Transcript: The Blitz: Britain on Fire - Episode 3 | Oct 19, 2020

Aerial views show images of the city of Liverpool.

Michael Buerk stands alongside Angelica Bell and Rob Bell.

Michael is in his seventies, with short straight gray hair and wears black trousers, a black coat and black leather gloves.

Angelica is in her forties, with shoulder length straight brown hair and wears a black coat and a printed black and white scarf.

Rob is in his forties, with short wavy brown hair and a shadow of a beard. He wears gray trousers and a green- brown jacket.

Michael says WELCOME BACK
TO THE LAST OF OUR SERIES
OF PROGRAMMES ABOUT THE BLITZ.
WE'VE BEEN TELLING THE STORY
OF ONE OF THE MOST INTENSE
ATTACKS ON A BRITISH CITY
IN WORLD WAR TWO.

Angellica says THIS IS
THE STORY OF EIGHT DAYS IN MAY
WHEN BRITAIN AND LIVERPOOL
IN PARTICULAR, WAS IN THE EYE
OF THE STORM.

World War Two clips show aircrafts dropping bombs.

(BOMBS WHISTLING)
(EXPLOSION RUMBLING)

Rob says WE'VE BEEN RELIVING
SOME OF THE KEY EVENTS
OF THE TIME THROUGH THE STORIES
OF PEOPLE WHO WERE THERE
WHEN THE BOMBS REIGNED DOWN.
WE'RE FOLLOWING WHAT HAPPENED
TO THEM DAY-BY-DAY,
HOUR-BY-HOUR.

Michael says AND THROUGH
THEIR STORIES,
WE'LL UNDERSTAND WHAT LIFE WAS
LIKE FOR BRITONS CAUGHT UP
IN THE HELL OF THE BLITZ.
FROM A MOTHER OF SIX TO
A FILM STAR AND HER HUSBAND.
FROM THE FACTORY SEAMSTRESS
TO THE SURVIVOR OF A BOMBED
OUT MATERNITY WARD.

Old pictures of those people appear on screen.

Rob says AND AS WE NEAR
THE END OF OUR LOOK BACK
AT THOSE TRAGIC DAYS IN MAY,
WE'LL DISCOVER WHO SURVIVED
AND WHO DIDN'T.

Against the pictures of the survivors appears the name of the show. It reads "The Blitz: Britain on fire."

A caption reads "Sunday May 4th: 5 AM. Day 4."

(AIR RAID SIREN BLARING)

Michael says ON THE MORNING
OF THE FOURTH DAY OF THE
ONSLAUGHT, LIVERPOOL WAS
WAKING UP FROM THE WORST NIGHT
OF BOMBING SO FAR IN
THE MAY BLITZ.
SCHOOLS, CHURCHES, WHOLE
STREETS AND THE LARGEST
SHOP IN THE CITY:
LEWIS'S DEPARTMENT STORE

LAY IN RUINS.

Pictures show the buildings in ruins.

Michael says TENS OF THOUSANDS OF HOMES
ACROSS MERSEYSIDE
HAD BEEN BOMBED,
AND OVER 1200 PEOPLE KILLED.
THIS IS THE ALBERT DOCK.
IT WAS ONCE THE BEATING HEART
OF ONE OF THE GREATEST PORTS
IN THE WORLD.
IN 1941, IT WAS A CRUCIAL
LIFELINE.
VITAL SUPPLIES CAME IN HERE
THAT HELPED KEEP BRITAIN
IN THE WAR.
OF COURSE, THIS MADE THE DOCKS
ONE OF THE PRIME TARGETS
FOR THE GERMAN BOMBERS,
AN AREA FULL OF WAREHOUSES
AND NEIGHBOURHOODS
OF TIGHTLY PACKED TERRACES,
AND THE HOME OF THE JOHNSONS.

An animated map shows the location of the house of Margaret Johnson, on Wykeham Street, in Kirkdale.

Rob says THOSE WHO PAID
THE HIGHEST PRICE WERE
THE WORKING-CLASS FAMILIES
WHO LIVED BY THE RIVER MERSEY
AND THE CITY'S DOCKS.
MARGARET JOHNSON WAS ONE OF
THEM.
A 37-YEAR-OLD MOTHER OF SIX
FROM A LARGE IRISH FAMILY.
THE JOHNSONS HAD ALREADY
BEEN BOMBED OUT OF THEIR HOME
BACK IN DECEMBER.
AND MARGARET HAD JUST MOVED
MOST OF HER LARGE FAMILY
INTO A NEW SMALLER HOUSE
ON WYKEHAM STREET,
BUT IT WASN'T BIG ENOUGH
FOR ALL OF THEM.
TWO OF THE CHILDREN WERE
LIVING WITH RELATIVES NEARBY.
MARGARET'S GRANDCHILDREN,
JANET AND TERRY,
STILL REMEMBER THEIR
GRANDMOTHER FONDLY.

The caption changes to "Janet Davies. Margaret Johnson's granddaughter."

Janet is in her sixties, with shoulder length, straight blond hair and wears an orange sweater.

The caption changes to "Terry Johnson. Margaret Johnson's grandson."

Terry is in his fifties, bald and with a goatee. He wears glasses, a plaid shirt and a black vest.

Janet says SHE WAS A VERY,
VERY FUNNY DRY-WITTED WOMAN.
CONSIDERING WHAT SHE'D ACTUALLY
GONE THROUGH IN HER LIFE,
TO HAVE A SENSE OF HUMOUR
LIKE THAT AMAZES ME.
(AIR RAID SIREN BLARING)

Rob says ON THE NIGHT OF THE 3RD
OF MAY, SHE'D BEEN IN AN AIR
RAID SHELTER WITH THREE OF
HER CHILDREN WHEN IT RECEIVED
A DIRECT HIT.
MARGARET HAD BEEN PULLED FROM
THE REMAINS OF THE SHELTER
AND TAKEN TO A NEARBY HOSPITAL,
BUT HER 6-MONTH-OLD BABY
DAUGHTER HAD DIED IN THE BLAST.
AND THERE WAS NO SIGN
OF 15-YEAR-OLD PETER OR
7-YEAR-OLD JOHN.

Michael says ON THE MORNING OF THE 4TH,
AS MARGARET LAY UNCONSCIOUS
IN A HOSPITAL BED, HER
YOUNGEST SISTER FRANCES
VOLUNTEERED TO GO LOOKING FOR
THE MISSING BOYS.
FRANCES' DAUGHTER ALSO
CALLED FRANCIS REMEMBERS
THE STORY OF THAT DAY.

The caption changes to "Frances Donnelly. Margaret Johnson's niece."

Frances is in her sixties, with short wavy red hair and wears an embroidered blue sweater and a blue necklace.

Frances says MUM WAS 19.
MUM WAS THE SECOND TO YOUNGEST,
BUT MUM WAS THE STRONGEST.
SHE WAS LIKE THE SHEPHERD
OF THE FAMILY IF YOU LIKE,
SHE SEEMED TO BE ABLE TO RISE
ABOVE EVERYTHING AND, UM,
AND SORT THEM ALL OUT.

The caption changes to "Sunday May 4th, 6:34 AM."

Rob says FRANCES SET OFF
TO FIND HER NEPHEWS
TAKING MARGARET'S OTHER SON,
13-YEAR-OLD JIMMY WITH HER.
HE'D BEEN STAYING AT HER HOUSE
THE NIGHT BEFORE.

Janet says FRANCES
AND JIMMY, THEY WENT TOGETHER
LOOKING ROUND EVERYWHERE,
HOSPITALS, LOOKING FOR
THE TWO BOYS.
(LOUD THUD)

Rob says OUT ON THE STREETS
OF LIVERPOOL THAT MORNING,
THIS IS WHAT THEY'D HAVE SEEN.

An old clip shows volunteer searching under piles of debris in a crumbled building.

(OMINOUS RUMBLING)

Rob says IN THE AFTERMATH
OF THE WORST NIGHT OF BOMBING
LIVERPOOL HAD EVER EXPERIENCED,
UNSURPRISINGLY CHAOS REIGNED.
NO-ONE KNEW
WHICH HOSPITALS WERE OPEN,
OR WHERE SURVIVORS
AND BODIES WERE BEING TAKEN.
(STREET DIN)
FRANCES AND JIMMY WOULD HAVE
BEGUN THEIR SEARCH CLOSE TO
HOME, MOST LIKELY WITH THEIR
LOCAL HOSPITAL ON STANLEY ROAD.
BUT AFTER A NIGHT OF BOMBING,
THE HOSPITAL WAS IN CHAOS.
SO, FRANCES AND JIMMY
WIDENED THEIR SEARCH
CHECKING FROM DISTRICT
TO DISTRICT, ASKING AROUND IN
HOSPITALS AND FIRST AID POSTS,
ANYWHERE THE MISSING BOYS
MIGHT HAVE BEEN TAKEN.

Frances says WELL, MY MUM WAS ABSOLUTELY
FRANTIC SEARCHING FOR THESE
CHILDREN, BECAUSE MY MUM WAS
VERY ATTACHED TO MARGARET.
THEY WERE VERY, VERY CLOSE.

Rob says ALL MORNING
FRANCES AND JIMMY SCOURED
THE CITY FOR NEWS OF
MARGARET'S BOYS.
THEN AT SOME POINT DURING
THAT DAY, THEY WERE GIVEN
A NEW LEAD.
SOME OF THE CASUALTIES HAD BEEN
TAKEN TO THE EAST OF THE CITY.
SO, FRANCES AND JIMMY
HURRIED THERE
AS FAST AS THEY COULD.

Janet says SO, SHE WENT
UP TO A PLACE IN WAVERTREE
WHICH WAS AN OLD CINEMA,
THE CAMEO CINEMA... ..AND IT WAS TURNED
INTO A TEMPORARY MORTUARY.
THEY WERE ALL LAID OUT
ON THE STAGE.

Rob says ONE-BY-ONE FRANCES
AND JIMMY CHECKED THE BODIES
LYING ON THE STAGE.

Frances says AND MUM... FOUND JOHN.

Janet says JOHN WAS ALREADY DEAD.
I THINK OF FRANCES AS WELL
THAT NIGHT, CAUSE SHE WAS
A 19-YEAR-OLD GIRL.
HAVING TO TRAWL THROUGH THERE
LOOKING FOR HER NEPHEWS,
YOU KNOW, IT JUST DOESN'T BEAR
THINKING ABOUT...
IT DOESN'T BEAR THINKING ABOUT
WHAT THEY WENT THROUGH.

Frances says MY MUM WAS
SO TRAUMATISED SHE JUST COULDN'T
TALK TO ANYBODY ABOUT IT.

Rob says BUT AMONG
ALL THE BODIES IN THE CINEMA
THERE WAS NO SIGN OF MARGARET'S
OTHER MISSING SON.
THERE WAS STILL A CHANCE
THAT PETER MIGHT BE ALIVE.

The caption changes to "Sunday May 4th: 12 PM."

Now the animated map shows the location of Willard Hospital and a picture of Doctor Leonard Findlay.

Michael says A COUPLE OF
MILES AWAY IN THE WRECKAGE
OF MILL ROAD HOSPITAL, FOR
12 HOURS DOCTOR LEONARD FINDLAY
HAD BEEN LEADING THE RESCUE
OPERATION TO FREE TRAPPED
AND INJURED PATIENTS.
THE NIGHT BEFORE, THE HOSPITAL
HAD TAKEN A DIRECT HIT
FROM A PARACHUTE MINE.
MATRON GERTRUDE RIDING
HAD LOST AN EYE,
AND DOCTOR FINDLAY HAD BEEN
BADLY BURNED IN THE BLAST
WHICH HAD KILLED 80 PEOPLE
AND WRECKED MUCH
OF THE HOSPITAL INCLUDING
A WARD FULL OF NEW MOTHERS
AND THEIR BABIES.

Angellica says ONE OF THE
MOMS WHO SURVIVED
WAS CATHERINE DOMINGO,
HER 7-YEAR-OLD DAUGHTER
KATHLEEN WAS LEFT AT HOME
WITH HER NAN WHEN SHE
WENT TO HOSPITAL.

The caption changes to "Kathleen McDonald. Catherine Domingo's daughter."

Kathleen is in her eighties, with short wavy graying hair and wear a black and white floral blouse.

She says MUM WENT INTO HOSPITAL AND
OH, WE WERE WORRIED ABOUT...
WELL ALL WE WERE THINKING ABOUT
HER BRINGING HER BABY HOME.
SHE WAS A VERY QUIET PERSON,
ME MUM.
SHE KEPT HERSELF TO HERSELF
BUT WAS ALWAYS ON HAND
TO HELP THE NEIGHBOURS.
THEY ALWAYS COME TO HER.

Angellica says TWO DAYS
BEFORE THE RAID CATHERINE
HAD ARRIVED AT MILL ROAD
AND GIVEN BIRTH TO A BABY BOY,
JOE.
SHE WAS STILL IN HOSPITAL
RECOVERING WHEN THE MATERNITY
WARD HAD BEEN DESTROYED.
(EXPLOSION BOOMING)

Angellica says THE RESCUE OPERATION
AT MILL ROAD HAD BEEN RUNNING
NON-STOP SINCE THE BOMB HAD HIT.
MOST PATIENTS WERE BEING
MOVED TO OTHER HOSPITALS,
BUT SOME PATIENTS
DID NOT WANT TO LEAVE
AND FOR VERY GOOD REASON,
SOME OF THE NEW MOTHERS
WHO HAD SURVIVED THE BLAST
ON THE MATERNITY WARD HAD BEEN
SEPARATED FROM THEIR BABIES.
(BABY CRYING)

Kathleen says WE KNEW
THE HOSPITAL HAD BEEN HIT,
BUT JOE WENT MISSING...
ON THE DAY.

Angellica says BABY JOE
COULDN'T BE FOUND.
CATHERINE MUST HAVE BEEN
FEARING THE WORST.
THAT NIGHT AT LEAST EIGHT
BABIES HAD BEEN KILLED ON
THE MATERNITY WARD.
BUT SOME OF THE BABIES HAD
BEEN PULLED ALIVE FROM
THE WRECKAGE.
IN THE OFFICIAL HISTORY
OF MILL ROAD HOSPITAL
THERE'S AN ACCOUNT FROM
MRS. E. SPENCER, ONE OF THE
MOMS WHO WAS THERE THAT NIGHT.
SHE RECALLS THE CONFUSION
AFTER THE BOMBING WITH THE RAID
STILL GOING ON OUTSIDE.
"THE BOMBS WERE DROPPING,
AND THE GLASS PARTITIONS
WERE SHAKING.
I WAS EXPECTING THEM
TO SHATTER AT ANY MOMENT.
BY THIS TIME THERE WERE FIVE
OR SIX WOMEN SITTING BESIDE ME
ON A BENCH."
THEY MUST HAVE BEEN HYSTERICAL
WITH FEAR THAT THEY'D LOST
THEIR CHILDREN.
THE NURSES GATHERED TOGETHER
ALL THE BABIES RESCUED FROM
THE RUBBLE, AND BECAUSE THERE
WERE NO COTS OR CRIBS LEFT,
THEY PLACED THEM ALL IN LARGE
CLOTHES BASKETS AND BROUGHT THEM
TO WHERE THE MOTHERS WERE.
(BABY CRYING)
THE MOTHER'S RUSHED TO GRAB
THEIR BABIES BUT BECAUSE
THE LIGHT WAS SO DIM THEY
COULDN'T READ THE NAME TAGS,
SO NOBODY KNEW WHOSE BABY
WAS WHOSE.
SOMEHOW CATHERINE DOMINGO
WAS REUNITED WITH BABY JOE.

Kathleen says THEY WERE
VERY, VERY LUCKY BECAUSE
NURSES AND DOCTORS AND PATIENTS,
NEW BABIES WERE ALL KILLED.
(LOUD RUMBLING)

Michael says IN THE RUINS
OF THE HOSPITAL, CATHERINE AND
BABY JOE WERE FAR FROM SAFE.
HER HOME WAS TWO AND A HALF
MILES AWAY ACROSS A CITY
LITTERED WITH BURNING BUILDINGS
AND UNEXPLODED BOMBS.

The caption changes to "Sunday May 4th: 11:58 PM. Day 4."

Michael says ON THE NIGHT OF MAY, THE 4TH,
THE LUFTWAFFE WERE GETTING
READY FOR ANOTHER MASSIVE RAID
ON BRITISH TARGETS.
THESE AERIAL ASSAULTS ALL
FOLLOWED A PATTERN THAT HAD
BEEN ESTABLISHED WITH THE
BOMBING OF COVENTRY SIX MONTHS
EARLIER.
THE AIM, TO DEMOLISH AS MUCH
OF THE CITY AS POSSIBLE,
TO DESTROY THE INHABITANTS'
WILL TO RESIST.
(STREET DIN)
TOP OF THEIR LIST THAT NIGHT
WAS THE PORT CITY OF BELFAST.
(AIR RAID SIREN BLARING)
BUT THE BOMBERS HADN'T
FORGOTTEN ABOUT LIVERPOOL.

The caption changes to "Monday, May 5th: 4:26 AM. Day 5."

(LOUD EXPLOSIONS)
(LOUD RUMBLING)
(LOUD RUMBLING)

Rob says BY THE FIFTH
MORNING WHILE THOUSANDS OF
LIVERPUDLIANS WOKE UP
GRATEFUL TO BE ALIVE,
MARGARET JOHNSON WAS STILL
IN HOSPITAL.
SHE'D SURVIVED A DIRECT HIT
ON AN AIR RAID SHELTER,
BUT HER BABY DAUGHTER HAD BEEN
KILLED AND SO TOO HAD HER
7-YEAR-OLD SON, JOHN.
HE'D BEEN FOUND IN A MAKE-SHIFT
MORTUARY BY MARGARET'S SISTER
FRANCES.

Frances says MY MUM
WAS ABSOLUTELY DEVASTATED.
SHE SAID IT WAS AN AWFUL WEEK,
THAT WEEK.

Rob says BUT IT WASN'T
OVER YET.
JOHN'S BROTHER WAS STILL
MISSING.
PERHAPS, HE WAS RECOVERING
ON A CASUALTY WARD SOMEWHERE.
OVER IN KIRKDALE, THE SEARCH
FOR MARGARET JOHNSON'S SON
PETER CARRIED ON, HOPING HE'D
BE FOUND ALIVE IN ONE OF
THE CITY'S REMAINING HOSPITALS.
(STREET DIN)
THERE WERE AT LEAST SIX
HOSPITALS TAKING CASUALTIES
FROM THE RAIDS,
SPREAD ALL OVER THE CITY
AND PETER COULD HAVE BEEN
IN ANY ONE OF THEM.
THE CITY WAS A DISASTER ZONE.
(FIRE BLAZES)
THOUSANDS OF TROOPS DRAFTED
IN THE DAY BEFORE TO HELP
THE AIR RAID WARDENS
WERE SHOVELLING DEBRIS
AND PULLING DOWN
BOMB DAMAGED BUILDINGS
TO MAKE THEM SAFE.
(STREET DIN)
(FIRE CRACKLING)
AFTER HOURS OF SEARCHING,
FRANCES AND JIMMY DECIDED
TO GIVE THEIR LOCAL HOSPITAL,
STANLEY ROAD, ONE MORE TRY.

Frances says AS SHE
PASSED A SHOP IN STANLEY ROAD,
SHE SAW THIS AIR WARDEN
SITTING ON THE FLOOR
IN THE DOORWAY OF THE SHOP
WITH A CIGARETTE IN HIS HANDS.
SO, SHE WENT UP AND SHE CALLED
OVER TO HIM, "IS THERE ANY NEWS
YET ABOUT THE CHILDREN? ."
SHE MUST HAVE KNOWN HIM.
SHE DIDN'T GET A RESPONSE,
SO SHE WENT OVER AND TOUCHED
HIM, AND HE FELL FORWARD,
AND HE WAS DEAD, AND HIS
BACK WAS JUST SPLIT OPEN.
AND MY MUM WENT ON THEN TO
THE HOSPITAL TO CHECK AGAIN
TO SEE IF THERE WAS ANY
SIGN OF PETER.

Rob says BUT STANLEY ROAD
HOSPITAL WAS STILL
IN A STATE OF CHAOS.

Janet says STANLEY ROAD
HOSPITAL TOOK A HIT THAT NIGHT
AND THE ELECTRICS WERE OUT.
(FIRE CRACKLING)

Frances says SHE'D ONLY
BEEN IN THE HOSPITAL
A SHORT WHILE, EVERYWHERE
WAS THROWN INTO DARKNESS.

Rob says FRANCES AND JIMMY
DASHED AROUND MAKING
INQUIRIES ABOUT PETER.

Frances says SHE COULDN'T FIND HIM.

Janet says BUT ONCE THEY GOT THE
ELECTRICS UP AND RUNNING AGAIN,
STANLEY HOSPITAL FUNCTIONED.

Rob says NOW THE LIGHTS
WERE BACK ON THE SEARCH
WAS EASIER.
AMONGST ALL THE WARDS
FULL OF CASUALTIES
FRANCES AND JIMMY SAW A FACE
THEY RECOGNISED.
PETER WAS THERE IN HOSPITAL.
AFTER SCOURING THE WHOLE
CITY THEY'D ENDED UP FINDING
PETER IN A HOSPITAL JUST A
FEW STREETS FROM THEIR
BOMBED-OUT HOME.
PETER WAS BADLY INJURED,
BUT STILL ALIVE.

The caption changes to "Monday, May 5th: 12:21 PM."

Michael says TWO MILES AWAY
IN THE WRECKAGE OF
MILL ROAD HOSPITAL, DOCTORS
AND NURSES WERE WORKING
AROUND THE CLOCK TO EVACUATE
THE SURVIVING PATIENTS.
SOME OF THEM WERE NEW MOTHERS
AND THEIR BABIES SEPARATED
WHEN THE BOMB HAD HIT.

Angelica says NEW MOTHER CATHERINE DOMINGO
HAD BEEN REUNITED WITH HER
2-DAY OLD BABY JOSEPH.
BUT MANY MOMS AND THEIR BABIES
HADN'T MADE IT.
ONE OF THE MATERNITY WARDS
HAD BEEN COMPLETELY DESTROYED,
CATHERINE AND BABY JOE
WERE LUCKY TO BE ALIVE.
NOW, SHE WAS DESPERATE
TO GET AWAY
FROM THE RUINS OF THE HOSPITAL
AND RETURN HOME.
THE DAY BEFORE 14 AMBULANCE
DRIVERS HAD BEEN KILLED BY
THE BOMB.
CATHERINE HAD TO GET
HER BABY HOME THROUGH
BURNING STREETS LITTERED
WITH UNEXPLODED BOMBS.
SOMEHOW CATHERINE MANAGED TO
CONVINCE ONE OF THE SURVIVING
AMBULANCE DRIVERS TO HELP HER.
IT WAS TWO AND A HALF MILES
ACROSS THE BOMBED-OUT CITY
TO HER HOME ON ROBERTSON
STREET.
CATHERINE, BABY JOSEPH AND
THE DRIVER SET OFF IN THE
AMBULANCE THROUGH THE RUINED
CITY WHERE RUPTURED GAS MAINS,
UNEXPLODED BOMBS AND STREETS
LITTERED WITH RUBBLE
WOULD HAVE MADE THEIR JOURNEY
NIGHTMARISHLY DANGEROUS.
THEY GOT WITHIN A FEW STREETS
OF CATHERINE'S HOME
ONLY TO DISCOVER
THEY COULD GO NO FURTHER.
(SEAGULLS CRYING)
CATHERINE'S 7-YEAR-OLD
DAUGHTER, KATHLEEN WAS STILL
AT HOME WAITING FOR HER MUM.

Kathleen says HALF OF OUR STREET
FROM NUMBER 27 UPWARDS
WAS ALL BURNT, ALL DOWN.
(FIRE RUMBLING)

Angellica says CLUTCHING
BABY JOSEPH, CATHERINE AND
THE DRIVER GOT OUT OF
THE AMBULANCE AND BEGAN TO
MAKE THEIR WAY DOWN THE
BURNT-OUT STREET.

Kathleen says WE WERE
SITTING ON THE STEPS AND...
ONE OF THE KIDS THAT WE
USED TO PLAY WITH SAID,
"HERE'S MRS. MINGO COMING
UP THE STREET."
BECAUSE WE NEVER GOT DOMINGO,
WE NEVER GOT THE NAME DOMINGO,
IT WAS ALWAYS, "HERE'S THE
MINGOS."
(FAINT STREET DIN)
SHE HAD NO SHOES ON,
SHE JUST HAD A NIGHTY ON.
SHE HAD A RED BLANKET ROUND HER
AND THE DRIVER WAS CARRYING OUR
JOE.
AND HE SAT ME MOTHER DOWN
ON THE SETTEE, I CAN SEE
IT TO THIS DAY.
(FAINT STREET DIN)
AND HE SAID, "I'LL HAVE TO
GET BACK NOW."
AND HE PICKED THE BLANKET UP
AND I SAID, "THAT'S OURS."
(LAUGHING)
AND I STARTED AND HE SAID,
"NO, I'VE GOTTA TAKE THIS BACK
TO THE HOSPITAL."
AND I STARTED CRYING
BECAUSE I THOUGHT THEY WERE
GONNA LEAVE IT FOR US, 'CAUSE
WE DIDN'T HAVE BLANK...
WE HAD BLANKETS BUT THEY WERE
ONLY OLD THINGS.

She turns to a man sitting next to him and says THIS IS MY YOUNGER BROTHER JOE.
I WAS SEVEN WHEN HE WAS BORN,
AND HE SURVIVED
THE MILL ROAD BLITZ.

The caption changes to "Joe Domingo. Catherine Domingo's son."

Joe is in his eighties, with short wavy white hair and a moustache. He wears glasses, black trousers, and a blue sweater.

Joe says WHEN I WAS
A NAUGHTY BOY ME DAD WOULD SAY,
"I THINK YOU BOUGHT
THE WRONG BABY BACK."
(LAUGHS)
I WAS ABOUT 24 HOURS OLD
WHEN ALL THIS HAPPENED.
I SURVIVED WITH MY MUM AND
I APPRECIATE NOT ONLY WHAT
MY MUM WENT THROUGH,
BUT ALSO THE OTHER PEOPLE
AS WELL AND I'M LUCKY TO BE
WHERE I AM NOW BECAUSE OF
THAT SITUATION.
ME MUM ESPECIALLY.
SHE GOT ME OUT OF IT.

Angellica says A MILE AWAY
IN THE ELEGANT TERRACES
OF THE CANNING DISTRICT
MARY LAWSON WAS GETTING READY
FOR DINNER.

The animated map shows the location of Canning.

The caption changes to "Monday, May 5th: 7 PM."

(STREET DIN)

Angelica says IN THAT FIRST WEEK OF MAY 1941
THESE GRAND OLD HOUSES
HAD ATTRACTED A PARTICULARLY
GLAMOROUS COUPLE.
THE ACTRESS MARY LAWSON
AND HER HUSBAND BUSTER
WERE LOOKING FORWARD
TO AN EVENING CATCHING UP
WITH OLD FRIENDS.
MARY WAS A RISING STAR
AND HAD HAPPY MEMORIES OF HER
ACTING DAYS IN LIVERPOOL.
SIX YEARS EARLIER, SHE'D BEEN
IN
CINDERELLA
AT THE
LIVERPOOL EMPIRE.
IT'S QUITE POSSIBLE THAT
SOME OF THOSE CAST MEMBERS
WERE WITH HER THAT NIGHT,
MAYBE ENJOYING A MARTINI
IN THE DRAWING ROOM
OF 74 BEDFORD STREET.

(AIR RAID SIREN BLARING)
(BLARING CONTINUES)

Angellica says AS THE SIRENS SOUNDED,
THE DINNER PARTY BROKE UP.
DESPITE THE PLEAS FROM THEIR
GUESTS MARY AND BUSTER
REFUSED TO FOLLOW THEM
TO THE PUBLIC SHELTER.
THE COUPLE HAD ALREADY SPENT
TWO NIGHTS IN THE SHELTER,
AN EXPERIENCE THEY DIDN'T
WANT TO REPEAT.
THEY WERE DAMP,
CROWDED AND FAR FROM PRIVATE.
EVEN THOUGH THEY WERE
CONSIDERED ONE OF THE SAFEST
PLACES TO BE, MARY AND BUSTER
WERE WILLING TO TAKE A CHANCE.
FOR THE THIRD NIGHT IN A ROW,
MOST LIKELY KEEN TO MAKE
THE MOST OF BUSTER'S LEAVE,
THEY DECIDED TO STAY PUT
AT THE HOUSE IN BEDFORD STREET.
(STREET DIN)
ON THAT FIFTH NIGHT,
THE SKIES WERE CLEAR,
PERFECT CONDITIONS FOR A RAID.
ACCORDING TO MARY'S RELATIVES
A PORTER HAD WARNED HER
THAT THEY MIGHT BE IN
FOR A HEAVY ATTACK... ..BUT MARY HAD REPLIED,
"WHAT WILL BE, WILL BE."
THE BOMBERS APPEARED
JUST AFTER MIDNIGHT,
ONE BY ONE THE LUFTWAFFE PLANES
RELEASED THEIR DEADLY CARGO...
(EXPLOSIONS RUMBLING)...AND THIS TIME THEY WERE
HEADING STRAIGHT TOWARDS
THE CANNING DISTRICT.
HUDDLED INSIDE THE HOUSE,
MARY AND BUSTER WOULD HAVE HEARD
THE HUM OF THE APPROACHING
PLANES, THE THUD OF THE BOMBS
AND THE CRACK OF THE EXPLOSIONS.
(EAR-SPLITTING EXPLOSION)
IT WAS NOW TOO LATE TO GET
TO A SHELTER.
MARY AND BUSTER WERE TRAPPED,
HOPING AND PRAYING THAT THEIR
HOUSE WOULD NOT BE HIT.

(BOMBS WHISTLING)
(LOUD EXPLOSION)
(EXPLOSION RUMBLING)

Angellica says 74 BEDFORD
STREET SUFFERED A DIRECT HIT.
IF YOU WOULD HAVE BEEN HERE
ON THAT NIGHT IN MAY 1941,
YOU WOULD HAVE WITNESSED
A FRIGHTENING SCENE.
THAT PART OF THE STREET
WOULD HAVE BEEN A MASS
OF SMOKE AND FLAMES,
AND MARY AND BUSTER WOULD HAVE
BEEN BURIED UNDER THE RUBBLE.

Michael says THE HOUSE HAD
COMPLETELY COLLAPSED.
IN THE SMOKING RUINS
RESCUERS HAD TO ACT FAST.
(FIRE CRACKLING)

The caption changes to "Tuesday, May 6th: 04:07 AM. Day 6."

Michael says ON THE SIXTH MORNING OF
THE MAY BLITZ IN LIVERPOOL'S
CANNING DISTRICT,
74 BEDFORD STREET WAS NOW
A HEAP OF RUBBLE.
SOMEWHERE UNDER ALL THE DEBRIS
LAY MARY AND BUSTER.
(INDISTINCT SHOUTING)
(FIRE CRACKLING)

Angellica says RESCUERS NOW
RUSHED TO THE SCENE.
PEOPLE DID SOMETIMES SURVIVE
THE COLLAPSE OF BUILDINGS
BUT ONLY IF THEY COULD BE
DUG OUT FAST.
THE RESCUERS HAD VERY LITTLE
EQUIPMENT AND HAD TO REMOVE
DEBRIS WITH THEIR BARE HANDS.
UNEXPLODED BOMBS
WERE A CONSTANT THREAT.
(HOUSE RUMBLING)
IN THE EARLY HOURS
THEY FOUND A BODY.
IT WAS BUSTER.
AS THEY PULLED HIM FROM THE
RUBBLE HE WAS BREATHING
BUT UNCONSCIOUS.
THERE WAS NO SIGN OF MARY.
BUSTER WAS RUSHED TO
THE NEAREST FIRST AID POST
JUST A FEW STREETS AWAY.
THE FIRST AIDERS MANNING
THE POST NEAR HERE ON
HARROD STREET WOULD HAVE
DONE WHAT THEY COULD FOR BUSTER.
HE WAS SUFFERING FROM
MULTIPLE INJURIES,
BUT THE FIRST AID STATIONS
COULD ONLY OFFER BASIC
TREATMENT.
THEY WERE MOSTLY STAFFED
BY NURSES AND VOLUNTEERS
WHO WERE NOT TRAINED TO DEAL
WITH THE KIND OF WOUNDS
THAT BUSTER WOULD HAVE HAD.
BUSTER DIED IN THE EARLY HOURS
OF THE MORNING, JUST HALF
AN HOUR AFTER THE BOMB HAD HIT.
SOON AFTER BUSTER DIED MARY
WAS FOUND AMONGST THE RUBBLE
ON 74 BEDFORD STREET.
SHE WAS BADLY INJURED
AND UNCONSCIOUS BUT STILL ALIVE.

The caption changes to "Tuesday, May 6th: 6:30 AM."

(STREET DIN)

Michael says IT HAD BEEN
ANOTHER HEAVY NIGHT OF BOMBING
UP AND DOWN THE COUNTRY
AND LIVERPOOL WAS STILL
THE NUMBER ONE TARGET.
FOR YET ANOTHER MORNING,
THE PEOPLE OF LIVERPOOL
WOKE UP TO THE FALLOUT
OF A CRIPPLING RAID.
(FAINT STREET DIN)
MANY IN THE CITY WERE NOW
FINDING IT HARD TO MAINTAIN
THE BLITZ SPIRIT.
IN FACT, ALL SORTS OF WILD
RUMOURS BEGAN TO CIRCULATE.
A GOVERNMENT SURVEY REPORTED
ON PUBLIC OPINION AT THE TIME
AND IT MAKES FOR STARK READING.
PEOPLE WERE SAYING THAT
LIVERPOOL HAD IMPOSED
MARTIAL LAW, THAT THE CITY
WAS READY TO SURRENDER.
THE PEOPLE WHO SPOKE OUT AGAINST
THE WAR WERE BEING TAKEN OUT
AND SUMMERLY SHOT.
ALL SORTS OF RUMOURS
CIRCULATED.
BUT THE TRUTH WAS, ORDINARY
PEOPLE FELT LIVERPOOL WAS
BEING IGNORED BY THE
GOVERNMENT.

The caption changes to "Professor Frank McDonough, World War Two Historian, Liverpool John Moores University."

Frank is in his sixties, with short straight brown hair and wears a patterned blue shirt and a blue blazer.

Frank says IN
LIVERPOOL THE AIRCRAFT
DEFENCE WAS TERRIBLE.
THE LOCAL POPULATION WERE
SAYING, "WHERE'S THE
ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUNS?
"WHERE ARE ALL THESE WONDERFUL
HURRICANES AND SPITFIRES?
AREN'T THEY GONNA INTERCEPT
THE ENEMY?"

Michael says AT THAT TIME,
LIVERPOOL HAD ANTI-AIRCRAFT
GUNS BUT VERY FEW IN THE DOCK
AREA AND MOST OF THE FIGHTER
PLANES WERE BASED IN
THE SOUTHEAST.

Frank says AND
OF COURSE, THIS WAS A REAL
BEEF, REALLY.
THE VIEW OF THE LOCALS
IN LIVERPOOL WAS,
"OH YES, YOU'LL PROTECT LONDON,
BUT WILL YOU ACTUALLY
PROTECT LIVERPOOL?"
THEY FELT UNPROTECTED.
AND TO BE PERFECTLY HONEST,
THEY WERE UNPROTECTED.

Michael says AFTER FIVE
NIGHTS OF POUNDING,
LIVERPOOL WAS ON ITS KNEES.
THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE WERE NOW
HOMELESS, MANY OF THEM
IN MAKE-SHIFT ACCOMMODATION.
AMONG THEM WERE THE
RICHARDSONS AND THEIR DAUGHTER
FLO.

Angellica says 20-YEAR-OLD
FLO RICHARDSON WAS A WORKER
AT A TEXTILES FACTORY.
HER FATHER HAD BEEN LUCKY ENOUGH
TO SURVIVE FOUR NIGHTS EARLIER
WHEN A BOMB HAD HIT THEIR STREET
AND THEIR FAMILY HOME
HAD BEEN DAMAGED.
FLO'S DAD ALF WAS A FIREMAN
WHO'D BEEN AT HOME THAT NIGHT
AND HAD SURVIVED THE BLAST,
BUT NINE OF HIS WORKMATES
HAD BEEN KILLED ON DUTY
DOWN AT THE DOCKS.
NOW ALF, HIS WIFE AND DAUGHTER
FLO WERE SHELTERING
IN THIS METHODIST CHURCH.

The caption changes to "Tuesday, May 6th: 7:30 AM."

Angellica says NOW ON THE MORNING OF THE
6TH OF MAY AFTER FIVE NIGHTS
OF CONTINUOUS BOMBING,
FLO LEFT HER TEMPORARY HOME
AT THE CHURCH TO GO TO HER WORK
AT THE PECKSWORTH SEWING FACTORY
A MILE AWAY.
FLO WHOSE NOW 98 YEARS OLD,
REMEMBERS THAT DAY.

The caption changes to "Flo Richardson. Daughter if Alf Richardson."

Flo is 98, with short wavy white hair and wears a floral dress and a pearl necklace.

Flo says I'D BEEN IN WORK ABOUT AN
HOUR WHEN SOMEONE CALLED ME
INTO ONE OF THE OFFICES
AND SAID THEY'D HAD A MESSAGE
FROM MY AUNTIE TO SAY THAT
MY GRANDPARENTS THOUGHT THAT
THEY MANAGED, HAD HAD A HIT.

Angellica says FLO'S
GRANDPARENTS HAD WORKED
IN DOMESTIC SERVICE AS A MAID
AND GROOM BEFORE LEAVING
TO SET UP ON THEIR OWN.

Flo says WELL MY GRANDMOTHER AND
GRANDDAD THEY-- THEY MANAGED A
PUB AND IT WAS CALLED
THE ROYAL OAK.
AND IT WAS IN THE SOUTHEND
OF LIVERPOOL NEAR TO THE DOCKS.

Angellica says THAT MORNING
AS SOON AS SHE'D GOT
THE MESSAGE ABOUT THE BOMBING,
FLO HURRIED TO THEIR PUB.

Flo says AND I
GOT THERE, AND ERM,
THE FRONT HALF OF THE PUB
AND THE FRONT OF THEIR LIVING
PARTS... HAD GONE.
(LOUD EXPLOSIONS)

Angellica says MANY
BUILDINGS SUFFERED TERRIBLE
BOMB DAMAGE, BUT REMAINED
PARTIALLY INTACT WITH WALLS
BLASTED OFF, REVEALING ROOMS
AND FURNITURE INSIDE LIKE
A DOLL'S HOUSE.
WHILE THEIR PUB HAD COLLAPSED
AROUND THEM, FLO'S
GRANDPARENTS HAD HIDDEN
IN A CUPBOARD UNDER THE STAIRS.

Flo says THEY WERE BOTH BADLY SHAKEN,
NOT INJURED, NOT BADLY INJURED.
SO, ERR, THANK HEAVEN.
YOU KNOW I WAS MAKING SURE
THEY WERE OKAY.
WE WENT UP INTO WHERE THEY
LIVED.
(LAUGHS)
THERE AGAIN YOU GET THE HUMOUR
AND MY GRANDFATHER SAID TO ME,
YOU KNOW, "I WOULD TAKE YOU
INTO THE SITTING ROOM
BUT IT'S A BIT UNTIDY."

The caption changes to "Tuesday, May 6th: 10 AM."

Michael says WHILE FLO'S
GRANDPARENTS HAD ESCAPED
FROM THE WRECKAGE
OF THEIR BOMBED PUB,
IN THE CANNING DISTRICT
MOVIE STAR MARY LAWSON
AND HER HUSBAND BUSTER
HADN'T BEEN SO LUCKY.
EARLIER THAT MORNING THEY'D
BEEN PULLED FROM THE RUBBLE
OF 74 BEDFORD STREET.
BUSTER HAD DIED SHORTLY
AFTERWARDS.

Angellica says MARY HOWEVER, SURVIVED
THE BLAST AND HAD BEEN TAKEN
TO HOSPITAL WITH SERIOUS
INJURIES.
THE NEAREST OPERATIONAL A and E
WAS SMITH DOWN ROAD HOSPITAL,
ONE AND A HALF MILES
FROM BEDFORD STREET.
BUT LIVERPOOL'S EMERGENCY
SERVICES WERE STRUGGLING TO
COPE.
SOME CASUALTIES HAD TO BE TAKEN
IN BUSES AND DELIVERY VANS,
OR EVEN STRETCHERED THROUGH
THE STREETS.
AT THE HOSPITAL, THE
CRITICALLY INJURED MARY WOULD
HAVE BEEN RUSHED TO THE
OPERATING THEATRE.
THE SURGEONS ON DUTY DID THEIR
BEST TO TREAT HER INJURIES.
BUT MARY DIED THAT DAY
ON THE 6TH OF MAY.
IT'S UNLIKELY THAT SHE EVER
REGAINED CONSCIOUSNESS,
SO WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN AWARE
OF BUSTER'S DEATH.
MARY'S DEATH MADE FRONT PAGE
NEWS, NOT JUST IN LIVERPOOL
BUT ALL OVER THE WORLD.

An old newspaper article appears with the headline "Actress killed by bomb."

Another headline reads "Stage star's raid fate. Blitz victim in Liverpool."

Angellica says YEARS BEFORE, MARY HAD
BEEN INTERVIEWED ABOUT HER
RISE TO FAME.
"IT ALL SEEMS LIKE
A FAIRY TALE.
"I CANNOT YET QUITE CONVINCE
MYSELF THAT IT CAN BE
REALLY TRUE."
"EVERY NOW AND AGAIN
I WONDER TO MYSELF WHETHER
IT IS NOT ALL JUST A
MARVELLOUS DREAM AND I THINK
I SHALL SUDDENLY WAKEN UP
AND FIND MYSELF BACK
WHERE I STARTED."
(INDISTINCT)
MARY'S NIECE BARBARA STILL
HAS MANY OF HER FAMOUS
AUNT'S POSSESSIONS.
HER MIRRORS AND HER
HAIRBRUSHES... ..AND A RING GIVEN TO HER
BY BUSTER, AS WELL AS THE
SCRAPBOOK OF HER LIFE,
PUT TOGETHER BY MARY'S FATHER.

The caption changes to "Barbara Coad. Niece of Mary Lawson."

Barbara is in her seventies, with short wavy gray hair and wears glasses and a black sweater.

Barbara says CAUSE IT WAS
HARD ON GRANDDAD LAWSON.
AUNT DORA WAS MORE OR LESS
LOOKED AFTER HER, CHAPERONED
HER.
I DON'T THINK SHE EVER RECOVERED
FROM LOSING MARY...
AND ESPECIALLY AT THE TIME
OF LOSING HER, WAS WHEN
SHE WAS MORE OR LESS STARTING
TO MAKE WAY TO GO UP TO
HOLLYWOOD.
WE'RE ALL PROUD OF HER
ALTHOUGH SHE ISN'T HERE.
WE'RE STILL PROUD THAT
WE HAD HER IN THE FAMILY.

The caption changes to "Wednesday, May 7th: 7 PM. Day 7."

(MILITARY MUSIC)

Michael says THE CITY HAD
ENDURED SIX CONSECUTIVE
NIGHTS OF BOMBING.
BUT ONE OF THE WORST RAIDS
OF THE MAY BLITZ WAS STILL TO
COME.

The caption changes to "Wednesday, May 7th: 9:51 PM."

Michael says FOR THE FAMILIES AT HOME
LISTENING FOR AIR RAID
WARNINGS, THE EVENING BEGAN
QUIETLY.
CLOUD AND MIST OVER THE MERSEY
MEANT THE LUFTWAFFE PLANES
WERE DIVERTED TO HULL.
BUT AS THE NIGHT WORE ON
THE SKIES CLEARED...
(PLANES RUMBLING)...

Michael says AND OVER 150 GERMAN BOMBERS
HEADED WEST TO LIVERPOOL.
(MAN SPEAKING IN GERMAN)
(BOMBS WHISTLING)
(BOMBS EXPLODING)
THAT NIGHT THE PEOPLE OF BOOTLE
SUFFERED THE MOST CATASTROPHIC
DAMAGE IN ALL MERSEYSIDE
DURING THE RAIDS OF MAY.
BY THE END OF THE BLITZ,
ONLY 15 PERCENT OF BOOTLE'S
HOUSES WERE STILL STANDING.
IN ONE OF THE WORST EPISODES,
THE CO-OP BUILDING
TOOK A DIRECT HIT... ..BLOWING OUT THE FRONT WALL
AND CAUSING THE FLOORS ABOVE
TO COLLAPSE KILLING MORE
THAN 50 PEOPLE WHO'D TAKEN
SHELTER IN THE BASEMENT.
IT WAS TO BE ONE OF THE LAST
MAJOR INCIDENTS OF THAT FIRST
WEEK IN MAY 1941 HERE
ON MERSEYSIDE.
A PERIOD SO INTENSE IT NOW
HAS ITS OWN NAME, THE MAY BLITZ.
FOR THE PEOPLE HERE IN
LIVERPOOL, THE MAY BLITZ
WAS EIGHT DAYS OF HELL.
EIGHT DAYS IN WHICH NEARLY
2,000 PEOPLE WERE KILLED.
FOR THOSE THAT DID SURVIVE,
LIFE WOULD NEVER BE
THE SAME AGAIN.
MARGARET JOHNSON HAD LOST
TWO OF HER CHILDREN IN THE
RAIDS, AND IN STANLEY ROAD
HOSPITAL HER ELDEST SON,
PETER WAS NOW FIGHTING
FOR HIS LIFE.

The caption changes to "Thursday, May 8th: 6:25 AM. Day 8."

Michael says BY THURSDAY, MAY THE 8TH,
THE BLITZ WAS ALL BUT OVER
AND NOW THE MASSIVE
CLEAN-UP OPERATION HAD TO
GET INTO FULL SWING.
CRATERS HAD TO BE FILLED IN
WITH RUBBLE
FROM THE DEMOLISHED BUILDINGS
SO THE VEHICLES
COULD GET MOVING AGAIN.
A MAJOR PRIORITY WAS GETTING
THE DOCKS BACK TO FULL SERVICE.
BUT FIRES WERE STILL BURNING,
THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE WERE
HOMELESS.
THE REPERCUSSIONS FROM THAT
WEEK WOULD GO ON FOR A VERY
LONG TIME.
AROUND 2 MILLION PEOPLE
ACROSS BRITAIN WERE MADE
HOMELESS BY THE WAR.
IN LIVERPOOL, DURING THOSE
EIGHT DAYS, 70,000 PEOPLE
LOST THEIR HOUSES.
BUT WHILE HOMES, SCHOOLS
AND HOSPITALS WOULD EVENTUALLY
BE REBUILT, THE QUESTION
WAS HOW COULD THE MANY
TENS OF THOUSANDS OF
TRAUMATISED PEOPLE REMAKE
THEIR LIVES, RIPPED APART
DURING THOSE EIGHT DAYS IN MAY.

Rob says FOR MARGARET JOHNSON
THE TRAGEDY OF THE MAY BLITZ
CONTINUED LONG AFTER THE
BOMBERS HAD GONE.
SHE WAS STILL IN HOSPITAL
WHEN THE BOMBING STOPPED.
HER 6-MONTH-OLD BABY HAD BEEN
KILLED AND HER SISTER FRANCES
HAD FOUND THE BODY
OF HER 7-YEAR-OLD SON JOHN
IN A MAKE-SHIFT MORTUARY.
BUT HER ELDEST SON,
PETER THOUGH CRITICALLY ILL
IN STANLEY ROAD HOSPITAL,
WAS ALIVE.
ON THE 10TH OF MAY, SIX DAYS
AFTER HER HOME HAD BEEN HIT,
HER 15-YEAR-OLD SON PETER
DIED OF HIS INJURIES.
MARGARET WAS DISTRAUGHT.
JOHN, LITTLE BABY MARGARET
AND NOW PETER HAD ALL BEEN LOST.
ALL SHE WAS LEFT WITH WERE
PHOTOGRAPHS OF HER SONS.
MARGARET PAWNED HER WEDDING
RING TO HAVE THEM MADE
INTO SPECIAL KEEPSAKES,
WHICH ARE NOW KEPT IN
THE MUSEUM OF LIVERPOOL.
THESE ARE MARGARET'S
ORNAMENTAL MIRRORS
IMPRINTED WITH PHOTOGRAPHS
OF JOHN AND PETER.
I CAN'T POSSIBLY IMAGINE JUST
HOW MUCH VALUE THESE MUST HAVE
HELD FOR MARGARET.
YOU HAVE TO REMEMBER,
THIS IS AT A TIME WAY BEFORE
WE ALL HAD THE ABILITY TO
EASILY SNAP PHOTOS OF EACH
OTHER.
BECAUSE OF THE WAR, MARGARET
NEVER MANAGED TO GET A
PHOTOGRAPH OF HER BABY
DAUGHTER.
THE FAMILY SAY SHE KEPT
THE MEMENTOES OF THE BOYS
ON DISPLAY
FOR THE REST OF HER LIFE.
THESE MUST HAVE BEEN SUCH
PRECIOUS POSSESSIONS FOR HER,
AND A MEANS OF KEEPING
THE MEMORY OF THE CHILDREN
SHE LOST ALIVE.

Janet says THE SADNESS THAT I FELT
ABOUT IT ALL WAS FROM ME
NANA.
TO THINK WHAT SHE WENT THROUGH.
TO BE BOMBED OUT TWICE,
TO LOSE THREE CHILDREN.

Frances says I DON'T
THINK SHE EVER GOT OVER THAT.
SHE DIDN'T LIKE TO TALK ABOUT
IT BECAUSE THIS WAS THE ONLY
TRAUMA IN THE FAMILY,
EVERYBODY ELSE SURVIVED
THE BLITZ AND THE WAR.
SO, YOU KNOW THE... THIS
WAS SOMETHING THAT MUST HAVE
KNOCKED THEM ALL FOR SIX.

Rob says EVERY YEAR
A MEMBER OF THE JOHNSON FAMILY
LAYS FLOWERS IN ANFIELD
CEMETERY WHERE THE BOYS
ARE BURIED IN A COMMUNAL GRAVE
FOR VICTIMS OF THE BLITZ.

Janet says SOME PEOPLE GO
INTO THE DOLDRUMS OR ME NANA,
SHE PICKED HERSELF UP,
GOT ON WITH IT AND...
BECAME A VERY STRONG WOMAN.

Rob says ALONG WITH HER
THREE SURVIVING CHILDREN,
MARGARET WENT ON TO HAVE
ANOTHER LITTLE GIRL
BORN IN 1942.
SHE STAYED IN LIVERPOOL
WITH HER CLOSE-KNIT FAMILY
BECOMING GRANDMOTHER
TO EIGHT GRANDCHILDREN.
SHE DIED IN 1987, AGED 83.

Terry says I ALWAYS
REMEMBER THE MORNING
SHE DIED I WASN'T THERE;
YOU WERE ALL UP
AT THE HOSPITAL.
I DIDN'T THINK,
"I'VE LOST ME GRANDMOTHER."
I THOUGHT,
"I'VE LOST ME BEST FRIEND HERE."
AND THAT'S THE WAY SHE WAS.
A BEST FRIEND TO ME.
AND IT WAS...

Janet says SHE COULD MAKE
YOU LAUGH SO MUCH, SHE COULD...
SHE JUST HAD SOMETHING ABOUT
HER, JUST SOMETHING ABOUT HER
THAT MADE YOU WANNA GIGGLE
AND YOU KNEW WHEN SHE WAS
THINKING SOMETHING FUNNY
CAUSE SHE'D START CHUCKLING
TO HERSELF.

Rob says MARGARET'S STRENGTH
IS TYPICAL OF SO MANY WHO
LIVED THROUGH THOSE EIGHT DAYS.
ONE ACCOUNT FROM DOROTHY
LAYCOCK WHO WAS A CHILD
DURING THE BLITZ READS,
"THEY TRIED TO WIPE US OFF
THE FACE OF THE EARTH.
"THEY NEARLY DID,
BUT THEY DIDN'T QUITE DID,
DID THEY?"

Michael says AFTER THE WAR,
SEAMSTRESS FLO RICHARDSON
MARRIED HER
CHILDHOOD SWEETHEART
IN A DRESS SHE MADE HERSELF.
JOE DOMINGO GREW UP TO
BE AN ENGINEER IN THE MERCHANT
NAVY.
HE LIVES IN RUNCORN NOW,
JUST DOWN THE ROAD
FROM HIS SISTER KATHLEEN.

Joe and Kathleen laugh.

Michael says MARY LAWSON AND THE LOVE
OF HER LIFE, BUSTER BEAUMONT
WERE BURIED TOGETHER
IN LIVERPOOL'S KIRKDALE
CEMETERY, BUT ON THE WAR GRAVE
COMMISSION HEADSTONE
ONLY BUSTER'S NAME APPEARS.
CAPTAIN HOWARD KINLEY
OF
THE SS MALAKAND
SERVED THE REST OF HIS CAREER
IN THE MERCHANT NAVY.
HE RETIRED IN 1960
AND MOVED TO THE WIRRAL,
TAKING HIS BOX OF MAGIC
TRICKS WITH HIM.
MATRON GERTRUDE RIDING
WAS AWARDED AN OBE FOR
HER PART IN SAVING SO MANY
LIVES DURING THE BOMBING
OF MILL ROAD HOSPITAL.
SHE CARRIED ON WORKING
EVEN AFTER HER RETIREMENT FOR
THE WOMEN'S VOLUNTARY SERVICE.
DOCTOR LEONARD FINDLAY
WENT ON TO ESTABLISH A TEACHING
HOSPITAL AT BROAD GREEN
AND FOR HIS COURAGE DURING
THE MILL ROAD BOMBING
HE WAS GIVEN THE GEORGE MEDAL.
IN THE COURSE OF MAKING
THIS PROGRAMME THE ORIGINAL
GALLANTRY AWARDS REPORT
FOR DOCTOR FINDLAY
WAS DISCOVERED AND GIVEN
TO HIS SON CHARLES.

The caption changes to "Charles Findlay. Doctor Leonard Findlay's son."

Charles is in his seventies, with short gray hair and wears glasses and a blue shirt.

Charles says WELL,
THIS DOCUMENT WHICH INCIDENTALLY
I HAVEN'T SEEN BEFORE,
CLEARLY APPEARS TO BE THE
EVIDENCE CLARIFYING WHAT MY
FATHER HAD DONE AT MILL
ROAD HOSPITAL.
" SEVERELY INJURED ABOUT
THE HEAD, FACE AND HANDS,
HE IMMEDIATELY ORGANISED
RESCUE WORK AND BY LEADING
AND DIRECTING WITH CALMNESS AND
COURAGE WAS INSTRUMENTAL
IN SAVING MANY LIVES
AND IN EVACUATING THE WHOLE
OF THE PATIENTS TO OTHER
HOSPITALS.
HE REFUSED TO HAVE HIS OWN
WOUNDS ATTENDED TO UNTIL HE
WAS SATISFIED THAT HIS PATIENTS
AND STAFF HAD ALL BEEN
ACCOUNTED FOR, AND SUCH HELP
GIVEN AS WAS POSSIBLE."
WHAT A... WHAT A PERSON
TO LIVE UP TO, EH?

Michael says BY THE 8TH OF MAY THE BLITZ
WAS OVER FOR LIVERPOOL.
HITLER WOULD DIRECT HIS
PLANES SOUTH TO LONDON.
BOMBS WOULD CONTINUE TO FALL
ON BRITAIN BUT WITH NOTHING
LIKE THE FEROCITY
OF THOSE DAYS IN MAY.

Angellica says THE NAZI'S WOULD SOON
TURN THEIR ATTENTION TO A
NEW TARGET, LAUNCHING AN ATTACK
ON RUSSIA JUST A MONTH LATER.

Bob says BRITAIN HAD SURVIVED,
BUT THE COST WAS HIGH.
ALMOST 50,000 PEOPLE
ACROSS THE COUNTRY
WERE KILLED DURING THE BLITZ
AND HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS
INJURED.
THE NATION WOULD NEVER FORGET.

Michael says THAT TERRIBLE WEEK IN MAY
WILL ALWAYS BEEN REMEMBER.
ST LUKE'S
WHERE WE'RE STANDING NOW,
IS STILL KNOWN
AS THE BOMBED-OUT CHURCH,
A CONSTANT REMINDER
OF WHAT PEOPLE SUFFERED
BUT HOW IN THE END THEIR SPIRIT
COULD NEVER BE BROKEN.

Music plays as the end credits roll.

Executive producers, David Dugan and Fred Hepburn.

Filmed and directed by Joseph Cunningham.

Series producer, Michael Wadding.

Copyright 2019, Windfall Films LTD.

Watch: The Blitz: Britain on Fire - Episode 3