Transcript: Your Health Season 3 Episode 21 | Feb 26, 2002

A slate reads "The advice given in the following program is of a general nature only. Viewers should consult their own medical professional for medical advice specific to their circumstances."

(music plays)

Against a gray background, an animated blue, green and gray grid shows clips of doctors and patients as the white letters of the title of the show fly forward: "Your Health."

Maureen says THIS WEEK…

Gary Waleski is in his early forties, with a moustache and black hair. He wears a burgundy tie.

Gary says I CAN MAINTAIN A FULL-TIME
JOB.
I HAVE A GIRLFRIEND.

Maureen says AUTISM WITH AN ADULT FACE.

Rick Adachi is in his mid-forties, clean-shaven with dark brown hair. He wears glasses, dark suit, pale pink suit, and black tie with lilac details.

Rick says BETWEEN 1 TO 5 MEN HAVE IN
FACT HAD FRACTURES.

Maureen says OSTEO POROSIS MEN ARE AT
RISK TOO.

Paul Caldwell is in his late fifties, with a beard and receding white hair. He wears a white doctor apron.

Paul says THE NEEDLE IS DESIGNED TO
BE AS PAINLESS AS POSSIBLE.

Maureen says MEDICINE 01.

The animated grid appears showing clips of a woman holding a baby, pills, a surgery, a needle and a man doing exercise.

The title of the program reads "Your Health." The "R" in "Your" ends with an "X."

Maureen Taylor stands next to a screen in a studio. She is in her late thirties with shoulder-length light brown hair. She wears a blue blazer and reddish patterned scarf.

Maureen says HELLO. I'M
MEASURENE TAILOR.
THERE ARE SOME DISORDERS WE
ASSOCIATE ONLY WITH CHILDREN.
AUTISM IS ONE OF THEM.
WHAT'S THE FUTURE FOR AN
AUTISTIC CHILD.
WHO BETTER TO ANSWER THAN AN
AUTOISTIC ADULT.
ANDREW WAS ONLY TWO-YEAR OLD
OLD, WHEN HIS MOM NOTICED HE
WASN'T A TYPICAL TODDLER, HE
DIDN'T TALK.

The TV screen next to her shows a picture of Gary and Andrew.

Maureen continues HE DIDN'T LOOK AT PEOPLE'S
FACES.
WITHIN A YEAR, ANDREW WAS
DIAGNOSED WITH AUTISM.

[monitor beeps]
A blue slate reads "Inside Autism. Produced by Becky Fong."

A clip plays.

(piano music plays)

A picture of Andrew as a baby next to his parents appears.

Maureen says ANDREW
WAS ONLY 2 YEARS OLD
WHEN HIS MOM NOTICED

A caption appears on screen. It reads "Monina Tinio." Monina is in her early forties with short black hair and bangs. She wears glasses, a necklace and a velvet purple shirt.

Monina says WHEN I FIRST FOUND OUT
ANDREW WAS AUTISTIC, IT WAS...
THE DIAGNOSIS CAME IT WAS LIKE
A FEAR, A TOTAL FEAR OF THE
UNKNOWN.
RIGHT AWAY YOUR FUTURE,
EVERYONE'S FUTURE WILL BE
AFFECTED.

Maureen says AUTISM IS A
DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY SOME
CHILDREN ON ONE SIDE HAVE
MENTAL RETARDATION.
OTHERS MAY BE GIFTED IN ART,
MUSIC, MATH OR MEMORY.

Andrew paints in a room.

A five-year-old boy moves his hands repeatedly, jumps shaking his head and plays with two small balls.

Wendy Roberts sits at a desk. She is in her early fifties with short blond hair. She wears a bright blue jacket and matching shirt.

Wendy says MANY TIMES PEOPLE HEAR
AUTISM THEY THINK OF A CHILD
RUNNING AROUND IN CIRCLES
FLAPPING THEIR ARMS DOING
REPETIVE THINGS AND WATCHING
WATER AND SAND DROPPING.
LINING THINGS ON AND ON AND
GETTING UPSET WHEN THEY'RE
DISTRACTED

The caption changes to "Doctor Wendy Roberts. Development Pediatrician."

Wendy continues NOW WE UNDERSTAND
WITH THE AUTISM SPECTRUM OF
DISORDERS, SOME CHILDREN, IN
FACT, MAY BE VERY INTELLIGENT
AND VERY ABLE TO LEARN.

Maureen says SIX DECADES AFTER
AUTOIM WAS FIRST RECOGNIZED,
SCIENCE ACTIVITIES ARE STILL
TRYING TO FIND THE CAUSE.
THERE IS NO BLOOD TEST FOR
AUTISM, AND NO CURE.
ANTROPOV DREW WAS DIAGNOSED
EARLY AND ABLE TO GET THERAPY.
NOT EVERY CHILD IS AS LUCKY.
GARY WOLLESTSKY WAS IN HIS
LATE 20ES BEFORE SOMEONE
DISCOVERED WHY HE WAS SO
DIFFERENT.

The caption changes to "Gary Waleski."

Gary says I NOTICED I WAS DIFFERENT.
I LIKED THINGS THAT DIDN'T
INTRIGUE OTHER PEOPLE.
I WAS A HERMET.
I LIKED MY SOLITUDE A LOT.
BECAUSE I WAS DIFFERENT, MY
INTERESTS WERE DIFFERENT AND
EVERYTHING, I WAS OFTEN
RIDICULED AND CONSIDERED WEIRD,
WIMPY, STUPID.
I WAS MIMICKED AND MOCKED.

Gary and Eleanor look at a family photo album.

Eleanor says DID YOU REMEMBER PATCHES
THE BEAR?

Gary says YEAH, I REMEMBER THAT.
I REMEMBER WAKING UP TO A
WHEEL OF A TENT TRAILER.

Eleanor Waleski is in her sixties with short red hair and bangs. She wears a white sweater and a long necklace.

Eleanor says THE BIGGEST CHALLENGE I
WOULD SAY IS JUST NOT KNOWING
WHAT TO DO.
WE KNEW THAT THERE WAS
SOMETHING DIFFERENT.
HAD NO IDEA WHAT IT WAS.
WE WERE AT A LOSS, SO HOW
COULD WE EXPLAIN TO THE PEOPLE
AROUND HIM.

The caption changes to "Eleanor Waleski."

Eleanor continues AS I SAID, TEACHERS-- THEY
WEREN'T UNDERSTANDING THEM.
THEY WERE SINGLING HIM OUT AS
MUCH AS HIS PEERS WERE.
IT WAS A VERY DIFFICULT TIME
FOR GARY.

Gary says IT IS NOT A DISABILITY,
DISORDER, IMPAIRMENT OR MENTAL
PROBLEM OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT.
IT IS SIMPLY A DIFFERENT WAY
OF BEING.

Maureen says MARINA STRUGGLES
TO UNDERSTAND WHAT IS GOING ON
INSIDE ANDREWS HEAD HE DOESN'T
TALK MUCH AND PREFERS TO BE
ALONE.
OTHER AUTISTIC ADULTS ARE
REACHING OUT TO PARENTS TO
HELP THEM BETTER UNDERSTAND
THEIR CHILDREN.

Gary walks into Monina’s house. They shake hands. Then, they and Andrew eat pizza.

Gary says MOLINA DOESN'T HAVE ANY
OLDER CHILDREN ON THE
SPECTRUM.
I'M KIND OF LIKE A MARKER SHE
SEES.
I CAN MAINTAIN A FULL-TIME
JOB.
I OWN AND DRIVE A CAR.
I HAVE A GIRLFRIEND AND A LOT
OF FRIENDS.
PEOPLE SEE ME AND SEE I AM A
HAPPY PERSON.
I AM HAPPY WITH MYSELF AND
WHERE I HAVE PROGRESSED AND MY
LIFE.
THEY CAN SEE THERE IS A BRIGHT
SIDE.

During dinner, Monina says HOW WAS GRADE SEVEN THAT
YOU REMEMBER, GARY?

Wendy says I THINK WE ARE REALLY JUST
LEARNING ABOUT WHAT ADULTS
WITH AUTISM ARE EXPERIENCING.
WE HAVE LEARNED THROUGH SOME
WONDERFUL ROLE MODELS,
OBVIOUSLY THOSE PEOPLE ARE THE
VERY BRIGHT ONES.
THEY ARE HELPING US TO
UNDERSTAND HOW MAYBE OTHER
PEOPLE VIEW THE WORLD, IF THEY
HAVE GROWN UP IN A SO CALLED
BRAIN THAT HAS-- HAS DEVELOPED
WITH AUTISM.

Maureen says IT IS NOT UNCOMMON FOR
DOCTORS, WHO ARE DIAGNOSING
CHILDREN TO SEE SYMPTOMS OF
AUTISM IN THEIR PARENTS.

Wendy says WE REALLY DON'T KNOW HOW
MANY ADULTS, WHO MAY BE
FUNCTIONING REALTIVELY WELL
MAY HAVE HAD A LOT OF AUTISTIC
SYMPTOMS WHEN THEY WERE
YOUNGER.
IT IS STILL INFORMATION WE
WITH NEED TO LEARN.
I HAVE PARENTS TELL ME THEY
ARE FORCING THEMSELVES TO KEEP
THEIR EYE CONTACT APPROPRIATE.
WHERE THEY WOULD WITH YOU
RATHER LOOK AWAY AND FEEL MORE
COMFORTABLE, IF THEY COULD
LOOK AWAY, RATHER THAN
MAINTAIN EYE CONTACT.
IT BRINGS UP THE ISSUE BE AT
WHAT POINT IS IT A PERSONALITY
TRAIT OR A DISORDER?
OBVIOUSLY, THOSE PEOPLE HAVE
LEARNED TO COMPETENCE AND
ACQUIRED THE SKILLS.
THEY GOT MARRIED, HAD CHILDREN
AND ARE FUNCTIONING WELL.
THEY MAY HAVE SOME IDIOSEENON
IDIOSEENONSIESES.

Gary says IF ADULTS SUSPECT THEY HAVE
CHARACTERISTIC OF AUTISM, I
THINK THEY SHOULD SERIOUSLY
LOOK INTO IT.
IT IS NOTHING TO BE ASHAMED.
IT IS NOTHING NEGATIVE.
IT IS NOTHING TO BE ASHAMED.
I'M AN ADULT ON THE AUTISM
SPECTRUM.
I'M NOT BOTHERED IN THE LEAST.

Maureen says GARY REACHES OUT
TO HELP PEOPLE UNDERSTAND WHAT
IT IS LIKE TO BE AUDITIC.

Gary attends a meeting where people sit in a circle.

A woman with curly hair says WHAT WOULD BE IMPORTANT FOR
HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS TO
THINK ABOUT WHEN THEY ARE
WORKING WITH CHILDREN WITH
AUTISM.
WHAT CAN YOU TELL US?

Gary says THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IS
MAKING THEM FEEL COMFORTABLE.

Then, Gary says THE BIG CHALLENGE IS
EDUCATING THE DOCTORS ON THE
AUTISM SPECTRUM.
I THINK THAT'S WHERE WE CAN
NIP IT IN THE BUTT, BECAUSE IF
KIDS GO ON UNTREATED IT IS A
DISASTER, BELIEVE ME.
I HAVE BEEN THROUGH IT.
I KNOW.

Monina says IS THE SUBJECT SCIENCE.
IS THAT YOUR FAVOURITE?
YOU DO A LOT OF SPERMS?

Andrew says M-HM.

Monina says ANDREW HAD A DIFFICULT TIME
THIS IS THE FIRST TIME HE HAD
TO MOVE FROM ONE CLASSROOM TO
ANOTHER.

Gary says IT HAS TO BE A BIG CHANGE
AFTER BEING USED TO ONE CLASS
TO ROTATING CLASSES.

Monina says HE HAS TO...

Gary says PARENTS ASK ME WHY A
CHILDREN-- CHILDREN SEEM TO
FOCUS ON SOMETHING.
I FIGURE IN A WAY-- I THINK IN
A WAY IT IS AN ESCAPE.
MAYBE IT WASN'T THE CHILD
NEEDS A LITTLE TIME TO HIS OR
HERSELF.
I FEEL IT MAKES THEM
UNDERSTAND.
THE CHALLENGE IS WHERE TO DRAW
THE LINE AND WHAT HAVE YOU.
THAT IS ALWAYS SOMETHING I
HAVE TROUBLE HELPING THEM OUT
WITH.

Eleanor says IT IS A SCARY WORD WHEN
SOMEONE SAYS AUTISM WE PICTURE
A CHILD THAT WERE JUST NOT
SPEAKING.
NOT ABLE TO PROGRESS.
NOT ABLE TO HAVE WHAT WE CALL
NORMAL LIFE.
WITH GARY, IT WAS MORE OF A
RELIEF.
IT WAS A RELIEF TO KNOW HOW TO
DEAL WITH HIM.

Gary says I REALISE THERE'S-- IT
WASN'T MY FAULT.
IT WASN'T ME BE LAZY OR
IRRESPONSIBLE OR NIEVE.
I REALISE THERE'S-- THERE'S A
REASON FOR ALL OF THIS.
IT WAS FROM THEN MY LIFE
CHANGED FOR THE BETTER AND
POSITIVE.
I GOT INTO THE INTEREST OF
HELPING OTHERS, LIKE HELPING
CHILDREN.
AND COME OUT WITH WAYS TO MAKE
SOCIETY MORE ACCOMMODATING.

Monina says IT IS SPECIAL PART OF MY
LIFE TO HAVE A RELATIONSHIP
WITH GARY OR ANY OTHER
INDIVIDUALS WITH AUTISM,
BECAUSE IT REALLY KEEPS US
GOING AS A FAMILY.
IF NOT FOR THEM, I THINK YOU
WOULD KIND OF GIVE UP.
SOMETIMES YOU JUST REACH THE
POINT WHERE YOU ARE DRAGGED
OUT WITH STRATEGIES.
YOU FEEL LIKE YOU ARE ALREADY
TRIED EVERYTHING.

Eleanor says I THINK HE IS ALLEVIATING
THEIR FEARS.
I THINK THEY LOOK AT HIM AND
SEE THEIR CHILD IS GOING TO BE
FINE.
HE'S-- I THINK HE'S A BEACON
FOR THEM.
HE IS THAT LIGHT AT THE END OF
THE TUNNEL.

The clip ends.

(music plays)

Maureen says TIME FOR THIS
WEEK'S HEALTH QUIZ.

A gray slate reads "Quiz. If you have fluorosis, have you had too much… 1. Radiation. 2. Antibiotics. 3. Fluoride."

Now, Maureen and two guests sit a table.

Maureen says WHEN DAVID KIRK
FELL OFF A LADDER, THERE WERE
TWO THINGS HE DIDN'T KNOW.
ONE HE HAD BROKEN TWO
VERTEBRAE IN HIS SPINE.
TWO , HE HAD OSTEOPOROSIS.
A RECENT LANDMARK CANADIAN
STUDY CONFIRMED MEN ARE AS
LIKELY TO GET THIS BONE
DISEASE AS WOMEN.
DAVID KIRK JOINS ME AND A
RUMMOLOGIST AND THE STUDY'S
LEAD AUTHOR.
WELCOME TO BOTH OF YOU.
DAVID, TELL ME THAT FALL OFF
THAT LADDER WHAT DID IT TELL
YOU ABOUT THE HEALTH OF YOUR
BONES?

The caption changes to "David Kirk." David is in his mid-fifties, clean-shaven with gray hair. He wears glasses, brown suit, white shirt and brown tie.

David says WELL , IT TOLD ME THAT MY
BONES WEREN'T VERY HEALTHY.
I HAD NO CLUE.
I HAD NO PAIN.
IT DIDN'T SLOW ME DOWN.
AFTER I ENDED UP IN THE
HOSPITAL, I FOUND OUT MY BONE
DENSITY IS HALF WHAT IT SHOULD
BE.

Maureen says THEY FOUND THIS
OUT FROM TAKING X-RAYS?

David says THE DOCTOR TOOK AN X-RAY.
HE SAID, EITHER YOUR BONES ARE
TOO LIGHT OR THERE IS
SOMETHING WRONG WITH THE X-RAY
FILM.
OF COURSE FROM THERE I WENT TO
NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND HAD BONE
DENSITY DONE.
CONFIRMED I HAD SEVERE
OSTEOPOROSIS.

Maureen says WHAT WAS YOUR
FEELING?

David says I KNEW WHAT OSTEOPOROSIS
WAS, I NEVER THOUGHT I WOULD
HAVE IT.

Maureen says BECAUSE WHY.
I WANT YOU TO SAY IT?

David says I BECAUSE I AMMAN AND
BECAUSE OF MY AGE.
MY BROTHER IN LAW WHO IS A
DOCTOR, SAYS LOOK, YOU EAT
HEALTHY, YOU EXERCISE, YOU'RE
NOT A SMOKER OR DRINKER YOU
WITH SHOULDN'T HAVE THIS
DISEASE.

Maureen says DOCTOR, WHAT DO WE
KNOW ABOUT OSTEOPOROSIS IN
MEN?

The caption changes to "Doctor Rick Adachi. Rheumatologist."

Rick says OUR STUDY FOUND IN MESSAGE
OVER THE AGE OF 50, THE NUMBER
OF MEN WITH FRACTURES IN THEIR
BACK IS SIMILAR TO WHAT WE
WERE SEEING IN WOMEN.
BETWEEN ONE IN FOUR AND ONE IN
FIVE MEN OVER THE AGE OF 50.
WE WILL FIND EVIDENCE OF
FRACTURES.

Maureen says IS THIS SOMETHING
THEY DON'T KNOW THEY'VE HAD?

Rick says IT IS OFTENTIMES SOMETHING
THEY DIDN'T REALISE THEY'VE
HAD.
REMEMBER, WHEN YOU LOOK AT WHY
PEOPLE DEVELOP BACK PAIN THE
MOST COMMON REASON THEY HAVE
STRAINED THEIR BACK OR PULLED
A MUSCLE.
PEOPLE DO THINGS AND LIFT
THINGS HEAVY AND SAY I'VE
STRAINED MY BACK.
THAT PAIN RESOLVES.
NOW, WHEN THEY HAVE PAIN TO
THE DEGREE DAVID HAD.
THEY WILL SEEK MEDICAL
ATTENTION.
OFTEN TIME YOU HAVE BACK PAIN
AND ATTRIBUTE TO MUSCLE
STRAIN.
IN FACT, SOMETIME THAT COULD
BE THE BASIS OF THE FRACTURE.

Maureen says THE FRACTURE IS
THE RESULT OF LOW BONE
DENSITY.

Rick says OFTEN TIME IT IS YES.

Maureen says WHAT DO WE KNOW
ABOUT THE ROLE OF ESTROGEN IN
OSTEOPOROSIS.

Rick says IN WOMEN ESTROGEN PLAYS A
MAJOR ROLE WHEN WOMEN GO THERE
MENOPAUSE AND ESTROGEN FALLS
WE SEE INCREASE RATES OF LOSS.
WE DON'T HAVE QUITE THAT
RELATIONSHIP WITH MEN.
THERE IS ONE INSTANCE, WHERE
MEN DO SUFFER FROM AN ENZYME
DEFICIENCY.
IS AS THE RESULT, THEY TOO
HAVE LOW ESTROGEN LEVELS AND
THAT SUBSTANCE MIGHT HELP THEM
IN TERMS OF THEIR BONES IN
LARGE WE DON'T KNOW WHY MEN
RUN INTO TROUBLE WITH
OSTEOPOROSIS.

Maureen says DAVID, YOUR BACK
HAS HEELED SOMEWHAT.
WHAT ARE YOU DOING ABOUT WITH
THE OSTEOPOROSIS ITSELF?

David says I TAKE MEDICATIONS EACH
WEEK.
I TAKE 70 MILLIGRAM OF THOZIAC
AND 1500 MILLIGRAM OF CALCIUM.

Maureen says WEIGHTS?

David says I WASN'T ALLOWED TO DO
THERAPY FOR THREE MONTHS.
THE ORTHOPEDIC SURGEON AND
DOCTOR WERE CONCERNED I MIGHT
BE PARALYZED BECAUSE OF THE
DAMAGE TO THE SPINE.
I HAD TO LOOK AT FOUR WALLS
FOR THREE MONTHS.
THAT WAS VERY DIFFICULT.
I WENT FROM A BUSY LIFESTYLE
TO NOT DOING ANYTHING.
FROM THERE, I STARTED DOING
STRETCHING EXERCISES, IF YOU
WILL, ON THE FLOOR.
THREE MONTHS AFTER THAT, NOW
WE'RE UP TO SIX MONTHS PAST
THE ACCIDENT.
THEN I WAS ALLOWED TO WORK ON
MACHINES, LEG MACHINES, BIKE,
AND SO ON.
WEIGHT BEARING THINGS.
I WENT TO THERAPY THREE TIMES
A WEEK.
I I-WENT SWIMMING TWICE A
WEEK.
EVERY MORNING WHEN I GOT UP I
DID SOME KIND OF EXERCISING.

Maureen says I WANT TO DOCTOR
THE DOCTOR, IS HE BUILDING NEW
BONE OR TRYING TO PREVENT
FURTHER DENSITY LOSS HERE?

Rick says WE'RE ACTUALLY LOOKING AT
TRY TO PREVENT BONE LOSS.
OFTENTIMES IN THESE
CIRCUMSTANCES WE CAN ACTUALLY
BUILD UP BONE MASS.
WHAT THESE DRUGS DO, THEY HELP
PREVENT BONE FROM BREAKING
DOWN WHEN WE LOOK AT CELLS
THERE ARE CELLS THAT MAKE BONE
AND CELLS THAT BREAKDOWN.
THE CALS TONIN HELP PREVENT
THE BREAKDOWN OF BONE.
THEY HELP TO CONTINUE TO MAKE
NEW BONE.
AS THE RESULT, WE DO EXPECT
EVERYTIME WE MIGHT BE ABLE TO
BUILD BONE MASS BACK UP.

Maureen says ARE YOU
OVERWHELMED BY THE DRUGS IS
FAR?
I READ THAT THE ACTUALLY
REDUCTION IN FRACTURE RISK BE
IS 3 TO 5 percent?

Rick says NO THE CHANGE IN BONE
DENSITY IS OFTEN 3 TO 5 percent.
BUT THE REDUCTION RATE IN THE
FIRST YEAR OF THERAPY IS OFTEN
TIME 50 TO 60 percent.
IF 100 PEOPLE WORK ON A
FRACTURE, ONLY 50 WOULD.
WE ARE REDUCED BY 50 percent.
THAT'S AFTER THE FIRST YEAR OF
THERAPY.
I AM VERY IMPRESSED WITH WITH
THE WITH THE DRUGS TAWE HAVE.
WHAT'S-- WHAT IS OF GREATER
INTEREST IS WE DON'T HAVE TO
CHANGE BONE DENSITY THAT MUCH
TO SEE THESE HUGE REDUCTIONS
IN FRUSTRATE.
THAT'S WHAT ENCOURAGING AS
WELL.

Maureen says I GUESS THERE ARE
OTHER THINGS YOU HAVE TO BE
CAREFUL.
YOU WANT TO BE CAREFUL YOU
DON'T HAVE MORE FALLS OFF
LADDERS, RIGHT?

David says EXACTLY.
I'M AWARE NOW OF MY CONDITION.
FOR EXAMPLE, ONE THING THAT IS
COMPLETE ARE DEAD LIFTS I'M
NOT TO DO THOSE.

Maureen says WHAT'S A DEAD
LIFT.

David says THERE WAS A HUGE OBJECT ON
THE FLOOR AND HAD TO LIFT IT
UP.
BENDING MY KNEES IS NOT GOOD
ENOUGH.
I DON'T WANT TO GO BACK TO
SQUARE ONE AND START THE
HEELING PROCESS ALL OVER
AGAIN.
WHEN I DO MY HAERP OR ANY
DAILY EXERCISE IS BECAUSE...
THERAPY BECAUSE I CONTINUE TO
DO THOSE, I STILL DO THINGS AT
A GYM FOR WEIGHTS AND SO ON
MANY I INCREASE GRADUALLY.
WHAT'S COMFORTABLE FOR ME.

Maureen says YOU MENTIONED
DOCTOR, FOR SOME MEN IT MIGHT
BE USEFUL TO PUT THEM ON
ESTROGEN.
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU PUT MEN
ON ESTROGEN.

Rick says WE DON'T NORMALLY DO.
THAT WE HAVEN'T REALLY STUDIED
THAT.
I THINK WE NEED TO BETTER
DEFINE THAT SUBPOPLATION
BEFORE YOU WOULD LOOK FOR THE
DEFICIENCY.
BEFORE THAT YOU WANT TO RUN A
TRIAL THAT SHOWS THAT IT
REALLY DOES WHAT WE THINK IT
WILL DO.

Maureen says THERE WOULD BE
SIDE EFFECTS WOULDN'T THERE?

Rick says THERE MAY BE THERE WERE
STUDIES THAT LOOKED AT
ESTROGEN FOR PREVENTION OF
HEART DISEASE.
I THINK ESTROGEN IN THAT
CIRCUMSTANCE INCREASED THE
RISK FOR HEART DISEASE.
WITH ALL OF THESE THINGS THERE
ARE RISKS AND BE BENEFITS.
UNTIL WE STUDY THOROUGHLY WE
BETTER NOT USE THEM.

Maureen says YOUR ADVICE FOR
MEN AND WOMEN, AS FAR AS
GETTING A BONE DENSITY TEST.
WHEN SHOULD WE GET THE FIRST
TEST?

Rick says IN TERMS OF TESTING LOOKING
AT THE PERSON AT HIGH RICK.
THE PEOPLE AT HIGHEST RISK, IN
WOMEN WITH TALKING WOMEN PAST
MENOPAUSE.
WHO ARE THIN.
IF THEY ARE THIN AND LIGHT
WEIGHT, THAT IS AN INCREASE
RISK FOR HAVING A FRACTURE.
PROBABLY THE MOST IMPORTANT
RISK FACTOR IS SOMEONE WHO HAS
ALREADY HAD A FRACTURE.
IF YOU'RE SOMEONE WHO HAS HAD
A FRACTURE IN THE SPINE IN THE
PAST.
IF YOU HAVE HAD WRIST
FRACTURES OR HIP FRACTURES.
I THINK YOU'RE WITH THE PERSON
THAT REALLY NEEDS TO GET IN TO
SEE SOMEONE MEDDECLY.
THEY MAY NOT WANT TO DO BONE
DENSITY.

Maureen says WHAT ABOUT A MAN
LIKE DAVID DOING EVERYTHING
RIGHT AND DIDN'T KNOW HE HAD
FRACTURES IF HE DID BEFORE?

Rick says I THINK THAT'S THE SUBJECT
OF FURTHER RESEARCH.
WE WILL STUDY THERE FOR
ANOTHER FIVE YEARS.
OUR PLANS ARE TO BETTER DEFINE
WHY MEN FRACTURE.
WE DON'T REALLY KNOW RIGHT
NOW.
WE'RE PLANNING TO DO THIS AS
PART OF THE CANADIAN MULTIPLE
CENTRE OSTEOPOROSIS STUY.
WE WILL SUBMIT AN EXTENSION
THIS FALL.

Maureen says FOR DOING THIS.
COMING UP....

In a clip, Paul says DOES THE THOUGHT OF HAVING
YOUR BLOOD DRAWN MAKE YOU FEEL
QEESY.

Maureen says DRAWING BLOOD.
NOT

The opening sequence rolls again.

Now, Maureen stands next to a screen that reads "Health Digest."

Maureen says A RECENT STUDY OF
WORLD WAR II VETERAN FOUND
THOSE WHO SUFFERED WAR TIME
HEAD INJURIES WERE MORE LIKELY
TO SUFFER FROM DEPRESSION,
EVEN DECADES LATER.

The TV screen next to her shows a picture of a green army helmet. A caption reads "Brain Injury."

Maureen continues IN THE FIRST YEAR AFTER BRAIN
TRAUMA PEOPLE ARE SUSCEPTIBLE
TO DEPRESSION.
IT IS BELIEVED IT CAN LATER
INCREASE THE RISK OF
ALZEIMER'S DISEASE.
IT SUGGESTS IT CAN ALSO HAVE
LONG-TERM EFFECTS ON THE
VICTIM'S MENTAL HEALTH.

The caption changes to "Deadly Cold." A picture shows the British flag on a notebook.

Maureen continues WE OFTEN HERE DOCTORS
BLAME INCREASE OF DEATHS
DURING WINTER ON THE FLU.
COLD WEATHER MAY BE THE
CULPRIT.
RESEARCHERS ANALYZED DEATHS
OVER 30 YEARS AND ANALYZED THE
DAILY TEMPERATURE.
THEY FOUND 2.4 percent OF THE EXCESS
DEATHS WERE CAUSED BY FLU.
STROKE AND RESPIRATORY
DISORDERS WERE MORE FREQUENT
WHEN WITH TEMPERATURES DROPS.
MORE NEEDS TO BE DONE TO
EDUCATE PEOPLE ABOUT
PROTECTING THEMSELVES FROM
EXTREME COLD.

The caption changes to "Cold or Flu?" A picture shows a nose next to a bottle of yellow pills.

Maureen continues HOW DO YOU KNOW WHETHER
YOUR VIRUS IS THE FLU FLU OR
COLD?
THE AMERICAN LUNG ASSOCIATION
HAS NEW GUIDELINES TO HELP
TELL THE TWO APART.
FEVER IS ONE OF THE HALL MARKS
OF THE FLU BUT RARE SYMPTOM OF
COLD.
CHILLS, SORE THROATS AND BODY
ACHES COME ON SUDDENLY AND
MORE SEVERE THAN IN COLDS.
UPSET STOMACH IS RARELY A
SYMPTOM OF FLU.
THERE ARE DRUGS TO HELP, BUT
THEY HAVE TO BE TAKEN WITHIN
THE FIRST 48 HOURS AFTER
SYMPTOMS APPEAR.

Maureen says HERE'S THE ANSWER TO THE QUIZ
QUESTION.
YOU'LL NOTICE YOU HAVE

The Quiz slate appears. The answer "3. Fluoride" appears highlighted in yellow.

Maureen says ONLY DRACULA COULD
ENJOY THE TIME HONOURED
PRACTICE OF DRAWING BLOOD.
YOUR BLOOD SAMPLE SAYS A LOT
ABOUT YOUR HEALTH.
TO GET IT DOCTORS HAVE TO
STICK IT TO YOU.
HERE'S OUR BLOOD GETTER.

Paul sits at a table with different objects on it. Behind him, a human anatomy model and lamp sit on a piece of furniture.

Paul says DOES THE THOUGHT OF HAVING
YOUR BLOOD DRAWN MAKE YOU FEEL
QUEASY AND WEAK IN THE KNEES?
IMAGINE IF YOU LIVED 100 YEARS
AGO.
PATIENT VEINS WERE CUT UP WITH
AN INSTRUMENT SUCH AS THIS AND
THE BLOOD WOULD TRIP OUT,
UNTIL THE PATIENT COLLAPSE.

He shows a small brown device in the shape of a "Y" letter.

He continues PHYSICIANS BELIEVE ILLNESS WAS
CAUSED BY EVIL SPIRITS AND
THOSE SPIRITS CIRCULATED IN
THE BLOOD TRAIN THE BLOOD AND
TRAIN THE ILLNESS.
THAT WAS THE THEORY BEHIND
BLOODLETTING AND PRACTICED
WELL INTO THE 20th CENTURY.
WE STILL DO BLOODLETTING BUT
NOW FOR DIAGNOSTIC TEST.
NO HUMAN LOST AN ARM FOR THIS
LESSON.

He wraps a rubber band around an arm model.

He continues TO DRAW BLOOD, WE TURN APPLY
THE TURNY TO THE ARM IT COMES
FROM THE FRENCH WORD TO TURN.
IT STOPS BLOOD FLOW IN THE
VEINS.
THEN WE CLEAN THE SKIN WITH
ALCOHOL, SO THE BACTERIA DON'T
GET INSIDE WITH THE NEEDLE.
THE NEEDLE IS DESIGNED TO BE
AS PAINLESS AS POSSIBLE.
IT IS HAS A WE HAVE BEVELED OR
ANGLED END.
THEY ARE HOLLOW AND COLLECTED
TO A SYRINGE FOR COLLECTION OF
THE BLOOD.
ALTHOUGH THERE IS SOME
PRESSURE IT IS USUAL NOT
ENOUGH TO PUSH THE BLOOD
THROUGH THE OPEN IN THE NEEDLE
THE PHYSICIAN DRAWS BACK OR
USE THE SYRINGE WITH THE
NEGATIVE PRESSURE TO COLLECT
BLOOD.
THEN, WHEN THE NEED IS REMOVED,
HERE'S THE MIRACULOUS PART,
YOUR BODY SEALS THE HOLE.
WHEN THE NEEDLE PUNCTURES THE
WALL OF THE VEIN.
YOUR BODY SENSES IT AND SENDS
PLATE LET'S TO CLOG THE HOLES
THEY ARE CLOGGING CELLS
PRESENTS IN THE BLOOD.
USUAL THEY ARE INACTIVE WHEN
THEY SENSE AN ARTERY OR VEIN
IS PUNCTURED THEY COME ACLIVE.
CLUTCHING TOGETHER IN A STICKY
MAT.
THAT CLOSES THE HOLE.
AT THE SAME TIME THE MUSCLE
AROUND THE BLOOD VESSEL
CONTRACTS SO IT DOESN'T FLUSH
AWAY THE PLATE LET AND THE
CONSIDERING AGLATION LAYS DOWN
A TOUGH MAT OF A CHEMICAL
KNOWN AS FINER TO SEAL THE
HOLE FURTHER.
HOW CAN YOU HELP THE PROCESS.

The caption changes to "Doctor Paul Caldwell. Family Physician."

He continues HAVE A SEAT OR LIE DOWN.
JUST THE THOUGHT OF BLOOD
CAUSES SOME PEOPLE'S BLOOD
PRESSURE TO FALL.
SO WILL YOU, IF YOU'RE NOT
CAREFUL.
HOLD THE SITE FOR 5 MINUTES.
THE PRESSURE HELP DECREASE THE
FLOW AND ALLOWS PLATETS TO
STAY.
OTHERWISE YOU MAY BLEED
OUTSIDE THE VESSEL.
ICE WORKS IN THE SAME MANNER.
IN ADDITION, DON'T INCREASE
THE PRESSURE OF BLOOD BY
TAKING BLOOD PRESSURE ABOVE
THE SITE OR EXERCISING WITH
THE ARM.
NEXT TIME YOU HAVE TO HAVE
YOUR BLOOD TAKEN, WHY NOT
FOCUS ON THIS IT FASCINATING
PHYSIOLOGY, WHO KNOWS MAYBE
THEN YOU WON'T FAINT.
COME ON, GIVE ME FIVE, AYE?
He gently hits the arm and says ERNEST?

Maureen says THANKS.
WE HAVE TRANSCRIPTS OF HIS
MINI GEMS ON THE WEB SITE.

The caption changes to "www.tvo.org/yourhealth."

Maureen continues NEXT WEEK ON "YOUR HEALTH..."

A clip plays.

A woman in her fifties says MY MATH SKILLS WERE THE
FIRST THING I NOTICED AND MY
INABLE TO DO THEM ON MY HEAD.
THEN I HAD TO USE A CALCULATOR.
I WOULD LOSE MY TRAIN OF
THOUGHT.
I HAD DIFFICULTY LEARNING TO
TURN OFF THE FAUCET.
I WOULD WALK AWAY AND NOT HAVE
IT REGISTER.
I STOOD IN THE KITCHEN AND
DIDN'T REALISE THAT THE WATER
WAS RUNNING UNTIL IT HIT MY
FEET.

Maureen says DIAGNOSING YOUR ALZEIMER'S
WHEN YOU CAN STILL UNDERSTAND
WHAT THAT MEANS.

The woman says I SAW WRITTEN ON THE FORM
ALZEIMER'S DISEASE.
Moved, she continues THAT WAS THE DAY THAT-- THAT
IT REALLY HIT ME.

Maureen says ONE WOMAN'S
ACCEPTANCE OF HER DIAGNOSIS
NEXT WEEK ON "YOUR HEALTH."

The clip ends.

Back at the studio, Maureen concludes THAT'S OUR PROGRAM FOR THIS
WEEK.
THANKS FOR WATCHING.

(music plays)

A final slate reads "Your Health. Email: yourhealth@tvo.org. Fax: 416-484-4519. Mail: Box 200, Station Q, Toronto, ON, M4T 2T1."

The end credits roll.

Executive Producer, Patricia Ellingson.

Host and Producer, Maureen Taylor.

Producer, Cathy Perry.

Director, Michael Smith.

Logo: CEP Local 72m.

A production of TVOntario. Copyright 2002, The Ontario Educational Communications Authority.

Watch: Your Health Season 3 Episode 21