Transcript: Impossible Engineering Series 4 - Ep 2 - Black Pearl Sailin | Jun 30, 2021

[dramatic music]

Fast clips show images of massive modern engineering structures around the world.

The narrator says FROM THE PLANET'S
MOST STUNNING STATE-OF-THE-ART
STRUCTURES...

An engineer on top of a structure says BELOW YOU RIGHT NOW ARE
ABOUT FIVE JET ENGINES.

At a construction site, another engineer says NO ONE HAS EVER BUILT
ANYTHING LIKE THIS BEFORE,

The narrator says TO ITS
MIGHTIEST MODERN MACHINES.

On a state-of-the-art vessel, a man says THERE IS SO MUCH ENGINEERING
IN THIS STRUCTURE, IT'S
MIND-BLOWING.

A clip shows two men jetpack flying.

A man says WE'RE ESSENTIALLY REDEFINING
THE APPROACH TO HUMAN FLIGHT.

The narrator says NONE WOULD HAVE
BEEN POSSIBLE WITHOUT THE
GROUND-BREAKING INNOVATORS
OF THE PAST.

A man with a remote control car says WOAH!
MY GOSH.

A NASA engineer stands next to a jet propulsion backpack says IT IS JUST THE MOST
DELIGHTFUL FLYING MACHINE
THAT I HAVE EVER ENCOUNTERED.

The narrator says IN THIS EPISODE, THE LARGEST
SAILING YACHT ON THE PLANET.

A man on a yacht says NOBODY HAD ATTEMPTED TO
DO ANYTHING LIKE THIS BEFORE.
THIS IS ONE OF A KIND.

The narrator says NAUTICAL CONSTRUCTION ON AN
EPIC SCALE...

Another man on deck says IT'S LIKE A LIVING
ANIMAL.
THERE'S SO MUCH ENGINEERING IN
THIS STRUCTURE.
IT'S MIND-BLOWING.

The narrator says AND THE PIONEERING
HISTORIC INNOVATIONS...

A man on an airplane says EVENTUALLY, THIS
AIRPLANE WILL STALL AND FALL OUT
OF THE SKY.

Now climbing up the vessel's rope ladder, the man from the airplane says THIS IS NOT HOW I USUALLY
START MY DAYS.

The narrator says THAT MADE THE IMPOSSIBLE
POSSIBLE.

The title slate appears. It looks like a piece of graphing paper full of equations and sketches of an airplane, skyscraper, and monorail. The title reads "Impossible Engineering."

Fast clips show images of a desert area.

The narrator says SAILING IS THE PASSION OF
MILLIONS AROUND THE GLOBE.
BUT WHEN IT COMES TO HARNESSING
THE WIND, THERE'S OFTEN A
CHOICE TO BE MADE.
SIZE VERSUS SPEED.
THE TWO SELDOM GO HAND IN HAND.
BUT NOW, A BRAND-NEW BOAT IS
REWRITING THE RULEBOOK...
BLACK PEARL,
THE WORLD'S
LARGEST SAILING YACHT.

A man in his fifties says WELCOME TO THE
BLACK PEARL,
106 METRES, 7.2 METRES OF DRAFT,
14.5 METRES OF BEAM.
SAILS AT 22 KNOTS.
WE EXPECT IT TO DO 30 KNOTS.
WITHOUT A DOUBT, THAT IS UNIQUE.

The narrator says NEVER BEFORE HAS A YACHT OF
THIS SCALE BEEN BUILT TO SAIL
SO FAST.

A man in his forties says GOOD MORNING.
WELCOME ON BOARD THE SAILING OF
BLACK PEARL.

The narrator says TODAY, THIS 200,000,000
DOLLAR FEAT OF ENGINEERING IS SETTING
OUT ON CRUCIAL SEA TRIALS IN
TARRAGONA, SPAIN.
CAPTAIN CHRIS GARTNER HEADS UP
ITS CREW.

Chris says THE
BLACK PEARL
IS
COMPLETELY DIFFERENT FROM
ALMOST EVERY OTHER SAILING SHIP
EVER BUILT.
SHE'S JUST DESIGNED TO SAIL.

Chris is in his late forties, with short graying hair and wears navy blue Bermuda shorts, a navy blue polo, sunglasses and a black cap hat.

The man in his forties says DROP THE GROUND LINES.

Chris says IT IS REALLY A
MODERN-DAY... MIRACLE.
(HORN HONKING)

The narrator says THE WORLD'S LARGEST SAILING
YACHT,
BLACK PEARL
IS THE
LENGTH OF 10 LONDON BUSES.
ITS TRI-DECK DESIGN IS EQUIPPED
WITH A HELIDECK,
STATE-OF-THE-ART TENDER GARAGE,
AND CAN ACCOMMODATE 38 GUESTS
AND CREW.
ALL POWERED THROUGH THE SEA BY
AN INNOVATIVE THREE-MASTED RIG,
EQUIPPED WITH NEARLY 3,000
SQUARE METRES OF SAIL.

Chris says IT IS A SAILING
MACHINE.
IT IS SO ON THE CUTTING EDGE.
YEAH, IT'S EXCITING.

The narrator says HOWEVER, CREATING SUCH A
VAST VESSEL POSES MANY
IMPOSSIBLE ENGINEERING
CHALLENGES.

A crew member picks up a big buoy.

Chris says LOOKING GOOD.

The narrator says HOW DO YOU ENSURE THE LARGEST
HULL OF ITS KIND WILL GLIDE
THROUGH THE WATER...

The man in his forties says MOVING CLOSE, TWO-TWO-ONE.

The narrator says AND STAND UP TO THE
UNPREDICTABLE OCEAN?

Chris says EVERY TIME WE LEAVE
THE DOCK, IT FEELS GREAT.

The narrator says BUT PERHAPS THE BIGGEST
PROBLEM IS MAKING THIS
100-METRE LONG,
NEAR-3,000-TONNE SUPER YACHT
A WORLD-CLASS RACER.

Chris says WE'RE ONLY 10 DEGREES
STARBOARD, AND IT TURNS THAT
QUICK.
PFFT.
WE WANT TO SAIL FAST.
SURE, THERE'S A LOT OF BOATS
OUT THERE THAT ARE REAL FLYERS,
BUT THEY'RE A QUARTER OF THE
SIZE.

The narrator says TO GET UP TO SPEED, THIS
MARINE GIANT REQUIRES A
STAGGERING 2,900 SQUARE METRES
OF SAIL AREA.
BUT HOW DO YOU RIG AND CONTROL
SUCH A VAST AMOUNT OF CANVAS?
COULD A MARVEL FROM THE PAST
HELP WITH THIS SEEMINGLY
IMPOSSIBLE PROBLEM?
(TICKING)

The man climbing up the rigging a vessel says WELL, THIS IS NOT HOW I
USUALLY START MY DAYS.

The narrator says NAVAL ARCHITECT NICK
BRADBEER IS IN GREENWICH,
LONDON, SCALING A SUPERSIZED,
150-YEAR-OLD SPEED MACHINE...

Nick is in his thirties, with short brown hair and a beard. He wears an off white sweater and protective gear.

He says I AM CLIMBING UP A TALL
SHIP'S RIGGING, AND I'VE NEVER
DONE THIS BEFORE.
I'M A LITTLE BIT NERVOUS AS WELL
AS EXCITED.

The narrator says THAT, INCREDIBLY, COULD
PROVIDE AN ANSWER FOR
BLACK
PEARL'S
DESIGN CHALLENGE.
EQUIPPED WITH 47-METRE-HIGH
MASTS, THIS 85-METRE-LONG
MARITIME MASTERPIECE WAS ONCE
ONE OF THE FASTEST SHIPS ON
THE PLANET.

Nick says THIS IS THE
CUTTY SARK,
ONE OF THE LAST SURVIVING
CLIPPER SHIPS.
AND BACK IN 1869, WHEN SHE WAS
BUILT, SHE WAS AN ASTONISHING
PIECE OF ENGINEERING.

The narrator says THIS AMAZING VESSEL WAS THE
RESULT OF A NATION'S QUEST FOR
A DECENT CUP OF TEA, A THIRST
THAT STARTED 200 YEARS BEFORE
IT WAS BUILT.

Nick says TEA WAS IMPORTED FROM
CHINA, FROM INDIA.
AND IT WAS ALL IMPORTED BY THE
EAST INDIA COMPANY.
THEY WERE THE ONLY PEOPLE
ALLOWED TO BRING TEA INTO
ENGLAND.

The narrator says WITH NO COMPETITION, THEIR
SHIPS, KNOWN AS EAST INDIAMEN,
WEREN'T BUILT FOR SPEED.
1,200 TONNES
OF TEA WAS CRAMMED ON BOARD.

An animated character on a boat says PLEASE.

The narrator says A TYPICAL ROUND TRIP TO THE
FAR EAST TOOK A LEISURELY
TWO YEARS.
BUT IN 1834, THE EAST INDIA
COMPANY'S TEA MONOPOLY
WAS ENDED.

An animated pirate says ARR!

The narrator says OTHER SHIPS WOULD NOW BE
VYING FOR THE TEA MARKET'S
RICH PICKINGS.

An East India crew man says FASTER!

The narrator says THEIR SLOW, BULKY BOATS NOW
HAD A MAJOR PROBLEM.
(GROANING)

Nick says WEALTHY LONDONERS WERE
WILLING TO PAY A PREMIUM FOR
THAT FIRST BATCH OF TEA BACK
FROM EVERY HARVEST.
SO AN ENTERPRISING GROUP OF
MERCHANTS AND SAILORS REALIZED
THAT THEY COULD MAKE A LOT OF
MONEY.
AND THAT MEANT THEY WOULD NEED
A NEW KIND OF SHIP, SOMETHING
THAT WAS MUCH FASTER THAN
ANYTHING THAT HAD GONE BEFORE.

The narrator says SCOTTISH SHIPPING
ENTREPRENEUR JOHN "JOCK" WILLIS
AND ENGINEER HERCULES LINTON
CAME UP WITH A TRAILBLAZING
SOLUTION.
THE
CUTTY SARK
WAS A LEGENDARY
BRITISH TEA CLIPPER, SO NAMED
BECAUSE OF HER ABILITY TO CLIP
OFF THE MILES AT BREAKNECK
SPEED.

Nick says THE
CUTTY SARK
WAS A
VERY FAST SHIP.
SHE DID SPEEDS UP TO 17 KNOTS,
WHICH IS ABOUT TWICE AS FAST AS
THE SHIPS THAT CAME BEFORE HER.
AND ACTUALLY IS ABOUT THE SAME
SPEED AS A LOT OF MERCHANT
SHIPS DO TODAY.

The narrator says HER SECRET: A TOWERING
SQUARE-RIGGED THREE-MAST
DESIGN.
A SAILING POWERHOUSE THAT COULD
INSPIRE THE
BLACK PEARL'S
TEAM.

Nick says ONE OF THE THINGS THAT
REALLY SETS A CLIPPER APART,
BECAUSE SHE HAS TO GO FAST, IS
THE SHEER QUANTITY OF SAIL THAT
SHE'S DESIGNED TO CARRY.
LOOKING UP, WE'VE GOT 11 MILES
OF RIGGING, 32 SAILS, NEARLY
3,000 SQUARE METRES OF CANVAS,
WHICH IS JUST AN UNBELIEVABLE
AMOUNT.
I CAN'T EVEN QUITE FIT THEM ALL
IN MY FIELD OF VISION.
SHE'S JUST A MACHINE FOR
CARRYING AS MUCH CANVAS AS
POSSIBLE, BECAUSE IT'S ALL
ABOUT SPEED.
THE MORE SAILS SHE CARRIES, THE
FASTER SHE CAN GO.

The narrator says THE
CUTTY SARK
AND THIS NEW
CLASS OF SHIP SLASHED 20 WEEKS
OFF A ROUND TRIP TO CHINA, ITS
AWESOME RIG MAKING THE MOST OF
WHATEVER WIND WAS AVAILABLE.

Nick says IF YOU'RE IN LIGHT
WINDS, YOU WANT TO CRAM ON AS
MUCH SAIL AS YOU CAN.
IF YOU'RE IN A HEAVY WIND, THEN
THERE'S ONLY SO MUCH SAIL YOU
DARE PACK ON.
BUT THE CLIPPER CAPTAINS WERE
DRIVEN BY SPEED.
SO EVEN IN HIGH WINDS, THEY'D
KEEP PACKING IT ON, TO KEEP THAT
SPEED UP.

The narrator says THE
CUTTY SARK
SPENT THE
1870S SPEEDING TEA ACROSS THE
WORLD'S OCEANS.
BY THE 1880S, SHE WAS WORKING
THE AUSTRALIAN WOOL TRADE
ROUTES, HOLDING HER OWN AGAINST
A NEW BREED OF SHIP.

Nick says EVEN IN THE AGE OF
STEAM, SHE WAS STILL FAR
OUTSTRIPPING THE SPEED OF THE
STEAMSHIPS OVER THAT LONG RUN.
SHE'S A PIECE OF HISTORY, AND
SHE'S AN INCREDIBLE PIECE
OF ENGINEERING.
(TICKING)

The narrator says LIKE THE
CUTTY SARK,
THE
BLACK PEARL
IS BUILT FOR SPEED.
IN 2016, ITS SUPER-SLEEK HULL
IS DELIVERED.
BUT THIS ENGINEERING MARVEL
ONLY COMES TO LIFE WHEN ITS
EPIC RIG IS INSTALLED.

A man in the crew installing the rig KEEP GOING, KEEP GOING,
KEEP GOING, KEEP GOING, KEEP
GOING, KEEP GOING, KEEP GOING,
KEEP GOING.
THAT'S IT, WE'RE DOWN.
GET THE BOLTS IN.

The narrator says INSPIRED BY THE HISTORIC
CLIPPER, A TRIO OF MASTS
RESEMBLE THE
CUTTY SARK'S
ICONIC DESIGN.
BUT THEIR 66-METRE HEIGHT WOULD
TOWER ABOVE IT.
ENGINEERING ON THIS SCALE
PRODUCES SOMETHING SPECIAL:
THE WORLD'S LARGEST
SAILING YACHT.
CHRIS GARTNER CAPTAINS THIS
EXTRAORDINARY VESSEL THAT'S
SHAPED BY THE PAST.

Chris says BASED ON ALL THE
PRINCIPLES OF THE CLIPPER SHIP,
WE'VE INCORPORATED EVERYTHING
THAT WORKED FOR THEM, USING
MODERN-DAY TECHNOLOGY AND
MATERIALS.
AND NOW, WE'VE BUILT A FLYER.

The narrator says BLACK PEARL'S
STANDOUT
ENGINEERING IS ITS
GAME-CHANGING SQUARE-RIGGED
MAST SYSTEM.

Chris says THIS IS THE DYNARIG OF
THE
BLACK PEARL.
IT'S A CARBON-FIBRE STRUCTURE
THAT STANDS ABOUT 66 METRES
FROM THE WATER UP TO THE
MASTHEAD.
THERE IS SO MUCH ENGINEERING IN
THIS WHOLE STRUCTURE.
IT'S MIND-BLOWING.

The narrator says EACH OF THE THREE MASTS IS
FLANKED BY A SERIES OF RIB-LIKE
STRUCTURES KNOWN AS YARDARMS.
THESE SUBDIVIDE THE RIG INTO
15 LOW LOADED SECTIONS,
ALLOWING THE ENGINEERS TO
UNFURL 2,900 SQUARE METRES
OF SAIL.
TODAY, A SAIL TEST IS ABOUT TO
GET UNDERWAY.
FIRST, A MANUAL INSPECTION MUST
BE CARRIED OUT ON ONE OF
BLACK
PEARL'S
MASSIVE MASTS.

Chris says GOING UP THERE, I
LEAVE THAT FOR THE YOUNG GUYS.
IN CASE THEY FALL, WE'RE NOT
REALLY LOSING AS MUCH AS IF I
WERE TO FALL OFF THE RIG.
(LAUGHING)

The narrator says THE VERTIGO-INDUCING JOB
FALLS TO RIG MASTER
DECLAN CLAMP.

Chris says BASICALLY, YOU'RE
GETTING HOISTED UP BY A WINCH.

The Declan says AND STOP.

Chris says HE'S ON TRUSS NUMBER
SIX, AND HE WILL BEGIN HIS
INSPECTION FROM UP THERE.

The Declan says VIEW'S GREAT.
ALWAYS A GOOD VIEW FROM 60
METRES UP.

Chris says WE TAKE A LOT OF SAFEGUARDS
IN ORDER TO PREVENT ANY MISHAPS.

The Declan says EVERYTHING'S OKAY
UP HERE.
COOL.
YOU GET A REAL SCALE FOR THE
BOAT UP HERE.
YOU REALIZE HOW BIG IT ALL IS.

The narrator says NOW THE CHECKS ARE COMPLETE,
CHRIS CAN AUTOMATICALLY BRING
THIS ENGINEERING MARVEL
TO LIFE.

Chris says AND I'M GOING TO SET
THE SAIL.
RIGHT NOW, THE FOUR OUTHAUL
WINCHES ARE PULLING ON THE FOUR
CORNERS OF THE SAIL AND DRAGGING
THE SAIL OUT.
IT'S FAST TO SET.
DAYS OF OLD, THE POOR SAILORS
ON THOSE BOATS WOULD BE WORKING
THEIR YOU-KNOW-WHATS OFF
CLIMBING UP THE RIGS, PULLING
THEM UP TOWARDS THEMSELVES WHILE
THEY WERE BALANCED ON LITTLE
TINY FOOTROPES.
AND TO DO ALL OF THEIR SAILS,
PROBABLY TAKE THEM HOURS.

The narrator says TODAY,
BLACK PEARL'S
SAILS
CAN BE SET IN LESS THAN SEVEN
MINUTES.
BUT EVEN THAT'S NOT THE MOST
IMPRESSIVE QUALITY OF THIS RIG.
IT CAN ALSO REVOLVE.

Chris says WE SIMPLY ROTATE
THE RIGS.
THE ENTIRE MAST ROTATES, AND
THAT IN TURN TRIMS OR EASES FOR
TUNING THE SAILS.
IT JUST FACILITATES SOMETHING
THAT'S MUCH EASIER TO DO, MUCH
SAFER TO DO ON A BIG SHIP.

The narrator says THE INNOVATIVE ENGINEERING
THAT MAKES THIS POSSIBLE IS
CONCEALED BELOW DECK.

Derek says over the radio says YEAH, DECLAN, CAN YOU PLEASE
ROTATE THE FOREMAST 180?

The narrator says YACHT MANAGER DEREK MUNRO IS
PUTTING IT THROUGH ITS PACES.

Derek is in his fifties, bald and clean-shaven. He wears navy blue Bermuda shorts and polo, and a black cap hat.

Derek says SO, WE'RE NOW IN THE
FOREMAST TECHNICAL SPACE.
AND IN HERE, WE HAVE THE
FOREMAST TUBE THAT COMES DOWN.
THERE ARE FOUR OF THESE MAST
ROTATION UNITS TO TURN THE MAST
AROUND AS AND WHEN WE NEED IT.
AND IN THE MIDDLE, AS THE MAST
ROTATES, WE NEED TO MANAGE THE
CABLES SO THAT THEY DON'T GET
TANGLED UP.
AND THAT'S WHAT THIS IS ALL UP
HERE: THE CABLE MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM.

The narrator says THIS PHENOMENAL TECHNOLOGY
ROTATES 32 TONNES OF CARBON
FIBRE MAST.
ITS IMMENSE CAPACITY FOR CANVAS
PROPELS THIS 3,000-TONNE
SUPER-YACHT TO A JAW-DROPPING
20 KNOTS.

Chris says IT'S REVOLUTIONARY AS
FAR AS EASE, SAFETY,
AND EFFICIENCY.
WHEN WE HAVE A FULL SET OF
SAILS UP, YOU CAN ACTUALLY SEE
THE MASTS MOVING.
IT'S LIKE A LIVING ANIMAL.
BUT YOU CAN HAVE A MAXIMUM OF
ABOUT THREE TO FOUR METRES FLEX
AT THE MASTHEAD FROM ZERO.
THESE RIGS ARE LIVING AND
BREATHING.
THEY'RE JUST MOVING ALL OVER
THE PLACE.
THE DYNARIG IS ONE OF THE MOST
INCREDIBLE ADVANCES IN SAILING.

The narrator says BUT TO ENGINEER A PUREBRED
RACING YACHT, THE TEAM FACE
MORE PROBLEMS.
LURKING BELOW THE SURFACE LIES
A HUGE CHALLENGE.

Richard says WE WANT TO ENSURE
THAT EVERYTHING UNDERNEATH THE
HULL IS AS STREAMLINED AS
POSSIBLE, BECAUSE IT'S ALL ABOUT
WINNING THE RACE.

Richard is in his early forties, with short wavy graying hair. He wears navy blue Bermuda shorts and polo.

The narrator says FOR
BLACK PEARL,
ONLY
PERFECTION WILL DO.

Richard says IF YOU'VE GOT ANY
FORMS OF RESISTANCE UNDERNEATH
THERE, THEN THAT WILL SLOW YOU
DOWN.

The narrator says BLACK PEARL
IS THE LARGEST
SAILING YACHT IN THE WORLD.
A BRAND-NEW ENGINEERING
COLOSSUS CURRENTLY TAKING
MARINE ENGINEERING INTO
UNCHARTERED TERRITORY.
AT 106 METRES LONG AND WEIGHING
IN AT ALMOST 3,000 TONNES, THIS
MAMMOTH SHIP IS EQUIPPED WITH
TWO DIESEL ENGINES.
BUT ITS CROWNING GLORY IS A
TRIO OF 60-METRE-HIGH ROTATING
RIGS, CAPABLE OF PROPELLING
BLACK PEARL
TO OVER 20 KNOTS.
(HORN HONKING)

The narrator says IT'S CAPTAINED BY CHRIS
GARTNER.

Chris says THE HORN ON THE
BLACK PEARL.
AS IMPRESSIVE AS THE REST OF
THE BOAT.
IT'S MINDBOGGLING, YOU KNOW, TO
BE A PART OF SUCH A BIG BOAT,
SO ADVANCED.
IT IS MINDBOGGLING FOR SURE.

The narrator says BLACK PEARL'S
UNIQUE
SUPERSIZED DESIGN IS BUILT TO
RACE AND BREAK RECORDS.

Chris says WE'RE PLANNING ON
BEING AT YOUR PILOT STATION AT
ABOUT FOUR OR FIVE.

The narrator says TODAY, THE TEAM ARE
PREPARING FOR ITS LATEST SEA
TRIAL TO SEE IF SHE HAS WHAT
IT TAKES.

Over the radio, Chris says UNDERSTOOD.

The narrator says CHIEF ENGINEER RICHARD TATLOW
MUST ENSURE HER HULL IS IN
PERFECT SHAPE.

Richard says WHEN WE'RE RACING,
WE'RE UNDER SAIL.
AND WE WANT TO ENSURE THAT
EVERYTHING UNDERNEATH THE HULL
IS AS STREAMLINED AS POSSIBLE TO
MAXIMIZE OUR SPEED, BECAUSE
IT'S ALL ABOUT WINNING THE RACE.
HI, ALBERTO.

On the pier, Alberto says HOW'S IT GOING?

Richard says GOOD.
SO, CURRENTLY, THE GUYS ARE
KITTING UP WITH THEIR DIVE
EQUIPMENT WHERE THEY'RE GOING TO
GO DOWN UNDERNEATH THE HULL.
AND THEY'RE GOING TO CLEAN
OUR PROPELLERS.
THEY'RE ALSO GOING TO INSPECT
THE REST OF THE HULL TO MAKE
SURE WE HAVEN'T GOT ANY GROWTH
THAT CAN CAUSE US DRAG.

A diver jumps in the water.

A man controlling the images from the underwater cameras speak on a foreign language.

(SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE)

The narrator says ON A BOAT OF SUCH ENORMOUS
PROPORTIONS, THIS FINGERTIP
SEARCH TAKES THE BEST PART OF
A DAY.

Richard looks at the monitor and says OOH.
(MAN SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE)
IT LOOKS LIKE A BAND.

Another man next to him says IT'S A BAND.

Richard says YEAH.
CAN YOU SEE ANY GONE INSIDE?
(MAN SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE)

Richard says BASICALLY, WHAT WE'RE SEEING
AROUND THE STARBOARD PROPELLER,
IT LOOKED LIKE A ROPE.
AND WHAT WE'RE ALSO LOOKING AT
IS, THE STARBOARD PROPELLER IS
HEAVILY FOULED.
SO THAT NEEDS TO BE CLEANED.
IT'S A GOOD CALL TO GET THIS
DONE.
(MAN SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE)

The narrator says THE CLEAN-UP'S NOT AN ISSUE.
BUT THE PROPELLERS THEMSELVES
CREATE A MAJOR PROBLEM.
USED IN LIGHT WINDS AND TO
MANOEUVRE AROUND HARBOURS, THEY
PERMANENTLY PROTRUDE BENEATH
THE HULL, COMPROMISING
BLACK
PEARL'S
UNDERWATER STREAMLINING
WHEN UNDER SAIL.

Richard says THE PROPELLERS ARE
ALWAYS UNDERNEATH THERE.
WE CAN'T RETRACT THE PROPELLERS.
WE CAN ONLY RETRACT OUR
THRUSTERS AND OUR ANCHOR.

The narrator says THE DRAG THROUGH THE WATER
CAUSED BY THIS PAIR OF
1.2-METRE-WIDE PROPELLERS
COULD THWART
BLACK PEARL'S
RACING AMBITIONS.
COULD AN INNOVATION FROM THE
PAST OFFER A SOLUTION TO THIS
UNFATHOMABLE PROBLEM?

(music plays)

The narrator says THE SURPRISING ANSWER FOR
BLACK
PEARL
CAN BE FOUND AT A BRITISH
AIRFIELD.
ENGINEER DAN DICKRELL IS
DISCOVERING AN HISTORIC
MASTERPIECE, CURRENTLY BEING
BROUGHT BACK TO ITS FORMER
GLORY.

Dan is in his late thirties, with short wavy graying hair and a beard. He wears black trousers and a navy blue jacket with a black collar.

He walks by the airplane and says LOOK AT THIS.
THIS IS THE C-47, ONE OF THE
MOST ICONIC AND LEGENDARY
AIRCRAFT OF THE SECOND WORLD
WAR.
A PLANE FAMOUS FOR DROPPING
PARATROOPERS OVER OCCUPIED
FRANCE IN D-DAY.
IT'S A REALLY BEAUTIFUL
AIRPLANE.

He climbs up the plane and sits in the cockpit.

He says IT'S EASY TO IMAGINE WHAT IT
WOULD HAVE BEEN LIKE, GOING
ACROSS THE CHANNEL, OVER ENEMY
TERRITORY WITH FLAK GOING OFF.
IN THE EVENT THAT THIS AIRPLANE
WOULD LOSE AN ENGINE, THE ONLY
WAY BACK TO GET BACK SAFELY IS
TO MAXIMIZE THE ABILITY OF THE
REMAINING ENGINE TO GET YOU TO
THE GROUND SAFELY.

The narrator says BUT IN AN EMERGENCY, THE
DISABLED ENGINE'S PROPELLERS
COULD CREATE A MAJOR PROBLEM.
SITTING IN THE AIRFLOW, THEY
CAUSED DRAG, WHICH BURNED
PRECIOUS FUEL.
THE SOLUTION WAS DOWN TO
AMERICAN ENGINEER FRANK
CALDWELL.
HE DEVISED THE HYDROMATIC, A
PROPELLER WHICH UTILIZED
HYDRAULICS TO CHANGE THE PITCH
OF ITS BLADES.
KNOWN AS FEATHERING, IT'S A
PROCESS THAT COULD HELP OUT
BLACK PEARL.

Dan says IN THE EVENT OF LOSING
AN ENGINE, THE PILOT REACHES UP,
PULLS THE FEATHERING BUTTON,
WHICH FEATHERS THE BLADES OF
THE PROPELLER.
THE THREE PROPELLER BLADES WILL
ROTATE, TAKING THE FAT PART OF
THE BLADE OUT OF THE AIRSTREAM,
GIVING IT THE KNIFE EDGE.
THIS REDUCES DRAG GREATLY AND
EFFECTIVELY HELPS THIS PLANE GET
HOME SAFELY.

The narrator says TODAY, DAN IS PUTTING HIS
FAITH IN CALDWELL'S BRILLIANT
INVENTION WITH A DAREDEVIL
EXPERIMENT ON BOARD A MODERN
TWIN-ENGINED PLANE.

On the plane, Dan says SO, CURRENTLY, WE'RE
AROUND 3,500 FEET, GOING ABOUT
115 KNOTS.
AND WE'RE GOING TO SIMULATE AN
ENGINE FAILURE.
WHEN I GIVE CAPTAIN ROB THE
SIGNAL, HE'S GOING TO REACH DOWN
AND CUT THE POWER TO THAT ENGINE
RIGHT THERE.
AND WE'RE GOING TO SEE
WHAT HAPPENS.
I CAN'T BELIEVE WE'RE GOING TO
DO THIS.
ALRIGHT, LET'S CUT IT.
(BEEPING)

Dan says SO, THERE'S SOME CONTROL
INSTABILITY.
THERE ARE SOME ALARMS GOING OFF
RIGHT NOW.
EVEN THOUGH THE PROP IS
TURNING, THAT ENGINE IS
ACTUALLY NOT GENERATING ANY
POWER.
IT'S CALLED WINDMILLING,
AND THE BROAD SIDE OF THAT PROP
IS FACING THE ONCOMING AIR.
IT'S CREATING A LOT OF DRAG.
SO TO MAINTAIN THIS ALTITUDE,
EVENTUALLY, THIS AIRPLANE WILL
STALL AND FALL OUT OF THE SKY.
THIS IS NOT A GREAT SITUATION AT
ALL TO BE IN NOW.

The pilot says "Right, we have a stall warning."

Dan says YEAH.
SO WE GOT A STALL WARNING.

The narrator says LUCKILY, THIS PLANE IS
EQUIPPED WITH A
CALDWELL-INSPIRED VARIABLE
PITCH PROPELLER.

Dan says ALRIGHT, THE SOLUTION TO THIS
PROBLEM IS, WE'RE GOING TO
FEATHER THE ENGINE.
SO GO AHEAD AND FEATHER, PLEASE.
ALRIGHT, SO, INSTANTLY, THERE
WAS AN EFFECT ON THE PLANE.
AND WHILE IT LOOKS SCARY, THE
PROP'S NOT TURNING ANYMORE.
WE'VE FEATHERED THE BLADES.
NOW, THE KNIFE-EDGE IS INTO THE
WIND.
THE AIRSPEED IS SLOWLY
INCREASING, SO THE GOOD ENGINE
DOESN'T HAVE TO DO AS MUCH WORK.
WE'RE NO LONGER IN DANGER OF
LITERALLY FALLING OUT OF
THE SKY.

The narrator says SINCE ITS LAUNCH, THE
HYDROMATIC HAS TRANSFORMED AIR
SAFETY, AN ENGINEERING
BREAKTHROUGH THAT HAS HELPED
SHAPE THE HISTORY OF FLIGHT.

(TICKING)

(music plays)

The narrator says THE TEAM AT BLACK PEARL HAVE
BEEN INSPIRED BY THIS
AERONAUTICAL GAME-CHANGER.
BUT THEIR PITCHED PROPELLERS
CUT THROUGH THE WAVES.

Over the radio, Chris says COPY THAT.
ALL LINES OFF.

A man says ALL LINES OFF.

The narrator says CAPTAIN CHRIS GARTNER IS
USING THE PROPS TO MANOEUVER
THE 106-METRE SUPERYACHT INTO
OPEN WATER FOR TODAY'S
ALL-IMPORTANT SAILING TRIAL.

Derek says "Nice and steady at the back, it's looking good."

Chris says COPY THAT.
THANK YOU.
ACTUALLY, WE GOT A LITTLE BIT
OF WIND TODAY.
MIGHT BE GOOD SAILING.

The narrator says BELOW DECK, CHIEF ENGINEER
RICHARD TATLOW CAN MONITOR
BLACK PEARL'S
CUTTING-EDGE
PROPELLER SYSTEM FROM ITS NERVE
CENTRE: ENGINE CONTROL.

Richard says AS YOU CAN SEE UNDER THE
WATER HERE, OUR PROPELLER IS
OBVIOUSLY ROTATING, PROVIDING
PROPULSION FOR THE VESSEL.
CURRENTLY, WE HAVE A PITCH OF
AROUND ABOUT 70 PERCENT.
SO, WE HAVE...
THERE'S THE SHAFT LINE, AND
THERE'S THE BLADES.
AND WE HAVE ABOUT THAT MUCH
PITCH ON.
AND THINGS ARE LOOKING PRETTY
GOOD.

The narrator says BUT AS THE
BLACK PEARL
GOES
THROUGH HER EXTRAORDINARY
METAMORPHOSIS...

Chris says WE WOULD LIKE TO SET
SAILS IN 10 MINUTES.
IS EVERYTHING AWAY?

A man over the radio says YEAH, WE'RE ALL
SET, CHRIS.
NO PROBLEMS.
JUST LIVING THE DREAM.

Chris says WE ARE BEGINNING TO HAVE FUN.
WE ARE SETTING SAILS.

The narrator says THE 1.2-METRE-WIDE
CONTROLLED PITCH PROPELLERS GO
THROUGH A CHANGE OF THEIR OWN
TO COMPLETE THIS STREAMLINED
SAILING MACHINE.
FROM A 70-PERCENT PITCHED
MOTORING POSITION, THE BLADES
ARE ELECTRONICALLY FEATHERED TO
WHAT'S KNOWN AS ZERO PITCH.

A crew member at the sailing station says ALL GO STOP ON STARBOARD
ENGINE.

Chris says OKAY.
NOW, YOU'RE GOING TO SEE OUR
PROPELLER START TO SLOW DOWN.

The other man says STOP ON PORT ENGINE.

Chris says OKAY, STOP.

The man says YEAH, VERY IMPRESSIVE.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH, CHIEF.

Chris says SO, NOW, YOU CAN SEE THE
PROPS ARE NO LONGER TURNING.
THE BLADES ARE IN A FEATHERED
POSITION, IN THEIR LEAST
RESISTANT POSITION.
SO NOW, WE'RE SAILING, AND WE'RE
DRAGGING THEM THROUGH THE WATER.
AND THEY ARE NOT SLOWING US
DOWN ANY.

The narrator says THE WATER FLOWS SO
EFFICIENTLY OVER THE BLADES,
BLACK PEARL'S
SAILING SPEED IS
INCREASED BY TWO KNOTS.
HOWEVER, THE PROPELLERS'
INGENIOUS ENGINEERING DOESN'T
END THERE.
ON THIS GIANT BOAT, WHICH
CONSUMES THE SAME ELECTRICITY
AS 25 FAMILY HOMES, THE
PROPELLER'S PITCH CAN BE
ALTERED TO GENERATE POWER WHEN
UNDER SAIL.

Richard says WE CAN TURN THEM IN TO A
FORM OF A TURBINE.
BECAUSE WE CAN CONTROL THE
PITCH, WE CAN ALLOW THEM TO
ROTATE.
AND AS THEY ROTATE, THEY'RE
COUPLED TOGETHER ON THE MAIN
SHAFT LINE INTO AN ELECTRIC
MOTOR.
WE CAN THEN GENERATE
ELECTRICITY.
SO, HERE WE GO.
AS WE CAN SEE, THAT WAS THE
SHAFT BRAKE RELEASING.
AND THEN THE BLADES ARE
BEGINNING TO COME OUT OF THIS
FEATHERING POSITION, STARTING
TO OPEN UP AND ACT AS A TURBINE.
VERY SHORTLY, WE'LL BE
GENERATING ENOUGH ELECTRICITY TO
RUN THE SHIP'S LOAD.

The narrator says BUT TO SURVIVE THE SEAS,
BLACK PEARL'S
ENGINEERS MUST
OVERCOME ANOTHER HUGE PROBLEM,
CREATED BY ITS ENORMOUS SIZE.

Chris says WITH THE HULL, ALL THE FORCE
IS EXERTED ONTO THE BOAT ITSELF
BY THE RIGS, THE SEA.
THERE IS A LOT OF TWISTING AND
A LOT OF MOVEMENT.

The narrator says IF THE HULL ISN'T
PHENOMENALLY STRONG, THERE'S A
DANGER IT COULD FAIL.

Derek says NOT ONLY COULD IT BE
CATASTROPHIC FOR THE BOAT, BUT
IT COULD ALSO BE TRAGIC FOR
SOMEONE'S LIFE.

(music plays)

The narrator says TARRAGONA, A SPANISH PORT
HARBOURING A BRAND-NEW FEAT
OF ENGINEERING...
BLACK PEARL,
THE LARGEST
SAILING YACHT ON THE PLANET.
ONE HUNDRED AND SIX METRES LONG
AND 15 METRES WIDE,
BLACK PEARL
CAN ACCOMMODATE 38 GUESTS AND
CREW AND AN ASSORTMENT OF
ADVANCED EQUIPMENT.
ALL PROPELLED BY 3,000 SQUARE
METRES OF SAIL.
ITS UNIQUE SQUARE RIG
ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED FROM
THREE DIFFERENT SAILING
STATIONS.
THE MAIN HUB IS THE SHIP'S
BRIDGE, WHERE CAPTAIN CHRIS
GARTNER HAS MIND-BLOWING
TECHNOLOGY AT HIS DISPOSAL.

Chris says I THINK THE SAILING
STATION IS REALLY WHAT MAKES
THIS BOAT SPECIAL.
NOTHING IN THE WORLD HAS THIS.
IN ORDER TO SAIL THE BOAT, IT
REQUIRES ONE PERSON.
WE CAN CONTROL ALL MASTS AND
TURN THE RIGS, ALL AT ONCE OR
JUST AN INDIVIDUAL ONE.
THIS PAGE HERE IS HOW WE CONTROL
WHICH WE WOULD LIKE TO SET AT
THAT PARTICULAR MOMENT.
SO, YOU JUST SIMPLY SELECT IT,
AND WE'LL BE ABLE TO DEPLOY ALL
THE SAIL AREA IN LESS THAN
SEVEN MINUTES.

The narrator says THIS AUTOMATED RIG IS ONE OF
A KIND.
BUT ITS MAMMOTH PROPORTIONS
CREATE A BIG PROBLEM FOR ITS
ENGINEERS.
THE HUGE MASTS AND
BLACK
PEARL'S
SHEER SCALE PLACE THE
BODY OF THE SHIP UNDER IMMENSE
PRESSURE.

Chris says AS FAR AS THE
BLACK
PEARL,
WITH THE HULL, WITH ITS
LENGTH OVERALL, ALL THE FORCE
IS EXERTED ONTO THE BOAT ITSELF
BY THE RIGS, THE SEA.
THERE IS A LOT OF TWISTING AND
A LOT OF MOVEMENT.

The narrator says THE ENGINEERS NEED A
LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIAL TO
COMPETITIVELY RACE.
BUT FOR A BOAT THIS SIZE, IF
IT'S NOT EXCEPTIONALLY STRONG,
THE ENTIRE HULL COULD FAIL.

Derek says IF IT DOES GO WRONG,
NOT ONLY COULD IT BE
CATASTROPHIC FOR THE BOAT, BUT
IT COULD BE TRAGIC FOR SOMEONE'S
LIFE.

The narrator says CAN THE PIONEERS OF THE PAST
HELP OUT WITH THIS SEEMINGLY
IMPOSSIBLE PROBLEM?
(TICKING)

(music plays)

Aerial views show images of the city of Philadelphia.

The narrator says THE SOLUTION FOR THE
BLACK
PEARL
LIES IN PHILADELPHIA.
LOCAL HISTORIAN MAX KAISERMAN
IS DISCOVERING A MARITIME
GAME-CHANGER, BORN FROM
NECESSITY IN THE AFTERMATH OF
THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR.

Max is in his thirties, with short wavy brown hair and a beard. He wears dark wash jeans and a black shirt.

Max says THE CIVIL WAR HAD
DESTROYED MOST OF WHAT WAS LEFT
OF THE OLD SAILING NAVY.
AND THEY REALLY HADN'T
REBUILT YET.
THE SHIPS THAT WERE STILL LEFT
IN THE US NAVY IN EARLY 1880S
WERE WOODEN SHIPS.
SOME OF THEM WERE IRONCLADS OR
IRON SHIPS, VERY LOW TO THE
WATER, JUST FOR USE IN RIVERS
AND PROTECTING THE COAST.

The narrator says BUT THE DILAPIDATED US NAVY
HAD A MAJOR PROBLEM.
IT NOW FACED A NEW THREAT IN
THE OCEANS, FROM SEAFARING
NATIONS SUCH AS BRITAIN
AND FRANCE.

Max says SO BY THE MIDDLE OF THE
1880S, THE US NAVY REALLY NEEDED
TO STEP UP TO A MORE MODERN
MATERIAL.

The narrator says IT WAS SECRETARY OF THE NAVY
WILLIAM CHANDLER WHO CAME UP
WITH THE SOLUTION: A NEW
BREED OF SHIP CONSTRUCTED WITH
A REVOLUTIONARY MATERIAL.

Max says SO, WHAT WE'RE STANDING
NEXT TO IS THE USS
OLYMPIA.
SHE'S THE OLDEST STEEL WARSHIP
LEFT IN THE WORLD.
THE SHIFT FROM WOOD TO IRON TO
STEEL WAS MONUMENTAL.
IRON WAS BRITTLE.
WOOD WAS INCREDIBLY COSTLY AND
WEAK COMPARED TO STEEL.

The narrator says MADE BY CHEMICALLY MODIFYING
IRON, STEEL IS INCREDIBLY
STRONG AND LIGHT.
MUCH OF
OLYMPIA'S
HULL IS UNDER
AN INCH THICK, THE PERFECT
LIGHTWEIGHT SOLUTION FOR HER
HIGH-SPEED SEABORNE OPERATIONS.

Max says THE
OLYMPIA
REPRESENTS,
ACTUALLY, AN ENTIRELY NEW TYPE
OF NAVY.
AND A HULL THAT WAS ABLE TO
WITHSTAND HURRICANES, HIGH SEAS,
AND ARMOUR-PIERCING SHELLS FROM
OTHER SHIPS.

The narrator says IN THE DEPTHS OF THE HULL,
THE MALLEABLE QUALITY OF STEEL
COMES INTO ITS OWN.

Max gets in the hull and says OH, WOW, YOU CAN ACTUALLY...
IT'S COLD, BECAUSE ON THE OTHER
SIDE IS THE WATER.
WE'RE ABOUT 15 FEET BELOW THE
WATERLINE HERE.
THIS IS STEEL.
(KNOCKING)
IT'S A MILD NICKEL STEEL ABOUT
THREE QUARTERS INCH THICK.
THE STEEL HERE IS CURVED
INTO PLACE.
IT CAN BE WELDED.
YOU CAN SEE WHERE THE PLATES ARE
RIVETED TOGETHER.
NONE OF THAT IS POSSIBLE
WITH WOOD.
IT'S ALMOST IMPOSSIBLE
WITH IRON.

The narrator says HER SLEEK LINES AND
SUPER-LIGHTWEIGHT STEEL HULL
ENABLED
OLYMPIA
TO STEAM AT
10 KNOTS FOR 24,000 KILOMETRES
WITHOUT REFUELLING.
AND IN THE HEAT OF BATTLE, THIS
NEW MATERIAL OFFERED
UNPRECEDENTED PROTECTION.

Max says WHERE WE ARE NOW IS
ACTUALLY ONE OF THE FEW PLACES
THAT'S ARMOURED.
AROUND THE FIVE-INCH GUNS, IT'S
ABOUT FIVE INCHES THICK.
THIS STEEL ARMOUR COULD PROTECT
BEYOND ANYTHING WOOD OR IRON
COULD DO.
IF I WERE A SAILOR ON A SHIP IN
THE 1890S, I'D MUCH PREFER TO BE
ON A SHIP BEHIND FIVE INCHES OR
EIGHT INCHES OF STEEL ARMOUR
RATHER THAN A FOOT OF WOOD THAT
COULD SPLINTER AND KILL ME...
JUST THE WOOD!

The narrator says BY 1898, THE TRAILBLAZING
STEEL SHIPS HAD TRANSFORMED THE
US NAVY FROM OBSCURITY INTO A
GLOBAL MILITARY POWER.

Max says WE FLOAT STILL TODAY
BECAUSE OF THOSE ENGINEERS OVER
120 YEARS AGO DECIDED TO USE
STEEL ON NEW WARSHIPS.
I THINK
OLYMPIA
IS A MARVEL
OF ENGINEERING.

(music plays)

The narrator says STEEL HAS ENABLED
BLACK
PEARL'S
ENGINEERS TO BUILD THE
LARGEST SAILING YACHT IN THE
WORLD.
WITH 21ST-CENTURY TECHNOLOGY AT
THEIR DISPOSAL, THIS
CUTTING-EDGE GIANT IS LONGER
THAN THE USS
OLYMPIA.
BUT AT 3,000 TONNES, IT'S
VIRTUALLY HALF THE HISTORIC
SHIP'S WEIGHT.
DESPITE THIS, IT'S STILL
REMARKABLY STRONG.

Chris says AS FAR AS THE MATERIAL
USED IN THE
BLACK PEARL,
STEEL
IS DEFINITELY THE BEST CHOICE.
YOU KNOW, THERE'S THE SAFETY
FACTOR.
THERE'S THE STRENGTH FACTORS.
AND IT CERTAINLY RESISTS SO
MUCH, YOU KNOW, FROM CORROSION.
IT'S NOT SO AFFECTED BY THE
ELEMENTS OF THE SALTWATER.
AND IF YOU HIT SOMETHING IN THE
SEA, WHICH IS ALSO A
CONSIDERATION TO DEALING WITH
THE TWISTING, THE BENDING, AND
THE FORCES THAT WILL EXERT ON
THE BOAT FROM THE MASTS IN
BIG SEAS.

The narrator says THE 720-TONNE HULL CARRIES
OVER 1,300 TONNES OF OUTFITTING
WEIGHT AND 300 TONNES OF
BALLAST.
ITS UNIQUE SHAPE TOOK 14 MONTHS
TO CONSTRUCT IN A ROTTERDAM
SHIPYARD IN THE NETHERLANDS.
THE FLEXIBLE QUALITY OF STEEL
AS THIN AS 8 MILLIMETRES
ALLOWED ENGINEERS TO FORM A
STREAMLINED HULL BUILT FOR
SPEED.
A LIGHTWEIGHT ALUMINIUM
SUPERSTRUCTURE SAVES VITAL
WEIGHT, DELIVERING THE
IMPOSSIBLE: A 106-METRE-LONG
SUPERYACHT DESIGNED TO BREAK
RECORDS.
BUT PERHAPS THE STANDOUT
ENGINEERING IS
BLACK PEARL'S
ONE-OF-A-KIND BOW.

Derek says THE SPECIAL THING
ABOUT THIS IS, AS YOU CAN SEE,
IT DOESN'T LOOK LIKE ANY OTHER
BOW YOU'LL SEE ON ANY OTHER
MOTORBOAT OR SAILING BOAT.
THE SHAPE OF THE BOW AT THE
LOWER END MAKES HER VERY
EFFICIENT THROUGH THE WAVES.
INSTEAD OF RIDING THROUGH THEM,
SHE TENDS TO RIDE OVER THEM.
BUT IT'S FINE ENOUGH AT THE SAME
TIME THAT SHE'LL SLICE THROUGH
WHATEVER YOU GET.
IT JUST MEANS SHE'S MUCH FASTER.
THEN IT'S VERY EFFECTIVE, TOO,
BECAUSE WHEN WE GET ONE-,
TWO-METRE SEAS, WE HAVE A VERY
DRY FOREDECK.
AND IT'S BECAUSE IT'S HITTING
THIS BOW AND DISPERSING OFF THE
BOAT INSTEAD OF COMING RIGHT UP
ON TOP AND MAKING IT WET.
I THINK WHEN EVERYONE SEES HOW
EFFICIENT THIS BOW IS, THEY'D BE
A BIT SILLY IF SOMEONE DIDN'T
COPY IT.

The narrator says BLACK PEARL'S
DESIGN IS SO
ADVANCED, ITS TEAM ARE
TARGETING THE 30-KNOT BARRIER...
A FIRST FOR A SAILING YACHT OF
THIS SIZE.

Chris says IT EXCITES ME A LOT TO BE A
PART OF THIS, TO TRY AND BREAK
THESE RECORDS.
IT'S JUST AN AMAZING, AMAZING,
AMAZING SAILBOAT.

The narrator says BUT A NEW AMBITIOUS
TRANSATLANTIC GOAL THROWS UP
MORE CHALLENGES FOR THE WORLD'S
LARGEST SAILING YACHT.

Derek says TO CROSS THE ATLANTIC
WITH ZERO FOSSIL FUELS MEANS
THAT WE NEED TO MANAGE THE POWER
ON THE BOAT VERY CAREFULLY.

The narrator says FOR A BOAT WHICH CONSUMES
8,000 KILOWATTS OF ELECTRICITY
A MONTH, A TOTALLY
SELF-SUFFICIENT VOYAGE FROM
EUROPE TO AMERICA SOUNDS
IMPOSSIBLE.

Derek says CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS
DID IT.
BUT AS FAR AS I'M AWARE, HE HAD
NO FRIDGE FREEZER, NO LAUNDRY,
NO AIR CONDITIONING.

The narrator says CAN
BLACK PEARL
FOLLOW IN
THE FOOTSTEPS OF ONE OF
HISTORY'S GREATS?

(music plays)

The narrator says BLACK PEARL
IS CHANGING THE
FACE OF MARINE DESIGN.
CURRENTLY UNDERGOING RACING
TRIALS, THE WORLD'S LARGEST
SAILING YACHT IS BUILT
FOR SPEED.
AND HAS THE 30-KNOT BARRIER
IN ITS SIGHTS.

Chris says YEAH, IT'S FRESHENING
NICELY, HUH?
VERY GOOD.
GREAT DAY OF SAILING SO FAR.
I FEEL LIKE IT'S GETTING PROVEN.
IT'S ALREADY GREAT, BUT WE'RE
PROVING THE SYSTEMS THAT WERE
PUT ONTO THE BOAT.
SO IT'S GETTING BETTER
AND BETTER.

(HORN HONKING)

The narrator says BUT TO MAKE ITS MARK, THIS
AUDACIOUS YACHT MUST ALSO HAVE
STAYING POWER AT SEA.
MILLIONS OF DOLLARS HAVE BEEN
PUMPED INTO INNOVATIVE
TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPED TO MAKE
BLACK PEARL
SELF-SUFFICIENT.

Richard says SO, AS YOU CAN
IMAGINE, ON
BLACK PEARL,
WATER
CONSUMPTION CAN BE QUITE HIGH.
SO WHAT WE DO IS, WE TRY AND
MINIMIZE THAT AS MUCH AS
POSSIBLE.
SO, THIS IS ACTUALLY RAW SEWAGE
THAT'S BEING COMPRESSED THROUGH
A MEMBRANE SYSTEM, THEN A
SERIES OF FINE FILTERS, THROUGH
A TREATMENT PLANT.
THAT WATER IS JUST USED FOR,
BASICALLY, WASHING DOWN
THE BOAT.
BUT APPARENTLY, I HAVE BEEN TOLD
BY THE MANUFACTURERS THAT YOU
CAN DRINK IT.
AND NO, I HAVEN'T BEEN BRAVE
ENOUGH TO TRY.

The narrator says BLACK PEARL'S
SUSTAINABLE
SYSTEMS AND REGENERATING
PROPELLERS ARE CUTTING EDGE.
BUT EVEN THESE AREN'T ENOUGH TO
COPE WITH THE OWNER'S LATEST
AUDACIOUS GOAL:
A FOSSIL FUEL-FREE
TRANSATLANTIC CROSSING.

Derek says TO CROSS THE ATLANTIC
WITH ZERO FOSSIL FUELS MEANS
THAT WE NEED TO MANAGE THE POWER
ON THE BOAT VERY CAREFULLY.
CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS DID IT.
BUT AS FAR AS I'M AWARE, HE HAD
NO FRIDGE FREEZER, NO LAUNDRY,
NO AIR CONDITIONING.
THE JACUZZI DIDN'T WORK ON HIS
BOAT AS WELL.
WHEREAS ON HERE, WE HAVE ALL
THE COMFORTS OF HOME, AND WE
WANT TO TRY AND KEEP THEM GOING.

The narrator says ON A MEGA-YACHT WITH THE
SAME ENERGY DEMANDS AS A SMALL
RESIDENTIAL STREET, COMPLETING
A 12-DAY ZERO-CARBON CROSSING
SEEMS AN IMPOSSIBLE CHALLENGE.
BUT AN OUT-OF-THIS-WORLD
HISTORIC INNOVATION COULD OFFER
A SUSTAINABLE SOLUTION FOR THE
WORLD'S BIGGEST SAILING YACHT.

(music plays)

The narrator says PHYSICIST SUZIE SHEEHY IS
VISITING BRITTANY IN FRANCE,
DISCOVERING HOW THE ANSWER FOR
BLACK PEARL
ORIGINATED IN
THE STARS.

Suzie is in her thirties, with long wavy red hair in a half do and wears jeans and an ochre sweater.

Suzie walks towards a white circular windowless building and says AT THE MOMENT, THERE'S
ABOUT 2,000 SATELLITES ORBITING
THE EARTH.
AND THEY'RE DOING EVERYTHING
FROM TV TO DATA COMMUNICATIONS.
BUT OF COURSE, THEY WEREN'T
ALWAYS UP THERE.
THIS RADOME IS AT THE PLUMEAU
BODOU TELECOM CENTRE.
AND THIS HAS AN INCREDIBLE
HISTORY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF
SATELLITE TELECOMMUNICATIONS.
IT'S ABSOLUTELY INCREDIBLE, AND
IT'S ENORMOUS!

The narrator says DURING THE 1950S, A NEW ERA
OF SPACE EXPLORATION UNFOLDED.
AND WITH IT CAME THE POTENTIAL
TO TRANSFORM GLOBAL
COMMUNICATIONS.
EARLY SATELLITE EXPERIMENTS
SUCCESSFULLY RELAYED SIGNALS
TO AND FROM SPACE.
IT WASN'T LONG BEFORE THE
GLOBAL STAGE WAS BECKONING.

Inside the building, Suzie says ENGINEERS IN THE US
CAME UP WITH AN AMBITIOUS NEW
PROJECT.
THEY WANTED TO SEND LIVE TV
IMAGES FROM THE US TO EUROPE
AND BEYOND.
SO THIS IS WHAT THEY CAME UP
WITH.
THIS IS TELSTAR, WHICH IS A
GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE.
IT CAN TAKE LIVE IMAGES FROM
THE US UP INTO SPACE AND BACK
DOWN TO EUROPE, TRANSMITTING
THEM ACROSS THE EARTH.

The narrator says BUT ACHIEVING THIS MEANT
OVERCOMING A MASSIVE PROBLEM.
LIKE
BLACK PEARL
SAILING ACROSS
THE VAST OCEANS, TO BE VIABLE,
TELSTAR HAD TO BE TOTALLY
SELF-SUFFICIENT IN THE ISOLATED
VACUUM OF SPACE.

Suzie says EARLY SATELLITES WERE
POWERED BY BATTERIES.
AND IN ORBIT, THEY'D ONLY LAST
A WEEK OR SOMETIMES DAYS BEFORE
THE BATTERY WOULD GO FLAT.
SO TO KEEP THE SATELLITES UP
THERE FOR LONGER, SCIENTISTS HAD
TO COME UP WITH A NEW SOLUTION.

(music plays)

The narrator says IN 1954, BELL LAB ENGINEERS
CALVIN FULLER, GERALD PEARSON,
AND DARYL CHAPIN WERE
DEVELOPING SILICON TRANSISTORS
WHEN THEY MADE AN UNEXPECTED
DISCOVERY.
ONE OF THEIR TRANSISTORS BEGAN
PRODUCING ELECTRICITY WHEN
EXPOSED TO LIGHT.
SILICON HAD THE POTENTIAL TO
PRODUCE THE FIRST PRACTICAL
FORM OF SOLAR POWER.
A SPECIAL QUALITY ONLY SEEN AT
AN ATOMIC LEVEL.

Suzie sits next to a set up of two trays full of lined-up paper balls representing atoms and smaller whit putty balls representing electrons.

Suzie says NOW, WHAT I'VE GOT SET UP
HERE IS TWO DIFFERENT LAYERS OF
SILICON, LIKE IN A SOLAR CELL.
AND THE IMPORTANT THING IS THAT
EACH LAYER HAS A SLIGHTLY
DIFFERENT ATOMIC STRUCTURE.
SO, THESE ARE MY ATOMS, AND
AROUND THE ATOMS ARE ELECTRONS.
ON THIS SIDE, THERE'S ACTUALLY
SLIGHTLY MORE ELECTRONS.
SO THIS SIDE IS OVERALL MORE
NEGATIVE, SO WE CALL IT N-TYPE
SILICON.
AND THE OTHER SIDE, THERE'S
ACTUALLY A SLIGHT LACK OF
ELECTRONS, SO I'M GOING TO TAKE
SOME AWAY.
SO THIS ONE IS OVERALL POSITIVE
AND P-TYPE SILICONE.

The narrator says A SECTION BETWEEN THE
SILICON LAYERS ACTS AS A
JUNCTION, ALLOWING ELECTRONS TO
MIGRATE, CREATING AN ELECTRIC
FIELD.
A PROCESS STIMULATED BY LIGHT.

Suzie says THE SUN SHINES DOWN ON THE
TOP OF THE SOLAR CELL.
AND ALL THAT LIGHT ENERGY CAN
LIBERATE ELECTRONS FROM THEIR
ATOMS IN THE CENTRE HERE.
SO NOW, THESE FREE ELECTRONS ARE
MOVED UPWARDS BY THE ELECTRIC
FIELD.
AND IF WE CONNECT WITH A
TERMINAL ON THE TOP AND THE
BOTTOM, THAT CREATES A PATH FOR
THESE ELECTRONS TO TRAVEL ROUND
AND FILL THE HOLES ON THE OTHER
SIDE.
AND IT'S THE FLOW OF THOSE
ELECTRONS THAT PROVIDES AN
ELECTRIC CURRENT, WHICH ALLOWS
US TO DO WORK, SUCH AS POWERING
A CALCULATOR.
AND YOU CAN SEE THERE IS
ACTUALLY A COUPLE OF LITTLE
SOLAR CELLS JUST ON TOP OF THE
CALCULATOR HERE.

The narrator says THE INFINITE POWER OF THE
SILICON SOLAR CELL WAS THE
PERFECT SOLUTION FOR SPACE.
IN 1962, THE TELSTAR SATELLITE
WAS LAUNCHED, EQUIPPED WITH
THIS GAME-CHANGING INNOVATION.

Suzie says THEY ACTUALLY COATED
TELSTAR WITH 3,600 SOLAR CELLS
MOUNTED ON PLATINUM AND COATED
WITH SAPPHIRE TO PROTECT THEM
FROM THE HIGH LEVELS OF
RADIATION IN SPACE.
AND THAT ALLOWED IT TO PRODUCE
ABOUT 14 WATTS OF POWER, ENOUGH
FOR IT TO RELAY ABOUT 600
TELEPHONE CALLS AND A LIVE
TV FEED.

The narrator says TO COMPLETE AN HISTORIC LIVE
TRANSATLANTIC SATELLITE
BROADCAST, TELSTAR RECEIVED
SIGNALS FROM THE UNITED STATES,
MAGNIFIED THEM BY TEN BILLION
BEFORE BEAMING THEM HERE TO
FRANCE'S MAMMOTH TELECOM
CENTRE.

Suzie says THIS ANTENNA IS THE FIRST
PLACE THAT RECEIVED THE SIGNAL
FROM TELSTAR.
THEY ACTUALLY TRANSMITTED A TV
BROADCAST FEATURING PRESIDENT
KENNEDY.

An old clip shows president Kennedy address a crowd and say I UNDERSTAND THAT PART OF
TODAY'S PRESS CONFERENCE IS
BEING RELAYED BY THE TELSTAR
COMMUNICATION SATELLITE USED
ACROSS THE ATLANTIC.
AND THIS IS ANOTHER INDICATION
OF THE EXTRAORDINARY WORLD IN
WHICH WE LIVE.

Suzie says THE SUCCESS OF TELSTAR
HELPED DEMONSTRATE HOW GOOD
SOLAR TECHNOLOGY WAS.
NOT JUST UP IN SPACE, BUT ALSO
DOWN HERE ON EARTH.

(music plays)

The narrator says FROM THE VACUUM OF SPACE TO
THE VAST SEAS,
BLACK PEARL'S
ENGINEERS HAVE BEEN INSPIRED TO
DEVELOP THEIR OWN SOLAR
TECHNOLOGY.
THEIR AMBITIOUS GOAL: TO SAIL
THE WORLD'S LARGEST YACHT
ACROSS THE ATLANTIC WITHOUT
BURNING ANY FOSSIL FUEL.

Derek says ONE OF THE SOLUTIONS WE'VE
BEEN LOOKING AT FOR THE LAST
FEW YEARS IS TO PUT SOLAR CELLS
ON THE SAILS.
FIRSTLY, WE NEED TO CONSIDER
THE WEIGHT.
WE NEED TO CONSIDER THE
FLEXIBILITY, AND WE NEED TO
CONSIDER THE CABLE CONNECTIONS.
SO THAT TAKES US TO A TECHNOLOGY
WHICH IS CALLED CIGS, WHICH IS
ABOUT THE THICKNESS OF A PIECE
OF PAPER.

The narrator says AT JUST HALF A MILLIMETRE
THICK, THE ENGINEERS PLAN TO
BOND THIS SUPER-LIGHTWEIGHT
CUTTING-EDGE SYSTEM TO
BLACK
PEARL'S
DACRON SAILS WITHOUT
COMPROMISING THEIR PERFORMANCE.

Derek says THE SOLAR CELLS.
AND IT'S VERY, VERY FLEXIBLE.
WE CAN EASILY GET THE ROTATION
ON THE SAIL.
WE'LL PROBABLY END UP, IF WE'RE
LUCKY, AT 50 PERCENT OF THAT
WITH SOLAR CELLS.

The narrator says THAT'S ABOUT 1,400 SQUARE
METRES OF SOLAR TECHNOLOGY
MOUNTED ON
BLACK PEARL'S
15 SAILS.
SET TO DELIVER AROUND 22
PERCENT EFFICIENCY THROUGH A
NETWORK OF CABLING TO THE
SHIP'S 384 BATTERIES.

Derek says WE SHOULD GET ENOUGH
POWER TO RUN THE VESSEL WITH ALL
THE CREW ON BOARD AND ALL
SYSTEMS RUNNING, WHICH MEANS WE
SHOULD GET AROUND ABOUT 160 TO
170 KILOWATT HOURS.
IT'S ENOUGH TO PROVIDE US WITH
ENOUGH POWER TO RUN THE BOAT
WITHOUT THE REQUIREMENT FOR
FOSSIL FUELS.
WHEN IT HAPPENS, IT WILL BE AN
AMAZING PIECE OF ENGINEERING,
AND IT WILL BE PHENOMENAL TO
SEE IT.
AND IT'S JUST ONE MORE STEP THAT
WE'RE TAKING IN THE FUTURE TO
MAKING THE BOAT A LITTLE BIT
GREENER.

The narrator says BY PUSHING THE ENGINEERING
ENVELOPE, THIS TEAM ARE OPENING
UP THE WORLD'S OCEANS TO THE
REMARKABLE
BLACK PEARL.

Richard says NOBODY, TO MY
KNOWLEDGE, HAS ATTEMPTED TO DO
ANYTHING LIKE THIS BEFORE.
NO, THIS IS ONE OF A KIND.

Derek says BLACK PEARL
IS,
WITHOUT A DOUBT, THE MOST UNIQUE
AND BEST SAILING VESSEL OF
HER TYPE.
EVERY DAY WE GO OUT ON SEA
TRIALS OR SAILING, IT STILL,
YOU KNOW, GETS MY HEART GOING.

The narrator says BY BUILDING ON THE WORK OF
THE INSPIRATIONAL PIONEERS OF
THE PAST, ADAPTING, AND MAKING
DISCOVERIES OF THEIR OWN, THE
ENGINEERS ARE SUCCEEDING IN
MAKING THE IMPOSSIBLE POSSIBLE.

Chris says TO BE PART OF A
PROJECT THAT IS SO
GROUND-BREAKING LIKE THE
BLACK
PEARL
IS SUPER EXCITING.
AND I CAN'T WAIT TO CONTINUE ON
AND MAKE THIS ONE OF THE MOST
FAMOUS BOATS EVER TO SAIL
THE SEAS.

Music plays as the end credits roll.

Narrated by Matthew Skilton.

Producer and director, Matt Litchfield.

Executive producer, Neil Edwards.

Series Producer, Jonney Steven.

Two Four Rights. Produced in association with Yesterday.

Copyright 2018, Two-four.

Watch: Impossible Engineering Series 4 - Ep 2 - Black Pearl Sailin