Transcript: Greek Island Odyssey with Bettany Hughes - episode 6 | Jan 10, 2021

(music plays)

(WAVES CRASHING)

Bettany is in her early fifties, with long wavy brown hair and wears and black skirt, a black lacey top, a denim shirt, and a pink scarf.

On a boat in the Mediterranean, she says I'M BETTANY HUGHES
AND I WANT TO TAKE YOU ON THE
ULTIMATE ADVENTURE ACROSS THE
GREEK ISLANDS.
THIS HAS TO BE ONE OF THE MOST
EXCITING PLACES ON EARTH -

As she walks down ancient cities, she says A PLACE FULL OF MYSTERY AND
WONDER AND TENS OF THOUSANDS OF
YEARS OF HISTORY AND HUMAN
EXPERIENCE.

Fast clips show images of mythological paintings, statues, and activities such as archery and boxing.

Bettany says A CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION, THE
GREECE OF THE ANCIENT WORLD
HOT-HOUSED EVERYTHING FROM
DEMOCRACY TO MEDICINE.
IT GAVE US THE OLYMPICS,
ENGINEERING TRIUMPHS AND SOME
OF THE MOST EPIC STORIES OF ALL
TIME; STORIES THAT HAVE BEEN
PASSED DOWN FOR THOUSANDS OF
YEARS AND THAT STILL INFLUENCE
US TODAY.
ONE OF THE VERY GREATEST
CENTRES ON THE GREEK HERO
ODYSSEUS - THE LEGENDARY
WARRIOR WHOSE CUNNING WON
THE TROJAN WAR.
AFTER THE VICTORY, HE BEGINS A
LONG JOURNEY HOME TO THE FAR
WEST OF GREECE ACROSS THESE
SEAS.
HIS STORY, THE ODYSSEY, IS A
BRILLIANT TALE OF TRIUMPH OVER
ADVERSITY AND DANGER, INSPIRING
BOOKS, MOVIES AND ADVENTURES.
AND ON MY PERSONAL ODYSSEY, I'M
FOLLOWING ODYSSEUS'S PATH FROM
EAST TO WEST.
I WANT TO TRY TO EXPERIENCE
WHAT HE EXPERIENCED...

As the boat sails in turbulent waters, a wave crashes against the boat and Bettany gets splashed.

She says WHOA!
WHOA!
WAVE!...MAKE AMAZING NEW
DISCOVERIES...
IT'S STILL...

A woman unearths a piece of gold and says IT'S JUST PERFECT.

Bettany says BRIGHT YELLOW, ISN'T IT?...ENJOY THE DELIGHTS OF
ANCIENT GREECE TODAY...

She tastes some honey on bread and says MMM...

Bettany unveils a set of gold objects that include a gold mask, a gold ring, a gold necklace.

She says AND UNCOVER THE TRUTHS
BEHIND THESE FABULOUS MYTHS AND
LEGENDS...

She stands next to table with a skeleton and says AND THIS IS ALMOST CERTAINLY
THE KILLER BLOW... TO SEE HOW THEY CAN HELP US
UNDERSTAND THE WORLD AND
OURSELVES.
JOIN ME ON THIS EPIC VOYAGE -
MY GREEK ODYSSEY.

(music plays)

The name of the show reads "Greek Island Odyssey with Bettany Hughes."

An animated map zooms in on the isle of Crete.

Bettany says LAST TIME, I TRAVELLED ACROSS
THE PELOPONNESE...
DISCOVERING GOLD THAT'S OVER
3,000 YEARS OLD.
NOW I'M ON THE FINAL LEG OF MY
JOURNEY AND HEADING TO
ODYSSEUS'S HOME, ITHACA.
OUR HERO'S FACED ALL KINDS OF
CHALLENGES THROUGHOUT HIS
ODYSSEY, AND EVEN ON THE HOME
STRAIT THEY JUST KEEP COMING!
BUT BEFORE I LEAVE THE
PELOPONNESE, THERE'S SOMEWHERE
I MUST CHECK OUT.
CORINTH.
A RECRUITING GROUND FOR
ODYSSEUS AND THE GREEKS FOR THE
TROJAN WAR.
HOME TO THE CORINTH CANAL,
RUNNING BETWEEN THE
PELOPONNESIAN PENINSULA AND
MAINLAND GREECE.

On a boat across the canal, Bettany says THIS CANAL, COMPLETED IN 1893,
JOINED TWO SEAS-- THE AEGEAN
AND THE IONIAN-- TO SAVE SHIPS
FROM A DANGEROUS 250 MILE
JOURNEY AROUND THE JAGGED
PELOPONNESIAN COASTLINE.
YOU KNOW, THERE WERE 12 MILLION
CUBIC METRES OF EARTH THAT WERE
REMOVED TO BUILD THIS THING.
12,000 BOATS A YEAR USE IT AND
NEXT TO SUEZ, IT IS THE OLDEST
CANAL IN THE WORLD.
CONTROLLING WATERWAYS BRINGS
POWER AND MANY WANTED TO
CONNECT THE SEAS HERE.
EVEN A ROMAN EMPEROR TRIED
AND FAILED.
SO, JUST UP THERE, CARVED IN THE
ROCK THERE'S A LITTLE MEMORIAL
TO THE FACT THAT THE EMPEROR
NERO TRIED TO BUILD A CANAL
HERE.
SO, THAT LITTLE BIT OF ANTIQUITY
IS CLOSE ON 2,000 YEARS OLD.
THIS WAS A MEGA STRATEGIC PLACE
FOR THE ANCIENTS.
AND THE LOCATION FOR SOME OF
THE MOST DRAMATIC GREEK MYTHS.
MANY DESCRIBING THE PERILS OF
SEA TRAVEL AND THE DANGERS OF
THE WOMEN ENCOUNTERED EN ROUTE.
WOMEN LIKE MEDEA.
THE GREAT SEA FARING HERO JASON,
AS IN JASON AND THE ARGONAUTS,
CAME HERE TO CORINTH, BUT
SOMETHING TERRIBLE HAPPENED.
JASON WAS MARRIED TO MEDEA BUT
HERE HE FALLS IN LOVE WITH A
LOCAL PRINCESS AND PLANS TO
MARRY HER.
AND HE MAKES MATTERS WORSE BY
TELLING MEDEA THAT IT WAS
NOTHING TO DO WITH HIM.
THE GODDESS OF LOVE, APHRODITE,
HAD MADE HIM FALL FOR THE GIRL
AND HE WAS POWERLESS TO RESIST.
MEDEA, AS YOU CAN IMAGINE, IS
FURIOUS AND HATCHES A TERRIBLE
REVENGE.
SHE GETS A BEAUTIFUL DRESS FOR
THE YOUNG PRINCESS HERE AND
SOAKS IT IN POISON, AND WHEN SHE
PUTS IT ON IT BURNS HER ALIVE.
AND THEN MEDEA KILLS THE TWO
SONS THAT SHE'S BORN WITH HER
HUSBAND JASON.
IT'S A HORRIFIC REVENGE, BUT
IT'S JASON WHO ENDS UP CURSED.
JASON DOESN'T GET OFF SCOT-FREE.
EVEN THE GODS THINK THAT HE'S
BEHAVED BADLY.
AND ONE DAY WHEN HE'S SAILING
OUT ACROSS THAT OCEAN ON HIS
BOAT THE
ARGO,
A ROTTEN BEAM
COMES CRASHING DOWN AND KILLS
HIM.
IT IS NOT AN END FIT FOR A HERO.
IT'S A HARD-CORE, SEXUALLY
CHARGED STORY GIVING US A HINT
OF ANCIENT CORINTH'S NOTORIETY.
I'M ACTUALLY NOT SURPRISED THAT
CORINTH IS A SETTING FOR THIS
TALE OF THE EXTREMES OF LOVE AND
PASSION AND THE DANGERS OF
DESIRE, BECAUSE IN REAL
HISTORICAL TERMS CORINTH ALWAYS
HAD A REPUTATION FOR BEING A
KIND OF SUPER SEXY PLACE.
IT WAS A PORT TOWN AND SO YOU'D
GET A LOT OF SAILORS COMING HERE
FOR HOT LOVEMAKING AND IN THE
TEMPLE OF APHRODITE THERE WERE
EVEN SAID TO BE SACRED
PROSTITUTES WHO WOULD SELL THEIR
BODIES AS A RELIGIOUS
EXPERIENCE.
IN GENERAL, THE ANCIENT GREEKS
WERE MUCH LESS INHIBITED ABOUT
SEX THAN WE ARE.
FOR EXAMPLE, THIS IS THE KIND OF
IMAGE THAT THEY OFTEN HAD ON
THEIR POTS AND VASES AND PLATES.
AND HERE IN CORINTH THEY FOUND
MORE SEXUAL IMAGERY THAN THEY
HAVE ALMOST ANYWHERE ELSE IN
GREECE.
TEMPTATIONS OF THE FLESH PLAY A
BIG PART IN
THE ODYSSEY,
BUT
ODYSSEUS IS DETERMINED TO MAKE
IT HOME, AND I'M FOLLOWING HIS
TRAIL TO HIS PENULTIMATE
DESTINATION- AN IRRESISTIBLE
ISLAND AS ENTICING TODAY AS IT
WAS FOR THE ANCIENTS, CORFU.
ODYSSEUS'S ARRIVAL HERE IS
SUPER DRAMATIC.
ODYSSEUS HAS MADE AN INCREDIBLY
INFLUENTIAL ENEMY AND AN ENEMY
THAT FRANKLY YOU DO NOT WANT TO
HAVE WHEN YOU'RE BOBBING AROUND
IN A BOAT ON THE MIDDLE OF THE
MEDITERRANEAN.
IT'S POSEIDON- THE GOD OF THE
SEA AND STORMS AND EARTHQUAKES.
AND EVER SINCE THE HERO BLINDED
HIS SON, THE GIANT CYCLOPS, HE
HAS MADE ODYSSEUS'S LIFE
COMPLETELY MISERABLE.
ODYSSEUS IS JUST 70 MILES FROM
HIS HOME ISLAND OF ITHACA WHEN
DISASTER STRIKES.
AS ODYSSEUS APPROACHES PHAEACIA
OR SCHERIA, WHICH WAS ALMOST
CERTAINLY THE NAME FOR THIS
ISLAND, CORFU, POSEIDON WHIPS UP
THE MOTHER OF ALL STORMS.
(DRAMATIC MUSIC PLAYING)
ODYSSEUS'S RAFT CAPSIZES AND THE
HERO IS HURLED INTO THE SEA.
TIME AND TIME AGAIN HE FIGHTS
FOR HIS LIFE AS THE CURRENTS
DRAG HIM UNDER AND PULL HIM
TOWARDS THESE JAGGED ROCKS.
IT'S A CLOSE CALL BUT AGAINST
THE ODDS, ODYSSEUS MANAGES TO
CHEAT DEATH ONE MORE TIME.
NAKED AND DRIPPING WET, HE
CLAMBERS UP ONTO THE BANKS AND
THEN INTO A FOREST WHERE HE
TAKES SHELTER AND HIDES FROM
POSEIDON.
EXHAUSTED, ODYSSEUS FALLS FAST
ASLEEP- BUT THERE'S A RUDE
AWAKENING.
HE HEARS GIRLS LAUGHING AND
QUICKLY COVERS HIMSELF WITH AN
OLIVE BRANCH.
LUCKILY, IT'S PRINCESS
NAUSICAA, THE DAUGHTER OF THE
KING OF THE ISLAND, WHO TAKES
HIM UNDER HER WING.
NOW, I'M NOT DRIPPING WET AND
I'M CERTAINLY NOT NAKED.
BUT I'M ABOUT TO GET MY OWN
ROYAL WELCOME HERE ON CORFU...

Approaching the shore, she waves at someone greeting her on the beach with olive branches.

She says KALIMERA!
FROM AN OLD FRIEND, COUNT
FLAMBURIARI.
(LAUGHING)

The count says WELL, WELCOME, WELCOME TO A
LAND OF BEAUTY.

Bettany says IT IS.

The count says AND PEACE.

The count is in his seventies, with short wavy white hair and wears pink trousers and a white shirt.

Bettany says A LAND OF BEAUTY AND PEACE, I
LOVE IT.
YOU'VE GOT AN-- AN OLIVE.

The count says THE ONLY ONE DESTROYING...
SPOILING THE PEACE IS THIS CAT
HERE.

Bettany says I LOVE THE CAT.
SO, THE COUNT'S...

The count says BUT I CAN'T HELP IT.

Bettany says --GREETING ME WITH A CAT AND
AN OLIVE BRANCH.
HELLO, BEAUTIFUL PUSS!
WHAT'S THE NAME OF THIS ONE?

The count says TARZAN.

Bettany says TARZAN THE CAT.
SPIRO, IS THIS OKAY IF I COME
DOWN?

The count says WELL, YOU CAN COME DOWN.
I'M NOT COMING UP.
(LAUGHING)

Bettany says OOH.
OH, SLIGHTLY...
SLIGHTLY DODGY.
"SAGA SAGA," SAYS THE CAPTAIN,
OKAY.
WHEW!

The count says NOW, WHOOP, EXCELLENT.
LET ME HELP YOU.

Bettany says OH.

The count says AH!
IT'S BEEN...

They hug as she gets off the boat.

Bettany says OH, OH!
I LOVE THE FACT YOU BROUGHT ME
AN OLIVE BRANCH.

The count says ABSOLUTELY, IT'S PEACE AND
LOVE.

Bettany says AND IF I WAS ODYSSEUS IT
WOULD BE COVERING MY MODESTY AS
WELL.
(LAUGHING)
I MET THE COUNT 15 YEARS AGO
WHEN I WAS RESEARCHING ONE OF
MY BOOKS.
HE'S FROM AN OLD VENETIAN
FAMILY WHO GOVERNED CORFU WHEN
IT WAS UNDER VENETIAN RULE
BETWEEN THE 14TH AND 18TH
CENTURIES.

The count says I WOULDN'T MIND...

Bettany says NOT A BAD...

The count says --JUMPING INTO THERE.

He points at a circular poop on top of a hill.

Bettany says I WOULDN'T MIND JUMPING AFTER
OUR HIKE FROM THE BEACH.
AND THERE'S MILLY.

The count says HELLO, DEAR.

Bettany says HELLO!

Milly says HOW LOVELY TO SEE YOU.

Bettany says HOW LOVELY TO SEE YOU.
HOW ARE YOU?

Milly says I'M VERY WELL, ALL THE BETTER
FOR SEEING YOU.

Bettany says QUITE RIGHT-- NOW THAT'S WHAT
I LIKE.

Milly is in her seventies, with shoulder length wavy red hair in a half do and wears a printed skirt and a window pane patterned white and blue sweater.

Bettany points at some statues in the yard and says THESE ARE NEW.

Milly says THEY'RE VENETIAN.

The count says THIS ONE IS A LADY.

Bettany says VENETIAN?
BUT ONLY 400 YEARS OLD.

Milly says ONLY 400.

Bettany says AND ARE THEY FROM-- ARE THEY
FROM YOUR FAMILY?
ARE THEY A FAMILY THING?

The count says YES, YES.
THEY WERE IN AN ESTATE WHICH IS
FURTHER AWAY FROM WHERE WE ARE
NOW.

Bettany says YES.

The count says AND WE RESCUED IT BECAUSE IT
FELL APART ONE OR THE OTHER, SO
WE THOUGHT OF PUTTING THEM IN A
PROMINENT POSITION.

Bettany says BEAUTIFUL, THEY'RE LOVELY.
WELL, VERY NICE.

The count says YEAH, YEAH.
(LAUGHING)
WELL, LET'S GET IN.

Bettany says OUT OF THE HEAT OF THE SUN.

The count says YES, GET OUT-- AWAY FROM THE
SUN.

Bettany says I KNOW.
SO, FLAMBURIARI, IT'S NOT A
GREEK NAME.

The count says WELL NO, BY ALL MEANS IT
ISN'T.
IT HAS BEEN A VENETIAN NAME FOR
THE LAST 400 YEARS.

Bettany says GOSH.

The count says FOR 400 YEARS THE VENETIANS
HAVE CREATED THE ARCHITECTURE,
THE MUSIC, THE POETRY.
AND EVEN TODAY, I MEAN, YOU
CAN-- IF YOU KNOW THE GREEK YOU
WILL SEE THAT IT'S NOT 100 PERCENT
GREEK.

Bettany says NO.

The count says IT'S VERY INFLUENCED FROM THE
VENETIAN.

Bettany says I HEAR THE DIALECT- IT'S
SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT.

The count says YES, IT IS.

Bettany says SO IT'S GOT VENETIAN.
AMAZING.
DURING WORLD WAR TWO, THE NAZIS
OCCUPIED CORFU, DESTROYING SOME
OF ITS VENETIAN HERITAGE.
I REMEMBER THIS.
SUCH A STORY, THIS.
SO, THIS WAS THE COUNT'S FAMILY
HOME IN CORFU TOWN, THIS
BEAUTIFUL HUGE MANSION, AND IT
WAS BOMBED IN 1943 DURING THE
SECOND WORLD WAR.
AND THIS LITTLE TABLE AND THIS
MIRROR ARE THE ONLY THINGS THAT
ARE FROM THE VENETIAN- THE ONLY
THINGS THAT SURVIVED.

The count says YEAH, YES, YES.
A VERY, VERY, VERY TOUCHING
STORY.

Bettany says IT IS A VERY TOUCHING STORY!

The count says AND THERE WE ARE.

Bettany says YEAH, THEY'RE
BEAUTIFUL.
WELL, AT LEAST THEY'RE SAFE NOW.
AREN'T THEY?

The count says YEAH, I HOPE SO.

(music plays)

Bettany says IN
THE ODYSSEY,
WHEN
ODYSSEUS IS RESCUED, HE'S GIVEN
A RIGHT ROYAL WELCOME TOO.
THERE'S AN ANCIENT SITE HERE
MANY CLAIMED IS THAT VERY SPOT.
DATING BACK TO THE 8TH CENTURY
BC, IT'S THE CITY OF
PALEOPOLIS.
NO ONE'S ACTUALLY YET DISCOVERED
THE ANCIENT PALACE OF THE KING
OF CORFU AND HIS ODYSSEUS
RESCUING PRINCESS DAUGHTER, BUT
LOTS OF PEOPLE HAVE WANTED IT TO
BE THIS PLACE AND THIS IS
ACTUALLY THE ANCIENT CITY OF THE
ISLAND AND IT DID FLOURISH
AROUND THE TIME THAT HOMER WAS
COMPOSING HIS BEAUTIFUL EPIC
POEM
THE ODYSSEY.
AND THERE ARE SIMILARITIES, SO
WE HEAR IN
THE ODYSSEY
THAT IT
WAS A CITY THAT HAD BIG MASONRY
BLOCKS ROOTED IN THE GROUND,
THAT IT WAS PROTECTED BY HIGH
WALLS AND THAT IT OVERLOOKED TWO
BEAUTIFUL DOUBLE HARBOURS.
I THINK THIS PLACE IS JUST SO
ROMANTIC, BUT IT'S ALSO REALLY
GENUINELY EXCITING BEING HERE
BECAUSE IF THIS IS THE PALACE OF
THE KING OF CORFU, THEN WE'RE
TOLD THAT THIS IS WHERE ODYSSEUS
FIRST SAT DOWN AND TOLD THE
TALES OF HIS ADVENTURES AND
TRAVELS IN A KIND OF RUSH OF
EMOTION.
SO, THIS IS THE FIRST PLACE THAT
THE ODYSSEY
WAS SHARED WITH THE
WORLD.
PALEOPOLIS DATES FROM A TIME
WHEN THE GREEKS WERE EXPANDING
THEIR TERRITORIES TO THE EAST
AND WEST.
THE SEAFARING ADVENTURES IN
THE
ODYSSEY
ARE A KIND OF STORYBOOK
VERSION OF THIS REAL HISTORY.
AND THERE'S ANOTHER CLUE RIGHT
HERE.
ONE OF THE THINGS I REALLY LOVE
ABOUT GREECE IS YOU FIND THESE
VERY SIGNIFICANT BITS OF
HISTORICAL EVIDENCE IN THE MOST
UNEXPECTED AND UNLIKELY PLACES.
AND THIS IS ONE OF THEM.

She walks around a circular tomb and says SO, THIS IS THE TOMB OF SOMEONE
CALLED MENACRATES.
NOW, MENACRATES WAS A KIND OF
DIPLOMAT.
SO, IT WAS HIS JOB TO MAKE SURE
THERE WERE GOOD RELATIONSHIPS
FROM ISLAND TO ISLAND AND
ACROSS TO THE MAINLAND.
AND HE WAS OBVIOUSLY VERY MUCH
LOVED BECAUSE HE'S BEEN GIVEN
THIS GORGEOUS MONUMENT BY THE
LOCAL PEOPLE.
BUT WHY IT'S PARTICULARLY
INTERESTING IS IT HAS SOME OF
THE VERY EARLIEST INSCRIPTIONS
ON ANY FUNERARY MONUMENT
ANYWHERE.
YOU CAN JUST SEE THEM HERE AND
THIS IS WRITING THAT WAS BEING
USED AT THE VERY TIME THAT
THE
ODYSSEY
WAS FIRST BEING WRITTEN
DOWN.
SO IT'S IN-- IT'S A BIT WRETCHED
AND IT'S IN CORINTHIAN BUT IT
SAYS "THIS IS THE TOMB OF MEH...
MENACRATES."
UM, SO IT'S A GORGEOUS THING
SET UP IN HIS HONOUR BUT WHAT IS
VERY SAD IS THAT WE LEARN FROM
THE INSCRIPTION THAT MENACRATES
ACTUALLY PERISHED AT SEA.
AS ONE OF THE CLOSEST GREEK
ISLANDS TO ITALY AND MAINLAND
EUROPE, THROUGHOUT HISTORY,
CORFU HAS ALWAYS HAD A
COSMOPOLITAN VIBE.
AFTER 400 YEARS OF VENETIAN
RULE AND NEARLY A DECADE UNDER
THE FRENCH, IN 1815 CORFU
BECAME A BRITISH PROTECTORATE,
LEAVING MONUMENTS ACROSS THE
ISLAND THAT PAY HOMAGE TO ITS
CLASSICAL HERITAGE.

The count says OFF WE GO, THERE WE
ARE.

Bettany says LOVELY, THANK YOU.
AND TODAY THE COUNT IS SHOWING
ME A ROYAL TREASURE WITH A
FRENCH NAME-- MON REPOS-- AND A
BRITISH STORY.

The count says WE ARE 50 YARDS AWAY FROM THE
ENTRANCE OF MON REPOS.

Bettany says PERFECT.
SO, THIS IS IT, IS IT?

The count says THIS IS THE PALACE.
THE MAIN ENTRANCE, QUITE WELL
MAINTAINED ANYWAY.

Bettany says YES!
AND THIS WAS A BRITISH PALACE?

The count says THE BRITISH BUILT IT, AND IT
WAS OCCUPIED BY THE HIGH
COMMISSIONERS AS THEIR HOME, AND
WHEN THE BRITISH LEFT IT WAS
LEFT TO THE GREEK KING AND THE
LAST INHABITANT WAS KING
CONSTANTINE.

Bettany says THE LAST KING OF GREECE,
YEAH.
WHEN YOU DRIVE IN HERE THERE'S
THIS PLAQUE TO PRINCE PHILIP.
SO, WHAT'S HIS CONNECTION
TO THIS PLACE?

The count says WELL, HE WAS BORN HERE.

Bettany says PHILIP WAS BORN HERE?

The count says YES, OF COURSE HE WAS BORN
HERE, BECAUSE HIS FATHER WAS
ONE, A GREEK PRINCE- PRINCE
ANDREIO, THE BROTHER OF THE
GREEK KING.
AND HE LEFT AT THE AGE OF ALMOST
TWO.
THERE WAS A LOT OF HOSTILITY
GOING BETWEEN HIS FATHER PRINCE
ANDREIO AND THE GREEK
GOVERNMENT.

Bettany says RIGHT, OKAY.

The count says AND IT WAS SAFER FOR HIM TO
LEAVE.

Bettany says DID HE?
GOSH, I DIDN'T KNOW THAT.

The count says WELL ACTUALLY, I THINK HE
WAS ESCAPED IN A BASKET.

Bettany says AW, IN A MOSES BASKET!

The count says YEAH, YEAH.

Bettany says WELL, I HAD NO IDEA THERE
WAS THAT ROYAL DRAMA.
(CHUCKLING)
SO, AFTER PHILIP LEFT CORFU,
WHERE DID HE SPEND THE REST OF
HIS CHILDHOOD?

The count says HE WAS BROUGHT UP IN GERMANY
AND IN BRITAIN.
HE WAS BROUGHT UP, ACTUALLY BY
LORD MOUNTBATTEN, YES.

Bettany says WHICH IS INTERESTING BECAUSE
LORD MOUNTBATTEN WAS VERY
INSTRUMENTAL IN HIM THEN ENDING
UP MARRYING THE QUEEN!

The count says ABSOLUTELY, YES.

Bettany says SO, IT'S INTERESTING, I THINK
PEOPLE FORGET HOW ACTUALLY
INTERLINKED GREECE AND BRITAIN
ARE.

The count says YEAH, THERE'S A LOT OF VERY
CLOSE CONNECTION.

Bettany says THAT'S WHAT'S SPECIAL ABOUT
CORFU.
SO, YOU HAVE THIS SORT OF
VENETIAN INFLUENCE, THIS BRITISH
FEEL, AND ALL SORTS OF PEOPLE
FOUND THIS A PLACE OF SANCTUARY.
IN THE ANCIENT WORLD THIS WAS
THOUGHT TO BE AN ISLAND OF
PALACES AND KIND OF ROYAL
HOSPITALITY AND YOU DO STILL GET
THAT SENSE.
YOU KNOW, WITH PLACES LIKE THIS
THERE IS THIS SORT OF REGAL
GRACIOUSNESS TO CORFU.
THERE'S A REALLY BEAUTIFUL LINE
IN
THE ODYSSEY
WHERE ODYSSEUS
DESCRIBES THIS PLACE AS BEING
LIKE A KIND OF PARADISE.

The count says WELL, IT IS A PARADISE.

Bettany says A PARADISE ISLAND.

The count says YEAH.

Bettany says AWW.

The count says AND THERE'S A VERY
INTERESTING ITALIAN, UH, SAYING.
THEY SAY, "CORFU E NON PIU."
I MEAN, ONCE YOU'VE SEEN CORFU,
YOU DON'T NEED ANYTHING ELSE.
SO, THERE YOU ARE.

Bettany says WELL, I'M FEELING THAT NOW.
AND THERE'S ONE 19TH CENTURY
BRITISH ARTIST AND POET WHO
WOULD CERTAINLY HAVE AGREED.

As she sits at a café, she gets waited on and says HI, YASSAS.

The waiter says YASSAS.

She says OH FANTASTIC, (UNCLEAR).
EFHARISTO, EFHARISTO.
EDWARD LEAR ABSOLUTELY LOVED
THIS ISLAND.
IT WAS A KIND OF SANCTUARY FOR
HIM AND HE ACTUALLY DESCRIBED IT
AS BEING PARADISE AND HE SAID
THAT IT WAS FULL OF BEAUTY AND A
VARIETY OF BEAUTY.
MORE HERE THAN ANY OTHER SPOTS
ON EARTH.
AND EVEN THOUGH HE REALLY HATED
SAILING, HE WAS VERY SCARED OF
STORMS AND SHIPWRECKS AND HE
OFTEN GOT SEASICK, HE WAS HERE
FOR CLOSE ON 20 YEARS EVERY
WINTER.
SO THERE'S NO DOUBT THAT THIS
ISLAND WAS VERY INSPIRATIONAL TO
HIM.
HE WAS THE MAN WHO POPULARIZED
THE LIMERICKS AND THIS IS A
LIMERICK THAT HE WROTE ABOUT
CORFU.
"THERE WAS AN OLD MAN OF CORFU
WHO NEVER KNEW WHAT HE SHOULD
DO.
SO HE RUSHED UP AND DOWN,
TILL THE SUN MADE HIM BROWN,
THAT BEWILDERED OLD MAN OF
CORFU."
PROBABLY THE MOST FAMOUS OF ALL
OF EDWARD LEAR'S WORKS IS
"THE OWL AND THE PUSSYCAT."
"THE OWL AND THE PUSSYCAT WENT
TO SEA IN A BEAUTIFUL PEA GREEN
BOAT.
THEY TOOK SOME HONEY AND PLENTY
OF MONEY WRAPPED UP IN A FIVE
POUND NOTE."
IT ISN'T JUST WRITERS WHO FOUND
A HOME ON CORFU.
BRITISH TROOPS WERE GARRISONED
HERE IN THE EARLY 19TH CENTURY.
ONE OF THEIR LEGACIES- CRICKET.
(MEN SHOUTING PLAYING CRICKET)
SO THIS IS SOMETHING YOU JUST
COULD NOT MAKE UP HERE IN CORFU.
SO, THERE'S THIS VERY LONG, VERY
PASSIONATE TRADITION OF CRICKET.
BUT PLAYING JUST BY CHANCE THIS
WEEKEND-- I GOT A TIP OFF-- IS
BRITISH LITERARY ROYALTY.
SO THE AUTHORS' ELEVEN, A VERY
SERIOUS CRICKET TEAM, ARE COMING
AND PLAYING HERE IN CORFU.
TODAY THEY'RE TAKING ON A TEAM
OF CORFIOT CRICKETERS.
(CHEERING)
MATCH ORGANIZERS, ANNABELLE AND
NIKOS LOUVROS, GIVE ME THE
LOWDOWN.

Nikos is in his fifties, with short wavy gray hair and a goatee. He wears glasses striped polo shirt.

Anabelle is in her fifties, with long graying hair in an updo and wears glasses and a printed dress.

Bettany says SO, WHO HAVE WE GOT?
SO WHO HAVE WE GOT PLAYING?
IS THAT-- IS THAT SEBASTIAN
FAULKS?

Nikos says YES.
(BETTANY CHUCKLING)

Bettany says AND HE'S OUT.

Annabel says JOHN HORTON, FROM
THE NIGHT
WATCHMEN.

Bettany says RIGHT.

Annabel says TOM HOLLAND WAS HERE
YESTERDAY BUT HAD TO LEAVE THIS
MORNING.

Bettany says OF COURSE!
FAMOUS HISTORIAN.

Annabel says NICHOLAS HOGG, ANTHONY
MCGOWAN.
(MEN SHOUTING)

Bettany says SO, WHO DO YOU THINK IS GOING
TO WIN TODAY?
IS IT GONNA BE THE CORFIATES
OR THE VISITORS?

Nikos says I BELIEVE THE
CORFIATES, YES.

Annabel says I THINK YOU'RE RIGHT.

Nikos says YES, I THINK SO.

Bettany says I'M JUST ABOUT TO BE
INCREDIBLY RUDE ABOUT SOME OF MY
FRIENDS, BUT THEY ARE NOT
ENTIRELY ATHLETES, ARE THEY?

Nikos says NO.

Annabel says OH!
TOM HOLLAND WOULD-- WOULD BE
DEVASTATED.
HE'S KNOWN AS THE ELITE
SPORTSMAN OF CORFU.
(LAUGHING)

Bettany says THERE'S A BIT OF SORT OF DESK
BOD HAPPENING.
BUT YOU KNOW, GOOD FOR THEM.
IT'S THE, UH, SPIRIT THAT
COUNTS OF COURSE.
(CHEERING)
THE BRITS HAVE FINISHED
BATTING, SETTING A TARGET OF
158.
YOUR BOYS ARE REALLY GOOD.
THERE'S A GOOD GREEK, ANCIENT
GREEK WORD, ISN'T THERE?
WHICH IS "AGON," WHICH IS A SORT
OF STRUGGLE OR COMPETITION.

Nikos says YES, A STRUGGLE EXACTLY.

Bettany says AND IT GIVES US OUR WORD
"AGONY."
THE ECSTASY AND AGONY OF A
CRICKET GAME, IT'S FANTASTIC.
(CHEERING)
I'M ACTUALLY GETTING QUITE TENSE
WATCHING IT.
BUT I REALLY, REALLY LOVE IT,
BECAUSE IN
THE ODYSSEY,
WE HEAR
THESE REFERENCES OF AT LEAST
THREE DIFFERENT KINDS OF BALL
GAMES.
SO, ONES THAT LITTLE KIDS PLAYED
WITH THE PALMS OF THEIR HANDS.
THERE WAS ANOTHER THING CALLED...
ALMOST LIKE THE HEAVEN BALL OR
THE SKY BALL WHERE THEY HAD TO
THROW THE BALL UP AS HIGH AS
POSSIBLE AND PEOPLE WOULD JUMP
UP AND TRY AND GET IT FIRST.
THEN, OF COURSE, PRINCESS
NAUSICAA PLAYING BASICALLY BEACH
VOLLEYBALL WITH HER PRINCESSEY
FRIENDS AND SINGING AT THE SAME
TIME.
SO I DO LIKE THE FACT THAT ANY
WOMAN WHO'S PLAYING A BALL GAME
IS ALSO MULTI-TASKING.

A player says OH!

Another one says OOH.

Annabel cheers.

Bettany says THE AGONY IS OVER.
THE CORFU TEAM HAVE WELL AND
TRULY THRASHED THE WRITERS.

A player says WELL DONE.

Bettany says TIME TO COMMISERATE WITH
BIRDSONG
AUTHOR SEBASTIAN
FAULKS, WHO SOLDIERED ON
DESPITE INJURING HIS THUMB.

Sebastian is in his sixties, with short wavy gray hair and a beard. He wears glasses, a hat, and a uniform.

Bettany says SORRY TO KIND OF RUB THIS IN,
BUT THAT IS ACTUALLY HELD
TOGETHER WITH SELLOTAPE AND
COTTON WOOL.

Sebastian says MY THUMB IS HELD TOGETHER BY
SELLOTAPE.
IT'S GOING TO BE VERY DIFFICULT
TO TYPE BECAUSE THIS IS WHAT YOU
HIT THE SPACE BAR WITH.
SO MY NEW BOOK IS GOING TO
BE JUST ONE LONG WORD.

Bettany says WELL, A WORLD SCOOP.
YOU HEARD IT HERE.

Sebastian says AS LONG AS I CHOSE THE RIGHT
WORD.

Bettany says BUT THAT'S VERY ANCIENT GREEK
ACTUALLY, NOT TO HAVE ANY SPACES
IN BETWEEN THE SENTENCES, SO
YOU'RE OBVIOUSLY IMBIBING THE
SPIRIT OF ANCIENT LITERATURE.

Sebastian says YES WELL, YES.

Bettany says GOOD, GOOD.
OKAY, THERE WE ARE.
THE BRITS HAVE TAKEN IT ON THE
CHIN.
INCLUDING AN OLD PAL-
BEST-SELLING AUTHOR OF
THE SILK
ROADS,
PETER FRANKOPAN.

Peter says YEAH.

Peter is in his late forties, whit short wavy brown hair and wears a uniform.

Bettany says I MEAN, THIS IS JUST THE MOST
BRILLIANT THING AND I CAN'T
BELIEVE I'VE STUMBLED ON IT AND
HOW COOL!
BUT ACTUALLY IT IS INTERESTING,
ISN'T IT, THAT PEOPLE STILL WANT
TO GET TOGETHER FROM DIFFERENT
CULTURES, FROM DIFFERENT
COUNTRIES, AND EXCHANGE NOT JUST
SPORTING PROWESS, BUT IDEAS AND
AND WORDS.

Peter says YES.

Bettany says AND THAT'S SOMETHING THAT WE
KNOW HAS BEEN GOING ON FOR
THOUSANDS OF YEARS.

Peter says THERE'S SOMETHING VERY
EXCITING ABOUT HOW STORIES
TRAVEL.
IT'S NEVER ONE PERSON WHO BRINGS
THEM THOUSANDS OF MILES.
IT'S LIKE WHAT WE USED TO CALL
CHINESE WHISPERS- YOU KNOW, IT'S
SORT OF STORIES THAT GROW AND
THEY GET ADDED TO, AND YET THEY
HAVE UNIVERSAL KIND OF TRUTHS.

Bettany says IT'S A KIND OF A BIG SHARED
GLOBAL MEMORY, ISN'T IT?

Peter says AND IT'S ALWAYS ABOUT TRAVEL.
YOU KNOW, THE MORE THAT PEOPLE
EXCHANGE IDEAS, THE MORE
OPEN-MINDED THEY HAVE TO BE,
BECAUSE YOU'RE CHALLENGED ALL
THE TIME.
SO, WE'RE DOING OUR LITTLE BIT
FOR HUMANITY.
HOW ABOUT THAT?
THAT'S THE SILVER LINING FOR
HAVING BEEN THUMPED AT A CRICKET
MATCH.

Bettany says EXACTLY, SAFE JOURNEY HOME.

Peter says RIGHT.

Bettany says BYE.

Peter says LOVELY TO SEE YOU.

(music plays)

Bettany says ODYSSEUS DESCRIBED THIS
ISLAND AS PARADISE ON EARTH,
WITH LUSH GARDENS AND SUMPTUOUS
PALACES.
AND THERE'S ONE STILL HERE I
WANT TO SHOW YOU, BUILT IN
HONOUR OF ONE OF ODYSSEUS'S
COMRADES IN ARMS.
UP HERE THERE'S SOMETHING A
LITTLE BIT UNEXPECTED.
IT'S A MONUMENT TO THE HERO
ACHILLES.
IN FACT, IT'S A WHOLE PALACE
DEDICATED TO ACHILLES, BUT IT
DOESN'T DATE FROM THE ANCIENT
WORLD, BUT FROM JUST OVER 100
YEARS AGO.
THE ACHILLEION.
BUILT IN THE LATE 19TH CENTURY
FOR EMPRESS ELISABETH OF
AUSTRIA OR "SISI," AS A REFUGE
AFTER THE TRAGIC DEATH OF HER
ONLY SON, THE 30-YEAR-OLD CROWN
PRINCE RUDOLPH.
SISI WAS SO TAKEN WITH THE
MYTHS, THE ACHILLEION COPIED
THE ANCIENT VILLAS OF POMPEII
AND WAS NAMED AFTER ACHILLES-
A HERO CUT DOWN IN HIS PRIME,
JUST LIKE HER OWN SON.

She walks along the porch on the checkered-floor courtyard and says SHE EVEN INSTALLED THIS MASSIVE
STATUE OF THE DYING ACHILLES.
HERE IT'S NOT JUST THE ULTIMATE
WARRIOR ACHILLES WHO'S BEING
CELEBRATED.
IT'S THE VULNERABLE, TRAGIC
HERO.
AND THAT IS WHY THE GREEK MYTHS
MATTER, BECAUSE THEY CAN MEAN
DIFFERENT THINGS TO DIFFERENT
PEOPLE.
THEY CAN PROVIDE BOTH COMFORT
AND INSPIRATION THOUSANDS OF
YEARS AFTER THEY WERE FIRST
DREAMT UP.
ACHILLES OFTEN BEARS HIS
TRADEMARK SHIELD.
IN MYTH, THIS WAS THE SHIELD OF
A SUPERHERO FORGED BY A GOD.
ACHILLES IS MADE A MAGNIFICENT
NEW SHIELD BY THE LAME
BLACKSMITH GOD HEPHAESTUS.

She walks in a blacksmith shop and says YASSAS, YASSAS.

The blacksmith says YASSAS.

Bettany says BUT THIS ISN'T ANY OLD
SHIELD.
IT'S DECORATED WITH THE STORY OF
CIVILIZATION.
SO, THERE ARE TERRIBLE SCENES OF
BRUTALITY AND BATTLE AND
DISCORD, BUT ALSO OF THE BEAUTY
OF PEACE.
UM, SO THERE ARE CITIES
THRONGING WITH PEOPLE, AND
WEDDINGS AND VINE HARVESTS AND
THE SUN AND THE MOON ARE SHINING
AT THE SAME TIME.
AND OVER ALL OF THIS IS WATCHING
OCEANUS, THE INCARNATION OF THE
OCEANS.
YOU GET THE SENSE THAT THE
SHIELD OF ACHILLES- IT'S A KIND
OF CODE.
IT'S A CODE FOR EVERYTHING THAT
MATTERED TO THE GREEKS.
AND IN FACT, EVERYTHING THAT
MATTERED TO THE WORLD AT THE
TIME.
LIKE MANY OF HOMER'S STORIES,
ACHILLES' SHIELD WASN'T JUST A
WEAPON, BUT A GUIDE TO HOW
HUMANS SHOULD LIVE.
AND THE STORY ALSO GIVES US A
FABULOUS CLUE TO THE REALITY OF
LIFE IN ANCIENT GREECE.
WE KNOW THAT ANCIENT BLACKSMITHS
OFTEN USED TO USE ARSENIC TO ADD
TO COPPER TO GET RID OF THE
IMPURITIES, SO AS YOU CAN
IMAGINE, THAT MEANT THEY WERE
JUST POISONING THEMSELVES.
AND ONE OF THE SIDE EFFECTS OF
THAT IS THAT OFTEN THEY WOULD GO
LAME.
SO, SURELY THAT IS THE REASON
THAT HEPHAESTUS THE BLACKSMITH
GOD WAS ALSO SAID TO BE A LAME
GOD.
DESPITE ACHILLES' WONDROUS
SHIELD BEING MADE BY A GOD, IT
CAN'T SAVE HIM.
HE'S MORTALLY WOUNDED IN HIS
SECRET WEAK SPOT, LITERALLY HIS
ACHILLES' HEEL, BY THE TROJAN
PRINCE PARIS.
AND WHEN ACHILLES IS FINALLY
KILLED IN BATTLE, GUESS WHO
INHERITS HIS SHIELD.
IT'S ODYSSEUS.
IT'S HOMER TELLING US THAT
ODYSSEUS'S STORY IS THE STORY
OF EVERYTHING THAT MATTERS,
IN ALL OUR LIVES.

She greats a boat owner at the pier and says HI, HI KALIMERA.
MORNING, YASSAS.
IS IT OKAY TO COME ON?

The man says YEAH, COME ON.

Bettany says GREAT.

(music plays)

On the boat ride, Bettany says HE'S USED WISDOM AND CUNNING TO
GET THIS FAR.
CORFU IS A SANCTUARY FOR THE
CASTAWAY.
A PARADISE HARD TO LEAVE.
IN THE STORY, ALTHOUGH ODYSSEUS
IS REALLY ATTRACTED TO THE
BEAUTIFUL PRINCESS NAUSICAA, HIS
HEART LONGS FOR HIS WIFE
PENELOPE BACK AT HOME ON ITHACA.
SO, IN AN ACT OF INCREDIBLE
GENEROSITY REALLY, NAUSICAA'S
FATHER OFFERS ODYSSEUS A
FLOTILLA OF HIS SPECIAL MAGICAL
SHIPS AND TELLS HIM TO LEAVE THE
ISLAND AND HEAD FOR HOME.
BUT HIS OLD ENEMY POSEIDON
HASN'T FINISHED YET.
ON THE WARPATH, HE TURNS ONE OF
ODYSSEUS'S SQUADRON INTO A
GIANT STONE.
AND ISLANDERS HERE TODAY STILL
ARGUE AS TO WHICH OF THESE
ISLANDS IS THAT BOAT IN ROCK
FORM.
ODYSSEUS ESCAPES POSEIDON'S
CLUTCHES BY SAILING THROUGH A
DARK, MISTY SEA.
WILL HE FINALLY MAKE IT HOME?

AT LAST I'VE ARRIVED.
THIS IS ITHACA.
I'VE TRAVELLED NEARLY 2,000
MILES FROM EAST TO WEST IN ALL
KINDS OF BOATS.
I'VE ALMOST BEEN SHIPWRECKED
MYSELF!
BUT NOW I'VE MADE IT.

A man helps her off the boat and she says THANK YOU SO MUCH!

The man says THANK YOU.

Bettany says EFHARISTO, EFHARISTO, BYE,
BYE.
WHAT A TOTALLY STUNNING ISLAND!
I'VE NEVER BEEN HERE BEFORE.
NOW I CAN ABSOLUTELY UNDERSTAND
WHY ODYSSEUS WAS DETERMINED TO
MAKE IT HOME.
ITHACA WAS DESCRIBED IN
THE
ODYSSEY
AS "GOAT NOT STALLION
LAND."
A MODEST PLACE, BUT FOR OUR
HERO, THERE'S NO PLACE LIKE
HOME.
SO, AT LAST ODYSSEUS IS BACK AND
HE FALLS TO THE GROUND AND
KISSES THE EARTH BECAUSE HE IS
HOME AND HOME IS WHERE LOVE IS!
BUT HIS ADVENTURES AREN'T OVER.
REMEMBER, HE'S BEEN GONE A
WHOPPING 20 YEARS.
WITH NO IDEA WHAT HE'LL FIND AT
HOME OR IF HIS WIFE PENELOPE IS
STILL WAITING FOR HIM, ODYSSEUS
GOES UNDERCOVER.
ONLY THE DOG ARGOS, HIS
FAITHFUL PET, RECOGNIZES HIM.

She meets a cat on the street and says HELLO, HELLO, YOU!
AND ODYSSEUS WAS RIGHT TO BE
WARY.
AT HOME, ALL IS NOT WELL.
THIS SHOULD HAVE BEEN A PERFECT,
DREAMY RETURN FOR ODYSSEUS,
BUT INSTEAD IT WAS CHAOS.
THERE WAS A NIGHTMARE SCENARIO.
IN ODYSSEUS'S PALACE THERE WERE
OVER 100 YOUNG MEN.
LOCALS FROM ITHACA AND FROM
OTHER ISLANDS EATING HIS FOOD,
DRINKING HIS WINE, SLEEPING WITH
HIS SERVANTS, AND CLOSING IN ON
HIS WIFE PENELOPE.
FIGHTING OVER HER- AND FOR
ODYSSEUS'S KINGDOM.
IT'S A TERRIBLE ABUSE OF THE
GREEK CODE OF HOSPITALITY,
XENIA.
BUT WILY ODYSSEUS SNEAKS INTO
HIS OWN PALACE DISGUISED AS A
BEGGAR, WAITING TO CLAIM
REVENGE- SOME SAID RIGHT HERE.

At the ruins, she says FOR YEARS, THIS PLACE WAS
DESCRIBED AS ODYSSEUS'S PALACE.
THERE ISN'T ANY REAL HARD
EVIDENCE THAT HE LIVED HERE, BUT
WHAT WE KNOW FOR CERTAIN IS THAT
AS WELL AS TELLING STORIES ABOUT
HIM HERE ON ITHACA, THEY ALSO
WORSHIPPED ODYSSEUS AS A HERO.
I WANT TO SHOW YOU A
2,000-YEAR-OLD CLUE THAT
REVEALS ODYSSEUS'S CELEBRITY
STATUS.
THERE'S A REAL LITTLE TREASURE
FROM THE ISLAND IN HERE.
I'M VERY, VERY LUCKY TO HAVE
BEEN ALLOWED TO HOLD IT.
SO, WHAT YOU HAVE IN THIS CASE
ARE ALL GIFTS THAT HAVE BEEN
LEFT TO THE GODS, BASICALLY
ASKING THEM FOR GOOD LUCK.
AND THIS LITTLE THING IS VERY
SPECIAL.
SO, IT'S A FRAGMENT OF A
TERRACOTTA MASK THAT WAS USED IN
THEATRES, AND ON IT IS WRITTEN
"MY PRAYER TO ODYSSEUS."
SO, THIS TELLS US THAT 1,000
YEARS OR SO AFTER THE MOST
LIKELY TIME OF THE TROJAN WAR,
SOMEBODY HERE SO BELIEVED IN
THE POWER OF ODYSSEUS-- THEY
THOUGHT OF HIM AS A KIND OF
SUPERHERO-- THAT THEY THOUGHT
EVEN THEN HE WOULD BRING THEM
GOOD LUCK.
I WONDER WHAT THEY WANTED HIM
TO BRING THEM LUCK WITH.
IT'S INCREDIBLE, ISN'T IT?
BUT SOON I'LL NEED MY OWN GOOD
LUCK CHARM.
AN UNEXPECTED DANGER IS ABOUT
TO BE THROWN IN MY PATH.
(WHISPERING)

In her room, she whispers and says I CAN'T QUITE BELIEVE THAT JUST
HAPPENED.
IT'S 4:30 IN THE MORNING...UH,
AND WE'VE JUST HAD AN
EARTHQUAKE.
SO, I WOKE UP AND MY BED MOVED
AND, UH, ALL THE FITTINGS IN
THE ROOM WERE CREAKING,
AND YOU COULD ACTUALLY FEEL THE
WALLS SHAKE.
THAT'S ACTUALLY MADE MY HEART...
IT'S BEATING A BIT FAST.
BECAUSE IT'S TIED IN COMPLETELY
TO THE ODYSSEUS STORY!
SO, HE GETS BACK TO ITHACA
AND, UM, IN THE STORY HE
ACTUALLY ARRIVES AT NIGHT SO
THAT HE ESCAPES THE WRATH OF
POSEIDON AND POSEIDON WAS THE
GOD OF EARTHQUAKES.
'CAUSE HE STILL THINKS HE'S
GONNA BE CHASING HIM DOWN,
EVEN HERE IN HIS HOMETOWN.
MY GOD, I HOPE THAT'S NOT A
BAD OMEN.
ANYWAY, I'M SURE IT'S NOT.
UM, SO THERE WE ARE.
SO, POSEIDON IS STILL DOING HIS
WORK HERE.
WAITING FOR THE EARTH TO MOVE
AGAIN, IT'S A SLEEPLESS NIGHT.
NEXT MORNING, THE ISLANDERS
WARN ME TO WATCH OUT FOR
AFTERSHOCKS.

(music plays)

Bettany says IT TURNS OUT THAT EARTHQUAKE
WAS 4.9 ON THE RICHTER SCALE,
WHICH ISN'T HUGE BUT IT'S NOT
INSIGNIFICANT EITHER.
I TELL YOU, MY GOD, YOU COULD
FEEL THE POWER OF THE EARTH.
WHEN IT HAPPENED THERE WAS
THIS ABSOLUTE PUNCH.
LUCKILY THERE WERE NO DEATHS,
THIS TIME.
ITHACA'S ALWAYS BEEN ROCKED BY
EARTHQUAKES AND YOU CAN SEE THE
IMPACT RIGHT ACROSS THE ISLAND.
IN AUGUST 1953 A MONSTROUS
EARTHQUAKE DEVASTATED THIS
REGION, REACHING 7.2 ON THE
RICHTER SCALE, DESTROYING MOST
OF THE BUILDINGS, AND KILLING
NEARLY 500 PEOPLE.
ODYSSEUS ALSO FACED MORTAL
DANGER.
HE'S FINALLY RETURNED HOME
TO FIND RIVALS ARE CIRCLING
HIS PALACE AND HIS WIFE.
THINGS HAVE REACHED A CRISIS
POINT.
AFTER CLOSE ON 20 YEARS,
PENELOPE IS JUST WORN DOWN AND
SHE ANNOUNCES THAT SHE'S GOING
TO LAUNCH A CONTEST.
WHICHEVER OF THE SUITORS CAN
STRING ODYSSEUS'S BOW AND SHOOT
IT THROUGH A TARGET, SHE WILL
MARRY.
ODYSSEUS IS RENOWNED FOR HIS
SKILL WITH A BOW AND ARROW.
THIS IS HIS MOMENT.
IT'S A TEST OF STRENGTH AND
NERVE.
TWO OF GREECE'S FINEST ARCHERS
HAVE AGREED TO SHOW ME WHAT IT
TAKES TO MASTER A LETHAL
WEAPON- ANCIENT AND MODERN.
HI, I'M BETTANY.

Theodore says WELCOME.
NICE TO MEET YOU, WELCOME.

Bettany says YOU'RE THEODORE?

Theodore says I'M THEODORE, YES.

Bettany says THEODORE, HI, HI.

Christos says NICE TO MEET YOU.

Theodore is in his late thirties, with short brown hair and a beard. He wears dark gray trousers and a lighter gray hooded sweatshirt.

Bettany says CHRISTOS, BETTANY.

Christos is in his mid-thirties, with very short brown hair and a beard. He wears black trousers and a white T-shirt.

Bettany says SO, THEODORE WORKS WITH WEAPONS
AND ARCHERY FROM PREVIOUS TIMES,
FROM CENTURIES AGO, AND CHRISTOS
HAS GOT THE ABSOLUTE HYPER
MODERN BOW.
SO, I'M REALLY DELIGHTED TO SEE
THAT YOU'VE GOT THIS COMPOSITE
BOW BECAUSE WE HEAR IN
THE
ODYSSEY
THAT ODYSSEUS HAS A BOW
MADE WITH HORN AND SINEW.

Theodore says YES, THIS BOW IS MADE EXACTLY
THE WAY 2,000 YEARS AGO IT WOULD
BE MADE.

Bettany says IT'S A BEAUTIFUL, BEAUTIFUL
THING.
WHAT ADVANTAGES HAS CHRISTOS GOT
OVER YOU, THOUGH, WITH HIS
MODERN?
'CAUSE YOU'VE GOT A SIGHT?

Christos says I HAVE A SIGHT.
I HAVE A SCOPE.
SCOPE LENS, WHICH HAS ZOOM.
THIS IS STABILIZER FROM THE
STABILISATION OF THE BOW.

Bettany says UH-HUH.

Christos says AND I HAVE DEFINITELY MORE
SPEED.
(LAUGHING)

Bettany says LET'S SEE.
SO THIS IS OBVIOUSLY-- THEY'RE
SERIOUS BITS OF KIT, THIS.
DO YOU KNOW HOW FAST THE ARROWS
GO?

Christos says UH, I THINK IT GOES AS FAST
AS A BULLET.
(STAMMERING)
ABOUT THE SAME, YES.

Bettany says WOW.

Theodore says THIS IS MUCH SLOWER, BUT
STILL A GOOD BOW.

Bettany says YEAH, YEAH.
AND THAT'S, YOU KNOW, AT THE
TIME OF ODYSSEUS YOU HEAR OF
6,000 ARROW HEADS AT A TIME
BEING SHIPPED OUT, SO THEY'RE
OBVIOUSLY-- THEY'RE BEING USED
AS KILLING MACHINES.

Christos says YES, LETHAL,
TOTALLY.

Bettany says ARE YOU UP FOR THIS, GUYS?
TO SEE IF-- WHO CAN HIT THE
TARGET FASTEST?

Theodore says DEFINITELY- I'M FASTER!

Bettany says ARE YOU?
(CHUCKLING)
GAME ON!
I'LL STAND A BIT BACK, SHALL I?

Theodore says OKAY.

Bettany says OKAY, ALL RIGHT, THANK YOU.

Christos says BETTER FOR YOU.

Bettany says BETTER.
I THINK IT'S BETTER AS WELL.
THE TARGET THIS TIME IS A
TERRACOTTA POT.
WHOEVER SMASHES THROUGH WINS.
WILL THE SPEED AND FIREPOWER OF
THE ANCIENT BOW BEAT THE KILLER
PRECISION OF THE MODERN ONE?
ONE'S GONE STRAIGHT IN LIKE A
BULLET.

The archers start shooting.

Bettany says WOW, LOOK AT THAT.
SO THIS IS, UM, THIS IS WHERE
THEODORE'S HAVE BEEN HITTING.
PRETTY MUCH DEAD ON CENTRE, I
HAVE TO SAY, BUT THEY HAVEN'T
SMASHED THE POT.
BUT COME AND LOOK AT THIS!
CHRISTOS IS, UM-- TWO OF HIS
ARROWS HAVE GONE RIGHT THE WAY
THROUGH AND INTO THE TRUNK OF
THE OLIVE TREE.
THAT-- THAT IS SERIOUS
FIREPOWER.
SO, THAT'S AMAZING!
CHRISTOS, YOU WERE DEFINITELY...
THE ARROW WENT STRAIGHT IN.
SO, THE SIGHT, THE KIND OF LINE
IS BETTER.
THEODORE IS 100 percent FASTER.
SO, YOU KNOW.

Theodore says THANK YOU.

Bettany says PLEASURE.

Theodore says THAT'S A FACT.

Bettany says IT IS A FACT.

Theodore says A LOT OF TIME.

Bettany says YEAH!
SO, THE GUYS GOT AWAY BY THE
TIME YOU'VE DONE THAT, SO IF YOU
WERE DOING IT IN LIKE A BATTLE.

Theodore says YES, OF COURSE.

Christos says BUT THEY CAN HIT HIM FROM FAR
AWAY, FROM FAR AWAY.

Bettany says OKAY. (UNCLEAR).
WHEN YOU DO THINGS LIKE THIS, DO
YOU RELATE TO THE HEROES OF THE
PAST?
I MEAN, DO YOU EVER THINK ABOUT
ODYSSEUS AND ACHILLES AND
AGAMEMNON?

Theodore says LOOK, THIS IS TRADITION.
MEANING THAT WE HAVE IT IN US.
YOUR GENES, YOU KNOW, TAKE YOU
BACK THERE.
FOR ME IT'S LIKE I TRAVEL TO
THE PAST.

Bettany says REALLY?

Theodore and Christos say YES.

Theodore says DEFINITELY.
IT'S 100 percent INSTINCTIVE.
FOR ME, IT IS COMING IN CONTACT
WITH MY INNER SELF.
SO, WITH EACH ARROW I SHOOT, I
COME CLOSER TO MY DEEPER SOUL.

Bettany says WHAT A BEAUTIFUL THING TO
SAY!

Theodore says WELL, THAT'S HOW IT
WORKS FOR ME.

Bettany says YOU'RE BOTH HEROIC...

Theodore says OH, THANK YOU.

Christos says THANK YOU.

Bettany says --BUT IN SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT
WAYS.

They both say YES.

Bettany says YOU NEED MANY KINDS OF
HEROES!

Theodore says WE'RE BOTH WINNERS IN A...

Christos says YES, CONGRATULATIONS.

Theodore says CONGRATULATIONS, THANK YOU.

Bettany says YOU'RE VERY COOL.
IN PENELOPE'S CONTEST IN
THE
ODYSSEY,
THE SUITORS LINE UP TO
SHOOT AN ARROW FROM ODYSSEUS'S
BOW.
ONE BY ONE, THEY FAIL.
IN SECRET, ODYSSEUS STRINGS HIS
OWN BOW.
HE TAKES AN AIM, AND SHOOTS THE
ARROW THROUGH THE TARGET.
AND NOW, REVENGE.
THEN ODYSSEUS REVEALS HIS TRUE
IDENTITY AND WHAT FOLLOWS IS A
BLOODBATH.
IT'S LIKE THE SCENE FROM ANY
MODERN-DAY ACTION MOVIE.
THE HERO AND HIS SON SLAUGHTER
THE SUITORS ONE BY ONE.
IT IS A FRENZY OF KILLING.
BY THE END, ODYSSEUS IS RED UP
TO HIS SHOULDERS WITH THEIR
BLOOD, AND HIS UNWANTED GUESTS
ARE GASPING THEIR LAST BREATH
LIKE FISH PLUCKED FROM THE SEA.
BUT PENELOPE NEEDS CONVINCING
THIS REALLY IS HER HUSBAND.
HE'S BEEN GONE FOR 20 YEARS,
AFTER ALL.
SO SHE SETS ONE FINAL
CHALLENGE.
TO TEST ODYSSEUS, PENELOPE, HIS
WIFE, TELLS HIM THAT SHE'S MOVED
THEIR MARRIAGE BED, KNOWING THAT
THIS SHOULD ENRAGE HIM, BECAUSE
ODYSSEUS ACTUALLY MADE THEIR
BED OUT OF A BEAUTIFUL OLIVE
TREE THAT WAS STILL GROWING AND
GREW UP INSIDE THEIR PALACE.
IT'S A REALLY BEAUTIFUL STORY,
BECAUSE IT TALKS ABOUT THE
PERMANENCE OF THEIR ENDURING
RELATIONSHIP.
BUT IT ALSO REMINDS US OF
SOMETHING ELSE, BECAUSE OLIVE
TREES HERE IN GREECE CAN BE
THOUSANDS OF YEARS OLD.
SO IT'S TELLING US THAT ALL OF
OUR LIVES ARE ROOTED IN THE
DEEP HISTORY OF THE PAST.
ODYSSEUS, OUTWITTED BY HIS
WIFE, IS FURIOUS SHE'S MOVED
THEIR BELOVED MARITAL BED,
MUCH TO PENELOPE'S RELIEF AND
DELIGHT.
BECAUSE IT'S ONLY THEN THAT SHE
KNOWS HER PRAYERS HAVE BEEN
ANSWERED AND HER HUSBAND
REALLY IS HOME.
AFTER CLOSE ON 20 YEARS, THE TWO
ARE REUNITED AND IT IS THE MOST
TIMELESSLY TOUCHING SCENE.
PENELOPE'S HEART MELTS, SHE
BURSTS INTO TEARS, RUSHES TO HER
HUSBAND, FLINGS HER ARMS ROUND
HIS NECK, AND KISSES HIS HEAD
LIKE A SHIPWRECKED SAILOR WHO AT
LAST REACHES DRY LAND.
AND ODYSSEUS WEEPS AND EMBRACES
HIS TRUE DEAR WIFE.
THE WONDERFUL THING ABOUT MYTHS
IS THEY'RE NOT JUST RIP-ROARING
STORIES.
UM, THEY TALK ABOUT THE TRIALS
AND TRIBULATIONS AND TRAUMAS
AND TEMPTATIONS THAT WE HAVE TO
DEAL WITH IN LIFE.
AND BASICALLY, THEY HELP US WORK
OUT HOW TO DEAL WITH EVERYTHING
THAT THE WORLD HAS TO THROW AT
US.
AND THAT'S WHY CHARACTERS LIKE
ODYSSEUS REALLY MATTER, BECAUSE
HE PROVES THAT YOU DON'T HAVE TO
BE A SUPERHERO TO WIN OUT IN THE
WORLD.
SO, THEY'RE FABULOUS STORIES TO
THINK ABOUT AND ALSO TO USE TO
THINK WITH.
BUT THERE'S ANOTHER VERSION OF
THE STORY.
AFTER A LITTLE BIT OF TIME AT
HOME, ODYSSEUS GETS ITCHY FEET
AGAIN AND DECIDES HE HAS TO HEAD
BACK OUT ON THE SEAS FOR MORE
ADVENTURES.

As she gets on a boat, she says KALIMERA.
(SPEAKING GREEK)

She says LIFE IS A NEVER-ENDING ODYSSEY.
A SEARCH FOR ADVENTURE, FOR NEW
EXPERIENCES, AND FOR MEANING.
I KNEW THIS WAS GONNA BE AN
INCREDIBLE JOURNEY, BUT I HAD NO
IDEA I WAS GOING TO HAVE SUCH
EPIC ADVENTURES.
I'VE WALKED INSIDE VOLCANOES,
I'VE BEEN CAUGHT IN STORMS.
I'VE SEEN GOLD FROM THE AGE OF
HEROES COME OUT OF THE EARTH.
AND I COULDN'T HAVE DONE ANY OF
THIS WITHOUT THE HELP OF PEOPLE
AROUND ME.
YAMAS.
(PEOPLE SPEAKING GREEK)

At a dinner party, she toasts with the locals and says YAMAS, EVERYBODY!
I THINK THIS ODYSSEY HAS TAUGHT
ME ALL KINDS OF THINGS, BUT IN
PARTICULAR IT'S TAUGHT ME ABOUT
THE POWER OF FRIENDSHIP, AND THE
POWER OF STORIES, AND ALSO THAT
WHEN YOU TRAVEL THROUGH LIFE YOU
ARE BOUND TO MEET CHALLENGES AND
DANGERS.
BUT TO LIVE IS TO TAKE THAT
JOURNEY.

Music plays as the end credits roll.

Executive producer, David Upshal.

Series producer and director, Anne Thomson.

Copyright 2020, SandStone Global Productions Limited.

Logo: Drive.

Watch: Greek Island Odyssey with Bettany Hughes - episode 6