Transcript: Ep. 4 - Egypt: China's Gateway to Africa | Oct 30, 2018

(music plays)

Logo: TVF International.

Fast clips show images of the port in Cairo.

Anthony says ECONOMISTS ARE
CALLING THIS THE "EGYPTIAN
DREAM."
I'M ANTHONY MORSE.
AND I'M IN THE ANCIENT CITY OF
CAIRO TO UNDERSTAND THE
AMBITIOUS PLANS BEING UNDERTAKEN
BY CHINA AND EGYPT TO
REVOLUTIONIZE THIS REGION.

Anthony is in his late thirties, with short brown hair and a graying stubble. He wears jeans and a green shirt.

Anthony says WITH THE BUILDING OF POWER
PLANTS, HIGHWAYS AND PORTS ALL
ACROSS THE LAND, AND VITAL SEA
ROUTES LIKE THE SUEZ CANAL,
THAT CONNECT EUROPEAN WATERS
WITH THE ARABIAN OCEAN,
EGYPT IS POWERING ITS ECONOMY
BY REVOLUTIONIZING ITS
MANUFACTURING BASE AND A NEW
ADMINISTRATIVE CAPITAL.
WE EXAMINE THE AMBITIOUS PLANS
BEING UNDERTAKEN BY
PRESIDENT SISI AND HOW CHINA
PLANS TO FUND THEM IN THIS
SILK ROAD
FINALE.

(music plays)

In animation, a light beam travels across the cities the railroad joins.

The name of the show appears in yellow letters over a map. It reads "The new Silk Road. Season 3."

Anthony says BEIJING IS DEVELOPING A MASSIVE
ECONOMIC PLAN ACROSS COUNTRIES
AND CONTINENTS, WITH THE
ONE BELT, ONE ROAD INITIATIVE.
INVOLVED IN MORE THAN
65 COUNTRIES, CHINA IS CREATING
A NEW WORLD ORDER THROUGH TRADE
AND COMMERCE.
AND THE MIDDLE EAST AND
NORTH AFRICA ARE CRUCIAL
MARKETS FOR CHINESE ENTERPRISES
TO ESTABLISH THEIR
ECONOMIC HEGEMONY.
CONSIDERED TO BE A CRADLE OF
ANCIENT CIVILIZATION, EGYPT IS
OUR FINAL DESTINATION FOR THIS
YEAR'S SILK ROAD.
MIRED IN HISTORY, CAIRO HAS
BEEN THE CAPITAL FOR THE LAST
1,000 YEARS, WELCOMING TRADERS
AND TOURISTS ALIKE WITH ITS
ENTREPRENEURIAL FLAIR
AND HOSPITALITY.
AND THE CHINESE ARE TAKING UP
THE INVITATION, DESCENDING ON
THE CAPITAL WITH THEIR
TRADITIONAL TRADE AND COMMERCE.

(SHUTTER CLICKING)

A caption reads "Anthony Morse."

Anthony takes pictures of Cairo architecture.

Anthony says A IT'S AIMING TO USE EGYPT AS AN
ECONOMIC NERVE CENTRE, A VITAL
COG THAT SITS IN THE MIDDLE OF
EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE
MIDDLE EAST.
EGYPT IS THE SECOND COUNTRY ON
CHINA'S NEW MARITIME SILK ROUTE
AND THE
ONE BELT, ONE ROAD INITIATIVE,
AFTER PAKISTAN.
THE PLAN IS TO INCREASE CHINA'S
MARITIME TRAFFIC TO THE
MEDITERRANEAN THROUGH THE
SUEZ CANAL, BY DEVELOPING
SEVERAL PORT CITIES FOR
MANUFACTURING AND TRADE.

A map shows the locations of the new ports alongside the Suez Canal.

Anthony says DUE TO INCREASED TRADE,
PRESIDENT SISI IS TRYING TO
MAKE EGYPT A CRITICAL TRADING
PARTNER WITH BEIJING AND THE
MIDDLE EAST AND THE REMAINING
COUNTRIES ON THE
ONE BELT, ONE ROAD.

An animated map shows the maritime route from Cairo to Beijing.

Anthony says A COUNTRY OF OVER 95 MILLION,
EGYPT IS THE MOST-POPULOUS
COUNTRY IN NORTH AFRICA AND IS
BEING DUBBED AS CHINA'S GATEWAY
TO AFRICA.
FAYEZ FARAHAT, AN EXPERT IN
ECONOMICS AND GEOPOLITICS,
IS EXCITED TO SEE A NEW
SUPERPOWER RISING IN
THE REGION.
WHAT ROLE WILL EGYPT PLAY IN
CHINA'S ONE BELT, ONE ROAD,
AS IT RELATES TO CHINA'S ACCESS
TO AFRICA, AFRICAN MARKETS?

A caption reads "Fayez Farahat. Analyst."

Fayez is in his late forties, with short thinning brown hair and wears glasses, a blue suit, a white shirt and a striped green tie.

He says "Yes, because, the geographical location of Egypt, China can consider Egypt as the gateway to Africa. Not only the gateway to Africa, but the gateway for the Arab world, Europe also, because Egypt is near to the south of Europe. According to the map of the 'One Belt One Road', I think Egypt is located as part of the maritime axis of this initiative."

Anthony says EGYPT'S POLITICAL TURBULENCE
HAS TRADITIONALLY BEEN A MAJOR
HANDICAP FOR ITS
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT.
THE COUNTRY HAS FACED SEVERAL
POLITICAL UPHEAVALS FROM
WITHIN, LEADING TO MASS
INSTABILITY AND A
STAGNANT ECONOMY.
THE MOST PROMINENT UPRISING
CAME AT TAHRIR SQUARE IN 2011
THAT LED TO THE OUSTING OF
PRESIDENT HOSNI MUBARAK,
WHO HAD RULED THE COUNTRY FOR
43 YEARS.
BUT THE NEWLY-ELECTED
PRESIDENT, MOHAMED MORSI OF THE
MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD,
DIDN'T LAST LONG.
THE EGYPTIAN ARMY MOUNTED
A COUP.
AND THE COURTS SENT MORSI
BEHIND BARS FOR 25 YEARS.
THAT BROUGHT EGYPTIAN MILITARY
CHIEF ABDEL FATTAH EL-SISI TO
POWER, WHO, TODAY, IS THE
MOST-POWERFUL PERSON IN THE
COUNTRY AND THE PRESIDENT OF
EGYPT SINCE 2014.
CHINA'S BANKING ON HIM FOR
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL
STABILITY IN THE REGION.

Clips show President Morsi waving behind jail cell and President Sisi and Xi Jingpin signing contracts.

Fayez says "The military intervention in the region in the 1990's and also in 2003 in Iraq and Libya. The experience of military intervention of western powers in general in the Middle East, it didn't lead to stability in the Middle East. If China is aiming to build a multipolar system, then the Middle East is important because the shift is always made here. This is why, the Middle East is important for China. It will make the shift from the unipolar system of United States to a multipolar system."

Anthony says PRESIDENT SISI MET
CHINESE PREMIER XI JINPING IN
2016, SIGNING DEALS WORTH
17 BILLION U.S. DOLLARS
FOR EGYPT, IN SPECIAL ECONOMIC
ZONES AND JOINT PRODUCTIONS
WITH CHINA, THE RELATIONSHIP
BETWEEN THE TWO IS STEEPED IN
HISTORY WITH CHINESE TRADERS
FOR CENTURIES, BRINGING GOODS
THROUGH EGYPT AND THE
MIDDLE EAST, BEFORE TRAVELLING
ONWARDS TO EUROPE.
STOPOVERS LIKE THE
KHAN EL-KHALILI BAZAAR WERE
CRITICAL FOR LAYOVERS AND
CONDUCTING BUSINESS.
IT'S ONE OF THE WORLD'S OLDEST
COVERED MARKETS, HAVING BEEN
FOUNDED IN 1382 DUE TO THE
SPICE ROUTE TRADE BETWEEN
EUROPE AND CHINA.
NAMED AFTER THE GREAT KHANS WHO
CONQUERED EGYPT IN THE 14TH
CENTURY, THE BAZAAR BECAME A
MAJOR CENTRE FOR FOREIGN TRADE.
SO, HOW OLD IS THE
KHAN EL-KHALILI BAZAAR?

The caption changes to "Ahmad Nassr. Vendor, Khan El Khaleli Bazaar."

Ahmad is in his fifties, with short wavy gray hair and wears a white and brown plaid shirt.

He says "Yes, we're talking around hundreds of years. Era after era. When we were a kingdom, then a republic. Till it reached what it is now, a globally known landmark."

Anthony says IN YOUR OPINION, HOW IS THE
EGYPTIAN ECONOMY DOING?

Ahmad says "The economy in the time of President Sisi is getting better but it needs time, it should soon flourish. Egypt could be a real power, not a super power but at least getting close because Egypt has many elements, economically, manpower which could develop any country very fast."

Anthony says AHMAD DECIDED TO HELP US GET A
CLOSER FEEL OF THE BAZAAR BY
DRESSING ME UP AS ONE OF THE
GREAT KHAN TRADERS OF THE
14TH CENTURY.

Now Anthony wears a prosthetic beard, a pillow box hat, a red and golden cape and carries a cane.

He takes pictures with passers-by and says ALL RIGHT, THANKS, GUYS.
THANKS, GUYS.
ALL RIGHT.
WELL, AS THE SAYING GOES,
"WHEN IN ROME, DO AS THE
ROMANS DO," SO, HAVING A LITTLE
LIGHTHEARTED FUN,
GETTING DRESSED UP AS THE KHAN,
MAYBE WHAT THEY WOULD HAVE WORN
WHEN THEY WALKED THROUGH THIS
GREAT BAZAAR, HUNDREDS OF
YEARS AGO.
ORNATE GATES AND UPPER STORIES
WHOSE EXTERNAL FACADES,
LINED WITH ARABIC SCRIPTURES,
WHERE MERCHANTS' ROOMS WERE
LOCATED, ARE PRESERVED IN TIME.
TODAY, IT IS ONE FRANTIC,
DIZZYING RETAIL EXTRAVAGANZA,
WHERE YOU CAN BUY PRETTY MUCH
ANYTHING, FROM JEANS AND GOLD TO
HOOKAHS AND MAGIC OILS.
TRADITIONAL WORKSHOPS CONTINUE
TO OPERATE IN THE
SURROUNDING AREA.
AS NIGHT FALLS, THE AREA IS
SWARMED WITH TOURISTS OUT TO
BUY TRINKETS, CARPETS AND
EXTRAVAGANT PERFUMES.

(music plays)

Anthony says WAEL KADDOUR HAS BEEN WALKING
THROUGH THESE INTRICATE BAZAARS
FOR YEARS.
HE UNDERSTANDS THAT EGYPT HAS
THE POTENTIAL TO BE A GLOBAL
ECONOMIC PLAYER FOR CHINA IN
THE REGION.

The caption changes to "Wael Kaddour. Historian."

Wael is in his seventies, with short wavy gray hair and wears glasses, a blue suit, white shirt and striped tie.

Anthony says CAN YOU GIVE A HISTORICAL
PERSPECTIVE OF THE ANCIENT SILK
ROUTE AND HOW IT PASSED
THROUGH EGYPT?

Wael says "These Silk Roads is a very ancient road for trade between China and Europe. More than 3000 years before Christ. Now there is another new Silk Road which we call the Belt and Road initiative. And within 2 years it may be reaching USD 600 billion. And the trade between China and Africa will reach USD 400 billion."

Anthony says BILATERAL RELATIONS BETWEEN
EGYPT AND CHINA HAVE ENTERED
ITS 60TH YEAR.
AND TRADE BETWEEN THE TWO HAS
NOW SWELLED INTO THE BILLIONS.
WE VISIT THE MOST IMPORTANT
CHINESE MAN IN CAIRO TODAY TO
UNDERSTAND THE EXTENT OF
CHINA'S FOOTPRINT IN EGYPT.
HAN BING IS THE COMMERCIAL AND
ECONOMIC ATTACHÉ AT THE
CHINESE EMBASSY HERE IN CAIRO.
HE IS COORDINATING THIS MASSIVE
EGYPTIAN MAKEOVER WITH THE
DECISION MAKERS IN BEIJING AS
CHINESE INVESTMENTS ARE
SPRINGING UP ACROSS
THE LANDSCAPE.
CAN YOU OUTLINE SOME OF THE
MAJOR CHINESE INVESTMENTS OR
COMPANIES THAT ARE HERE
IN EGYPT?

The caption changes to "Han Bing. Chinese Economic and Commercial Attaché, Chinese Embassy, Egypt."

Han is in his fifties, with short dark hair and wears glasses, a blue suit, a white shirt and a polka dotted blue tie.

Han says "When we collect information from the companies operating here from China, with Chinese investment, we come to a figure near 7 billion US dollars. It is the General Authority for the Investment of the Free Zone in Egypt, they have about 1300 companies registered in the GAFI.

But first we need to build the infrastructure, like also the TEDA zone in Ain Sokhna for the expansion area, also they are now constructing the infrastructure, they are expected to attract I think about 10 billion US dollars. We have many challenges over here. We first need to know each other better. One Belt One Road initiative, we see it's an idea. It's an idea presented to the world. In this concept, we are focusing on five areas. So first one is the policy exchange. Second one is the infrastructure connectivity and third is for the trade and investment facilitation. Fourth is financial collaboration and last one is the exchange between people. So we are focusing on these five areas."

Anthony says AGREEMENTS WITH EGYPT IN THE
FIELDS OF MANUFACTURING AND THE
DEVELOPMENT OF PORTS AND ENERGY
SOURCES HAVE BEEN INKED AND ARE
FAST BECOMING A REALITY.
BUT THE THOUSAND-YEAR-OLD CITY
OF CAIRO, WHERE ALL THESE
AGREEMENTS WERE SIGNED,
IS STRUGGLING.
WITH ONE OF THE FASTEST-GROWING
POPULATIONS IN THE REGION,
THE OLD CITY OF CAIRO HAS
TURNED INTO A CONGESTED MESS.
IT TAKES HOURS TO GO FROM ONE
POINT TO ANOTHER, MAKING IT
HIGHLY UNATTRACTIVE FOR FOREIGN
BUSINESSES TO SET UP BASE HERE
IN THE CAPITAL.
IT'S CONGESTED AND CHAOTIC.
WITH MORE THAN TEN MILLION
INHABITANTS, CAIRO'S
INFRASTRUCTURE IS NOT ABLE TO
MEET THE NEEDS OF ITS PEOPLE.
SO, THEY'RE MOVING IT
RIGHT HERE.

Fast clips show images of a city under construction.

Anthony says THE NEW CAPITAL, PLANNED TO BE
THE SIZE OF SINGAPORE, IS DUE TO
HAVE AN AIRPORT LARGER THAN
LONDON'S HEATHROW, A BUILDING
TALLER THAN PARIS'S EIFFEL TOWER
AND 10,000 KILOMETRES OF ROADS
AND AVENUES.
CHINA FORTUNE LAND DEVELOPMENT
SIGNED AGREEMENTS WITH EGYPTIAN
AUTHORITIES TO DEVELOP PARTS OF
THE NEW CAPITAL.
IT HAS SIGNED A DEAL TO DEVELOP
AND MANAGE 5,700 HECTARES OF
EGYPT'S NEW ADMINISTRATIVE
CAPITAL AT A COST OF
20 BILLION U.S. DOLLARS
AND JUST A ROAD TRIP FROM OLD
CAIRO, TOWARDS THE NEW CAPITAL,
SHOWS HUNDREDS OF BILLBOARDS,
ADVERTISING THE LUXURIOUS NEW
LIFESTYLE THAT AWAITS THE
PEOPLE OF EGYPT.
THE CITY IS PLANNED TO CONSIST
OF 21 RESIDENTIAL DISTRICTS.
FROM HOUSES RANGING FROM
400,000 U.S. DOLLARS TO 1 MILLION
U.S. DOLLARS, IT'S PRESIDENT SISI'S
PROMISE OF A MORE-LUXURIOUS
LIFESTYLE FOR THOSE WHO CAN
AFFORD IT.
IT IS PROJECTED TO HAVE A
POPULATION OF 5 MILLION PEOPLE
IN THE NEXT FIVE YEARS AND
SOLVE THE CHRONIC HOUSING
PROBLEMS OF OLD CAIRO.
AHMED SABBOUR IS ONE OF THE
LARGEST DEVELOPERS IN CAIRO,
OVERSEEING THIS
MASSIVE INITIATIVE.
WHAT ROLE IS CHINA PLAYING IN
EGYPT'S HOUSING MARKET?

The caption changes to "Ahmad Sabbour. Real Estate Developer."

Ahmad is in his sixties, bald and clean-shaven and wears glasses, a blue suit, white shirt and printed gray tie.

He says LOTS.
TO START WITH, CHINA STATE,
WHICH IS ONE OF THE-- IT'S THE
BIGGEST, LARGEST COMPANY IN THE
WORLD, AS FAR AS I UNDERSTAND,
OR AS FAR AS I AM SURE THEY ARE.
IT'S THE
GOVERNMENT-OWNED COMPANY.
WE JUST SIGNED A CONTRACT TO
DEVELOP THE CENTRAL BUSINESS
DISTRICT IN THE NEW CAPITAL.
IT'S A 3 BILLION DOLLAR PROJECT.
AND IT WAS SIGNED ON THE DAY OF
THE LAUNCH.
I SAID THAT WAS A MONTH AND A
HALF AGO, WHERE WE ATTENDED
THIS LAUNCH, 3 BILLION DOLLAR PROJECT,
WHICH IS ALL THE OFFICE
BUILDINGS, ALL THE BUSINESS
DISTRICT OF THE CAPITAL.
SO, THIS IS NOT A
HOUSING PROJECT.

Anthony says IT IS PLANNED THAT THE NEW
CAPITAL WILL TRANSFER
THE PARLIAMENT,
PRESIDENTIAL PALACES,
GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES AND
FOREIGN EMBASSIES ALL TO
THIS PLACE.
IT'S ESTIMATED TO BE COMPLETED
BETWEEN 2020 AND 2022 AND MAY
END UP COSTING NEARLY
45 BILLION U.S. DOLLARS, ACCORDING TO
SOME ESTIMATES.
THIS MASSIVE PROJECT, HOWEVER,
HASN'T COME WITHOUT ITS FAIR
SHARE OF PROBLEMS.
COMPLICATIONS AROSE WHEN
CHINESE CONTRACTORS BACKED OUT
DUE TO OVERPRICED
CONSTRUCTION RATES.
CRITICS FURTHER ARGUE THE
REASON FOR A NEW CAPITAL,
UPROOTING THOUSANDS OF
GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES TO BE
TAKEN TO A BARREN DESERT AREA.
BUT THE CREATING OF JOBS IN THE
CONSTRUCTION SECTOR INSIDE
EGYPT FINALLY LED TO A
COMPROMISE BETWEEN THE
TWO COUNTRIES.
WITH THE CHINESE COMPANIES THAT
ARE INVESTING IN NEW CAIRO,
ARE THEY BRINGING IN
CHINESE LABOURERS?
OR ARE THEY USING
LOCAL EGYPTIANS?

Ahmad says BOTH, IT NEEDS TO BE A
WIN-WIN.
CHINESE COMPANIES,
GREAT COMPANIES, ARE COMING HERE
TO INVEST IN A VERY
HIGH-POTENTIAL COUNTRY.
AND WE ARE VERY HAPPY THAT THEY
MAKE MONEY AND MAKE PROFITS AND
MAKE MORE MONEY AND
MORE PROFITS.
BUT WE HAVE AN
UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM.
SO, IT NEEDS TO BE A WIN-WIN.

Anthony says THIS WIN-WIN SITUATION HAS
ATTRACTED POWERFUL EGYPTIAN
CONSTRUCTION GIANTS LIKE
MOUNTAIN VIEW.
THEY'RE DEVELOPING PROJECTS
LIKE THE HYDE PARK, THE LARGEST
LANDSCAPE PARK IN NEW CAIRO.
THE COMPANY IS HEADED BY
AYMAN ISMAIL, A PRIVATE
CONTRACTOR WHO SWIFTLY INVESTED
IN PRESIDENT SISI'S DREAM OF A
NEW CAPITAL AT A TIME WHEN SOME
CHINESE FINANCIERS BACKED OUT.
AYMAN, WHO LATER WENT ON TO
HEAD THE ADVISORY BOARD ON THE
NEW ADMINISTRATIVE CAPITAL AS
ITS CHAIRMAN, IS EXCITED ABOUT
THE NEW CITY, SITUATED 40 KILOMETRES
OUTSIDE OF OLD CAIRO.
WHY IS THERE A NEW NEED FOR A
NEW CAPITAL IN EGYPT?

The caption changes to "Ayman Ismail. Founding Chairman. Board of Advisor. New Capital."

Ayman is in his fifties, with short wavy gray hair and wears glasses, a white shirt and a purple vest.

He says IT'S NOT GOING TO BE A
REPLACEMENT TO THE NEW CAPITAL.
IT'S GOING TO BE AN EXTENSION TO
THE CURRENT CAPITAL.
AND THAT'S VERY LEGITIMATE.
CAIRO WON LAST YEAR-- AND I SAY
"WON" IN A KIND OF, UHH,
YOU KNOW, SARCASTIC WAY TO A
CERTAIN DEGREE...
THE FASTEST-GROWING CITY IN THE
WORLD, YOU KNOW, IN TERMS
OF POPULATION.
WE'VE JUST ADDED HALF A MILLION
PEOPLE IN CAIRO LAST YEAR.

Anthony says BUT THERE'S MORE TO THE
EGYPTIAN-CHINESE STORY THAN
JUST THE NEW CAPITAL, WITH THE
LAUNCH OF THE NEW SUEZ CANAL.
BEING DUBBED AS THE
"EGYPTIAN DREAM," WILL THIS
CANAL BE ABLE TO WITHSTAND THE
MASSIVE SECURITY AND
INFRASTRUCTURE CHALLENGES THE
CHINESE PROPOSAL POSES?
CHINESE INVESTMENTS IN EGYPT
HAVE POURED INTO THE COUNTRY IN
THE BILLIONS.
WITH MORE THAN 50 CHINESE
PRIVATE- AND PUBLICLY-LISTED
COMPANIES NOW OPERATING IN THE
COUNTRY, THE ONE BELT, ONE ROAD
INITIATIVE HAS ARRIVED
IN EGYPT.
BUT THE JEWEL OF THE EGYPTIAN
CROWN IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE
NEW AND ADVANCED SUEZ CANAL,
AN ECONOMIC ZONE SPANNING
460 SQUARE KILOMETRES.
FOR MORE THAN 150 YEARS,
THE SUEZ CANAL HAS BEEN THE
LIFEBLOOD OF THE EGYPTIAN
ECONOMY, THAT HAS UNDERGONE
POLITICAL AND MILITARY CRISIS.
OPENED IN 1869, IT WAS
COMPLETED AND LARGELY OWNED BY
A BRITISH AND FRENCH COMPANY.
EGYPT GOT BACK THE OWNERSHIP
ONLY IN 1956, AFTER FORMER
EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT
GAMAL ABDEL NASSER NATIONALIZED
THE SUEZ CANAL AND TOOK
BACK CONTROL.
IT LED TO THE
SUEZ CANAL CRISIS.
AND THE REGION WAS THROWN
INTO TURMOIL.
TO WIN THE SUEZ CANAL BACK
MILITARILY, THE UNITED KINGDOM,
FRANCE AND ISRAEL ATTACKED AND
INVADED EGYPT.
THE EGYPTIAN MILITARY STRUCK
BACK WILL FULL FORCE.
A CEASEFIRE WAS FINALLY
ANNOUNCED IN 1957,
AFTER INTENSE PRESSURE FROM THE
UNITED STATES AND THE
UNITED NATIONS.
OVER THE NEXT 50 YEARS,
THE SUEZ CANAL'S TRANSFORMATION
HAS BEEN BREATHTAKING,
AS FOREIGN INVADERS WERE
REPLACED WITH
FOREIGN INVESTORS.
IN AUGUST 2014, PRESIDENT SISI
ANNOUNCED THE EXPANSION OF THE
SUEZ CANAL PROJECT WITH MUCH
FANFARE TO PROMOTE THE ECONOMIC
LIFELINE OF THE COUNTRY.

A map shows the canal and a caption that reads "460.6 kilometres. SC Zone."

The caption changes to "West Port-Said Port."

Anthony says A NEW 72 KILOMETRE CANAL WAS DUG
PARALLEL TO THE EXISTING CANAL
IN TWO YEARS FOR TWO-WAY
MARITIME AND CARGO TRAFFIC.
BY 2016, THE TWO-WAY SUEZ CANAL
WAS READY TO SERVE AS A MAJOR
MARITIME TRADE ROUTE.

Captions read "16 metres depth."

Images of the Adabiya Port, the Sokhna Port, the Al-Arish Port, the Al-Tur Port, and the East Port Said Port appear.

Anthony says ENTIRELY FUNDED BY THE EGYPTIAN
PEOPLE, OVER 64 BILLION
EGYPTIAN POUNDS WERE RAISED
THROUGH INVESTMENT CERTIFICATES
TO FUND ITS EXPANSION.
TODAY, IT'S BEEN DUBBED AS THE
"EGYPTIAN DREAM."
PROMOTIONAL CAMPAIGNS UNDER
PRESIDENT SISI ARE SELLING
THEIR BIGGEST DEVELOPMENT
PROJECT TO THE CHINESE TO
DEVELOP SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES
AROUND THE CANAL.

A TV announcer says SUEZ CANAL ECONOMIC ZONE
IS THE PROMISING AREA.

Anthony says IN NOVEMBER 2015, AND ON THIS
LAND, A HOPEFUL VOICE CAME OUT.

President Sisi addresses the audience and says "Cultivate hope in people's souls. We care to do that as much as we can."

A split screen shows images of the Suez Canal in 2016 on the left and 2017 on the right.
TODAY, AND AFTER ONLY TWO
YEARS, THE PROMISE HAS
BEEN FULFILLED.

An animated map shows the locations of the ports.

Anthony says THE SUEZ CANAL ZONE
SEEKS TO BENEFIT FROM ITS CLOSE
PROXIMITY TO MAJOR MARITIME AND
ECONOMIC MARKETS IN THE REGION,
WITH ABUNDANT LAND AND HUMAN
RESOURCES AVAILABLE.
IT AIMS TO PROVIDE INVESTORS
WITH A MARKET OF 1.6 BILLION
CUSTOMERS IN THE MIDDLE EAST
AND NORTH AFRICA UNDER
PREFERENTIAL TRADE AGREEMENTS.
EGYPT IS DEVELOPING INDUSTRIAL
ZONES ALONG THE CANAL TO BOOST
THE SC ZONE AS A WORLD CLASS
LOGISTICS AND TRADE CENTRE.
MORE THAN 1 MILLION JOBS ARE
EXPECTED TO BE CREATED OVER THE
NEXT 15 YEARS,
WITH SHIPBUILDING AND REPAIR
MADE EASY FOR
INTERNATIONAL TRADERS.
AND I'M AT THE SUEZ CANAL,
ONE OF THE MOST-IMPORTANT
GEOSTRATEGIC MARITIME
TRADING ROUTES.
AND CHINA IS ARRIVING IN ITS
CUSTOMARY STYLE.
11 percent OF CHINESE MARITIME TRADE
PASSES THROUGH THE SUEZ CANAL
TO CATER FOR THE
NORTH AFRICAN MARKETS.
BEIJING'S TRADE WITH
NORTH AFRICA AIMS TO INCREASE
THE WATERWAY CAPACITY OF THE
SUEZ CANAL TO REACH 97 SHIPS
A DAY.
THAT WILL POTENTIALLY DOUBLE
EGYPT'S CANAL REVENUES FROM
6 BILLION U.S. DOLLARS TO NEARLY
13 BILLION U.S. DOLLARS ANNUALLY.
AND THE ROLE OF THIS MAN IS
VITAL FOR THE CHINESE WHO AIM
TO UTILIZE THE EXPANDED
SUEZ CANAL FOR TWO-WAY
MARITIME TRAFFIC.
MOHAB MAMISH HEADS THE
SUEZ CANAL AUTHORITY AND
REPORTS DIRECTLY TO
PRESIDENT SISI HIMSELF.
AND WE'VE GOT AN EXCLUSIVE
INTERVIEW TO FIND OUT MORE
ABOUT EGYPT'S DREAM PROJECT.
WHY WAS THE NEW SUEZ CANAL AN
IMPORTANT PROJECT FOR
PRESIDENT SISI?

The caption changes to "Mohab Mmish. Chairman, Suez Canal Authority."

Mohab is in his late sixties, balding and clean-shaven. He wears a black suit, white shirt and brown tie.

He says "It was not for President Sisi, it was for Egypt."

Anthony says OKAY.

Mohab says "We made this Suez Canal not for one person, but for all the Egyptian people. Because, we had some troubles, in the system of Suez Canal. Earlier, if you had any defected ship, you had to stop the entire Suez Canal. Because we were working on one track only. But now we have two tracks. If something goes wrong in the first track, you can change the navigation to the other track. And, we were unable to use the new ships because of the depth of the canal but now we have many mega ships running here from all over the world. We have to be ready to trade with the new standards of ships. We have to make the canal bigger, wider and faster."

An animated map shows the route from Singapore to the SC Zone.

Anthony says SINGAPORE PORTS AUTHORITY IS
ALSO WORKING IN THE
EAST PORT SAID.
CAN YOU TELL US A LITTLE BIT
MORE ABOUT THAT AS WELL?

Mohab says "In Singapore, they are very experienced in developing ports and we have very good connections with them. I started working with them and I convinced President Sisi to visit Singapore. I visited Singapore with him, because I had good relations with them. Singaporeans are very decent, they are very straight, and they are very faithful."

Anthony says WITH THE RISE IN CHINA'S TRADE
TO AFRICA TO MORE THAN
80 BILLION U.S. DOLLARS ANNUALLY,
THE SUEZ CANAL IS AIMING TO
BECOME AN INTERNATIONAL TRADING
HUB, NOT ONLY FOR
TRANSIT PURPOSES.
TO SERVE AS A MANUFACTURING
BASE FOR CHINESE COMPANIES
TRADING WITH AFRICA,
SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES,
OR SEZS, ARE BEING DEVELOPED
UNDER THE ONE BELT, ONE ROAD
PLAN, AROUND THE CANAL.
WHAT IS THE STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE
OF THE SUEZ CANAL ECONOMIC ZONE?

Han says "We would like to show our experience of how to develop economic zones."

Anthony says HOW WILL CHINESE COMPANIES
BENEFIT FROM HAVING THE
"MADE IN EGYPT" STAMP ON
THEIR PRODUCTS?

Han says "Of course they will have better access to the markets around Egypt, ones where Egypt has these trade agreements with these countries. And also I think here we can have lower cost of production, and also, investment in the production can help Egypt towards industrialisation. For this country to get stronger in its economy, we can develop economic cooperation."

Anthony says MORE CHINESE COMPANIES ARE
BEING PROMOTED TO SET UP SHOP
IN EGYPT DUE TO CHEAPER COSTS
OF PRODUCTION AND ITS CLOSE
PROXIMITY TO A LARGE CONSUMER
MARKET IN NORTH AFRICA.

The caption changes to "Ahmed EL Sewedy. Chairman, Egyptian Chinese Business Council."

Ahmed is in his early fifties, clean-shaven and with short gray hair. He wears a navy blue suit, white shirt and purple tie.

He says YOU HAVE THE
BEST-SKILLED LABOUR.
THE POSITION OF EGYPT, WE CAN
EXPORT TO, LET'S SAY, TO EUROPE
WITHOUT ANY CUSTOMS, THE SAME
THING FOR THE ARAB WORLD.
WE CAN EXPORT THE SAME THING FOR
THE (UNCLEAR).
AND WE CAN EXPORT TO AFRICA
WITHOUT CUSTOMS.

Anthony says ONE OF THE MOST-IMPORTANT
PORT CITIES INSIDE THE
SUEZ CANAL ECONOMIC ZONE IS
AIN SOKHNA, A PORT THAT
CONNECTS THE RED SEA AND
THE MEDITERRANEAN.
AS PART OF THE
ONE BELT, ONE ROAD INITIATIVE,
ONE OF THE LEADING CHINESE
COMPANIES IS ENSURING THAT MORE
INVESTMENTS FLOW HERE.
THE TEDA GROUP, ONE OF THE
OLDEST INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPERS IN
CHINA, HAVE CREATED THIS
SEVEN-SQUARE-KILOMETRE
INDUSTRIAL ZONE WHICH NOW HAS
68 CHINESE COMPANIES.
DUE TO TEDA'S ECONOMIC ZONE,
CHINESE FIBREGLASS
MANUFACTURING GIANTS HAVE FLOWN
IN TO AIN SOKHNA PORT IN STYLE.
JUSHI EGYPT ARRIVED HERE TWO
YEARS AGO AND, TODAY, HAS A
TOTAL INVESTMENT OF
$223 MILLION U.S., MAKING IT
THE BIGGEST PRIVATE CHINESE
INVESTMENT IN EGYPT.
JUSHI HAS HAD AN IMMEDIATE
IMPACT ON THE LOCAL ECONOMY.
IT HAS HIRED MORE THAN
1,900 EGYPTIAN WORKERS TO BOOST
THE LOCAL EMPLOYMENT IN THE
REGION AND HAS ONLY A LIMITED
NUMBER OF 50 CHINESE
STAFF MEMBERS.
BY SETTING UP A MANUFACTURING
BASE IN THE
SUEZ CANAL ECONOMIC ZONE,
JUSHI IS NOW EXPORTING 95 percent OF
ITS GOODS FROM AIN SOKHNA TO
EUROPE AND NORTH AFRICA.
AS A RESULT, FREIGHT COSTS FOR
JUSHI HAVE GREATLY REDUCED IN
COMPARISON TO ITS EARLIER
SHIPMENTS THAT ARRIVED VIA SEA
ROUTES FROM THEIR HEADQUARTERS
IN THE CHINESE CITY
OF ZHEJIANG.
JUSHI'S MOVE TO EGYPT HAS MADE
IT MORE COMPETITIVE
AND EFFICIENT.
WHAT ROLE DOES TEDA PLAY IN,
UHH, JUSHI'S OPERATIONS HERE?

The caption changes to "Yang Jixiang. Deputy General Manager. Jushi Egypt."

Yang is in his late fifties, with short graying hair and a shadow of a moustache He wears glasses and a pale blue shirt.

He says "This area belongs to TEDA investment. So when we came here, TEDA supported us to make this factory. And they supported us in acquiring our license, and supported us in getting our gas, power and all these connections. After that, we were able to run our operations smoothly. Labour in Egypt is cheaper than China. It's the most important thing. But the first important aspect was the minerals you know. Egypt has many different minerals to manufacture fiberglass."

A IN ORDER TO ATTRACT MORE
FOREIGN INVESTMENT AS A
MANUFACTURING HUB, EGYPT IS
POSITIONING ITSELF AS THE
EXPORT GATEWAY TO NORTH AFRICA
AND EUROPE.
DOES HAVING A "MADE IN EGYPT."
STAMP ON JUSHI PRODUCTS, IS THAT
BENEFICIAL FOR THE COMPANY?

Yang says "Yes. For fiberglass exports from China to Europe, we have to pay a very high tax. But from here, we send our products to Europe without any taxes, resulting in big benefits for us."

Anthony says TO RELOCATE HERE TO EGYPT.

Yang says "Yes, so, it's the most important thing that's why we come here. You know the tax in China is nearly 36 percent."

A walks around the facilities and says JUSHI HAS ALSO BEEN ABLE TO CUT
DOWN TAXES BY TAKING ADVANTAGE
OF THE TAX BREAKS BEING
PROVIDED BY THE EGYPTIAN
GOVERNMENT FOR
FOREIGN INVESTORS.
WITH INCREASED PROFITS,
JUSHI IS ALREADY SETTING UP A
NEW MANUFACTURING PLANT
IN EGYPT.

Yang says "In future, not very long distance, next year, we have already purchased another land for a new workshop. In 2018, we will complete our new workshop which will include package manufacturing workshop, Silica limestone milling workshop and the natural gas station. TEDA is very important for us. I can say that no TEDA, no Jushi!"

Anthony says WITH THE RISE IN CHINESE FIRMS,
EGYPTIAN FIRMS AREN'T HOLDING
BACK AND ARE SIGNING JOINT
MANUFACTURING AGREEMENTS TO
BRING CHINESE PRODUCTS
TO EGYPT.
AFTER THE BREAK, WE DELVE INTO
EGYPT'S AUTOMOBILE SECTOR AND
MEET THE MAN WHO IS MAKING
CHINESE CARS FAMOUS IN
THE COUNTRY.
CHINA'S ONE BELT, ONE ROAD
INITIATIVE IS SWEEPING ACROSS
THE MIDDLE EAST AND
NORTH AFRICA.
AND EGYPT IS MAKING ITS
PRESENCE FELT.
HUNDREDS OF CONTRACTS WORTH
BILLIONS OF DOLLARS HAVE BEEN
SIGNED WITH THE CHINESE IN
ENERGY, MANUFACTURING AND
SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES.
IT'S TRANSFORMING THE WAY
EGYPTIANS WORK, THINK AND LIVE.
AND IF THERE IS ONE THING THAT
THE EGYPTIANS LOVE, IT'S THEIR
LOVE FOR IMPORTED CARS.
TRADITIONALLY AN IMPORTER OF
GERMAN AND AMERICAN CARS, IT IS
NOW LOCALLY MANUFACTURING,
JOINT PRODUCTIONS OF
CHINESE CARS.
THEY'RE CHEAP AND EASY TO MAKE.
IN LESS THAN TEN YEARS,
THE EGYPTIAN AUTOMOTIVE
BUSINESS HAS GROWN FROM JUST
THREE PLANTS TO NOW
MANUFACTURING NEARLY
100,000 UNITS OF PASSENGER CARS
PER YEAR.
AND PLANTS LIKE THIS IN CAIRO
ARE CHURNING OUT 100 CARS A DAY
TO SATISFY THE NEEDS OF THE
EGYPTIAN PEOPLE.
GHABBOUR AUTOS IS RESPONSIBLE
FOR 96 percent OF CHINESE CARS BEING
SOLD IN CAIRO.
AND ITS FOUNDER,
RAOUF GHABBOUR,
HAS BEEN NICKNAMED
"THE CHINESE AMBASSADOR."
IN EGYPT.
IN 2016 ALONE, HE SOLD MORE
THAN 12,000 CHINESE BRANDS,
GEELY AND CHERY.

The caption changes to "Raouf Ghabbour. CEO, Ghabbour Autos."

Raouf is in his late forties, clean-shaven and with short gray hair. He wears a blue suit, white shirt and burgundy tie.

He says 20 YEARS, THE CHINESE HAVE
PROVEN TO BE ABLE TO ACHIEVE IN
MUCH SHORTER PERIOD OF TIME.
AND I BELIEVE THAT THEY ARE NOT
FAR AWAY IN TERMS OF QUALITY
TODAY, ESPECIALLY WHEN YOU TALK
ABOUT COMPANIES WHICH BOUGHT...
HERE STATING THE EXAMPLE
OF GEELY.
GEELY BOUGHT VOLVO A FEW
YEARS BACK.
AND TODAY, WE SEE CLEARLY THE
IMPACT OF THE ACQUISITION.
THEIR PRODUCT QUALITY AND
STYLING HAS
IMPROVED TREMENDOUSLY.
IF I WERE TO QUANTIFY THE
QUALITY GAP, IT WOULD BE NO MORE
THAN 10 percent, WHICH I SEE, IN THE
NEXT VERY FEW YEARS,
WILL BE CLOSED.

Anthony says CAN YOU TALK ABOUT THE
IMPORTANCE OF THE CHINA-EGYPT
COLLABORATION, IN PARTICULAR IN
THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY?

Raouf says I THINK CHINA WAS VERY SMART.
AND I HAVE SEEN THE SAME TREND
IN KOREA, 25 YEARS AGO.
BOTH KOREA AND CHINA CHOSE
TESTING MARKETS.
SO, THEY CHOSE SOME MARKETS
WHERE THEY ARE-- THEY WERE
TESTING THEIR PRODUCT.
KOREA DIDN'T START EXPORTING TO
THE WORLD.
THEY STARTED EXPORTING TO SOME
MIDDLE EASTERN COUNTRIES AND
AFRICAN COUNTRIES.
AND WHEN THEY TESTED THE
PRODUCTS' PERFORMANCE IN
OFFSHORE MARKETS, THEY STARTED
THEN DEVELOPING-- AND THEY
DEVELOPED THEIR MANAGEMENT
SKILLS TO COPE WITH THE
REQUIREMENTS OF EXPORT MARKETS.
THEN THEY STARTED EXPANDING TO
OTHER MARKETS.
THIS IS EXACTLY WHAT CHINA
HAS DONE.

Anthony says RISING EGYPT-CHINA
MANUFACTURING HAS CREATED A
POSITIVE MOOD AMONGST MOST
EGYPTIANS AS LOTS OF HARD CASH
IS FLOWING INTO THE COUNTRY.
AS PART OF THE
ONE BELT, ONE ROAD DEALS,
EGYPT WILL BE RECEIVING
MILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN LOANS TO
FINANCE MASSIVE
DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS.
IT'S INCREASED EGYPT'S FOREIGN
RESERVES IN A COUNTRY THAT WAS
STARVED OF HARD CASH AFTER THE
POLITICAL TURMOIL THAT HIT THE
COUNTRY IN 2011.
AHMED EL SEWEDY, THE HEAD
OF THE
EGYPT-CHINA BUSINESS COUNCIL,
THE BODY RESPONSIBLE TO
FACILITATE CHINESE INVESTMENTS
IN THE COUNTRY, IS SATISFIED
WITH THE PROGRESS.

Ahmed says IT WAS QUITE CLEAR IN THE
LAST 20 YEARS THAT THE TRADE
WITH CHINA IS BEING MORE AND
MORE EVERY YEAR.
AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE
GULF COUNTRIES AND THE EGYPT
HAVE BEEN ALSO GROWING IN THE
LAST 20 YEARS.
A LOT OF CHINA NOW HAVING A LOT
OF TECHNOLOGY AND A LOT
OF KNOWHOW.
AND NOW THEY'RE NOT ONLY
EXPORTING NOW GOODS.
THEY'RE EXPORTING EVEN
TECHNOLOGY AND FACTORIES.
SO, I BELIEVE, WITH THIS ROUTE,
IT WILL BE BETTER FOR THE
CHINESE TO FIND BETTER MARKETS,
AT THE SAME TIME, FOR EGYPTIAN
AND FOR THE GULF REGION, TO FIND
BETTER PARTNER AND MORE
EASY PARTNER.

Anthony says CHINESE LOANS AND INVESTMENTS
IN DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ARE
BEING WELCOMED, DESPITE CLARITY
ON WHAT THE INTEREST RATES
WOULD BE TO THE PUBLIC.
DESPITE THE RISK THAT EGYPT
POSES FOR POTENTIAL
INVESTMENTS, OMAR EL-SHANIETY,
AN INVESTMENT EXPERT,
BELIEVES THAT THE CHINESE KNOW
WHERE AND HOW MUCH TO INVEST.

The caption changes to "Omar El Shaniety. Investment expert."

Omar is in his forties, with short curly brown hair and a shadow of a beard. He wears glasses, a blue suit, a white shirt and a printed green tie.

He says DEFINITELY, THE CHINESE
INVESTMENTS ARE VERY CRITICAL
AND STRATEGIC.
AND TO A VERY BIG EXTENT,
THEY ARE DIFFERENT THAN THE REST
OF THE INVESTMENTS THAT WE ARE
GETTING, FOR VERY
SPECIFIC REASONS.
NUMBER ONE, I WOULD SAY THAT
CHINA, IN GENERAL, IS MORE PRONE
TO RISK.
CHINESE INSTITUTIONS HAVE BEEN
USED TO INVEST ACROSS AFRICA.
AND WE, AS A FIRM, HAVE WORKED A
LOT IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES
IN AFRICA.
AND WHEREVER YOU GO, YOU SEE
CHINESE COMPANIES AND
CONTRACTORS AND
INFRASTRUCTURE COMPANIES.
SO, CHINA, AS A NATION,
AND CHINESE COMPANIES, ARE USED
TO HIGH RISK.
SO, THEY VIEW THE COUNTRY HERE
AS, GENERALLY, QUITE A GOOD RISK
WHEN YOU COMPARE IT TO OTHER
PLACES THEY ARE USED TO.
THIS IS NUMBER ONE.
NUMBER TWO, CHINESE DO NOT COME
TO JUST LEND MONEY TO THE
GOVERNMENT OR TO BANKS.
BUT THEY REALLY COME
WITH PROJECTS.

Anthony says AS THEY SAY IN ECONOMICS,
THE HIGHER THE RISK, THE HIGHER
THE RETURN.
AND HAN BING, THE CHINESE
ECONOMIC AND COMMERCIAL
ATTACHÉ, BELIEVES THAT EGYPT'S
RISKS ARE BEING VIEWED AS
CHINA'S OPPORTUNITIES
BY BEIJING.

Han says "We are expecting that the situation is stabilizing and the economy is recovering. We saw that in the last quarter, the Egyptian economy had a 4.9 percent growth rate. So that gives us good confidence for the overall economic situation. From Egyptian business people to Chinese business people, both have a different approach. And we need to find a way that can be accepted by both sides. So the cultural differences are quite big and both sides should accommodate. Besides all those challenges, we believe our cooperation will have a very bright future. And I think now is the time for Chinese companies to come to Egypt for investment."

(music plays)

Fast clips show images of people dragon boating and practicing martial arts.

Anthony says AFTER THE BREAK, WE VISIT THE
CHINESE CULTURAL CENTRE TO SEE
HOW CULTURAL BARRIERS ARE BEING
BROKEN DOWN AND MEET WITH AN
EGYPTIAN-CHINESE COUPLE WHO ARE
INTRODUCING DRAGON BOATING TO
THE NILE.
CHINA'S ONE BELT, ONE ROAD HAS
ARRIVED IN EGYPT WITH BILLIONS
OF DOLLARS OF INVESTMENTS
AND PROJECTS.
THE CHINESE DRAGON HAS LANDED
IN THIS AFRICAN NATION.
FROM JOINT PRODUCTIONS IN
MANUFACTURING TO FACILITATING
PORTS TO PROPELLING CHINESE
PRODUCTS TO THE EUROPEAN
MARKETS, THEY HAVE ALL
BEEN INKED.
IT DOESN'T END THERE.
THERE'S A CULTURAL EXCHANGE
ALSO GOING ON BETWEEN THE
TWO COUNTRIES.
THE 2,000-YEAR-OLD CHINESE
SPORT OF DRAGON BOAT RACING HAS
FOUND A NEW WATERWAY ON EGYPT'S
NILE RIVER.
A DRAGON BOAT ACADEMY HAS BEEN
INAUGURATED AT THE
ROYAL MOHAMED-ALY CLUB IN GIZA
AND HAS GARNERED THE INTEREST
OF CHINESE AND EGYPTIAN
NATIONALS IN THE AREA.
MARY LAI IS SOLELY RESPONSIBLE
FOR THIS
INTERESTING DEVELOPMENT.
BUT IT ALL BEGAN WITH THIS
SWEET EGYPTIAN-CHINESE
LOVE STORY.

The caption changes to "Mary Lai. Egyptian Friendship Association."

Mary is in her late forties, with short straight brown hair with bangs. She wears glasses and a light purple blouse.

She says I CAM HERE TO STUDY ARABIC.
SO, FIRST OF ALL,
I LOVE CULTURE.
AND I LOVE LANGUAGE.
AND THIS LANGUAGE BECOME A KEY
TO, FOR ME, OPEN MANY DOORS.
SO, ONE OF THE KEY, I FIND
MY HUSBAND.

Anthony says NICE, OKAY.
AND YOU'VE BEEN MARRIED FOR HOW
MANY YEARS NOW?

Mary says IT'S JUST ONLY FIVE YEARS.

Anthony says FIVE YEARS, OKAY.
I THINK THIS IS ONE OF THE
BEAUTIFUL THINGS, UMM,
THAT WE'RE SEEING ON, YOU KNOW,
THE ONE BELT, ONE ROAD OR THESE
KIND OF CROSS-CULTURAL OR, UHH,
INTERCULTURAL, UHH, MARRIAGES.
IN CHINA, YOU FIND IT TOO.
YOU FIND PEOPLE FROM EGYPT WHO
HAVE MARRIED CHINESE WOMEN,
ARE LIVING THERE,
SPEAK PERFECT MANDARIN.
HERE YOU ARE, SOMEONE FROM
HONG KONG, HAVE MARRIED
AN EGYPTIAN.
AND YOU SPEAK FLUENT ARABIC.

Mary says YEAH, YOU LATER WILL SEE MY
HUSBAND EHAB.
AND HE'S THE COACH.
HE'S THE FIRST EGYPTIAN-- HE GO
TO HONG KONG AND CHINA TO GET
TRAINING AS A DRAGON BOAT COACH.
WHAT'S THE IDEA IS, UHH,
BECAUSE EGYPTIAN HAVE
A CIVILIZATION.
AND CHINESE ALSO CIVILIZATION.
AND WE BRING THE CIVILIZATION
TOGETHER, THE DRAGON BOAT AND
THE RIVER NILE.

Anthony says MARY'S HUSBAND, EHAB,
HAS BEEN WORKING HARD ON
SPREADING DRAGON BOATING AFTER
THE MASTERED THE SPORT IN
HONG KONG AND GUANGZHOU.

Ehab is in his late forties, with short graying hair and a moustache and wears gray Bermuda shorts and a long sleeved white T-shirt with black details.

Ehab teaches a group how to row and says THAT HAND HERE, YOUR HAND,
TWO HAND IS THREE.
OKAY, YOU'RE HERE,
NEAR THE BOAT.

Anthony says OKAY.

Ehab says AND THEN YOU SIT.
THIS LEG IS UP.
THIS LEG IS BACK DOWN LIKE THAT.

Anthony says OKAY.

Ehab says AND YOUR HAND IS STRAIGHT.
SO, YOU PUSH.

Anthony says HE IS CURRENTLY TRAINING
SEVERAL GROUPS OF PLAYERS TO
PREPARE FOR THE NEXT FESTIVAL
IN CAIRO WHERE DRAGON BOAT
TEAMS FROM SPAIN, CYPRUS AND
OTHERS WILL TAKE PART.
THE TRAINEES, MOSTLY DRAGON
BOATING FOR THE FIRST TIME,
ARE EXCITED DURING THE RIDE,
AS THEY SIT IN TWO ROWS AND
LEARN HOW TO HARMONIOUSLY ROW
THEIR STICKS TOGETHER.
WHAT ARE THE FUTURE PLANS FOR
THE DRAGON BOATING FEDERATION?

Mary says I THINK WE HAVE
DIFFERENT STAGES.
WE ARE IN THE BEGINNING STAGE.
SO, WE TREAT IT AS A
COMMUNITY SPORT.
IT'S A CULTURE.
IT'S A GAME, A WATER GAME,
YOU KNOW?
AND THEN, SLOWLY, WE PROBABLY
WILL BE, UHH, TO ESTABLISH
FEDERATION, BUT STILL TOO EARLY
BECAUSE WE JUST WANT, AS A
COMMUNITY, TEAM BUILDING,
A CULTURE GAME.
I THINK THE CULTURE, WE NEED TO
LEARN HOW TO APPRECIATE ONE
ANOTHER, SO, ONE BY ONE ROW,
TO GIVE THIS BESIDE ECONOMY BUT
ALSO IN THE CULTURE SIDE, TO LET
THE EGYPTIAN UNDERSTAND OUR
CHINESE CULTURE.
WHAT IS THE STORY ABOUT A
DRAGON BOAT?
BECAUSE WE, LAST TIME, IN MAY,
WE DO A DRAGON BOAT FESTIVAL.
AND THEN WE MAKE A STORY TO TELL
THEM WHAT IS THE STORY ABOUT
DRAGON BOAT.
AND IT WAS REALLY AMAZING
BECAUSE THE STORY OF DRAGON BOAT
IS VERY NATIONALISM, YOU KNOW?
SO, AND THEY REALLY APPRECIATE.
AND THEY UNDERSTAND.
AND FOR, IN THE FUTURE, WE WANT
THE EGYPTIAN TO, THE TEAM,
THE DRAGON BOAT TEAM, TO GO TO
CHINA SO THEY HAVE MORE
EXCHANGE, MORE UNDERSTAND
ONE ANOTHER.
WITH THIS FOUNDATION, I BELIEVE
IN THE FUTURE.
NO MATTER THE ECONOMY AND ALL
THE INFRASTRUCTURE, WE'LL BE
HAPPY BECAUSE THE MUTUAL
UNDERSTANDING OF ONE
ANOTHER'S CIVILIZATION.

Anthony says TO UNDERSTAND THE SPORT
BETTER, EHAB INVITED ME TO THE
BIGGEST CHALLENGE OF THEM ALL.
MY TEAM WAS BEING PITTED
AGAINST THE MIGHTY
MOHAMED-ALY CLUB.
AFTER SOME LIGHT TRAINING,
OFF WE WENT TO THE NILE'S
GREATEST DRAGON
BOATING COMPETITION.
SO, RIGHT NOW, WE JUST CAME OUT
FROM WHERE WE GOT ON THE BOATS.
WE'VE HAD A LITTLE BIT
OF PRACTICE.
WHAT'S GOING TO HAPPEN NEXT?
ARE WE GOING TO RACE THESE GUYS?

Ehab says YES, YES, THIS IS THE
MOHAMED-ALY CLUB TEAM.
IT'S A VERY STRONG TEAM
IN EGYPT.
AND WE BUILT THIS TEAM TO BE...
TO GO PLAY OUTSIDE EGYPT.
WE HOPE SO, IN THE FUTURE.
AND THEY WILL PRACTICE THIS TEAM
TO MAKE IT STRONGER.
AND THEY ALREADY IS FAMOUS IN
THE RIVER NILE TOO.

Anthony says SO, JUST TO LET YOU KNOW,
WE'RE GOING UP AGAINST AN
ESTABLISHED TEAM.
WE'VE DUBBED OURSELVES THE
"NILE DRAGONS."

Ehab says YES.

Anthony says AND WE'RE GOING TO TAKE ON
THE TEAM.
LET'S SEE HOW WE DO.

Ehab says YES, YES, LET'S WE GO.

Anthony says LET'S GO, ALL RIGHT?

Ehab says RIGHT, RIGHT, HEY.
HEROES, HEROES!

Competitors say HEROES!
(GRUNTING)

The teams start racing.

(music plays)

Anthony says GOOD JOB, GOOD JOB, GUYS.
(CHEERING)

Anthony says ON THIS BEAUTIFUL DAY,
WE'VE ENJOYED A FRIENDLY
COMPETITION ON THESE DRAGON
BOATS, HERE ON THE FAMOUS
NILE RIVER.
AND THOUGH THE OPPOSING TEAM
CLEARLY WON, OUR COACH HERE
SAID, IN THE END, IT WAS REALLY
A SITUATION OF WIN-WIN.
AND I THINK THAT SO TYPICALLY
REPRESENTS THE SPIRIT OF THE
ONE BELT, ONE ROAD INITIATIVE.

(music plays)

Anthony says EGYPT'S DRAGON BOAT ACADEMY WAS
INAUGURATED BY THE
CHINESE EMBASSY HERE IN CAIRO.
ITS CHINESE CULTURAL CENTRE IN
THE HEART OF CAIRO PLAYS A
VITAL ROLE IN MERGING CULTURAL
AND LINGUISTIC BARRIERS BETWEEN
THE TWO NATIONS.
THIS IS THE FIRST CHINESE
CULTURAL CENTRE IN THE
MIDDLE EAST.
AND IT HAS BEEN RUNNING FOR THE
PAST 15 YEARS.
AND I'VE BEEN INVITED TO LEARN
ABOUT ONE OF CHINA'S MOST
ANCIENT MARTIAL ARTS FORMS
RIGHT HERE.

A clip shows women practicing Tai Chi.

Anthony says TAI CHI, SHORT FOR
"T'AI CHI CH'UAN," IS AN
INTERNAL CHINESE MARTIAL ART
PRACTICED FOR BOTH ITS DEFENCE
TRAINING AND ITS
HEALTH BENEFITS.
MARK IS A CHINESE TAI CHI
TEACHER WHO CAME TO CAIRO TWO
YEARS AGO AND HAS SEEN
EGYPTIANS TAKING A KEEN
INTEREST IN THIS ART FORM.
HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN
PRACTICING TAI CHI?

The caption changes to "Mark. Tai Chi instructor."

Mark is in his thirties, clean-shaven and with short wavy brown hair. He wears glasses, blue jeans and a white shirt.

He says "When I was a young boy, I followed by grandfather practicing Tai chi, maybe three years old."

Anthony says THE PEOPLE HERE IN EGYPT WHO
TAKE YOUR CLASSES, ARE THEY
ENJOYING THE PRACTICE?

Mark says "I think they really like this."

Anthony says WHY DO YOU PRACTICE TAI CHI?

Mark says "Why do we practice Tai Chi? I think it's Chinese traditional martial arts, I think it's a culture, it's a Chinese style of kungfu, it keeps you healthy. You can practice it every day and it's a good sport."

He teaches a class and says FIRST, MOVE YOUR WRIST.
OPEN.

Anthony says MARK INVITED ME TO A CLASS OF
TAI CHI, ALONG WITH HIS DEVOTED
EGYPTIAN FOLLOWERS.
IT IS BELIEVED THAT FOCUSSING
THE MIND SOLELY ON THE
MOVEMENTS OF THE FORM HELPS TO
BRING ABOUT A STATE OF MENTAL
CALM AND CLARITY.
BESIDES GENERAL HEALTH
BENEFITS, STRESS MANAGEMENT
ATTRIBUTED TO TRADITIONAL
CHINESE MEDICINE IS TAUGHT
AS WELL.
IT'S AMAZING TO SEE THIS ANCIENT
MARTIAL ART FORM BEING
INTRODUCED ON THE
ONE BELT, ONE ROAD AND BEING
PRACTICED BY MODERN EGYPTIANS
HERE IN CAIRO.
ALONG WITH TAI CHI,
DAILY MANDARIN CLASSES HAVE
GARNERED IMMENSE INTEREST FROM
THE PEOPLE OF CAIRO,
REDUCING CULTURAL BARRIERS
BETWEEN THESE TWO
GREAT CIVILIZATIONS.
THE MAN RESPONSIBLE FOR THIS IS
THE CULTURAL ATTACHÉ OF THE
CHINESE EMBASSY IN CAIRO,
MR. YANG YANG.
HE BELIEVES THAT THE FIRST STEP
TO BRING CHINESE COMPANIES HERE
IS TO DEVELOP GREATER CULTURAL
UNDERSTANDING FIRST.

The caption changes to "Yang Yang. Cultural Attaché, Chinese Embassy, Egypt."

Yang is in his fifties, with short spiky gray hair and wears a blue suit, white shirt and striped blue and silver tie.

Yang says "I think that all Chinese enterprises, upon coming to Egypt, need to first understand and learn about the customs and culture of Egypt. Because only after understanding them can one carry out communicative processes, exchanges, and cooperation. We screen a Chinese movie every week and you will also see Chinese language classes, which teach not only Chinese language, but also includes the teaching of Chinese traditional culture. You will also see Wu Shu martial art schools, which is loved by the Egyptians."

(music plays)

Anthony says THIS GREATER CULTURAL
UNDERSTANDING HAS ALLOWED A
GREATER ACCEPTANCE OF CHINESE
INVESTMENTS ACROSS THE
ONE BELT, ONE ROAD.
MY JOURNEY STARTED IN THE
CHINESE CITY OF NINGXIA,
WHERE I SAW HOW CHINA IS ON A
CHARM OFFENSIVE TO PROMOTE ITS
SILK ROAD VISION TO COUNTRIES
IN THE MIDDLE EAST,
IN PAKISTAN, WHERE AN ECONOMIC
CORRIDOR IS REDUCING TERRORIST
VIOLENCE WITH A RENEWED FOCUS
ON JOB DEVELOPMENT; IN IRAN,
A CRIPPLED ECONOMY IS NOW
RE-EMERGING ON THE WORLD STAGE
WITH THE ARRIVAL OF THE IRON
SILK ROAD.
AND HERE IN EGYPT, I'VE SEEN HOW
INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND
COOPERATION CAN HAVE A POSITIVE
IMPACT AND BRING POLITICAL AND
SOCIAL STABILITY.
AS TIES BETWEEN COUNTRIES ALONG
THE ONE BELT, ONE ROAD
STRENGTHEN, MANY PEOPLE IN THIS
ANCIENT LAND BELIEVE THAT
INTEGRATED ECONOMIES CAN HELP
CREATE A BETTER-CONNECTED AND
STABLE WORLD.

Music plays as the end credits roll.

Narrator, Anthony Morse.

Executive producer, Tan Lek Hwa.

Copyright 2018, Mediacorp Pte Ltd. All rights reserved.

Logo: TVF International.

Watch: Ep. 4 - Egypt: China's Gateway to Africa