Transcript: Ep. 2 - China's Pakistani Revolution | Oct 23, 2018

(music plays)

Logo: TVF International.

(SINGING IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE)

Clips show Chinese and Pakistani students singing songs.

A Pakistani student CHINA IS... THEY'RE BROTHERS.

Fast clips show images of the Lahore Metro, the Old Silk Route, the Pakistan China Friendship Tunnels, the Pak-China tunnels, the Natler Power Plant and the Lahore flyover.

Anthony says IT'S BEING DUBBED A
GAME-CHANGER TO PAKISTAN'S
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL FUTURE:
A REVIVAL OF THE OLD SILK ROAD
TRADE ROUTE.
WITH MORE THAN 50 BILLION US DOLLARS
IN INVESTMENTS, THIS IS CHINA'S
BIGGEST OVERSEAS SPLURGE IN
HISTORY, WITH THE BUILDING OF
POWER PLANTS, HIGHWAYS AND
PORTS ALL ACROSS THE LAND.
IT'S A CHINESE REVOLUTION IN THE
ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN,
AS WE TRAVERSE THE LENGTH OF
THIS GIGANTIC ECONOMIC
COLLABORATION OF THE
CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC
CORRIDOR.
BUT BEFORE THAT LIES THE
DISPUTED KASHMIR REGION,
POLITICAL INSTABILITY AND
TERRORISM, BEFORE CHINA CAN
CONNECT ITS XINJIANG PROVINCE
TO THE WARM WATERS OF THE
ARABIAN SEA.
THE IRON-BROTHER RELATIONSHIP
BETWEEN PAKISTAN AND CHINA, A
STARTLING NEW ECONOMIC
OFFENSIVE BY BEIJING WHICH IS
TRANSFORMING FOREVER THE
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL BALANCE
OF SOUTH ASIA.

A map shows the route from Gwadar to Islamabad to Kashgar.

(music plays)

In animation, a light beam travels across the cities the railroad joins.

The name of the show appears in yellow letters over a map. It reads "The new Silk Road. Season 3."

(CAR HORN HONKING)

Clips show images of busy streets in Beijing.

A caption reads "Anthony Morse."

Anthony is in his late thirties, with short brown hair and a graying stubble. He wears jeans and a blue shirt.

Anthony says BEIJING SAYS THE ONE BELT, ONE
ROAD IS THE PROJECT OF THE
CENTURY, A CHINESE-BUILT
INFRASTRUCTURE PLAN THAT IS
REMAKING SOUTH ASIA, AND THE
ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN IS
AT THE HEART OF IT.
CHINESE PREMIER XI JINPING AND
PAKISTANI PRESIDENT MAMNOON
HUSSAIN INKED BEIJING'S
FLAGSHIP PROJECT IN 2014.

A clip shows Pakistani and Chinese ministers signing deal, shaking hand.

Anthony says CALLED THE CHINA-PAKISTAN
ECONOMIC CORRIDOR, IT'S A
LONG-TERM PLAN TO UPGRADE
PAKISTAN'S ROADS, RAILWAYS AND
POWER GENERATION AND REVIVE ITS
STAGNATING ECONOMY.

A clip shows a bomb go off.

(EXPLOSION SOUNDING, PEOPLE
SCREAMING)

Anthony says DESPITE YEARS OF
TERROR-STRICKEN VIOLENCE AND
POLITICAL INSTABILITY, PAKISTAN
IS NOW BEING TRANSFORMED ON A
MASSIVE SCALE.
"HIGHER THAN THE HIMALAYAS,
DEEPER THAN THE SEAS AND
SWEETER THAN THE SWEETEST
HONEY."
THIS IS HOW CHINA'S FRIENDSHIP
HAS BEEN EULOGIZED BY THE
PAKISTANI STATE.
AND CHINA'S NEW ECONOMIC
FOOTPRINT HERE CHANGES
EVERYTHING.
IT'S DOTTED WITH MASSIVE
CHINESE INFRASTRUCTURE
PROJECTS.
WE BEGIN OUR JOURNEY AT THE
SUPREME LEGISLATIVE BODY OF
PAKISTAN: THE PARLIAMENT.
THE STRATEGIC RELATIONSHIP
BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES IS
DECADES OLD.
SENATOR MUSHAHID HUSSAIN SAYED
IS WELL AWARE OF CHINA'S
HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE TO
PAKISTAN.

Mushahid is in his fifties, balding and with a moustache. He wears beige trousers, a yellow shirt, a blue blazer and a printed red tie.

He says YOU MUST SEE THIS PHOTOGRAPH
OF MINE WITH PRESIDENT XI
JINPING.
THIS WAS ON 21ST APRIL, 2015,
WHEN PRESIDENT XI JINPING CAME.
HE GAVE ME A SPECIAL AWARD.

Anthony says AS CHAIRMAN OF PAKISTAN'S
PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEE ON THE
CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC
CORRIDOR, MUSHAHID OVERSEES ALL
CHINESE-BACKED PROJECTS IN THE
COUNTRY.
(SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE)

The caption changes to "Senator Mushahid Hussain Sayyed, Chairman CPEC Committee, Parliament of Pakistan."

Mushahid says YOU LOOK VERY ELEGANT.
THANK YOU SO MUCH.
IT STARTED OFF AS A PROJECT, AND
THIS IS LARGEST COMPREHENSIVE
PROJECT BETWEEN ANY TWO
COUNTRIES SINCE WORLD WAR II.
46 BILLION DOLLARS FOR 15 YEARS, FROM
2015 TO 2030.
SO, IT'S A STRATEGIC PROJECT.
THERE'S INVESTMENT IN ENERGY.
THERE IS
GOVERNMENT-TO-GOVERNMENT
RELATIONSHIP IN INFRASTRUCTURE
AND A SPECIAL INDUSTRIAL ZONE
BEING ESTABLISHED.
SO, AT THE SAME TIME IN THE
HISTORY OF PAKISTAN, SUCH A
SCALE OF PROJECTS TAKEN
CONCURRENTLY IS SOMETHING UNIQUE
AND UNPRECEDENTED.
THE NEXT 10 TO 15 YEARS, WE
EXPECT THAT OVER HALF A MILLION
JOBS WILL BE GENERATED.
IT WILL ADD TO PAKISTAN 17 percent OR
20 percent TO OUR GDP, AND ALSO, IT'LL
SPUR AT LEAST 2 percent TO 3 percent IN OUR
GROWTH RATE.

Anthony says TRADE IN THIS REGION GOES
BACK THOUSANDS OF YEARS.
WE DRIVE 600 KILOMETRES TO
ALTIT, A TOWN THAT SPRANG UP
ALONG THE OLD SILK TRADE ROUTE
MORE THAN A THOUSAND YEARS AGO.
ACCORDING TO LEGEND, ALTIT WAS
PREVIOUSLY KNOWN AS HUNUKUSHAL,
MEANING "THE VILLAGE OF HUNS."
THE HUNS CAME FROM THE HUANG HO
VALLEY IN CHINA FOR TRADE WITH
THE MIDDLE EAST HUNDREDS OF
YEARS AGO.

Javed says THIS VILLAGE WAS SURROUNDED
BY A HUGE WALL WITH 11 SIEGE
TOWERS.

Javed is in his forties, with short gray hair and clean-shaven. He wears a pale blue shirt and a white hat.

Anthony says JAVED HAS BEEN A TOURIST
GUIDE AND HISTORIAN IN ALTIT
FOR THE LAST 25 YEARS.

The caption changes to "Javed Khan. Silk Road Historian."

Javed says THE PREHISTORY OF SILK ROAD
IS 3,000 YEARS.
CARAVANS OF SILK ROAD TRAVELLED
FROM HERE TOWARDS GILGIT, FROM
GILGIT TO ASTORE, FROM ASTORE TO
SRINAGAR, AND THEN THEY WOULD
GO TO INDIA.
THIS WAS THE SHORTEST ROUTE OF
CARAVANS.
THEY WOULD USE DONKEY AND
HORSES, AND IN SOME AREAS, THEY
WOULD USE CAMELS.
BUT FOR THE HIGH ALTITUDES, THEY
WOULD USE YAK.

Anthony says LANGUAGES, EXPERTISE,
ARTISTIC AND SCIENTIFIC SKILLS
WERE DISCUSSED AND TRADED RIGHT
HERE, AS THEY STILL ARE TODAY.
AS MARITIME ROUTES EMERGED,
THIS ANCIENT SILK ROUTE NEAR
ALTIT LOST ITS IMPORTANCE AND
FELL INTO NEGLECT, UNTIL
CHINESE PREMIER XI JINPING
ANNOUNCED 47 BILLION US DOLLARS WORTH
OF PROJECTS OVER THE NEXT 15
YEARS.
THIS IS CHINA'S BIGGEST
OVERSEAS INVESTMENT EVER.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF PORT CITIES
LIKE GWADAR HAS BEEN LIKENED TO
THAT OF THE MARSHALL PLAN
UNDERTAKEN BY THE UNITED STATES
IN POSTWAR EUROPE.
FROM SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES IN
THE SOUTH NEAR GWADAR, IT AIMS
TO INDUSTRIALIZE LARGE SWATHS
OF PAKISTAN, BUILDING
LOGISTICAL CHANNELS NORTHWARDS
TO THE CHINESE CITY OF KASHGAR.

An animated map shows the targeted areas.

Anthony says THE INDUSTRIALIZATION OF ALL
PAKISTANI PROVINCES OVER THE
NEXT 10 YEARS AIMS TO IMPROVE
AND DEVELOP LOGISTICAL
CORRIDORS, ESTABLISH BUSINESS
CENTRES AND EXPLORE RESOURCES
THAT CAN CONNECT TO THE
SOUTHERN CHINESE PROVINCE OF
XINJIANG.
IN RETURN, THE CHINESE ARE
PLANNING TO REDUCE THEIR
DEPENDENCY ON THE SOUTH CHINA
SEA FOR 80 percent OF THEIR TRADE FROM
THE MIDDLE EAST BY CUTTING THE
TRAVEL TIME BY 15 DAYS OR 2,000
MILES.

An animated map shows the route from the Middle East to Tianjin.

Anthony says AND THE BACKBONE OF THE
CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC
CORRIDOR IS THIS ROAD: THE
KARAKORAM HIGHWAY.
WE DRIVE FROM ISLAMABAD ON THE
KARAKORAM HIGHWAY, OR KKH, UP
NORTH TOWARDS CHINA, A
1,300-KILOMETRE ROAD KNOWN AS
THE EIGHTH WONDER OF THE WORLD.
THE KKH WAS BUILT BY CHINESE
AND PAKISTANI WORKERS FROM 1959
AND COMPLETED 20 YEARS LATER,
LOCKING THESE NEIGHBOURS INTO A
STRATEGIC ALLIANCE IN THE
REGION.
ABOVE 4,700 METRES, THE
CONSTRUCTION WAS UNDERTAKEN IN
A TREACHEROUS TERRAIN.
NEARLY 900 PAKISTANI AND
CHINESE WORKERS DIED BUILDING
THIS STRATEGIC ROAD.
MANY OF THEM WERE BURIED HERE,
AT THE CHINESE CEMETERY IN
GILGIT.

The caption changes to "Majid Hussain, Caretaker Chinese Graveyard Gilgit."

Majid is in his thirties, with short brown hair and a goatee. He wears a light gray shirt and a necklace.

He says "Up until 1968, around 110 Chinese were killed making the KKH. Out of those, only 88 workers are eventually found and buried here. The remaining 22 workers either drowned in the river or were crushed by the landslides. They came all the way from China which is why China is a critical ally for Pakistan. They made an excellent road network for us. Where we were taking 24 hours to reach, now it takes 18 or 20 hours to reach now. This is why we are very thankful to China."

Anthony says PAKISTANIS TODAY REMEMBER THEIR
SACRIFICES.
WITH THE KARAKORAM HIGHWAY,
XINJIANG AND MAINLAND PAKISTAN
REMAIN CONNECTED ALL YEAR ROUND
FOR TRADE, DESPITE HEAVY
SNOWFALLS.
DUE TO THIS ALL-WEATHER
FRIENDSHIP, THE CHINA-PAKISTAN
ECONOMIC CORRIDOR HAS GIVEN
HOPE TO PEOPLE LIKE MAJID.

Majid says "With the advent of CPEC, we will enjoy many benefits in the future. A train track will be built across Pakistan that will result in more jobs for us."

Anthony says A BEACON OF THIS HOPE IS THE
SOST DRY PORT IN THE NORTH, THE
ENTRY POINT INTO PAKISTAN FROM
CHINA.
ESTABLISHED IN 1985, IT'S THE
FIRST TRADING PORT FOR ALL
PASSENGERS AND CARGO ENTERING
FROM CHINA.
AT 100 KILOMETRES FROM THE
CHINESE BORDER, THIS TRADING
PORT WILL BE BUSTLING WITH
ACTIVITY ONCE CPEC IS FULLY
DEVELOPED.
BUSINESSMEN LIKE AZIZ AHMAD CAN
ALREADY FEEL THE DIFFERENCE.
HIS GOODS HAVE JUST ARRIVED
FROM CHINA.

The caption changes to "Aziz Ahmad. Businessman, Sost Dry Port."

Aziz is in his fifties, bald and clean-shaven. He wears a white tunic.

He says I'M ONE OF THE
IMPORTERS WHO GO TO CHINA OR
SEND THEIR PEOPLE TO CHINA.
THEY GO TO DIFFERENT CITIES: TO
GUANGZHOU, TO URUMQI.
THEY BUY THE CONSUMER GOODS FROM
THERE ACCORDING TO THE VOLUME OF
THEIR OWN INVESTMENT.
CHINESE CONTAINERS BASICALLY
BRING IT HERE.
THEY OFFLOAD ALL THE GOODS HERE.
PEOPLE FROM THE CUSTOMS, OF
COURSE, EXAMINE IT.
THEY CAN COLLECT THEIR DUTIES,
AND THEN THEY CLEAR OUR GOODS
FROM HERE, FROM THIS PORT.
WE LOAD THEM BACK IN PAKISTANI
TRUCKS AND WE HEAD BACK TO OUR
DESTINATION.
THIS DRY PORT CAN ACCOMMODATE
THE VOLUME OF TRADE THAT WE
EXPECT FROM CPEC, BECAUSE IT HAS
BEEN ESTIMATED THAT ALMOST 7,000
CONTAINERS WILL COME FROM CHINA
UNDER CPEC, WHEN THE WHOLE
PROJECT IS COMPLETED.
SO, IF WE CALCULATE OUR PAST
CAPACITY OF THIS PORT, WE HARDLY
RECEIVE 2,000 TO 3,000
CONTAINERS DURING A WHOLE YEAR.

Anthony says SOST IS NOT JUST A STRATEGIC
PORT FOR PAKISTAN BUT ALSO FOR
THE REGION.

The caption changes to "Abdur Rauf, Vice Chairman, Silk Road Dry Port Trust."

Abdur is in his forties, with short straight brown hair and wears a brown T-shirt.

He says "This is the only route in the region which has easy access as it allows China access up till Gwadar and from there onwards to the Middle Eastern countries and even provides China easy access to European countries. Then you have the Central Asian countries who are also interested in becoming a part of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor. So definitely these things are game-changers for Pakistan as well as for China."

Anthony says DUE TO THE KARAKORAM HIGHWAY
DEVELOPMENT, GOODS FROM CHINA
THAT EARLIER TOOK WEEKS CAN NOW
REACH ISLAMABAD IN LESS THAN A
DAY, AND LOCALS ESTIMATE THAT A
CHINESE TRUCK IS EXPECTED TO
PASS ALONG THE KARAKORAM
HIGHWAY EVERY 50 SECONDS.
THE ROUTE IS HELPING RETAILERS
LIKE MALIK NAEEM BACK IN
ISLAMABAD.
HAVING WORKED IN THIS BUSINESS
FOR 13 YEARS, NAEEM HAS A
REASON TO REJOICE WITH THE
OPENING UP OF THE BORDERS UNDER
CPEC.

Malik says IF WE MAKE IT 45 COUNTRIES
WE IMPORT AT CHANGHONG... CHINA COME NUMBER ONE.

The caption changes to "Malik Naeem. Islamabad businessman."

Malik is in his late forties, with short wavy dark hair and a moustache. He wears a blue polo shirt with striped sleeves.

Malik says "The advantages from the China Pakistan Economic Corridor are that custom duties will decrease on goods. The way goods were being imported earlier, things would get delayed. It will now take less time and custom duties will decrease, and the prices of such commodities will definitely be affected. Once the commodity prices fall, then of course our customers purchasing power will become stronger. Today for example, if a customer plans to buy one TV set in 6 months, perhaps later, he can buy four TV sets in the next 6 months. So of course, business will definitely improve with the advent of CPEC. But the biggest advantage I see is that the relations between Pakistani and China will be strengthened."

Anthony says THE RISE IN CHINESE
INVESTMENTS IS CHANGING THE
PERCEPTION OF PAKISTAN AS A
BUSINESS-FRIENDLY COUNTRY.

Mushahid says I THINK ALREADY, PAKISTAN'S
IMAGE AS A COUNTRY WHICH IS
INFESTED WITH TERRORISM,
VIOLENCE, I THINK THAT HAS
CHANGED OR IS CHANGING, AS AN
INVESTOR-FRIENDLY DESTINATION.
SECOND, IT IS ALREADY SPURRING
GROWTH IN PAKISTAN.
5.3, THE HIGHEST GROWTH FOR THE
LAST 10 YEARS.

Anthony says BUT THE SUDDEN RISE IN
CHINESE IMPORTS BY PAKISTANI
BUSINESSMEN IS CAUSING CONCERN
WITHIN THE COUNTRY, TOO.
PAKISTAN'S TRADE DEFICIT WITH
ITS LARGEST TRADING PARTNER,
CHINA, WIDENED TO 6.2 US BILLION
DOLLARS IN 2016.

Abdour says "Definitely, that fear exists if we look at the import to export ratios, there is no comparison between Pakistan and China. Even if you take data from our Pakistan Customs officials, you'll clearly see our trade deficit going in the negative direction. We hardly export 1 percent or 2 percent to China."

Anthony says AND THAT'S NOT THE ONLY
CONCERN.
THE KARAKORAM HIGHWAY IS
CENTRAL TO CPEC'S SUCCESS, BUT
CAN FALL PREY TO MOTHER NATURE.
AN EARTHQUAKE IN 2010 LED TO AN
ENTIRE MOUNTAINSIDE FALLING
INTO THE HUNZA RIVER AND
DESTROYING PART OF THE
KARAKORAM HIGHWAY.
THE CHINESE STEPPED IN TO THE
RESCUE.

(music plays)

Anthony says THERE'S BEEN AN AVALANCHE OF
CHINESE INVESTMENTS ACROSS
PAKISTAN: IN RAIL, PORTS,
CONSTRUCTION AND ENERGY.
AND I'M TRAVELLING ON THE
KARAKORAM HIGHWAY, A LAND ROUTE
TO BE USED BY THE CHINESE TO
CONNECT XINJIANG TO GWADAR PORT
IN THE SOUTH.
IT'S A HIGHWAY THAT'S BEEN
STRUCK BY NATURAL CALAMITIES.
IN 2010, AN EARTHQUAKE PUSHED
AN ENTIRE MOUNTAIN INTO THE
HUNZA RIVER, BLOCKING IT
PERMANENTLY.
THE LANDSLIDE KILLED 20 PEOPLE
AT THIS VILLAGE OF ATTABAD AND
DISPLACED 6,000 PEOPLE IN GOJAL
VILLAGE ON THE KARAKORAM
HIGHWAY.
THE PAKISTAN ARMY WAS CALLED IN
TO CLEAR THE BLOCKAGE, BUT
FAILED, DESPITE ALL THE HEAVY
MACHINERY.
THE RIVER SWELLED INTO A LAKE
NOW CALLED THE ATTABAD LAKE.
(ENGINE REVVING)
YASIR REMEMBERS THOSE DAYS AS
TAKES US TO HIS FORMER HOME ON
A WOODEN BOAT.

The caption changes to "Yasir Khan. Attabad villager."

Yasir is in his forties, with short straight brown hair and a stubble. He wears glasses, a gray jacket and a life jacket.

He says "Basically, at the start, this wasn't how we used to travel. Before 4 Jan 2010, there was a very beautiful village here, it was bustling with activity and children used to play here. It was a very populated area. People were happy here. But as you can see now, there's only water here and it's totally deserted."

Anthony says PAKISTAN AND CHINA HAD NO ROAD
CONNECTION FOR FIVE MONTHS AS
THE LAKE CONTINUED TO EXPAND.
WOODEN BOATS COSTING $40 A TRIP
WERE THE ONLY WAY TO CROSS THE
LAKE TO MAINTAIN TRADE AND
COMMUNICATION.
THE FERRIES WERE NOT DESIGNED
TO CARRY CARGO LIKE THIS, AND
THE TRIPS WERE FULL OF RISK.
THIS VERY BASIC MEANS OF
TRANSPORTATION CAUSED DELAYS,
LEADING TO A HIKE IN COMMODITY
PRICES.

Yasir says "The day this disaster struck, the KKH got blocked and water levels kept rising. Our only route of transportation through which basic commodities could be brought to us was blocked. Then, this boat transport system began. We used to travel in these very slow-moving boats as you can see. It got so bad that even women delivered babies in these boats while heading to hospitals."

Anthony says THE CHINESE WERE CALLED IN TO
REBUILD THE KARAKORAM HIGHWAY:
THIS TIME, CUTTING DIRECTLY
THROUGH THE MOUNTAINS.
IN LESS THAN TWO YEARS, A
SERIES OF TUNNELS WERE CARVED
THROUGH THE TREACHEROUS
TERRAIN.
IN PARTNERSHIP WITH PAKISTAN'S
NATIONAL HIGHWAY AUTHORITY AND
THE CHINA ROAD AND BRIDGE
CORPORATION, TODAY THEY ARE
KNOWN AS THE PAKISTAN-CHINA
FRIENDSHIP TUNNELS.
WHAT USED TO TAKE AN HOUR TO
CROSS BY BOAT NOW TAKES ONLY
FIVE MINUTES.
YASIR AND HIS FAMILY NOW LIVE
NEAR THE LAKE IN THEIR
MAKESHIFT HOME.
THEY CAN NOW ENJOY A MEAL
WITHOUT PAYING EXORBITANT
PRICES TO THE BOAT-RIDERS.
ANOTHER DIRECT RESULT FROM
THESE TUNNELS HAS BEEN A RISE
IN TOURISM IN THE MOUNTAINOUS
REGION.
600,000 LOCAL AND INTERNATIONAL
TOURISTS VISITED PAKISTAN'S
NORTHERN MOUNTAINS IN 2016.
A LACK OF BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE,
HOWEVER, IS HAMPERING GROWTH.
AS NIGHT FALLS IN GILGIT, THE
HUB OF TOURISM, BLACKOUTS
RANGING FROM EIGHT TO 10 HOURS
ARE THE NORM, AND AFZAL, THE
HOTELIER, FEELS THE FULL BRUNT
OF THE IMPACT.

The caption changes to "Afzal Nazir. Gilgit Hotellier."

Afzal is in his late fifties, with short receding white hair and wears beige trousers and a pale blue shirt.

He says "Due to lack of planning, we are facing this electricity crisis. So not only our hotel industry but the entire city's businesses are negatively affected. Tourism is the only segment with which we can strengthen our economy and provide people with employment. Business activities are going ahead but to further improve it, basic amenities like electricity, water and other basic necessities have to be provided by the government. But the government has taken no practical steps to improve the situation."

Anthony says BUT THERE'S A NEW SUN RISING IN
PAKISTAN.
PRIVATE COMPANIES FROM CHINA
ARE TAPPING INTO THE COUNTRY'S
ENERGY POTENTIAL, WITH 11
BILLION US DOLLARS OF INVESTMENTS TO
SATISFY THE DEMAND.
UNDER THE CHINA-PAKISTAN
ECONOMIC CORRIDOR, POWER PLANTS
PRODUCING 10,000 MEGAWATTS OF
ELECTRICITY ARE BEING INSTALLED
IN NUCLEAR-, COAL-, AND
HYDRO-POWERED STATIONS ACROSS
THE NATION.
GILGIT'S POTENTIAL IN HYDRO
POWER IS UNMATCHED DUE TO THE
FAST-FLOWING HUNZA RIVER.

The caption changes to "Zafar Waqar Taj. Secretary Water and Power Gilgit Region."

Zafar is in his forties, with short straight brown hair and a moustache. He wears sunglasses and a gray shirt.

He says GILGIT-BALTISTAN IS THE
WATER BANK FOR THE REST OF THE
COUNTRY.
BECAUSE YOU KNOW, OUR AREA IS
MORE THAN 72,000 SQUARE
KILOMETRES.
AND MORE THAN 27 percent OF THIS
CATCHMENT AREA CONSISTS OF
GLACIERS, WHICH IS THE BIGGEST
CONCENTRATION OF GLACIERS
OUTSIDE POLAR REGIONS.
SO, OVERALL, WE HAVE A CAPACITY
OF MORE THAN 60,000 MEGAWATTS OF
HYDRO POWER POTENTIAL.
THE PHENOMENON OF CPEC IS THAT
MOST OF THE PROJECTS ARE IN B2B
MODE.

A caption reads "Business to Business mode."

Zafar says THE CHINESE BUSINESS COMMUNITY
COMES TO PAKISTAN AND INVESTS IN
COLLABORATION WITH THE BUSINESS
COMMUNITY OF PAKISTAN.
IN RENEWABLE ENERGIES, HYDRO
POWER IS THE MOST DESIRABLE ONE
BECAUSE IT IS CLEAN.
IT DOES NOT HAVE CARBON
EMISSIONS.
HOWEVER, ONE-TIME INVESTMENT IS
HUGE.

Anthony says HYDRO PLANTS IN DIFFICULT
MOUNTAINOUS TERRAINS ARE BEING
BUILT.
THE NALTAR POWER PLANT IS AN
18-MEGAWATT PLANT THAT FEEDS
OFF THE VAST ENERGY POTENTIAL
OF THE NORTHERN PAKISTANI
REGION.
CHIEF ENGINEER GHULAM MURTAZA
IS CONFIDENT OF THE GROWING
COLLABORATION WITH THE CHINESE
IN THE POWER SECTOR.

The caption changes to "Ghulam Murtaza, Chief engineer Gilgit Baltistan Water and Power."

Ghulam is in his late forties, with short straight brown hair and wears a cream shirt and a blue vest.

He says "The commercial use of electricity from Nalter began in 2017. Now all three units of productions are running with the grace of God. Our contractors to build this projects were Chinese company Massers Click which was a joint venture with Pakistani company Habib Rafiq from Lahore. He is Massers Click project manager and represents them here in Pakistan. This plant is running on a defect liability period and in 2018, it will end and the entire management will be given to us. Right now, the joint operations are being done with Chinese and Pakistani management. Our agreement with them is that during the defect liability period, they will train our staff and in this 1 year time, when they hand this hydro plant over to us, our staff will be able to run this plant well."

Anthony says MORE THAN 35,000 PEOPLE IN
GILGIT WILL GET POWER FROM THIS
PARTICULAR POWER PLANT.

Ghulam says "When are you going to convert this Chinese language into English?"

The project manager says "Yes, at the end, we can change."

An engineer says YES.
END TIME, YOU CAN CHANGE.
YES.

Anthony says GHULAM IS WORKING CLOSELY
WITH A PRIVATE CHINESE COMPANY
WHOSE WORKERS ARE MONITORING
ITS DEVELOPMENT.

The caption changes to "Ho Chin Ho. Chinese engineer."

Ho is in his late thirties, clean-shaven and with short black hair. He wears a blue and purple striped polo shirt.

He says "I've had a very good experience working in Pakistan for the last several years. I've got very good support from the government and also from the local communities. Some challenges still exist. They can be of a geological nature, like natural disasters. We have worked hard to overcome these challenges with the help of the local government and local communities. CPEC program is a very good program between China and Pakistan and it is a big opportunity for Chinese companies and a big market for us."

Anthony says PAKISTAN REMAINS A SOLID MARKET
FOR PRIVATE CHINESE COMPANIES
WITH THE ADVENT OF CPEC.
BUT THE SECURITY CHALLENGES IN
THE TROUBLED PROVINCE OF
BALOCHISTAN ARE IMMENSE, NONE
MORE SO THAN FOR THE JEWEL OF
THE CHINESE INVESTMENT IN
PAKISTAN: THE NEW MEGA-PORT
CITY OF GWADAR.
CHINA'S ECONOMIC CORRIDOR IS
TRANSFORMING PAKISTAN'S
STAGNANT ECONOMY.
IT'S TAKEN 50 BILLION US DOLLARS TO DO
JUST THAT.
IT'S ONE OF THE FASTEST AND THE
BIGGEST PROJECTS ON THE ONE
BELT, ONE ROAD INITIATIVE.

Mushahid says CHINA HAS NOW THE WORLD'S
SECOND-BIGGEST ECONOMY, AND IT'S
GROWING AT A FAST PACE: ALMOST
7 percent PER YEAR.
SO, IF YOU LOOK AT THE MAP OF
THE WORLD, IF CHINA IS IMPORTING
ENERGY FROM THE MIDDLE EAST FROM
AFRICA, YOU'RE TALKING OF GOING
THROUGH THE STRAITS OF MALACCA.
YOU'RE GOING THROUGH THE SOUTH
CHINA SEA TO SHANGHAI, TO
TIANJIN.
IT'S ABOUT 9,000 KILOMETRES.
IF YOU GO THROUGH GWADAR, THEN
IT'S ABOUT 3,000 KILOMETRES.
SO, YOU HAVE SLASHED IT BY
TWO-THIRDS.
SO, NUMBER ONE, IT'S EASY
ACCESS.

Anthony says THE LARGER GOAL IS A
FRAMEWORK OF REGIONAL
CONNECTIVITY THROUGH TRADE
AMONGST COUNTRIES, AND THE
JEWEL OF THIS ECONOMIC CROWN IS
GWADAR.
LAUNCHED WITH MUCH FANFARE BY
FORMER PRIME MINISTER NAWAZ
SHARIF, GWADAR IS UNDERGOING
RAPID DEVELOPMENT.
CHINA LEASED THE PORT FOR 40
YEARS, AND 91 percent OF THE REVENUE
GENERATED WILL HEAD BACK TO
BEIJING.
THERE ARE BENEFITS TO PAKISTAN,
TOO.
FROM BEING A FISHING VILLAGE 15
YEARS AGO, IT IS NOW ESTIMATED
THAT THE GWADAR PORT
DEVELOPMENT WILL CREATE 700,000
JOBS.
ITS GEOSTRATEGIC IMPORTANCE IS
CRUCIAL.
THE RAPID PROGRESS IN
DEVELOPING THE MEGA-PORT HAS
BEEN EYED WITH CONCERN BY
INDIA.
IT HAS FORGED A RIVAL 20
BILLION US DOLLARS PLAN WITH IRAN TO
EXPAND IRAN'S CHABAHAR PORT,
100 KILOMETRES ALONG THE COAST.

Mushahid says THE BASIC ISSUE IS
THAT INDIA SEES ITSELF AS A SORT
OF FEARED RIVAL, AND THEY WILL
TRY TO PLAY THAT ROLE.
INDIA IS TODAY WHERE CHINA WAS
15 YEARS AGO.
SO, THERE'S A SEA CHANGE, A BIG,
YAWNING CHASM BETWEEN INDIA'S
LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT AND CHINA'S
DEVELOPMENT.
CHINA IS DECADES AHEAD OF INDIA.
SO, I THINK INSTEAD OF TRYING TO
COMPETE UNNECESSARILY, THEY
SHOULD BE PART OF THAT
COMPATIBILITY.
SO, WHAT'S THE PROBLEM WITH
INDIA?
SO, YOU SEE, THERE ARE WHOLE NEW
OPPORTUNITIES OPENING UP.
AND IF YOU LINK GWADAR WITH
CHABAHAR IN IRAN, WITH
HAMBANTOTA IN SRI LANKA, WITH
KYAIKTO IN MYANMAR...
SO, YOU CAN SEE THAT A WHOLE NEW
WORLD IS OPENING UP OF
CONNECTIVITY.

Anthony says GWADAR IS EXPECTED TO ATTRACT
3 TRILLION US DOLLARS OF TRADE PER
YEAR DUE TO CHINESE IMPORTS.
IT'S SITTING ON THE FACE OF THE
STRAITS OF HORMUZ, THE BUSIEST
OIL-TRADING ROUTE IN THE WORLD.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF GWADAR HAS
BEEN INSPIRED BY THE SINGAPORE
MODEL.

Mushahid says I TOOK THE
PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEE ON THE
CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR
ON A VISIT TO CHINA, AND I
ESPECIALLY ASKED THAT WE SHOULD
GO TO SUZHOU, WHICH IS THE FIRST
INDUSTRIAL PARK BETWEEN
SINGAPORE AND CHINA.
AND THAT WAS ESTABLISHED IN
1990S AFTER THE VISIT OF DENG
XIAOPING TO SINGAPORE.
AND HE HAD A MEETING WITH LEE
KUAN YEW, AND HE WAS SO INSPIRED
BY THAT AND HE FELT THAT IS THE
WAY FORWARD.
SO, THEY ESTABLISHED THE FIRST
INDUSTRIAL PARK IN CHINA.
IT WAS WITH SINGAPORE.
AND SINGAPORE IS A GOOD MODEL
BECAUSE SINGAPORE HAS NO NATURAL
RESOURCES.
SINGAPORE HAS A HUMAN RESOURCE,
AND PAKISTAN'S STRENGTH ALSO IS
HUMAN CAPITAL, AND THAT IS
REALLY WHAT WE WANT TO FOCUS ON.

A clip shows a group of men demonstrating on the street.

Anthony says A MAJOR DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
THE TWO COUNTRIES, THOUGH, LIES
IN THE SECURITY CHALLENGES THE
PROVINCE OF BALOCHISTAN POSES.
BALOCHISTAN IS THE
LEAST-DEVELOPED PROVINCE IN
PAKISTAN, DESPITE ITS RICH
MINERAL RESOURCES.
ISLAMABAD HAS EXPLOITED THAT
MINERAL WEALTH, BUT THE
PROVINCE REMAINS
UNDERDEVELOPED.
IT HAS LED TO FIVE ARMED
UPRISINGS BY LOCAL ETHNIC
GROUPS SINCE THE TERRITORY
JOINED PAKISTAN IN 1948.
(BRASS BAND PLAYING)

Anthony says ADDRESSING CHINESE FEARS, THE
PAKISTAN ARMY HAS RAISED A
15,000-STRONG CPEC FORCE TO
PROTECT ITS ENGINEERS AND
INVESTMENTS.

The caption changes to "Zubair Hayat. Chairman Joint Chief of Staff. Pakistan Army."

Zubair is in his fifties, with a dark moustache and wears a military uniform.

He says THE IMPORTANCE OF MARITIME
DOMAIN, WHICH INCLUDES SEA AND
ITS APPROACHES, IS CRITICAL TO
SAFE OPERATIONALIZATION OF CPEC.
IT IS IN THIS FRAMEWORK, THE
RAISING OF TASK FORCE-88, WHERE
MARITIME SECURITY OF THE CPEC
FINDS ITS ANCHORAGE.

Anthony says THE REMAINING LAND ROUTE IS
TO BE PATROLLED AND POLICED BY
A CPEC FORCE, WITH MORE THAN
300 POLICE OFFICIALS CURRENTLY
BEING HIRED IN THE GILGIT
REGION.
OFFICER JOHAR IS ONE SUCH
OFFICER, PROTECTING A SECTION
OF THE KARAKORAM HIGHWAY AS
CHINESE CONTAINERS PASS THROUGH
IT.
AT LEAST 25 SUCH CPEC PATROL
VEHICLES HAVE BEEN GIVEN TO
GILGIT POLICE BY CHINA AID.
THEY ARE TO ENSURE THE SAFE AND
SMOOTH FLOW OF TRAFFIC DAY AND
NIGHT ON THE 439-KILOMETRE
CHUNK OF THE CPEC ROUTE IN
GILGIT.

The caption changes to "Johar Ali. Security Officer, CPEC Police Force."

Johar is in his forties, with short dark hair and a stubble. He wears a police uniform.

He says "Right now, we're standing on the Karakoram Highway and we patrol CPEC 5. We're the CPEC patrol – there are 9 policemen for this particular section of CPEC. Our duty starts from 9 in the morning to 10 pm. There are two shifts – the first is from 6 am to 2 pm while the second shift is from 2 pm to 10 pm. We are to protect Chinese containers, provide assistance to visitors from Punjab should they experience any problems and help any cars that breakdown on the road. That's out official duty. This car is from China, China gave them to Pakistan to use it on this road, to protect the Karakoram Highway, so it's proved very helpful for us."

(PATRIOTIC MUSIC PLAYING)

Anthony says WITH AN INCREASE IN CHINESE
INFLUENCE, A CULTURAL EXCHANGE
IS UNDERWAY IN PAKISTAN, TOO.
THIS IS ROOTS, A PRIVATE SCHOOL
IN THE FEDERAL CAPITAL OF
ISLAMABAD.
FROM CLASSES ONE TO 10,
STUDENTS ATTEND COMPULSORY
MANDARIN CLASSES, WITH THE AIM
OF FAMILIARIZING THEM WITH THE
NEXT BIG ECONOMY.

In a classroom, a teacher utters phrases and the students repeat after him.

He says "'Always Ask'
'English'
'French lessons'."

Anthony says IN 2016, 3,500 PAKISTANI
STUDENTS STUDIED IN CHINA,
MAKING PAKISTAN THE COUNTRY
WITH THE LARGEST NUMBER OF
SCHOLARSHIP STUDENTS STUDYING
IN CHINA.
MONA, THE HEAD OF THE CHINESE
LANGUAGE SCHOOL, IS UPBEAT
ABOUT THIS EXCHANGE OF
CULTURES.

The caption changes to "Mona Kanwal. Head Chinese Language Roots School."

Mona is in her forties, with long wavy dark hair in a half ponytail and wears a printed blouse and a green scarf over one shoulder.

She says WE HAVE A COLLABORATION WITH
CRI, CONFUCIUS INSTITUTE.
IN FACT, WE ARE THE FIRST
OFFICIAL CONFUCIUS CLASSROOM IN
PAKISTAN.
WE'VE GOT ABOUT 12 FULL-TIME
TEACHERS WHO ARE TEACHING
CHINESE LANGUAGE TO THE
STUDENTS, AND AT THE MOMENT,
THERE ARE 8,500 STUDENTS
LEARNING THIS LANGUAGE.
SO, YES, THERE IS A LOT OF
FUTURE FOR THESE STUDENTS.
WHEN IT COMES TO THE WORKING
ENVIRONMENT, WHEN THEY'RE GOING
TO GET INTO THEIR PRACTICAL
LIVES, THEY'LL BE ABLE TO WORK
IN PAKISTAN BECAUSE OF THE CPEC.
AND BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, CHINESE
PEOPLE, THERE ARE MANY (UNCLEAR)
AND SUCH CHINESE COMPANIES
WORKING AROUND.
SO, STUDENTS WILL HAVE ALL THE
OPPORTUNITIES TO WORK IN
PAKISTAN AS WELL AS IN CHINA.

Anthony says MANDARIN TEACHER YANG CAME TO
ISLAMABAD TWO YEARS AGO FROM
SICHUAN TO TEACH MANDARIN TO
PAKISTANI STUDENTS.

The caption changes to "Yang Yuanchen. Mandarin Teacher."

Yang is in his late twenties, clean-shaven and wears glasses, a pale blue shirt and a black cap hat.

He says I HAVE BEEN TEACHING THESE
KIDS FOR ALMOST TWO YEARS.
AND FIRST OF ALL, I WANT TO SAY
THE PAKISTANI PEOPLE ARE
EXTREMELY FRIENDLY TO CHINESE
PEOPLE, BECAUSE EVERY TIME WHEN
YOU GO OUTSIDE, THEY WILL SAY,
"OH, CHINESE, CHINESE."
(SPEAKING FOREIGN LANGUAGE)
PAK-CHINA FRIENDSHIP.
A LOT LIKE PAK-CHINA FRIENDSHIP.
AND I THINK THE KIDS HAVE A VERY
GOOD DESIRE TO LEARN CHINESE.
YOU KNOW, WE DON'T HAVE CHINESE
CLASS EVERY DAY, BUT MANY TIMES
STUDENTS WILL FIND ME: "COME TO
TEACH US.
COME TO TEACH US.
I WANT TO LEARN CHINESE."
YES.

Anthony says SHAMAEIM, A GRADE 7 STUDENT,
IS ONE OF THE BRIGHTEST
MANDARIN STUDENTS AT THE
SCHOOL.

The caption changes to "Shamaeim. Mandarin student."

Shamaeim is in his mid-teens and wears a red hijab.

She says "Hi, I am Shamaem Shahid. I am a student of Roots Millennial School. I will be 16 this year."

Says shsays WE'RE LEARNING CHINESE.
IT'S THE LANGUAGE OF THE 21ST
CENTURY, AND I THINK IT'S
IMPORTANT.
AND IT'S A REALLY BIG
OPPORTUNITY FOR ALL OF US KIDS
OVER HERE THAT WE ARE ABLE TO
HAVE SUCH A GOOD STAFF THROUGH
WHICH WE CAN LEARN THE PROPER
DIALECT OF CHINESE, YOU KNOW?
BECAUSE CHINA IS THE NEXT BIG
DEAL, YOU KNOW?
AMERICA, OKAY, GREAT.
ANY OTHER COUNTRY, GREAT, YOU
KNOW.
BUT CHINA IS...THEY'RE BROTHERS,
YOU KNOW, TO BE VERY FRANK.
THEY'RE NEIGHBOURS.
THEY'RE BROTHERS.
AND THEY'VE, YOU KNOW, BEEN VERY
HELPFUL FOR THE COUNTRY, TOO.
VERY CLOSE.
THE TIES ARE GOOD AS WELL.
SO, DEFINITELY.
AND THE PEOPLE ARE GREAT, TOO.
THE PEOPLE ARE GREAT, TOO.
THE FOOD IS GREAT AS WELL.

Anthony says ALONG WITH MANDARIN, STUDENTS
AT ROOTS SCHOOL ARE EXPOSED TO
CHINESE ARTS AND PERFORMANCES
AS WELL.

A Tai Chi teacher says YOU HAVE TO BREATHE
NATURALLY, OKAY?

Anthony says ALONG WITH YANG, CHINESE
LANGUAGE TEACHERS HAVE BEEN
LIVING AND WORKING IN ISLAMABAD
FOR YEARS.

Yang says I THINK IT'S VERY
COMFORTABLE, YES.
NOW, MORE AND MORE CHINESE
PEOPLE ARE COMING TO PAKISTAN.
TO INVESTMENT, TO VISIT, TO
TRAVEL, YES.
TO DO MANY OTHER THINGS.
AND I ALSO SAW MANY PAKISTANI
PEOPLE GOING TO CHINA.

Anthony says AND THE TEACHERS FEEL SAFE,
DESPITE THE COMMON PERCEPTION
OF PAKISTAN TO THE CONTRARY.
THEY DRIVE US BACK TO THEIR
APARTMENT FOR A LITTLE COOKING
SESSION.

A woman says says SPICY.

Mona says SPICY.

Another woman says VERY SPICY.
(SPEAKING MANDARIN)

Mona says GOOD.
THEY FEEL COMFORTABLE LIVING
HERE, SO THERE ARE MORE CHINESE
COMING.
NOW, AFTER THESE TEACHERS, THERE
ARE MORE TEACHERS COMING IN JUST
BECAUSE THEY KNOW THAT, YOU
KNOW, THEY'RE LIVING SAFE OVER
HERE.
THEY HAVE A GOOD ENVIRONMENT.
THEY HAVE A GOOD STAY.

Anthony says BUT A RISE IN CHINESE
CULTURAL INFLUENCE IS HAVING A
DAMAGING EFFECT ON PAKISTAN'S
OWN HERITAGE.
IN THE 5,000-YEAR-OLD CITY OF
LAHORE, A MASS TRANSIT METRO
PROJECT IS THREATENING THE VERY
HERITAGE OF PAKISTAN ITSELF.

A woman says IF THIS TRAIN IS
ALLOWED TO GO AHEAD, UNESCO HAS
SAID THAT THIS BUILDING WILL
FALL WITHIN SIX YEARS.

Anthony says SCORES OF POWER PROJECTS HAVE
BEEN INKED.
THOUSANDS OF MILES OF ROADS ARE
BEING BUILT.
THE CHINESE HAVE ARRIVED IN
PAKISTAN WITH THEIR CUSTOMARY,
TRADEMARK STYLE.
BILLIONS OF DOLLARS' WORTH OF
ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE ARE
BEING CONSTRUCTED BY CHINESE
FIRMS, AND THE CHINESE ARE
GROWING THEIR FOOTPRINT WITH
EACH PASSING DAY.
I'VE ARRIVED IN THE CITY OF
LAHORE, KNOWN AS THE HEART OF
PAKISTAN AND A CITY OF
10,000,000.
ITS PEOPLE ARE VIBRANT,
COLOURFUL, BUT A LACK OF
FUNCTIONAL PUBLIC TRANSPORT
SYSTEM HAS TRANSFORMED THIS
CITY OF GARDENS INTO ONE BIG
TRAFFIC JAM.
ENTER THE CHINESE.
PAKISTAN'S FIRST-EVER METRO
TRAIN, A 1.6 BILLION DOLLAR GIFT
FROM THE PEOPLE OF CHINA, IS
BEING BUILT AT BREAKNECK SPEED.
IN LESS THAN TWO YEARS, THE
PROJECT WILL HAVE BUILT 26
STATIONS.
HAMMAD, THE PROJECT DIRECTOR
AND THE LOCAL PARTNER FOR THIS
CHINESE-FINANCED CPEC PROJECT,
IS EXCITED.

The caption changes to "Hammad Ul Hassan. Project Director, Orange Line Train."

Hammad is in his forties, clean-shaven and with short wavy brown hair. He wears a purple shirt.

Hammad says "The Orange Line Metro is 70 percent complete and is being built in 4 phases. Our motto is to provide a quality of transportation that citizens of developed nations enjoy. There will basically be an electric train that will move on the tracks above. The technical aspect was designed in China in collaboration with the vision and manpower from Pakistan. The civil works is being managed by Pakistanis and the electrical and mechanical work is done by the Chinese state firm China North Industries Corporation."

Anthony says CHINESE FIRMS NORINCO DESIGNED
AND CONSTRUCTED THE METRO
SYSTEM WITH THE HELP OF HABIB
CONSTRUCTION AND THE LAHORE
DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY.
IT'S AN EARLY-BIRD CPEC PROJECT
NEARING COMPLETION, AND THE
PAKISTANIS ARE TRULY IMPRESSED
BY IT.

Hammad says "This project was a collaboration between two nations. At the start, since we were coming from socially different backgrounds, we were expecting many complications. But as days went by and the collaboration increased, we conducted daily meetings and it helped dispel notions of complications and even language barriers were resolved. Our work only became easier."

Anthony says THE TRAIN RUNNING ON THESE
TRACKS IS MADE IN HUNAN
PROVINCE.

Hammad says "The Lahore Metro's significance is that there has never been a mass transit project of this nature in Pakistan, or I think even in South Asia in terms of quality and quantity of work. The Metrobus service that has already started in Pakistan but it has a capacity of 100,000 or 125,000 people or maximum 150,000 but this train service will handle a daily capacity of 250,000 and the quality of service will be the extremely good. It will be no lesser in comparison to the more advanced European countries or even Dubai."

Anthony says THE FOCUS HAS BEEN ON HARDWARE
PROJECTS, LIKE THE LAHORE
METRO.

Pictures show demonstrators holding signs that read "Change Route," "Save past, save future," a "Don't uproot settlements."

Anthony says COMPLICATIONS AROSE WHEN THE
LAHORE CONSERVATION MOVEMENT
MOVED THE LAHORE HIGH COURT TO
STOP THE PROJECT FROM
DESTROYING LAHORE'S RICH MUGHAL
CULTURAL HERITAGE.
CHAUBURJI, MEANING "FOUR
TOWERS," IS A 16TH-CENTURY
MUGHAL ERA BUILDING THAT LIES
ON THE ROUTE OF THE METRO
TRAIN.
ACTIVIST IMRANA TIWANA CLAIMS
THE PUNJAB STATE GOVERNMENT
LAUNCHED THE PROJECT IN HASTE
WITHOUT ALTERING THE ROUTE TO
PROTECT THE HISTORICAL ICON
FROM TRAIN VIBRATIONS.

The caption changes to "Imrana Tiwana. Activist."

Imrana is in her fifties, with long straight light brown hair and wears a black top with white prints on the front, an orange jacket with printed black and white lapels and a printed scarf.

She says IF THIS TRAIN IS ALLOWED TO
GO AHEAD, UNESCO HAS SAID THAT
THIS BUILDING WILL FALL WITHIN
SIX YEARS.

Anthony says IMRANA TIWANA CLAIMS THE
METRO PASSES LESS THAN 200 FEET
FROM PROTECTED HERITAGE SITES,
A BLATANT VIOLATION OF
PAKISTANI LAW.

Imrana says THIS PROJECT IS A
NATIONAL DISASTER.
AND I SPEAK ONLY ON TECHNICAL
TERMS AND I WILL TALK ABOUT THE
FACTS.
IT IS PASSING THROUGH THE
DENSEST HERITAGE ZONES OF THE
CITY, AND IT IS THREATENING TO
CAUSE IRREVERSIBLE AND PERMANENT
DAMAGE TO THE HERITAGE OF
LAHORE.
LAHORE WILL BE DEAD.
I THINK WE CAN WRITE THE
EPITAPH.
THIS PROJECT IS VIOLATING ALL
THE LOCAL LAWS AND THE UNESCO
CONVENTION, WHICH IS REALLY A
GREAT HUMILIATION FOR PAKISTAN.
IT IS THREATENING OVER 14
HERITAGE SITES.
WE CALL IT A HERITAGE ZONE,
WHERE THE TRAIN IS PASSING.
I THINK THERE ARE TWO VERY
DISTINCT LAWS: THE SPECIAL
PREMISES PRESERVATION ORDINANCE
AND THE ANTIQUITIES ACT.
BOTH OF THEM EXPLICITLY SAY THAT
THERE CAN BE NO CONSTRUCTION OF
ANY KIND.
IN FACT, YOU CAN'T EVEN PUT A
BANNER OR A NAIL UP WITHIN 200
FEET OF ANY ANTIQUITIES SITE OR
A SPECIAL PREMISES.

Anthony says THE LAHORE HIGH COURT HAS
STOPPED ALL CONSTRUCTION OF THE
METRO CLOSE TO THE HERITAGE
SITES UNTIL THE CASE IS
SETTLED.
KHWAJA HASSAN, THE HEAD OF
PUNJAB STATE GOVERNMENT'S METRO
PROJECT, SAYS HE'S DONE
EVERYTHING HE CAN TO PLACATE
THE CONCERNS OF THE ACTIVISTS.

The caption changes to "Khawaja Ahmad Hassan. Chairman, Punjab Government, Orange Line Project."

Khwaja is in his sixties, with short white hair and a thick beard. He wears a white shirt and a black vest.

He says THE ISSUES WHICH HAVE CROPPED
UP, AS YOU KNOW, IS BECAUSE OF
THOSE CERTAIN HERITAGE
BUILDINGS, HERITAGE POINTS,
WHERE WE AND THE COURTS...
WE ARE DEFENDING OUR SIDE,
BECAUSE WE STRONGLY FEEL THAT
HERITAGE IS VERY IMPORTANT.
AND OUR GOVERNMENT, OUR CHIEF
EXECUTIVE, HAS BEEN VERY FOCUSED
ON THIS, THAT WE HAVE TO TAKE
CARE OF OUR HERITAGE POINTS.
OUR FOCUS HAS BEEN ON PUBLIC
MASS TRANSIT.
AND THE PURPOSE IS...
I MEAN, IT'S VERY OBVIOUS.
SEE, WITH THE GROWING
POPULATION, WITH THE GROWING
NEED OF MORE TRANSPORTATION,
THIS WAS ONE OF THE FOCUSES OF
OUR GOVERNMENT.
EVERYWHERE IN THE WORLD WHERE WE
GO...
GO TO ROME OR ANY OF THE MAJOR
CITIES WHICH ARE OLD, ANCIENT
CITIES, THEY DO HAVE HERITAGE,
BUT THEY DO HAVE A VERY, VERY
MASSIVE MASS TRANSIT SYSTEM.
AND THEY'RE ALL MOVING AND GOING
ABOUT IT JUST NEXT TO THE
HERITAGE POINTS.
SO, THEY'VE DONE IT AND THEY'VE
ACHIEVED IT.
SO, WE ARE FACING THIS CHALLENGE
BECAUSE IT'S HAPPENING FOR THE
FIRST TIME IN PAKISTAN'S
HISTORY.
SO, IT'S A VERY CHALLENGING
TASK, AND WE ARE GRATEFUL TO THE
GOVERNMENT OF CHINA FOR GIVING
US, PROVIDING US GREAT
ASSISTANCE ON THIS.

Anthony says THE DELAY IN CONSTRUCTION IS
CAUSING LOSSES TO BOTH THE
CHINESE AND THEIR PAKISTANI
COUNTERPARTS, WHICH RAISES THE
QUESTION OF FINANCING.
BUILDING A 1.6 BILLION US DOLLARS
TRAIN IN A COUNTRY WHERE PEOPLE
FIND IT DIFFICULT TO EAT HAS
BEEN VEHEMENTLY CRITICIZED.
FINANCED BY CHINA'S EXIM BANK
AND UNDERTAKEN BY THE PUNJAB
GOVERNMENT, EXPENSIVE PROJECTS
LIKE THE LAHORE METRO MAY LEAD
PAKISTAN INTO A DEBT TRAP WITH
CHINA.
FORMER FINANCE MINISTER SALMAN
SHAH IS CAUTIOUS ABOUT HOW
PREPARED PAKISTAN IS FOR THE
SCALE OF DEVELOPMENT DEALS IT
IS NOW COMMITTING TO.

The caption changes to "Salman Shah. Former Finance Minister."

Salman is in his sixties, with short puffy gray hair and a moustache. He wears glasses, a striped shirt, a black blazer and a printed blue tie.

He says FINANCING IS GOING TO BE
TOUGH, BUT I THINK IT CAN BE
MANAGED, PROVIDED WE NEGOTIATE
THE TERMS OF THE AGREEMENTS VERY
WELL AND ARE ABLE TO GET THE
FINANCING WHICH IS COMPETITIVE
BUT NOT EXPENSIVE.
SO, I THINK THAT SHOULD BE THE
NATURE OF THE AGREEMENTS.
AND I THINK FROM EVEN THE TWO
GOVERNMENTS' PERSPECTIVE, THEY
WOULD PROBABLY LIKE THAT ALSO.
BUT TO MY MIND, WE AS PAKISTANIS
HAVE NOT YET BEEN ABLE TO
ARTICULATE THE FULL DIMENSIONS
OF CPEC, HOW IMPORTANT IT IS TO
OUR OVERALL NATIONAL ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC
STRATEGY.
WE HAVE NOT YET INTEGRATED IT
INTO OUR DECISION-MAKING
PROCESSES AND PLANNING PROCESSES
AND INVOLVEMENT OF THE PRIVATE
SECTOR FULLY INTO THIS.

Anthony says APART FROM TRADE AND
CONNECTIVITY, THERE'S A LARGER
ISSUE FOR CHINESE INVESTORS IN
PAKISTAN: POLITICAL
INSTABILITY.
NO PRIME MINISTER IN PAKISTAN'S
70-YEAR HISTORY HAS COMPLETED A
FIVE-YEAR TERM, AND THIS TIME
WAS NO DIFFERENT.
FORMER PRIME MINISTER SHARIF
WAS DISQUALIFIED FROM OFFICE IN
JULY 2017 BY A SUPREME COURT
VERDICT AFTER HE WAS FOUND
GUILTY OF CORRUPTION.

Clips show images of rallies at night.

Anthony says IN A SHOW OF POWER TO HIS
POLITICAL OPPONENTS, SHARIF
ORGANIZED RALLIES LIKE THIS
THROUGHOUT PAKISTAN, CAUSING
FEARS THE COUNTRY MIGHT UNRAVEL
POLITICALLY.
A NEW PRIME MINISTER OF HIS OWN
PARTY WAS QUICKLY ELECTED TO
QUELL ANY FEARS.

A clip from a television show rolls.

The host says "So what is the future? What is the resolution to this political instability?"

A guest says "I think Nawaz will fight politically. Completely he will fight politically."

Anthony says TALAT HUSSAIN, A TELEVISION
PRESENTER OF GEO TV AND ONE OF
THE FOREMOST NAMES OF PAKISTANI
JOURNALISM, DOESN'T FIND PRIME
MINISTER SHARIF'S OUSTING
ALARMING TO THE CHINESE.

The caption changes to "Tallat Hussain. Journalist."

Tallat is in his early fifties, clean-shaven and with short wavy brown hair. He wear s blue shirt and a brown blazer.

He says A PRIME MINISTER HAS BEEN
DEPOSED THROUGH A JUDICIAL
VERDICT, AND HE IS PROTESTING
AGAINST THAT VERDICT, BUT YOU
DON'T SEE ANY VIOLENCE ON THE
STREETS.
THE ELECTIONS AROUND THE CORNER
IN 2018 MAY BE CALLED EARLY.
SO, THERE'S A LOT OF POLITICAL
HYPERACTIVITY, BUT IT HAS
REMAINED WITHIN THE BOUNDS OF
THE CONSTITUTION.
SO, THAT WAY, IT'S STABLE, AND
ALL THE PARTIES THAT ARE LOCKING
HORNS, THEY AGREE ON CPEC.
I MEAN, THERE IS NOT
DISAGREEMENT ON CPEC.
WE ARE A DECEPTIVE NATION IN THE
SENSE THAT WHAT APPEARS MAY NOT
BE THE CASE.
YOU KNOW, WHEN WE LOOK KIND OF
DOWN AND OUT, SOMEHOW WE BOUNCE
BACK.
WHEN WE LOOK KIND OF ALL HYPED
UP, WE'RE ACTING COOL AS
CUCUMBERS.
BUT WITHOUT SORT OF BLOWING OUR
OWN TRUMPET, I THINK PAKISTAN IS
A COUNTRY WHOSE GEOGRAPHY HAS
TAKEN IT TO VARIOUS DIRECTIONS.
WE ALSO NOW REALIZE THAT THE
SAME GEOGRAPHY CAN BE HARNESSED:
TO BECOME A TRADE ROUTE; TO
BECOME AN EXPORT AND IMPORT
ZONE; TO BECOME A PATHWAY
THROUGH WHICH THE WORLD'S
COMMERCE ACTUALLY PASSES.
I THINK THAT'S WHERE WE ARE
HEADED TOWARDS.
IF THAT WERE TO HAPPEN, AND
THAT'S WHY CPEC IS IMPORTANT,
I THINK WE HAVE A FAIRLY
INTERESTING FUTURE THAT LIES
AHEAD.
INTERESTING IN THE AMERICAN
SENSE, NOT IN THE CHINESE SENSE.

Anthony says TONIGHT MARKS THE 70TH YEAR
OF PAKISTAN'S INDEPENDENCE FROM
INDIA, DESPITE MANY WARS WITH
THEM.
CHILDREN, MEN AND WOMEN ARE OUT
IN THE STREETS TO CELEBRATE.
IT'S A YOUNG NATION, WITH MORE
THAN 75 percent UNDER THE AGE OF 25.
AND IT HAS BEEN MARKED AS ONE OF
THE NEXT 11 BIG ECONOMIES TO
LOOK OUT FOR.
THE AVALANCHE OF CHINESE
INVESTMENTS MIGHT JUST DO THE
TRICK FOR PAKISTAN.
THERE ARE A NUMBER OF MAJOR
CHALLENGES TO BE OVERCOME FOR
THIS IRON-BROTHER RELATIONSHIP
TO BE FULLY REALIZED
ECONOMICALLY, BUT THE DREAM OF
THE CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC
CORRIDOR IS FAST BECOMING A
REALITY.

A sign on a road reads "Long live Pak-China friendship."

Music plays as the end credits roll.

Narrator, Anthony Morse.

Executive producer, Tan Lek Hwa.

Copyright 2018, Mediacorp Pte Ltd. All rights reserved.

Logo: TVF International.

Watch: Ep. 2 - China's Pakistani Revolution