Transcript: Green Grows Sudbury | Jun 20, 1988

Fast clips show people running, working in a construction site, and dancing. A title at the end reads "People Patterns. Green Grows Sudbury."

Joan stands at a park by a lake. She is in her fifties, has short curly brown hair, and is wearing a plaid white shirt over a blue shirt.

She says FOR ANYONE WHO REMEMBERS
OR THINKS OF SUDBURY
AS DESOLATE MOONSCAPE,
THIS TOO IS SUDBURY,
ALBEIT, VERY EARLY
SPRING SUDBURY.
I'M JOAN REED-OLSEN.
THIS CITY OF CLOSE TO
100,000 IS CELEBRATING
ITS 100TH ANNIVERSARY
AND PROVING THAT IN SPITE
OF ITS IMAGE AS THE
UNEMPLOYMENT CAPITAL
OF THE COUNTRY, THERE IS
OPTIMISM AND GREAT HOPES
FOR THE FUTURE.

A man in his fifties says WELL, THERE ARE A
NUMBER OF OPPORTUNITIES
AVAILABLE HERE
IN SUDBURY.
WE HAVE A UNIVERSITY;
WE ALSO BELIEVE
IT'S A GROWING CITY.

A woman in her seventies says I'VE LIVED HERE SINCE
1936 AND MY HUSBAND'S
A WORKER AND I'M VERY
PROUD TO BE MY HOME.

A man in his forties says IT SEEMS TO BE A COMMUNITY
WHERE PEOPLE WORK HARD
FOR A LIVING AND
THEY'RE VERY FRIENDLY.
WHEN YOU GO INTO STORES
PEOPLE CAN TAKE JOKES.
EVERYBODY HAS A GOOD SENSE
OF HUMOUR IN THE CITY.

A man in his thirties says IF YOU GO ANYWHERE ON
THE STREETS YOU USUALLY
CAN BUMP INTO
SOMEBODY YOU KNOW.
IT'S NOT A BIG CITY LIKE
TORONTO OR MONTREAL
WHERE YOU CAN WALK DOWN
THE STREET FOR HOURS
AND YOU NEVER MEET
ANYONE YOU KNOW.
SO, I THINK IT'S MAINLY
THE PERSONALITY
OF THE CITY ITSELF.

A man in his forties says SMALL ENOUGH SO YOU CAN
BE FRIENDLY AND I GUESS
THE FISHING AND THE
SPORTS, SUDBURY WOLVES!

A woman in her forties says I CAME TO SUDBURY TO TAKE
A COURSE AND I'VE BEEN HERE
EVER SINCE AND I JUST
LOVE IT AND I WOULDN'T
MOVE AWAY FROM IT.

A woman in her thirties says THE WAY THE PEOPLE FROM
SUDBURY STICK TOGETHER
DURING REALLY
TOUGH TIMES.
OKAY, SUDBURY'S HAD A LOT
OF FINANCIAL PROBLEMS
AND STUFF LIKE THAT AND
ALL THE PEOPLE IN SUDBURY
HAVE REALLY HELD TOGETHER
THROUGH ALL THAT.
AND THAT'S WHAT MAKES
ME PROUD OF SUDBURY.

A man in his twenties says WELL, I GUESS IT'S
BASICALLY THE ENVIRONMENT
AND THE WAY THE
PEOPLE ARE.
SUDBURY WILL BE A
BIG BOOMING TOWN
IN THE NEAR FUTURE,
I'M POSITIVE OF THAT.

Several clips show gardens, factories, malls, schools, hotels and a large building under construction.

A clip shows a man in his fifties. He is clean-shaven, has short brown and gray hair, and is wearing a brown suit, a white safety helmet, and glasses.
A caption reads "John Stefura. Architect."

John says WE STARTED
OUT ON THE PROJECT
FIRST OF ALL AS A JOINT
VENTURE BETWEEN
MORIYAMA AND TESHIMA OF TORONTO,
ARCHITECTS IN TORONTO
WHO WORKED ON THE ONTARIO
SCIENCE CENTRE
AND OUR OWN FIRM
HERE IN SUDBURY.
AND INITIALLY THE PROJECT
STARTED OUT AS A STUDY
THAT WAS FUNDED THROUGH
THE REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
CORPORATION IN SUDBURY
AND IT WAS FUNDED
BY INCO LIMITED.
AT THE TIME, WE WERE ASKED
TO COME UP WITH AN IDEA
OF A WORLD CLASS TYPE
OF TOURIST ATTRACTION
AND, SECONDLY, TO
ACTUALLY CHOOSE A SITE.
AND WE INVESTIGATED
ACTUALLY 43 OR 44 SITES
WITHIN THE WHOLE
REGIONAL MUNICIPALITY
AND ENDED UP WITH
THE ONE HERE.
THE DESIGN OF THE
PROJECT WAS CREATED
THROUGH THE EFFORTS
OF THE TWO FIRMS.
AND I THINK IN PARTICULAR,
THE LEADING LIGHT
OF IT WAS REALLY
MORIYAMA WHO'S HAD A LOT
OF EXPERIENCE AND IS
VERY INVENTIVE,
AN INVENTIVE ARCHITECT.
THE SYMBOLISM OF THE
ENTIRE SCIENCE CENTRE
IS THE ROCK CAVERN WHICH
WE SEE HERE, WHICH
IS SYMBOLIC REALLY OF
THE SUDBURY AREA;
THE CRATER THAT WAS CREATED
BY A GIGANTIC METEORITE,
METEORITIC IMPACT
SEVERAL BILLION YEARS AGO.

A clip shows a man in his forties walking in a construction site. He has a brown full beard, short brown hair, and is wearing a gray suit, and a white safety helmet.
A caption reads "Dr. David Pearson. Director, Science North."

He says THE BUILDING BEHIND ME IS
THE ENTRANCE BUILDING,
THE RECEPTION BUILDING
FOR THE COMPLEX HERE AT
BELL GROVE, THE ONE IN
WHICH VISITORS WILL BUY
THEIR TICKETS AND HAVE A
MEAL AT THE RESTAURANT
AND THEN GO THROUGH
THE TUNNEL
WHICH CONNECTS THE
ENTRANCE BUILDING
TO THE MAIN EXHIBIT BUILDING
THAT SITS LIKE
A SNOWFLAKE ON THE
TOP OF THE ROCK KNOB.
THE CONSTRUCTION HAS BEEN
UNDERWAY FOR ABOUT
A YEAR AND A HALF NOW.
WE'RE LESS THAN A
YEAR FROM OPENING
AND WE ANTICIPATE BEING
VISITED BY PERHAPS
350, 400,000
PEOPLE EVERY YEAR.
THE CONSTRUCTION
HERE WILL,
BY THE TIME IT'S ALL
OVER, WILL HAVE LEAD
TO SOMETHING IN THE ORDER
OF 385 MAN YEARS OF WORK.
AND IN OPERATION, THE
CENTRE WILL BRING SOMETHING
IN THE ORDER OF
11 MILLION TOURIST DOLLARS
INTO SUDBURY'S ECONOMY.
THE TAXES TO THE CITY WILL
INCREASE BY SOMETHING
IN THE ORDER OF
350,000 DOLLARS A YEAR
BECAUSE OF THE EXPANSION
OF BUSINESSES THAT
WE ANTICIPATE THE
CENTRE WILL LEAD TO.
THE STAFF OF THE CENTRE
WILL BE DRAWN FROM SUDBURY,
ALL OF OUR STAFF
AT PRESENT ARE, IN FACT,
FROM THE SUDBURY OR
NORTHERN ONTARIO CITIES.
AFTER WE'RE OPEN AND WE'RE
CALLING UPON SUMMER STAFF,
PART-TIME STAFF WHEN
THE VISITOR NUMBERS
ARE AT THEIR PEAK, THEY
ALSO WILL ALL BE LOCAL PEOPLE.
THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYMENT WILL
BE ON THE LOCAL POPULATION.

David walks through a rock hallway.

He says IT'S WALKING BETWEEN THESE
RAW ROCK WALLS THAT
WILL GIVE VISITORS FOR THE
FIRST TIME THE FEELING
OF BEING IN A PLACE
THE LIKE OF WHICH
THEY'VE NEVER BEEN
IN BEFORE.
A SENSE OF THE MAGIC I
THINK OF SCIENCE NORTH.

He walks into a wide cavern.

He says THE CAVERN IS VERY
MUCH AS THE HEART
OF THE EXHIBIT
BUILDING.
IT'S PHYSICALLY AT THE
VERY HEART OF THE PLACE
BECAUSE EVERYTHING
ELSE RISES ABOVE IT.
AND CONCEPTUALLY ALSO,
IT'S AT THE VERY HEART
OF THE IDEA OF
THE PLACE.
IT SYMBOLIZES THE
SUDBURY BASIN;
THAT GIANT CRATER THAT WAS
BLASTED OUT OF THE SURFACE
OF THE EARTH ABOUT 2 BILLION
YEARS AGO PERHAPS
BY A METEORITE, PERHAPS
BY A VOLCANIC EXPLOSION.
EVEN THIS SPACE WHICH IS A
UNIQUE SPACE - WE KNOW OF
NO OTHER BUILDING IN THE
WORLD WITH A SPACE LIKE IT -
WAS CREATED
BY SUDBURY EXPERTISE.
IT'S HARD ROCK
MINING AT ITS BEST.
IT TOOK US SIX MONTHS
OF WORK TO EXCAVATE
THIS CAVERN AND IT'S
NOW THE VERY HEART
OF THE CONCEPT OF OUR
SCIENCE CENTRE.

David walks along a hallway, and stops with the lake in the background.

He says PART OF WHAT WE WANT
PEOPLE TO FEEL WHEN
THEY COME UP THE RAMP IS
THE CONTRAST BETWEEN
THE DRAMA AND THE DARKNESS
OF BEING UNDERGROUND
AND THE LIVELINESS
AND THE GLITTER
OF THE LAKE AND
THE LANDSCAPE.
AND OF COURSE IN SUMMER,
WHEN THE YACHTS ARE SAILING
ON THE LAKE, THE
NAVVY LEAGUE STUDENTS
ARE OUT IN THEIR BOATS,
IT'LL BE MUCH MORE ACTIVE
THAN IT EVEN IS NOW WITH THE
WIND RUFFLING THE SURFACE
AND BLOWING THE LEAVES
OF THE SPRING TREES.
IN THE WINTER, OF COURSE,
IT'S WHITE AND QUITE
DIFFERENT AGAIN: BRIGHT
AND PEOPLE ARE ICE FISHING.
AND AGAIN IT'S ACTIVE,
IT'S A CONTRAST TO THE DRAMA,
THE DARKNESS AND THE FEELING
OF BEING UNDERGROUND.
AND THEN PEOPLE SWING UP
THE RAMP TO THE HIGHER
LEVELS OF THE EXHIBIT
BUILDING OVER THIS
SMOOTHLY POLISHED OUTCROP
OF GLACIATED ROCK.

He walks up a smooth rock ramp.

He says THE SMOOTHNESS OF THE ROCK
IS IN FACT THE PRODUCT
OF THE GRINDING ACTION OF THE
ICE THAT COVERED THIS AREA
BETWEEN ABOUT 75,000 AND
12,000 YEARS AGO.
AND THE ROCK ITSELF IS
HALF THE AGE OF THE EARTH,
ABOUT 2 BILLION YEARS.
IN FACT, MORE THAN THAT,
2.5 BILLION YEARS.

A clip shows a man drilling on a rock wall.

Carole sits with Jeff.
She is in her thirties, has long wavy brown hair, and is wearing a gray overall.
A caption reads "Carole Beaulieu-Levesque."

Carole Beaulieu-Levesque says WELL, SCIENCE NORTH
BOUGHT THE BIG NICKEL
MINE BECAUSE
SOON IN ITS HISTORY,
OR IN OUR HISTORY,
WE REALIZED THAT WE
NEEDED TO HAVE
A MAIN MINING EXHIBIT.
THIS MINE EXISTED SO
THEREFORE WE BOUGHT IT
AND DEVELOPED IT WITH
THOSE GOALS IN MIND.
WE WANT TO ACTUALLY
SHARE WITH THE PUBLIC
THE UNDERGROUND
EXPERIENCE.
WE WANT TO SHOW THE KIDS
WHAT THEIR FATHER
DO DAY IN AND DAY OUT
FOR EIGHT HOURS A DAY.
WE WANT TO GIVE THE MINER
HIMSELF HIS DUE RESPECT.
WE ALSO WANT TO USE IT
AS A RESEARCH FACILITY.
SOME COMPANIES HAVE
ALREADY BEEN IN HERE
TESTING THEIR NEW
EQUIPMENT
AND WE HOPE TO EXPAND
UPON THAT MARKET.

Jeff is in his thirties, clean-shaven, with short blond hair, and wearing a purple sweater.
A caption reads "Jeff Sewell."

Jeff says YES, SO WE'D LIKE
TO USE ACTUALLY
THE BIG NICKEL MINE
AS BOTH A TOURIST
AND AN EDUCATION
FACILITY.
THE TOURIST FACILITY
BASICALLY BECAUSE SO MANY
PEOPLE KNOW ABOUT THE BIG
NICKEL AT THIS TIME AND
THE EDUCATIONAL FACILITY
BASICALLY TO SHOW PEOPLE
WHAT MINING'S ALL ABOUT.
RECENTLY WE'VE HAD SO MUCH
EXPOSURE TO MINING
AND THE INDUSTRY ITSELF,
MOSTLY NEGATIVE.
WHAT WE'RE TRYING TO DO
HERE IS TO CREATE MORE
OF A POSITIVE IMAGE, AND AT
THE SAME TIME SHOW PEOPLE
BASICALLY A MINE AND ALSO
TO HAVE A GOOD TIME,
TO HAVE A FUN TIME HERE.

Carole says EXACTLY.
AND OFTEN WITHIN THE
EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM
YOU WOULD HAVE A
LOT OF THEORY
AND NOT MUCH
PRACTICAL WORK.
WELL, HERE WE HAVE
FACILITIES TO SHARE THAT
WITH THE STUDENTS SO THEY
CAN ACTUALLY COME IN HERE,
A MINING ENGINEER WHO
IN HIS THIRD YEAR
HAS NEVER BEEN EXPOSED TO
AN UNDERGROUND AREA.
WELL HERE HE CAN ACTUALLY
COME AND HANDLE A JACKLY
SO THEN WHEN HE'S DEALING
WITH MINERS LATER ON,
HE KNOWS, HE'S
BEEN THERE.
SO THAT HE CAN RELATE TO
THE MINING INDUSTRY
IN A MORE
PRACTICAL SENSE.

Jeff says AND ALSO, IN GOING TOWARDS
MORE OF A COMMUNITY SITE,
WE'D LIKE TO GET A LOT
OF DIFFERENT ACTIVITIES
GOING HERE WHICH
INVOLVE THE COMMUNITY.
SUDBURY HAS BEEN KNOWN AS
A TOWN WITH GOOD COMMUNITY
SPIRIT, AND THAT'S ONE OF
THE THINGS THAT'S
HELPED THEM RALLY
THROUGH THIS RECESSION.
AND WHAT WE'RE TRYING TO
DO HERE IS CREATE
CERTAIN EVENTS THAT
PEOPLE CAN COME UP
AND TO HAVE A GOOD TIME,
TO HAVE A FUN TIME
AND ALSO LEARN A LITTLE
BIT MORE ABOUT MINING,
ABOUT THEIR OWN
HOMETOWN IN DOING SO.

Carole says AND ALSO WE'RE LOOKING
AT TOURISM AS MAYBE THE
SECONDARY INDUSTRY THAT
WE'VE BEEN STRIVING FOR,
FOR YEARS.
WE HAVE THE
MINING INDUSTRY,
IT WILL ALWAYS BE THE
MAIN INDUSTRY IN SUDBURY,
BUT TOURISM COULD
DEFINITELY
BE EXPANDING THIS
ECONOMIC BASE.

A clip shows a man drilling on a rock wall, and another one picking up rocks with a mechanical shovel.

A clip shows a man in his thirties in a rock cavern. He has a very short brown moustache, short brown hair, and is wearing a tartan green shirt, and an orange safety helmet.
A caption reads "David Niwranski."

He says UP IN THE NORTHERN
CLIMATES HERE,
OUR GROWING SEASON
IS VERY SHORT AND
ONE THING WITH AN ABUNDANCE
OF EMPTY MINE SHAFTS
AND DRIFTS GOING AROUND
THROUGH THE SUDBURY AREA,
SINCE OUR MAJOR THING
UP HERE IS MINING,
WE HAVE DEVISED A WAY TO GROW
VEGETABLES UNDERGROUND.
THEY HAVE MANY ADVANTAGES;
YOU DON'T NEED HEATING,
THE HEAT'S SUPPLIED BY THE
PRESSURES OF THE EARTH,
THE ROCK CREATES
ITS OWN HEAT.
WE'VE GROWN
CUCUMBERS, TOMATOES,
MOST EVERYTHING SO
FAR UNDERGROUND.
WHAT WE HAVE RIGHT
HERE, THIS IS JUST
THE LETTUCE GARDEN.
THE ADVANTAGE OF
THIS PARTICULAR MINE,
ITS TEMPERATURE RANGES
FROM 45 TO 55 DEGREES.
IT'S IDEAL FOR LETTUCE.
THE ADVANTAGE OF GROWING
UNDERGROUND TOO
IS YOU DON'T HAVE ANY
INSECTS, YOU DON'T HAVE TO
USE INSECTICIDE, YOU GET
A CLEAN, NATURAL, VEGETABLE.

Several clips show the city of Sudbury, and its buildings.

Joan says IN RECENT YEARS,
THERE HAVE BEEN
GREAT DISAPPOINTMENTS FOR
THE PEOPLE OF SUDBURY.

A clip shows a man in his thirties in a rock cavern. He has a brown moustache, shoulder length wavy brown hair, and is wearing a plaid green shirt and a white safety helmet.
A caption reads "Norman Menard."

He says THE LACK OF JOBS, BUT
THAT'S ALL OVER THE COUNTRY
RIGHT NOW.
BUT, YOU KNOW, IT'S
BEEN A MINING TOWN
FOR A HUNDRED YEARS NOW.
IT WOULD'VE BEEN NICE TO
HAVE OTHER INDUSTRIES
AROUND SO THAT WE CAN
DO SOME WORK,
YOU KNOW, BUT
THAT'S IT.

A clip shows a man in his forties. He has a brown moustache, short brown hair, and is wearing a blue shirt, and a green safety helmet with a flashlight.
A caption reads "Norman Lafontaine."

He says WELL, I THINK THE LAYOFFS
OF FALCONBRIDGE AND INCO
WAS VERY DISAPPOINTING FOR
THE YOUNG PEOPLE
SUCH AS MYSELF, BECAUSE
I WAS LOOKING FORWARD
TO THE FUTURE.
AND IT'S PRETTY
DISAPPOINTING WHEN
YOU HAVE TWO, THREE
YEARS FOR A COMPANY,
THEY'RE JUST DOWN THE
ROAD AFTER A WHILE.

A clip shows a man in his thirties, clean-shaven, with short brown hair, and wearing a plaid brown shirt.
A caption reads "David Beilhartz."

He says I THINK THE BOOM-AND-BUST
CYCLE OF THE MINING
INDUSTRY ITSELF, IF
IT WAS MORE STEADY
THE WORLD MARKETS, IT
WOULD BE OKAY.
YOU'D HAVE A PERMANENT
WORKFORCE AND IT'D BE
A MUCH NICER
PLACE TO LIVE.

A clip shows a man in his forties, clean-shaven, with short curly black hair, and wearing a green suit, and white shirt.
A caption reads "Rene Grandmaison."

He says WELL, IT'S A ONE, SO FAR,
IT'S BEEN A ONE TOWN
OR ONE INDUSTRY TOWN.
MINING INDUSTRY IS WHAT
GOVERNS EVERYTHING
AND YOU HAVE YOUR
UPS AND DOWNS.
BUT I'VE BEEN IN THE
MINING INDUSTRY FOR
25 YEARS AND I'VE
SORT OF LIVED WITH IT,
OR LEARNED
TO LIVE WITH IT.
I'VE BEEN VERY
FORTUNATE.
REALLY I THINK
IT GIVES YOU CHARACTER.
I THINK YOU
HAVE TO BE ABLE
TO BE FLEXIBLE AND ROLL
WITH THE PUNCHES AND
WHEN CHANGES COME ABOUT
YOU HAVE TO ADAPT
AND TURN YOUR
LIFE AROUND.

A clip shows two kids riding bicycles, and walking into a house.

Joan says THE ZARANTONELLO
FAMILY HAVE TURNED
THEIR LIVES AROUND.
FROM BEING A MINER, JOHN
AND HIS WIFE CATHY
NOW OWN AND OPERATE
A PIZZA PARLOUR
ON THE OUTSKIRTS
OF SUDBURY.

Cathy and John sit at a park table.
She is in her forties, has shoulder-length curly blond hair, and is wearing a white coat over a white blouse.
He is in his forties, has a brown moustache, short brown hair, and is wearing a white T-shirt.
A caption reads "Cathy and John Zarantonello."

John says WE DIDN'T EXACTLY KNOW
WHERE WE WERE HEADED.

Cathy says NO, WE DIDN'T.
THE FIRST TIME YOU WERE
LAID OFF WE WERE LIVING
IN AN APARTMENT ON
CARTIER STREET.
AND WELL, I GUESS I
WAS PREGNANT AND SO
HE HAD TO GO OUT AND
FIND SOMETHING.
SO, HE WENT TO ELLIOT LAKE
AND I STAYED THERE FOR
A COUPLE WEEKS, ABOUT
SIX WEEKS AND THEN
HE GOT A JOB SO THERE
WAS APARTMENTS THERE
FOR RENT AND THAT SO WE
DECIDED TO BOTH MOVE UP
BECAUSE DIDN'T LIKE
JUST COMING HOME
ON THE WEEKEND.

John says WE WERE THERE FOR A YEAR
AND A HALF I GUESS?

Cathy says YEAH, ONE YEAR
AND A HALF.

John says AND THEN INCO RECALLED
US SO WE COME BACK
THINKING WE'D NEVER
GET LAID OFF AGAIN.

Cathy says BUT...
HERE IT
HAPPENED AGAIN.

John says TWO, TWO AND A
HALF YEARS LATER,
THEY LAID US OFF
AGAIN AND THEN WE'VE.
THEN IT WAS ROUGH.

Cathy says WELL THE SECOND
TIME WE COME BACK,
FIRST WE COME BACK
INTO AN APARTMENT
AND WE DIDN'T
LIKE THAT.
SO THEN WE BOUGHT A LITTLE
HOUSE BUT THAT WAS
ON RIDGEMOUNT AND THAT
WAS OUR FIRST TIME HOUSE
AND WE REALLY STRUGGLED
TO GET THAT, DIDN'T WE?
AND THEN AFTER WE
BOUGHT IT WE STARTED
SAVING UP MONEY.
I STARTED WORKING AND SO
THINGS WERE A LITTLE BIT
BETTER AGAIN SO WE
DECIDED TO BUY AGAIN.

John says WE BOUGHT THIS ONE AND
WE RENTED THE OTHER ONE.

Cathy says AND THEN AFTER WE
BOUGHT THIS ONE
IT WAS HOW LONG
WAS IT?
A YEAR AFTER?

John says NO, TWO, ABOUT A
YEAR AND A HALF.

Cathy says A YEAR AND A HALF,
ONE DAY COME HOME,
"I'M LAID OFF, CATH."
I SAID, OH, NO.
SO, THEN I GUESS WE
THOUGHT WE WERE GOING TO
LOSE THE HOUSE AND WE
STILL HAD THE OLD HOUSE
AND WE HAD RENTERS IN
IT SO THAT WAS OKAY,
YOU KNOW.
BUT WE DIDN'T KNOW IF WE
WERE GOING TO MOVE BACK
THERE AND TRY TO SELL THIS
HOUSE OR WHAT WE WERE GOING
TO DO OR WHERE HE WAS
GOING TO FIND WORK.
HE WAS EVEN THINKING
OF GOING BACK
TO ELLIOT LAKE BUT WE
DIDN'T CARE TO STAY THERE.
HERE IS SUDBURY AND
HERE IS WHERE WE LIKE.

A clip shows Cathy making pizzas.

Cathy says OKAY, THEN WE GOT
INTO THE BUSINESS,
IT'S A LOT OF PIZZAS
AND SPAGHETTIS.

John says LASAGNAS.

Cathy says LASAGNAS.

John says SOUPS, SALADS.

Cathy says SALADS, YUP.

John says WE SERVE A LITTLE
BIT OF EVERYTHING.
IT'S MOSTLY TAKEOUT
FOOD BUT WE HAVE
A DINING ROOM
UP THERE.

Cathy says OF COURSE
I HAD TO LEARN
HOW TO DO
EVERYTHING.
A LITTLE NERVOUS AT
FIRST BUT IT'S OKAY NOW.
IT'S A LOT OF FUN,
IT'S DIFFERENT.

John says IT WAS A
ROUGH DECISION
BUT WE FIGURED IT WAS
SCARY, VERY SCARY.
WE HAD A LITTLE BIT OF
MONEY PUT AWAY AND
WE FIGURED WHY NOT TAKE
A CHANCE, IF IT WORKS,
IT WORKS, IF IT
DOESN'T, IT DOESN'T.
I MEAN, WE DIDN'T HAVE
MUCH TO LOSE ANYWAYS.
AND WELL, HERE WE ARE,
WE'RE INTO THE BUSINESS.
AT THE TIME SINCE
WE TOOK OVER,
SEVEN DAYS A WEEK
ABOUT 12 HOURS A DAY.
NOW, WE'RE STARTING
TO EASE DOWN,
WE'RE MORE OR LESS GETTING
ON OUR FEET AND ORGANIZED.
BUSINESS IS PICKING
UP A LITTLE BIT SO,
TIME TO TAKE
SOME TIME OFF.
BUT AT FIRST IT WAS
LOTS OF TIME INVOLVED.

Cathy says IT'S NOT LIKE A JOB
WHERE YOU FINISH AT 5
AND YOU FINISHED AND YOU
COME HOME, YOU RELAX.
HERE, YOU ALWAYS GOT
TO THINK ABOUT IT,
IS EVERYTHING OKAY?
YOU'VE GOT TO PHONE THEM
AND 'CAUSE WE LIVE SO FAR,
YOU KNOW, IF ANYTHING
GOES WRONG UP THERE,
BOY, YOU'VE GOT A
LONG WAY TO GO.

John says IT'S A REAL CHALLENGE.

A clip shows a man in his fifties sitting at a desk. He has a gray full beard, wavy gray hair, and is wearing a white shirt.
A caption reads "Ernie St. Jean. Co-ordinator Joint Family Program."

He says WELL, THE JOINT FAMILY
PROGRAM WHICH WAS
ESTABLISHED IN 1979
FOLLOWING
THE EIGHT-AND-A-HALF-MONTH
STRIKE, WAS A JOINT PROGRAM
BETWEEN BOTH THE UNION
AND THE COMPANY.
AND THAT IS THE
STEELWORKERS AND INCO METALS.
THE PURPOSE OF THE PROGRAM
WAS THAT WE HAD RECOGNIZED
AT THAT POINT IN TIME THAT
HAVING COME THROUGH THAT
EIGHT-AND-A-HALF-MONTH
CRISIS SITUATION
WHERE PEOPLE HAD
FALLEN BEHIND
WITH THEIR PAYMENTS
TO THE CREDITORS,
THAT THERE WAS GOING TO BE
SOME NEED OF COOPERATION
ON ALL PARTIES WITHIN
THE COMMUNITY TO TRY
TO SALVAGE THOSE THAT
HAD FOUND THEMSELVES
IN FINANCIAL
DIFFICULTIES.

A clip shows a man in his forties sitting on a couch with a baby in his arms. He has a black full beard, short black hair, and is wearing a yellow T-shirt.
A caption reads "Oscar Gionet."

He says WE HAVE EIGHT MEMBERS ALL
TOGETHER WITH THE SIX CHILDREN.
AND WHAT HIT ME THE MOST
IT SEEMED SO SUDDEN.
AND AFTER ALL THE YEARS OF
HAVING A STEADY INCOME...
I HAD SAVINGS ALSO AND BIG
PLANS AND THE PLANS
HAVE TO BE LEFT ASIDE AND
WE DIG ON THE SAVINGS.
WENT GOOD FOR A WHILE.
ONCE THE SAVINGS
WERE GONE,
IT REALLY IT
US VERY BAD.

A clip shows a woman in her late thirties sitting on an armchair. She has long brown hair, and is wearing a black cardigan.
A caption reads "Brenda Gionet."

She says THE TEN-MONTH SHUTDOWN
OF THE INCO STRIKE WAS,
IT WAS ROUGH, I THOUGHT.
AT FIRST, I THOUGHT IT WAS
GOING TO BE DISASTROUS
BUT WE'RE VEGETARIAN SO
THAT REALLY HELPED,
YOU KNOW, IN THE
GROCERY BILL.
BUT, CHRISTMAS AND
EASTER DID A LOT FOR US,
SET US BACK, EH.
AND THE UNION DID A
LOT FOR US BECAUSE
WHAT WE HAD TO TAKE
OUT OF FOR CHRISTMAS,
THEY MADE UP FOR US...
I THINK LET ME SEE,
THEY GAVE US SOME
VOUCHERS FOR GROCERIES
AND LITTLE THINGS.
SOMETIMES THEY COLLECTED
CANNED GOODS AND THAT
AND WE COULD HAVE THAT.
THAT WAS A GREAT
BENEFIT I THOUGHT.

Oscar says FOR THE FIRST FEW MONTHS
AFTER MY SAVINGS WERE GONE,
I TRIED TO MAKE A GO
ON THE UNEMPLOYMENT
BUT IT WASN'T
NEARLY ENOUGH.
AND I FOUND THAT OUR
UNION, OUR LOCAL UNION,
THE STEELWORKERS, REALLY
CAME GOOD WHEN THE TIME CAME.
I WORKED WITH
ERNIE ST. JEAN
AND ANY PROBLEM I HAD
WHETHER I NEEDED ASSISTANCE
OR AN EMERGENCY
WHETHER WITH A BILL,
OR BILL COLLECTORS
HE CAME THROUGH FOR US.
IT WAS REALLY GOOD.

Ernie says FIRST OF ALL, WITH THE
SHUTDOWN LIKE THAT THERE
WAS A WAITING PERIOD
FOR THEIR UNEMPLOYMENT
INSURANCE AND WE HAVE TO
REMEMBER THAT IN JUNE
OUR MEMBERS WERE
ON STRIKE.
THERE WAS NO
PAY COMING IN.
THE DELAY IN THE
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
MEANT THAT THERE WAS GOING
TO BE DELAY IN PAYMENTS
OF WHAT MONIES THERE WAS
GOING TO BE AVAILABLE
TO THE CREDITOR.
WE WERE ABLE TO CONTACT
THE CREDITORS
AND GENERALLY THEY WERE
VERY, VERY COOPERATIVE
IN SAYING, OKAY, SURE, WE
UNDERSTAND THE SITUATION.
WE'RE ALL IN THIS TOGETHER
AND CERTAINLY WE CAN
COME OUT OF IT TOGETHER.

Oscar says IT IS VERY HARD WITH
BRENDA GOING TO CAMBRIAN
AND ME WORKING SHIFT WORK
BUT WHAT CAUSES US
TO REALLY BE DETERMINED
IS THAT WE WANTED
TO BE PREPARED.
AND I KNOW THAT BY MYSELF,
WITH THE SITUATION,
I CANNOT BE 100 PERCENT
THAT INCO WILL BE
SECURE NOW AS A STEADY
INCOME FOR MY FAMILY.

Brenda says OH YEAH,
GOING BACK TO SCHOOL
WITH SIX CHILDREN
IS VERY BUSY.
WE DON'T HAVE TWO MINUTES
REALLY TO BE RELAXED.
MY HUSBAND IS THE
OPPOSITE SHIFT OF ME.
HE LOOKS AFTER THE
CHILDREN WHEN I'M AT SCHOOL
AND I LOOK AFTER
THEM WHEN HE'S AT WORK.

Oscar says IT WAS A BIT OF A SHAMBLE
TO START WITH
BUT IT TURNED OUT
PRETTY GOOD.
NOW THAT WE HAVE A
BIT OF A SYSTEM GOING.
WHEN I BABYSIT, I
DO MY OWN THING,
I HAVE MY OWN RULES AND
THEN SO DOES BRENDA.
AND WE USUALLY SEE BY THE
KID IF IT WORKS OR NOT.
AND SO FAR IT'S WORKING
PRETTY GOOD AS YOU CAN SEE.
THIS IS MY MAIN PROBLEM;
SHE DOESN'T UNDERSTAND
THE RULE, OR NOT.

Brenda says SUDBURY, I LIKE
SUDBURY.
IT'S A BIG CITY; I FOUND IT
BIG COMING FROM NORTH BAY
BUT I PREFER THE COUNTRY
MUCH MORE THAN THE CITY.
MY HUSBAND
LOVES THE MINE.
I'VE BEEN TRYING TO GET
HIM TO QUIT THAT MINE
FOR YEARS BECAUSE THEY
KEEP STRIKING,
YOU KNOW, BUT HE
LOVES THE MINE.
HE SAID IT'S ALL HE'S DONE
AND HE ENJOYS DOING IT
AND HE'S VERY PROUD
OF BEING A MINER.

Ernie says WELL, THROUGH THE COURSE
OF THE TEN-MONTH SHUTDOWN
BETWEEN BOTH THE
JOINT PROGRAM,
MYSELF AND MY COUNTERPART,
I BELIEVE WE LOOKED AT
ABOUT 700 OF OUR MEMBERS
NEEDING WIDE RANGES
OF PROBLEMS.
WHETHER THEY
WERE OUT OF FUEL,
THEY HAD A CREDITOR THAT
WASN'T GOING TO COOPERATE,
POWER OF SALE OR
WHAT HAVE YOU.
THE WHOLE GAMUT OF
PROBLEMS THAT AROSE
FROM THAT SORT
OF THING.

A clip shows a man in his forties sitting on a couch. He is clean-shaven, has short brown hair, and is wearing a plaid blue and green shirt.
A caption reads "Charlie Jarvis."

He says WELL, ERNIE ST. JEAN
THERE FROM THE UNION,
HE HELPED US
OUT A LOT, EH.
HE GOT ON THE PHONE
TO THE BANK AND THAT,
GOT THEM OFF OUR
BACK FOR A WHILE.
IT EASED THE
PRESSURE, YOU KNOW.
WHEN YOU HAVE A
MORTGAGE OVER YOUR HEAD
AND YOU'RE NOT PAYING THE
BILLS AND EVERYTHING,
THE PRESSURE BUILDS IN
YOUR MIND THAT, EH.
YOU DON'T KNOW
WHAT TO BE DOING.
SO, HE GOT ON THE
BANK AND THAT AND HE
EASED IT OFF A
BIT, EH.
AND THAT WAS GOOD.

A woman in her forties sits by his side. She has short curly brown hair, and is wearing a pale blue blouse.
A caption reads "Betty Jarvis."

She says YEAH, WELL HE KEPT ONLY
FOR HIM I WOULDN'T HAVE
MY SANITY BECAUSE HE,
WHEN WE WOULD GO THERE,
I USED TO FEEL SO DOWN, SO
DEPRESSED AND I FELT
AS IF I WAS ON THE EDGE
AND I JUST WANTED TO GET
OUT OF IT, GET
AWAY FROM IT.
AND HE WOULD ALWAYS
BUILD UP HOPE.
WELL, WAIT A LITTLE BIT
LONGER AND HOLD DOWN
FOR ANOTHER
LITTLE WHILE.
ONLY FOR THAT CONSTANT
ASSURANCE FROM HIM,
I DON'T KNOW WHAT WE
WOULD HAVE DONE BECAUSE
BELIEVE ME, A LOT OF
TIMES, OH, MY GOD,
IT WAS JUST LIKE YOU
WERE JUST WAITING FOR
A BOMB TO EXPLODE.
AND IT WAS TERRIBLE;
I WOULDN'T WANT TO GO
THROUGH IT AGAIN.

Ernie says BY PULLING TOGETHER
THEY'VE SHOWN US
IN THE PAST THAT
THEY CAN DO IT AND
THEY'VE DONE IT BEFORE.
IT'S NOT A ONE-SHOT
PROBLEM SITUATION.
IT'S BEEN HERE BEFORE AND
THEY'VE GONE THROUGH IT
AND THEY'VE COME OUT OF IT
AND HOPEFULLY THEY'LL
BE ABLE TO DO THE SAME.

Charlie says YEAH, I'M BACK AT WORK
NOW BUT THE FUTURE
IT DOESN'T LOOK TOO BRIGHT
'CAUSE THEY'RE GETTING
THESE ROBOTS AND
EVERYTHING IN NOW.
AND THEY'LL BE PROBABLY
TAKING OVER MINER'S JOBS
AND STUFF LIKE THIS.
SO THAT'LL BE LESS WORK
FOR MEN AND THE WAY
THE PRICE OF NICKEL IS,
IF THEY'RE NOT SELLING
THEIR PRODUCT, THEY'RE
GOING TO BE CLOSING DOWN.
SO, SUDBURY, I DON'T
KNOW, IT LOOKS BAD.
MAYBE IT'S BAD ALL
OVER; THEY SAY IT IS.

Betty says I FIGURE THAT
THERE'S HOPE AS LONG
AS THEY'RE WORKING,
THERE'S HOPE.
AND I'M HOPING THAT
THEY'RE NOT GOING
TO SHUT DOWN IN JULY.
I'M PRAYING
THEY WON'T.
IF THEY DO I DON'T KNOW
WHAT I'M GOING TO DO.
BECAUSE, WE HAVE
TO PAY RENT,
YOU HAVE TO KEEP UP
YOUR UTILITIES
OR YOU ARE OUT
ON THE STREET.
SO, BUT I JUST
HOPE THAT IT DON'T.

Joan says THE LITERAL
GREENING OF THE SUDBURY
MOONSCAPE HAS BEEN GOING
ON FOR SEVERAL YEARS.

A clip shows a man in his late forties standing by a rocky hill. He is clean-shaven, has short curly brown hair, and is wearing a plaid gray shirt.
A caption reads "Prof. Keith Winterhalder. Chairman, Revegetation Program."

He says WELL, THIS REVEGETATION
PROGRAM ACTUALLY STARTED
IN 1969 WHEN THE BUILDING
OF THE SUPER STACK
WAS ANNOUNCED.
AND A COLLEAGUE AND I WITH
THE LOCAL LANDS AND FOREST
PEOPLE, GOT TOGETHER
AND PLANTED SEVERAL
THOUSAND TREES.
FOR TWO YEARS WE
PLANTED THESE TREES
AND THEY ALL DIED.
SO, WE DECIDED THERE WAS
SOME OTHER APPROACH,
THAT IT WASN'T THE
ATMOSPHERE THAT
WAS THE PROBLEM
BUT THE SOIL.
SO WE STARTED EXPERIMENTS
ON GROWING GRASSES AND
CLOVERS ON THESE BARREN
SOILS AND FOUND THAT WE
COULD BE VERY SUCCESSFUL
BY A VERY DIRECT APPROACH;
THAT IS, MANUAL APPLICATION
OF LIMESTONE FERTILIZER
AND SEED.
TWO YEARS AGO THIS
PARTICULAR AREA JUST
LOOKED LIKE A HILLSIDE OF
100 PERCENT BARREN ROCK
WITH A FEW
STUNTED TREES.
IN FACT, BETWEEN THE
ACTUAL ROCKS, THERE WERE
LITTLE POCKETS OF
BARREN SOIL.
AND THIS SOIL
IS VERY TOXIC
BECAUSE IT IS BOTH ACID
AND METAL POLLUTED.
IT HAS COPPER AND NICKEL
IN IT FROM THE STACKS
FROM MANY DECADES AGO.
TWO YEARS AGO THEN,
WE HAD STUDENTS,
UNIVERSITY STUDENTS COME
IN ON A MAKE-WORK PROGRAM,
APPLY LIMESTONE, SEED AND
FERTILIZER AND WITHIN
A YEAR, WE HAD A COVER
OF GRASS AND LEGUMES.
NOW, THE WORK THAT'S GOING
ON RIGHT NOW ON THE SLOPE
ACROSS THE HIGHWAY IS
ACTUALLY MANNED
NOT BY UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
BUT BY OUT-OF-WORK,
MOSTLY MINE WORKERS
FROM THE SUDBURY AREA.

Several clips show people fertilizing the soil.

Keith continues THIS PROGRAM HAS REALLY
TWO MAIN OBJECTIVES.
THE FIRST ONE IS
EMPLOYMENT,
BUT THE SECONDARY
THING, OF COURSE,
IS THAT WE ARE
REVEGETATING LAND,
WE'RE IMPROVING THE
ENVIRONMENT
AND IMPROVING THE
IMAGE OF SUDBURY.
THIS WAS VERY MUCH
THE ORIGINAL AIM.
THE AREA REALLY ALONG THE
HIGHWAYS AT ANY RATE,
IS GOING TO BE ALMOST
UNRECOGNIZABLE
IN TEN YEARS' TIME.

Joan says AND IN
TEN YEARS' TIME,
THESE YOUNG PEOPLE
REHEARSING A MAMMOTH
SALUTE TO SUDBURY'S
CENTENNIAL
WILL BE YOUNG ADULTS.
SUDBURY'S FUTURE WILL
BE IN THEIR HANDS.
REASON ENOUGH FOR
OPTIMISM AND HOPE.

Several clips show people dancing, and performing.

The end credits roll.

Producer and Director, Joan Reed-Olsen.

A production of TVOntario. Copyright 1983, The Ontario Educational Communications Authority.

Watch: Green Grows Sudbury