Transcript: Ep. 2 - Off the Beaten Track with Kate Humble | Dec 26, 2018

A clip shows a horse galloping on a green hill side.

A song goes WHOA-OHH-OHH
OOH-OOH, OOH-OOH
WHOA-OHH-OHH

Kate is in her late thirties, with chin-length curly blond hair and wears jeans, a green T-shirt and a blue zip-up jacket.

Kate says YOU MIGHT THINK THAT
THIS IS A CANADIAN FOREST, THE
AFRICAN SAVANNAH, THE SCOTTISH
MOUNTAINS, BUT THIS IS
MY ADOPTED HOME, WALES, AND
THE MANY COUNTRIES WITHIN IT.
I'VE ALWAYS BEEN DRAWN TO
REMOTE PLACES AROUND THE WORLD,
BUT ONLY RECENTLY I STARTED
QUESTIONING MYSELF.
WHY AM I TRAVELLING TO THESE
FAR FLUNG PARTS OF THE WORLD,
TO LOOK FOR AUTHENTIC, INTACT
COMMUNITIES, WHEN THERE ARE
COMMUNITIES LIKE THAT RIGHT
ON MY DOOR STEP?
WALES IS HOME TO LESS THAN 5 percent
OF THE UK POPULATION, WITH MOST
PEOPLE CONCENTRATED
IN THE SOUTH, AND THE SPARSELY
INHABITED COUNTRYSIDE IS
EXACTLY WHAT ATTRACTED ME TO
MOVE HERE TEN YEARS AGO.
SO NOW, I'M NOW TRAVELLING THE
LESS TRODDEN AREAS OF WALES
WITH MY BEST WELSH FRIEND, TEG,
TO DISCOVER HOW OUR LANDSCAPES
ARE BEING SHAPED AND HOW THEY
ARE SHAPING ITS PEOPLE.

Teg is a Welsh sheep dog.

A man with curly hair says SHWMAI!

Kate says SHWMAI!

(music plays)

Kate says SO FAR, TEG HAD A BLAST HERDING
CONSERVATION SHEEP ON THE GREAT
ORME...
TEG, TEG!

The man says WELL DONE, TEG!

Kate says WE'VE DONE SOME FOUR PAW
DRIVING...

On a dog drawn vehicle, Kate says MUSH, MUSH!

Kate says AND I NEARLY FROZE MY BUTT
OFF.

Kate swims naked with another woman.

She says I CAN'T SPEAK, IT'S TOO COLD!

Kate says THIS IS WALES...
OFF THE BEATEN
TRACK.
OF COURSE, I MAY ONLY BE
ACCEPTED IN THESE COMMUNITIES
BECAUSE I'VE GOT THE RIGHT
NATIONALITY OF DOG.

The name of the show reads "Kate Humble: Off the Beaten Track."

A song goes WHOA-OHH-OHH
OOH-OOH, OOH-OOH

A map shows the location of Coed y Bremin Forest.

Kate says THIS WEEK, OUR JOURNEY STARTS
IN SOUTHERN SNOWDONIA, AT
COED Y BRENIN, WHICH IS WELSH
FOR "THE KING'S WOOD."
BUT THE TRUE KING OF THIS LAND
IS THE FALLOW DEER.
THE LARGEST MAMMALS AROUND,
WITH A CONTROLLED POPULATION OF
3-400, THEIR PRESENCE CAN ALSO
BE TROUBLESOME.
THEY MUNCH ON THE SAPLINGS,
RESULTING IN LOSSES
FOR THE TIMBER INDUSTRY.
THEY DESTROY HABITAT FOR OTHER
CREATURES AND CAUSE AS MANY
AS TEN CAR CRASHES A YEAR ON
THE ROAD THROUGH THE FOREST.
IT'S THE CRACK OF DAWN.
I'M JOINING WILDLIFE RANGER
IORI JONES, TO SEE HOW HE DEALS
WITH THESE ELUSIVE CREATURES,
AND WITHIN MINUTES ON THE
FORESTRY ROAD, WE GET OUR FIRST
GLIMPSE OF A DEER.

Iori is in his sixties, with slightly long wavy gray hair and a long, bushy beard. He wears a camouflage jacket and a cap hat.

Kate says THERE'S ONE.

Iori says A DOE.

Kate says BUT THAT WAS A DOE, A
FEMALE, AND RIGHT NOW IORI'S
JOB IS TO REDUCE THE POPULATION
OF BUCKS, THE MALES.
THE IDEA OF THE CULL IS NOT
ERADICATE THE DEER?

Iori says NO, IT'S JUST TO TRY AND
CONTROL THE BALANCE.

Kate says SO, ESSENTIALLY, BECAUSE
THERE ARE NO BIG PREDATORS THAT
CAN TAKE OUT THE DEER, YOU HAVE
TO BE-- YOU HAVE TO BE THE APEX
PREDATOR?

Iori says THAT'S RIGHT, YEAH.

Kate says AND THAT'S HOW YOU KIND OF
CAN RESTORE A MORE NATURAL
BALANCE OF THINGS?

Iori says YEAH, YEAH.

Kate says THE FALLOW DEER ROAM THROUGH
9,000 ACRES OF FOREST, AND IT'S
LIKE LOOKING FOR A NEEDLE IN
A HAY STACK-- EVEN WITH IORI'S
IMPRESSIVE TRACKING SKILLS.

Iori says THEY'VE BEEN MARKING THE
TREES WITH THEIR ANTLERS.

Kate says OH, YEAH.

Iori says ACTUALLY, ON THIS HILL, THERE
WAS A RUT STAND ON THIS PIECE.

Kate says OH, WAS THERE?

Iori says YEAH.

Kate says WAS THERE?
SO, YOU'D HAVE HAD A MALE
BASICALLY TRYING TO BRING
FEMALES INTO THIS AREA?

Iori says THAT'S IT, YEAH, YEAH.

Kate says SO LOTS OF LOVELY BELLOWING
AND THINGS.

Iori says THAT'S IT, YEAH.

Kate says I BET YOU CAN DO A GOOD
BELLOW CAN'T YOU?

Iori says THE FALLOW DEER, WHEN THEY'RE
CALLING ON RUTS, WHICH WE CALL
A GRUNT, AND THEY GO...
(GRUNTING)
SO, YOU KNOW, TRY AND IMITATE
THEM SOMETIMES.

Kate says SEE IF I WAS A DOE, I
COULDN'T RESIST THAT.
(LAUGHING)

Iori says YEAH.

Kate says BUT WE BETTER GET ON WITH
IT, BECAUSE THIS IS OUR LAST
CHANCE THIS YEAR TO TRACK A
BUCK, AS THE CULLING SEASON
CLOSES TODAY.
TO KEEP THE POPULATION
SUSTAINABLE, IORI HAS A QUOTA
TO CULL 80 TO 100 DEER A YEAR.
THE MEAT FROM THE KILLS COMES
BACK TO THE FOOD CHAIN IN
THE FORM OF VENISON BURGERS.

Iori hides behind a rock with a rifle.

Kate whispers THERE'S ONE
JUST OVER THIS CREST.
STAY THERE, STAY THERE.
STAY THERE.
(GUN FIRING)

Kate says THE IMPORTANT DIFFERENCE
IS THIS ISN'T SPORT.
I KNOW, FROM A CONSERVATION
POINT OF VIEW, IT'S ABSOLUTELY
NECESSARY.
IF YOU'VE GOT TOO MANY DEER,
THAT MEANS THAT THE PLANTS IN
THE FOREST ARE UNDER HUGE
PRESSURE FROM EFFECTIVELY BEING
OVER BROWSED AND OVER GRAZED,
AND THAT THEN HAS A KNOCK ON
EFFECT ON OTHER ANIMALS THAT
LIVE IN THE FOREST.
SO, EVEN THOUGH, FOR MANY
PEOPLE, THE IDEA OF KILLING
BEAUTIFUL ANIMALS LIKE DEER IS
TOO HORRIBLE TO CONTEMPLATE,
ACTUALLY, IF YOU WANT A REALLY
GOOD, HEALTHY ECOSYSTEM-- AND
HUMANS HAVE INTERFERED WITH IT
SO MUCH OVER SO MANY HUNDREDS
OF YEARS-- THIS IS THE ONLY
OPTION.
WE HAVE TO PLAY THE BIG
PREDATORS.
AND I LIKE THE FACT THAT, YOU
KNOW, IT'S AN ANIMAL THAT
DOESN'T GO TO WASTE AND IT
GETS EATEN, AND IT IS ABOUT AS
ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY AS FAR
AS MEAT IS CONCERNED THAT YOU
CAN GET.
AND IT IS DELICIOUS.
ISN'T IT, IORI?

Iori says YES.
(LAUGHING)

Kate says I DON'T KNOW ABOUT YOU, BUT
I'M QUITE LOOKING FORWARD TO
VENISON FOR BREAKFAST.
COR, BLIMEY.

Iori says YOU WATCH YOU DON'T TRIP.

Kate says NO, I'LL TRY NOT TO TRIP.
SO, AFTER DELIVERING THE
CARCASS TO THE CHILLER FOR THE
BUTCHER TO COLLECT LATER, I
TREAT IORI TO MY COOKING, TO
TASTE THE MEAT FROM A PREVIOUS
CULL.

Kate gives Iori a burger and says THERE YOU ARE.

Iori says THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

Kate says A WELL DESERVED BREAKFAST.

Iori says IECHYD DA.
(CHUCKLING)
MMM.
OH, MY GOODNESS.
VERY NICE.

Kate says THEY ARE GOOD.

Iori says TEG HAVING A BURGER?
(LAUGHING)

Kate talks to Teg and says YOU'VE BEEN VERY GOOD TODAY.
YOU DIDN'T DO ANY WORK, THOUGH,
DID YOU?
DO YOU THINK YOU'RE ALLOWED
BURGER?
DO YOU THINK SO, REALLY?
THERE YOU GO.
SPOILED DOG.
(WIND GUSTING)

Kate says AS WE CONTINUE HEADING SOUTH,
THE MOUNTAIN IN THE BACKGROUND
IS CALLING FOR US.
CADAIR IDRIS IS A POPULAR SPOT
FOR WALKERS, WHO COME AND GO
IN THEIR THOUSANDS.
BUT FAMILIES HAVE BEEN FARMING
THIS MOUNTAINSCAPE
FOR CENTURIES.
I'VE COME TO PENNANT FARM
TO MEET THREE GENERATIONS OF
FARMERS-- KEN AND LISA MARKHAM,
AND THEIR SHEPHERDS, GORONWY
WILLIAMS AND HIS GRANDSON,
GERWYN, WHO HELP ME REALISE
JUST HOW HERITAGE PLAYS A
CENTRAL ROLE HERE.

Ken is in his late forties, clean-shaven and with short wavy red hair. He wears a checker shirt and a maroon sweater.

He says WHEN YOU BUY A HILL FARM OR
TAKE OVER A HILL FARM, THE FLOCK
STAYS WITH THE FARM.

Kate says IS THAT RIGHT?

Ken says YES, EVERY HILL FARM.
CATTLE, NO, BUT SHEEP,
THE FLOCK, BECAUSE THEY'RE BRED
HERE.
THEY WOULDN'T LIVE UP THERE.

Kate says THAT'S FASCINATING.
SO, THE SHEEP THAT YOU'VE GOT UP
ON THE HILL NOW, WOULD THEY BE
DIRECTLY RELATED TO THE SHEEP
THAT YOU WERE LOOKING AFTER
IN 1961?

Ken says YEAH, AND BEFORE EVEN GORONWY
CAME HERE WITH MR. TUDOR.

Lisa says EVEN NEXT DOOR WOULD KNOW.

Lisa is in her forties, with long wavy blond hair in a bun and wears a gray sweater and an apron.

Ken says EVERY FAMILY.

Kate says SO, THE COMMUNITY ISN'T JUST
GENERATIONS OF PEOPLE; IT'S
GENERATIONS OF LIVESTOCK
AS WELL?
EVERYONE IS UTTERLY CONNECTED
TO THIS PART OF THE LAND?

Lisa says KEEP EVERYTHING WE'VE BEEN
TALKING ABOUT.

Ken says AS IT IS, LOCAL HANDS.

Lisa says KEEP IT WITHIN THE VALLEY.

Ken says KEEP THE SAME PEOPLE.
WE GO AND HELP NEXT DOOR TO
GATHER SHEEP, THEY COME AND HELP
US.
GORONWY, GERWYN, GORONWY'S
BROTHER.

Kate says SO, KEEP THAT SENSE OF
COMMUNITY?

Ken says YEAH, THE OLD TRADITIONAL
FARMING GOING.

Kate says HOWEVER, TODAY, WE'RE NOT
HERE FOR THE SHEEP.
KEN'S COUSIN, WILL EVANS, IS
KEEPING ALIVE THE CENTURIES'
OLD TRADITION OF DRIVING CATTLE
UP TO THE 900 METRE SUMMIT
FOR THE SUMMER.
I'M A NEW TO THIS GAME, BUT TEG
IS IN HER ELEMENT.
TEG, COME HERE!
COME ON, DON'T PUSH THEM
SO HARD.
THE PLAN IS SIMPLE-- WALK
BEHIND THESE 40 PREGNANT COWS,
FOR FOUR MILES UP THE MOUNTAIN,
UNTIL THEY REACH THEIR SUMMER
GRAZING GROUNDS.
THIS IS TEG'S PERFECT DAY.
THIS THREE MONTH, EXTREME
PRE-NATAL BOOT CAMP PROGRAM NOT
ONLY GETS THEM FIT FOR CALVING,
BUT ALSO TRIMS DOWN THE TALL
GRASSES, SO THAT THE SHEEP ARE
ABLE TO GRAZE THE SHORTER
PASTURE.
YOU HAVE A VERY DIFFERENT
RELATIONSHIP WITH THE MOUNTAIN
THAN IF I WAS JUST HERE AS
A TOURIST COMING WALKING
TO THE SUMMIT.
WHEN YOU'RE HERE KIND OF SEEING
THE MOUNTAIN AS PART OF A
WORKING LANDSCAPE.

Will is in his thirties, with short wavy brown hair and wears black trousers and a black windbreaker.

Will says YEAH, THE MOUNTAIN, A
LOT OF PEOPLE JUST SEE IT AS A
WALK BY DURING THE DAY AND TAKE
A FEW PHOTOS, BUT ALL YEAR
ROUND, IT'S ALMOST LIKE A LIVING
ANIMAL.
IT BREATHES.
IT'S GOT A PULSE, YOU KNOW.
YOU SEND STOCK UP, IT PRODUCES
THE FODDER FOR THEM DURING THE
SUMMER, AND OVER THE WINTER IT
GETS A BREAK.
I THINK IT ALL BALANCES UP NICE
BETWEEN THE CATTLE GRAZING,
SHEEP GRAZING-- FROM WILDLIFE
TO FARM ANIMALS.
YOU'VE GOT TO JUST GO
WITH THE PULSE.

Kate says SORRY, IS THAT YOUR DOG?

Will says IS IT?
YEAH.
BONNIE!
(WHISTLING)
COME ON, BONNIE!
I TELL YOU, THERE'S NOTHING
WORSE THAN WALKERS COMING,
AND THEIR DOGS CHASING
THE SHEEP.
(KATE LAUGHING)

Will says IT REALLY GETS ON MY NERVES.

Kate says THINKING ABOUT THAT, WE'VE
LOST YOUR CATTLE.
WE ONLY LOST SIGHT OF THE COWS
FOR ONE MINUTE.
MEANWHILE, ON THE OTHER SIDE OF
THE MOUNTAIN, KEN STUMBLES UPON
THEM, THOUGH HE HASN'T GOT THEM
FOR LONG EITHER.

Will says THEY'VE GONE HOME.

Ken says SORRY, WILL!

Kate says THANKS, KEN.

Will says OH, LOOK, THEY'RE
TURNING BACK.
THAT'S NEW.
THAT HASN'T HAPPENED BEFORE.

Kate says OH, WE'VE GOT COWS UP
THERE, THAT'S WHAT'S HAPPENED.
THIS IS MUTINY!

Kate says TEG, COME HERE.

Will says COME ON, BONNIE!
(WILL CLICKING TONGUE)

Kate says YEAH, THEY'RE BACK ON
THE ROAD NOW, WILL!
I THINK.
NO, THEY'RE NOT.
TEG.
AND THIS WELSH WEATHER ISN'T
HELPING US SEE ANY CLEARER.
FOR EVERY STEP WE TAKE, THE
FEWER COWS WE CAN SEE.
AND, BELIEVE ME, THIS IS
AS TOUGH AS IT LOOKS.
EVENTUALLY, WE DELIVER THE
CATTLE TO THE UPPER HILLS...
AT LEAST WE THINK WE HAVE.
I DON'T KNOW ABOUT YOU, BUT I'M
WET PRETTY MUCH ALL THE WAY
THROUGH NOW.

Will says OH, NOT BAD.

Kate says BUT I WOULDN'T WANT TO BE
ANYWHERE ELSE.

Will says WELL, THERE YOU GO.

Kate says AND, CERTAINLY, NOR
WOULD YOUR CATTLE BY THE LOOKS
OF THINGS.
THEY'VE COMPLETELY DISAPPEARED.

Will says THEY'RE LONG GONE.
IT WORKED PRETTY WELL
ON THE WHOLE.

Kate says SO, IS THIS IT?
IS THIS IS WHERE THEY,
BASICALLY...

Will says YEAH...

Kate says ARE NOW FREE TO ROAM FROM
HERE?

Will says YEAH, THEY'VE GOT ABOUT
800-900 ACRES OF EATING GRASS,
AND HAVING A GOOD SUMMER
HOLIDAY, I HOPE.

Kate says WOW.

Will says I HOPE THE WEATHER PICKS UP
FOR THEM, THOUGH.

Kate says YEAH, THEY'RE NOT GOING TO BE
ABLE TO TAKE MANY PHOTOS TO SEND
HOME, TALK ABOUT THE VIEW.

Will says BUT ONE IMPORTANT JOB WE'VE
GOT LEFT, AND IF YOU DON'T DO
IT, YOU'LL HAVE TO DO IT ALL
OVER AGAIN.
(LAUGHING)

Kate says THESE FARMERS MUST HAVE
MOUNTAIN WATER RUNNING THROUGH
THEIR VEINS TO DEAL WITH THE
VOLATILE CONDITIONS UP HERE.
WE TAKE SHELTER IN THE
SHEPHERD'S HUT, AND WITHIN HALF
AN HOUR, THE WEATHER BREAKS...
SUDDENLY REVEALING THE TRUE
MAGNIFICENT COLOURS OF THIS
LANDSCAPE.
THAT TEA HAS WORKED MIRACLES.
IT'S A COMPLETELY DIFFERENT DAY
OUT HERE.
GOD, KEN, IT'S ABSOLUTELY
STAGGERING.

Ken says YOU CAN SEE THE VIEW
NOW.

Kate says IT MUST MEAN THAT YOU DO HAVE
TO BE INCREDIBLY ADAPTABLE
'CAUSE, I MEAN, IT DOES FEEL
LIKE A COMPLETELY DIFFERENT DAY
NOW THAN IT DID THIS MORNING.

Ken says MATTER OF HALF AN HOUR.

Kate says YEAH.

Ken says IT'S CLEARED UP WITHIN
AN HOUR, HALF AN HOUR.
WE HAVE TO CHANGE OUR PLANS
FROM ONE DAY TO THE NEXT.
WE RELY A LOT ON THE WEATHER
FORECAST MAN, DEREK BROCKWAY.

Kate says GOOD OLD DEREK.

Ken says WE LISTEN TO LOTS OF DEREK,
YES, QUITE.
SO, YES, SHWMAI.

Kate says SHWMAI.

Ken says BUT, NO, ALL JOKES ASIDE,
WE'RE IN THE HANDS OF THE GODS
UP HERE A BIT WITH THE WEATHER.

Kate says LOVE IT OR HATE IT, THE WELSH
WEATHER PLAYS THE CENTRAL ROLE
IN SHAPING THIS LUSH LANDSCAPE.

The map shows the location of Bron yr Aur.

Kate says I LEAVE CADAIR IDRIS BEHIND
AND HEAD TOWARDS MID-WALES, TO
INVESTIGATE AN INTEREST OF
MINE, AND MEET A FAMILY
HARNESSING ALL OF THE ELEMENTS
THAT WALES CAN THROW AT THEM
JUST TO TURN ON THEIR LIGHTS.
SCOTT, RUTH AND THEIR DAUGHTER
CHENOA, CAME FROM THE MIDLANDS
TO MID-WALES EIGHT YEARS AGO
WITH ONE AMBITION IN MIND...
HI, HELLO...
TO LIVE A GREEN, ZERO-IMPACT
LIFE WITHOUT GIVING UP ON THEIR
MOD CONS.
HOW ON EARTH DID YOU FIND THIS
PLACE?

Ruth is in her thirties, with above the shoulder straight brown hair and wears jeans and a gray long-sleeved T-shirt under a mint green short-sleeved T-shirt with a print on the front.

Ruth says I'VE BEEN COMING HERE SINCE
I WAS THREE WEEKS OLD.

Kate says THREE WEEKS?!

Ruth says YEAH, MY MUM AND DAD FOUND
IT.

Kate says SO, YOU'VE TAKEN IT OVER.
SO, IT WAS A SORT OF HOLIDAY
COTTAGE, WAS IT, REALLY, WHEN
YOU WERE COMING HERE AS A CHILD?

Ruth says YEAH, I SPENT ALL MY SCHOOL
HOLIDAYS HERE.

Kate says ONCE THE PLACE WHERE LED
ZEPPELIN CREATED THEIR THIRD
ALBUM, TODAY, BRON YR AUR IS
A HOMELY LIVING EXPERIMENT.
IT'S OFF GRID, ISN'T IT?
SO, THAT MEANS... WHAT?

Ruth says IT'S NEVER HAD MAINS
ELECTRIC.

Scott is in his forties, bald and with a shadow of a bead and wears a black hooded jacket.

Scott says YEAH, WE'RE NOT CONNECTED TO
ANY SERVICES.
I REALLY LIKE THE IDEA THAT IT
STAYS TOTALLY WITHOUT ANY WIRES.

Ruth says IN ORDER TO BE ABLE TO LIVE
IN THE MODERN WORLD, AND HAVE
SOME ELECTRICS, MY FATHER
INVESTED IN A WHOLE HOST OF
RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGIES TO MAKE
IT POSSIBLE TO BE HERE.

Kate says YEAH.
SOUNDS IDYLLIC-- LIVING OFF
THE LAND WITH MINIMUM BILLS,
BUT THEIR COMMITMENT TO PLANET
EARTH, AND GENERATING THEIR OWN
NATURAL POWER IS HARD WORK.
AT THE MOMENT, YOU KNOW, IT
FEELS LIKE, WELL, YOU'VE GOT
THE WIND.
I CAN SEE YOU'VE GOT THE PANELS
THERE.
THIS IS SOME OF THE TECHNOLOGIES
THAT I USE AT THE FARM, BUT
WE ALSO HAVE MAINS ELECTRICITY
BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, WE'VE ALWAYS
GOT THAT BUFFER.
BUT THE OTHER THING IS THAT I
DON'T HAVE TO BE AS OBSESSED,
CLEARLY.

Scott says YOU HAVE TO KNOW WHAT WEATHER
IS COMING IN.
YOU HAVE TO LIVE BY THE WEATHER.

Kate says BUT ARE THERE DAYS WHEN YOU
THINK, "WELL, ACTUALLY, I'D
QUITE LIKE TO, I DON'T KNOW,
WATCH TELLY," AND MUM AND DAD
SAY, "SORRY, YOU CAN'T.
THERE'S NOT ENOUGH ELECTRICITY"?
DOES THAT HAPPEN?

Chenoa says YEAH.

Chenoa is around 12, with long straight blond hair and wears a red and pink plaid shirt and a pink cap hat.

Kate says AND AT THAT POINT, DO YOU
THINK, "WHY DON'T I LIVE IN A
NORMAL HOUSE LIKE MY FRIENDS?"

Chenoa says A LITTLE, BUT I DON'T REALLY
MIND.
(ALL LAUGHING)

Scott says GOOD ANSWER.

Kate says GOOD ANSWER.

Scott says WELL DONE!

Kate says WELL TRAINED.
ASK THEM FOR A FIVER LATER.
THE FAMILY'S ENTIRE EXISTENCE
APPEARS TO BE BASED AROUND
NUMBERS AND DIALS.

They walk in a shed with a control panel on a wall.

Scott says THIS IS THE HUB OF IT ALL,
REALLY.

Kate says SO, THIS IS IT?
CRIKEY.

Scott says YEAH, THIS IS WHAT MAKES IT
POSSIBLE, REALLY.

Kate says COME ON, ADMIT IT-- HOW MANY
HOURS A DAY DO YOU STAND HERE
LOOKING AT THOSE DIALS?

Scott says ONLY THREE.
(KATE LAUGHING)
NO, I'M GETTING IT DOWN.
YOU'VE GOT EVERYTHING COMING
IN HERE TO CENTRAL POINTS.
YOU'VE GOT HYDRO POWER, WIND
POWER, SOLAR POWER.

Kate says YOU'VE GOT HYDRO AS
WELL?

Scott says OH, YEAH.

Kate says I HAVEN'T SEEN THAT YET.

Scott says WE'VE GOT A TINY HYDRO
THAT JUST ABOUT WORKS.

Ruth says SEE THIS DIAL AT THE TOP HERE
WITH THE YELLOW ON?

Kate says THIS ONE HERE?

Ruth says SO, THIS IS TELLING US
HOW MUCH HYDROPOWER WE'RE
GETTING.

Kate says OKAY.

Ruth says IF IT'S ON THE ZERO
AT THE BOTTOM, THERE'S NONE.
AND IT IS ONLY A LITTLE BIT
ABOVE THE ZERO, WHICH INDICATES
THAT WE MAY NOT BE GETTING
AS MUCH POWER AS WE MIGHT BE...

Kate says RIGHT.

Ruth says GIVEN WE'VE HAD RAIN THE
LAST FEW DAYS.

Kate says YEAH, I REMEMBER THAT RAIN.
SO, WE TRUDGE UP THE HILL
TO THEIR HYDRO POWER PLANT
TO INVESTIGATE THE PROBLEM.
AND THIS HAS TO BE SEEN TO BE
BELIEVED.
SO, ARE YOU SAYING THAT ALL YOUR
HYDROELECTRIC THAT YOU GENERATE
COMES FROM THIS TINY LITTLE
STREAM?
THAT'S EXTRAORDINARY.
I WAS SLIGHTLY EXPECTING...
WELL, CERTAINLY, SOMETHING MAYBE
THREE TIMES THE SIZE OF THAT.

Ruth says ABSOLUTELY.
THE BOX IS PURELY TO FILL
WITH WATER.

Kate says OKAY, SO THAT'S A SORT OF
WATER STORAGE TANK, EFFECTIVELY?

Ruth says YEAH.

Kate says OKAY.
WHAT DO YOU THINK HAS GONE
WRONG?

Scott says IT CAN BE BRACKEN OR
LEAVES OR WHATEVER.
BUT PROBABLY STONE AT THIS TIME
OF YEAR.

Kate says WHERE THIS SORT OF MESH
FILTER IS THERE COULD BE
BLOCKAGE IN THERE THAT'S
STOPPING THE WATER FLOW GOING
THROUGH AS EFFECTIVELY AS IT
SHOULD?

Scott says I HOPE IT'S THAT, YEAH.
OTHERWISE, I DON'T KNOW.
SO, WE'LL SEE.

Kate says OTHERWISE YOU DON'T KNOW?

Scott says THAT'S THAT, YEAH.

Ruth says AVERAGELY, I'M HERE
TWICE A WEEK STRADDLING THE
STREAM AND CLEARING OUT.

Kate says AND, OBVIOUSLY, THAT'S
WHATEVER THE WEATHER
AND EVERY TIME OF YEAR?

Ruth says YEAH, AND
IT GETS VERY COLD.
THERE'S A WHOLE LOAD OF STUFF
THAT'S BEEN WASHED DOWN
IN THE HEAVY RAIN...

Kate says YEAH.

Ruth says BLOCKING THE FIRST LAYER.
AND ONCE WE'VE CLEARED IT ALL,
WE SHOULD SEE AN OVERFLOW
FROM THE BIG BLACK TANK.
THERE'S JUST LOTS OF NATURE
GOING ON, ISN'T THERE?
(KATE LAUGHING)
IT'S TRYING TO GET THE BETTER
OF US.

Kate says YEAH.

Ruth says IF YOU GET A HAZELNUT GOING
IN, THAT WILL GO ALL THE WAY
DOWN THE PIPE AND BLOCK
THE HYDRO.

Kate says REALLY?

Ruth says WE EVEN ONCE HAD A FROG GET
ALL THE WAY DOWN THE OTHER END.

Kate says NO WAY!
WELL, THAT'S OVERFLOWING
BEAUTIFULLY NOW.

Ruth says DEFINITELY.

Kate says THE WATER RUSHES DOWN THE
PIPES, BUILDING UP PRESSURE
UNTIL IT REACHES A WATER WHEEL
NEXT TO THE COTTAGE.
THIS WHEEL IS CONNECTED TO A
MOTOR, GENERATING ELECTRICITY.
IT ALMOST LOOKS LIKE SOMETHING
YOU COULD THROW A CLAY POT ON.
NOW, LET'S SEE IF OUR EFFORTS
HAVE PAID OFF.

Scott says THIS IS GOING TO BE
REALLY UNDERWHELMING, ISN'T IT?
I CAN SEE.

Kate says AT THE MOMENT, IT'S
STILL A THIRD.

Scott says WE'VE JUST CLIMBED UP THE
HILL, DONE ALL THAT, CHATTED
ABOUT ALL HOW GOOD IT IS.

Kate says AND IT'S THE SAME.

Scott says HMM.

Kate says DO YOU JUST HOPE THAT
IT FIXES ITSELF?

Scott says THAT'S THE FIRST PORT
OF CALL ALWAYS, ISN'T IT?
WITH ANYTHING IN LIFE, JUST WAIT
A BIT AND IT MIGHT JUST WORK.

Kate says IT MIGHT JUST WORK.

Scott says I WONDER WHY THAT
HAPPENED.
I CAN'T BELIEVE IT'S NOT...
ACTUALLY, I REALLY THOUGHT
IT'S-- THAT'S, UM...

Kate says IS THAT A BIT CONCERNING?

Later, they have tea outside.

Kate says I HAVE TO SAY, I'M REALLY BLOWN
AWAY BY WHAT YOU'RE DOING HERE.
YOU'VE MADE A CHOICE TO TRY
AND LIVE IN A WAY THAT IS AS LOW
IMPACT AS POSSIBLE, BUT IS
AS NORMAL AS POSSIBLE, AND
ACTUALLY, YOU'RE BEING VERY
HONEST ABOUT HOW HARD
THAT REALLY IS.
(LAUGHING)

Scott says CHEERS, I THINK THAT'S FAIR
TO SAY.
YEAH, THAT'S...

Chenoa says YEAH.

Scott says WHAT DO YOU THINK, CHENOA, DO
YOU AGREE WITH THAT?

She nods.

Kate says IT IS HARD.
BUT IS IT WORTH IT?
I MEAN, IS IT WORTH THE SLOG UP
THE HILL TO UNBLOCK THE FILTERS
FOR THE HYDRO IN THE MIDDLE
OF WINTER?
IS IT WORTH, YOU KNOW, NOT BEING
ABLE TO WATCH TELLY WHEN YOU
WANT TO BECAUSE THERE ISN'T
ENOUGH POWER?
IS IT WORTH IT?

Ruth says WELL, DO YOU KNOW, TWO OR
THREE YEARS AGO, THERE WAS A
POSSIBILITY THAT WE WOULDN'T BE
ABLE TO STAY HERE.
THE DAY I FOUND OUT I MIGHT NOT
BE ABLE TO STAY, KATE-- OH...

Kate says OH, RUTH!
YOU KNOW, YOUR EMOTIONAL
ATTACHMENT TO THIS PLACE IS
EXTRAORDINARY.

Ruth says THERE'S A WELSH WORD
"HIRAETH," WHICH DOESN'T
DIRECTLY TRANSLATE TO ENGLISH,
BUT COMES TO MEAN SORT OF
ATMOSPHERE OF A PLACE,
ENCAPSULATING EVERYTHING ABOUT
IT, AND THAT SORT OF SUMS IT UP,
REALLY, YEAH.

Kate says I ABSOLUTELY SALUTE YOU
FOR WHAT YOU'RE DOING HERE.
IT'S BRAVE, IT'S BONKERS
AND IT'S QUITE BRILLIANT.
THANK YOU.
AND I KNOW IT'S NOT HYDRO TEA,
BUT IT'S STILL NOT BAD, AND IT'S
IN A MUPPET MUG.
I MEAN, YOU KNOW, WHAT COULD
BE BETTER?
THE KEY TO LIFE IN RURAL WALES
IS ALL ABOUT IDENTIFYING THE
BEST NATURE CAN OFFER AND
MAKING THE MOST OF IT.
IMAGINE CAPTURING THE ESSENCE
OF THIS LANDSCAPE IN A BOTTLE.
SIX MILES AWAY, IN THE DYFI
VALLEY, I FOLLOW MY NOSE TO
MEET SOMEONE WHO HAS DONE
EXACTLY THAT.
NOW, YOU MIGHT THINK I'M
TALKING PERFUME, BUT, NO.

Kate mixes herbs in a bag.

Kate says YEAH, PERFECT.

A man says ARE YOU GETTING IN?

Kate says YEAH, I'M GOING TO GET IN.

The man says OKAY, COOL.

Kate says IF YOU LIKE A TIPPLE, THIS IS
ONE FOR YOU.
PETE CAMERON AND I ARE MAKING
GIN.
IT IS A PROPER DR. SEUSS
MACHINE, ISN'T IT?
(PETE LAUGHING)

Pete says YEAH.

Pete is in his forties, with short receding brown hair and a stubble. He wears a green T-shirt.

Kate says MUCH LIKE PERFUME, EVERY GIN
IS DIFFERENT.
THE COMMON COMPONENT IS JUNIPER
BERRIES-- ONE OF THE FEW
INGREDIENTS THAT ISN'T SOURCED
LOCALLY.
BUT PETE'S GIN IS UNIQUE
BECAUSE OF THE OTHER BOTANICALS
HE FORAGES NEARBY.
TEG AND I JOIN HIM ON A QUEST
FOR EXTRAORDINARY AROMATICS,
STARTING AT HIS FARM.
WHERE ARE WE HEADED?

Pete says WELL, WE'LL HEAD UP THROUGH
THE NEW WOOD.
THIS IS A FIVE ACRE WOOD
THAT WE'VE PLANTED RECENTLY.

Kate says WITH GIN IN MIND OR WITH
THE ENVIRONMENT IN MIND OR BOTH?

Pete says BOTH OF THOSE THINGS, BUT
PRIMARILY TO STOP ME ROLLING MY
TRACTOR OVER ON THE STEEPEST BIT
OF THE FIELD.
(LAUGHING)

Kate says VERY GOOD ANSWER.
TO PRODUCE THREE DIFFERENT
TYPES OF GIN, PETE USES A TOTAL
OF 29 BOTANICALS, 20 OF WHICH
COME FROM THE DYFI VALLEY.
SO, I RECOGNISE THIS.
THIS IS LOVELY HAWTHORN ISN'T
IT?

Pete says THAT'S RIGHT, YEAH.
IF WE HAVE A SNIFF OF THOSE,
THERE'S A REALLY BEAUTIFUL DEEP,
SWEETNESS TO IT, A HONEY NOTE
IN THERE.

Kate says NOW, YOU SEE, I'M GOING TO BE
HORRIBLY HONEST, GIVEN WE'VE
ONLY JUST MET.

Pete says YES.

Kate says I ALWAYS THOUGHT HAWTHORN HAS
A SLIGHTLY URINEY SMELL ABOUT
IT.

Pete says IT'S GOT AN AROMATIC IN IT,
WHICH IS ALSO GENERATED
BY ROTTING FLESH.

Kate says AH.

Pete says IT'S NOT THE ENTIRE SMELL
OF ROTTING FLESH.

Kate says NO.

Pete says BUT IT'S THE SLIGHTLY,
SICKLY SWEET FLAVOUR.

Kate says YEAH, YEAH.

Pete says SO, YOU WOULDN'T WANT THIS
WAY IN THE FOREGROUND.
THIS GIVES US A NICE LITTLE BIT
OF HONEY IN THE BACKGROUND
OF THE GIN.

Kate says AND SPEAKING OF BACKGROUND
SMELLS, IT SEEMS TEG HAS BEEN
ROLLING IN SOME OF HER OWN
PUNGENT FINDINGS.
AW!

Pete says OH, THAT'S BAD!

Kate says YEAH, I KNOW, SHE'S FOUND
ANOTHER-- NO.
IS THAT YOUR BOTANICALS?
ESSENCE OF BADGER POO?
YOU'RE A HORROR.
NO, I REALLY DON'T...
NO, I DON'T LOVE YOU.
NO, NO, BUGGER OFF.
NO.
IS THERE A DOG POUND NEAR HERE?

Pete says DOG POUND!

Kate says IF ANYONE WANTS A GINGER AND
WHITE AND BROWN DOG, JUST GIVE
ME A CALL.
(LAUGHING)

(music plays)

Kate says THE KEY INGREDIENT IN PETE'S
GIN IS SOURCED DOWN THE VALLEY.
WITH SPECIAL PERMISSION,
WE FORAGE ON THE WILD, UNGRAZED
WETLANDS OF CORS DYFI NATURE
RESERVE-- HOME TO OSPREYS.

Pete says THIS IS BOG MYRTLE.

Kate says BOG MYRTLE.
NEVER HEARD OF THAT.

Pete says AND IF YOU PICK A BIT AND
SQUISH IT UP IN YOUR FINGERS...

Kate says OH, MY GOODNESS.

Pete says IT'S GOT A LOT OF...
WELL, GIN FLAVOURS IN THERE.

Kate says I WAS GOING TO SAY, IT DOES
HAVE A SORT OF GIN SMELL ABOUT
IT.
IT'S LOVELY.

Pete says IT GIVES YOU A BEAUTIFUL,
FULL-BODIED FLAVOUR IN THE GIN.

Kate says YEAH.
OOH, I JUST NEED A CLINKY GLASS
AND A SLICE OF LEMON AND I'M
AWAY.
ONCE WE'VE GATHERED ENOUGH,
WE HEAD TO THE DISTILLERY.
IT TAKES FOUR DAYS WITH DOUBLE
DISTILLATION TO FINALLY PRODUCE
MY FAVOURITE DRINK.
THEN IS IT-- SHE SAYS, TRYING
NOT TO SOUND DESPERATE-- THEN IS
IT READY TO DRINK?

Kate says THEN IT'S READY TO GO.

Kate says AS I'VE WORKED QUITE HARD
TODAY, DOING AN ENORMOUS AMOUNT
OF PICKING, DO YOU THINK I CAN
NOW TASTE THIS WONDERFUL
SOUNDING GIN?

Pete says I THINK THAT'S A GREAT IDEA.

Kate says I DO TOO.

Pete says I MIGHT HAVE A TASTE MYSELF.

Kate says GOOD, OKAY.
OH, IT'S A WHISPER OF TONIC
ON THE TOP.

Pete says WE DON'T WANT TO OVERDO IT,
DO WE?
(BOTH LAUGHING)
LET'S SEE HOW THAT'S COME OUT.

Kate says OKAY.

Pete says MMM.

Kate takes a sip, grabs the bottle and says RIGHT, I'LL SEE YOU, PETE.
(LAUGHING)
THAT IS SO SMOOTH.
IT JUST-- IT TASTES OF NATURE.
I CAN TASTE THE SMELL
OF THE BOG MYRTLE.
IT'S ABSOLUTELY THERE.
SO, THIS IS THE DYFI VALLEY
IN A GLASS, BASICALLY?

Pete says THAT'S WHAT WE'RE AIMING FOR,
THAT'S THE SPIRIT OF THE DYFI
VALLEY.

Kate says I QUITE LIKE THE DYFI VALLEY,
I HAVE TO SAY.
(LAUGHING)

Pete says GOOD.

Kate says WELL DONE YOU, PETE.

Pete says CHEERS.

Kate says CONGRATULATIONS.
THANK YOU.
THOUGH THE DYFI VALLEY IS
RECOGNISED BY THE UNITED
NATIONS FOR ITS BIODIVERSITY,
JUST SOUTH OF HERE, THERE'S ONE
AREA DOING MORE TO MAINTAIN THE
HEALTH OF OUR PLANET THAN WE
GIVE IT CREDIT FOR.

The map shows the location of Pumlumon Fawr.

Kate says FOR CENTURIES, IT'S ACTED AS
A FORMIDABLE BARRIER, DIVIDING
EAST FROM WEST, AND NORTH
FROM SOUTH.
IT'S THE LEAST POPULATED AREA
IN WALES.
TEG AND I ARE STANDING AT THE
SUMMIT OF WHAT IS KNOWN
AS THE PLYNLIMON MASSIF.
WE'RE ON THE NORTH SIDE
OF THE CAMBRIAN MOUNTAINS.
THIS TREELESS LANDSCAPE IS MORE
IMPORTANT THAN JUST A BIG WILD
AREA.
IT IS THE EQUIVALENT...
AND I KNOW YOU'RE GOING TO LOOK
AT ME AND GO, "SHE'S MAD."
IT'S THE EQUIVALENT
OF THE AMAZON RAINFOREST.
THIS IS THE MOST SIGNIFICANT
ENVIRONMENTAL AREA IN THE WHOLE
OF WALES.
MUCH OF THE PLYNLIMON AREA IS
WETLAND.
TO THE UNTRAINED EYE, A BOGGY,
UNPRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPE.
BUT IN ACTUAL FACT, IT PROVIDES
US WITH THE MOST VITAL
ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES...
FILTERING WATER, PREVENTING
FLOODING, AND ACTING AS A MASS
STORAGE FACILITY FOR CARBON.
I MEET WITH WILDLIFE TRUST
CONSERVATIONIST, DR. LIZ
LEWIS-REDDY, TO HELP ME
UNDERSTAND WHAT MY EYES CANNOT
SEE.
WHAT'S AT THE HEART OF THIS
LANDSCAPE THAT GIVES IT
THE VALUE THAT YOU SAY IT HAS?

Liz is in her thirties, with long blond hair in a ponytail and wears jeans, rubber boots, a black zip-up jacket and small hoop earrings.

She says WELL, I HAVE TO SAY, A LOT OF
THAT IS WHAT'S UNDER OUR FEET,
AND THAT'S PEAT SOIL.
CARBON IS IN EVERY LIVING THING.

Kate says RIGHT.

Liz says THE UNIQUE FEATURE OF A PEAT
BOG IS THAT IT'S WET, IT'S AN
OXYGEN DEPRIVED ENVIRONMENT,
AND WHENEVER YOU DEPRIVE
AN ENVIRONMENT OF OXYGEN, THINGS
DON'T BREAK DOWN.
SO, IN A PEAT BOG ALL THAT DEAD
PLANT MATERIAL IS UNDERWATER,
AND BECAUSE OF THAT, THE CARBON
ISN'T BEING RELEASED.

Kate says AND SO THAT CARBON IS
JUST LOCKED IN.

Liz says THAT'S RIGHT, AND IT GETS
LOCKED IN OVER MILLENNIA.
JUST IMAGINE JUST HOW MUCH
CARBON IS THEN STORED IN
THAT WATER-LOGGED ENVIRONMENT.

Kate says THE WATER IS HELD HERE BY THE
SPHAGNUM MOSS, WHICH ACTS LIKE
A SPONGE.
IF THE WATER IS DRAINED, ALL
THE CARBON STORED WITHIN IT IS
RELEASED INTO THE ATMOSPHERE...
TURNING IT INTO THE TOXIC
GREENHOUSE GAS CARBON DIOXIDE.
UNLIKE THE AMAZON THAT ABSORBS
CO2, THESE BOGS STOP IT FROM
BEING CREATED IN THE FIRST
PLACE.
HOWEVER, IN THE 1950S, THIS
BALANCE WAS BROKEN WHEN LOCAL
FARMERS DRAINED THE LAND
FOR GRAZING.

Liz says THE REASON WHY FARMERS
DRAINED IT POST-WAR WAS BECAUSE
GOVERNMENT SAID, "GO OUT AND
DRAIN YOUR UPLANDS IN ORDER TO
GENERATE MORE FOOD FOR BRITISH
PEOPLE."
THERE WASN'T AN AWARENESS THAT
WHEN YOU DRIED OUT PEAT, YOU
RELEASED ALL THESE GREENHOUSE
GASES.

Kate says WELL, NO-ONE KNEW.

Liz says EXACTLY.

Kate says NO-ONE KNEW THE TERM
GREENHOUSE GASES AFTER THE WAR.

Liz says EXACTLY.
SO, IT'S ONE OF THOSE BECOMING
AWARE AFTER THE FACT.

Kate says TO PUT THE IMPORTANCE OF THE
WELSH BOGS INTO PERSPECTIVE...
IF THEY WERE TO SHRINK IN DEPTH
BY JUST ONE METRE, THE CARBON
DIOXIDE RELEASED WOULD BE MORE
THAN THE ANNUAL EMISSIONS
CAUSED BY FOSSIL FUELS IN
WALES.
FOR THE PAST EIGHT YEARS, THE
WILDLIFE TRUST HAS BEEN
BLOCKING OLD DRAINAGE DITCHES,
WITH REMARKABLE RESULTS.

Liz says WE'VE RISEN THE WATER TABLE
ON THIS SITE BY FIVE
CENTIMETRES.

Kate says WOW.
SO, THAT IS HOLDING ENORMOUS
AMOUNTS OF WATER.

Liz says MILLIONS OF LITRES OF WATER.

Kate says AND LOTS AND LOTS OF CARBON.

Liz says MILLIONS OF TONNES OF CARBON.

Kate says THE PLYNLIMON PROJECT PILOT
SCHEME HAS BEEN RUNNING FOR
SEVEN YEARS, AND IN THIS TIME
THEY'VE MANAGED TO RESTORE THE
EQUIVALENT OF OVER 1,000 RUGBY
PITCHES OF BOGLAND.
THEIR AIM IS TO DO THE SAME
OVER ANOTHER 39,000 HECTARES OF
BOGS, TO SAFEGUARD OUR FUTURE
AND HELP US REALISE THAT SOME
THINGS ARE BEST KEPT UNCHANGED.
NEXT TIME, WE LEARN HOW TO FLOG
SHEEP...

An auctioneer says 28 AND A HALF.

A woman says CAN'T WE HAVE A LITTLE
BIT MORE?
YOU'VE GOT TWO LADIES
IN THE RING.
WE NEED MORE THAN THAT.

Kate says DISCOVER THE WONDERS
OF THE WELSH DARK SKIES...

She looks through a giant telescope and says THIS IS THE MOST FANTASTIC
TREAT.
(GASPING)

Kate says THAT'S-- I MEAN, IT'S LIKE A
FLYING SAUCER!...AND TEG HAS HER FIRST FAMILY
REUNION.
THIS IS LIKE MY HAPPIEST MOMENT
IS STANDING HERE WATCHING
HER WORK.

Another woman says PROUD GRANNY, PROUD
GRANNY.

Kate says I AM, I AM.

Music plays as the end credits roll.

Presented by Kate Humble.

Produced and directed by Raquel Toniolo.

Tatu Pictures for BBC Cymru Wales.
Copyright 2017, Tatu Pictures Limited.

Logo: Flame distribution.

Watch: Ep. 2 - Off the Beaten Track with Kate Humble