Transcript: Everest And Environment | Apr 19, 2000

(Theme music plays)
The opening sequence shows a wooden table with a small lit candle as several words fly by reading nutrition, medicine, prevention, treatment, health.
Fast clips show different sets of hands performing activities on the table such as pulling petals from a daisy, drawing a big red heart, tuning a violin, flipping through the pages of a book, cooking, and pouring a glass of red wine.
In animation, the title appears inside the shape of a house and reads “More to Life.”

Maureen Taylor sits on a pink armchair with a stuffed doll representing a black and white Alsatian puppy beside her, in a studio with beige walls and a plaque on the wall behind her which reads “More to Life.”

Maureen is in her late thirties, with wavy red-dyed hair in a bob with a fringe. She’s wearing a black zip-up blazer with a poppy in the lapel, over an orange blouse.

She says HELLO, I'M MAUREEN TAYLOR,
AND WELCOME TO “MORE TO LIFE.” IT'S “FURRY
CREATURE DAY” TODAY ON THE PROGRAMME
PET VET DOCTOR MARC SPIEGEL WILL BE HERE TO ANSWER YOUR
PET HEALTH QUESTIONS,
BUT FIRST WE TAKE A PEEK AT
THE INNER SANCTUM OF THE
ROYAL AGRICULTURAL WINTER FAIR.
ANIMALS ARE ALWAYS A
HIGHLIGHT AT THE FAIR.
SURE, THERE ARE THE BIG
PUMPKINS AND THE GREAT
GARDEN DISPLAYS BUT THE FAIR
HAS BUILT ITS REPUTATION ON
THE LIVESTOCK COMPETITIONS
AND THE ROYAL HORSE SHOW.
WE RECENTLY WATCHED AS
EVERYONE PREPARED FOR
COMPETITION.

(Lively music plays)
A clip shows animals displayed at the fair, starting with a red-crested white cock, then a pig nosing at its feed dish, a Highland bull with a straggly long mane, looking unconcerned, a furry white rabbit with black ears, a cowhand snapping an Aberdeen Angus bull, a border collie performing tricks like doing a slalom through a palisade to an appreciative audience, a glum-looking goose, a dairy cow swishing its tail and a full audience stand watching the judging of the Aberdeen Angus.

A clean-shaven dark-haired groomer in his forties displays a metal comb as he stands by an Aberdeen Angus specimen. A caption reads “Doug Milne Smith, Kemptville, Ontario.”

Doug says THE TOOL I'M USING IN MY
HAND IS A COMB, AND WHAT WE
DO IS WE TRY AND GET THEIR
HAIR TO LOOK AS KIND OF
FLUFFY AND AS CLEAN AS POSSIBLE.
IN IN PREPARATION OF THIS,
TO GET HER HAIR TO STAND
LIKE THIS, IT TAKES A LOT OF
WORK AT HOME WHERE WE'RE
WORKING, RINSING AT NIGHT,
COMBING THEIR HAIR, USING A
BLOWER, GETTING THEIR HAIR
TO LIE AT THE PROPER
COULDN'T TOURS OF THEIR BODY.
WHAT THE JUDGES ARE LOOKING
FOR IN THIS TYPE OF FEMALE
IS FEMININE CHARACTERISTICS, OKAY?
WHICH IS VERY UP-HEADEDNESS,
SPRING OF RIB, CAPACITY, OKAY?
LENGTH OF QUARTER HIP,
BECAUSE THEY ARE A BEEF
ANIMAL, HOW MUCH LOIN THEY HAVE.
THIS ALL CONTINUES ON.
BUT THESE ARE PUREBREDS SO
WHAT THEY WANT IN FEMALES
LIKE THIS IS TO BREED ONTO
CERTAIN BULLS THAT YOU CAN
USE TO GET THE BEST CARCASS
FOR THE CONSUMER.

Another groomer combs a black-headed ram. Yet another clips and shaves excess wool off a white ewe. He is in his twenties and wears a cap. A caption reads Joel Bergeron, Acton Vale, Quebec.

Joel says SO WHAT I'M DOING IS I'M
TRIMMING THE SHEEP FOR THE SHOW.
SO THE MOST IMPORTANT THING,
I HAVE TO MAKE MY SHEEP MORE
MEATY, MORE MEAT AS POSSIBLE.
SO YOU HAVE TO HAVE A
STRAIGHT BACK, A GOOD RUMP,
REAL SQUARE, A LOT OF MEAT
EVERYWHERE, AND ALSO A GOOD
SHOULDER AND GOOD STYLE.

A girl in her twenties explains. A caption reads “Jodi Jackson, London, Ontario.” She cards and clips a sheep.

Jodi says IT'S ALL BY EYE.
THE KIDS ACTUALLY DO IT BY
EYE, AND USE CARDS.
IT'S LIKE A COMB.
IT'S GOT PRONGS ON IT AND
THEN WHEN YOU'RE TRIMMING IT
YOU JUST, YOU JUST MAKE IT
VERY SMOOTH.
WHEN THE FLEECE LOOKS REALLY
SMOOTH, I GUESS IS THE ONLY
WAY TO SAY IT, WHEN THE
FLEECE LOOKS SMOOTH, YOU
KNOW IT'S DONE.

A groomer in her thirties with glasses and short brown hair speaks. A caption reads “Susan Mastine, Danville, Ontario.”

susan says THE JUDGES LOOK FOR
CONFIRMATION.
THIS IS A MEAT BREED.
THEY LOOK TO SEE HOW MUCH
MEAT IS IN HERE.
THIS IS THE LOIN.
THAT'S WHERE THE CHOPS ARE.
THE RACK OF LAMB.
THIS IS THE LEG.
THAT'S WHERE YOU GET YOUR
BIG ROASTS FROM.
YOU TRY AND HAVE THE -- YOU
TRY AND STYLE IT TO THE WAY
THAT THE JUDGE WOULD LIKE TO
SEE IT.

A young rider in black rides a white show jumper horse around an arena.

Over the loudspeaker an announcer says
THIS IS NUMBER 84, EARL GREY.
EARL GREY IS RIDDEN BY CARL
SANDERS FROM BRAMPTON,
ONTARIO.

In off, Carl, the boy rider, says
I STARTED RIDING WHEN I
WAS THREE AND A HALF AND MY
MOM CAME TO ME AND SHE JUST
ASKED ME IF I WANTED TO
START RIDING AT A SUMMER
CAMP AND I JUST STARTED
RIDING AT SUMMER CAMP AND
OVER THAT SUMMER I REALLY
STARTED TO LIKE IT, SO I
SWITCHED TO A BARN AND I
BOUGHT A PONY AND I JUST
STARTED RIDING FULL-TIME.
WHEN I'M ON THE HORSE,
I'M JUST CONCENTRATING ON
HOW HE'S ACTING, BECAUSE
THIS ONE GETS SCARED A LOT.
HE'S SORT OF SCARED OF LIKE
EVERYTHING IN THE RING.

Against a profile photo, a judge bearing the caption “Jimmy Lee” says
FROM THE MINUTE THEY
ENTER THE RING, THEY'RE
BEING JUDGED.
THEY JUMP A COURSE OF FENCES.
THESE ARE MEASURED DISTANCES
BETWEEN THE JUMPS, SO IT'S
IMPORTANT THAT THEY DO WHAT
WE CALL THE RIGHT NUMBER OF STRIDES.
WE WATCH FOR THE HORSE'S
JUMPING STYLE, AND THAT IS
THAT HIS FRONT LEGS SHOULD
BE TOGETHER, NEAT AND
TOGETHER, AND THEY SHOULD GO
IN WHAT WE CALL AN “EVEN
HUNTING PACE” SO THAT'S WHAT
WE LOOK FOR, THAT EVEN PACE.

As a rider finishes, there is applause and a caption reads “Nicole placed 8th in the Large Working Hunter Pony Stake.”

To accompanying tinkling music, dogs do their tricks in a special area full of tunnels and obstacles. A gray pig also performs. Children are shown petting the animals.

A young rider in black stands beside a white horse. A caption reads “Nicole Saunders, Grand Valley, Ontario.”

Nicole says I THINK THERE'S A BOND
BETWEEN HORSES AND ANIMALS
AND PEOPLE AND EVERYTHING.
I DON'T KNOW, I JUST FIND
THAT IF SOMEONE GOES UP TO
MY PONY AND THEY CALL HIM
AND THEN HE DOESN'T DO MUCH
AND THEN WHEN I GO UP TO HIM
HE COMES AND SEES ME AND
EVERYTHING, HE JUST KNOWS ME
BETTER, I GUESS.

Doug says THEY BECOME OUR FRIENDS.
WE WORK WITH THEM ALL THE TIME.
AND MY DAUGHTER WORKS WITH ME.
THIS ANIMAL KNOWS THE BARN,
BECAUSE SHE'LL WALK IN THE
SGARN AS SOON AS SHE GOES IN
THERE, THIS ANIMAL'S HEAD
COMES UP, JUST BY OUR VOICE.
SHE ACTUALLY BECOMES LIKE A
HUMAN IN THE WAY SHE THINKS
SOMETIMES. IT'S KIND OF UNIQUE.

Maureen says WELL,
WHETHER THE PET YOU HAVE AT
HOME IS A PIG OR A HORSE OR
A SHEEP OR A DOG OR A CAT,
PETS, OF COURSE, RULE NO
MATTER HOW MANY TIMES THEY
TEAR THROUGH THE HOUSE,
BELIEVE THE CARPET IS A
TOILET AND BRING HOME
PRESENTS TO THEIR FAVOURITE
FAMILY MEMBER, WE LOVE THEM
AND WE WANT THEM TO STAY HEALTHY.
DOCTOR MARK SPIEGLE IS HERE TO
ANSWER YOUR QUESTIONS ABOUT
YOUR PET'S HEALTH.
HE IS A PET VETERINARIAN, SO
GIVE US A CALL. (She recites phone numbers and an e-mail address)
AND WELCOME, MARK.

A balding, bearded MARK SPIEGLE says THANK YOU.

A caption reads “Doctor Mark Spiegle, Veterinarian.”

Maureen says THAT'S CINNAMON, AND ABBEY.
ABBEY, WANT TO COME UP AND SAY HI?
WE'LL GET A LOOK AT ABBEY LATER.
WHAT KIND OF DOG IS ABBEY?

MARK says SHE'S A
PURE BRED GOLDEN RETRIEVER.

MAUREEN says OKAY SO, YOU
HAVE A HORSE, SOMEONE TELLS ME.

MARK says THAT'S RIGHT, I HAVE A
GIGANTIC GREY HORSE, HE'S 17
'2'' WHICH MEANS HE'S HUGE,
AND HIS NAME IS NORMAN.

MAUREEN says YOUR HORSE'S
NAME IS NORMAN?

Mark says HIS SHOW NAME IS NORMAN.

MAUREEN says DO YOU ACTUALLY
SHOW HIM IN COMPETITIONS AND
RIDE HIM AND ALL OF THAT?

Mark says HE'S A JUMPER.
JUMPERS JUST GET OVER THE JOB.
YOU DON'T HAVE TO HAVE STYLE
SO IT'S PERFECT FOR ME.

MAUREEN says RIGHT, BUT YOU
WERE SAYING THAT YOUR
CHILDREN DO SOME JUMPING TOO,
DO THEY?

Mark says YES, MY DAUGHTER.

MAUREEN says NOW WHAT'S THE
SKILL INVOLVED IN THAT?
DOES SHE HAVE TO BE I GUESS
A CERTAIN SIZE?
WILL SHE GROW OUT OF IT
EVENTUALLY OR --

MARK says I DON'T
THINK SO.
YOU CAN START AT SHORT STIRRUPS,
A LEVEL WHICH IS A
VERY BASIC LEVEL, AND THE
CHILDREN THERE ARE ABOUT 17
TO 11.

MAUREEN says KIND OF YOUNG, YEAH.
AMAZING.

Mark says YOU CAN GO UP TO OLYMPIC
STYLES. YOU DON'T GROW OUT OF IT.

MAUREEN picks up a doll representing an Alsatian puppy and says
YOU WERE SAYING
YOU'RE MOSTLY -- YOU DO A
LITTLE BIT ON YOUR OWN HORSE
BUT YOU'RE MOSTLY A DOG AND
CAT VET KIND OF GUY.
OKAY SO, WE'LL TRY TO STICK
MOSTLY TO QUESTIONS ABOUT
DOGS AND CATS.
YOU BROUGHT ALONG THIS
STUFFED ANIMAL TO SHOW US
WHAT, THE KIND OF COLLAR OR LEASH
YOU'RE USING HERE?

MARK says THAT'S RIGHT. 'BYE CINNAMON.

MAUREEN hands the doll back and says 'BYE, CINNAMON.

Mark says THE MAJORITY OF COLLARS
GO AROUND THE NECK, AND
THAT'S JUST A BASIC COLLAR,
BUT WHAT HAPPENS IS A LOT OF
DOGS PULL EXCESSIVELY AND
IT'S NOT SO BAD IF YOU HAVE
A YORKSHIRE TERRIER OR A
SMALL BREED OF DOG BUT WHEN
YOU HAVE A DOG ABIGAIL'S
SIZE, PULLING CAN BE VERY
DIFFICULT AND EVEN DANGEROUS
FOR THE PERSON.
SO RATHER THAN FIGHTING WITH
THE DOG THEY'VE DEVELOPED
CERTAIN TYPES OF SYSTEMS
THAT WORK ON LEVERAGE AND
NATURAL ABILITY -- THE
NATURAL WAY THAT THE ANIMAL THINKS.

MAUREEN says RIGHT.

MARK says SO IN THIS
SYSTEM, FOR EXAMPLE, WHAT
HAPPENS, WHAT ENDS UP
HAPPENING IS YOU PULL THEM
DOWN ON THE SNOUT, IT MAKES
THEM MORE SUBMISSIVE AND THEY
LISTEN BETTER.
THERE'S NO STRUGGLE.

MAUREEN, smiling at a Golden Retriever, says IF YOU HAVEN'T
USED THAT KIND OF SYSTEM
WITH YOUR DOG AND YOUR DOG
IS NOW, OH, SEVEN, IS IT TOO LATE?
YOU SHOULD REALLY INTRODUCE
IT AS A PUPPY I SUPPOSE?

MARK says IT TAKES
THEM LONGER TO GET USED TO
IT BUT THEY WILL GET USED TO IT.
THERE ARE OTHER SYSTEMS THAT
ARE LESS DRAMATIC THAN THIS,
TOO, BUT PEOPLE HAVE TO GET
OUT OF THE MINDSET OF
PUTTING JUST A COLLAR AROUND
THE NECK.
IT WORKS FOR A LOT OF DOGS
BUT FOR SOME DOGS IT DOESN'T.

MAUREEN says MY DOG IS A REAL
BARKER -- NOT IN A WALK,
MOSTLY BUT IF I LET HIM RUN
IN THE PARK.
WOULD THAT STOP HIM FROM BARKING?

MARK says NO, BUT IT
WAS FUNNY, ABIGAIL WAS A REAL
BARKER AS WELL, IN AN
PASSIONATE SORT OF MANNER,
BUT SHE SCARED NON-DOG
LOVERS IMMENSELY.

MAUREEN says YES, THAT'S MY
PROBLEM WITH GUINESS, YEAH.

MARK says SO THERE IS
A PRODUCT, A CITRONELLA
COLLAR, WHICH YOU PUT AROUND
THE NECK AND WHEN THE DOG
BARKS IT SPRAYS A FINE SPRAY
OF IT TOWARDS THE FACE, NOT
IN THE FACE BUT TOWARDS THE
FACE, AND THAT SCARES THEM A
LITTLE BIT.
IT'S DERIVED FROM THE
ELECTRONIC “SHAW” COLLAR WHICH
IS AS FAR AS I'M CONCERNED
INHUMANE, BUT THIS WORKS
ACTUALLY 75 PERCENT OF THE TIME AND
SO EVENTUALLY IT TRAINS THEM
NOT TO BARK.

MAUREEN says AND YOU USED
THIS WITH ABBIE SUCCESSFULLY?

Mark says VERY.

MAUREEN says AND YOU DON'T
NEED IT ON HER?

MARK SPIEGEL says EVERY ONCE
IN A WHILE SHE NEEDS A
REFRESHER COURSE.

MAUREEN says I SEE YOU'VE GOT
SOME FLEA MEDICINE.
ARE FLEAS STILL A CONCERN
THIS LATE IN THE-YEAR?

MARK says NOT SO MUCH NOW.
THE PRIMARY FLEA SEASON IS
USUALLY AROUND AUGUST, BUT
YES, THERE ARE SOME ANIMALS,
THE FLEAS DON'T JUST APPEAR
FROM THE ANIMAL IF THEY'RE
NOT TREATED, SO IF YOUR DOG
OR CAT GETS IN CONTACT WITH
ANOTHER ANIMAL THAT HAS
FLEAS, THEN THEY'RE GOING TO
PICK UP THE FLEAS, AND IF
THEY LIVE INSIDE, MOST OF
THE TIME IT'S 70 DEGREES INSIDE OR
20 DEGREES CENTIGRADE AND THE FLEAS
WILL BE QUITE HAPPY.

MAUREEN says ALRIGHT, WELL IF
WE GET A FEW FLEA QUESTIONS
THIS AFTERNOON THEN WE WON'T
BE VERY SURPRISED.
WE'RE TALKING TO DOCTOR MARK
SPIEGLE, A VETERINARIAN, SO
IF YOU'VE GOT A PET AT HOME
WITH A HEALTH PROBLEM OR A
BEHAVIOUR PROBLEM GIVE US A
CALL WITH YOUR QUESTION.
(She repeats the numbers and mail address)

MAUREEN says AND LARRY IS IN MARKHAM.
WHAT'S YOUR QUESTION?

Larry says OKAY, I HAVE A 17
AND A HALF YEAR OLD CAT.

MAUREEN says WOW!

Larry says YES, I KNOW.
AND SHE IS HAVING KIDNEY
FAILURE, VERY MILD SO FAR,
AND WE'VE TRIED TO AVOID THE
VERY EXPENSIVE CAT FOOD AND
RIGHT NOW WE HAVE HER ON
SELENIUM, POTASSIUM, B-VITAMINS,
VITAMIN-E AND HAVE MIXED
HER REGULAR CANNED FOOD 50-50
WITH PASTA.
SHE ALSO TAKES BRAN FLAKES
TO KEEP HER REGULAR BECAUSE
SHE'S NOT ACTIVE, SHE'S ON
SALT AND 2 PERCENT MILK.
WHAT ELSE CAN WE DO FOR HER?

Mark says ARE YOU SEEING THIS
VETERINARIAN REGULARLY?

Larry says NO NOT REGULARLY.
HE DIAGNOSED IT AND THAT'S
ABOUT IT.

Mark says KIDNEY FAILURE IN OLDER
CATS IS A COMMON THING.
THE THREE MOST COMMON
DISEASES IN OLDER CATS ARE
KIDNEY FAILURE, DIABETES AND
HYPERTHYROIDISM.
KIDNEY FAILURE IS ONE OF
THOSE DISEASES THAT SHOULD
BE MONITORED ON A FREQUENT
BASIS SO YOU CAN SEE HOW THE
LEVELS ARE GOING, AND THEN
TREATED ACCORDINGLY.
I SEE THAT A LOT OF YOUR
TREATMENTS ARE BASED UPON
NATURAL OR VITAMIN-TYPE
THERAPY AND THAT THERE ARE
NO ALLOPATHIC MEDICATIONS IN THERE.
IS THERE A REASON FOR THAT?

Larry says THE ONLY REASON WE WENT
ON THAT, BECAUSE OF HER
CONSTANT URINATION, WE
WERE TOLD THAT ANY WATER-SOLUBLE
VITAMIN, SHE'D BE LOSING THAT.

Mark says OKAY, I WOULD SUGGEST
GOING TO THE VETERINARIAN AGAIN.
YOU MENTIONED DIET.
LOW PROTEIN DIET IS VERY
IMPORTANT IN THE TREATMENT
OF KIDNEY FAILURE.
THE LESS YOU GET THE KIDNEY
TO WORK, THE BETTER FOR THE
KIDNEY AND THE LONGEVITY
OF THE KIDNEY.
SO WHAT HAPPENS, IF YOU EAT
ONLY ENOUGH PROTEIN SO THAT
VERY LITTLE OF IT IS
EXCRETED THROUGH THE URINE,
THEN IT GIVES THE KIDNEY A
CHANCE TO REST AND RELAX AND
EVENTUALLY IT DOESN'T HAVE
TO WORK AS HARD.
FLUIDS ARE VERY IMPORTANT.
SOME OF OUR CLIENTS' ANIMALS WITH
CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE NEED
TO BE PUT ON INTRAVENOUS
FLUIDS THROUGH A REGULAR
BASIS, SO YOU HAVE TO COME
INTO THE HOSPITAL.
AND SOMETIMES WE EVEN TRAIN
THE CLIENT TO GIVE THEIR CAT
SUBCUTANEOUS FLUIDS OR
FLUIDS INJECTED UNDER THE
SKIN SO YOU CAN INCREASE THE
LEVELS OF WATER INTAKE.
YOU CAN LEAD A CAT TO WATER
BUT YOU CAN'T MAKE THEM DRINK.

MAUREEN says AT WHAT POINT DO
YOU SAY THOUGH, 17 YEARS OLD,
KIDNEYS ARE STARTING TO FAIL?
WOULD THIS CAT BE SUFFERING
AT ALL?

Mark says WE'RE
TALKING ABOUT QUALITY OF
LIFE ISSUES HERE.
THERE WILL BE A TIME
EVENTUALLY WHEN THIS CAT
WILL NOT BE EATING, BE
LOSING WEIGHT DRAMATICALLY.
AND THEN THE QUALITY OF LIFE
IS NOT A GOOD QUALITY OF
LIFE, AND THEN CERTAIN
DECISIONS WILL HAVE TO BE
MADE AT THAT TIME TO STOP
THERAPY AND MAYBE EVEN TO
PUT THE CAT TO SLEEP,
EVENTUALLY.

MAUREEN says YEAH.
LARRY BROUGHT UP DIET.
I DON'T KNOW IF YOU'VE HEARD
OF THIS BOOK.
I HAVEN'T READ IT I'VE ONLY
HEARD ABOUT IT.
“GIVE YOUR DOG A BONE,”
WHERE THIS DOCTOR,
VETERINARIAN IS PROMOTING
RAW MEAT WITH THE BONES FOR
YOUR DOG.
WHAT DO YOU THINK OF THAT IDEA?

Mark says THIS IS
ALSO THE SAME AS THE
INTERNET DIET THAT'S GOING
AROUND, THE RAW CHICKEN NET DIET.

MAUREEN says YEAH, I'VE HEARD
OF THAT, TOO.

Mark says IT'S
BASED UPON A PREMISE THAT
FOR SOME STRANGE REASON,
THEY FEEL THAT DOGS DO NOT
GET THE BACTERIAL INFECTIONS
THAT PEOPLE GET.
SO WE'RE TALKING ABOUT
SALMONELLA AND E. COLI, RAW
HAMBURGER DISEASE.
AND THAT'S NOT TRUE.
THEY DO GET THEM.

MAUREEN says OH, THEY DO GET
THOSE?

Mark says AND I
DO UNDERSTAND -- THERE IS NO
SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE TO SHOW
THAT THEY HAVE A SPECIAL
RESISTANCE TO THIS.
THE REASONING THAT THEY USE
IS THAT, WELL LOOK, IN THE
WILD STATE DOGS DIDN'T COOK
THEIR FOOD.

MAUREEN says YEAH, WOLVES
JUST TAKE DOWN AN ANIMAL,
KILL IT.

Mark says MEN DIDN'T COOK BEFORE
FIRE EITHER, BUT WOLVES
DON'T LIVE TO 15 OR 20 YEARS.
WHAT WE'RE TRYING TO DO IS
PROLONG LIFE IN CATS AND DOGS.
AND THE WAY THAT WE'VE DONE
IT IS THROUGH GOOD NUTRITION.
BUT WOLVES DO NOT HAVE THE
ADVANTAGE OF PRE-PACKAGED OR
HOME-COOKED NUTRITION FOODS THAT
ARE WELL-BALANCED.

MAUREEN says SO OUR DOGS AND
CATS ARE LIVING TO THE AGE
OF LARRY'S CAT, 17,
PRECISELY, BECAUSE OF THE
DIET THAT WE'RE FEEDING THEM
NOW YOU'RE SAYING.

Mark says AND
THAT'S ONE OF THE MAIN REASONS.
THE OTHER IS HE WE VACCINATE
AGAINST RABIES, DISTEMPER
AND PARVO VIRUS.
ONE OF THE OTHER MAIN
REASONS IS DENTAL CARE.
YOU CAN IMAGINE THE BACTERIA
THAT ARE GOING CRAZY INSIDE
THE BLOODSTREAM IF THE TEETH
ARE BEING ROTTED OUT OF THE HEAD.
AND NOW THAT WE LOOK AFTER
OUR ANIMALS' TEETH THAT
DOESN'T HAPPEN.

MAUREEN says OKAY.
ALRIGHT LET'S GO TO DAWNY IN
PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY.
HELLO, DAWN?

Dawn says HI POWER ARENA,
GREAT SHOW.

MAUREEN says THANK YOU.

Dawn says I HAVE TWO
QUESTIONS FOR THE DOCTOR.
THE FIRST HAS TO DO WITH FLEAS.
I HAVE A SIX AND A HALF
MONTH ROTTWEILER GREAT DANE
PUPPY THAT'S 73 POUNDS.
THE PROBLEM IS HE'S ON
ADVANTAGE, HE DOES HAVE FLEAS.
THE HOUSE HAS BEEN TREATED,
SO HAVE THE TWO CATS BUT WE
FIND HE'S STILL SCRATCHING.
HIS COAT'S STARTING TO COME
BACK AFTER LOSING QUITE A
BIT OF IT.
NOW WE'RE FINDING HE'S STILL
GOT PATCHES.
THE VET HAS SEEN HIM AND SHE
SUGGESTED WE PUT TWO
TABLESPOONS OF OIL, SATISFY
FLOUR OIL IN HIS FOOD
BECAUSE HE'S ON ALPO PUPPY.
NOW I'M JUST WONDERING IS
THERE ANYTHING ELSE WE CAN DO?
BECAUSE WE HAVE TREATED THE
HOUSE AS WELL.

MARK picks up a little box and says ADVANTAGE -- I JUST HAPPEN
TO HAVE A PACKAGE HERE. THERE IT IS.

MAUREEN says OH, THAT'S CAT
ADVANTAGE, IS IT?

MARK says YEAH,
THIS IS CAT ADVANTAGE -- OH,
HERE'S THE DOG ADVANTAGE. IT
IS A ONCE A MONTH TREATMENT
THAT YOU PUT ON THE BACK OF
THE NECK OF ANIMALS TO TREAT FLEAS.
SO THE TREATMENT OF FLEAS
HAS BEEN REVOLUTIONIZED.
YOU NO LONGER HAVE TO SPRAY
THE DOG ON A REGULAR BASIS,
AND IT'S REALLY EFFECTIVE IN
THE TREATMENT OF FLEAS.
HOWEVER, IT SOUNDS LIKE
YOU'RE DOING EVERYTHING
RIGHT, AND ADVANTAGE USUALLY
WORKS REALLY, REALLY WELL.
SOME PEOPLE DON'T EVEN GO TO
THE EXTREME OF SPRAYING THE
HOUSE WHEN THEY'RE USING ADVANTAGE.
WHEN YOU DO THAT, YOU'RE
JUST, YOU KNOW, TAKING CARE
OF THE SITUATION EVEN BETTER.
THERE IS A SITUATION WHERE
THERE'S ACTUALLY A “FLEA
ALLERGY DERMATITIS,” WHERE
PEOPLE -- OR DOGS ARE
ACTUALLY ALLERGIC TO THE
SALIVA IN THE FLEA BITE.
ONCE YOU'VE GOTTEN RID OF
THE FLEAS AND THE ALLERGY, AND
THE DOG IS USED TO BEING
ITCHY FROM THE ALLERGY TO
THE FLEAS, THEY CAN KEEP ON
SCRATCHING AND IT STARTS THE
OLD FAMOUS ITCH-SCRATCH
CYCLE SO IT COULD BE AN
ALLERGIC COMPONENT YOU'RE
DEALING WITH NOW AND NOT THE
ACTUAL FLEA.
HAVE YOU BEEN ABLE TO SEE
FLEAS ON THE DOG?

Dawn says ACTUALLY WE JUST HAD HIM
AT THE VETS TWO WEEKS AGO.
HE DOES HAVE A SEVERE FLEA
ALLERGY AND THIS IS AFTER
THE THIRD TREATMENT OF
ADVANTAGE AND SHE DID FIND
LIVE FLEAS.

MARK says SHE DID
FIND LIVE FLEAS?

Dawn says AND IT'S DAMP, IT'S COLD,
IT HASN'T BEEN WARM DOWN
HERE FOR OVER A MONTH BUT
THERE'S STILL FLEAS ON HIM.
AND HE HAS HAD A FLEA BATH,
WE'VE HAD TO -- HE HAD HIS
LAST DOSE OF ADVANTAGE
BEFORE I PICK HIM UP AGAIN.
I HAVE TO GIVE HIM ANOTHER
DOSE ANOTHER WEEK, BECAUSE
SHE SAID GIVE IT TO HIM IN
THREE WEEKS INSTEAD OF
WAITING A MONTH AND WE'VE
HAD TO NOW DOSE THE CATS AS WELL.
ALL ANIMALS, ALL OUR ANIMALS
ARE OUTDOOR ANIMALS.

Mark says YOU HAVE TO MAKE SURE ALL
THE ANIMALS IN THE HOUSE FOR
SURE ARE TREATED OTHERWISE
IT'LL BE A CYCLE.
HOW OFTEN DO YOU BATHE THE
ANIMAL FOR FLEAS RELATIVE TO
WHEN YOU PUT THE ADVANTAGE
ON WHEN DO YOU BATHE THE ANIMAL?

Dawn says I USUALLY BATHE THE
ANIMAL BEFORE I PUT THE
ADVANTAGE ON.

Mark says GOOD.

Dawn says TO MAKE SURE THE
COAT'S CLEAN.
NOW HE'S GOT A GOOD CASE OF
DANDRUFF ON HIS HIND
QUARTERS FROM HAVING THE ALLERGY.

MAUREEN says THIS IS
REMINDING ME OF THIS
SARCOPSIS MANGE I HAD WITH
MY DOG AND IT WASN'T FLEAS
AT ALL.

MARK says YOUR
VETERINARIAN HAS
DEFINITELY SEEN THE FLEAS, RIGHT?

Dawn says YUP, SHE USED THE FLEA
COMB ON HIM LAST VISIT.

MARK says THERE'S
A NEW PRODUCT ON THE MARKET.
I'VE ACTUALLY NEVER HAD
ADVANTAGE NOT WORK BUT I
GUESS LIKE ANY MEDICATION,
IT'S ALWAYS POSSIBLE.
THERE'S ANOTHER MEDICATION
SIMILAR TO ADVANTAGE WITH A
DIFFERENT DRUG CALLED
“REVOLUTION” WHICH IS PUT
OUT BY PFIZER, AND IT --

He produces a square book with a dog on the cover.

MAUREEN says JUST TILT IT A
LITTLE FORWARD THERE, MARK. THANKS.

MARK says IT'S
CAPABLE OF GETTING RID OF
FLEAS AS WELL IN A SIMILAR
MANNER BUT IT'S A DIFFERENT DRUG.
IT'S AN IVERMECTON-BASED DRUG.
AND MAUREEN WAS ALSO TALKING
ABOUT HOW HER DOG HAD MANGE,
A CERTAIN TYPE OF MANGE
CALLED SARCOPTIC MANGE WHICH
WAS HARD TO DIAGNOSE, AT THE
SAME TIME THIS MEDICATION WOULD TREAT
THAT IF IT'S AN UNDERLYING
CAUSE AS WELL, SO ASK YOUR
VETERINARIAN ABOUT THIS PRODUCT.

MAUREEN says HOPE THAT HELPS.
IS THAT VERY TOXIC?
SOUNDS LIKE THERE MUST BE A
LOT OF STRONG DRUG IN
SOMETHING LIKE THAT IF IT
CAN KILL ALL THESE DIFFERENT
KINDS OF PESTS.

MARK says WELL,
IT'S, ITS MODE OF ACTION IS
VERY SIMILAR TO A DRUG
CALLED IVERMECTON.
IT IS A DERIVATIVE OF IT,
AND A LOT SAFER.
FOR ANY THE DRUG REPORTS
I'VE READ THE MARGIN OF
SAFETY IS ACTUALLY QUITE INCREDIBLE.
IVERMECTON WAS ALSO AN
INJECTABLE ONE AND THIS ONE
I JUST PUT IT RIGHT ON THE
BACK OF THE NECK. IN MY HANDS,
IT'S BEEN VERY EFFECTIVE AND
VERY SAFE.

MAUREEN says OKAY.
MARG IS IN LONDON.
HELLO, MARG.

Marg says HI, THANKS FOR
TAKING MY CALL.

MAUREEN says YOU'RE WELCOME.

Marg says I HAVE A 12 WEEK OLD ENGLISH SPRINGER
SPANIEL AND HE'S BEEN VERY
OBEDIENT BUT UP TO ABOUT
MAYBE THE LAST FOUR DAYS HE
STARTED TO SNARL AND SNAP AT
US AND I'M JUST WONDERING
WHAT I CAN DO TO CORRECT THAT.

MARK says IT'S
ACTUALLY INTERESTING, I'VE
BEEN A VETERINARIAN FOR 25
YEARS, AND IT USED TO BE
THAT A LOT OF PEOPLE USED TO
ASK QUESTIONS ABOUT “MY
DOG'S EYES ARE TEARING, HE'S
SCRATCHING.”
NOWADAYS, BEHAVIOURAL
PROBLEMS IN DOGS ARE A HUGE ISSUE.
AND CATS AS WELL.
NOW HOW OLD IS YOUR DOG AGAIN?

Marg says HE'S ABOUT 12 WEEKS.

Mark says TWELVE WEEKS?

Marg says HE OBEYS.
HE HAS ABOUT SIX COMMANDS HE
OBEYS AND IT'S JUST BEEN
THE LAST THREE OR FOUR DAYS WHERE HE'S
BEEN TURNING ON HIM, SNAPPING AT MY SON,
HE BIT MY HUSBAND
THE OTHER DAY AND MADE HIS FINGER
BLEED QUIT A BIT AND WE'RE
CONFUSED ABOUT WHAT TO DO
FOR HIM.

MARK says DOES IT
OCCUR WHEN YOU'RE TAKING
AWAY FOOD OR TREATS OR
PLAYING TUG OF WAR?

Marg says NO, IT JUST SEEMS TO HAPPEN
ALL OF A SUDDEN.
LIKE I GUESS WE ARE PLAYING
WITH HIM, BUT WE STOPPED THE
TUG-OF-WAR GAMES.
IT'S MORE LIKE JUST IF WE'RE
SITTING ON THE FLOOR WITH
HIM OR -- IT'S OUTSIDE.
LIKE IF HE'S GOT SOMETHING
IN HIS MOUTH, AND WE'RE
TRYING TO TAKE IT OUT,
THAT'S WHEN HE DID BITE MY
HUSBAND THE OTHER DAY.
BUT HE'LL CHASE MY YOUNGEST
SON, DELIBERATELY TRYING TO
BITE HIM.
AND I'VE BEEN SQUEEZING HIS
MUZZLE TOGETHER AND TELLING
HIM NO AND PUTTING HIM IN
HIS CAGE WHEN HE DOES IT BUT
HE'S STILL DOING IT.

MARK says ALRIGHT,
THERE'S A TRAINING ISSUE HERE.
FIRST OF ALL, WHEN YOU'RE
TRAINING DOG, DOG TRAINING
IS DONE ON A COMPLETE
REVERSAL FROM WHEN I WAS A KID.
THERE'S NO REWARD AND
PUNISHMENT ANYMORE, IT'S
ONLY REWARD AND DIVERSION.
IT'S BASICALLY DOLPHIN
TRAINING SO IF A DOLPHIN'S
BAD YOU NEVER SEE ANYBODY
RUBBING THEIR NOSE IN IT, IT
JUST DOESN'T HAPPEN.
IT'S THE SAME THING FOR DOG
TRAINING SO I WOULD NOT
PHYSICALLY PUNISH THE ANIMAL
BY SQUEEZING ITS MOUTH OR
ANYTHING LIKE THAT.
BUT WHAT I WOULD DO IS A LOT
OF THE ISSUE SEEMS TO BE
AROUND TAKING THINGS OUT OF
HIS MOUTH SO, HE'S BEING
PROTECTIVE OF WHAT'S IN HIS
MOUTH AND HE DOESN'T WANT TO LET GO.
ARE YOU DOING ANY
PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AT ALL?
ANY PUPPY TRAINING?

Marg says NO, NOT YET.
WE'VE ONLY HAD HIM FOR ABOUT
THREE WEEKS.

Mark says I WOULD DO THAT FIRST OF ALL.
FIND A REALLY GOOD PUPPY
TRAINER IN THE AREA SO HE
GETS TO LEARN CERTAIN THINGS
IMMEDIATELY.
WHEN HE'S OBEDIENT HE'LL BE
OBEDIENT IN A LOT OF THINGS.
IN ALL THE TRAINING, NOT
JUST SIT AND STAY.
ONE OF THE COMMANDS THAT YOU
SHOULD LEARN HOW TO TRAIN
HIM IS “OUT,” WHICH IS TO DROP
WHATEVER IS IN HIS MOUTH
THAT WILL AVOID THE
SITUATION WHERE YOU'RE
TRYING TO PULL SOMETHING OUT
OF HIS MOUTH - THAT JUST
AUTOMATICALLY STIMULATES
AGGRESSION IN CERTAIN TYPES
OF DOGS AND DOGS THAT ARE
AGGRESSIVE TOWARDS THEIR FOOD.
AND THAT'S HOW THEY TREAT
THEIR TOYS.
ONE OF THE WAYS I WOULD
TRAIN IT OUT OF YOUR
DOG, IS TO OFFER A FAIR
EXCHANGE SO YOU'VE GOT A TOY
IN HIS MOUTH, TAKE HIS
FAVOURITE TREAT IN THE WHOLE
WORLD, GET HIM TO DROP IT, AND --

MAUREEN says NOT PULL IT OUT
BUT TO GET HIM TO HIMSELF DROP IT.

Mark says THAT'S RIGHT.
AVOID THE SITUATION WHERE
YOU'RE PULLING IT OUT.
ONCE HE'S DROPPED IT, YOU
GIVE YOUR WORD COMMAND, LIKE
I USE “OUT” ALL THE TIME AND
ABBIE WILL JUST DROP IT OUT
OF HER MOUTH, AND THEN GIVE
IT THE TREAT SO WHAT YOU'RE
DOING IS AUTOMATICALLY
REWARDING THE RIGHT
BEHAVIOUR AND DIVERTING HIS
ATTENTION AWAY FROM THE
WRONG BEHAVIOUR.

MAUREEN says AND NOW THIS WAS
JUST -- I HEARD HER SAY SHE
PUTS HIM IN HIS CAGE WHEN
HE'S BAD.
IT'S MY UNDERSTANDING YOU
WANT THE CAGE TO BE A PLACE
THAT THE DOG ENJOYS GOING.
YOU DON'T WANT HIM TO
ASSOCIATE THE CAGE WITH
PUNISHMENT? IS THAT TRUE?

MARK says THAT'S
A VERY GOOD POINT.
CRATE TRAINING IS A VERY
IMPORTANT PART OF TRAINING
AND WHEN YOU'RE TRAINING HIM
TO GO ON A -- TOILET
TRAINING A DOG, IF YOU'RE
TRYING TO MAKE THE CRATE
INTO A POSITIVE EXPERIENCE,
WHERE THE ANIMAL WANTS TO GO
WHEN THEY'RE INSECURE, BY
USING IT AS A PUNISHMENT,
YOU'RE DOING THE EXACT OPPOSITE.

MAUREEN says SEE, I'M SO GOOD
AT TELLING OTHER PEOPLE HOW
TO DEAL WITH THEIR DOGS AND
THESE ARE THINGS I DIDN'T DO
WITH MINE.
SOMEONE ON E-MAIL WOULD LIKE
TO KNOW IF THERE IS A BREED
YOU RECOMMEND FOR A BUSY FAMILY.
DO YOU HAVE A FAVOURITE
BREED FOR A FAMILY WITH
CHILDREN, ETCETERA?

MARK says I'M
VERY OPINIONATED.
I THINK AFTER YOU'VE WORKED
WITH DOGS AND CATS AS LONG
AS I HAVE, I'M VERY
OPINIONATED ABOUT BREEDS.
I'VE ALWAYS HAD A GOLDEN
RETRIEVER.

MAUREEN says COME ON UP, ABBIE.
WE'RE TALKING BUT, SO YOU
SHOULD -- YEAH.
GOOD GIRL.

MARK says I'VE
ALWAYS HAD A GOLDEN RETRIEVER.
THEY'RE WONDERFUL SUCKY DOGS.
THEY'RE AFFECTIONATE.
I'VE ONLY SEEN ONE
AGGRESSIVE GOLDEN RETRIEVER
IN 25 YEARS OF PRACTICE.
THEY'RE FUN.
THEY'RE GREAT OUTSIDE.
I GO RIDING WITH HER IN THE
WOODS WITH MY HORSE.
SHE FOLLOWS RIGHT BEHIND.
SHE'S TOTALLY OBEDIENT.
IT'S JUST A GREAT BREED OF DOG.
IT'S MY FAVOURITE.
ON THE DOWNSIDE, SHE SHEDS
EVERYWHERE.

MAUREEN says HE'S GOT HAIR
ALL OVER HIS PANTS, FOLKS.

MARK says ALL OVER MY HOUSE.
YOU DON'T COME IT MY HOUSE
WITH BLACK CLOTHES ON, OKAY?

MAUREEN says OKAY.

MARK says BUT
THERE ARE CERTAIN
PREREQUISITES PEOPLE HAVE.
SMALL DOG, MEDIUM DOG,
NON-SHEDDING IF THERE'S
ALLERGIES, THERE'S A LOT OF
BREEDS OF DOGS BUT THIS IS
DEFINITELY MY FAVOURITE.

MAUREEN says WHEN I HEAR THAT
THAT BREED IS PRONE TO
HIP DISPLAYSIA, IS THAT TRUE?

MARK says
ALMOST -- IF YOU NAME A
BREED OF DOG, I CAN NAME
CERTAIN TYPES OF MEDICAL
PROBLEMS THAT ARE ASSOCIATED
WITH THEM.
AND IF YOU PICK A GOOD
BREEDER WHO TENDS TO BREED
THESE THINGS OUT OF THEIR
LINES IT DECREASES THE
CHANCES OF IT HAPPENING.
DOESN'T ELIMINATE THE CHANCE
OF IT HAPPENING BUT DECREASES IT.
I WOULD DO MY RESEARCH.
FIND A REALLY GOOD BREEDER,
ASK A VETERINARIAN, OR EVEN MORE
THAN ONE VETERINARIAN AND FROM
THERE MAKE YOUR OWN JUDGMENT
ACCORDING TO HOW YOU'VE
INTERVIEWED THE BREEDER, NOT
HOW THEY INTERVIEW YOU.

MAUREEN says HOW EARLY CAN
YOU DETECT HIP DISPLAYSIA IN
A DOG?

MARK says TRULY
THERE ARE STUDIES THAT SHOW
YOU CAN DETECT IT FAIRLY EARLLY.
THERE'S A RESPONSE CALLED
THE ORTOLANI RESPONSE THAT'S
AN INDICATOR OF HIP
DISPLAYSIA, BUT REALLY THE
DIAGNOSIS SHOULDN'T BE MADE
UNTIL -- OR CANNOT BE MADE
UNLESS IT'S INCREDIBLY
SEVERE, UNTIL ABOUT A-YEAR
TO A YEAR AND A HALF OF AGE.
NOW I JUST HAPPEN TO HAVE --

He produces a model of the bones in a dog's hind quarters.

MAUREEN says OH, YOU'VE GOT A MODEL OF
A HIP THAT'S GOT THIS PROBLEM?

MARK says YEAH.

MAUREEN says DON'T WORRY, ABBIE, THAT'S NOT YOU.

MARK says NO,
HOPEFULLY NOT.
THIS IS THE HIP OF A DOG,
AND YOU CAN SEE IT HEAD-ON
THIS WAY.
THIS IS THE NORMAL HIP WHERE
IT'S A PAUL AND SOCKET, AND
YOU CAN SEE HOW SMOOTH THE
PART OF THE BALL IN THE
SOCKET IS THERE.
CAN YOU SEE IT?

MAUREEN says YEAH.

MARK says AND
THIS IS A SEVERELY
DYSPLASTIC HIP.
YOU CAN SEE THE CALCIUM
DEPOSITS THAT HAVE BUILT UP
ON BOTH THE BALL AND SOCKET
AND I DON'T KNOW IF YOU
CAN HEAR THE GRINDING NOISE?

MAUREEN says THANK YOU, YES.
(Clicking)

MARK says THIS IS
PLASTIC, DON'T WORRY.
AND THAT'S A VERY SEVERE OR
GRADE THREE OUT OF FOUR
BECAUSE IT'S NOT ACTUALLY
DISLOCATED HIP DISPLAYSIA.
AND THIS IS WHAT IT
LOOKS LIKE.

MAUREEN says OKAY, BEST OF
LUCK, I THINK THAT WAS MARK
WITH THAT QUESTION.
ALICE IS IN OAKVILLE.
HI ALICE.

Alice says HI, HOW ARE YOU?

MAUREEN says GOOD, THANKS.

Alice says I HAVE TWO CATS,
ONE IS ABOUT NINE YEARS OLD
AND THE OTHER ONE IS ABOUT
SEVEN MONTHS OLD, AND THE
NINE-YEAR-OLD CAT HAS BEEN
WITH OTHER CATS AS WELL
PRIOR TO THIS ONE BUT THE
NINE-YEAR-OLD HAS NOW
STARTED -- I'M ASSUMING HE'S
DOING IT TO HIMSELF BECAUSE
THE OTHER ONE IS TOO YOUNG
TO DO IT TO HIM, AND THAT'S
DIGGING UNDERNEATH
HIS CHIN AND I'M ASSUMING
HE'S DOING IT WITH HIS BACK
CLAWS, BECAUSE IT LOOKS LIKE
GOUGES AND BRUISING.
HE'S NEVER DONE THIS BEFORE,
I DON'T KNOW HOW TO GET HIM
TO STOP - WHAT SHOULD I DO?

Mark asks IS IT LOCATED JUST UNDER
THE CHIN AT THE POINT OF THE CHIN?

Alice says YES.

MAUREEN says DO YOU SEE ANY
BLACK SPOTS ON IT?

Alice says I THOUGHT IT WAS
DRIED BLOOD, BUT YEAH.

Mark says IT SOUNDS LIKE YOUR CAT
HAS -- ARE YOU READY FOR
THIS? - FELINE ACNE.

Alice laughs and says OH, GIVE ME A BREAK.

MAUREEN says FELINE ACNE.

MARK says FELINE ACNE.
IT'S ACTUALLY LIMITED TO THE
POINT OF THE CHIN.
USUALLY YOU SEE BLACKHEADS
WHICH PREDOMINANTLY LOOK
LIKE DRIED BLOOD, BUT
THEY'RE BLACKHEADS OR
SOMETIMES IT CAN
BE OPEN BOILS AND IT CAN BE
TREATED REASONABLY EASILY.
AT AN EARLY STAGE YOU CAN
TREAT IT WITH JUST DRYING
AGENTS LIKE RUBBING ALCOHOL,
VERY SMALL AMOUNTS.
SOMETIMES YOU HAVE TO GO TO
BENZOIL PEROXIDE, WHICH IS
USED FOR PIMPLES IN
TEENAGERS AS WELL.

MAUREEN says YEAH, MY
DAUGHTER RECOMMENDS OXY-5.

MARK says THANK
YOU VERY MUCH.
BUT SOMETIMES YOU HAVE TO GO
TO SYSTEMIC ANTIBIOTICS AS
WELL AND YOU SHOULD SEE YOUR
REACTION FOR THAT.

MAUREEN says THE POOR THING
IS HE RUBBING ON IT BECAUSE
IT'S ITCHY?

MARK says YES.
IT'S JUST LIKE A BIG BOIL --
THEY'RE FASTIDIOUS CREATURES
AND THEY CAN'T STAND HAVING
ANYTHING THAT THEY CAN'T
DEAL WITH ON THEIR FACE.

MAUREEN says OKAY, THERE YOU GO.
THANKS FOR THE CALL.
WE'RE TALKING ABOUT PETS
THIS AFTERNOON, SPECIFICALLY
DOGS AND CATS WITH DOCTOR MARK SPIEGLE.
IF YOU HAVE A QUESTION ABOUT
YOUR PET'S HEALTH, GIVE US A CALL.

Maureen repeats the phone and mail numbers.

MAUREEN says AND WE HAVE AN
E-MAIL QUESTION FROM LESLIE.
“I HEARD THAT CANNED TUNA IS
BAD FOR CATS.
IS THIS TRUE?”

MARK says YES.

MAUREEN says YOU'D THINK
THAT'S AN OBVIOUS
COMBINATION THERE, CATS AND
TUNA FISH.

MARK says WELL THE
OCCASIONAL TREAT WITH CANNED
TUNA IS NOT AN ISSUE.
WHAT WE'RE TALKING ABOUT ARE
PEOPLE THAT THINK THAT CATS
NEED FISH AND YOU SHOULD
FEED FISH ALL THE TIME.
IF A CAT GETS JUST CANNED
TUNA, THEN THEY GET AN
ENZYME CALLED THIAMINAISE
WHICH DECREASES A VITAMIN
CALLED THIAMIN WHICH CAN
LEAD IT TO VERY SERIOUS
NEUROLOGICAL PROBLEMS, BUT
MOST PEOPLE DON'T DO THAT,
AND JUST GIVE THE OCCASIONAL
TREAT OR A LITTLE BIT OF
TUNA WATER, BECAUSE WE ALL
HAVE OUR TUNA WITH
WATER NOW AND THAT'S OKAY.
SO YOU'RE NOT GOING TO KILL
YOUR ANIMAL BY GIVING IT AN
INDICATIONAL LITTLE BIT OF
TUNA AS LONG AS THEY DON'T
GET SICK FROM IT.

MAUREEN says DO YOU FEED
CINNAMON CANNED CAT FOOD?

MARK says CINNAMON IS A
FUSSY DRIED FOOD EATER.
CINNAMON IS A MALE.
THERE ARE ACTUALLY STUDIES
THAT SHOW THAT IT'S BETTER FOR
THE UROLOGICAL SYSTEM, THE
YOU KNOW THE URINARY TRACT OF MALE
CATS WHO GET THIS REALLY
HORRIBLE URINARY TRACT
DISEASE TO EAT CANNED TUNA,
FOR PART OF THEIR DIET.
CATS ARE A PRODUCT OF A DESERT
ENVIRONMENT. YOU CANNOT STIMULATE THEM
TO DRINK A LOT SO IF YOU
INCREASE THEIR WATER INTAKE
BY EATING CANNED FOOD, WHICH
IS 80 PERCENT WATER, THEN IT
DECREASES THE PREDISPOSITION
OR THEIR ABILITY TO GET THIS
URINARY TRACT DISEASE.

MAUREEN says AND DO YOU HAVE
AN OPINION ON DOG FOOD? -
WHEN I BUY IT I GET THE
LITTLE BIT MORE EXPENSIVE
THING, BUT IF I SEND MY
HUSBAND HE'LL COME BACK WITH
THE CHEAPEST THING HE CAN
FIND IN THE GROCERY STORE. IS
THERE A PROBLEM IF YOU GO
WITH CHEAPER DOG FOOD?

MARK says I DON'T
THINK THAT YOU CAN TELL THE
QUALITY OF THE PET FOOD BY
THE AMOUNT OF MONEY THAT YOU
SPEND ON IT.
BECAUSE THERE ARE SOME
GIMMICKS AS WELL IN PET FOOD - THERE IS
A PERCEPTION OUT THERE THAT THE
MORE YOU SPEND, THE BETTER IT IS.
THERE ARE SOME REALLY GOOD
PET FOODS OUT THERE THAT ARE
VERY, VERY EXPENSIVE.
THERE ARE SOME REALLY GOOD
PET FOODS THAT ARE MODERATE.
USUALLY THE INCREDIBLY CHEAP
ONES, YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY
FOR IN THAT SCENARIO.

MAUREEN says IS THERE
ANYTHING IN THE INGREDIENTS
THAT YOU THINK WE SHOULD BE
LOOKING FOR?

MARK says THE
PROBLEM WITH READING THE
INGREDIENTS FROM THE TIN IS
THEY GIVE YOU MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS.
I TELL MY CLIENTS THAT IF IT
SAYS THAT THERE'S 20 PERCENT PROTEIN
AND 20 PERCENT FAT AND 10 PERCENT ASH OR
5 PERCENT ASH, I CAN MAKE THE SAME
INGREDIENTS UP BY TAKING
HAIR CLIPPINGS, CIGARETTE
BUTTS AND CRANK CASE OIL IT.
DOESN'T MEAN THAT IT'S GOOD,
BUT IT LOOKS GREAT ON THE LABEL.
YOU REALLY HAVE TO GET THE
BREAKDOWN, THE SCIENTIFIC
BREAKDOWN FROM THE
COMPANY, AND MOST REPUTABLE
COMPANIES WILL SEND THAT TO
YOU IF YOU'RE REALLY
INTERESTED, OR JUST TALK TO
YOUR VETERINARIAN.

MAUREEN says OKAY,
LET'S GO TO JUDITH IN
STITTSVILLE.
HI JUDITH!

Judith says OH, HI THERE.
I HAVE SIX CATS AND A DOG IN
MY HOUSE AND I HAVE ONE CAT
WHO DOESN'T LIKE ANOTHER CAT,
EVEN THOUGH THEY'RE BROTHER
AND SISTER, BUT THEY GET
ALONG WITH EVERYBODY ELSE
AND SOMETIMES IT MAKES FOR A
RATHER NOISY ENVIRONMENT.

MARK says SO YOU
WANT TO KNOW WHAT YOU COULD
DO TO HELP THE TWO CATS TO
GET ALONG?

Judith says YES. YES.
WELL THE LITTLE FEMALE,
BUNNY LIP, SHE JUST GOES
INSANE WHEN SHE SEES THE MALE.
SHE STARTS SCREAMING.
AND RATHER THAN RUN AWAY, HE
RUNS AT HER, VERY
AGGRESSIVELY, AND WHEN THEY
FIGHT, IT'S REALLY, REALLY AGGRESSIVE.

MAUREEN says OKAY.
WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
CAN THEY EVER LEARN TO GET ALONG?

MARK says CATS
ARE HARD TO TRAIN.
THEY DO WHAT THEY WANT
WHENEVER THEY WANT.
WE'RE ON THIS EARTH TO LOOK
AFTER CATS, BASICALLY, OR
THAT'S WHAT THEY THINK, AT
LEAST. THERE IS A PRODUCT OUT THERE
THAT'S A FACIAL PHEROMONE OR
A HORMONE THAT CAN OFTEN
CALM CATS DOWN.
I DON'T KNOW, SOMETIMES YOU
SEE CATS RUBBING THEIR FACE
AGAINST CORNERS?
PEOPLE THINK THAT THEY'RE
JUST SCRATCHING THEMSELVES
BUT THEY'RE ACTUALLY MARKING
THEIR TERRITORY WITH A
FACIAL HORMONE.
ONE COMPANY, ABBOTT LABS,
HAS ACTUALLY BOTTLED THIS
FACIAL HORMONE AND CAN
SOMETIMES DECREASE
AGGRESSION BETWEEN ANIMALS BY
SPRAYING THAT AROUND THE
HOUSE AND EVEN ON SOME OF
THE ANIMALS' POSSESSIONS, SO
ON BEDS AND STUFF.
IT'S SOLD ONLY THROUGH
VETERINARIANS AND IT MIGHT
BE SOMETHING THAT YOU'D TO
WANT TO LOOK INTO.
BUT IT MIGHT NOT DO THE
TRICK AND PROBABLY WON'T.
IT'S WORTH A TRY THOUGH.

MAUREEN says AND SOME PEOPLE
JUST CAN'T STAND THIS GOING
AND ON IN THE END THEY LOOK
FOR ANOTHER HOME FOR ONE OR
OTHER OF THE CATS IS THAT
SOMETIMES WHAT HAS TO HAPPEN?

MARK says DOGS
ARE PACK ANIMALS.
DERIVED FROM WOLVES, LOVE
BEING IN A PACK, THERE'S THE
LEADERS AND THE FOLLOWERS.
SOME PEOPLE BELIEVE THERE
ARE SOME PACK ASPECTS TO
CATS BUT MOST OF THE TIME
THEY'RE SOLID, INDIVIDUAL ANIMALS.

MAUREEN says ALL LEADERS.

MARK says YEAH, THAT'S RIGHT.

MAUREEN says THANKS VERY MUCH,
JUDITH. BEST OF LUCK.
SOME OF THE OTHER THINGS
THAT YOU'VE BROUGHT ALONG,
YOU WERE TALKING ABOUT DOG
TEETH AND KEEPING THEM
CLEAN. DO YOU WANT TO SHOW US WHAT
YOU MEAN WITH SOME OF THESE
THINGS THAT YOU BROUGHT?

MARK picks up a pink molding of a dog's jaw and says
THIS IS A PLASTIC DOG MOUTH, AND
WHAT HAPPENS IS THAT IT'S
VERY EASY TO PREVENT DENTAL
DISEASE IN DOG, AND YOU HAVE
TO DO IT BY BRUSHING.
BRUSHING, MOST PEOPLE LAUGH
WHEN YOU TELL THEM THAT.
I DON'T EVEN BRUSH MY TEETH,
LET ALONE I'M GOING TO BRUSH
MY DOG'S TEETH BUT YOU CAN
REALLY, REALLY DECREASE YOUR
VETERINARY FEES, BILLS FOR
SURE, BY PREVENTING DENTAL
DISEASE AND IT'LL INCREASE
THE LONGEVITY OF YOUR PET
DRAMATICALLY.
AND THERE ARE FLAVOURED
TOOTHPASTES OUT THERE, TOO.

MAUREEN says YEAH,
THEY COME IN CHICKEN FLAVOUR AND STUFF.

MARK says THAT'S
MY FAVOURITE ONE, NOT PERSONALLY
SPEAKING --

MAUREEN says I'M GLAD YOU'VE
TRIED THEM ALL.
AND YOU PUT OF THAT ON ONE
OF THESE THING, I GUESS, THE
FINGER TOOTHBRUSH.

MARK says WELL
THERE'S TWO OPTIONS HERE.
ONE IS YOU CAN USE A
CHILDREN'S TOOTHBRUSH, WHICH
I BROUGHT WITH ME.
SOME PEOPLE DON'T ACTUALLY
LIKE TO PUT THEIR FINGER IN
THE MOUTH OF AN ANIMAL.
BUT THE ONE THAT I DO LIKE
THE BEST IS THIS FINGER TOOTHBRUSH.
AND I'M JUST GOING TO OPEN THIS UP.

MAUREEN says OKAY.

MARK says AWAY
FROM THE MICROPHONE, AND THE
REASON I LIKE IT IS BECAUSE
YOU HAVE BETTER CONTROL.
FIRST OF ALL 90 PERCENT OF THE
DENTAL DISEASES ARE ON THE
OUTSIDE OF THE TEETH, NOT ON
THE INSIDE.
SO I RECOMMEND TO PEOPLE
THAT THEY ONLY BRUSH THE
OUTSIDE OF THE TEETH.
AND THERE ARE ALL SORTS OF
POSSIBILITIES WHEN YOU PUT IT
ON THE INSIDE OF THE MOUTH,
LIKE BEING BITTEN, AND THE
ANIMAL GAGGING.
THE OTHER THING THAT I
RECOMMEND IS THAT YOU DO IT
VERY GRADUALLY.
IT'S A TRAINING ISSUE.
MOST PEOPLE WITH “TYPE-A.”
PERSONALITIES WANT TO DO IT
AND GET IT DONE, SO THEY'RE
GOING BACK AND FORTH AND
GOING LIKE THAT AND THE
DOG'S GOING “WHAT THE HECK?!”
AND THEY BACK OFF, AND IT'S A
NEGATIVE EXPERIENCE.
YOU HAVE TO TURN IT INTO A
POSITIVE EXPERIENCE.
SO YOU START OFF ON DAY ONE
WITH PUTTING A TOUCH OF
CHICKEN TOOTHPASTE ON THE
FINGER TOOTHBRUSH AND THEN
YOU JUST DAB THE OUTSIDE OF
THE TEETH LIKE THAT AND THEN
YOU SAVE YOUR DOG'S
FAVOURITE TREAT TO THE END
AND THEN YOU GIVE THAT TO
THEM AFTERWARDS SO IT'S LIKE
WOW, THIS IS CHICKEN!
I GET A TREAT AFTERWARDS.
THIS IS REALLY GOOD.
YOU DO THE SAME THING FOR A
COUPLE OF DAYS AND THEN THE
NEXT DAY YOU GET JUST
SLIGHTLY MORE -- NEXT TIME,
YOU GET SLIGHTLY MORE AGGRESSIVE.
A CIRCULAR MOTION, ONCE
AGAIN ON THE OUTSIDE, BUT
ONLY A FEW TEETH BACK.
TURN IT INTO A POSITIVE
EXPERIENCE, GIVE THE
FAVOURITE TREAT IN THE WORLD
ONCE AGAIN, AND YOU KEEP ON
DOING THAT UNTIL EVENTUALLY,
HOPEFULLY THE DOG IS LOOKING
FORWARD TO IT.
IF YOU DO IT EVERYDAY AT SIX
O'CLOCK IN THE EVENING,
THEY'RE ACTUALLY BEGGING TO
HAVE THEIR TEETH BRUSHED.

MAUREEN takes the tube and says OH, LET'S FIND OUT.
ABBIE THIS LOOK!
LOOK WHAT I HAVE, ABBIE.

MARK says YEAH,
RIGHT. SHE'S SLEEPING.

MAUREEN says YES, NICE TRY SO
THAT WILL WORK, INTRODUCE IT
LITTLE BY LITTLE AND PRETTY
SOON -- HOW LONG SHOULD IT
TAKE TO DO THE WHOLE MOUTH
AND HOW OFTEN SHOULD YOU DO IT?

MARK says
YOU'RE SUPPOSED
TO BRUSH THEIR TEETH EVERYDAY.

MAUREEN says AH! PLEASE!

MARK says I'D BE
HAPPY IF MY CLIENTS BRUSHED
THEIR PETS' TEETH TWO TO
THREE TIMES A WEEK.
AND IT'S THE SAME THING WITH CATS.
CATS ARE MUCH MORE DIFFICULT.
YOU SHOULDN'T FEEL GUILTY IF YOU
CANNOT BRUSH YOUR CATS' TEETH.
IT'S WORTH TRYING AND THEN
SOMETIMES IT REQUIRES
VETERINARY INTERVENTION.

MAUREEN says OKAY, JOANNE IS
IN OTTAWA. HI JOANNE.

Joanne says HMM.
I'VE GOT A QUESTION THAT
I'VE NEVER HEARD ON ANY OF
YOUR SHOWS.

MAUREEN says OKAY.

Joanne says I'VE GOT AN 80
POUND, HYPERNEUROTIC DOG.
WHEN I MOVED, I PUT HER ON
VALIUM FOR TWO WEEKS AND SHE
WAS GREAT.
SHE'S VERY LOVING, VERY
GENEROUS WITH ALL HER TOYS,
WITH OTHER DOG, EVEN HER DOG BONES.
SHE HIDES BEHIND PEOPLE
WHEN -- LIKE THE VACUUM
COMES OUT OR A NEW PERSON
COMES IN THE HOUSE, SHE'S
NOT A BIT POSSESSIVE OR ANYTHING.
SHE'S A PERFECT DOG.
EXCEPT FOR THIS NEUROTIC,
HYPER BUSINESS.

MAUREEN says BUT WHEN DOES IT HAPPEN?
SHE'S AFRAID OF LOUD NOISES
LIKE THE VACUUM CLEANER?

Joanne says NO, IT'S NOT THE NOISE.
IT'S ANYTHING NEW.
IF SHE SEES A NEW CAR ON THE
STREET THAT'S NEVER BEEN
THERE WHEN WE WALKED, SHE IS
AFRAID OF IT.

MAUREEN says OH.

Joanne says UM, IT'S, IT'S
THE WEIRDEST THING I'VE EVER SEEN!

MAUREEN says AND WHAT KIND OF DOG IS IT?

Joanne says SHE'S A DOBERMAN-ROTT MIX.

MAUREEN says OKAY, AND HOW OLD?

Joanne says SHE'LL BE FOUR ON
THE ELEVENTH.

MAUREEN says OKAY MARK WHAT DO YOU THINK?

MARK says
SO BASICALLY SHE'S FEARFUL OF NEW THINGS.
IS SHE AGGRESSIVE-FEARFUL?.

Joanne says NEVER AGGRESSIVE.
I CAN TAKE HER REGULAR REAL
BONES RIGHT OUT OF HER MOUTH.
SHE DROPS -- YOU KNOW --

MAUREEN says SHE'S FEARFUL
MORE THAN ANYTHING, RIGHT?

Joanne says YEAH.

MAUREEN says OKAY.

MARK says I'VE
EXPERIENCED THAT MYSELF WITH
MY GOLDEN RETRIEVER PRIOR TO ABIGAIL.
SHE WAS AFRAID OF ORANGE
CONES ON THE STREET.
SO IT WAS VERY DIFFICULT
WHEN THERE WAS CONSTRUCTION
AROUND THE HOUSE DEALING
WITH ANYTHING.
BUT IS SHE FEARFUL OF
THUNDERSTORMS?

Joanne says NOPE.

MAUREEN says NOT AT ALL.

Joanne says NOT NOISES,
IT'S -- IF YOU BRING A DRILL
INTO THE HOUSE AND SHE'S
NEVER SEEN IT, SHE'S AFRAID
OF IT.

MAUREEN says BEFORE YOU EVEN
TURN IT ON.

Joanne says OH, YEAH.

MAUREEN says BUT SHE GETS
USED TO IT EVENTUALLY,
OBVIOUSLY.

Joanne says WELL I MEAN, I'VE
BEEN USING THIS VACUUM FOR A
YEAR AND SHE'S STILL NOT --

MAUREEN says STILL NOT USED
TO IT.

Joanne says ALL SHE SEES IS
THIS RED THING COME OUT AND
SHE GOES NUTS.

MARK says WELL, YOU SHOULD
BE THANKFUL ABOUT CERTAIN THINGS.
FIRST OF ALL SHE DOESN'T
HAVE FEAR-BASED AGGRESSION
WHICH IS ACTUALLY COMMON IN
THE ROTTWEILER TYPE OF DOGS.
SO YOU SHOULD BE THANKFUL OF
THAT, SHE'S JUST FEARFUL.
IT'S A TRAINING ISSUE AND
SHE'S HOW OLD? SEVEN?

MAUREEN says SHE'S FOUR NOW.

MARK says YEAH,
YOU HAVE TO TURN IT INTO A
POSITIVE -- EVERYTHING SHE'S
FEARFUL OF HAS TO BE TURNED
INTO A POSITIVE AND NOT A
NEGATIVE EXPERIENCE.
SO EVERY TIME THAT VACUUM
COMES OUT, YOU ALWAYS USE REWARDS.
ALWAYS, ALWAYS, ALWAYS.
THAT'S WHAT WORKS THE BEST.
YOU HAVE TO TRAIN HER TO THE
POINT WHERE SHE SEES A RED
VACUUM, SHE'S JUST SALIVATING.
THE OLD PAVLOV THEORY.

MAUREEN says BECAUSE YOU'RE
GOING GIVE HER A TREAT.

MARK says THAT'S RIGHT.
AND I KNOW YOU CANNOT TELL
IN ADVANCE WHAT SHE'S GOING
TO BE FEARFUL OF, BUT THE
ONES THAT SHE IS ALREADY
FEARFUL OF YOU HAVE TO TURN
INTO A POSITIVE EXPERIENCE.

MAUREEN says WHAT DO YOU
THINK OF PUTTING DOGS ON
PROZAC OR VALIUM OR - THESE
NEUROTIC DOGS?

MARK says THERE'S
ONLY TWO WAYS TO DEAL WITH A
BEHAVIOUR PROBLEM.
TO ALTER THE ENVIRONMENT OR
TO ALTER THE DOG.
THOSE REALLY ONLY TWO WAYS,
AND THAT'S THE SORT OF GROSS
TERMINOLOGY.
YOU COULD ALTER THE DOG BY
REWARDING, OR THROUGH
TRAINING AND THOSE ARE THE
WAYS YOU TRY FIRST.
IF TRAINING DOESN'T WORK,
SOMETIMES USING
PHARMACOLOGICAL HELP LIKE
PROZAC CAN OFTEN MAKE THE
TRAINING A LOT EASIER.
CAN MAKE THEM MORE RECEPTIVE
TO TRAINING SO THERE ARE A
LOT OF INDICATIONS IN DOGS
AND IN CATS WHERE USING
DRUGS REALLY HELPS.

MAUREEN says OKAY.
HOPE IT WORKS.
THANKS VERY MUCH FOR YOUR
QUESTION, JOANNE.
AN E-MAIL QUESTION FROM
LUISA IN BRAMPTON “MY CAT
WHO I ADOPTED SIX YEARS AGO
WAS ESTIMATED TO BE FIVE
YEARS OLD AT THE TIME.
WHEN SHE MOVES ABOUT LATELY I'VE
NOTICED LATELY SHE APPEARS
TO BE SIGNIFICANTLY SLOWER
AND MUCH MORE STIFF.
I'M CONCERNED IT MIGHT BE A
SIGN OF ARTHRITIS,
ESPECIALLY SINCE SHE WAS AN
OUTDOOR CAT WHEN I FOUND HER.
COULD THIS BE A POSSIBILITY
AND ARE THERE TREATMENTS YOU
COULD RECOMMEND?”

MARK says IT'S A
VERY GOOD POSSIBILITY.
ARTHRITIS HAPPENS IN ALL
MAMMALS, UNFORTUNATELY.
IT'S REASONABLY COMMON AS
THEY GET OLDER.
THERE ARE MORE TREATMENTS
FOR ARTHRITIS AVAILABLE FOR
DOGS, ON LABEL TREATMENTS,
MEANING MADE FOR THAT
SPECIES, THAN THERE ARE FOR CATS.
A LOT OF PEOPLE HAVE HAD
GREAT SUCCESS WITH SOME OF
THE NUTRACEUTICALS LIKE
GLUCOSAMINE - AS A MATTER OF
FACT MY HORSE IS ON IT AND
IT'S WORKED QUITE WELL FOR HIM.
I TRULY BELIEVE THAT THEY'RE GOOD.
THERE ARE SOME PRODUCTS
ON-LABEL USE LIKE ANAPHEN, A
NON-STEROIDAL ANTIINFLAMMATORY, LIKE A
STRONG TYPE OF ASPIRIN THAT
IS LABELLED FOR USE FOR CATS.
IT'S AVAILABLE ONLY THROUGH
VETERINARIANS.
NEVER, EVER USE TYLENOL OR
ASPIRIN ON A CAT.
TYLENOL NEVER USE.
TYLENOL CAN KILL CATS.
IT CHANGES THEIR HEMOGLOBIN
TO METHHEMOGLOBIN SO THEY
CANNOT CARRY OXYGEN IN THEIR
BLOOD, AND ASPIRIN CAN BE
USED JUDICIOUSLY IN CATS,
USUALLY ONLY EVERY SECOND
AND THIRD DAY AND ONLY UNDER
THE SUPERVISION OF A
VETERINARIAN.

MAUREEN says THERE ARE SOME IDEAS.
LINDA IS IN KITCHENER.
WELCOME, LINDA.

Linda says THANK YOU.
I HAVE TWO POODLES, THEY'RE
SEVEN YEARS OLD, THEY'RE BROTHERS.
ONE IS A BLACK GREY AND THE
OTHER IS APRICOT.
THE BLACK ONE, HE'S A
CONTINUAL BARKER.
SOMEBODY SLAMS THE CAR DOOR
OUTSIDE, HE HAS TO BARK.
SO I WAS WONDERING WHERE YOU
GET THE CITRONELLA COLLAR,
WHERE I CAN FIND THEM IN KITCHENER?

MAUREEN says I WAS WONDERING
THE SAME THING.
VETS' HAVE THEM --

Mark says IT'S CALLED THE ABOI-STOP,
A-B-O-I-STOP.
AND IT'S FROM FRANCE AND
WORKS REALLY WELL AND I
STRONGLY RECOMMEND IT FROM
PERSONAL EXPERIENCE.
HAVE YOU HEARD ABBIE SAY
ANYTHING?

MAUREEN says NO, ABBIE HASN'T
SAID ANYTHING.
SHE'S HAVING A NICE SLEEP
DOWN THERE.
BECAUSE MY DOG IS A BEARDED
COLLIE AND THERE'S THAT
HERDING INSTINCT, I'M
WONDERING IF IT'S CRUEL TO STOP HIM FROM DOING IT.
HE THINKS HE'S HERDING SHEEP
OUT THERE IN THE PARK.
AM I -- IS IT CRUEL OF ME TO
STOP THAT?

MARK says I DON'T
THINK SO.
WE'RE NOT TRYING TO
ELIMINATE COMPLETELY.
LIKE,IN THE APPROPRIATE
PLACES BARKING IS FINE.
BUT WE ALWAYS ALTER THE
ANIMALS TO DOMESTICITY, SO
IT'S NOT NATURAL TO SPAY OR
NEUTER AN ANIMAL EITHER, BUT
BECAUSE WE HAVE TO DO
THAT -- SO WE HAVE TO MAKE
THEM MOULD INTO OUR LIFE
STYLE A LITTLE BIT.
AND THIS IS A VERY HUMANE
WAY -- I HAVE A VERY, VERY
HAPPY DOG.
WHO - I DON'T RESENT HER
BARKING BECAUSE SHE DOESN'T
BARK ANYMORE.

MAUREEN says SO IT'S CALLED
THE ABI --

MARK says ABOI,
A-B-O-I.

MAUREEN says ALRIGHT, THANKS VERY
MUCH FOR YOUR QUESTION. TERESA WRITES
“OUR 12-YEAR-OLD NEUTERED
MALE BEAGLE HAS CHRONIC EAR
INFECTIONS, HE'S BEEN
TREATED WITH A SERIES OF
ANTIBIOTICS AND
ANTIMICOTICS BUT THE
INFECTION ALWAYS COMES
BACK WITHIN THREE WEEKS.
WOULD MARK HAVE ANY
SUGGESTIONS FOR MINIMIZING
THESE EAR INFECTIONS?”

MARK says THAT'S
VERY APPROPRIATE.
ABBIE ACTUALLY HAS AN EAR
INFECTION NOW, AND SHE'S ON
MEDICATION. EAR INFECTIONS IN DOGS ARE
CHRONIC THINGS.
IT'S NOT LIKE PEOPLE, WHERE
YOU CAN GIVE THEM MEDICATION
AND YOU PROBABLY WILL NEVER,
EVER SEE IT AGAIN. IT
PROBABLY WILL POP-UP AGAIN.
THERE ARE WAYS OF
CONTROLLING IT.
IT DEPENDS ON WHETHER IT'S A
YEAST OR BACTERIA THAT CAUSES IT.
THOSE ARE THE TWO MOST COMMON THINGS.
IF A MICROSCOPIC ANALYSIS IS
DONE AND IT'S FOUND TO BE
BACTERIAL YOU MIGHT TO WANT
DO A CULTURE IN SENSITIVITY
AND USE A LONG-TERM TREATMENT OF
ANTIBIOTICS BOTH ORAL AND TOPICAL.
I MEAN, I'M TALKING A
LONG-TERM TO GET RID OF IT.

MAUREEN says LIKE HOW LONG?

MARK says FOUR OR FIVE WEEKS.
PEOPLE FREAK OUT ABOUT THAT
BUT THE TRUTH OF THE MATTER
IS IF IT'S STRAIGHT
BACTERIAL, SOMETIMES IT'S
REALLY GOOD TO NIP IT IN THE
BUD ONCE AND FOR ALL.
IF IT'S A YEAST INFECTION,
THEY'RE MORE DIFFICULT TO
GET RID OF.
THERE ARE DERMATOLOGY
SPECIALISTS IN VETERINARY
MEDICINE, SO IN VARIOUS
AREAS YOU CAN GET YOUR
GENERAL VETERINARIAN TO REFER
TO YOU ONE OF THOSE.
SOMETIMES IF IT'S NOT
RESPONSIVE TO TOPICAL
MEDICATION, THERE'S A
PRODUCT THAT YOUR
VETERINARIAN CAN MAKE CALLED
FLAMISINE WHICH SOMETIMES
HELPS CHRONICALLY INFECTED
EARS, BUT SOMETIMES YOU HAVE
TO GO TO BOTH ORAL AND
TOPICAL MEDICATION AT THE
SAME TIME.

MAUREEN says ANY TIPS ON HOW
TO GIVE ORAL MEDICATION TO A
DOG WHO SEES YOU COMING AND
HIDES?

MARK says IT'S TOUGH.
IT'S ONCE AGAIN TRYING TO
TURN IT INTO LESS OF A
NEGATIVE EXPERIENCE.
THERE IS A PRODUCT OUT THERE
CALLED “SNARF.”

MAUREEN says SNARF?

MARK says SNARF.
IT'S ONLY CLAIM FOR
EXISTENCE IS TO HIDE PILLS INSIDE.

MAUREEN laughs and says OH, IT'S
SOMETHING THAT CAN GO DOWN
WITH THE PILL?

MARK says YES, IT'S BASICALLY A
SALAMI-LIKE PRODUCT AND YOU
CUT IT INTO LITTLE PIECES
AND IT'S CHICKEN-BASED.
IT'S NOT A FOOD, BUT IT'S --
THEY LOVE IT.
YOU HIDE THE PILL INSIDE OF
IT AND THEY TAKE IT --

MAUREEN says ALTHOUGH IF
GUINESS KNOWS THE PILL'S IN
THERE THE NEXT TIME I GO TO
GIVE IT TO HIM IT WON'T WORK.
“I KNOW WHAT THAT IS.”
SO WE'LL SEE.
ROBIN IS IN OWEN SOUND.
HI ROBIN.

Robin says HI.

MAUREEN says HI, WHAT'S YOUR
QUESTION?

Robin says I HAVE CAT, A
MALE, NEUTERED TWO AND A
HALF YEAR OLD MALE CAT WHO
BITES ME ON THE LEG, BUT HE,
LIKE HE'LL WRAP RIGHT AROUND,
ATTACH HIMSELF TO MY LEG
LIKE A TREE AND BITE ME ON
THE LEG OR JUMP RIGHT UP AND
BITE ME ON THE ELBOWS.

MAUREEN says YOUR CAT WILL?

Robin says YES.
HIS NAME IS SAVAGE.

MAUREEN says YEAH? OKAY.

MARK says HOW'D
HE GET THAT NAME?

MAUREEN says (LAUGHING)
OKAY, ANY THOUGHTS ON WHY
HER CAT WOULD BE ATTACKING HER?

MARK says UM, IS
IT PLAY AGGRESSION?

Robin says UM, I THINK IT IS,
YES, BUT I MEAN IT'S TOO MUCH.

MARK says YEAH.
ONCE AGAIN, CATS ARE MORE
DIFFICULT TO TRAIN.
YOU HAVE TO MAKE A CAT THINK
THAT THEY'RE DOING THIS ON
THEIR OWN.
IN CATS TRAINING IS A LITTLE
BIT DIFFERENT THAN IN DOGS.
A TYPICAL EXAMPLE, THERE ARE
CERTAIN PRODUCTS LIKE BITTER APPLE.
(Holds up a yellow plastic bottle)
I'M SHOWING YOU ANOTHER PRODUCT HERE.
BITTER APPLE TASTES LOUSY.
AND IF THE CAT IS ALWAYS
BITING YOU ON PARTS THAT YOU
CAN SPRAY, LIKE THE BOTTOM
OF YOUR PANTS OR YOUR ANKLES,
IF YOU MAKE THOSE AREAS
TASTE BAD, HE THEN REALIZES
THAT THIS ISN'T EXACTLY WHAT
I THOUGHT IT WOULD BE, AND
THEN IF YOU AT THAT SAME
TIME DISTRACT HIM WITH A CAT
TOY OR A CAT TREAT, YOU CAN
THEN HELP THE CAT TO MAKE A
DECISION THAT MAYBE IT'S
BETTER THAT HE PLAY WITH
SOMETHING ELSE RATHER THAN
HUMAN FLESH.

MAUREEN says ARE CATS AS NUTS
ABOUT TREATS AS DOGS ARE?

MARK says NO.
THERE ARE SOME TREATS OUT
THERE THAT CATS LIKE A LOT,
BUT ONLY ABOUT 50 PERCENT OF THE
CATS WILL LIKE THEM.
YOU SHOULD TRY AND FIND OUT
IF YOUR CAT IS ONE ONE OF
THOSE THAT LIKES IT, OR IF
HE'S IN A PLAYFUL MOOD
THERE'S PROBABLY SOME TOY
SOMEWHERE THAT WILL DISTRACT
HIM AWAY FROM YOUR FLESH,
ESPECIALLY AFTER IT'S
DISTASTEFUL AND TO PLAY WITH THAT.
A CAT DANCER OR A STUFFED
MOUSE, CATNIP-STUFFED TOYS.
THINGS LIKE THAT.

MAUREEN says CAN YOU EXPLAIN
THE PHENOMENON OF A DOG
ROLLING IN DEAD FISH?
AND WHY THEY DO THAT?
AND WHAT'S THE ATTRACTION
FOR THE DOG?

MARK says WE'RE
TALKING ABOUT ANIMALS THAT
LIKE TO GO UP TO EACH
OTHER'S BUTT AND SMELL THAT, OKAY?
SO FOR THEM, THEIR SENSE OF
SMELL IS TOTALLY DIFFERENT
THAN OURS.
ABIGAIL WILL, WHEN WE'RE AT
THE BARN WITH MY HORSE, WILL
LOOK FOR THE SMELLIEST THING,
IF I'M NOT PAYING ATTENTION,
ROLL IN IT AND THEN COME
BACK TO ME AND SAY “AREN'T I
BEAUTIFUL?” SO TO THEM IT'S LIKE
“EAU DE COLOGNE” AND JUST
MAKES THEM MORE ATTRACTIVE
TO OTHER ANIMALS AND IT'S
JUST NOT WHAT WE THINK IS ATTRACTIVE.

MAUREEN says NOT THIS ANIMAL.
DAN IS IN TORONTO.
HI DAN!

Dan says HELLO, HOW ARE YOU?

MAUREEN says FINE THANKS.

Dan says GOOD.
MY QUESTION IS I HAVE TWO
BLACK LABS AND THEY'RE BOTH
TWO YEARS OLD, A MALE AND A
FEMALE, AND THE MALE IS NOT
NEUTERED, THE FEMALE IS SPAYED.
THE MALE HAS NEVER HAD ANY
PROBLEMS SEXUALLY TOWARDS
OTHER DOGS OR HUMANS, AND
I'M JUST WONDERING THE
ADVANTAGES OR DISADVANTAGES
OF GETTING HIM NEUTERED.
BECAUSE I KNOW A LOT OF
TIMES IT REALLY CHANGES THE
PERSONALITY OF THE MALE AND
I DON'T WANT THAT HAPPENING.
HE'S THE BEST DOG.
HE'S VERY FRIENDLY AND HAPPY.

MARK says
EXCELLENT QUESTION.
I GET ASKED THAT QUESTION ON
A DAILY BASIS.
ONE OF THE REASONS WE NEUTER
ANIMALS IS TO PREVENT
CERTAIN DISEASES AS THEY GET OLDER.
THAT'S PROBABLY THE MOST COMMON REASON.
BY NEUTERING AN ANIMAL FAIRLY
EARLY IN LIFE YOU CAN
PREVENT PROSTATIC DISEASE,
CANCER AND HYPERTROPHY,
ALMOST GUARANTEED.
THE OTHER THING THAT YOU CAN OBVIOUSLY,
PREVENT BECAUSE THEY DON'T HAVE
THEM, IS TESTICULAR CANCER.
SO THAT'S THE HEALTH REASONS.
IT ALSO ELIMINATES CERTAIN
SEXUAL CHARACTERISTICS WHICH
YOUR DOG IS NOT SHOWING AT
THIS PRESENT MOMENT IN TIME
SO THAT'S NOT EVEN AN ISSUE.
I JUST HAD AN EIGHT-YEAR-OLD
ROTTWEILER IN MY CLINIC LAST
WEEK WHO DEVELOPED PERINEAL
HERNIAS, WHICH ARE HERNIAS
THAT ARE OUTSIDE -- ON EACH
SIDE OF THE RECTUM, WHICH
WAS REALLY A
LIFE-THREATENING DISEASE
BECAUSE THE BLADDER GOT
CAUGHT IN THE HERNIAS IT
COULDN'T URINATE, ALL
BECAUSE HIS PROSTATE HAD
ENLARGED TO THE POINT WHERE
HE COULDN'T HAVE A BOWEL MOVEMENT.
HE WAS STRAINING AND
STRAINING AND STRAINING AND
BLEW OUT THESE HERNIAS.
IF HE HAD BEEN
NEUTERED AT AN EARLY PERIOD
OF TIME, HE WOULD NOT HAVE
GOTTEN THIS DISEASE.

MAUREEN says IS TWO YEARS OLD
ALREADY TOO LATE?

MARK says NO, IT'S FINE.

MAUREEN says IT IS.
DO YOU HEAR ABOUT DOG'S
PERSONALITIES CHANGING?
I WAS HOPING MY DOG WOULD
CALM DOWN AFTER THE
NEUTERING BUT HE DIDN'T.
SO MY DOG CHANGED NOT AT ALL
AFTER THAT.

MARK says DOGS
DON'T USUALLY CHANGE.
THE THING THAT DOES CHANGE
SOMETIMES IS THAT THEIR
METABOLISM CAN CHANGE AND
SOMETIMES THEY HAVE A
TENDENCY TO GAIN A LITTLE
BIT MORE WEIGHT.
THAT IS -- YOU CAN DEAL WITH
THAT BY GIVING THEM LESS CALORIES.

MAUREEN says EXERCISE AND
STUFF LIKE THAT OKAY, THANKS
VERY MUCH, DAN.
JUST BEFORE YOU GO, CAN WE
HAVE A LITTLE TALK ABOUT PET
HEALTH INSURANCE?
WHAT DO YOU RECOMMEND TO
YOUR CLIENTS?
DO YOU THINK THEY OUGHT TO
GET IT WHEN THE DOG IS A PUPPY?

MARK says THE
MOST COMMON THING THAT I
EVER HEAR FROM CLIENTS
THAT -- WHOSE DOG HAS JUST
HAD MAJOR SURGERY OR WHO'S
BEEN HOSPITALIZED FOR SIX
DAYS WAS “I WISH I HAD PET INSURANCE.”
SO YES, I STRONGLY RECOMMEND IT.
AND THERE ARE TWO GOOD
COMPANIES OUT THERE.
THEY BOTH OFFER DIFFERENT
PRODUCTS, AND IT'S
DEFINITELY WORTH
INVESTIGATING.
IT ELIMINATES THE
POSSIBILITY OF FINANCIAL
EUTHANASIA.

MAUREEN says YEAH.
IF YOU HAVEN'T GOT IT
WHEN THE DOG IS A PUPPY, ARE
YOU GOING TO FIND IT HARD
FOR YOUR DOG TO GET IT LATER
ON IN LIFE IF THEY'VE
ALREADY DEVELOPED CERTAIN
HEALTH PROBLEMS?
IS IT LIKE PEOPLE?

MARK says THEY
WILL HAVE A TENDENCY -- IF
THERE ARE PRE-EXISTING
CONDITIONS, YOU CAN GET
INSURED BUT THOSE
PRE-EXISTING CONDITIONS WILL
NOT BE INSURED.

MAUREEN says I SEE, SO “READ
THE FINE PRINT.”

MAUREEN says YEAH

OKAY, GREAT TO HAVE YOU
AND ABBEY AND CINNAMON HERE.
THANKS FOR BRINGING THEM IN,
I HOPE YOU'LL COME BACK NEXT TIME.

MARK says THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

MAUREEN says BRING THE HORSE
NEXT TIME.
DOCTOR MARK SPIEGLE IS A
VETERINARIAN IN TORONTO.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT
PET HEALTH CHECK OUT THE
WEBSITE OF THE AMERICAN
VETERINARY MEDICAL
ASSOCIATION.

A slate appears reading “American Veterinary Association” and a web address on a beige background.

MAUREEN says AND TUNE IN
TOMORROW TO FIND OUT YOUR
RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
FROM BOTH ENDS OF THE RENTAL CHEQUE.
WE'LL BE DISCUSSING LANDLORD
AND TENANT ISSUES.
TOMORROW ON “MORE TO LIFE”
THAT STARTS AT ONE O'CLOCK, WE'LL SEE YOU THEN.

Watch: Everest And Environment