Transcript: Digging for Britain: East - series 7 | Apr 06, 2020

Logo: TVF International.

(music plays)

A clip shows images of an archaeological excavation site.

Alice says WE MIGHT BE A SMALL
ISLAND, BUT WE'VE GOT AN EPIC
HISTORY, AND THERE'S A WEALTH
OF UNTOLD SECRETS STILL TO
UNCOVER.
SO EVERY YEAR, HUNDREDS OF
ARCHAEOLOGISTS DIG, DIVE AND
SIFT TO FIND CLUES.

A man at a site unearths a bone and says I'VE NEVER SEEN ANYTHING
LIKE THAT.

A woman at the site say ANYTHING LIKE IT
BEFORE.

Another woman says IT'S AMAZING.

Alice says IN 2018, THEIR DISCOVERIES
HAVE BEEN MORE EXCITING THAN
EVER.

Another man unearths another bone and says LOOK AT THAT.

Another man says SO, THAT'S FROM A TANK THEN.
THAT'S BRILLIANT.
THAT'S A NICE FIND.

A woman holds a coin and says NOT BAD FOR DAY TWO.

Another woman says NOT BAD AT ALL.

Alice is in her forties, with long straight red hair in a half do and wears a black dress.

Alice says EACH EXCAVATION HAS BEEN
FILMED AS IT HAPPENED BY THE
ARCHAEOLOGISTS THEMSELVES.

As a skeleton and a sword are found, a woman says OH, WOW!
WOW.

Alice says THEIR DIG DIARIES MEAN THAT
WE CAN BE THERE FOR EVERY
EXCITING MOMENT OF DISCOVERY.

A man at a site holds a piece of glass with a small hole and says AND YOU IMAGINE HIM LOOKING
OVER HIS SHOULDER, TRYING TO GET
AWAY FROM THE ENEMY AIRCRAFT
THROUGH THAT.

Alice says I'LL BE IN THE LAB, WHERE THE
TEAMS WILL BRING IN THEIR FINDS
FROM POTTERY AND METALWORK, TO
HUMAN REMAINS, AND WE'LL TAKE
A CLOSER LOOK TO FIND OUT WHAT
THESE NEW DIGS CAN TELL US ABOUT
OUR ANCESTORS.

At the lab, Alice holds an old hourglass and says LOOK AT THAT!

A man says BE VERY CAREFUL.

Alice says I WILL BE CAREFUL.
OH, MY GOODNESS.

(music plays)

Alice says WHILE ARCHAEOLOGIST RAKSHA
DAVE LOOKS INTO THE ANALYSIS
THAT GOES ON LONG AFTER A DIG
IS FINISHED.

At a lab, a woman says says SOMEBODY STABBED HER IN THE
BACK OF THE HEAD?
WHAT AN AWFUL WAY TO GO.

Alice says WELCOME TO
DIGGING FOR
BRITAIN.

The name of the show reads "Digging for Britain."

Alice says IN THIS PROGRAMME, I'M JOINING
ARCHAEOLOGISTS IN THE EAST OF
BRITAIN AND BEYOND AS THEY
SHARE THEIR BIGGEST
DISCOVERIES.
WE JOIN A TEAM AS THEY FIND AN
INCREDIBLE LOST STONE AGE
MONUMENT.

A man at a site says IT HAS TO MEAN SOMETHING AND
IT'S NOW OUR JOB TO FIGURE OUT
WHAT IT DOES MEAN.

Alice says AND WE UNCOVER AN UNUSUAL
ROMAN BURIAL SITE THAT SEEMS TO
DEFY EXPLANATION.

A woman at a site brushes dirt off a skeleton and says THIS IS ACTUALLY THE
17TH OUT OF 32 WHICH SHOW
DEVIANCY IN THE FORM OF
DECAPITATION.

Alice says AND AT NORWICH CASTLE MUSEUM,
I'LL DISCOVER HOW ONE OF THE
OBJECTS HELD HERE HELPS US TO
TELL THE STORY OF EASTERN
BRITAIN.
FIRST, WE TRAVEL A BIT FURTHER
EAST THAN USUAL, TO INVESTIGATE
THE KEY WORLD WAR I BATTLE OF
BULLECOURT IN A FRENCH FOREIGN
FIELD THAT IS FOREVER ENGLAND.

A clip shows images of the First World War.

(GUNS FIRING)

A caption reads "Professor Alice Roberts."

Alice says BY 1917, A DEVASTATING LAND WAR
HAD BEEN RAGING IN EUROPE FOR
THREE YEARS.
THAT SPRING, GERMANY MADE THE
STRATEGIC DECISION TO RETREAT
BEHIND A MASSIVE FORTIFIED
DEFENCE THEY'D CONSTRUCTED
ACROSS NORTHERN FRANCE.
IT WAS KNOWN TO THE BRITISH AS
THE HINDENBURG LINE.
THE LINE WAS ALMOST
IMPENETRABLE - WITH A SET OF SIX
TRENCHES, AND IN FRONT OF THAT
ANOTHER 90 METRES OF BARBED
WIRE.
THE ALLIES HAD TO BREACH IT
THOUGH OR FACE THE TERRIBLE
PROSPECT OF AN EVEN LONGER WAR.
SO, THE BRITISH DECIDED TO TRY
OUT THEIR LATEST, BARELY TESTED
INVENTION - THE TANK.
THE PLAN AT BULLECOURT WAS
STRAIGHTFORWARD - 12 BRITISH
TANKS WOULD ADVANCE TO THE
HINDENBURG LINE, CRASH THROUGH
THE DEFENCES, FOLLOWED BY TROOPS
OF AUSTRALIAN INFANTRY.
BUT IN THE END, IT WAS A
DISASTER.
ONLY TWO TANKS GOT ANYWHERE NEAR
THE LINE, LEADING TO A
CATASTROPHIC LOSS OF AUSTRALIAN
LIFE.
THE AUSTRALIANS FELT BADLY
BETRAYED AND ONE GENERAL EVEN
ACCUSED THE TANK CREWS OF
COWARDICE.
MOD ARCHAEOLOGIST RICHARD
OSGOOD IS LEADING THIS
BATTLEFIELD DIG.

The caption changes to "Richard Osgood. Mod archaeologist."

Richard is in his forties, with short wavy gray hair and a stubble and he wears a blue hoodie.

He says WHAT WE ARE LOOKING FOR IS
THE POINTS WHERE THE TANKS OF
THE BRITISH ARMY ATTACKED IN
1917 AND THEN TO FIND OUT WHY
THEY WERE DESTROYED WHERE THEY
WERE, TO ANSWER THE QUESTIONS
THAT WAS LEVELLED AT SOME OF THE
CREWS - THAT THEY PERHAPS
LACKED MORAL FIBRE, MAYBE THERE
IS AN ELEMENT OF COWARDICE IN
SOME WAYS, NOT HELPING TO ASSIST
THE AUSTRALIAN INFANTRY IN THEIR
ATTACK ON THE GERMAN HINDENBURG
LINE.

Alice says THE TEAM HAVE AN IDEA WHERE
THEY MIGHT FIND ONE OF THESE
TANKS BECAUSE THE GERMANS TOOK
PHOTOGRAPHS OF IT AFTER THEIR
VICTORY.
RICHARD'S ARCHAEOLOGISTS ARE
EX-SOLDIERS FROM BRITAIN,
AUSTRALIA, AND GERMANY.

A team member says WELL, THE EDGE OF THE TRENCH
IS ABOUT HERE.
SO, IT HAS A LITTLE SLOPE IN IT.

Alice says THEY'VE SERVED IN RECENT
CONFLICTS FROM AFGHANISTAN TO
IRAQ, GIVING THEM AN INSIGHT
INTO WAR'S WORST REALITIES.
AND IT DOESN'T TAKE LONG BEFORE
THEY FIND EVIDENCE OF THE
HINDENBURG LINE'S BRUTAL
DESIGN.

Another team member says WHAT WE APPEAR TO HAVE HERE -
GERMAN BARBED WIRE.
YOU CAN SEE IT'S REALLY THICK,
IT'S WELL OVER-ENGINEERED.
PRETTY NASTY STUFF.
YOU'LL CERTAINLY GET TANGLED UP
IN THAT AND BE SHOT, NO DOUBT.
(GUNS FIRING)

Alice says AND THEN, RICHARD'S TEAM ARE
BROUGHT FACE TO FACE WITH THE
TRAGIC CONSEQUENCES OF THIS
BATTLE FOR BULLECOURT -
A REMINDER THAT THERE WERE
CASUALTIES ON BOTH SIDES.

Richard says THIS CHAP HERE IS A
GERMAN CASUALTY, LYING IN THE
HINDENBURG LINE.
THIS IS HIS SKULL.
HE'S FACING THIS WAY.
HE SEEMS TO BE IN QUITE A MESS,
DOESN'T HE, ISOBEL?
HE'S KIND OF TWISTED THIS WAY.
THE VERTEBRAE SUDDENLY STOP
THERE.

Alice says THEY CAN TELL FROM THE
EQUIPMENT AROUND HIM THAT HE
WAS A GERMAN SOLDIER.
IT'S IMPORTANT TO THESE FORMER
SOLDIERS TO TAKE A MOMENT TO
REMEMBER THE FALLEN.

Richard says WAR IS A GREAT
LEVELLER.
H'S A HUMAN BEING.
HE COULD BE BRITISH, HE COULD BE
AUSTRALIAN, HE COULD BE FRENCH.
IN THIS CASE, HE'S GERMAN, AND
IT'S ALL EXACTLY THE SAME.
(MAN SPEAKING IN GERMAN)
(SIGHING HEAVILY)

A team member says THIS IS NOT EASY, BUT A
HUNDRED YEARS AGO, WE MIGHT HAVE
FOUGHT AGAINST EACH OTHER, BUT
BECAUSE OF THIS WAR, WE ARE NOW
STANDING HERE TOGETHER, NOT AS
ENEMIES, BUT AS FRIENDS.
(SPEAKING GERMAN)

Richard says TO FALLEN COMRADES!

Everyone raises their glasses and says TO FALLEN COMRADES.

Alice says THE NEXT DAY, THE TEAM
CONTINUE THEIR QUEST FOR THE
TANK.

Richard says I CAN'T BELIEVE
WE'RE MAKING SO MANY FINDS
ALREADY.
WE'VE GOT LOTS OF TANK PARTS
THAT ARE COMING OUT OF THE
GROUND.
WE'VE PARTS OF THE ENGINE, WE'VE
GOT PARTS OF THE DRIVING CHAIN,
WE'VE GOT SOME OF THE
COMPONENTS FROM WITHIN THE TANK
AS WELL.

Alice says BECAUSE OF THE DOCUMENTARY
EVIDENCE AND PHOTOS, RICHARD
KNOWS THAT HE'S LOOKING AT
REMAINS OF TANK 796, COMMANDED
BY LIEUTENANT HUGH SKINNER, AND
THE ONLY TANK THAT MADE IT ALL
THE WAY TO THE HINDENBURG LINE.
IT BROKE DOWN IN A CRATER, IN
FULL VIEW OF THE GERMAN
ARTILLERY.
IN THE REPORTS OF THE BATTLE,
WRITTEN BY AUSTRALIAN GENERALS,
BRITISH TANK CREWS WERE ACCUSED
OF COWARDICE AND INCOMPETENCE.
SO, IS IT POSSIBLE THAT SKINNER
AND HIS CREW ABANDONED THEIR
AUSTRALIAN ALLIES?

A bearded man at the site says GOT SOME TANK ARMOUR.

Richard says OH, RIGHT.
THAT'S PART OF THE PLATE FROM
THE SIDE, IS IT?

The man says YES.

Richard says LET'S HAVE A LOOK.
BEING IN AN ARMOURED VEHICLE
WITH SOMETHING LIKE THIS, I
MEAN, IS THAT GOING TO PROTECT
YOU AGAINST SHELL BLAST?

The man says NO, NOT AT ALL.
PROTECT YOU AGAINST SMALL ARMS.

Richard says SO, AGAINST BULLETS - GOOD.
AGAINST SHELLS - THAT'S REALLY
NOT GOING TO WORK.
SO, THAT'S PRETTY TERRIFYING,
ISN'T IT?

The man says YEAH.

Alice says THE ARMOUR PLATING WAS
CLEARLY NOT ABLE TO WITHSTAND
THE FIREPOWER IT FACED.
WITH HIS TANK IMMOBILISED AND
UNDER HEAVY FIRE, SKINNER AND
HIS CREW WOULD HAVE BEEN
SITTING DUCKS, SO THE LAST FIND
OF THE DIG IS A REVELATION.

Richard says LEAVE IT THERE PAUL,
AND THAT'S POSSIBLY THE END OF A
SHELL.

Paul says THAT IS HOLLOW.

Richard says OKAY, WELL, KEEP CLEANING
IT.
THAT LOOKS LIKE...

Paul says CART CASE.

Richard says I THINK SO.

Paul says CARTRIDGE.
IT'S GOT CURVAGE.

Richard says SO, IN WHICH CASE,
WE NEED TO GET DAVE OVER TO HAVE
A LOOK.
BRUSH...

Paul says THAT WAS A SIX-POUNDER CASE.

Richard says WELL, THAT'S WHAT THE GUYS
HAVE BEEN THINKING.

Dave says YEAH, THAT'S WHAT IT
IS - SIX-POUNDER CASE.

Richard says OOH, SO THAT'S FROM A TANK,
THEN?

Dave says YEAH, YEAH.
THAT'S BRILLIANT.
THAT'S A NICE FIND.

Dave is in his forties, with short gray hair and wears a Superman T-shirt and a cap.

Alice says THIS EMPTY CASING SUGGESTS A
SIX-POUND TANK SHELL WAS FIRED
ON THIS VERY SPOT - THEY WERE
FIRING THE REMAINS OF THEIR
AMMO UNTIL THE BITTER END.

Dave says WHEN THE TANK WAS BASICALLY
BROKEN DOWN HERE, IN HIS REPORT,
HE SAID HE CARRIED ON FIRING,
TRYING TO USE AS MUCH OF HIS
AMMUNITION UP AS POSSIBLE,
BEFORE THEY RETREATED TO THE
AUSTRALIAN AND BRITISH LINES
OVER THERE, AND THIS KIND OF
PROVES THAT HE WAS FIRING FROM
THIS SPOT WHERE THE TANK WAS
BROKEN.

Richard says SO, THIS ITEM IS-- YEAH, IT'S
A SYMBOL OF BRAVERY.

Alice says I'VE ASKED RICHARD TO JOIN ME
IN THE LAB TO SHARE THE
POWERFUL EVIDENCE HE'S
UNCOVERED TO CONTRADICT THE
AUSTRALIAN ACCUSATIONS OF
COWARDICE.

In the lab, Richard says THIS IS BASICALLY THE
ARCHAEOLOGY OF A DAY, THIS IS
THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF ONE DAY IN
APRIL 1917 AND THE TRACES IT
LEAVES BEHIND IN THESE FRENCH
FIELDS.

Alice says HAVE YOU FOUND OUT ANYTHING
ELSE THAT WE COULDN'T HAVE KNOWN
JUST FROM THE HISTORY THAT HAS
COME DOWN TO US?

Richard says UM, YES.
I MEAN, THE ARMOUR, IT'S JUST
METAL; IT'S NOT ARMOURED AS
WE'D UNDERSTAND IT.
IT'S THAT SORT OF LEVEL OF
THICKNESS - IT'S REALLY GREAT
FOR STOPPING BULLETS, BUT NOT
FOR STOPPING ARTILLERY.
THE CREWS MUST HAVE KNOWN THAT
VERY, VERY QUICKLY, AND IT MUST
HAVE BEEN JUST TERRIFYING.

He shows her a picture and says SO, THESE ARE THE TANKS THAT ARE
BROUGHT IN FOR TRAINING FOR THE
BRITISH ARMY.
THEY'VE USED THEM ON THE SOMME
IN 1916, BUT THIS IS GOING TO
BE THE BREAKTHROUGH WEAPON.
BUT THEY'RE ONLY FOR TRAINING.
I SUPPOSE SHOCK AND AWE IS THE
THING THEY WERE TRYING TO
ACHIEVE, OF HAVING THIS MONSTER
ATTACKING THE INFANTRY, AND
THAT'S GREAT, IF YOU CAN'T SHOOT
THROUGH IT.

Alice says I MEAN, IT SEEMS
EXTRAORDINARY THAT YOU ARE
SAYING THAT, ESSENTIALLY, THIS
IS A TRAINING TANK.
I MEAN, THIS TANK IS FIRING
SHELLS OF THAT SIZE, AND
PRESUMABLY THE GERMANS ARE
FIRING BACK SIMILAR SIZED
SHELLS?

Richard says IT'S PRETTY SIMILAR.
THIS IS A SIX-POUNDER CASE, AND
THE GERMANS WERE FIRING BACK
7.7CM ARTILLERY - WHICH IS
PRETTY MUCH THE SAME SORT OF
SIZE - AND IT WAS GOING STRAIGHT
THROUGH THE METAL OF THESE
TANKS.

Alice says AND WHAT'S THIS IMAGE HERE?

Richard says WE ALL THINK WE KNOW WHAT
COLOURS THE TANKS ARE, BUT THE
ONLY WAY YOU CAN REALLY TELL
WHAT THE ORIGINAL PAINT WAS LIKE
ON THESE THINGS IS IF YOU FIND
IT IN THE GROUND.
AND WE WERE INCREDIBLY FORTUNATE
TO FIND THAT PAINT ON ONE OF THE
TRACKS OF 796.
SO, YOU'VE GOT TWO COLOURS
THERE - YOU'VE GOT THE RED,
WHICH IS THE UNDERCOAT, AND
THEN A GREEN TONE ON TOP OF IT.
THAT COLOUR IS BRITISH RACING
GREEN...

Alice says YEAH!

Richard says ON A THING THAT DOES FOUR
MILES AN HOUR.
BRIGHT GREEN COLOUR.

Alice says DOES THAT MAKE THEM STAND OUT
MORE, DO YOU THINK?

Richard says WELL, THEY'VE DONE ALL SORTS
OF DIFFERENT COLOUR SCHEMES AND
THEY'RE EXPERIMENTING.
IT'S SUCH A NEW WEAPON, THEY'RE
EVEN EXPERIMENTING WITH THE
COLOURS THAT ARE GOING ONTO THIS
THING.
AND PEOPLE ARE LEARNING LESSONS
AND DESPERATELY TRYING TO BREAK
THROUGH THIS HUGE SIEGE THAT'S
GOING ON THE WESTERN FRONT.

Alice says SO, THE GERMANS HAD NOTHING
LIKE THIS?

Richard says NO, NOTHING AT ALL.
IN FACT, THE MAIN USE OF TANKS
THAT THE GERMANS HAVE IN THE
FIRST WAR ARE CAPTURED
BRITISH TANKS - "BEUTEPANZER.'
IT'S A BIT OF A PYRRHIC VICTORY
IN SOME WAYS, IN THAT THE
GERMANS LOOK AT THE RESULTS OF
THE FIRE THAT THEY PUT OUT
AGAINST THESE TANKS AND WHERE
THEY'VE DESTROYED THEM AND HOW
THEY'VE DESTROYED THEM, AND
THEY EMPLOY THOSE TACTICS LATER
ON IN OTHER BATTLES.
BUT BY THEN, THE BRITISH ARE NOT
USING TRAINING TANKS; THEY'RE
USING PROPERLY ARMOURED
VEHICLES, AND THAT LEADS TO
SUCCESSES LIKE THE BATTLE OF
CAMBRAI JUST A FEW MONTHS LATER,
WHERE THEY ARE MUCH MORE
EFFECTIVE VEHICLES.

Alice says AND WHAT ABOUT THIS TALE OF
COWARDICE THEN?
I MEAN, WHERE DOES THIS
EXCAVATION LEAVE US?

Richard says WELL, HOPEFULLY, THAT'S
DISPELLED ANY SORTS OF THOUGHTS
LIKE THAT.
IT COMES FROM THE AUSTRALIANS,
WHO TOOK A LOT OF CASUALTIES IN
THIS ONE PARTICULAR BATTLE,
PERHAPS LOOKING FOR A SCAPEGOAT,
AND THESE TANK CREWS WERE THAT
OBVIOUS EXAMPLE TO PIN IT ON.
THE FACT THAT THIS TANK GOT AS
FAR AS IT DID, IT FIRED UNTIL
IT'S AMMUNITION WAS EITHER
EXPENDED OR THE TANK WAS UTTERLY
UNABLE TO MAINTAIN ITSELF
WITHOUT BEING DESTROYED...
IT DOES FOUR MILES AN HOUR OVER
A BIG AREA, THEY'VE SEEN THE
OTHER TANKS BEING DESTROYED - TO
STAY AS LONG, AS THEY DID AND
TO GET AS FAR AS THEY DID, I
THINK, ACTUALLY, IT'S QUITE THE
REVERSE.
I THINK IT'S A TALE OF COURAGE.

Alice says YEAH.

(music plays)

Alice says THIS EXCAVATION SHOWS THAT THE
TRAGIC FAILURE AT BULLECOURT
WAS A FAILURE OF MACHINES
AND NOT MEN.
WE NOW KNOW THAT THE CREW OF
TANK 796 FOUGHT BRAVELY, UNTIL
THEIR VERY LAST SHELL.
WE GO BACK TO THE UK NOW, WHERE
ARCHAEOLOGISTS ARE
INVESTIGATING A HUGE 37
KILOMETRE-LONG STRETCH OF
FARMLAND BEFORE THE LAYING OF A
POWER LINE NEAR WOODBRIDGE.

An animated map shows the location of Woodbridge.

Alice says EVERY TIME A MAJOR UK BUILDING
PROJECT IS GREENLIT, THEN MAPS
HAVE TO BE CONSULTED, THE LAND
IS SURVEYED, AND OFTEN AN
EXCAVATION IS CARRIED OUT.
NOW, THE ARCHAEOLOGISTS DON'T
SET OUT TO MAKE SPECTACULAR
FINDS, BUT SOMETIMES THEY WILL
UNCOVER A MAJOR NEW DISCOVERY,
AND THAT'S EXACTLY WHAT HAPPENED
THIS YEAR IN SUFFOLK.
THE SUFFOLK LANDSCAPE HAS BEEN
PLOUGHED AND LEVELLED FOR
CENTURIES, SO WHEN THE
COMMERCIAL ARCHAEOLOGISTS
STARTED WORK, EXPECTATIONS WERE
LOW.
BUT RIGHT AT THE END OF THE
PROJECT, THE SURVEY SHOWED
SOMETHING INTERESTING HIDDEN
UNDER THE SOIL.
WHEN THEY START TO DIG, THEY
GET A HUGE SURPRISE - IT LOOKS
LIKE THIS VERY FLAT PATCH OF
LAND WAS ONCE A HILL, AND UNDER
THE FLATTENED HILL, THEY
UNCOVER A MONUMENTAL CURVING
DITCH.

The caption changes to "Kate Batt. County Archaeologist."

Kate is in her late forties, with long fair hair and wears a black sweater and protective gear.

She says THE SCALE OF THE DITCH IS
MASSIVE - IT'S ABOUT 15 METRES
WIDE, IT'S AT LEAST TWO TO THREE
METRES DEEP.
THAT IS A VERY, VERY LARGE
FEATURE, WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN
HUGE IN THE LANDSCAPE WHEN IT
WAS AROUND.

Alice says DIGGING THIS DITCH MUST HAVE
BEEN A COLOSSAL UNDERTAKING,
SUGGESTING THAT THIS WAS A VERY
IMPORTANT SITE.
THROUGH THE BITTERLY COLD
WINTER, THE TEAM WORKS AS FAST
AND AS CAREFULLY AS THEY CAN,
PEELING BACK EACH LAYER OF
EARTH FILLING THE DITCH.
THEN COMES THE NEXT SHOCK -
THERE'S A PERFECTLY PRESERVED
WOODEN TRACKWAY INSIDE THE
DITCH THAT WOULD HAVE LED TO
THE TOP OF THE HILL.

The caption changes to "Vinny Monahan. Site director."

Vinny is in his late thirties, with short brown hair and a beard. He wears a plaid shirt and protective gear.

He says THE TRACKWAY ITSELF CAME DOWN
ON A RAMP JUST BESIDE US, ON
SPLIT OAK TIMBERS, AND THEN RUNS
UP ALONG THE CENTRE OF THE RING
DITCH AND TERMINATES AT THE VERY
HIGHEST POINT ON THE HILL.

Alice says WITH NO PRECEDENT FOR SUCH A
STRANGE DESIGN, THE TEAM DON'T
KNOW IF THEY'RE LOOKING AT
SOMETHING THAT IS HUNDREDS OR
THOUSANDS OF YEARS OLD.
BUT IT'S CLEAR THAT THEY'VE
UNEARTHED AN ENORMOUS MONUMENT
AND SOMETHING THAT HAD BEEN
ENTIRELY FORGOTTEN ABOUT.
AS THE TRACKWAY EMERGES, THE
ARCHAEOLOGISTS CAN SEE THAT
IT'S ABOUT THREE METRES WIDE,
AND FURTHER ANALYSIS REVEALS
IT'S MADE OF BIRCH AND OAK.
THE BIG QUESTION IS NOW WHEN
THIS MYSTERIOUS MONUMENT WAS
CONSTRUCTED AND WHY?
AND THEY START TO FIND OBJECTS
THAT APPEAR TO HAVE BEEN
DELIBERATELY PLACED IN THE
DITCH.

Vinny says THERE'S AN OBVIOUS PLACING OF
CERTAIN BONES IN CERTAIN
LOCATIONS ALONG THE TRACKWAY.
BUT WE'RE FINDING NONE OF THE
OTHER BONES; WE'RE ONLY FINDING
PELVIC BONES AND JAW BONES.
WE HAVE THE FRONT OF THE ANIMAL
AND THE BACK OF THE ANIMAL, WITH
NOTHING IN BETWEEN, AND THAT IN
ITSELF IS EXTRAORDINARILY
UNUSUAL.

Alice says THE WOOD AND THE BONE CAN BE
DATED, AND THEY TURN OUT TO BE
VERY OLD INDEED.
THEY'RE FROM 2400 BCE, SO THIS
FEATURE IS STONE AGE.
AT THIS TIME, WE KNOW THAT
PEOPLE WERE GATHERING TO CREATE
GIANT MONUMENTS IN SIGNIFICANT
PLACES IN THE LANDSCAPE.
THE MOST FAMOUS OF THESE, OF
COURSE, IS STONEHENGE, WHICH
ALSO HAS A LARGE CURVING
DITCH AROUND IT.
BUT THERE THE SIMILARITIES END.
THIS NEW DISCOVERY, THOUGH,
RAISES THE POSSIBILITY THAT
MANY MORE GIANT MONUMENTS COULD
BE HIDDEN IN OUR LANDSCAPE,
EACH ONE UNIQUE AND EACH WITH
ITS OWN PURPOSE.
THIS HENGE-LIKE MONUMENT HAS
ONE LAST IMPORTANT SECRET - THE
TEAM FINDS A LARGE PLATFORM AT
THE TOP OF THE HILL, BUILT TO
HOLD THE WEIGHT OF MANY PEOPLE.

Vinny says SO, WE'RE STANDING IN THE
HIGHEST POINT ON THE HILLSIDE,
WHERE THE RING DITCH OCCURS, AND
YOU CAN SEE BEHIND US THE
REMAINS OF THE SUPPORTING
STRUCTURE FOR THE DEPOSITIONAL
PLATFORM.

Alice says AND NOT ONLY THAT, THERE ARE
NATURAL SPRINGS ON SITE THAT
SEEM TO HAVE BEEN REDIRECTED TO
FILL THE DITCH WITH WATER.
THE WOODEN TRACKWAY AND
PLATFORM WOULD HAVE ALLOWED
PEOPLE TO WALK OVER THE WATER,
AND IT SEEMS THAT THEY WERE
DELIBERATELY DROPPING OBJECTS,
LIKE THE ANIMAL BONE, INTO IT.
THIS IS AN EXTRAORDINARY,
UNIQUE, AND PUZZLING FEAT OF
ANCIENT ENGINEERING.

Vinny says WE THINK THAT IT'S PART OF
THE ACTUAL CEREMONIAL PURPOSE OF
THE PLATFORM IS THAT PEOPLE COME
TO THE TOP OF IT AND THEY
DEPOSIT MATERIAL TO RUN DOWN
ALONG THE HILLSIDE IN THE
FLOWING WATER.

Alice says IT IS DIFFICULT TO THINK OF A
FUNCTIONAL REASON FOR BUILDING
A STRUCTURE LIKE THIS, AND THE
ARCHAEOLOGISTS BELIEVE IT HAD A
RITUAL PURPOSE.

Vinny says THAT MAKES THIS AN ALMOST
MAGICAL EXPERIENCE, AND IF
YOU'RE COMING IN FROM THE CREEK
BELOW, THE WATER WOULD BE
RUSHING DOWN ON EITHER SIDES,
LIKE A LARGE PREHISTORIC WATER
FEATURE.

Alice says FOR SITE DIRECTOR VINNY,
THIS IS THE FIND OF A LIFETIME.

Vinny says IT HAS BEEN A PHENOMENAL
SITE, A ONCE IN A CAREER SITE
FOR ME.
AND I THINK FOR EVERYBODY HERE,
THEY'VE WITNESSED NOTHING OF THE
LIKES OF WHAT WE'VE EXCAVATED
OVER THE LAST SEVEN MONTHS.
IT'S BEEN A REAL ROLLERCOASTER.

Alice says I'VE ASKED THE TEAM INTO THE
LAB TO EXPLAIN HOW THIS
REMARKABLE SITE IS CHANGING OUR
KNOWLEDGE OF THE RITUAL
LANDSCAPE OF PREHISTORIC
BRITAIN.

In the lab, Alice says THAT IS AN INCREDIBLE SITE,
AND IS IT A HENGE?
CAN WE DESCRIBE IT AS THAT?

The caption changes to "Richard Newman. Project manager."

Richard is in his fifties, with short receding white hair and a goatee. He wears glasses and a black short-sleeved shirt.

Richard says I THINK IT'S CERTAINLY
RELATED TO THOSE SORTS OF
THINGS.
HENGES, WE NOW KNOW, RELATE TO
WATER, AND THE USE OF WATER, AND
PRESUMABLY THE VENERATION OF THE
ANCESTORS AND THE JOURNEY TO THE
AFTERLIFE.
IT'S QUITE POSSIBLE THAT PEOPLE
HAD THEIR FEET IN THE WATER WHEN
THEY WERE WALKING ALONG THE
TRACKWAY.
IT'S NOT A PLACE WHERE THEY WERE
LIVING AND IT'S NOT AN
OCCUPATION SITE.
IT'S A SITE WITH A SPECIAL
FUNCTION.

Alice says SO, YEAH, THIS IS THE
ELEPHANT IN THE ROOM - WE'VE
BEEN KIND OF IGNORING THIS, BUT
IT'S ABSOLUTELY MAGNIFICENT!
SO, THIS IS A PREHISTORIC COW?

Vinny says A VERY LARGE PREHISTORIC COW!

Alice says YEAH, I MEAN IT'S
ABSOLUTELY...

Kate says A VERY LARGE ONE THAT WE WERE
VERY PLEASED TO SEE, BECAUSE IT
ALLOWED US TO HAVE AN INDICATION
OF WHAT DATE WE WERE DEALING
WITH BECAUSE, WHEN YOU FIND AN
AUROCHS, IT TELLS YOU THAT
WHATEVER YOU'VE GOT, IT'S MIDDLE
BRONZE AGE OR EARLIER, BECAUSE
THEY'RE EXTINCT IN BRITAIN AS
OF THE MIDDLE BRONZE AGE.

Alice says AND WHERE DID YOU FIND
IT?

Vinny says SO, WE FOUND IT JUST
OFF THE END OF THE PLATFORM,
JUST WITHIN ARM'S REACH.
SO, IT WAS DEPOSITED OFF THE
SIDE.
AND ALONG WITH THAT, WE FOUND
THIS WOODEN BLADED AGRICULTURAL
ARTEFACT AS WELL.

Alice says SO, IT'S NOT JUST A
PIECE OF WOOD?

Vinny says NO IT'S A WOODEN
SPATULA, AND IT'S USED FOR
BUTTER AND MILK CHURNING.
IT'S THE SAME THING, YOU'RE
GETTING THE ASSOCIATION OF
AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES WITH THE
AUROCH SKULL IN THE PLACEMENT AT
THE EDGE OF THIS PLATFORM.

Alice says I MEAN, THESE ARE THE
EARLIEST FARMERS, AREN'T THEY?
THIS IS EARLY NEOLITHIC - THIS
IS THE BEGINNING OF FARMING IN
BRITAIN.

Vinny says FROM THE CARBON 14 DATING
THAT WE'VE JUST RECENTLY HAD
BACK, WE'RE LOOKING AT IT TO BE
ABOUT 3500 BC.

Alice says SO, THIS IS-- THAT'S REALLY
EARLY NEOLITHIC?

Vinny says VERY EARLY, AND THAT'S FROM
THE LOWEST PHASE OF THE
TRACKWAY, SO THE VERY FIRST
PHASE OF TRACKWAY.

Alice says AND WHEN WE'RE THINKING OF
THIS TIME PERIOD, WE'RE ALWAYS
KIND OF DRAWN TO STONEHENGE,
JUST BECAUSE THAT IS SUCH AN
OBVIOUS FEATURE STILL IN OUR
LANDSCAPE.
BUT IT'S QUITE CURIOUS TO SEE
THAT THERE WERE THINGS LIKE THIS
THAT HAVE BEEN FORGOTTEN ABOUT.

Vinny says STONEHENGE IS FAMOUS FOR IT'S
KIND OF LIFESPAN.
NOW, WHAT WE CAN TELL FROM THIS
SITE IN PARTICULAR IS THAT IT
HAS A SIMILAR LIFESPAN.
OUTSIDE OF OUR SITE, FROM THE
SURVEYING THAT WE'VE DONE ALSO,
WE CAN SEE THERE IS A MUCH
LARGER SEQUENCE OF MONUMENTAL
ACTIVITY IN THAT WHOLE VALLEY
SIDE WHICH IS PREHISTORIC.
IT'S SOMETHING THAT THOSE PEOPLE
AND THEIR DESCENDANTS HAVE KEPT
COMING BACK TO FOR THOUSANDS OF
YEARS.

(music plays)

Alice says THIS ASTONISHING SITE REVEALS
THAT OUR PREHISTORIC ANCESTORS
CAME TOGETHER TO BUILD A
SPECTACULAR WATER FEATURE, AND
RETURNED HERE OVER MORE THAN A
THOUSAND YEARS.
BUT UNLIKE STONEHENGE,
THIS MONUMENT WAS FLATTENED AND
LOST... UNTIL NOW.
IT'S STILL EARLY DAYS, BUT THE
WOODBRIDGE SITE LOOKS SET TO
BECOME THE STUFF OF
ARCHAEOLOGICAL LEGEND.
WE COVER MANY EXCITING DIGS ON
THIS SERIES, BUT IN FACT, THE
EXCAVATION IS ONLY THE START OF
A LONG JOURNEY OF DISCOVERY.
ONCE FINDS AND SAMPLES ARE
RETRIEVED, THEY'RE SENT OFF TO
LABS FOR CONSERVATION AND
ANALYSIS - A PROCESS THAT CAN
TAKE WEEKS, MONTHS, SOMETIMES
EVEN YEARS.
AND FOR THIS NEXT DIG IN
CHICHESTER, IT IS ONLY WHEN THE
SAMPLES ARRIVE IN THE LAB THAT
THE REAL DETAILS BEGIN TO
EMERGE.
FIELD ARCHAEOLOGIST RAKSHA DAVE
IS TRAVELING TO PORTSLADE TO
FIND OUT HOW POST-EXCAVATION
WORK FOLLOWING A CHICHESTER DIG
IS MAKING SENSE OF BRITAIN'S
LOST LANDSCAPES.

The animated map shows the location of "Portslade by Sea."

Raksha is in her thirties, with long slightly wavy brown hair in a half do and wears jeans and a gray shirt.

Raksha says FOR THE LAST TWO
YEARS, SOUTHERN WATER HAVE BEEN
LAYING A TEN KILOMETRE PIPELINE
CUTTING THROUGH TOWN AND
COUNTRY, AND THEY PAID
ARCHAEOLOGY SOUTH EAST TO
MONITOR THEIR WORK.
AS THEY DUG THE AREAS WHERE THE
PIPES WERE TO BE LAID, THEY
FOUND PREHISTORIC HENGES, ROMAN
SETTLEMENT AND BURIAL, AND RAF
BASES FROM WORLD WAR TWO.
BUT MOST INTRIGUINGLY, THEY
HAVE UNEARTHED A BURIED
MEDIEVAL VILLAGE.
THERE ARE AN AWFUL LOT OF
BUCKETS HERE!

The caption changes to "Garrett Sheehan. Archaeologist."

Garrett is in his forties, bald and with a beard. He wears jeans and a navy blue shirt.

He says YEAH.
ABSOLUTELY, YES.
SO, THESE ARE JUST SOME OF THE
HUNDREDS OF SAMPLES THAT WE'VE
RECOVERED FROM THE VILLAGE
ITSELF.
THEY ARE SOIL, BASICALLY, FROM
ARCHAEOLOGICAL DEPOSITS.
LIKE, FOR EXAMPLE, FILLS OF
DITCHES AND PITS.

Raksha says SO, YOU'VE GOT A PLAN
HERE.
AS THEY EXCAVATED ALONG THE
LINE OF THE FUTURE WATER PIPE
AND UNCOVERED THE FOOTPRINT OF
THE LOST VILLAGE, THEY MAPPED
THE DETAILS.

Garrett says SO, YOU CAN SEE THERE'S
BOUNDARY DITCHES, THERE'S POST
HOLES RELATED TO STRUCTURES.

Raksha says TO ACCESS THIS TIME CAPSULE
OF MEDIEVAL LIFE, THEY'VE DUG
UP ENTIRE SECTIONS OF THE
GROUND AND BROUGHT THEM BACK TO
THE LAB.
THE CLUES TO THE PEOPLE WHO
LIVED IN THIS VILLAGE ARE
HIDDEN IN THE SOIL, BUT FIRST
THEY NEED TO GET RID OF A LOT
OF MUD.

She sinks his hands in a tank full of water and GOOD GRIEF.
DO I JUST BREAK THESE BITS UP
THEN?

The caption changes to "Stacey Adams. Archaeobotanist."

Stacey is in her thirties, with above the shoulder straight light brown hair and wears glasses and a black sweater.

She says YEAH.
SO, ALL WE'RE TRYING TO DO IS
BREAK IT DOWN, SO THE WATER WILL
DO SOME OF THE WORK FOR US.

Raksha says THIS IS QUITE A
BIZARRE JOB!

Stacey says IT IS!

Raksha says IT'S LIKE, "WHAT DO YOU DO
FOR A LIVING?"
"OH, I WASH MUD."

Stacey says IT'S ALMOST LIKE MASSAGING
IT, THOUGH, SO IT'S VERY
INTIMATE.
WHAT WE'RE TRYING TO DO IS GET
RID OF ALL THE SOIL, SO WE
END UP WITH ALL THE LOVELY
ARCHAEOLOGICAL MATERIAL.

Raksha says I CAN ACTUALLY FEEL
ALL THE TINY BITS.

Stacey says YEAH.
IN THIS ONE ON THE TOP OF
THIS MESH, WE'LL HAVE ALL THE
HEAVY STUFF THAT WON'T FLOAT.
BUT THEN, SOME LIGHTER THINGS,
LIKE CHARCOAL AND PLANT REMAINS,
WILL FLOAT AND WE WILL END UP
WITH THEM IN THIS SMALLER ONE.

Raksha says THE LARGE TANK AT THE TOP
WILL CATCH STONE, TILE AND
METAL, AND THE SMALL MESH BELOW
IT CATCHES LIGHTER PLANT
REMAINS.
SO, HOW DO YOU THEN USE ALL THIS
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ORGANIC
REMAINS TO PAINT A PICTURE OF
VILLAGE LIFE?

Garrett says IF, FOR EXAMPLE, WE HAVE A
SAMPLE THAT HAS LOTS OF CHARCOAL
IN IT, IT COULD BE FROM AN OVEN
OR A KILN.
WE CAN IDENTIFY CERTAIN TYPES
OF CHARCOAL AS BEING FUEL WOOD.

Stacey says YES, WE CAN SEE WHERE THEY'RE
SELECTING CERTAIN TYPES OF TREES
TO BURN, IF THEY'RE AVOIDING
ANY, WHETHER THEY'RE CUTTING
DOWN TREES TO USE AS FUEL OR
WHETHER THEY ARE JUST PICKING
FROM THE FOREST FLOOR.

Raksha says IT JUST AMAZES ME THAT HOW
MUCH INFORMATION YOU CAN GET
FROM SUCH A TINY PIECE OF
CHARCOAL.
EXTRACTING ALL OF THIS
INFORMATION REQUIRES AN EXPERT
EYE, SO THEY ARE PASSED TO
ARCHAEOBOTANIST ANGELA FOR
ANALYSIS.
GOSH, THIS IS QUITE
PAINSTAKING STUFF!

The caption changes to "Angela Vitolo. Archaeobotanist."

Angela is in her thirties, with long straight brown hair and wears a red top and a black cardigan sweater.

She looks at the bits through a microscope and says AND THEN I GO...
I LISTEN TO MUSIC WHEN I DO
THIS.

Raksha says THESE INNOCUOUS BITS OF SEED
AND CHARCOAL CAN GIVE US AN
INTIMATE INSIGHT INTO THE
EVERYDAY LIVES OF THE PEOPLE IN
THIS VILLAGE.
GERMINATED GRAINS SHOW THAT
THEY WERE BREWING ALE, THE
CHARCOAL SHOWS US WHERE THEY
WERE COOKING, AND THE CEREAL
CAN TELL US ABOUT THE BREAD
THEY WERE EATING.

Angela says IN MEDIEVAL TIMES, BOTH WHEAT
AND BARLEY WERE USED FOR MAKING
FLOUR BECAUSE WHEAT WAS A BIT
OF A HIGH STATUS CEREAL, SO NOT
EVERYONE COULD AFFORD TO EAT
BREAD THAT WAS MADE ENTIRELY OUT
OF WHEAT.

Raksha says AFTER ALL OF THESE SAMPLES
ARE SORTED AND ANALYSED, THE
TEAM WILL BE ABLE TO WORK OUT
WHAT PEOPLE WERE DOING IN
DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE SITE.
AND THE LARGER FINDS FROM THE
EXCAVATION ARE PROVIDING
INTRIGUING CLUES TO THE
VILLAGE'S FATE.
WHERE HAS THIS MATERIAL COME
FROM?

Garret says WELL, ALL OF THIS TILE HAS
COME FROM A SPREAD THAT WAS
OVERLYING ONE SIDE OF THE BEST
PRESERVED HOUSE THAT WE HAVE ON
THE SITE.

The caption changes to "Isa Benedetti-Whitton. Finds specialist."

Isa is in her early thirties, with long straight blond hair in a side ponytail and wears jeans and a plaid shirt.

She says WE KNOW THERE ARE 2000
FRAGMENTS OF TILE HERE WEIGHING
CLOSE TO 40 KILOGRAMS, AND
THAT'S A SIGNIFICANTLY LARGE
AMOUNT TO GET FROM A SINGLE
FEATURE.

Rashka says TILE WAS A VALUABLE RESOURCE
AND OFTEN REUSED.
SUCH A LARGE QUANTITY LEFT
UNTOUCHED AFTER THE BUILDING'S
COLLAPSE SUGGESTS THAT THE
ENTIRE VILLAGE WAS ABANDONED.
SO, IT'S LITERALLY COLLAPSED
DOWN AND ALL THE TILES JUST
SPREAD ONTO THE GROUND.

Garrett says YEAH, WHERE IT DROPS, YEAH.

Isa says THE FABRIC OF THIS
PARTICULAR TILE IS QUITE
DISTINCTIVE.
YOU CAN SEE IT'S GOT QUITE LARGE
FLINT INCLUSIONS.
WE CAN SAY THAT IT'S BETWEEN
1150 AND 1350 AD.

Raksha says THIS MEDIEVAL DATE GIVES AN
IMPORTANT CLUE AS TO WHY THIS
VILLAGE DISAPPEARED.

Garrett says BUT THAT'S A CLASSIC FEATURE
OF THE DESERTED MEDIEVAL
VILLAGE, IN THE MID 14TH CENTURY
WHERE YOU JUST GET, OBVIOUSLY,
MASSIVE DEPOPULATION.
YOU'RE GOING THROUGH A COLD
PHASE THAT HITS AROUND THIS
TIME.
SO, YOU'VE GOT A LITTLE ICE AGE
THAT HAS A KNOCK ON EFFECT WITH,
LIKE, IMPACT ON FOOD, ON
HARVESTS.
YOU'VE GOT THE BLACK DEATH ROLLS
IN AROUND THAT TIME.
YOU'VE GOT THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR
AS WELL, WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN A
DRAIN ON THE POPULATION.
WHEN YOU COMBINE THEM ALL
TOGETHER, IT MUST HAVE BEEN
PRETTY-- PRETTY DEVASTATING.

Raksha says THE DATE OF THIS COLLAPSED
BUILDING SHOWS THAT THE PERFECT
STORM OF CLIMATE CHANGE,
DISEASE AND POLITICAL TURMOIL
SIGNALLED THE END FOR THIS
PARTICULAR VILLAGE.
IT'S EARLY DAYS, BUT IT'S
LIKELY THESE BUCKETS OF MUD
HOLDS MANY MORE OF THE
VILLAGE'S SECRETS FOR THE
ARCHAEOLOGISTS TO UNCOVER.

The animated map shows the location of Great Whelnetham.

Alice says OUR NEXT SITE TAKES US
TO THE VILLAGE OF GREAT
WHELNETHAM IN SUFFOLK, WHERE A
TEAM WERE BROUGHT IN TO
INVESTIGATE A SMALL FIELD AHEAD
OF A HOUSING PROJECT BECAUSE
EVIDENCE OF ROMAN ACTIVITY HAD
ALREADY BEEN FOUND IN THE
SURROUNDING AREA.
THIS DIG IS MAKING US QUESTION
ROMAN BURIAL PRACTICE IN
BRITAIN.
WHEN IT COMES TO THE ROMANS, A
FORT OR A VILLA LOOKS VERY
SIMILAR, WHETHER IT'S IN
NORTHERN AFRICA OR EASTERN
BRITAIN.
SO, ARCHAEOLOGISTS OFTEN HALF
KNOW WHAT THEY'RE GOING TO FIND
EVEN BEFORE THEY START DIGGING.
BUT SOME SITES DEFY ALL THE
EXPECTATIONS.
WHEN THE TEAM ARRIVED ON SITE,
THEY FOUND EVIDENCE OF BURIALS.
THERE'S NOTHING UNUSUAL ABOUT
THIS, BUT IT MEANT THE SITE HAD
TO BE FULLY EXCAVATED.
FIVE WEEKS IN, THEY MAKE WHAT
SEEMS TO BE A GRUESOME
DISCOVERY.

A woman at the site says SO, I'VE GOT A CHILD BETWEEN
ABOUT FOUR AND EIGHT YEARS OLD.
AND HE'S WHAT WE CALL A DEVIANT
BURIAL, WHICH MEANS IT'S BEEN
PLACED IN AN UNUSUAL WAY, OR
BURIED IN AN UNUSUAL PRACTICE.
YOU CAN SEE THE HEAD HAS BEEN
REMOVED FROM WHERE IT SHOULD BE
AND IS IN BETWEEN THE LEGS.
SO, WE'VE GOT THE ARMS COMING
DOWN LIKE THIS, THE TWO LEGS ON
EITHER SIDE, WHICH ARE SPREAD,
AND THE HEAD RIGHT IN THE
MIDDLE.

Alice says THERE ARE EXAMPLES OF STRANGE
BURIALS LIKE THIS - DECAPITATED
WITH THE HEAD REARRANGED - FROM
OTHER ROMAN CEMETERIES, BUT
THEY'RE RARE AND WE DON'T KNOW
WHY THE DEAD BODY WOULD BE
TREATED IN THIS WAY.
AS THE DIG CONTINUES, THEY ARE
PLENTY OF MORE NORMAL LOOKING
GRAVES, SO IT LOOKS LIKE THE
DEVIANT BURIAL IS A ONE OFF.
BUT IT ISN'T.

Another woman by a burial says SO FAR, I'M UNCOVERING THIS
GRAVE, WHERE WE HAVE THIS
SKELETON - POSSIBLY DEVIANT.
WE'RE NOT ENTIRELY SURE YET IF
THE SKULL BELONGS TO THIS
SKELETON.
BUT I BELIEVE IT COULD BE FROM
THIS SKELETON BECAUSE, BY THE
PELVIS AND BY THE SKULL, IT
SEEMS TO BE FEMALE.

Alice says THIS BURIAL IS EVEN STRANGER
THAN THE LAST.

The woman says WE ALSO HAVE FEET, BUT THEY
DO NOT BELONG TO THIS SKELETON.
SO, IT'S OBVIOUS THAT WE HAVE
SEVERAL REDEPOSITS ON THE SAME
GRAVE.

Alice says THIS BODY APPEARS TO HAVE
BEEN BURIED WITH AN EXTRA PAIR
OF FEET, WHICH MUST HAVE BEEN
REMOVED FROM THEIR OWNER FULLY
FLESHED.
OVER THE NEXT FEW DAYS, MORE
DEVIANT BURIALS EMERGE.

A third woman says WE'RE MISSING THE TOP
VERTEBRAE FROM OVER HERE, SO
IT'S VERY LIKELY THAT THIS SKULL
DOES BELONG TO THIS INDIVIDUAL.
AND WE'VE GOT CLEAR EVIDENCE OF
DECAPITATION HAVING OCCURRED
ONSITE, SO WE'VE GOT YET ANOTHER
DEVIANT BURIAL.

A man says WE HAVE ANOTHER PRESUMED
DECAPITATION, WHERE THE HEAD HAS
BEEN PLACED UNDERNEATH THE LOWER
LIMBS.

The second woman say AND WE HAVE BRUNA
EXCAVATING OUR SEVENTEENTH
DECAPITATION BURIAL.
THIS IS ACTUALLY THE SEVENTEENTH
OUT OF 32 WHICH SHOW DEVIANCY
IN THE FORM OF DECAPITATION,
WITH THE HEAD OUT OF ITS
CORRECT ANATOMICAL POSITION.

Alice says WELL, OVER HALF OF THE PEOPLE
BURIED IN THIS CEMETERY HAVE
BEEN DECAPITATED, AND EVEN MORE
PECULIARLY - SEVERAL HAVE EXTRA
BODY PARTS WITH THEM.
THIS IS A LARGE NUMBER OF
DEVIANT BURIALS FOR A SINGLE
CEMETERY, SO WHAT DOES IT MEAN?
I'VE ASKED REBECCA REDFERN FROM
THE MUSEUM OF LONDON, AND LEAD
ARCHAEOLOGIST KERRIE BULL INTO
THE LAB TO HELP SOLVE THIS
MYSTERY.

In the lab, Alice says I SUPPOSE WHAT'S ABSOLUTELY
CRUCIAL TO UNDERSTAND ABOUT
THIS, YOU KNOW, WE TALK ABOUT
DECAPITATION, BUT WHAT WE NEED
TO TRY TO UNDERSTAND IS WHETHER
THAT IS SOMEBODY BEING BEHEADED
AS THE CAUSE OF THEIR DEATH, OR
WHETHER, ACTUALLY, THEY'RE
ALREADY DEAD AND YOU'RE REMOVING
THE HEAD OF A DEAD BODY.

The caption changes to "Doctor Rebecca Redfern. Bioarchaeologist."

Rebecca is in her thirties, with shoulder-length straight brown hair with bangs and wears a blue sweater.

She says I THINK IN THIS CASE, WITH
THIS PARTICULAR WOMAN, I THINK
WE'RE FITTING MORE OF FUNERARY
RITUAL, RATHER THAN AS
AN EXECUTION.
I MEAN, THE CEMETERY IS VERY
STRANGE, SO...

The caption changes to "Kerrie Bull. Archaeologist."

Kerrie is in her thirties, with long slightly wavy black hair and wears glasses and a blue T-shirt.

She says YEAH, I MEAN, WHAT WE DO SEEM
TO HAVE, ALL OF THE DECAPITATION
BURIALS, THEY HAVE PURPOSELY
REMOVED THE HEAD FROM ANATOMICAL
POSITION AND THEY TEND TO HAVE
IT IN THE LOWER LIMB AREA, SO IT
SEEMS TO HAVE BEEN IMPORTANT TO
THEM TO HAVE REMOVED THAT HEAD
AND PUT THEM SOMEWHERE ELSE.
WHEREAS, NORMALLY, WITH SOME
SORT OF EXECUTION BURIALS, ALL
YOU NEED TO DO IS CHOP OFF THE
HEAD AND KILL THEM.

Alice says I MEAN, I THINK THIS IS
OBVIOUSLY PART OF A CULTURE
WHERE, IF THIS IS HAPPENING
AFTER DEATH, THIS IS JUST WHAT
YOU DO WITH A DEAD BODY AND
IT'S KIND OF ASSUMED, IN THE
SAME WAY THAT, YOU KNOW, WHAT WE
DO WITH DEAD BODIES NOW IS
CREMATE THEM, GRIND THEM UP AND
PUT THEM IN A POT, AND THERE'S
NOT NECESSARILY THOUGHT GOING
INTO THAT PROCESS EVERY TIME.
BUT WHERE DO YOU THINK IT COMES
FROM?
WHAT'S THE MOTIVATION?

Rebecca says IT'S REALLY INTERESTING
'CAUSE A LOT OF THE TIME, A LOT
OF THE DECAPITATION OR EVEN
PRONE BURIALS - SO PEOPLE ARE
BURIED FACE DOWN OR IN UNUSUAL
POSITIONS - THEY'RE COVERED WITH
STONES.
AND SO, WE THINK THAT IS, LIKE,
DEFINITELY, WE ARE MAKING SURE
YOU NEVER COME BACK.

Alice says SO, CAN YOU TELL
ANYTHING ABOUT THIS OTHER
INDIVIDUAL HERE?

Rebecca says I MEAN, THIS LADY APPEARS TO
HAVE EXPERIENCED QUITE A
PHYSICAL LIFESTYLE.
IF WE LOOK AT HER ELBOW JOINT,
IT'S VERY SHINY.

Alice says YEAH, IT DOES.
LOOKS A BIT LIKE IVORY,
DOESN'T IT?
SO, SHE'S LOST HER ALL THE
CARTILAGE THERE.

Rebecca says YEAH, IN HER ELBOW, AND THEN
AGAIN IN HER WRIST AT THE BOTTOM
OF THE ULNA.

Alice says YEAH.

Rebecca says AND THEN, HER FINGER
PHALANGES, ONE APPEARS TO BE
BROKEN AND ONE APPEARS TO BE
INFECTED.
AND THERE SEEMS TO BE A LITTLE
BIT OF JOINT DISEASE, AS WELL,
IN HER SKELETON.
AND ALL OF THE MAXILLARY TEETH
HAVE BEEN LOST AND LOST FOR
QUITE A LONG TIME BECAUSE IT'S
ALL PINCHED BACK TOGETHER AND
IT'S MADE HER FACE LOOK VERY
KIND OF CAVED IN.
IT'S NOT SOMETHING THAT I WOULD
REALLY EXPECT TO SEE BECAUSE SHE
DOESN'T APPEAR TO BE THAT OLD.

Alice says DO WE HAVE ANY IDEA WHO THESE
PEOPLE MIGHT HAVE BEEN, YOU
KNOW, WHERE THEY STOOD IN ROMAN
SOCIETY?

Kerrie says THERE'S A SITE DOWN THE ROAD
WHERE THEY'VE ACTUALLY FOUND A
SLAVE MANACLE OF AROUND ABOUT
THE SAME PERIOD, AND SO MAYBE WE
COULD HAVE A FUNERARY RITE
ASSOCIATED WITH SLAVE BURIALS,
AND THAT'S WHY WE'RE GETTING A
LOT OF THIS DEGENERATIVE BONE
DISEASE, REFLECTING THAT KIND OF
LIFESTYLE.

Alice says DO YOU THINK THAT'S A
REASONABLE HYPOTHESIS?

Rebecca says I THINK SO.
FOR THE ROMANS TO REALLY KIND OF
GET THE RURAL ECONOMY GOING,
THEY HAVE TO IMPORT A HUGE
NUMBER OF PEOPLE, BOTH FROM THE
CONTINENT, BUT ALSO THEY'RE
MOVING PEOPLE AROUND BRITAIN
AND THEY'RE ENSLAVED.

Alice says AND THAT'S REALLY INTERESTING,
TOO, 'CAUSE WHEN WE LOOK AT
ROMAN BRITAIN, WE'RE OFTEN
TALKING ABOUT THE CIVILISED
NATURE OF THINK OF IT, BUT HERE
WE'VE GOT SOMETHING THAT
PREFIGURES MEDIEVAL SERFDOM.

Rebecca says OH, ABSOLUTELY.
WE KNOW ONE THE BIG EXPORTS IN
THE LATE IRON AGE ARE SLAVES
FROM BRITAIN.
SO, THE ROMANS JUST REALLY RAMP
THAT UP PART OF THE ECONOMY UP.
AND ALSO, THE FACT THAT ANYONE
COULD BE A SLAVE - YOU GET
PEOPLE WHO MAY NOT SHOW US THAT
THEY'VE SUFFERED A HARD
CHILDHOOD BECAUSE THEY'VE MIGHT
HAVE HAD A FAIRLY AFFLUENT LIFE,
BUT THEN BECOME ENSLAVED AS
ADULTS, AND THAT'S WHAT WE'RE
SEEING.
SO, IT'S VERY, VERY COMPLICATED.
BUT FOR ME, FOR THE RESEARCH
I'VE DONE, I WOULD SAY THIS IS
VERY CONVINCING.

Alice says THAT THIS IS A SLAVE
CEMETERY?

Rebecca says YES.

(music plays)

Alice says WE STILL DON'T REALLY
UNDERSTAND WHY THESE BODIES
WERE DECAPITATED, BUT BY
IDENTIFYING THESE PEOPLE AS
SLAVES, THE CEMETERY COULD HELP
TO SHED LIFE ON THAT DARKER
SIDE OF ROMAN RULE.
NOW, WE TRAVEL FORWARD IN
TIME - TWELVE HUNDRED YEARS TO
HAMPSHIRE AND A CHANCE
DISCOVERY OF A STASH OF COINS
THAT MIGHT THROW SOME LIGHT ON
ONE OF THE MOST TURBULENT
PERIODS IN OUR BRITISH HISTORY.

The animated map shows the location of "Mapledurwell."

Alice says IN APRIL 2018, CANADIAN METAL
DETECTORIST DARCY FEAR WAS
HOLIDAYING IN HAMPSHIRE.
BACK HOME, HE'D BEEN PASSIONATE
ABOUT HIS HOBBY FOR DECADES,
EVEN THOUGH HE'D HAD LITTLE
SUCCESS.

Darcy is in his late forties, with short gray hair and a moustache. He wears a black and blue shirt and a brown cap.

He says THURSDAY MORNING,
IT WAS A BEAUTIFUL DAY.
I STARTED METAL DETECTING, IT
WAS MY FOURTH SIGNAL.
I WAS ONLY THERE 10-15 MINUTES.
AND I WAS JUST SO AMAZED THAT
I FOUND SOMETHING SO INCREDIBLE.

Alice says DARCY'S HOLIDAY WAS ABOUT TO
BECOME THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL
EXPERIENCE OF A LIFETIME.

Darcy says WHEN I DUG THE TOP OF
THE SOIL AND THEN I SAW THE
FIRST BIT OF POTTERY ON THE
GROUND, AND THEN THE LAST
SHOVELFUL WE LIFTED OUT, THERE
WAS JUST COINS EVERYWHERE.
SO, WE KNEW WHAT WE HAD THERE
OR I DID ANYWAY.
SO, YEAH.

Alice says INCREDIBLY, HAVING JUST
ARRIVED IN THE UK, DARCY HAD
DISCOVERED A HOARD OF BURIED
COINS.
ALL THE VISIBLE ONES WERE
NEARLY 400 YEARS OLD.
THEY'D PROBABLY BEEN HIDDEN
HERE IN THE CIVIL WAR.
DURING THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR,
THE COUNTRY WAS SPLIT, TORN
APART BY FIGHTING BETWEEN
CHARLES I ROYALISTS AND
CROMWELL'S ROUNDHEADS.
BUT WHILE HISTORY BOOKS CAN
PROVIDE US WITH DETAILS OF THE
BATTLES AND THE BLOODSHEDS, THE
NAMES OF LEADERS EVEN,
ARCHAEOLOGY REVEALS THE DETAILS
OF ORDINARY LIVES

(music plays)

Alice says ALTHOUGH ON FOREIGN TURF,
DARCY KNEW EXACTLY WHAT HE
SHOULD DO WHEN HE MADE HIS
DISCOVERY.

Darcy says I KNOW THE RULES - WE'RE NOT
SUPPOSED TO TOUCH ANYTHING ONCE
YOU FIND A HOARD.
SO, WE DIDN'T, UNTIL WE GOT HOLD
OF AN ARCHAEOLOGIST.
BY THE END OF THE DAY, THEY
FINALLY LET US DIG IT OURSELVES.

Alice says HAVING SOUGHT PERMISSION AND
THEN WITH CAREFUL SUPERVISION,
THE HOARD WAS LIFTED.

Darcy says AND THEN, WE PUT THE WHOLE
THING INTO A BUCKET TO KEEP IT
TOGETHER AND THEN COVERED IT
WITH A WET RAG.
AND THEN, YOU KNOW, THE BUCKET
ALONE WEIGHED 100 POUNDS JUST
WITH MOSTLY DIRT.

Alice says BY TAKING SUCH CARE, DARCY
AND THE ARCHAEOLOGISTS HOPE
THAT THEY'VE REMOVED THE ENTIRE
HOARD IN A SINGLE BLOCK.
AND THEN, THE CONSERVATION TEAM
AT THE BRITISH MUSEUM TAKE
OVER.

The caption changes to "Duygu Camurcouglu. Conservator."

Duygu is in her forties, with long curly brown hair and wears a yellow sweater, a blue apron and latex gloves.

She says VERY QUICKLY AFTER I STARTED
EXCAVATING, I STARTED SEEING THE
RIM OF THE VESSEL, WHICH WAS
VERY LUCKY BECAUSE THEN I
REALISED THIS IS WHAT I WAS
WORKING WITH.

Alice says THE POT LOOKS TO BE INTACT,
MEANING THAT IT COULD BE JUST
AS ITS OWNER HAD PLACED IT
THERE 400 YEARS AGO.
SO, DUYGU BEGINS TO WORK VERY
SLOWLY AND METHODICALLY.

Duygu says THIS IS REALLY A MICRO
EXCAVATION.
SO, IF I WAS ONSITE, EXCAVATING
A FIND, THIS IS EXACTLY...

Darcy says THAT'S HOW YOU'D DO
IT, RIGHT.

Darcy says HOW I WOULD BE DOING IT,
YEAH.

Alice says DUYGU CARRIES OUT THIS
MINI-DIG WITH ALMOST SURGICAL
SKILL.
AND SHE NOTICES SOMETHING
REMARKABLE ABOUT THE WAY THE
COINS WERE PLACED INSIDE THE
POT.

Duygu says IT LOOKS LIKE IN THIS LAYER
THAT I'VE BEEN EXCAVATING, THE
COINS ARE STUCK NEXT TO EACH
OTHER AND UPWARDS.

Darcy says IT'S HARD TO BELIEVE, YOU
KNOW, TO FIND SOMETHING LIKE
THIS.

Alice says SENIOR CONSERVATOR PIPPA
PEARCE THINKS THAT THE OWNER OF
THE HOARD HAD SORTED THE MONEY
INTO NEAT LITTLE STACKS -
SOMEONE WHO CLEARLY INTENDED TO
COME BACK TO THEM.

Pippa is in her fifties, with above the shoulder white hair and wears glasses, a coral maxi skirt and a coral blouse.

Pippa says 'CAUSE THAT WOULD MEAN
THAT THEY WEREN'T A HURRY, THEY
WEREN'T ABOUT TO BE MURDERED;
THEY WERE COUNTING THEIR MONEY
OUT NEATLY AND THEN JUST PUTTING
IT INTO A POT AND HIDING IT.

Alice says AND THE STACKS OF SILVER
COINS JUST KEEP ON COMING.

Pippa says SO, WE'VE GOT 23 COINS OUT AT
THE MOMENT.
YOU RECKON THERE'S AS MANY AGAIN
OR MORE?

Darcy says I THINK THERE'S 200
COINS IN THERE.

Pippa says WHOA!

Alice says THE COINS ARE IN GREAT
CONDITION DESPITE BEING IN THE
GROUND FOR SO LONG.

In the lab, Pippa washes the coins and says SO, YOU CAN SEE HIS
BEARD.

Darcy says THESE ONES ARE IN
GREAT SHAPE.

Pippa says YES, VERY LITTLE
CORROSION.

Darcy says YOU CAN SEE THE DATES ON
THOSE ONES AS PLAIN AS DAY.
AMAZING.

Pippa says SO, TO HAVE WHAT IS A REALLY
GOOD CONDITION HOARD AND TO BE
ABLE TO EXCAVATE IT IN THE LAB
IS JUST BRILLIANT FOR US.

Alice says SO, WHY DID THIS PERSON BURY
THEIR WEALTH?
I'M SPEAKING TO BRITISH MUSEUM
COIN EXPERT BARRIE COOK TO FIND
OUT MORE ABOUT THIS INCREDIBLE
HOARD.
SO, WE'VE GOT EDWARD VI, ALL THE
WAY THROUGH ELIZABETH, JAMES,
THROUGH TO CHARLES.
WHAT'S THE TIME DEPTH THERE?

The caption changes to "Barrie Cook. Museum curator."

Barrie is in his fifties, with short straight gray hair and wears glasses and a gingham shirt.

Barrie says WE HAVE A HUNDRED
YEARS, PRETTY MUCH, OF ENGLISH
MONARCHY.

Alice says YEAH.

Barrie says WE COULD HAVE HAD OLDER
COINS, EXCEPT THAT HENRY DEBASED
THE COINAGE AND LEFT IT IN A
TERRIBLE STATE.
SO, IT WAS UP TO HIS CHILDREN -
EDWARD VI, MARY AND ELIZABETH -
TO TRY AND SORT THAT OUT.
EDWARD AND MARY BOTH ISSUED GOOD
SILVER COINS, BUT THEY DIDN'T
GET RID OF THE TERRIBLE STUFF.
ELIZABETH CAME IN AND GOT RID OF
ALL THE BAD MONEY.

Alice says YEAH.

Barrie says SO, CIVIL WAR HOARDS, THE
OLDEST COIN WILL OFTEN BE AN
EDWARD THE SIXTH OR A MARY COIN.

Alice says YEAH.
I MEAN, IT SEEMS QUITE
EXTRAORDINARY TO US TODAY, I
THINK, TO IMAGINE THAT PEOPLE
WERE STILL USING COINS THAT WERE
A HUNDRED YEARS OLD AND THEY
WERE STILL CURRENCY.

Barrie says YOU'RE TOO YOUNG NOW.
YOU'RE TOO YOUNG.
I CAN REMEMBER EDWARD THE SEVENTH
COINS WHEN I WAS YOUNG, WITH
PRE-DECIMALISATION.
THE COINS DIDN'T CHANGE, AND YOU
DON'T WITHDRAW THE COINS JUST
BECAUSE THE RULER DIES; YOU KEEP
THEM THERE.

Alice says SO, WHO ELSE HAVE WE GOT?

Barrie says JAMES THE FIRST.
THERE ARE SOME COINS THAT HAVE
DATES ON, BUT MOST OF THE COINS
OF THIS PERIOD DO NOT HAVE DATES
ON.
BUT THE MINT ORGANISES
PRODUCTION BY PUTTING A LITTLE
MARK ON THEM, SO WE CAN DATE
THOSE.

Alice says AND THEN FINALLY?

Barrie says CHARLES.
THIS IS A NICE SHILLING
OF CHARLES OR WHAT HE'S TELLING
US IS A SHILLING.
IT SAYS TWELVE FOR TWELVE PENCE.

Alice says YEAH.
SO, HE'S THE LAST ONE?

Barrie says HE'S THE LATEST ONE IN THE
HOARD AND THE HOARD ENDS WITH A
LOT OF COINS OF HIS FROM ONE
PARTICULAR MINT MARK, WHICH IS
CALLED TRIANGLE AND CIRCLE
BECAUSE, OBVIOUSLY, IT'S A
TRIANGLE INSIDE A CIRCLE, AND
THAT WAS THE MARK THAT WAS BEING
USED BETWEEN 1641 AND 1643.

Alice says RIGHT.

Barrie says AND THAT'S REALLY IMPORTANT,
BECAUSE IN 1642, THE KING LEAVES
LONDON AND THE CIVIL WAR
STARTS.
SO, THIS IS THE COIN ISSUE BEING
PRODUCED AS THE CIVIL WAR IS
JUST BEGINNING.
AND YOU GET A LOT OF COIN HOARDS
THAT END AT THIS TIME, SO
EVERYONE IS HIDING THEIR MONEY.

Alice says AND IS THERE ANYTHING ELSE
UNUSUAL ABOUT THIS?
I MEAN, THE SCRATCHING OUT OF
FACES SEEMS TO BE QUITE ODD.
IS THAT SOMETHING WE OFTEN SEE?

Barrie says YES, TO A DEGREE.
IT'S NOT EVERY HOARD HAS GOT
THESE SCRATCHES, BUT ENOUGH OF
THEM DO FOR IT TO BE A SERIOUS
PHENOMENON OF THE PERIOD.

Alice says YEAH.

Barrie says WE DON'T REALLY UNDERSTAND
WHY THEY DID IT.
AND THIS HOARD IS TYPICAL IN THE
SENSE THAT MOST OF THE SCRATCHED
COINS ARE SHILLINGS, AND MOST OF
THE SCRATCHED COINS ARE
ELIZABETH.
SO, YOU WOULD IMAGINE IF THERE
WAS A POLITICAL MOTIVE DURING
THE CIVIL WAR OF SCRATCHING THE
KING'S FACE OUT, IT'S GOING TO
BE CHARLES; IT'S NOT ELIZABETH.
ELIZABETH WAS VIEWED IN A MORE
POSITIVE LIGHT; SHE WAS THE
COMPARISON AGAINST WHICH THE
STUARTS FAILED.

Alice says YEAH.
SO, WHAT IS THE EXPLANATION
FOR THESE SCRATCHES THEN?

Barrie says I'M INCLINED TO THINK THERE
IS SOME SORT OF PRACTICAL
EXPLANATION.
YOU MIGHT JUST BE KEEPING TRACK,
YOU MIGHT BE ACCOUNTING, IT
MIGHT BE THE TOP ONE IN THE
PILE, IT COULD BE SOMETHING LIKE
THAT.
WHO KNOWS?

Alice says SO, WITH A COIN HOARD LIKE
THIS-- SOMETIMES WITH EARLIER
COIN HOARDS, WE'RE LEFT
WONDERING WHETHER PERHAPS
THEY'RE VOTIVE OFFERINGS OR
PEOPLE BURYING THEIR WEALTH.

Barrie says THIS IS PURE, HIDING YOUR
ECONOMIC WEALTH AND HOPING TO
COME BACK TO IT.
WE'RE AT THE POINT WHERE ENGLAND
IS COLLAPSING, DISINTEGRATING,
AND PEOPLE ARE HIDING THEIR
COINS, HIDING EVERYTHING THEY
CAN GET, AND PUTTING IT IN THE
GROUND.
AND GENERALLY SPEAKING, THE
HOARDS ARE FOUND IN ACROSS THE
COUNTRY WHERE THE TWO SIDES ARE
MEETING.

Alice says RIGHT.

Barrie says THEY SORT OF SWEEP DOWN FROM
YORKSHIRE, THEN THROUGH THE
MIDLANDS AND WHERE THE KING'S
HEADQUARTERS WAS, AND INTO THE
WEST COUNTRY WHERE THE TWO
ARMIES ARE ALWAYS MEETING.
THEY DO REFLECT HOW THE WAR WAS
WORKING.

Alice says THEY REFLECT THAT CLASH.

They both say YEAH.

Alice says AND IN TERMS OF THE WEALTH
THAT WAS BURIED HERE, CAN YOU
GIVE ME AN EQUIVALENT?

Barrie says IT'S 13 POUNDS, FOUR
SHILLINGS AND SIXPENCE.

Alice says YEAH, WHICH DOESN'T SOUND
LIKE A LOT TODAY, BUT HOW MUCH
WAS IT THEN?

Barrie says THAT'S VERY EASILY AN ANNUAL
SALARY OF A WORKER.

Alice says YEAH.

Barrie says THEY USED TO SAY THAT AN
ELIZABETHAN GENTLEMAN SHOULD BE
ABLE TO LIVE OFF £10 A YEAR.

Alice says RIGHT, YEAH.

Barrie says WE'RE A BIT LATER NOW, BUT
13 POUNDS IS A GOOD INCOME FOR
PRETTY MUCH ANYONE WHO WASN'T A
GENTLEMAN OR A REALLY RICH
TRADER.

Alice says YEAH.
SO, IN THAT POT, WE'VE GOT A
SMALL FORTUNE.

Barrie says YES, SO, WE HAVE SOMEONE'S
ANNUAL WAGES.

Alice says YEAH, AND THEY NEVER
CAME BACK TO RETRIEVE IT.

Barrie says SOMETHING HAPPENED.

(music plays)

The animated map shows the location of Coldingham.

Alice says NEXT, WE TRAVEL TO
COLDINGHAM, RIGHT AT THE
ENGLISH-SCOTTISH BORDER, IN
PURSUIT OF A POWERFUL BUT
FORGOTTEN ANGLO-SAXON PRINCESS.
THIS SITE LIES JUST ACROSS THE
WATER FROM THE FAMOUS
LINDISFARNE ABBEY.
LINDISFARNE WAS FOUNDED BY KING
OSWALD, WHOa IS STILL FAMOUS
TODAY FOR TRANSFORMING BRITAIN
INTO A CHRISTIAN COUNTRY.
BUT THE ROLE HIS SISTER PLAYED
HAS OFTEN BEEN OVERLOOKED.
REJECTING THE TRADITIONAL
OPTION OF MARRIAGE, PRINCESS
AEBBE BECAME AN ABBESS, AND
PLAYED A CRUCIAL PART IN THE
SPREAD OF THIS RELIGION.
BUT THE PRECISE LOCATION OF HER
MONASTERY HAS PROVED ELUSIVE.
A TEAM OF ARCHAEOLOGISTS AND
VOLUNTEERS FROM DIG VENTURES IS
HOPING TO PUT AEBBE BACK INTO
THE STORY OF HOW CHRISTIANITY
SPREAD.

At a site, a man helps set up a tent, gives the rope to a woman and says SO, HOLD SOMETHING ON THIS
SIDE.
YEAH.
The caption changes to "Manda Foster. Programme manager."

Manda is in her thirties, with above the shoulder wavy brown hair and wears glasses and a teal quarter zip sweatshirt.

She says SO, WE'RE HERE AT COLDINGHAM,
LOOKING FOR ST AEBBE'S
MONASTERY - AN ANGLO-SAXON
DOUBLE MONASTERY THAT WE THINK
WAS SOMEWHERE AROUND THE
LOCATION.

Alice says THE ABBEY THAT AEBBE
ESTABLISHED WOULD HAVE ACTED AS
A VITAL LINK BETWEEN THE
EVANGELICAL MONKS OF
LINDISFARNE, AND THE PEOPLE ON
THE MAINLAND THEY NEEDED TO
REACH.
THE HUNT STARTS NEAR A LATER
NORMAN PRIORY, OFTEN PLACED ON
THE SITE OF AN OLDER ABBEY.
BUT THE REMAINS OF THESE SAXON
ABBEYS ARE INCREDIBLY ELUSIVE.
THEY ARE OFTEN NO STONE
BUILDINGS TO FIND, SO EVEN
DISCOVERING THE SITE OF A
CHAPEL CAN BE DIFFICULT.
BUT THERE USUALLY IS A MARKED
BOUNDARY.

A man in a red T-shirt says WE'VE STARTED TO CLEAN BACK
ALONG THIS TRENCH AND WHAT'S
REALLY EXCITING IS WE'VE STARTED
TO FIND SOME ARCHAEOLOGICAL
FEATURES.
WHAT WE THINK WE'VE FOUND IS A
DITCH WHICH IS SIMILAR TO THE
SEVENTH CENTURY DITCH FOUND IN
EARLIER EXCAVATIONS.

Alice says A DITCH DATING TO THE 7TH
CENTURY WAS FOUND IN A NEARBY
FIELD 13 YEARS AGO, AND IF THIS
NEW DITCH CONNECTS TO THAT ONE,
IT COULD SUGGEST THAT THEY'RE
ON THE VERY EDGE OF THE
MONASTERY SITE.
THE TEAM HAVE JUST TWELVE MORE
DAYS TO FIND SOLID EVIDENCE.
BUT WITH A GOOD START LIKE
THIS, THEY'RE FEELING
CONFIDENT.

A woman at the site says MIGHT BE A TINY BIT OF TILE
OR SOMETHING.

Alice says BUT THEN, SOME SURPRISING
MATERIAL BEGINS TO EMERGE.

A man says BONES COMING OUT OF
EVERYWHERE.
THIS WHOLE LAYER IS FULL OF
THIS.

Alice says THESE ARE ANIMAL BONES.

Another woman says WE ARE HALFWAY THROUGH WEEK
TWO, AND WE HAVE LOADS AND LOADS
OF ANIMAL BONE, WHICH MAKES ME
DESPERATE AND HAPPY AT THE SAME
TIME.
HAPPY BECAUSE IT'S REALLY
EXCITING, BUT DESPERATE BECAUSE
WE ONLY HAVE FOUR DAYS TO CLEAN
IT ALL.

Alice says WHILE HEAPS OF ANIMAL BONES
MIGHT NOT BE THE EVIDENCE THE
TEAM WAS EXPECTING, IT IS
INTERESTING.
THE QUANTITY OF ANIMAL BONES
SUGGESTS THAT SOMETHING MORE
THAN JUST THE CONSUMPTION OF
MEAT WAS HAPPENING HERE.

A man in a blue T-shirt says WE MIGHT HAVE A TANNERY
HERE, MAKING LEATHER, GLUE,
TALLOW FOR CANDLES.
THERE'S ALL SORTS OF THINGS
THEY'D HAVE BEEN USING ANIMALS
FOR.

Alice says THE BONES AND THE BOUNDARY
DITCH WON'T REVEAL THEIR
SECRETS UNTIL LONG AFTER THIS
SHORT DIG IS OVER AND DATING
WORK CAN BE DONE.
BUT IT'S A PROMISING START TO
AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL QUEST TO GIVE
AEBBE THE RECOGNITION SHE
DESERVES.
EVEN WHEN WOMEN HELD POSITIONS
OF POWER AND WERE WRITTEN ABOUT
IN HISTORICAL TEXTS, THEY SEEM
TO HAVE BEEN SELECTIVELY
FORGOTTEN ABOUT.
300 HUNDRED MILES SOUTH IN
ESSEX, ANOTHER TEAM IS
UNCOVERING THE STORY OF ANOTHER
POWERFUL ANGLO-SAXON WOMAN.
A NEW SHOPPING CENTRE IS
PLANNED FOR THE CENTRE OF
BARKING, GIVING THE TEAM FROM
THAMES VALLEY ARCHAEOLOGICAL
SERVICES A CHANCE TO DIG.
AND THEY'RE ON THE TRAIL OF
ANOTHER ELUSIVE MONASTERY.
IN ANGLO-SAXON BRITAIN, THE
GROWTH AND SUCCESS OF A TOWN
WAS OFTEN LINKED TO THE PRESENCE
OF AN ECONOMICALLY POWERFUL
ABBEY.
AND IN BARKING, THAT SUCCESS
BUILT ON THE WORK OF A PRINCESS
CALLED ETHELBURGA, WHO WE KNOW
FOUNDED THE FIRST MONASTERY
THERE.
OUR NEXT DIG IS PROVIDING
TANTALISING EVIDENCE OF SAXON
OCCUPATION, INDUSTRY AND TRADE,
WHICH IS PROBABLY LINKED TO HER
ABBEY.
THEY START DIGGING WHERE SOME
ANGLO-SAXON BUILDINGS WERE
FOUND BACK IN THE '80S.
AND SOON, THEY FIND SOMETHING
PROMISING.

The caption changes to "Graham Hull. Site director."

Graham is in his fifties, with long gray hair in a ponytail and a stubble. He wears a blue windbreaker and protective gear.

He says THIS IS DAY TWELVE OF OUR
EXCAVATION AT BARKING ABBEY.
WE'RE LOOKING AT A SAXON
BUILDING.
JUST THIS MORNING, I'M
DISCOVERING THAT IT'S STARTING
TO LOOK LIKE IT'S A SUNKEN FLOOR
BUILDING, LIKE A GRUB HUT
PERHAPS, BUT MAYBE A GRUB HUT
THAT WAS USED AS A CHURCH.

Alice says A GRUB HUT IS A
CHARACTERISTIC ANGLO-SAXON
BUILDING WITH A SUNKEN FLOOR.
SO, THEY DECIDE TO DIG DOWN
THROUGH THIS PIT, HOPING
THEY'RE ON THE RIGHT TRACK.

Graham says I FOUND THAT.

A woman says OH, NICE.

Graham says IT LOOKS LIKE A RUSTY OLD BIT
OF BARBED WIRE, DOESN'T IT?
BUT I'M PRETTY CONVINCED THAT
THAT'S A COPPER ALLOY PIN, AND
IT'S ALMOST AS IF THAT'S LIKE A
LITTLE BOW, ISN'T IT?

The woman says YEAH, YEAH.

Graham says SO, MAYBE IT'S SOMETHING THAT
GOES, LIKE, IN A NUN'S HAIR, OR
HOLDS A HEADDRESS.

The woman says SO, IT'S A HAIRPIN.

Graham says SO, A HAIRPIN.

Alice says THIS HAIRPIN MIGHT BE TINY,
BUT IT'S A POTENTIALLY
PRESTIGIOUS ITEM THAT COULD
HAVE BEEN WORN BY A WEALTHY
ANGLO-SAXON WOMAN.
THEN, LATER THAT DAY, GRAHAM'S
EXPERT EYE SPOTS SOMETHING
ELSE.

Graham says OH, WOW.
JUST FOUND A LITTLE PIECE OF
SAXON PERIOD GLASS COMING OUT
OF THE BUILDING THAT WE'RE
CALLING THE CHAPEL.
THAT'S PROBABLY FROM THE 8TH
CENTURY...

The woman WOW.

Graham says WHICH IS EXCITING.

The woman says YEAH.

Graham says ARCHAEOLOGISTS
GETTING EXCITED ABOUT TINY
LITTLE BITS OF GLASS.

Alice says THERE'S EVERY REASON TO BE
EXCITED.
IN ANGLO-SAXON BRITAIN, GLASS
WAS A RARE LUXURY, AND PERHAPS
NOT SO UNEXPECTED HERE IF THERE
WAS A MONASTERY ON THIS SITE.
THE TEAM SETTLE IN TO COMB
EVERY INCH OF THIS SUNKEN
FEATURE BECAUSE THE TINIEST
PIECE OF EVIDENCE COULD MAKE
ALL THE DIFFERENCE.
BUT THAT AFTERNOON, THEY FIND
SOMETHING THAT TELLS THEM FAR
MORE THAN THEY'D EVER
EXPECTED.

Another team member says WE FOUND A PIECE OF
MILLEFIORI ROD THAT WAS ON TOP
OF A BURNT LAYER.

Graham says OH, THAT IS GORGEOUS,
ISN'T IT?
IT REALLY IS.

Alice says THESE RODS ARE ESSENTIALLY
OFF CUTS FROM MAKING FINE
GLASSWARE.
SO, THIS COULD BE POWERFUL
EVIDENCE THAT THERE IS A RARE
ANGLO-SAXON GLASS FACTORY ON
THIS SITE.

Graham says WE'VE GOT EVIDENCE OF
CONSUMPTION OF GLASSWARE IN THE
FORM OF GLASS VESSELS, BUT WE'RE
NOW STARTING TO GET EVIDENCE OF
PRODUCTION OF GLASS WORK IN THE
SAXON PERIOD.
THERE IS PROBABLY LESS THAN FIVE
SAXON PERIOD GLASS PRODUCTION
SITES IN BRITAIN, SO TO FIND
THAT REALLY IS VERY EXCITING.

Alice says THESE FINDS GIVE US
TANTALISING GLIMPSES OF
ANGLO-SAXON LIFE, BUT DO THEY
CONFIRM THE PRESENCE OF AN
ABBEY?
THE NEW SITE DIRECTOR KYLE
EXPLAINS MORE IN THE LAB.
WE SAW SOME FILM OF UNCOVERING A
GRUB HUT, A KIND OF SUNKEN
FLOORED BUILDING.
DO YOU THINK-- WAS IT A CHAPEL?

The caption changes to "Kyle Beaverstock. Project officer. Kyle is in his thirties, with short curly red hair and a beard. He wears a plaid shirt.

He says UNFORTUNATELY, WHEN WE GOT TO
THE BOTTOM OF THIS SUPPOSED
SUNKEN FEATURED BUILDING, WE
FOUND SOME PLASTIC LINING, SO IT
TURNED OUT THAT THIS WAS
BACKFILL.

Alice says HOW FRUSTRATING!

Kyle says IT WAS VERY FRUSTRATING.

Alice says TO DO ALL THAT DIGGING,
THINKING YOU'RE DIGGING INTO
PRISTINE, STRATIFIED LAYERS, AND
THEN YOU GET DOWN AND FIND OUT
THAT IT'S BEEN DISTURBED.

Kyle says YES, SO WE FOUND QUITE A FEW
NICE FINDS IN IT, AS WELL, WHICH
SUGGESTED THAT AT LEAST THESE
SOILS WERE PART OF THE
MONASTERY.

A kyle says SO, WHAT HAVE WE GOT HERE?

says SO, HERE WE'VE GOT THE BIRD
HEAD PIN.

Alice says OH, YEAH, YEAH.

Kylie says SO, THIS IS QUITE A
HIGH STATUS OBJECT.
AND THIS HERE, WE THINK IS THE
TOP OF AN INCENSE BURNER, SO
THAT KIND OF TIES INTO THE IDEA
THAT THERE WAS SORT OF A
RELIGIOUS CEREMONY GOING ON.

Alice says BUT I THINK THAT, FOR ME, ONE
OF THE THINGS THAT REALLY CAUGHT
MY EYE AND SEEMS QUITE IMPORTANT
IS THAT, WHICH IS JUST A BIT OF
LEFTOVER GLASS FROM MAKING
GLASS, BUT IT'S THE FACT THAT
THEY WERE MAKING GLASS THAT'S
SO INTERESTING.

Kyle says YEAH.
NO, THERE'S DEFINITELY EVIDENCE
TO POINT TOWARDS THEM MAKING
GLASS IN THE AREA, AND WE KNOW
THAT THERE WAS SUPPOSEDLY A
GLASS WORKING FACILITY AROUND
THE ABBEY.
BUT, UNFORTUNATELY, WE DIDN'T
ACTUALLY FIND THE STRUCTURE
WE WERE HOPING TO FIND.

Alice says SO, YOU KNOW, TANTALISING
GLIMPSES, ARTEFACTS THAT DATE TO
THE RIGHT TIME PERIOD, BUT AS
YET BARKING ABBEY REMAINS A BIT
ELUSIVE.

Kylie says A MYSTERY, YEAH.

Alice says YEAH.
SO, THEY HAVE THE RIGHT FINDS
AT BARKING, BUT NO MONASTERY.
AT COLDINGHAM, IT'S THE
OPPOSITE - FEW FINDS, BUT
POSSIBLY A MONASTERY BOUNDARY.
I'VE ASKED MANDA FORSTER INTO
THE LAB TO EXPLAIN HER
FINDINGS.
SO, IS THIS IS YOUR PLAN FROM
THIS YEAR?

Manda says YES.

Alice says CAN YOU TALK ME THROUGH IT
BECAUSE IT'S QUITE COMPLICATED?

Manda says WHAT WE FOCUSING ON HERE,
REALLY, IN TERMS OF OUR
ANGLO-SAXON MONASTERY AND
LOOKING FOR AEBBE, IS THIS
FEATURE HERE THAT COMES THROUGH.

Alice says DO YOU THINK THAT'S THE
DITCH, THE VALUM?

Manda says YEAH THAT IS THE DITCH
AND, HOPEFULLY, WE'LL PROVE IT
LATER.
BUT IF YOU IMAGINE ZOOMING OUT,
WHERE I'M STANDING, I'M PRETTY
MUCH IN THE PRIORY GROUNDS.

Alice says YEAH, AND THIS IS THE
PERIMETER.

Manda says AND THIS IS THE PERIMETER.
SO, IF WE COULD ESTABLISH THAT
WHAT WE DO HAVE HERE IS THE
VALUM DITCH AND WE CAN START TO
PULL TOGETHER SOME MORE OF THE
EVIDENCE THAT WE'VE SEEN, IF
WE'VE GOT THE DATES IN THE
RIGHT PLACES AND WE'VE GOT SMALL
ARTEFACTS, THESE REALLY START
TO POINT TOWARDS THIS AS BEING
THE MONASTIC COMMUNITY FOR
AEBBE'S SITE.

Alice says AND, ACTUALLY, IT'S THE DITCH
THAT'S MORE INTERESTING.

Manda says IT'S THE DITCH, THE SMALL
DITCH THAT WAS REALLY, QUIETLY
EMPTY.
(LAUGHING)
BUT WITH ENVIRONMENTAL DEPOSITS,
AND THAT'S THE THING.
I MEAN, WHAT YOU DON'T ALWAYS
GET ON AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE IS
TONS OF MATERIAL CULTURE, LOADS
OF FINDS THAT REALLY POINT TO
THINGS AND LOTS OF SHINY STUFF.
I MEAN, SOMETIMES, YOU DO JUST
FIND SOIL AND CUTS AND FEATURES.

Alice says YEAH.
AND HOW IMPORTANT DO YOU
THINK THIS MONASTERY, AND AEBBE
HERSELF WAS TO THE SPREAD OF
CHRISTIANITY IN THIS REGION?

Manda says IN THIS AREA.

Alice says YEAH.

Manda says SHE WAS BROUGHT UP IN A
FAMILY WITH SEVEN BROTHERS,
THREE OF WHICH WERE THEN KINGS.
THEY SET UP, BETWEEN THEM,
MONASTERIES, ALL OVER
NORTHUMBRIA.
THESE WERE REAL POWER CENTRES.
YOU KNOW, SHE WAS A POWERFUL
WOMAN WITH A LARGE PART OF AN
ECONOMY AROUND HER.

Alice says IT'S FASCINATING HOW INVOLVED
WOMEN WERE IN POWERFUL POSITIONS
IN THE EARLY ANGLO-SAXON CHURCH,
I THINK.

Manda says IT'S A MOMENT IN HISTORY
WHERE SOME WOMEN WERE ABLE TO
REALLY HAVE THAT KIND OF EQUAL
POWER WITH MEN AS WELL.

Alice says YEAH, AND I THINK THAT'S
SOMETHING THAT DISAPPEARS LATER.

Manda says YEAH.
CERTAINLY BY THE ESTABLISHMENT
OF THE NORMAN RELIGIOUS
COMMUNITIES.
WOMEN CAN NO LONGER GO INTO THE
SHRINE OF ST CUTHBERT, WHICH WAS
AROUND THE NORMAN TIME.
SO, WITHIN A REALLY SHORT SPACE
OF TIME, YOU'VE GOT WOMEN THAT
ARE POWERFUL ENOUGH TO BE ABLE
TO SET UP MONASTIC COMMUNITIES
AND TO LEAD, AND TO HAVE THIS
KIND OF REALLY STRONG ECONOMIC
POSITION IN A SOCIETY.
AND THEN, WITHIN A COUPLE OF
HUNDRED YEARS, THEY CAN'T GO
INTO A SHRINE ANYMORE.

Alice says YEAH.

(music plays)

Alice says IN ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND, WOMEN
PRETTY MUCH HAD TWO CHOICES -
MARRIAGE OR THE CHURCH -
SOMETHING THAT COULD CREATE A
BIT OF AN IDENTITY CRISIS.
ONE OF THE TINIEST OBJECTS IN
THE NORWICH CASTLE MUSEUM
REVEALS THIS STORY.

The caption changes to "Doctor Tim Pestell. Senior curator."

Tim is in his mid-forties, with short gray hair and wears a striped shirt.

He says THIS IS A METAL DETECTOR FIND
THAT WAS MADE IN 1998.
IT'S, I THINK, ONE OF THE MOST
REMARKABLE THINGS THAT WE'VE HAD
BROUGHT IN THROUGH METAL
DETECTING IN THE LAST TWENTY
YEARS.

Alice says WHAT IS IT?

Tim says IT'S A SEAL MATRIX; IN OTHER
WORDS, THE THING THAT WAS USED
TO MAKE THE IMPRESSION THAT
MAKES A SEAL.

Alice says YEAH.

Tim says AND THIS WAS ACTUALLY WITHIN
A RING, A GOLD FINGER RING, AND
IT WOULD HAVE SPUN ON THE GOLD
ROD THAT RUNS THROUGH THE CENTRE
OF IT.

Alice says SO, IF I CAN JUST ABOUT SPOT
THAT GOLD ROD THERE, AND
IT'S GOT A NAME ON IT.

Tim says IT'S SAYS BALTAHILDIS, OR
BATHILDE, WHICH IS A FEMALE
NAME.

Alice says AND DO WE HAVE ANY IDEA WHO
THIS WOMAN IS?

Tim says WE'VE GOT ONE HISTORICAL
FIGURE CALLED BATHILDE - AN
ANGLO-SAXON SOLD INTO SLAVERY
AND BOUGHT BY THE MAYOR OF THE
COURT IN 7TH CENTURY FRANCE.
AND SHE THEN BECOMES QUEEN, AND
ULTIMATELY SHE TAKES ON THE ROLE
OF REGENT AND SHE RULES THE
KINGDOM IN HER OWN RIGHT.

Alice says SO, THIS HISTORICAL BATHILDA,
I MEAN, SHE'S A REALLY GOOD
CANDIDATE FOR THE PERSON THAT
WOULD HAVE HAD AN OBJECT LIKE
THIS - THIS IS HIGH STATUS, IT
IMPLIES THAT SOMEBODY IS
LITERATE.

Tim says ABSOLUTELY, IT TICKS ALL OF
THE RIGHT BOXES.

Alice says SO, WHY IS IT ON A ROD?

Tim says IT'S ON A ROD SO THAT IT
ACTUALLY ROTATES ON THAT.
SO, YOU HAVE THE PUBLIC SIDE
WITH HER NAME ON IT, BUT IF YOU
ROTATE IT, YOU CAN SEE A COUPLE
IN AN INTIMATE EMBRACE, BENEATH
A CROSS.

Alice says OKAY, I WASN'T
EXPECTING THAT.
AND THAT IS ACTUALLY QUITE RUDE.
I MEAN, I CAN SEE GENITALS.

Tim says IT IS.
I MEAN, IT COULD BE AN ARM
COMING OUT VERY LOW DOWN ON THE
BODY, BUT I DON'T THINK IT IS.

Alice says I DON'T THINK IT IS!
(BOTH LAUGHING)

Alice says I'M AN ANATOMIST AND I THINK I
KNOW WHAT I AM LOOKING AT HERE.

Tim says IT IS A REMARKABLE THING.

Alice says BUT COMBINED WITH A CROSS,
THIS SEEMS TO BE A VERY PECULIAR
IMAGE.

Tim says IT MIGHT SUGGEST SOMETHING
LIKE A BETROTHAL RING, AND IN
THIS PARTICULAR CASE, IF SHE
GOES INTO A NUNNERY, MAYBE SHE'S
THEREFORE A BRIDE OF CHRIST, AND
THAT'S WHY SHE'S BENEATH A
CROSS.

Alice says IT'S QUITE CURIOUS BECAUSE, I
THINK, IN A SINGLE OBJECT, IT
ALMOST ENCAPSULATES THE CHOICES
THAT WERE THERE FOR HIGH STATUS
ANGLO-SAXON WOMEN - YOU'RE
EITHER A WIFE AND A MOTHER OR
YOU'RE A NUN - AND IT COMBINES
THOSE DOUBLE IDENTITIES.

Tim says IT DOES, AND IT ALSO SPEAKS
OF THE POWER OF THESE EARLY
WOMEN AS WELL.
I MEAN BATHILDE IS SOMEBODY THAT
FOUNDS A MONASTERY AT CHELLES.
AND WHEN SHE LOSES POLITICAL
POWER, SURE ENOUGH, SHE'S
OBLIGED TO GO INTO CHELLES AS A
NUN HERSELF IN ABOUT 665.
AND THERE SHE REMAINS UNTIL SHE
DIES IN ABOUT 680.
AND THEN, 11 YEARS LATER, SHE'S
PRONOUNCED A SAINT.

(music plays)

Alice says ARCHAEOLOGY CAN REVEAL
ENTIRELY NEW INFORMATION ABOUT
OUR ANCESTORS, AS WELL AS
GIVING US A TANGIBLE LINK TO
PEOPLE WHOSE STORIES HAVE BEEN
LARGELY FORGOTTEN.
GETTING CLOSER TO THE PHYSICAL
REALITY OF THE MONASTERIES
THESE WOMEN FOUNDED WILL
HOPEFULLY PUT THEM BACK IN THE
PICTURE.
THIS PROGRAMME HAS SHOWN HOW
EVERY NEW EXCAVATION FORCES US
TO RE-EVALUATE THE STORY OF THE
BRITAIN.
FROM DISCOVERING HOW STONE AGE
PEOPLE WERE MORE PROLIFIC
MONUMENT BUILDERS THAN WE EVER
REALISED...

Vinny says THAT MAKES THIS AN ALMOST
MAGICAL EXPERIENCE.
THE WATER WILL BE RUSHING DOWN
ON EITHER SIDE, LIKE A LARGE,
PREHISTORIC WATER FEATURE.

Alice says TO THE TREATMENT OF SLAVES
AFTER DEATH UNDER ROMAN RULE,
AND THE ASTOUNDING BRAVERY OF
THE MEN FACING THE WORST
HORRORS OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR,
THROUGH ARCHAEOLOGY, WE ARE
ABLE TO REACH BACK AND TOUCH
THEIR LIVES.
IN OUR FINAL EPISODE, WE HEAD
BACK TO THE IRON AGE FOR A
DIGGING FOR BRITAIN
SPECIAL.

A woman at a site says OH, MY GOODNESS.

Alice says WE DISCOVER THAT HILLFORTS
MIGHT NOT BE FORTS AFTER ALL,
WE DIVE INTO A SCOTTISH LOCH TO
REVEAL THE SKILLS OF IRON AGE
BUILDERS...

Another woman says WOW.

Alice says AND WE FOLLOW THE
EXCAVATION OF A TRULY
SPECTACULAR GRAVE, OVERTURNING
ROMAN PROPAGANDA ABOUT LIFE IN
IRON AGE BRITAIN.

Music plays as the end credits roll.

Presented by Professor Alice Roberts.

Executive producers, Eamon Hardy and Emma Parkins.

Series producer, Nick Gillam-Smith.

Producer and director, Louise Ord.

A 360 production for BBC.

Logo: BBC Four.

Copyright 201, 360 Production Limited.

Logo: BBC. Worldwide sales and distribution.

Watch: Digging for Britain: East - series 7