Transcript: Solid, Shell or Frame | Mar 26, 1999

(music plays)
The opening slate pops up with a countdown timer from 5 seconds and the title “TVO’s Virtual Classroom. Get connected.”
The “V” in “Virtual” is a tick, the “A” in “classroom” is an at sign with an extended loop that turns into a power cord with a plug at the end, and the first “O” in “classroom” is a spinning globe.
When the countdown finishes, a female teacher appears on screen. She is in her thirties, with short brown hair and bangs. She’s wearing glasses, silver earrings and a black shirt.

She says GOOD MORNING, WELCOME TO
THE VIRTUAL CLASSROOM.
WE'VE GOT A LOT OF STUFF TO
DO TODAY, BUT YOU KNOW WHAT?
I DECIDED I WANTED TO START
WITH DOING SOMETHING A LITTLE
BIT DIFFERENT.
I'M GOING TO SHOW YOU A
PICTURE OF A VERY BEAUTIFUL
BABY GIRL.
THAT HAPPENS TO BE
MY BABY.
THAT'S CHARLOTTE.
SHE'S MY DAUGHTER.
SHE BEAUTIFUL, OR WHAT?
HERE'S ANOTHER PICTURE OF HER.
I THOUGHT I'D SHOW YOU THAT.
ISN'T SHE CUTE?
LOOK, SHE'S TRYING
TO CRAWL THERE.
SHE'S GETTING
PRETTY GOOD AT IT.
NOW, I THOUGHT WE'D TRY
SOMETHING NEW WITH OUR PHONES.
IF YOU HAVE A BABY IN YOUR
FAMILY, MAYBE YOUR BROTHER OR
SISTER, OR A COUSIN, WHAT I
WANT YOU TO DO IS PICK UP THE
PHONE AND DIAL NUMBER SIGN 8.

A yellow square with a blue arrow and a red spot in it appears on the top right corner of the screen.

She continues NOT NUMBER SIGN 9, WHICH IS
WHAT YOU NORMALLY DO, NUMBER
SIGN 8.
AND THEN YOU'LL SEE AT THE TOP
OF YOUR SCREEN, THAT LITTLE
ARROW WILL START
SPINNING AROUND.
NUMBER SIGN EIGHT.
I POINTED THE WRONG WAY.
THERE IT IS.
THERE'S THE THING THAT'S
GOING TO START SPINNING.
SEE HOW IT SPINS AROUND?
THAT'S CALLED A FLAG.
SO WHEN YOU PUSH NUMBER SIGN
EIGHT IT MAKES THAT SPIN
AROUND SO I CAN SEE.
WOW, LOTS OF PEOPLE HAVE
BABIES IN THEIR FAMILIES.
THAT'S GREAT.
22 PERCENT.
35 PERCENT.
OH, MY GOODNESS, ALMOST
ALL OF YOU HAVE BABIES
IN YOUR FAMILY.
70 PERCENT.
ALL KINDS OF BABIES
IN YOUR FAMILY.
OKAY, LET'S CLEAR THAT.
AND THERE WE GO,
I'LL STOP IT FOR NOW.
NOW, LET'S TRY THAT ONE AGAIN.
AND I'LL SHOW YOU A PICTURE
OF CHARLOTTE AGAIN
BECAUSE SHE'S SO CUTE.
AND IF YOU WERE EVER
A BABY YOURSELF,
PRESS NUMBER SIGN EIGHT.
SO CAN WE GO TO THE
GRAPHICS CAMERA AGAIN?
THERE SHE IS.

A picture shows a baby girl sitting on the floor smiling.

She continues SO IF YOU WERE A BABY
YOURSELF AT ONE TIME,
PRESS NUMBER SIGN EIGHT.
ALMOST ALL OF YOU WERE BABIES
AT ONE TIME OR ANOTHER.
93 PERCENT, 96 PERCENT.

The arrow spins at the top right corner.

She continues I THINK PROBABLY 100 PERCENT
OF YOU WERE BABIES AT ONE
TIME, WEREN'T YOU?
I WAS A BABY AT ONE TIME.
I WASN'T NEARLY AS CUTE
AS THIS BABY, THOUGH.
OKAY, WELL, WE BETTER GET TO
WORK BECAUSE WE HAVE A LOT OF
STUFF TO DO.
WE'VE BEEN TALKING
ABOUT STRUCTURES.
ALL DIFFERENT KINDS OF
STRUCTURES AND DIFFERENT WAYS
YOU CAN SORT STRUCTURES.
BUT NOW WE'RE GOING TO
TALK ABOUT THREE BASIC
TYPES OF STRUCTURE.
SO ALMOST EVERY STRUCTURE CAN
BE ONE OF THESE THREE TYPES,
ALL RIGHT?
NOW, THE FIRST TYPE OF
STRUCTURE IS CALLED A SOLID
STRUCTURE, ALL RIGHT?
AND I'M GOING TO SHOW YOU A
SOLID STRUCTURE RIGHT NOW.
LOOK AT THIS.

She cuts an apple in two halves.

She continues THAT APPLE IS A
SOLID STRUCTURE.
WHAT DOES THAT MEAN?
IT MEANS IT'S APPLE ALL THE
WAY THROUGH TO THE MIDDLE.
THERE'S NO HOLLOW SPOT IN
THE MIDDLE; IT'S ALL APPLE.

She appears on a small window at the right bottom of the screen.

She continues SO AN APPLE IS A
SOLID STRUCTURE.
MAYBE I SHOULD WRITE
THAT WORD HERE.
DON'T YOU THINK
THAT WOULD BE GOOD?
LOOK AT THE WORD SOLID.
WHERE'S MY POINTER?

On the screen, she writes the word “solid” in yellow letters.

She continues THAT'S SOLID.
OKAY?
NOW, LET'S LOOK AT
ANOTHER TYPE OF STRUCTURE.
AND THIS STRUCTURE YOU'VE
SEEN BEFORE, I THINK, TOO.
LET'S SEE...
TAKE THAT AWAY.

She breaks an egg in a bowl.

She continues THIS IS A SHELL STRUCTURE.
THIS ONE'S EASY TO REMEMBER
BECAUSE YOU JUST THINK OF AN
EGG SHELL.
A SHELL IS HOLLOW
IN THE MIDDLE.
IT'S ALL ONE PIECE ON THE
OUTSIDE, BUT IT'S HOLLOW IN
THE MIDDLE.
THERE ARE LOTS OF THINGS
THAT ARE SHELL STRUCTURES.
OKAY?
LET'S WRITE THAT WORD DOWN.
OKAY.
NOW, YOU KNOW WHAT?
I THINK YOU COULD CALL
ME RIGHT NOW IF YOU CAN
TELL ME HOW A SHELL
STRUCTURE IS DIFFERENT
FROM A SOLID STRUCTURE.
DO YOU REMEMBER
HOW TO CALL ME?
CALL ME AT NUMBER
SIGN NINE, OKAY?
AND I'LL JUST TAKE THAT
WORD OFF THERE FOR NOW.
CALL ME AT NUMBER SIGN NINE IF
YOU CAN DESCRIBE HOW A SOLID
IS DIFFERENT FROM
A SHELL STRUCTURE.
LET ME PUT THEM BOTH UNDER THE
CAMERA SO YOU CAN SEE THEM.
THIS ONE'S THE SOLID,
AND THIS ONE'S THE SHELL.
I'VE GOT A WHOLE
BUNCH OF CALLS.
LET ME START WITH THIS ONE.
HOW IS THIS SHELL STRUCTURE
DIFFERENT FROM THIS SOLID?
THERE ARE SO MANY PEOPLE
CALLING, IT'S TAKING A WHILE
TO CONNECT.
OKAY, IS THIS COURTNEY?

She speaks with a spectator via a telephone conversation.

Courtney says YEAH.

She says HI, COURTNEY.
HOW WOULD YOU DESCRIBE HOW A
SOLID STRUCTURE IS DIFFERENT
FROM A SOLID STRUCTURE?

Courtney says I CAN'T HEAR YOU.

She says HOW IS A SOLID STRUCTURE, SO
LIKE AN APPLE, DIFFERENT FROM
A SHELL STRUCTURE,
LIKE THIS ONE?
WHAT DO YOU THINK
IS DIFFERENT?

Courtney says THE APPLE IS FILLED
IN, AND THE EGG SHELL
DOESN'T HAVE ANYTHING.

She says RIGHT.
THE APPLE IS FILLED IN.
IT'S GOT STUFF ALL THE WAY
THROUGH THE MIDDLE, DOESN'T IT?
I CAN'T PUT MY
FINGER IN THERE.
AND THE EGG SHELL DOESN'T
HAVE ANYTHING IN THE MIDDLE,
ONCE I TAKE THE EGG OUT OF IT.
THAT'S GREAT, THANK YOU.
NOW, WE'RE GOING TO LOOK AT
A THIRD TYPE OF STRUCTURE.
AND THE EXAMPLE I'VE
GOT IS REALLY BIG.
LOOK OVER HERE.
THIS IS CALLED A
FRAME STRUCTURE.
I'LL TAKE THOSE OUT
OF THE WAY FOR NOW.
THAT'S A FRAME STRUCTURE.
OKAY, THIS IS A STROLLER.
BUT LOOK AT THIS.
ALL THESE BARS HERE.
THAT'S WHY WE CALL IT A FRAME
STRUCTURE BECAUSE IT'S MADE
UP OF ALL THESE BARS
AND STICKS, OKAY?
IT'S ALL OPEN IN HERE,
EXCEPT FOR THE SEAT PART.
THAT'S A DIFFERENT PART.
ALL THIS IS A FRAME STRUCTURE.
ALL RIGHT?
MAYBE WE CAN LOOK AT IT UNDER
THE GRAPHICS CAMERA, TOO.
AND YOU CAN GET A BETTER LOOK.
ALL THOSE BARS.
THAT'S WHAT A FRAME
STRUCTURE IS LIKE.
NOW, WHY DON'T YOU CALL ME IF
YOU THINK YOU CAN DESCRIBE
HOW A FRAME STRUCTURE IS
DIFFERENT FROM A SOLID
OR A SHELL?
THAT'S A HARD THING
TO THINK ABOUT.
LET'S GO BACK TO HERE.
MEANWHILE, I'LL WRITE THE WORD
FRAME ON THE SCREEN WHILE I'M
WAITING FOR YOUR CALLS.
OOPS.
GET RID OF THAT ONE.
WE'LL WRITE FRAME.
OKAY?
OH, LOOK, I'VE GOT
SOME CALLS ALREADY.
SO...
LET'S SEE HERE.
WE'RE GOING TO
GO TO -- OOPS.
SO MANY PEOPLE CALLING, I
HAVE TO MOVE VERY FAST.
HOW ABOUT THAT ONE?
I'M CALLING SOMEBODY
AT ELGIN SCHOOL.
SO THAT'S THE WORD FRAME.
WE'RE GOING TO FIND OUT HOW A
FRAME STRUCTURE IS DIFFERENT
FROM A SOLID.
OKAY, HAVE I GOT NATHAN
OR CHAD ON THE PHONE?

Chad says CHAD.

She says HI, CHAD.
I'LL GET THAT OFF THE SCREEN.
HOW WOULD YOU SAY A FRAME
STRUCTURE IS DIFFERENT FROM A
SHELL OR A SOLID?

Chad says BECAUSE IT CAN ROLL.

She says WELL, THIS ONE CAN ROLL, BUT
NOT ALL FRAME STRUCTURES CAN.
LET'S LOOK AT IT ON
THE GUESS CAMERA AGAIN.
THE PART OF IT THAT'S THE
STRUCTURE -- IGNORE THE
WHEELS, OKAY?
LOOK AT ALL THIS PART HERE.
IT'S THIS PART HERE THAT WE'RE
INTERESTED IN IN THIS CASE.
SO THIS ONE HAPPENS TO HAVE
WHEELS, BUT NOT ALL FRAME
STRUCTURES HAVE WHEELS.
WHEN WE LOOK AT MORE,
YOU'LL SEE THAT.
BUT LOOK AT ALL
THESE STICKS, OKAY?
AND THEN LOOK AT OUR APPLE.
DOES IT HAVE ANY STICKS ON IT?
NO STICKS.
IT'S ALL ONE PIECE.
LOOK AT THAT ONE THERE.
THAT'S ALL ONE PIECE, TOO.
THANKS FOR CALLING.
I'M GOING TO SEE IF SOMEBODY
ELSE HAS SOMETHING THEY CAN
SAY ABOUT THIS.
SEE IF THERE'S A
DIFFERENT ANSWER.
I'LL GO TO SOMEBODY
FROM US USBORNE SCHOOL.
I'VE TALKED TO SOMEBODY FROM
USBORNE, AND SOMEBODY FROM
ELGIN SO FAR, AND SEE IF
THERE'S A DIFFERENCE.
FORGET ABOUT THE WHEELS ON
THIS ONE FOR A MINUTE BECAUSE
THAT'S REALLY NOT THE IMPORTANT
PART FOR THIS QUESTION.
THE IMPORTANT PART IS ALL OF
THE FRAME PART, ALL RIGHT?
OKAY, HAVE I GOT HAYDEN
OR JESSICA ON THE PHONE?

Hayden says THIS IS HAYDEN.

She says HI, HAYDEN.
WHAT DO YOU THINK IS THE
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A FRAME
STRUCTURE AND A SOLID
STRUCTURE OR A SHELL STRUCTURE?

Hayden says THE BARS ARE HARDER.

She says THE BARS ARE HARDER?
IS THAT WHAT YOU SAID?

Hayden says YEAH.

She says CAN YOU REPEAT WHAT YOU SAID
JUST SO I MAKE SURE I KNOW
WHAT YOU SAID?

Hayden says THE BARS ARE HARDER.

She says THE BARS ARE HARDER, I
THINK, IS WHAT YOU SAID.
WELL, IN THIS CASE IT'S TRUE,
THAT THE BARS ARE HARDER.
AND THAT IS DIFFERENT WITH
THESE ONE, BUT AS WE'LL SEE
LATER, IT IS ALWAYS
SOME DIFFERENT THINGS.
MAYBE I CAN EXPLAIN THIS
A LITTLE CLEARER BECAUSE
IT'S A VERY CONFUSING
QUESTION, ISN'T IT?
HERE'S WHAT I THINK
THE DIFFERENCE IS.
LET'S LOOK AT THE GRAPHICS
CAMERA SO WE CAN SEE IT.
I'LL PUT THIS ONE
SO YOU CAN SEE IT.

The apple halves, the egg shelves, and the stroller sit one next to the other.

She continues LOOK AT THE WAY THEY LOOK.

She grabs an apple half and says THIS ONE, AS WE TALKED
ABOUT IN THE BEGINNING, IS
ALL FILLED IN.
IT'S SOLID.
THERE'S SOMETHING ALL
THROUGH THE MIDDLE.

Grabbing an egg shell, she continues THIS ONE IS NOT FILLED IN.
I CAN PUT MY FINGER IN THERE.

Then, she moves her hands in between the stroller and continues AND THIS ONE ISN'T FILLED
IN REALLY AT ALL, IS IT?
LOOK AT ALL THAT SPACE
IN BETWEEN THE BARS.
THERE'S LOTS OF SPACE.
SO A SOLID IS SOMETHING THAT'S
ALL FILLED IN IN THE MIDDLE,
OKAY?
SO YOU CAN'T PUT
YOUR FINGER IN IT.
A SHELL IS NOT FILLED IN IN
THE MIDDLE, BUT IT'S SORT OF
FILLED IN AROUND THE
OUTSIDE, ISN'T IT?
IT'S ALL FILLED IN OUT HERE.
IT'S ALL ONE PIECE OUT HERE,
BUT THERE'S NOTHING
IN THE MIDDLE.
BUT A FRAME ISN'T
FILLED IN ANYWHERE.
IT'S GOT ALL KINDS OF
SPACES IN BETWEEN THE BARS.
SO THAT'S HOW YOU CAN TELL
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THEM.
SO IF THERE'S LOT OF SPACES
BETWEEN A BUNCH OF STICKS,
OR THINGS SORT OF LIKE STICKS
OR BARS, THEN IT'S PROBABLY
A FRAME STRUCTURE.
IF IT LOOKS SOLID, BUT IT'S
GOT A HOLLOW MIDDLE IN IT,
IT'S PROBABLY A
SHELL STRUCTURE.
IT'S ALL ONE PIECE ON THE
OUTSIDE, BUT IT'S HOLLOW IN
THE MIDDLE, IT'S A SHELL.
AND IT DOESN'T HAVE TO BE HARD.
IT COULD BE SOFT, TOO.
AND IF IT'S ALL FILLED IN IN
THE MIDDLE, IT'S PROBABLY A
SOLID STRUCTURE, OKAY?
THIS IS A REALLY HARD ONE TO
THINK ABOUT, BUT I KNOW YOU
GUYS ARE GOING TO
DO A GREAT JOB.
AND WHAT WE'RE GOING TO DO
NOW IS WE'RE GOING TO DO SOME
GUESSING, OKAY?
BECAUSE YOU'VE LOOKED AT A
COUPLE, BUT WE'LL LOOK AT SOME
MORE EXAMPLES.
WHAT I WANT YOU TO DO IS GUESS
WHICH ONE IS IT, ALL RIGHT?
I'M GOING TO SHOW YOU
SOMETHING, AND I WANT YOU TO
GUESS IF IT'S A SOLID OR
A SHELL OR A FRAME, OKAY?
AND I'LL TELL YOU WHAT TO DO.
LET ME PUT IT UP HERE, FIRST.
MOVE THESE OTHER
STRUCTURES OUT OF THE WAY.
I'M GOING TO START
WITH... THIS STRUCTURE.
LET'S LOOK AT IT.
WHAT IS THIS STRUCTURE?
IT'S A BOX, ALL RIGHT?
LOOK CLOSELY AT
THAT STRUCTURE.
NOW, I WANT YOU TO PICK UP
YOUR PHONE, AND IF YOU THINK
THIS IS A SOLID, DON'T CALL ME
AT NUMBER SIGN NINE, IF YOU
THINK THIS IS A SOLID, I WANT
YOU TO PRESS NUMBER ONE.
IF YOU THINK THIS IS A
SHELL, PRESS NUMBER TWO.
IF YOU THINK THIS IS A
FRAME, PRESS NUMBER THREE.
OKAY?
DON'T DIAL NUMBER SIGN NINE.
THIS IS A MULTIPLE
CHOICE QUESTION.
REMEMBER WE DID THOSE BEFORE?
SO IF YOU THINK IT'S
A SOLID, PRESS ONE.
IF YOU THINK IT'S
A SHELL, PRESS TWO.
AND IF YOU THINK IT'S A FRAME,
PRESS THREE, ALL RIGHT?
I'LL TRY AND HELP YOU
WITH IT AS MUCH AS I CAN.
CAN YOU GET A GOOD
LOOK AT THE BOX?
ALL RIGHT.
SO SOLID IS ONE, SHELL
IS TWO, FRAME IS THREE.
TAKE YOUR GUESS WHAT
YOU THINK IT IS.
THIS IS JUST PRACTICE,
REMEMBER, BECAUSE WE'VE ONLY
LOOKED AT THREE.
WE HAVE TO LOOK AT A LOT
BEFORE WE REALLY KNOW
WHAT'S WHAT.
OKAY, I THINK WE'VE GOT
EVERYBODY ANSWERED.
IT'S TAKE A LOOK UP HERE.
THERE'S OUR GRAPH.

A bar graphics appears. A green bar reads “5,” a purple bar reads “19” and a blue bar reads “3.”

She continues NOW IN THIS CASE, MOST
PEOPLE PICKED NUMBER TWO,
WHICH IS... SHELL.
AND, IN FACT,
SHELL IS CORRECT.
THIS IS A SHELL
BECAUSE IT'S HOLLOW.
IT LOOKS SOLID ON THE
OUTSIDE, DOESN'T IT?
IT'S ALL ONE PIECE ON THE
OUTSIDE, BUT IN THE MIDDLE,
THERE'S NOTHING IN THE MIDDLE.
IT'S HOLLOW.
SO IT'S A SHELL STRUCTURE.
IT'S KIND OF LIKE A SQUARE
EGG SHELL, ISN'T IT?
IF YOU THINK ABOUT AN EGG
SHELL, THAT KIND OF HELPS YOU.
NOW, I'M GOING TO SHOW
YOU A DIFFERENT ONE, OKAY?
LET'S GET RID OF THIS
QUESTION, AND WE'LL DO THE
NEXT ONE.
OKAY, LET'S LOOK
UNDER THE CAMERA.
HERE'S A ROCK.
SO IF YOU THINK THIS IS A
SOLID, PRESS NUMBER ONE.
IF YOU THINK IT'S A
SHELL, PRESS NUMBER TWO.
IF YOU THINK IT'S A FRAME,
PRESS NUMBER THREE, OKAY?
SOLID, SHELL, OR FRAME?
SO ONE FOR SOLID, TWO FOR A
SHELL, THREE FOR A FRAME.
HMM...
WHAT WILL IT BE?
OH, LOOKS LIKE WE'VE
GOT EVERYBODY ANSWERED,
SO LET'S TAKE A LOOK.

The bar graphics appears. The green bar reads “28,” the purple bar reads “1” and the blue bar reads “0.”

She continues MOST PEOPLE ANSWERED
NUMBER ONE, A SOLID.
IN FACT, THAT'S CORRECT.
THIS IS A SOLID.
WELL, I HAVE TO ASSUME IT'S A
SOLID BECAUSE I CAN'T CRACK
IT IN HALF, BUT MOST ROCKS
ARE SOLID IN THE MIDDLE.
AND IT'S PRETTY HEAVY, SO I
CAN SAY FOR ALMOST CERTAIN
THAT IT'S SOLID RIGHT
THE WAY THROUGH.
SO THAT'S A SOLID.
THAT WAS VERY GOOD GUESSING.
NOW, SHOULD WE
TRY ANOTHER ONE?
OKAY.
LET'S SEE, HERE'S A GOOD ONE.
I'LL SEE IF YOU KNOW
WHAT THIS ONE IS.

She shows a rubber skeleton.

She continues OKAY, DON'T START CALLING YET.
NOW, IF YOU THINK THIS IS
A SOLID -- CAN WE GO
A LITTLE BIT CLOSER
ON THAT ONE?
IF YOU THINK THIS IS A SOLID,
PRESS ONE, IF YOU THINK IT'S
A SHELL, PRESS TWO, AND IF
YOU THINK IT'S A FRAME,
PRESS THREE.
LOOK AT THAT.
THAT'S PERFECT.
SO SOLID, SHELL OR FRAME?
THIS IS A BIT OF A
TRICKY ONE, ISN'T IT?
HE CAN DANCE.
OKAY, GOT LOTS OF ANSWERS.
LET'S TAKE A LOOK OVER HERE.
WE'LL DO IT THAT WAY.
OH, WE'VE GOT A VARIETY
OF ANSWERS ON THIS ONE.

The bar graphics appears. The green bar reads “1,” the purple bar reads “5” and the blue bar reads “22.”

She continues SOMEBODY SAID SOLID,
SOMEBODY SAID SHELL,
AND SOMEBODY SAID FRAME.
MOST PEOPLE SAID FRAME AND,
IN FACT, THAT'S VERY GOOD
BECAUSE THIS IS A
FRAME STRUCTURE.
AND SOMETIMES WE CALL
A FRAME STRUCTURE A
SKELETON STRUCTURE.
SO THAT MIGHT HELP YOU
TO REMEMBER WHAT A FRAME
STRUCTURE IS.
SEE HOW THERE'S
ALL THESE BONES?
THESE ARE LIKE THE
STICKS IN THE STROLLER.
AND THESE BONES IN THE LEGS.
SO A SKELETON IS
A FRAME STRUCTURE.
SO WE HAVE A FRAME STRUCTURE
IN OUR BODY, DON'T WE?
SORRY ABOUT THAT.
HIT MY MICROPHONE.
WE HAVE A FRAME
STRUCTURE IN OUR BODY.
SO THAT'S A FRAME STRUCTURE.
GOOD GUESSING.
I THINK WE HAVE TIME FOR ONE
MORE, A QUICK ONE, AND THEN
WE ARE GOING TO DO
SOMETHING ELSE.
LET'S SEE WHICH
ONE WILL WE DO?
OKAY.
LOOK AT THIS ONE HERE.
WHAT IS THAT?
IT'S A PAPER BAG.
SO IF YOU THINK IT'S
A SOLID, PRESS ONE.
IF YOU THINK IT'S
A SHELL, PRESS TWO.
IF YOU THINK IT'S A
FRAME, PRESS THREE.
SO THINK ABOUT THAT ONE.
THAT'S A PAPER BAG.
PUT MY HAND INSIDE THERE.
IS IT A SOLID, A
SHELL OR A FRAME?
OKAY, LOOKS LIKE
EVERYBODY'S ANSWERED.
LET'S SEE WHAT WE HAVE.

The bar graphics appears. The green bar reads “0,” the purple bar reads “29” and the blue bar reads “0.”

She continues WOW, LOOK AT THAT,
EVERYBODY SAID NUMBER TWO.
EVERYBODY SAID IT WAS A SHELL.
AND YOU ARE
ABSOLUTELY CORRECT.
THIS IS A SHELL.
YOU'RE DOING VERY WELL.
I THINK YOU'VE GOT
THIS FIGURED OUT.
I THINK IT'S TIME TO TAKE
OUR BRAINSTORMING BREAK.
THAT IS A SHELL STRUCTURE.
VERY GOOD.
NOW, WHAT WE'RE GOING TO DO
FOR OUR BRAINSTORMING BREAK IS
YOU HAD A WHOLE BUNCH OF
MAGAZINE PICTURES THAT YOU
CUT OUT A LONG TIME AGO.
DO YOU REMEMBER THAT?
AND WE SORTED THEM INTO
STRUCTURES MADE BY NATURE
AND STRUCTURES MADE BY HUMANS.
NOW YOU'RE GOING TO SORT
THEM INTO THREE PILES, OKAY?
SO THE THREE PILES,
WELL, MAYBE FOUR PILES,
WE'LL SEE WHAT HAPPENS.

A blue piece of paper appears with four columns that read “Solid, Shell, Frame, Question mark.”

She continues YOU'RE GOING TO HAVE A PILE
FOR SOLIDS, A PILE FOR SHELLS,
A PILE FOR FRAMES, AND A
PILE FOR QUESTION MARKS.
THOSE ARE FOR THE ONES YOU
DON'T KNOW WHAT THEY ARE.
LET'S SEE IF I'VE
GOT ONE HERE.
A HOT DOG.
I THINK A HOT DOG IS A SOLID.
AND LET'S SEE, HMM...
SOME OF THESE -- OH,
THERE'S A FRYING PAN.
I THINK A FRYING
PAN IS A SHELL.
AND I HAVE, THAT LOOKS
LIKE ALL I'VE GOT HERE.
THERE'S A LADDER.
A LADDER, I THINK,
IS A FRAME.
BUT I MIGHT HAVE
SOME, LIKE A DOG.
WHAT'S A DOG?
I DON'T KNOW.
SO IF YOU'RE NOT SURE, PUT IT
IN THE QUESTION MARK PILE.

As she names the objects, she places their pictures under the columns.

She continues WE'RE GOING TO STOP FOR A FEW
MINUTES SO YOU CAN DO THAT.
ABOUT FIVE MINUTES.
AND WHEN YOU FINISH SORTING
THEM, GET YOUR REPORTER TO
CALL ME BY DIALING NUMBER SIGN
NINE SO I KNOW YOU'RE DONE.
LET'S GET STARTED.
WHAT YOU SHOULD DO, ALSO, IS
COUNT UP THE PILES AND SEE
HOW MANY YOU GET IN EACH PILE.
BECAUSE WE'D LIKE TO COMPARE.
SEE YOU IN FIVE MINUTES.

A slate appears on screen. It reads “Brainstorm break: Sort your pictures of structures into SOLID, SHELL, FRAME OR QUESTION MARK. Which pile has the most structures? Have your reporter dial number sign 9 when you are finished.”

She says HELLO, EVERYONE.
I JUST WANTED TO LET YOU
KNOW WE ONLY HAVE A MINUTE
OR SO LEFT.
SO HURRY UP WITH YOUR SORTING,
AND DON'T FORGET TO HAVE YOUR
REPORTER CALL ME.
NUMBER SIGN NINE.
SEE YOU SOON.
OKAY, I'VE GOT REPORTERS FROM
ELGIN AVENUE AND USBORNE
HAVE CALLED ME, SO
LET'S GET STARTED.
NO SENSE WASTING
ANY MORE TIME.
OKAY.
WHAT I'M GOING TO DO IS CALL
THE REPORTERS AND FIND OUT
WHAT KIND OF STRUCTURES
THEY HAD OF EACH TYPE.
I JUST NEED AN EXAMPLE.
SO I'M CALLING
CODY AT USBORNE.
HI, IS THIS CODY?

Cody says YEAH.

She says HI, CODY.
CAN YOU TELL ME THE NAME OF A
SOLID STRUCTURE THAT YOU HAD?
I'LL WRITE IT ON THIS CHART.

Cody says TABLE.

She says A TABLE, OKAY.
TABLE IS PRETTY
SOLID, ISN'T IT?
LET'S THINK ABOUT A TABLE
BECAUSE THAT'S A BIT TRICKY.
A TABLE HAS SORT OF A
SOLID TOP, DOESN'T IT?
WHAT ABOUT THE
LEGS ON A TABLE?

Cody says IT'S... SOLID?

Cody says THEY ARE SOLID, BUT THEY
ALSO ARE SORT OF FRAMES,
AREN'T THEY?
BECAUSE THEY ARE
STICKS, LIKE A FRAME.
SO A TABLE ALMOST
HAS BOTH, DOESN'T IT?
LET'S PUT IT IN BOTH COLUMNS
BECAUSE IT'S GOT BOTH PARTS.
ISN'T THAT INTERESTING?
THANK YOU, CODY.
WHAT DID YOU HAVE FOR
A SHELL STRUCTURE?
NAME ONE SHELL STRUCTURE.

Cody says A PAN.

She says LIKE A FRYING PAN SORT OF?

Cody says YEP.

She says I'M NOT A VERY GOOD SKETCHER.
LOOK AT THAT.
DOES THAT LOOK
LIKE A FRYING PAN?

Cody says YEAH.

She says OKAY, GOOD.
AND DID YOU HAVE ANY THAT
FIT INTO THE QUESTION MARK
CATEGORY?

Cody says A PURSE.

She says A PURSE, OKAY.
HMM, IF ANYBODY THINKS THEY
KNOW IF A PURSE IS ONE OF
THESE, OR IF IT'S A COUPLE OF
THOSE, MAYBE YOU CAN CALL
AND LET US KNOW.
THANKS, CODY.
I'M GOING TO CALL CONNOR AT
ELGIN AND ASK WHAT THEY HAD
FOR THEIR STRUCTURES.
HI, CONNOR.

Connor says HI.

She says CAN YOU TELL ME WHAT YOU
HAD FOR A SOLID STRUCTURE?
NAME ONE.

Connor says LEMON.

She says A LEMON.
THAT'S A GOOD EXAMPLE.
SEE IF I CAN SORT
OF DRAW A LEMON.
DOES THAT LOOK LIKE A LEMON?
A LITTLE BIT.
HOW ABOUT A SHELL STRUCTURE?

Connor says CLOTHES.

She says CLOTHES?
A SWEATER.
THAT'S A VERY GOOD EXAMPLE
OF A SHELL STRUCTURE BECAUSE
THEY ARE ALL SOLID ON THE
OUTSIDE, AREN'T THEY?
THEY COMPLETELY COVER YOU, BUT
THEY ARE HOLLOW IN THE MIDDLE
SO YOU CAN PUT YOUR
BODY INSIDE THEM.
THAT'S A GREAT EXAMPLE.
HOW ABOUT A FRAME STRUCTURE?

Connor says A STEERING WHEEL.

She says THAT'S A GOOD ONE.
AND DID YOU HAVE ANY THAT
WERE QUESTION MARKS
THAT YOU WEREN'T SURE OF?

Connor says A CAR.

She says A CAR?
THAT'S A VERY GOOD EXAMPLE.
A CAR IS A HARD ONE
TO DECIDE, ISN'T IT?
BECAUSE IT HAS SO
MANY DIFFERENT PARTS.
NOW, LET'S SEE.
I KNOW I'VE GOT A COUPLE
OF PEOPLE HAVE CALLED.
LET'S CALL SOMEBODY AND SEE IF
THEY'VE GOT A COMMENT ABOUT
SOME OF THESE ONES.
I'M CALLING SOMEBODY
AT ELGIN AVENUE.
OKAY?
I'M CALLING JOEY
AT ELGIN AVENUE.

Joey says HI.

She says HI, JOEY, HOW ARE YOU?

Joey says FINE.

She says NOW, CAN YOU TELL ME -- DID
YOU WANT TO TELL ME SOMETHING
ABOUT ONE OF THESE STRUCTURES?
WHERE DO YOU THINK
THE PURSE WOULD GO?

Joey says SOLID.

She says YOU THINK IT'S A SOLID?
A PURSE?

Joey says YEAH.

She says I GUESS IT DEPENDS
ON WHO'S CARRYING IT.
SOME PURSES ARE PRETTY
SOLID, AREN'T THEY?
THEY'RE FULL OF STUFF.
BUT YOU KNOW, A PURSE IS
ACTUALLY A SHELL BECAUSE IF
YOU THINK ABOUT IT,
LET'S DRAW A PURSE.
THIS IS NOT A VERY GOOD PURSE.
THIS IS A SQUARE PURSE, OKAY?
SO THERE'S A PURSE.
AND YOU CAN PUT
THINGS INTO A PURSE.
SO IT'S GOT TO BE HOLLOW
INSIDE, DOESN'T IT?
IF IT WAS SOLID,
IT WOULD BE HARD.
SO A PURSE COULD BE A SHELL.
LET'S PUT THAT ONE THERE.
THANKS FOR CALLING,
THAT'S GREAT.
YOU KNOW WHAT, WE'RE ACTUALLY
RUNNING SHORT ON TIME,
SO THERE WERE TWO THINGS
I WANTED TO SHOW YOU.
AND THIS HAS TO DO WITH --
ALL THE THINGS THAT WERE
QUESTION MARKS, SOMETIMES
THEY'RE QUESTION MARKS
BECAUSE THEY HAVE MORE THAN
ONE TYPE OF STRUCTURE ALL
COMBINED TOGETHER.
RIGHT?
HERE'S A GOOD EXAMPLE.
DON'T GET WORRIED
ABOUT THIS UMBRELLA.
She opens an umbrella and continues
AN UMBRELLA IS A
COMBINATION STRUCTURE.
LOOK AT THIS.
IT HAS A FRAME, RIGHT?
A STICK AND ALL THESE
LITTLE STICKS IN HERE.
CAN YOU SEE THOSE?
AND IT HAS A SHELL.
BECAUSE YOU'VE GOT TO HAVE THE
PLASTIC PART OVER SO THE RAIN
WON'T GET ON YOU, RIGHT?
AND PARTS OF IT
ARE EVEN SOLID.
LIKE THE HANDLE IS
PRETTY SOLID, ISN'T IT?
SO IT'S A COMBINATION OF
MANY DIFFERENT STRUCTURES.
AND SAME WITH A
CAR IS LIKE THAT.
AND YOUR BODY.
LIKE WE SAID YOU HAVE A
SKELETON, WHICH IS A
FRAME STRUCTURE.
YOU HAVE SKIN, WHICH IS A
SHELL STRUCTURE THAT KEEPS ALL
YOUR PARTS TOGETHER.
AND YOU ALSO HAVE SOME SOLID
STRUCTURES, LIKE YOUR BRAIN IS
A SOLID STRUCTURE, ISN'T IT?
NOW, THERE ARE ALSO STRUCTURES
THAT CAN BE CHANGED FROM ONE
TYPE OF STRUCTURE TO ANOTHER.
LOOK AT THIS PLASTICINE, OKAY?
She cuts the plasticine with a knife and continues PLASTICINE IS SOLID, RIGHT?
IT'S A SOLID STRUCTURE.
IT'S SOLID ALL
THE WAY THROUGH.
BUT I CAN CHANGE PLASTICINE
AND I CAN MAKE IT INTO
A SHELL STRUCTURE.
I CAN SHAPE IT INTO
A BOWL, CAN'T I?
YES, I CAN.
LOOK AT THAT.
I'VE MADE MY SOLID
PLASTICINE INTO A SHELL.
AND I CAN ALSO MAKE MY SOLID
PLASTICINE, IF I WANT TO,
I COULD MAKE IT INTO
A FRAME STRUCTURE.
THAT'S KIND OF A FLOPPY ONE.
I CAN ROLL IT OUT AND MAKE
IT INTO SOME LONG PIECES.
I COULD START TO MAKE A LADDER
OUT OF IT, IF I WANTED.
LOOK AT THAT.
SO SEE, I CAN TAKE MY
PLASTICINE AND MAKE IT INTO
DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRUCTURE.
SO THE TYPES OF STRUCTURES,
WHETHER THEY ARE SOLID, SHELL
OR FRAME IS TRICKY BECAUSE
SOMETIMES THEY CAN BE
MORE THAN ONE.
SOMETIMES THEY CAN BE
TRANSFORMED FROM ONE TO ANOTHER.
SO YOU HAVE TO THINK CAREFULLY
WHEN YOU ARE THINKING ABOUT
WHAT'S A SOLID, OR WHAT'S A
SHELL, OR WHAT'S A FRAME?
NOW, THIS IS OUR LAST
SHOW BEFORE THE HOLIDAYS.
I BET YOU ARE REALLY EXCITED
ABOUT THE HOLIDAYS, AREN'T YOU?
I KNOW I AM.
AND WE'RE GOING TO
MEET AGAIN IN JANUARY.
AND PROBABLY BY THE TIME WE
MEET AGAIN, IT'S GOING TO BE
VERY COLD OUTSIDE.
BUT YOU KNOW WHAT WE'RE
GOING TO THINK ABOUT?
I WANT YOU TO THINK ABOUT SOME
THINGS OVER THE HOLIDAYS.
I WANT YOU TO THINK ABOUT TWO
WORDS AND WHAT THE DIFFERENCE
IS BETWEEN THEM.
I'M GOING TO PUT THESE
WORDS UP ON THE SCREEN
SO YOU CAN SEE THEM.
THE FIRST WORD IS 'TALL', OKAY?

The drawing of a giraffe appears next to the word “tall.”

She continues SO I WANT YOU TO THINK ABOUT
THE WORD TALL, AND I WANT YOU
TO THINK, WHAT'S DIFFERENT
ABOUT TALL AND BIG?

[elephant trumpeting]
The drawing of an elephant appears over the word “big.”

She continues GREAT.
SO I WANT YOU TO THINK ABOUT
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
TALL AND BIG.
AND DON'T FORGET TO LOG OFF.
AND I'LL SEE YOU
AFTER THE HOLIDAYS.

A caption appears on screen. It reads “Please remember to log off! Pick up handset. Press number sign 7. Press 1 to confirm. Hang up handset. See you next time!”

(music plays)
The opening slate pops up with a countdown timer from 5 seconds and the title “TVO’s Virtual Classroom. Get connected.”
The “V” in “Virtual” is a tick, the “A” in “classroom” is an at sign with an extended loop that turns into a power cord with a plug at the end, and the first “O” in “classroom” is a spinning globe.
When the countdown finishes, a female teacher appears on screen. She is in her thirties, with short brown hair and bangs. She’s wearing glasses, silver earrings and a black shirt.

She says GOOD MORNING, WELCOME TO
THE VIRTUAL CLASSROOM.
THIS IS OUR LAST VIRTUAL
CLASSROOM SESSION UNTIL
AFTER THE HOLIDAYS.
She opens her mouth looking surprised and continues WOW, THAT'S GONE REALLY FAST.
WE'VE BEEN TOGETHER
FIVE WHOLE TIMES.
I'M REALLY EXCITED BECAUSE
YESTERDAY I GOT A CHANCE
TO VISIT FLAMBOROUGH SCHOOL.
AND I MET LOTS OF KIDS THERE.
AND I'VE GOT A PICTURE I'M
GOING TO SHOW YOU ON THE TV.
THERE WE ARE.
THERE'S ME IN THE MIDDLE.
AND THERE'S A WHOLE
BUNCH OF KIDS THERE.
NOW, I WANT YOU TO
DO SOMETHING NEW.
CAN WE JUST TAKE THAT
OFF FOR A SECOND?
I WANT YOU TO TRY A NEW
THING WITH YOUR PHONE.
WE HAVEN'T DONE THIS BEFORE.
She grabs a telephone and continues WHAT I WANT YOU TO DO, I'M GOING
TO PUT THE PICTURE UP AGAIN.
AND IF YOU SEE YOURSELF IN THE
PICTURE, I WANT YOU TO PICK UP
THE PHONE AND PRESS
NUMBER SIGN EIGHT.
NOT NUMBER SIGN NINE, THIS
TIME I WANT YOU TO PRESS
NUMBER SIGN EIGHT.
AND I'M GOING TO SHOW YOU
SOMETHING UP ON THE SCREEN.
CAN YOU SEE IT UP THERE?
UP IN THAT CORNER?

A yellow square with a blue arrow and a red spot in it appears on the top right corner of the screen.

She continues YOU'LL SEE IT SPIN
AROUND WHEN YOU CALL.
SO I'M GOING TO
PUT THE PICTURE UP.
REMEMBER, PICK UP YOUR PHONE
AND DIAL NUMBER SIGN EIGHT
IF YOU SEE YOURSELF
IN THAT PICTURE.
LOTS OF PEOPLE ARE CALLING.

The arrow spins at the top right corner.

She continues HOLY MACKEREL!
73 PERCENT, 86 PERCENT,
NUMBER SIGN EIGHT.
THAT LOOKS LIKE
EVERYBODY'S CALLED.
THAT'S GREAT.
YOU ALL SAW YOURSELF
IN THE PICTURE.
THAT'S FANTASTIC.
SO IT LIKES LIKE WE JUST HAVE
STUDENTS FROM FLAMBOROUGH
SCHOOL WITH US TODAY SO FAR.
MAYBE SOME OTHER KIDS ARE
GOING TO JOIN US, TOO.
LET ME SHOW YOU ALSO SOME WORK
THE TEACHER GAVE ME WHEN
I WAS VISITING
FLAMBOROUGH SCHOOL.
MISSUS FISHER GAVE ME THIS
SO I COULD SHOW IT ON TV.
LET'S TAKE A LOOK.

A drawing appears.

She continues THIS IS FROM DANIELLE.
REMEMBER LAST WEEK
WE WERE DOING SHAPES?
SO, DANIELLE HAS DRAWN A
WHOLE BUNCH OF STRUCTURES
THAT HAVE SHAPES.
THAT'S A GREAT PICTURE.
AND HERE'S ONE FROM NICK.
IT'S A SCHOOL BUS.
AND IT HAS A WHOLE
BUNCH OF SHAPES, TOO.
AND HERE'S A NEAT
ONE FROM DAVID.
AND THIS IS A VACUUM CLEANER.
AND I DON'T KNOW IF YOU CAN
SEE THIS VERY WELL BECAUSE
IT'S IN BLACK ABOUT WHITE.
HERE'S THE VACUUM CLEANER.
HERE'S THE NOZZLE OUT HERE
THAT SUCKS UP ALL THE DIRT.
HERE'S THE WHEELS.
AND SAYS, THIS IS A VACUUM
CLEANER THAT MOVES BY ITSELF.
WHEN THE SUN PUTS LIGHT ON THE
BLUE BUTTON, IT WILL SUCK UP
THE DIRT.
SO IT'S KIND OF AN AUTOMATIC,
SUNSHINY DAY VACUUM CLEANER.
THAT'S GREAT.
THANKS FOR SENDING THOSE.
I LOVE TO GET YOUR WORK.
IT'S NICE TO SEE IT.
AND I LOVED TO
VISIT YOU YESTERDAY.
IT WAS VERY FUN.
OKAY, LET'S GET STARTED.
WE'VE GOT A LOT TO DO.
YOU KNOW, WE'VE BEEN SORTING
STRUCTURES IN ALL DIFFERENT
KINDS OF WAYS, HAVEN'T WE?
BY SHAPE, BY COLOUR, BY SIZE,
BY JOB, AND TODAY WE'RE GOING
TO LEARN THREE NEW WAYS
YOU CAN SORT STRUCTURES.
IN FACT, MOST STRUCTURES CAN
BE DIVIDED INTO ONE OF THESE
THREE GROUPS, AND SOME ACTUALLY
COMBINE MORE THAN ONE.
LET'S LOOK AT THE
FIRST TYPE, OKAY?
I'M GOING TO PUT
SOMETHING UNDER HERE.
OKAY, WE TALKED ABOUT AN APPLE
BEING A STRUCTURE BEFORE,
HAVEN'T WE?

She cuts an apple in two halves.

She continues AN APPLE IS A SOLID STRUCTURE.
AND A SOLID STRUCTURE
MEANS THERE'S ALL APPLE
ALL THE WAY THROUGH.
THERE'S NO HOLE THERE FOR
ME TO PUT ANYTHING IN.
IT'S JUST ALL APPLE, 100
PERCENT, ALL THE WAY THROUGH.
IT'S ALL APPLE.
SO THAT'S CALLED
A SOLID STRUCTURE.
NOW, I'M GOING TO WRITE
THAT -- OOPS, I'M GOING
TO WRITE THAT HERE.
LET'S TRY THAT AGAIN.
OKAY.
SOLID.

On the screen, she writes the word “solid” in yellow letters.

She continues YOU MIGHT WANT TO
SAY THAT OUT LOUD.
IT'S A SOLID STRUCTURE.
THAT'S GREAT.
NOW I BETTER CLEAR THAT OFF SO
THAT WORD DOESN'T COME UP AGAIN.
THAT'S A SOLID
STRUCTURE, AN APPLE.
I'VE GOT ANOTHER KIND OF
STRUCTURE YOU'VE SEEN BEFORE.
LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT THIS ONE.
THIS ONE, THAT'S
AN EGG, ISN'T IT?
IT'S A SHELL STRUCTURE, OKAY?
THAT'S AN EGG SHELL.
AND IT'S NOT SOLID
ALL THE WAY THROUGH.
IT LOOKS LIKE IT FROM
THE OUTSIDE, DOESN'T IT,
BUT IT'S NOT.
SO WE CALL IT A
SHELL STRUCTURE.
NOW, THAT'S AN EASY ONE
TO REMEMBER, ISN'T IT?
BECAUSE IT'S AN EGG SHELL.
SO IF A STRUCTURE IS LIKE AN
EGG SHELL, THEN WE CALL IT
A SHELL STRUCTURE.
SO LET'S WRITE
THAT WORD HERE.
SHELL.
SHELL STRUCTURE.
NOW, IF YOU THINK YOU CAN
DESCRIBE WHAT THE DIFFERENCE
IS BETWEEN A SOLID STRUCTURE
AND A SHELL STRUCTURE,
MAYBE YOU CAN CALL US.
OOPS.
OKAY?
I'VE GOT SOME CALLS, I THINK.
OKAY.
SO IF YOU THINK YOU CAN
DESCRIBE WHAT THE DIFFERENCE
IS BETWEEN A SOLID STRUCTURE,
LIKE THIS APPLE, AND A SHELL
STRUCTURE, LIKE THIS EGG
SHELL, YOU CAN CALL ME,
ALL RIGHT?

She appears on a small window at the right bottom of the screen.

She continues OH, I'VE GOT SOME CALLS.
AND I GUESS SOUTHWOOD
SCHOOL HAS JOINED US NOW.
SO WELCOME, SOUTHWOOD SCHOOL.
NICE TO HAVE YOU JOINING US.
AND WE'RE WORKING ON
A CONNECTION HERE.
HI, IS THIS CATHARINE OR JEN?

She speaks with a spectator via a telephone conversation.

Katie says IT'S KATIE.

She says HI, KATIE.
WHAT DO YOU THINK THE
DIFFERENCE IS BETWEEN A SOLID
STRUCTURE, LIKE THIS APPLE,
AND A SHELL STRUCTURE,
LIKE THE EGG SHELL?

Katie says WELL, THE APPLE CAN'T HOLD
ANYTHING IN THE CENTRE OF IT,
AND THE EGG CAN.

She says THAT'S A VERY GOOD ANSWER.
THAT'S GREAT.
THANK YOU FOR CALLING IN.
THAT'S TRUE.
THE APPLE CAN'T HOLD ANYTHING
IN THE CENTRE, CAN IT?
BECAUSE THERE'S NO ROOM
TO PUT ANYTHING BECAUSE
IT'S ALL FILLED IN.
AND THE EGG CAN HOLD
SOMETHING IN THE CENTRE.
THAT'S GREAT.
NOW, WE'RE GOING TO LOOK AT
ANOTHER TYPE OF STRUCTURE,
AND IT'S DIFFERENT FROM
THE SOLID AND THE SHELL.
IT'S CALLED -- LET'S TAKE A
LOOK AT IT, IT'S CALLED A
FRAME STRUCTURE.
LOOK AT THIS ONE, OKAY?

She grabs a pink stroller.

She continues THE IMPORTANT PART ABOUT
A FRAME STRUCTURE IS
ALL THIS HERE.
SEE ALL THESE BARS OR STICKS?
THAT'S WHAT A FRAME
STRUCTURE IS LIKE.
IT HAS ALL THESE
BARS OR STICKS.
JUST IGNORE THE WHEELS
AND STUFF FOR NOW.
THE IMPORTANT PART ABOUT THIS
STRUCTURE IS ALL THE STICKS
ON IT.
IT'S INTERESTING, ISN'T IT?
IT'S DIFFERENT FROM
AN APPLE OR A SHELL.
NOW, IF YOU CAN DESCRIBE WHAT
THE DIFFERENCE IS, CALL ME.
LOOKS LIKE I HAVE
A CALL RIGHT NOW.
MAYBE I SHOULD TAKE THAT ONE.
SO IF YOU THINK YOU CAN
DESCRIBE WHAT THE DIFFERENCE
IS BETWEEN THIS STRUCTURE, AND
AN APPLE, OR AN EGG SHELL,
THEN YOU SHOULD CALL, OKAY?
OH, I DO HAVE A CALL.
LET'S PICK THAT UP.
IT'S JUST TAKING A SECOND TO
CONNECT HERE BECAUSE SO MANY
PEOPLE ARE CALLING.
OKAY, HERE IT GOES.
THERE WE GO.
SOMETIMES IT TAKES A WHILE
BECAUSE SO MANY PEOPLE CALL,
THE COMPUTER SLOWS RIGHT NOW.
ALL RIGHT, HAVE I GOT
JUSTIN AT FLAMBOROUGH?

Justin says YEAH.

She says HI, JUSTIN.
WERE YOU THERE YESTERDAY
WHEN I MET YOU?

Justin says MM-MMM.

She says HI.
WHAT DO YOU THINK
THE DIFFERENCE IS?
HOW CAN YOU DESCRIBE THE
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A FRAME
STRUCTURE AND A
SOLID AND A SHELL?

Justin says BECAUSE IT'S BIGGER.

She says WELL, IT IS BIGGER IN THIS
CASE, BUT A FRAME STRUCTURE
DOESN'T ALWAYS
HAVE TO BE BIGGER.
SOMETIMES A FRAME STRUCTURE
IS SMALLER THAN A SOLID
OR A SHELL.
THAT'S A GOOD OBSERVATION, BUT
THAT'S NOT WHAT THE DIFFERENCE
IS IN THIS CASE.
I'M GOING TO CALL SOMEBODY
FROM SOUTHWOOD AND SEE IF
THEY'VE GOT A SUGGESTION.
DO IT QUICK.
OKAY.
I'M CALLING SOMEBODY
FROM SOUTHWOOD.
NOW REMEMBER, DON'T WORRY
ABOUT THE SIZE IN THIS CASE
BECAUSE WHAT WE'RE
LOOKING AT IS THIS PART.
IT IS BIGGER, THIS ONE, BUT
SOME FRAME STRUCTURES ARE
SMALLER THAN THAT APPLE.
HI, IS THIS SCOTT OR JESSICA?

Jessica says JESSICA.

She says HI, JESSICA.
DO YOU THINK YOU CAN DESCRIBE
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE
FRAME AND THE SOLID
AND THE SHELL?

Jessica says THE EGG, IT DOESN'T
GO IN THE APPLE.

She says IT DOESN'T GO IN
LIKE THE APPLE.
WHAT DO YOU MEAN?
TRY THAT AGAIN.
LET ME SEE IF YOU CAN
DESCRIBE IT A DIFFERENT WAY.

Jessica says THE APPLE IS FILLED,
BUT THE EGG ISN'T.

She says THE APPLE IS FILLED,
AND THE EGG ISN'T FILLED.
YOU'RE RIGHT, THERE'S
NOTHING IN THE MIDDLE.
WHAT ABOUT THIS ONE?
Touching the stroller, she continues IS THIS ONE FILLED IN?
IS IT FILLED?
IT IS?
LOOK AT WHERE MY HAND IS.
IGNORE THIS FABRIC
FOR A SECOND.

Jessica says NO.

She continues IT'S NOT FILLED
AT ALL, IS IT?
IT'S VERY DIFFERENT.
IT'S A VERY GOOD WAY OF
DESCRIBING THE DIFFERENCE.
LOOK AT THIS.
I'M GOING TO PUT
THIS CAMERA UP.
OOPS, MAYBE WE CAN GO A
LITTLE BIT CLOSER THAN THAT.
THIS APPLE IS ALL FILLED
IN COMPLETELY, RIGHT?
ALL IN THE MIDDLE.
IT LOOKS FILLED IN ON THE
OUTSIDE AND ON THE INSIDE.
THE SHELL, WELL IT LOOKS
FILLED OUT HERE, BUT IT'S NOT,
IT'S EMPTY IN THE
MIDDLE, ISN'T IT?
IT'S HOLLOW OR
EMPTY IN THE MIDDLE.
IT'S NOT FILLED IN.
AND THIS IS NOT
FILLED IN ANYWHERE.
IT'S ALL EMPTY IN HERE.
ALL BETWEEN THE STICKS.
SOMEBODY FROM
FLAMBOROUGH IS CALLING ME.
SO I'M GOING TO TAKE THAT
CALL AND SEE IF THEY HAVE
SOMETHING TO ADD TO THIS.
IT'S NICHOLAS FROM
FLAMBOROUGH THAT I'M CALLING.
IT'S ALMOST CONNECTED.
IT TAKES A SECOND.
OKAY, IS THIS NICHOLAS?

Nicholas says YES.

She says HI, NICHOLAS.
DID YOU HAVE SOMETHING YOU
WANTED TO SAY ABOUT THE
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE FRAME
AND THE SHELL AND THE SOLID?

Nicholas says THAT ONE IS LONGER,
AND TWO ARE ROUND.

She says THAT'S TRUE.
THAT'S RIGHT.
THIS ONE IS LONGER,
AND TWO ARE ROUND.
BUT YOU KNOW WHAT, WE HAVE TO
BE CAREFUL BECAUSE THIS TIME,
THAT IS A DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
THESE, BUT IT'S NOT
ALWAYS A DIFFERENCE,
BECAUSE WE CAN HAVE LONG
SOLID STRUCTURES, TOO.
THEY DON'T ALWAYS
HAVE TO BE ROUND.
SO THAT'S IMPORTANT
TO THINK ABOUT.
OUR SOLID STRUCTURES DON'T
ALWAYS HAVE TO BE ROUND.
THEY COULD BE SQUARE, THEY
COULD BE LONG, THEY COULD BE
ALL DIFFERENT KINDS OF SHAPES.
SAME WITH OUR
SHELL STRUCTURES.
AND, ACTUALLY, SAME WITH
OUR FRAME STRUCTURES.
Grabbing the stroller, she continues THE IMPORTANT DISTINCTION
WITH THESE ARE THESE ARE
LIKE STICKS.
WHENEVER YOU SEE SOMETHING
THAT LOOKS LIKE IT'S MADE UP
OF A BUNCH OF STICKS, OR POLES
LIKE THIS, IT'S PROBABLY
A FRAME STRUCTURE.
OKAY, YOU KNOW WHAT
WE'RE GOING TO DO?
WE'RE GOING TO
DO SOME PRACTICE.
LET ME JUST HANG UP HERE.
AND YOU CAN HEAR ME
BETTER WHEN I HANG UP.
OKAY, WE'RE GOING
TO DO SOME PRACTICE.
REMEMBER HOW TO DO
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION?
THAT'S WHEN YOU JUST PICK UP
THE PHONE, AND YOU PRESS ONE,
TWO, OR THREE, DEPENDING WHAT
YOU THINK THE ANSWER IS.
YOU CAN'T PRESS YET BECAUSE UP
HAVEN'T PUT THE QUESTION UP,
OKAY?
SO I'M GOING TO SHOW
YOU A STRUCTURE.
I WANT YOU TO GUESS WHAT
TYPE OF STRUCTURE IT IS,
ALL RIGHT?
SO I'LL GET THE
QUESTION READY FIRST.
OKAY.
NOW, DON'T PRESS ANY
BUTTONS YET, OKAY?
WHEN YOU'RE READY, I'M
GOING TO SHOW YOU THIS.
THIS IS A BOX, OKAY?
I'LL OPEN IT.
IF YOU THINK THIS IS A
SOLID STRUCTURE, PRESS ONE.
IF YOU THINK THIS IS A
SHELL STRUCTURE, PRESS TWO.
AND IF YOU THINK IT'S A FRAME
STRUCTURE, PRESS THREE.
SO THINK ABOUT IT CAREFULLY
BECAUSE, REMEMBER, YOU CAN'T
CHANGE YOUR MIND.
SO IF YOU THINK IT'S
A SOLID, PRESS ONE.
IF YOU THINK IT'S A SHELL,
PRESS TWO, BUT IF YOU THINK
IT'S A FRAME, PRESS THREE.
TRY AND REMEMBER WHAT WE
SAID ABOUT SOLIDS OR SHELLS
OR FRAMES, OKAY?
I THINK EVERYBODY'S ANSWERED.
LET'S TAKE A LOOK
AT THE ANSWERS.
OKAY.

A bar graphics appears. A green bar reads “8,” a purple bar reads “6” and a blue bar reads “11.”

She continues IT LOOKS LIKE, WOW, WE HAVE
ALMOST EVENLY DIVIDED ANSWERS.
SOME PEOPLE SAID IT'S A SOLID,
SOME SAID IT'S A SHELL, AND
SOME SAID IT'S A FRAME.
IN FACT, THIS ONE IS A SHELL.
I'M GOING TO CALL SOMEBODY
WHO SAID IT'S A SHELL
BECAUSE I'D LIKE TO KNOW
WHY THEY SAID IT'S A SHELL.
LET'S CALL SOMEBODY
AT SOUTHWOOD,OKAY?
NOW, THIS IS A GOOD
ONE TO LOOK AT.
I'M CALLING...
OKAY, I'M CALLING TYLER,
OR KAYLA AT SOUTHWOOD.
SO WHEN YOU HEAR YOUR PHONE
RING, PICK IT UP RIGHT AWAY,
OKAY?
HI, IS THIS TYLER OR KAYLA.

Kayla says KAYLA.

She says HI, KAYLA.
WHY DID YOU SAY
THIS WAS A SHELL?

Kayla says BECAUSE IT'S EMPTY.

She says BECAUSE IT'S EMPTY.
THAT'S A VERY GOOD
REASON TO SAY THAT.
REMEMBER, THAT LIKE THE EGG
SHELL THAT'S HOLLOW IN THE
MIDDLE, THIS BOX IS ALSO
HOLLOW IN THE MIDDLE.
IT'S ALL SOLID AROUND THE
OUTSIDE, BUT THERE'S NOTHING
IN THE MIDDLE, AND WE COULD
PUT SOMETHING INSIDE IT,
COULDN'T WE?
SO IT'S A GOOD WAY TO
THINK ABOUT A SHELL.
SO THIS IS A SHELL
STRUCTURE, ALL RIGHT?
SO IT'S GOOD GUESSING
FOR THE FIRST ONE.
LET'S SEE IF WE CAN
DO THE SECOND ONE.
WE'LL TRY ANOTHER QUESTION.
I'LL PUT UP ANOTHER STRUCTURE.
DON'T PRESS ANY BUTTONS YET
BECAUSE YOU HAVEN'T SEEN
MY STRUCTURE, OKAY?
ALL RIGHT, LET'S
LOOK AT THIS ONE.
CAN WE GO TO THE
GRAPHICS CAMERA, PLEASE?
THANK YOU.
THIS IS A ROCK, OKAY?
NOW, IF YOU THINK IT'S A
SOLID STRUCTURE, PRESS ONE.
IF YOU THINK IT'S A SHELL
STRUCTURE, PRESS TWO.
IF YOU THINK IT'S A FRAME
STRUCTURE, PRESS THREE.
SO THAT ROCK, WHAT
DO YOU THINK IT IS?
A SOLID, ONE, A SHELL,
TWO, OR A FRAME, THREE?
TRY AND REMEMBER WHAT WE SAID
ABOUT THOSE OTHER STRUCTURES.
SEE IF YOU CAN THINK
ABOUT WHAT THIS ONE IS.
OKAY, LOOKS LIKE
EVERYBODY'S ANSWERED.
SO LET'S TAKE A LOOK.

The bar graphics appears. The green bar reads “23,” the purple bar reads “1” and the blue bar reads “2.”

She continues OKAY, ALMOST EVERYBODY
ANSWERED NUMBER ONE,
WHICH IS SOLID.
AND, IN FACT,
THAT'S CORRECT.
THIS IS A SOLID.
I CAN'T CUT THIS ONE IN
HALF TO SHOW YOU WHAT IT IS
BECAUSE IT'S TOO HARD,
BUT IT IS SOLID.
IF WE COULD BREAK IT IN
HALF, WE'D SEE YOU CAN'T
PUT ANYTHING INSIDE IT.
IT'S NOT HOLLOW, IT'S SOLID.
AND IT'S VERY HEAVY.
THAT'S ANOTHER
REASON YOU CAN TELL.
NOW, THIS ONE MIGHT BE TRICKY,
SO YOU HAVE TO WATCH VERY
CAREFULLY AT THIS ONE.
ALL RIGHT?
PUTTING ANOTHER QUESTION UP.
LET'S LOOK UNDER THE
GRAPHIC'S CAMERA.

She shows a rubber skeleton.

She continues IF YOU THINK THIS IS
A SOLID, PRESS ONE.
IF YOU THINK IT'S
A SHELL, PRESS TWO.
AND IF YOU THINK IT'S
A FRAME, PRESS THREE.
THINK CAREFULLY BEFORE
YOU PRESS ANY BUTTONS.
WHAT DOES IT LOOK LIKE?
IS IT A SOLID, A
SHELL OR A FRAME?
GIVE YOU SOME IDEAS HERE.
OKAY?
A SOLID, A SHELL OR A FRAME?
OKAY, LOOKS LIKE
EVERYBODY'S ANSWERED.
LET'S LOOK AT THE
RESULTS AND SEE.

The bar graphics appears. The green bar reads “3,” the purple bar reads “11” and the blue bar reads “12.”

She continues LOOKS LIKE WE'VE GOT ALMOST
EVENLY DISTRIBUTED BETWEEN
A SHELL AND A FRAME.
AND, IN FACT, IT IS A FRAME.
I'M GOING TO CALL SOMEBODY
WHO ANSWERED FRAME,
AND I'M GOING TO ASK THEM
WHY THEY HAD THAT ANSWER.
BECAUSE IT WOULD BE HELPFUL
FOR US ALL TO KNOW WHY THEY
SAID THIS WAS A FRAME.
SO I'M CALLING CHRISTINA
AT FLAMBOROUGH SCHOOL.
WHEN YOU HEAR YOUR PHONE
RING, CHRISTINA, PICK IT UP
RIGHT AWAY, OKAY?
THIS GUY.
WHY IS THAT A FRAME?
LOOK AT HIM.
HMM.
HI, CHRISTINA?

Megan says IT'S MEGAN.

She says OH, HI MEGAN.
OKAY.
CAN YOU TELL ME WHY YOU
SAID THIS WAS A FRAME?

Megan says BECAUSE HE HAS WIGGLY BONES.

She says HE HAS WIGGLY BONES, YEAH.
I CAN PUT MY FINGERS
THROUGH IT, CAN'T I?
IT'S KIND OF LIKE STICKS.
BONES ARE KIND OF LIKE
STICKS, AREN'T THEY?

Megan says IT'S BEEN PAINTED.

She says YOU'RE RIGHT.
THIS ONE'S BEEN PAINTED.
IT'S JUST A PRETEND ONE.
OKAY, THANK YOU VERY
MUCH FOR CALLING.
YOU KNOW WHAT, THIS
IS A FRAME STRUCTURE.
AND HERE'S AN INTERESTING
THING, SOMETIMES WE CALL FRAME
STRUCTURES SKELETON STRUCTURES.
NOW, REMEMBER, A FRAME
STRUCTURE HAS A BUNCH OF
STICKS AND BONES ARE KIND
OF LIKE STICKS, RIGHT?
AND IT'S NOT FILLED IN.
SEE, I CAN PUT MY FINGERS
RIGHT THROUGH IT.
IT'S NOT FILLED IN.
IT'S LIKE A BUNCH OF STICKS.
THAT'S WHAT MAKES IT A FRAME.
IT'S HARD TO THINK ABOUT THE
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESE TYPES
OF STRUCTURES, ISN'T IT?
BUT THAT ONE IS
DEFINITELY A FRAME.
SO A SHELL WOULD BE
SORT OF COVERED OVER.
YOU KNOW WHAT?
WE HAVE A FRAME STRUCTURE
IN OUR BODY, DON'T WE?
WE ALL HAVE A SKELETON
INSIDE OUR BODY.
AND OUTSIDE OUR BODY,
WE HAVE SOME SKIN.
AND THAT'S ACTUALLY A SHELL
STRUCTURE BECAUSE IT COVERS
THE OUTSIDE OF OUR BODY.
BUT IT'S NOT FILLED IN.
YOUR SKIN.
OKAY, LET'S LOOK AT
ONE MORE STRUCTURE.
SEE HOW WE DO ON THIS ONE.
DON'T START CALLING YET
BECAUSE I HAVEN'T GOT THE
QUESTION READY.
THIS IS A PAPER BAG.
NOW, IF YOU THINK THIS
IS A SOLID, PRESS ONE.
THINK CAREFULLY.
IF YOU THINK IT'S
A SHELL, PRESS TWO.
AND IF YOU THINK IT'S
A FRAME, PRESS THREE.
NOW REMEMBER, A SOLID IS
FILLED IN, AND A SHELL ISN'T
FILLED IN, AND A FRAME HAS
A BUNCH OF STICKS ON IT.
IT'S A BUNCH OF STICKS.
SO WHAT DO YOU THINK THAT IS?
NUMBER ONE FOR A SOLID,
NUMBER TWO FOR A SHELL,
NUMBER THREE FOR A FRAME.
THINK CAREFULLY.
OKAY, EVERYBODY IS THINKING.
YOU'RE TAKING YOUR
TIME THIS TIME.
SO IF YOU THINK IT'S
A SOLID, PRESS ONE.
IF YOU THINK IT'S
A SHELL, PRESS TWO.
AND IF YOU THINK IT'S
A FRAME, PRESS THREE.
OKAY?
ALL RIGHT.
WE'LL GO AND LOOK AT OUR
ANSWERS BECAUSE IT LOOKS LIKE
SOME PEOPLE HAVE DECIDED
NOT TO ANSWER THIS TIME.

The bar graphics appears. The green bar reads “1,” the purple bar reads “10” and the blue bar reads “4.”

She continues AND WE'VE GOT MOST PEOPLE
HAVE ANSWERED NUMBER TWO,
WHICH IS A SHELL.
AND, IN FACT, SHELL IS CORRECT.
THIS IS A SHELL STRUCTURE.
IT'S HOLLOW, IT'S ALL FILLED
IN ON THE OUTSIDE, BUT NOT
IN THE MIDDLE, RIGHT?
YOU CAN PUT YOUR
HAND IN THERE.
YOU CAN PUT STUFF IN
THERE AND CARRY IT AROUND.
IT'S A SHELL STRUCTURE.
THAT'S A GREAT EXAMPLE.
YOU KNOW WHAT WE'RE
GOING TO DO NOW?
WE HAVE TO STOP
FOR A LITTLE BREAK.
YOU'RE GOING TO DO A BIT
OF BRAINSTORMING, OKAY?
DO YOU REMEMBER THAT A WHILE
AGO WE CUT OUT A WHOLE BUNCH
OF MAGAZINE PICTURES OF
STRUCTURES, AND YOU SORTED
THEM ACCORDING TO WHETHER
THEY WERE MADE BY NATURE, OR
WHETHER THEY WERE
MADE BY HUMANS?
WELL, WE'RE GOING TO
DO SOME SORTING AGAIN.
I'LL SHOW YOU WHAT
WE'RE GOING TO DO FIRST.

A blue piece of paper appears with four columns that read “Solid, Shell, Frame, Question mark.”

She continues YOUR TEACHER IS GOING TO HAVE
A CHART LIKE THIS, AND YOU'RE
GOING TO SORT ALL OF YOUR
STRUCTURES INTO PILES.
NOW, FOR EXAMPLE, I DON'T
KNOW IF YOU CAN SEE THAT.
THAT'S A BICYCLE.
IT'S A FRAME STRUCTURE.
IT'S A WHOLE BUNCH
OF OPEN PARTS.
IT'S ALMOST LIKE
STICKS STUCK TOGETHER.
SO THAT'S A GOOD EXAMPLE
OF A FRAME STRUCTURE.
NOW, LET'S SEE...
OH, WE HAD AN APPLE
ALREADY, AND THAT'S A
GOOD EXAMPLE OF A
SOLID STRUCTURE.
AND HERE, I'VE
GOT A FRYING PAN.
THAT WOULD BE A
SHELL STRUCTURE.
IGNORE THE FOOD THAT'S IN IT,
BUT A FRYING PAN IS HOLLOW
IN THE MIDDLE, SO
IT CAN HOLD YOUR FOOD.
THAT WOULD BE A SHELL.
BUT WHAT ABOUT A DOG?
I DON'T KNOW WHERE A DOG WOULD
GO, SO I'M GOING TO PUT THAT
AS A QUESTION MARK BECAUSE I
DON'T KNOW WHERE TO PUT A DOG.

As she names the objects, she places their pictures under the columns.

She continues SO I WANT YOU TO STOP FOR FIVE
MINUTES AND SORT OUT YOUR
STRUCTURES AS TO WHERE
THEY ARE GOING, OKAY?
LET'S DO THAT.
AND I'LL SEE YOU
IN FIVE MINUTES.

A slate appears on screen. It reads “Brainstorm break: Sort your pictures of structures into SOLID, SHELL, FRAME OR QUESTION MARK. Which pile has the most structures? Have your reporter dial number sign 9 when you are finished.”

She says HI, EVERYONE.
I JUST WANTED TO LET YOU KNOW
YOU HAVE ABOUT A MINUTE LEFT.
AND DON'T FORGET TO HAVE YOUR
REPORTER CALL ME AT NUMBER
SIGN NINE WHEN YOU
ARE READY, OKAY?
SEE YOU SOON.
OKAY, WE'RE BACK.
NOW, I'M STILL WAITING FOR
A CALL FROM THE REPORTER AT
FLAMBOROUGH, BUT WE'VE
GOT TO GET MOVING BECAUSE
WE'VE GOT A FEW THINGS TO DO,
AND WE'VE ONLY GOT ABOUT
FIVE MINUTES LEFT.
SO I'M GOING TO CALL FIRST TO
THE REPORTER FROM SOUTHWOOD
AND FIND OUT WHERE THEY
WERE SORTING WHAT KIND OF
STRUCTURES THEY HAD.
HI, WHO'S THIS AT SOUTHWOOD?

Glen says GLEN.

She says HI, GLEN.
HOW ARE YOU?

Glen says GOOD.

She says OKAY.
LET'S LOOK AT THE
GRAPHIC'S CAMERA.
GLEN, CAN YOU TELL ME ONE OF
THE SOLID STRUCTURES YOU HAD
IN YOUR CLASS?

Glen says WE HAD NINE SOLIDS.

She says YOU HAD NINE
SOLIDS ALTOGETHER.
CAN YOU NAME ONE OF THEM?

Glen says FLOWER.

She says FLOWER.
THAT'S A GOOD ONE.
OKAY.
THIS PART OF THE FLOWER IS
PRETTY SOLID, ISN'T IT?
YEAH.
HOW ABOUT A SHELL STRUCTURE?

Glen says UM...
A SLEEPING BAG.

She says SLEEPING BAG.
THAT'S AN EXCELLENT EXAMPLE.
WHAT WOULD YOU PUT
INSIDE A SLEEPING BAG?

Glen says A PERSON.

She writes and draws Glen’s answers on the paper.

She says A PERSON, RIGHT.
HERE'S A SLEEPING BAG.
IT'S NOT A VERY GOOD PICTURE,
BUT THERE'S A PERSON INSIDE.
THAT HELPS.
HOW ABOUT A
FRAME STRUCTURE?

Glen says NOTHING.

She says YOU DIDN'T HAVE ANY
FRAME STRUCTURES?

Glen says NO.

She says WOW, OKAY.
LET ME SHOW YOU ONE.
THERE'S A FRAME STRUCTURE.
CAN YOU SEE WHAT THAT IS?
She places her eyeglasses on the paper and continues
I CAN'T SEE ANYMORE.
EYEGLASSES.
THEY HAVE A FRAME, DON'T THEY?
THERE'S SOME FRAME STUFF
ALL AROUND THE OUTSIDE.
I BETTER PUT THOSE
BACK ON SO I CAN SEE.
SO WE'LL PUT EYEGLASSES.
OKAY.
DID YOU HAVE ANY YOU
DIDN'T KNOW WHAT CATEGORY
TO PUT THEM INTO?
THAT WERE QUESTION MARKS?

Glen says NO.

She says NONE?
YOU KNEW ALL OF THEM?
OKAY.
I HAVE ONE THAT COULD
BE A QUESTION MARK.
WHAT'S THAT?
CAN YOU SEE THAT?
WHAT IS THAT?
CAN YOU SEE WHAT
THAT IS, GLEN?

She places the picture of a baby girl under the question mark column.

Glen says NO.

She says IT'S A BABY.
AND A BABY IS A QUESTION MARK
BECAUSE A BABY IS MADE UP OF
ALL DIFFERENT KINDS
OF STRUCTURES.
IT'S GOT A SKELETON, WHICH IS
A FRAME STRUCTURE, AND IT'S
GOT SKIN, WHICH IS A SHELL
STRUCTURE, AND IT'S GOT A BRAIN.
THAT'S MY BABY, ACTUALLY.
SHE'S GOT A BRAIN.
OKAY, NOW I'M CALLING
JUSTIN FROM FLAMBOROUGH.
JUSTIN, ARE YOU THERE?

Justin says YEAH.

She says YOU'RE THE REPORTER TODAY.
WHAT SOLID DID YOU HAVE?
WHAT SOLID STRUCTURE?

Justin says A CAKE.

She says A CAKE.
THAT'S AN EXCELLENT EXAMPLE
OF A SOLID STRUCTURE.
WE LIKE OUR CAKES TO BE SOLID.
I'LL MAKE IT LIKE THAT.
THERE'S SOME CANDLES ON IT.
HOW'S THAT?
HOW ABOUT A SHELL STRUCTURE?

Justin says A COAT.

She says A COAT, RIGHT.
WHAT WOULD YOU
PUT INSIDE A COAT?
A PERSON.
THAT'S GREAT.
THAT'S MY PERSON.
I GUESS I DON'T
HAVE TO DRAW LEGS.
HOW ABOUT A FRAME STRUCTURE?

Justin says THE BOTTOM OF A WHEELBARROW.

She says THE BOTTOM OF A WHEELBARROW.
THAT'S GREAT.
THAT'S A HARD ONE FOR ME
TO -- THERE'S A HANDLE.
THAT'S KIND OF THERE.
AND THEN IT GOES LIKE THAT.
IT'S GOT A WHEEL DOWN THERE.
BUT YOU'RE RIGHT, IT HAS
A FRAME UNDERNEATH IT.
THERE'S THE WHEELBARROW PART.
BUT THIS PART HERE IS
THE FRAME, ISN'T IT?
OKAY, A WHEELBARROW.
I DON'T EVEN KNOW IF I
CAN SPELL THAT, IT'S SUCH
A BIG WORD.
AND HOW ABOUT
A QUESTION MARK?
DID YOU HAVE ANY THAT
WERE QUESTION MARKS?

Justin says NO.

She says NONE?
OKAY.
THAT'S GREAT.
YOU GUYS FOUND SOME
GREAT STRUCTURES.
OH, THERE I WAS TWICE
FOR A SECOND THERE.
YOU KNOW WHAT, SOME STRUCTURES
ARE QUESTION MARKS.
AND THE REASON THEY ARE IS
BECAUSE THEY COMBINE MANY
DIFFERENT TYPES -- THE THREE
DIFFERENT TYPES TOGETHER.
LET'S LOOK AT THIS.
THIS IS AN UMBRELLA.
She opens it and continues AN UMBRELLA IS AN
INTERESTING STRUCTURE
BECAUSE IT HAS A FRAME.
LET ME GET THIS
SO YOU CAN SEE IT.
ALL THESE METAL PARTS HERE,
THIS IS THE FRAME.
AND INSIDE HERE THERE ARE
METAL PARTS, AND THAT'S THE
FRAME OF THE UMBRELLA.
THAT'S THE FRAME PART
OF THE STRUCTURE.
AND THEN ON THE OUTSIDE, IT
HAS A SHELL STRUCTURE, THIS
PLASTIC PART SO THE RAIN
DOESN'T GET ON YOU, RIGHT?
YOU WANT TO HAVE A SHELL
STRUCTURE OVER YOUR UMBRELLA.
AN UMBRELLA WITH JUST A FRAME
WOULDN'T BE VERY USEFUL
IN THE RAIN, WOULD IT?
SO YOU NEED TO HAVE THE
SHELL STRUCTURE PART.
THAT'S THE PLASTIC
TO KEEP YOU DRY.
AND THIS ONE ALSO
HAS A SOLID HANDLE.
IT'S GOT A NICE SOLID HANDLE
THAT'S ALL THE WAY THROUGH.
SO ISN'T THAT INTERESTING?
SOME STRUCTURES HAVE DIFFERENT
PARTS TO THEM THAT ARE
DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRUCTURES.
AND SOME STRUCTURES
ARE LIKE THIS.
THIS IS PLASTICINE.
AND THIS PLASTICINE, LOOK AT
THIS, IF I CUT IN IT IN HALF
WHAT IS IT?
IT'S SOLID.
THERE'S NO HOLE IN
THE MIDDLE, IS THERE?
BUT WATCH THIS.
I CAN CHANGE THE PLASTICINE.
SO THIS IS A STRUCTURE
I CAN CHANGE IT.
THERE IT'S SOLID, NOW I'VE
MADE IT INTO A SHELL.
LOOK AT THAT.
IT'S LIKE A BOWL.
SO I COULD PUT SOMETHING
IN THERE IF I WANTED.
THAT'S A SHELL NOW.
OR I COULD TAKE THE PLASTICINE
AND I COULD ROLL IT OUT THIN
LIKE A STICK, RIGHT?
AND PUT SOME PIECES TOGETHER.
AND I COULD SAY IT'S
A FRAME STRUCTURE.
HOLY MACKEREL!
SO NOW I'VE GOT... I'VE MADE
DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRUCTURES
FROM ONE TYPE OF STRUCTURE.
I TOOK A SOLID STRUCTURE,
AND I MADE IT INTO A SHELL.
NOW I'M MAKING
IT INTO A FRAME.
THIS ONE IS GOING
TO BE LIKE A LADDER.
OKAY?
SO THERE ARE ALL DIFFERENT
WAYS YOU CAN USE SOLID, SHELL,
OR FRAME STRUCTURES.
AND WHEN YOU LOOK AROUND YOUR
SCHOOL, YOU TRY AND DECIDE
WHETHER SOMETHING IS A SOLID,
A SHELL OR A FRAME, AND THINK
ABOUT THOSE REASONS WHY.
IS IT FILLED IN THE MIDDLE?
IT'S PROBABLY A SOLID.
IS IT HOLLOW?
IT'S PROBABLY A SHELL.
AND IF IT'S GOT STICKS OR
IF IT'S JUST AN OUTLINE,
IT'S PROBABLY A FRAME, OKAY?
NOW, I'M NOT GOING TO SEE YOU
FOR A FEW WEEKS BECAUSE IT'S
HOLIDAY TIME, ISN'T IT?
I KNOW YOU'RE ALL EXCITED
ABOUT HOLIDAYS, AND I'M REALLY
EXCITED ABOUT HOLIDAYS, TOO.
SO I'M GOING TO SEE YOU IN
JANUARY, OR I GUESS YOU'RE
GOING TO SEE ME IN
JANUARY, AREN'T YOU?
IN THE MEANTIME, I HAVE
SOMETHING I WANT YOU TO THINK
ABOUT, OKAY?
SO OVER THE HOLIDAYS, THIS IS
WHAT I WANT YOU TO THINK ABOUT.
LET'S LOOK AT THIS.
I WANT YOU TO THINK ABOUT
WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
TALL, LIKE A GIRAFFE...
AND BIG.

The drawing of a giraffe appears next to the word “tall” and an elephant over the word “big.”

[elephant trumpeting]

She concludes OKAY?
SO I WANT YOU TO THINK ABOUT
WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
TALL AND BIG.
IN THE MEANTIME, DON'T
FORGET TO LOG OFF.
HOW DO YOU DO THAT?
PICK UP YOUR PHONE,
NUMBER SIGN SEVEN,
AND PRESS ONE TO CONFIRM.
I'LL SEE YOU AFTER
THE HOLIDAYS.
HAVE A NICE TIME.

A caption appears on screen. It reads “Please remember to log off! Pick up handset. Press number sign 7. Press 1 to confirm. Hang up handset. See you next time!”

Watch: Solid, Shell or Frame