Video Transcript

(music plays)

Aerial views show images of the New Zealand coasts and forest-covered mountains.

Neil says THE TACITURN JAMES COOK
DEFINITELY HAD A TENDENCY TO
CALL IT AS HE SAW IT.
SURROUNDING ON THIS 260
KILOMETER TRACT
OF GLORIOUS COASTLINE,
AND SPYING FROM
HMS ENDEAVOUR
THE BOUNTIFUL GARDENS OF
THE LOCAL IWI,
HE WAS MOVED TO NAME IT
THE BAY OF PLENTY.

A caption reads "Neil Oliver."

Neil is in his late forties, clean-shaven and with long brown hair. He wears beige trousers, a blue shirt, and a printed scarf.

Neil says IT'S AS APT A NAME AS ANY,
AND FROM HERE,
THE SUMMIT OF MAUAO,
YOU CAN SEE IT ALL:
AN ABUNDANCE OF FERTILE LAND,
A PLETHORA OF HOLIDAY
DESTINATIONS,
AND EVIDENCE OF A BURGEONING
POPULATION,
PARTICULARLY IN THE PORT CITY
OF TAURANGA,
NOW NEW ZEALAND'S FIFTH LARGEST
METROPOLIS.
JOINING ME ON A VOYAGE OF
DISCOVERY
IN THE BAY OF PLENTY,
MATT CARTER
DIVES THE ILL-FATED
RENA.
HAMISH CAMPBELL UNEARTHS
THE BRUTAL TRUTH
BENEATH THE BOWLING GREEN.

An aerial view shows images of an excavation site.

Hamish is in his fifties, with short wavy gray hair and a beard. He wears dark gray trousers and a light gray shirt.

He says INNOCUOUS AT IT SEEMS NOW,
IT BELIES A LONG AND
BLOODY HISTORY.

In a chopper over an island, Jackie says AH! THE COAST LOOKS AMAZING
FROM HERE!

Jackie is in her thirties, with long straight blond hair and wears a denim shirt, a red life vest, a helmet and a headset.

Neil says AND JACKIE GEURTS COPS
A BIRDS-EYE VIEW
OF THE SHORELINE.
WE'RE IN THE BAY OF PLENTY
AND THIS IS
COAST NEW ZEALAND.

(Theme music plays)

Fast clips show extensions of coastal landscape, forest covered mountains, and huge rock letters slowly forming the logo "COAST NEW ZEALAND" and a round medallion with a cut-out map of the New Zealand standing out to sea.

An animated map outlines the coast from Tauranga to Ohiwa.

Neil says OUR BAY OF PLENTY PILGRIMAGE
FOLLOWS THE EASTERN SEABOARD
FROM THE PORT OF TAURANGA,
AROUND MOUNT MAUNGANUI,
ALONG PAPAMOA BEACH TO
WHAKATANE,
AND IT TAKES FLIGHT AT
OHIWA HARBOUR.
IF THERE'S ONE THING
NEW ZEALANDERS KNOW HOW TO DO,
IT'S TRAVEL.
BORN OF NECESSITY,
IN ORDER TO GET ANYWHERE
REALLY,
THERE ARE LONG DISTANCES
INVOLVED.
AND THERE'S ONE SPECIES IN
PARTICULAR
THAT SHOULD SERIOUSLY LOOK AT
SIGNING UP TO
A GOOD FREQUENT FLYER PROGRAM:
THE GODWIT,
IN SEARCH OF ABUNDANT FOOD ALL
YEAR ROUND,
TOGGLES BETWEEN
THE ARCTIC TUNDRA
IN THE NORTHERN SUMMER
AND NEW ZEALAND,
IN A SERIES OF FLIGHTS THAT HAS
NOW BEEN PROVEN
TO INCLUDE A NON-STOP
PAN-PACIFIC LEG
FROM ALASKA.

An animated map shows a trajectory from Alaska down to New Zealand and back to Alaska again.

Neil says THAT'S AN ESTIMATED EIGHT DAYS
AND NIGHTS IN FLIGHT.
I WOULD BE THINKING SERIOUSLY
ABOUT AN UPGRADE.

Neil puts on a life vest and gets on a canoe.

He says GODWITS ARRIVE IN NEW ZEALAND
FROM EARLY SEPTEMBER
AND IMMEDIATELY BEGIN PREPARING
FOR THEIR DEPARTURE IN MARCH.
THEY CAN BE FOUND GORGING
THEMSELVES AT IDYLLIC SPOTS
LIKE THIS,
IN THE EASTERN BAY OF PLENTY,
TO THE POINT WHERE
THE WEE FATTIES
DOUBLE IN SIZE PRE-TAKEOFF.
BY THE TIME THEY GET THEIR
BOARDING PASSES,
ORGANS WILL HAVE SHRUNK
AND THE BIRD'S BLOOD CIRCULATORY
SYSTEM WILL ACTUALLY
HAVE ALTERED TO MORE EFFICIENTLY
FUEL THEIR FLYING MUSCLES.
IT'S INCREDIBLE.
WHY DO THEY DO IT
TO THEMSELVES?
IT'S ALL ABOUT BEING IN THE
RIGHT PLACE AT THE RIGHT TIME.
THE ARCTIC TUNDRA IN SUMMER
PROVIDES PLENTY OF FOOD FOR
BREEDING BIRDS AND THEIR YOUNG.
BY LATE SUMMER,
AS SUPPLIES DWINDLE,
THE WHOLE FAMILY FLIES SOUTH.
HENCE TO MAORI PROVERB,
"WHO HAS SEEN
THE KUAKA'S NEST,"
IN REFERENCE TO THE MYSTERIOUS
LITTLE CRITTERS
THAT TURN UP EVERY YEAR,
FULLY GROWN,
AFTER AN EPIC MARATHON OF
FLIGHT.
SO THE NEXT TIME YOU'RE
CONSIDERING A COMPLAINT
ABOUT THE LEGROOM IN
A LONG HAUL FLIGHT,
SPARE A THOUGHT FOR THE GODWIT.
ANOTHER BAY OF PLENTY LOCAL
WITH A WELL-WORN PASSPORT
IS ARTIST GRAHAM HOETE.
MICHAEL STEVENS MEETS HIM ON
HIS HOME TURF.

The caption changes to "Michael Stevens."

Michael is in his late thirties, with short brown hair and a shadow of a beard. He wears a pink gingham shirt and a brown hooded jacket.

He says GRAHAM IS A MULTI-TALENTED
ARTIST
WITH A TRULY GLOBAL REACH,
BUT HIS WORKING IS GROUNDED HERE
IN TAURANGA
AND IN HIS ANCESTRY.
AND DESPITE HIS
COMMISSIONED WORKS
FEATURING ON BUILDINGS ALL OVER
THE WORLD,
GRAHAM'S LATEST PROJECT,
A BOOK OF 100 NEW ZEALAND
PORTRAITS,
HAS BROUGHT THE ARTIST
CURRENTLY KNOWN AS MR. G HOME.

The caption changes to "Graham Hoete."

Graham is in his late thirties, bald and with a shadow of a beard. He wears gray Bermuda shorts, a camouflaged jacket and a black cap.

Michael says SO, OTHER THAN A PADDOCK
FULL OF COW TIPPLE,
WHERE ARE WE?
Graham says UH, WELL WE'RE ACTUALLY HERE IN
BEAUTIFUL MATAKANA ISLAND
IN TAURANGA MOANA.
MY MOTHER WAS FROM HERE
AND I CONSIDER IT PART OF MY
HOME AS WELL.

Michael points at a portrait on a huge rock and says KUIA, WHO'S THIS
OLD TOA HERE?
Graham says THIS IS TE ARANI
TE RANGIHAU MCMILLAN.
SHE'S A RESPECTED KUIA,
YOU KNOW,
WITHIN NOT JUST MATAKANA ISLAND
BUT ALSO TAURANGA MOANA.

Michael says AND IS THE PORTRAIT PART OF YOUR
100 PORTRAITS PROJECT?
Graham says YEAH, YEAH.
THIS IS ONE OF THEM.
IT'S REALLY ALL ABOUT
NEW ZEALAND UNSUNG HEROES OR,
JUST, NOT CELEBRITIES
OR ANYTHING,
BUT JUST PEOPLE THAT ARE,
I GUESS,
CELEBRITIES IN THEIR OWN RIGHT,
AND JUST TELLING THEIR STORIES
IN REMOTE, OBSCURE, BREATHTAKING
NEW ZEALAND LOCATIONS, YOU KNOW?

Michael says SO, GETTING INTO
THE MECHANICS OF IT,
HOW DO YOU ACTUALLY DO IT?
Graham says I PRETTY MUCH JUST START OFF
WITH THE REFERENCE PHOTO
AND I JUST DO SOME REAL LIGHT
SKETCH LINES,
AND THEN JUST START RENDERING,
YOU KNOW, ADDING HIGHLIGHTS,
YOU KNOW, MID-TONES AND SHADOWS.
AND FROM THERE IT JUST REALLY
STARTS TO TAKE SHAPE REALLY.
IF YOU CAN DRAW YOU CAN PRETTY
MUCH PAINT A PORTRAIT
WITH ANYTHING, YOU KNOW, WHETHER
IT BE DIRT OR SPRAY PAINT.
THE THING I LOVE ABOUT
SPRAY PAINT,
IT COMES OUT FAST.
YOU KNOW, YOU CAN DO LARGE SCALE
PIECES QUITE QUICKLY.

Michael says IT WAS MR. G'S LARGE SCALE
PORTRAIT
OF A WELL-LOVED DIMINUTIVE
MUSICIAN
THAT REALLY PUT HIM ON THE MAP.
Graham says I WAS A HUGE PRINCE FAN.
I HEARD HE HAD PASSED
AND I WAS GUTTED,
SO I WAS BASED IN SYDNEY AT
THE TIME,
AND UH-- SO I THOUGHT,
"WELL, HOW CAN I USE MY ART TO
KIND OF PAY TRIBUTE TO HIM?"
AND SO I ACTUALLY PAINTED MY
FIRST PORTRAIT OF PRINCE
IN LIVERPOOL IN SYDNEY,
AND IT JUST WENT NUTS ON
FACEBOOK.
IT JUST WENT VIRAL ALL OVER
THE WORLD
AND UH, GOT TO A POINT WHERE I
HAD A LOT OF PRINCE'S FANS
FROM CHANHASSEN,
WHICH IS HIS HOMETOWN,
AND THEN THEY ALL
JUST KIND OF SAID,
"MAN, MR. G, YOU GOT TO COME
OVER HERE AND DO ONE."
"PLEASE, COME OVER HERE
AND DO ONE."
SO, I THOUGHT, "YEAH, WHY NOT?"

Michael says GRAHAM'S HOMETOWN
PORTRAIT OF PRINCE
WAS FORMALLY UNVEILED BY
THE MAYOR
AND THE EVENT RECEIVED
EXTENSIVE NEW COVERAGE
THROUGHOUT THE U.S.
Graham says THE SPINOFF FROM THAT IN TERMS
OF COMMISSIONS
AND ALL THAT SORT OF STUFF
JUST WENT CRAZY AFTER THAT.

Michael says IT BROUGHT MR. G ALMOST
INSTANT FAME,
BUT TODAY,
HOME IS WHERE THE ART IS.

They walk towards an abandoned house with a portrait on the side.

Michael says WHO'S THIS FELLA?
WHO ARE WE MEETING HERE?
Graham says YEAH, THIS IS
TOM PAUL.
HE ACTUALLY BUILT
THIS HOUSE HERE.
IT'S A WEE BIT
TATTERED NOW,
BUT HE WAS A HUNTER-GATHERER,
YOU KNOW, A MAN OF THE LAND,
THE FARM LAND AND
ALL THAT
SO IT'S QUITE A
COOL STORY AS WELL.

Michael says LEAVING BEHIND THE ISLAND OF
HIS BIRTH,
WE HEAD TO ANOTHER ISLAND THAT
ALSO HOLDS
SPECIAL SIGNIFICANCE.
(ENGINE POWERING UP)

They get on a plane.

Michael says THE ISLAND OF MOTITI,
WITH APPROXIMATELY
30 PERMANENT RESIDENCE,
IS WHERE MR. G GREW UP WITH HIS
TWIN BROTHER.
WHAT DOES HOME MEAN TO YOU?
Graham says PUT SIMPLY,
IT'S CONNECTION, YOU KNOW?
CONNECTION TO THE LAND,
CONNECTION TO MY PA
AND EVERYTHING THAT I GUESS I
DRAW MY CULTURAL IDENTITY FROM,
YOU KNOW?

Michael says AND WHERE IS FATHER,
GRAHAM HOETE SR.,
IS CO-MATUA.
IT'S ALSO THE LOCATION FOR HIS
NEXT PORTRAIT..
SO, GRAHAM, YOU'RE SORT OF IN
THE EARLY PLANNING STAGES
OF ANOTHER MURAL HERE
ON MOTITI.
TALK ME THROUGH IT.
Graham says YEAH, WELL, I'M DOING
A TRIBUTE PORTRAIT
FOR ONE OF MY COUSINS,
PUTI,
THE WHOLE WHANAU REALLY.
SO I'M JUST DOING SOME LIGHT,
YOU KNOW,
PRELIMINARY SKETCHES
JUST TO KIND OF GET THE LAYOUT.
UM, IT JUST KIND OF HELPS PREP
ME IN MY MIND, YOU KNOW,
AS TO HOW I'M GOING TO
POSITION THINGS.
I'M AT THE POINT IN MY CAREER
NOW WHERE
I'M ACTUALLY ABLE TO CHOOSE
WHAT COMMISSIONS I TAKE ON,
WHETHER THEY ALIGN TRUE TO
MY VALUES
AND WHAT I'M ABOUT IN GENERAL.
I DO MAKE GOOD MONEY OFF MY ART
NOW AND I'M THANKFUL FOR THAT.
I'VE WORKED REALLY HARD
TO GET TO THAT POINT.
BUT FOR ME, MY ART IS MORE THAN
JUST ABOUT
MAKING MONEY,
I LOVE TO USE MY ART
TO TOUCH PEOPLE,
YOU KNOW, TOUCH THEIR HEARTS.
I'VE GOT A LOT MORE FREEDOM NOW
TO REALLY PRODUCE ART
THAT'S I GUESS, A NATURAL
OVERFLOW OF MY OWN HEART,
YOU KNOW,
WHAT I'M PASSIONATE ABOUT.

Michael says FROM MOTITI ISLAND TO MINNESOTA
AND BACK AGAIN,
GRAHAM'S ART IS ANCHORED HERE
VERY FIRMLY IN TAURANGA MOANA,
BUT IT'S MAKING WAVES ACROSS
THE WORLD.

(music plays)

Neil says ONCE A COMMON CALAMITY OF
SEAFARING,
SHIPWRECKS TODAY ARE
FORTUNATELY FEW AND FAR
BETWEEN.
THE SINKING OF THE
MV RENA
BECAME NEW ZEALAND'S WORST
MARITIME DISASTER:
THE LARGEST SHIP EVER LOST IN
NEW ZEALAND WATERS,
AND IT WAS JUST OFF
THE COAST OF TAURANGA.
ON WEDNESDAY,
THE FIFTH OF OCTOBER, 2011,
AT 2:20 IN THE MORNING,
WHILE SAILING IN CLEAR WEATHER
FROM NAPIER TO TAURANGA,
THE CONTAINER SHIP
RENA
RAN AGROUND ON
THE ASTROLABE REEF.
OVER THE COURSE OF
THE FOLLOWING FEW DAYS,
SOME 350 TONNES OF THICK,
TOXIC OIL
SPEWED OUT OF THE SHIP,
COATING AND SMOTHERING
THE ROCKS,
THE SAND AND THE WILDLIFE.
IT WAS NEW ZEALAND'S WORST EVER
MARITIME ECOLOGICAL DISASTER.
AND ONE OF THE HARDEST HIT
AREAS WAS THIS STRETCH
OF GLORIOUS WHITE SANDY BEACH
AT PAPAMOA.
MARINE SCIENTIST
CHRIS BATTERSHILL
BECAME FACE OF
THE
RENA
DISASTER,
FRONT-FOOTING THE FALLOUT.
WHEN IT HAPPENED, WHAT WAS
THE SCENE DOWN HERE?

The caption changes to "Chris Battershill."

Chris is in his forties, clean-shaven and with short straight brown hair. He wears glasses, jeans, and a black polka dotted shirt.

Chris says IT WAS JUST A BLACK
COATING OF OIL,
THICK OIL,
ON THE BEACHES.
VERY ACTIVE SMELL.

Neil says HOW FAR DID IT SPREAD?

Chris says IT SPREAD FROM THE MOUNT
ALL THE WAY DOWN TO
THE END OF PAPAMOA BEACH
IN THE FIRST SPILL,
AND THEN SUBSEQUENT SPILLS OVER
VARIOUS STORM EVENTS,
ENDED UP GOING DOWN
AS FAR AS MAKETU,
AND SOME OF IT WENT INSIDE
TAURANGA HARBOUR.
THE COMMUNITY WERE JUST
HORRIFIED.
THEY WERE ABSOLUTELY
HORRIFIED.
IT WAS VERY EMOTIONAL,
THERE WERE TEARS.
THERE WAS A LOT
OF ANGER.

Neil says SO, GIVEN THE UNDERSTANDABLE
ANGER FROM THE PEOPLE
AND THE SCALE OF IT,
HOW DO YOU EVEN BEGIN TO
MAKE A PLAN TO DEAL WITH IT?

Chris says VERY MUCH ON THE
FIRST DAY,
THOSE WHO ARE CHARGED WITH
DEALING WITH THIS,
MARITIME NEW ZEALAND AND
THE REGIONAL COUNCILS,
THEY QUICKLY GOT TOGETHER,
FORGE CROWDED AN
OPERATION SPACE,
AND STARTED TO LOOK AT
HOW THEY MIGHT TACKLE
THE ENSUING SPILLS AND
SUBSEQUENT EVENTS.
BEHIND THE SCENES ALSO,
THE PUBLIC WERE SELF-ORGANISING.
THEY WERE ANGRY OF COURSE,
WHEN THEY SAW OIL AND
COULD SMELL IT,
AND THEY WANTED TO GET DOWN ONTO
THE BEACHES
VERY, VERY QUICKLY
AND WORK TO CLEAN UP
THE OIL THEMSELVES.

Neil says UN-HUH.

Chris says SO AT FIRST THERE WAS
A BIT OF FRUSTRATION
ON BEHALF OF THE PUBLIC,
THEY WERE NOT ALLOWED
ACCESS TO THE BEACH,
AND IT TRANSPIRED FOR
GOOD REASON,
BECAUSE IF YOU JUST WANDERED
DOWN ONTO THE BEACH
AND STARTED
PICKING UP OIL,
YOU BECAME IMMEDIATELY
COVERED IN THE STUFF
AND PEOPLE WERE STARTING TO
TRACK IT UP INTO THE SAND DUNES
WHICH WAS DISPLACING ONE PROBLEM
INTO ANOTHER.
YOU SEE THAT LADY IN THE...
THAT ONE THERE?
GO SEE HER.

Clips show teams of volunteers cleaning up the beach.

Neil says IN TOTAL, SOME 8,000 VOLUNTEERS
COLLECTED 1,000 TONNES
OF OILY WASTE FROM
THE BAY OF PLENTY COASTLINE.
AT THE TIME, IT WAS THE LARGEST
VOLUNTEER ARMY EVER DEPLOYED
IN AN ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANUP
ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD.

Chris says IT'S BECAUSE OF THAT EFFORT,
BY HAND, PHYSICALLY LIFTING
THE MATERIAL OFF THE BEACH
AND GETTING THAT (UNCLEAR) OF
OIL OUT OF THE SYSTEM,
THAT WE SUBSEQUENTLY SAW QUITE
A STRONG RECOVERY.

Neil says RIGHT.
SO THE SIMPLEST POSSIBLE
SOLUTION REALLY,
TO PHYSICALLY, BY HAND,
PICKING IT UP?

Chris says THAT'S CORRECT, YEAH.
AND I THINK THE EVENT HAS SET
CERTAINLY A BENCHMARK
FOR RESPONSES INTO
THE FUTURE, INTERNATIONALLY,
BECAUSE WE LEARNED FROM A
SIMILAR SCALE OIL SPILL EVENT
IN AUSTRALIA,
THE PACIFIC ADVENTURER,
BUT IN THAT OCCASION THEY USED
HEAVY GEAR,
TRACTORS AND SO ON,
TO TRY AND LIFT
THE OIL OUT.

Neil says UN-HUH.

Chris says WHAT THEY DID HOWEVER
WAS TO IMPREGNATE IT DEEPER DOWN
INTO THE SEDIMENTS.

Neil says OH, SO THE WHEELS KIND OF PLOW
IT INTO SAND?

Chris says THAT'S RIGHT.
YEAH. YUP.
JUST A LIGHT TOUCH WITH
HUMAN HANDS,
JUST MANY OF THEM,
WORKED.

Neil says WOW.
HOW CAN WE BE SURE IT WORKED?
SAMPLES DRILLED FROM THE SAND
USING A VIBRACORE.
SO, IT DOES LOOK CLEAN
TO MY UNTUTORED EYE.

Chris says AND ESSENTIALLY THIS IS
EXACTLY WHAT WE SAW
WHEN IT WAS DONE ABOUT SIX
MONTHS AFTER THE
RENA
INCIDENT.

Neil says SO, WHAT? A FOOT OR MORE
OF SAND HAS COME OUT.

Chris says YUP.

Neil says IT'S EXACTLY THE SAME AS
THE SURFACE SAND.

Chris says THAT'S RIGHT.

Neil says THERE'S NO SUDDEN
APPEARANCE OF BLACK OIL.

Chris says THE REASON IT'S LOOKING
LIKE THIS IS DUE IN NO DOUBT
TO THE 8,000 VOLUNTEERS
WHO CAME ON BENDED KNEE
WITH PLASTIC BAGS,
JUST GRABBED THE STUFF
WITH THEIR HANDS
AND REMOVED IT OUT OF
THE SYSTEM.

Neil says AND THE SAND IS CLEAN.

(music plays)

Neil says WHILE PEOPLE-POWER SAW
THE BEACH RETURN
TO ITS FORMER GLORY IN
RECORD TIME,
AT SEA, THE SITUATION WAS
VASTLY DIFFERENT.
MATT CARTER IS JOINING MARINE
ECOLOGIST PHIL ROSS,
WHO HAS BEEN MONITORING
THE
RENA
AND ITS SALVAGE OPERATION
SINCE IT SANK,
DIVING THE WRECK MORE THAN
150 TIMES.

On a boat, Matt says SO, HOW SUCCESSFUL
HAS THE SALVAGE BEEN?

Matt is in his thirties, with short wavy brown hair and a stubble. He wears a blue gingham shirt and a life vest.
The caption changes to "Phil Ross."

Phil is in his forties, balding and with a stubble. He wears a moss green T-shirt and a life vest.

Phil says YEAH, THE SALVAGE HAS BEEN
PRETTY AMAZING.
WHEN I FIRST STARTED DIVING
THERE IN 2012,
IT WAS-- IT WAS PRETTY MUCH LIKE
GOING TO
A BIG SCRAP METAL YARD.
YOU KNOW,
THERE WAS PILES OF COPPER WIRE
FIVE METERS HIGH,
MASSIVE METAL INGOTS,
PLATEAUS OF JUST
FLATTENED CONTAINERS.

Matt says SO, WHAT WAS THE MOST
ENVIRONMENTALLY DESTRUCTIVE
THING THAT WENT DOWN?

Phil says THERE WAS A CONTAINER OF
COPPER WIRE
THAT CAME OUT OF EARTHQUAKED
CHRISTCHURCH BUILDINGS,
AND SO THAT HAD...
YOU KNOW, THIS WIRING HAD BEEN
TAKEN OUT,
ALL THE INSULATION HAD BEEN
STRIPED OFF,
AND IT'D BEEN DICED UP
INTO TINY PIECES.
THE CONTAINER RUPTURED AND
DEPOSITED COPPER
ON THE SEA FLOOR.
I'VE ACTUALLY GOT SOME HERE THAT
WE CAN TAKE A LOOK AT.

He takes out a bag with a sample.

Matt says WOW. SO IT IS JUST
REALLY FINE, ISN'T IT?
IT'S UNBELIEVABLE.

Phil says I THINK IT WAS ABOUT 20 TONNES.

Matt says AND THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN
INCREDIBLY HARD TO CLEAN UP.
HOW DID THEY
EVEN MANAGE THAT?

Phil says SO THEY ENDED UP USING A DREDGE
WHICH IS PRETTY MUCH LIKE
A VACUUM CLEANER.
RIGHT NOW 17 TONNES OF IT IS
SITTING UNDERNEATH THE SHIP
AND CAN'T BE ACCESSED.
EVERY TIME THERE'S A BIG STORM
WE'LL GO OUT AND SEE IF,
YOU KNOW,
IF THAT STERN SECTION SHIFTS
ACROSS,
ALL OF A SUDDEN
IT WILL BECOME ACCESSIBLE.

Matt says OKAY, RIGHT.
SO WHAT'S THE IMPACT
OF COPPER
ON REEF ENVIRONMENT
LIKE THIS?

Phil says WHAT WE'RE SEEING,
SOME INVERTEBRATES:
SPONGES, HYDROIDS,
BRYOZOANS,
THAT WE WOULD EXPECT TO
SEE THERE,
OR EXPECT TO SEE RECOVERING
THERE, WE'RE NOT FINDING THERE.

Matt says BUT THERE ARE RECOVERING OUTSIDE
OF THERE ON THE REEF ITSELF?

Phil says YEAH. DEFINITELY.
SO IF YOU MOVE SORT OF 10, 20,
30 METERS AWAY FROM THAT AREA,
AND WE'RE SEEING ALL THE THINGS
WE'D EXPECT TO GROW THERE,
ARE GROWING THERE,
WHICH IS REALLY GOOD NEWS.

Matt says INVISIBLE TOXINS FROM
THE COPPER REMAIN,
THE METAL-ENRICHED WATER
IS KNOWN AS A COPPER HALO,
AND IS REGULARLY SAMPLED BY
PHIL AND HIS COLLEAGUES.
(SPLASHING)

David and Phil get in diving suit and go under water to the wreck site.

Matt says A BOW THRUSTER OVER HERE
HAS BEEN THROWN UP ON
THE REEF.
AND JUST THE SHEER WEIGHT OF
THIS SHOWS THE FORCES
THAT ARE AT PLAY DOWN HERE.
LOOKING ROUND, YOU JUST SEE HOW
MUCH DEBRIS THERE IS,
IT'S SCATTERED ALL OVER
THE REEF,
EVERYTHING FROM BITS OF STEEL
TO OLD TIRES.

(music plays)

Matt says THE
RENA'S
OWNERS SPENT AN
ESTIMATED 600 MILLION DOLLARS
CLEANING UP THE WRECK SITE,
THE WORLDS SECOND BIGGEST
SALVAGE JOB
AFTER THE COSTA CONCORDIA
CRUISE SHIP,
WHICH SANK OFF TUSCANY
IN 2012.
MONITORING IN THE REEF WILL
CONTINUE FOR QUITE A LOT LONGER,
BUT SLOWLY AND SURELY,
THE IMPACT OF THE
RENA
IS EBBING AWAY.
(SURF MUSIC PLAYING)

Neil says IN THE 1970'S, THE MOUNT,
AS IT'S COLLOQUIALLY KNOWN,
WAS A LAID BACK,
SEASIDE COMMUNITY.
IT WAS ALSO HOME TO AN
INTERNATIONAL FASHION EMPIRE.
JACKIE GEURTS GETS THE SKINNY
ON A DESIGN DUO
WHO CHANGED THE WAY KIWI'S WEAR
THEIR TOGS.

Jackie says IT'S THE UNIFORM OF LOCALS AND
HOLIDAY MAKERS ALIKE.
IF YOU'RE WEARING MORE THAN
A SWIMSUIT
AND A PAIR OF FLIP-FLOPS
AROUND THESE PARTS,
CHANCES ARE YOU'RE OVERDRESSED.
DRAWING ON THAT LAIDBACK VIBE,
TONY AND JUDY ALVOS,
WERE A PAIR OF TEENAGE SURFERS
WHO SAW AN OPPORTUNITY
AND RAN WITH IT.
SO TELL ME,
HOW DID TWO TEENAGE SURFERS
BUILD AN INTERNATIONAL
SWIMWEAR BRAND?

Judy is in her sixties, with chin length wavy neon red hair and wears an animal print dress and a salmon blouse tied up on the front.

She says WELL, I'M WONDERING,
DID I SELL YOU A PAIR OF
BOARD SHORTS
WHEN I WAS ABOUT 14?

Tony says NO, YOU REPAIRED THEM.

Judy says I REPAIRED THEM!

Tony is in his sixties, bald and clean-shaven and wears black trousers and a blue gingham shirt.

Judy says OH, YOU CHEAPSKATE.

Tony says THAT'S HOW WE MET.

Judy says I COULD HAVE SOLD YOU
A PAIR AT LEAST.
I USED TO HAWK THEM
OFF ON THE BEACH
WHEN I WAS ABOUT 14.
IT WAS A GOOD WAY OF
EARNING SOME MONEY.
I WAS CREATIVE AND SO I JUST
MADE BOARD SHORTS AND BIKINIS.

Jackie says AND IT ALL TOOK OFF FROM THERE.

Judy says YES, IT DID.

Jackie says TONY AND JUDY MARRIED
AND HEADED OVERSEAS,
SETTLING IN AUSTRALIA.
INSPIRED BY THEIR TRAVELS,
JUDY BEGAN MAKING REVERSIBLE
BIKINIS OUT OF
VIBRANT INDONESIAN FABRICS
AND EXPOZAY WAS BORN.

Judy says THE FABRIC IS LIKE GOLD,
IT'S HARD TO GET,
SO THE SMALLER THE BIKINI,
THE BETTER,
AND THE SMALLER THE BIKINI
THE QUICKER THEY SOLD.
AND THEN IT GOT A BIT TOO
SERIOUS AND WE DECIDED,
"OH, I THINK WE'D BETTER
COME BACK HERE
WHERE THERE'S 32 SEWING
FACTORIES," AT THE TIME.

Jackie says WHAT WAS THE STYLE OF EXPOZAY?

Judy says SUPER BRIEF,
REALLY BRIEF, YOU KNOW?
AND REALLY VISUAL AND BRIGHT,
AND CHEEKY.

Jackie says DO YOU HAVE A LITTLE SAMPLE
OF YOUR SWIMSUIT HERE?

Judy shows her a bikini bottom and says YEAH. THIS IS SCREEN PRINT
AND AIRBRUSHED.
IT WAS HAND-SCREENED AT NIGHT,
LIKE 1,000 UNITS ON
THE CUTTING TABLE,
SO IT WAS DRY IN THE MORNING.
AND THE GUY USED TO COME IN
WITH A STENCIL
AND AIRBRUSH EACH COLOUR
BY HAND.

Jackie says WOW.

Judy says IT USED TO TAKE HIM ABOUT
20 MINUTES PER UNIT.

Jackie says DID YOU HAVE A TARGET NUMBER
THAT YOU COULD PRODUCE IN
A NIGHT?

Judy says NO. JUST GO LIKE HELL.

Jackie says THE NEXT STEP WAS RETAIL
AND THE COUPLES' FIRST SHOP
OPENED AT THE MOUNT IN 1978
TO UNPRECEDENTED DEMAND.

Judy says YOU'D HAVE 60 TO 70 PEOPLE
IN YOUR STORE,
AND WE'D HAVE TO CLOSE THE SHOP
AND LET ONE OUT AND LET ONE IN.
AND SO YEAH, WE NEVER HAD TIME
TO REALLY THINK TOO MUCH ABOUT...
OTHER THAN TRAINING STAFF AT
THE HIGH SPEED,
TO PRODUCE THE VOLUME WE NEEDED
JUST IN TIME TO DELIVER.

Jackie says BY THE MID-1980'S,
EXPOZAY WAS ESTABLISH ACROSS
AUSTRALIA, THE U.K.,
JAPAN, THE MIDDLE EAST,
AS WELL AS AMERICA.
THEIR SUCCESSFUL SWIMWEAR
ADORNING RICH AND FAMOUS WOMEN
AROUND THE WORLD.

Judy says LINDSAY STY, SHE WORE ONE OF OUR
HIGH-NECK SUITS
AND, LIKE, CUT-OUT BACK.

Tony says JANE FONDA'S EXERCISE.

Judy says YEAH, JANE FONDA EXERCISE.

They both say RACHEL HUNTER.

Jackie says EXPOZAY WAS THE FIRST APPAREL
COMPANY TO WIN
A NEW ZEALAND TRADE AND
ENTERPRISE EXPORT AWARD,
AND AT THE HIGH OF ITS SUCCESS,
EMPLOYED 120 PEOPLE.
FASHION HISTORIAN
DORIS DE PONT
BELIEVES THEIR RUNAWAY SUCCESS
WAS A PRODUCT OF ZEITGEIST.

Doris is in her sixties, with short wavy gray hair and wears a green and black printed dress.

The caption changes to "Doris de Pont."

Doris says RIGHT TIME, RIGHT PLACE,
RIGHT PRODUCT.
THEY STARTED IN THE 70'S
SO THE PILL HAD JUST COME OUT,
AND PEOPLE WERE IN CONTROL OF
THEIR FERTILITY,
AND SO THERE WERE YOUNG PEOPLE
WITH MONEY TO SPEND
AND THEY REALLY OFFERED
A LIFESTYLE PRODUCT,
A REALLY GREAT
LIFESTYLE PRODUCT.
ALTHOUGH THEY HAD STARTED
IN THE 70'S,
THEIR PEAK PERIOD REALLY WAS
IN THE 1980'S
WHEN IT BECAME ALL ABOUT
THE BUFF BODY
AND THEY CUT THE SWIMSUITS
TO SHOW THAT OFF.
THEY WERE, AT ONE STAGE,
ONE OF THE FIVE TOP SELLING
LABELS IN AUSTRALIA,
AND THIS IS IN THE 80'S,
BEFORE WE HAVE ANY IDEA OF
A NEW ZEALAND FASHION,
OUR SWIMWEAR WAS MAKING FASHION
WAVES INTERNATIONALLY,
AND PITCHING TO
A YOUNG AUDIENCE TOO.
SO, SEXY YOUNG SUITS FOR
SEXY YOUNG GIRLS.

Jackie says FASHIONS CAN COME AND GO
BUT THERE'S ONE THING THAT'S
ALWAYS IN STYLE
AND THAT IS A DAY AT THE BEACH,
COVERED OR UNCOVERED,
AS LONG AS THERE'S SAND IN YOUR
SAMMIES AND SALT ON YOUR SKIN.

(music plays)

Neil says TO MAORI, WOMEN ARE CONSIDERED
"TE WHARE TANGATA,"
OR "THE HOUSE OF HUMANITY,"
BEING AS THEY ARE
GIVERS OF LIFE.
AND HERE IN WHAKATANE,
IN THE EASTERN BAY OF PLENTY,
LOCAL IWI WOULD APPEAR TO BE
MORE INDEBTED THAN MOST
TO THEIR FEMININE FORBEARS.
THE NGATI AWA TRACE THEIR
ORIGINS BACK
TO A NUMBER OF ANCESTORS,
INCLUDING THOSE WHO LIVED ON
TUROA BEFORE
THE MAORI OCCUPATION,
AND LATER,
THOSE WHO TRAVELED HERE FROM
HAWAIKI.
THIS BEAUTIFULLY CARVED CANOPY
PROTECTS A REPLICA OF
THE WAKA THAT CARRIED THEM,
WHICH SURVIVED THE PERILOUS
JOURNEY BY A WHISKER,
AND ONLY THANKS TO THE QUICK
THINKING OF
THE CAPTAIN'S DAUGHTER.
LEONIE SIMPSON IS THE CEO OF
TE RUNANGA O NGATI AWA.
LOVELY TO MEET YOU.
NICE TO MEET YOU TOO.

Neil says LEONIE, TELL ME ABOUT
THE WOMAN ON THE ROCK OUT THERE.

The caption changes to "Leonie Simpson."

Leonie is in her forties, with straight brown hair in a bob cut. She wears black leggings, a printed pink dress and a statement necklace.

She says SO, THE STATUE ON THE ROCK
DEPICTS WAIRAKA
WHO IS OUR ANCESTOR.
SHE ARRIVED ON
THE MATAATUA WAKA.
THEY ARRIVE HERE FROM HAWAIKI
AND BROUGHT THE KUMARA,
WHICH IS THE SWEET POTATO,
TO (UNCLEAR).
THEY CAME THROUGH THE RIVER
MOUTH HERE
AND TRAVELED FURTHER UP
THE RIVER,
AND ANCHORED AT
WHANGAMATA, THERE.
AND THE MEN LEFT THE WAKA
TO GO EXPLORING
AND THEY LEFT BEHIND MOSTLY
WOMEN.
AND AT THAT TIME, WOMEN DIDN'T
PADDLE THE WAKAS,
THAT WAS THE ROLE OF THE MEN.
AS THE MEN LEFT,
THE TIDE STARTED GOING OUT
AND THE WAKA STARTED ACTUALLY
DRIFTING BACK OUT TO SEA.
AND WAIRAKA SAID,
"KIA WHAKATANE AU I AHAU,"
WHICH IS,
"LET ME ACT AS A MAN,"
AND SHE TOOK UP THE HOE
WITH OTHER WOMEN
AND THEY PADDLED OUR WAKA,
MATAATUA, BACK TO SHORE.

Neil says WHAT WOULD HAVE HAPPENED IF
WAIRAKA HADN'T DONE
WHAT SHE DID?

Leonie says SO, THE WAKA AND THE WOMEN WOULD
HAVE BEEN WASHED OUT TO SEA
AND LOST.

Neil says WERE THERE CONSEQUENCES FOR
ACTING LIKE A MAN?

Leonie says HER FATHER, TOROA,
WAS THE RANGATIRA,
OR THE CAPTAIN OF
THE MATAATUA WAKA,
SO SHE WAS A PRESTIGIOUS WOMAN,
AND THERE WEREN'T
CONSEQUENCES FOR HER.
AND EVEN TODAY,
WE CELEBRATE HER,
AND IF PEOPLE HAVE A PARTICULAR
CHARACTERISTIC
THAT MIGHT BE LIKE HER THEN WE
ACTUALLY CELEBRATE THAT.

Neil says WHAT DOES WAIRAKA'S STORY MEAN
TO YOU PERSONALLY?

Leonie says I THINK SHE
GIVE US A MAORI WOMAN,
AND HER DESCENDANTS,
THE COURAGE AND
THE CONFIDENCE TO LEAD,
TO MAYBE GO AGAINST THE GRAIN,
AND TO BE A REVOLUTIONARY IN
YOUR OWN WAY.

(music plays)

Neil says WHEN SURVEYING NEW ZEALAND'S
MAGNIFICENT COST,
WHERE DO YOU GET THE MOST BANG
FOR YOU BUCK?
NOT FROM GROUND LEVEL
BUT IN THE AIR.
JACKIE GEURTS GOES SKY HIGH FOR
THE BEST VIEW ON OFFER
IN THE BAY OF PLENTY.

Jackie says "ONCE YOU HAVE TASTED FLIGHT,
"YOU SHALL FOREVER WALK THE
EARTH
"WITH YOUR EYES TURNED SKYWARD.
"FOR THERE, YOU HAVE BEEN,
AND THERE YOU WILL ALWAYS LONG
TO RETURN."
SO SAID LEONARDO DA VINCI,
RENAISSANCE MAN AND EARLY
ADOPTER OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY.
AND WHILE THE PRINCIPALS OF
FLIGHT REMAIN UNCHANGED,
AND UNCHANGEABLE...
LIFT, WEIGHT, THRUST AND DRAG...
OUR INSATIABLE DESIRE TO
ACHIEVE A BIRD'S EYE VIEW
MEANS NEW WAYS OF GETTING
AIRBORNE
ARE CONSTANTLY ON THE HORIZON.
TAURANGA IS THE HOME OF
THE LATEST INCARNATION
OF THE MAGNIFICENT
FLYING MACHINE.
PILOT ELTON HAAKMA
IS ABOUT TO GIVE ME
MY FIRST LESSON
IN HOW TO FLY ONE.

The caption changes to "Elton Haakma."

Elton is in his late thirties, bald and clean-shaven. He wears denim Bermuda shorts and a pale blue polo T-shirt.

He says HI, JACKIE.

Jackie says HI. NICE TO MEET YOU.
TELL ME,
WHAT IS THIS?

Elton says THIS IS A GYROCOPTER.

Jackie says WHICH IS?

Elton says IT'S LIKE A CROSS BETWEEN
A PLANE AND A HELICOPTER.
IT FLIES LIKE A PLANE,
SO YOU'VE GOT A THROTTLED
PROPELLER FOR FORWARD THRUST,
PEDALS TO CONTROL THE RUDDER
FOR DIRECTION.
LOOKS LIKE A HELICOPTER WITH
THE SPINNING BLADES,
BUT THEY'RE NOT DRIVEN
BY THE ENGINE.
SO WHAT HAPPENS IS THE WIND
COMING UP THROUGH THEM
DRIVES THEM,
DRIVES THE BLADES AROUND.

Jackie says CAN ANYONE FLY IT?

Elton says SURE. WE HAVE PEOPLE AGE RANGING
FROM 20'S THROUGH THE 80'S,
AND IT DOESN'T TAKE LONG BEFORE
THEY PICK IT UP.

Jackie says CAN I FLY IT?

Elton says I'M PRETTY SURE, YEAH.
YOU'LL BE FINE.

Jackie says I'M IN THE AGE BRACKET.

Elton says YEAH, YOU ARE.

Jackie says THIS UNIQUE AIRCRAFT WAS
INVITED BY
THE SPANISH ENGINEER
JUAN DE LA CIERVA
IN THE EARLY 1920'S.
EARLY VERSIONS WERE USED AS
SUPPORT
AND SURVEILLANCE VEHICLES
IN WORLD WAR II,
AND TODAY,
OVER 1,000 GYROCOPTERS ARE USED
BY BOTH MILITARY AND
LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
AROUND THE WORLD.

On the gyrocopter, Elton says THROTTLE POWER.
(UNCLEAR) THE PEDALS.
STICKS RIGHT BACK.

Jackie says YUP.

Elton says WE'LL GET DOWN THEN
TO THE RUNWAY.
THOSE WHEELS GOT TO COME UP.
(JACKIE LAUGHING NERVOUSLY)

Elton says UP COMES THE (UNCLEAR) WHEEL.
NOW WE'RE IN A WHEEL BALANCE.
RIGHT. I'M GOING FULL POWER.

Jackie says WHOO-HOO-HOO!

Elton says AND AWAY WE GO.

Jackie says WHOO-HOO!
WHOO-HOO-HOO!
WHOA!

Elton says YOU DOING ALL RIGHT BACK THERE?

Jackie says YEAH, I'M GOOD.
(LAUGHING)
OH, THE COAST LOOKS AMAZING
FROM HERE.

Elton says IT'S BEAUTIFUL, ISN'T IT?

Jackie says YEAH.
THAT WATER'S JUST BEAUTIFUL
TURQUOISE.

Elton says IT'S NICE, ISN'T IT?

Jackie says YEAH.
WHOO-HOO!
WHA-HA-HA-HA!
OH, MY GOSH.

Elton says YOU ALL RIGHT?

Jackie says THAT'S INCREDIBLE.
THIS IS AN AMAZING WAY TO SEE
THE SHORELINE,
BUT I'VE BEEN A BACKSEAT DRIVER
LONG ENOUGH,
TIME FOR ME TO ROLL SOLO.

Elton says OKAY, SO YOU HAVE CONTROL
OF THE STICK.

Jackie says YEAH, I HAVE CONTROL
OF THE STICK.
OH, GOD.

Elton says SHE'S ALL YOURS.
I'LL JUST SIT BACK AND
ENJOY THE VIEW.
YOU DO ALL THE HARD WORK.
(JACKIE LAUGHING)

Elton says AS LONG AS YOU'RE NICE AND
SMOOTH, YOU'RE DOING WELL.
THIS IS GOOD.

Jackie says WEE-HEE! I'M FLYING.

Elton says YOU'RE DOING A GOOD JOB.

Jackie says I'M PULLING
A FEW FACIALS THOUGH.

Elton says ALL RIGHT, WE'LL COME TO
THE RIGHT A LITTLE BIT
AND THEN WE'LL TREK IT TOWARDS
THE RUNWAY NOW.
OKAY, I HAVE CONTROL NOW.

Jackie says YOU HAVE CONTROL OF THE STICK.

Elton says COOL.
NICE ONE.

Jackie says WELL DONE.

Elton says THANK YOU.
YOU DID VERY WELL, JACKIE.

Jackie says THANK YOU. I LOVED IT.
IT WAS AMAZING.

Elton says SEE YOU BACK NEXT WEEK.

(music plays)

Neil says IN 2017, TAURANGA OFFICIALLY
OVERTOOK DUNEDIN
AND CLAIMED THE TITLE OF
NEW ZEALAND'S
FIFTH LARGEST CITY.
THAT THE TOWN SHOULD PROSPER IS
NOT NEWS TO LOCAL MAORI,
IT WAS ALWAYS THUS,
BUT WHILE IT WAS A HAVEN,
IT WAS ALSO A TARGET.
HAMISH CAMPBELL DIGS INTO
THE BRUTAL PAST OF
OTAMATAHA PA.

The caption changes to "Hamish Campbell."

Hamish says THIS UNASSUMING PIECE OF
REAL-ESTATE
HERE IN THE BOOMING PORT CITY OF
TAURANGA,
HAS BEAUTIFUL HARBOUR VIEWS,
A ROSE GARDEN,
A BOWLING GREEN
AND A CAR PARK.
BUT, INNOCUOUS AS IT SEEMS NOW,
IT BELIES A LONG AND
BLOODY HISTORY.

(music plays)

Hamish says IN 2017, A SURVEY OF THE SITE
USING GROUND PENETRATING RADAR
REVEALED A TRENCH THREE POINT
THREE METERS WIDE
AND TWO POINT TWO METERS DEEP,
EVIDENCE OF THE OTAMATAHA PA.
NGAI TAMARAWAHO CO-MATAU,
PERI KOHUE,
EXPLAINS THE SIGNIFICANCE.

Hamish and Peri do a Maori greet.

(SPEAKING MAORI)

Hamish says THANK YOU.
SO, WHY IS THIS SUCH A SPECIAL
PLACE TO YOU?

The caption changes to "Peri Kohu."

Peri is in his late sixties, with short white hair and wears jeans and a gingham shirt.

Peri says AT THE HEADLAND OF THIS PASS
WHERE TAKITIMU WAKA LANDED.
RIGHT.
IN TAURANGA.
SO WE HAVE A SPECIAL CONNECTION
HERE THAT'S WHAT,
700 YEARS SINCE?

Hamish says OTAMATAHA PA WAS ONE OF
THE LARGEST IN THE REGION,
BEACHES TO THE NORTH AND SOUTH
PROVIDED VITAL CANOE ACCESS
AND DEFENSIVE EARTHWORKS
AFFORDED PROTECTION
FROM INVASION.
THAT IS UNTIL THE EUROPEANS
ARRIVED.
WHAT HAPPENED HERE
IN 1820?

Peri says THE VISIT FROM
THEIR COUSINS UP IN
(UNCLEAR).
THEY CAME DOWN,
THEY HAD RECENTLY ACQUIRED
THE MUSKET,
AND THEY PRETTY WELL ALMOST
WIPED THIS PLACE OUT,
AND THE PEOPLE WHO LIVED HERE
IN THE VILLAGE,
AND THERE'S STILL WRINKLES IN
OUR HISTORY NOW.

Hamish says RIGHT. IT SOUNDS LIKE A
SIGNIFICANT BATTLE.
ONE SIDE HAD THE MUSKET AND
THE OTHER DIDN'T.

Peri says THAT'S EXACTLY RIGHT.

Hamish says NO REAL CONTEST.

Peri says NO.
THERE'S LOTS OF
DAMAGE DONE,
TOLD HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE
WERE KILLED.

Hamish says RIGHT. WHAT HAPPENED TO
THE PA AFTER THE BATTLE?

Peri says WELL, MOST OF THE PEOPLE THAT
WERE LEFT STANDING
WERE MOVED AWAY.

Hamish says TAPU. TAPU GROUND.

Peri says IT'S TAPU.
THE LAND WAS
CONFISCATED FROM US
IN THE GOVERNMENT
CONFISCATION ACT OF 1863.
THEY BUILT
A CONSTABULARY HERE.

Hamish says RIGHT. A MILITARY PRISON.

Peri says MILITARY PRISONS HERE.
AND SO, POST THAT PERIOD OF
TIME, THEY'VE BEEN TRANSFERRED
TO LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
AND SO ON,
AND NOW IT'S
A BOWLING GREEN.

Hamish says YES.

Peri says AND THAT'S NOT
APPROPRIATE.

Hamish says NGAI TAMARAWAHO HAVE GIVEN
THEIR BLESSING
TO AN EXCAVATION OF THE SITE.
ARCHEOLOGIST, KEN PHILLIPS,
IS IN CHARGE OF THE DIG.

Ken is in his fifties, with long curly gray hair and a beard. He wears jeans and a black T-shirt.

Ken says THE PURPOSE OF THE INVESTIGATION
IS THAT TAURANGA CITY COUNCIL
ARE LOOKING AT A NUMBER OF
OPTIONS, OR LOCATIONS,
FOR A MUSEUM DEVELOPMENT,
THIS BEING ONE OF THEM.
AND SO WE'RE JUST OBVIOUSLY
DOING SOME PRELIMINARY WORK
TO SEE HOW MUCH ARCHAEOLOGY'S
HERE THAT MAY OF MAY NOT BE
AFFECTED BY A MUSEUM.

Hamish says AS THE SITE GIVES WAY TO
THE OCEAN AT ITS SOUTHERN END,
THE DIG HAS PROVIDED VALUABLE
INSIGHT TO
LIFE WITHIN THE PA.

Ken says THIS IS A LITTLE KEYHOLE LOOK
AT THE INTERIOR OF THE PA.
SO, THIS IS WITHIN
THE DEFENDED AREA.
SO WE'VE GOT REALLY INTENSIVE
LIVING AREAS,
COOKING, LIVING, STORAGE,
CROP STORAGE,
ALL SORTS OF ACTIVITY
AREAS.

Hamish says WHAT HAVE YOU FOUND SO FAR IN
TERMS OF ARTIFACTS?

Ken says WE'VE FOUND A FEW PRE-EUROPEAN
MAORI ARTIFACTS
IN THE FORM OF OBSIDIAN FLAKES.
SO, TYPICAL FLAKE MATERIAL,
OLIVE GREEN IN
TRANSPARENT LIGHT.
IT WAS VERY MUCH A GENERAL TOOL,
IT WAS USED FOR EVERYTHING FROM
POTENTIALLY BUTCHERING
ANIMAL, WORKING WITH BONE,
CUTTING HAIR.

Hamish says SHAVING?

Ken says PERHAPS NOT.
THAT'S LIKE THE EQUIVALENT OF
A MODERN-DAY PEN-KNIFE.

Hamish says AND WHAT ABOUT
EUROPEAN REMAINS?

Ken says WELL, THERE'S A
LITTLE BIT, YEAH.
OBVIOUSLY,
THE ARMED CONSTABULARY
HAD A CAMP HERE
AND THERE WAS LOTS OF MILITARY
AND MISSIONARY ACTIVITY.
TYPICAL HISTORIC ARTIFACTS LIKE
A CLASSIC BASE OF A BLACK BEER
WHICH WE FIND THOUSANDS AND
THOUSANDS OF THESE.
IN THE MILITARY CAMP,
THEY DRANK A LOT OF BEER
WHEN THEY WERE HERE.
AND YOUR BASIC PENNY INK,
ALSO VERY COMMON ARTIFACT OF
THE PERIOD.

Hamish says YUP.

Ken says SOLDIERS WRITING HOME, PERHAPS.

(music plays)

Hamish says THE ARTIFACTS,
SO LABORIOUSLY EXCAVATED,
ARE HARD EVIDENCE OF LAYERS OF
LIVING AT OTAMATAHA PA.
AND WHATEVER THE FUTURE HOLDS
FOR THIS HISTORIC,
ITS ENDURING PRESENCE WILL
ALWAYS HAVE AN EYE TO THE PAST.

(music plays)

Neil says AS AN ISLAND NATION,
IT'S NO SURPRISE THAT
NEW ZEALANDERS ARE AVID
RECREATIONAL BOATIES,
AND RUMOURED TO OWN PER CAPITA
THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF BOATS IN
THE WORLD.
NOW, THAT STATISTIC IS HARD
TO VERIFY
BUT THERE IS NO DOUBTING
THE DOMINANCE OF KIWIS
WHEN IT COMES TO
COMPETITIVE SAILING.
NEW ZEALAND YACHTIES
HAVE GARNERED DOZENS OF
WORLD TITLES,
AND WITH A HAUL OF MORE THAN
20 MEDALS
OVER THE HISTORY OF THE GAMES,
SAILING IS ONE OF THE COUNTRIES
MOST SUCCESSFUL
OLYMPIC SPORTS.
THIS PROVINCIAL SAILING CLUB,
NESTLED IN THE GLISTENING
TAURANGA HARBOUR,
HAS PRODUCED WINNERS OF OLYMPIC
BRONZE, SILVER, AND GOLD,
AND IS THE HOME OF
PETER BURLING,
HIMSELF A GOLD MEDAL WINNER,
WHO WRESTLED THE 2017
AMERICA'S CUP OFF TEAM ORACLE.
AND SO WHAT IS
THE CLUB'S SECRET?
I'M HOPING ONE OF THOSE LOCAL
OLYMPIANS, MOLLY MEECH,
HAS SOME INSIDE INFORMATION.
NICE TO MEET YOU, TOO.
IS THIS KIND OF CRAFT HERE,
IS THIS WHAT A BEGINNER
SETS OUT ON?

The caption changes to "Molly Meech."

Molly is in her thirties, with long blond hair in a ponytail and wears a black rubber suit and a white visor.

Molly says UH, NO.
SO THIS IS KIND OF WHAT YOU
PROGRESS TO
WHEN YOU GET A LITTLE BIT
OLDER IN SAILING.
THAT BOAT OVER THERE,
THAT IS WHAT PEOPLE
LEARN TO SAIL IN.

Neil says THAT'S NOT A REAL BOAT.
WOW. SO THIS IS ACTUALLY
SOMETHING THAT YOU
GO OUT IN
THE WATER ON?

Molly says YUP. SO...

Neil says IT LOOKS LIKE A TOY.
WOW!

Molly says THIS IS CALLED THE P-CLASS
AND IT'S A NEW ZEALAND
DESIGNED BOAT.

Neil says SO THIS IS UNIQUE
TO THIS PART OF THE WORLD?

Molly says YES. VERY UNIQUE
TO NEW ZEALAND.
AND IT IS SAID THAT IF YOU CAN
SAIL ONE OF THESE BOATS,
YOU CAN SAIL ANYTHING.

Neil says THAT IS EXTRAORDINARY.

Molly says YEAH.
IT'S VERY SMALL
SO WHEN THE WINDS PICK UP
IT STARTS DIVING DOWN INTO
THE WAVES A LITTLE BIT,
SO IT'S A REALLY, REALLY
TRICKY BOAT TO SAIL.

Neil says COULD I HAVE A GO
IN A THING LIKE THAT?

Molly says OH, DEFINITELY.

Neil says MAYBE NOT
DRESSED LIKE THIS THOUGH.

Molly says NO. WE MIGHT NEED TO GET YOU
CHANGED INTO SOMETHING...

Neil says 'CAUSE I'VE GOT A FEELING
SOMETHING MIGHT HAPPEN IN THAT.

Molly says YEAH.

Neil says OKAY. RIGHT.
I'LL GIVE IT A GO.

Molly says COOL.

Now in a rubber suit, Neil says RIGHT, MOLLY.

Molly says YOU READY?

Neil says YEAH. I'M...
AS I'LL EVER...
ACTUALLY, IT LOOKS BETTER
ON THE WATER.

Molly says IT DOES. IT LOOKS BIGGER,
DOESN'T IT?

Neil says IT DOES. IT LOOKS MORE
REALISTIC NOW.
SO, WHAT DO I DO?

Molly says OKAY.

Neil says THE MAXIMUM AGE FOR A P-CLASS
COMPETITION SKIPPER
IS 16 YEARS OLD,
AND I'VE LONG LEFT
MY TEENS BEHIND.
SO, HOW HARD CAN IT BE?
MAKE IT GO.

Molly says WELL, NO,
THAT'S YOUR JOB.
SO YOU'VE GOT
THE TILLER.

Neil says WHERE IS THE
GREEN BUTTON?

Molly says HERE IS THE MAINSHEET,
SO THAT'S PRETTY MUCH
YOUR GREEN BUTTON.

Neil says RIGHT.

Molly says YOU PULL THAT IN.
YEAH.

Neil says OKAY. READY?

Molly says UH-HUH.
I'M GOING TO PUSH YOU OFF.
TILLER STRAIGHT,
REMEMBER?

Neil says YEAH.

Molly says YOU CAN PUT YOUR HEAD ON THIS
SIDE OF THE BOOM.

Neil says YEAH.

Molly says OTHER SIDE OF THE BOOM.
THERE WE GO.
YOU'RE AWAY!

Neil says SO I AM.

Molly says SO NOW PUSH IT AWAY AND
YOU'LL GO FOR A TACK.
NO, OTHER WAY. OTHER WAY.
YEAH, PUSH AWAY.
AND NOW YOU'RE GOING TO HAVE TO
CHANGE SIDES OF THE BOAT!
WHOO-HOO! VERY NICE.

Neil says THIS IS GOOD ACTUALLY.

Molly says YEAH. YOU'RE GOING REALLY FAST.
THERE WE GO.
LET THE SAIL OUT SLIGHTLY.
YEAH, NICE.
OKAY, YOU'VE GOT TO DRIVE NOW.
WHOO-HOO!
(LAUGHING)
OH, TILLER!
OH NO! OH!

The boat falls sideways.

Molly says YUP, YOU'RE GETTING WET.
(MOLLY LAUGHING)

Neil says AS ROBERT THE BRUCE ALLEGEDLY
TOLD HIS TROOPS IN 1314,
BEFORE THEY GAVE THE ENGLISH
A HIDING AT BANNOCKBURN,
"IF AT FIRST YOU DON'T SUCCEED,
TRY, TRY AGAIN."

Molly says THAT WAS GOOD.

Neil says SO WHAT AGE WERE YOU
WHEN YOU STARTED DOING THIS
COMPETITIVELY?
WITHOUT FALLING IN
EVERY 10 SECONDS?

Molly says WELL, SO,
I WAS PROBABLY ABOUT
13 OR 14.
I GUESS WHEN I REALLY STARTED
DOING IT COMPETITIVELY
BUT DEFINITELY IN THE LEARNING
STAGES OF 11 AND 12,
THERE WAS A LOT OF
SWIMMING INVOLVED.

Neil says SO, WHAT WAS HAPPENING
TO ME THERE,
WAS THAT QUITE TYPICAL?

Molly says YES. A LOT OF KIDS GET
VERY USED TO THAT MANEUVER,
CAPSIZING.

Neil says I CAN ONLY TAKE SO MANY
DUNKINGS THOUGH.
I THINK A CHANGE OF VESSEL AND
A CHANGE OF SKIPPER
IS REQUIRED
IF I'M TO EXPERIENCE
SMOOTH SAILING.
WHAT WOULD YOU SAY IT IS ABOUT
THIS PLACE,
THIS CLUB, THAT IS PRODUCING SO
MANY SUCCESSFUL
YACHTS MEN AND WOMEN?

Molly says I THINK THE P-CLASS IS SUCH
A GREAT BOAT BECAUSE IT ADDS
A WHOLE LOT MORE ASPECTS OF
SAILING TO IT,
THE CLASS ITSELF IS SUCH A BIG
CLASS IN NEW ZEALAND
THAT THE COMPETITIVENESS AS WELL
COMES INTO IT.
WHEN I WAS GROWING UP WE LOVED
GETTING OUT THERE AND YOU KNOW,
BEATING EACH OTHER AROUND
THE HARBOUR.
SO, I THINK JUST GETTING OUT
ON THE WATER
AND JUST HAVING THE ENJOYMENT
BEHIND IT
IS A MASSIVE PART OF
WHY PEOPLE SUCCEED.

Neil says IN THE MIDST OF
THE KIND OF COMPETITION,
IS IT STILL FUN?

Molly says YES. YEAH.
I THINK THAT'S WHY I'M STILL
DOING IT,
VERY COMPETITIVE BUT VERY
ENJOYABLE AS WELL.

Neil says NOW I'VE SEEN AN OLYMPIAN
IN ACTION
AND THERE'S NO DENYING
SHE'S GOT SKILLS,
BUT SHE'S NOT THE ONLY ONE,
AND I STILL DON'T KNOW WHAT IT
IS THAT GIVES
THE KIDS FROM THE BOAT CLUB
THEIR UNDENIABLE EDGE.
I'M SEEKING OUT THE CLUB
TREASURER AND LIFE MEMBER,
GARY SMITH,
FOR A DEFINITIVE ANSWER.
GARY, WHAT IS IT ABOUT THIS
PLACE, THIS HARBOUR,
THAT'S PRODUCING SO MANY
WORLD-CLASS SAILORS?

The caption changes to "Gary Smith."

Gary is in his forties, with short blond hair and wears glasses, beige Bermuda shorts, a blue T-shirt and a white cap.

Gary says THE HARBOUR'S A FANTASTICALLY
SAFE PLACE, FOR A START,
FULLY ENCLOSED SO WE DON'T GET
THE SURF COMING IN,
BUT HAVING SAID THAT,
WE'VE GOT SOME REALLY STEAMING
WESTERLIES THAT CAN COME OVER
THE (UNCLEAR),
SO OUR SAILORS LEARN TO KEEP
THEIR HEADS UP
AND OUT OF THE BOAT,
LEARN TO KEEP AND EYE
ON THE WEATHER.
AND WITH THE CURRENT OUT HERE,
WE CAN ACTUALLY END UP WITH SOME
VERY STEEP WAVES,
SO OUR KIDS HAVE TO LEARN
QUICKLY ABOUT HOW TO DEAL
WITH A CURRENT.
THEY LEARN A LOT ABOUT HOW
DIFFERENT TIDE LINES
PROVIDE DIFFERENT PATHS TO
THE HARBOUR
AND GIVE THEM DIFFERENT
ADVANTAGES.
SO YEAH, THEY CAN TAKE
THOSE SKILLS
AND TAKE THEM TO
INTERNATIONAL WATERS.
AND YOU CAN SEE,
WE'VE GOT SOME REASONABLY GOOD
OLYMPIANS SAILORS TO COME OUT OF
THIS CLUB.

Neil says DO THOSE OLYMPIC WINNERS,
DO THEY BREED MORE?

Gary says YES. IT GIVES OUR
NEW SAILORS COMING THROUGH
SOME OBVIOUS MENTORS AND
THAT WHOLE SYSTEM
OF HOW THE COACHING WORKS,
THERE'S...
A LOT OF IT'S BEEN STARTED OFF
WITH RICHARD BURLING,
WITH PETER'S DAD.
HE CAME IN AND IDENTIFIED HOW TO
ACTUALLY BREED SUCCESS.
HOW WE DO THAT IS ACTUALLY GET
A REALLY GOOD GROUP OF KIDS
AND RAISE THE BAR
AND RAISE THE BAR.
THERE'S SOME MORE EXCITING
SAILORS COMING OUT OF
TAURANGA YET.

Neil says SO IT'S A WINNING RECIPE.

Gary says A WINNING RECIPE.

Neil says THE ALUMNI OF
TAURANGA YACHT CLUB
READS LIKE A WHO'S WHO OF
ELITE SAILING,
A ROLL CALL OF WORLD CHAMPIONS
UNPARALLELED ANYWHERE ELSE.
TO MY UNTRAINED EYE,
IT SEEMS THAT HERE IN TAURANGA,
THERE REALLY IS SOMETHING
IN THE WATER.

(music plays)

Neil says FROM THE PROSPEROUS PORT
TO THE OMNIPRESENT VOLCANIC
CONE OF MAUAO,
ALONG THE WHITE SAND BEACH
THAT STRETCHES IN ONE
CONTINUOUS SILICA STREAK,
ALL THE WAY TO WHAKATANE,
A TOTAL OF 259 KILOMETERS OF
COASTLINE,
IT'S PLENTY BY NAME,
PLENTY BY NATURE.

The theme music plays as the end credits roll.

Host: Neil Oliver.

Presenters: Hamish Campbell, Matt Carter, Jacqueline Geurts, and Michael Stevens.

Director, Kim Webby.

Executive Producers: Carmen J. Leonard and Philip Smith.

Series Producer: Anna Lynch.

Great Southern Film and Television.

BBC Worldwide Sales and Distribution.