Transcript: The Life-Sized City - Taipei | Sep 15, 2020

(music plays)

As Mikael crosses a bridge, a yellow map of China shows a white dot with the caption "Taipei."

Mikael is in his fifties, with short wavy gray hair and he wears jeans and a white shirt.

Mikael says THE LAST TIME I WAS
IN TAIPEI WAS IN 1993,
WHEN I WAS TEACHING
ENGLISH TO PRE-SCHOOLERS.
I'VE HEARD THAT IT'S
CHANGED DRAMATICALLY HERE,
BUT THAT JUST SEEMS TO
BE HOW THIS CITY ROLLS.
TAIPEI HAS SEEN PRETTY MUCH
EVERYTHING, AND IT COMES
IN BURSTS OF FURIOUS GROWTH.
WHEN MARTIAL LAW WAS
FINALLY LIFTED IN 1987,
TAIPEI SAW THE RISE
OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS.
THIS PLACE WAS AN EARLY
ADOPTER OF THE IMPORTANCE
OF INDIGENOUS RIGHTS
AND LGBT AWARENESS,
AND EMBRACED ENVIRONMENTALISM
AND GREEN SPACE SINCE THE 70S.
SINCE THE 90S, IT'S BEEN
GLOBALIZATION, NEOLIBERALISM,
AND AMERICAN-STYLE DEVELOPMENT.
HOW DO ALL THESE THINGS WORK
TOGETHER?
WHAT WILL BE THE DEFAULT
AS TAIPEI PLOTS
ITS FUTURE URBAN COURSE?
WILL THEIR PASSION
FOR DEMOCRACY
AND CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT
CONTINUE TO LEAD THE WAY?

In animation, Mikael's body gets covered in maps and city models. He extends his hand and a miniature model of a city appears on his hand.

The title of the show reads "The Life-Sized City with Mikael Colville-Andersen."

Mikael says THERE IS NO QUESTION ABOUT IT:
WHEN YOU COMPARE TAIPEI TO
MANY OTHER ASIAN CITIES,
IT REALLY STANDS OUT. WHILE
THE CAPITAL OF TAIWAN
IS RELATIVELY YOUNG, IT HAS
UNDERGONE MAJOR HISTORIC
CHANGES IN A VERY SHORT TIME.
TAIPEI HAS BEEN GOVERNED
BY SEVERAL DIFFERENT REGIMES
OVER THE PAST 140 YEARS.

Fast clips show an aerial view of a bridge, skyscrapers and urban traffic.

A caption reads "1683: China's Qing Dynasty formally annexes Taiwan."

He continues AND EACH OF THEM HAS
LEFT AN INDELIBLE MARK
ON THE CITY'S URBAN FABRIC.
THE JAPANESE IMPLEMENTED
THE INITIAL PHYSICAL
LAYOUT OF THE CITY, BUT
THE POLITICAL LANDSCAPE
WAS THEN SHAKEN UP
BY THE CHINESE,
WHO TOOK OVER BY THE
END OF WORLD WAR II.

The caption changes to "1895: China cedes Taiwan to Japan. 1945: Taiwan is placed under Chinese administrative control. 1947: Chinese authorities impose martial law."

He continues WITH POLITICAL UPHEAVAL TAKING
PLACE IN MAINLAND CHINA,
SOME 1.2 MILLION CHINESE
WAR-TIME REFUGEES
MIGRATED TO TAIPEI,
IMPACTING THE CITY
IN A SUBSTANTIAL
AND IRREVERSIBLE WAY.
THE CONFLICTS WITH CHINA
COMBINED WITH YEARS OF INTERNAL
MILITARY GOVERNANCE
GAVE BIRTH TO A
FIERCELY INDEPENDENT
AND POLITICALLY ENGAGED
TAIWANESE POPULATION.
WHEN MARTIAL LAW WAS
LIFTED IN 1987,
POLITICAL AWARENESS
GREW EVEN STRONGER.
ON THE MUNICIPAL LEVEL, THIS
NEWFOUND DEMOCRACY LED
TO A MUCH-NEEDED URBAN
RENEWAL, RAPIDLY IMPROVING
LIVING CONDITIONS AND
CREATING AN UNDENIABLY
UNIQUE CITY IN THE FAR-EAST.
I USUALLY START MY QUEST
FOR THE LIFE-SIZED CITY
FAR, FAR AWAY FROM CITY
HALL, BUT HERE IN TAIPEI,
I'M GOING TO MAKE AN EXCEPTION.
YOU SEE, DEMOCRACY
HERE IS CHERISHED.
TAIPEI'S CITIZENS ARE VERY
ACTIVE AND VERY INVOLVED,
AND THEY SPEAK OUT WHEN
THEY WANT CHANGE.
IT CREATES A PROGRESSIVE
MENTALITY THAT DRIVES THE CITY,
EVEN WITHIN THE
WALLS OF CITY HALL.
AS ONE OF TAIWAN'S FIRST
OPENLY GAY CITY COUNCILLORS,
MIAO POYA KNOWS ALL
ABOUT THE CHALLENGES
OF SHIFTING OLD WAYS OF
THINKING IN ORDER TO EMBRACE
A MORE OPEN, INCLUSIVE
FUTURE FOR EVERYONE.
SO SHE MADE THE MOVE INTO
MUNICIPAL POLITICS AND IS NOW
ONE OF 13 ELECTED COUNCILLORS
OF THE SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY
IN THE WENSHAN DISTRICT.

Mikael walks into a building and shakes hands with Miao Poya. She is in her early thirties, with short black hair. She wears a gray jacket over a black T-shirt and blue jeans.

Miao says MY JOB IS TO BE THE CONNECTION
BETWEEN THE GRASS-ROOTS
MOVEMENT AND THE POLITICIANS.

Mikael says BEFORE BECOMING A POLITICIAN,
MIAO POYA WAS ON
THE OTHER SIDE OF THE FENCE,
WITH THE PROTESTERS.
SHE WAS PART OF A
MASSIVE SOCIAL MOVEMENT
NOW KNOWN AS TAIWAN'S
SUNFLOWER MOVEMENT.
TRIGGERED IN 2014, WHEN
STUDENT PROTESTERS OCCUPIED
TAIWAN'S NATIONAL LEGISLATURE
FOR THREE WEEKS,
FIGHTING A PROPOSED FREE
TRADE AGREEMENT WITH CHINA.
NAMED AFTER THE FLORAL
GIFT SENT TO PROTESTERS
AS A SYMBOL OF HOPE,
THE MOVEMENT GAINED
WIDESPREAD PUBLIC
SYMPATHY IN TAIWAN.
AND THE STUDENTS WERE
SUCCESSFUL IN PREVENTING
THE AGREEMENT. BUT INSTEAD
OF RETREATING BACK
INTO SILENCE, THE GROUP
AND ITS VALUES
REMAINED A PROMINENT
FORCE IN LOCAL POLITICS.
AFTER THE PROTESTS, MANY OF
TAIWAN'S ACTIVISTS SHIFTED
FORMS OF POLITICS,
JOINING EXISTING POLITICAL
PARTIES OR ESTABLISHING
NEW ONES AND TAKING UP
GOVERNMENTAL POSITIONS.

Miao says AS A PROTESTOR OR AS
A SOCIAL ACTIVIST,
I ONLY HAVE TO SPEND
TIME WITH THOSE PEOPLE
WHO HAVE THE SAME IDEOLOGY
AS ME, BUT AS A POLITICIAN
I HAVE TO SPEND MORE
TIME WITH THOSE PEOPLE
WHO DON'T HAVE
THE SAME IDEOLOGY.
I HAVE TO PERSUADE THEM,
COMMUNICATE WITH THEM,
AND EXPLAIN WHAT IS THE
COMMON INTEREST BETWEEN US.

Mikael says TODAY IS THE PRIDE PARADE,
THE OLDEST AND
THE BIGGEST IN ASIA.

Miao says I JOIN IT EVERY YEAR.
YEAH, OF COURSE.

Mikael says THIS YEAR'S PRIDE PARADE HAD
OVER 200,000 CITIZENS MARCHING
THROUGH THE STREETS OF TAIPEI
TO CELEBRATE THE LEGALIZATION
OF SAME-SEX MARRIAGE THAT TOOK
EFFECT IN MAY 2019.
TAIWAN IS THE FIRST
COUNTRY IN ASIA TO DO SO.
IT'S A BIG DEAL,
TO SAY THE LEAST.

Mikael decorates his arm with the Pride flag.

Mikael says THE CREW DOESN'T
GET OUT OF THIS ONE.

Mikael draws the flag on a male crewmember's face.

Mikael says AS OF SEPTEMBER 2019,
STATS REVEALED THAT
A TOTAL OF 2,144 SAME-SEX
MARRIAGES
WERE REGISTERED
ACROSS THE COUNTRY.
THE TIMES IN TAIWAN
THEY ARE A CHANGIN'.
AND ALL FOR THE BETTER.

Mikael and Miao join the Pride parade.

Mikael says THE STRENGTH OF DEMOCRACY
ON A MUNICIPAL LEVEL,
HERE IN TAIPEI,
DO YOU THINK THAT
IS A TOOL, LIKE A
POWERFUL TOOL?

Miao says YEAH, BECAUSE TAIWAN IS A
SMALL COUNTRY, AND TAIPEI
IS THE CAPITAL, SO EVERYTHING
HAPPENS IN TAIPEI IS NOT LOCAL.
FOR EXAMPLE, WHAT OUR
MAYOR SAYS WILL INFLUENCE
THE PEOPLE'S THOUGHTS,
NATION-WIDE, SO I THINK
IT IS VERY IMPORTANT AT THE
TAIPEI MUNICIPAL LEVEL
TO STOP THE CHINESE INFLUENCE.

Mikael says LET'S NOT FORGET THAT,
OF MAINLAND CHINA, A GIANT
POLITICAL FORCE THAT HAS
A COMPLICATED RELATIONSHIP
WITH DEMOCRACY.

Miao says I THINK I BELIEVE IN DEMOCRACY
BECAUSE OF THE COMMON GROUND
FOR US TO STAND TOGETHER
AND FIGHT WITH CHINA.
WE FOUGHT FOR DEMOCRACY
FOR A VERY LONG TIME,
AND ESPECIALLY THE YOUNGER
GENERATIONS, BECAUSE I WAS BORN
IN 1987, AND SO FOR THE YOUNG
GENERATION LIKE ME,
FREEDOM, DEMOCRACY
AND HUMAN RIGHTS
ARE ESSENTIALS FOR OUR LIVES,
AND WE WILL UNITE ACROSS
GENDER, ACROSS RACE,
AND ANYTHING. THAT IS
WHAT WE HOPE.

Mikael says THE FIGHT FOR FREEDOM, FOR
DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
IS ESSENTIAL. BUT IT'S NOT
JUST ABOUT BIG QUESTIONS
LIKE SAME SEX MARRIAGE AND
GENDER EQUALITY.
IT'S ALSO ABOUT
THE SMALL THINGS
THAT MAKE A PLACE LIVABLE,
AND THAT MAKE A CITY
FIT FOR ITS PEOPLE.
ALMOST EVERY IMPORTANT
THING I HAVE LEARNED
IN MY WORK IN URBANISM,
I'VE LEARNED FROM CHILDREN.
AND I MEAN THAT
QUITE LITERALLY.
THEY ARE THE MOST BRILLIANT
MINDS AT OUR DISPOSAL
AS WE'RE STRUGGLING TO
MAKE OUR CITIES BETTER.
TODAY, I GET TO SEE WHAT
HAPPENS WHEN YOU TAKE CHILDREN
SERIOUSLY, AS DESIGNERS
AND DESIGN THINKERS.

Now, Mikael and Christine take a walk in a playground.

Christine is in her early thirties, with light brown hair in a ponytail. She wears a beige T-shirt and black trousers.

Christine says MY FAMILY, WE TRAVEL TO
EUROPE OR THE REST OF ASIA,
LIKE JAPAN, HONG KONG,
OR SINGAPORE, AND WE SEE
A HUGE DIFFERENCE. KIDS
IN EUROPE, THEY ARE HAVING
A LOT OF FUN IN THE PLAYGROUNDS;
WHEN MY KID IS THERE,
SHE CAN ACTUALLY SPEND THE
WHOLE AFTERNOON PLAYING,
WHEREAS IN TAIWAN SHE WOULD
SPEND LIKE FIVE MINUTES PLAYING
WITH THE CRAPPY PLASTIC STUFF
AND THEN COME TO ME AND SAY,
MOMMY, CAN I HAVE
YOUR MOBILE PHONE?'

The caption changes to "Taipei's Conventional Park. Yuihwa Christine Lee."

Mikael says CHRISTINE IS A FOUNDING MEMBER
OF PARKS and PLAYGROUNDS
FOR CHILDREN BY CHILDREN, WHICH
PLACES KIDS AT THE HEART
OF THE PROCESS WHEN IT COMES
TO DESIGNING PARKS.
WITH OTHER PARENTS,
KNOWN AFFECTIONATELY AS
"THE ANGRY MOTHERS,"
SHE PUT FORTH A DEMAND
TO THE GOVERNMENT TO
BUILD MORE ECO-FRIENDLY
SPACES THAT FOSTER CREATIVITY.
AND, WELL, HERE WE ARE.

Christine says AT THE BEGINNING, THOSE
OFFICIALS WERE LIKE,
MOTHERS, YOU SHOULD GO HOME
AND COOK FOR YOUR KIDS'
OR YOU DON'T UNDERSTAND
THE NATIONAL STANDARDS
FOR PLAYGROUND. MAYBE YOU SHOULD
STUDY MORE AND WE CAN HAVE
THIS CONVERSATION.'
THEN WE WENT HOME
AND READ EVERYTHING ABOUT
PLAYGROUND SAFETY STANDARDS
OR DESIGNS FOR CHILD-FRIENDLY
CITIES, AND WE ANGRY MOTHERS -
AS THEY CALL US - BECAME
EXPERTS OF CHILDREN'S NEEDS,
AND WE ARE TRANSLATING
CHILDREN'S NEEDS INTO
UNDERSTANDABLE STUFF FOR
THE GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS.

The caption changes to "Hwa-Shan Grassland Playground."

Mikael says CHILDREN OFTEN PITCH
IN THEIR IDEAS,
BUT IN THIS PARK, THEY
WERE THE MAIN CONSULTANTS
IN THE DESIGN PROCESS
FROM START TO FINISH.
DURING PHASE ONE,
ABOUT SIXTY KIDS
SUBMITTED THEIR DESIGNS
USING DIFFERENT MATERIALS;
ONCE DESIGNS WERE SELECTED,
WORKSHOPS WERE HELD ON SITE.
KIDS WOULD PLAY WITH
TILES, WOOD OR CARDBOARD,
SO DESIGNERS COULD SEE HOW
THEY WERE USING THEM.

Children slide down a large slide.

He continues THEY WOULD THEN PRESENT THE
RESULTS TO THE PARENTS,
FOR THEIR INPUT.
PHASE TWO TOOK ABOUT
TEN MONTHS,
INVOLVING THE KIDS IN THE
ACTUAL CONSTRUCTION.
THE SUCCESS HERE IS SO
GREAT THAT THE CITY
HAS CHANGED THE
STANDARD OF PROCEDURE
FOR PARK IMPLEMENTATION,
AND EVERY SINGLE NEW PARK
HAS TO INVOLVE CHILDREN
FROM ITS EARLY STAGES.

Christine says SENSORY WALLS IN THE
TUNNEL WERE DONE
BY THE KID PARTICIPANTS.

Christine touches circles made of colourful stone pieces.

Mikael says SO THESE ARE ALL KIDS' DESIGNS?

Christine says THE BORING ONES AREN'T.
THE INTERESTING...

Christine chuckles.

Mikael says THE BORING DESIGNS
WEREN'T DONE BY KIDS.
ANYTHING INTERESTING
THE KIDS DID IT.
THIS IS CALLED THE GARDEN
SANDPIT, THE OFFICIAL NAME,
AND IT'S A COMBINATION
OF SAND AND WATER.

Mikael says THE WATER IS FLOWING
DOWN...

Christine says YEAH, FROM THE HILLS...
AND YOU CAN
DAM IT UP. I GET IT.

Mikael says I GET IT SO MUCH THAT I
LITERALLY STILL DO THIS.
I'M 51.
I'M GOING TO BE HERE
ALL WEEK, BASICALLY.

Christine says THIS IS ACTUALLY FOR
WHEELCHAIR USERS.

Mikael says OH, THEY CAN SLIDE IN
UNDER THERE AND PLAY.
I SEE A WARNING SIGN ALREADY.

Christine says THIS IS BECAUSE EVERYONE
IN THIS COUNTRY
WAS REALLY CAUTIOUS,
BECAUSE THEY DON'T WANT
THEIR KIDS TO GET HURT OR
THEY DON'T WANT THEIR KIDS
TO HAVE ANY ACCIDENTS, LIKE THEY
BUBBLE WRAP THEIR CHILDREN,
EVEN IN THE PLAYGROUNDS.
BUT NOW WE CAN ACTUALLY
USE STUFF LIKE THIS, WHERE KIDS
CAN ASSESS THEIR OWN RISK,
AND THEY CAN JUMP UP AND DOWN,
AND YOU CAN SEE THERE ARE
LOW STAIRS, BIG
ONES, SMALL ONES...

Mikael says AND IT TESTS THEIR ABILITIES,
IT TESTS THEIR MOTOR SKILLS,
AND THEIR RISK ASSESSMENT.
LIKE, "OKAY, I'VE GOT
TO NAVIGATE HERE."
THROUGH PPCC, NEARLY
50 PARKS IN TAIPEI,
AND ANOTHER 50 OR SO
IN NEW TAIPEI CITY,
THE MUNICIPALITY SURROUNDING
TAIPEI, WERE EITHER RESTORED
OR BUILT WITH FAMILY
PARTICIPATION.
AND WHILE THEY'RE FANTASTIC
SPACES, THEY'RE NONETHELESS
CONFINED TO A SPECIFIC,
DESIGNATED AREA.
AFTER HELPING THE KIDS
RECLAIM THE PARKS,
THE "ANGRY MOTHERS" DECIDED IT
WAS ALSO TIME FOR CHILDREN
TO RECLAIM THE STREETS
OF THEIR NEIGHBOURHOODS.
THAT'S HOW STREET PLAY
EVENTS WERE BORN.

Christine says THIS IS ACTUALLY THE FREE
PLAY OF CARDBOARDS,
FOR THEM TO BUILD
THEIR OWN STUFF.

Children hide and play in cardboards.

Mikael says A MINI VERSION OF THE
LIFE-SIZED CITY, RIGHT?

Christine says YES!

Mikael says THAT'S SO COOL; THEY BUILD
HOUSES AND STREETS,
IN A WAY, RIGHT?

Christine says YES!

Mikael says THERE'S LIKE, NO LIMITS
THERE, THAT'S JUST EVERYBODY
GET IT - WHAT IS IT?
IS IT JUST PAINT?

Christine says YEAH.

Mikael says I'M SURE THAT THE PAINT
THAT WAS SELECTED
WAS EASY TO WASH OUT, RIGHT?

Christine says WELL, THE GOVERNMENT WANTS IT TO
BE WASHABLE AS WELL, BECAUSE
WE NEED TO MAKE IT CLEAN, AND
GIVE IT BACK TO THE COMMUNITY.

Mikael says RIGHT, OF COURSE, YEAH.
GETTING THE PERMISSION TO
CLOSE DOWN THIS STREET
WAS THAT EASY?

Christine says IT WAS TERRIBLY HARD FOR
US, AT THE BEGINNING.
THIS IS THE THIRD ONE. IN
THE SECOND ONE, WE ACTUALLY
MADE IT A POLICY. NOW
YOU CAN ACTUALLY TALK
TO THE GOVERNMENT, FILL
IN SOME FORMS,
AND GET THE STREET CLOSED
FOR CHILDREN, TO PLAY.

Mikael says THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
TEACHERS CAN...

[laughter]
Mikael joins the kids playing in the street.

Mikael says TRYING TO REMEMBER YOUR
QUESTION NOW, BECAUSE
THERE'S STUFF GOING ON
ALL OVER THE PLACE,
AND YOU WANT TO
PLAY, BASICALLY.

Christine says THE ELDER CITIZENS ARE HERE, AND
THE YOUNGEST CITIZENS ARE HERE,
AND THEY CAN PLAY WITH EACH
OTHER. PLAY IS THE ELEMENT
FOR PEOPLE TO CONNECT WITH EACH
OTHER FREELY AND HAPPILY.

Mikael says THERE ARE COUNTLESS TOOLS
THAT WE CAN USE TO MAKE
OUR CITIES BETTER. THERE ARE
BRILLIANT MINDS TO WORK WITH -
LIKE KIDS - BUT, MAN, DON'T
MESS WITH THE GREATEST FORCE
IN THE LAST CENTURY OF
URBANISM: ANGRY MOTHERS.
OK, GO!

Mikael joins mothers wearing yellow jackets.

They all say ONE, TWO, THREE.
LET'S TOUR THE STREETS OF TAIWAN!
(cheering)

Next, Mikael says THIS IS THE QUIETEST
METRO SYSTEM
I'VE EVER BEEN ON
IN MY ENTIRE LIFE.
LISTEN TO THAT!

As he goes down an escalator, a crowd quietly gets out of a train.

Mikael says WHEN I LIVED HERE IN 1993,
THIS CITY WAS A CLICHÉD
WITCH'S CAULDRON OF INSANE
TRAFFIC AND CONGESTION.
THAT IS THE BIGGEST CHANGE I'VE
SEEN ON THIS TRIP HERE.
IN 1996, TAIPEI OPENED
ITS FIRST METRO LINE.
TODAY, THERE ARE TWO MILLION
PASSENGER TRIPS PER DAY.
AS A RESULT, CAR
TRAFFIC HAS DROPPED
FROM 24 percent IN 2000
TO 14 percent IN 2010.
THE CITY IS ALSO CONTINUING;
THE RED LINE IS BEING EXPANDED.
TAIPEI CLEARLY SEES
THE ADVANTAGES OF PUTTING
MONEY INTO PUBLIC TRANSPORT.
BUT SCOOTERS IN THIS CITY
STILL OUT-COMPETE ALL OTHER
FORMS OF TRANSPORT
AND TACKLING THAT
IS THE BIGGEST CHALLENGE
THAT TAIPEI FACES.

Now, he walks down the street.

He says SO THIS CITY IS SCOOTER CHAOS
AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT HEAVEN,
BUT RIGHT THERE IN THE
MIDDLE IS THE MISSING LINK:
THE BICYCLE AS TRANSPORT.
YOU LOOK AT THESE BIKE RACKS
AND YOU THINK,
"YEAH, WOW, THIS IS A
CITY THAT RIDES BIKES.
THEY HAVEN'T FORGOTTEN
THE BICYCLE AS TRANSPORT.
BUT YOU DON'T REALLY FEEL
LIKE THIS IS A BICYCLE CITY;
THERE'S NOT A LOT OF
DEDICATED INFRASTRUCTURE.
I WANT TO FIND OUT THE STATE
OF THE BICYCLE NATION
HERE IN TAIPEI.
PASSIONATE CYCLIST,
AND CO-FOUNDER
OF RIKULAU INTERNATIONAL,
ONE OF THE LEADING
BIKE BRANDS IN ASIA,
CHENG-NON HSU'S WORK
FOCUSES ON MAKING TAIPEI A MORE
ENVIRONMENTALLY-FRIENDLY CITY
WITH BIKES AS TRANSPORT.

The caption changes to "Cheng-Nou Hsu. President Formosa Lohas Cycling Association."

Mikael says WHY ARE THERE SO MANY
BIKES PARKED HERE?
WHAT IS THIS STATION SERVING?

Cheng is in his forties, clean-shaven. He wears a blue cap, glasses and a yellow T-shirt.

Cheng says IT'S NATIONAL TAIWAN
UNIVERSITY,
AND THERE ARE 30,000
STUDENTS HERE,
SO THEY COME IN AND
OUT, IN AND OUT.
THERE'S A BIG DEMAND
FOR BICYCLES HERE.

Mikael says TELL ME ABOUT THE YOUBIKE
SYSTEM, BECAUSE I UNDERSTAND
IT'S QUITE A POPULAR ONE; IT'S
WELL USED, VERY SUCCESSFUL.

Cheng says VERY WELL USED,
VERY SUCCESSFUL.
THE TURNOVER RATE IS
ABOUT 10 TIMES A DAY.

Mikael says PER BIKE?

Cheng says PER BIKE.

Mikael says JUST FOR CONTEXT, A BIKE
BEING USED FIVE TIMES PER DAY
IS CONSIDERED A REALLY BIG
SUCCESS IN A BIKE-SHARE SYSTEM,
SO TEN TIMES A DAY - THAT'S...
I DON'T THINK I'VE EVER HEARD
OF ANOTHER CITY IN THE
WORLD WHERE IT'S THAT HIGH.

Cheng says IN MY OPINION, IT'S
ALL ABOUT THE CONVENIENCE.
WE HAVE A VERY WIDESPREAD
METRO SYSTEM, AND WE HAVE LIKE
TWO OR THREE HUNDRED YOUBIKE
STATIONS IN THE CITY.
ON AVERAGE, EVERY
400 OR 500 METRES,
YOU HAVE A STATION.
SO IT BECOMES VERY, VERY
CONVENIENT.
YOU DON'T NEED A BIKE OF YOUR
OWN. YOU JUST RENT ONE.

Mikael says RIDING ON THE SIDEWALKS, RIGHT?

Cheng says YEAH.

Mikael says THIS IS A VERY ASIAN THING.

They talk as they ride a bike.

Cheng says YEAH, WE LEARNED
SOME FROM TOKYO.
PERSONALLY, I DON'T LIKE IT,
BECAUSE IT'S TOO NARROW.

Mikael says YEAH.
BUT I MEAN, FOR ME, IT'S
NOT THE WAY FORWARD.
I MEAN, THIS IS GOOD HERE,
RIGHT?
WE'RE SEPARATED FROM THE
PEDESTRIANS AND FROM THE ROAD.
NOW WE'RE KIND OF JUST OUT
WITH THE SHARKS HERE.

Cheng says WIDE RIGHT!

Mikael says BUT YOU AND I, WE CAN
RIDE HERE, RIGHT?
WE CAN RIDE ON THE ROAD. BUT
MOST PEOPLE DON'T WANT TO.
THEY DON'T FEEL SAFE, YOU KNOW?
AND THAT'S REALLY THE KEY
WITH INFRASTRUCTURE:
YOU'VE GOT TO MAKE
PEOPLE FEEL SAFE.

Cheng says YOU RARELY SEE KIDS
RIDING ON THE ROADS,
HERE IN TAIPEI, BECAUSE
PARENTS WON'T ALLOW IT.

Mikael says THAT'S MY INDICATOR OF
A BICYCLE-FRIENDLY CITY.
WOULD I RIDE WITH MY KIDS
IN MOST CITIES IN THE WORLD?
NO. IF I CAME HERE WITH MY KIDS,
WE'D BE TAKING THE METRO.
AH!

Cheng says SEE THE GREEN LANE HERE?

Mikael says THIS IS A DIFFERENT WORLD, HUH?

Cheng says YEAH.

Mikael says ALSO, THE SOUND, RIGHT? IT'S
SUPER QUIET ALL OF A SUDDEN.
I LOVE THIS.
HOW DO YOU IDENTIFY
WHAT TAIPEI NEEDS
TO MAKE IT MORE
BICYCLE-FRIENDLY?

Cheng says WELL, WE NEED TO PUT
MORE PEOPLE ON BICYCLES.
THE INFRASTRUCTURE ITSELF:
THE BICYCLE LANES,
THE SIGNS WITH WRITING COMPARED
TO OTHER MOTORIZED VEHICLES;
AND ALSO, WE NEED TO
GET PEOPLE AWAY FROM
CARS AND MOTORCYCLES.
BUT I THINK INFRASTRUCTURE,
LIKE BICYCLE PATHS,
WE NEED TO INCREASE A LOT MORE.

Mikael says FIVE NIGHTS A WEEK,
ACROSS TAIPEI,
THE MUSIC OF BEETHOVEN'S
CLASSIC FUR ELISE
SIGNALS THE START OF
A CITY-WIDE ROUTINE.
THE SOURCE OF THIS DOMESTIC
MUSICAL INTERLUDE?
GARBAGE TRUCKS.
YEAH, YOU HEARD ME.
ISLAND BACK IN THE 90S;
NOW IT'S THE INTERNATIONAL
POSTERCHILD FOR RECYCLING.
BUT IN ORDER TO MAKE
ALL THIS WORK,
YOU HAVE TO MAKE
WASTE COLLECTION
CONVENIENT FOR THE PEOPLE.

An animated bar graph compares incineration, landfill and recycling across years.

Mikael says AND HERE, CONVENIENCE MEANS
MORE THAN 4,000 PICKUP
LOCATIONS WITH MOBILE APPS
THAT ALERT USERS TO
NEARBY PICKUP SPOTS.
AND WHILE RECYCLING IS GOOD,
UPCYCLING IS EVEN BETTER.
HAVEN'T HEARD THAT TERM BEFORE?
WELL, THE GIST OF IT IS ROOTED
IN THE AGE-OLD CONCEPT
OF TURNING SOMETHING OLD
INTO SOMETHING NEW.
AND THIS MAN RIGHT
HERE IS TAKING IT
TO A WHOLE NEW LEVEL...
ARTHUR HUANG HOLDS
A MASTER'S DEGREE
IN ARCHITECTURE FROM HARVARD,
WHERE HE SPECIALIZED
IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
AND RENEWABLE ENERGY.
A COMPANY THAT DEVELOPS
AND SELLS MATERIALS THAT ARE
100 percent RECYCLED FROM WASTE.

The caption changes to "Arthur Huang. Founder and CEO Miniwiz." Arthur is in his early thirties, with a goatee and short hair. He wears a hat, a gray shirt and dark trousers.

Arthur points to a building and says THE EXTERIOR IS MADE
FROM PET BOTTLES;
THE FENESTRATION IS MADE FROM
RECYCLED PCS, FROM WASTE;
AND ALL THE BONES
OF THE STRUCTURE
ARE MADE FROM WHAT WE CALL
RECYCLED STEEL FORMWORK,
FROM HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION.
I MEAN, YOU CAN CALL IT
A LITERAL PIECE OF TRASH,
BUT I ALSO THINK OF MISPLACED
RESOURCES, THAT'S ALL.

Mikael says BUILT AS AN EXHIBITION HALL
DURING THE 2010
TAIPEI INTERNATIONAL
FLORA EXPO,
THE ECOARK IS ONE
IMPRESSIVE WORK.
MADE FROM 1.5 MILLION
RECYCLED PLASTIC BOTTLES,
THIS MASSIVE PAVILION
IS EVEN STRONG ENOUGH
TO WITHSTAND THE
FORCES OF NATURE
INCLUDING FIRE,
EARTHQUAKES, AND TYPHOONS.
THE USE OF RECYCLED
PLASTIC BOTTLES
ISN'T THE ONLY ECO-FRIENDLY
FEATURE OF THE ECOARK:
THE PAVILION WAS BUILT WITH
LOW-CARBON BUILDING TECHNIQUES
TO MAINTAIN A ZERO-CARBON
FOOTPRINT DURING OPERATION.
AND WITH ITS NATURAL
VENTILATION, THE BUILDING
STAYS COOL WITHOUT THE NEED
FOR AIR CONDITIONING.
TO KEEP TEMPERATURES LOW.
THE POLLI-BRICKS ALSO PROVIDE
INSULATION FROM HEAT,
AND THEIR TRANSPARENCY ALLOWS
NATURAL LIGHT TO ENTER
DURING THE DAY.
OH, AND DID I MENTION
THAT SOLAR AND WIND-POWERED
SYSTEMS POWER THE 40,000 LEDS
THAT LIGHT THE
BUILDING UP AT NIGHT?
SO, CALLING THIS
PLACE "ECO-FRIENDLY."
IS REALLY AN UNDERSTATEMENT.
THIS BUILDING IS THE FUTURE OF
URBAN DESIGN AND ARCHITECTURE.

Mikael and Arthur visit the pavilion.

Arthur says THE WHOLE IDEA IS THAT THE
WHOLE THING CAN BE RECYCLED.
I JUST UNDO THIS SCREW, TAKE
OUT THE PANEL AND I CAN
TAKE ALL THIS. EVERY
COMPONENT IS REDUCED
BACK TO ITS SINGLE MATERIAL,
WITHOUT GLUING THEM TOGETHER.

Mikael says SO WHAT'S THE BUILDING
USED FOR NOW?
STILL EXHIBITIONS, RIGHT?

Arthur says YES, ART EXHIBITIONS.

Mikael says ART EXHIBITIONS, OKAY.

Arthur says IT'S NOT A FINE-ART TYPE.
IT'S DEFINITELY DESIGNED
FOR MASS, PUBLIC ART,
PERFORMING ARTS.

Mikael says WHAT WOULD IT COST
TO BUILD THIS?

Arthur says IT WAS ACTUALLY THREE
MILLION US DOLLARS
TO BEGIN WITH, AND THEY KIND
OF SQUEEZED IN A LITTLE
HERE AND THERE TO PUSH
THE BUDGET TO FOUR.
THERE'S A SIMILAR-SIZED
BUILDING RIGHT ACROSS
THE STREET, JUST DOWN
A COUPLE BLOCKS,
CONSTRUCTED AT THE SAME TIME,
UNDER THE GOVERNMENT'S
TRADITIONAL BUDGET. THAT
BUILDING IS 40 MILLION.
ALL THESE PEOPLE WASTING
STUFF, IT'S JUST COMPLETELY
RIDICULOUS. FROM FAST FASHION TO
ALL THE DISPOSABLE THROWAWAYS,
THIS IS ONE OF THE BIGGEST
WASTES OF OUR MODERN RESOURCES,
TECHNOLOGY AND CULTURE.
SO HOW DO YOU MAKE THAT
INTO SOMETHING THAT'S
CONSTANTLY REUSABLE, TO BECOME
A VALUABLE RESOURCE FOR US
TO BUILD SOMETHING ELSE
IN THE FUTURE? RIGHT NOW,
WE ARE TAKING THE TECHNOLOGY
WE HAVE ACCUMULATED AND
WE'RE TURNING IT INTO ROBOTS,
PORTABLE ROBOTIC MACHINES,
AND WE'RE ACTUALLY
BRINGING THESE MACHINES TO
WHERE THE TRASH IS HAPPENING.

Mikael says THE TRASH-PRESSO MACHINE
THEY'VE DEVELOPED
IS THE ULTIMATE EXPRESSION
OF SUSTAINABLE UPCYCLING.
IT'S A PORTABLE, SOLID-WASTE
RECYCLING UNIT THAT
CAN TURN 50KG OF PLASTIC
BOTTLES AN HOUR
INTO LOW-COST BUILDING
MATERIAL FOR HOMES.
FROM PLASTIC BOTTLES TO FLOOR
TILES IN UNDER 60 MINUTES.
AND THE CHERRY ON TOP?
IT'S SOLAR POWERED.

Mikael says WHAT'S YOUR BEST
SCENARIO FOR WHERE
YOU CAN GO WITH THIS?

Arthur says THE BEST SCENARIO IS TO MAKE
TRASH INTO A CURRENCY.
THE MORE VALUABLE
THE TRANSFORMATION IS,
THE MORE VALUABLE THE
TRASH IS. THEN NOBODY
WILL THROW AWAY TRASH.
AND THEN YOU DON'T SHIP
TRASH TO A THIRD-WORLD
COUNTRY ANYMORE.
AND HENCE YOU REDUCE
THE CARBON FOOTPRINT.
I FEEL LIKE THIS WILL BENEFIT
THE PEOPLE WORKING WITH US
AND ALSO BENEFIT
OURSELVES,
AS A GROUP OF
He air quotes CONCERNED
He continues CITIZENS.

Mikael says I'VE HAD AN IDEA FOR
A WHILE THAT I WANTED
TO GET A MONITORING SYSTEM TO
MEASURE THE POLLUTION PARTICLES
IN ALL THE CITIES THAT WE TRAVEL
TO WITH
THE LIFE-SIZED CITY.
BUT THE GREAT THING
ABOUT THIS SHOW IS,
I'VE GOT A GUY FOR THAT.
WITH THE HELP OF AN ONLINE
COMMUNITY OF PASSIONATE
CITIZENS, COMPUTER SCIENTIST
DR. LING-JYH CHEN DEVELOPED
A LOW-COST, PORTABLE DEVICE
THAT MONITORS AIR POLLUTION,
SPECIFICALLY FINE PARTICLES,
REFERRED TO AS PM 2.5.
IT'S CALLED AN AIRBOX.

Ling is in his early forties, clean-shaven with short black hair. He wears glasses, a pale shirt and gray trousers.

At a street corner, Ling says WE HAVE A PM 2.5 CENSOR INSIDE,
AND WE ALSO HAVE
WI-FI CONNECTIVITY,
SO FOR EXAMPLE RIGHT NOW
I CONNECT TO MY WI-FI ROUTER,
A 4G ROUTER, AND SEND DATA
THROUGH THE INTERNET.
AND FROM THE
INTERNET, WE CAN USE
A SMARTPHONE APP OR A
WEBSITE OR WEB BROWSER
TO FIGURE OUT WHAT'S THE
CURRENT, REAL-TIME AIR QUALITY.

Mikael says IN ORDER TO TEST THE DEVICE,
LING-JYH SET IT UP CLOSE
TO WHAT IS KNOWN AS "SCOOTER
WATERFALL": A RAMP IN TAIPEI
THE USE OF, WELL, SCOOTERS.
THE RIDERS HERE ARE COMMUTING
FROM NEW TAIPEI CITY.
EVERY CITY HAS TOURIST
ATTRACTIONS, RIGHT?
THE THINGS YOU'VE GOT TO
SEE IN A CERTAIN CITY.
SINCE WE'VE BEEN
HERE THIS MORNING,
THERE ARE SO MANY
PEOPLE COMING HERE -
LIKE TOURISTS TAKING PHOTOS
OF THE FAMOUS, INFAMOUS
SCOOTER WATERFALL. IT HASN'T
STOPPED FOR THE PAST
40 MINUTES; IT'S WHAT YOU
SEE THERE, NON-STOP.

A counter adds up to "12.463."

He continues ROUGHLY 13,000 SCOOTERS
CROSS TAIPEI BRIDGE DURING
RUSH HOUR FROM SEVEN TO
NINE AM, EVERY SINGLE DAY.
THERE'S NO DOUBT THAT PM 2.5
LEVELS IN THIS AREA ARE OFTEN
WAY HIGHER THAN ACCEPTABLE
HEALTH STANDARDS.
OKAY, SO IT LOOKS LIKE WE
GOT SOME READINGS HERE.

He looks at a cell phone Ling is holding.

Mikael says ALREADY, RIGHT THERE,
IT DOESN'T LOOK GOOD.
LET'S GET BACK TO THE
BASICS HERE FOR A MINUTE,
STARTING WITH THIS WHOLE
"FINE PARTICLES" THING.
IN A NUTSHELL, FINE
PARTICULATE MATTER
IS THE NAME FOR A
RANGE OF PARTICLES
THAT ARE LESS THAN 2.5
MICRONS IN DIAMETRE.
THAT'S WHY IT IS
REFERRED TO AS PM 2.5.
THESE PARTICLES ARE ABOUT
30 TIMES SMALLER
THAN A SINGLE STRAND
OF HUMAN HAIR.
THEY POSE A HEALTH THREAT
BECAUSE THEY'RE BASICALLY
INVISIBLE, AND CAN TRAVEL
DEEP INTO THE LUNGS.
IN MOST CITIES, THESE
PARTICLES COME FROM
THE FUEL COMBUSTION OF
MOTORIZED VEHICLES.
AND IF YOU LOOK AROUND TAIPEI,
THERE'S CLEARLY NO SHORTAGE
OF MOTORIZED VEHICLES.

Now, they sit on a bench looking at a tablet.

Ling says TAIPEI HAS REACHED ABOUT
37 OR 39 MICRONS
PER CUBIC METRE,
SO ACTUALLY IT'S ALREADY
NOT HEALTHY FOR PEOPLE,
IF THEY STAY THERE TOO LONG.

Mikael says WHAT IS THE ACCEPTABLE LIMIT?

Ling says 30 OR 25.

An animated table reads "Outdoor air quality policy. 1-15: very good. 16-35: good. 36-74: unhealthy. 75-149: very unhealthy. More than 150: hazardous."

Ling says THIS IS THE OTHER AIR
BOX, NEAR THE BRIDGE.
THERE'S AN ELEMENTARY
SCHOOL NEXT TO THE STREET.
IT GOES UP TO ABOUT 36.

Mikael says AT THE SCHOOL NEAR
THE SCOOTER WATERFALL,
THEY CAN ALREADY MEASURE
THAT IT'S UNHEALTHY?

Ling says YEAH.

Mikael says MAJOR TECH COMPANIES LIKE
REALTEK AND ASUSS COLLABORATED
TO DONATE AN AIRBOX TO MOST
ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS
AND HIGH SCHOOLS ACROSS TAIPEI.
THAT'S ALMOST 200 SCHOOLS
IN THE CITY ALONE.
THE OBJECTIVE IS TO
INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS
ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES.
THE DEVICE CAN BE USED
TO MEASURE TEMPERATURE,
AS WELL AS HUMIDITY AND,
OF COURSE, PM 2.5 LEVELS,
AFTER WHICH THE DATA CAN BE
UPLOADED
TO A CLOUD PLATFORM
AND WEBSITE.
PARENTS AND CHILDREN CAN
THEN ACCESS THE CITY'S
ENVIRONMENTAL DATA THROUGH THE
INTERNET OR SMARTPHONE APP.
THE HARDWARE, THE SOFTWARE
AND THE DATA IS OPEN-SOURCE,
WHICH MEANS THE DEVICE
CAN BE BUILT BY ANYONE
WITH BASIC TECH SKILLS.
SO, WHILE THEY MIGHT NEED
INSTRUCTIONS, MY KIDS COULD
BUILD ONE IN A HEARTBEAT.

A male professor teaches children how to design the device in a modern classroom.

He continues AND WITH THESE INSTRUCTIONS AND
COMPONENTS AVAILABLE ONLINE,
THERE ARE NOW WELL OVER 10,000
SUCH DEVICES WORLDWIDE.

Ling says BEFORE THEN, WE WERE ALREADY
USED TO AIR QUALITY, BUT NOW WE
KNOW THE REAL VALUES BEHIND THE
AIR QUALITY IN OUR ENVIRONMENTS.
I THINK THE NEXT STEP IS WE
REALLY NEED TO WORK TOGETHER
TO IMPROVE AIR QUALITY
ENVIRONMENTS.
THEN THE GOVERNMENT WILL
START TO LOOK AT THE DATA
TO FIND PATTERNS FROM
THE MEASUREMENTS
AND TO KNOW WHAT HAPPENS
IN THOSE AREAS,
AND HOW TO CHANGE SOMETHING
TO IMPROVE THE AIR QUALITY.

Mikael says YOU SIMPLY CAN'T
NAVIGATE THE MODERN WORLD
WITHOUT COMING ACROSS DATA.
WHEN MISUSED, OR WITHHELD,
IT CAN BE OPPRESSIVE,
BUT WHEN USED CORRECTLY
AND SHARED WIDELY, IT
CAN BE A POWERFUL TOOL
ESPECIALLY WHEN PLACED IN
THE HANDS OF THE CITIZENS.
I'M GOING TO MEET SOME PEOPLE
HERE IN TAIPEI WHO BELIEVE THAT
THE ROAD TO TRANSPARENCY
SHOULD BE PAVED WITH DATA.
G0V, THAT'S G-0-V,
IS A TECH COMMUNITY
FORMED IN 2012,
THANKS TO A HANDFUL OF
PROGRAMMING GENIUSES
WHO WERE EXASPERATED BY
THE TOP-DOWN APPROACH
TO POLITICAL DISCOURSE.

A group of young people pose for the camera in a building. The caption changes to "GOV Contributors: Chihhao Yu, Ronny Wang, Chia Liong Kao, Bess Lee, Daisuke Chen, Ipa Chiu, Isabel Hou, Pomin Wu."

Mikael continues TODAY, THERE ARE
OVER 5,000 CITIZENS
EAGER TO PARTICIPATE
IN TAIWAN'S GROWTH
AND GOVERNANCE, SO G0V
ADVOCATES FOR TRANSPARENCY
THROUGH TECHNOLOGY.
THIS COMMUNITY EMBODIES
THE THIRST FOR DEMOCRACY
THAT PROPELLED THE SUNFLOWER
STUDENT MOVEMENT IN 2014.
TAIWANESE YOUTH ARE LEADING A
NEW WAVE OF DIGITAL, POLITICAL
ACTION, AND GROUPS LIKE G0V
IN TAIPEI ARE AT THE HELM.

Mikael sits at a large table with the group.

Mikael says WHAT IS YOUR ROLE AS
A COMMUNITY?

In his late twenties, Pomin says I THINK WE STARTED BY
BEING THE PROTESTOR.
THAT'S WHY WE CALLED OURSELVES
"GOV ZERO" FROM THE START,
BECAUSE WE'RE TRYING TO
REBUILD THE GOVERNMENT
SERVICE FROM ZERO.

Mikael says HOW DO YOU DESCRIBE
YOUR CORE PHILOSOPHY?

Pomin says WE BELIEVE IN OPEN-SOURCE
AND OPEN-CULTURE;
WE BELIEVE IN ACTIVISM, WHICH
IS BY DOING THINGS FIRST,
INSTEAD OF WAITING FOR A
PERFECT TIME TO COME;
AND WE BELIEVE IN
SOCIALLY-AWARE ACTIONS.
WE WANT TO BE CITIZENS THAT
CHANGE THE SOCIETY.

In her thirties, Isabel says WE PROMOTE COLLABORATIONS
AMONG THE CITIZENS.
WE LIKE TO DO THINGS TOGETHER,
AND WE WANT TO
SHARE OUR RESULTS
SO THAT MORE PEOPLE CAN
JOIN OUR ACTIONS, EASILY.

In his late thirties with a short ponytail, Chia says IT'S A VERY DOER CULTURE.
WE WANT PEOPLE TO BITE-SIZE
THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS.
YOU CAN COME IN EVERY
TWO MONTHS FOR A DAY,
CONTRIBUTE SOMETHING, AND THEN
BECAUSE IT'S OPEN-SOURCE,
IT CAN BE PICKED UP
BY SOMEBODY ELSE,
AND AT SIMILAR INITIATIVES
AROUND THE WORLD AS WELL.

Mikael says SINCE ITS CREATION, G0V
HAS WORKED ON MORE THAN
ONE HUNDRED PROJECTS
AIMED AT DEMOCRATIZING
AND POPULARIZING PUBLIC POLICY.
THESE INCLUDE MAKING
THE ELECTORAL PROCESS
MORE TRANSPARENT,
TACKLING CONCRETE URBAN
ISSUES, SUCH AS THE MAPPING
OF VACANT PUBLIC SPACES
THAT COULD BE REPURPOSED,
ANALYZING POLLUTION
LEVELS, AND MAKING
THE MUNICIPAL COMPLAINT
POLICY MORE EFFICIENT.
ALL PROJECTS ARE OPEN SOURCE
AND BUILT BY CITIZENS,
IN THE NAME OF TRANSPARENCY
AND COLLABORATION.
AND, OF COURSE,
THE PUBLIC GOOD.
IT'S CLEAR TO ME THAT
THE CITIZENS OF TAIPEI
WANT TO PARTICIPATE IN URBAN
PLANNING INSTEAD OF MERELY
ACCEPTING THE DECISIONS
MADE AT THE TOP.
HERE, ACTIVISM AND
LOCALISM GO HAND IN HAND.
IN 2014, THE CITY OF TAIPEI
LAUNCHED AN EXPERIMENTAL
LIVING SPACE PROJECT
CALLED OPEN GREEN.

Fast clips show a wide range of plants and flower pots in public places.

He continues THE PROJECT INVITES
RESIDENTS AND COMMUNITIES
TO TAKE PART IN THE CREATIVE
IMPROVEMENT PROCESS.
THE PHILOSOPHY IS SIMPLE:
EVEN THE SMALLEST INTERVENTION
CAN HAVE A SIGNIFICANT IMPACT
ON A COMMUNITY'S
SENSE OF SPACE.
THEIR PROJECTS INCLUDE
GREENING ALLEYWAYS,
TURNING AN ABANDONED BUILDING
INTO A NEW NEIGHBOURHOOD HUB,
AND FLIPPING VACANT LAND
INTO A COMMUNITY GARDEN.
CITIZENS CAN APPLY TO
RECEIVE MUNICIPAL FUNDING
AND PROFESSIONAL ADVICE TO HELP
THEM CARRY OUT THEIR PROJECTS.
THIS HERE IS A MUNICIPALITY
THAT ACTUALLY PAYS ATTENTION
TO THE NEEDS OF ITS CITIZENS.
PERHAPS LIFE-SIZED
DREAMS DO COME TRUE.

(relaxing music plays)
Pei-Y is in her early thirties, with long brown hair. She wears a light purple oversized sweater over black trousers.

Pei-Y says THIS IS MINGXING COMMUNITY
TAI CHI ACTIVITY
THAT'S LOCATED IN
A COMMUNITY CENTRE.
THIS IS ONE OF THE
OPEN GREEN PROJECTS
SUPPORTED FOR THE
MINGXING COMMUNITY.
THIS WAS A VACANT SPACE.

Mikael says OH, RIGHT, OKAY.

The caption changes to "Pei-Y Shih. Architect and consultant for Open Green."

Pei-Y says THE COMMUNITY CAME TO THIS SPACE
AND TRIED TO RENOVATE IT.

Mikael says PEI YIN FACILITATES THE
CONNECTION BETWEEN PEOPLE
IN THE DIFFERENT COMMUNITIES
AND THE
OPEN GREEN
PROJECT.

Pei-Y says WE WERE ENTERING INTO
THE MOUNTAIN, AND THE VOLUNTEERS
WANTED TO BUILD A TRAIL, AND
THAT TRAIL IS HAND-MADE.

Mikael pulls rope to help a neighbor carry a wheelbarrow into a hill.

Mikael says THE MINGXING COMMUNITY IS
LOCATED SOUTH OF TAIPEI,
IN THE WENSHAN DISTRICT, ON
THE EDGE OF A MOUNTAINSIDE.
THE SMALL WOODLOT THAT LINES
THE COMMUNITY,
FORMERLY A PIG FARM,
HAD BEEN ABANDONED
AND QUICKLY BEGAN TO DECAY.
UNUSED AND CONVERTED
INTO A DUMP,
IT WAS AN IDEAL PLACE FOR
AN OPEN GREEN PROJECT.
GUIDED BY MR. WOO AND A FEW
VOLUNTEERS,
IT WAS CLEANED UP
AND REPURPOSED.
A CONCRETE PATH WAS REMOVED,
ALLOWING RAIN WATER TO
PLAY ITS ROLE.
FIREFLIES HAVE NOW RETURNED
TO LAY THEIR EGGS
AND LIGHT UP IN
THE WENSHAN NIGHT
IN A GESTURE OF
URBAN SOLIDARITY.

The caption changes to "Simon Wu. Head of Volunteers." He is in his forties, clean-shaven with receding hair. He wears a gray T-shirt.

Simon speaks Mandarin. Subtitles read "The biggest support we get from Open Green is their consulting team. They give us professional advice and we have many volunteers in the community. With the advice and volunteers combined, great work has been done here."

Mikael says IS THERE A RISK THAT THIS
WHOLE BEAUTIFUL MOUNTAIN
WILL BE DEVELOPED?

Simon says WE ARE ALSO CONCERNED
ABOUT THIS.
AT THE MOMENT, WITH OUR EFFORTS,
WE FOUND ELEVEN PROTECTED SPECIES
IN THE AREA.
SECONDLY, THIS IS A RESTRICTED MOUNTAIN AREA,
SO IT WOULD BE QUITE DIFFICULT
TO DEVELOP.
WE INTEND TO DISCOVER
MORE PROTECTED SPECIES
IN ORDER TO MINIMIZE
THE CHANCE FOR HIS AREA
TO BE DEVELOPED.
WE ALSO WANT THE LOCAL
RESIDENTS TO LEARN
ABOUT THIS PRECIOUS SPACE,
SO THEY CAN UNDERSTAND THAT
THEY ARE LIVING IN A PLACE
WITH GREAT AIR, CLEAN WATER
AND HEALTHY SOIL.

Mikael says FROM THE SMALL PROJECTS
IN DIFFERENT COMMUNITIES
ALL AROUND TAIPEI TO THE BIG
ONES IN THE DOWNTOWN CORE,
THE TENSION BETWEEN
PRESERVATION AND
LARGE-SCALE DEVELOPMENT
IS A REAL ISSUE HERE.
HI, MIN JAY!

Now, Mikael meets Min on the street. Min is in his late forties, clean-shaven with graying hair. He wears black-rimmed glasses and a gray T-shirt.

Min says HELLO, MIKAEL!

Mikael says HEY, NICE TO SEE YOU.

Min says THIS IS A MEMORIAL ARCH. THE
FIRST LINE ABOVE THERE SAYS,
"XINGTIAN TEMPLE OF MANKA,"
AND THE SECOND LINE,
"THE FIRST STREET OF TAIPEI."

Mikael says THE FIRST STREET OF TAIPEI?

Min says YEAH, THIS IS THE FIRST
COMMERCIAL STREET
OF THE CITY OF TAIPEI. THIS
IS WHERE TAIPEI BEGAN.

Mikael says PROFESSOR MIN JAY KANG
TEACHES URBANISM AT NATIONAL
TAIWAN UNIVERSITY, FOCUSING
ON URBAN DEVELOPMENT POLICIES,
CULTURAL PRESERVATION
AND CO-DESIGN.
I MEET HIM ON GUI-YANG STREET,
THE PERFECT ILLUSTRATION
OF THE MANY HISTORICAL
AND ARCHITECTURAL LAYERS
THAT HAVE MADE TAIPEI
WHAT IT IS TODAY.

Min says THERE IS A LINE OF OLD
BUILDINGS THAT WAS BUILT
AROUND 1912, SO THEY
SURVIVED UNTIL NOW,
BUT GRADUALLY YOU CAN SEE
THE HIGH-RISES BEHIND IT.
IF YOU'RE LOOKING AT A SINGLE
BLOCK, IT'S VERY DIFFICULT
FOR ALL THE OWNERS TO
AGREE ON A CERTAIN DEAL,
AND TO TEAR DOWN EVERYTHING
FOR A SINGLE PROJECT.
LIKE IN SHANGHAI OR
IN HONG KONG,
IT'S VERY EASY TO
ERASE EVERYTHING
AND TO MAKE A HUMONGOUS
URBAN RENEWAL PROJECT,
BUT BECAUSE THIS IS A
MORE DEMOCRATIC CITY,
PEOPLE NEED TO PARTICIPATE
IN THIS PROCESS,
AND THEY NEED TO NEGOTIATE
MORE WITH THE GOVERNMENT
OR THE DEVELOPERS.
IT LOOKS A LOT,
WELL, KIND OF CHAOTIC,
BUT LIKE A LAYERED CITY.
YOU'RE LOOKING AT A MORE
DIVERSE SPECTRUM
OF HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT.
WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT
HISTORICAL LAYERS, FOR ME,
IT'S NOT ONLY THE PHYSICAL,
PEOPLE ARE STILL LIVING HERE.
IT'S NOT A MUSEUM. SO WHEN
WE LOOK AT THE SHOPS,
WE LOOK AT THE EVERYDAY LIFE,
WE LOOK AT THE PUBLIC LIFE
OF THE STREET, IT'S
STILL VIBRANT.
AND FOR ME, IT'S
VERY AUTHENTIC.

Mikael says THERE ARE THESE LAYERS OF
ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY,
OF TYPOLOGY OF BUILDINGS
FROM THE PAST 140 YEARS.
WHAT ABOUT TRYING TO FIGURE
OUT A WAY TO GO NOW?
I MEAN, THERE IS AN URBAN
DESIGN GUIDE OR A POLICY
FROM THE CITY OF TAIPEI.
TELL ME ABOUT THAT.

Min says WE FINALLY ESTABLISHED AN
URBAN DESIGN COMMITTEE
MORE THAN A DECADE AGO. FOR
LARGE-SCALE DEVELOPMENT,
OR DEVELOPMENT IN
THE HISTORICAL AREA,
THEY NEED TO GO THROUGH
THE URBAN DESIGN COMMITTEE
FOR CERTAIN DEVELOPMENT
GUIDELINES.
BUT SOME ARCHITECTS
WILL SAY THAT THE URBAN
DESIGN GUIDELINES
ARE NOT ENCOURAGING
YOU TO DO GOOD,
BUT TO AVOID THE BAD
THINGS THAT COULD HAPPEN.
IT'S PROBABLY THE REALITY
OF WHAT WE ARE LOOKING
AT RIGHT NOW IN TAIPEI.

Mikael says DESPITE THE URBAN GUIDELINES
AND THE CITIZENS' INFLUENCE
OVER TAIPEI'S DEMOCRATIC
URBAN PLANNING,
SOME PARTS OF THE CITY ARE
STILL FACING THE THREAT
OF MASSIVE-SCALE DEVELOPMENT.
MIN JAY KANG WANTS TO SHOW
ME ANOTHER PART OF TOWN,
ON THE SHEZIDAO PENINSULA,
WHERE THE LIVES
OF LOCAL RESIDENTS ARE ABOUT TO
CHANGE PRETTY DRAMATICALLY.

Min says THIS BIKE LANE WILL DISAPPEAR.
NOT ONLY THE BIKE LANE,
BUT EVERYTHING YOU'RE
LOOKING AT HERE:
SETTLEMENTS, HOUSES, FACTORIES.
EVERYTHING. IT WILL BE TOTALLY
ERASED TO GROUND ZERO.

An animated map pops up over an aerial view of a peninsula.

Mikael says SHEZIDAO IS A PENINSULA
SITUATED ON A LOW-LYING
TRACT OF LAND AT THE
INTERSECTION OF THE TAMSUI
AND KEELUNG RIVERS. IT OFTEN
FLOODS DURING TYPHOONS,
SO THE CITY GOVERNMENT HAS
DECIDED TO RAISE THE LEVEE.
WITH THIS IMPROVEMENT, LAND
VALUE WILL RISE EXPONENTIALLY
AND LARGE-SCALE DEVELOPMENT
IS ALREADY PLANNED.
ALTHOUGH THE GOVERNMENT HAS
PROMISED TO BUILD RESETTLEMENT
UNITS AND ALLOCATE SUBSIDIES
FOR DISPLACED RESIDENTS,
MANY OF THE 11,135 PEOPLE
WHO HAVE BEEN LIVING
HERE FOR DECADES
ARE RIGHTFULLY WORRIED.
THEY HAVE BEEN GETTING
BY WITH CLOSE TO NOTHING,
BUT THEY WERE DOING FINE.
THEY DOUBT THEY WILL
BE ABLE TO AFFORD
THE SHINY NEW
CONCRETE BUILDINGS
THAT WILL REPLACE THEIR
MODEST BUT BELOVED HOMES.

Min says THE CITY GOVERNMENT ACTUALLY
PROMISED THAT THEY WOULD
RELOCATE EVERY FAMILY, SO
THEY ARGUED THAT THEY BUILT
RESETTLEMENT HOUSING, AND
THAT'S FAIR HOUSING FOR THEM.
BUT THE PEOPLE WILL TELL YOU
THAT THEY CANNOT AFFORD THAT.
IT'S NOT FREE. YOU NEED
TO PAY A MORTGAGE
OR YOU NEED TO PAY RENT.
FOR LOCAL RESIDENTS,
SOME OF THEM ARE REALLY
UNDER-PRIVILEGED, OR LIVING
WITH THEIR RELATIVES FOR FREE.
THE CITY IS LOOKING
AT THE WATERFRONT,
HIGH-END DEVELOPMENT,
CONDOS LIKE THAT.

Mikael says LIKE THIS, THIS IS WHAT IT MIGHT
LOOK LIKE HERE, IN THE FUTURE?

Min says SOMETHING LIKE THIS, YES.
THAT'S PROBABLY WHAT QUITE A LOT
OF DEVELOPMENT HAS IN MIND.
THEY LOOK AT THIS WHOLE PLACE
AS "THE UNBUILT" AREA,
BUT LOOK HERE - IS IT UNBUILT?

Mikael says THE PLAN WAS "OFFICIALLY."
ACCEPTED BY CITIZENS,
BUT IT TURNS OUT THAT ONLY
35 percent OF THE POPULATION
OF SHEZIDAO ACTUALLY
VOTED ON THE PROPOSAL.
SOMETHING CLEARLY DOESN'T
ADD UP HERE.
WE VISIT A RESIDENT THAT
LIVES ON THE RIVERBANK
TO FIND OUT HOW THIS PROJECT
IS IMPACTING THE COMMUNITY.
MR CHEN HAS LIVED HERE
ALL OF HIS LIFE.
HE BUILT HIS OWN HOUSE,
HE FISHES FOR HIS OWN FOOD
AND WHILE THIS LIFESTYLE
MAY SEEM ANTIQUATED
IN THE FACE OF LARGE-SCALE
DEVELOPMENTS, IT'S PART
OF THE CULTURAL FABRIC THAT
MAKES THIS PLACE SO UNIQUE.
THIS IS AN AMAZING
CONTRAST, RIGHT?
THIS KIND OF LIFE HERE,
WHICH IS WONDERFUL,
AND THEN YOU HAVE THE OTHER
KIND OF LIFE OVER THERE.
YOU DON'T WANT TO
LIVE OVER THERE?

The caption changes to "Chen Shih-Wen. Resident of Shezidao." Chen is in his fifties, with receding black hair. He wears a black and white T-shirt and jeans.

Chen says NO.
WE WILL STILL
HAVE A PLACE TO LIVE.
THEY MIGHT MAKE IT
NICER IN THE FUTURE,
BUT EVEYRHING WILL CHANGE.
I DON'T HAVE FRIENDS
HERE ANYMORE.
I DON'T KNOW WHERE THEY LIVE
NOW. IT CHANGED
OUR LIFESTYLE COMPLETELY.
I AM ALMOST 60 YEARS OLD,
IT'S A BIG CHANGE FOR ME.
IT WILL TAKE 10, 20 YEARS
UNTIL IS FULLY DEVELOPED.
I HAVE A LIFE HERE.
THEY WANT TO DEMOLISH MY HOUSE
AND ASSIGN ME A NEW ONE.
I NEED A CAD 400,000 MORTGAGE.
I CAN'T AFFORD THAT.
I HAVE NO PROPERTY TO
LEAVE TO MY CHILDREN ANYMORE.
BOTH MY DAUGHTERS ARE OFFICE WORKERS,
THEY MAKE ABOUT CAD 1,500 A MONTH
BUT NOT ENOUGH
TO COVER THE MORTGAGE.

Mikael says THANK YOU, GOODBYE.
WE'VE BEEN INVITED TO
A COMMUNITY MEETING.
AND THESE MEETINGS - THE LOCALS,
FIGHTING TO SAVE THIS ISLAND -
THEY OFTEN SWITCH LOCATIONS,
SOMETIMES AT THE LAST MINUTE,
BECAUSE THERE HAVE BEEN
INFORMERS, PEOPLE SNITCHING
TO DEVELOPERS ABOUT
THEIR PLANS
FOR PROTESTING TO
SAVE THIS PLACE.

Mikael meets a group of people gathering at night in a yard.

Chen says THIS IS SHEZIDAO'S ROSA,
THE SPOKESLADY FOR THE GROUP.

Mikael says ARE THEY ALL OPTIMISTIC?

In her mid-thirties, Rosa says WE HAVE STRONG FAITH.
WE BELIEVE
WE CAN DO IT.

Mikael says THIS COMMUNITY GROUP MEETS
REGULARLY TO FORMULATE
STRATEGIES IN THE HOPE OF
COUNTERACTING THE GOVERNMENT'S
DECISION TO CARRY OUT
ITS DEVELOPMENT PLAN.
TODAY'S TOPIC IS
CULTURAL HERITAGE.
THEY'RE HOPING TO PETITION
THE GOVERNMENT TO RECOGNIZE
SHEZIDAO AS A
CULTURAL LANDSCAPE,
AND REGISTER IT AS PART OF
THE CULTURAL HERITAGE LIST.

They prepare a meal and get ready to dinner.

Chen says THE CITY GOVERNMENT SHOULD
APPRECIATE HOW PEOPLE
ACTUALLY LIVE. SOMETIMES
I'M A LITTLE EMOTIONAL
WHEN I TALK ABOUT THIS, BECAUSE
THEY DIDN'T LISTEN TO PEOPLE.
THEY DON'T ACTUALLY VISIT
OR SEE HOW THEY LIVE.
AND IF THEY SEE A PICTURE
LIKE THIS, AND TRY TO IMAGINE
THAT THEY WILL ERASE EVERYTHING
AWAY FROM THEIR MASTERPLAN,
THAT'S SOMETHING
I CANNOT LIVE WITH.

The next day, Mikael says FOR THE NEXT SEGMENT HERE,
I'M GOING TO NEED OUR LOCAL
PRODUCER JEFF,
WHO'S GOING TO TRANSLATE FOR ME.
HELLO. MIKAEL. HI THERE.
ADER WU CO-FOUNDED
DO YOU A FLAVOR
IN 2014 AS A WAY TO
TACKLE HOMELESSNESS.
THEIR MISSION IS TO CHANGE
CITIZENS' PERCEPTION
FOOD TO THOSE IN NEED.
EVERY THURSDAY,
ADER AND HIS CREW
GO TO THE TRADITIONAL
FOOD MARKET IN WANHUA
AND COLLECT FOOD THAT WOULD
OTHERWISE BE THROWN AWAY.
WANHUA IS THE OLDEST DISTRICT
IN TAIPEI: LOTS OF ELDERLY
CITIZENS LIVE HERE, AS WELL
AS MANY HOMELESS PEOPLE.

Ader and Mikael collect food in a market. Ader speaks Mandarin. He is in his late twenties, with a short beard and a shaved head. He wears glasses and a brown T-shirt.

Mikael says SO WHERE ARE WE GOING?

Translating, Jeff says OKAY, SO NOW WE'RE
HEADING TO THE KITCHEN,
AND WE'RE GOING TO
COOK THE FOOD.
HE WANTED TO MENTION, THOUGH,
THAT THOSE ARE NOT ALL
OF THE LEFTOVERS FROM THE
VENDORS. SOMETIMES, BECAUSE
THEY KNOW WE'RE GOING TO GIVE
THESE TO HOMELESS PEOPLE,
THEY WILL ACTUALLY DONATE SOME
OF THE EXTRA, GOOD FOOD TO US.

Ader says WE GOT A LOT
TODAY.
BECAUSE WE HAVE
THE CAMERA CREW,
EVERYONE IS EXTRA NICE.

Mikael says IN COPENHAGEN, WE CAN FIT
EVERYTHING ON BIKES.
I THINK IN TAIPEI, THEY CAN
FIT EVERYTHING ON SCOOTERS.
A FEW TIMES A MONTH, VOLUNTEERS
TURN FOOD WASTE INTO DELICIOUS
MEALS THAT THEY PERSONALLY
DELIVER TO THE HOMELESS.
AND GET THIS, THEY ACTUALLY
TAKE THE TIME TO SIT DOWN
AND EASY WAY TO BRING JOY
TO OTHERS, AND TO
DECONSTRUCT STEREOTYPES.
THIS IS CALLED THE
STONE SOUP PROJECT.

Now, Ader prepares sautéed vegetables and chicken in a kitchen.

Mikael says CHICKEN! YEP, ALL OF
IT. THERE YOU GO.
BUT YOUR MAIN FOCUS IS
WORKING WITH THE HOMELESS,
AND SOCIAL INCLUSION,
AND ALSO USING FOOD AS
THE GLUE BETWEEN
THE TWO THINGS.

Ader says THAT'S RIGHT.
WE APPROACH THE HOMELESS
IN THE STREET WITH FOOD.
OTHERWISE, IF YOU GO TO THEM
WITH NOTHING IN YOUR HANDS,
IT'S KIND OF AWKWARD.

Mikael says THE DIRECT TRANSLATION OF THE
NAME OF THIS ORGANIZATION
IN MANDARIN IS "HUNDREDS
OF FLAVORS OF LIFE,"
A CHINESE EXPRESSION THAT
ACKNOWLEDGES THE PRECARIOUS
CIRCUMSTANCES THAT ANYONE CAN
EXPERIENCE OVER A LIFETIME.
IT'S A WAY TO MAKE CITIZENS
AWARE THAT HOMELESSNESS
IS NOT SOMETHING PEOPLE CHOOSE
FOR THEMSELVES.
HOW DO YOU FINANCE THE NGO?

Ader, Mikael and volunteers prepare meals to distribute to homeless people.

Ader says FOR AN EVENT LIKE THIS,
WE NEED DONATIONS FROM
THE ORGANIZATIONS, COMPANIES
OR NGOS WE WORK WITH.
WE ALSO WORK WITH THE GOVERNMENT,
WHICH GIVES US SMALL SUBSIDIES.

Mikael says THE CREW USES THE
CENTRAL TRAIN STATION
AS A GATHERING PLACE
TO DELIVER FOOD,
INTERACT WITH CITIZENS
AND BREAK BREAD.
THERE ARE ROUGHLY 700 HOMELESS
PEOPLE LIVING IN TAIPEI,
STATS SHOW THAT THE QUANTITY
OF PEOPLE LIVING BELOW TAIWAN'S
POVERTY LINE HAS SURGED
BY 29 percent IN RECENT YEARS.
SO WHILE THE ISLAND HAS
ONE OF THE HIGHEST INCOME
EQUALITY INDEX SCORES
IN ALL OF ASIA,
THE CAPITAL IS
STARTING TO WITNESS
A WIDENING INCOME
GAP AMONG CITIZENS,
LEAVING MANY PEOPLE BEHIND.
THIS IS WHERE DO YOU
A FLAVOR COMES IN.
WHAT IS THE PERCEPTION
OF THE GENERAL PUBLIC
OF THE HOMELESS POPULATION?

Ader says IN THE CHINESE COMMUNITY,
ALSO JAPAN, TAIWAN AND HONG KONG,
WE ALL BELIEVE ONE IS ACCOUNTABLE
FOR THEIR OWN SUCCESS AND FAILURE.
SO PEOPLE TEND TO
THING THAT YOU ARE
TO BLAME FOR YOUR FAILURE,
BECAUSE YOU DID NOT
WORK HARD ENOUGH
TO GET AHEAD.
MAKING IT SO THAT
THOSE PEOPLE DON'T
DESERVE HELP,
BECAUSE THEY DIDN'T
WORK HARD ENOUGH.
THEY CHOOSE TO LIVE
LIKE THIS.
AS A RESULT, IN OUR
CULTURE, PEOPLE TEND
TO BELIEVE THEY DO NOT
DESERVE HELP
BECAUSE THEY CHOSE
TO BE HOMELESS.

They hand food to a homeless man. He is in his forties, clean-shaven with short black hair. He wears a pale orange polo shirt.

Mikael says GOOD NIGHT.
GOOD NIGHT.
DO YOU GET ANY HELP FROM
THE CITY OF TAIPEI OR
FROM THE GOVERNMENT OF TAIWAN IN
THIS SITUATION THAT YOU'RE IN?

The Homeless Man says I DO.
AND WHAT WE GET IS
BEING LEFT ALONE.

In his mid-twenties, Jeff says IF THE GOVERNMENT WANTED
TO JUST GET RID OF THEM,
THEY COULD DO IT, BUT THEY
ARE NOT DOING THAT, SO
HE CONSIDERS IT A KIND
OF HELP ALREADY.

Mikael says WOW.
SO IF YOU WERE MAYOR OF
TAIPEI, WHAT WOULD YOU DO
TO IMPROVE THIS SITUATION
FOR THIS COMMUNITY?

The Homeless Man says TO BE HONEST,
NOBODY WANTS TO BE
HOMELESS.
NOBODY WANTS TO
LIVE LIKE THIS.
I BELIEVE THE RESOURCES
SHOULD BE GIVEN
TO THE ONES IN NEED.

Jeff says BASICALLY, YOU MEAN
WE NEED TO IDENTIFY WHO
IS IN NEED OF HELP.
BECAUSE NOT ALL OF THEM WOULD
NEED THIS KIND OF HELP.
BUT HOW TO KNOW? YOU HAVE
TO KNOW THEM BETTER,
AND THEN TO CHOOSE THE
WAY TO HELP THEM BETTER.
AND HE THINKS MAYOR
IS NOT ENOUGH.
HE WANTS TO BE THE PRESIDENT.

The homeless man chuckles.

Mikael says THERE ARE FEW PLACES
IN THE WORLD WHERE
DEMOCRACY IS SO REAL, SO
BEAUTIFUL, AND NOT AT ALL TAKEN
FOR GRANTED. OR WHERE URBAN
DEMOCRACY IS A POWERFUL AND
PEACEFUL WEAPON AGAINST THE VERY
REAL THREAT OF FOREIGN INVASION.
TAIPEI IS PERFECTLY POSITIONED
TO GO BACK TO THE FUTURE.
PROGRESS IS NO LONGER MONSTER
BUILDINGS OR MOTORWAYS.
PROGRESS IS GOING BACK TO ITS
ROOTS OF LIFE-SIZED STREETS
AND STRENGTHENING COMMUNITIES.
THIS CITY KNOWS A THING OR TWO
ABOUT RAPID TRANSFORMATION;
THEY HAVE ONE OF THE MOST
VERSATILE URBAN TOOLBOXES
IN THE WORLD: A PROUD CULTURE
OF PROTEST, A FIERCE DESIRE
TO PROTECT THEIR FREEDOM, AND
A YOUNG ARMY OF PASSIONATE
CITIZENS WHO ARE HUNGRY
FOR SUSTAINABLE URBAN CHANGE.
AND NOW YOU KNOW
WHAT I NEED TO DO.

He walks into a tattoo store.

He continues IF YOU'VE BEEN FOLLOWING THIS
SERIES, YOU'VE PROBABLY ALREADY
FIGURED OUT WHAT INK I'M GOING
TO GET ADDED TO MY URBAN MAP.
IT WAS ONLY HERE IN TAIPEI
THAT I REALIZED THAT
I HAVE A PATTERN: 8 OUT OF MY 13
MAP TATTOOS ARE NEIGHBORHOODS
OR COMMUNITIES FACING,
IN ONE WAY OR ANOTHER,
AN EXISTENTIAL THREAT.
YUGOLITO IN MEXICO CITY,
FIERCELY AUTONOMOUS
AND INDEPENDENT.
CAPETOWN, JOE SLOVO, FIGHTING
FOR RESPECT.
MEDELLÍN, THE PROUD
COMMUNITY OF COMUNA OCHO,
INDEPENDENT AND RESILIENT.
WHEN WE'RE DONE HERE TODAY,
THE PROUD PEOPLE OF SHEZIDAO
ARE GOING TO BE ABLE
TO STAND TOGETHER,
HOWEVER SYMBOLICALLY,
WITH URBAN CITIZENS
AROUND THE WORLD.

He gets a new tattoo on his forearm.

He says IT'S AWESOME.

Music plays as the end credits roll.

Hosted by Mikael Colville-Andersen.

Directed by Mathieu Vachon.

Executive producer, Myriam Lavoie.

Producer, Nicolas Boucher.

Produced in association with TVO, VP Current Affairs, and Documentaries John Ferri.

Logo: DBC2.

Copyright 2019.

Watch: The Life-Sized City - Taipei