Transcript: Ep. 4 - Off the Beaten Track with Kate Humble | Dec 26, 2018

A clip shows a horse galloping on a green hill side.

A song goes WHOA-OHH-OHH
OOH-OOH, OOH-OOH
WHOA-OHH-OHH

Kate is in her late thirties, with chin-length curly blond hair and wears jeans, a green T-shirt and a blue zip-up jacket.

Kate says YOU MIGHT THINK
THAT THIS IS A CANADIAN FOREST.
THE AFRICAN SAVANNAH.
THE SCOTTISH MOUNTAINS.
BUT THIS IS MY ADOPTED HOME,
WALES, AND THE MANY COUNTRIES
WITHIN IT.
I'VE ALWAYS BEEN DRAWN TO
REMOTE PLACES AROUND THE WORLD,
BUT ONLY RECENTLY I STARTED
QUESTIONING MYSELF.
WHY AM I TRAVELLING TO THESE
FAR-FLUNG PARTS OF THE WORLD TO
LOOK FOR AUTHENTIC, INTACT
COMMUNITIES WHEN THERE ARE
COMMUNITIES LIKE THAT RIGHT ON
MY DOORSTEP?
WALES IS HOME TO LESS THAN 5 percent
OF THE UK POPULATION, WITH MOST
PEOPLE CONCENTRATED IN THE
SOUTH, AND THE SPARSELY
INHABITED COUNTRYSIDE IS
EXACTLY WHAT ATTRACTED ME TO
MOVE HERE 10 YEARS AGO.
SO, I'M NOW TRAVELLING THE
LESSER TRODDEN AREAS OF WALES
WITH MY BEST WELSH FRIEND TEG
TO DISCOVER HOW ITS LANDSCAPES
ARE BEING SHAPED AND HOW THEY
ARE SHAPING ITS PEOPLE.

Kate plays with her Welsh sheep dog Teg.

She says LAST TIME, I LEARNED HOW TO
FLOG SHEEP.

A farmer says CAN'T WE HAVE A LITTLE BIT
MORE?
YOU'VE GOT TWO LADIES IN THE
RING.

Kate says I GOT HOOKED ON FLY FISHING.

Fishing in a stream, she says to another fisherman GOSH.
YOU REALLY DID HAVE SO LITTLE
FAITH IN ME.
AND TEG HAD HER FIRST FAMILY
REUNION.
THIS IS, LIKE, MY HAPPIEST
MOMENT IS STANDING HERE WATCHING
HER WORK.

A woman says PROUD GRANNY, PROUD GRANNY.

Kate says I AM, I AM.

(music plays)

Kate says THIS IS WALES,
OFF THE BEATEN
TRACK.
OF COURSE, I MAY ONLY BE
ACCEPTED IN THESE COMMUNITIES
BECAUSE I'VE GOT THE RIGHT
NATIONALITY OF DOG.

The name of the show reads "Kate Humble: Off the Beaten Track."

A song goes WHOA-OHH-OHH
OOH-OOH, OOH-OOH

Kate says DURING OUR FINAL WEEK
TRAVELLING THROUGH WALES, WE
EXPLORE CARMARTHENSHIRE,
STARTING IN THE REMOTE COTHI
VALLEY, WHERE I AM SURPRISED TO
FIND A DAIRY AND MEAT FARM WITH
A HUNDRED-STRONG HERD OF GOATS.
IN WALES, THESE ANIMALS ARE A
PARTICULAR CHALLENGE TO KEEP IN
LARGE NUMBERS, MAINLY BECAUSE
OF THEIR AVERSION TO WET
WEATHER.
YET FOR LYNN BEARD, THESE
CURIOUS CREATURES ARE WORTH THE
EFFORT.

She walks in a barn and says HELLO, GIRLS.
HELLO.
IT'S ACTUALLY QUITE A BEAUTIFUL
AND SUNNY DAY TODAY.
WHY AREN'T THEY SCAMPERING ABOUT
YOUR BEAUTIFUL FIELDS?

Lynn is in her fifties, with short straight light brown hair and wears black jeans, a plaid shirt and a gray mottled sweater.

She says IT'S TOO WET UNDER THEIR
HOOVES.

Kate says IS IT?

Lynn says NOT ONLY DO THEY NOT LIKE
WET ON THEIR BACKS; THEY HATE
GETTING THEIR HOOVES WET.

Kate says SEE, I THOUGHT THAT MIGHT BE
JUST MY GOATS BEING SLIGHTLY
PRISSY.

Lynn says THEIR COATS AREN'T
WATERPROOF LIKE COWS.
THEY DON'T TURN THE RAIN.
SO, THEY CHILL VERY, VERY
EASILY.
AND THEY JUST HATE IT.

Kate says RIGHT.

Lynn says EARS GO DOWN, HOOVES ARE UP
AND DOWN.

Kate says YEAH, YEAH.
LYNN MOVED FROM KENT TO WALES
14 YEARS AGO, LOOKING FOR A
QUIETER LIFE FOR HER FAMILY
AND HER KIDS.
DON'T TELL ME YOU NAME EVERY
SINGLE ONE OF YOUR GOATS.

Lynn says EVERY GOAT IS NAMED.

Kate says REALLY?

Lynn says EVERY GOAT.
THIS IS ROBIN.
THAT THERE IS THE DREADFUL
WIGGLE.

Kate says MY GOODNESS.

Lynn says AND THAT'S LYDIA.

Kate says HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN
KEEPING GOATS?
BECAUSE IT'S A SLIGHTLY
LEFT-OF-FIELD IDEA EVEN NOW,
ISN'T IT?

Lynn says IT IS.
I STARTED 41 YEARS AGO.

Kate says OH, MY GOODNESS.
YOU MUST HAVE BEEN TWO.

Lynn says I WAS.
YOU'VE GOT IT RIGHT ON THE HEAD
EXACTLY.
RIGHT ON THE NAIL.
I WAS VERY, VERY YOUNG.

Kate says YEAH?

Lynn says I'D ALWAYS LOVED GOATS.
I DON'T KNOW WHY.
THEY ARE JUST...
TO ME, THEY'RE JUST WONDERFUL.

Kate says THESE GIRLS ARE LIKE
HIGH-MAINTENANCE PRINCESSES.
NOT ONLY DO THEY HATE GETTING
THEIR FEET DIRTY, BUT YOU HAVE
TO MAKE THEIR BEDS FOR THEM
EVERY DAY, THOUGH THAT'S MAINLY
BECAUSE THEY HAVE A FEROCIOUS
APPETITE FOR IT.

Lynn says GOATS WILL NOT MILK ON GRASS
ALONE.
THEY WILL GO OUT THERE.
THEY WILL SKIP FROM HERE TO
THERE AND HAVE A MOUTHFUL HERE
AND A MOUTHFUL THERE.
THEY WILL STILL COME IN AT NIGHT
AND WANT THEIR HAY.

Kate says YEAH.
SO, THEY'RE NOT SORT OF FOR THE
FAINTHEARTED.

Lynn says THEY'RE MARMITE-Y.
THAT'S WHAT I CALL THEM.
THEY'RE MARMITE-Y.
YOU LOVE THEM OR YOU LOATHE
THEM.

Kate says THE GIRLS ARE MILKED TWICE A
DAY, AND TEG IS KEEN TO WORK
HER MAGIC BRINGING THEM INTO
THE PARLOUR.

Lynn says HELLO, TEG.
HELLO, SWEETIE PIE.

Kate says TEG, SHALL WE GO AROUND THE
BACK?
ARE YOU COMING DOWN, THEN,
GIRLIES?
TEG, TEG.
GOOD GIRL.
GOOD GIRL.
WHAT DO YOU THINK, LYNN?

Lynn says WELL DONE, TEG.

Kate says BLIMEY!
AREN'T YOU GOOD?
LYNN NORMALLY DOES THE MILKING
SINGLE-HANDEDLY, BUT TODAY I'M
GOING TO ATTEMPT TO HELP.
OH, NOW, COME ON.
COME ON.
YOU HAVE TO HELP ME OUT HERE A
LITTLE BIT 'CAUSE I HAVEN'T DONE
THIS BEFORE.
JUST AS I GET TO GRIPS WITH THE
PUMPS, I COME ACROSS ANOTHER
PROBLEM.
SO, THERE'S A SITTING DOWN
PROTEST GOING ON HERE.
IS THAT NORMAL?

Lynn says NO.
(LAUGHING)

Kate says THAT'S WHAT HAPPENS WHEN
YOU'VE GOT A BEGINNER IN YOUR
MILKING PARLOUR.
THAT IS HILARIOUS.

Lynn says OH, WELL.

Kate says JUST SITTING THERE
PROTESTING.
I'M SORRY, DARLING.
LYNN GETS ON AVERAGE 200 LITRES
OF GOAT'S MILK A DAY, AND TO
ADD VALUE TO HER PRODUCE, ALL
OF IT GOES INTO THE MAKING OF
MOUTH-WATERING GOODS SHE SELLS
AT FARMERS' MARKETS.

Kate takes a tray full of pastries from a baker's rack.

Lynn says I MADE THAT THIS MORNING.

Kate says OH, MY GOODNESS.
DID YOU HAVE ANY TRAINING FOR
THIS?

Lynn says NO.

Kate says ARE THESE GOAT-Y IN ANY WAY?

Lynn says THEY'RE ALL GOAT BUTTER.

Kate says ALL HER RECIPES ARE
GOAT-BASED BUT IN ORDER TO TRY
ANY, I'VE GOT TO GET STUCK IN.
WHILE I HAVE FUN HELPING HER
MAKE HER GOAT MEAT SCOTCH
EGGS...
HOW'S THAT?

Lynn says NOT BAD, YOU SEE?

Kate says IT'S NOT TOO BAD.

Lynn says NOT BAD AT ALL.

Kate says IT'S HER LEGENDARY GOAT'S
CHEESE AND LEEK VEGETARIAN
VERSION THAT I'M CRAVING.
RIGHT, THEN.
MOMENT OF TRUTH.

Lynn says IT'S THE MOMENT OF TRUTH,
KATE.

Kate says OH, MY GOODNESS.

Lynn says GOOD?

Kate says UNBELIEVABLY GOOD.
IF YOU GET TO THE POINT WHERE
YOU SAY, "I WANT TO RETIRE,"
YOU'RE NOT ALLOWED TO.

Lynn says OKAY, THEN.

Kate says THOSE ARE...
THEY'RE AMAZING.
BY USING THE MILK AND MEAT
SHE PRODUCES ON THE FARM TO
MAKE GOODS TO SELL DIRECT, LYNN
HAS FOUND A WAY TO MAKE A
LIVING FROM THE ANIMALS SHE
LOVES.
BUT IT'S A FULL-TIME,
SEVEN-DAY-A-WEEK JOB.
THANKFULLY THOUGH, COUNTRY LIFE
ISN'T ALWAYS ABOUT WORK.
NEARLY 30 MILES WEST, I
DISCOVER A SPORT THAT HAS BEEN
KEEPING PEOPLE ENTERTAINED FOR
OVER A HUNDRED YEARS AND IS
PARTICULARLY POPULAR IN THIS
PART OF WALES.

A map shows the location of Capel Iwan.

Kate says THE UNUSUAL FORM OF HORSERACING
KNOWN AS TROTTING IS A LIFE
PASSION FOR BUILDER, HORSE
TRAINER AND RACER MATTHEW
TROMANS, ONE HE'S ALREADY
PASSED ON TO HIS 14-YEAR-OLD
DAUGHTER ELLIE, WHO'S NOW A
WALES AND BORDERS' CHAMPION.
THE SPORT HAS BEING GROWING IN
WALES SINCE THE LATE 19TH
CENTURY AND TODAY, I'M JOINING
IN THE FUN WITH THE WHOLE
FAMILY.
HELLO.

Matthew is in his forties, with short blond hair and wears gray trousers and a black jacket.

Matthew says HI.
THIS IS WENDY, MY WIFE.

Wendy is in her forties, with long straight brown hair and wears black trousers, a red jacket and a blue knit hat.

Kate says HELLO, WENDY.

Matthew says AND ELLIE, MY DAUGHTER.

Ellie has long blond hair in a ponytail and wears black trousers and a blue jacket.

Kate says HI, ELLIE.
LOVELY TO MEET YOU ALL.

She looks at a black horse in the stable and says AND WHO IS THIS SPLENDID BEAST?

Matthew says THIS IS HABLY PLAYBOY, HIS
RACING NAME, BUT WE CALL HIM
JACK BACK ON THE YARD HERE.

Kate says I'M SORT OF LOOKING AT HIM,
AND I DON'T KNOW WHAT SORT OF
HORSE HE IS.

Matthew says THEY'RE A BREED ON THEIR OWN,
REALLY; THEY'RE A STANDARD BRED,
A PACING HORSE.

Kate says RIGHT.

Matthew says YOU GET A LOT OF THEM IN
AMERICA AND AUSTRALIA AND OVER
HERE IN THE UK.

Kate says SO, THEY'RE BRED SPECIFICALLY
FOR THIS SPORT?

Matthew says YES, YES.

Kate says OKAY.
NOW, I HAVE TO CONFESS, I KNOW
ABSOLUTELY NOTHING ABOUT THIS
SPORT AT ALL.
I JUST THINK OF IT AS BASICALLY
PEOPLE RE-ENACTING
BEN-HUR.

Matthew says IT DOES GET A BIT LIKE THAT
ON THE RACE TRACK SOMETIMES, BUT
BASICALLY THEY'VE GOT A
DIFFERENT ACTION TO YOUR GENERAL
HORSE.

Kate says RIGHT.

Matthew says THESE ARE CALLED THE PACERS.

Kate says YEAH.

Matthew says THEY MOVE WITH...
ONE SIDE MOVES UNILATERAL TO
THE OTHER.

Kate says SO, EFFECTIVELY YOU'VE GOT...
IF I WAS ON ALL FOURS, YOU'VE
GOT THAT SIDE MOVING TOGETHER...

Matthew says YEAH, THAT'S CORRECT.

Kate says RATHER THAN OPPOSITES, LIKE
THAT?

Matthew says YEAH, YES.

Kate says WOW.
OKAY.
BUT INSTEAD OF RIDING A HORSE,
TROTTING IS ABOUT DRIVING IT,
FROM A CART CALLED A SULKY.
COULD I JUST SIT ON IT?

Matthew says YEAH, YEAH.

Kate says JUST TO SEE HOW IT FEELS.
IS THERE A WAY OF GETTING ON, OR
DO YOU JUST...

Matthew says YEAH.
WELL, IF I JUST GET ON...
JUST HOLD HIS HEAD, ELLS.
AND JUST SWING YOUR LEGS OVER.

Matthew sits on the cart seat and puts his legs up on the cart footrests.

Kate says OKAY.
OH, YOU PUT YOUR LEGS UP THERE?

Matthew says YEAH.
VERY VULNERABLE.

Kate says I WAS GOING TO SAY, YEAH.
IT IS A LITTLE BIT VULNERABLE.
HANG ON.
THAT'S TERRIFYING.
I'M TERRIFIED JUST SITTING HERE,
'CAUSE IT FEELS LIKE YOU JUST...
YOU'RE GOING TO FALL BACKWARDS,
OR...

Matthew says BUT WHEN YOU'VE GOT THE REINS
IN YOUR HANDS AS WELL, IT
GIVES YOU MORE BALANCE AS WELL.

Kate says RIGHT.

Matthew says BECAUSE THE HORSE WILL BE
PULLING ON YOU AS WELL.

Kate says I SUPPOSE SO.

Matthew says THE MAJORITY OF THEM WILL,
ANYWAY.

Kate says RIGHT, THEN, JACK.
I'M GOING TO LEAVE YOU TO THE
EXPERTS, I THINK.
WE FOLLOW MATTHEW TO THE
TRAINING GROUND, SO I CAN WATCH
AND LEARN.
THESE HORSES NEED EXERCISING
EVERY DAY, EVEN DURING
INCLEMENT WEATHER.
IT'S SO ELEGANT, ISN'T IT.
SO, ELLIE, WAS IT YOU STANDING
UP HERE IN THE FIELD WATCHING
YOUR DAD THAT MADE YOU THINK, I
WANT TO DO THAT?

Ellie says UM, YEAH.
AND WHEN I WAS YOUNGER, I USED
TO SIT WITH HIM BETWEEN HIS
LEGS.
FROM THAT MOMENT I LOVED IT, AND
I JUST LOVE BEING AROUND HORSES
AS WELL.

Kate says YEAH, YEAH.
THEY'RE VERY KIND OF MAGICAL
ANIMALS, REALLY, AREN'T THEY?

Ellie says YEAH.

Kate says IT'S A LOVELY THING TO
WATCH.
I'M ABSOLUTELY TERRIFIED ABOUT
THE THOUGHT OF DOING IT, I HAVE
TO SAY.
MATTHEW, THAT WAS JUST WONDERFUL
TO WATCH.
JUST WONDERFUL.
NOW IT'S MY TURN TO BE BRAVE.
MATTHEW IS LETTING ME DRIVE
LOU.
HE'S STILL IN TRAINING AND
HOPEFULLY WILL TAKE IT EASY ON
ME.
I KNOW.
HE'S JUST LOOKING AT ME GOING,
"DO YOU ACTUALLY KNOW WHAT
YOU'RE DOING?"
NO IS THE ANSWER, BUT I'M
LEARNING.
DRESSED FOR THE OCCASION, I GET
MYSELF INTO POSITION.

Matthew says PARK YOURSELF ON THERE.

Kate says ARE MY FEET IN THE RIGHT
PLACE OR SHOULD I HAVE THEM UP?

Matthew says YOU CAN HAVE THEM UP IF YOU
WANT OR YOU CAN HAVE THEM DOWN.

Kate says I MIGHT START WITH THEM DOWN.
IT FEELS A LITTLE BIT
GYNECOLOGICAL.

Matthew says OKAY.
LEAVE HIS REIN GO A BIT.
LOU, COME ON.
WALK ON.
YOU ALL RIGHT?

Kate says IT FEELS AMAZINGLY STEADY.
THANKFULLY, WE START GENTLY.

Matthew says IT'S NO GOOD RUNNING BEFORE
YOU CAN WALK, AS THEY SAY.

Kate says NO, I'M VERY, VERY HAPPY, I
HAVE TO SAY, BEING A SLIGHTLY
OLD LADY.
(LAUGHING)
BUT ONCE I GET THE FEEL FOR IT,
THERE'S NO STOPPING ME.
OH, THIS IS FANTASTIC!
TROTTING RACE TRACKS ARE
USUALLY A MILE LONG, AND EVEN
THOUGH I'M DOING NOTHING LIKE
TOP SPEED, WHEN RACING, THESE
HORSES CAN COVER IT IN UNDER
TWO MINUTES.
I'M LOVING THIS.
OH, YOU'RE LOOKING AFTER ME
BEAUTIFULLY, LOU.
LOOK.
WE'RE GIVING TEG A RUN FOR
HER MONEY.
GOOD BOY.

Matthew says GOOD BOY, LOU.
GOOD BOY, LOU.

Kate says OH, MATTHEW, I'M LOVING IT.
YOU'RE NOT HAVING YOUR HORSE
BACK.

Matthew says I THINK SHE'S GOT THE HANG OF
IT NOW.
SHE'LL BE ON THE RACE TRACK NEXT
WEEK.

Kate says GOOD BOY.
STEADY.
WOO!
THANK YOU.
WHAT A GOOD BOY YOU WERE.
I HAVE TO GIVE YOU A HUG.
I KNOW YOUR WIFE'S HERE AND
EVERYTHING, BUT...

Matthew says I'M GLAD YOU ENJOYED IT.

Kate says I LOVED IT.
IT'S BEEN A HUGE TREAT AND A
REALLY LOVELY INTRODUCTION TO
SOMETHING THAT I ABSOLUTELY KNEW
NOTHING ABOUT, SO THANK YOU.
THANK YOU VERY, VERY MUCH.

Matthew says I'M GLAD YOU ENJOYED IT.

Kate says I LOVED IT.
WHAT DO YOU THINK, TEG?
IT WOULD MAKE YOU FIT, WOULDN'T
IT, CHASING ME AROUND?

Matthew says YOU COULD GET USED TO IT,
COULDN'T YOU?

Kate says EXACTLY.
YOU'D QUITE LIKE IT,
WOULDN'T YOU?
YOU'D MAKE QUITE A GOOD CARRIAGE
DOG.
WHILST HORSES ARE POPULAR IN
WALES, THE MOST COMMON ANIMALS
ARE SHEEP.
THEY OUTNUMBER HUMANS BY THREE
TO ONE.
THEIR WOOL HAS KEPT THE WELSH
SNUG AND WARM FOR CENTURIES.
HOWEVER, TODAY THE WOOL
INDUSTRY BARELY EXISTS.
JUST EIGHT MILES SOUTH, I VISIT
ONE OF EIGHT REMAINING
TRADITIONAL WOOLLEN MILLS IN
WALES.

The map shows the location of Cynwyl Elfed.

Kate says ELVET WOOLLEN MILL BEEN RUNNING
FOR 120 YEARS, BUT TODAY IT'S
SINGLEHANDEDLY OPERATED BY
86-YEAR-OLD ENGLISHMAN MICHAEL
TOLPUTT, WHO FIRST CAME TO
WALES AS A CHILD EVACUEE DURING
THE SECOND WORLD WAR.
WHAT WAS IT ABOUT WALES THAT
MADE YOU WANT TO COME AND BE
HERE?

Michael is in his late sixties, with short gray hair and a beard. He wears glasses, a blue sweater, a green zip-up vest and a patterned brown beret.

Michael says THE PEOPLE.

Kate says WAS IT?

Michael says YES.
I FOUND THE WELSH PEOPLE TO BE
VERY GENEROUS.

Kate says YEAH.

Michael says WHEN YOU CONSIDER THAT
THERE WERE THESE BRATS COMING
FROM ENGLAND.
THEY DIDN'T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE
TAKING TO THEIR HOUSE, INTO
THEIR HOMES, BUT THEY WELCOMED
US WITH OPEN ARMS.

Kate says NEARLY 40 YEARS AGO, MICHAEL
WAS OFFERED TO TAKE OVER THE
ELVET WOOLLEN MILL, AND TODAY
THIS ENGLISHMAN IS KEEPING THE
WELSH WEAVING TRADITION ALIVE.
(LAUGHING)
IT LOOKS FANTASTICALLY
ANCIENT.

Michael says ANCIENT, YES.

Kate says BEFORE ANY WEAVING TAKES
PLACE, THE YARN IS TRANSFERRED
ONTO PLASTIC CONES.
HOW MANY CONES DO YOU NEED
TO MAKE, I DON'T KNOW, A BLANKET
FOR A BED?

Michael says WELL, IF WE TAKE A TAPESTRY,
BED COVER...

Kate says YEAH?

Michael says SO, YOU NEED 256 CONES.

Kate says MY GOODNESS.
AND THIS CAN DO 10 AT A TIME?

Michael says 10 AT A TIME.

Kate says SO, YOU HAVE TO DO THIS
PROCESS 26 TIMES BEFORE YOU CAN
EVEN GET STARTED?

Michael says YEP.

Kate says PATIENCE IS A VIRTUE IN THIS
LINE OF WORK.
THE CONES ARE THEN ARRANGED ON
ANOTHER MACHINE INTO A PATTERN
THAT ONLY MICHAEL CAN
UNDERSTAND.
CAN YOU TRANSLATE THE
PATTERN THAT YOU WANT TO MAKE IN
YOUR HEAD TO WHERE THE WOOL
NEEDS TO GO?

Michael says OH, YES.
I CAN BREAK IT DOWN INTO THE
THREADS, YES.

Kate says REALLY?
THAT'S REMARKABLE.
BUT SUPER MIKE DOESN'T STOP
THERE.
THE NEXT STAGE PUTS THE
INTRICACY OF HIS WORK INTO
PERSPECTIVE.
EACH STRAND IS INDIVIDUALLY
THREADED ONTO THE WARPING MILL,
IN A VERY METICULOUS ORDER.

Michael says SO, YOU'LL HAVE 2,560
THREADS ON HERE, ALL 77 YARDS
LONG.

Kate says AND EVERY SINGLE THREAD YOU
WILL HAVE HAND-TIED FROM HERE?

Michael says YES.

Kate says WOW.
THEN, FINALLY, THE THREADS COME
TOGETHER ON THE LOOMS.
IT REALLY IS HANDMADE BY YOUR
HAND.

Michael says OH, YES.

Kate says THIS LOOM IS SET UP FOR
MAKING A TRADITIONAL WELSH
TAPESTRY, A PATTERN KNOWN AS
CAERNARFON, AND THAT'S MY CUE
TO GET INVOLVED.

Michael pulls down a lever and says ALL YOU'VE GOT TO DO IS
JUST PULL THAT.

Kate says ONCE?

Michael says ONCE, JUST LIKE THAT.

Kate says OKAY.

Michael says JUST PULL IT NOW, BEFORE
I START UP.
IT'LL GIVE YOU AN IDEA OF THE
TENSION.

Kate says OKAY.

Michael says RIGHT?

Kate says YEP.

Michael says AND IT'LL BE A BIT
BANG-BANG-BANG AS SOON AS YOU DO
THAT.

Kate says YES.
I'M NOT GOING TO MESS UP
THIS PRICELESS PIECE OF CLOTH,
AM I?

Michael says WELL, I DID SAY, ARE YOU
INSURED?

Kate laughs and says PROBABLY NOT FOR THAT MUCH.
(MACHINERY CLANKING)
SOME OF THESE MACHINES HAVE
BEEN WORKING SINCE 1904, AND
EVEN THOUGH THIS IS ABSOLUTELY
IN THE FABRIC OF WELSH HERITAGE
THE ITEMS PRODUCED HERE ARE
SOLD IN JAPAN AND AMERICA, NOT
IN WALES.
MICHAEL STANDS HERE FOR HOURS,
MAKING SURE THERE ARE NO
PROBLEMS.
SO, WHAT'S HAPPENED THERE?

Michael says SEE THE THREAD BROKE?

Kate says OH, YES.

Michael says AND THE LOOM SHUT DOWN.

Kate says BUT HOW ON EARTH DO YOU THEN
FIX THAT?
MICHAEL TIES A LITTLE KNOT TO
JOIN THE THREADS.
BUT SOON AFTER STARTING AGAIN
ANOTHER ONE GOES, AND I FEEL
THE WEIGHT OF RESPONSIBILITY ON
MY SHOULDERS.
IT'S ALMOST LIKE YOU SET THIS
UP.
IT DOESN'T FEEL VERY SECURE,
MIKE.
I'M TRYING TO MAKE IT TINY.
I WAS HOPING AT THE END OF THE
DAY YOU MIGHT WANT ME AS YOUR
APPRENTICE BUT I THINK I MIGHT
HAVE FAILED MY FIRST TEST.
(LAUGHING)
YOU'RE DOING EXACTLY THE SAME
KNOT AS I DID.
AT LEAST I DON'T HAVE TO
EMBARRASS MYSELF ANY FURTHER,
AS ONE OF MICHAEL'S CLIENTS
TURNS UP TO INSPECT HER ORDER.
DO YOU HAVE A SLIGHT CRUSH?
'CAUSE I'VE ALREADY DEVELOPED
ONE AND I'VE ONLY MET HIM AN
HOUR AGO.

Polly says YEAH, I KNOW.
IT'S HOPELESS, ISN'T IT?

Polly is in her late sixties, with short straight gray hair and wears a red and blue patterned sweater and a headband.

Kate says HOPELESS.

Michael says HE'S RECORDING THIS?

Kate says HE IS.
WOOL PRODUCER POLLY JONES REARS
A RARE BREED OF SHEEP AND
TRUSTS NO ONE ELSE TO WEAVE HER
PRODUCTS.
HOWEVER, THERE IS AN UNDENIABLE
THREAT LOOMING OVER THIS MILL.

Michael says THIS MILL WAS
STARTED IN 1880 AND IT'S BEEN IN
PRODUCTION EVER SINCE.
I MUST ADMIT THAT I DON'T HAVE
MANY WORRIES, BUT ONE OF MY
BIGGEST WORRIES IS WHAT HAPPENS
WHEN I NO LONGER TURN UP TO
CARRY THIS WORK ON?
BECAUSE I DON'T SEE ANYBODY ELSE
COMING ALONG TO TAKE OVER.

Polly says I THINK THE COLLEGES
USED TO HAVE WEAVING COURSES.

Kate says YEAH.

Polly says AND THE COLLEGES LOCALLY
DON'T DO THAT NOW.

Kate says SO, SOMETHING THAT IS AN
ENORMOUSLY PROUD WELSH TRADITION
COULD BE LOST.

Polly says YEAH.

Michael says OH, YES.
IT COULD BE THE COAL MINES ALL
OVER AGAIN.

Kate says THAT WOULD JUST BE
DESPERATELY SAD.
WELL, THERE'S ONLY ONE THING
FOR IT, MIKE.
YOU'RE JUST NOT ALLOWED TO DIE.
(LAUGHING)
YOU'RE GOING TO JUST HAVE TO
STICK AROUND FOR A BIT LONGER.
ISN'T HE, POLLY?

Polly says OH, I MEAN, I'VE TOLD HIM 10
YEARS AT LEAST I WANT, AND IF
NOT I'LL DIG HIM UP.
(LAUGHING)

Kate says I'LL COME AND HELP YOU.
MIKE, IT'S BEEN AN ABSOLUTE
PLEASURE TO MEET YOU, AND POLLY,
THANK YOU.

Polly says YOU'RE WELCOME.

Kate says I'M GOING TO STEAL THAT.
IN THE RICH TAPESTRY OF WELSH
LIFE MANY THINGS COME AND GO,
BUT EVEN WHEN WE THINK
SOMETHING MAY BE LOST FOREVER,
WE CAN STILL BE SURPRISED.
SIX MILES SOUTH I DISCOVER AN
ANIMAL TRYING TO RECLAIM ITS
PLACE IN THE WATERWAYS OF THE
WELSH COUNTRYSIDE.

The map shows the location or Merthyr.

Kate says BEAVERS BECAME EXTINCT HERE
SOME 400 YEARS AGO, HUNTED DOWN
FOR THEIR FUR, MEAT AND SCENT
OIL.
TODAY, BIOLOGIST AND FARMER DR.
NICK FOX IS AT THE FOREFRONT OF
A PROJECT THAT AIMS TO
REINTRODUCE BEAVERS INTO THE
WILDS OF WALES.

Nick is in his sixties, with short straight white hair and a beard. He wears dark gray trousers, a light gray jacket and rubber boots.

He says IN THE HISTORY OF
PEMBROKESHIRE IN 1603, IT WAS
WRITTEN ABOUT THE BEAVERS IN THE
WELSH-- SOUTH WALES RIVERS.

Kate says RIGHT.

Nick says AND ALL THROUGH HISTORY,
BACK TO 10,000 YEARS AGO, THE
LAST ICE AGE, THIS HAS BEEN
A STRONGHOLD FOR BEAVERS.
'CAUSE WE'VE GOT WATER HERE.

Kate says YOU HAVE.

Nick says AND WE GOT BOGS AND STUFF.

Kate says SO, THINGS THAT BEAVERS LOVE.

Nick says YEAH.
AND THEY WEREN'T HUNTED OUT
BECAUSE THEY WERE A PEST; THEY
WERE HUNTED OUT BECAUSE THEY
WERE WANTED SO MUCH.
IT GOT TO THE POINT WHERE A
BEAVER PELT SKIN WAS WORTH THE
SAME AS A GOOD HORSE.

Kate says WOW.

Nick says YEAH.

Kate says WHY DID YOU THINK THAT IT
WOULD BE GOOD TO BRING BEAVERS
BACK?

Nick says THE FARM HERE ISN'T REALLY
PAYING ITS WAY FROM THE
AGRICULTURAL POINT OF VIEW, AND
SO, WE PUT ABOUT 30 percent OF THE FARM
OUT OF AGRICULTURE, ALL THE SORT
OF ROUGH BITS, INTO WILDLIFE
HABITATS.
SO, NOW WE'RE TRYING TO "FARM."
WILDLIFE ECONOMICALLY.
IT GOES UNDER THE HEADING OF
TOURISM IF YOU LIKE, BUT REALLY
FOR ME, IT'S NOT ABOUT TOURISM.
IT'S ABOUT ALLOWING PEOPLE TO
COME TO THE COUNTRYSIDE TO
EXPERIENCE THE COUNTRYSIDE AND
TO LEARN FIRSTHAND ABOUT, IN
THIS CASE, BEAVERS, BUT OTHER
THINGS TOO, FOR REAL.

(music plays)

Kate says THREE YEARS AGO, NICK
BROUGHT A PAIR OF BEAVERS FROM
DEVON TO HIS FARM, AS AN
EXPERIMENT TO PROVE THAT
BEAVERS CAN HELP GENERATE
HABITAT FOR THEMSELVES AND
OTHER CREATURES IN WALES.
THE HOPE IS THAT THE WELSH
GOVERNMENT WILL APPROVE AN
APPLICATION TO RELEASE 10 PAIRS
OF BEAVERS ALONG TWO RIVERS IN
CARMARTHENSHIRE.
TODAY, THERE ARE THREE FAMILY
GROUPS LIVING IN DIFFERENT
PARTS OF NICK'S FARM, AND IT'S
ANDREW LOVE-JONES AND JO
OLIVER'S JOB TO KEEP ON TOP OF
HOW THE BEAVERS ARE CHANGING
THIS LANDSCAPE.

Kate points at a tree cut down by a beaver and says AH!

Andrew is in his forties, with short gray hair and a stubble. He wears jeans, a green-brown coat and a brown beret.

Andrew says NOW, HERE WE ARE.
THAT'S YOUR ABSOLUTE CLASSIC
CARTOON BEAVER.

Kate says NOW, THAT, I RECOGNIZE THAT.
LOOK AT THAT.
OH, THAT IS JUST BRILLIANT.

Andrew says SO, THIS IS A CHERRY, AND I
REALLY DIDN'T WANT THEM TO TAKE
A CHERRY.
(KATE LAUGHING)

Andrew says SO, ON A STILL EVENING IF
YOU JUST GO AND SIT QUIETLY ON
THE POND, YOU CAN HEAR THEM.
(IMITATING BEAVERS CRUNCHING)
IT'S FANTASTIC.

Kate says AND I LOVE THE FACT THEY
TURN EVERYTHING INTO A
BEAUTIFULLY SHARPENED PENCIL.

Andrew says YEAH, ABSOLUTELY.
(LAUGHING)

Jo is in her forties, with above the shoulder wavy brown hair and wears army green trousers and jacket and a gray beret.

Jo says ONE OF THE BIGGEST
CONCERNS THAT PEOPLE HAVE WITH
BEAVERS IS THAT THEY CHEW TREES.

Kate says YEAH.

Jo says WHAT WE DON'T REALIZE IS
THAT THEY DO REGENERATE, AND
HERE, BEAVERS HAVE CHEWED THIS,
BUT WE'VE GOT A NEW SHOOT
REGENERATING ALREADY.

Kate says HOWEVER, NOT ALL TREES
SURVIVE THE BEAVERS' SHARP
TEETH.
SO, TO STOP THEM MUNCHING ON
CERTAIN ONES, THEY FOUND AN
EFFECTIVE SOLUTION.

Andrew says TENS OF THOUSANDS OF
MILES OF OLD SHEET NETTING, AS
YOU CAN IMAGINE HANGING AROUND
FARMS, AND IT'S AS SIMPLE AS
JUST PUTTING A BIT AROUND A TREE
LIKE THAT.

Kate says AND THAT WILL WORK, WILL IT?

Andrew says AND THAT WILL WORK.
THEY JUST DON'T LIKE THE FEEL OF
METAL.

Kate says THESE BUSY NOCTURNAL ANIMALS
HARVEST TREES FOR FOOD, AND USE
THE LEFTOVER ONES AS BUILDING
MATERIAL FOR THEIR LODGES AND
DAMS.

Jo says IT'S JUST AN AMAZING PIECE
OF ENGINEERING.
THERE'S BIG ROCKS IN THERE.
HOW THEY CARRY THEM...

Kate and Andrew say YEAH.

Jo says I DON'T KNOW IF YOU'VE SEEN,
SORT OF, LIKE, BEAVERS' ARMS.
THEY'RE ONLY LITTLE ARMS.

Kate says JUST LITTLE THINGS, YEAH.

Jo says BECAUSE THEY HAVE QUITE
SUBSTANTIAL STONES.
THEY HAVE THE BIG BRANCHES THAT
THEY USE AS BUTTRESSES.

Kate says YEAH.

Jo says AND THEN THEY WEAVE IT ALL
IN AND THEY WORK THE CLAY.

Andrew says YEAH.

Kate says IT'S AMAZING.
BUT IT'S INTERESTING THAT IT
ISN'T A SOLID DAM.

Andrew says NO.
IT'S POROUS, AND THAT'S WHY
THEY DON'T GIVE.

Kate says RIGHT.

Andrew says LIKE TODAY, IT'S POURING
DOWN.
WE'VE GOT AN AWFUL LOT OF
WATER COMING DOWN THE HILL, BUT
IT'S ALLOWING WATER THROUGH.

Kate says SO, THIS ISN'T BAD
ENGINEERING.
THIS IS REALLY CLEVER.

Andrew says THIS ISN'T BAD ENGINEERING.
THIS IS DESIGN.

Jo says SO, IT'S LIKE A FILTERING
SYSTEM.

Andrew says YEAH, AND THAT'S THE
BY-PRODUCT OF THESE POROUS DAMS.

Kate says YEAH.

Andrew says IS THEY FILTER OUT SEDIMENT.

Kate says RIGHT.
SO, FOR RIVERS THAT GET
ABSOLUTELY SEDIMENT-BOUND AND
HAVE TO BE DREDGED.

Andrew says ABSOLUTELY.

Kate says ALL YOU NEED IS A COUPLE OF
BEAVERS.

Andrew says YEAH.

Kate says ANOTHER UPSIDE OF
CONSTRUCTIONS LIKE THIS IS THAT
THEY HELP TO SLOW THE FLOW OF
WATER, AND SO CAN PREVENT
FLOODING.
OF COURSE, THEY DO CHANGE
LANDSCAPES, AND NOT EVERYBODY
IS IN FAVOUR OF THE
REINTRODUCTION OF BEAVERS.

Andrew says WE'RE NEVER GOING TO TRY AND
SAY THAT THERE WON'T BE PROBLEMS
WITH BEAVERS.
THERE HAS TO BE THE ABILITY IN
LAW TO MANAGE BEAVERS WHERE
THEY'RE NOT WANTED.

Kate says YEAH.

Andrew says SO, IN AREAS WHERE THERE'S
FLOOD PREVENTION MEASURES, WE
DON'T NEED BEAVERS.

Kate says YEP.

Andrew says BUT IN AREAS WHERE FURTHER
UPSTREAM WE COULD HELP PREVENT
THE FLOODS, THAT'S WHERE WE NEED
BEAVERS.

Kate says THAT'S WHERE WE NEED BEAVERS.

Andrew says BUT THE BEAUTY IS, KATE, JUST
OVER THERE, WE GOT OUR SILAGE
FIELDS, WHICH ARE PRODUCTIVE.
SO, WE'VE GOT THIS.

Kate says SO, YOU CAN HAVE BOTH.

Jo says YES.

Andrew says YOU CAN HAVE BOTH.
GIVE NATURE THE BITS THAT AREN'T
USEFUL FOR OUR PURPOSES, 'CAUSE
THAT'S WHAT NATURE LIKES.

Kate says BECAUSE THEY CAN MAKE IT
USEFUL.

Andrew says THEY CAN MAKE IT USEFUL, AND
WE'LL LOOK AFTER THE BITS THAT
WE CAN GET TRACTORS ON.

Kate says BEAVERS HAVE ALREADY BEEN
RETURNED TO SCOTLAND AND PARTS
OF ENGLAND.
AT NICK'S FARM, THEY SEEM WELL
ESTABLISHED.
I JUST HOPE THEY'LL SHOW
THEMSELVES THIS EVENING.

She looks at something moving in the water and says IS THAT ONE THERE?
IS THAT ONE?
JUST THERE?

Nick says IT'S HALFWAY BETWEEN THE
ISLAND AND THE MAINLAND.

Kate says YEAH.
YEAH, YEAH, YEAH.
GOT IT.
OH, I CAN'T BELIEVE WE SAW ONE.
I WAS SITTING HERE THINKING
WE'RE NEVER GOING TO SEE ONE,
NOT ON A NIGHT LIKE THIS.
THAT'S SO EXCITING.
THAT'S A TREAT.

Nick says WELL, THESE ARE TRUE WELSH
BEAVERS, BORN AND BRED, SO IN A
WAY THE BEAVERS ARE BACK, IT'S
JUST THE BUREAUCRACY WE HAVE TO
SORT OUT NEXT.

Kate says TEG AND I HAVE TRAVELLED
NEARLY 200 MILES ACROSS WALES,
STARTING IN THE SPRING AND
ENDING IN THE AUTUMN.

The map now shows the location of Llansteffan.

Kate says NOW WE'RE GOING TO LEAVE DRY
LAND AND TAKE TO THE WATER AT
LLANSTEFFAN FOR OUR GRAND
FINALE.
FERRY CROSSINGS TO THE
NEIGHBOURING VILLAGE,
FERRYSIDE, WERE ESTABLISHED
HERE ALMOST A THOUSAND YEARS
AGO, BUT THE SERVICE WAS
BROUGHT TO AN END IN THE 1950S.
TODAY WE'RE TAKING 81-YEAR-OLD
LOCAL LIBRARIAN EILUNED REES
ON A JOURNEY DOWN MEMORY LANE,
AS WE WHISK HER ACROSS TO
FERRYSIDE WITH THE HELP OF AN
EXPERT TEAM FROM LLANSTEFFAN
ROWING CLUB.

Eiluned has short white hair and wears glasses, jeans, a blue sweatshirt and a blue coat.

On a rowing boat, Eiluned says SO, YOU'RE JOINING THE
WONDERFUL WRINKLIES TODAY, KATE.

Kate says I'M EXTREMELY HONOURED.

(music plays)

Kate says BACK IN THE 1950S, WHEN
EILUNED WAS AMONGST THE LAST
PEOPLE TO BE FERRIED ACROSS,
THINGS WERE A LITTLE BIT
DIFFERENT.
THE BOAT THAT YOU TOOK AS A
CHILD TO GO AND GET YOUR FISH
AND CHIPS AND YOUR ICE CREAM,
WAS THAT A SORT OF AN OFFICIAL
SERVICE, OR WAS IT...

Eiluned says NO.
IT WAS WILLY JONES' BOAT.
HE WAS A FISHERMAN.
HE CATERED FOR VISITORS AS AND
WHEN THEY NEEDED IT.

Kate says OH, OKAY.
SO, HOW DID YOU LET HIM KNOW?

Eiluned says UH, HIS SISTER LIVED IN
LLANSTEFFAN AND YOU COULD GO TO
HER AND THEN, IF THERE WERE
ENOUGH PEOPLE SHE'D WAVE A FLAG
AND HE'D COME OVER WITH THE
BOAT.

Kate says AND WAS THAT LAST BOAT
SERVICE, BASICALLY, BETWEEN
LLANSTEFFAN AND FERRYSIDE?

Eiluned says YES.

Kate says RIGHT.
SHALL I TRY AND PULL MY WEIGHT
A LITTLE BIT?

Nicola says YOU CAN.

Kate says I'VE NEVER ROWED BEFORE, BUT
TEAM COACH NICOLA THOMAS IS AT
HAND.

Nicola is in her thirties, with long brown hair and wears black leggings, a red sweater, a life vest and a printed headscarf.

Nicola says ARMS STRAIGHT OUT IN FRONT.

Kate says YEAH.

Nicola says DROP THE BLADES IN.

Kate says YEAH.

Nicola says SO, THEN IT'S A BODY PIVOT
BACK AND THEN FINISH WITH YOUR
ARMS.
SO, YOU'RE PUSHING THROUGH THE
FOOTPLATE AT ALL TIMES: THAT'S
WHERE YOUR POWER COMES FROM.
SO, IN, LEAN AND PULL.
WITH KATE, THEN, GENTLEMEN.
MAKE HER LOOK GOOD.
AND IN, LEAN AND PULL.

Kate says HOW ARE YOU DOING, EILUNED?

Eiluned says IT'S WONDERFUL.
ABSOLUTELY WONDERFUL.

Kate says IS IT BRINGING BACK HAPPY
MEMORIES?

Eiluned says THIS IS BETTER THAN A WORLD
CRUISE.

Kate says THAT'S THE RIGHT THING TO SAY.

Nicola says WITH KATE, THEN, GENTLEMEN.
DON'T RUSH A LADY.

Kate says EVEN THOUGH LLANSTEFFAN AND
FERRYSIDE ARE ONLY A MILE APART
ACROSS THE ESTUARY, TO DRIVE
BETWEEN THE TWO TAKES UP TO AN
HOUR.
HOWEVER, NEW PLANS ARE AFOOT TO
REINSTATE THE FERRY CROSSING,
BUT THE PUNTERS SHOULDN'T BE
EXPECTED TO ROW.
OH, COME ON, KATE.

Nicola says AND DIP, GOOD.
KEEP ROWING UNTIL WE STOP, GUYS.
KEEP ROWING UNTIL WE STOP.

Kate says THANK YOU FOR BEING SO
PATIENT WITH ME.
NOW, THEN, WHO'S BUYING THE
FISH AND CHIPS AND WHO'S BUYING
THE ICE CREAM?

Eiluned says YOU'RE OUT OF LUCK.
MY PURSE IS IN THE CAR.

Kate says IT'LL BE ME, THEN.
COME ON, TEG.

Eiluned says YOU'RE A GOOD DOG.
DID YOU ENJOY IT?
DID YOU ENJOY IT?

Kate says I LOVED IT.
I ABSOLUTELY LOVED IT.
THANK YOU VERY, VERY MUCH.

Nicola says THANK YOU, KATE.
THANK YOU.

Kate says SO, HERE WE ARE IN SOUTH
WALES.
AFTER STARTING OUR JOURNEY MANY
MONTHS AGO IN NORTH WALES,
WE'VE COME RIGHT THROUGH THE
MIDDLE OF THIS COUNTRY THAT HAS
THIS EXTRAORDINARY MIX OF
TRADITION, OF HERITAGE, OF REAL
PRIDE IN ITS CULTURE.
IT'S A COUNTRY THAT WELCOMES IN
PEOPLE FROM THE OUTSIDE AS LONG
AS THEY PROPERLY APPRECIATE
WHERE THEY ARE.
AND MY GOODNESS, I'VE MET SOME
PEOPLE.

A hunter makes a mating noise.

Kate says IF I WAS A DOE, I COULDN'T
RESIST THAT.

A farmer says SHWMAE.

Kate says SHWMAE.
(LAUGHING)

Swimming naked in cold water, Kate says OH!
I CAN'T SPEAK.
IT'S TOO COLD.

(music plays)

Kate says IT'S A REALLY, REALLY SPECIAL
COUNTRY, AND I FEEL VERY PROUD
TO CALL IT HOME.
(SNIFFLING)
TEG?

She and Teg run down a hill.

Music plays as the end credits roll.

Presented by Kate Humble.

Produced and directed by Raquel Toniolo.

Tatu Pictures for BBC Cymru Wales.

Copyright 2017, Tatu Pictures Limited.

Logo: Flame distribution.

Watch: Ep. 4 - Off the Beaten Track with Kate Humble