Transcript: Ep. 3 - China's Westward March | Oct 09, 2018

A caption reads "NHK Documentary."

Men in a car drive across the plains and sing a song that says "Five-star red flags flutter in the wind Songs of victory clear and bright."

(MEN SINGING IN CHINESE)

The narrator says WAVES OF CHINESE
WORKERS ARE MOVING TO THE WEST,
INTO THE BREAD BASKET OF
CENTRAL ASIA.

The song continues "Singing for our dear motherland. We step toward prosperity and strength."

In a classroom, the teacher and the students sing a song that says "Ni hao! (Hello! Hello!)."

The narrator says LANGUAGE SCHOOLS CALLED
CONFUCIUS INSTITUTES ARE
OPENING ACROSS EUROPE.
(COUNTING IN CHINESE)

The narrator says WITH THE SUPPORT OF THE CHINESE
GOVERNMENT, THEY ARE
PROPAGATING CHINESE THOUGHT
AND CULTURE.
TODAY, THE FORCE OF THE 1.4
BILLION STRONG COUNTRY IS
RAPIDLY EXPANDING TO THE WEST.
"ONE BELT, ONE ROAD" IS THE
NATIONAL POLICY OF CHINA.
IT IS A BLUEPRINT FOR A MASSIVE
ECONOMIC NETWORK CONNECTING
CHINA TO EUROPE THROUGH SILK
ROADS ON LAND AND SEA.

An animation shows the network expanding across the globe.

Chinese president Xi Jinping says "All countries will be more open...as China turns toward Eurasia."

The narrator says A TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILWAY
CARRIES CHINA'S ENERGY TO THE
WEST, CROSSING CENTRAL ASIA
TO REACH EUROPE.
CHINA HAS POURED PEOPLE, MONEY
AND GOODS INTO AREAS ON THE
ROUTE, CREATING HOT SPOTS ALONG
THE BELT AND ROAD.
(CAMELS GRUNTING)

A caption reads "Kazakhstan."

The narrator says LARGE NUMBERS OF CHINESE
WORKERS ARE BEING SENT WEST
TO SECURE STABLE SUPPLIES OF
ENERGY AND FOOD.
(LAUGHING)

A young man says "I want to earn as much as I can."

The caption changes to "Poland."

The narrator says WITH THE REVOLUTION AND
TRANSPORT OF GOODS,
CHINESE-MADE PRODUCTS HAVE
SWEPT ACROSS THE MARKETPLACE.

A family toast at dinner and says "Here's to the Belt and Road!"

A view of a warehouse appears with a caption that reads "Germany."

The narrator says THE WAVE OF CHINESE CAPITAL HAS
FLOWED FURTHER WEST WHERE IT
IS CORNERING THE MARKET FOR
CUTTING-EDGE TECHNOLOGY AND
PRODUCTS.

A businessman says "One Belt One Road will transform the geopolitical system. It's better to ride that wave, than to be left behind."

(TRAIN HORN HONKING)

A clip shows a train travelling west.

The narrator says WE COVERED THE FRONT LINES OF
CHINA'S NEW BELT AND ROAD
INITIATIVE, WHERE THE ENERGY
OF 1.4 BILLION IS BURSTING
FORTH.

(music plays)

Chinese symbols appears as an animation shows a dragon twirling and spotting fire. The name of the show reads "China. The great dragon. China's Westward March."

(CATTLE LOWING)

The caption changes to "Kazakhstan."

The narrator says says CHINA'S NEIGHBOUR TO THE
WEST, KAZAKHSTAN, LIES AT THE
CENTRE OF THE EURASIAN
CONTINENT.
IT IS THE NINTH-LARGEST COUNTRY
IN THE WORLD, LARGELY COMPRISED
OF GRASSY PLAINS.
IT IS BEING TRANSFORMED BY THE
ONE BELT, ONE ROAD INITIATIVE.

The caption changes to "Astana."

The narrator says MODERN BUILDINGS ARE RISING ONE
AFTER ANOTHER IN THE CAPITAL,
ASTANA.
(MUSIC PLAYING)

The narrator says THIS CITY OF ONE MILLION HOSTED
AN INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITION IN
2017, DRAWING ATTENTION TO ITS
RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH.
THE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND THIS
GROWTH IS CHINESE CAPITAL AND
LABOUR.

The caption changes to "Liu Hongkiu."

Liu is in his late thirties, clean-shaven and with short receding black hair. He wears a blue blazer and a white shirt.

Liu says "The Expo site was built with our bricks."

The narrator says LIU HONGKUI, FROM HENAN
PROVINCE IN CHINA, IS 39 YEARS
OLD.
HE PRODUCES CONSTRUCTION BRICKS
IN ASTANA.

Liu says "See those buildings over there? They're using our bricks too."

Clips show images of construction sites.

The narrator says KAZAKHSTAN IS NOW SURGING WITH
A CONSTRUCTION BOOM, FUELLED BY
MASSIVE CHINESE INVESTMENT.
(SAW BUZZING)
RIDING THAT WAVE, MANY CHINESE
HAVE MIGRATED HERE.
LIU SETTLED HERE TWO YEARS AGO.

Liu says "I wanted to seize the opportunity, in the building supply sector. There are few such companies here."

The narrator says IN ORDER TO BUILD HIS FACTORY,
LIU BORROWED ABOUT 3 MILLION DOLLARS
FROM VARIOUS ACQUAINTANCES.
HE OPERATED A BRICK FACTORY IN
CHINA, AS WELL, BUT BUSINESS
WAS SUFFERING FROM FALLING
DEMAND.

Liu walks in his factory.

The narrator says HE WAS SEEKING A NEW PATH
FORWARD IN KAZAKHSTAN.

Liu says "There's overproduction in China now. Pollution control is strict, and my furnace was shut down. Many companies had to halt operations Chinese entrepreneurs are moving overseas, because the economy is slowing and real estate is in a slump."

The narrator says SEEKING PROSPERITY, CHINESE
PEOPLE ARE NOW MOVING EVER
FURTHER TO THE WEST.

Liu prays and says "May my business prosper, so I can recoup my debt."

The narrator says LARGE-SCALE MIGRATION HAS ALSO
BEEN PROMOTED AS CHINESE
GOVERNMENT POLICY A NUMBER OF
TIMES IN THE PAST.
THE ECONOMIC REFORM POLICY,
LAUNCHED IN 1978, LED TO THE
RAPID EXPANSION OF THE CHINESE
ECONOMY.
UNDER THIS POLICY, MASSIVE
NUMBERS OF RURAL WORKERS
MIGRATED TO THE CITIES IN
SEARCH OF GREATER WEALTH.
THEY SUSTAINED CHINA'S
FACTORIES FOR THE WORLD.
HOWEVER, IN RECENT YEARS, THE
CHINESE ECONOMY HAS SLOWED.
MORE THAN 50 MILLION PEOPLE
HAVE BECOME SURPLUS LABOUR,
UNABLE TO FIND SATISFACTORY
EMPLOYMENT.
IT IS IN THIS CONTEXT THAT THE
CHINESE GOVERNMENT BEGAN TO
PROMOTE THE BELT AND ROAD
INITIATIVE.
THE PLAN INVOLVES EXPANDING THE
TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD, AND
CONCENTRATING INVESTMENT AND
DEVELOPMENT ALONG ITS ROUTE.
DIRECTING SURPLUS LABOUR TOWARD
THE WEST, THE AIM IS TO
CONSTRUCT A GIANT ECONOMIC
ZONE.

An animation shows the migration trajectory to the west.

The narrator says THE BRICKMAKER IN KAZAKHSTAN,
LIU HONGKUI.
HE AND HIS EMPLOYEES LIVE IN
MODIFIED SHIPPING CONTAINERS
OUTSIDE HIS FACTORY.
ALL OF HIS WORKERS ARE MEN WHO
WERE UNABLE TO FIND STABLE
EMPLOYMENT IN CHINA.

Liu and his employees make a toast and says "Here's to our success."

The narrator says THESE MEN HAVE LEFT THEIR
FAMILIES BEHIND IN CHINA.
THEIR LEISURE TIME TOGETHER
SUSTAINS THEIR SPIRITS AND
COMMITMENT TO WORK.

As they drink up their beer, Liu get foam on his nose.

An employee says "Oh, that hits the spot."

Another one says "Eat while it's hot."

Another one says "Pass me some."

Liu eats some meat on a stick and says "Delicious."

Another man says "Tastes great."

One of them pours vodka into another one's glass.

The second one says "Hold on, that's too much."

The first one says "Don't hold back. Drink up!"

Liu says "Cheers! To our futures!"

Another employee say "Still plenty to drink."

The narrator says THIS YOUNG MAN GRADUATED FROM
COLLEGE, BUT WAS UNABLE TO FIND
A JOB.
THIS MAN IS A SKILLED WORKER
WHO FOUND HIMSELF WITHOUT A JOB
WHEN THE ECONOMY BEGAN TO COOL
DOWN.
(INDISTINCT CHATTER)
THEY ALL HAVE DREAMS OF
SUCCESS.

The young man says "I want to earn as much as I can."

The older man says "Our bricks will become gold."

(LAUGHING)

The narrator says LIU LEFT HIS WIFE AND TWO
CHILDREN AT HOME TO TRY HIS
LUCK HERE IN KAZAKHSTAN.

Liu shows pictures of his kids on his phone and says 'This is my son and daughter, when they were small. I'm just getting started, but when it's all on track, I want to bring them out here."

The narrator says MEN WHO LOST THEIR FOOTING IN
CHINA HAVE TIED THEIR HOPES TO
THE BELT AND ROAD PLAN.

Liu brushes his teeth outside.

(TRAIN HORN BLOWING)

The narrator says IN ADDITION TO MIGRATING
WORKERS, CHINESE STATE-OWNED
ENTERPRISES HAVE ALSO BEEN
EXPANDING INTO KAZAKHSTAN.
THESE OIL FIELDS COVER A WIDE
EXPANSE OF WESTERN KAZAKHSTAN.
CHINA'S LARGEST STATE-OWNED OIL
COMPANY HAS INVESTED HUGE
AMOUNTS OF CAPITAL AND
EXPERTISE TO RAPIDLY INCREASE
PRODUCTION OF CRUDE OIL IN
KAZAKHSTAN.

A worker sticks his fingers in a tube with oil and says "This is Kazakhstan's 'black gold.' This oil will be exported to China."

The narrator says CHINA ALREADY CONTROLS THE
RIGHTS TO MORE THAN ONE-QUARTER
OF KAZAKHSTAN'S PETROLEUM.

A man shows a map and says "China and Kazakhstan have many joint development projects..."

The narrator says CHINA'S RAPID EXPANSION IN
KAZAKHSTAN MAY REFLECT ITS
GLOBAL STRATEGY TO SECURE A
STABLE SUPPLY OF ENERGY
RESOURCES.
PRESENTLY, 65 percent OF CHINA'S
IMPORTED OIL COMES FROM THE
MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA, AND IS
SHIPPED BY SEA.

An animated map shows the routes of the oil from Africa and the Middle East to China.

The narrator says THESE ROUTES COULD BECOME
VULNERABLE IF AN INTERNATIONAL
CRISIS DEVELOPS.
FOR THIS REASON, CHINA HAS
PLACED PRIORITY ON DEVELOPING
ENERGY RESOURCES IN THE
NEIGHBOURING COUNTRY OF
KAZAKHSTAN.

The caption changes to "Pei Jiansheng. China National Petroleum Corp. Int'l."

Pei is in his late forties, clean-shaven and with short straight black hair. He wears glasses, a blue suit, white shirt and patterned purple tie.

Pei says "Cooperation on energy is central to One Belt One Road. It will shore up China's supplies of crude oil."

A clip shows a machine harvesting wheat.

The narrator says KAZAKHSTAN IS AN AGRICULTURAL
COUNTRY, WITH FARMLAND
COMPRISING 80 percent OF ITS
TERRITORY.
CHINESE CORPORATIONS HAVE BEEN
MAKING STEADY ADVANCES INTO
AGRICULTURE, AS WELL.
RAPID URBANIZATION IN CHINA IN
RECENT YEARS HAS CAUSED A
DECREASE IN FARMLAND, AND THE
COUNTRY HAS BEGUN TO DEPEND
ON FOOD IMPORTS.
THE BREAD BASKET OF KAZAKHSTAN
HAS BECOME AN IMPORTANT SOURCE.

Footage of a demonstration shows people chanting "Kazakhstan! Kazakhstan."

The narrator says HOWEVER, SOME IN KAZAKHSTAN
HAVE BEGUN TO RAISE THEIR
VOICES IN OPPOSITION TO CHINA.
(CROWD WHISTLING, CHEERING)

A woman with a microphone says "We sold the airport, the railway. We sell everything to foreigners Nothing will remain for us. We must not sell our land."

A sign reads "Our homeland is precious."

The narrator says DEMONSTRATIONS THAT BEGAN IN
A DISTRICT CAPITAL SOON SPREAD
TO SEVEN CITIES ACROSS THE
COUNTRY.

A young man says "Kazakh society has a real fear that Chinese economic activity in Kazakhstan could lead to a major increase in the Chinese population. Kazakhstan must not just supply resources to China and Russia, it must be an equal partner."

The narrator says DESPITE THESE HEADWINDS, THE
ADVANCE OF CHINESE CORPORATIONS
CONTINUES UNABATED.

Fang says "This wheat is definitely high quality."

Fang is in his late twenties, with short black hair and wears glasses, black trousers and a black shirt.

The narrator says FANG LONGFEI, 28, WAS SENT BY
A CHINESE FOOD-PROCESSING
COMPANY TO HEAD UP ITS LOCAL
OPERATIONS.
THE COMPANY HEADQUARTERS
IN XI'AN HAS ORDERED HIM TO
PROCURE 100,000 TONS OF WHEAT.

Fang says "We don't see landscapes like this in China anymore. Here, the quality of crops is outstanding. They are essential to China."

The narrator says FANG'S COMPANY ENTERED THIS
AREA LAST YEAR TO BUILD A
FOOD-PROCESSING PLANT.
WITH ITS PLAN TO INVEST 170
MILLION DOLLARS, THE COMPANY HAS BECOME
A MODEL FOR THE DEVELOPMENT
INITIATIVE.
ON THIS DAY, FANG AWAITS A
VISIT FROM AN OFFICIAL WHO
HOLDS THE KEY TO HIS WHEAT
PURCHASES.

Fang says "He's late for our appointment."

The narrator says THE OFFICIAL IS A DEPUTY
GOVERNOR OF THE NORTH
KAZAKHSTAN REGION.
HE HAS BEEN A STRONG PROMOTER
OF CHINESE CORPORATE
INVESTMENT FOR THE SAKE OF HIS
REGION'S ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.
HOWEVER, AS HE INSPECTED THE
PROCESSING PLANT, HE MADE
NUMEROUS DEMANDS.
(INDISTINCT CHATTER)

The official says "You need to improve the appearance of these walls. Why is that pipe exposed? You can do a better job on the floor."

The narrator says HIS MOST CRITICAL DEMAND
RELATED TO THE FACE OF THE
PLANT - ITS FRONT ENTRY.

The official says "You need a beautiful arch, written in Kazakh."

The narrator says ON THE ARCH THAT HAD BEEN
ERECTED, THE CHINESE NAME OF
THE PLANT WAS FEATURED.
IT WAS CRITICIZED FOR LACKING
CONSIDERATION OF KAZAKHSTAN.
(INDISTINCT CHATTER)

The narrator says FANG DECIDED TO GIVE TOP
PRIORITY TO THE REQUESTS OF
THE REGIONAL GOVERNMENT.

Fang says "We'll do our best to respond. The regional government has been supportive since we first came here. They have always been willing to help us with whatever we needed."

The narrator says JUST ONE WEEK LATER, CHANGES
HAD BEEN MADE AT THE PLANT.
THE WRITING ON THE ARCH WAS NOW
KAZAKH.
IN ADDITION, A KAZAKHSTAN
GOVERNMENT SLOGAN WAS
DISPLAYED, HIGHLIGHTING THE
PLANT'S CONTRIBUTION TO THE
COUNTRY'S DEVELOPMENT.

A banner reads "By 2050, Kazakhstan must renew its productive assets, based on advanced technology."

(music plays)

The caption changes to "North Kazakhstan Region Business Fair."

The narrator says ONE MONTH LATER...

At the fair, a woman over a microphone says "President Fang Longfei, please."

Fang signs an agreement with the government.

(APPLAUSE)

The narrator says FANG SUCCEEDED IN REACHING AN
AGREEMENT WITH THE REGIONAL
GOVERNMENT.
HAVING WON THE CONFIDENCE OF
THE GOVERNMENT, HE WAS ABLE TO
PROCURE MORE THAN ENOUGH WHEAT
TO MEET HIS 100,000-TON GOAL.
THE FIRST HARVEST HAD BEGUN.
THE FIELDS COVERED 100,000
HECTARES, WHICH IS 1,000
SQUARE KILOMETRES.

Fang says "We're bringing high-quality food to every dining room in China. We'll do as much as we can."

The narrator says FANG HAS PLANS TO DOUBLE
EXPORTS TO CHINA EVERY YEAR.
THE PLAINS OF KAZAKHSTAN HAVE
BECOME A MAJOR BASE FOR CHINESE
EFFORTS TO SECURE FOOD
RESOURCES.

(HORN BLOWING)

The narrator says THE MAIN ARTERY OF THE BELT AND
ROAD IS THE TRANSCONTINENTAL
RAILWAY LINKING CHINA TO
EUROPE.
A CONTAINER TERMINAL APPEARS IN
THE MIDDLE OF THE VAST DESERT.
UNDER CHINA'S LEAD, THE
INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT LARGE
SCALE TRANSPORT OF GOODS BY
RAIL IS BEING PUT INTO PLACE.
RAIL TRANSPORT REQUIRES ONE
THIRD AS MUCH TIME AS SHIPPING
BY SEA, IT IS ONE FIFTH THE
COST OF AIR TRANSPORT.
THE RAILWAY IS BRINGING A
REVOLUTION TO THE DISTRIBUTION
OF GOODS ON THE EURASIAN
CONTINENT.
THE GOODS BEING SHIPPED ARE THE
PRODUCT OF MASS LOW-COST
MANUFACTURING THAT CONTINUES
EVEN AS THE CHINESE ECONOMY
SLOWS.
THE NEWLY EMERGING DESTINATION
FOR THESE GOODS IS A COUNTRY AT
THE OTHER END OF THE TRANS-
CONTINENTAL RAILWAY, POLAND.
CHINA HAS MADE THE COUNTRY A
BASE TO DEVELOP THE MARKETS OF
EASTERN EUROPE.

The caption changes to "Warsaw."

The narrator says FOR CHINA, POLAND IS THE ENTRY
WAY TO EUROPE.
IT IS A PROMISING MARKET WHICH
HAS SEEN SUSTAINED GROWTH FOR
THE LAST 25 YEARS.
A GIANT WHOLESALE DISTRICT HAS
DEVELOPED HERE.

The caption changes to "Chinese Trade Center."

The narrator says THE CHINESE TRADE CENTRE.
HATS AND CLOCKS, BAGS, AND
OTHER LOW-COST CHINESE PRODUCTS
ARE FOR SALE HERE.
THERE ARE 1,000 SHOPS SELLING
MORE THAN 100,000 DIFFERENT
PRODUCTS.
THIS IS ONE OF THE LARGEST
SUPPLY BASES IN EUROPE FOR
GOODS MADE IN CHINA.
CUSTOMERS COME FROM ALL OVER
EUROPE.
THEY ARE HERE TO BUY UP LARGE
QUANTITIES OF CHINESE PRODUCTS.
BUYERS OBTAIN PRODUCTS AT ONE
TENTH OF THE MARKET PRICE, AND
THEN RESELL THEM.
THE MARKET FOR CHINESE PRODUCTS
HAS SPREAD THROUGHOUT EASTERN
EUROPE.

A man loading a truck with his purchase says "I came from Vilnius in Lithuania, about 500 kilometers from here. I bought at least 10,000 Euros
of goods."

Another buyer says "The trip (from Bulgaria) takes 30 hours It's about 2,000 kilometres. The prices here are very good."

The narrator says EVERY MORNING, A LUXURY CLASS
GERMAN CAR ARRIVES AT THE
CHINESE TRADE CENTRE.
SU PENGHUI IS 30 YEARS OLD.
HE IS ONE OF THOSE WHO HAS
BENEFITTED FROM THE BELT AND
ROAD INITIATIVE.

Su is clean-shaven and with short black hair, and wears glasses, a white shirt and a black coat

The narrator says IN ONE CORNER OF THE TRADE
CENTRE, SU RUNS A COMPANY THAT
HANDLES TRANSPORT OF GOODS
BETWEEN CHINA AND POLAND.

Su says "We can ship from a number of Chinese cities. The route that starts in Chengdu is quick."

The narrator says HIS COMPANY HAD SALES OF ABOUT
THREE MILLION DOLLARS IN 2016,
AND SURPASSED THAT IN FIRST
HALF OF 2017.
THE SOURCE OF HIS FLOURISHING
BUSINESS IS THE DISTRIBUTION
REVOLUTION SPARKED BY THE
TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILWAY.

Su says "Look at this, it's a waybill. Railway shipping waybills have a new format."

The narrator says THE CUSTOMS PROCEDURES FOR
GOODS IN TRANSIT HAVE BEEN
REVISED.
WHERE NUMEROUS DOCUMENTS WERE
ONCE REQUIRED FOR EACH COUNTRY,
ONE SHEET OF PAPER SUFFICES FOR
PASSAGE THROUGH THE ENTIRE
ROUTE.

Captions read "China. Kazakhstan. Russia. Belarus. Poland."

The narrator says THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT LED THE
SIMPLIFICATION EFFORT.
IN 2016, THE NUMBER OF
CONTAINERS ARRIVING IN POLAND
BY TRAIN FROM CHINA INCREASED
THREE FOLD.
THE NUMBER TOTALLED 15,000.

The caption changes to "China-Poland Summit June 2016."

President Andrzej Duda and President Xi Jinping shake hands.

The narrator says says SUPPORTED BY TOP-LEVEL CHINESE
DIPLOMACY, THE THE ONE BELT,
ONE ROAD INITIATIVE HAS SPURRED
THE GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR TRADE.

Su says "The Belt and Road serves China and us too. The country gives us strong backing. I'm very grateful."

The narrator says THIS HIGH-END CHINESE
RESTAURANT IS NEXT TO THE
CHINESE TRADE CENTRE.
THIS EVENING, SU HAS A DINNER
WITH OTHER EXECUTIVES FROM
TRADING COMPANIES IN POLAND.

They all make a toast and say "Here's to the Belt and Road."

The narrator says IN 2016, CHINESE INVESTMENTS IN
POLAND ROSE TO ABOUT 600
MILLION DOLLARS.
BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES ARE
ABUNDANT.

A woman at the party says "When China is strong, we're strong.
We can speak our minds."

Su says "They've been talking about this on Chinese TV. I read on WeChat, they say the era we live in is a once-in-a-century era, or once-in-a-millennium."

A man says "We couldn't wish for more."

The narrator says SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS PEOPLE
SPAWNED BY THE BELT AND ROAD
INITIATIVE FILL THE HALLS OF
THE CHINESE TRADE CENTRE.
WAVES OF YOUNG CHINESE, HOPING
TO MIMIC THEIR SUCCESS, ARE
DRAWN IN AS WELL.

A man carries a trolley full of boxes and says "It's hard to get through to here."

The caption changes to "Lin Yishan."

Lin is in her thirties, with long straight brown hair and wears glasses, jeans and a black T-shirt.

The narrator says LIN YISHAN, 28, RUNS A SHOP
THAT SELLS CHINESE-MADE
HANDBAGS AT CHEAP PRICES.

Lin speaks to customers and says "Two of these new bags left. How about one for each of you?"

The narrator says SHE MOVED TO POLAND FIVE YEARS
AGO, AND NOW DOES 100,000 DOLLARS IN
ANNUAL SALES.

She makes a sale and says "Thank you."

Then walking on a parking lot, she points at a building and says "This is the hotel."

The narrator says SHE LIVES AT THIS RESIDENCE
WITHIN THE TRADE CENTRE.
THE RENT IS ABOUT 500 DOLLARS A MONTH
INCLUDING UTILITIES.
LIN LIVES IN THIS ONE ROOM
APARTMENT WITH HER HUSBAND AND
THEIR DAUGHTER.
WE ASKED HER TO SHOW US THE
MOST IMPORTANT THING IN THE
ROOM.

Lin says "My favorite thing? Money. My favorite thing."

(LAUGHING)

The narrator says LIN WAS BORN IN A POOR FARMING
VILLAGE IN XINJIANG PROVINCE.
15 DAYS AFTER HER BIRTH, SHE
WAS ABANDONED IN FRONT OF THE
POLICE STATION.

Lin says "Under the 'one-child policy,' if the first child was a girl, they could try again. But I was the second girl, so they abandoned me. That way they could try again to have a boy. There were many cases like that in my village. Family planning was strict."

The narrator says LIN WAS ADOPTED BY A FOSTER
FAMILY, AND GRADUATED FROM HIGH
SCHOOL.
AT 18, SHE LEFT FOR EUROPE, AND
HEARING THAT BUSINESS WAS
BOOMING IN POLAND, SHE MOVED
THERE.

The interviewer says "What do you think of the One Belt One Road initiative?"

Lin says "Is that Chinese? I don't know it. Isn't 'One Belt One Road' the name of your TV program?"

Later, Lin speaks with a friend and says "Do you know 'Belt and Road'?"

The friend says ""Road and Belt'?"

Lin says "No, 'Belt and Road.'"

The narrator says WITHOUT KNOWING THE POLICIES OR
THE REVOLUTIONARY CHANGES
AFOOT, YOUNG CHINESE ARE DRAWN
BY THE BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES.

Lin's daughter enters Lin's office and says "I'm home, Mama."

Lin says "Why is your hair loose? Come here, I'll fix it."

The narrator says AT THE BASE OF THE BELT AND
ROAD, TOUGH YOUNG CHINESE WERE
STRIVING FOR BETTER LIVES.

Lin says "I don't believe good fortune comes out of the blue I just work hard and make a steady income No one's going to give you anything. You've got to earn your own way."

Lin says to her daughter "I'm done, let's go home."
The daughter walks in front of her.

Lin says "I can't walk if you do that."

The daughter says "But you are walking."

The narrator says 8,000 KILOMETRES DISTANT FROM
CHINA, PASSING THROUGH POLAND,
THE TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILWAY
ARRIVES IN GERMANY.
DUISBURG IS TERMINUS OF THE
TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILWAY.
LOCATED ON THE BANKS OF THE
RHINE RIVER, THE CITY IS A
DISTRIBUTION HUB FOR EUROPE.
IN 2016, MORE THAN 1,000 TRAINS
OPERATED BETWEEN CHINA AND
GERMANY.
THAT NUMBER HAS RISEN ANNUALLY,
MAKING THIS A POWERFUL BASE FOR
FOSTERING TRADE BETWEEN THE TWO
COUNTRIES.
FOR CHINA, GERMANY HOLDS THE
KEY TO THE EXPANSION OF THE
BELT AND ROAD INTO THE E.U.
IN JULY 2017, PRESIDENT XI
JINPING MADE A STATE VISIT TO
GERMANY.

He greets Chancellor Angela Merkel.

The narrator says HE STAYED FOR AN UNUSUALLY LONG
FIVE DAYS, MAKING A SHOW OF
FRIENDLY RELATIONS.
IN 2016, CHINA REPLACED THE
UNITED STATES AS GERMANY'S
NUMBER ONE TRADE PARTNER.
WHILE US PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP
HAS BEEN PROMOTING
PROTECTIONIST POLICIES, CHINA
AND GERMANY HAVE STRENGTHENED
THEIR ECONOMIC RELATIONSHIP.
IN THE MIDST OF THIS, CHINESE
HAVE BEEN ON A BUYING SPREE IN
GERMANY.
HAVING ENTERED THE MARKET IN
2015, A CHINESE COMPANY HAS
BEEN BUYING UP LARGE QUANTITIES
OF GERMAN-MADE GOODS.
YANG WENHAO, 31, WAS ASSIGNED
BY HIS CHINA-BASED COMPANY TO
SERVE AS PRESIDENT OF ITS
SUBSIDIARY IN GERMANY.

Yang has short black hair and wears glasses, jeans and a gray T-shirt.

Yang checks his emails and says "Look, I've gotten 117 e-mails since yesterday."

The narrator says THROUGH THE INTERNET, YANG
RECEIVES A LARGE NUMBER OF
ORDERS FROM HIS COMPANY'S
HEADQUARTERS IN CHINA.
HIS COMPANY ENGAGES IN WHAT IS
CALLED "CROSS-BORDER
E-COMMERCE" OR "EC."
THE NUMBER OF THEIR
TRANSACTIONS HAS BALLOONED
UNDER THE BELT AND ROAD
INITIATIVE.
THE MAJORITY OF CUSTOMERS ARE
FROM THE CHINESE WEALTHY AND
MIDDLE CLASSES.
THEY PLACE ORDERS ON THE
INTERNET FOR FOREIGN PRODUCTS,
AND THE E-COMMERCE COMPANY
PROCURES THE PRODUCTS AND
DELIVERS THEM TO THE CONSUMER.

An animation shows the transaction chain.

The narrator says THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT HAS
REDUCED IMPORT DUTIES,
PROVIDING A PUSH BEHIND THE
BUYING SPREE.
THE SCALE OF THE CROSS-BORDER
EC MARKET WAS EXPECTED TO REACH
ABOUT 300 BILLION DOLLARS IN
2017.
THIS IS EQUIVALENT TO ONE THIRD
OF THE JAPANESE NATIONAL
BUDGET.

A bar graph shows China' steady growth from 2013 (27 billion) to 2017 (300 billion)."

The narrator says THIS NEW RAPIDLY EXPANDING
MARKET IS EXPECTED TO FEED INTO
CHINESE ECONOMIC GROWTH BY
STIMULATING CONSUMPTION AMONG
THE CHINESE MIDDLE CLASS.
DISPATCHED BY HIS E-COMMERCE
COMPANY TO GERMANY, YANG
WENHAO'S MISSION IS TO BUY UP
LARGE QUANTITIES OF GERMAN
GOODS AND DELIVER THEM TO THE
1.4 BILLION STRONG CHINESE
MARKET.

Yang stands in a huge warehouse and says "These racks are filled with German products."

The narrator says A POPULAR PRODUCT, PROCURED AT
A RATE OF 100,000 PACKAGES A
WEEK, IS GERMAN-MADE POWDERED
MILK.
IT'S POPULARITY WAS SPURRED BY
AN INCIDENT SEVERAL YEARS AGO
WHERE CHINESE INFANT FORMULA
CAUSED HEALTH PROBLEMS, RAISING
DEMAND FOR SAFE PRODUCTS.

Yang says "The 'Made in Germany' brand has great impact and is very popular among Chinese. There is a high level of confidence in German food safety."

The narrator says AS A CONSEQUENCE, LARGE
PURCHASES BY THE CHINESE HAVE
DISRUPTED CONSUMER MARKETS IN
GERMANY.
SHORTAGES HAVE RESULTED IN
RESTRICTIONS ON SALES OF
POWDERED MILK.
THE SHORTAGE OF POWDERED MILK
HAS CAUSES A CRISIS.

Yang runs down stairs and says "Watch out, I'm in a hurry. The sales director wants us to organize the supplier's files."

The narrator says THE COMPANY HAS RECEIVED WORD
FROM ITS SUPPLIER THAT IT WILL
NOT MAKE A PROMISED DELIVERY.

Yang says "We're taking legal steps. We'll gather documents, and sue them."

(SIGHING)

The narrator says ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND PACKAGES
OF POWDERED MILK ARE PROMISED
FOR SHIPPING TO CHINA EVERY
WEEK, BUT RECENTLY, YANG'S
OFFICE HAS ONLY BEEN ABLE TO
OBTAIN HALF OF THIS QUOTA.

Yang says "Turnover at my company is high. They demand results. The pressure is intense."

He smokes and looks at his computer screen.

The caption changes to "Shenzhen, China."

The narrator says REPEATED DEMANDS TO PROCURE THE
POWDERED MILK COME FROM COMPANY
HEADQUARTERS.

Hu sits in her office.

Hu is in her thirties, with long straight black hair in a ponytail and wears glasses and a black jacket.

Hu says "How are we going to meet the target? Do we have the inventory?"

The narrator says YANG'S BOSS, IN CHARGE OF
PURCHASING, IS VICE PRESIDENT
HU XIAOXIAO.
TO MEET THE GROWING DEMAND FROM
CHINA'S MIDDLE CLASS, SHE SETS
CHALLENGING QUOTAS FOR GOODS.

On a video conference with Yan, Hu says "Can you hear me?"

Yang says "Yes, I can."

The narrator says FROM GERMANY, YANG REPORTS THAT
HE'S MAKING LITTLE PROGRESS IN
OBTAINING THE INVENTORY.

Yang says "Our supplier isn't coming through for us. We're under a lot of pressure."

Hu says "There are no shortcuts. Hit the road. You need to find new suppliers. You've been relying on major wholesalers. But there should be smaller companies that still have inventory. Stocks of the product are dispersed, so go out and find them."

Yang nods.

The caption changes to "The Netherlands."

The narrator says UNDER ORDERS TO MEET HIS QUOTA
AT ALL COSTS, YANG TRAVELS
ACROSS THE BORDER INTO THE
NETHERLANDS.
UNABLE TO OBTAIN SUPPLIES OF
POWDERED MILK IN GERMANY, HE'S
HOPING HE MIGHT DEVELOP A DUTCH
SOURCE.

Yang rings a doorbell.

(DOORBELL RINGING)

A bald man says YOU'RE YANG, HOW ARE YOU?

Yang says HELLO, HELLO.

The man says HI.

The narrator says HE CAME TO THIS WHOLESALER TO
ENGAGE IN DIRECT NEGOTIATIONS.
HOWEVER, THE WHOLESALER WAS
OVERWHELMED WITH ORDERS FROM
OTHER CHINESE COMPANIES.

Yang says "He avoided talking about milk. Not too promising."

An interviewer says "Will he supply your quota of 100,000 packages?"

Yang says "Not a chance."

The narrator says THE LARGE-SCALE PURCHASE OF
GERMAN GOODS CONTINUES UNDER
THE BANNER OF ONE BELT, ONE
ROAD.
MEANWHILE, A NEWLY EMERGING
CONCERN IS THE DIRECT
ACQUISITION OF GERMAN
CORPORATIONS BY CHINESE
CAPITAL.
SOME FEAR THAT THE CHINESE ARE
TARGETING THE COUNTRY'S MOST
INNOVATIVE, HIGH-TECH
COMPANIES.
IN 2016, CHINESE CAPITAL TOOK
CONTROL OVER AN AVERAGE OF ONE
GERMAN COMPANY EVERY WEEK.
PARTICULARLY ALARMING WAS THE
ACQUISITION OF KUKA, A LEADING
GERMAN INDUSTRIAL ROBOT
MANUFACTURER.
GERMANY HAS A NATIONAL POLICY
OF PROMOTING THE FOURTH
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION THROUGH
INNOVATIONS SUCH AS ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE.
BUT SOME OF THESE ADVANCED
MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES ARE
FALLING INTO CHINESE HANDS.

The caption changes to "European Parliament."

The narrator says GERMANY AND THE REST OF THE
E.U. ARE CONSIDERING POLICIES
THAT WOULD LIMIT CHINESE
CORPORATE ACQUISITIONS AND
PREVENT THE DRAIN OF
TECHNOLOGY.

The caption changes to "Martina Werner. German representative European Parliament."

Martina is in her fifties, with short brown hair and wears glasses, a white T-shirt and a floral jacket.

She says "Chinese investment has come under scrutiny in the EU. There may be a larger strategy behind it. Beyond simply investing to make a profit they may have other strategic goals. These might put the future of EU corporations at risk."

The narrator says HOWEVER, CONSULTING COMPANIES
WORKING ON CORPORATE
ACQUISITIONS BELIEVE THAT
CHINESE TAKEOVERS WILL CONTINUE
TO INCREASE.

The caption changes to "Sun Yi. Corporate Acquisition Broker."

Sun is in her forties, with long straight black hair and wears a checker black and white sweater, a Chanel jacket and a long pearl necklace.

She says "Chinese say, 'For every policy, there is a countermeasure.' Believe me, Chinese companies are already thinking about ways to deal with any policies that are adopted."

The caption changes to "Duisburg."

The narrator says AS CONCERN OVER CHINESE
CORPORATIONS INCREASES, YANG
FOUND A NEW PRODUCT HE HOPED
WILL SELL WIDELY IN CHINA.

Yang says to a workmate "I'll show you a new product."

The workmate says "A new product? What is it?"

Yang says "Engine oil."

The narrator says THE PRODUCT IS MARKETED AS HIGH
QUALITY ENGINE OIL FOR USE IN
GERMAN-MADE CARS.
SOME 4.5 MILLION GERMAN CARS
ARE SOLD ANNUALLY IN CHINA.
THEY ARE THE MOST POPULAR OF
ALL FOREIGN MODELS.
EVEN BEFORE THE PRODUCT WAS
PROCURED, IT WAS LISTED ON THE
INTERNET.
ALMOST IMMEDIATELY, ORDERS FOR
3,200 UNITS WERE REGISTERED.

Yang says "This will be our new trump card. It will be another flagship product, along with powdered milk. We'll see a high profit margin for this."

The narrator says says TO OBTAIN THE ENGINE OIL, YANG
SPENT MORE THAN SIX MONTHS IN
NEGOTIATIONS WITH A NEW
SUPPLIER.

On the phone, Yan says "We have two weeks..."

The narrator says says BUT AS THE SHIPPING DATE
APPROACHED, YANG STILL HAD NOT
GOTTEN DEFINITE WORD THAT THE
ENGINE OIL WOULD BE DELIVERED.

Yang says "I sent a mail, 'Do you have a response on the oil?' But I haven't heard back."

The narrator says says FEELINGS OF DISTRUST TOWARDS
THE CHINESE ARE GROWING IN
EUROPE.

Yang says "You've got to develop trust, then things will go well. The relationship is key. If we form a friendship, it will be easier to conduct business."

The narrator says ONE DAY BEFORE THE ENGINE OIL
IS DUE...

In his office, Yan lights up a cigarette and says "It's done, they agreed to ship. They sent an invoice. It's all settled."

The narrator says TO GAIN THE SUPPLIER'S
CONFIDENCE, YANG MADE A DARING
PROPOSAL.
HE OFFERED TO PAY THE ENTIRE
COST OF THE PRODUCT BEFORE
DELIVERY, A 100 percent PRE-PAYMENT.
HE CONVINCED HIS HEADQUARTERS
IN CHINA AND MADE AN ADVANCED
PAYMENT OF ABOUT 100,000 DOLLARS.
(EXHALING DEEPLY)

Yang makes a triumphant gesture and says "This is my baby. A baby takes 9 months, but this contract took 7 months. It was really hard."

The narrator says ONE WEEK LATER.
3,200 CONTAINERS OF ENGINE OIL
ARRIVED AT YANG'S WAREHOUSE.

Yang says "Because of One Belt One Road, the distance to China has shrunk. It's become a global village, and we're part of it. I feel close to home."
(HORN BLOWING)

The narrator says THE NEXT DAY...

The interviewer says "What has happened?"

Yang says "We got a new order."

The narrator says THE NEW ORDER WAS FIVE TIMES
MORE THAN THE LAST, 15,000
CONTAINERS OF ENGINE OIL.

Yang says "This is great! We'll find a way."

The narrator says BACK IN KAZAKHSTAN, WHICH HAS
BECOME A BASE FOR CHINA'S FOOD
AND ENERGY RESOURCES...
ANOTHER TEAM OF WORKERS ARRIVES
TODAY, TO JOIN THE EFFORT TO
OBTAIN EVER MORE WHEAT FOR THE
CHINESE MARKET.

(SINGING)

Men sing a song that says "Five-star red flags flutter in the wind. Songs of victory clear and bright. Singing for our dear motherland. We step toward prosperity and strength."

The narrator says BY THE YEAR 2020, THE CHINESE
GOVERNMENT PROJECTS THAT 5,000
TRAIN LOADS OF GOODS WILL CROSS
THE CONTINENT ANNUALLY ON THE
21ST CENTURY SILK ROAD.
WHAT IMPACT WILL THE BURGEONING
COMMERCE OF THIS MASSIVE
ECONOMIC NETWORK HAVE ON THE
REST OF THE WORLD?

Music plays as the end credits roll.

Produced by NHK.

Copyright, NHK.

Watch: Ep. 3 - China's Westward March