOULD BE
COMING THROUGH IN THE MIDDLE
HERE.
PRETTY MUCH JUST WHERE YOU'RE
SITTING.

Tony says AND SOME FINDS,
DANNI.

Danni sits by the trench. She’s in her thirties with blond hair tied-up. She’s wearing a blue sleeveless shirt.

Showing a large coin, Danni says YEAH.
WE'VE GOT A REALLY NICE LITTLE
COPPER FARTHING OF CHARLES II.
SO THAT DATES BETWEEN
1660-1685.

Tony says SO THAT'S WHEN THE
TUDOR HOUSE WAS STILL THERE,
BEFORE IT BURNED DOWN.

Danni says THAT'S RIGHT, YEAH.
AND THIS HAS JUST COME UP.
THIS LOVELY LITTLE... IT'S VERY
FRAGILE, ACTUALLY, LITTLE
MOUNT.
SO THIS HAS COME FROM PROBABLY
SOMETHING LIKE A CASKET, OR
ONE OF THOSE BIG BOOKS THAT
YOU SEE THAT ARE BOUND VERY
NICELY.
YOU CAN SEE THERE'S FOUR
LITTLE RIVETS HERE, AND THEN
RIGHT IN THE CENTRE IS A KEY
HOLE WHERE THEY PROBABLY WOULD
HAVE LOCKED THE BOOK OR THE
CASKET.
SO IT'S A REALLY NICE OBJECT.

An animation reconstructs a wooden box with a key hole.

Tony says LOVELY.
WHAT ABOUT THE POTTERY?

Danni says THIS IS REALLY COOL.
SO YOU'VE GOT THE BASE HERE.
AND YOU CAN JUST SEE THE
FINGER MARKS, THE FINGER
IMPRINTS OF THE POTTER THAT
MADE IT.
THIS IS A BIT OF BEER JUG THAT
DATES FROM THE 15th-16th
CENTURY.
SO WE'VE GOT DRINKING GOING ON
ONSITE.

Tony says TRACEY'S DISCOVERY OF
THE GATE HOUSE IS A
SIGNIFICANT BREAKTHROUGH.
BECAUSE WE KNOW PHIL'S TRENCH
HAS A CORNER TOWER IN IT, WE
CAN NOW WORK OUT THE ENTIRE
WIDTH OF THE TUDOR HOUSE.

Two animated towers pop up in a trench.

Tony continues STANDING BUILDINGS EXPERT
RICHARD K. MORRISS HAS BEEN
DOING SOME CALCULATIONS.
HOW BIG IS IT?

Tony and Richard sit on a trunk. Richard is in his early fifties, clean-shaven with blond hair. He’s wearing glasses and a white and pink striped sweater.

Holding a drawing of the house, Richard says IT'S ABOUT 40
METRES SQUARE.

Tony says SO IF AN OLYMPIC
RUNNER WAS RUNNING PAST IT,
IT WOULD ONLY TAKE HIM FOUR
SECONDS.

The caption changes to "Richard K. Morriss. Buildings Expert."

Richard says YEAH, AND ME ABOUT
HALF AN HOUR.
BUT, YEAH, IT'S NOT HUGE.
IT'S NOT MASSIVE.
SO IT'S NOT UP THERE WITH THE
AUDLEY AND HAMPTON COURTS.
BUT IT'S GOT A VERY SIMILAR
DESIGN MOTIF AND QUALITY OF
CONSTRUCTION TO THAT.

Tony says WHAT WAS ITS
FUNCTION?

Richard says I THINK IT WAS
MORE -- IT WASN'T THE MAIN
HOUSE OF THE DUKE OF SUFFOLK,
IT WAS MORE OF A SECONDARY
HOME, SORT OF WEEKEND RETREAT.
BUT IT WAS A HOUSE THAT WAS
BUILT FOR A QUEEN OF FRANCE,
AFTER ALL.

Tony says IF IT'S NOT AS BIG AS
SOMEWHERE LIKE HAMPTON COURT,
DOES IT LOOK SIMILAR?

Richard says IT LOOKS SIMILAR
TO PARTS OF HAMPTON COURT.
BUT IT LOOKS SIMILAR, ALSO TO
HOUSES OF KIND OF HIGH
ARISTOCRATIC STYLE IN EAST
ANGLIA, LIKE THIS ONE.

Now, he shows a large picture of a manor house.

Richard continues THIS IS OXBOROUGH.
SO IT'S GOT SIMILAR THINGS,
YOU KNOW, CENTRAL GATE HOUSE,
BIG TALL BRICK, AND LONG
RANGES EITHER SIDE OF IT AND
COURTYARDS.

Tony says WE NOW KNOW THE HOUSE
WAS 40 METRES WIDE.
SMALLER THAN WE'D IMAGINED
FROM THE ILLUSTRATIONS.
BUT WE STILL DON'T KNOW ITS
DEPTH, AND WE NEED MORE
EVIDENCE OF REAL SPLENDOUR.
EVEN SO, THIS WAS NO COUNTRY
COTTAGE.
IT WAS A HOLIDAY HOME FIT FOR
A QUEEN.
BUT MERE METRES AWAY FROM OUR
MAIN DIG IS A MASSIVE PIECE OF
BUILDING WE'D ALL BEEN
IGNORING FOR A DAY AND A HALF.
BUT IT'S FINALLY COME TO
FRANCIS' ATTENTION.

Francis says OUT THERE WAS A
GEORGIAN MANSION, OKAY?
IT WAS THE SUCCESSOR TO THE
TUDOR HOUSE.
IT WAS TORN DOWN IN THE 1950s,
ACTUALLY DEMOLISHED.
SO WE KNOW IT WAS THERE.
THERE ARE PHOTOGRAPHS OF IT.
SO JOHN'S GEOPHYSED IT,
HAVEN'T YOU?

John says WE'VE DONE MAGNETICS
OVER IT.
AND I THINK WE'RE PRETTY
CONFIDENT WE KNOW WHERE IT IS.
WE CAN SEE FIVE ROOMS AT THE
FRONT OF THE MANSION.

Tony says SO WE HAD ONE GRAND
BUILDING, NOW LOOKS LIKE WE'VE
GOT TWO.
HAVE WE BITTEN OFF MORE THAN
WE CAN CHEW?
WELL, THESE TWO DON'T SEEM TO
THINK SO BUT THEN THEY'VE FELT
THAT BEFORE, AND THEY'RE NOT
ALWAYS RIGHT.
AFTERNOON DAY TWO AT HENHAM
PARK IN SUFFOLK, WHERE WE'RE
STEADILY PIECING TOGETHER A
FORGOTTEN TUDOR MANSION.
WHILE PHIL AND TRACEY CRACK ON
WITH THE ORNATE FRONT OF THE
BUILDING, FRANCIS HAS DEPLOYED
JOHN ON A RENEGADE MISSION.
WHEN THE TUDOR PILE BURNT
DOWN, THE ROUSES REPLACED IT
WITH A GREAT GEORGIAN MANSION.
AND JOHN'S REDISCOVERING WHERE
IT ONCE STOOD.
ALTHOUGH TO BE FAIR, HE DID
HAVE A WHACKING GREAT CLUE
STARING HIM IN THE FACE.
BUILT IN 1785 BY SIR JOHN
ROUS, IT ECHOED THE CLASSICAL
FASHIONS OF THE AGE, WITH ITS
IONIC SCROLLED COLUMNS AND
PASTORAL FRIEZES.

Suzannah says PEOPLE WERE
LIVING IN HERE FOR 200 YEARS,
AND WE'VE ACTUALLY GOT THIS
PICTURE.
THIS IS FROM THE 1880s, OF
THIS EXTRAORDINARY STAFF THAT
WERE HERE.
I MEAN, LOOK AT THIS.
THERE ARE WONDERFUL CHAPS WITH
THEIR LITTLE PARTINGS HERE.

Tony says I LOVE THIS BLOKE
HERE, DON'T YOU?

Hektor says I WANT THESE
LAMP CHOPS.
THEY LOOK FANTASTIC.

Suzannah says AND THESE
WOMEN HAVE TINY LITTLE WAISTS.
LOOK AT THOSE CORSETS.

Tony says AFTER THE SECOND
WORLD WAR, IT BECAME
INCREASINGLY DIFFICULT TO
MAINTAIN A HOUSE AND STAFF OF
THIS SIZE, AND HEKTOR'S GREAT
UNCLE DEMOLISHED IT.

Hektor says HEARTBREAKING.

Tony says BUT THAT'S NOT THE
END OF THE STORY EITHER
BECAUSE YOU'RE ABOUT TO BUILD
IN THE SAME AREA.

Hektor says PRETTY MUCH,
YEAH.
WE'VE GOT PERMISSION FOR A
HOTEL AND APARTMENT BUILDING.
SO WE COULD SHARE THE PARK AND
SHARE THE PROPERTY.

Tony says DO KEEP AN EYE ON
YOUR STAFF, THOUGH.
YOU DON'T WANT SOMEONE COMING
DOWN IN THE MIDDLE OF THE
NIGHT, A BIT TIDDLY, LOOKING
FOR SOME BOOZE, AND YOU JUST
START THE WHOLE HORRIBLE CYCLE
ALL OVER AGAIN.

Hektor says FANTASTIC.
SMOKE ALARMS AND LOCKS ON THE
CELLAR.
PERFECT.

(soft music plays)

Tony says BECAUSE GEOPHYS HAS
PLOTTED SUCH A CLEAR PICTURE,
FRANCIS BELIEVES THERE'S NO
NEED TO EXCAVATE THE GEORGIAN
HOUSE.
HE WANTS TO FOCUS ON TUDOR
TRENCHES, INCLUDING A NEW ONE
THAT TIME TEAM'S ROB HEDGE IS
DIGGING.

Francis and Rob talk by a trench. Rob is in his thirties, clean-shaven with blond hair. He’s wearing a bleu shirt.

Rob says IT'S QUITE SUBSTANTIAL.
THAT IS A SOLID PIECE OF
MASONRY.

Tony says THE TRENCH WAS OPENED
OVER SOME EXPOSED GARDEN WALL
THAT FRANCIS THOUGHT MIGHT
HIDE TUDOR REMAINS.
BUT WHILE TUDOR BRICKS AND
MORTAR ARE ALLUDING US, THERE
ARE DEFINITE CLUES THE TUDORS
WERE HERE.

Danni says FANTASTIC.
LOOK AT THAT.
THAT'S BRILLIANT.
THAT'S A SILVER HAMMERED COIN.

The caption changes to "Danni Wootton. Time Team Small Finds Expert."

Bob says HAMMERED?

Danni says AS IN IT WAS HAMMERED.
THEY MADE IT LIKE THAT, BANG,
STAMPED.

Bob says I SEE.
IT'S BEAUTIFULLY THIN, ISN'T
IT?

Danni says ISN'T IT LOVELY?
AND I CAN SEE ON THE BACK OF
IT, THERE IS WHAT WE CALL THE
SQUARE-TOPPED SHIELD.
SO THAT'S ELIZABETHAN.

Bob says OKAY.

Danni says ELIZABETH I.

Bob says I'D GO WITH THAT.

Danni says AND JUST AT THE TOP,
ACTUALLY, IF YOU LOOK THERE,
JUST AT THE TOP OF THAT
SHIELD, YOU CAN SEE THE DATE
1575.

Tony says IT'S YET ANOTHER FIND
THAT TIES IN WITH HENHAM'S
TUDOR HEYDAY.
BUT THE ROUS' SPENT A BIT MORE
THAN A PRETTY PENNY ON HENHAM
HALL.
BACK AT THE INCIDENT ROOM,
SUZIE'S UNCOVERED A 17th
CENTURY INVENTORY THAT PAINTS
A VIVID PICTURE OF A LAVISH
LIFESTYLE.

Suzannah and Hektor sit in a large room looking at a piece of paper.

Suzannah says AND IT
DESCRIBES ALL THE ROOMS THAT
WERE HERE.
THERE WERE 45 ROOMS.
SO WE'VE GOT THE HALL, AND
WE'VE GOT THE PARLOUR, THE
GREAT DINING CHAMBER, THE
GALLERY, AND ON IT GOES.
AND WHAT'S BEST ABOUT THIS IS
IT TELLS US AMAZING DETAIL OF
THE INSIDES OF WHAT WAS
ACTUALLY THERE.
SO FOR EXAMPLE, IN THE HALL,
WE'VE GOT A HAWK PERK.

Hektor says I'M SORRY,
THEY HAD A HAWK IN THE DINING
ROOM?

Suzannah says IT SHOWS HOW
INTO HUNTING THEY WERE.
EXTRAORDINARY.
AND ALSO, WE'VE GOT THINGS
THAT SHOW THEIR GREAT WEALTH.
SO WE'VE GOT CHAIRS THAT ARE
COVERED WITH VELVET AND
EMBROIDERED.
AND ALSO DOWN HERE WE'VE GOT
FEATHER BEDS WITH COVERS OF
SILK.
SO THIS IS REALLY SUMPTUOUS.
AND WE ALSO KNOW THEY ENJOYED
THEMSELVES BECAUSE HERE, WE'VE
GOT PLAYING TABLES.
AND WE'VE GOT DESCRIPTIONS OF
THEM KEEPING INSTRUMENTS HERE.
SO TWO VIOLINS AND AN ORPHARION,
WHICH IS A TYPE OF INSTRUMENT.
SO THEY ARE MAKING MUSIC.
SO THERE'S GAMBLING, THERE'S
HUNTING, THERE'S HAWKING, AND
THERE IS MUSIC MAKING.
SO THIS IS A PLACE TO HAVE A
LOT OF FUN.

Tony says FEW OF THE ROUS'
POSSESSIONS SURVIVED THE TUDOR
HOUSE'S FIRE, BUT RECORDS TELL
OF ONE TREASURED FAMILY
HEIRLOOM BEING GRABBED FROM
THE BURNING HOUSE.
A WASSAIL BOWL AND DIPPING CUP
USED TO CELEBRATE SPECIAL ROUS
FAMILY OCCASIONS.

A 3-D colourful drawing shows a feast.

Tony continues UNFORTUNATELY, IT'S SINCE
VANISHED, SO TIME TEAM'S
MATT WILLIAMS HAS VOLUNTEERED
TO TRY HIS HAND AT SOME
WASSAIL WHITTLING SO WE CAN
LEAVE HEKTOR WITH A BRAND NEW
DIPPING CUP.

The caption changes to "Matt Williams. Time Team Archaeologist."

Matt says SO WHAT HAVE WE GOT
HERE THEN?
IS THIS ONE OF THE WASSAIL
BOWLS?

Matt and Stewart King stand by a table near a gate. King is in his fifties, clean-shaven with short hair. He’s wearing glasses, a hat and a black T-shirt with a white drawing of a column.

King says THIS IS A
MODERN COPY OF A WASSAIL BOWL.

The caption changes to "Stewart King. Craft Historian."

Stewart continues AND CERTAINLY, IN TUDOR TIMES,
THEY WOULD BE USING A BOWL
LIKE THAT, SET AT THE TOP OF
THE TABLE SO THE LORD OF THE
MANOR CAN KEEP AN EYE ON IT.
AND THEN THE HOI POLLOI WOULD
BE DRINKING OUT OF A LITTLE
CUP LIKE THIS.
AND THAT IS WHAT I'M GOING TO
ATTEMPT TO TURN HERE.
BET YOU'D LIKE A GO AT THIS,
WOULD YOU?

Matt says MM-HMM.

King says BY ALL MEANS.
KEEPS YOU FIT.

Matt says FEET ON THE TREADLE
HERE.

King says I'M SURE
YOU'RE AWARE, YOU ONLY TURN OR
CUT ON THE DOWN-STROKE.

Matt says RIGHT.

King says OKAY.
THAT'S JUST ABOUT WHERE THE
STEM OF THE GOBLET IS GOING.
SO YOU TAKE OFF AS MUCH
MATERIAL THERE AS YOU WANT.
I TELL YOU WHAT, I'LL TAKE IT
BECAUSE I KNOW YOU'VE GOT
THREE DAYS IN
TIME TEAM, BUT
THIS HAS TO BE FINISHED BY
THE END OF THE DAY.
ANYWAY.

Matt laughs.

Tony says THEY'RE CARVING THE
CUP FROM SYCAMORE USING A
TRADITIONAL POLE LATHE.
FOR A SKILLED EXPERT, IT TAKES
LESS THAN AN HOUR TO TRANSFORM
ROUGH LOG INTO SMOOTH CUP.

Using a radio, Raksha says RAKSHA TO DANNI.

Tony says RAKSHA'S TRENCH IS
UNCOVERING A DITCH STUFFED
WITH TUDOR DEMOLITION RUBBLE.
BUT AMONG THE BROKEN BRICKS,
SHE'S ALSO GETTING HINTS OF
THE SOPHISTICATION OF HENHAM'S
PREVIOUS OCCUPANTS.

Raksha says WE'VE GOT THIS,
WHICH I THINK IS A BOOK CLASP.

Danni says OOH.
OH, WOW, LOOK AT THAT.

Tony says THIS TINY SCRAP OF
METAL IS ACTUALLY A STRAP END
THAT WOULD HAVE FITTED ONTO
THE END OF A THIN LEATHER BELT
FOR STRENGTH AND DECORATION.
MADE FROM TWO FLAT PIECES OF
COPPER ALLOY, THE STRAP END
HAS TINY V-SHAPES HAMMERED
INTO IT.
TARNISHED AFTER YEARS IN THE
GROUND, ORIGINALLY, IT WOULD
HAVE BEEN EYE-CATCHINGLY
SHINY.

An animation reconstructs an old belt.

Tony continues THIS EVERYDAY OBJECT COULD
HAVE BEEN WORN BY A MAN OR A
WOMAN.

Raksha says DO WE HAVE A
SEMI-DATE?

Danni says WELL, I'LL SEE IF I
CAN FIND ANY PARALLELS FOR IT
TO DATE IT MORE CLOSELY, BUT I
WOULD HAVE A GUESS AT IT BEING
PROBABLY ABOUT 1450s.

Raksha says NO!
THAT'S AMAZING.

Tony says THIS ISN'T JUST
ANOTHER PRETTY FIND.
THIS ONE SMALL PIECE OF METAL
PRE-DATES THE TUDOR HOUSE.
AND IT'S NOT ALONE.
IN TRACEY'S GATE HOUSE TRENCH,
SHE'S FINDING POTTERY THAT'S
DEFINITELY NOT TUDOR.
IT'S LURED OVER FRANCIS, AND
GOT PAUL, OUR POTTERY EXPERT,
POSITIVELY DROOLING.

Francis approaches Paul, who’s using a magnifier to closely examine a small object.

Francis says OH, HELLO.

Francis laughs.

Paul says I COULD SEE YOU OUT
OF THE CORNER OF ME EYE THERE.
HOW YOU DOING?

Francis says VERY WELL, THANK
YOU.
WHAT'S THAT?

Paul says IT'S A PIECE OF A
SAXON NORMAN STORAGE JAR.
IT'S A BIT OF THETFORD WARE.
IT'S VERY TYPICAL OF THE BIG
STORAGE JARS THEY USED IN THE
LATE SAXON PERIOD, AND THEY
CREPT INTO THE EARLY MEDIEVAL
PERIOD.

Francis says BUT THIS IS MEANT
TO BE THE TUDOR GATE HOUSE.

Paul says I KNOW IT IS.
IT IS, ISN'T IT?

Francis says ARE WE GETTING
MORE?

Paul says YEAH.
WE'VE GOT THIS NICE LITTLE
COLLECTION OF POTTERY.
NICE BIT OF 13TH CENTURY
GLAZED JUG.

Francis says GREEN GLAZE, YEAH.

Paul says BOWL OF ABOUT THE
SAME DATE WITH GLAZE ON THE
INSIDE.
AND A NICE EARLY MEDIEVAL JAR
RIM.
SO SORT OF LATE 11TH TO 13TH
CENTURY.
AND IT'S CONSISTENT.
WE'RE GETTING THIS IN ALL THE
TRENCHES NOW, AT THIS END.
THERE ARE PEOPLE LIVING HERE
IN THE LATE 11th TO 13th.
THERE MUST BE.

Francis says THAT'S FANTASTIC
NEWS.
ARE WE GETTING ANYTHING ELSE?

Tracey says WHAT WE DO HAVE
THAT'S COME OUT OF THIS
TRENCH, WHICH IS MEDIEVAL, IS
THAT.
HALF OF A LITTLE BELL, YOU CAN
SEE THERE THE HANGING LOOP ON
THE TOP.
NOW, YOU CAN IMAGINE THAT AS A
COMPLETE CIRCLE WITH A LITTLE
BALL BEARING OR SOMETHING LIKE
THAT, INSIDE, MAYBE, TO MAKE A
NOISE.
THAT IS LOVELY.
AND I'VE NOT SEEN ANOTHER ONE.
I MEAN, THAT'S REALLY NICE.

Paul says SO IT'S ABOUT THE
SAME DATE AS THE POTTERY.

Francis says BUT THIS HUGE
BACKGROUND SCATTER RIGHT
ACROSS THE SITE.

Paul says WE'VE GOT SEVERAL
DOZEN SHERDS OF THIS NOW.

Francis says YOU JUST CAN'T
ARGUE WITH THAT.
THERE WAS A SUBSTANTIAL EARLY
MEDIEVAL PRESENCE HERE.
THAT'S COMPLETELY UNEXPECTED.
I REALLY WASN'T EXPECTING
THAT.
AND, WELL, TO BE QUITE HONEST,
I'M OVER THE MOON.

Paul laughs.

Tony says HE MIGHT BE OVER THE
MOON, BUT THESE FINDS MEAN
FRANCIS NOW HAS TO RETHINK HIS
ENTIRE STRATEGY.
THEY'RE A SURPRISING NEW CLUE
THAT THESE TRENCHES AREN'T
JUST HIDING A BIG TUDOR HOUSE,
BUT POSSIBLY SOMETHING JUST AS
SUBSTANTIAL AND MUCH, MUCH
EARLIER.
BUT THIS BRAND NEW EVIDENCE
HAS EMERGED WITH JUST ONE DAY
LEFT TO GO.
MATT, FOR ONE, HAS MUCH MORE
PRESSING THINGS ON HIS MIND.
BACK IN THE WALLED GARDEN, HIS
WASSAIL CUP IS AT A CRITICAL
STAGE.

Matt watches King painting an inscription on the cup.

King says IT'S ALMOST
READY FOR DRINKING.
BUT AS YOU KNOW, THE ORIGINAL
WASSAIL BOWL, WHICH IS NOW
LOST, OF THE ROUS FAMILY, HAD
AN INSCRIPTION WHICH WE DO HAVE
A LATIN COPY THERE.
AND THE TOOL, AS YOU CAN SEE,
IS PRETTY HOT.
BUT YOU'VE HAD A GO AT
EVERYTHING ELSE, WOULD YOU
LIKE TO HAVE A GO AT THIS?

Matt says I MIGHT AS WELL.
FINISH MY TRAINING.

King says BEARING IN
MIND, THAT IS VERY, VERY HOT.

Tony says IN TUDOR TIMES,
ENGRAVING WOULD HAVE BEEN DONE
USING A RED HOT WIRE HEATED IN
A CHARCOAL BURNER.

Speaking to Matt, King says YOU'RE GOING
GREAT GUNS THERE.

(bagpipes music plays)

Tony says AT THE END OF DAY
TWO, THE TEAM HAVE ALL VERY
RELUCTANTLY DOWNED TOOLS FOR
A HARD-EARNED TIPPLE.
WITH NO PUB AROUND, HEKTOR'S
IMPROVISING WITH HIS OWN AL
FRESCO TAVERN, AND IS OPEN FOR
BUSINESS.

The team gathers to have a drink at the site while people wearing 16th century clothing plays traditional music.

Tony continues AND THANKS TO MATT, WE'VE ALSO
GOT SOMETHING TO DRINK OUT OF.
WE'RE CHRISTENING HIS WORK OF
ART TUDOR STYLE, TO THE
SOUND OF MUSIC THE ROUS FAMILY
WOULD HAVE HEARD WHEN THEY
FIRST BOUGHT THIS HOUSE NEARLY
500 YEARS AGO.

Matt says PHIL, IF YOU COULD
BE MASTER OF CEREMONIES AND DO
THE HONOURS, PLEASE.

Matt hands Phil the cup he made with King.

Phil says IT'S AN ABSOLUTE
GREAT HONOUR.
I WILL, WITH MY GREAT
PLEASURE, DIP IT IN.
AND, OF COURSE, WE'VE STILL GOT
A COPY OF THE ORIGINAL LATIN
INSCRIPTION.
NOT MUCH OF A GOOD LATIN
INSCRIPTION MAN.

Francis says NO, YOU'RE NOT,
PHIL.

Phil says BUT BASICALLY, A
SUMMARY OF IT SAYS, MY BOWL IS
SO CLEAN, MY LIQUOR SO PURE,
JOYFUL YOU BE, BUT NONE OF
YOUR JAW.
NONE OF YOUR JAW WHEN YOU'VE
HAD A FEW OF THESE, ALL RIGHT?
CHEERS, HEKTOR.

Francis laughs.

Hektor says THANKS.

Tony says WASSAIL.

In unison, they yell WASSAIL!

Phil says MUSIC!

Tony says SO WE'VE ALREADY
EXCAVATED A TUDOR BUILDING IN
THIS PARK, WE'VE GOT A
GEORGIAN ONE, AS WELL.
BUT THERE WAS A THIRD BUILDING
WHICH WE HOPE TO FIND, WHICH
MIGHT BE MUCH EARLIER.
AND IT'S
THAT
WE'RE GOING TO
LOOK FOR TOMORROW.

(music plays)

Tony says BEGINNING OF DAY
THREE HERE AT HENHAM PARK IN
SUFFOLK, WHERE WE'RE LOOKING
FOR THE FAMILY SEAT, OR SHOULD
I SAY THE FAMILY SEATS, OF THE
ROUS FAMILY.
BUT WE'VE ONLY GOT ONE DAY
LEFT.
IT'S ALREADY 9 O'CLOCK AND,
FOR SOME REASON I CAN'T QUITE
FATHOM, FRANCIS HAS JUST PUT
IN A TRENCH HERE AROUND THE
BACK OF THE TUDOR MANSION.
WHY I DON'T UNDERSTAND THIS IS
BECAUSE I THOUGHT YOU SAID
THAT ONCE WE'D EXCAVATED THAT
TUDOR RANGE, WE WOULD HAVE
LEARNED ALL WE NEEDED TO KNOW
ABOUT THE TUDOR BUILDING.

Francis says NO, TONY.
WE'LL KNOW MUST OF WHAT WE
NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THAT RANGE.
THE THING IS, THERE ARE FOUR
RANGES, OKAY?
Pointing at a map, he continues NOW, WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE
BIRD'S EYE VIEW MAP, YOU CAN
SEE THIS RANGE OF BUILDINGS
HERE DOESN'T LOOK LIKE THE
REST OF IT.
AND WHAT I THINK YOU'VE GOT
HERE, IF YOU LOOK AT IT VERY
CLOSELY, IS THE REMAINS OF A
MEDIEVAL HALL.

Tony says SO THE MEDIEVAL
PEOPLE MIGHT HAVE BUILT THIS
BIT, AND THEN THE TUDORS CAME
ALONG AND TACKED ON THE OTHER
THREE SIDES TO MAKE IT LOOK
LIKE A MODERN BUILDING.

Francis says ABSOLUTELY.
AND THAT DID HAPPEN ELSEWHERE.
SO IT WOULDN'T BE UNIQUE.

Tony says FINDS FROM OUR OTHER
TRENCHES PROVE THERE WERE
PEOPLE LIVING HERE IN THE
MEDIEVAL PERIOD.
FRANCIS THINKS THE BACK RANGE
OF THE HOUSE MIGHT BE A MUCH
EARLIER MEDIEVAL STRUCTURE
THAT WAS LATER ABSORBED INTO
THE TUDOR MANSION.
AND THAT'S WHAT PHIL'S LOOKING
FOR IN HIS NEW TRENCH.
IF HE CAN FIND IT, WE'LL BE
PUSHING BACK THE HISTORY OF
THIS SITE BY SEVERAL HUNDRED
YEARS.
ALMOST IMMEDIATELY THEY'RE
ONTO SOMETHING THAT DRAGS US
RIGHT BACK TO THAT BINGEING
BONFIRE CAUSING BUTLER.

A male team member holds a rock and says COULD IT BE PEWTER?

Phil says WHAT, LIKE SERIOUSLY
BURNT PEWTER?

Tony says LIKE A MUG.
[laughing]

Tony says MORE EVIDENCE OF THE
FIRE.
BUT WORRYINGLY, WE DON'T KNOW
IF THAT INFERNO HAS
OBLITERATED ALL TRACE OF
MEDIEVAL FOUNDATIONS.
PHIL'S GOT SOME SERIOUS
DIGGING TO GET ON WITH.
BUT OVER IN RAKSHA'S TRENCH,
ALONGSIDE THE FRONT OF THE
TUDOR HOUSE, SHE'S GOT MORE
THAN A HINT OF HENHAM'S
MEDIEVAL PAST.
DIGGING DEEPER, SHE'S FOUND A
SERIES OF ANCIENT DITCHES.
ONE RUNS STRAIGHT THROUGH THE
TUDOR HOUSE, SO MUST PREDATE
IT.

An animation highlights a part of Raksha’s trench in yellow.

Tony continues SHE'S CALLED IN REINFORCEMENTS
IN THE SHAPE OF LANDSCAPE
ARCHAEOLOGIST STEWART.

Standing in a trench, Raksha says WE SEEM TO HAVE
COME ACROSS THIS MONSTER DITCH
COMING ALL THE WAY THROUGH
HERE.
AND WE HAVEN'T EVEN GOT THE
OTHER SIDE YET.

Stewart says FROM WHAT YOU'RE
SAYING, IT'S A BIG WIDE DITCH,
IT'S OPENED OVER A LONG PERIOD
OF TIME, LOTS OF MATERIAL
BEING DUMPED IN IT OVER A LONG
PERIOD OF TIME.
I MEAN, IT CRIES OUT MONSTER
TO YOU.
IT CRIES OUT MOAT TO ME.
A BIG, WIDE, POSSIBLY WET
DITCH, WHICH WOULD DEFINE AN
ENCLOSURE AROUND A MEDIEVAL
HALL.
THIS COULD BE IT.
YOUR MONSTER COULD BE A VERY,
VERY IMPORTANT MONSTER.
I'LL LEAVE YOU WITH IT.

Raksha says OKAY.

Tony says WITH A MOAT OR
MONSTER, IT'S CERTAINLY GOT
STEWART'S IMAGINATION RUNNING
RIOT.
HE'S GOT A HUNCH THAT THESE
DITCHES MIGHT JUST BE THE
REMAINS OF A MOAT THAT WOULD
HAVE ENCIRCLED A MEDIEVAL
HOUSE.
HE JUST NEEDS TO PROVE IT.

An animated blue square surrounds an area of the map.

Tony continues BUT TIME WAITS FOR NO MAN, NOT
EVEN PHIL HARDING.
HE'S ONLY GOT A FEW HOURS LEFT
TO UNCOVER SOLID MEDIEVAL
REMAINS.
PHIL, THIS IS THE TRENCH WE
PUT IN TO TRY AND ASCERTAIN
WHETHER OR NOT THERE WAS A
MEDIEVAL BUILDING.

Phil says IT IS.

Tony says HOW HAVE WE DONE ON
THAT?

Phil says AT THE MOMENT, IT'S
IMPOSSIBLE TO SAY, TONY.
I MEAN, WHAT WE DO HAVE IS
MASSES AND MASSES OF DEMOLITION.
BUT WHETHER IT'S THE DEMOLITION
OF A MEDIEVAL BUILDING, OR
TUDOR BUILDING, I REALLY CAN'T
SAY.

Tony says SO HOW WOULD YOU
DESCRIBE WHAT WE'VE GOT HERE
THEN?

Phil says I DESCRIBE IT AS
A CELLAR.
NOW THAT WE'VE ACTUALLY GOT IT
ALL STRIPPED BACK, YOU CAN
SEE, UP ON THE STEP THERE,
YOU CAN SEE THAT BROWN SOILY
STUFF, RIGHT AGAINST THE EDGE
OF THE TRENCH, THAT IS THE
NATURAL SOIL LEVEL.
YOU CAN SEE DOWN THERE, IT IS
NOTHING ELSE BUT BRICKWORK.
AND IT IS DEMOLITION RUBBLE.
WE STILL HAVEN'T GOT TO THE
BOTTOM OF IT.
THAT IS A MASSIVE HOLE.
A MASSIVE HOLE IN A BUILDING
IS A CELLAR.

Tony says FINDS?

Phil says WELL, IT'S AN
ABSOLUTE STOREHOUSE OF FINDS
WHICH ACTUALLY TELL US SO MUCH
ABOUT WHAT WAS GOING ON IN
THIS BUILDING.
POSH.
ITALIAN MARBLE.

Tony says WOW.

Phil says AND THAT'S NOT YOUR
AVERAGE KITCHEN CHOPPING
BOARD, THAT IS AN INTERNAL
FIXTURE AND FITTING.
THAT IS SERIOUSLY POSH.
BUT
THESE ARE OUR STAR FINDS.

Phil hands Tony a tray full of objects.

Tony says OH.
SOME PRETTY HEAVY FINDS.

They laugh.

Phil says THEY ARE ABSOLUTELY.
THIS IS ALL MOLTEN LEAD.
MOLTEN LEAD THAT HAS SERIOUSLY
BEEN FIRE AFFECTED.
AND IF YOU REALLY WANT AN
INDICATION OF JUST HOW
INTENSE THIS FIRE WAS, LOOK
AT THE WINDOW GLASS.

Tony says OH, YOU WOULD HAVE
NEEDED SOME HEAT TO BEND IT
LIKE THAT, WOULDN'T YOU?

Phil says THAT IS BUCKLED AND
TWISTED WINDOW GLASS.
IT IS QUITE INCREDIBLE.

Tony says THIS IS SO GREAT.
I DON'T REMEMBER THE LAST TIME
THERE WAS A
TIME TEAM
WHERE
I TOLD A HISTORIC STORY AT THE
BEGINNING OF AN EPISODE, AND
BY THE END, WE'D FOUND THE
LOCATION WHERE THAT HAPPENED.
WELL, WE CAN'T PROVE IT A
HUNDRED PERCENT, BUT THE STORY
WAS ABOUT A BUTLER IN A CELLAR
THAT CAUGHT FIRE, AND HERE'S
THE CELLAR, AND IT CAUGHT FIRE.
THE TUDOR FINDS ARE FANTASTIC.
BUT WITH THE CLOCK TICKING
DOWN, THERE'S STILL NO SIGN
OF OUR ELUSIVE MEDIEVAL HALL
IN THE TRENCH.
BUT DRIVEN BY THE DISCOVERY OF
EARLY POTTERY AND THE HISTORIC
MAP, FRANCIS ISN'T GIVING UP
JUST YET.
HE'S CONVINCED A BIG MEDIEVAL
BUILDING WAS ONCE HERE.
SO STEWART NEEDS TO FIND THE
MOAT THAT WOULD HAVE ONCE
SURROUNDED IT.

Stewart says WHAT'S THE LEVEL
DOWN THERE, EMMA?

Standing in a trench, Emma says THE LEVEL IS 62.487.

Tony says THE DITCH CONTAINS A
LAYER OF SILT THAT PROVES
THERE WAS ONCE WATER HERE.
HE AND EMMA ARE MEASURING ITS
LEVEL.
THEY TRACK THE MOAT ACROSS THE
PARK.

Stewart and Emma approach a lake.

Stewart says NEED ONE AT THIS
WATER LEVEL HERE, EMMA.

Tony says AND FINDING WET STUFF
IS SURELY A GOOD OMEN.

Emma says 62.506.

Tony says IF THE WATER LEVEL
HERE MATCHES THE SILT IN
RAKSHA'S TRENCH, THEN IT'S
POSSIBLE THEY WERE ONCE PART
OF ONE CONNECTING MOAT SYSTEM.
BUT THEY'RE NOT THE ONLY
MEDIEVAL SEARCH PARTY ON SITE.
OUR HISTORIC STANDING
BUILDINGS EXPERT, RICHARD, HAS
GONE BACK TO THE MAP AND
THINKS HE CAN AT LEAST IMAGINE
THE LAYOUT OF THE MEDIEVAL
HALL, IF WE GET A BIRD'S EYE
VIEW.

Tony, Richard and Suzannah stand in the site.

Tony says WHAT WOULD IT HAVE LOOKED
LIKE?

Richard says WELL, ESSENTIALLY,
YOU'VE GOT ONE LONG SINGLE
STOREY BUILDING UNDER A HUGE
ROOF.
AND WE'RE AT THE LOW END OF
IT.
WE'RE ABOVE THE BUTTERY AND
THE PANTRY END OF THE
BUILDING.

Pointing to the map, Tony says SO WHAT HAPPENED IN
THE PANTRY AND BUTTERY?

Suzannah says SO THAT'S FOR
THE STORAGE OF FOOD.
THEY MAY HAVE BEEN PREPARING
FOOD THERE, AS WELL, BUT THE
FACT THEY ARE STORING FOOD
MEANS THEY ARE VERY WEALTHY,
THAT THEY CAN AFFORD TO DO
THAT, AND HAVE THE SPACE TO DO
THAT.

Tony says WHAT HAPPENS HERE?

Richard says BEYOND THAT,
YOU'VE GOT A SCREENS PASSAGE.
THAT WILL'S YOUR ENTRANCE INTO
THE HALL FROM A PORCH.
AND THAT DIVIDES THE SERVICE
END, IF YOU LIKE, AT THE LOW
END OF THE HALL, FROM THE
GREAT HALL ITSELF, WHICH WOULD
BE ONE MASSIVE SPACE OPEN TO
THE ROOF WITH THE FAMILY AT
THE FAR END.

Tony says WHAT HAPPENED IN THE
GREAT HALL?

Suzannah says THE GREAT HALL
WAS REALLY THE HEART OF THE
MEDIEVAL MANOR HOUSE.
SO IT IS WHERE EVERYTHING WENT
ON.
SO EVERYBODY WAS IN THERE.
THEY WERE EATING, THEY WERE
SLEEPING.
SO YOU HAVE TO IMAGINE THE
FLOOR COVERED WITH RUSHES,
STREWN WITH GRASS AND,
BASICALLY, THAT'S WHERE PEOPLE
WOULD HAVE SLEPT.
AND IN THE TIME UP UNTIL
THE 13th CENTURY, THE LORD AND
LADY ARE ACTUALLY THERE, AS
WELL, SLEEPING AMONGST
EVERYONE ELSE.

Tony says ALL GREAT STUFF.
BUT SO FAR, NOBODY'S GOT HARD
EVIDENCE OF A MEDIEVAL HOUSE
HERE AT HENHAM.
FRANCIS' LAST HOPES HINGE ON
STEWART AND HIS QUEST FOR A
MOAT.

Stewart says WHAT WE FOUND WAS
THE LEVELLING BOTTOM OF
RAKSHA'S TRENCH, EXACTLY
MATCHES THE LEVEL, WITHIN THAT
MUCH, OF THE CURRENT WATER
LEVEL HERE.
SO ENGINEERING WISE, NO
PROBLEM HAVING A MOAT ON THAT
SITE OVER THERE.

Francis says I THINK THAT MAKES
LOADS OF SENSE BECAUSE, YOU
KNOW, A HOUSE LIKE HENHAM
WOULD HAVE ALMOST BEEN OBLIGED
TO HAVE HAD A MOAT.
EVERYBODY HAD THEM.
THEY WERE A SYMBOL OF POWER
AND AUTHORITY.
AND THERE ARE THOUSANDS IN
EAST ANGLIA, THOUSANDS OF
MOATED SITES.
SO YES, I'M SURE THERE MUST
HAVE BEEN ONE THERE.

Stewart says THIS FEATURE HERE
MIGHT BE THE BIGGEST SINGLE
REMNANT OF THAT MEDIEVAL
LANDSCAPE THAT WE CAN STILL
SEE ON THE SURFACE.
IT'S BEEN THERE FROM THE DATE
OF THIS MAP, STILL HERE TODAY.

Tony says WELL, THAT'S GOOD
ENOUGH FOR ME.
ONE MEDIEVAL MOAT MEANS THAT
SOMEWHERE IN PHIL'S TRENCH
THERE WAS ONCE A MEDIEVAL
HALL.
AND IT'S VERY LIKELY THAT IT
WAS LARGELY WOODEN, WHICH
EXPLAINS WHY THE FIRE
ANNIHILATED ALL TRACE OF IT.
BUT PHIL'S TRENCH HAS BEEN A
TRIUMPH.
IT CONTAINS ENOUGH FINDS TO
PROVE THAT THIS WAS WHERE THE
BACK RANGE ONCE STOOD.
WHICH MEANS WE CAN FINALLY
WORK OUT THE ENTIRE DIMENSIONS
OF THE WHOLE TUDOR HOUSE.
AT THE CENTRE OF THE FRONT
ELEVATION WE UNEARTHED THE
FOUNDATIONS OF TWO BRICK
TOWERS WHICH STOOD EITHER SIDE
OF AN ELEGANT GATEWAY.
WE'VE DUG UP ITS FINEST TERRA
COTTA, LEAD AND GLASS FROM ITS
MANY WINDOWS.
WE ALSO DISCOVERED ONE OF ITS
TWO CORNER TOWERS, BUILT TO
ENHANCE ITS IMPOSING NOBILITY.
ALTHOUGH IT WAS SMALLER THAN
WE ORIGINALLY ENVISAGED, AND
NOT ONE OF TUDOR ENGLAND'S
FINEST, IT WAS NO HUMBLE ABODE.
BUT ONE BUILT WITH STYLE AND
PIZZAZZ BY CHARLES BRANDON,
HENRY VIII'S BEST FRIEND.

An animation recreates what Tony describes.

Francis says I THINK IT'S BEEN
A TERRIFIC SUCCESS, TONY.
I MEAN, JUST FOR A START,
WE'VE SHOVED THE HISTORY OF
THIS PLACE BACK A THOUSAND
YEARS.
IT'S QUITE EXTRAORDINARY WHAT
WE'VE REVEALED.

Tony says HOW ARE YOU FEELING
ABOUT IT ALL?

Hektor says I'M STAGGERED
BY WHAT YOU GUYS HAVE DONE IN
ONLY THREE SHORT DAYS.
IT'S ABSOLUTELY AMAZING.
YOU KNOW TO GET THIS HISTORY
ABOUT 480 YEARS OF MY OWN
FAMILY, IT'S ADDED REAL COLOUR
FOR MYSELF.
SO VERY IMPRESSED.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

Tony says TO FIND ONE STATELY
HOME IN AN ENORMOUS PARK LIKE
THIS HAS GOT TO BE QUITE A
GOOD RESULT.
TO FIND TWO IS VERY GOOD.
TO FIND THREE, IT'S GOT TO BE
AN ABSOLUTE TRIUMPH, ISN'T IT?
AND I KNOW IT'S MADE ONE
AUSTRALIAN-BORN LANDOWNER WITH
BUILDING PLANS OF HIS OWN
VERY HAPPY.
AND MAYBE IN 500 OR SO YEARS
TIME, WHEN ANOTHER TROOP OF
ARCHAEOLOGISTS COMES HERE,
THEY WILL BE ABLE TO EXCAVATE,
NOT JUST A TUDOR MANSION, NOT
JUST A GEORGIAN ONE AND A
MEDIEVAL ONE, BUT THE REMAINS
OF HEKTOR'S HOUSE, AS WELL.

They all laugh.

The theme music plays as the end credits roll.

Presenter, Tony Robinson.

Editor, John Parker.

Executive producer, Philip Clarke.

Produced and directed by Jonathan Barker.

Series producer, Tim Taylor.

Copyright 2013, Videotext communications Ltd.

The Picture House Television Co. Ltd.

Watch: Ep. 4 - Henham's Lost Mansions