Transcript: Outbreak: The Virus That Shook The World | Mar 17, 2021

(soft music plays)

Deenan says THERE ARE
A CONTINUAL FLOW OF NEW VIRUSES
THAT EMERGE.

An aerial view of a dense forest appears.

Deenan Pillay is in his fifties, clean-shaven with dark hair. He wears a black shirt and round glasses.

Deenan says VIRUSES REPRODUCE MANY THOUSANDS
OF TIMES, AND MANY MILLIONS OF
TIMES EACH DAY.
AND WHEN THERE'S SUCH RAPID
EVOLUTION OF A VIRUS, THERE'S
THE OPPORTUNITY FOR IT TO CHANGE
AND SHIFT.
THAT IS THE NATURE OF THESE
CORONAVIRUSES THAT HAVE BEEN
CIRCULATING WITHIN ANIMALS
FOR MILLENNIA.

(bats squeaking)
Yi-Ning puts on a mask in a forest.

In off, Yi-Ning says I THINK BATS ARE AMAZING
BECAUSE THEY ARE THE ONLY MAMMALS
THAT CAN FLY.
THERE ARE SO MANY MYSTERIES
ABOUT THEM THAT WE CAN LEARN
FROM THEM
THEY ARE SO INTERESTING TO CARRY
SO MANY VIRUSES.

Deenan says WHAT IS VERY RARE IS
FOR ONE OF THESE VIRUSES TO
ACTUALLY TAKE HOLD IN HUMANS.

A caption reads "This is the global story of the first year of Covid-19."

Male Reporter 1 says CHINA HAS REPORTED
THE FIRST DEATH FROM A MYSTERY
ILLNESS, BELIEVED TO BE A NEW
STRAIN OF THE CORONAVIRUS WHICH
ALSO CAUSES SARS.

The caption changes to "The virus that stopped the world in its tracks."

A blond woman in TV says ARE WE GOING TO SEE AT SOME
POINT IN THE FUTURE LONDON BEING
LOCKED DOWN?
IS THAT POSSIBLE?

In off, a man says THIS WILL BE THE NEW NORMAL
UNTIL A VACCINE IS DEVELOPED.

Aerial views show cities with no traffic.

The caption changes to "Tracing its devastation across four continents."

Male Reporter 2 says HAVING JUST PASSED
THE GRIM MILESTONE OF HALF A
MILLION DEATHS, NO PART OF
HUMANITY IS IMMUNE OR SAFE.

In a press conference, Boris Johnson says THIS COUNTRY
IS GOING TO GET THROUGH
CORONAVIRUS, NO DOUBT.
AND GET THROUGH IT IN GOOD
SHAPE.

The caption changes to "A pandemic many underestimated."

Donald Trump says WE ARE READY, WE ARE READY.
TOTALLY READY.

(dramatic music plays)
The caption changes to "That became the deadliest for a century."

Fast clips show Covid patients in hospital beds.

The title of the show reads "Outbreak: The Virus That Shook The World."

Yi-Ning descends into bat cave.

A Female Narrator says DECADES AGO, A NEW
VIRUS PROBABLY EVOLVED IN A BAT
CAVE LIKE THIS ONE.
THAT VIRUS WOULD SOON MULTIPLY,
KILLING MORE THAN TWO MILLION
PEOPLE AND COUNTING.
WE KNOW IT TODAY AS COVID-19.

The caption changes to "Professor Yi-Ning Chen. Corona virus expert."

Yi-Ning says FROM ALL THE STUDIES
ALL AROUND THE WORLD WE FOUND
THAT THIS SPECIES ACTUALLY CONTAINS
MOST CORONA VIRUS.

The Narrator says THE CLOSEST GENETIC MATCH YET
FOUND TO COVID-19 COMES FROM A
VIRUS IN A HORSESHOE BAT CAUGHT
IN SOUTHERN CHINA.

Yi-Ning says YOU CAN SEE THE HORSESHOE NOSE,
SO THAT'S WHY WE CALL IT THE HORSESHOE BAT.

The Narrator says COVID-19 COULD HAVE BEEN
PASSED DIRECTLY TO A HUMAN
BY A BAT, OR HAD SOME HELP.

Yi-Ning says THE MOST DOMINANT THEORY
IS THAT THE CORONA VIRUS
GOES FROM THE BAT POPULATION
INTO A DIFFERENT KIND OF ANIMAL AND THEN
TRANSFERRED TO THE HUMAN POPULATION.

The caption changes to "Professor Deenan Pillay. Virologist, University College London."

Deenan says IN MANY PARTS OF CHINA,
THERE'S ALWAYS THESE
TRANSMISSIONS GOING ON OF
MANY DIFFERENT VIRUSES...
PARTICULARLY IN ENVIRONMENTS
WHERE ANIMALS AND HUMANS ARE
IN CLOSE PROXIMITY.
IN THE CASE OF COVID, OF
COURSE, WE'RE THINKING ABOUT THE
WET MARKETS WHERE LIVE ANIMALS
ARE SOLD.

The Narrator says OFFICIALLY, THERE ARE 44,000
SO-CALLED WET MARKETS ACROSS
CHINA.
THEY SELL SEAFOOD, BUT ALSO
EXOTIC LIVE WILD ANIMALS.
MILLIONS SHOP IN THEM.

Deenan says LIVE ANIMALS BEING
HANDLED BY HUMANS IS THE MOST
LIKELY WAY IN WHICH TRANSMISSION
OCCURRED.

The caption changes to "Sir Paul Nurse. Nobel Prize Winning Geneticist." Paul is in his sixties, clean-shaven with white hair. He wears a black sweater over a denim shirt.

Paul says VIRUSES CAN'T GROW, THEY
CAN'T REPRODUCE UNLESS THEY'RE
INSIDE A CELL.
THEY HIJACK THE MACHINERY OF
THE CELL TO MAKE MORE COPIES
OF THEMSELVES.

The caption changes to "Images cells infected with Covid-19."

He continues THE CELL WILL BREAK DOWN AND
THEN THOSE VIRUSES CAN INFECT
YET MORE CELLS, BUT THEY'RE
COMPLETELY DEPENDENT UPON
GROWTH AND MAKING THEMSELVES.
ON BEING INSIDE ANOTHER CELL.

The caption changes to "Taipei, Taiwan. 31 December 2019."

Yi-Chun is in his late thirties, clean-shaven with black hair. He wears a blue shirt under a zip vest.

Yi-Chun says ON DECEMBER 31ST,
WHEN I READ THAT SMALL WORD
SARS IT IMMEDIATELY
IT IMMEDIATELY HIT
EVERY SINGLE NERVE OF ME.

The caption changes to "Doctor Yi-Chun Lo. Taiwan Centers for Disease Control."

The Narrator says A WORLD EXPERT ON CONTROLLING
INFECTIOUS OUTBREAKS, DR. LO
WAS TERRIFIED EARLY THAT
MORNING BY MESSAGES ON SOCIAL
MEDIA POSTED BY DOCTORS IN
WUHAN, CENTRAL CHINA.
THEY SPOKE OF A TYPE OF SEVERE
RESPIRATORY VIRUS, SARS.

Yi-Chun says THE MOST IMPORTANT MESSAGE
WAS THERE WAS AN OUTBREAK IN
WUHAN.
SEVEN CASES WERE LABORATORY
CONFIRMED WITH SARS VIRUS.

The Narrator says THE FIRST SARS VIRUS, KILLING
HUNDREDS, HAD BADLY IMPACTED
TAIWAN AFTER BEING SPREAD FROM
NEARBY CHINA ALMOST TWO DECADES
AGO.
THE DOCTORS FROM WUHAN NOW
REVEALED THAT A NEW FORM OF
SARS CORONAVIRUS HAD TAKEN
HOLD IN HUMANS.

Yi-Chun says THIS VERY IMPORTANT
INFORMATION WAS NOT REPORTED
OR PROVIDED BY THE CHINESE
GOVERNMENT.

The Narrator says WITHIN HOURS, DR. LO AND HIS
COLLEAGUES SENT URGENT
QUESTIONS TO DISEASE CONTROL
EXPERTS IN CHINA.

Deenan says THERE WERE TWO THOUGHTS.
FIRSTLY, WHAT IS THE DEGREE
TO WHICH IT IS CAUSING SEVERE
DISEASE, AND SECONDLY, HOW
TRANSMISSIBLE IS THIS?

The caption changes to "Wuhan, China. January 2020. Chinese Citizen Journalist. Name withheld."

In off, a Citizen Journalist says WE ARE NOW AT
THE HUANAN SEAFOOD MARKET.
WE CAN SEE A LOT OF SECURITY PERSONNEL.

(car horns honking)

The Narrator says IN WUHAN ITSELF, CITIZEN
JOURNALISTS WERE BY NOW
DESPERATELY TRYING TO FIND
INFORMATION.

Citizen Journalist says WE ARE CITIZEN JOURNALISTS.

A man with a mask says TURN YOUR CAMERA OFF.
TURN IT OFF.

The Narrator says THE AUTHORITIES HAD CLOSED
THE CITY'S WET MARKET AFTER
A NUMBER OF PEOPLE SICK IN
HOSPITAL WERE LINKED TO IT.

Citizen Journalist says WE CAN SEE SEVERAL
STAFF COMING OUT.

The Narrator says BUT OTHERS WITH NO CONNECTION
TO THE WET MARKET WERE ALSO
BECOMING ILL.

Citizen Journalist says WE CAN SEE A PATIENT
BEING CARRIED INSIDE.

The Narrator says THE CHINESE AUTHORITIES WERE
DENYING THE VIRUS COULD BE
PASSED FROM HUMAN TO HUMAN.
THE DOCTORS WHO FIRST REPORTED
IT WAS CONTAGIOUS WERE SILENCED
AND DISCIPLINED.
(news theme music plays)
AND STATE MEDIA THREATENED
OTHER POTENTIAL
WHISTLE-BLOWERS.

(mysterious music plays)

A Female News Reporter says THE POLICE WILL DEAL
WITH THE ILLEGAL SPREADING
OF RUMOURS. DISRUPTION OF SOCIAL ORDER
WON'T BE TOLERATED.

The Narrator says ON THE 9TH OF JANUARY, THIS
NEW CORONAVIRUS - LATER
CHRISTENED COVID-19 - CLAIMED
ITS FIRST OFFICIAL VICTIM, A
WUHAN RESIDENT IN HIS 60S.

Deenan says MANY OF THE VIRUSES
THAT TRANSMIT FROM ANIMALS TO
HUMANS MAY INDEED CAUSE DISEASE
OR DEATH, BUT IF THAT VIRUS
CANNOT TRANSMIT TO OTHERS THEN,
OF COURSE, IT'S A DEAD END.

The Narrator says FOR DAYS, MEDICAL EXPERTS
FROM TAIWAN HAD BEEN PUSHING TO
GET TO WUHAN.
DR. YIN-CHING CHUANG AND HIS
TEAM WERE DESPERATE FOR AN
ANSWER TO ONE KEY QUESTION.

The caption changes to "Doctor Yin-Ching Chuang. Infectious Diseases Prevention and Treatment Network."

Yin-Ching is in his fifties, clean-shaven with graying hair. He wears a doctor apron, white shirt, black tie and glasses.

Yin-Ching says THE MOST IMPORTANT
THING WAS TO KNOW WHETHER
THERE WAS HUMAN-TO-HUMAN
TRANSMISSION.

The Narrator says TWO WEEKS AFTER THE OFFICIAL
OUTBREAK, DR. CHUANG AND
A COLLEAGUE GOT PERMISSION
TO TRAVEL.
ONCE IN WUHAN, THEY WERE
BRIEFED BY GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
AT A HOSPITAL.

Yin-Ching says THE OFFICIALS
SAID UP UNTIL NOW THERE IS NO
EVIDENCE OF HUMAN-TO-HUMAN
TRANSMISSION.

The Narrator says BUT AFTER A LONG MEETING,
DR. CHUANG SAYS HIS CHINESE
HOSTS FINALLY CHANGED THEIR
TUNE.

Yin-Ching says WHILE WE WERE AT
THE MEETING WE ASKED LOTS
OF QUESTIONS. VERY UNWILLINGLY,
THEY FINALLY CAME OUT AND SAID
"LIMITED HUMAN-TO-HUMAN TRANSMISSION
CAN'T BE RULED OUT."

The Narrator says BY NOW, SOME TWO WEEKS AFTER
THE OUTBREAK OFFICIALLY BEGAN,
HUMAN-TO-HUMAN TRANSMISSION WAS
STILL NOT BEING PUBLICLY
ADMITTED.

Yin-Ching says WHAT WAS THE SCALE OF
HUMAN-TO-HUMAN TRANSMISSION?
HOW BIG WAS THIS EPIDEMIC?
HOW MANY PATIENTS WERE AFFECTED?
WE DIDN'T KNOW.
ONLY THE CHINESE AUTHORITIES
KNEW THIS.

The Narrator says INSTEAD, FOR 12 CRUCIAL DAYS
IN THIS PERIOD NOT A SINGLE NEW
CASE OF THE HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS
CORONAVIRUS WAS OFFICIALLY
REPORTED.

Yin-Ching says WHY DIDN'T CHINA
INFORM OTHER COUNTRIES
OF THIS HUMAN-TO-HUMAN
MATTER EARLIER?

(airplane flying overhead)

The Narrator says DR. CHUANG RETURNED TO
TAIWAN TO TELL HIS COLLEAGUES
THAT HE WAS CONVINCED THE NEW
CORONAVIRUS WAS SPREADING.

Yi-Chun says WE HAVE BEEN DEALING WITH
OFFICIAL INFORMATION FROM THE
CHINESE GOVERNMENT FOR DECADES,
AND WE KNOW THAT A LOT OF THIS
INFORMATION CAN BE UNTRUSTWORTHY
AND THEY CAN BE ONLY PARTLY
CORRECT.

A plane lands.

The Narrator says SINCE HEARING OF THE
OUTBREAK, TAIWAN HAD BEEN
SCREENING PASSENGERS FROM
WUHAN.
NOW, A SERIES OF ADDITIONAL
EMERGENCY PUBLIC HEALTH
CONTROLS WERE IMPOSED.

Yi-Chun says WE HAD TO DEPEND ON OURSELVES
TO PROTECT OUR PEOPLE, SO WE
CANNOT TRUST CHINESE INFORMATION
TOTALLY.

The caption changes to "Wuhan. 19 January 2020."

The Narrator says BUT IN CHINA, IT SEEMED THERE
WAS STILL NOTHING TO WORRY
ABOUT.
BILLIONS OF TRIPS WERE NOW
BEING MADE AHEAD OF THE CHINESE
NEW YEAR HOLIDAY.

In off, a man says HELLO AND
WELCOME TO THE NEWS.

The Narrator STATE-RUN MEDIA KEPT REASSURING
PEOPLE IT WAS SAFE.

Male Reporter 3 says HALF A MONTH
AFTER THE OFFICIAL NOTIFICATION
AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION,
WE CAN BEGIN TO RELAX.
NO CLEAR HUMAN-TO-HUMAN
TRANSMISSION HAS BEEN FOUND.

A crowd waits in an airport.

The caption changes to "Professor Martin McKee. Public Health Expert." Martin is in his fifties, clean-shaven with blond hair. He wears black-rimmed glasses, a white shirt and a black jacket.

Martin says THE MOST WORRYING THING WAS
THAT MANY PEOPLE WERE COMING
TOGETHER, AND THEN DISPERSING
ACROSS CHINA AND ACROSS THE
WORLD.
IT WAS A TIME OF ENORMOUS
MIXING...
WHICH IS JUST EXACTLY THE
CONDITIONS THAT ARE REQUIRED
FOR THIS VIRUS TO SPREAD OUT
OF CONTROL.

The caption changes to "Chinese lunar new year celebrations."

The Narrator says BUT AS THE FESTIVAL WAS IN
FULL SWING, THE CHINESE
AUTHORITIES PUT THEIR LEADING
EPIDEMIOLOGIST ON TELEVISION
WITH A DAMNING ADMISSION
ABOUT THE VIRUS.

People cheer as fireworks explode in a mega celebration.

The caption changes to "Doctor Zhong Nanshan. 20 January 2020." Zhong is in his forties, clean-shaven with dark hair. He wears glasses, a plaid shirt and earphones.

Talking to the camera, Zhong says IT IS MOST LIKELY
TRANSMITTED TO HUMANS
FROM WILD ANIMALS. HOWEVER,
NOW IT APPEARS THAT WE
HAVE HUMAN-TO-HUMAN TRANSMISSION.

The Narrator says THE DEADLY INFECTIOUSNESS OF
THE NEW CORONAVIRUS IN WUHAN
HAD FINALLY BEEN PUBLICLY
ADMITTED TO THE WORLD.

(man crying)

At a hospital, a Doctor says WHAT RELATION IS HE TO YOU?

Relative says FATHER. HE'S MY FATHER.

The Doctor says IT'S OVER,
HE CAN'T BREATHE.
NO SIGNS OF LIFE. THAT'S IT.

Deenan says COVID-19 IS HIGHLY
TRANSMISSIBLE.
THIS IS THE ONE THING THAT
DETERMINES ITS SPREAD AROUND
THE WORLD.

Paul says IT'S REALLY QUITE
A NASTY ONE BECAUSE SOME PEOPLE
ARE OKAY, AND SOME PEOPLE ARE
KILLED BY IT.
SO, IT'S VERY DIFFICULT TO KNOW
QUITE HOW TO MANAGE IT.

The Narrator says MORE THAN THREE WEEKS AFTER
THE OFFICIAL OUTBREAK, THE
CHINESE AUTHORITIES NOW TOOK
EXTREME ACTION, LOCKING DOWN
WUHAN AND THE SURROUNDING
PROVINCE, HUBEI...
SOME 57 MILLION PEOPLE.
WHILST THE STREETS WERE
EMPTY...

A Citizen says PEOPLE WANT TEST RESULTS.
FOLLOW THIS MAN AND LINE UP.

The Narrator says FOR THE FIRST TIME, THE WORLD
HAD A GLIMPSE OF THE CARNAGE
THE VIRUS WOULD LEAVE IN ITS
WAKE.

Phone footage shows patients in a crowded hospital hallway.

The Citizen says THIS IS THE CURRENT
SITUATION IN HOSPITALS.
NO ONE CARES.

The caption changes to "30 January 2020. Global deaths: 213. Source: Chinese Government."

The Narrator says BUT COULD THE PANDEMIC HAVE
BEEN PREVENTED HAD THE CHINESE
AUTHORITIES TAKEN DECISIVE
ACTION TO CONTAIN THE VIRUS
MUCH EARLIER?

The caption changes to "Wuhan, China. Summer 2020. Chinese Citizen Journalist. Name withheld."

The Narrator says THE CITIZEN JOURNALIST WHO
FILMED THE SEAFOOD MARKET
IN JANUARY HAS ARRIVED BACK IN
WUHAN, LATER IN THE YEAR,
TO FILM FOR US.

(phone ringing)
(talking on phone, indistinct)

The Narrator says WE KEPT IN TOUCH THROUGH
A SECRET GO-BETWEEN.

The Citizen Journalist says IN ORDER TO INVESTIGATE
THE TRUTH, I WENT TO WUHAN.
THE GLOBAL MEDIA KNOWS THAT
CHINA VERY STRICTLY CONTROLS THIS KIND
OF NEWS AND PUBLIC OPINION.

The Narrator says HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS HAVE
REPORTED PEOPLE BEING DETAINED,
JAILED OR SIMPLY DISAPPEARING,
AFTER TRYING TO SEARCH OUT
THE TRUTH.

An audio clip plays.

The Citizen Journalist says I HAD THE DEEP
IMPRESSION IN WUHAN THAT EVERYONE
WAS SCARED OF BEING MONITORED.

The Narrator says DESPITE THESE MASSIVE RISKS,
THE CITIZEN JOURNALIST AGREED
TO FILM UNDERCOVER IN WUHAN
FOR US.
THESE SENIOR MEDICAL
PROFESSIONALS - FILMED
SECRETLY TO RECORD THEIR HONEST
OPINIONS - WITNESSED SOME OF
THE FIRST CASES.
FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE
OUTBREAK, THEY WERE IN NO DOUBT
HOW DANGEROUS THE VIRUS WAS.

Blurred Woman 1 says WE ALL FELT THERE
SHOULDN'T HAVE BEEN ANY
DOUBT ABOUT HUMAN-TO-HUMAN
TRANSMISSION.

Blurred Woman 2 says ACTUALLY,
AT THE END OF DECEMBER
OR BEGINNING OF JANUARY
THE RELATIVE OF SOMEONE
I KNOW DIED OF THIS VIRUS.
MANY OF THOSE LIVING WITH HIM
WERE ALSO INFECTED,
INCLUDING PEOPLE I KNOW.

The Narrator says FOR THE FIRST TIME, DOCTORS
IN WUHAN ARE RECORDED REVEALING
THAT THEY WERE TOLD BY THE
AUTHORITIES NOT TO TALK ABOUT
HOW EASILY THE VIRUS SPREAD.

Blurred Woman 2 says WE KNEW THE VIRUS
TRANSMITTED FROM HUMAN-TO-HUMAN
BUT WHEN WE ATTENDED A HOSPITAL
MEETING WE WERE TOLD NOT TO
SPEAK OUT. PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT LEADERS
TOLD THE HOSPITALS NOT TO TELL THE TRUTH.

The Narrator says THEY SAY THE AUTHORITIES
KNEW THE JANUARY NEW YEAR
CELEBRATIONS WOULD ACCELERATE
THE SPREAD OF THE VIRUS.

The Citizen Journalist says THEY SHOULDN'T
HAVE ALLOWED ANY GATHERINGS.
THE PROVINCIAL AND LOCAL
GOVERNMENTS KNEW THE THREAT
BUT THEY CONTINUED TO ALLOW CROWDS.

The caption changes to "Footage from another citizen journalist. February 2020."

The Citizen Journalist says THIS VAN IS
FROM THE FUNERAL PARLOUR.
LET'S COUNT THE BODY BAGS. 1,2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
AND THERE ARE MORE. SO MANY, ALL DEAD.

Yi-Chun says THE VERY EARLY OUTBREAK
MANAGEMENT WAS JUST A MESS,
A FAILURE.
I THINK THE PANDEMIC COULD HAVE
BEEN AVOIDED AT THE BEGINNING IF
CHINA WAS TRANSPARENT, ABOUT
THE OUTBREAK, AND WAS QUICK TO
PROVIDE NECESSARY INFORMATION
TO THE WORLD.

The Narrator says INSTEAD, IN THE WEEKS BEFORE
IT LOCKED DOWN, THE VIRUS
SPREAD QUICKLY FROM CHINA.
FROM MID-TO-LATE JANUARY, IT
WAS DETECTED IN 25 COUNTRIES -
MOSTLY IN ASIA.

Paul says WHAT MIGHT'VE TAKEN TWO,
THREE, FOUR, FIVE YEARS TO
SPREAD A COUPLE OF HUNDRED
YEARS AGO, CAN SPREAD IN 24
HOURS.
IT REALLY IS LIKE A FOREST FIRE
IN THE AUSTRALIAN OUTBACK.
A POTENT VIRAL INFECTION IS
EXACTLY LIKE THAT.

The caption changes to "York. 30 January 2020."

In off, a Female Reporter says IT'S BEEN
CONFIRMED THAT THE CORONAVIRUS
THAT HAS INFECTED 10,000 PEOPLE
IN CHINA HAS REACHED THE U.K.

The Narrator says A WEEK AFTER WUHAN HAD BEEN
LOCKED DOWN, THE VIRUS HAD
OFFICIALLY ARRIVED IN THE U.K.
THE FIRST KNOWN VICTIMS
CARRYING IT, TWO CHINESE
NATIONALS IN YORK.
A MEDICAL TEAM WAS PREPARED
FOR THEM AT A SPECIALIST UNIT
IN NEWCASTLE.

The caption changes to "Doctor Matthias Schmid. Consultant Physician." Matthias is in his early fifties, with blond hair. He wears glasses, a face mask and a blue doctor apron.

At a hospital, Matthias says WE KNEW NOTHING MUCH
ABOUT CORONAVIRUS.
WE KNEW WHAT... THAT IT WAS A
HIGHLY INFECTIOUS DISEASE, THAT
A LOT OF PATIENTS BECAME VERY
UNWELL AND NEEDED INTENSIVE
CARE, RESPIRATORY SUPPORT
AND THAT PATIENTS DIED.

The Narrator says DR. MATTHIAS SCHMID IS AN
INFECTIOUS DISEASES SPECIALIST
PUT IN CHARGE OF THE TEAM.

Matthias says WITH THE PATIENTS, EVERYTHING
WAS UNDER CONTROL.
HOWEVER, WE ALSO WERE AWARE
THAT THESE WOULD NOT BE THE
LAST TWO PATIENTS.
WE THOUGHT RIGHT FROM THE
BEGINNING THAT THIS IS HIGHLY
LIKELY GOING TO BECOME A SERIOUS
PROBLEM ACROSS THE WORLD.

He puts on protective clothing.

The Narrator says BY NOW, THE BRITISH
GOVERNMENT WAS REACTING.
THE GOOD NEWS WAS THAT THE U.K.
HAD DEVELOPED A COVID TEST,
WHICH IT CLAIMED COULD BE
ROLLED OUT ACROSS THE COUNTRY
IN WEEKS.

Deenan says THAT WAS ALL WELL AND GOOD.
WHAT WAS NOT CONTEMPLATED WAS
THE SPEED WITH WHICH THAT TEST
WOULD HAVE TO BE SCALED UP,
DISTRIBUTED AROUND THE NETWORK
OF LABORATORIES AND THE EXTENT
TO WHICH CONTACT TRACING WOULD
BE ABLE TO BE DEVELOPED.

The caption changes to "VO, Northern Italy."

The Narrator says BUT THE VIRUS WAS ALREADY
SEEPING FAST AND UNDETECTED
FROM ASIA INTO MAINLAND EUROPE,
JUST ONE STEP AWAY FROM THE
U.K.

Deenan says IF YOU WERE TO ASCRIBE A
CONSCIOUSNESS TO A VIRUS, THEN A
CLEVER VIRUS IS ONE THAT SPREADS
WITHOUT YOU KNOWING IT'S BEING
SPREAD.

The Narrator says EXACTLY A MONTH AFTER CHINA
HAD ACKNOWLEDGED HUMAN-TO-HUMAN
TRANSMISSION, A PHARMACIST IN
THIS SMALL ITALIAN TOWN
RECEIVED A SURPRISE CALL.

The caption changes to "Luca Martini. Pharmacist." Luca is in his late twenties, with a beard and brown hair. He wears a white doctor apron and a face mask.

Luca says WE WERE WORKING HERE IN THE
PHARMACY WHEN MY FATHER GOT
A PHONE CALL FROM THE HOSPITAL
SAYING THAT THERE HAD BEEN THE
FIRST CASE OF COVID-19 HERE
IN VO, ACTUALLY TWO CASES, AND
JUST A FEW HOURS LATER, THE
FIRST PERSON DIED FROM THAT.

(scanner beeping)

In off, A Male News Reporter says VO IS OFFICIALLY
UNDER QUARANTINE.
FROM THIS MORNING,
NO ONE CAN ENTER OR LEAVE FOR TWO WEEKS.

The caption changes to "23 February 2020."

Luca says IT WAS REALLY
SURREAL.
THERE WAS POLICE AND MILITARY
EVERYWHERE.
AND PEOPLE MOST OF ALL WERE
SCARED.

The Narrator says AS EUROPE LOOKED ON IN SHOCK
AT ITS FIRST FATAL OUTBREAKS,
AN ITALIAN MICROBIOLOGIST SAW A
CHANCE TO PROVE SOMETHING ABOUT
THE VIRUS THAT WOULD WARN OF
THE PANDEMIC TO COME.
HE WANTED TO TEST HIS THEORY
THAT IT WAS ALSO BEING SPREAD
BY THOSE NOT DISPLAYING ANY
SYMPTOMS - PEOPLE WHO WERE
ASYMPTOMATIC.

The caption changes to "Professor Andrea Crisanti. Microbiologist." Andrea is in his fifties, clean-shaven with receding graying hair. He wears a white doctor apron, jeans and a zip sweater.

In a lab, Andrea says FOR THE FIRST TIME, WE HAVE
A COMMUNITY WHICH IS COMPLETELY
CLOSED.
NOBODY CAN COME IN, NOBODY CAN
GO OUT AND EVERYBODY'S TESTED.

The Narrator says THE TEST RESULTS DRAMATICALLY
PROVED THE PROFESSOR'S THEORY
WAS RIGHT.

Andrea says ON THE FIRST SURVEY, WE
DISCOVERED ABOUT 40 percent OF THE
PEOPLE WERE ASYMPTOMATIC.
WE ALSO SHOWED THAT AN
ASYMPTOMATIC INDIVIDUAL HAD MORE
OR LESS THE SAME VIRAL LOADS
OF SYMPTOMATIC, SO WE COULD
DEMONSTRATE THAT THEY PLAYED AN
IMPORTANT ROLE IN TRANSMISSION.

The Narrator says FURTHER STUDIES HAVE SINCE
SUGGESTED THOSE CARRYING THE
VIRUS WITHOUT SYMPTOMS COULD BE
AS HIGH AS 75 percent.

The caption changes to "Professor Christina Pagel. Clinical Operational Research UCL." Christina is in her early forties, with long curly brown hair. She wears a patterned red, black and white dress.

Christina says THERE'S NO DOUBT ABOUT IT,
ASYMPTOMATIC SPREAD HAS BEEN
THE KILLER FOR COVID, BECAUSE
IT IS THE SILENT SPREAD.
THEY'RE OUT AND ABOUT, AND NO
ONE KNOWS.
THEY DON'T KNOW, YOU DON'T
KNOW THAT THERE'S A RISK FROM
THEM, AND THAT'S WHAT MAKES THEM
DANGEROUS.

The Narrator says TESTING CONTINUED IN VO.
THOSE POSITIVE WERE
QUARANTINED.
WITHOUT FRESH HOSTS, THE VIRUS
DIED.

Luca says A DEATH TOLL OF
THREE PEOPLE.
I THINK WE WERE VERY LUCKY
TO BE ABLE TO TEST THE WHOLE
POPULATION, TO ISOLATE EVEN
THE ASYMPTOMATIC PEOPLE.
AND AFTER A FEW WEEKS, WE WERE
VIRTUALLY COVID-FREE.
AND THEN, WE COULD START AGAIN.

The caption changes to "VO Champions of the world, 2020."

The Narrator says THE TESTING PROGRAM WAS
EXPANDED ACROSS VO'S REGION,
VENETO, HELPING TO CONTROL ITS
OUTBREAK.
PROFESSOR CRISANTI PUBLISHED
HIS RESULTS IN BRITAIN,
BUT THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT DID
NOT RESPOND TO THE EMERGING
EVIDENCE ABOUT ASYMPTOMATIC
TRANSMISSION.

Crowds of people walk in the street.

Deenan says I THINK THERE SHOULD
HAVE BEEN AN ASSUMPTION OF
ASYMPTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
BECAUSE THAT IS SUCH A COMMON
OCCURRENCE WITH A LARGE NUMBER
OF RESPIRATORY VIRUSES.

Paul says NHS RULES WERE SAYING
PEOPLE WITHOUT SYMPTOMS DON'T
NEED TO BE TESTED, WHEN
OBVIOUSLY THEY DID NEED TO
BE TESTED.
I BEGAN TO THINK I WAS LIVING
IN
ALICE IN WONDERLAND
WHEN
THIS BECAME CLEAR.

The Narrator says BUT BY NOW, EUROPE WAS ON THE
BRINK OF THE DEADLIEST PANDEMIC
IN A CENTURY.

The caption changes to "Milan, Lombardy. Northern Italy."

The Narrator says BY MID-FEBRUARY 2020, THE VIRUS
WAS SPREADING FAST - MAINLY
UNDETECTED - THROUGH ITALY'S
WEALTHIEST REGION LOMBARDY,
AND ITS CAPITAL MILAN.
BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN BROUGHT
HERE BY CHINESE TOURISTS
OR WORKERS, IN LOMBARDY THERE
WAS ONLY LIMITED TESTING, AND
ONLY FOR THOSE WITH CLEAR
SYMPTOMS.

Salvatore is in his mid-forties, clean-shaven with graying hair. He wears glasses, a hoodie and a brown winter vest.

Salvatore and Claudio play with her daughter in a playground.

Salvatore says WE WERE FOLLOWING
THE NEWS OF CHINA ON TV.
I WAS WORKING IN NEMBRO
IN MY LITTLE BAKERY.

The Narrator says SALVATORE MAZZOLA WAS LIVING
IN BERGAMO IN LOMBARDY WITH HIS
WIFE CLAUDIA AND TWO CHILDREN.
NO CITY IN ITALY WOULD BE WORSE
AFFECTED.

Claudia is in her mid-forties, with short curly brown hair. She wears black-rimmed glasses, a black sweater, and earrings.

Claudia says IN MID-FEBRUARY,
COVID WAS IN CHINA OR SO
WE THOUGHT. NOT HERE IN ITALY.
IT WAS REALLY DIFFICULT TO
SEE IT WAS HERE AMONGST US
BUT IT WAS ALREADY SPREADING.
IT WAS NO LONGER CONTAINABLE,
IT WAS OUT THERE.

Martin says WHAT WAS SO PARTICULARLY
SHOCKING WAS THE KNOWLEDGE THAT
LOMBARDY, IN PARTICULAR, HAS
A VERY WELL-FUNCTIONING HEALTH
SYSTEM.
THE IMAGES WERE, FRANKLY,
TERRIFYING.
WE WERE SEEING HOSPITALS FAILING
TO COPE WITH THE NUMBER OF
PATIENTS COMING IN.
THERE WERE PATIENTS DYING
IN THE CORRIDORS.
HEALTH WORKERS WHO WERE DYING.
ONE OF THE PROBLEMS WAS THAT THE
HEALTH SYSTEM IN LOMBARDY WAS
VERY MUCH FOCUSED ON HOSPITALS,
AND THE COMMUNITY SERVICES WERE
MUCH LESS WELL DEVELOPED.
SO, PATIENTS WERE GOING TO
HOSPITAL AND THEY WERE SPREADING
IT WITHIN HOSPITALS.

The Narrator says TWO WEEKS AFTER THE VO
LOCKDOWN, THE ITALIAN
GOVERNMENT QUARANTINED 16
MILLION PEOPLE ACROSS NORTHERN
ITALY, INCLUDING SALVATORE
AND HIS FAMILY IN BERGAMO.

Working at a bakery, Salvatore says OKAY, LET'S GO.
ABOUT TEN OF MY CUSTOMERS DIED.
THEIR FAMILIES, THEIR WIVES WOULD TELL US
WHEN THEY CAME IN "MY HUSBAND IS NO LONGER
WITH US."
IT WAS LIKE A WAR BULLETIN.

A coffin is wheeled out on a stretcher and loaded into a van.

The Narrator says BY THE MIDDLE OF MARCH,
THE VIRUS HAD OFFICIALLY
CLAIMED MORE VICTIMS IN ITALY
THAN CHINA.

Salvatore says LAST MARCH,
DURING THE LOCKDOWN
I SLEPT HERE AT THE BAKERY
FOR 37 DAYS TO PROTECT THE BUSINESS
AND MY FAMILY BECAUSE
THE VIRUS WAS SPREADING AGGRESSIVELY.

The Narrator says WHILE SALVATORE WAS KEEPING
HIS BUSINESS AFLOAT, HIS
PARENTS WERE HELPING TO LOOK
AFTER THE CHILDREN.

Salvatore says I PUT THIS CAMP BED HERE.
THE STRANGE THING WAS
I SLEPT HERE SO AS NOT TO RISK
INFECTING MY FAMILY BUT
I DIDN'T GET INFECTED. THEY ALL DID.

Claudia says MAY I GO AND GET
SOME PHOTOS TO SHOW YOU?

The Narrator says ONE BY ONE, HIS WIFE AND
PARENTS FELL ILL.
THEY SUSPECTED COVID-19, BUT
NO TESTS WERE AVAILABLE.
HIS FATHER, GIUSEPPE, WAS IN
THE WORST CONDITION.

Now, at his house, Salvatore and family sit around a table looking at photos.

Salvatore says THE WHOLE SYSTEM BROKE DOWN.
THE EMERGENCY PHONE LINE
WAS ADVISING PEOPLE NOT TO GO
TO THE HOSPITALS OR EMERGENCY ROOMS
TO AVOID OVERLOADING.
SO WE POLITELY FOLLOWED
THE RULES AND JUST TELEPHONED
AS OUR LEADERS ASKED US TO DO.

The Narrator says WITH NO DOCTORS AVAILABLE,
CLAUDIA CALLED A HELPLINE, BUT
SALVATORE'S FATHER WAS ASSESSED
NOT TO NEED URGENT CARE.

Claudia says IF ONLY THEY'D SAID:
"KEEP A BLOOD OXYGEN METER AT HOME
AND RAISE THE ALARM IF THE BLOOD
OXYGEN FALLS BELOW A GIVEN NUMBER."
I DIDN'T KNOW YOU COULD PUT THIS OXIMETER
ON THE FINGER TO GET A BLOOD OXYGEN READING.

The Narrator says EVENTUALLY, THEY BORROWED
AN OXYGEN METER.
SALVATORE'S FATHER'S LEVELS
WERE DANGEROUSLY LOW.
FINALLY, THEY WERE ABLE TO GET
AN AMBULANCE.

Salvatore says THE DOCTOR SAID
"WHY DID YOU LEAVE IT SO LATE
TO BRING THIS MAN TO HOSPITAL?"
I SAID "PLEASE DON'T START."
HAD THE AMBULANCE SHOWN UP TEN DAYS
EARLIER HE WOULDN'T HAVE GOT INTO THIS STATE.
I SAID '"HE DOESN'T HAVE MUCH OF A CHANCE,
DOES HE?" SHE SAID, "UNFORTUNATELY,
THAT'S THE CASE."
He breaks down and says HE UNDERSTOOD
HE COULD NOT GO ON, THAT HIS TIME WAS OVER.
HE SAID "I'M SUFFERING SO MUCH. I WON'T
BE COMING HOME." THIS WAS THE PART THAT...

Claudia says HE WAS A GREAT READER.
HE WAS AN ATHEIST AND A FRIEND
OF PRIESTS. HE'D PURSUE HIS IDEAS
WITHOUT IMPOSING THEM. HE'D ALWAYS
LISTEN TO OTHERS. NOT BEING ABLE TO SAY
GOODBYE PROPERLY, NOT EVEN HAVING A FUNERAL
HAS JUST BEEN BRUTAL.
I WOULDN'T WISH IT ON ANYONE.

Salvatore cries.

Paul says THE ITALIAN HEALTH
SYSTEM WAS CLEARLY OVERWHELMED.
I GUESS IT WAS AT THAT POINT I
SAW THIS COULD REALLY GET NASTY.
WE IN THE U.K. AND THE REST OF
THE WORLD WERE GOING TO HAVE
A VERY SERIOUS PROBLEM ON
OUR HANDS.

The Narrator says IN THE U.K., THE GOVERNMENT
IN LONDON WAS CONFIDENT IT
COULD MANAGE THE VIRUS.

The caption changes to "3 March 2020."

At a press conference, Boris Johnson says AND I HAVE NO DOUBT AT ALL
IN OUR ABILITY TO TEST AND
TO SURVEY THE SPREAD OF THE
DISEASE, THAT THIS COUNTRY IS
GOING TO GET THROUGH THE
CORONAVIRUS, NO DOUBT AT ALL,
AND GET THROUGH IT IN GOOD
SHAPE.

The Narrator says THE PRIME MINISTER AND HIS
GOVERNMENT WERE UNAWARE OF HOW
RAPIDLY THE VIRUS WAS SPREADING
ACROSS THE COUNTRY.
HALF-TERM TRAVEL AND SKIING HAD
DONE MUCH OF THE DAMAGE.

Christina says THERE WERE SOMETHING LIKE
1,300 SEPARATE SEEDING EVENTS
ALL ACROSS THE U.K., AND THAT
WAS DRIVEN BY HALF-TERM TRAVEL.
AND NOT JUST IN BRITAIN, BUT
ACROSS EUROPE, A LOT OF
HALF-TERM TRAVEL AND SKIING
AND STUFF.
ONCE YOU HAVE THAT, THEN
CONTAINMENT BECOMES EXTREMELY
DIFFICULT.

The Narrator says ON MARCH 12TH, A DAY AFTER
THE GLOBAL PANDEMIC WAS
DECLARED, THE BRITISH
GOVERNMENT OFFICIALLY STOPPED
TRYING TO TRACK THE OUTBREAK
ACROSS THE COUNTRY TO FOCUS
THE 1,500 DAILY AVAILABLE
TESTS ON HOSPITALS.

Deenan says COMMUNITY TESTING OF
INDIVIDUALS, WHICH HADN'T BEEN
VERY SUCCESSFUL, AND THE
CONTACT TRACING WAS STOPPED
BECAUSE WE DIDN'T HAVE THE
CAPACITY TO DO THAT.

Christina says WE WERE THEN FLYING BLIND AND
YOU HAVE NO IDEA WHERE IT WAS
SPREADING FASTEST, AND HOW IT'S
SPREADING FASTEST.

The Narrator says AND THEN, JUST UNDER A WEEK
BEFORE THE FIRST U.K. LOCKDOWN,
THE LONDON GOVERNMENT ORDERED
THE DISCHARGE OF PATIENTS FROM
HOSPITALS TO PROTECT THE NHS.
WITHIN A MONTH, 25,000 PATIENTS
WERE DISCHARGED INTO CARE
HOMES.
THERE WAS NO MANDATORY TESTING.

Paul says IF WE HAD BEEN LEARNING THE
LESSONS FROM ITALY, ONE OF THEM
WOULD HAVE BEEN THE RISK TO
PEOPLE IN CARE HOMES.
WHAT'S CALLED INSTITUTIONAL
AMPLIFIERS, SITUATIONS IN WHICH
ONCE THE DISEASE GETS INTO A
COMMUNITY, IT SPREADS RAPIDLY
AND THEN SPREADS BOTH WITHIN
THOSE COMMUNITIES AND OUTSIDE.

The caption changes to "3 March 2020."

A Male MP says MOST VULNERABLE TO THIS
DISEASE ARE THE ELDERLY IN
CARE HOMES.
THE CARE HOME ELEMENT OF OUR
PLAN IS INCREDIBLY IMPORTANT.

The caption changes to "12 March 2020."

Boris says THE MOST IMPORTANT TASK WILL
BE TO PROTECT OUR ELDERLY AND
MOST VULNERABLE PEOPLE DURING
THE PEAK WEEKS.

The Narrator says FINALLY, ON MARCH THE 23RD,
THE U.K. BECAME THE LAST OF THE
EUROPEAN NATIONS FACING A MAJOR
OUTBREAK TO LOCKDOWN.

The caption changes to "Birmingham."

Charlie is in his mid-forties, with a goatee and a shaved head. He wears a black jacket.

Charlie says THE GOVERNMENT AT THE TIME
WERE TELLING US WE'LL BE OKAY.
WE'RE BRITISH, WE'VE GOT THE
NHS, THEY'RE READY FOR THIS
AND WE'LL BE OKAY.

The Narrator says CHARLIE WILLIAMS WAS
FOLLOWING THE DEVELOPING COVID
CRISIS WHILST KEEPING AN EYE
ON FAMILY CLOSE BY.

Charlie says MY FATHER WAS IN A CARE HOME
AT THE TIME.

In a hospital bed, Charlie's father slowly says YOU MAY HAVE THESE MOMENTS...
FOREVER...

Charlie says AND IT DIDN'T REALLY STRIKE
ME THAT MY FATHER WOULD BE AT
RISK.
IF ANYTHING, I THOUGHT MY
FATHER WOULD BE PROBABLY EVEN
MORE SAFER IN HIS CARE HOME.
BUT, AS WE KNOW, UM...
THINGS SPIRALLED VERY MUCH
OUT OF CONTROL.
SING ME THE NEXT ONE.
NAT KING COLE, IS IT?

Charlie's father says YEAH.

Charlie says YEAH, SING ME ANOTHER ONE.
MY FATHER WAS VERY
HAPPY-GO-LUCKY.
NEVER WALKED PAST ANYONE
WITHOUT SAYING HELLO.
CAME OVER AS PART OF THE
WINDRUSH GENERATION.
MY FATHER WAS A MANAGER OF
A PLASTICS FIRM, AND THIS
WAS ONE OF THEIR EVENTS THAT
THEY'D DONE.

Charlie shows pictures of his father.

The Narrator says ON THE 2ND OF APRIL, PUBLIC
HEALTH ENGLAND ISSUED GUIDANCE
FOR CARE HOMES TAKING IN
PATIENTS, MAKING CLEAR NEGATIVE
COVID TESTS WERE NOT REQUIRED
BEFOREHAND.
IN-MID APRIL, CHARLIE LEARNED
HIS FATHER WAS ILL.

Charlie says I ASKED THE CARE HOME, "IS
THERE ANYONE WITH COVID-19
IN MY FATHER'S CARE HOME?"
AND THEY SAID NO, BUT THEY'VE
TRANSFORMED THE FIRST FLOOR INTO
AN ISOLATION UNIT AND THEY'RE
RECEIVING PATIENTS FROM A LOCAL
HOSPITAL TO COME TO THEIR CARE
HOME TO ISOLATE FOR 14 DAYS.
WELL, OF COURSE, WE WERE
ABSOLUTELY SHOCKED.
I KNEW ONE OF THE STAFF MEMBERS
THERE, AND SHE SAID SHE'S SCARED
FOR HER LIFE BASICALLY, 'CAUSE
THEY DIDN'T HAVE NO PPE
AND THEY'RE CROSS-CONTAMINATING,
MIXING THE ISOLATION STAFF AND
THE REGULAR STAFF WHICH, YOU
KNOW, I WAS JUST TOTALLY SHOCKED
BY.

The Narrator says A DOCTOR THEN WENT TO SEE
HIS FATHER.

Charlie says THIS IS THE AUDIO THAT I
RECORDED WHEN I CALLED UP THE
DOCTOR AFTER SHE'D BEEN TO SEE
MY FATHER IN THE CARE HOME.

The caption changes to "Recorded phone all between Charlie and the GP who visited his father in the care home."

Charlie says IF MY DAD PASSES TONIGHT, FOR
EXAMPLE, WHAT WOULD BE PUT
ON HIS DEATH CERTIFICATE?

A Female Doctor says BRONCHOPNEUMONIA,
SUSPECTED COVID-19.

Charlie says I'M JUST STRUGGLING TO SEE THE
SOLID CONNECTION TO THE VIRUS.

Doctor says WELL, IT'S BASED
ON SYMPTOMS, AND THE SYMPTOMS
ARE THERE.
AND UNFORTUNATELY, SORT OF,
YOU KNOW, THERE ARE PATIENTS
WITH THE VIRUS IN THE HOME.

The recorded phone call ends.

Charlie says THAT WAS THE FIRST TIME I HAD
CONCRETE CONFIRMATION THAT THERE
ARE, IN FACT, COVID-19 PATIENTS
IN MY FATHER'S CARE HOME.
JUST KNOCKED ME OFF MY FEET,
I COULDN'T BELIEVE WHAT SHE
TOLD ME.

The Narrator says CHARLIE'S FATHER DIED SHORTLY
AFTERWARDS.
HE COULDN'T GET A COVID TEST
WHEN HE WAS ALIVE, BUT DID
TEST POSITIVE DURING THE
POST-MORTEM.

Charlie says COMPLETE NEGLECT BY THIS
GOVERNMENT OF THE HIGHEST ORDER.
IT'S DEVASTATING TO LOSE MY
FATHER UNDER THESE
CIRCUMSTANCES.
IF IT WASN'T FOR THESE
ABSOLUTELY SHAMELESS ORDERS
FROM OUR GOVERNMENT TO INTRODUCE
PATIENTS INTO HIS CARE HOME,
MY FATHER WOULD STILL BE ALIVE
TODAY.

The Narrator says THE CARE HOME SAYS IT
FOLLOWED ALL COVID GUIDELINES
AND THE ISOLATION UNIT WAS SET
UP FOR RESIDENTS WHO DEVELOPED
COVID SYMPTOMS, NOT FOR
RECOVERING HOSPITAL PATIENTS.
IT SAYS ALL STEPS WERE TAKEN
TO AVOID CROSS-INFECTION, AND
FAMILIES WERE NOTIFIED ABOUT
THE POSSIBILITY OF COVID IN
THE HOME FOLLOWING THE G.P.'S
VISIT.
GLOBALLY, HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS
OF CARE HOME RESIDENTS WOULD
DIE, INCLUDING AN ESTIMATED 5 percent
OF THOSE IN BRITAIN DURING
THE VIRUS' FIRST WAVE.
BUT BY NOW, COVID-19 HAD ALSO
FOUND MORE FERTILE GROUND
ACROSS THE ATLANTIC.

(crowd cheering)
The caption changes to "28 February 2020."

Giving a speech, Donald Trump says BUT I SAY, SO, LET'S GET
THIS RIGHT.
A VIRUS STARTS IN CHINA, BLEEDS
ITS WAY INTO VARIOUS COUNTRIES
ALL AROUND THE WORLD, DOESN'T
SPREAD WIDELY AT ALL IN
THE UNITED STATES BECAUSE OF
THE EARLY ACTIONS THAT MYSELF
AND MY ADMINISTRATION TOOK.
COULD'VE BEEN A WHOLE DIFFERENT
STORY.

The Narrator says IT DID, INDEED, TURN OUT TO
BE A WHOLE DIFFERENT STORY.

In off, a man says THIS IS FOR REAL.
THIS IS BROOKLYN HOSPITAL.
THEY'RE PUTTING BODIES IN THE
BACK OF A FREEZER TRUCK, Y'ALL.
THIS IS FOR REAL, Y'ALL!

The Narrator says MOST CHINESE NATIONALS WERE
BARRED FROM THE U.S., BUT NOT
EUROPEANS WHO ENDED UP BRINGING
THE VIRUS TO NEW YORK.
LESS THAN A MONTH AFTER
PRESIDENT TRUMP'S BOAST, THE
CITY LOCKED DOWN, ITS MORGUES
OVERWHELMED.
BUT THE VIRUS WAS ALSO
SPREADING FAST, AGAIN LARGELY
UNDETECTED, ELSEWHERE IN
THE U.S...

The caption changes to "New Orleans, USA."

The Narrator says NOWHERE MORE THAN HERE IN
LOUISIANA.

Glen sings SAY YEAH.

The Narrator says THEN, THE GROWTH RATE IN THIS
STATE TERRIFYINGLY BECAME
THE FASTEST IN THE WORLD.

Glen sits next to street musicians playing trumpets. He is in his forties, clean-shaven with a shave head. He wears a blue T-shirt.

Glen says HOW ABOUT A HAND FOR RIFF?

(playing trombone)

Glen says THE COMMUNITY HERE
DIDN'T GET AN OPPORTUNITY
TO GRIEVE. YOU DEAD. YOU ALL CAN'T
GRIEVE AND THAT'S JUST THE WAY IT IS.

The Narrator says GLEN DAVID ANDREWS IS A
RENOWNED NEW ORLEANS JAZZ
MUSICIAN.
WHEN THE MUSIC VENUES CLOSED
DOWN, HE FOUND WORK ELSEWHERE,
THANKS TO THE PANDEMIC.

Showing a video on his cell phone, Glen says I DID ABOUT 22 FUNERALS.
LOOK HOW SAD THIS IS.
THIS MAN IN THE HEARSE, NOBODY,
NOTHING.
AND THE HEARSE IS GOING TO PULL
OFF BY ITSELF.
WHEN YOU WOULD NORMALLY HAVE
500 PEOPLE DANCING, SENDING HIM
OFF TO UPSTAIRS, DOWNSTAIRS,
WHEREVER THE HELL HE GOING, HE
GOING SOMEWHERE.
AND I'M THE ONLY MUSICIAN
SENDING THIS MAN OFF.

Trump says SO FAR, WE HAVE LOST
NOBODY TO CORONAVIRUS IN THE
UNITED STATES.
(loud cheering)
NOBODY.

The Narrator says JUST BEFORE PRESIDENT TRUMP
WAS ON THE CAMPAIGN TRAIL, THE
SEEDS OF NEW ORLEANS' FATE HAD
BEEN SOWN.
THE CITY HAD JUST FINISHED
HOSTING ONE OF THE BIGGEST AND
LONGEST PARTIES IN THE WORLD.

Glen says YOU GOT HALF A MILLION PEOPLE
WHO LIVE HERE, AND THEY SPREAD
IT AND ALL THOSE PEOPLE DIDN'T
GO JUST THROUGH AMERICA, THEY
WENT BACK ALL OVER THE WORLD.
THE MARDI GRAS WAS THE PERFECT
SPREAD, IT WAS LIKE FREE
PUBLICITY FOR A GERM.

The caption changes to "Mardi Grass Festival. February 2020."

A crowd gathers in the street at night.

The caption changes to "Doctor Susan Hassig. Epidemiologist. School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University." Susan is in her early fifties, with short blond hair. She wears a black shirt under a coral jacket.

Susan says I REMEMBERED THE CROWDS WERE
REALLY BIG AT MARDI GRAS THIS
PAST YEAR.
THE WEATHER WAS NICE.
THE STREETS WERE PACKED.
IT WAS A TIME WHEN THERE WAS
ABUNDANT OPPORTUNITY FOR
TRANSMISSION, WITHOUT PEOPLE
EVER REALIZING IT'S HAPPENED.

In the festival, a man says IT'S MARDI GRAS TIME!

Susan says THE REASON MARDI GRAS
FUNCTIONED AS A SUPER-SPREADER
EVENT IS THAT THERE ARE
OPPORTUNITIES FOR MULTIPLE
PEOPLE PRESENT WHO WERE INFECTED
WITH CORONAVIRUS TO BE
INTERACTING WITH HUNDREDS OF
PEOPLE ONE DAY, AND A DIFFERENT
HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE ANOTHER DAY,
AND YET ANOTHER DIFFERENT
HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE THE
SUBSEQUENT DAY.
IT JUST PROVIDES AN INCREDIBLY
EFFICIENT WAY FOR THIS VIRUS
TO SPREAD.

The Narrator says RESEARCH HAS SHOWN THAT
SUPER-SPREADER EVENTS HAVE
PLAYED A HUGE ROLE IN THE
GLOBAL SPREAD OF COVID-19.

The caption changes to "President Trump interview with journalist Bob Woodward on 7 February 2020."

In off, Trump says IT GOES THROUGH AIR,
BOB.
YOU JUST BREATHE THE AIR,
THAT'S HOW IT'S PASSED.
SO, THAT'S A VERY TRICKY ONE.

The Narrator says IT LATER TRANSPIRED THAT
BEFORE MARDI GRAS, PRESIDENT
TRUMP RECEIVED A WARNING FROM
HIS NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER
THAT COVID-19 WAS THE GREATEST
THREAT OF HIS PRESIDENCY.

Trump says IT'S ALSO MORE DEADLY
THAN EVEN YOUR STRENUOUS FLUS.
THIS IS DEADLY STUFF.

During Mardi Grass, a person carries a sign that reads "The end is near."

Susan says THE PRESIDENT KNEW
FAR MORE THAN HE ACKNOWLEDGED
FROM THE VERY EARLIEST DAYS.
WE WOULD NOT HAVE HAD MARDI
GRAS, I'M CONFIDENT, IF THAT HAD
BEEN KNOWN AND COMMUNICATED THE
WAY IT SHOULD HAVE BEEN, OR
WOULD NORMALLY HAVE BEEN
COMMUNICATED.

The Narrator says MANY OF GLEN'S FRIENDS,
INCLUDING KAZANDA MILLON,
ATTENDED SOME OF THE MARDI GRAS
CELEBRATIONS.

Kazanda listens to Glen playing trombone on the street.

Glen says KAZANDA, SHE'S A COOL PERSON.
LIKE, OVERALL SOLID.

The Narrator says KAZANDA WENT TO A TRADITIONAL
MARDI GRAS PARADE WITH HER
MOTHER, NELDA.

The caption changes to "Kazanda Millon. Nelda's daughter." Kazanda is in her late forties, with short curly red hair. She wears glasses, loop earrings and a white T-shirt.

Kazanda says MARDI GRAS WAS ONE
OF HER FAVOURITE HOLIDAYS
BECAUSE WE WERE BORN AND RAISED
IN THE CULTURE OF MARDI GRAS.
WE'RE WALKING AROUND WHERE
NOBODY HAS MASKS ON BECAUSE WE
WASN'T WARNED OF ANYTHING.
NOT US, NOT NEW ORLEANS,
WE WAS NOT WARNED AT ALL.

The Narrator says NEW ORLEANS LOCKED DOWN
ON THE 20TH OF MARCH.
KAZANDA'S MOTHER, NELDA, WHO
WORKED IN A GOVERNMENT WELFARE
OFFICE, WAS ALREADY SICK.
THE COLOUR OF HER SKIN COULD
HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO HER FATE.
AFRICAN AMERICANS OFTEN DON'T
HAVE THE SAME ACCESS TO PRIMARY
MEDICAL CARE, AND ARE MORE
LIKELY TO BE IN JOBS THAT
DISPROPORTIONATELY EXPOSE THEM
TO THE VIRUS.

Now, Kazanda sits next to Seaniece in a living room. Seaniece is in her late thirties, with brown hair. She wears loop earrings and a pale T-shirt.

The caption changes to "Seaniece Scott. Nelda's niece and healthcare professional."

Seaniece says I DO THINK THAT SHE WAS LET
DOWN, OR SHE SLIPPED THROUGH
THE CRACKS.
SHE WAS LIVELY, SHE WAS UP.
SHE WAS, SHE WAS...
PROBABLY MORE LIVELY THAN ME
AND I'M 28 YEARS OLD.
SO, WHEN YOU FIRST BROUGHT HER
TO URGENT CARE...

Kazanda says YES.

Seaniece says SHE WAS JUST DIAGNOSED WITH
PNEUMONIA, WAS TOLD TO GO BACK
HOME.
THEN, AFTER SHE WENT THERE, SHE
STARTED KIND OF DECLINING.
IF SHE WOULD HAVE BEEN ADMITTED
SOONER, I FEEL LIKE THE OUTCOME
WOULD HAVE BEEN DIFFERENT.

The Narrator says KAZANDA'S MOTHER WAS ADMITTED
TO A HOSPITAL NINE DAYS AFTER
FIRST SEEKING MEDICAL
TREATMENT.

Kazanda says IF SHE WAS... NOT AFRICAN
AMERICAN, I THINK SHE WOULD HAVE
HAD GOT BETTER SERVICES,
THROUGHOUT WHEREVER SHE WOULD
HAVE WENT.

The Narrator says BLACK AMERICANS ARE DYING OF
COVID AT A RATE THREE TIMES
THAT OF WHITE AMERICANS.

The caption changes to "31 March 2020. Global deaths: 40,636."

Deenan says ONE OF THE SADDEST
PARTS OF COVID-19 IS THAT THE
PANDEMIC HAS REALLY AFFECTED THE
DISADVANTAGED IN WHATEVER
ENVIRONMENT IT IS, WHICHEVER
COUNTRY IT IS.

The Narrator says BY EARLY APRIL, NEW ORLEANS'
CORONAVIRUS DEATH RATE WAS
NEARLY THREE TIMES THAT OF NEW
YORK, WITH A POPULATION 20
TIMES SMALLER.

In an interview, Trump says TO BE HONEST WITH YOU.

Bob says SURE, I WANT YOU
TO BE.

Trump says I WANTED TO ALWAYS
PLAY IT DOWN.
I STILL LIKE PLAYING IT DOWN...

Bob says YES.

Trump says --BECAUSE I DON'T
WANT TO CREATE A PANIC.

The caption changes to "China population: 1.4 billion. Deaths: 4,635."

A group of people dance in the street.

The Narrator says IN APRIL, WUHAN WAS
RELEASED FROM A STRICT 76-DAY
LOCKDOWN.

Paul says IT IS ALMOST IRONIC THAT
CHINA, WHERE THIS DISEASE
STARTED IN WUHAN, HAS HAD FAR
FEWER DEATHS THAN MANY OTHER
COUNTRIES, PARTICULARLY IN THE
WEST.

People get Covid tested on the street.

The Narrator says BY THE SPRING, NEW
OUTBREAKS IN CHINA WERE BEING
RUTHLESSLY DEALT WITH.

Paul says SUDDENLY THERE'S ONE MILLION
OR 10 MILLION TESTS, EVEN, TO
FIND OUT WHAT'S GOING ON,
ISOLATE IT AND SUBDUE IT.
AND THE CONSEQUENCE OF THAT IS
LESS DEATHS AND THE OPENING UP
OF THE ECONOMY MORE RAPIDLY.

The Narrator says HAVING COVERED UP THE TRUTH
BACK IN JANUARY, CHINA WAS NOW
BEING PRAISED FOR HELPING
SCIENTISTS WORLDWIDE RESPOND
TO THE PANDEMIC.

Deenan says THE FACT THAT CHINESE
SCIENTISTS HAD SEQUENCED THE
GENOME AND MADE THAT AVAILABLE
EARLY ON WAS A STATEMENT OF
COLLABORATION.
AND, IN FACT, ALLOWED DIAGNOSTIC
TESTS TO BE DEVELOPED, ALLOWED
VACCINES TO BE DEVELOPED
AND THAT'S TO BE APPLAUDED.

The caption changes to "Wuhan, Covid 19 exhibition. President XI. 18 May 2020."

In his fifties wearing a suit, President XI says IN CHINA, AFTER MAKING
PAINSTAKING EFFORTS
AND ENORMOUS SACRIFICE
WE HAVE TURNED
THE TIDE ON THIS VIRUS AND
PROTECTED THE LIFE
AND HEALTH OF OUR PEOPLE.
ALL ALONG,
WE HAVE ACTED WITH
OPENNESS, TRANSPARENCY
AND RESPONSIBILITY.

In a huge party, a Male DJ says WELCOME TO WUHAN SPACE CLUB!
(man rapping, indistinct)
THREE, TWO, ONE.

The Narrator says AS CHINA OPENED UP AND ITS
ECONOMY ROARED BACK TO LIFE,
AND AS THE SEARCH FOR A VACCINE
PROGRESSED AROUND THE WORLD,
THE VIRUS WAS FINDING NEW
PLACES TO THRIVE.

The caption changes to "Brazil, South America."

An aerial view of a cemetery appears.

In off, Fabio says SWEETIE, I'M FEELING SO BAD.
I THINK I HAVE A FEVER.

The Narrator says THE DEATH TOLL STARTED RISING
DRAMATICALLY, DOUBLING IN TWO
MONTHS AS IT REACHED SOME OF
THE MOST VULNERABLE ON THE
PLANET.

The caption changes to "30 June 2020. Global deaths: 509,779. Source: Johns Hopkins University."

Martin says NOBODY IS IMMUNE FROM
THIS DISEASE.
THE POLITICAL AND THE ECONOMIC
ELITE HAVE BEEN AFFECTED TOO,
BUT THEY ARE OFTEN MOVING IT
FROM ONE COUNTRY TO ANOTHER AND
THEN SPREADING IT TO THE POOR
IN THEIR COUNTRIES.

The Narrator says BY THE SUMMER OF 2020, THE
VIRUS WAS SPREADING MOST
RAPIDLY IN SOUTH AMERICA,
IN A WAY NOT FULLY UNDERSTOOD
BEFORE.

Deenan says THERE HAS BEEN THIS DEBATE
ABOUT THE DEGREE TO WHICH
THE VIRUS CAN BE AIRBORNE.
I WILL BREATHE IT OUT AND
INFECT YOU, VERSUS IT IS ON
SURFACES.
THE RESEARCH HAS STARTED TO
SUGGEST THAT AIRBORNE SPREAD
IS MORE IMPORTANT.

Martin says IN SOUTH AMERICA, AS
IN SOME OTHER PARTS OF THE
WORLD, YOU'VE GOT PEOPLE LIVING
ON TOP OF EACH OTHER OFTEN WITH
POOR VENTILATION INDOORS.
THIS IS JUST THE PERFECT
SITUATION FOR RAPID TRANSMISSION
OF THE INFECTION.

A clip shows Brazilian street life.

The Narrator says THOUGH BRAZIL SAYS IT'S SPENT
9 BILLION POUNDS ON ITS COVID HEALTH
RESPONSE, TARGETING CARE IN
POOR AREAS, LIKE TRUMP, THE
COUNTRY'S PRESIDENT HAS BEEN
UNDERMINING HEALTH CAMPAIGNS.

Giving a speech, Jair Bolsonaro says IT'S ALL ABOUT THE PANDEMIC.
WE HAVE TO PUT A STOP TO THAT.
ALL OF US ARE GOING TO DIE ONE DAY.
THERE IS NO POINT IN ESCAPING REALITY.
WE HAVE TO STOP BEING A COUNTRY OF SISSIES.

Michele has long curly black hair. She wears a red sleeveless shirt.

Michele says ALL UNDER ONE ROOF,
HOW DO YOU ISOLATE?
IT'S NOT POSSIBLE.

The Narrator says MICHELE HAS LIVED IN THIS
FAVELA, A POOR NEIGHBOURHOOD
OF RIO DE JANEIRO, FOR THE PAST
THREE DECADES.

Michele says MANY PEOPLE CAN'T ISOLATE
BECAUSE THEY CAN'T WORK FROM HOME.

The Narrator says AGED 42, MICHELE'S HUSBAND
FABIO HAD TO KEEP WORKING
AS A TRUCK DRIVER TO SUPPORT
HIS FAMILY.

In a phone video, Fabio and two women sing.

A song plays JUST TO HEAR YOU BREATHING.

Michele says WE WERE VERY HAPPY THEN.
WE COULDN'T EXPECT ANYTHING
LIKE WHAT CAME NEXT.

The Narrator says IN APRIL, FABIO LEFT THE
FAVELA IN RIO ON A JOB.

Fabio says I HAVE A COLD SWEAT.
I HAVE A LOT OF BODY PAIN.
I AM VERY TIRED.

Fabio appears driving a truck and then wearing a mask.

The Narrator says HE STRUGGLED HOME AND WAS
TAKEN TO AN ILL-EQUIPPED,
OVERCROWDED HOSPITAL.

Michele says HE SAID "TAKE ME OUT OF HERE,
I'M GOING TO DIE HERE."
WE KEEP TRYING TO FORGET
BUT IT'S VERY HARD, VERY HARD.

The Narrator says MICHELE TRAINED AS A NURSE
AND THINKS HE MIGHT HAVE GOT
BETTER CARE AT HOME.

Michele says I'M NOT SURE
I DID THE RIGHT THING BY TAKING HIM
TO THE HOSPITAL.
Sobbing, she continues WHAT REALLY UPSETS ME
IS THAT MAYBE I COULD HAVE
HELPED HIM.

The caption changes to "New section of cemetery for Covid-19 victims."

The Narrator says FABIO'S MOTHER WAS ON
A DIFFERENT FLOOR IN THE SAME
HOSPITAL WHEN SHE TOO DIED
FROM COVID-19 DAYS EARLIER.
HIS UNCLE WAS ALSO A VICTIM
OF THE VIRUS.

Michelle visits a large cemetery. A plaque for Fabio Correa Matos appears.

The caption changes to "Brazil population: 212 million. Deaths: 209,296."

The Narrator says BY JUNE, AS THE DEATH TOLL
WAS RISING IN SOUTH AMERICA,
THE U.K. AND EUROPE WERE
GRADUALLY EASING RESTRICTIONS
AFTER THE FIRST LOCKDOWNS.
THE HOPE WAS THAT THIS WOULD
HELP STEM THE EFFECT OF AN
UNPRECEDENTED ECONOMIC SLUMP.

The caption changes to "20 May 2020."

In the House of Commons, Boris says A GROWING
CONFIDENCE THAT WE WILL HAVE
A TEST TRACK-AND-TRACE
OPERATION THAT WILL BE
WORLD-BEATING, AND YES, IT WILL
BE IN PLACE, IT WILL BE IN
PLACE, BY JUNE THE 1ST.

The caption changes to "8 July 2020."

Giving a speech, middle-aged Rishi Sunak says I CAN ANNOUNCE
TODAY THAT FOR THE MONTH OF
AUGUST, WE WILL GIVE EVERYONE
IN THE COUNTRY AN EAT OUT TO
HELP OUT DISCOUNT.

Then, waiting a table at a restaurant Rishi says THERE WE GO!

Deenan says WE COULD REPHRASE THAT,
EAT OUT TO HELP OUT THE VIRUS
ACTUALLY.
THAT EAT OUT TO HELP OUT
CAMPAIGN LED TO FURTHER SPREAD.

Christina says EUROPE, AND INCLUDING
BRITAIN, OPENED ITS GATES AND
SAID, "LET'S TRAVEL."
AND THEY TRIED TO KIND OF
RECOVER THE ECONOMY, LET'S GET
WHAT WE CAN OUT OF THE SUMMER.
EVERYONE STARTED TRAVELLING.
IT'S FRUSTRATING BECAUSE WE DID
GET DOWN TO PRETTY LOW LEVELS
AND IF WE HAD JUST BEEN A BIT
SLOWER, WE COULD MAYBE HAVE GOT
DOWN, YOU KNOW, REALLY, REALLY
LOW.

Deenan says AT THE TIME OF THE END OF
LOCKDOWN IN JULY 2020, WE NEEDED
AN ENVIRONMENT AND AN
INFRASTRUCTURE THAT WOULD KEEP
INFECTIONS DOWN.
AND THE TEST-AND-TRACE SYSTEM
WAS COMPLETELY FAILING.

The caption changes to "31 July 2020. Global deaths: 674,038. Source: Johns Hopkins University. Altrincham, Cheshire."

Amanda is in her forties, with short brown hair. She wears glasses and a white hoodie.

Showing pictures on her cell phone, Amanda says I HAVE THOUSANDS OF PHOTOS.
THESE ARE WHEN WE WENT POLAND.
I WAS HAVING AN EYE ON ALL OF
THE LIFEGUARDS SO HE DECIDED TO
CLIMB UP AND SHOW ME WHAT I WAS
MISSING.
BUT IT REALLY TELLS YOU WHO
THIS MAN WAS.

The Narrator says BOB PAPE, A 53-YEAR-OLD
LAWYER, HAD BEEN TOGETHER WITH
AMANDA FOR 11 YEARS.

Amanda says AS YOU CAN SEE FROM THAT
PHOTO THERE, ALWAYS WEARING A
HAWAIIAN SHIRT EVERY DAY, EXCEPT
WHEN HE WAS IN COURT.
IN COURT WAS PROBABLY WHEN HE
WAS HAPPIEST, BUT SECOND TO
THAT WAS PROBABLY WHEN HE WAS
IN NATURE.

In a clip, Amanda says BOB, IT IS REALLY GOING
TO BREAK, YOU MUPPET!

Bob sits on a swing over a stream.

The Narrator says BOB AND AMANDA LOVED TO
TRAVEL.
BUT WHEN THE FIRST LOCKDOWN
ENDED, THEY DECIDED TO TAKE
A BREAK IN ENGLAND.
NOT OVERSEAS.

Amanda says BOB SAID THAT THE GOVERNMENT
WOULDN'T ALLOW US TO TRAVEL
IF IT WASN'T SAFE.
I REALLY THOUGHT IT WAS WAY TOO
SOON TO LET PEOPLE DO THINGS.
I THOUGHT IT WAS NUTS.
IT WAS BOB WHO DESPERATELY
WANTED TO GO AWAY.

The Narrator says THEY TOOK A TRIP TO THE WEST
MIDLANDS.

Amanda says I SHOULD HAVE TURNED ROUND TO
BOB BEFORE WE WENT AND I SHOULD
HAVE SAID, "WE'RE NOT GOING."

In a kitchen, Amanda says DO YOU WANT A CUP OF TEA,
JAZZIE?

Yasmin says NO, I'M FINE, THANK YOU.

The Narrator says AMANDA'S DAUGHTER, YASMIN,
BOB'S STEP-DAUGHTER, WAS ALSO
ON THE TRIP.

In her teens with dark curly hair, Yasmin says WE DID PARTICIPATE IN THE EAT
OUT TO HELP OUT SCHEME.
UM, I THINK THAT MAY HAVE
CONTRIBUTED TO THE SPREAD
OF CORONAVIRUS.

Amanda says THIS BIT'S NOT COOKED.
NOT NICE IF IT'S NOT COOKED.

The Narrator says THEN, SHORTLY AFTER RETURNING
HOME, THEY ALL FELL SICK.

Yasmin cooks scrambled eggs.

Amanda says THAT'S READY.

The Narrator says THEY TESTED POSITIVE AND
EXPECTED TRACK AND TRACE TO GET
IN TOUCH.

Yasmin says TRACK AND TRACE, IF IT WAS
EFFICIENTLY EXECUTED, IT COULD
HAVE PREVENTED BOB FROM GETTING
INFECTED AND I CAN IMAGINE IT
COULD HAVE PREVENTED MANY PEOPLE
FROM GETTING INFECTED.

The Narrator says TRACK AND TRACE DIDN'T CALL
UNTIL NINE DAYS AFTER THEY HAD
TESTED POSITIVE.

Amanda says BOB NEVER EVEN GOT TRACED
AT ALL, HE COULD HAVE BEEN GOING
OUT SPREADING IT EVERYWHERE.

The Narrator says BOB WAS ADMITTED TO HOSPITAL,
BUT DISCHARGED WHEN A DOCTOR
THOUGHT IT WAS SAFE TO DO SO.
BUT HE WAS STILL SICK.

Yasmin says I TRIED TO SPEAK TO
HIM AND TELL HIM HOW MUCH I
LOVED HIM, AND THAT I WOULD MAKE
HIM PROUD WITH MY UNI, AND HE
WAS JUST SAYING THAT HE WOULD
ALWAYS BE PROUD.
Sobbing, she says AND THEN, I LEFT THE ROOM AND I
NEVER GOT TO SPEAK TO HIM AGAIN.

In a clip, Amanda says THIS IS WHAT CORONAVIRUS
LOOKS LIKE.

Bob appears in a hospital bed with a ventilator.

The Narrator says BOB WAS TAKEN BACK INTO
THE HOSPITAL AND PUT ON A
VENTILATOR.

Amanda says THIS IS THE VIDEO OF JUST
BEFORE THEY TURNED OFF BOB'S
LIFE SUPPORT.
HE FOUGHT SO HARD,
AND FOR SO LONG.

The Narrator says BOB DIED IN LATE SEPTEMBER,
JUST AS THE VIRUS WAS CREATING
MANY NEW VICTIMS ACROSS THE
U.K.

Christina says WHEN SEPTEMBER CAME AND ALL
OF THESE EXTRA RISK FACTORS CAME
IN, UNIVERSITY, SCHOOLS, GOING
BACK TO WORK AND COLDER WEATHER,
WE BROKE OUR TESTING SYSTEM.
I MEAN, BECAUSE WE'RE BLIND.
WE CAN'T SEE WHERE IT'S
SPREADING, WE CAN'T TELL WHO'S
GETTING IT, WE CAN'T TELL HOW
FAST IT'S GOING.

Deenan says NOT SURPRISINGLY, A FEW WEEKS
LATER, THOSE INFECTIONS IN YOUNG
ADULTS SPREAD TO THE ELDERLY,
LEADING TO MORE ADMISSIONS
INTO HOSPITAL.
ALL OF THIS WAS PREDICTABLE.

The Narrator says BRITAIN WASN'T ALONE.
TEN MONTHS INTO THE OUTBREAK,
LESS THAN A QUARTER OF
COUNTRIES WERE SUCCEEDING IN
BEATING COVID-19.
BY THE YEAR'S END, THE VIRUS
ACROSS MUCH OF THE WESTERN
WORLD WAS REIGNITING - AND IN
SOME PLACES MUTATING - INTO
EVEN MORE INFECTIOUS STRAINS.

The caption changes to "30 November 2020. Global deaths: 1,458,360. London. New Year 2021. One in fifty people in England have the virus. Source: UK Office for National Statistics."

Deenan says WE'RE NOW IN 2021,
A YEAR AFTER THE FIRST
IDENTIFICATION OF THIS VIRUS.
IT HAS INFECTED MANY MILLIONS
OF PEOPLE WORLDWIDE.
HIGH MORTALITY.
THE POINT OF VIRUSES IS TO
REPLICATE THEMSELVES, TO KEEP
SURVIVING.
AS IT REPLICATES MORE, IT CAN
DEVELOP MORE MUTATIONS,
CONTINUING TO EVOLVE, TO
TRANSMIT EVEN BETTER AND BETTER
IN HUMANS.
IF WE HAD AN EFFECTIVE WAY OF
REALLY SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCING
TRANSMISSION, AS HAS BEEN DONE
IN MANY COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD,
THEN, OF COURSE, IMMEDIATELY,
WE REDUCE THE RISKS OF THESE
MUTANTS EMERGING.

The Narrator says ACROSS THE WORLD, AROUND
10,000 A DAY ARE NOW DYING
FROM THE VIRUS.
THE OVERWHELMING MAJORITY
IN THE WESTERN WORLD.

People show "Mask Up" signs on the street.

Paul says WHAT WE'VE PERHAPS LEARNT
IS THAT THERE CAN BE A CONFLICT
BETWEEN THE INDIVIDUAL VERSUS
YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO SOCIETY.
AND THE ABILITY FOR THE EAST TO
HAVE DEALT BETTER THAN THE WEST
MAY BE RELATED TO THAT.
AND THE CONFLICT BETWEEN
INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY IS SO
WELL ILLUSTRATED IN THE UNITED
STATES.

The Narrator says THE VIRUS CONTINUES TO KILL
THOUSANDS EACH DAY IN THE
WORLD'S RICHEST NATION.
ONE VICTIM MADE A HEARTFELT
PLEA TO FELLOW AMERICANS.

The caption changes to "Sara Montoya. El Paso, Texas."

In a hospital bed, Sara says NEVER IN MY LIFE DID I EVER
THINK THAT I... WOULD BE
FIGHTING FOR MY... BREATH.
PUT YOUR MASKS ON!
DON'T GO OUT IF YOU DON'T HAVE
TO!

The caption changes to "Baton Rouge, USA."

The Narrator says BUT DESPITE THE EVIDENCE OF
THE VIRUS'S CONTINUING
DEVASTATION, MANY ARE STILL
IN DENIAL.

Tony is in his forties, clean-shaven with combed hair. He wears a dark suit.

At a church meeting, Tony says IN OUR CHURCH, PEOPLE VOTE
WITH THEIR FEET!
THAT'S WHY THIS CROWD KEEPS
GROWING EVERY SUNDAY MORNING.
IT KEEPS GROWING EVERY SUNDAY
MORNING!
WE'RE GONNA STAND WITH THE
CHURCH THAT NEVER CLOSED.

The Narrator says PASTOR TONY SPELL HAS KEPT
HIS CHURCH OPEN THROUGHOUT
THE PANDEMIC, HOLDING HUGE
GATHERINGS IN DEFIANCE OF
PUBLIC HEALTH RESTRICTIONS.

Tony says SO, THE CIVIL LIBERTIES THAT
ARE BEING TAKEN FROM US IS
PEOPLE'S LIVELIHOODS.
BUSINESS OWNERS IN MY CHURCH
HAVE LOST THEIR BUSINESSES.
BREADWINNERS IN OUR CHURCH HAVE
LOST THEIR JOBS.
I WILL BUILD MY CHURCH AND THE
GATES OF HELL SHALL NOT PREVAIL
AGAINST THIS!
MASKS DEHUMANIZE PEOPLE.
SHOW ME THE SCIENCE.
AFTER SIX MONTHS OF NO MASKING
IN OUR CHURCH, WHY AREN'T WE ALL
DEAD?
WHY ISN'T THIS DEATH
TABERNACLE, INSTEAD OF LIFE
TABERNACLE?

(clapping, cheering)

Paul says IT'S NOT GONE WELL IN
THE UNITED STATES.
FAILURE IN LEADERSHIP AND THE
CULT OF THE INDIVIDUAL.
THE DISEASE BECAME A POLITICAL
STATEMENT.
WE WEREN'T ACTUALLY SEEING
ANALYSIS OF WHAT YOU SHOULD DO
BASED ON SCIENCE, KNOWLEDGE
AND MEDICINE.
IT WAS BASED ON POLITICS.

The caption changes to "United States of America population: 331 million. Deaths: 395,855. Source: Johns Hopkins University, 16 January 2021."

The screen turns black.

The caption changes to "We approached the United States and Italian governments but they declined to comment."

Deenan says THE RESPONSE TO A PANDEMIC
IS BASED AROUND TRUST
AND A COLLECTIVE WILL.
THOSE COUNTRIES THAT HAVE DONE
BEST HAVE BEEN WHERE PEOPLE
UNDERSTAND HOW THEY CAN ACT
TO STOP THE VIRUS SPREADING.

The caption changes to "Taiwan population: 24 million. Deaths: 7. No lockdown. GDP growth forecast: 2.5 percent in 2020. Source: Johns Hopkins University, 17 January 2021."

(violin music plays)

Martin says TAIWAN HAS REALLY BEEN
THE STAND-OUT SUCCESS STORY IN
THE PANDEMIC.
IT WAS MONITORING WHAT WAS
HAPPENING IN CHINA.
IT CLOSED ITS BORDERS.
IT HAD A CENTRAL CONTROL CENTRE
THAT HAD BEEN SET UP AFTER SARS
THAT COULD SPRING INTO ACTION
VERY QUICKLY.
TAIWAN HAS ESSENTIALLY BEEN
PLANNING FOR THIS PANDEMIC FOR
THE LAST 20 YEARS AT LEAST.

The caption changes to "United Kingdom population: 66.8 million. Deaths: 88,590. GDP forecast: minus 11 percent in 2020. Source: UK government, 16 January 2021."

In the countryside, Amanda says THIS IS WHAT WE
WANTED TO SPEND OUR RETIREMENT
DOING, WALKING AND VISITING.
LOSING HIM AT 53, IT'S NOT
RIGHT.
Crying, she says I CAN'T EVEN COME HERE ANYMORE
AND ENJOY IT.
TOO MANY MEMORIES,
MUCH TOO RAW.
NOT WHILE PEOPLE ARE STILL
DYING.
(sniffling)

The caption changes to "The UK Government told us: our priority has been to protect the NHS to save lives and we have taken advice from scientific and medical experts throughout. As new evidence emerged, we adapted and took swift action to try and stop the spread of the virus. Interventions made too early could impact people's wellbeing and remaining in lockdown indefinitely would have had huge health, social and economic costs. The UK has the biggest testing system per head in Europe. Over 2.4 million people have already been vaccinated as part of the the UK's biggest ever vaccination rollout. We continue to act to ensure NHS and care services are available to anyone who need them."

(conveyor belt whirring)
Pills are sorted in a factory.

Deenan says WE HAVE VACCINES
COMING DOWN THE TRACK.
THAT'S A GREAT SUCCESS,
HOWEVER, IT COMES WITH
CHALLENGES.
AS LONG AS THERE IS COVID-19
CIRCULATING WIDELY IN ANY PART
OF THE WORLD, THEN WE ALL REMAIN
AT RISK.
MUTATIONS DEVELOP WHEN A VIRUS
REPLICATES, SO WE'VE GOT TO
LIMIT ONGOING TRANSMISSION.
IT IS UNCLEAR WHETHER THE
VACCINES, AS THEY STAND, WILL BE
SUFFICIENT TO DEVELOP HERD
IMMUNITY.
IT'S LOOKING LIKE WE WILL BE
WITH THIS VIRUS FOR A LONG,
LONG TIME.

The Narrator says THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
HAS LAUNCHED AN INVESTIGATION
INTO THE ORIGINS OF THE VIRUS.
THE LINK BETWEEN ANIMALS
AND HUMANS WILL BE KEY.
CHINA NOW DENIES THAT THE WUHAN
SEAFOOD MARKET OR A NEARBY
GOVERNMENT LABORATORY WAS
THE SOURCE OF THE OUTBREAK, AND
SUGGESTS THE VIRUS COULD HAVE
ORIGINATED IN ANOTHER COUNTRY.

The caption changes to "We approached the Chinese Government but they declines to comment. They have previously said they provided timely information once facts were known, and locked down Wuhan at the right time."

Deenan says THE WAY IN WHICH THIS
CORONAVIRUS BECAME COVID-19,
TRANSMISSION FROM ANIMALS
TO HUMANS, IS GOING ON ALL
THE TIME.
LIVE ANIMAL TRADING AROUND
THE WORLD THAT FOSTERS THIS IS
CONTINUING, AND THEREFORE WE'VE
GOTTA EXPECT...
THAT THIS WILL HAPPEN AGAIN.

(screeching, wings fluttering)
Bats fly in a cave.

The end credits roll.

Executive Producers: David Henshaw and Lesley Booner.

Filmed, Produced and Directed by Robin Barnwell.

Copyright 2021, Hardcash Productions.

Watch: Outbreak: The Virus That Shook The World