Transcript: Peter Busby on Green Architecture | Oct 22, 2006

[Theme music plays]

The opening sequence rolls. The logo of "Big Ideas" featuring a lit lamp bulb appears against an animated yellow slate.
Then, Andrew Moodie appears in the studio. The walls are decorated with screens featuring lit lamp bulbs, and two signs read "Big Ideas."
Andrew is in his early forties, clean-shaven, with short curly black hair. He's wearing a pale blue sweater.

Andrew says HELLO, I'M
ANDREW MOODIE, AND THIS IS
BIG IDEAS.
NOW IT DOESN'T MATTER WHAT SIDE
OF THE FENCE YOU'RE ON WHEN IT
COMES TO GLOBAL WARMING.
YOU MAY THINK THAT THE END IS
NIGH, YOU MAY THINK IT'S ALL
FEAR MONGERING, IT DOESN'T
MATTER.
THE FACT REMAINS, CONSERVATION,
USING ENERGY RESOURCES WISELY,
AND TREATING OUR ENVIRONMENT
WITH RESPECT IS JUST SMART.
IT'S BETTER TO RECYCLE, IT'S
BETTER NOT TO POLLUTE.
IT JUST MAKES SENSE.
MOST OF US DEAL WITH THE
ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION
EVERY DAY WHEN WE THROW OUT OUR
GARBAGE.
HERE IN TORONTO, WE HAVE A
GREEN BIN FOR ORGANIC WASTE,
AND WE HAVE A BLUE BIN FOR
RECYCLABLES.
THE AVERAGE AMOUNT OF PURE
GARBAGE YOU'RE SENDING INTO A
LANDFILL HAS DROPPED
DRAMATICALLY.
ARE YOU FEELING GOOD, HUH?
FEELING LIKE YOU'RE DOING
EVERYTHING YOU CAN FOR THE
ENVIRONMENT?
YEAH?
WELL WHAT ABOUT YOUR HOUSE?
YES, THE BUILDING ITSELF.
HOW ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY IS
THE BUILDING THAT YOU LIVE IN?
HOW ABOUT THE BUILDING YOU WORK IN?
PETER BUSBY KNOWS THE ANSWER TO
THOSE QUESTIONS.
HE IS A RENOWNED PROPONENT AND
PRACTITIONER OF GREEN BUILDING
DESIGN.
HERE IS PETER BUSBY ON THE
IMPORTANCE AND THE GOODNESS OF
GREEN DESIGN.

Now a clip plays in which Peter Busby stands behind a metal lectern in a dimly-lit auditorium, and addresses an unseen audience.
Peter is in his late forties, clean-shaven, with short gray hair. He's wearing glasses, a gray suit, white shirt, and checkered gray tie.

He says WELCOME, EVERYBODY.
I'M KNOCKED OUT TO SEE SO MANY
PEOPLE HERE, IT'S REALLY
AMAZING.
I HAVE ABOUT AN HOUR'S WORTH OF
MATERIAL, I TALK FAST, I'M SORRY.
[Laughing]
I HAVE A LOT TO SAY, SO I'M
GOING TO GET STARTED.
THERE'S LOTS OF EMPIRICAL
EVIDENCE ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING,
THE ICE PACK SHRINKING, SEA
LEVELS RISING, AND OF COURSE HURRICANES.

As he speaks, satellite images flash by on a projecting screen.
A coloured image shows the temperature of a large body of water.

Peter continues THIS IS A CHART OF THE SURFACE
TEMPERATURE OF THE CARIBBEAN AT
THE TIME OF HURRICANE KATRINA,
35 DEGREES BEING THE SURFACE
TEMPERATURE IN THE AREA, AND
THIS IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
HURRICANE PATTERNS OVER THIS
AREA BETWEEN 1985, AND 1994, AS
COMPARED WITH 1995 AND 2005.

A chart pops up showing winding patterns that become wilder as the years go by.
The image changes to a chart with red lines.

Peter continues THAT'S THE TRACKS OF THE
HURRICANES OVER THE SAME AREA.
SO GLOBAL WARMING IS HAVING AN
ENORMOUS IMPACT.
FINANCIAL IMPACT AS WELL.

A new slide shows a bar chart with bars increasing in height throughout time.

Peter continues THIS SLIDE GRAPHS THE COST OF
HURRICANES PER YEAR, IN THE
UPPER RIGHT, MEASURED IN
BILLIONS OF U.S. DOLLARS, AND,
OF COURSE, KATRINA IS NOT ON
THERE, AS IT HAPPENED LAST
YEAR.
IT'S OFF THE SCALE, IT'S FOUR
TIMES AS MUCH AS THE TOP OF THE
CHART.

A new slide reads "Canada."

Peter continues CANADA, IT'S NOT GOOD.
WE ARE ONE OF THE HIGHEST PER
CAPITA CONSUMERS OF ENERGY, WE
CREATE ENORMOUS AMOUNTS OF
GREENHOUSE GAS, AND THOSE
EMISSIONS ARE INCREASING AT
1.5 percent ANNUALLY.

A caption appears on screen. It reads "Peter Busby. Architect. 'Green building design.' The Design Exchange. April 25, 2006."

Peter continues WE MADE A
COMMITMENT, POLITICALLY, AS A
COUNTRY TO ADHERE TO KYOTO,
WITH A CERTAIN BASE LINE, AND
GET BACK TO THAT 1990 LEVEL AS
PART OF OUR COMMITMENT TO THE
GLOBAL WARMING-- TO RESOLVING
THE ISSUE OF GLOBAL WARMING.
CONSTRUCTION, WHICH IS WHERE I
COME FROM, THE WORLD OF
BUILDING AND ARCHITECTURE, IS A
HUGE PART OF THAT.
ABOUT 30 percent OF
CANADA'S GHG, GREEN HOUSE GAS
EMISSIONS COME FROM THE
CONSTRUCTION SECTOR, ABOUT 12 percent
FROM THE OPERATIONS OF
BUILDINGS, THE REST COMES FROM
TRANSPORTATION RELATED TO
CONSTRUCTION, FROM THE
MATERIALS INCLUDED IN
BUILDINGS, EMBODIED ENERGY,
ENERGY USED IN MAKING THOSE
MATERIALS, AND OF COURSE, THE
ENERGY INVOLVED IN DEMOLISHING
AND REBUILDING BUILDINGS.

A new slide shows two rising curves, one slightly lower than the other.

Peter continues THIS IS THE CURVE OF EMISSIONS
FROM CANADA, STARTING IN ABOUT
1990, SHOWING HOW THEY'RE
RISING EVER STEADILY.
WHEN I FIRST STARTED DOING THIS
KIND OF LECTURE IN THIS FORMAT
AND TALKING ABOUT KYOTO IN
1990, WE WERE AT THIS POINT
HERE, AND WE WOULD HAVE TO GET
DOWN TO HERE TO MEET OUR KYOTO
COMMITMENTS.
AT THAT TIME, WE WERE
PROJECTING IT WOULD INCREASE BY
THIS MUCH IF WE DID NOTHING.
SO WE ALL SAID WE WERE GOING TO
DO SOMETHING AS A COUNTRY, AND
YOU CAN SEE WHAT HAPPENED, WE
ALL WENT OUT AND BOUGHT SUVs,
GOT LARGER HOUSES, GOT SECOND
HOUSES, AND WE'RE ACTUALLY UP
TO HERE TODAY.
SO IN FACT IT'S IMPOSSIBLE FOR
US TO MEET OUR KYOTO COMMITMENT
AT THIS POINT IN TIME.

The chart changes to a similar one, but with a wavy curve that appears to have a decreasing tendency.

Peter continues THIS IS THE SAME CHART FOR THE
EU AT THE SAME TIME, AND IT'S
COVERING THE SAME PERIOD.
THAT'S THEIR KYOTO COMMITMENT,
THAT'S WHERE THEY WERE AT THE
SAME PERIOD OF TIME, AND THAT'S
WHAT THEY'RE DOING.
THEY GET AROUND, THEY USE
TRANSIT, THEY LIVE IN HOUSES,
THEY STAY WARM, THEY WASH
THEMSELVES IN WARM WATER, I
MEAN THEY DO EVERYTHING THAT WE DO.
THEY HAVE, PERHAPS BETTER
POLITICAL GUIDANCE ON THE ISSUE.
THEY HAVE THE SAME KIND OF
CONSENSUS POLITICALLY.
THE PEOPLE WHO SUPPORT
GREENHOUSE GAS CHANGES AND
CONSERVATION IN CANADA IS
ACTUALLY 76 percent OF THE POPULATION.
IT'S NOT THAT MUCH HIGHER IN
EUROPE.
WE CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE AND WE
DO NEED TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE,
AND WE KNOW HOW TO MAKE A
DIFFERENCE.
SO ARCHITECTURE IS PART OF THE
SOLUTION.
IF BUILDINGS THAT WE LIVE IN
AND OCCUPY AND OPERATE ARE PART
OF THE PROBLEM, THERE ARE
THINGS WE CAN DO TODAY.
WE HAVE THE KNOWLEDGE TO DO
BETTER.
SO THIS IS A LITTLE BRIEF
HISTORICAL KIND OF TOUR OF KIND
OF THE LAST 10 OR 15 YEARS OF
OUR WORK, SHOWING THE KIND OF--
THE WAY WE LEARNED HOW TO MAKE
GREEN ARCHITECTURE
INCREMENTALLY, PIECE BY PIECE,
WE CALL IT ECOTECTURE.
FIRST OF ALL, THE MAIN THING
FOR YOU TO KNOW IS THAT I'M NOT
HERE PREACHING ABOUT A
TECHNOLOGICAL FIX.
AS FAR AS I'M CONCERNED, THE
SIMPLEST THINGS, THE MOST BASIC
THINGS IN ARCHITECTURE ARE THE
THINGS THAT HAVE THE MOST
IMPACT, THAT MAKE THE MOST CHANGE.
THEY COST THE LEAST, IT'S THE
FORM, THE GLAZING, INSULATION,
PLACEMENT OF BUILDINGS, IT'S
VERY SIMPLE THINGS THAT WE
LEARN IN ARCHITECTURE SCHOOL AT
THE VERY FIRST.

A new graph shows a normal pyramid and an inverted pyramid with dollar signs.

Peter continues ADDING A BIT MORE MONEY,
THERE'S A WHOLE BUNCH OF
PASSIVE STRATEGIES THAT WE CAN
ENGAGE IN TO MAKE ARCHITECTURE
MORE SIGNIFICANTLY-- IMPROVE
ITS PERFORMANCE ECOLOGICALLY,
AND THEN FINALLY, AT THE TOP OF
THE PYRAMID AND COSTING THE
MOST, THIS IS WHERE THE
WINDMILLS ARE, THE
PHOTOVOLTAICS ARE, WHERE THE
BIOMASS COGEN IS, IT COSTS A
LOT OF MONEY, IT'S A
TECHNOLOGICAL FIX, BUT THERE
ARE IMPLICATIONS THAT COME FROM THAT.
WE CAN DO SO MUCH WITH THE
SIMPLEST THINGS IN OUR LIVES,
AND IN OUR BUILDINGS.
THE FIRST KIND OF MODERATELY
LIGHT GREEN BUILDING THAT WE
DID WAS FOR THE ENGINEERS
SOCIETY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA,
FINISHED IN 1994, SO 12 YEARS AGO.
THIS BUILDING EXAMINES THE
ISSUES OF SHADING.

A picture shows a rectangular building with glass windows.

Peter continues WE PUT SHADING LOUVERS AROUND
THE PERIMETER OF THE BUILDING,
EAST, WEST AND SOUTH, NOT ON
THE NORTH SIDE, TO LET DAYLIGHT
IN, BUT STOP THE HEAT GETTING IN.
WE REMOVED THE CEILINGS FROM
THE BUILDING AND ALLOWED PROPER
VENTILATION.
THE SHADING STRUCTURES HERE
SHOW HOW THE SUNLIGHT PROVIDES
THE DAYLIGHT NECESSARY FOR
CONDUCTING A BUSINESS, BUT IT
DOESN'T OVERHEAT THE BUILDING.
A YEAR OR TWO LATER, WE DID THE
HEAD OFFICES FOR THE
ARCHITECTS, OF BRITISH
COLUMBIA, A HEAVY MASONRY
BUILDING, BUILT BY THE
VICTORIANS IN THE VICTORIAN ERA.

As he speaks, pictures of the building appear on the screen.

Peter continues HEAVY MASONRY BUILDINGS TAUGHT
US A LESSON.
THEY HAVE THERMAL MASS.
YOU CAN KIND OF KEEP THE HEAT
FROM PEOPLE THAT ARE IN THEM,
AND USE IT TO KEEP THE BUILDING
WARM AT NIGHT.
CONVERSELY, YOU CAN USE THE
COOLNESS FROM THE NIGHT IN THE
SUMMERTIME, TO KEEP THE
BUILDING A STABLE TEMPERATURE,
SO IT REMAINS COOL IN THE
DAYTIME.
SO THE VICTORIANS KNEW THESE
THINGS.
THEY ALSO KNEW HOW TO GET LIGHT
INTO THEIR BUILDINGS.
SO WE RESTORED AN ATRIUM IN THE
CENTRE OF THE BUILDING, THERE'S
CROSS VENTILATION, THERE'S
OPERABLE WINDOWS, WHICH ARE
STILL NEW TO MANY ARCHITECTS
AND ENGINEERS, BUT IMPORTANT
FOR ALL GOOD GREEN BUILDINGS.
OUR FIRST PUBLIC BUILDING FOR
THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA,
FINISHED IN 1998, EXAMINED THE
ISSUES OF A MORE SOPHISTICATED
APPROACH TO DESIGNING A
BUILDING TO RESPOND
ENVIRONMENTALLY BUT YOU CAN SEE
AGAIN IN THE EXTERIOR, THIS IS
THE SOUTH ELEVATION OF THE
BUILDING, SHADING STRUCTURES
AROUND THE STRUCTURE,
INTRODUCING DAY LIGHTING DEEP
INTO THE BUILDING FOR THE USE
OF THE OCCUPANTS OF THE
BUILDING, BUT SHADING IT FROM
THERMAL GAIN, WHICH CAUSES THE
NEED FOR AIR CONDITIONING.
WE ALSO PUT ALL THE PEOPLE WHO
SIT IN THE BUILDING NEAR THE
PERIMETER.

A floor plan of the building shows the workspaces.

Peter continues 95 percent OF THE WORKSPACES HERE ARE
WITHIN 7 METRES OF THE GLAZING.
THE GLAZING OPENS, YOU'VE GOT
DAYLIGHT, YOU'VE GOT FRESH AIR,
VENTILATION.
TO ME THAT ALL SEEMS VERY
SENSIBLE, BUT IT'S NOT FOUND IN
MANY OF THE LARGER BUILDINGS
AND OFFICE BUILDINGS WE HAVE IN
OUR CITIES.

Another picture shows a modern-looking building with a flat roof and glass windows.

Peter continues IN 1999, WE FINISHED A BUILDING
FOR THE CITY OF VANCOUVER THAT
EXAMINED THE ISSUES OF
RECYCLING.
THIS BUILDING IS AN ENGINEERING
FACILITY, A MATERIALS TESTING
LAB FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF THE
CITY OF VANCOUVER THAT COLLECTS
THE GARBAGE.
SO WE SAID, WHY DON'T WE MAKE A
BUILDING OUT OF GARBAGE FOR
YOU?
AND SO WE DID.
80 percent OF THIS BUILDING IS
RECYCLED FROM WASTE
CONSTRUCTION SITES, AND YOU'RE
LOOKING AT INSULATION THAT'S
BEEN TORN UP FROM THE ROOF OF A
BUILDING AT UBC AND BROUGHT
HERE, YOU'RE LOOKING AT
STRUCTURES THAT HAVE BEEN
REASSEMBLED FROM WAREHOUSES
THAT ARE BEING DEMOLISHED.
AND PUT TOGETHER, THE GLAZING
IN THE BUILDING CAME OUT OF
OFFICE BUILDINGS, AND IT WAS
BUILT BACK INTO DOUBLE GLAZED
UNITS AND RESEALED.
EVEN THE PLUMBING AND
MECHANICAL SYSTEMS WERE
RECYCLED.
AND HERE YOU HAVE A 1950s
STEELCASE DESK WHICH HAS BEEN
REFURBISHED, AND PUT A NEW
LEATHER TOP ON IT, FOR 99 dollars, THE
SAME THING AS A-- SAME COST AS
THE CHEAPEST PIECE OF FURNITURE
YOU CAN BUY.
SO, A VERY
INTERESTING ENVIRONMENT, A VERY
HIGH QUALITY ENVIRONMENT, AS A
RESULT OF THAT.
NOW TYPICALLY, WE'RE NOT DOING
80 percent RECYCLED MATERIALS IN OUR
BUILDINGS.
TYPICALLY IT'S 20 percent TO 30 percent, BUT
THAT OPTION IS THERE FOR YOU.
THIS KIND OF BUILDING PUSHED
THE ENVELOPE.
ANOTHER KIND OF
SOPHISTICATED BUILDING THAT WAS
FINISHED IN 2005, EXAMINED THE
ISSUES OF THE BUILDING STOCK IN
THE CENTRE OF OUR CITIES, AND
THIS BUILDING, ORIGINALLY BUILT
IN 1946, WAS SLATED FOR DEMOLITION.

A picture shows an office building about 7 stories high.

Peter continues TELUS WANTED A NEW HEAD OFFICE,
THEY WANTED TO ATTRACT THE NEW
BUSINESSMEN DOWNTOWN TO COME
AND DO BUSINESS WITH THEM, THEY
WANTED A GLEAMING TOWER TO DO THAT.
AND WE SAID, IF YOU WANT TO
APPEAL TO THE BUSINESSMEN OF
THE FUTURE, PERHAPS YOU SHOULD
EXAMINE SUSTAINABILITY, AND
REALLY IMPRESS THEM WITH THOSE
TYPES OF SOLUTIONS INSTEAD.
SO WE DID CONVINCE THEM TO KEEP
THE BUILDING, AND RECYCLED IT.
WE GAVE IT A NEW SKIN.
WE CALL IT A DOUBLE ENVELOPE.
I KNOW THERE'S LOTS OF
ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS IN THE
AUDIENCE, SO THAT'S THE FIRST
DOUBLE ENVELOPE IN NORTH
AMERICA.
THERE ARE MANY OF THEM IN EUROPE.

A picture of the refurbished building shows the glass skin protecting the older structure.

Peter continues THE SKIN ADDED TO THE OUTSIDE
OF THE BUILDING, ACTS AS A
GREENHOUSE IN THE SUMMERTIME,
OR IN THE WINTER TIME, KEEPING
IT WARM, AND HERE YOU CAN SEE,
HERE'S A DIAGRAM OF HOW IT WORKS.

A complex diagram pops up briefly.

Peter continues THIS IS THE INSIDE OF THE
BUILDING, AND ALL OF THOSE
THINGS THAT I'VE JUST TALKED
ABOUT IN THOSE OTHER BUILDINGS,
UNDER FLOOR AIR IS HERE, CLEAR
CEILING, DAY LIGHTING COMING
INTO THE BUILDING, SO THE SKIN
IS CAST ON THE OUTSIDE OF THE
BUILDING TO CREATE AN ENVELOPE
HERE THAT ACTS AS A MEDIATOR
BETWEEN EXTERIOR ENVIRONMENT
AND THE INTERIOR ENVIRONMENT.
SO IN THE WINTER TIME, IT ACTS
AS A GREENHOUSE, IT ABSORBS
HEAT FROM THE SUN, KEEPS IT
THERE, AND MODERATES THE
INTERNAL TEMPERATURE OF THE BUILDING.
IN THE SUMMERTIME, BY DAY, IT
ACTS AS A CHIMNEY, TAKING THE
HEAT AWAY FROM THE BUILDING,
AND AT NIGHT, IN THE SUMMER, IT
ACTS AS A SOURCE OF COOL FRESH
AIR COMING IN, DRAWING THE WARM
AIR OUT OF THE BUILDING AND
REPLACING IT WITH COOL EXTERIOR AIR.
IT'S SO EFFECTIVE, THAT THIS
BUILDING HAS NOW BEEN THROUGH
THREE WINTERS WITH THE BOILER
THAT WAS ORIGINALLY INSTALLED,
AT THE INSISTENCE OF THE CLIENT.
WE SAID YOU DIDN'T NEED IT.
IT'S NEVER BEEN TURNED ON.
IT'S NEVER BEEN TURNED ON.
SO IN THE TEN YEARS THAT I'VE
JUST COVERED, WE'VE GONE FROM
ISOLATED THINGS ABOUT THE
ENVELOPE OF THE BUILDING, TO A
STRATEGY WHERE ALL PARTS OF THE
BUILDING ARE BEING CONSIDERED,
WHERE THE CONTENT OF THE
BUILDING, EMBODIED ENERGY OF
THE BUILDING AND SO ON, IS PART
OF THE ARCHITECTURAL SOLUTION.
SO QUITE A BIT OF CHANGE, WITH
QUITE A BIT OF IMPROVEMENT.
THIS IS THE FIRST TIME, TOO, WE
STARTED LOOKING AT THE GHG
ISSUES RELATED TO-- GREEN HOUSE
GAS EMISSIONS RELATED TO OUR
CONSTRUCTION STRATEGIES.
SO WE CAN SAY DEFINITIVELY THAT
SAVING THE BUILDING, SAVED
15,000 TONS OF CO2 THAT DIDN'T
GO TO THE SCRAP HEAP, OR
CONCRETE THAT DIDN'T HAVE TO
GET POURED, AND BECAUSE THE
BUILDING IS SO ENERGY
EFFICIENT, IT'S SAVING 520
TONS, ON AN ANNUAL BASIS, AND
OVER 75 YEARS, 54,000 TONS OF
GHG EMISSIONS.
THAT'S A SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT.
IF YOU DRIVE A NORMAL CAR YOU
CONSUME ABOUT 3 and a half TONS,
YOURSELF, INDIVIDUALLY IF
YOU'RE DRIVING AN SUV, IT'S
ABOUT 5 TONS PER YEAR, SO YOU
CAN SEE WE'RE MAKING A
DIFFERENCE IN THIS ONE
BUILDING, EQUIVALENT TO PERHAPS
10 OR 15,000 PEOPLE.
AND THAT DONE FOR THE SAME
PRICE AS OTHER BUILDINGS, WITH
TECHNOLOGY THAT WE HAVE ON HAND.
THERE'S A GOOD GREEN BUILDING
HERE THAT WE PARTICIPATED IN
WITH ADRIAN DE CASTRI
ARCHITECTS ALLIANCE.

A new picture shows a large glass building.

Peter continues WE TOOK THE YORK UNIVERSITY
COMPUTER SCIENCE BUILDING.
THIS BUILDING IN 2002, WAS
NAMED THE GREENEST BUILDING IN
THE WORLD BY WORLD
ARCHITECTURE.
AND IT'S READILY ACCESSIBLE AND
INCORPORATES MANY OF THESE
STRATEGIES.
YOU CAN SEE HERE THE SOUTH
ELEVATION WITH THE SHADING
LOUVERS THAT PROTECT THE SUN,
YOU CAN SEE A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF
TRANSPARENCY AS WELL, SO WHEN
THE SUN IS LOW IN THE WINTER
TIME, THERE IS THERMAL MASS.
IT'S WARMED UP BY THE SUNSHINE.
YOU CAN SEE THAT THE EAST AND
WEST ELEVATIONS ARE DIFFERENT.
IF YOU'RE LOOKING AT A BUILDING
AND ALL FOUR ELEVATIONS ARE THE
SAME, YOU KNOW THAT THE
ARCHITECT AND ENGINEER DON'T
CARE ABOUT SUSTAINABILITY.
INSIDE THE BUILDING, WE
EXAMINED CHANGING THE PROGRAM
TO CAPTURE THE HEAT THAT'S
CREATED BY THE THOUSAND
STUDENTS THAT ARE IN THERE
LISTENING TO LECTURES.
THEY'RE ALL HEAT SOURCES AS FAR
AS WE'RE CONCERNED.
SO WE CAN CAPTURE THAT HEAT AND
USE IT TO KEEP THE BUILDING
RUNNING.
AND AT THE SAME TIME, WE CAN
CONFIGURE OTHER USES SO THEY
CAN EXHAUST THEIR HEAT TO THE
OUTSIDE IN THE SUMMERTIME WHEN
WE DON'T WANT IT.
IT HAS AN EFFICIENT ENVELOPE,
IT HAS A GREEN ROOF, IT'S VERY
FLEXIBLE INTERNALLY, AND A
THERMAL MASS, THIS IDEA OF THIS
KIND OF FLYWHEEL HAS BEEN
CAPTURED IN THE DESIGN OF THE
BUILDING.

A section image of the building pops up.

Peter continues YOU CAN SEE HERE IN SECTION HOW
THE SOUTH ELEVATION ALLOWS
SUNSHINE DEEP INTO ALL OF THE
SPACES, AND THAT'S THEN
CAPTURED.
THERE'S AN ATRIUM IN THE
BUILDING THAT ALLOWS FURTHER
DAYLIGHT PENETRATION, SO ALL
AREAS OF THE BUILDING ARE
ACCESSIBLE FOR SUNSHINE FOR THE
OPERATIONS OF THE BUILDING.
IN THE WINTERTIME, WE'VE
CREATED AN EARTH TUNNEL THAT
DRAWS IN AIR FROM THE OUTSIDE,
WARMS IT, SIMPLY BECAUSE THE
EARTH DOESN'T CHANGE
TEMPERATURE MUCH, AND WARMS IT...
PREWARMS IT COMING INTO THE
BUILDING, AND THEN IT'S
INTRODUCED THROUGH THE
STRUCTURE INTO THE BUILDING.
IN THE SUMMERTIME, THE SAME
THING, HOT SUMMER AIR IS
BROUGHT DOWN INTO THE COOL
BASEMENT OF THE BUILDING.
EVERYBODY IN TORONTO KNOWS THAT
BASEMENTS ARE COOL IN THE
SUMMERTIME, SO I KNEW THAT,
TOO, AND THAT'S WHY THIS
BUILDING HAS THIS KIND OF CRAWL
SPACE UNDER IT, THAT'S COOLING
THE AIR IN THE SUMMERTIME.
IN THE SPRING AND FALL, THE
WINDOWS ARE OPEN, THERE'S A
STRATA EFFECT GOING ON IN THE
BUILDING.
WARM AIR RISES, IT VENTILATES
THE BUILDING NATURALLY, AND
KEEPS IT COOL THROUGH NATURAL
PROCESSES.
THE BUILDING HAS SHUTTERS THAT
ARE CLOSED TO KEEP HEAT AND
COOLNESS IN, DEPENDING ON THE
TIME OF DAY AND THE TIME OF
YEAR.
SIMPLE DEVICE THE VICTORIANS
USED, AND ALLOWING DAYLIGHT
INTO LECTURE HALLS.
WHICH IS A WONDERFUL THING, BUT
NEW TO MOST PROFESSORS IN NORTH
AMERICA.
EAST AND WEST ELEVATIONS ARE
DIFFERENT.
THEY SHADE.
THE SOUTHWEST ELEVATION HAS NO
GLAZING ON IT, BECAUSE WE DON'T
WANT THAT WARM SUMMER SUN TO
COME IN.
EASTERN ELEVATION ALLOWS
SUNSHINE IN, IN THE MORNINGS IN
THE WINTERTIME TO WARM UP THE
BUILDING, BUT NOT AT THE REST
OF YEAR.
AND YES, THERE'S A GREEN ROOF.
THIS IS AN EARLY PHOTOGRAPH OF
IT GOING DOWN AND ALL OF OUR
BUILDINGS SINCE HAVE HAD GREEN
ROOFS.
THE ATRIUM ACTS TO STRATIFY THE
HEAT, TO ALLOW WARM AIR TO
RISE, AND EVERY SPACE THAT
OPENS INTO IT, IT HAS OPERABLE
WINDOWS AND VENTILATION SO YOU
CAN CAPTURE THE DAYLIGHT AND
USE THE VENTILATION EFFECT FROM
THE SPACE TO KEEP IT COOL OR
WARM, DEPENDING ON THE TIME OF YEAR.
THE BUILDING MATERIALS HERE ARE
DIFFERENT.
AT THIS POINT, WE WERE BECOMING
AWARE OF CONTAMINANTS IN THE
ENVIRONMENT.
WE HAD SICK BUILDING SYNDROME,
WE NEW THAT WE WERE BECOMING
MORE AWARE OF THE HEALTH
EFFECTS OF THE INTERIOR OF BUILDINGS.
SO THIS BUILDING HERE HAS NATURAL
MATERIALS INSIDE, WOOD, STONE,
CONCRETE, RATHER THAN PLASTICS
AND OTHER FINISHING MATERIALS
THAT GIVE OFF VOLATILE ORGANIC
COMPOUNDS, POLLUTANTS THAT
POISON YOU.
THE MAIN ONES THAT WE HAVE TO
DEAL WITH, OF COURSE, ARE
VINYLS AND OTHER THINGS THAT
YOU FIND IN YOUR KIDS' BEDROOMS
AND IN YOUR CARS.
THEY'RE KILLING YOU.
AND WE SHOULDN'T HAVE THEM IN
OUR BUILDINGS, NOR ANYWHERE
ELSE AS A MATTER OF FACT.
HERE'S THE ENERGY CONSUMPTION
CHART FOR THAT BUILDING.

A bar chart with illegible text pops up.

Peter continues THIS IS WHAT A BUILDING WOULD
NORMALLY DO, IF IT WAS BUILT NORMALLY.
AND IN ONTARIO, THAT'S 3,100
MEGAJOULES PER SQUARE METRE PER
ANNUM, WHICH IS A WHACK OF LOAD
OF ENERGY, SAY, MAYBE ABOUT
2 dollars 50 A SQUARE FOOT TO OPERATE
THE BUILDING.
OUR BUILDING CONSUMES-- WELL WE
PREDICTED IT WOULD CONSUME
ABOUT 1,000 MEGAJOULES PER
SQUARE METRE PER ANNUM, THAT'S
ABOUT one third.
IN ACTUAL FACT, IT CONSUMES
LESS, AND IT CONSUMES LESS THAN
THAT-- AND IT GETS BETTER EVERY
YEAR.
THE BUILDING IS TEACHING THE
OCCUPANTS ABOUT THE
RESPONSIBILITY OF ENVIRONMENTAL
ISSUES, SO THE OCCUPANTS ARE
ALTERING THEIR BEHAVIOUR, AND
EVERY YEAR, THAT BUILDING HAS
IMPROVED ENERGY PERFORMANCE AS
IT'S OPERATING.
SO THAT'S GREAT, WE'RE FINDING
WAYS IN WHICH OUR BUILDINGS CAN
TEACH THE PEOPLE WHO LIVE THERE
TO CHANGE THEIR HABITS AND
ATTITUDES, TO CLOSE THE BLINDS
AT NIGHT, WHEN YOU LEAVE, YOU
SHUT THE WINDOWS WHEN YOU'RE
NOT THERE.
THESE ARE THINGS THAT SOMEHOW
IN THAT MECHANISED AGE IN THE
'70s AND '80s, WE THOUGHT
WEREN'T OUR RESPONSIBILITY, SO
WE DIDN'T HAVE TO DO THEM.
WELL WE DO.
AND AGAIN, THE BUILDING HAS A
GHG PROFILE THAT WE'RE
INTERESTED IN SAVING TONS IN
OPERATIONS.
THIS IS A VERY GOOD BUILDING,
AND OF COURSE, SAVING A LOT
MORE THAN THE BRITISH COLUMBIA
BUILDING, BECAUSE YOU CONSUME
MORE ENERGY HERE, BECAUSE YOU
HAVE A MORE EXTREME CLIMATE.
WHEN WE FIRST STARTED DOING
GREEN BUILDINGS-- ACTUALLY,
WHEN WE WERE FIRST INTERVIEWED
TO DO THIS PROJECT, THE
PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY
SAID, WELL, YOU KNOW, IT'S EASY
TO DO GREEN BUILDINGS IN
VANCOUVER, BECAUSE IT'S A
BENIGN CLIMATE, BUT IT WILL BE
TOUGHER HERE, WON'T IT?
AND OF COURSE, NO, THE ANSWER
IS THE OPPOSITE.
YOU HAVE THREE TIMES THE AMOUNT
OF ENERGY TO SAVE.
IF I CAN SAVE HALF OF IT, ALL
THE MONEY AND THE FINANCIAL
PAYBACKS ARE THERE.
IT'S-- THE MORE EXTREME THE
CLIMATE, THE EASIER IT IS TO DO
A GREEN BUILDING.
THE MORE MONEY I CAN SAVE, AND
THE BETTER THE FINANCIAL
ASPECTS OF IT PAY.
OVER 75 YEARS, 85,000 TONS OF
GHG EMISSIONS.

A new picture shows a three story building surrounded by low hills.

Peter continues HERE'S A BUILDING IN THE
INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA,
IN THE OKANAGAN, AND IT'S A
UNIVERSITY FOR ABORIGINAL
PEOPLE, DESIGNED FOR THEM TO BE
OPERATED BY THEM TO TEACH THEIR
STUDENTS ABOUT THEIR ISSUES.
IN THIS PARTICULAR AREA,
TRADITIONALLY THEY LIVED IN PIT
HOUSES, HALF SUBMERGED BELOW
GRADE, WOOD STRUCTURES, SOD
ROOFS, OPENING VENTILATION AT
THE CENTRE TO ALLOW THE SMOKE
OF THE FIRE OUT.
SO WE DID THE SAME THING.
IT'S-- THE BUILDING IS HALF
BURIED IN THE GROUND, IT HAS
GREEN ROOFS, IT HAS NATURAL
VENTILATION STRATEGY IN THE
CENTRE, OVER A FIREPLACE TO
ALLOW THE VENTILATION
STRATEGIES TO WORK IN THE
BUILDING.
THEIR SUMMERTIME DWELLINGS WERE
EVEN MORE SOPHISTICATED.
THIS IS A NATURALLY VENTILATED
STRUCTURE.
THERE ARE FLAPS DOWN HERE,
THERE'S A THREE FOOT HIGH SKIN
INSIDE WHICH DIRECTS THE AIR UP
THE SURFACE.
THERE'S A VENTILATION FLAP
HERE, AND THIS POLE IS USED TO
ADJUST THAT VENTILATION SO THAT
IT'S POINTED DOWNWIND.
SO THE VENTURI EFFECT OF THE
AIR MOVING OVER THESE
STRUCTURES DRAWS THE AIR OUT OF
THE TENT AND KEEPS THE BUILDING
COOL IN THE SUMMERTIME.
WE DID THE SAME THING IN THE
BUILDING.
THE VENTURI EFFECT IS CREATED
BY THESE FLAPS AT THE TOP OF
THE ATRIUM IN THE CENTRE OF THE
BUILDING, SO THAT IT IS
CONSTANTLY DRAWING AIR THROUGH
THE BUILDING, KEEPING THE
BUILDING COOL AND PROPERLY
VENTILATED.
WE RECYCLED THE LUMBER THAT WAS
ON THE SITE INTO THE MAIN
STRUCTURE OF THE BUILDING.
THIS IS THE FIRST BUILDING IN
NORTH AMERICA WHERE THE
VERTICAL STRUCTURE IS WOOD, AND
THE HORIZONTAL STRUCTURE IS
CONCRETE.
CONCRETE FOR THERMAL MAS WHICH
WE WANT, AND WOOD.
IT IS THE ONLY BUILDING
MATERIAL MADE BY THE SUN.
IN ITS LIFE IT CONTRIBUTES TO
OXYGEN AND TO LIFE AND FLORA
AND FAUNA, SO WE WANT TO USE
WOOD.
AND IF WE HARVEST IT
SUSTAINABLY, CANADA HAS A LOT
OF IT.
WE SHOULD BE USING IT IN ALL
OUR STRUCTURES AT ALL TIMES FOR
THE MAJOR MATERIALS.

A picture shows a colonnade made of glass and wood.

Peter continues THE EXTERIOR OF THE BUILDING
HAS YELLOW CEDAR, THE SLATS
AROUND THE BUILDING VARY
DEPENDING ON SOLAR ORIENTATION,
SO THEY'RE PROVIDING SHADING AT
THE RIGHT ALTITUDE, AND
IN ACCORDANCE WITH
THE MOVEMENT OF THE SUN AROUND
THE BUILDING DURING THE YEAR.
THE BUILDING IS TRANSPARENT,
IT'S WELCOMING, SOME OF THESE
OTHER ARCHITECTURAL THEMES YOU
CAN SEE IN THE ARCHITECTURE OF
THE BUILDING.
AND THERE'S THE FIREPLACE IN
THE CENTRE, WHERE YOU COME IN
TO WARM YOUR HANDS, YOU TALK TO
YOUR PEERS, AND THIS FIREPLACE
IS ACTUALLY PERFORMING A
FUNCTION, WARMING UP THE
BUILDING EARLY IN THE MORNING
IN WINTERTIME AS PART OF THIS EFFECT.
IN THE -- ABOUT FOUR YEARS AGO,
WE'RE NOW CATCHING UP TO WHERE
WE ARE TODAY.
LEAN BECAME A COMMODITY, A TOOL
FOR DESIGNING GREEN BUILDINGS
IN THE U.S.
WE BROUGHT IT TO CANADA.
THIS IS THE FIRST
[Inaudible]
NEW BUILDING IN CANADA.
THE MATERIALS AN OPERATIONS
YARD FINISHED IN WHITE ROCK IN
2003.
AND IT LOOKED AT LEED FOR THE
FIRST TIME IN CANADA.
IT'S VERY POPULAR NOW, BUT THIS
WAS THE FIRST ONE.
AND IT'S LEED GOLD.
THE LEED SYSTEM, FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO
ARE NOT FAMILIAR WITH IT, IS A
SYSTEM OF MEASURING BUILDING
PERFORMANCE, CERTIFIED AS A
KIND OF A BRONZE LEVEL, AND
THEN SILVER, GOLD AND PLATINUM
ARE THE HIGHER LEVELS.
AND IT'S
GAINING A LOT OF CURRENCY AT
THE MOMENT, BECAUSE IT DOES
COVER SO MUCH OF THE SPECTRUM
OF GREEN BUILDING DESIGN.
IT COVERS SITE, WATER,
OPERATIONS, INTERNAL HEALTH,
AND THE MATERIALS THAT MAKE UP
THE BUILDING.
SO I'M GOING TO KIND OF WALK
YOU THROUGH SOME OF THOSE
ISSUES IN THIS BUILDING JUST TO
ILLUSTRATE-- NOW AGAIN,
FOLLOWING MY THEME, THE ISSUES
ARE BECOMING MORE HOLISTIC.
WE'RE LOOKING AT SITE, SOIL,
WATER, IT'S NOT JUST ABOUT
ENERGY AND THE BUILDINGS GHG
EMISSIONS.
IT'S A MUCH RICHER PALATE OF
THINGS THAT WE'RE WORKING WITH
AT THE MOMENT.
SO THIS BUILDING HAS-- IT'S A
SMALL BUILDING, IT HAS SOME
OFFICES, AND IT HAS THE
OPERATION-- THESE ARE THE
PEOPLE WHO COLLECT THE GARBAGE,
FIX THE STREETS, AND THE
POTHOLES IN WHITE ROCK, AND THE
BUILDING IS QUITE SIMPLE.
THE OFFICE BUILDING IS OUT IN
FRONT, AND THE OPS BUILDING IS
AT THE VERY END IN THE BACK ON
THE NORTH FACE OF THE BUILDING.
THE BUILDING IS DESIGNED OVER
SOME FOUNDATIONS WE FOUND ON
THE SITE.
AN OLD SEWAGE STATION WAS
THERE, AND WE DETERMINED VERY
EASILY-- YOU CAN SEE THEM IN
THIS ELEVATION HERE, THAT THEY
COULD ACTUALLY BE THE STRUCTURE
OF THE BUILDING IF WE KEPT
THEM, RATHER THAN DEMOLISHING THEM.
SO IMMEDIATELY WE AVOIDED THE
COST OF CONSTRUCTION OF A BASEMENT.
WE SAVED LANDFILL AND WE FOUND
A WAY TO DO THE ARCHITECTURE
THAT CAME WITH IT.
THESE ARE THE SHADING DEVICES
ON THE EAST AND WEST, SOUTHWEST
ELEVATIONS.
THE ONE ON THE SOUTHWEST THERE
ON YOUR LEFT, MADE OUT OF
RECYCLED TELEPHONE POLES.
YES, THIS PARTICULAR GROUP
TAKES DOWN THE OLD TELEPHONE
POLES AND THROWS THEM AWAY.
WE TURNED THEM INTO THE
BUILDING THEMSELVES.
THE BUILDING IS COMPLETELY DAY
LIT INSIDE.
THERE IS NO NEED FOR LIGHT
BULBS ANYWHERE IN THE BUILDING
DURING THE DAY.
THERE IS NATURAL VENTILATION
THROUGHOUT, PROMOTING HEALTHY AIR.
THE PHOTOGRAPH ON THE UPPER
RIGHT IS A PHOTOGRAPH OF AN
INTERNAL MECHANICAL DUCT THAT
WE TOOK OUT OF THE TELUS
BUILDING THAT WE RENOVATED, I
SHOWED IT TO YOU ALREADY.
SO THAT HAS-- THAT'S A 25 YEAR
OLD DUCT, THIS IS THE
PHOTOGRAPH WE TOOK.
AND THAT STUFF IN THERE, IS
ABOUT AN INCH THICK.
IT'S SPONGY MATERIAL.
IT EXUDES SPORES AND TOXINS
THAT CONTAMINATE THE FRESH AIR
THAT'S DESCENDING ON THE TELUS
EMPLOYEES FOR 25 YEARS.
THAT'S NOT THE WAY TO DO
BUILDINGS.
WE DON'T PUT DUCTS IN OUR
BUILDINGS.
WE HAVE NATURAL VENTILATION, WE
HAVE NO CEILING SPACES, SO WE
HAVE UNDER FLOOR AIR IF
NECESSARY, WHICH CAN BE CLEANED
EASILY, SO FOR THE HEALTH OF
THE OCCUPANTS OF THE BUILDINGS.
THIS HAS A GREEN ROOF.

A picture shows the flat roof of a building.

Peter continues THIS IS THE END OF AUGUST WHEN
THERE'S NO GREENERY BECAUSE
IT'S NOT WATERED, BUT THE
INTERESTING THING ABOUT THIS
ROOF, AND WE'VE LEARNED FROM
THIS, IS THAT NEARBY IS THE
BEACH, AND THE DOGS AND PEOPLE
WHO LIKE TO FREQUENT THIS BEACH
HAVE DISTURBED THE HABITAT OF
THE SANDPIPERS.
AND SO THE SANDPIPERS HAVE
FOUND THIS TO BE AN IDEAL
NESTING PLACE.
THE FIRST SUMMER, WE HAD 1 PAIR
OF NESTING SANDPIPERS, LAST
SUMMER WE HAD FIVE.
SO I'M INTERESTED IN FLORA AND
FAUNA AND HOW WE CAN BRING THAT
BACK INTO OUR CITIES THROUGH
THE DESIGN OF BUILDINGS.
THERE'S ANOTHER PART OF THIS
ROOF THAT'S WHITE AND CLEAN.
THIS IS WHERE WE COLLECT THE
WATER THAT GOES INTO THE
TOILETS.
SO WE HAVE RAIN WATER IN THE
TOILETS HERE.
EVERYWHERE IN CANADA WE HAVE TO
HAVE POTABLE WATER IN OUR
TOILETS.
THIS IS WATER WE'VE TAKEN FROM
SOMEWHERE, PUT IN A PIPE,
TREATED SOMEWHERE ELSE AT GREAT
EXPENSE, AND BROUGHT BACK, SO
THAT IT CAN BE DRINKABLE, I
GUESS.
I DON'T KNOW, I CAN'T THINK OF
ANY OTHER REASON WHY WE NEED
DRINKABLE WATER IN OUR TOILETS.
THE BUILDING HAS SALVAGED
MATERIALS IN IT.
WE'RE CONSTANTLY ON THE LOOKOUT
FOR BRICKS AND WOOD AND OTHER
THINGS THAT WE CAN USE IN OUR
BUILDINGS THAT'S RECYCLED AS
PART OF THE STRATEGIES FOR THE
DESIGN OF THE BUILDING.
AND THAT GIVES A RICHNESS TO
OUR BUILDINGS THAT ENHANCES
INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT.

A picture shows a deep pit.

Peter continues HERE'S ANOTHER PART OF THAT
SEWAGE SYSTEM THAT WAS IN THE GROUND.
AND AGAIN, WE HAD BUDGET TO
DEMOLISH THIS AS PART OF
BUILDING THE NEW BUILDING.
AND WE LOOKED AT THIS WITH AN
ENGINEERING COMPANY WE'VE BEEN
WORKING WITH FOR 15 YEARS, AND
MARK MITCHELL IS PART OF THAT
COMPANY, OR WAS, AND KEEN
ENGINEERING IS AN IMPORTANT
PART, HAS BEEN AN IMPORTANT
PART OF THE WORK WE'VE DONE TO
DATE.
THERE STANTECH, BUT THEY'RE
GREAT CONTRIBUTORS TO, AND
COLLABORATORS THROUGHOUT MY
CAREER.
AND SO WE LOOKED AT THIS TANK
AND SAID, WELL, CAN WE DO IT?
OF COURSE WE CAN FILL IT WITH
RAIN WATER.
WE CAN USE THAT RAIN WATER TO
WASH THE TRUCKS.
THESE PEOPLE WASH THEIR GARBAGE
TRUCKS AND THEIR PICKUPS.
WE CAN DIVERT WATER FROM THE
ROOF, AND WE CAN USE THAT FOR
IRRIGATION.
WE CAN USE IT AGAIN IN THE
TOILETS.
BUT EVEN MORE INTERESTINGLY IT
BECAME A LANDSCAPE FEATURE FULL
OF WATER, AND IN FACT-- HERE'S
A DIAGRAM OF HOW IT WORKS, BUT
IT ALSO, IT'S A HEAT SINK FOR
THE BUILDING.
SO INSTEAD OF HAVING A GROUND
SOURCE, GEOTHERMAL, WE'VE
ACTUALLY RUN THE COOLING AND
HEATING LOOP FOR THE BUILDING
INTO THE BOTTOM OF THIS 150,000
GALLON POOL OF RAIN WATER.
AND IN THE WINTER WE CAN DRAW
RELATIVE WARMTH OUT OF THAT,
ABD HEAT THE BUILDING, AND IN
THE SUMMER, WE CAN DRAW
RELATIVE COOLNESS OUT OF THAT
TO COOL IT DOWN.
SO THE SYNERGIES HERE BETWEEN
YOU KNOW, ONE STRATEGY THAT
SAVES RAIN WATER, AND DIVERT
STORM WATER, AND PROVIDES WATER
FOR IRRIGATION AND OTHER THINGS.
IT'S ALSO PROVIDING HEATING AND
COOLING FOR THE BUILDING.
HERE, TOO, IN THIS BUILDING, WE
HAVE EXPLORED FOR THE FIRST
TIME, SOLAR HOT WATER SYSTEMS.
THIS PARTICULAR ARRAY PROVIDES
PREHEATING FOR THE RADIANT
UNDER SLAB HOT WATER SYSTEMS IN
THE BUILDING.
AND IN THE SUMMERTIME IT ALSO
PREHEATS THE DOMESTIC HOT WATER
IN THE BUILDING.
A VERY SIMPLE ARRAY.
A STRATEGY THAT, IF IT WORKS
WELL, IN VANCOUVER, SURELY IT
WORKS IN THE REST OF CANADA
WHERE YOU GET A LOT MORE SUN
THAN WE DO FOR MOST OF THE YEAR.

A picture shows a set of photovoltaic panels.

Peter continues HE'S THE FIRST PHOTOVOLTAIC
ARRAY WE PUT ON A BUILDING.
IT'S GENERATING ABOUT 5 percent OF THE
ENERGY ON A RENEWABLE BASIS IN
THIS BUILDING, AND THAT, TO
ILLUSTRATE, IF YOU DON'T KNOW,
IS ABOUT A 40,000 dollar INVESTMENT,
FOR ABOUT 5 percent OF THE ENERGY IN
THE BUILDING.
A SUSTAINABLE SITE, I HAD
MENTIONED THAT WE'RE INTERESTED
IN FLORA AND FAUNA.
WELL THESE ARE ALL MADE OF
PLANT SPECIES BECAUSE NATIVE
PLANT SPECIES DON'T NEED
IRRIGATION.
WE WANT THEM IN OUR BUILDINGS.
SO WE HAD TO RE-EDUCATE
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS ABOUT
THIS, AND FIGHT ALL THOSE
PITCHED BATTLES BUT IT'S IN
FACT VERY BEAUTIFUL.
OF COURSE THE
SOIL THAT'S THERE IS RECYCLED
SOIL FROM THE SEWAGE PLANT.
IT'S THE COMPOST AT THE END OF
A SEWAGE PLANT IN WHITE ROCK,
AND OF COURSE THE BUTTERFLIES
ARE BACK, BECAUSE THEIR NATIVE
PLANTS ARE THERE, AND THE SONG
BIRDS ARE BACK, SO THE BUILDING
AND ITS ENVIRONMENT HAS A GREAT
DEAL OF RICHNESS TO IT THAT
COMES FROM THE STRATEGY.
OUTSIDE THE BUILDING USED TO LOOK LIKE THIS.

a collage of pictures shows a paved surface, and then the same space covered with green grass.

Peter continues AND THEN WE PUT GRAVEL AND
GRASS AND STRUCTURES UNDERNEATH
THEM TO SUPPORT VEHICLES, AND
AGAIN, WE'VE RESTORED THE
ABILITY OF THE GROUND TO ABSORB
RAINWATER AND RETURN RAINWATER
TO THE GROUND SO THE EARTHWORMS
DON'T DIE.
SO THAT NATURE IS RESTORED AND
PROPER ECOLOGICAL CYCLES ARE
PUT BACK IN PLACE.
THERE ARE SOME STATISTICS HERE
ABOUT WHAT WE DID, REDUCING
STORM WATER, REDUCING THE HEAT
ISLAND EFFECT WHICH IS CAUSED
BY ASPHALT, WE HAVE WATER
EFFICIENT FIXTURES THROUGHOUT,
ENERGY EFFICIENCY IS 52 percent LESS
THAN TYPICAL BUILDINGS, LESS
THAN THE CANADIAN ENERGY CODE,
THE MODERN NATIONAL ENERGY CODE
FOR BUILDINGS, A WHOLE SERIES
OF STRATEGIES ABOUT ENERGY
EFFICIENCY IN THE BUILDING.
WE DIVERTED WASTE FROM THE
LANDFILL IN THE DESIGN OF THE
BUILDING AND THE BUILDING OF
THE BUILDING.
THESE ARE ALL-- FOR THOSE OF
YOU, AND I KNOW LOTS OF YOU ARE
FAMILIAR WITH LEED, THESE ARE
THE STRATEGIES THAT GOT
INCORPORATED INTO THE BUILDING,
BUT I ALSO UNDERSTAND THERE ARE
PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT SO FAMILIAR
WITH IT, IN THE AUDIENCE, SO AT
THE RISK OF BORING A FEW OF
YOU, THESE ARE THE STRATEGIES
THAT WENT INTO THE BUILDING.

A new picture shows a list titled "LEED."

Peter continues RECYCLED MATERIALS IN THE
BUILDING AND IT SCORED 44
POINTS ON THIS LEED, THIS LEAD
STRATEGY THAT IS SO RICH IN ITS
DIVERSITY -- SUSTAINABLE SITES,
WATER, ENERGY AND ATMOSPHERE,
MATERIALS THAT GO INTO THE
BUILDING AND THE INDOOR
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, THE
HEALTHINESS OF THE BUILDING,
ARE THE THINGS THAT WE'RE
INTERESTED IN IF WE FOLLOW THIS
STRATEGY.

Now a bar chart pops up. The bars are decreasing in height.

Peter continues HERE'S A CURVE OF THE ENERGY
PERFORMANCE OF OUR BUILDINGS
OVER THE SAME PERIOD.
SO YOU'VE JUST LOOKED AT ALL
THESE BUILDINGS, STARTING WITH
THE APEC BUILDING IN 1996.
SHUT UP GRADUALLY FROM A
BENCHMARK, WHICH IS ASHRAY
90.1, WHICH IS THE TORONTO
ENERGY EFFICIENCY BYLAW.
OUR BUILDINGS ARE GRADUALLY
GETTING BETTER AND BETTER,
CONSUMING LESS AND LESS ENERGY,
AND TYPICALLY WE CAN MAKE
BUILDINGS THAT ARE RUNNING ON
HALF THE AMOUNT OF ENERGY.
AND IN FACT, WE'RE WORKING ON
ONE RIGHT NOW THAT WILL
ACTUALLY, OVER THE YEAR,
PRODUCE ENERGY RATHER THAN
CONSUME IT.
A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE INTERESTED
IN THE BUSINESS CASE, AND I'VE
GOT A FEW SLIDES HERE THAT DEAL
WITH THAT, BECAUSE EVERYWHERE I
GO, THEY SAY, WELL THIS IS ALL
LOVELY, BUT WHAT ABOUT THE HARD
BOILED FACTS, WHAT ABOUT THE MONEY?
SO THERE'S A FEW SLIDES HERE.
THE MARKET RESISTANCE TO
BUILDING GREEN AS TO DO WITH
EDUCATION, MISINFORMATION, AND
PERCEPTIONS THAT THERE ARE
ADDITIONAL COSTS TO DOING GREEN
BUILDINGS.
THE ANSWER IN FACT IS MORE
COMPLICATED THAN THAT, IT DEPENDS.
IT CAN COST A LITTLE BIT, IF
YOU'RE JUST DOING A CERTIFIED
BUILDING, BUT COSTS A BIT MORE
IF YOU WANT TO GO TO A PLATINUM
BUILDING.
IF YOUR BUILDING CONSUMES A LOT
OF ENERGY, SUCH AS AN OFFICE
BUILDING OR LAB, OR BUILDING IN
THE COLDER PART OF THE COUNTRY,
IT'S PRETTY CHEAP TO MAKE AN
ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDING,
BECAUSE WE CAN SAVE SO MUCH
MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT IN THE
DESIGN OF THE BUILDING THAT WE
CAN PAY FOR THE OTHER
STRATEGIES.
IF THERE'S A LOW ENERGY
CONSUMPTION IN THE BUILDING, IT
COSTS SOMETHING TO DO IT,
BECAUSE WE CAN'T SAVE THOSE
BOILERS AND HEATERS AND SO ON.
IT DEPENDS ON THE PROJECT'S
SIZE.
THE LARGER THE PROJECT, THE
MORE COST EFFICIENT IT IS TOO.
IT DEPENDS ON THE CLIMATE ZONE,
I TOLD YOU THAT.
IT'S CHEAPER TO MAKE A GREEN
BUILDING IN TORONTO, MONTREAL
AND OTTAWA, INDEED IN THE
DESERT THAN IT IS IN VANCOUVER
OR CALIFORNIA.
AND IT DEPENDS ON THE OWNER
FLEXIBILITY.
YOU KNOW, IF YOU HAVE AN OWNER
WHO SAYS, I WANT 21.5 DEGREES C
IN ALL PARTS OF THIS BUILDING
24-7, 365 DAYS A YEAR, YOU'RE
GOT A PROBLEM.
BUT IF THE OWNER UNDERSTANDS
THAT HEY, WE'RE WEARING A COAT
IN THE WINTER AND WE'RE WEARING
T-SHIRTS IN SUMMER, AND THE
BUILDING CAN FLUCTUATE A BIT,
AND SOME SPACES ARE MORE
IMPORTANT THAN OTHERS, THEN
THERE'S A 30 percent ENERGY SAVING IN
ADOPTING THAT ATTITUDE IN THE
FIRST PLACE.
THE ISSUE IN FACT TODAY IS
POLITICAL CANADA HAS THE
WEAKEST ENERGY CODE IN THE
WORLD, SECOND ONLY TO THE U.S.,
WHICH DOESN'T HAVE ONE.
THE CONCENTRATION OF POLICIES
ON GLOBAL WARMING HAVE BEEN ON
INDUSTRY.
YOU KNOW, WE NEED TO DO THIS
WITH ONE SECTOR OF INDUSTRY OR
WE NEED FUEL CELLS FOR OUR CARS.
WE NEED TO LOOK BACK AT WHAT WE
CAN DO IN OUR URBAN
ENVIRONMENTS, AND OUR BUILT
ENVIRONMENTS TO MAKE A CHANGE.
SO WE AS ADVOCATES FOR CHANGE
IN THIS SECTOR, HAVE TO BECOME
POLITICAL.
AND WE HAVE DONE SO.
THE U.S. GBC, THE FOUNDING
ORGANISATION IN THE U.S. FOR
GREEN BUILDINGS -- GREEN
BUILDING-- GBC, COUNCIL.
CAUSED US AND ENCOURAGED US TO
MAKE THE CANADA GREEN BUILDING
COUNCIL IN 2001.
THIS IS THE MEMBERSHIP-- SORRY,
2002.
THIS IS THE MEMBERSHIP FROM A
STANDING START.

A bar chart shows a rising tendency.

Peter continues WE NOW HAVE NEARLY 1,100 MEMBER
FIRMS IN CANADA, AS MEMBER OF
THE CANADA GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL.
THAT'S APPROXIMATELY 10,000
PROFESSIONALS INVOLVED IN
DOING--
IN COMMITTING TO THESE THINGS,
PUTTING LEED INTO THEIR
BUILDINGS AND DOING GREEN
BUILDINGS IN ONE FORM OR
ANOTHER ACROSS THE COUNTRY.
AND THAT'S IN FOUR YEARS.
JUST INCREDIBLE KIND OF GROWTH.
THERE ARE AN AMAZING NUMBER OF
MUNICIPALITIES THAT HAVE
COMMITTED--
MUNICIPALITIES AND UNIVERSITIES
THAT HAVE COMMITTED TO THIS.
THE UPTAKE ON GREEN BUILDINGS
IS AT THE MUNICIPAL LEVEL.
IT'S AT THE COMMUNITY LEVEL.
THE FEDERAL POLITICS GET MIRED
IN TIME AND MONEY AND WHO'S
PAYING AND FLAVOUR OF THE MONTH
AND SO ON.
IT'S AT THE GRASSROOTS AND
MUNICIPAL COMMUNITY LEVEL THAT
WE CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE.
SO YOU CAN SEE THIS LIST HAS TO
DO WITH THOSE THINGS.
WE HAVE LEED TOOLS FOR NEW
CONSTRUCTION, FOR-- IN
COMMERCIAL INTERIORS, FOR
INTERIORS.
AND FOR THE OPERATION OF
EXISTING BUILDINGS IN PLACE IN
CANADA IN BOTH OFFICIAL
LANGUAGES TODAY.
THE UPTAKE IN TERMS OF
TRAINING, LEED ACCREDITED
PROFESSIONALS, WE OFFER
TRAINING, LEED ACCREDITED
PROFESSIONALS, A NUMBER OVER
3,000 IN CANADA ALREADY.
WE HAVE CERTIFIED PROJECTS, WE
HAVE REGISTERED PROJECTS AGAIN,
THIS IS IN THREE YEARS.
IT TAKES FOUR YEARS, FIVE
YEARS, TO BUILD A BUILDING, SO
THIS IS A GREAT DEAL OF
TRACTION.
AND YOU CAN SEE IT'S NATIONAL.

A map of Canada pops up showing dates and figures on each province and territory.

Peter continues OF COURSE IT STARTED ON THE
WEST COAST BUT IT'S NOW SHOWING
SCOPE PER CAPITA
PERHAPS ONTARIO NEEDS OT WORK A
LITTLE HARDER ON THIS ISSUE,
BUT IT IS GAINING TRACTION TOO.
COMING SOON, WE HAVE LEED FOR
HOMES, LEED FOR NEIGHBOURHOODS...
I'M ABOUT TO TALK ABOUT
NEIGHBOURHOODS, AND OTHER TOOLS
THAT WILL EXTEND THIS ISSUE.
THE CHANGE IS DRAMATIC.
WE FIRST HEARD
IN OUR FIRM WE FIRST HEARD
ABOUT LEED IN SEATTLE IN 1999.
THAT'S NOT OS LONG AGO.
I BECAME A LEED ACCREDITED
PROFESSIONAL IN 2000, WE
STARTED USING IT IN 2001.
TODAY, 80 percent OF
MY FIRM, AND THE FIRM PERKINS
AND WILL HAS 1,000
PROFESSIONALS IN IT, ARE LEED
ACCREDITED PROFESSIONALS.
WE'RE USING LEED ON 100 percent OF OUR
PROJECTS.
IN 2000, NONE OF OUR CLIENTS
HAD HEARD OF LEED, TODAY, 95 percent
OF THEM KNOW ABOUT IT AND MOST
OF THEM ARE ASKING US TO USE IT
IN OUR PROJECTS.
WE PUT ON EXHIBITS, TRAVELLING
ROAD SHOWS, THIS IS A
SUSTAINABLE CONDO THAT IS
COMING TO TORONTO.

A flyer for a condo project pops up briefly.

Peter continues IT WILL BE IN THE CBC BUILDING
IN THE FALL THIS YEAR.
THIS IS ABOUT TEACHING THE
PUBLIC ABOUT WHAT WE CAN DO.
IT' PUTS TOGETHER A SERIES OF
STRATEGIES THAT CAN BE
INCORPORATED IN ANY APARTMENT
BUILDING OR ANY CONDO, COVERING
THE FIVE MAJOR SUBJECTS THAT
I'VE INTRODUCED YOU TO, ENERGY
WATER, MATERIALS, LAND USE AND
HEALTHINESS.
THERE ARE STRATEGIES IN THE
EXHIBIT AND IN THE
DEMONSTRATION THAT'S THERE
RELATED TO THESE FIVE ISSUES,
SUGGESTING TO THE PUBLIC THAT
THEY NEED TO CHANGE THEIR
PURCHASING REQUESTS.

Now a picture shows a large stand in an exhibition.

Peter continues THIS IS THE EXHIBIT.
IT'S BEEN TO -- IT WAS AT GLOBE
2004, IT'S BEEN TO ATLANTA FOR
GREEN BUILD THIS YEAR, AND IT
WILL BE AT THE WORLD URBAN
FORUM IN VANCOUVER AGAIN THIS
SUMMER, AND COMING TO TORONTO
THIS FALL.
IN THIS EXHIBIT WE PUT
EVERYTHING THAT WE KNOW THAT
CAN BE DONE TODAY IN TERMS OF
KITCHENS, FODDER, BATHROOMS,
MATERIALS, ENERGY, BALCONIES,
FRESH AIR VENTILATION.
HERE'S A LITTLE, KIND OF
GREENHOUSE THAT YOU CAN COULD
BE INSTALLED ON ANY BALCONY, IN
ANY BUILDING.
IT PROVIDES VENTILATION,
PROVIDES COOLING, PROVIDES A
PLACE TO GROW PLANTS AND CREATE
FRESH AIR FOR THE ENVIRONMENT.
WATER SAVINGS, THE MATERIALS,
BEDDING, EVERYTHING IN THIS IS
ABOUT HEALTHINESS AND ENERGY
EFFICIENCY.
WE EVEN LOOKED AT THE PATTERNS
OF LIVING, LIVE-WORK, FLEXIBLE
USE IN SPACES TO REALLY LOOK AT
WHERE THE FUTURE IS GOING.
AND YEAH, WE GOT POLITICAL
ABOUT IT.
PERHAPS SOME FO YOU WILL
REMEMBER THIS GUY.

A picture shows several men in suits talking.

Peter continues HE WENT TO GLOBE 2004, AND KIND
OF STOPPED THE TRAIN.
HE SPENT 20 MINUTES HERE AND
SAID, DO YOU MEAN WE CAN DO ALL
THIS TODAY?
AND THE TRUTH IS, YES WE CAN.
AND MAYBE THE MESSAGE NEEDS TO
BE REFRESHED WITH THE NEXT LEADER.
BUT IT'S THERE, WE NEED TO BE
POLITICAL TOGETHER.
AND WE NEED TO EXTEND THAT
REACH OFFSHORE.
THERE'S THINGS THAT WE CAN DO
AS CANADIANS, WE TRADE A LOT,
WE WORK A LOT OFFSHORE, SO
HERE'S A PROJECT THAT WE'RE
DOING IN SAUDI ARABIA.
SAUDI ARABIA IS NOT THE
GREENEST PLACE IN THE WORLD,
YOU'VE GOT TO BELIEVE ME.

A computer-generated image shows a steel and glass skyscraper towering above other buildings in a city.

Peter continues HERE'S RIYADH, WHICH IS THE
HEAD-- THE TOWN IN 1950, AND
HERE IT IS TODAY AT THE SAME
SCALE, 6 MILLION PEOPLE
CONSUMING AN EXTREME AMOUNT OF ENERGY.

Two satellite images of Riyadh appear in quick succession.

Peter continues AND THE RESOURCE THEY'RE
CONSUMING, TO THEM IS FREE.
THEY ASKED US TO DO A TRANSIT LINE.
THAT LITTLE BUILDING THAT I
SHOWED YOU BEFORE IS QUITE
APPEALING.
IT GOT PUBLISHED IN MANY PLACES
AND THEY CAME AND FOUND US IN
VANCOUVER, AND SAID WE'D LIKE
YOU TO DO THE STATION DESIGN.
SO WE SAID SURE, BUT YOU'RE
GOING TO HAVE TO LISTEN TO OUR
PITCH.
AND SO WE DID.

A picture shows a wide, congested road.

Peter continues I LOOKED AT THE ISSUES OF--
THIS IS ALOYA STREET, THE MAIN
STREET IN FACT, ALTHOUGH PRETTY
WELL EVERYBODY WHO HAS MONEY IN
SAUDI ARABIA HAS THREE OR FOUR
SUVs, AND DOESN'T GIVE A DAMN
ABOUT THESE ISSUES, THERE'S 2
MILLION PEOPLE WHO SERVICE THE
COMMUNITY, WHO ARE
IMPOVERISHED, AND WHO NEED A
TRANSIT SYSTEM, AND WHO DO KNOW
HOW HOT IT GETS.
SO HERE'S THE TRANSIT STATION,
AND THE BIG KIND OF
BREAKTHROUGH HERE WAS TO DESIGN
A SHADING STRUCTURE WHICH IS A
SKIN OF PHOTOVOLTAICS.

A picture shows a large rounded building with a black roof resembling a gigantic seashell.

Peter continues WE USED THE SAME TOOLS WE USE
IN CANADA TO STUDY THE ALTITUDE
OF THE SUN PATH.
THIS IS ECOTECT WORKING FOR
THOSE PROFESSIONALS IN THE
AUDIENCE.
AND WE MADE THIS WONDERFUL
SKIN, THAT THE BLUE IS
PHOTOVOLTAICS, AND THE WHITE IS
GLASS OR STEEL TO SHADE THE
BUILDING.
THE ENERGY THAT THE ROOF
PRODUCES IS BIPV, BUILT IN,
IT'S IN THE SKIN OF THE GLASS,
PROVIDES THE SHADING BUT ALSO
AIR CONDITIONS THE GLASS BOX
THAT FORMS THE STATION ITSELF.
SO THE SUN KEEPS THE BUILDING
COOL.
WHEN THE SUN GOES DOWN, THE
ENERGY ISN'T THERE TO COOL THE
BUILDING, BUT WE DON'T NEED IT
THEN.
I'M INTERESTED IN THIS
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NATURE AND
WHAT IT DOES AND HOW OUR
BUILDINGS PERFORM.
THIS IS ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF THAT
IDEA -- LOOKING AT THE
PROPERTIES OF THE STEEL,
UNDERSTANDING THE STRUCTURE AND
HOW IT COULD BE DESIGNED TO
MINIMISE THE AMOUNT OF TONNAGE
OF STEEL, AND SURE ENOUGH,
WHERE DO WE GET TO?
WE GOT TO A BIRD WING SHAPE.
NATURE KNOWS BEST ALWAYS.
IT'S THE MOST EFFICIENT
STRUCTURE WITH A GIVEN TONNAGE
OF STEEL THAT WE CAN MAKE.
AND IT'S REPETITIVE AND SO
THERE'S AN ECONOMY IN THE
STRUCTURE IN ITS REPETITION.
SO WE CAN EXPORT OUR IDEAS, WE
CAN ENCOURAGE OTHERS, AND THE
PIVOTAL MEETING THERE WAS A
MEETING WITH THE SHEIK WHO KIND
OF RUNS RIJAD, AND HE SAID, WHY
SHOULD WE DO THIS?
AND WE SAID TO HIM, BECAUSE IF
YOU TREAT OIL AS A VALUELESS
COMMODITY HOW DO YOU EXPECT THE
REST OF THE WORLD TO ADJUST
THEIR HABITS?
YOU HAVE TO SHOW LEADERSHIP AND
VALUE THE COMMODITY AS WELL.
BESIDES, WHAT YOU DON'T USE YOU
CAN SELL FOR 70 BUCKS A BARREL.

[Audience laughter]

Peter continues THAT MADE A LOT OF SENSE TO HIM.
[Chuckles]
SO REALLY IT'S THE FIRST KIND
OF GREEN BUILDING IN SAUDI
ARABIA, AND PERHAPS MORE TO COME.
CERTAINLY THEY'RE ASKING US TO
DO A LOT RIGHT NOW.
THE LAST PROJECT I'D LIKE TO
SHOW YOU TAKES IT THE NEXT STEP.
I HAD KIND OF INTRODUCED YOU TO
THE IDEA THAT FOR ME THE FUTURE
IS IN THE COMMUNITY LEVEL.
AND WE'VE BEEN WALKING AND
TALKING HERE ABOUT YOU KNOW, WE
STARTED WITH THE ENVELOPE OF
THE BUILDING, AND LITTLE
THINGS, BUT NOW WE'RE TALKING
ABOUT WATER AND SOIL AND PLANTS
AND BIRDS AND SEWAGE AND SO ON.
SO HOW FAR CAN YOU PUSH THAT
BEYOND THE ENVELOPE OF A BUILDING.
WELL IN FACT YOU CAN PUSH IT AN
AWFUL LONG WAY.
THE FUTURE OF SUSTAINABLE
DESIGN IS IN COMMUNITY DESIGN,
AND WE FINISHED THE DESIGN OF A
PROJECT, IT'S NOW UNDER
CONSTRUCTION IN VICTORIA,
CALLED DOCKSIDE, DOCKSIDE
GREEN, WHICH ESTABLISHES A
NORTH AMERICAN PRECEDENT FOR
WHAT THIS CAN BE.
IT'S IN THE CENTRE OF VICTORIA.
IT'S IN AN OLD BROWNFIELD SITE,
IT'S ABOUT 12 ACRES, IT'S
WITHIN WALKING DISTANCE OF
DOWNTOWN, AND IT USED TO LOOK
LIKE THIS ABOUT A MONTH AGO.

An aerial picture shows an old docking area.

Peter continues CONTAMINATED SITE THAT NOBODY
WANTED, AND WAS AVAILABLE FOR
SALE TO DEVELOPERS.
WE PUT TOGETHER A TEAM WITH A
DEVELOPER CALLED WINDMILL, THAT
RESPONDED TO A VERY INTELLIGENT
RFP PUT OUT BY THE CITY, AND I
HOPE THERE ARE PEOPLE FROM THE
CITY HERE, I'M SURE THERE ARE.
THE RFP WAS DELIBERATELY CONSTRUCTED BY THE
CITY OF VICTORIA TO YIELD A
TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE RESULT.
THEY LOOKED AT ECONOMIC ISSUES,
OF COURSE THEY LOOKED AT, YOU
KNOW, HOW MUCH MONEY WOULD THE
DEVELOPER PAY FOR THE SITE.
THEY WANTED THAT.
ALL CITIES AND POLITICIANS WANT TO SELL SITES
AND GET MONEY.
BUT THEY ALSO LOOKED AT SOME
OTHER THINGS, HOW MANY JOBS
WOULD BE CREATED THERE, WHAT'S
THE ECONOMIC ASPECT, WHAT'S THE
TOURIST POTENTIAL OF THE SITE,
WHAT ARE THE OTHER ECONOMIC
ISSUES THAT WOULD ADD UP TO,
SAY, MAYBE 100 POINTS, AND THEY
WOULD SCORE THE DEVELOPER THAT WAY.
BUT THEY WOULD ALSO SCORE THE
DEVELOPER ON HOW THE RESPONDED
TO SOCIAL NEEDS OF THE
COMMUNITY ON SITE, AGAIN FOR
ANOTHER 100 POINTS, WE WOULD
LOOK AT URBAN DESIGN,
STREETSCAPE, MIX OF USES,
DENSITY THE SOCIAL MIX ON SITE.
WOULD THERE BE SENIORS LIVING
THERE, WOULD THERE BE HOMES FOR
PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT WEALTHY
ENOUGH NORMALLY TO LIVE IN THE
CENTRE OF THE CITY.
SO THE DEVELOPER THAT CAME
FORWARD THAT ADDRESSED SOCIAL
ISSUES HERE, WOULD WIN THE DAY,
AND FINALLY, THE THIRD TOOL OF
THE TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE, THE
ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACH WOULD BE
WEIGHED UP, ALSO ON AN EQUAL
BASIS, 100 POINTS FOR
ENVIRONMENTAL.
HOW GREEN WOULD THE PROPOSAL BE
OPERATIONALLY, AT THE LEED
LEVEL AND SO ON.
AND WINDMILL RESPONDED, TEAMED
UP WITH VAN CITY TO RESPOND
WITH THE ARCHITECTURE COURSE
AND THE PLANNING FOR THE SITE,
AND THIS IS THE RESULT.
IT'S NOW STARTING CONSTRUCTION.

A computer-generated image shows several projected buildings in the area shown before, including vast green areas and parks.

Peter continues THIS IS THE SITE IN FACT.
WE'LL GET ABOUT 12 ACRES.
WHAT YOU'RE LOOKING AT '90s A
RETAIL AREA WITH SOME OFFICES,
A HOTEL, A SENIORS RESIDENCE, A
TYPICAL CONDOS, LOFT TYPE
APARTMENTS OVER INDUSTRIAL
SPACES, VERY MUCH A MIXED
COMMUNITY, BEING REINTRODUCED
TO THE SITE.
A PLAN THAT FEATURED CENTRAL
COMMUNAL SPACES BUT ALSO A
LANDSCAPE FEATURE THAT BECAME
PART OF THE RAINWATER TREATMENT
SYSTEM AND PART OF THE SEWAGE
TREATMENT SYSTEM THAT WAS THERE.
BY PRESERVING THE BLUE COLLAR
JOBS HERE, RATHER THAN PUSHING
THEM OUT, WE MAKE AN
OPPORTUNITY FOR PEOPLE TO NOT
DRIVE THEIR CAR, TO THINK ABOUT
ALTERNATIVES.
AND THIS WATER FEATURE, THIS
LANDSCAPE FEATURE THROUGH THE
CENTRE OF THE SITE BECAME A
VERY IMPORTANT TOOL FOR
RAINWATER COLLECTION AND
DISCHARGE BACK INTO THE GROUND.
IT BECAME A BUY AS WELL FOR THE
TREATMENT OF THE EFFLUENT FOR
THE SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT.
VICTORIA DOESN'T TREAT THEIR
SEWAGE, THEY PUT IT IN THE OCEAN.
SO BY DOING A GREEN PROJECT AT
THE HEART OF THE COMMUNITY, WE
OF COURSE, WE'RE GOING TO TREAT
OUR SEWAGE, THANK YOU VERY
MUCH, AS YOU SHOULD, TOO.
AND SO IN FACT WE'RE TURNING IT
IN-- THE SEWAGE TREATMENT
FACILITY IS RIGHT HERE IN THE
CENTRE OF THE FACILITY AND IT'S
THE LANDSCAPE THAT FORMS THE
MAJOR KIND OF PEDESTRIAN LINK
BETWEEN IT.
THERE ARE VARIOUS CHARACTER
AREAS IN IT.

As he speaks, several computerized images of the project flash by quickly.

Peter continues THIS IS THE RETAIL VILLAGE WITH
THE SHOPS, AND THE
SUSTAINABILITY AREA AROUND.
THERE IS SOME PARKING HERE.
THIS IS A STORM WATER BASIN
THAT FILLS UP WHEN THERE'S A
LOT OF RAIN.
IT EMPTIES IN THE SUMMER, SO
IT'S A BOWL FOR COMMUNITY EVENTS.
IT'S GOT SOME SEATING IT, YOU
CAN HAVE MUSIC AND
ENTERTAINMENT IN THE SUMMER,
BUT IT'S PERFORMING AN
ENVIRONMENTAL FUNCTION AT OTHER
TIMES OF THE YEAR, AS WELL AS A
SPATIAL FUNCTION AT ALL TIMES
OF THE YEAR.
ON THE RIGHT, THE HOTEL, ON THE
LEFT, THE SENIOR'S RESIDENCE.
WE WANT PEOPLE TO STAY IN OUR
COMMUNITIES, NOT LEAVE BECAUSE
THEY CAN'T AFFORD THE RENT ANY
MORE.
THE BUILDINGS ARE DELIBERATELY
DIFFERENT.
HERE'S THE ROADSIDE INDUSTRIAL AREA.

A new computerized image shows the roads in the project.

Peter continues AND YOU CAN SEE VERY
DELIBERATELY WE LEFT THE PICKUP
TRUCKS OR THE FORKLIFTS AND THE
DELIVERY TRUCKS IN THE IMAGE,
BECAUSE WE WANT TO UNDERSTAND
THERE'S BLUE COLLAR WORKERS HERE.
AND IF YOU'RE BUYING A LOFT UP
HERE, THIS IS NOT A GENTRIFIED
COMMUNITY.
YOU CAN WORK HERE AS WELL AS
LIVE HERE.
AND THE HARBOUR THAT'S ACROSS
THE STREET, THAT SERVICES BOATS
WILL CONTINUE TO REMAIN
ECONOMICALLY VIABLE IN THE
FUTURE.
OF COURSE THE OTHER THINGS
WE'RE DOING HERE IS WE'RE
REBUILDING A BICYCLE TRAIL
THROUGH IT, A COMMUTER BICYCLE
ROUTE CALLED THE GALLOPING
GOOSE.
IT'S PART OF THE STRATEGIES.
WE'RE ATTRACTING TENANTS TO THE
INDUSTRIAL AREAS THAT MAYBE
THEY'RE FURNITURE MANUFACTURERS
OR BOAT MANUFACTURERS THAT USE
WOOD.
WE'RE INTERESTED IN WOOD,
BECAUSE THE SAWDUST THAT IS
WASTE IS FUEL FOR THE ENERGY
SYSTEMS THAT KEEP THE PEOPLE
WARM ON SITE.
THERE ARE CONDOS THAT ARE BEING
BUILT HERE OF COURSE, BUT
THEY'RE DIFFERENT FROM OTHER
CONDOS.
THEY'VE GOT SHADING DEVICES
THAT DEPLOY WHEN THE SUN COMES
OUT, DIFFERENTLY ON THE WEST
ELEVATION THAN ON THE SOUTH
ELEVATION.
THE RAINWATER IS COLLECTED ON
THE ROOF, AND EACH AND EVERY
BALCONY HAS A CISTERN, A RAIN
BARREL, JUST AN OLD FASHIONED
IDEA THAT YOU CAN WATER YOUR
PLANTS ON YOUR BALCONY FROM A
RAIN BARREL THAT'S FED BY
NATURE, RATHER THAN USING
POTABLE WATER.
SO THERE'S DIFFERENCES TO THE
LITTLE THINGS THAT WE'RE
LOOKING AT HERE.
THERE'S CHARACTER AREAS THAT
BRING BACK FLORA AND FAUNA TO
THE AREA AS WELL AS COMMERCIAL
AND RESTAURANT AND OTHER USES.
THE SUSTAINABLE FEATURES ARE OF
COURSE THE HIGHLIGHT FOR THIS
AUDIENCE HERE, AGAIN, THIS IS
THE TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE AS IT
USED TO BE.
BUILT ENVIRONMENT SEPARATE FROM
NATURE AND ECOLOGY AND SOCIAL
EQUITY AND THE ECONOMIC
CONSIDERATIONS RULED DECISIONS
MADE AT A MUNICIPAL AND A
BUILDING LEVELS.
IN ACTUAL FACT, WHEN YOU BRING
THESE THREE THINGS TOGETHER,
ECONOMICAL, SOCIAL EQUITY AND
NATURAL ECOLOGY, YOU'VE GOT A
MUCH MORE POWERFUL WHOLE.
THIS IS THE TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE
IN REALITY.
SO THE DEVELOPER HAS COMMITTED
TO LEED PLATINUM ON ALL
BUILDINGS.
THERE ARE ONLY FOUR LEED
PLATINUM BUILDINGS IN THE WORLD
TODAY.
THEIR REMEDIATION OF THE BROWN
FIELD SITE IS AN INTEGRAL PART
OF THE DEVELOPMENT.
FIXING OUR BROWN FIELDS IN
CANADA IS AN IMPORTANT THING WE
NEED TO DO.
AT THE MOMENT THOSE BROWN
FIELDS ARE CONTAMINATING THE
GROUNDWATER, KILLING FISH AND
OTHER THINGS.
WE NEED TO GET IN THERE AND DIG
OUT THE STUFF THAT WE DROPPED
IN THERE OVER THE LAST 100
YEARS.
THE WHOLE PROJECT IS GREEN
HOUSE GAS-- GHG NEUTRAL,
BECAUSE WE'RE GOING TO PRODUCE
OUR OWN ENERGY ONSITE.
ALL OUR HEATING NEEDS ARE MET
WITH A BIOMASS CO-GEN PLANT ON
SITE.
BIOMASS CO-GEN TAKES WASTE
MATERIAL AND GENERATES HEAT AND
POWER, ABOUT one third OF THE AMOUNT
OF POWER NECESSARY TO RUN THESE
BUILDINGS IS THE SPIN OFF FROM
THE HEATING PROCESS.
WE'LL HAVE A BIO-DIESEL
FACILITY ONSITE.
ONE OF THE TENANTS IN THE
INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE IS
COLLECTING THE RESTAURANT WASTE
FROM VICTORIA'S RESTAURANTS AND
TURNING IT INTO FUEL.
SO IF YOU DO HAVE A VEHICLE
HERE, YOU CAN POWER IT WITH
BIO-DIESEL MADE OUT OF
RESTAURANT SCRAPS.
OF COURSE THERE ARE GREEN ROOFS
THROUGHOUT THE BUILDING, IN
FACT, THERE ARE ALLOTMENTS.
WHEN YOU BUY YOUR CONDO, YOU
CAN BUY A PLACE TO GROW
VEGETABLES ON THE ROOF OF YOUR
BUILDING AT THE SAME TIME.
POTABLE WATER REDUCTION...
THERE'S A WHOLE TRANSPORTATION
STRATEGY THAT COMES HERE.

A new picture shows different types of vehicles, including Smart cars.

Peter continues THE DEVELOPER IS PROVIDING A
POOL OF SMART CARS FOR USE BY
CONDO OWNERS.
THEY CAN GO ON THE WEB AND BOOK
THE CAR.
ABOUT 30 VEHICLES IN TOTAL.
THEY'RE BUYING
A BUS TO RUN TO AND FROM
DOWNTOWN, TO SERVICE THE NEEDS
OF THE LOCALS, THEY'RE
SUBSIDISING THE HARBOUR FERRY
TO COME HERE, SO THAT PEOPLE
CAN TAKE THE HARBOUR FERRY ACROSS.
THE HARBOUR
FERRY IS GOING TO BE FUELLED
WITH THE BIO DIESEL THAT'S
CREATED ONSITE.
THE BICYCLE SYSTEM THAT RUNS
THROUGH THE SITE IS EXTENDED SO
PEOPLE CAN HAVE THEIR BICYCLES.
THERE'S LESS PARKING ONSITE.
IT'S A WHOLE SERIES OF
STRATEGIES RELATED TO
TRANSPORTATION, AND OF COURSE
THE VERY LOCATION OF THIS, THE
INTENSIFICATION OF USE,
MITIGATES TRANSPORTATION NEEDS.
OUR CITIES ARE RUINED,
ENVIRONMENTALLY AND PHYSICALLY
BY TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS THAT
WE HAVE IN PLACE AT THE MOMENT.
DOCKSIDE GREEN GOES A LONG WAY
TO FIXING THAT.
HERE ARE THE AFFORDABLE AND
SOCIAL HOUSING STRATEGIES ONSITE.
AFFORDABLE HOUSING AS WELL AS
SUBSIDISED HOUSING.
CENTRAL CITIES ARE BECOMING
PLACES FOR THE WEALTHY, AND
THEN SHOULDN'T BE.
THERE ARE A WHOLE SERIES OF
STRATEGIES RELATED TO EDUCATION
OF WORKERS ABOUT SUSTAINABLE
STRATEGIES.
WE NEED TO TEACH PEOPLE TO PUT
PHOTOVOLTAICS ON THE BUILDINGS
TO HARVEST MATERIALS ONSITE.
THERE IS FINANCIAL SYSTEMS HERE
TO SUBSIDISE THE INVESTMENTS IN
THE GREEN STRATEGIES -- GREEN
LOANS, EQUIFICIENT MORTGAGES,
WE HAVE PARTNERS IN HYDRO AND
IN THE CITY FOR THE OPERATION
OF THE SYSTEMS THAT ARE THERE.
OF COURSE WE HAVE A
SOPHISTICATED WEBSITE THAT HAS
DONE ALL THE MARKETING FOR
FREE.
WE'RE WAY BEYOND JUST TALKING
ABOUT HOW ENERGY EFFICIENT OUR
BUILDINGS ARE.
AS ARCHITECTS, WE'RE WORRIED
ABOUT WHETHER PEOPLE TAKE CARS
OR NOT, AND HOW THE BICYCLES
WORK IN OUR BUILDINGS.
WE'RE WORRIED ABOUT SEWAGE AND
HEATING AND THE FUEL FOR THESE
SYSTEMS.
IT'S A WONDERFULLY ALL
ENCOMPASSING STRATEGY THAT IS
THE VISION OF DOCKSIDE GREEN,
AND THE VISION OF COMMUNITY
ARCHITECTURE THAT YOU CAN HAVE
HERE IN YOUR HARBOURFRONT, HERE
IN YOUR WEST DONLANDS, HERE IN
YOUR REGENT PARK.
AND EVERY CITY IN CANADA HAS
THOSE PLACES.
I JUST SPENT YESTERDAY AND ALL
OF TOMORROW IN MONTREAL, THEY
HAVE FASCINATING BROWN FIELD
SITES AND THEY'RE INTERESTED IN
THIS.
IF WE CAN CONVINCE OTHERS IN
OTHER PARTS OF THE COUNTRY, AND
NORTH AMERICA, IT'S A VERY
GRAND FUTURE IN MY MIND.
IN THE FUTURE, WE NEED TO LOOK
AT OUR ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT.
AT THE MOMENT, YOU KNOW, WE'RE
ON COURSE TO NEED SIX EARTHS TO
SUSTAIN OUR CURRENT BAD
PRACTISES.
WE ONLY HAVE ONE EARTH.
SO WE ACTUALLY NEED TO KIND OF
FIX THAT.
WE'RE NOT THERE YET IN TERMS OF
SUSTAINABLE DESIGN.
WE'RE BEGINNING TO UNDERSTAND IT.
SO JUST LIKE FIVE YEARS AGO WE
WERE TALKING ABOUT GHG IMPACT,
AND GLOBAL WARMING.
IN THE FUTURE WHEN YOU SEE ME
IN FIVE YEARS, I HOPE TO
UNDERSTAND THE ECOLOGICAL
FOOTPRINT OF WHAT WE'RE DOING.
WE NEED TO LOOK AT OUR
CONSUMPTION HABITS AND CHANGE
THROUGH BUILDING DESIGN, CHANGE
WHAT PEOPLE DO IN THE BUILDING.
YORK UNIVERSITY BUILDING GAVE
US OUR FIRST GLIMMER OF THE
POWER OF EDUCATION THROUGH BUILDING.
IS GOING TO TAKE IT
TO THE NEXT STANDARD, AND I BET
YOU DOCKSIDE GREEN AND THE
PEOPLE WHO LIVE THERE WILL
CHANGE THEIR HABITS AS WELL,
AND THAT'S THE FUTURE.
SO IN THE FUTURE, WE'RE
THINKING ABOUT COMMITTING OUR
PROJECTS AND OUR COMMUNITIES TO
NO NET INCREASE IN THE GLOBAL
ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT OF OUR
PROJECTS GOING FORWARD.
AND THAT'S THE END OF MY PRESENTATION.

The clip ends. Back in the studio, Andrew Moodie appears with a caption reading his name.

He says IT'S REALLY
REFRESHING TO SEE SOMEONE WITH
A NEW APPROACH TO ARCHITECTURE
THAT'S BASED ON PURE COMMON SENSE.
AND AS AN ASTHMATIC, I LOVE
GETTING RID OF MOULD RIDDEN DUCTS.
I MEAN, WOULDN'T IT BE GREAT FOR A
BUILDING WHICH HOLDS, OH, I
DON'T KNOW, SAY, THE PROVINCIAL
EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTER TO DO
SO, HMM?
I DO APPLAUD BUSBY'S INGENUITY,
HOWEVER, BEING FROM OTTAWA, I
TOO WANT TO BE REASSURED THAT A
VANCOUVERITE UNDERSTANDS
EXACTLY HOW VERY, VERY COLD IT
GETS IN WINTER.
I BELIEVE THE TECHNICAL TERM
FOR IT IS FREAKING COLD.
CANADA IS A NORTHERN COUNTRY,
THAT'S JUST A FACT, AND I WOULD
LIKE TO BE SURE THAT HIS
SOLUTIONS CAN BE APPLIED FROM
YELLOWKNIFE TO ST. JOHNS,
NEWFOUNDLAND.
WHEN HE WAS DISCUSSING HOW MUCH
RECYCLED BUILDING MATERIAL HE
USED, I THOUGHT, YES, THAT'S
GREAT, BUT CONTRACTORS OFTEN
RECYCLE MATERIAL.
THIS HAPPENS ALL THE TIME.
AND AS A HOMEOWNER, THERE'S
ONLY SO MUCH I CAN DO WITHOUT
MAJOR RENOVATIONS.
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS A
FEW PLANS FOR HELPING OUT
FAMILIES TO MAKE THEIR HOUSES
MORE ENERGY EFFICIENT, BUT WE
NEED MORE.
I'M CERTAIN THAT MANY CANADIANS
WOULD BE PERSUADED TO MAKE THE
RIGHT CHOICE, IF INFORMATION
AND FINANCIAL INCENTIVES WERE
TO BE MADE AVAILABLE.
WHO DOESN'T LIKE A FINANCIAL
INCENTIVE?
IF YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT WHO
AND WHAT IS COMING UP ON
BIG IDEAS,
SEND US AN
E-MAIL AT bigideas@tvo.org
AND JUST BEFORE WE LEAVE, LET'S
TAKE A LOOK AT A FEW CLIPS FROM
OUR UPCOMING LECTURES.
FOR
BIG IDEAS
I'M
ANDREW MOODIE.

Now a clip plays on screen with the caption "Coming up, Roy Mottahedeh."
In the clip, Roy Mottahedeh addresses an unseen audience. A banner in the background reads "Carleton University."
Roy is in his fifties, with wavy gray hair and a moustache.

He says IN FACT, IT
IS BOTH ONE OF THE VIRTUES AND
GREAT SHORT SIGHTS OF MODERN
PEOPLE TO BELIEVE IN A
THOROUGHGOING AND HOMOGENISED
SYSTEM OF FAULT.
A TOTALLY APOCRYPHAL STORY IS
TOLD OF THE MOGUL EMPEROR OF
INDIA, AKBAR WHO, IN 1581,
FOUNDED HIS OWN RELIGION WHICH
HE NAMED THE
DIVINE RELIGION, WHICH HE AND
HIS VAZIR, ABUL FAHD FORMULATED
TO ACCOMMODATE WHAT THEY
CONSIDERED TO BE THE MULTIPLE
TRUTHS OF EXISTING RELIGIONS.
WHEN THE EMPEROR AKBAR WHO HAD
ALREADY PURCHASED FOUR HOOVES
OF THE DONKEY THAT BORE JESUS
INTO JERUSALEM, AGREED TO BUY A
FIFTH HOOF.
THE VAZIR ABUL FAHD SAID, BUT
YOUR MAJESTY, NO DONKEY HAS
FIVE HOOVES.
TO THIS THE EMPEROR REPLIED,
WHO KNOWS, MAYBE ONE OF THEM IS
GENUINE.

[Audience laughter]

Now another clip plays, with the caption "Coming up, Barry Rubin."
Barry is in his sixties, balding, with a full beard. A banned in the background reads "Friends of Simon Wiesenthal Center for Holocaust Studies."

Barry says OSAMA BIN LADEN
WAS AND IS AN ISLAMIST
REVOLUTIONARY.
HIS FIRST PRIORITY WAS TO
OVERTHROW THE SAUDI GOVERNMENT.
IF YOU LOOK AT SOME OF BIN
LADEN'S RHETORIC UP TO
SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, AND I'VE
READ EVERYTHING THAT HE SAID
PUBLICLY, AND I COUNTED.
ABOUT 60 percent, 65 percent OF EVERYTHING HE
SAID CONCERNED SAUDI ARABIA,
AND THE REVOLUTION OF SAUDI
ARABIA AND IRAQ, OPPOSITION TO
SANCTIONS IN IRAQ.
THE OTHER 35 percent OR SO WAS DIVIDED
AMONG A WHOLE RANGE OF
CONFLICTS, RANGING FROM BOSNIA
TO CHECHNYA THE PHILIPPINES, TO
ISRAEL.
I WOULD ESTIMATE HE SPENT ABOUT
5 percent OF THE TIME TALKING ABOUT

The clip ends.

[Theme music plays]

The end credits roll.

bigideas@tvo.org

416-484-2746

Big Ideas. Producer, Wodek Szemberg.

Producers, Lara Hindle, Mike Miner, Gregg Thurlbeck.

Logos: Unifor, Canadian Media Guild.

A production of TVOntario. Copyright 2006, The Ontario Educational Communications Authority.

Watch: Peter Busby on Green Architecture