Transcript: Your Health Season 3 Episode 5 | Oct 23, 2001

Steve and appear on split screens, with the caption "." A caption under frame reads "."A slate reads "The advice given in the following program is of a general nature only. Viewers should consult their own medical professional for medical advice specific to their circumstances."

(music plays)

Against a gray background, an animated blue, green and gray grid shows clips of doctors and patients as the white letters of the title of the show fly forward: "Your Health."

Maureen says THIS WEEK…

A black and white clip shows female medical staff operating a machine.

Jeanette is in her sixties with short curly brown hair. She wears glasses, a pearl necklace and a light blue floral shirt.

Jeanette says BY THE TIME I WAS
14, TO HECK WITH IT.
I NEVER DENIED I HAD POLIO BUT
THAT WAS BEFORE.

Maureen says WHY SOME POLIO SURVIVORS
CAN'T LEAVE THE DISEASE
BEHIND.

Gavin Clark is in his mid-sixties, clean-shaven with gray hair. He wears a striped brown suit, white shirt and blue and light red patterned tie.

Gavin says TERRORISM IS A DIFFICULT
THING TO PREPARE FOR.
YOU NEVER KNOW WHAT IS GOING
TO HAPPEN.

Maureen says ANTHRAX, SMALLPOX,
BIOTERRORISM.

Paul Caldwell is in his late fifties, with a beard and receding white hair. He wears a light gray shirt and patterned brown tie.

Paul sings I'VE GOT RHYTHM, I'VE GOT
MUSIC, I'VE GOT BATTERIES, WHO
COULD ASK FOR ANYTHING MORE.

Maureen says SINGING THE PRAISES OF PACE
MAKERS.

The animated grid appears showing clips of a woman holding a baby, pills, a surgery, a needle and a man doing exercise.

The title of the program reads "Your Health." The "R" in "Your" ends with an "X."

Maureen Taylor stands next to a screen in a studio. She is in her late thirties with shoulder-length light brown hair. She wears an orange blazer.

Maureen says HELLO, I'M MAUREEN
TAYLOR.
AT THE TIME THEY CALLED
THEMSELVES THE LUCKY POLIOS,
PEOPLE WHO SURVIVED THE POLIO,
FOUGHT BACK FROM PARALYSIS,
WENT ON TO LEAD FULL
PRODUCTIVE LIVES.

The screen shows the picture of a man and a baby holding crutches.

She continues DECADES AFTER THEIR ORIGINAL
POLIO, THOUSANDS OF THESE
SURVIVORS ARE DISCOVERING THEY
HAVE POST-POLIO SYNDROME, A
PROGRESSIVE CONCONDITION WITH
SIM COMES THAT ARE ALL TOO
FARM FAMILIAR.

A black and white clip plays. It shows a girl sleeping.

Jeanette says I REMEMBER WAKING UP ONE
MORNING.
I HAD A HORRIBLE HORRIBLE
HEADACHE.
I ACHED ALL OVER.
I WAS REALLY SICK.
NOT THROWING-UP SICK, JUST
HORRIBLE PAIN.
I REMEMBER YELLING TO MY
MOTHER I CLOUD I COULDN'T GET
OUT OF BED.
I COULDN'T... I COULD MOVE BUT
I WAS HURTING SO MUCH IT HURT
MORE IF I MOVED.

A Female Narrator says JANET SHANNON
WAS 11 WHEN IN 1947, SHE GAME
PART OF CANADA'S POLIO
EPIDEMIC.

A caption appears on screen. It reads "Jeanette Shannon."

Jeanette says THE AMBULANCE DRIVER CAME.
WHEN HE FOUP OUT IT WAS POLIO,
HE DIDN'T WANT TO TAKE ME TO
THE HOSPITAL.
SO MY SISTER AND BROTHER IN
LAW AR... CARRIED THE STEVP
STRETCHER OUT, LOADED IT ON TO
THE GLANCE.
I WAS EXCITED.
I WAS MAD HE DIDN'T HAVE THE
SIRENS GOING.
HE DROVE TO THE HOSPITAL WITH
HIS HEAD OUT THE WINDOW.
HE WAS SO TER TERRIFIED OF
GETTING IT.

Maureen says JA NET WAS ONE OF
THOUSANDS HOMTD HOSPITALIZED
FOR MONTHS AS NURSES AND
DOCTORS TREATED THEIR TWISTED,
WASTED BODIES.

A black and white picture shows a smiling underweight boy.

Jeanette says YOUR PARENTS COULDN'T COME
IN.
IT WAS DEFINITELY ISOLATED.
MY MOTHER AND MY FAMILY...
THERE WAS WINDOWS, SO THEY
WOULD STAND OUTSIDE THE
WINDOW.
I REALLY THOUGHT THEY HAD ME
STRAPPED DOWN, I JUST SCREAMED
BLOODY MURDER, AND THEY CAME
RUNNING AND SAID NO THERE IS
THE WAY IT IS.
YOU ARE PARALYZED.
IT WAS HARD TO COPE.

Maureen says AFTER TEN YEARS
OF INTENSIVE FIZ YOU THERAPY,
JANET REGAINED ALMOST ALL OF
HER STRENG AND MOVEMENT.
SHE GOT ON WITH HER LIFE.

Old footage shows polio patients.

Jeanette says I TOTALLY FORGOT ABOUT IT.
BY THE TIME I WAS 14, TO HECK
WITH IT.
I NEVER DENIED I HAD POLIO BUT
THAT WAS BEFORE.
I'M STILL KEEPING MY STRENG FT
UP, I'M GOING TO GET STRONGER
BUT I WAS DOING EVERYTHING I
WANTED TO.
I WENT TO SCHOOL DANCES,
ROLLER SKATING. EVERYTHING
LIKE A TEENAGER WOULD.

Maureen says IN THE EARLY '80S,
JANET NOTICED SOMETHING WRONG.

Jeanette says I STARTED GETTING ACHES AND
PAINS, LIKE MY LEGS WOULD
START TO GET SORE.
I THINK MOSTLY IT WAS IN THE
WINTER TIME.
BECAUSE YOU WEAR HEAVIER COATS
AND BOOTS, THINGS LIKE THAT.
SO, I KIND OUT THOUGHT, HMMM.

Julian Lo is in his thirties, clean-shaven with black hair. He wears glasses, black suit, dark gray shirt and mustard tie.

Julian says THIS IS NOT POLIO
ITSELF.
THIS IS NOT A REVAKT...

Maureen says DR. LOWE IS
MEDICAL DIRECTOR OF THE POST
POLL YO CLINIC AT TORONTO TO'S
WEST PARK HEALTH CENTER.

The caption changes to "Doctor Julian Lo. Physiatrist."

Julian says POST POLIO SYNDROME IS A
NEUROLOGICAL DISORDER, NEW
SYMPTOMS OCCURRING MANY YEARS
AFTER POLIO.
THE NEW SYMPTOMS MAY BE
WEAKNESS, GENERAL FATIGUE,
MUSCLE AND JOINT PAIN.

Maureen says NO ONE IS SURE
WHAT CAUSES POST POLIO
SYNDROME BUT THE POPULAR
THEORY GOES LIKE THIS... POLIO
KILLS OFF SOME BUT NOT ALL
NERVE CELLS IN THE SPINAL
CORD.
THEY ARE CALLED MOTOR NEURO
RONS.
THOSE THAT HAVEN'T BEEN KILLED
OFF MAY WERE... WEAR OUT,
PROBABLY FROM OVER WORK.
THAT IS WHY PEOPLE WHO THOUGHT
THEY SAID GOODBYE TO POLIO
FIND THEMSELVES FEELING THE
SYMPTOMS AGAIN.

Jeanette says I GO TO THE DOCTORS.
THEY WOULD SAY ARTHRITIS.
YET, TALKING TO PEOPLE WITH
ARTHRITIS, I WASN'T THE SAME.

Maureen says IT'S A FAMILIAR
STORY.
UNTIL RECENTLY, PATIENTS HAD
TROUBLE GETTING DOCTORS TO
BELIEVE THEIR SYMPTOMS WERE
RELATED TO POLIO.
THIS DOCTOR IS A LEADING
EXPERT ON POLIO AND POST POLIO
SYNDROME.

The caption changes to "Doctor Neil Cashman. Neurologist." He is in his early fifties, with a white beard and receding gray hair. He wears a blue shirt, tie and white doctor apron.

Neil says THERE WAS CONSIDERABLE
SKEPT SIS M.
IN FACT, POST POLIO SYNDROME
IS DISEASE BROUGHT TO THE AT
THEN TENSION OF PHYSICIANS AND
SCIENTISTS BY THE PATIENTS,
RATHER THAN THE BY THE
INTELLECTUAL EFFORT OF
RESEARCH.
THEY WOULD GO FROM PHYSICIAN
TO PHYSICIAN GETTING NO GOOD
EXPLANATION FOR THEIR
SYMPTOMS.
BASICALLY, THEY BANDED
TOGETHER.

A Male Doctor says TURNING THIS UP.
YOU ARE GOING TO FEEL IT
INCREASE K.

Maureen says TODAY MOST
DOCTORS HAVE HEARD ABOUT PPS.
ALTHOUGH THERE IS NO DEFIN
ZIVE... DEFINITIVE TEST, THERE
ARE WAYS TO MAKE THE
DIAGNOSIS.
ONE OF THEM IS AN E LEK TRO MY
GRAM.

The doctor applies sensors to a man’s feet and looks at a computer screen.

Neil says EMG IS A USEFUL IN
DOCUMENTING PREVIOUS POLO.
IT'S USEFUL IN EXCLUDING OTHER
CONDITIONS THAT COULD MIMIC
POST POLIO SYNDROME.
BUT THERE IS NOTHING IN THE
EMG THAT WE USE WHICH CAN BE
CONSIDERED AS DIAGNOSTIC FOR

Julian says POST POLIO SYNDROME.
SNRZ IT'S A DYING KNOW ZIVE
INEXCLUSION.
YOU NEED TO EX CLEED...
EXCLUDE OTHER MEDICAL
CONDITIONS WHICH CAN PRODUCE
SIMILAR CONDITIONS.

Talking to a male patient, Julian says I'M GOING TO TAKE A LOOK AT
YOUR CALF HERE.

Maureen says THE OTHER THING
ABOUT PPS IS, FLS NO CURE OR
DRUG THERAPY.
IRONICALLY, THE BEST TREATMENT
IS THE EXACT OPPOSITE OF WHAT
PATIENTS WERE TOLD TO DO WHEN
THEY HAT HAD POLIO.
INSTEAD OF WORKING THEIR
MUSCLES, THEY ARE ADVISED TO
REST AND NOT OVER EXERCISE.

The Male Patient says IT'S LOSS OF MUSCLES,
ALTHOUGH I DO GO TO WEIGHT
LIFTING TWICE A WEEK.

Neil says WE ARE NOT TELLING PEOPLE
TO NOT EXERCISE.
I TELL PEOPLE THAT THERE ARE
TWO MISTAKES THEY CAN MAKE,
ONE IS SITTING ON A COUCH ALL
DAY WATCHING T.V.
THE OTHER IS TO RUN A
MARATHON.
BETWEEN THE TWO MISTAKES IS A
VERY BROAD MEAN FOR PRESERVING
FUNCTION.

Maureen says BUT PPS IS A
PROGRESSIVE DISEASE.
PATIENTS MAY FIND THEMSELVES
RETURNING TO WHAT THEY CALL
AIDES, BRACES, CRUTCHES, WHEEL
CHAIRS.

The male patient walks with difficulty using crutches.

Julian says SOMETIME IT'S VERY
DIFFICULT BECAUSE INDIVIDUALS
OFTEN SEE CRANES, CRUTCHES,
WHEEL CHAIRS, SCOOTERS, AS A
FAILURE, AS A DECLINE IN
FUNCTION.
BUT WHAT WE SEE IT AS IS AWAY
TO MAXIMIZE FUNCTION, DECREASE
PAIN, PROTECT THEIR MUSCLES
FROM OVER USE.

Jeanette takes a walk in a garden sitting in a wheelchair.

Jeanette says ONCE YOU START ACCEPTING
AIDES, A LOT OF THE PAIN GOES
AWAY.
BUT AT THE SAME TIME WHEN YOU
START TO USE THEM YOU ARE
IDENTIFYING YOUS AS HANDICAP.
WE NEVER IDENTIFIED AS A
HANDICAP PERSON BECAUSE WE
WERE THE YOULY POLIOS, RIGHT?
SO THEREFORE WE KNOW IF WE
WORKED HARD, WE COULD WALK
AWAY FROM ALL OF THIS.
SO WHAT WE HAD TO DO IS COME
TO THE UNDERSTANDING THAT
WASN'T GOING TO HAPPEN.

Julian says STAND UP ON YOUR TOES.

Maureen says IT'S ESTIMATED
CANADA HAS OR WILL HAVE
BETWEEN 12,000 AND 40,000
PEOPLE LIVING WITH POST POLIO
SYNDROME.
SO ALTHOUGH THE VACCINE HAS
ELIMINATED POLIO, IT'S LEGACY,
PPS, WILL BE FELT FOR MANY
MORE DECADES.

A black and white picture of a female nurse showing a newspaper headline to a male patient lying in bed inside a special shell appears. The headline reads "Vaccine triumph ends polio threat."

(music plays)

A blue slate appears on screen. It reads "For more information on Post-Polio Syndrome: Ontario March of Dimes www.dimes.on.ca."

The slate changes to "Quiz. Is the lymph system part of the: 1. Immune system. 2. Nervous system. 3. Circulatory system."

Maureen says STAY TUNED FOR THE ANSWER
LATER ON YOUR HEALTH.

Now, Maureen and a guest sit a table.

Maureen says IF YOU THINK ANTHRAX
SCARCE HAVE BEEN RAMPANT SINCE
SEPTEMBER 11TH, JUST WAIT
UNTIL FLU SEASON HITS.
IT SEEMS THE SYMPTOMS ARE THE
SAME, RAISING THE POCKET THAT
EVERYONE WITH A SORE THROAT
WILL THINK ANTHRAX RATHER THAN
THE MUCH MORE LIKELY FLU.
WE THOUGHT IT WAS TIME FOR A
REALITY CHECK ON ANTHRAX,
SMALLPOX, OTHER GERM WARFARE.
GAVE INCLARK IS A PROFESSOR AT
THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO TO.
WELCOME.
BIOTERRORISM IS NOT NEW.
YOU HAVE STUDIED IT.
WHERE HAS IT BEEN USED BEFORE?

The caption changes to "Gavin Clark PhD. Professor of Microbiology."

Gavin says LOCALLY IT WAS USED 06
COURSE WHEN THE BRITISH...
WHAT THE ENGLISH DID TO THE
NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS WHEN
THEY GAVE THEM BLANKETS
INFECTED WITH SMALLPOX.

Maureen asks WAS THAT
INTENTIONAL?

Gavin replies TOTALLY.
THEY KNOW WHAT THEY WERE
DOING.
IT WAS A NOT GENEROUS GIFT.
BUT IT'S OCCURRED BEFORE AND
AFTER IN RECENT TIMES AS WELL
AS INDIVIDUALS IN KNOT AMERICA
WHO HAVE HAD AGENTS WHICH THEY
HAVE THREATENED TO OR ACTUALLY
HAVE RELEASED.

Maureen says WHAT ARE THE
AGENTS THAT ARE MOST TALKED
ABOUT IN TERMS OF PIE
BIOTERRORISM.

Gavin says BACTERIA, ANTHRAX OF COURSE,
THE BLACK DEATH, WHICH IS THE
PLAGUE, YOU'VE GOT TELLRCMP
YEAH YEAH.

Maureen says SMALLPOX?

Gavin says WELL THAT IS A VIRUS.
THERE ARE VIRUSES WHICH TURN
UP.
BUT THESE ARE ALL GROUPED
BECAUSE PEOPLE HAVE LOOKED AT
THEM FROM THE SECOND WORLD WAR
ON.

Maureen says LET'S TALK ABOUT
ANTHRAX THEN.
IT'S A BACTERIA.
HOW WOULD YOU CATEGORIZE IT AS
A BIOLOGICAL WEAPON?

Gavin says USEFUL BECAUSE IT'S
UNUSUAL.
IT'S A BEAK TEAR YEAH.
BUT YOU USE THE SPOR INSIDE.
THAT SPOR IS RESISTANT TO
DRYING.
IT'S MORE RESISTANT TO
EVERYTHING, SO YOU CAN... IN
THE SOIL IT LASTS 20 YEARS.
SO IT'S A LONG-LIVED FORM,
RESISTANT FORM, SURVIVAL FORM.
THE ROD THAT GROWS OUT OF THIS
IS WHAT GIVES YOU INFECTION.

Maureen says BECAUSE IT'S IN
THE SOIL, IS IT EASY FOR
PEOPLE TO TAKE AND MAKE
CULTURES AND PUT IT INTO
ENVELOPES AND SPREAD IT?

Gavin says IF YOU KNEW WHAT YOU WERE
DOING, YES.
YOU COULD.
GO TO SOMEWHERE WHERE
CATTLE... IT'S NOT UNCOMMON
WITH CATTLE OR BY SON, GOOD
LORD.
10 PERCENT OF BY SON WERE
KILLED WITH ANTHRAX.
IF YOU ARE GOING TO THE STATES
WHERE THE CATTLE DRIVES USED
TO BE, THE SOIL IS LIKELY TO
HAVE ANTHRAX IN IT.
BUT YOU CAN ISOLATE IT IF YOU
KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING.
THE ART IS TO GET ONE THAT
PRODUCES TOXIN.

Maureen says IT'S BEEN DONE
ALREADY BUT ALTHOUGH IT'S
SELECTIVE.
IT'S A BETTER WEAPON OF TERROR
THAN IT IS OF ACTUALLY
WARFARE?

Gavin says YES.

Maureen says WOULD YOU AGREE?

Gavin says YES.
FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF
BIOTERRORISM, LOOKING AT THE
TERROR, THE BI O CAUSES THE
TERROR.

Maureen says NOW, ANTHRAX CAN
BE TREATED AS WE HAVE HEARD
WITH ANTIBIOTICS.
WOULD YOU SAY CANADA HAS
ENOUGH OF THE SUPPLY SHOULD
THERE BE WIDESPREAD ANTHRAX?

Gavin says WELL, THE ANTIBIOTIC IS
CIPRO, WHICH IS THE FIRST
CHOICE ANTIBIOTIC.
THERE ARE SECOND AN THIRD
CHOICES BUT THAT IS THE FIRST
CHOICE ANTIBIOTIC.
IT'S A GOOD STOCK NOW.
OF COURSE I PRESUME THE FIRM
THAT MAKES IT IS OPENING ITS
TAPS.

Maureen says SO YOU ARE NOT
WORRIED?

Gavin says.
NOT EVERYBODY IS USING IT.
YOU ONLY USE IT WHERE THERE IS
SOMEBODY INFECTED OR WITH A
DIRECT CHANCE OF BEING
INFECTED.

Maureen says LET'S PICK UP ON
THAT.
WE HAVE HEARD STORIES ABOUT
PEOPLE TAKING IT TO AVOID
GETTING IT.
NOT A GOOD IDEA?

Gavin says NOT A GOOD IDEA.

Maureen says WORDS WON'T WORK.

Gavin says NOT-WON'T WORK FOR TWO
REASONS.
YOUR CHANCES OF GETTING
ANTHRAX ARE REAL ESTATE...
REMOTE.
THE CHANCES ARE REMOTE FOR THE
GENERAL PERSON.
WHEN DO YOU STOP TAKING IT?
ARE YOU GOING TO TAKE IT FOR
LIFE?
TAKE EASY THESE THINGS LIKE
CANDY?
HUH-UH.
PLUS THE FACT THAT IF YOU
STOCKPILE IT, IT HAS A SHELF
LIFE.
BUT THE REAL PROBLEM IS YOU
DON'T WANT PEOPLE TAKING CIPRO
OR ANY ANTIBIOTIC JUST ON THE
CHANCE OF SOMETHING HAPPENING
BECAUSE YOU FINISH WITH
BACTERIA WHICH ARE RESISTANT.

Maureen says THEN WE GET INTO
THE SUPER BUG THING.
THERE IS A VACCINE FOR
ANTHRAX.
AT WHAT POINT DO YOU DO A MASS
VACCINATION?

Gavin says WOULDN'T.

Maureen says WHY NOT.

Gavin says ALWAYS DRAW BACKS TO
VACCINES.
THEY ARE NOT FULL PROOF, IS
THE FIRST THING.
VERY OFTEN YOU GET LISTS...
SIDE EFFECTS MORE THAN THE
ADVANTAGES.
YOU PROBABLY ARE CONSCIOUS OF
PEOPLE WITH CHILDREN... PEOPLE
ARE CONSCIOUS WHERE PEOPLE
WON'T HAVE THEIR CHILDREN
VACCINATED BECAUSE THEY KNOW
THERE IS A SIDE EFFECT.

Maureen says BUT THAT IS
ILL-PLACED, THE WORRY?

Gavin says YES.

Maureen says THEY ARE A GOOD
THING?

Gavin says ESSENTIAL.
IN THE CASE OF TAKING IT
AGAINST SOMETHING WHICH WAY
NOT HAPPEN, YOU HAVE ENOUGH
VACCINE, IF YOU DON'T WHERE IS
IT GOING TO FOM COME FROM?
THE VACCINE ALSO HAS ONLY BEEN
TESTED ON MILITARY.
WHICH IS 18-WHATEVER THE AGE
IT IS.
IT'S NOT RECOMMENDED FOR LESS
THAN 18 [OVERLAPPING VOICES]

Maureen says IT WORLD TRADE
CENTER [OVERLAPPING VOICES]

Maureen says THEY ARE WORRIED
THEY GOT GULF WAR SYNDROME
FROM THE VACCINE.

Gavin says YES.

Maureen says WOULD SMALLPOX BE
EVEN MORE DEADLY THAN ANTHRAX
IF SOMEONE WERE ABLE TO
DISBURST IT.

Gavin says IT'S INAFFECT SHOWS, WHICH
MEANS IT GOES FROM PERSON TO
PERSON.
FROM THAT RESPECT, YES.
IT ALSO IS AN UNPLEASANT
DISEASE IN THAT THE PERSON IS
COVERED WITH SEPARATING
LESIONS.
IF YOU RECOVER, IT'S
DISFIGURING.
THAT IS WHY IN YEARS GONE BY,
SMALLPOX WAS LESIONS AND
DISFIGUREMENT.

Maureen says IF... WE HAVEN'T
SEEN SMALLPOX IN YEARS.
SO, HOW WOULD IT BE TREATED IF
WE SPOT IT?

Gavin says YOU CAN'T TREAT IT WITH
ANTIBIOTICS LIKE YOU DO
BACTERIA BECAUSE VIRUSES DON'T
RESPOND TO THOSE TYPE OF
ANTIBIOTICS.
YOU WOULD HAVE TO GO TO THE
VACCINATION.
AT THE PRESENT MOMENT, NOBODY
IS VACCINATED AGAINST SMALLPOX
BECAUSE IT WAS ELIMINATED IN
THE WORLD... WHICH IS
INCREDIBLE MIRACLE.
THEY ARE WORKING ON POLIO AT
THE MOMENT BUT SMALLPOX WAS
WIPED OUT SEPTEMBER FOR TWO
CULTURES.

Maureen says IF WE ENTERED A
NEW ERA WHEREBY YOU TERRORISM
IS GOING TO BE ONE OF THE
INSTRUMENTS THAT THE
TERRORISTS USE, WOULD IT BE
WISE TO START MAKING SMALLPOX
VACCINE?

Gavin says I SUSPECT IT'S BEING DONE.

Maureen says IF YOU WERE
ADVISING ALAN ROCK OR GEORGE
BUSH, HOW WOULD YOU TELL THEM
TO REPRAER... PREPARE THE
COUNTRY FOR TERRORISM?

Gavin says IT'S A DIFFICULT THING TO
PREPARE FOR.
YOU NEVER KNOW WHAT WILL
HAPPEN NEXT.
OR WHAT'S GOING TO BE USED.
SMALLPOX ISN'T AN
EASILY-ACCESSIBLE AGENT.
BUT THE FIRST THING IS, YOU'VE
GOT TO GET ACROSS AS A
GOVERNMENT INFORMATION TO SHOW
THAT YOU ARE DOING SOMETHING
AND YOU'VE DONE IT AP IT
WORKS.
IF YOU GO INTO THE WEB SITES,
CD C, CENTER FOR DISEASE
CONTROL, THEY DO AN EXCELLENT
JOB WHEN YOU GO IN.
OUTCOMES, PAGES WHICH DESCRIBE
EACH AGENT, WHAT HAPPENS, WHY
IT'S THERE, WHAT YOU DO ABOUT
IT, WHAT WOULD BE DONE ABOUT
IT.

Maureen says SO WHEN WE SEE
PEOPLE GUY BUYING GAS MASKS OR
USING GLOVES TO OPEN MAIL?

Gavin says THAT ISN'T IN THE
INSTRUCTIONS.
NO.
THESE ARE DESCRIPTIONS AND
VERY WELL DONE AS TO WHAT THE
AGENT IS, WHAT THE DISEASE IS,
WHAT THE NORMAL PROCESS IS TO
DEAL WITH IT.
[OVERLAPPING VOICES]

Maureen says IS THERE ANYTHING
THE AVERAGE PERSON CAN DO IF
YOU ARE NERVOUS?

Gavin says THE INDIVIDUAL, WHAT THEY
CHOOSE TO DO IS THEIR OWN
BUSINESS.

Maureen says IF IT MAKES YOU
FEEL BETTER TO WEAR
GLOVES ---.

Gavin says WEAR GLOVES.
BUT A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE POWDER
ALLERGIES.
SOME GLOVES HAVE POWDERS IN
THEM.
YOU CAN'T WEAR A GAS MASK
EVERYWHERE.

Maureen says ALL RIGHT.
SO THE REALITY CHECK.
WHAT DO WE NEED TO REMEMBER
ABOUT THESE THREATS VERSUS
OTHER INAFFECT SHOWS DISEASES
THAT COULD HARM US.

Gavin says THE BEST BIOTERRORIST IS
MOTHER NATURE.
WHAT HAS CROPPED UP?
AIDS, HIV, ECOLI, NEW THINGS.
DRUG RESISTANT TB, TREATED BY
CIPRO.
MOTHER NATURE HAS DONE A JOB
IN BIOTERRORISM HERSELF.
INAFFECT SHOWS DISEASE IS WITH
US.
WE SHOULD BE WORRIED ACT THOSE
CONSIDERABLY.
THE BIOTERRORISM YOU SEE
THROUGH ANTHRAX, THE GENERAL
POPULUS IS UNLIKELY TO BE
EXPOSED IN NUMBERS ANYTHING
APPROACHING WHATLY THEY WILL
SEE WITH FLU OR FOOD
POISONING.

Maureen says THANKS VERY MUCH.

(music plays)

Maureen says COMING UP

In a clip, Paul says AMAZINGLY, WE
ALL REGULARLY SKIP A BEAT OR
TWO WHEN WE FALL IN LOVE

Maureen says THE RHYTHM OF THE HEART

The opening sequence rolls again.

Now, Maureen stands next to a screen that reads "Health Digest."

Maureen says NOW STORIES MAKING
HEALTH NEWS.
WE HAVE LOOKED AT THE WLIN
LINK BETWEEN HORMONE REPLACE M
AND BREAST CANCER, HERE IS THE
LATEST.
A NEW STUDY CONCLUDES ALTHOUGH
WOMEN WHO TAKE HRT ARE AT
INCREASET RISK OF BREAST
CANCER, THEY ARE NOT MORE
LIKELY TO DIE FROM THE
DISEASE.

On the screen, the caption changes to "Breast Cancer." It shows the picture of a woman’s breast next to a handout that reads "HRT."

She continues SCIENTISTS LOOKED AT SEVERAL
HUNDRED PATIENTS WITH BREAST
CANCER OVER A TEN YEAR PERIOD.
91 BER SENT OF THE WOMEN WHO
USED HRT WERE STILL ALIVE
COMPARED WITH 88 PERCENT OF
WOMEN WHO NEVER USED HRT.

The caption changes to "Arthritis." A picture of a blond woman appears.

She continues WOMEN WHO DYE THEIR HAIR MORE
THAN TWENTY YEARS MAY BE
DOUBLING THEIR RISK OF
RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.
A STUDY COMPARED A GROUP AND
FOUND THAT ALONG WITH HAIR DYE,
SMOKING, DIE BE TERS AND A
SHORT PERIOD OF FERTILITY
RAISED THE RISK.
FOR MEN, RISK OF RUDE TOID
ARTHRITIS WAS LINKED TO FARM
ANIMALS AND LIVING IN A HOUSE
WITH A FRY VAT WELL.

The caption changes to "Parkinson’s." A drawing shows a patch on an arm and a human brain cut in half.

She continues THERE IS NO EVIDENCE THAT
PEOPLE WITH PARKINSONS SHOULD
WEAR THE NICK TEEN PATCH.
SOME STUDIES HAVE SHOWN
SMOKERS ARE LESS LIKELY TO
DEVELOP PARKINSONS.
RESEARCHERS PUT THE PATCH ON
PATIENTS WITH PARKINSONS AND
NOTHING ON THE OTHER GROUP.
NO EFFECT.
PARKINSONS IS A MOVEMENT
DISORDER THAT LEADS TO A LOSS
OF THE BRAIN CHEMICAL.

Maureen says HERE IS THE ANSWER TO THE
YOU QUIZ

The Quiz slate appears. The answer "1. Immune system" appears highlighted in yellow.

Maureen says YOUR HEALTH 4ED...
MEDICAL PROFESSOR IS ONE
TALENTED GUY.
HE TREATS PATIENTS, DELIVERS
BABIES.
OH YEAH, HE SINGS TOO.

Paul sits at a table with a heart model on it. Behind him, a human anatomy model sits on a piece of furniture.

Paul sings I'VE GOT RHYTHM
I'VE GOT MUSIC
I'VE GOT MY GIRL, WHO COULD
ASK FOR ANYTHING MORE?
He says MEDICALLY SPEAKING, ALL OF US
ARE BORN WITH RHYTHM, THE
REGULAR BEATING OF YOUR HEART.
AMAZING REALLY.
THE THING STARTS BEATING EIGHT
WEEKS INTO A PRACTICING NANCY
M SOUNDS LIKE THIS
TAP-TAP-TAP-TAP.
YOU CAN SEE THAT TINY TAPPING
ON ULTRASOUND EVEN WHEN THE
WOULD BE BABY IS ONLY ABOUT 1
AN A HALF INCHES LONG.
IT'S A REMARKABLE COMPLICATED
SYSTEM.

The caption changes to "Doctor Paul Caldwell. Family Physician."

He continues THERE IS A BASIC RESTING
RHYTHM THAT YOUR HEART NEEDS
TO PUMP BLOOD TO ALL THE REST
OF THE CELLS IN YOUR BODY BUT
THE RATE GOES UP WHEN YOU
CLIMB STAIRS, YOU NEED NOR
BLOOD.
THEN, THE RATE GOES BACK DOWN
WHEN YOU REST.
AMAZINGLY, WE ALL REGULARLY
SKIP A BEAT OR TWO WHEN WE
FALL IN LOVE.
THE HEART ITSELF HAS AN
INHERENT RHYTHM.
HEARTS REMOVED IN SURGERY
CONTINUE TO BEAT FOR SOMETIME
AFTERWARDS.

He grabs the heart model.

Paul continues THE BEAT BEGINS IN THE ATRY
YUM, THE COLLECTING CHAMBER ON
THE LEFT SIDE OF THE HEART UP
HERE.
IN THIS AREA, THERE ARE A
GROUP OF CELLS THAT HAVE WHAT
IS CALLED AN INHERENT
PACEMAKER.
A REGULARLY-DISCHARGING
ELECTRICAL SIGNAL.
THE IMPULSE TRAVELS DOWN,
PUSHING BLOOD INTO THE VENT
CALLS.
NEXT THE ELECTRICITY CALL
POSITIVES THEN SPREADS QUICKLY
CAUSING IT TO CONTRACT,
PUMPING BLOOD INTO THE BODY.
60 BEATS A MINUTE, 86,000
BEATS A DAY.
31 MILLION BEATS A YEAR FOR
THE REST OF YOUR LIFE.
IT IS AMAZING.
BUT SOMETIMES THE SYSTEM
FAILS.
THE BUILT-IN PACEMAKER DOESN'T
WORK PROPERLY.
OR THE IMPULSE CAN'T TRAVEL
DOWN THE USUAL PATH WAY TO
MAKE THE CONTRACTIONS BECAUSE
OF DAMAGE TO THE HEART.
THE HEART RATE FALLS
DISASTROUSLY, SOMETIMES TO AS
LOW AS 20 BEATS MINUTE.
PATIENTS OFTEN HAVE FAINTDING
SPELLS BECAUSE THE LOW HEART
RATE IS NOT ENOUGH TO PUMP
BLOOD TO THE BRAIN.

An X-ray of a chest appears on a screen at his back.

He continues THE TREATMENT IS AN ART
OFFICIALS PACEMAKER, SUCH AS
THIS.
IT'S A COMPACT BATTERY PACK
CONNECTED TO A THIN WIRE.
THE WIRE SITS WITHIN THE
HEART.
THE PACEMAKER IS KURJ
SURGICALLY INSERTED UNDER THE
SKIN, JUST IN THE FRONT OF THE
CHEST WALL.
YOU CAN CLEARLY SEE IT ON THIS
X RAY.
IF THE HEART IS BEATING FINE,
SAY 72 BEATS MINUTE, THE
PACEMAKER DOES NOTHING.
IF THE RATE GOES BELOW A
PRE-SET RATE, USUALLY 60, THE
PACEMAKER SENSES THIS AND
SENDS A SMALL ELECTRICAL
CHARGE BACK DOWN THE WIRE TO
START A CONTRACTION.
AND IF YOUR HEART BEAT IS
ABNORMAL, YOU CAN ALSO ADD A
SMALL DELIB RIL LAY TORE TO
THE PACEMAKER.
IT WILL SENSE A DANGEROUS
RHYTHM AND DELIVER A CHARGE
JUST LIKE THE PADLESS THAT YOU
SEE ON T.V.
THEN, THAT SETS UP A NORMAL
RHYTHM.
THEY REALLY ARE WONDERFUL
INSTRUMENTS, SENSING, SOLVING
THIS MOST DANGEROUS OF CARDIAC
PROBLEMS WITHOUT YOU BEING
AWARE.
YOU CAN LAUGH, YOU CAN DANCE,
YOU CAN SING, ESPECIALLY THAT
SONG
He sings I'VE GOT RHYTHM
I'VE GOT MUSIC, I'VE GOT
BATTERIES, WHO COULD ASK FOR
ANYTHING MORE

Maureen says PRETTY GOOD.
TRANS SINTS OF THE MEDICAL
LESSONS ARE ON OUR WEBSITE.

The caption changes to "www.tvo.org/yourhealth."

Maureen concludes THAT IS OUR PROGRAMME THIS
WEEK.
I'M MAUREEN TAYLOR.
THANKS FOR WATCHING.

A final slate reads "Your Health. Email: yourhealth@tvo.org. Fax: 416-484-4519. Mail: Box 200, Station Q, Toronto, ON, M4T 2T1."

(music plays)

The end credits roll.

Executive Producer, Patricia Ellingson.

Host and Producer, Maureen Taylor.

Producer, Cathy Perry.

Director, Michael Smith.

Logo: CEP Local 72m.

A production of TVOntario. Copyright 2001, The Ontario Educational Communications Authority.

Watch: Your Health Season 3 Episode 5