Transcript: 100% Wool | Apr 26, 1988

(music plays)
Black and white clip shows men shearing sheep with a two-man mechanical shear.
A title reads “Ontario Retrospect: 100 per cent Wool.”

The Narrator says AROUND 1920, ONTARIO WAS
PRODUCING THREE AND A HALF
MILLION POUNDS
OF WOOL ANNUALLY.
THIS WAS APPROXIMATELY 30
PERCENT OF ALL PRODUCTION
IN CANADA FOR THAT YEAR.
BUT IT'S ABOUT THE SAME
AMOUNT AS WAS PRODUCED IN
THE WHOLE OF THE
COUNTRY DURING 1972.
MECHANICALLY OPERATED SHEARS
HAD ALREADY BEEN INTRODUCED
BY 1920.
IT MUST'VE BEEN A
BOON TO THE SHEARER.
NOWADAYS, WITH MODERN AIDS, A
HIGHLY SKILLED SHEARER MIGHT
CUT OVER 200 FLEECES A DAY.
ONCE THE FLEECE WAS OFF THE
SHEEP AND TRIMMED OF UNUSABLE
PARTS, IT WAS ROLLED, SHORN
SIDE OUT, READY FOR PACKING.

(music plays)

Black and white clips show men packing wool.

The Narrator continues JUST AS IT IS TODAY, PAPER
TWINE RATHER THAN BINDER
TWINE WAS USED TO
HELP HOLD THE WOOL.
A SPECIAL WOOL TYING BOX WAS
USED TO COMPRESS THE BUNDLE.

(music plays)

A black and white clip shows two men putting wool on an open wooden box. Then, they close the box to compress the wool.

The Narrator continues AFTER WEIGHING, THE FLEECES
WERE PACKED IN REGULATION
WOOL SACKS WHICH TRADITIONALLY
HELD UP TO 250 POUNDS.
IN 1917 THE ONTARIO SHEEP
BREEDERS ASSOCIATION WAS
SELLING 300,000 POUNDS OF
THE WOOL COOPERATIVELY.
A NUMBER OF GRADING STATIONS
HAD BEEN ESTABLISHED AROUND
THE PROVINCE.
THIS ONE, WHERE EACH FARMER'S
SHIPMENT WAS GRADED SEPARATELY
AND EACH GRADE WEIGHED BY
ITSELF, WAS AT GUELPH.

(music plays)

A black and white clip shows men separating wool packs and storing them in wooden crates.

The Narrator says SOME FLEECES WERE REJECTED
SUCH AS THOSE TOO FULL OF
STRAW ALONG WITH COTTED
OR MATTED FLEECES.
THOSE FLEECES, WHERE THE FIBRE
WAS TOO WEAK AND EASILY PULLED
APART, WERE ALSO SET ASIDE.
BUT ONCE THE WOOL HAD BEEN
GRADED AT GUELPH BY SIZE OF
FIBRE, IT WAS READY
TO BE SHIPPED TO THE
KNITTING MILLS AND CARPET
FACTORIES THAT WERE ESTABLISHED
IN THE SURROUNDING AREA.

A black and white clip shows a man painting a number on a large bag full of wool.

(music plays)

A black slate with a caption appears. It reads “Ontario Retrospect: 100 per cent Wool. Material courtesy of National Film Archives, Ottawa.”
A logo appears.
A production of TVOntario.
The Ontario Educational Communications Authority MCMLXXIX

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