Transcript: Hillbilly | Jun 06, 2020

(soft music plays)

The Orchard and Sally Rubin Film logos appear.

A caption reads "Stay Wild."

An aerial view of the countryside appears. People get out of a bus in a quiet town.

[banjo music playing]

The caption changes to "Hillbilly Days. Pikeville, Kentucky."

Local people watch a parade.

A man in his fifties says THIS IS 40TH
ANNUAL HILLBILLY DAY
HERE IN PIKEVILLE, KENTUCKY.
AND WE DO THIS TO RAISE MONEY
FOR OUR FINE HOSPITAL.

In off, Ashley says ARE YOU ALL HILLBILLIES?

Kids say YEAH.

An old man says YOU ALL KNOW
WHAT A STOOL SAMPLE IS.

A young man says THIS IS WHERE WE OWNING
OUR HILLBILLY FESTIVAL.
WE'RE TAKING PRIDE
IN THE WAY WE LOOK.

[honking]
Two women travel in an old truck covered with stickers.

A Young Girl says HILLBILLIES ARE REALLY NICE,
AND THEY HELP PEOPLE.
BUT SOME PEOPLE THINK
THAT WE'RE HORRIBLE PEOPLE.

Ashley says WHAT IS A HILLBILLY?

Woman 1 says SOMEBODY NOT FAMILIAR
WITH MODERN TIMES.

Woman 2 says THIS IS WHAT WE'RE CALLING
OUR HILLBILLY EARMUFFS.

Woman 3 says THEY GOT CONFEDERATE FLAGS...

A man with a long beard in a car says HEY, DRIVE WITH YOUR LEFT HANDS.

A young man with a long beard says I DRIVE WITH BOTH HANDS.

A little girl says TALKS IN A WEIRD ACCENT.

A man in a cartoon speaks incoherently in hillbilly accent.

In off, Silas says THE BUFFOON.

The Simpson character Cletus says HEY, WHAT'S GOING ON THIS SIDE?

Silas says THE INBRED YOKELS

Cletus says OH, BRANDINE, OF ALL THE COUSINS
I COULD HAVE MARRIED,
YOU WAS MY SISTER.

Silas says THE VIOLENT MALE.

In a movie clip, Robert de Niro says YOU GONNA GET TO KNOW ME A LOT
BETTER TOO.

Silas says ALL OF THESE ARCHETYPES
REPRESENT THE THINGS
THAT WE FEAR AS AMERICANS.

In a clip, a woman with uncombed hair says YOU KNOW, I KEEP TELLING
OUR DRUGGIST SON
TO TAKE THE SATELLITE DISH
TO HIS HOUSE,
BUT HE DON'T HAVE A HOUSE.

Ashley says I GREW UP
IN APPALACHIA.
WATCHING MY GRAND-FOLKS
LAUGH AT SHOWS LIKE
HEE HAW...

A cartoon horse says HEE HAW!

Ashley says AND
THE BEVERLY HILLBILLIES
I HATED THESE SHOWS GROWING UP.

In a Beverly Hillbillies clip, an old woman holding a rifle says THAT'S TALK ENOUGH.
LET'S GO TO SHOOT.

A man with a hat says OH, GRANNY, YOU CAN'T
SHOOT ON OUR MAN.

In another clip, Bugs Bunny says WHAT'S UP, DOC?

Ashley says THERE'S A LONG
HISTORY OF STEREOTYPING
THAT'S PLAGUED THE
APPALACHIAN REGION.

In a cartoon, a man drinks mountain dew and says YAHOO!
MOUNTAIN DEW!

Male Reporter 1 says THE DUMB
TRUMP VOTERS REALLY
ARE THE DUMB TRUMP VOTERS.

Male Reporter 2 says BECAUSE
CERTAINLY THEY ALL SOUND
AS TACKY AND AS STUPID
AND AS MIND-BLOWINGLY IGNORANT
AS HE DOES.

Web articles flash by.

In a protest, a woman says YOU FUCKED YOUR GRANDMOTHER,
YOU FUCKED YOUR MOTHER,
YOU INBRED,
INCEST PIECE OF SHIT!
YOU FUCKING WHITE TRASH!

A poster reads "So I was fucking my sister and she says Wow, you fuck like dad. And I was like, that's what mom said. Trump. Make America great again!"

Ashley is in her late thirties, with brown hair. She wears a plaid shirt.

Ashley says IN THE RUN UP
TO THE 2016
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION,
I WAS A MAKING A FILM ABOUT
PORTRAYALS OF APPALACHIAN
PEOPLE IN POP CULTURE.
NEWS COVERAGE ABOUT THE
REGION EXPLODED.
AND SUDDENLY, EVERYONE WAS
TALKING ABOUT THE GREAT DIVIDE.
BLUE VERSUS RED,
URBAN VERSUS RURAL,
AND ONE REGION,
MY HOMETOWN REGION,
WAS SINGLED OUT
AS THE REASON FOR TRUMP'S RISE.

The caption changes to "Ashley York. Filmmaker."

Ashley continues MY HOMETOWN
IS KIMPER, KENTUCKY
RIGHT IN THE HEART
OF THE APPALACHIAN GOLDFIELDS,
THAT WHEN MOST PEOPLE
HEAR MY ACCENT,
THEY ASSUME I'M FROM THE SOUTH.

An animated map of the region appears.

She continues APPALACHIA IS A REGION
WITH A HISTORY AND CULTURE
THAT IS COMPLICATED
IN ALL ITS OWN.
THE TERM "HILLBILLY."
WAS BORN HERE.
AND MORE RECENTLY, THE IDEA
OF THE HEART OF TRUMP COUNTRY.

The caption changes to "Los Angeles, California."

[overlapping chatter]
[indistinct chanting]
[clamoring]

Ashley browses through her Facebook profile. Posts supporting Hillary Clinton appear.

Ashley says THIS IS ME.
DURING THE ELECTION,
THIS WAS MY FACEBOOK PAGE.
THIS IS MY GRANNY, SHELBY.
AROUND THE TIME
OF THE ELECTION,
THIS WAS HER FACEBOOK PAGE.
She reads "DONALD TRUMP GRABBING A PUSSY."
She contineus MAN, I JUST CAN'T BELIEVE
MY GRANDMOTHER
POSTED THIS ON MY WALL.

In the kitchen, Ashley puts a bowl of water on the floor.

She says KITTY!

Ashley continues I MAY BE THE ONLY PERSON
FROM KIMPER, KENTUCKY
IN LOS ANGELES.
ALMOST EVERYONE I KNOW HERE
DESPISES TRUMP.
BUT BACK HOME,
THE PERSPECTIVE
IS QUITE DIFFEREN
THE 2016 ELECTION MAY
PAINFULLY CLEAR THE DISDAIN
THAT URBAN LIBERALS
HAVE TOWARDS
SO MUCH OF RURAL AMERICA,
PARTICULARLY APPALACHIA.
I RELATE TO BOTH WORLDS.
AS A PROGRESSIVE
FEMINIST AND FILMMAKER,
I WAS CURIOUS TO VISIT MY
HOME TOWN DURING THIS
DIVISIVE POLITICAL MOMENT.

[instrumental music plays]
Ashley walks into an airport.

Title read "Holler Home Productions Presents. Executive Producers, Silas House and Doug Blush. Written and Directed by Ashley York and Sally Rubin."

Black and white clips of a village appear. A title reads "Hillbilly."

Driving a car, Ashley says WE ARE ON OUR WAY
TO MEATHOUSE HOLLER
WHICH IS WHERE I GREW UP,
AND WHERE I LIVED UNTIL
I WAS 18 YEARS OLD,
WHEN I WAS ACCEPTED
TO THE UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY.
AND I PACKED UP,
U-HAULED, AND MOVED OUT.

Pictures of Ashley as a little girl and teenager flash by.

Ashley says THIS IS ME
WHEN I WAS NINE.
I WON
THE SPELLING BEE THAT YEAR.

A young Ashley says I-S-T.
MISOGYNIST.

[Audience applauds]

Ashley continues I WAS A MEMBER
OF THE SPEECH AND DRAMA TEAM,
I WAS ON
THE HOMECOMING COURT,
I GRADUATED
AT THE HEAD OF MY CLASS.
THERE'S A PHOTOGRAPH
FROM THE DAY I MOVED OUT.
I HAD NO IDEA
WHEN I WAS STANDING
IN THAT DRIVEWAY
WHAT I WAS
ABOUT TO EXPERIENCE.
MOVING FROM RURAL KENTUCKY
TO URBAN KENTUCKY
WAS THE GREATEST CULTURE
SHOCK OF MY LIFE.
PEOPLE IDENTIFIED ME
AS SOMEONE FROM THE MOUNTAINS.
THEIR REACTIONS TO THE WAY
I TALKED WERE
INSULTING,
AND MADE ME FEEL SILENCED.
I MOVED TO LOS ANGELES
YEARS LATER,
AND TO THIS DAY,
PEOPLE STILL ASK
"WHERE'D YOU GET
THAT ACCENT?"
"WHERE ARE YOU FROM?"

The caption changes to "Kimper, Kentucky."

Ashley says OH, MY GOODNESS GRACIOUS.
THIS IS MEATHOUSE HOLLER,
AND MY CHILDHOOD HOME
RIGHT BEFORE US.
WE MOVED OUT
OF THAT HOUSE IN 1998.
IS THAT A REBEL FLAG?
RIGHT THERE IN THE MIDDLE.
YEAH, THIS WAS
MY BEDROOM UP HERE.

She parks and says MY DAD DID ALL THIS BRICKWORK.
FOR THE RECORD, THIS FLAGPOLE
WAS NOT HERE WHEN WE LIVED HERE,
AND THERE CERTAINLY WAS NO...
CONFEDERATE FLAG FLYING HIGH
ON OUR PROPERTY.
MY MOM WAS A NURSE,
AND MY DAD
WORKED IN THE COALMINES
UNTIL HE GOT LAID OFF.
HE BECAME A BRICK MASON.
HE ONCE SAID TO ME THAT PEOPLE
WOULD LOOK AT HIM AND MY MOM
AS EMBODYING
THE AMERICAN DREAM.
THEY WENT FROM LIVING
IN A SINGLE WHITE TRAILER,
TO BUILDING THEIR DREAM HOME.
I FELT FORTUNATE AS A CHILD.
FOR MOST PEOPLE
IN MY HOMETOWN AT THAT TIME,
THERE WERE BASICALLY
TWO JOB OPPORTUNITIES.
COAL AND WALMART.

The caption changes to "Billy Redden, Walmart employee."

Billy says I WORK
HERE AT WALMART.
IT GETS HARD TIMES OUT HERE,
AND THEN GETS ROUGH,
ESPECIALLY DURING THE WINTER
WHEN IT'S SNOWING
ON THE GROUND
GET THEM IN,
IN THE BEST
WAY YOU CAN,
AND JUST TRY
TO MAKE ENDS MEET.

The caption changes to "48 hours. Dan Rather."

In a news clip, Dan says BACK IN THE HILLS
OF FLOYD COUNTY, KENTUCKY,
YOU'LL FIND
SOME OF THE POOREST
PLACES IN AMERICA.

Ashley watches the clip in a movie theather.

Ashley says ONE ROAD OUT.
FLOYD COUNTY.
THAT'S RIGHT NEXT DOOR
TO PIKE COUNTY WHERE I GREW UP.

Male Reporter 3 says EDUCATION IS
THE ONLY WAY OUT.

Ashley says WHEN I WAS
NINE YEARS OLD, I SAW
THIS 48 HOURS NEWS
PROGRAM
WHICH MADE SWEEPING
GENERALIZATIONS ABOUT
PEOPLE FROM MY REGION.
LIKE WE WERE ALL TO BE PITIED.

In the clip, a male reporter says SO, THIS IS
YOUR ROOM, ROGER?
IT'S TOTALLY CROWDED.

A boy lies in a bed.

A woman says YEAH.

Ashley says THAT SHOW MADE ME
FEEL ASHAMED FOR BEING
FROM EASTE
RN KENTUCKY.

Dan says DURING THE WAR
ON POVERTY IN THE '60S,
THE FEDERAL
GOVERNMENT SPENT
MORE THAN 3 BILLION DOLLARS
TO BUILD HIGHWAYS
CONNECTING THE APPALACHIAN
HILLS TO THE REST OF AMERICA.
BUT A UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY
STUDY FOUND
THAT MANY RESIDENTS
CAN'T EVEN AFFORD THE GAS
IT WOULD TAKE TO GET AWAY.

In off, a man says EVERY DAY IS A STRUGGLE.
A STRUGGLE FOR THE THINGS
MANY PEOPLE TAKE FOR GRANTED.

Ashley says THAT TV NEWS PROGRAM
HAD A LASTING IMPACT ON ME.
IT WAS THE FIRST TIME I SAW
MY COMMUNITY PORTRAYED
AS POOR WHITE TRASH,
A LEGACY THAT GOES WAY BACK.

In an old clip, President Johnson says AND THIS ADMINISTRATION TODAY,
HERE AND NOW,
DECLARES UNCONDITIONAL WAR
ON POVERTY IN AMERICA.

[applause]

Male Reporter 4 says PRESIDENT
AND MRS. JOHNSON
BOARD FOR A TRIP
TO THE ROOTS OF APPALACHIAN
POVERTY IN MARTIN COUNTY,
KENTUCKY.

Ashley says WHEN I WENT TO COLLEGE,
I STUDIED SCHOLARS,
ARTISTS AND A
CTIVISTS,
LIKE BELL HOOKS
AND FREDERIC DOUGLASS.
I STARTED WORKING
AS A JOURNALIST
AND BEGAN TO THINK
CRITICALLY ABOUT MEDIA.

Bell says SO, ARE WE READY TO ROLL?

Ashley says ROLLING NOW, YES.

(soft music plays)

The caption changes to "Anthony Harkins. Author Hillbilly, A Cultural History of an American Icon." Anthony is in his mid-forties, clean-shaven with receding hair. He wears glasses, a blue shirt and an open-necked jacket.

Anthony says PRESIDENT JOHNSON
VISITS EASTERN KENTUCKY
AS A MEDI
A EVENT.
THIS IMAGE OF WHITE PEOPLE
LIVING IN ABJECT POVERTY
WAS MUCH OF THE VISUALS THAT
ASSOCIATED WITH THE WAR
ON POVERTY PROGRAM.

The caption changes to "Kate Fowler. Appalachian Media Institute." Kate is in her mid-thirties with short brown hair. She wears a pale blue dress.

Kate says THERE WAS AN AESTHETIC
TO POVERTY THAT WAS CREATED
AND IT'S WHAT THE NATI ON
STARTED TO EXPECT WHAT
IMAGES WOULD LOOK LIKE
FROM THIS REGION,
WHAT PEOPLE WOULD LOOK LIKE
FROM THIS REGION.

The caption changes to "Roger May, photographer." Roger is in his forties, with a long beard. He wears glasses and a dark jacket.

Driving a car, Roger says THE DIRTY KIDS,
THE RUN DOWN HOUSES,
THE BROKEN DOWN
VEHICLES.
SOMEWHERE ALONG THE LINE,
IT STARTS GETTING WOVEN
INTO YOUR ACTUAL IDENTITY.

In an old clip, a man wearing a suit says THIS IS OUR STORY:
DEPRESSED AREA, USA.

The caption changes to "Jerry Williamson. Author Hillbilly land." Jerry is in his sixties, clean-shaven with white hair. He wears glasses, and a denim shirt over a black one.

Jerry says THE PHOTOGRAPHS
WERE ALL TAKEN FROM THE WINDOWS
OF MOVING CARS.
A SYMBOL RIGHT THERE
OF HOW WE HAVE BEEN REDUCED
TO THINKING ABOUT POVERTY.
IT'S SOMETHING WE SEE
THROUGH PLATE GLASS.

Ashley says THE WAR ON POVERTY
IS COMPLICATED.
WHILE IT HELPED SOME PEOPLE,
BY ESTABLISHING SOCIAL
WELFARE PROGRAMS,
LIKE FOOD STAMPS,
AND MEDICAID,
IT LED TO AN INFLUX
OF VOLUNTEERS AND JOURNALISTS
FROM AROUND THE WORLD.
THEIR EFFORTS WERE CONFUSING
AND TROUBLING TO SOME FOLKS.
LIKE MY DAD AND HIS TWO SISTERS
WHO WERE CHILDREN AT THE TIME
LIVING IN EASTERN KENTUCKY.

The caption changes to "Tim York. Ashley's dad." Tim is in his mid-sixties, with a moustache and graying hair. He wears a black Pink Floyd T-shirt.

Near a forest, Tim says I WAS ONE DAY AT SCHOOL.
SOMEBODY CAME IN WITH A TRUCK
AND GAVE EVERY STUDENT
THERE A PAIR OF SHOES.

The caption changes to "Regina York. Ashley's aunt." Regina is in her late fifties, with short wavy graying hair. She wears glasses and a lilac shirt.

Regina says JUST HALF THE GYM
WAS FULL OF UGLY SHOES.
THAT WHAT THE GOVERNMENT,
I GUESS, THOUGHT WE NEEDED.
AND IT WAS INTERESTING
TO HAVE PEOPLE COMING IN
TO LOOK AT THIS AREA.
BUT IT BECAME VERY EVIDENT
THAT IT WAS CRITICAL.

The caption changes to "Karen York. Ashley's aunt." Karen is in her fifties, with short gray hair and bangs. She wears a blue shirt and glasses.

Karen says AND WE DID
SIT ON THE PORCH,
AND WE WENT BAREFOOT.
THAT WAS JUST WHAT WE DID.
SO, WHEN I SEE THE FILMS,
AND I SEE THE DEPICTION
OF THE POOR APPALACHIAN
MOUNTAIN PEOPLE,
IT REALLY IRRITATES ME,
BECAUSE I DIDN'T
SEE US AS THAT.

Clips of poor rural children appear.

The caption changes to "Bell Hooks. Writer, Feminist Theorist, Artist." Bell is in her late sixties, with black hair tied-up. She wears a green scarf, a blue sweater and a red shirt.

Bell says POVERTY THAT
HAS A WHITE FACE
DEFINITELY GIVES A LIE
TO THE WHOLE IDEA
OF THE AMERICAN DREAM,
DEMOCRACY.
SO, WE PUSH WHITE POVERTY
INTO THE HILLS.
MOST PEOPLE
DON'T EVEN RECOGNIZE
THAT THERE WERE BLACK
APPALACHIANS IN THESE
KENTUCKY HILLS.
I GREW UP
IN THE HILLS OF KENTUCKY,
AND THERE WAS A KIND OF
DEMOCRACY OF EXPERIENCE
BROUGHT ON BY SHARED
ECONOMICS STATUS
AND SHARED LOCATION.
WHEN WE MOVE TO THE CITY,
THAT SORT OF...
RAISING OUR OWN SOCIAL MOBILITY
WAS VERY TIED TO
INCREASED CONTEMPT
FOR POOR WHITE PEOPLE.
I'VE ALWAYS WONDERED ABOUT
THE WAY IN WHICH A
PRESIDENT EXPLOITED PEOPLE
CAN TURN AGAINST PEOPLE
WITH WHOM WE SHOULD
STAND IN SOLIDARITY.

The caption changes to "Jonesville, Kentucky."

Ashley says THIS IS WHERE
MY GRANNY, SHELBY, LIVES.

Shelby says HEY.

Ashley says HI, GRANNY.
HOW ARE YOU?

The caption changes to "Shelby Taylor. Ashley's granny." Shelby is in her seventies, with short blond hair. She wears a blue shirt and gray sport trousers. She sits in a wheelchair.

Shelby says I'M GOOD.

Ashley says I'M JUST PUTTING THIS MICROPHONE
ON ME, AND THEN
I'M GONNA GIVE YOU A HUG.
HI.

Shelby says HI, BABY.

Ashley says IT'S GOOD TO SEE YOU.

[doorbell rings]

Shelby says IT'S GREAT TO SEE YOU.
WHAT AM
I SUPPOSED TO DO?

Ashley says WELL, THIS IS JUST SO WE CAN
HEAR, GRANNY.
LET'S CLIP THAT ON YOUR BELT,
SO THAT IT'S...

Shelby says I DON'T HAVE A BELT.

Chandler walks in. He is in his mid-teens, clean-shaven with short hair. He wears a red cap and a black leather jacket with logos.

Chandler says HEY, ASHLEY.

Ashley says HI, HELLO.

Chandler says WHAT ARE YOU DOING?

Ashley says I'M GONNA GREET YOU...

Shelby says GETTING READY
TO ELECTROCUTE ME.

Ashley says DO YOU HEAR HER, BRIAN?
ALL RIGHT, GRANNY,
SO IT'S PERFECT
'CAUSE OTHERWISE,
THOSE ROOSTERS ARE COMPETING.

Shelby says ROOSTERS?

Ashley says I HEAR BIRDS OUT THERE.

Shelby says THAT'S ONE TEENY-TINY ROOSTER.

Chandler says I FOUND YOU ON YOUTUBE, ASHLEY.

Ashley says YOU FOUND ME ON YOUTUBE?

The caption changes to "Chandler Smith. Ashley's cousin."

Chandler says YEAH.
IN LA FOR SOMETHING...

Ashley says OH,
WHAT DID YOU FIND ME
DOING IN LOS ANGELES?

Chandler says YOU WERE STANDING ON STAGE
OR SOMETHING TALKING.

Ashley says NO KIDDING.

Shelby says WHERE'S YOUR TRUMP CAP?
HE'S BEEN WEARING TRUMP SHIRT,
TRUMP CAP...
WHICH WE ALL HAVE.
HE WENT WITH US TO THE RALLY.

Giving a speech, Trump says YOU ARE GOING TO
LOOK BACK
AT THIS ELECTION
AND SAY THIS IS BY FAR
THE MOST IMPORTANT VOTE
THAT YOU'VE EVER CAST FOR ANYONE
AT ANY TIME, BECAUSE...

Ashley says IT WAS
UNFATHOMABLE TO ME
THAT TRUMP COULD BEAT HILLARY.
I JUST COULD NOT UNDERSTAND
WHY MY FAMILY, WHO VOTED FOR
BARACK OBAMA, SUPPORTED HIM.
WHAT IS IT
ABOUT DONALD TRUMP THAT
MAKES YOU WANT HIM TO BE
THE 45TH PRESIDENT
OF THE UNITED STATES?

The caption changes to "Bobby Smith. Ashley's uncle." Bobby is in his early fifties, with a white goatee. He wears a green T-shirt and a cap with a Trump's campaign slogan.

Bobby says WELL, THE MAN KNOWS
HOW TO MAKE MONEY.
YOU KNOW, THEY SAID
HE'S GOT OVER 10 BILLION DOLLARS.
HE HAS TO KNOW
HOW TO MAKE MONEY.
SO, I BELIEVED HE COULD ACTUALLY
BRING THE JOBS BACK,
AND CREATE JOBS.
NOW, I'M NOT SAYING
TRUMP DIDN'T SAY SOME STUFF,
THAT SHOULDN'T HAVE BEEN SAID.
THE LOCKER ROOM TALK, BUT...
I'D BE HONEST WITH YOU,
I'VE NEVER MET ANYBODY
WHO HASN'T DONE
SOMETHING SIMILAR TO THAT,
AND THEY JUST
BLOW IT OUT OF PROPORTION.

Ashley says DID YOU ALL
EXPECT TO BE THIS ENTHUSIASTIC
ABOUT THE ELECTION,
BECAUSE IT'S BEEN
VERY INTRIGUING
TO SEE SOME OF THESE POSTS
THAT HAVE BEEN GOING AROUND?

Bobby says I WAS A DEMOCRAT ALL MY LIFE.
AND IN PRIMARY, I WENT
AND CHANGED TO REPUBLICAN
JUST SO I COULD VOTE FOR TRUMP,
DURING THE CAUCUS HERE.
PEOPLE FROM THE MOUNTAINS
AND STUFF LIKE THAT,
LIKE WHERE I'M FROM
WE REALLY HAD NO ONE
TO HAVE OUR BACK BEFORE.
IT WAS JUST THE SAME OLD THING,
EMPTY PROMISES.

Shelby says YEAH.

Ashley says YEAH.

Bobby says YOU KNOW, THERE'S JUST
TOO MUCH STUFF ON HILLARY.
ALL THE INVESTIGATIONS,
AND STUFF LIKE THAT.
SO, WHAT DO WE HAVE TO LOSE?
VOTE TRUMP.
WHO DID YOU VOTE FOR?

Ashley says I VOTED FOR HILLARY CLINTON.

Shelby says OH, SHAME ON YOU.

Bobby says OH, GOD, ASHLEY.

Ashley says I DID. YOU ALL, I KNOW...

Bobby says I WAS WONDERING
WHY I WAS
GETTING THEM SOUR LOOKS.

Ashley says WAS I?
NO, I DID.
FULL DISCLOSURE.
I DID A VOTE BY MAIL
APPLICATION,
I DID THE BALLOT...

Shelby says I MUST HAVE NOT HAVE
BURPED YOU GIRLS JUST RIGHT.
I SHOULD'VE
HAD HELD YOU UPSIDE DOWN,
PATTED YOU ON YOUR BUTT,
AND LET YOU BURP.
YOU'D HAVE BEEN A WHOLE LOT
SMARTER IF I DID THAT.

She chuckles.

Smiling, Ashley says I APPRECIATE THAT YOU...

Bobby says WE STILL
LOVE YOU, ASHLEY.

Ashley says THAT YOU DID THAT.
EVEN IF IT DID LEAD TO ME
BECOMING A RADICAL,
PROGRESSIVE...

Bobby says WE STILL LOVE YOU.
NO MATTER WHAT.

Shelby says OH, YEAH, WE DO.

Ashley walks into a barn with animals.

Ashley says HI, CUTIE!
THAT'S RIGHT.
I FORGOT ABOUT THAT SIGN.

She browses through old stuff in a chest.

Holding a newspaper articles, Ashley says OH, THIS IS INTERESTING.
THIS IS THE STORY THAT THE CITY
PAPER DID IN LEXINGTON.
I THINK THE QUESTION WAS
"WHERE DO YOU SEE YOURSELF
IN TEN YEARS?"
I WOULD'VE BEEN 18 HERE,
AND I SAID, "LOS ANGELES."
AND THAT'S WHAT HAPPENED.
MY FAMILY HAS LIVED
IN EASTERN KENTUCKY
FOR SIX GENERATIONS.

Ashley and Shelby look at old family pictures.

Shelby says HE WAS A COAL-MINER.

Ashley says MY GRANDPARENTS
ON BOTH SIDES
WORKED IN THE COAL INDUSTRY.

Shelby says YOU WERE PROBABLY
SIX OR EIGHT MONTHS OLD.

Ashley says MY WHOLE LIFE,
I WAS TOLD TO GET OUT.
I NEVER QUESTIONED WHY.

Bobby says I WENT
TO SERVE MY COUNTRY, BUT
PEOPLE WERE JUST RUDE TO ME,
TALKED OVER ME
LIKE I WASN'T EVEN THERE.
THEY THINK JUST BECAUSE
THEY GREW UP IN THE CITY
THEY TALK WITH
MORE PRONOUNCED WORDS,
ESPECIALLY WHEN I...
NO OFFENSE,
BUT WHEN I SERVED IN CALIFORNIA,
THAT WAS THE WORST.
I WAS LOOKING FOR THE...
He gets emotional and continues THE BROTHERHOOD I NEVER GOT.

Bobby sobs.

Shelby says AND YOU THINK THAT WAS ALL
SOMEHOW RELATED TO THEIR
STEREOTYPES OF MOUNTAIN PEOPLE,
OR TO...

Bobby says YES.

Shelby says YEAH, THEY STILL THINK.
NORTHERNERS ALWAYS DID.
THEY'D ALWAYS THINK
THAT THEY'RE ABOVE A HILLBILLY.
HILLARY SAID THAT
WE WERE ALL DEPLORABLES.
ACCORDING TO HER,
WE'RE ALL NOTHING.
WE'RE A BUNCH
OF BACKWARDS PEOPLE
THAT ARE SCUM UNDER HER FEET.

Giving a speech, Hillary Clinton says YOU CAN PUT
HALF OF TRUMP SUPPORTERS
INTO WHAT I CALL
THE BASKET OF DEPLORABLES.
[audience laughing]
RIGHT?

Now, Bobby and Ashley take a walk.

Bobby says PEOPLE IN CALIFORNIA AND
ALL THESE OTHER STATES
LOOK AT THE HILLBILLIES,
LIKE ME,
THEY HAVE
A CERTAIN PERCEPTION OF US,
BECAUSE OF WHATEVER
THEY SEE ON TV.

Ashley says WELL, BOBBY, I EMPATHIZE.
WHEN I WAS THAT YOUNGSTER
AT 18 YEARS OLD,
GOING FROM THE HOLLER
TO THE BIG CITY,
LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY,
THAT'S HOW I FELT.
I WAS A JOURNALISM STUDENT.
AND YOU KNOW JOURNALISTS ARE
SUPPOSED TO SPEAK WITH A
MID-WESTERN ACCENT,
WHICH IS
MEANT TO BE NO ACCENT,
SO THAT YOU CAN
PICK UP AND MOVE
AND IT BASICALLY JUST LIKE
STERILIZES ANY KIND OF CULTURE,
OR REGIONAL UNIQUENESS
THAT MIGHT BE.
AND I WAS TOLD, "YOU'VE
GOTTA SPEAK CORRECTLY."
WHICH MEANT
I WAS SPEAKING INCORRECTLY.
AND, OF COURSE, I BELIEVED IT.
LIKE ONE OF THE TEACHERS,
THE PROFESSIONALS,
YOU KNOW, I WAS WORKING
FOR THE NPR AFFILIATE,
I WORKED AT THE CITY NEWSPAPER,
I WAS THE EDITOR
OF THE STUDENT PAPER,
I WAS THE EDITOR
OF THE TV STATION...

Bobby says EVERYONE WANTED
TO CHANGE WHO YOU WERE,
THAN WHAT YOU WERE.
THAT'S NOT RIGHT.

Fast clips of TV series and shows appear.

A blond woman reads "I WOULD HAVE
NEVER HURT HIM
ANY MORE THAN
I'D HURT A JUNE BUG."

A red-haired woman says NICE ACCENT.
YOU SOUND LIKE FORREST GUMP.

A man wearing a suit says YOU'VE GOT THIS KIND OF LIKE
FLORIDA PAN HANDLE THING GOING.
WHEREAS, WHAT YOU REALLY WANT IS
MORE OF A SAVANNAH ACCENT.

Jimmy Fallon imitates an accent. The audience laughs.

A male guest in Jimmy Fallon's show says ARKANSAS KIND OF... IT PULLS
BACK AFTER THE CONSONANT.
ARKANSAS.

A man with a hat in a radio studio says ALABAMA Y'ALL.
YOUR MOUTH GOT
REAL WIDE, LIKE THIS.
ARE Y'ALL GOING ON WEDNESDAY
NIGHT OR FRIDAY NIGHT...

The clips end.

The caption changes to "Silas House. Writer, Activist." Silas is in his mid-forties, clean-shaven with short hair. He wears a dark cap and a blue shirt.

Silas says I THINK THE THING
THAT I HAVE SEEN TIME AND AGAIN
FROM THESE MEDIA PORTRAYALS
IS THAT IT PRODUCES SHAME
AND SELF-HATRED.
WORK WITH
A LOT OF YOUNG PEOPLE
WHO DON'T WANT PEOPLE
TO KNOW WHERE THEY'RE FROM.
THEY WANT TO CHANGE
THE WAY THEY SPEAK.
THEY WANT TO ESCAPE THE REGION
AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
BECAUSE THEY'RE ASHAMED OF IT.

The caption changes to "Berea, Kentucky."

Hosting a radio program, Silas says THANKS FOR JOINING US HERE
ON ANOTHER EPISODE
OF
HILLBILLY SOLID.
I'M YOUR HOST, SILAS HOUSE.
WE WANNA TALK ABOUT
CODE SWITCHING TODAY.

The caption changes to "Sam Cole. Writer." Sam is in her early forties, with short brown hair. She wears a black and white floral dress.

Sam says TO ME, CODE SWITCHING MEANS
THAT I'M GONNA TALK DIFFERENT.
I'M GONNA TALK MORE LIKE THIS
KIND OF CALIFORNIAN ENGLISH.
MORE LIKE MID-WESTERN AMERICAN,
MORE LIKE A MIDDLE-CLASS PERSON
IN ORDER TO FIT IN, IN ORDER TO
BE PERCEIVED AS THE SAME.

The caption changes to "Steven Alvarez. Professor, Saint John's University." Steven is in his mid-forties, clean-shaven with short black hair. He wears a hat, glasses and a gray hoodie.

In Spanish, Steven says FOR ME, IT'S IMPORTANT
TO KNOW LANGUAGES.
In English, he continues IT'S A MIXTURE OF LANGUAGES,
AND IT'S NATURAL.
MY FATHER
WAS LITERALLY BEAT
BY HIS TEACHERS
FOR SPEAKING SPANISH
AT SCHOOL.
SO, IF ANYTHING, I WOULD SAY
THAT MY OWN EXPERIENCE WITH
CODE-SWITCHING
TAUGHT ME A LOT
TO APPRECIATE MY ROOTS,
AND HOW LANGUAGE
EXPLICITLY CONNECTS TO MY ROOTS.

Silas says HEARING YOU BOTH MAKES ME THINK
ABOUT THESE INTERSECTIONS
BETWEEN THE WAY
PEOPLE THINK ABOUT CLASS,
AND RACE, AND I THINK A PART
OF THAT IS BEING OTHERED.
A PART OF IT IS HAVING TO
CODE-SWITCH TO SOME DEGREE.
SO, CAN YOU GIVE US AN EXAMPLE
OF YOU SPEAKING TO YOUR FAMILY
VERSUS SPEAKING TO, I DON'T
KNOW, A ROOM FULL OF ACADEMICS?

Sam says SO, I WORK A LOT WITH ACADEMICS,
AND I CAN'T HELP BUT THINK
THAT IF I SPOKE WITH THEM
THE SAME WAY THAT I MIGHT SPEAK
WITH, SAY, MY GRANDPARENTS,
WHO WERE FROM LEE COUNTY,
KENTUCKY,
THAT THEY WOULD NOT RESPECT ME.
IF I GO INTO
MY GRANDPARENTS' HOUSE,
MY GRANDMA WOULD SAY TO ME,
SHE'D SAY, "HOWDY."
AND I'D SAY, "WELL, GRANNY,
I WAS UP HERE THE OTHER NIGHT,
AND I HEARD THAT...
ONE OF OUR COUSINS, THEY GOT
TROUBLE WITH THE LAW AGAIN."
SO SHE WOULD SAY,
"BY LORD, YEAH.
THEY'RE CRAZY."
AND I WOULD SAY,
"LORD, HAVE MERCY, JESUS."
AND THEN, SHE'D SAY,
"WELL, LORD,
I GOT A MESS BACK HERE.
YOU CAN 'EM
HOME TO YOUR MAMA."
AND THEN I'D SAY, "I LOVE YOU."

Steven smiles.

Sam continues AND THEN THAT WOULD BE IT.

Steven says THAT WAS
THE COOLEST THING
I EVER HEARD.
[chuckling]
SO COOL.

Silas says AS SOMEBODY
WHO GREW UP IN THE REGION,
I HAVE ALWAYS FELT
SEVERAL LAYERS
OF BEING THE OTHER.
I ALWAYS
DESCRIBED IT AS FEELING
LIKE A PERPETUAL IMMIGRANT.
BECAUSE WE'D BEEN HERE SO LONG,
I MEAN, MY FAMILY
HAS BEEN IN APPALACHIA
FOR EIGHT GENERATIONS.
YET, TO SOME EXTENT,
WE'RE STILL
TREATED LIKE IMMIGRAN
WE'RE TREATED LIKE
WE'RE FROM ANOTHER COUNTRY.
WHEN WE GO OUT INTO
THE REST OF THE UNITED STATES,
IT'S SUCH A STRANGE MOMENT.
PEOPLE SPEAK SLOWLY TO US.
AND EXPECT THAT WE'RE NOT GONNA,
YOU KNOW, GET COMMON REFERENCES.
A WOMAN ONCE ASKED ME
IF I KNEW WHO JOHNNY CARSON WAS.
He chuckles and continues BECAUSE I WAS
FROM APPALACHIA,
AND SHE DIDN'T THINK
WE HAD TVS.
SO, NOBODY WAS LITERATE.

The caption changes to "Chad Berry. Professor, Appalachian Studies, Berea College." Chad is in his forties, clean-shaven with short hair. He wears a blue shirt under a green corduroy jacket.

Chad says APPALACHIA WAS
A CONSTRUCTION.
IT WAS A SOCIAL
AND CULTURAL INVENTION.
FOR EXAMPLE,
IOWA IS A CONSTRUCTION TOO.
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
IOWA AND APPALACHIA IS
YOU KNOW WHEN YOU'RE IN IOWA
BECAUSE THERE'S A SIGN THERE
THAT SAYS, "WELCOME TO IOWA."
THERE'S NO SUCH SIGN
WITH APPALACHIA.

Bell says EVERYWHERE IN THE WORLD,
THERE ARE APPALACHIANS.
AND THEREFORE,
EVERYWHERE YOU GO,
THERE ARE HILLBILLIES.
IF WE THINK OF A HILLBILLY
AS SORT OF AN OUTCAST GROUP...

In a movie clip, a blond woman says IS THIS YOUR FIRST TRIP
TO NEW YORK?

Jerry says I COLLECTED
AN ARTICLE IN WHICH THE
OFFICIAL CHINESE NEWS AGENCY
CRITICIZED A GROUP
OF CHINESE PEOPLE
LIVING FAR AWAY FROM PEKING,
AS THE EQUIVALENT
OF HILLBILLIES.
EVERYBODY HAS AN APPALACHIA.
EVERYBODY HAS SOMEBODY
THAT THEY CAN FEEL SUPERIOR TO.
WE ALL DO.

A clip shows men pointing with guns at a man wearing a denim overall. The man removes a facemask. He has long hair and sideburns.

The man says I WAS JUST
SCREWING WITH YOU GUYS.

They all laugh and banjo music plays. Then, one man shoots another one.

[gunshot]

The caption changes to "Barbara Ellen Smith. Author, Transforming Places: Lessons from Appalachia." Barbara is in her early fifties, with short graying hair. She wears a colourful scarf, a yellow vest, a red sweater and jeans.

Barbara says THE HILLBILLY IS
THE IMAGE OF A GUY
WITH A CORNCOB PIPE, REMOTE,
IGNORANT, BAREFOOT,
LAZY, AND SO,
HAS BEEN A WAY OF LEGITIMATING
THE DISPOSSESSION
OF THE MOUNTAINS.
IT'S A REGION OF PEOPLE
WHO ARE DEPRAVED,
NOT PART OF THE AMERICAN DREAM,
THEY DON'T REALLY
DESERVE THE KIND
OF RESOURCES AND WEALTH
THAT LIE BENEATH
THE LAND OF APPALACHIA,
PARTICULARLY, COAL.
IT'S ONLY A REGION OF TRASH,
SO, WHY NOT TRASH IT?

The caption changes to "Frank X. Walker. Founder The Affrilachian Poets." Frank is in his late thirties, clean-shaven and bald. He wears a shirt with a traditional African pattern.

Frank says THIS COMMITMENT TO
CHARACTERIZE A REGION
AS POOR, AND ILLITERATE,
YOU KNOW,
HELPS TO CREATE THIS IDEA
THAT THE PEOPLE THERE
AREN'T WORTH VALUING,
AND THE SPACE IS NOT VALUABLE.
WHICH MEANS THAT
COAL COMPANIES CAN COME IN
AND BUY UP EVERYTHING,
AND EXPLOIT THE ENTIRE REGION.

Male Reporter 5 says IN THE FLOODED
VALLEYS OF THE APPALACHIA,
ABOUT 20 PEOPLE ARE DEAD.
TWENTY ODD THOUSAND
HAVE BEEN MOVED OUT
IN HELICOPTERS AND ROW BOATS.

Male Reporter 6 says THE BLAME FOR
THE FLASH FLOODING HAS BEEN
PLACED ON EXTREME EROSION,
MOUNTAINSIDE COAL OPERATIONS,
STRIP MINING,
AND LARGE TREE CLEARINGS.
THAT ALLOW THE WATER
TO CASCADE INTO
THE RIVERS WITH
GREAT SPEED.

Male Reporter 7 says THERE WERE
IMMEDIATE PROMISES
OF TEMPORARY HOUSING
FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT,
BUT NO TRAILERS
HAVE ARRIVED YET.

A middle-aged woman says NOBODY GIVES US ANYTHING.
WE WORK FOR EVERYTHING.
BUT NOW WE DO NEED HELP,
AND WE DO NEED HELP
FROM THE GOVERNMENT.
WHY DO WE NEED THE GOVERNMENT
IF WE CAN'T GET HELP FROM IT?

Driving her car, Ashley says THIS IS THE COAL MINE
I DROVE BY TWICE A DAY,
EVERY DAY OF MY LIFE
FOR 18 YEARS.
LET ME STOP.
LOOK AT THIS LITTLE,
BABY PIECE OF COAL.
LITTLE CUTE THING.
I DON'T KNOW
THAT I HAVE EVER
TOUCHED A PIECE OF COAL.

In off, a male camera operator says FINGERS ARE
TURNING BLACK.

In an old clip, a man with uncombed hair says THERE AIN'T A DOZEN PEOPLE
IN LETCHER COUNTY,
I DON'T GUESS
IS GOT COAL RATS.
SOME BIG COMPANIES'
GOT 'EM ALL BOUGHT UP.
THAT'S WHERE IT HURTS AT.
IF PEOPLE HAD COAL RAT,
THEY CAN MAKE
A LITTLE MONEY AROUND HERE.
BUT, IN STRIP MINING,
YOU CAN'T DO IT.
THE COMPANIES GOT IT ALL.

Ashley says THE COAL INDUSTRY
CREATED THE TOWNS
WE GREW UP IN.
IT WAS
THE CENTER-PIECE OF LIFE,
AND THE LIVELIHOOD AND
IDENTITY OF SO MANY FOLKS
IN MY HOME TOWN.
WHILE IT
SUSTAINED OUR FAMILIES,
IT RAVAGED THE LAND.

In a clip, a corporate man says WITHOUT COAL,
YOU'D HAVE VERY LITTLE
OF ANYTHING IN
OUR AREA.
I THINK THIS AREA
SHOULD BE VERY HAPPY
THAT CORPORATIONS SUCH AS
OURS, THE US STEEL
AND OTHERS, ARE HERE.
IF WE ARE WRONG
IN MINING COAL
IN EASTERN KENTUCK
Y,
THEN, I THINK
THIS WHOLE COUNTRY IS BASED
ON THE
WRONG PHILOSOPHY.
DOING IT ANY OTHER WAY,
WE'RE JUST TALKING
ABOUT SOCIALISM.

Fast clips of miners working appear.

Ashley says FOR DECADES,
COAL COMPANIES CAME
TO WHERE WE GREW UP
AND TOOK OUT TRUCKLOAD
AFTER TRUCKLOAD OF COAL.
THE MINING CAUSED FLOODS,
DESTROYED HOMES, AND LEFT
OUR CREEKS ORANGE AND LIFELESS.

The caption changes to "Granny Shelby's home video."

In a clip, two women dry a flooded floor.

On tape, Shelby says HEY, BRENDA,
YOU GOT ANYTHING TO SAY?
I MEAN DON'T SAY ANYTHING NASTY,
BUT YOU GOT ANYTHING TO SAY?
THAT...
THEN, THERE IS MEDIUM
I'D LIKE TO HEAR.

The clip ends.

Ashley says MY GRANNY...
I REMEMBER,
THESE MASSIVE FLOODS, YOU KNOW,
FLOOD OF '77,
FLOODS THAT TOOK HOMES,
FLOODS THAT...
YOU KNOW, PEOPLE HAD TO
RAISE THEIR HOUSES.
AND THEY SUFFERED
DEEPLY FROM THAT
AND DIDN'T GET SUPPORT
FROM THE GOVERNMENT.
LIKE, MY GRANNY, I REMEMBER
HER WHOLE LIFE, WAS FIGHTING
FOR SUPPORT AND STUFF.

On tape, Shelby says THIS IS A FLOOD PLAIN HERE.
WHAT WE WANT IS FOR FIMA
TO COME IN AND HELP US.
I MEAN, PEOPLE THIS IS...
IT'S A SHAME.
IT'S MORE THAN A SHAME.
THEY DON'T CARE
ABOUT PEOPLE LIKE US
THAT LIVE OUT
HERE IN THESE AREAS.
THAT'S HOW I FEEL.

Ashley and Shelby watch an old home video.

In the present, Shelby says WATER GOT UP
THE LITTLE PATH.
THE ONLY SUPPORT WE HAD WAS
OUR OWN BACKBONE.
I WOULD CALL THE NEWSPAPER
WHEN THE FLOOD WOULD COME IN,
AND GET THEM TO COME OVER
AND TAKE PICTURES AND STUFF.
THE GOVERNMENT
IS SUPPOSED TO BE OF,
FOR, AND BY THE PEOPLE.
BUT THAT ISN'T THE WAY IT IS.
POLITICIANS,
WHEN THEY GET IN OFFICE,
THEY KNOW WHO TO TAKE CARE OF,
BECAUSE THEY'RE THE ONES
TAKING CARE OF THEM.

Ashley says I CERTAINLY
DIDN'T AGREE
WITH MY GRANNY'S POLITICS.
BUT I KNEW SHE HAD A LONG
LIST OF RESENTMENTS
AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT,
WHICH HELPED ME UNDERSTAND
HER POINT OF VIEW.

In a speech, Trump says YOU KNOW, THE MINERS,
TO A CERTAIN EXTENT
THEY'RE SO DOWN,
AND THEY'VE BEEN
TREATED SO BADLY
THAT THEY HAVEN'T BEEN VOTING.
THEY HAVEN'T BEEN GOING OUT
AND VOTING LIKE THEY CAN.
THAT INCLUDES MEMBERS
OF THEIR FAMILY THAT
HAVE LEFT THE MINING BUSINESS,
THE MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY
THEY'VE LEFT COAL.

Ashley says I THINK AT THAT TIME
IF SOMEBODY
WOULD HAVE ASKED HER
WOULD YOU EVER VOTE FOR SOMEONE
WHO WOULD MAKE A COMMENT
THAT HE FREELY WOULD
GRAB WOMEN BY THE PUSSY,
I THINK SHE WOULD HAVE
A VERY DIFFERENT ANSWER
AT THAT TIME IN HER LIFE.

Giving a speech in the street, Silas says WELL, I'M SO PROUD
TO SAY THAT I'M FROM
THE COUNTRY OF APPALACHIA.
I'M PROUD TO SAY
THAT I'M A
HILLBILLY
BECAUSE TO ME THAT WORD
IS ABOUT EMPOWERMENT
AND NOT SHAME.
AS YOU ALL KNOW, WE CANNOT
HAVE HILLBILLIES WITHOUT HILLS.
AND THAT'S WHY
I'M HERE TODAY.
[crowd cheering]
BECAUSE OUR HILLS ARE DYING.
OUR WATER IS BEING KEELED.
OUR APPALACHIA IS BEING
CHOPPED AND DOSED,
AND HAULED AWAY
IN THOSE COAL TRAINS
UNTIL NOTHING IS
GOING TO REMAIN EXCEPT
THE SPIRIT
OF APPALACHIA,
THE SPIRIT THAT CAN
NEVER BE RUBBED OUT,
NO MATTER HOW MANY MACHINES
RUMBLE UP ITS RIDGES.
APPALACHIA AND AMERICA,
BOTH IN A CRISIS OF CONSCIENCE
OVER THE ENVIRONMENT.

Next, Silas drives a car. Ashley sits next to him.

Silas says DID YOU GROW UP
ON A PARTICULAR CREEK, ASHLEY?

Ashley says I GREW UP
IN MEATHOUSE HOLLER.

Silas says MEATHOUSE,
THAT'S A GREAT NAME.

Ashley says IT SURE IS.

Silas says MOST OF
MY CHILDHOOD MEMORIES
REVOLVE AROUND BODIES OF WATER.
LIKE, PLAYING IN THE CREEK,
PLAYING AT THE POND.

Now walking in the woods, Silas says THAT'S QUEEN'S HOLLER
OVER THERE.
AND THERE WAS
A BIG STRIP MINE UP IN
THE HEAD OF QUEEN'S HOLLER.
SO, WHEN I WAS GROWING UP,
EVEN THOUGH IT LOOKS
REALLY BUCOLIC,
THERE WOULD'VE BEEN
A LOT OF SOUNDS OF MACHINERY.
WE WOULD HAVE TO CONSULT
THE BLASTING SCHEDULE
BEFORE WE CAME OUT
TO PLAY TO MAKE SURE
THAT IT WASN'T
GONNA BE TOO BAD.
ABOUT TEN YEARS AGO,
A THREE-YEAR-OLD BOY
WAS ASLEEP IN HIS PARENTS'
DOUBLE WIDE TRAILER.
AND A HALF TON BOULDER
WAS DISLODGED
BY A MAN RUNNING A BULLDOZER,
CUTTING IN AN ILLEGAL ROAD
TO A MOUNTAIN TOP
FROM EITHER SIDE.
THE BOULDER
ROLLED DOWN THE MOUNTAIN,
CRASHED THROUGH,
THEN CAME TO REST
ON TOP OF JEREMY DAVIDSON.
HIS BROTHER
WAS SLEEPING IN
THE SAME ROOM.
THERE WAS NO MEDIA OUTCRY,
THERE WAS NO NATIONAL MEDIA
THAT I KNOW OF.
AND I WANT HIS STORY
TO BE REMEMBERED.

A newspaper headline reads "A death in Inman. The Davidson family knows firsthand the danger of living next door to a strip mine."

Silas says I DON'T THINK
IT'S HARD AT ALL
TO DRAW A LINE FROM THE FACT
THAT THE MOVIES, TV,
HAVE NEGATED APPALACHIAN PEOPLE
TO A POINT WHERE YOU CAN SEE
THE WAY THAT PEOPLE HAVE BEEN
VICTIMIZED BY
THE COAL INDUSTRY.
BECAUSE THERE IS
NO PUBLIC OUTCRY.

(violin music plays)
The caption changes to "Lexington, Kentucky. Crystal Good. Artist, poet, entrepreneur." Crystal is in her late thirties, with short curly black hair. She wears a black shirt, long golden earrings and a necklace.

Crystal sits with a group of people in a cafe.

She reads "IT'S TUESDAY, AND SHE CAN'T
SAY, 'NIGGER,'
SO SHE WROTE IT IN A POEM.
IT'S WEDNESDAY, THE FOURTH
OF THE MONTH NOT THE LAST.
AND A SIREN IS BLAZING
A TEST TO SHELTER IN PLACE.
I'VE HEARD THIS SIREN 468 TIMES.
I WILL STAY.
IT'S THURSDAY AND I'M GLAD THAT
I CAN BE BLACK AND FORGET
THAT I'M A HILLBILLY.
IT'S FRIDAY, AND I WILL NEVER,
NEVER BE A WHITE FEMINIST.
IT'S SATURDAY MASS AND MOM SAID
THE CANCER CAME BACK.
SUNDAY,
AND WE ARE ALL SEGREGATED,
THOSE THAT HAVE CLEAN WATER,
AND THOSE THAT DO NOT."

A man says DAMN.

Frank says DO YOU CONSIDER YOURSELF
AN ENVIRONMENTALIST?

Crystal says I DON'T KNOW, I'M THINKING
ABOUT THAT, FRANK. I DON'T KNOW.
I DON'T WANNA BE CALLED
AN ENVIRONMENTALIST
BECAUSE THEN THAT PUTS YOU
IN THIS BOX, THAT'S ANTI-LABOR,
YOU KNOW, WHICH...
NOT ANTI-LABOR.
SO, STILL THINKING IT THROUGH.

Frank says I THINK IT'S DIFFERENT
IF YOU NAME YOURSELF
VERSUS US NAMING YOU.
WHEN YOU CALL YOURSELF
A RED-NECK VALLEY GIRL
OR AN AFFRILACHIAN,
I THINK SOME PEOPLE WOULD
SEE THOSE AS CONFLICTING.
I MEAN, AFFRILACHIA,
THE WORD EXISTED
BECAUSE WE WERE TRYING TO SEE
WHAT PEOPLE OF COLOR
IN THE REGION,
AND PEOPLE WHO FIT THE
DICTIONARY DEFINITION
FOR APPALACHIANS
HAD IN COMMON.
AND IT WAS STORYTELLING,
AND MUSIC, LOVE OF FOOD,
AND IT WASN'T ABOUT,
THIS IS MINE.
IT WAS ABOUT LET'S HOLD HANDS,
AND LET'S FIGURE OUT
HOW TO DO THIS TOGETHER.

In an old clip, black men sing and play the banjo.

Bell says NO MATTER
HOW MUCH SCHOLARS
HAVE TRIED
TO REMIND THE WORLD
THAT APPALACHIA
IS NOT DEFINED BY WHITENESS...
PEOPLE'S HOLD TO THE IMAGE
OF APPALACHIA AS WHITE
SO THAT WE ERASE
BOTH THE CULTURES IN THE PAST,
BUT WE ERASE THEM IN THE
PRESENT AS WELL.

Chad says THE BOTTOM LINE IS THAT
NO OTHER REGION IN AMERICA
IS MORE MISUNDERSTOOD
THAN APPALACHIA.

[Sings incoherently]
A Betty Boop clip plays.

Barbara says THE STEREOTYPES,
THE KINDS OF ATTRIBUTES
THAT GET PLACED ON HILLBILLIES.
LAZINESS, SEXUAL PROMISCUITY...
WELCOME!...SAVAGERY,
THESE ARE ALL TRAITS
THAT HAVE HISTORICALLY BEEN
ATTRIBUTED TO PEOPLE OF COLOR
IN THE UNITED STATES.
AND SO, THERE'S A
KIND OF RACIAL LOGIC
TO THE WAY THAT HILLBILLIES
ARE DEPICTED.

[Comical music plays]
Cartoon clips show a black man eating a watermelon and another one that with his snoring pulls a chicken back and forth.

Frank says LI'L ABNER...
IF YOU TELL THE WHOLE STORY,
IF YOU PUT LI'L ABNER BESIDE
PEOPLE FROM THE REGION,
LIKE NINA SIMONE
AND ROBERTA FLACK,
AUGUST WILSON, JESSE OWENS.
THESE CARICATURES
START TO DISSOLVE.
BUT IF YOU
LEAVE 'EM OUT ALTOGETHER,
YOU CAN SELL THAT REALLY EASILY.
YOU CAN POINT TO SNUFFY SMITH
AND SAY THIS IS APPALACHIA.
AND I THINK THAT'S WHAT HAPPENS.
THAT DIVIDE AND CONQUER THING
HAS BEEN SO SUCCESSFUL
AND USED SO WELL
THAT EVEN PEOPLE IN THE REGION
BELIEVE THE STEREOTYPE
AND THE CARICATURE.
THEN, IT BECOMES DANGEROUS.
BUT I THINK IT MAKES OUR WORK
EVEN MORE IMPORTANT.

Bell says WHEN WE LOOK
AT MEDIA IMAGES OF THE POOR,
IRRESPECTIVE OF RACE,
THEY'RE ALL ABOUT REINFORCING
THE NEGATIVE
HORRIBLE STEREOTYPES
WHERE WE SEE POOR PEOPLE
ALL THE TIME CONSTRUCTED
AS PEOPLE WE SHOULD DESPISE.

In a movie clip, a young woman with bad teeth says THANK YOU.

In a cartoon clip, a man yells YOU BITCH!

A woman yells YOU SON OF A BITCH!

A Male Announcer says THEY'RE NASTY.

The woman yells YOU DON'T SPILL THAT
ON MY TITTIES, SKANK!

The Male Announcer says THEY'RE WHITE TRASH.
AND WHEN YOU GIVE THEM
A LITTLE PABST BLUE RIBBON,
THEY CAN'T HELP
GETTING ARRESTED.

The clips end.

The caption changes to "Tol'able David, 1921." A clip shows a tall man grabbing another one by the arm.

Anthony says IN THE IMMEDIATE
AFTERMATH OF THE CIVIL WAR,
THE LOCAL COLOR WRITING
PRESENTED APPALACHIA
AS A QUIRKY AND QUAINT PEOPLE.
BUT AS INDUSTRIALISTS BECOME
INTERESTED IN THE REGION,
FOR MINERALS,
FOR LUMBER, FOR COAL,
THE PEOPLE THAT WERE LIVING
THERE COULD ALSO BE SEEN
AS A KIND OF
POTENTIAL THREAT,
OR AT LEAST INTERFERENCE
WITH THEIR ECONOMIC PLANS.
AND SO,
A NEW CONCEPTION EMERGES
OF THEM AS A DANGEROUS
AND THREATENING PEOPLE
WHO MIGHT THREATEN
CIVILIZATION ITSELF.

Barbara says WE'RE NOT JUST TALKING
ABOUT HILLBILLIES, I.E., PEOPLE
WHO LIVE IN THE MOUNTAINS.
WE'RE TALKING ABOUT POOR PEOPLE
WHO LIVE IN THE MOUNTAINS.
THEY'RE THE ONES
WHO ARE GONNA
CUT YOUR THROAT.
REGIONAL AND
NATIONAL NEWSPAPERS
PROMOTE THE MOUNTAIN PEOPLE
AS DANGEROUS AND THREATENING
IF THEY STAND
IN THE WAY OF PROGRESS.

The caption changes to "Deliverance, 1972."

Chad imitates a banjo and says YOU CAN STILL HEAR THAT.
THAT PIECE OF MUSIC.
AND SO YOU
He air quotes and says LOCK THE CAR DOORS
JUST IN CASE
THE CAR WERE TO BREAK DOWN.

In a movie clip, a man with missing teeth says THEY GOT LEO PRETTY MAD.

The caption changes to "Meredith McCarroll. Author, Unwhite: Appalachia, Race and Film." Meredith is in her mid-thirties, with short wavy brown hair. She wears long earrings, a red scarf and a striped black and white sweater.

Meredith says IN
DELIVERANCE,
THERE IS THIS HORRIFYING RAPE.

In the movie clip, a man says COME ON, SQUEAL. SQUEAL!

Meredith says NOW, IF YOU HEAR...
THAT LICK ON THE BANJO,
IT BRINGS UP THIS IMAGE OF RAPE.

In off, a man says JUST ABOUT THE LAST
WILD, UNTAMED,
UNPOLLUTED, UNFUCKED-UP
RIVER IN THE SOUTH.

An explosion occurs in a mountain.

The caption changes to "Emily Satterwhite. Professor, Appalachian Studies and Pop Culture. Virginia Tech." Emily is in her early forties, with long blond hair. She wears a white jacket over a pale shirt.

Emily says IN
DELIVERANCE,
THERE IS AN ACKNOWLEDGMENT
AT THE BEGINNING OF THE FILM
WITH THE IMAGES
OF THE MOUNTAIN BEING BLOWN UP.
AN ACKNOWLEDGMENT
OF THE CITY'S EXPLOITATION
OF THE RURAL.

In off, Louis says WE'RE GONNA RAPE THIS
WHOLE GODDAMN LANDSCAPE.
WE'RE GONNA RAPE IT!

A man says OH, LOUIS, MY...
IT'S EXTREME POINT OF VIEW
OF EXTREMISTS.

The clip ends.

Billy is in his early fifties, with a goatee and short hair. He wears glasses and a striped shirt.

Ashley says ARE YOU NERVOUS?

Billy says YEAH, A LITTLE BIT.

Ashley says ARE YOU NERVOUS? HOW COME?

The caption changes to "Billy Redden. 'Lonnie' in Deliverance."

Billy says I DON'T KNOW.
I'VE ALWAYS BEEN THAT WAY.

He stands in a type of warehouse.

He says THIS USED TO BE MY CLASSROOM.
WE HAD TWO DIRECTORS
LOOKING FOR EXTRAS.
AND SOMEHOW,
THEY CAME IN OUR CLASS,
GOT TO LOOKING
AND PICKED TWO OF US OUT.
I WASN'T THE SAME PERSON
THAT I WAS,
WHEN THEY PUT THAT MAKE UP
AND HAD MY HAIRCUT.
AND IT KINDA SHOCKED ME.

A clip shows Billy playing his character in the movie, a young boy playing the banjo.

The caption changes to "Ronny Cox. 'Drew' in Deliverance." Ronny is in his sixties, with a white goatee and matching hair. He wears a polo-shirt and white trousers.

Ronny says I THINK ONE OF THE THINGS
THAT MAKES
DELIVERANCE
WORK,
ON LOTS OF LEVELS IS THAT
BILLY'S CHARACTER,
AND MY CHARACTER
WERE ABLE TO CONNECT.
HAVING THAT SCENE WORK REALLY
PUT THIS FILM
ON A DIFFERENT LEVEL,
WHICH WAS THE BREAK OF MY LIFE.

In an old clip, a female TV host says I GUESS THAT'S PROBABLY
ONE OF THE GREAT MOMENTS
EVER PUT ON THE SCREEN.
IS THERE ANYONE OUT THERE
WHO HASN'T SEEN
THE MOTION PICTURE
DELIVERANCE?
I'VE SEEN IT
A LARGE NUMBER OF TIMES.
THERE IS A MOMENT THERE
WHEN HE PLAYS THE BANJO
WITH A RETARDED BOY.
AND THEY SUDDENLY
DISCOVER EACH OTHER,
AND RONNY PLAYS THE GUITAR,
AND THEY DO "DUELING BANJOS."
AND I GUESS
IT WAS PROBABLY ONE OF
THE MOST ELECTRIC MOMENTS
ON THE SCREEN.
I GET GOOSE PIMPLES
JUST THINKING ABOUT IT.

Ronny says IT WAS NOMINATED
FOR AN ACADEMY AWARD.

A Male Academy Award Host says LIVE, THE 45TH ANNUAL
ACADEMY AWARDS PRESENTATION.

Ronny says AND IT'S NEARLY ALWAYS
LISTED IN THE TOP 15 OR 30
OF THE BEST FILMS OF ALL TIME.

In another movie clip, a man says LOOK, ED...

The retarded boy played by Billy stands in a bridge looking at a group of men that passes by in a boat.

Ashley says HOW MUCH MONEY
DID YOU MAKE
FOR YOUR ROLE IN
DELIVERANCE?

Billy says I MADE 500 BUCKS.

Billy pushes trolleys in Walmart.

Billy says I WISHED
I COULD BE AN ACTOR.
I JUST LIKE TO GO
TO LOS ANGELES.
THAT'S MY DREAM.
I'M HOPING
I'LL GET THERE ONE DAY.
BUT I DON'T THINK
IT'S GONNA HAPPEN.

Ashley says BILLY WAS ONLY
IN THE FOURTH GRADE WHEN
THE DIRECTORS
CAME TO HIS SCHOOL.
HE HAD NO IDEA
HOW THE MOVIE WOULD BE USED.
OR THAT HE WOULD BECOME
A SYMBOL
FOR THE ENTIRE REGION.
DELIVERANCE,
FOR BILLY,
WAS BOTH HIS HOPE
AND HIS HINDRANCE.

Billy says WHEN I FIRST
SAW THE MOVIE,
I DIDN'T KNOW THAT PART
WAS GONNA BE IN THERE.
YOU KNOW, I THOUGHT TO MYSELF
THE PEOPLE THAT'S GONNA
SEE THAT MOVIE IS GONNA THINK,
MAN, THAT DISGRACED
THE RABUN COUNTY.

Barbara says STEREOTYPES ARE UGLY.
I MEAN STEREOTYPES
DO VICIOUS CULTURAL WORK.
THEY SUGGEST THAT THEIR
BEHAVIORS AND THEIR TRAITS
ARE SO DEPLORABLE
THAT WE DON'T WANNA HAVE
ANYTHING IN COMMON WITH THEM.
WE NEED ONLY MAKE FUN OF THEM,
WE NEED ONLY NEGLECT THEM,
WE NEED ONLY DEGRADE THEM.

In a movie clip, a man holding a riffle says DO YOU HEAR ME TALKING,
HILLBILLY BOY?

Jerry says I THINK THAT THERE IS SOME
AUDIENCE FLATTERY GOING ON
WITH A LOT OF MASS MEDIA
DEPICTIONS OF ALL RURAL PEOPLE.
IN SEEING WHO WE ARE NOT,
AND SAY,
"OH, THEY ARE THE ONES
THAT ARE VIOLENT."

The caption changes to "Buckwild, 2013."

In a fight, a woman says OH FUCKING SHIT! NO!

Jerry says NOT ME.
THEY'RE THE ONES
THAT ARE PRONE
TO DRUNKEN RAMPAGE.

A TV show clip plays.

In his twenties, Shain says SHAIN GANDEE.
YOU KNOW WHY
THEY CALL ME GANDEE CANDY?
'CAUSE IT'S TRICK OR TREAT,
ALL YEAR ROUND.

The caption changes to "Alexandra Bradner. Author, America's Favorite Joke is Anything But Funny." Alexandra is in her late forties, with blond hair. She wears glasses and a blue shirt over a black one.

Alexandra says THE WHOLE POINT
OF BUCKWILD
WAS TO RIDICULE THESE KIDS
FOR URBAN CONSUMPTION.

In the clip, a young man says THEY CALL ME JUSTIN BIEBER.

Alexandra says AND THE PRIMARY MESSAGE
YOU'RE GETTING IS
TUNE INTO THIS SHOW
AND YOU'LL SEE SOME WILD
AND CRAZY BEHAVIOR.

In the clip, a young woman says WHATEVER HAPPENS, HAPPENS.

Alexandra says AND I BELIEVE IT BROUGHT
THREE MILLION VIEWERS
PER EPISODE.
AND EVERY INDICATION WAS
THAT FOR THE SECOND SEASON,
THE AUDIENCE WOULD GROW.

In an interview, Shain says THIS IS THE FIRST TIME
I'VE EVER BEEN IN NEW YORK.
FIRST TIME I'VE EVER
BEEN ON A PLANE.

A Female Host says WHAT? GET OUT OF HERE.

Shain says SWEAR TO GOD.

The caption changes to "Loretta Gandee. Mother of Shain Gandee."

In her early fifties, Loretta says THE BEST THING I THINK
WAS SEEING HIM ON
THE BIG SCREENS IN TIMES SQUARE.

Shain appears a guest in Jimmy Fallon's TV show.

Shain says YEP. CANNED BEER, MATE.
I CAN JUST GET A FORK AND
EAT IT RIGHT OUT OF THE JAR
IF YOU WANT TO.

Jimmy laughs and shakes his head.

[Audience laughter]

Loretta says THAT WAS SOMETHING.
YUP.

The caption changes to "Andrea Canning."

In a NBC news program, Andrea says MTV IS SUSPENDING
PRODUCTION OF THE POPULAR
REALITY SHOW
BUCKWILD
FOLLOWING THE TRAGIC DEATH
OF ITS YOUNG AND EMERGING STAR.
WELL, THE SHOW IS ALL ABOUT
HAVING FUN, AND PLAYING PRANKS.
BUT WHILE OUT WITH HIS UNCLE
AND A FRIEND, SHAIN GANDEE DIED
IN WHAT APPEARS TO BE
A HORRIFIC ACCIDENT.
THEIR BODIES DISCOVERED
INSIDE AN SUV, MONDAY,
STUCK IN A REMOTE
WEST VIRGINIA DITCH.

The caption changes to "Tijah Bumgarner. Production Assistant, Buckwild."

In her early thirties, Tijah says PEOPLE IN THE REGION
HAVE ALWAYS
SEEN THEMSELVES PORTRAYED
LIVING UP TO THIS CHARACTER
THAT IS MORE ENTERTAINING,
MORE INTERESTING
IF HE'S DRUNK
AND ACTING STUPID.
LIKE THAT'S WHAT SELLS,
AND THAT'S NOW WHO YOU ARE.

In a clip, Jimmy Fallon says DO YOU JUST
SPEED AROUND,
YOU GO MUDDING ON YOUR SHOW?

Shain says YEAH, ROUND ABOUT.

Jimmy Fallon says AND THAT CAN'T BE SAFE.

Tijah says BY LIVING UP TO THAT
AND DRINKING AND DRIVING,
AND BEING OUT MUDDING,
WHICH WAS DEFINITELY A PUSH
FROM THE TELEVISION SHOW,
THERE'S JUST NO WAY
THAT IT'S NOT CONNECTED.
WHETHER THEY WERE FILMING
THAT NIGHT OR NOT, I DON'T KNOW.
BUT WHAT I DO KNOW IS
THAT IT WAS DEFINITELY
SHAPED TO
BE AROUND
THIS TELEVISION CHARACTER
FOR ENTERTAINMENT PURPOSES.

In a clip, Shain goes down a hill inside a big truck tyre.

A young man says HOW WAS THAT?

The clip ends.

Sobbing, Loretta says AND I PROMISED THAT
I'D ALWAYS KEEP MY KIDS SAFE.
BUT I DIDN'T KEEP HIM SAFE.

Ashley says IT'S HARD TO KNOW
HOW MUCH AGENCY
SHAIN GANDEE HAD
IN MTV'S PORTRAYAL OF HIM.
HE WAS UNDOUBTEDLY MORE
COMPLICATED THAN THE
SHOW PORTRAYED HIM TO BE.

The caption changes to "Harlan County USA (1976)."

A woman sings COME ALL YOU COAL MINERS
WHEREVER YOU MAY BE
AND LISTEN TO A STORY
THAT I RELATE TO THEE

Ashley says THIS IS
HARLAN COUNTY U.S.A.
I SAW THIS MOVIE WHEN I WAS 19.

In a movie clip, a woman in her forties says EVERYBODY GO OUT
ON THE PICKET LINE,
AND WE'LL WIN THEIR CONTRACTS
IF THEY'LL ALL STAND UP.

Ashley says IT WAS THE FIRST TIME
I REMEMBER SEEING THE PEOPLE
OF EASTERN KENTUCKY REPRESENTED
WITH DIGNITY ON FILM.
THIS FILM INSPIRED ME
TO MAKE DOCUMENTARIES.

The caption changes to "Los Angeles, California."

Teaching a class, Ashley says THAT WAS, LIKE,
IN A HARD MOMENT.
I GREW UP IN A REAL PLACE
AND PUBLIC EDUCATION,
AND IT WASN'T A SPACE
OF RADICAL THOUGHT OR IDEAS.
AND I THINK THAT
THAT VERY MUCH SET
THE TONE FOR ME, AND
FOR THE DIRECTION OF MY LIFE.
AND I WAS INTERESTED IN TELLING
STORIES OF MARGINALIZED
AND VULNERABLE PEOPLE,
BECAUSE I GREW UP
IN A PLACE WHERE A LOT
OF PEOPLE ARE MARGINALIZED,
AND A LOT OF PEOPLE
ARE VULNERABLE.
I MEAN IT'S REALLY INCREDIBLE
THE WAY THAT MEDIA WORKS
ON HOW THESE STORIES
CAN GET TOLD.

[Banjo music plays in background]

The caption changes to "Jon Matthews, filmmaker."

In his early forties wearing a plaid shirt, Jon says THIS IS A SPORTS BAR
THAT HAS A WHITE TRASH THEME.
IT'S CALLED THE RUSTY MULLET.
CO-OPTION TO ME IS
TAKING SOMEONE ELSE'S CULTURE
AND EXPLOITING IT,
AND USING IT
FOR YOUR OWN PROFIT.

The caption changes to "Jim Goad. Author, The Redneck Manifesto." Jim is in his forties. He wears a black woollen hat, a plaid jacket and a black shirt.

Jim says THERE IS A LOT
OF IRONIC REDNECKSHIP.
AND I THINK
IT ONLY BOTHERS ME
IN THE SAME WAY THAT WHITE
PEOPLE PRETENDING THEY'RE BLACK
THROUGH ADOPTING
HIP-HOP CULTURE DOES.
IF IT'S NOT YOUR EXPERIENCE,
LEAVE IT THE FUCK ALONE.

People have fun at a party in a back yard.

Man 1 says WHAT'S THE THEME TODAY?

Man 2 says I BELIEVE IT'S CALLED
THE WHITE TRASH PARTY.

Woman 1 says OH, MY GOD, SLOPPY JOES
MADE WITH BISCUITS.

Woman 2 says I WILL NOT WEAR THIS NORMALLY.

Man 3 says GO!

A man and a woman slide down along a slippery piece of plastic lying on the grass.

Ashley says WHERE DO YOU GET
YOUR IDEAS ABOUT
WHAT WHITE TRASH LOOKS LIKE?

A man with long hair and sunglasses I SEE A LOT OF IMAGERY
ON THE INTERNET.
I SEE, WHAT DO THEY CALL, MEMS,
OR MEMES? INTERNET MEMES?
SOMEBODY WOULD PUT UP
A PICTURE OF TORN JEANS,
AND WITH THE LOGO
"WHITE TRASH."
OR MAYONNAISE JAR
TURNED INTO DRINKING GLASS,
YOU KNOW, WHITE TRASH,
AND I SAW A LOT OF
DELIVERANCE
WHEN I WAS A KID.

[Acoustic music playing]

Young Woman 1 says IT'S THE NEW HIPSTER.

Young Woman 2 says LIKE WHAT?

Young Woman 1 says NO, WHITE TRASH
IS THE NEW HIPSTER.

Young Woman 2 says WHITE TRASH?

Young Woman 1 says YEAH?
ABSOLUTELY.

Jimmy Fallon says USHER, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN!

[Audience cheering]

Jon says A LOT OF HIPSTERS
THAT ARE, MAYBE,
DRESSING LIKE THIS,
DON'T EVEN KNOW
WHERE APPALACHIA IS,
OR UNDERSTAND ANY OF THE
ISSUES ABOUT IT.
"OH, YOU POOR WEST VIRGINIANS
STILL HAVE TO MINE COAL TO GET
YOUR ELECTRICITY."
WHEN 14 percent PERCENT OF THE POWER OF
NEW YORK CITY COMES
FROM WEST VIRGINIA COAL.
THESE HIPSTERS,
THESE MILLENNIALS ARE GONNA BE
THE PEOPLE RUNNING OUR COUNTRY.
AND DO THEY KNOW,
SAY, FOR INSTANCE, WEST VIRGINIA
HAS THE HIGHEST
RATE OF OVERDOSE DEATHS
IN THE NATION FROM OPIOID USE?
BUT THEY'RE WEARING
OUR CLOTHES AND TRYING TO
LOOK OUR LOOK, AND...
CANNED VEGETABLES
AND DRINK MOONSHINE.

Donald Trump puts on a miner helmet and people cheer during a speech.

Jerry says THE CO-OPTION OF POLITICIANS,
THERE'S A LONG HISTORY THERE.
MCCONNELL, IN THE SENATE,
WON HIS FIRST ELECTION
RUNNING A TV AD
IN WHICH HE USED HOUND DOGS.
HE PLAYED THE HILLBILLY.

[dogs barking]
In an ad, a male announcer says SWITCH TO MITCH FOR SENATOR.

Jim says GEORGE W. BUSH IS
SEEN AS A REDNECK...

Holding a cowboy hat, George Bush says THAT'S EXACTLY RIGHT HERE...

Jim continues EVEN THOUGH IT'S JUST
A CHILD PRIVILEGE.
TOTALLY DIFFERENT CLOTHES.
ONE'S AT THE SHACK,
ONE'S AT THE COUNTRY CLUB.

Barbara says THESE ARE
CULTURAL POLITICS
TO THE SUCCESS OF MORE
RIGHT WING GROUPS
IN THIS COUNTRY,
AND IT HINGES IN PART,
ON THE DEPICTION
OF WHITE WORKING CLASS PEOPLE.
SO, FROM THE RIGHT,
YOU GET THIS DEPICTION
AS THE SALT OF THE EARTH,
THE PEOPLE THAT WE LIFT UP.
AND FROM THE LEFT,
She chuckles and continues YOU GET THESE
STEREOTYPES OF VICIOUSNESS.

In a political debate clip, a woman in her sixties says THEY VOTED AGAINST
THEIR OWN ECONOMIC INTEREST
BECAUSE OF GUNS,
BECAUSE OF GAYS,
AND BECAUSE OF GOD.
THE THREE GS.

Barbara says THEIR OWN BEHAVIOR
IS PRECISELY WHAT
PEOPLE ON THE RIGHT POINT TO,
IN LISTING WHITE
WORKING CLASS FOLKS
FOR VERY RIGHT WING CAUSES.

In the political debate clip, a young man says I MEAN, THEY HAVE CONTEMPT
FOR THE CORE OF THE COUNTRY,
FOR THE MIDDLE CLASS,
FOR RURAL AMERICA.
AND THEY'RE NOW ADMITTING IT.

Barbara says IT'S REALLY IMPORTANT
THAT PEOPLE WHO
CONSIDER THEMSELVES PROGRESSIVE
UNDERSTAND WHAT HARM
THEY'RE DOING.

Hillary Clinton says I'M THE ONLY CANDIDATE
WHICH HAS A POLICY
ABOUT HOW TO BRING
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY
USING CLEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY
AS A KEY IN THE COAL COUNTRY.
BECAUSE WE'RE GONNA
PUT A LOT OF COAL MINERS
AND COAL COMPANIES
OUT OF BUSINESS.

[Cheering, booing]

Frank says THE WAR ON COAL MYTHOLOGY.
I DON'T KNOW
WHY THAT KEEPS WORKING.
AND IT PUZZLES ME.

A clip shows Hillary Clinton in a meeting with a group of people.

A young man says I JUST WANNA KNOW
HOW YOU CAN SAY
YOU'RE GONNA PUT A LOT
OF COAL MINERS OUT OF JOBS,
AND THEN COME IN HERE AND
TELL US HOW YOU'RE GONNA
BE OUR FRIEND.
BECAUSE THOSE PEOPLE OUT THERE
DON'T SEE YOU AS A FRIEND.

Hillary says I KNOW THAT VOTE.

The clip ends.

Bell says YOU KNOW, NO MATTER
HOW MANY OF US
IN KENTUCKY ARE PROGRESSIVE,
WE STILL...
She air quotes and continues THE REAL KENTUCKY IS
SEEN AS EMBODIED
IN THE CONSERVATIVE RIGHT WING
APPROACH TO EVERYTHING.

Ashley says WE'RE MAKING A MOVIE
ABOUT MEDIA REPRESENTATIONS
OF APPALACHIAN AMERICAN PEOPLE.
SO, WHAT DO YOU THINK
IS IMPORTANT IN 2016?

Woman 1 says COAL MINES, FOR ONE,
IS A MAJOR THING.

A female teenager says JOBS.

Woman 1 says THE JOBS AROUND HERE,
WHERE THE COAL MINES ARE GONE.
IT'S GOTTEN REALLY BAD
FOR A LOT OF FOLKS.

Ashley says WHAT DO YOU ALL
THINK ABOUT THE ELECTION?

A male teenager says EITHER WAY IT GOES,
THERE'S GONNA BE NO COAL MINES,
AND IT'S GONNA LOSE
A LOT OF KENTUCKY PEOPLE'S JOBS.
AND IT'S JUST GONNA
MAKE A LOT OF PEOPLE
NOT BE ABLE
TO SUPPORT THEIR FAMILY.

Ashley says WHAT ABOUT DONALD TRUMP?
DO YOU WANT HIM TO BE
THE PRESIDENT
OF THE UNITED STATES?

The male teenager says NO.

The female teenager says WELL, I DON'T LIKE DONALD TRUMP,
BECAUSE HE'S VERY RUDE TO WOMEN,
AND DISABLED PEOPLE.
PEOPLE THAT CAN'T HELP
THE WAY THAT THEY ARE,

The male teenager says RACIST.

The female teenager says AND RACIST.

Ashley says WHAT DO YOU THINK
ABOUT HIS PROMISE
TO MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN?

Smiling, the male teenager says I THINK
IT'S A BIG BUNCH OF LIES.

Ashley says DO YOU IDENTIFY
AS HILLBILLIES OR?

Woman 1 says YEAH, I'M A HILLBILLY.
MY KIDS ARE HILLBILLIES.
IT'S NOT A BAD THING.

Silas says WHEN I WAS GROWING UP,
JUST ABOUT EVERY DAY, WE WOULD
GO THROUGH DIFFERENT
FAMILY MEMBERS' HOUSE TO EAT.
I ALWAYS REMEMBER, AS A CHILD,
MAKING THE BEANS,
AND THE WAY IT WOULD STEAM UP
ALL THE WINDOWS IN THE TRAILER
IN THE WINTER TIME.
THAT'S REAL
VIVID MEMORY FOR ME.

Silas and Jason sit in a living room browsing through a photo album.

Silas says LET'S GET THE PICTURE.

Jason says I LOVE THAT ONE.

Silas says DANIEL WHO DID THE MUSIC...
WAS GREAT.

Jason says I LOVE THAT ONE.

Silas says YEAH.

Jason says VERY SWEET.

Silas says THE GIRLS LOOK GREAT.

The caption changes to "Jason Howard. Writer." Jason is in his late thirties, clean-shaven with short brown hair. He wears a dark sweater.

Jason says WE'VE BEEN TOGETHER FOR AGES,
AND COULD HAVE
I GUESS, GONE OFF
AND GOT MARRIED IN DC,
OR NEW YORK OR SOME PLACE.
BUT, SILAS WAS PRETTY ADAMANT
ON WANTING
TO GET MARRIED IN KENTUCKY
AND THAT MEANT
SOMETHING TO ME, TOO,
THAT WE WOULD
BE MARRIED HERE,
AND SO A WEEK AFTER
THE SUPREME COURT DECISION,
WE DID IT, AND IT JUST
CAME TOGETHER REALLY FAST.

Silas says AND WE WANTED IT SIMPLE,
AND YEAH,
IT WAS VERY IMPORTANT TO ME
THAT IT HAPPENED IN KENTUCKY.
I WANTED TO FEEL
LIKE A CITIZEN IN MY HOME,
IN MY STATE, IN THE PLACE
WHERE I PAY TAXES.
YOU KNOW,
IN THE PLACE THAT...
IS PART OF US.

Pictures of Silas and Jason flash by.

Silas says I THINK MY IDENTITY
AS AN APPALACHIAN
HAS ALWAYS BEEN
REALLY STRONG.
I CAN'T EVER REMEMBER
NOT BEING PROUD OF THAT.
I THINK IT'S MOSTLY BECAUSE
I WAS RAISED AROUND PEOPLE
WHO TOLD STORIES ALL THE TIME,
AND WITHIN THOSE STORIES,
THERE WAS SO MUCH HISTORY.

The caption changes to "Appalachian Media Institute. Whitesburg, Kentucky."

Young men play violin. Mikie skates into the room. He is in his early thirties, with a long beard. He wears glasses, earrings, a gray beret and a black sweater.

The caption changes to "Mikie Burke. Appalachian Media Institute."

Mikie says I FOUNDED APPALSHOP
AT A YOUNG AGE.
YOU GET TO LEARN
ABOUT THE PLACE YOU'RE FROM,
YOU GET TO LEARN
HOW TO TELL ABOUT IT
AND YOU GET TO LEARN
HOW TO LIVE HERE.
AND I THINK
THAT'S PRETTY IMPORTANT.

Kate walks into an office where young woman edit a video.

Kate says HOW ARE THEY COMING?

A young blond girl says I PANICKED.
I WHITE BALANCED,
BUT IT DIDN'T WORK
AS WELL AS I THOUGHT IT DID.

Kate says DON'T MESS WITH
THE COLOR TEMP NOW.
AFTER YOU DO IT, WE CAN GO IN,
AND MAKE ADJUSTMENTS,
BUT I DON'T ACTUALLY
THINK IT'S THAT BLUE.
IT LOOKS REALLY BEAUTIFUL.

Then, talking to the camera, Kate says YOU KNOW, IT'S SO RARE
THAT YOU SEE APPALACHIA
THROUGH THE EYES OF AN
APPALACHIAN PERSON
IN NEW YORK CITY,
OR IN THE
NEW YORK TIMES
OR SOMETHING.
THERE ARE
STORY TELLERS HERE
WHO ARE ABLE TO
CRITICALLY EXAMINE
THEIR COMMUNITIES,
AND TO TELL POWERFUL
AND HONEST STORIES,
AND THAT YOU DON'T
NECESSARILY ALWAYS
HAVE TO FLY SOMEBODY IN
TO TELL THAT STORY.

In the street, Oliver reads a sign.

Oliver reads IN MEMORY OF
THE BLACK COAL MINER.

A young man says I'D LIKE TO TAKE A SHOT AT THAT.

Oliver says DEFINITELY.
HANDS DOWN.
THE FACT THAT THERE
IS A SMALL BLACK COMMUNITY
HIDDEN IN THIS PLACE
THAT I DIDN'T EVEN KNOW ABOUT
FOR ALL MY YEARS OF LIVING,
THAT'S CRAZY.
IAN MILES PRETTY MUCH
COMPLETELY CHANGED MY LIFE.
AND IT'S REALLY GOT ME
IN TOUCH WITH MY COMMUNITY,
AND JUST HOW PEOPLE
DON'T HAVE TO BE ALONE
IN THE WORLD THAT THEY LIVE.

Oliver and her team interview Ian.

In his twenties, Ian says I DATED A GIRL IN COLLEGE.
HER PARENTS WERE REALLY RACIST.
OBVIOUSLY, SHE'S WHITE.
HER PARENTS HAD A VERY NEGATIVE
VIEW ON BLACK PEOPLE.
WE'RE LAZY AND DANGEROUS...
ALL KINDS OF STUFF.
AND WE HAD TO DATE IN SECRET.
AND WE DATED
ALMOST FOR TWO YEARS,
AND HER PARENTS PULLER HER
OUT OF THE SCHOOL
ONCE THEY FOUND OUT
THAT WE WERE DATING.
AND I HAVEN'T
SEEN HER SINCE 2012.
IT WAS
A HEARTBREAKING THING FOR ME.

The caption changes to "Oliver Baker. Filmmaker." Oliver is in her late teens, with short black hair and bangs. She wears a red and yellow woollen hat and a white and blue patterned shirt.

Oliver says IT'S TIRING TO HAVE TO HIDE
WHO YOU ARE, AS A PERSON.
EVERYONE SHOULD BE ABLE TO SAY
WHO THEY ARE AS A PERSON.
I WAS ALWAYS
VERY, VERY TOMBOY.
I WENT TO SCHOOL,
I HAD DEVELOPED
A CRUSH ON A GIRL.
LIKE, I WOULD LAY IN MY BED
AND JUST CRY EVERY NIGHT,
'CAUSE MY ENTIRE FAMILY,
IF THEY FOUND OUT,
THEY WOULD HATE ME,
JUST DISOWN ME.

Kate says SOMETIMES PEOPLE
COME IN, AND THEY HAVEN'T
REALLY HAD TO HEAR
WHAT IT'S LIKE FOR A LGBTQ USED
TO BE DISCRIMINATED AGAINST.
OR FOR A PERSON OF COLOR
AND THE GROUP TO BE
DISCRIMINATED AGAINST.
SO, I THINK IT'S CREATING
A BRIDGE OF UNDERSTANDING
BETWEEN YOUNG PEOPLE
AND THEIR OWN COMMUNITY.

Silas and a group of young people sit in a circle.

Silas says YOU ALL ARE SORT OF NEXT WAVE
OF MEDIA MAKERS FOR THE REGION.
THINK ABOUT HOW THE WORLD
SEES WHERE YOU'RE FROM
IN CREATING YOUR ART.

The caption changes to "Sam Gleaves. Musician."

In his mid thirties, Gleaves says WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT
THOSE INTERSECTIONS OF IDENTITY,
I'M GAY,
AND I'M FROM THE MOUNTAINS,
OR I'M BLACK,
AND I'M FROM THE MOUNTAINS.
WHEN YOU SEE IT INTERWOVEN
IN A WORK OF ART.
THERE'S SOMETHING
HEALING ABOUT IT.

Two young men read LORETTA, OUR MOTHER,
WHO ART IN THE MOUNTAINS,
HALLOWED BE THY NAME.
GIVE US THIS DAY A SONG
TO SOFTEN OUR STRUGGLES
AND FORGIVE US OUR BITCH FITS
AND ALL GOD'S FABU-LACHIANS SAY,
AMEN, CHILDREN.

In a movie clip, a young woman with long curly brown hair sings WELL, I WAS BORN THE
COAL-MINER'S DAUGHTER

Silas says ONE OF MY
MOST VIVID MEMORIES
FROM MY CHILDHOOD
WHEN I WAS TEN YEARS OLD,
MY PARENTS DIDN'T BELIEVE
IN GOING TO THE MOVIES.
BUT THEY LET ME GO
TO THE MOVIES WITH MY AUNT.
IT WAS A COLD NIGHT,
WE STOOD IN LINE
FOR ABOUT AN HOUR,
I KEPT SAYING, "WHY ARE
WE SEEING THIS MOVIE?"
AND MY AUNT SAYS
PLUCKED THE CIGARETTE
OUT OF HER MOUTH
AND SHE LEANED DOWN,
AND SHE SAID, "BECAUSE
THIS MOVIE
IS ABOUT US."
I CAN FEEL
THE PRIDE IN THAT ROOM
SEEING RURAL PEOPLE PORTRAYED
IN A COMPLEX WAY.
I THINK THAT'S SO RARE.

The caption changes to "Michael Apted. Director, Coal Miner's Daughter."

In his late sixties with white hair, Michael says I THINK WHAT MADE
COAL MINER'S DAUGHTER
SUCCESSFUL
WAS THAT
IT DIDN'T HAVE AN ATTITUDE.
IN FACT, IT JUST HAD
THIS SIMPLE ATTITUDE
OF HERE ARE THESE PEOPLE.
I REMEMBER WE HAD TWO PREVIEWS.
ONE IN BOSTON
AND ONE IN NASHVILLE.
AND THE BOSTON ONE
WAS A DISASTER.
AND THE HEADS OF THE STUDIO
WERE THERE,
TEARING THEIR HAIR OUT SAYING,
"WHAT ARE WE GOING TO DO?"
WE WENT TO NASHVILLE,
AND THEY WOULD NOT LEAVE.
THEY MADE THEM
PLAY THE FILM TWICE.

Silas says FOR ME, GROWING UP,
TWO OF THE MAIN PEOPLE
THAT I WAS
REALLY PROUD OF,
WERE LORETTA LYNN
AND DOLLY PARTON.

In an old interview, a young Dolly Parton says I WAS BORN
IN A LITTLE LOG CABIN,
OUT ON THE BANKS
OF THE LITTLE PIGEON RIVER.

The caption changes to "The Barbara Walters Special, 1977."

In her forties, Barbara says DOLLY, WHERE I COME FROM, WOULD
I HAVE CALLED YOU A HILLBILLY?

Dolly says IF YOU HAD HAVE, IT WOULD HAVE
BEEN SOMETHING VERY NATURAL,
BUT I WOULD HAVE PROBABLY
KICKED YOUR SHINS OR SOMETHING.

Dolly chuckles.

Dolly sings WORKIN' NINE TO FIVE

Silas says WHEN WE WENT
TO SEE
NINE TO FIVE,
DOLLY PARTON WAS AN
APPALACHIAN CHARACTER IN THAT,
SPEAKING THAT LANGUAGE.

In a movie clip, Dolly's character says IF THERE'S ANYTHING I CAN DO,
YOU JUST GIVE ME A HOLLER.
'CAUSE I KNOW WHAT IT'S LIKE
TO BE THE NEW GIRL IN TOWN.

Silas says AND SHE WAS
SAVVY AND SMART,
AND SHE WAS FEMINIST,
DEFYING ALL THESE NOTIONS
OF THIS BATTERED
APPALACHIAN WOMAN
WHO DID WHATEVER
HER MAN SAID TO DO.

In another clip, Dolly's character pushes a man into a chair.

Angry, she says LOOK, I GOT A GUN
OUT THERE IN MY PURSE.
AND UP TO NOW,
I WAS FORGIVING AND FORGETTING
BECAUSE OF THE WAY
I WAS BROUGHT UP.
BUT I'LL TELL YOU ONE THING.
IF YOU EVER SAY ANOTHER WORD
ABOUT ME, OR MAKE ANOTHER
INDECENT PROPOSAL,
I'M GONNA GET THAT GUN OF MINE
AND I'M GONNA CHANGE YOU FROM A
ROOSTER TO A HEN WITH ONE SHOT!

The clip ends.

Silas says YOU KNOW, SHE WASN'T
ABOUT TO TAKE THAT MISOGYNY.
SO, FOR ME, THEY WERE
REAL HEROES GROWING UP.
AND THEY HAD ENOUGH CLOUT THAT
THEY COULD CONTROL THEIR IMAGE.

[Strumming tunes]

On an outdoor stage, Amythyst plays the guitar and sings WOKE UP THIS MORNING
FEELING BAD

The caption changes to "Amythyst Kiah. Singer and songwriter." She is in her late twenties, with black hair and shaved sides. She wears earrings, a necklace, a black hat and a striped shirt.

Amythyst says PERSONALLY,
I IDENTIFY AS APPALACHIAN.
I GUESS I DON'T NECESSARILY
IDENTIFY AS A HILLBILLY PER SE.
I KIND OF FEEL LIKE
THE WORD'S A BIT DATED.
IT'S ALMOST
LIKE THE TERM "COLORED."

[Punk music playing]

Amythyst says THE TERM APPALACHIAN,
FOR ME IS A VERY UNIVERSAL TERM.
ANYBODY THAT
LIVES IN APPALACHIA
CAN IDENTIFY ANYWAY
THAT THEY WANT TO.
I JUST FEEL LIKE IT'S SOMETHING
THAT'S ALL ENCOMPASSING.

A young woman with black-rimmed glasses looks at an article on her laptop.

She says THERE'S A
GUARDIAN
ARTICLE
THAT CAME OUT
ABOUT MY HOME TOWN.
THEY'RE DOING A SERIES
ABOUT POVERTY IN AMERICA.
THEY SAID SOMETHING
LIKE THE AVERAGE YEARLY INCOME
FOR A HOUSEHOLD
IN LEE COUNTY, KENTUCKY
IS SOMETHING LIKE
13,000 OR 14,000 DOLLARS A YEAR.
UNLESS YOU ARE
OVER THE AGE OF 65,
AND THEN THAT DROPS DOWN
TO LIKE 6000 DOLLARS
OR SOMETHING A YEAR.
NOT ONLY IS THIS A PLACE
WHERE PEOPLE ARE
SO OVERWHELMINGLY POOR,
BUT ALSO, IT'S A PLACE
IN AMERICA WHERE
PEOPLE ARE OVERWHELMINGLY WHITE.
AND THE VAST MAJORITY OF THEM
ALWAYS VOTE REPUBLICAN.
I'M NOT CONSERVATIVE.
BUT I THINK IT'S WRONG TO SAY,
"OH, YOU GUYS ARE STUPID.
YOU'RE JUST
DOING IT TO YOURSELF.
YOU'RE VOTING REPUBLICAN,
SO YOU'RE JUST
DOING IT TO YOURSELVES."
THAT'S NOT THE CASE.
IT JUST SEEMS, LIKE,
YOU KNOW,
IF THEY'RE NOT BLAMING YOU
FOR BEING REPUBLICAN,
THEN THEY'RE BLAMING YOU
FOR BEING ON DRUGS.
AND IF THEY'RE
NOT BLAMING YOU FOR THAT,
THEN YOU'RE DRUNK.

In a movie clip, a man drinks and says OH, YEAH.

She continues IF THEY'RE NOT
BLAMING YOU FOR THAT,
THEN YOU'RE LAZY.

A shirtless man lying in bed next to a shirtless woman says WHEN YOU SHOW 'EM THE BABY,
YOU GET GOOD MONEY
FROM THE GOVERNMENT.

She continues AFTER THIS ARTICLE CAME OUT,
THERE WERE ALL THESE PEOPLE
WHO WERE
OUTSIDE THE COMMUNITY
WHO'RE SAYING THINGS, LIKE,
"OH, THIS ARTICLE
IS REALLY SAD,"
"I FEEL SO SORRY
FOR THE PEOPLE WHO LIVE HERE."
OKAY, LIKE THIS PERSON SAYS,
She reads "THE BRIGHT PEOPLE GET UP
AND MOVE TO PLACES
WITH OPPORTUNITIES
WHICH IS WHAT
BRIGHT PEOPLE ALWAYS DO."
She continues IT'S THE BRAIN DRAIN.
THEY'RE TELLING THE PEOPLE
TO DO THE SAME STUFF
THAT TEACHERS SAID TO ME
WHEN I WAS GOING
TO HIGH SCHOOL IN BEDFORD.
YOU GOTTA GET OUT,
YOU CAN'T STAY HERE,
YOU DON'T NEED TO BE HERE.
YOU GOTTA GET OUT.
THERE'S NOTHING HERE.
I KNOW GOOD PEOPLE
FROM THE REGION HERE,
AND THEY LOVE THIS PLACE,
AND THEY'RE FIGHTING
TO MAKE IT BETTER.
BUT THE FACT THAT WE DON'T HAVE
ANY OF THOSE PEOPLE ON TV,
IT'S REALLY DISHEARTENING.

The caption changes to "Election Day 2016."

Ashley stands next to a car. She wears a giant Donald Trump's cardboard head.

Ashley says LET ME KNOW
IF YOU WANT ME
TO TURN AROUND
OR PACK SOMETHING ELSE.

The Camera Operator says SO, YEAH,
I DON'T KNOW
WHAT TO TELL YOU TO DO.

Ashley says WELL, I'D LOVE FOR YOU TO JUST
HAVE A BIG CIRCLE OF A HEAD.

The Camera Operator says YEAH.

Ashley says AND SAY, IF WE WERE GONNA DO A
MONTAGE OF THE... YOU KNOW.

The Camera Operator says GOT YA.

Ashley says OF THE...
OF THE ENTHUSIASM.

The Camera Operator says GOT YA. ALL RIGHT.

Male Reporter 8 says VOTING HAS
FINALLY BEGUN
ON THE RACE FOR PRESIDENT.

Female Reporter 1 says VOTERS HEAD TO
THE POLL TO CHOOSE BETWEEN
THE FIRST WOMAN PRESIDENT
AND A BUSINESSMAN RUNNING
FOR HIS FIRST ELECTED OFFICE.

Female Reporter 2 says 2016 HAS TRULY BEEN
UNLIKE ANY POLITICAL RACE
WE'VE EVER COVERED BEFORE.

Female Reporter 3 says TRUMP WAS EAGER
TO TOUT SURVEYS
THAT SHOW HIM GAINING GROUND.

Trump says A LOT OF GOOD POLLS
OUT THERE TODAY.

Female Reporter 3 says WHAT'S STILL UNKNOWN
IS THE OUTCOME ON ELECTION DAY.

A man says NOW...

A woman says I DON'T KNOW WHERE
WE'RE GONNA PARK.

A person says ALL RIGHT.

In a TV program, Amna Nawaz says WHAT'S UP, AMERICA.
LET'S PICK A PRESIDENT, Y'ALL.
WE ARE LIVE
IN OUR TIMES SQUARE STUDIO.

Bobby and his family walk into a building to vote.

Chandler says YOU'RE READY, DADDY?

Bobby says HOLD ON.

A man shows a piece of a paper and says DO NOT DO HILLARY.
NO.

[Overlapping conversation]

Bobby says THIS IS THE MOST
IMPORTANT ELECTION
I'VE EVER PARTICIPATED IN.
YEARS BEFORE,
I REALLY DIDN'T CARE
WHO I VOTED
FOR.
BUT THIS TIME, I DO.

A young man with a shaved head says LOTS OF PICTURES OF PEOPLE WITH
THEIR "I VOTED" STICKERS ON.
PEOPLE SEEM TO BE
VOTING AGAINST HATE.
BUT WE'LL SEE.
LIKE YOU WAKE UP
IN THE MORNING, WHAT KIND
OF HANGOVER WILL IT BE?

Jason travels in a car holding a portrait.

Jason says THIS IS MY MATERNAL GRANDMOTHER.
I WAS BORN TWO YEARS
AFTER SHE DIED.
BUT I JUST WANTED HER
WITH ME TODAY.
I'VE ALWAYS FELT HER PRESENCE
IN MY OWN LIFE.

In off, a woman says I ALWAYS GET NERVOUS
WHEN I'M ON MY WAY UP.
I'M AFRAID I'M GONNA
BREAK IT OR SOMETHING.

Silas says WANNA HELP
WITH THE PANTSUIT CROWD.

[Overlapping chatter]

Silas says I THINK THAT HILLARY
WILL GET A LOT MORE VOTES
IN KENTUCKY THAN PEOPLE THINK.
SHE'S NOT A WIN,
BUT THERE ARE LOTS OF LITTLE
BLUE DOTS ALL OVER THIS
RED STATE.
I WAS VOTING FOR MY DAUGHTERS,
I WAS VOTING FOR ME AND JASON
AND ALL THE COUPLES WHO WERE
ABLE TO GET MARRIED FINALLY.
With tears in his eyes, he continues AND A LOT OF PEOPLE.
SORRY.

Male Reporter 9 says FROM NBC NEWS...
DECISION NIGHT IN AMERICA.
DONALD TRUMP
WINS WEST VIRGINIA.
IT'S A STATE WHERE
HIS MESSAGE PLAYED WELL.
ITS COAL INDUSTRY
HAS TAKEN A BEATING.
THE MAP FILLING IN.
19 ELECTORAL VOTES
TO TRUMP AT THIS EARLY HOUR.

Bobby and his family sit in a living room watching TV.

Chandler says A EVERYBODY'S GUESSING
HOW IT'S GONNA GO.
NO ONE KNOWS.

In a TV interview, Trump says IT IS SUCH
A HARD QUESTION,
BECAUSE I LOVE THESE PEOPLE.
THESE PEOPLE
ARE AMAZING PEOPLE.
THESE ARE THE PEOPLE
THAT BUILT THIS COUNTRY.
THESE ARE AMAZING PEOPLE.

Shelby says I JUST HOPE MY MAN WINS.
A HISTORIC DEVELOPMENT.

Male Reporter 10 says WHAT'S UNFOLDING RIGHT NOW,
IT'S NOT OVER YET,
WE'RE WATCHING EVERY STATE,
EVERY ELECTORAL VOTE.

Male Reporter 11 says WITHOUT A DOUBT,
PROBABLY ONE OF THE MOST
MOMENTOUS NIGHTS
IN AMERICAN POLITICAL HISTORY.

Male Reporter 12 says THERE'S MORE IN THE BANK HERE
FOR SECRETARY CLINTON.
BUT THEN YOU WANNA PULL OUT,
YOU SAY, "HERE'S THE ISSUE.
THERE'S A LOT OF RED, RIGHT?
THEY'RE SMALLER.
BUT THIS IS ONLY
24 percent OF THE VOTE."

The young woman with black-rimmed glasses stands in a porch at night.

She says WHAT ARE PEOPLE THINKING?

Ashley says CAN YOU TALK ABOUT
WHERE WE ARE AT THIS POINT,
THAT IT'S LIKE, WHAT TIME IT IS.

The young woman with black-rimmed glasses says YEAH, SURE.
[chuckles]
WHAT TIME IT IS.
IT'S... I WOULD SAY NOW,
THAT IT IS CURRENTLY ABOUT 11:00
SOMETHING EASTERN TIME,
ON ELECTION NIGHT,
BUT REALLY WHAT I WOULD SAY IS,
I THINK THE DOOMSDAY CLOCK
JUST MOVED
A LITTLE CLOSER TO MIDNIGHT.
THAT'S HOW I FEEL, SO...
BECAUSE IT SEEMS LIKE
TRUMP IS CURRENTLY WINNING.
THE PRESIDENCY
OF THE UNITED STATES...
HE'S LIKE, PRESIDENT OF THE
UNITED STATES.
SO...
YEAH.
IT'S REALLY
SOMBERING...
TO THINK THAT
THAT MANY PEOPLE WANNA
VOTE FOR A PERSON LIKE THAT.
SO...

Silas says A LOT OF PEOPLE JUST
DON'T KNOW THAT IN THIS STATE
YOU CAN BE
KICKED OUT
OF A RESTAURANT
JUST FOR EVEN
BEING THOUGHT OF,
AS BEING GAY,
OR YOU CAN BE FIRED
FROM YOUR JOB.

Jason says THE THING
ABOUT IT IS THAT
THEY KNEW THAT IN BEREA
AND THE MAJORITY OF VOTERS,
IT SEEMED, DID NOT CARE.

Silas says RIGHT.
He sighs and says I'VE SPENT MY WHOLE CAREER
DEFENDING RURAL PEOPLE.
I CAN'T DO IT ANYMORE.
I'M NOT GONNA DO IT ANYMORE.
UM...
WHEN YOU LOOK
AT THAT ELECTORAL MAP,
RURAL PEOPLE DID THIS.
NOT ALONE...
CERTAINLY, NOT ALONE.
YOU ALWAYS SAID
THAT YOU LOVE APPALACHIA,
BUT YOU DON'T FEEL IT LOVES YOU.

Jason says UM, I MEAN, I JUST THINK
NO MATTER WHERE ANYBODY'S FROM,
IF THEY'RE HONEST
WITH THEMSELVES,
THEY'RE GONNA HAVE
A LOVE-HATE RELATIONSHIP
WITH WHERE THEY'RE FROM.
AND IT'S COMPLEX,
AND I THINK IT'S INSULTING, UM,
TO REDUCE IT TO ANYTHING
THAT'S ROMANTIC
OR ROSE COLORED GLASSES.

Silas says YOU KNOW, I GREW UP HERE,
AND I KNOW
THAT I WAS TOLD MY WHOLE LIFE
THAT EVERYBODY'S AGAINST US,
AND I SAW PROOF
OF PEOPLE BEING AGAINST US.
I SAW IT WHEN
I TURNED ON THE TV.
I SAW IT WHEN
I WENT TO THE MOVIES.
I SAW IT IN MAGAZINE ADS.
[sighs]
I THINK THAT
A LOT OF PEOPLE I KNOW
THOUGHT ABOUT THAT
WHEN THEY VOTED.

Ashley and his family chat.

Shelby says WOO HOO! HE WON!
[chuckling]

Chandler says I WAS NERVOUS AT FIRST AT SEEING
HILLARY CATCHING UP, I WAS LIKE,
"OH, GOSH."
THEN SHE LOST, AND I WAS HAPPY.

Shelby says I'M HAPPY THAT I SUPPORTED HIM.
AND I'M HAPPY THAT MY VOTE
HELPED HIM GET THERE.

Ashley says I JUST REALLY BELIEVED
THAT HILLARY CLINTON WAS
GONNA BE THE 45TH PRESIDENT
OF THE UNITED STATES.
I BELIEVED IT SO MUCH,
AND I WANTED IT SO BADLY.

Bobby says YOU HAD YOUR HOPES
ON TO BE ABLE TO SEE
THE FIRST WOMAN PRESIDENT
AND I VOTED FOR HER.
THEN YOUR DREAM WAS CRUSHED.

Ashley says AND I CAN ACCEPT IT.
YOU KNOW, I'M NOT
IN THAT CAMP OF, LIKE,
THIS IS A DEAL BREAKER,
AND I WANNA, LIKE,
END MY RELATIONSHIPS WITH PEOPLE
WHO VOTED FOR DONALD TRUMP,
BECAUSE WE ALL KNOW PEOPLE
WHO VOTED FOR DONALD TRUMP.
AND I KNOW ANOTHER PROBLEM
THAT WAS CLEARLY REVEALED
IN THIS CAMPAIGN
IS THAT HILLARY WASN'T ABLE
TO APPEAL TO RURAL FOLKS.
AND I THINK THAT HURT HER.

Chandler says I WANNA SEE
WHAT A GIRL COULD DO,
BUT I DON'T WANT HILLARY. NO.

Shelby says WELL, WHEN I RUN FOR PRESIDENT,
YOU CAN ALL VOTE FOR ME.

Ashley chuckles ands says SHELBY, 2020.

Chandler says I WILL BE A HUMDINGER.
[All laughing]

(soft music plays)

The young man with a shaved head says I KNOW A LOT OF PEOPLE AFRAID OF
WHAT HAPPENS AFTER THE ELECTION.
PEOPLE ARE SAYING THINGS LIKE
THERE'S GONNA BE A RACE WAR.
THERE WERE
ALL THESE KKK LEAFLETS
AND FLYERS THAT WERE DISTRIBUTED
IN THE EASTERN KENTUCKY,
IN THE LAST WEEK.
SO, THAT KIND OF FEAR
AND INTIMIDATION.
THAT'S BECOME A HALLMARK
OF THE ELECTION.
AND TRUMP'S CAMPAIGN
HAS CREATED THIS ERA OF FEAR
THAT IS SMALLER
THAN ALL OF US TOGETHER.
SO, I THINK THE CHALLENGE IS
WHAT CAN WE DO IN THE
AREA OF REACHING A
GREATER UNDERSTANDING,
THAT SUDDENLY PEOPLE
WILL REALLY FIGURE
WE HAVE MORE IN COMMON
THAN ALL THOSE THINGS
ENCOURAGE PEOPLE TO BE
AT WAR WITH EACH OTHER.

Next, Shelby takes a pie out of the oven.

Shelby says DON'T TOUCH THAT.

Ashley says I WON'T.

Shelby says IT'S HOT.

Ashley says IT LOOKS LIKE IT MIGHT
BURN A LITTLE BIT, GRANNY.

Shelby says YOU'RE HUNGRY.

Ashley says DID YOU HEAR MY STOMACH GROWL?
I'VE BEEN
ON THE 500 CALORIE DIET
THE LAST FOUR DAYS.
IT'S NOT INTENTIONAL.
I'M JUST...
JUST... HAVEN'T EATEN A WHOLE
LOT, GRANNY.
SO I AM STARVING,
AND I'M VERY EXCITED
ABOUT THIS FINE MEAL
THAT YOU ARE PREPARING FOR US.

Shelby says I HAD TO COOK
WHEN I WAS GROWING UP.

Ashley says WERE YOU RESPONSIBLE FOR MAKING
MEALS FOR YOUR SIBLINGS
AND YOUR FAMILY?

Shelby says FOR MOTHER AND DADDY
AND ALL OF THEM.

Ashley says WOW.

Shelby says MY MOTHER
DIDN'T BELIEVE THAT
GIRLS SHOULD GET AN EDUCATION.
SHE WANTED ME TO STAY THERE
AND TAKE CARE OF THE KIDS,
AND WASH DISHES,
AND SWEEP AND MOP THE FLOORS
AND STUFF,
RATHER THAN GO TO SCHOOL.
I JUST WANTED
TO EXPERIENCE LIFE.
THAT'S WHAT MY DREAM WAS.
GETTING OUT DOWN THE CREEK
AND GO AND MAKE
SOMETHING OF MYSELF.

Ashley says I DIDN'T KNOW
THAT ABOUT YOU.
I'VE NEVER HEARD YOU SAY
THAT YOU HAD
A CONSCIOUSNESS
ABOUT LEAVING.
THAT MAKES ME FEEL LIKE
I AM LIVING YOUR DREAM
IN A WAY, YOU KNOW.

Pictures of Shelby in her youth flash by.

Shelby says WELL, COULD BE.

Holding a portrait, Ashley says THAT WANT AND DESIRE
THAT YOU HAD AND DIDN'T GET,
THAT GETS TRANSFERRED
TO MOM AND THEN AMANDA AND I,
LIKE AS IT CAME TO US,
WE HAD THAT OPPORTUNITY.

Shelby says YEAH.

Ashley says I'M SO GRATEFUL FOR IT, GRANNY.
I CAN'T TELL YOU, THE...
She gets emotional and continues JUST TO BE ABLE TO GO TO SCHOOL,
IT'S SO MEANINGFUL.

Shelby says YEAH.

Ashley says 'CAUSE EVERYBODY
DOESN'T GET THAT OPPORTUNITY.

Ashley watches a Hillary's speech in her cell phone.

Hillary says OUR CAMPAIGN
WAS NEVER ABOUT ONE PERSON,
OR EVEN ONE ELECTION.
IT WAS ABOUT
THE COUNTRY WE LOVE,
AND ABOUT BUILDING
AN AMERICA THAT'S HOPEFUL,
INCLUSIVE AND BIGHEARTED.
WE HAVE SEEN THAT OUR NATION
IS MORE DEEPLY DIVIDED
THAN WE THOUGHT.
BUT I STILL BELIEVE IN AMERICA,
AND I ALWAYS WILL.
AND TO ALL THE LITTLE GIRLS
WHO ARE WATCHING THIS,
NEVER DOUBT
THAT YOU ARE VALUABLE,
AND POWERFUL,
AND DESERVING OF EVERY CHANCE
AND OPPORTUNITY IN THE WORLD
TO PURSUE AND ACHIEVE
YOUR OWN DREAMS.

Kate photographs a group of people.

Kate says ALL RIGHT, Y'ALL,
WE'RE GONNA GET A GROUP PICTURE.
HOLD ON.

Then, Kate says THE FINAL SCREENING
AT APPALSHOP WAS
KIND OF THIS IN
CREDIBLE THING,
BECAUSE THE COMMUNITY REALLY
TURNS OUT FOR THE YOUNG FOLKS.
ALL RIGHT.
JUST GONNA GO GET IT.
WHEN YOU LIVE
IN A COMMUNITY OF 2000 PEOPLE,
AND WHEN YOU'RE YOUNG,
AND YOU'RE FROM THIS COMMUNITY,
AND YOU'RE TELLING A STORY,
IT CAN REALLY SCARE YOU.
IT TAKES A LOT OF BRAVERY.

People watch a movie. Oliver sits in the audience.

In the movie, Oliver says I'M 18 YEARS OLD,
AND I'VE LIVED IN A HOLLER,
GOT DRAFT WORK MY ENTIRE LIFE.
I'M A GUY
TRYING TO LIVE MY LIFE.

[Cheering, applause]

Oliver says FILMING IS
LIKE A WEAPON,
'CAUSE IT COULD BE
USED FOR BAD,
IT COULD BE USED FOR GOOD,
BUT I WANTED TO SHOW
THE GOOD IN THE WORLD.
I WANNA DO SOMETHING
THAT'S GONNA IMPACT IN SOME WAY.

Fast clips show local people in their daily activities.

In off, a man says APPALACHIA IS A WOUND AND A
JOY AND POEM.
A KNOT OF COMPLICATION.
BUT YOU CANNOT KNOW A PLACE
WITHOUT LOVING IT,
AND HATING IT,
AND FEELING
EVERYTHING IN BETWEEN.
SOMETHING INSIDE YOU
HAS TO CRACK
TO LET IN THE LIGHT.
SO YOUR EYES AND BRAIN
AND HEART CAN
ADJUST PROPERLY.
THOSE ATTEMPTING TO PORTRAY
THE REGION MUST BECOME
IMMERSED IN THE REGION
IN A SPECIAL KIND OF WAY.
THEY MUST GO TO THE MOUNTAINS,
DRIVE THESE WINDING ROADS.
THEN, JUST SIT AND ENJOY
FOR A WHILE WITH FOLKS
ON THE FR
ONT PORCHES,
MUST ATTEND WEDDINGS
AND HIGH-SCHOOL GRADUATIONS.
THEY MUST STUDY THE HISTORY
OF THE PLACE AND COME TO
UNDERSTAND IT.
THEY MUST SIT AT A WAKE,
AND LOOK AT THE LINES
ON THE FAC
ES OF THE PEOPLE,
THE CALLUSES ON THEIR HANDS.
THEY MUST UNDERSTAND THE
GESTATIONAL AND
GENERATIONAL COMPLEXITIES
OF POVERTY,
AND PRIDE AND CULTURE.
THEY MUST STAND
FOR A WHILE OUTSIDE
AND SMELL THE AIR.
STUDY THE GRAVESTONES
ON THE HILLSIDES
THAT AWAKE THE INSCRIPTIONS
OF NAMES BELONGING TO PEOPLE,
NOT STATISTICS,
NOT STEREOTYPES.

Karen says BECAUSE I'M A HILLBILLY.

Oliver says I PROBABLY WOULD
IDENTIFY AS A HILLBILLY.

Shelby says I'M A HILLBILLY,
AND I'M VERY PROUD THAT I AM.

Bell says THE HILLS STAND FOR SO MUCH
THAT IS WONDROUS AND GLORIOUS.

Ashley stands in front of a pile of coal.

Ashley says LOOK IN THE LENS?

The Camera Operator says YEAH.

Ashley says SOMETIMES YOU HAVE TO
LEAVE WHERE YOU CAME FROM
TO FIND
YOUR VOICE.
AND OTHER TIMES, YOU HAVE TO
RETURN TO THAT SAME PLACE
TO LISTEN FOR
A DEEPER UNDERSTANDING.

[Banjo music playing]

The end credits roll.

People sing IT'S ALL OUT
ON THE OLD RAILROAD
IT'S ALL OUT ON THE SEA
ALL OUT ON THE OLD RAILROAD
AS FAR AS I CAN SEE
SWING AND TURN, JUBILEE
LIVE AND LEARN, JUBILEE
HARDEST WORK I EVER DONE
WORKING ON THE FARM
EASIEST WORK I EVER DONE
SWING MY TRUE LOVE'S ARM
SWING AND TURN, JUBILEE
LIVE AND LEARN, JUBILEE
COFFEE GROWS
ON A WHITE OAK TREE
SUGAR RUNS IN BRANDY
GIRLS ARE SWEET
AS A LUMP OF GOLD
BOYS AS SWEET AS CANDY
SWING AND TURN, JUBILEE
LIVE AND LEARN, JUBILEE
IN SOME LANE
IS A FINE BRICK HOUSE
IN SOME LADY'S GARDEN
LET ME OUT, I'LL BREAK OUT
FARE YE WELL, MY DARLING
SWING AND TURN, JUBILEE
LIVE AND LEARN, JUBILEE
IF I HAD NO HOUSE AT ALL
I'D BE FOUND A'CRAWLING
UP AND DOWN THIS ROCKY ROAD
LOOKING FOR MY DARLING
SWING AND TURN, JUBILEE
LIVE AND LEARN, JUBILEE
SWING AND TURN, JUBILEE
LIVE AND LEARN, JUBILEE.

Watch: Hillbilly