Transcript: 10 Questions on Eating Well | Oct 03, 2017

Music plays as an animated slate shows the title "10 questions."

Steve sits in the studio. He's slim, clean-shaven, in his fifties, with short curly brown hair. He's wearing a gray suit, white shirt, and spotted blue tie.

A caption on screen reads "@spaikin, @theagenda."

Steve says IF YOU ARE WHAT YOU
EAT, THEN BEING MINDFUL OF
WHAT'S ON YOUR PLATE MAKES A LOT
OF SENSE FOR YOU.
IT MIGHT ALSO MATTER FOR THE
ENVIRONMENT.
FOOD JOURNALIST AND ACADEMIC
SARAH ELTON HAS MADE SOMETHING
OF A STUDY OF THAT.
HER NEW BOOK IS: "MEATLESS?
A FRESH LOOK AT WHAT YOU EAT."
AND SHE JOINS US NOW FOR TEN
QUESTIONS ON CHOOSING FOOD
THAT'S GOOD FOR YOU, AND THE PLANET.

Sarah is in her thirties, with shoulder-length straight brown hair. She's wearing a gray blazer over a dark blue blouse.
A picture of the book appears briefly on screen. The cover features a drawing of a boy thinking of different kinds of food, mainly fruits and vegetables.

Steve continues HI, SARAH.
READY TO GO HERE?

Sarah says I'M READY.

Steve says QUESTION ONE: WHAT
DOES IT MEAN TO EAT HEALTHILY
FOR THE PLANET?

The caption changes to "Sarah Elton. Author, 'Meatless?'"
Then, it changes again to "Healthy for who?"

Sarah says OOH.
WHAT IT MEANS TO EAT HEALTHILY
FOR THE PLANET MEANS WHAT EFFECT
IT HAS ON THE ENVIRONMENT.
IS IT HEALTHY FOR MY BODY?
IS IT HEALTHY FOR THE
ENVIRONMENT TOO.

Steve says TAKING EACH SEASON
INTO ACCOUNT, IS IT POSSIBLE TO
EAT LOCAL FOOD IN ONTARIO ALL
YEAR LONG?

The caption changes to "Eating local all year round?"

Sarah says WELL, IT IS
POSSIBLE TO EAT A LOT OF LOCAL
FOOD IN ONTARIO ALL YEAR ROUND.
OUR FOOD SYSTEM IS SUCH THAT IT
WOULD BE VERY CHALLENGING TO EAT
ENTIRELY LOCAL, BUT YOU CAN MAKE
A LOT OF CHOICES TO EAT LOCAL
FOOD EVERY SINGLE DAY ALL YEAR
ROUND.

Steve says TAKE IT SEASON BY SEASON.

Sarah says OKAY.
LET'S START WITH SUMMER.
SO IF YOU HAVE THE BOUNTY OF THE
HARVEST, ALL THE FRUITS AND
VEGETABLES, VEGETABLES WE DIDN'T
GROW HERE IN ONTARIO BEFORE THAT
HAVE BEEN BROUGHT OVER FROM ASIA
AND THE CARIBBEAN, SO YOU CAN
EVEN GET LOCAL, WHAT PEOPLE CALL
TROPICAL VEGETABLES OR THE REAL
HEAT-LOVING VEGETABLES, YOU CAN
BUY THEM, JUST LOOK FOR THEM IN
YOUR SMALL GROCERY STORE,
THEY'RE FROM ONTARIO.
AND THEN OF COURSE ALL THE
VEGETABLES PEOPLE HAVE BEEN
GROWING IN CANADA FOR HUNDREDS
OF YEARS LIKE CABBAGES, ETC.
AND THOUSANDS OF YEARS IF YOU
THINK OF PUMPKINS AND SQUASH AND
ALL THESE OTHER LOVELY FOODS,
CORN.
THEN COME FALL, THEN YOU REALLY
HAVE THE SQUASHES, THE WINTER
SQUASHES AND ALL WHAT WE WOULD
THINK OF OFTEN NOW AS
THANKSGIVING FOODS.
YOU CAN HAVE POTATOES AND BEETS
AND CARROTS.
THOSE ARE ROOT VEGETABLES SO
THEY KEEP.
ALL THROUGH THE WINTER YOU CAN
CONTINUE TO BUY YOUR CARROTS
FROM ONTARIO, BEETS FROM
ONTARIO.
ALSO WE NOW HAVE A LARGE
GREENHOUSE SECTOR, AND WE ALSO
HAVE MUSHROOMS.
IN THE WINTER YOU CAN BUY...
NOW, IT DEPENDS ON THE SEASON,
AS IN IT DEPENDS HOW COLD AND
OVERCAST IT IS IN FEBRUARY AND
JANUARY.
BUT SOMETIMES IT DEPENDS WHEN
THE GREENHOUSE TOMATOES AND
PEPPERS AND EGG PLANTS COME.
IN MARCH, IS ALWAYS THE FIRST
EGGPLANTS THAT COME FROM THE
GREENHOUSE AND PEPPERS.
THEN YOU GET INTO SPRING.
I FIND THE HARDEST TIME IS MAYBE
APRIL BECAUSE ALL THE ROOT
VEGETABLES HAVE BEEN EATEN.
I THINK, OH, MY GOSH, WHAT DID
PEOPLE DO BEFORE YOU HAD THIS
MAJOR INDUSTRIAL FOOD SYSTEM?
HOW HUNGRY WERE THEY IN APRIL?
BECAUSE THE GREENS THAT ARE JUST
COMING UP.
SO MANY FARMERS NOW ARE STARTING
TO EXTEND THE SEASON AND PRODUCE
SO MUCH MORE.

Steve says GOTCHA.
QUESTION 3: IS IT BETTER FOR THE
ENVIRONMENT TO BUY REGULAR,
NON-ORGANIC FOOD FROM LOCAL
SOURCES, OR ORGANIC FOOD FROM
FAR AWAY?

The caption changes to "Local or organic?"

Sarah says IT'S NOT ONE
OR THE OTHER.
UNFORTUNATELY THERE'S NO SIMPLE
ANSWER.
THE BEST SOLUTION WOULD BE TO
BUY FOOD THAT IS GROWN IN A
SUSTAINABLE WAY FROM FARMERS IN
YOUR FOOD SHED, IN YOUR REGION,
NEAR WHERE YOU LIVE.
THAT WOULD BE NUMBER ONE.
AND THEN AFTER THAT YOU HAVE A
WHOLE DIFFERENT... YOU HAVE TO
WEIGH AS YOU GO.
BUT SUSTAINABLE FARMING IS
REALLY IMPORTANT.
THAT DOESN'T NECESSARILY MEAN
THAT YOU SHOULD BE BUYING LONG
DISTANCE ORGANIC.

Steve says QUESTION 4: WHAT'S
THE BEST WAY TO GET STARTED
GROWING YOUR OWN VEGETABLES?

The caption changes to "How does your garden grow?"

Sarah says OOH.
I THINK ONE SHOULD START
PERHAPS, IF YOU'VE NEVER GROWN
VEGETABLES BEFORE, WITH A POT OF
HERBS, CHERRY TOMATOES IN A POT
ARE REALLY EASY TO DO.
ONCE YOU BECOME MORE AMBITIOUS,
PLANTING A GARDEN... YOU WILL
APPRECIATE HOW MUCH WORK AND
TALENT IS NEEDED BY FARMERS,
BECAUSE IT'S NOT EASY, BUT IT'S
VERY REWARDING AND FUN.

Steve says QUESTION 5: ARE
THERE SECTIONS OF THE
SUPERMARKET WE SIMPLY SHOULD AVOID?

The caption changes to "Not go super(market) choices?"

Sarah says WELL, YES.
THOSE ROWS WHERE IT'S FULL OF
CHIPS AND PROCESSED FOODS AND
CANDY.

Steve says I'M AFRAID YOU WERE
GOING TO SAY THAT.

The caption changes to "Sarah Elton, @SarahAElton."

Sarah says DON'T LOOK!
DON'T LOOK!
PLANT-BASED FOODS ARE ALWAYS
WHAT ARE CONSIDERED THE MOST
HEALTHY FOOD CHOICES AT THE
SUPERMARKET.

Steve says QUESTION 6: AT WHAT
AGE SHOULD A CHILD LEARN HOW TO COOK?

The caption changes to "Can children be chefs?"

Sarah says I THINK
CHILDREN SHOULD BE INVOLVED WITH
COOKING AS SOON AS YOU CAN GET A
BUTTER KNIFE INTO A TODDLER'S
HAND AND A RAW MUSHROOM IN THE
OTHER.
THEY CAN CHOP MUSHROOMS.
I'VE WITNESSED IT MYSELF.
THAT SAID, IN MY EXPERIENCE, AT
10, CHILDREN REALLY HAVE A
COMPETENCY AND THEY CAN ACTUALLY
LEARN TO COOK MEALS BY 10.
BUT YOU CAN START... YOU SHOULD
START TO GETTING YOUR KIDS
INVOLVED IN THE KITCHEN AS EARLY
AS POSSIBLE BECAUSE, JUST FROM A
PARENTING STRATEGY, IT'S MUCH
EASIER TO HAVE HELP THAN NOT TO
HAVE HELP.

Steve says THAT'S THE AGE.
HOW ABOUT, FOR QUESTION 7, WHAT
MEALS WOULD BE BEST TO START
SOMEONE WHO IS LEARNING HOW TO COOK?

The caption changes to "Where to start?"

Sarah says PROBABLY A
WEEKEND DINNER, IF YOU DON'T
WORK ON THE WEEKEND, WHERE YOU
HAVE TIME TO WORK SLOWLY
TOGETHER, BECAUSE IT'S GOING TO
TAKE TIME AND IT'S GOING TO
CREATE A MESS, BUT CHILDREN
SHOULD BE INVOLVED IN THE
CLEAN-UP AS WELL EVERY DAY.

Steve says THAT'S THE HUSBAND'S
JOB WHERE I LIVE.
ANYWAY...
QUESTION 8: WHICH COMMON
INGREDIENT SHOULD PEOPLE RELY ON LESS?

The caption changes to "Less of what?"

Sarah says PROBABLY MEAT.
THAT WOULD BE WHAT WE SHOULD EAT
LESS OF BECAUSE OF ITS DIRECT
CORRELATION WITH CLIMATE CHANGE.

Steve says QUESTION 9: WHICH
COMMON INGREDIENT SHOULD PEOPLE
RELY ON MORE?

The caption changes to "More of what?"

Sarah says OOH.
WHAT COMMON INGREDIENT SHOULD
PEOPLE RELY ON MORE?
I'M GOING TO VOTE FOR LEGUMES
AND LENTILS AND THESE DELICIOUS
MEAT ALTERNATIVES THAT I LOVE TO
COOK.

Steve says ARE THEY DELICIOUS?
NEVER MIND.
IS THERE CHOCOLATE IN THEM?
NO.
CAN'T BE DELICIOUS.
QUESTION 10: WHAT'S THE MOST
IMPORTANT HABIT PEOPLE SHOULD
GET INTO IN ORDER TO COOK
HEALTHFULLY?

The caption changes to "Healthy habits?"

Sarah says THE MOST
IMPORTANT HABIT WOULD BE TO NOT
WASTE FOOD.
BECAUSE IF WE'RE THINKING OF
HEALTH IN TERMS OF THE
ENVIRONMENT, THE NUMBER ONE
CAUSE OF FOOD WASTE IN CANADA
ARE PEOPLE IN THEIR HOMES,
ALMOST 50 percent, 47 percent OF PEOPLE, FOOD
IS WASTED BY YOU AND ME, PEOPLE
LIKE US, AND MOST OF THAT IS
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.
SO IF YOU'RE GOING TO COOK
HEALTHFULLY, I THINK YOU HAVE TO
COOK EVERYTHING, FREEZE IT IF
YOU CAN'T FINISH IT BEFORE IT
GOES BAD, AND MAKE A MEAL AND
FREEZE IT, YOU'LL BE HAPPY ONE
DAY WHEN YOU WANT TO ORDER IN
AND YOU ACTUALLY HAVE A FROZEN
DINNER WAITING FOR YOU.

The caption changes to "Producer: Cara Stern, @carastern; Student Intern: Jane Burke."

Steve says GREAT ADVICE.
SARAH ELTON, AUTHOR, "MEATLESS?
A FRESH LOOK AT WHAT YOU EAT."
THANKS, SARAH.

Sarah says THANK YOU.

Watch: 10 Questions on Eating Well