Transcript: Ep. 4 - Bangkok | Oct 01, 2017

A logo on a black background fades in and reads: "TVO Originals".

Over an image of the streets of Bangkok appears a map of Asia that shows the location of the city with the caption "Bangkok."

Clips show images of the food market.

Mikael takes a walk on the streets of Paris with his children.

Mikael is in his fifties, with short wavy gray hair and he wears chocolate brown trousers and a blue shirt.

Mikael says I FIRST CAME TO BANGKOK
IN THE EARLY 1990'S
AS AN IMPRESSIONABLE
YOUNG BACKPACKER.
THE CITY FULFILLED ABSOLUTELY
EVERY EXPECTATION I HAD
ABOUT A NOISY, CRAZY, NON-STOP
ASIAN CITY SHOULD BE LIKE.
ABSOLUTELY EVERY URBAN
CHALLENGE FACED BY CITIES
AROUND THE WORLD IS
AMPLIFIED HERE IN BANGKOK.
THIS COUNTRY IS RUN
BY A MILITARY DICTATORSHIP
WHO'S ALSO TRYING TO INFLUENCE
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
AND URBAN PLANNING. THERE ARE
VERY FEW EXAMPLES FROM HISTORY
WHERE THAT STORY
HAS A HAPPY ENDING.
THIS SERIES IS ABOUT
FINDING THE LIFE-SIZED
POCKETS OF GOODNESS
IN CITIES AROUND THE WORLD.
THERE'S STILL A REFRESHING
INSANE MADNESS TO THIS PLACE.
OUTSIDE OF THE COMFORT ZONE
OF THIS AMAZING MARKET
LIES THE URBAN JUNGLE.

In animation, Mikael’s body gets covered in maps and city models. He extends his hand and a miniature model of a city appears on his hand.

The title of the show reads "The Life-Sized City with Mikael Colville-Andersen."

Fast clips show images the very busy streets of Bangkok. An animated map appears with the caption "Bangkok."

Mikael says THE CHAOTIC MIX
OF SKYSCRAPERS, STREET MARKETS
AND HIDDEN ALLEYWAYS, BANGKOK
IS A VIBRANT HUB OF LIFE,
BUZZING PRETTY MUCH
DAY AND NIGHT.
THE POLITICAL ECONOMIC
AND CULTURAL CENTRE OF THAILAND
IS HOME TO MORE THAN
10 MILLION PEOPLE,
AND IT GENERATES 40 percent
OF THE KINGDOM'S WEALTH.
CONSIDERED THE CAPITAL
OF GRIDLOCK,
THE CITY'S TRAFFIC IS AMONG
THE WORST IN THE WORLD.
IF IT HOPES TO CHANGE,
BANGKOK WILL HAVE
TO WORK AROUND
A BUREAUCRACY, THAT IS,
BELIEVE IT OR NOT, EVEN MORE
CLOGGED UP THAN ITS STREETS.
IN FACT, THE WHOLE
COUNTRY'S FUTURE
SEEMS PARALYZED BY RECURRING
POLITICAL UPHEAVALS.
AFTER YEARS OF CLASHES
BETWEEN RIVAL FACTIONS,
THE MILITARY JUNTA TOOK
CONTROL OF THE COUNTRY
IN A COUP IN MAY 2014.

Clips show images of the riots.

Mikael says IT NOW HOLDS A TIGHT GRIP ON
POWER, IMPRISONING OPPONENTS,
CONTROLLING INFORMATION
AND ATTEMPTING
TO CHANGE THE CONSTITUTION.
THE JUNTA ALSO
CONTROLS THE BMA:
THE BANGKOK MUNICIPAL
ADMINISTRATION,
THE AGENCY THAT
RUNS THE CITY.
AND THAT MAKES
THINGS CHALLENGING,
TO SAY THE LEAST.
BUT SOCIAL INSTABILITY
HASN'T UNDERMINED
THE LOCALS' FIERCE WILL
TO BETTER THEIR CITY.
THEY'RE FIGHTING BACK;
NOT WITH VIOLENCE,
BUT WITH THEIR CREATIVITY
AND INGENUITY.
DUANGRIT BUNNAG KNOWS A THING
OR TWO ABOUT BUILDING CITIES.
HE JUST HAPPENS TO BE
ONE OF THAILAND'S
MOST PROMINENT ARCHITECTS,
AND HE LOVES HIS HOMETOWN'S
CHAOTIC SIDE,
LABELING IT AS DIVERSE
AND EXCITING.
BUT HE'S DEEPLY CONCERNED
BY THE AUTHORITIES' LACK
FOR THE THINGS THAT GIVE
BANGKOK ITS TRUE IDENTITY.

A map appears with the caption "Chao Phraya."

Duangrit is in his late forties, with slightly long wavy graying hair and a goatee. He wears glasses, black trousers, a black shirt and a black blazer.

Subtitles read "Bangkok started out with the river. It used to be the main transportation mode for the people of Bangkok maybe hundreds of years ago. But we turned our backs to river because of cars and roads. Now, recently people are starting to turn their attention back to river."

On a pier, Mikael says THEY THINK WE WANT A RIDE.

Subtitles read "They’re just letting a passenger off at the restaurant."

A caption reads "Duangrit Bunnag. Architect."

Subtitles read "I think Bangkok, right now, is in survival mode. There’s no policy, there’s no one governing the city. We have so many ridiculous projects going on, like they plan to build a roadway on the riverfront, 14 kilometres on both sides."

A map shows the extension of the railway.

Mikael says ON THIS RIVER?

Subtitles read "On this river, can you imagine that?"

Mikael says WHAT'S HAPPENING
AROUND THE WORLD IS CITIES
ARE TAKING THEM OUT.
THEY MADE THAT MISTAKE
IN THE 1950'S AND 1960'S.
PARIS HAS JUST DONE IT.

Subtitles read "And they are planning to make the project happen next year. Bangkok has never had a real plan. You know, the only plan that has been used came from 20 or 30 years ago. At that time, they used the structure of the city, which had 5 million people. Now there are maybe 10 to 12 million people in Bangkok. It doesn’t work."

Mikael says WHERE IS BANGKOK GOING NOW,
WITH REGARDS TO URBAN PLANNING?
THE TRAFFIC... EVERYBODY KNOWS
THAT IT'S KIND OF A JOKE.
HOW DO YOU FIX SOMETHING
THAT IS REALLY QUITE BROKEN?

Subtitles read "Everything you see right now is complete chaos. It’s beautiful chaos because of the people. In Bangkok, people are so fluid. They live through traffic smiling. They go through life smiling. Bangkok is still surviving because of the Thai people, not because of the authorities. If it were not for the Thai people, Bangkok would be gone, long gone."

Mikael says SMILING IS A GOOD THING,
OF COURSE.
BUT IT'S NOT REALLY GOING
TO SOLVE ANYTHING.
GROWING AT AN ALARMING RATE.
IT'S BECOME VERY CLEAR THAT
THIS WOULD BE A GOOD TIME
TO THINK THINGS THROUGH,
FOR THE GREATER GOOD.

Subtitles read "Right now, it’s one of those times in the history of Thailand, and also Bangkok, that the conversation between the people who are actually running the city, or running the country, is very far apart. Strange projects can happen. Strange decisions and policies can happen because they are not obligated to listen to what we want. If the people running the country or running the city are not listening to you, you have to make yourself heard. But they don’t want to hear you, so you’re taking a risk speaking out. But that doesn’t stop me. That doesn’t stop a lot of people. Thai actually means ‘free’, so the real Thai people aren’t modest. They speak up. So, I’m Thai and I’m not shy to speak."

Mikael says YEAH. CLEARLY,
DUANGRIT ISN'T SHY
TO TAKE ON IDEAS THAT
HAVE NEVER BEEN TRIED
IN BANGKOK'S UNREGULATED
URBAN TRANSFORMATION.
HE'S WORKING HARD TO CREATE
USEFUL ARCHITECTURE,
USING THE PAST TO
MAKE THE FUTURE.

They walk around a restaurant.

Mikael says WHAT IS THIS PLACE THAT
YOU'VE CREATED HERE?

Subtitles read "Well, basically we call this place The Jam Factory. The uniqueness of this place is that it used to be a rundown building. It was an old warehouse, and old factory, and we tried to renovate it from scratch. We designed the building by using the steel from the pier that we removed from the water. So even though we built a new building, we tried to use the materials that were on site. That has never been done before in Bangkok."

Mikael says WHAT WOULD HAVE BEEN
THE DEFAULT?
JUST BULLDOZING IT AND BUILD
SOMETHING NEW?

Subtitles read "Exactly. There isn’t much policy trying to preserve the city, keeping the characteristics of the city, as it should have been done. Government projects tend to tear down old buildings to build completely new ones. I completely disagree with that. Most buildings are losing more and more historical traces of the city. We’re showing them a new way of doing it. Every effort that tries to preserve the city, or that tries to keep balance between development and history will be done mostly by citizens and not the government."

Mikael says NOWHERE IS THE CHALLENGE
OF PRESERVATION
MORE PRESSING THAN
ON RATTANAKOSIN ISLAND,
BANGKOK'S HISTORICAL DISTRICT
WHERE NEIGHBOURHOODS
STUBBORNLY TRY TO SURVIVE,
A STAND FOR LOCAL VALUES.

A map pops up with the caption "Rattanakosin."

Mikael says WE'RE HERE WITH THE CREW.
WE JUST GOT OUT OF THE VAN.
IT'S ALL VERY SUSPICIOUS-LOOKING
BECAUSE WE'RE NOT
SUPPOSED TO FILM HERE.
THE MILITARY JUNTA HAS DICTATED
WHERE WE CAN AND CANNOT FILM.
POM MAHAKAN IS A MICRO
VILLAGE LOCATED ON THE EDGE
OF RATTANAKOSIN ISLAND.

A map pops up with the caption "Pom Mahakan."

Mikael says ITS RESIDENTS ARE FACED
WITH WHAT I'D CALL
A PRETTY BIG PROBLEM:
THEY'RE TOLD THEY CAN
NO LONGER LIVE HERE.
BUT HEY, THEY DO.
AND MORE IMPORTANTLY,
THEY CALL THIS PLACE HOME.

Mikael says EVERYTHING WE SEE HERE
WILL BE BULLDOZED
BY THE AUTHORITIES.

Mikael meets Sanon.

Sanon is in his thirties, with short straight black hair and wear jeans and a blue shirt.

He says EXACTLY.
BECAUSE THEY WANT
TO CLEAN BANGKOK.
THEY WANT TO MAKE
A PUBLIC SPACE.
AND THE GOVERNMENT'S
DEFINITION
OF A PUBLIC SPACE
IS JUST A PARK.

Mikael says A PARK?

Sanon says JUST A PARK.

Mikael says O.K. NO LIFE, NO PEOPLE,
NO FAMILIES.

Sanon says NO LIFE, NO PEOPLE, YEAH.
HERE THEY ARE!

Sanon greets the neighbours.

Subtitles read "Hello! It’s been a while! Good to see you."

The caption changes to "Sanon Wangsrangboon. Entrepreneurs. Bangkok Vanguards."

Mikael says SANON DOESN'T LIVE
IN THIS NEIGHBOURHOOD,
THE FUTURE OF THIS PLACE.
THAT'S WHY HE'S HELPING
LOCAL RESIDENTS
FIND CREATIVE SOLUTIONS THAT
POM MAHAKAN IS ONE OF
LEFT IN THE ENTIRE CITY.
WHEN BANGKOK BECAME
THE COUNTRY'S CAPITAL,
ITS ARCHITECTURE IS UNIQUE.
SURPRISINGLY, THE BMA
HAS CHOSEN TO JUST
TEAR EVERYTHING DOWN
AND TURN IT INTO
SOMETHING CONVENIENT
FOR TOURISTS,
WITH NO CONSULTATION,
NO PLANS FOR PRESERVATION,
AND NO INTENTION TO
COMPENSATE THE FAMILIES
THAT HAVE BEEN HERE
FOR GENERATIONS.

Subtitles read "This is evidence of the eviction of last September."

Mikael says THE PEOPLE WHO WERE LIVING HERE,
THEY MOVED OUT?

He looks at a torn down house.

Sanon says THEY MOVED OUT.
AND THEN... RIGHT, O.K.
THIS ONE IS LIKE:
"O.K. I WANT TO LEAVE.
I DON'T WANT
TO FIGHT ANYMORE."

Mikael says THAT'S SAD TO LOOK AT THAT,
TO THINK THAT ALL OF THIS
WOULD LOOK LIKE THAT IN
A COUPLE OF MONTHS.

Sanon says IMAGINE MYSELF,
I SAW IT BEFORE.
THE SAME AS THIS ONE.
AND THEN IT'S GONE.

Mikael points at a sign and says IT SAYS "PUBLIC LAND.
NO TRESPASSING."
BUT THEN IT'S NOT
PUBLIC LAND, MAN!
SANON INTRODUCES ME
TO A COMMUNITY LEADER,
OTHERS ARE RESISTING,
WORKING HARD TO SHOWCASE
AND MAINTAIN THEIR HERITAGE.

Mikael says HOW MANY PEOPLE
ARE IN THIS NEIGHBOURHOOD NOW?

A man in his forties speaks.

Subtitles read "There are 44 families right now and 280 people living here."

Mikael says HOW OLD IS THIS HOUSE?

Subtitles read "It’s over 100 years old. This lot isn’t normal land. It was a gift from the king to house the people who were serving the royal family."

Mikael says THE KINGS
OF THE PRESENT DYNASTY
TO CURRENT KING, RAMA 10.
THE PEOPLE
OF THAILAND
ACTUALLY ASSOCIATE
HISTORICAL PERIODS WITH EACH
OF THESE RAMA KINGS.

Subtitles read "These wooden houses were built under the reigns of Kings Rama the Third, fourth, fifth and ninth. This house was built under the reign of Rama the fourth."

A caption reads "Rama the fourth. 1851-1868."

Sanon says RAMA 4.

Mikael says RAMA 4.

Sanon says IT'S RAMA 5, FROM RAMA 5.

Mikael says THAT'S BEAUTIFUL.

Subtitles read "The kitchen is behind this trellis."

Sanon says IT'S THE HOUSE THAT WAS USED
TO MAKE THE FOOD
FOR EVERY HOUSE.

Mikael says THE CAFETERIA.

Sanon says EXACTLY.

Mikael says SANON ISN'T
THE ONLY OUTSIDER
PROMOTING THE PRESERVATION
OF THIS COMMUNITY.
THE VERNADOC PROJECT,
LED BY A GROUP OF ARCHITECTS,
IS DRAWING UP PLANS
OF THE HISTORICAL BUILDINGS,
UNDERLINING THEIR VALUE
AND ARCHIVING
THEIR ARCHITECTURE,
SHOULD POM MAHAKAN
EVENTUALLY BE DESTROYED.
THE HOPE, HOWEVER,
IS THAT THROUGH
THE LIVING HERITAGE
MUSEUM INITIATIVE,
THE NEIGHBOURHOOD
REMAINS INTACT,
WITH THE CITIZENS LIVING
INSIDE WHAT WOULD BECOME,
IN A WAY,
AN OPEN AIR MUSEUM.
BUT CAN YOU ACTUALLY
LIVE IN A MUSEUM?

Sanon says WE WANT TO SHOW THEM THAT PEOPLE
CAN STAY IN THE PUBLIC SPACE,
AND THE COMMUNITY
ITSELF WANTS TO BE
THE SECURITY GUARD,
WE WANT TO BE THE GARDENERS.
WE DON'T NEED TO BE PAID.
WE WOULD DO IT FOR FREE.

Mikael says I'VE BEEN READING SOME OF
THE THINGS THAT YOU'VE WRITTEN
ABOUT HOW THE AUTHORITIES SAY:
"PEOPLE CAN'T LIVE IN THE PARK."
AND THEN YOU GIVE EXAMPLES FROM
ALL OF THESE HISTORICAL AREAS
AROUND THE WORLD
FROM FINLAND TO KOREA,
SAYING THEY DO THAT THERE.

Subtitles read "This community represents the identity that we are going to lose, if we don’t see its value. And this is not only an issue between this community and the government, but an issue about the identity of our city."

Subtitles read "Tourists write on this banner to encourage this community’s villagers. They all sign their names here."

Mikael writes "Save this place" on the banner.

Mikael says WHAT DO YOU PRESERVE?
AT WHAT POINT DO YOU SAY:
"THIS IS SOMETHING
THAT WE SHOULD KEEP,
THIS IS SOMETHING
WE SHOULD BULLDOZE?"
IT'S ALWAYS A TRICKY SUBJECT,
BUT WHEN YOU HAVE
SO MUCH HISTORY RIGHT HERE,
IN THE CENTRE OF BANGKOK,
THIS IS SOMETHING
THAT YOU KEEP.
THIS IS SOMETHING
THAT YOU POLISH
AND YOU PRESERVE. THE PAST
IS RIGHT HERE. IT'S TANGIBLE.
IT'S IMPORTANT TO THE HISTORY
OF THIS CITY, OF THIS COUNTRY.

(music plays)

Mikael says WHILE SOME ARE
FIGHTING TO PRESERVE
LIFE-SIZED NEIGHBOURHOODS,
ARE POPPING UP ALL OVER
THE CITY EVERY YEAR.

Mikael says HERE, PUBLIC SPACE
IS A SHOPPING MALL.
AMERICA, YOU THINK YOU'RE SO
GREAT AT YOUR SHOPPING MALLS,
YOU HAVE NOTHING ON
A CITY LIKE BANGKOK.
THIS IS WHERE PEOPLE HANG OUT.
THERE ARE SHOPPING MALLS
EVERYWHERE IN BANGKOK,
AND THERE'S MORE ON THE WAY.
THERE WILL BE
600,000 SQUARE METERS
OF NEW RETAIL SPACE
BY 2018.
WHERE DOES THIS END?
THE OTHER QUESTION IS
WHO IS THIS FOR?
THE AVERAGE WAGE IN THAILAND
IS TEN DOLLARS A DAY.
THESE ARE TEMPLES
OF CONSUMERISM
FOCUSED ON A VERY LITTLE
DEMOGRAPHIC GROUP.

Mikael meets with Thanan. Thanan is in his thirties, with long straight black hair in a half ponytail and a goatee. He wears a blue shirt.

Thanan says BANGKOK IS MADE OF MEGA BLOCKS
IF YOU LOOK AT A MAP.
SO YOU HAVE ALL THESE MAIN ROADS
FORMING LARGE SQUARES, WHICH
IS COUNTERINTUITIVE TO WALKING
AND EXPERIENCING BECAUSE YOU'RE
ON A STRAIGHT LINE ALL THE TIME.
BUT IF YOU TAKE THE TIME
TO ACTUALLY LOOK AT HOW BUSY
THIS IS, AND THEN SORT OF
VEER OFF JUST A LITTLE BIT,
I THINK YOU'LL FIND
A DIFFERENT SIDE OF BANGKOK
THAT I THINK IS MORE AUTHENTIC
AND TRUE TO ITSELF.

The caption changes to "Thanan Lilaonitkul. Co-founder of the Creative District Project."

Mikael says THANAN CO-FOUNDED
THE CREATIVE DISTRICT
FOR BANGKOK. AWAY FROM
CAR-CLOGGED BOULEVARDS
AND ANONYMOUS
GLASS SKYSCRAPERS.
TOGETHER THEY HOPE TO BUILD ON
ITS LIFE-SIZED ALLEYWAYS,

Thanan says HERE, THIS IS ACTUALLY
A MAIN COMMUNITY
MARKET STREET.
THIS IS THE TRUE BANGKOK.
IT'S VERY REPRESENTATIVE
OF MANY COMMUNITIES
AROUND IN BANGKOK
THAT YOU WOULDN'T FIND IF
YOU WOULD JUST GO ALONG
THE MAIN ROUTES, THE TRAIN LINES
OR THE TOURIST ROUTES.

A map pops up with the caption "Bang Rak."

Thanan says THERE ARE MANY FOOD
VENDORS AROUND.
YOU CAN SEE
FUNCTIONAL STORES,
LIKE HARDWARE STORES.
THAT'S ACTUALLY A FISH MARKET
RIGHT BEHIND, OVER THERE.
IT'S LIKE A MICROCOSM OF
THE FOOD SCENE IN ALL BANGKOK.
YOU HAVE YOUR ROAST DUCK,
YOU HAVE YOUR CHINESE
DIM SUM SHOP,
AND THERE'S A NOODLE
STAND THERE.

Mikael says YOU'VE GOT EVERYTHING YOU NEED!

Thanan says IN ONE SPECIFIC CORNER.
IF YOU DON'T SLOW DOWN IN
BANGKOK, YOU JUST END UP
PASSING BY THE CARS, BUT IF
YOU TRAVEL ON FOOT OR BICYCLE,
YOU ACTUALLY END UP SEEING
A LOT OF HISTORICAL FOOD PLACES,
WHICH IS WHAT THIS
AREA IS KNOWN FOR.

(music plays)

Mikael says YOU KNOW WHAT?
THAT'S JUST THE THING WITH
BANGKOK'S COMPLEXITY.
IT FEELS BIG
AND IMPOSING AT FIRST,
BUT IF YOU DIG JUST
A LITTLE DEEPER,
YOU DISCOVER ITS ESSENCE.
THE REAL BANGKOK,
THE BANGKOK OF THE PEOPLE,
IS HIDDEN BEHIND
EACH AND EVERYONE
OF THESE BUILDINGS,
WHETHER THEY'RE OLD OR NEW.

Mikael says WE'RE 4 METERS IN
AND THE SOUND GUY
IS INCREDIBLY HAPPY RIGHT NOW,
AREN'T YOU, SYLVAIN?
IT'S SO QUIET. INSTANT QUIET.

Thanan says WHAT WE JUST ENTERED
IS A VERY TYPICAL,
OLD COMMUNITY IN THAILAND.
IT'S CALLED A
TROK.

A caption reads "Trok. Pedestrian Alleyways."

Thanan says AND A
TROK
USUALLY
REFERS TO COMMUNITIES
THAT HAVE PATHWAYS,
WHERE CARS CANNOT COME IN.

Mikael says WHAT ARE ALL THESE PLACES
ALONG HERE? THEY'RE SO NEAT!

Thanan says THEY'RE SHOP HOUSES. THEY BOTH
USE THEM AS THEIR HOMES,
AND WHEN THEY OPEN THEM UP,
SOME DAYS THEY JUST PUT
OUT SOME THINGS TO SELL.
SO THAT'S HOW A LOT OF
THE COMMUNITIES IN THAILAND ARE,
ESPECIALLY IN THESE
TROK.
AND WHAT'S INTERESTING
ABOUT THIS ONE
IS THAT TICKETING BOOTH
FOR AN OLD CINEMA, BUILT PRE-WAR
AS A COMMUNITY
STAND-ALONE CINEMA,
IN THE EARLY 1920'S
OR 1930'S, PROBABLY.
IT'S COMPLETELY WRAPPED
AROUND AND HIDDEN
BY SHOP HOUSES ON ALL SIDES.
SO YOU WILL NEVER KNOW THAT
IT'S HERE IN BANGKOK,
EVEN THOUGH IT EXISTS.
DO YOU WANT TO COME IN?

Mikael says BE STILL MY CINEMATIC HEART!

They entered a construction site.

Thanan says HIDDEN IN BANGKOK.

Mikael says THIS IS IT, RIGHT HERE.

Thanan says IT WAS RECENTLY OPENED UP
BECAUSE THE GOVERNMENT
ACTUALLY OWNS ALL OF THESE
SHOP HOUSES AND THE CINEMA.
AND THEY WERE RENOVATING,
SO THEY'VE BEEN USING THIS
AS THE CONSTRUCTION
STORAGE SPACE.

Mikael says THIS WOMAN IS JUST SELLING...
SHE JUST OPENED
THE DOOR AND SAID:
"YEAH, HERE'S A FRIDGE!
I'M SELLING COLD DRINKS."

Thanan says I THINK THAT'S
A VERY THAI PERSPECTIVE
OF PUBLIC LAND,
OR LAND THAT'S OWNED
BY THE GOVERNMENT.
IN THE WEST, I THINK
WHERE THERE'S PUBLIC SPACE,
PEOPLE THINK OF IT
IN TERMS OF PARKS,
AND: "THIS IS
MY SPACE TO WALK,
THIS IS MY SPACE
TO RIDE A BIKE."
BUT IN THAILAND,
IT'S VERY INTERESTING.
THEY TEND TO THINK
OF IT AS A SPOT
WHERE THEY CAN
SET UP A SHOP.
AND YOU SEE THAT
ALL OVER BANGKOK, RIGHT?
EVEN WHERE WE WERE
WALKING, IN THE AREA,
SO MANY VENDORS ARE
TAKING UP PUBLIC SPACE.
IT'S PART OF THE CULTURE.

Mikael says THEY FEEL A SENSE OF OWNERSHIP.
THAT'S THE FIRST STEP
TO MAINTAINING
CITIZEN CONTROL
OF THE CITY, RIGHT?
LOOK AT THIS! PILES AND PILES
OF OLD FILM REELS!
LOOK AT ALL THE CINEMA HISTORY!
YOU WANT TO OPEN THEM ALL UP
AND FIND OUT WHAT THEY ARE.
ALL THE STORIES THAT
ARE HIDDEN HERE, YOU KNOW?
ALL THE GENERATIONS OF FILMS
THAT PEOPLE WERE SITTING
IN THE CINEMA AND WATCHING.
IT'S THAT RIGHT THERE.
THAT IS WILD.

Thanan says HIDDEN IN BANGKOK FOR YOU.

Mikael says WHAT ARE THE PLANS
FOR THIS BUILDING?

Thanan says THE GOVERNMENT RECENTLY JUST
OPENED IT UP TO PUBLIC BIDDING,
TO LEASE THE SPACE.
MY GROUP, THE CREATIVE
DISTRICT FOUNDATION,
WE ACTUALLY SENT AN
ANTHROPOLOGIST TO WALK
AROUND THIS NEIGHBOURHOOD
AND COMMUNITY, TO TALK TO PEOPLE
WITHOUT THEM KNOWING
THAT IT'S FROM US,
SO THAT WE CAN GET A NEUTRAL
VIEWPOINT FROM THEM,
AND ASK THEM WHAT THEY WANT.
AND A LOT OF THEM FELT
THAT THIS COULD BE
A COMMUNITY CENTRE AGAIN.
THEY CAN GATHER TO HAVE
THEIR OWN HEALTH CHECKUPS,
OR CLASSES AND ALL
THOSE THINGS.
SO IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE THAT,
WE WERE HOPING THAT IT WOULD
ALSO BECOME A FLEXIBLE EVENT
SPACE, RIGHT? BRING DIFFERENT
KINDS OF PEOPLE TO EXPERIENCE
THE HIDDEN BANGKOK,
AS WELL AS MEETING PEOPLE
FROM THE NEIGHBOURHOOD.

They greet a vendor outside the cinema.

Subtitles read "Thank you."

ThanaMikael says WE'RE IN HER HOOD.
THAT'S HER HOUSE RIGHT THERE.

Mikael says HERE? THAT'S A SHORT COMMUTE.

Subtitles read "See you again!"

ThanaMikael says SO YEAH... I THINK
YOU'RE BEGINNING TO GET A SENSE
OF THE CLOSENESS OF
THIS COMMUNITY IN TERMS OF SPACE
AND I THINK IN TERMS
OF PEOPLE JUST WALKING BY,
GREETING EACH OTHER,
HANGING OUT RIGHT HERE.

Subtitles read "Goodbye."

(music plays)

Mikael says THIS IS A CITY THAT IS SORELY
LACKING IN BASIC
TRANSPORT OPTIONS.
THEY'VE PLACED A LOT OF MONEY
ON A LAST-CENTURY HORSE:
THE AUTOMOBILE.
THERE'S A COUPLE OF REALLY
BADLY DESIGNED TRAIN LINES
THAT DON'T CONNECT UP VERY WELL,
AND STILL, THEY'RE OVER
CAPACITY. THE PEOPLE
OF THE CITY ARE DESPERATE
FOR BETTER TRANSPORT OPTIONS.
THE PROBLEM IS, OF COURSE,
WORSE FOR PEOPLE LIVING
IN POOR AND MORE
REMOTE COMMUNITIES.
IRONICALLY, THE PEOPLE
OF LAT PHRAO SEE A SOLUTION
TO AN IMPORTANT ISSUE
EVERY SINGLE DAY
IN THEIR OWN BACKYARD.
YANGYONG LONG HAS DOCUMENTED
THIS COMMUNITY'S PROJECT
FOR BETTER TRANSPORTATION IN
A BOOK CALLED
HANDMADE TRANSIT.

Yangyong is in his forties, with short puffy brown hair and a goatee. He wears glasses and a gingham shirt.

He says WE'RE ON LAT PHRAO CANAL,
WHICH RUNS NORTH AND SOUTH.
NORMALLY, IF YOU TAKE THE CAR
IN THE MORNING, LIKE RUSH HOUR,
IT WOULD TAKE MORE THAN
TWO HOURS IN TRAFFIC.
YOU'D GET STUCK HERE.
WE'RE EXPERIMENTING WITH
SOME BOAT TRANSIT.
IT TAKES LESS THAN
HALF AN HOUR,
BECAUSE THE BOAT
IS TRAFFIC FREE.

A map shows the two transit alternatives.

The caption changes to "Yanyong Boon-Long. Editor."

Mikael says HOW MANY PEOPLE LIVE
IN THIS NEIGHBOURHOOD?

The caption changes to "Jumrus Glinubon. Community leader."

Jumrus is in his forties, clean-shaven and with short wavy brown hair. He wears a blue T-shirt and a black leather jacket.

Subtitles read "Around 10,000 households."

Yangyong says EACH HOUSEHOLD HAS
AROUND FIVE PEOPLE.

Mikael says O.K. LIKE 50,000 PEOPLE?
THAT'S A LOT OF PEOPLE.

Subtitles read "They work in shopping malls, in offices."

They all get on a boat.

Mikael says HERE'S OUR RIDE MAN.

Yangyong says I'M GETTING IN.

Mikael says THE NEED TO GET
TO WORK FASTER
HAS PUSHED LOCALS TO CREATE
THEIR OWN MAKESHIFT WATERBUS
WITH A CARGO BOAT.
THEY'RE BREAKING STEREOTYPES
IN A CITY THAT GENERALLY
ASSOCIATES BOATS
WITH THE LOWER CLASSES.
BUT THINGS HAVEN'T
ALWAYS BEEN THIS WAY.
WITH MORE THAN 1000 CANALS,
BANGKOK WAS ONCE NAMED
"THE VENICE OF THE EAST."
THIS AMAZING
NETWORK OF WATERWAYS
HAS NEARLY BEEN FORGOTTEN.
AND SIMPLY NO MORE SPACE
FOR CARS, PEOPLE ARE NOW
TURNING BACK TO THE CANALS
FOR TRANSPORTATION...
AND THAT IS EXCITING.

Mikael says HOW MANY KILOMETERS
OF CANALS ARE THERE IN BANGKOK?

Yangyong says ALMOST 2000. BUT NOT
ALL OF THEM ARE USEABLE.
SOME OF THEM ARE REALLY
SMALL WATERWAYS.

Mikael says WE JUST PASSED ONE BACK THERE.
SUPER NARROW.

Yangyong says RIGHT. BUT WE SURVEY
AROUND 34 CANALS ARE USEABLE.
THERE'S A LOT OF CANALS
THAT ARE INTERSECTING BTS LINES.
RIGHT.

Mikael says YEAH.

A map with the route of the Metro Line appears with the caption "BTS. Bangkok Transit System."

Yangyong says INTERSECTING IS VERY
IMPORTANT, BECAUSE IF
IT GOES PARALLEL TO THE METRO,
THERE'S NO NEED TO OPEN IT.
BUT IF IT INTERSECTS, THEN
YOU SHOULD CONNECT THEM.

Yangyong draws a sketch and says LIKE FOR EXAMPLES,
YOU HAVE TWO PIERS, RIGHT?
THEN, THAT'S ONE CONNECTIVITY.
MAYBE THIS ONE IS A METRO.
BUT IF YOU ADD
THREE MORE PIERS,
YOU DON'T NEED TO INCREASE THE
CONNECTIVITY BY THREE TIMES.
YOU CAN INCREASE IT MUCH MORE.
IT'S EXPONENTIAL.
YOU INCREASE IT BY TEN TIMES,
JUST BY ADDING THREE KNOTS.

Mikael says SO HOW MANY PEOPLE
COULD WE EFFECTIVELY
MOVE DOWN THIS CANAL
ON A DAILY BASIS?

Yangyong says 40,000 PEOPLE PER DAY.

Mikael says 40,000?

A map appears with the caption "Saen Saep Canal: 60,000 people per day. Mirt Purple Line: 22,000 people per day."

Yangyong says PER DAY, YEAH. YOU CAN SEE IT
NOW ON SAEN SAEP CANAL,
WHICH CAN HOLD UP TO
60,000 PEOPLE PER DAY.
THAT'S ACTUALLY MORE THAN
THE NEW MRT PURPLE LINE
THAT JUST OPENED.

Mikael says THESE EXISTING CANALS ARE
PROVING TO BE MORE EFFICIENT
THAN AN EXPENSIVE
NEW SUBWAY LINE.
WITH THE SAME PRAGMATISM.

Yangyong says WE'RE ILLEGAL RIGHT NOW.
WE'RE NOT SUPPOSED TO BE RUNNING
BOATS WITHOUT A LICENSE.

Mikael says IS THAT HOW IT WORKS HERE?
SOMEBODY GETS AN IDEA
AND IT DEVELOPS,
AND THEN THEY GO UPWARDS?

Yangyong says YEAH. FOR THE CASE OF
MOTORCYCLE TAXIS,
FOR EXAMPLE, IT STARTED OUT
WITH A COMMUNITY LEADER
DRIVING ILLEGALLY,
TAKING PASSENGERS
FROM THE END OF THE ALLEYWAY
TO THE MAIN STREET.

Mikael says THAT'S ACTUALLY A REALLY
EFFICIENT WAY
TO GET AROUND BANGKOK,
I'VE UNDERSTOOD.

Yangyong says ACTUALLY, MOTORCYCLE TAXI,
IF YOU LOOK CLOSELY,
IT'S A BRT SYSTEM. IT HAS A LANE
BETWEEN THE CARS, RIGHT?
AND THAT LANE IS TRYING
TO BREAK FREE.
SO EVEN WHEN YOU'RE STUCK, EVEN
IF YOU'RE STUCK INDEFINITELY,
THE MOTORCYCLE TAXI CAN STILL
ZIGZAG ALONG THE CARS,
AND IT'S ACTUALLY
THE LARGEST BRT SYSTEM.

A caption reads "BTR. Bus Rapid Transit."

Yangyong says WE HAVE OVER 4 TO 6 MILLION
PEOPLE PER DAY.

Mikael says THAT'S GREAT.
A BUS RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM
WITH SEPARATED LANES.

Yangyong says WITH ONLY ONE PERSON.

Mikael says YEAH, BUT STILL.
WHEN YOU HAVE 4 TO 6 MILLION
PEOPLE USE THAT...

Yangyong says COLLECTIVELY, IT'S A BRT SYSTEM.

Mikael says AND SO THIS CANAL HOPES
TO BECOME A LEGAL WAY
TO MAKE LIFE SIMPLER, LIKE
THE SAEN SAEP CANAL DID,
WITH THE HELP OF THE COMMUNITY
WHO WILL BENEFIT FROM
BETTER SERVICES.

Yangyong says HAVING TO WORK OUTSIDE
THE SYSTEM CONSTANTLY CREATES
SORT OF A REBELLIOUS CULTURE.
CULTURE OF DEBATE
AND ARGUMENT EXISTS IN THESE
KINDS OF COMMUNITIES.
BUT WHEN YOU GO IN
AN ESTABLISHED SYSTEM,
IT'S MORE LIKE A CULTURE
OF RESPECT AND OBEDIENCE.
LIKE INNOVATION, INTERESTINGLY,
IS ON THE STREETS,
BECAUSE THE CULTURE
OF ARGUMENT FOSTERS
AND NURTURES INNOVATION
ON THE STREETS.

Mikael says ARE THE POLICY MAKERS
RECEPTIVE TO THAT?

Yangyong says ACTUALLY,
THEY ARE RIGHT NOW.
THERE'S A LOT OF MEDIA ATTENTION
TO WHAT HE'S DOING.

Subtitles read "In the past we didn’t work together. But now, the authorities are starting to collaborate with us. People didn’t use to get benefits from new projects, but when the project comes from the people, everybody benefits. The city, business, we all benefit together."

(music plays)

Yangyong says THIS CANAL WILL CONNECT YOU
TO THE NEW METRO IN TWO YEARS.
IMAGINE THIS AREA. THE ECONOMY
ACTIVITY WILL BE ENORMOUS.
WE'LL HAVE BAZAARS,
YOU CAN HAVE BREAKFAST, SELLERS.
AND THIS IS RIGHT
IN THE MIDDLE OF THE CITY.
IT FEELS LIKE A DIFFERENT WORLD,
LIKE GOING THROUGH A FOREST.
IN THE FUTURE, YOU CAN COMMUTE
TO WORK LIKE THIS,
IN A MORE ENCLOSED VAULT.
IT WILL BE NICE.

Subtitles read "The metro station will be here, right?"

They get off the boat.

Yangyong says PERFECT.

Mikael says HOP RIGHT HERE.
YOU HAVE YOUR RIVER TRANSPORT,
THERE'S ALSO A ROAD HERE.
THERE ARE MOTORCYCLE TAXIS.
YOU HAVE A MARKETPLACE.
THIS IS THE VILLAGE
THAT WE'VE HAD FOR 7000 YEARS
ALL IN ONE SPOT.

(music plays)

Mikael says TO SAY THAT CYCLING
IN BANGKOK ISN'T EASY
IS AN UNDERSTATEMENT.
THE UTTER DOMINANCE
OF THE AUTOMOBILE HAS LEFT
THAI CYCLISTS WITH
VERY FEW OPTIONS,
AND LITTLE HAS BEEN DONE

Mikael says THIS LOVELY STRETCH
OF BICYCLE INFRASTRUCTURE,
WHERE DOES IT GO?
DOES IT GO ANYWHERE IMPORTANT
FROM ANYWHERE USEFUL?

Mikael rides a bike with a middle-aged man.

Subtitles read "IT’s not linked with another bike lane or another road. It’s not connected to any given place."

Mikael says AND HE IS NOT EVEN KIDDING.
LIKE THE REST OF THE PUBLIC
TRANSIT INFRASTRUCTURE HERE,
IT SEEMS NO ONE HAS GIVEN
ANY THOUGHT TO THE PURPOSE
OF THE LANES, WHICH IS,
LET ME REMIND YOU,
TO GET PEOPLE
FROM POINT A TO POINT B.
SO HOW LONG IS THIS STRETCH?

Subtitles read "Five or six kilometres, but Bangkok is a congested city. It’s hard to build bike lanes here."

The caption changes to "Zcongklod Bangyikhan. Editor in Chief of A day Magazine."

Zcongklod is in his early forties, clean-shaven and with short brown hair. He wears jeans and a blue shirt.

Subtitles read "Twenty or thirty years ago, when this city became a car society, people switched from bicycles to cars. One reason may be to show their social status."

Mikael says SO IT'S STATUS?

Subtitles read "Right. You will see what the real Bangkok is."

Mikael says OH NO, THE PARTY'S ENDING NOW.

Subtitles read "Yeah, so we have to walk."

Mikael says WE HAVE TO WALK?

Subtitles read "Yeah, we have to walk across this."

Mikael says IT'S KIND OF IRONIC TO RIDE DOWN
THIS BEAUTIFUL CYCLE TRACK
AND END HERE.
YOU JUST HEAR
THE SCOOTERS, MAN...
LIKE ANGRY HORNETS
AND THEY'RE READY TO ATTACK.

Subtitles read "OK. NO, sorry, OK."

Mikael says YOU JUST HAVE TO GO, RIGHT?

Subtitles read "Yeah, right."

Mikael says LET'S GO.
ALL OF THIS BEGS TO QUESTION:
IS IT TOO LATE?
HAS BANGKOK BEEN
DEVELOPED SO ERRATICLY
THAT CYCLING WILL REMAIN
A MARGINAL SOLUTION?
CAN THE BICYCLE EVER
BECOME A SAFE WAY
TO GET AROUND IN THE CITY?

Subtitles read "Cycling is the best way ever to commute."

Mikael says WHEN YOU'RE DOING
YOUR MEETINGS AROUND TOWN,
THE BIKE IS JUST... YOU'RE
THERE BEFORE EVERYBODY ELSE.
WHAT DOES THE CITY
NEED TO GET PEOPLE
TO RIDE A BICYCLE
FOR TRANSPORTATION?

Subtitles read "Policy."

Mikael says POLICY.

Subtitles read "We need policies to build more infrastructure. Not only for bike lanes, but bike parking near the train station."

Mikael says ARE YOU AN OPTIMIST ABOUT
THE FUTURE OF URBAN
CYCLING IN BANGKOK?

Subtitles read "Yes, I would suggest following Singapore’s lead. Yes, because we’re similar in many ways. The weather is the same and we have small roads. It’s a congested city. We have the same conditions."

A caption reads "Cycling paths in Singapore: 240 kilometres."

Mikael says SO THIS IS THE MAIN STREET,
SUKHUMVIT, AND WE'VE SEEN
THE BIKE LANE UP ON THE
SIDEWALK AND RANDOM PICTOGRAMS
WITH FADING PAINT
AND NO BIKES AT ALL.
I'VE CYCLED IN 75 CITIES
AROUND THE WORLD.
I CAN'T IMAGINE HAVING TO RIDE
YOUR BIKE UP ON THE SIDEWALK.
IF YOU WANT TO RIDE A BIKE,
YOU HAVE TO DO IT HERE,
RUN THE GAUNTLET
OF THE TRAFFIC.
YOU HAVE TO EXPERIENCE THIS
IN ORDER TO MAKE CITIES BETTER.

(music plays)

Mikael says THERE'S A SHOCKING LACK
OF GREEN SPACE IN BANGKOK.
THE TEMPERATURE IN THIS CITY
IS MUCH HIGHER THAN OTHER
CITIES IN THE REGION,
SIMPLY BECAUSE THEY DON'T
HAVE THE BENEFIT OF
THE COOLING EFFECT OF FOLIAGE.
ON TOP OF THAT,
THE TREES THAT DO EXIST
ON THE URBAN LANDSCAPE
ARE NOT TAKEN CARE
OF VERY WELL.
THERE'S A LACK OF KNOWLEDGE
ABOUT HOW TO TAKE CARE
OF URBAN TREES.
AND I'M GOING TO MEET
SOME GOOD PEOPLE WHO ARE
TRYING TO CHANGE THAT.

Mikael says HI! ORAYA!

Oraya says YOU CAN SEE THAT
THIS IS ONE OF THE PROFESSIONAL
ARBORISTS IN OUR TEAM.
THIS IS FROM
THE ELECTRICITY PARTY.
BECAUSE WHEN
YOU'RE NOT WATCHING,
THEY TAKE THESE BIG KNIVES,
AND THEY JUST CUT
LIKE THIS WITHOUT LOOKING
AT EACH PARTICULAR BRANCH.
THESE ARE WEAK BRANCHES
THAT ACTUALLY CAME OUT
OF A POOR PRUNING JOB.
TODAY, WE'RE HERE
ON THIS STREET.
IT'S NOT EVEN WHERE WE LIVE,
BUT WE'RE SPENDING
THE WHOLE DAY WITH
THE PROFESSIONALS.

Mikael says TO ME, THAT'S THE ESSENCE
OF YOUR VOLUNTEER GROUP.
YOU'RE JUST A GROUP
OF CITIZENS AND YOU'RE TRAINING,
YOU JUST SAID
THE "PROFESSIONALS,"
BUT YOU'RE ACTUALLY
TRAINING THE PROFESSIONALS
TO TAKE CARE OF TREES.

The caption changes to "Oraya Sutabutr. Member of the Big Trees Project."

Oraya is in her forties, with short brown hair and she wears gray trousers and T-shirt and a pale gray fishing hat.

Mikael says UNTIL JUST A FEW YEARS AGO,
ORAYA DIDN'T KNOW A THING
ABOUT TREES. BUT AFTER
SHE RETURNED HOME
AND CO-FOUNDED BIG TREES,
TRAINING SESSIONS
FOR MUNICIPAL WORKERS.
TO MAKE IT ALL HAPPEN.

Oraya says EVEN THOUGH MONTREAL
IS A BIG CITY,
THERE ARE SO MANY BIG PARKS,
THERE ARE BIG TREES
ALONG THE STREETS.
YOU CAN ACTUALLY BREATHE.
HERE, WE HAVE
SO FEW PUBLIC PARKS,
WE HAVE SO FEW TREES
ALONG THE STREETS.
AND THAT'S WHY
IT'S SO HOT AND POLLUTED,
AND NOT PLEASANT
TO WALK ON THE STREETS.
IT'S ACTUALLY THE RESIDENTS
WHO ARE LIVING IN THIS AREA
WHO ARE HELPING TO PAY
FOR THEM TO COME OUT.
IT'S NOT EVEN
GOVERNMENT BUDGET.
WHEN THEY SEE THIS TREE
IN FRONT OF THEIR HOUSE,
AND ONE DAY, IT'S GONE.
OR IT HAS BEEN HACKED
ALMOST TO DEATH.
THEN AFTER A NUMBER OF YEARS,
IT'S LIKE AN ARMY OF PEOPLE
LIVING IN THE CITY
WHO WILL NOT STAND BY
AND LET THE AUTHORITIES
DO THEIR JOB TERRIBLY ANYMORE.
THIS IS NOHN,
OUR ARBORIST.
BE CAREFUL!

He gets on a crane bucket with a saw and says YEAH! YOU CAN TAKE
THE BOY OUT OF CANADA,
BUT YOU CAN'T TAKE
CANADA OUT OF THE BOY,
YOU KNOW WHAT I'M SAYING?

He cuts brunches and says THE PEOPLE FROM THE BMA,
ARE THEY RECEPTIVE
TO THIS NEW TRAINING?

Oraya says THEY'RE ACTUALLY MORE
RECEPTIVE NOW. AT THE BEGINNING,
THEY WERE PRETTY RESISTANT,
BECAUSE USUALLY, THEY WOULD
SPEND A FEW MINUTES PER TREE.
BUT THEY'RE SLOWLY
BEGINNING TO SEE THAT
WHEN THEY DO IT OUR WAY,
THEY ACTUALLY DON'T HAVE
TO COME BACK AS OFTEN
AS THEY USED TO,
WHEN THEY USED
THEIR OLD METHOD.

Mikael says I SAW CHAINSAWS BEFORE.
THIS GUY IS LIKE
A NINJA UP THERE.
LOOKING AT ALL THOSE BRANCHES,
I'M GOING:
"YEAH, YEAH!
LET'S JUST CHOP THEM ALL."
HE'S GOING: "NO, NO.
NOT THAT ONE. THIS ONE."
AMAZING PROFESSIONALISM.

Oraya says THESE GUYS DID THESE TREES
THEY'RE QUITE PROUD OF IT.

Mikael says YOU CAN TOTALLY SEE
THE DIFFERENCE.

Oraya says YEAH, YEAH. IT HAS COME
TO A POINT WHERE WE THINK
IT'S NOT POSSIBLE TO
LET THE AUTHORITIES
RUN THE CITY BY THEMSELVES.

Mikael says O.K.

O says THEY NEED TO BE MONITORED.
THEY NEED HELP.
THEY NEED SOME HEAVY
CRITICISM AT TIMES,
BASICALLY TO KEEP
THEM IN CHECK.
BUT THE MOST SUCCESSFUL
SYMBOL TO GIVE BACK
TO THE PEOPLE OF BANGKOK
IS THE GREEN SPACE.

Oraya speaks local language.

Two team members attach a harness to a tree.

Subtitles read "Can you both go up together? At the same time?"

Mikael says I'M AFRAID THEY MIGHT BE READY.

Oraya says YES. ARE YOU?

They buckle him up.

Oraya says O.K. YOU'RE GOING UP!

Mikael says THERE WE GO.

Oraya says ON THE WHOLE,
WE'RE LIKE A BUNCH OF ACTIVE
AND CONCERNED CITIZENS
WHO ARE USING THE DIFFERENT
SKILLS THAT THEY HAVE
TO MAKE THE CITY, SLOWLY,
A SLIGHTLY BETTER PLACE TO LIVE.

Mikael goes down and says AWESOME.
A SYMBOLIC GESTURE,
BUT IT WAS WORTH IT.
THIS IS THE BEST SHOOT EVER.
I GET TO CLIMB TREES.
I'M BASICALLY 12 YEARS OLD AGAIN
IN BANGKOK.
IT'S AWESOME.

(music plays)

A map appears with the caption "Zero Baht Shop."

Mikael says A VISIONARY MAN HAS CREATED
THE ZERO BAHT SHOP,
A CONVENIENCE STORE WHERE
NO MONEY IS REQUIRED.
THE CURRENCY HERE:
GARBAGE. BY GATHERING LARGE
AMOUNTS OF RECYCLABLE TRASH,
THE SHOP CAN SELL
IN BULK TO FACTORIES,
AND BUY FOOD FOR
THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY.
THAT'S WHAT
I CALL INGENUITY.

Mikael and a woman greet the neighbours.

Subtitles read "Hello!"

A man speaks to them.

Subtitles read "I’m about to sort the waste that the villagers brought to the Zero Baht shop."

The caption changes to "Peerathorn Seniwong. Founder of the Zero Baht Shop."

Peerathorn is in his forties, with short graying hair and a shadow of a goatee. He wears jeans, a white shirt with a print on the front and a green traffic vest.

Mikael says YOU HAD A REALLY GREAT IDEA
ABOUT HOW TO MONETIZE THE
GARBAGE IN THE NEIGHBOURHOOD.

Subtitles read "It was my idea. If we don’t have any money, how can we solve the problem? I came to realize that we can sell all this waste."

The caption changes to "Pattaya Benjavari. Translator."

Pattaya is in her thirties, with long straight brown hair and she wears a black T-shirt and jeans.

She says THERE'S TRASH EVERYWHERE
AND THERE'S VALUE IN TRASH.
SO WHY NOT START THIS SHOP,
AND PEOPLE CAN BUY
CONSUMER FOODS
WITH THEIR RECYCLABLE TRASH.

Subtitles read "So we collect garbage, but we can’t negotiate the price of each of us collects and sells it individually. When we do it as a co-op, lots of people come and trade their garbage for goods."

Mikael says SO BEING ORGANIZED
AND HAVING VOLUME IS THE KEY
TO THE SUCCESS OF THIS PROGRAM.
HOW MANY FAMILIES ARE MEMBERS
OF THE ASSOCIATION NOW?

Subtitles read "We started with 3 families, now we have 120 families."

Mikael says THAT'S WHAT WE'RE GOING
TO DO NOW?

Pettaya says SO HE SAID:
"WE DON'T HAVE MONEY NOW,
SO LET'S HELP."

Mikael says WE'RE GOING TO SORT, RIGHT?
JUST LIKE HOME,
EXCEPT THERE'S MONEY IN THIS.
YEAH, SO I SORTED TRASH
FOR HALF AN HOUR,
AND THEN TRADED
IT IN FOR GOODS.
MY TRASH TODAY WAS WORTH
100 BAHT, WHICH IS ABOUT 3 DOLLARS.

He picks some goods from the shelves and fridges.

Subtitles read "94 bahts."

Mikael says YES! HIGH FIVE!
HELLO!

The caption changes to "Somporn Ngowlin. Zero Baht shop member."

Somporn is in his forties, clean-shaven and with short wavy brown hair. She wears a blue T-shirt with a print on the front.

Mikael says SOMPORN IS ONE OF
MANY IN THIS COMMUNITY
THAT HAS CHANGED HER LIFE
FOR THE BEST WITH THE HELP
OF THIS ORIGINAL PROJECT.
THE ZERO BAHT SHOP
IS AN AMAZING SUCCESS
AND AN INSPIRATION
FOR OTHER CASH-FREE SHOPS
NOW COMING TO LIFE
IN BANGKOK AND ALL
OVER THAILAND.
THEY'RE NOW RECOGNIZED
BY THE GOVERNMENT
AS A VERY VIABLE
RECYCLING MODEL.
HOW LONG HAVE YOU
BEEN DOING THIS?

Subtitles read "I have been doing this for 20 years. My life has been improving. I can support my family and myself. Everything is good. I have insurance, which costs me 1 baht per day. Also, I can have benefits after 6 months."

Mikael says IT'S A SOCIETY, LIKE A UNION,
SO THEY REALLY TAKE
CARE OF EACH OTHER.

Peerathorn speaks.

Subtitles read "This roof made from recycled milk cartons."

Mikael says O.K. YOU JUST WALKED PAST
THAT NEW THING.
IT'S CORRUGATED IRON.

Subtitles read "We traded waste for milk cartons."

Mikael shows a plant pot and says THIS IS A CAR TIRE,
CUT UP AND BEING REPURPOSED.

Subtitles read "This is our garden. An urban garden. There’s moringa, chilli, eggplants and much more. Cash is unnecessary."

Mikael says I CAN ALSO TRADE FOR THIS,
IF I DIDN'T WANT CUP NOODLES,
I COULD GET SOME
FRESH VEGETABLES.

Subtitles read "For chilli, coriander and the like, people can come here."

Pettaya says YES. YOU CAN ALSO COME HERE.

Mikael says THE PIGS ARE HERE!

They feed the pigs.

Mikael says YOU CAN HAVE THAT, DUDE.

They sit down for a meal.

Pattaya says THIS IS GREEN MANGO DIP
FROM THE MANGO TREE OVER THERE.
THAI SPINACH FROM THAT PLANT.
EGGPLANT ALSO FROM THE GARDEN.
THAT'S YOUR EGGS.

Mikael says THEY'RE MY EGGS FROM MY WORK.
IN THIS COMMUNITY
AND WITH YOUR IDEA,
YOU HAD TO DO IT YOURSELF,
BECAUSE THERE WAS NO HELP
FROM THE AUTHORITIES.
IS THAT RIGHT?

Subtitles read "The government didn’t use to understand the purpose of this project and looked down on us."

Pattaya says NEVER. YOU NEVER GET HELP.

Subtitles read "We became a good role model for society. Some foreign journalists came to visit us. But here, no one cared about us. They called us the scavengers."

Pattaya says THE SCAVENGERS.

Subtitles read "No one cares about our community. The government says that I’m crazy. ‘You’re silly for trading trash for goods.’ Some people say that we’ll give up because it’ll never be successful. But their words motivate us to prove that we can do it."

Mikael says HOW INSPIRING IS THAT?
SMALL IDEAS WITH BIG IMPACTS
ARE SOMETHING TO CHERISH.
THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT HAS NOW
PICKED UP ON THIS SUCCESS
AND LAUNCHED A CAMPAIGN
NAMED CLEAN CITY BRINGS
HAPPINESS TO PEOPLE.
20 UNIVERSITIES ARE USING
THEIR IDEA, AS ARE SEVERAL
THAI GOVERNMENTAL DEPARTMENTS.
OUR FRIENDS EVEN HOSTED
VISITORS FROM NIGERIA
HOPING TO ADOPT THEIR PROJECT.

Subtitles read "I feel proud that I was a nobody living under a bridge and now my life is better. I’m so proud. It gives me goosebumps! At the very least, other communities can become cleaner. And people can earn an income."

Mikael says WHAT I'M STARTING TO SEE
IS ONE INDIVIDUAL WHO GETS
ONE SIMPLE, GOOD IDEA.
BUT WHO ALSO HAS THE FORCE
OF WILL TO BUILD IT INTO
SOMETHING TANGIBLE,
EMPOWERING, IN MOST CASES,
AN ENTIRE COMMUNITY.
THAT FORCE OF WILL IS
THE MOST VALUABLE RESOURCE
THAT WE POSSESS IN OUR CITIES.
CITIZENS DOING IT
FOR THEMSELVES,
ACTIVISTS TRYING TO MAKE
A CHANGE ON THE URBAN LANDSCAPE.
BUT WHAT OF CORPORATE
SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY?
WHERE DO THE BIG COMPANIES,
THE CORPORATIONS,
SEE THEMSELVES
IN THIS EQUATION?
I'M GOING TO SNEAK THROUGH THIS
LITTLE ALLEYWAY AND FIND OUT.

Pattaraphurit says THIS IS ONE OF
THE FOOTBALL FIELDS.
WE CALL IT ZIGZAGGING.

Mikael says ZIGZAG?

Pattaraphurit says YEAH, AS YOU CAN SEE
FROM THE SHAPE.

Mikael says SO YOU WORK WITH AP,
A REAL ESTATE DEVELOPER
HERE IN THAILAND.
AND THIS IS YOUR PROJECT.

Pattaraphurit says YES.

Mikael says WHAT INSPIRED YOU
TO GET INVOLVED
WITH A ZIGZAG FOOTBALL PITCH?

The caption changes to "Khlong Toei. Population: 106,000."

Pattaraphurit says ACTUALLY, WE WANTED TO MAKE
SOMETHING GOOD AND WE TURNED
TO THE COMMUNITY. THE REASON
WHY WE CHOSE KLONG TOEI
IS THIS IS ONE OF THE MOST
DENSELY POPULATED AREA
IN BANGKOK AND KIDS
DON'T HAVE SPACES
TO EXPRESS THEIR INTERESTS.
WE WANTED TO FOCUS
ON WHAT WE DO BEST,
WHICH IS SPACE DESIGN.
AND THERE CAME THE IDEA OF THE
UNUSUAL FOOTBALL FIELD SHAPE.
WE USED AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY
TO LOOK
FOR ANY UNUSED LAND
ACROSS BANGKOK.

The caption changes to "Pattaraphurit Rungjaturapat. Deputy Chief Corporate Image Officer, AP Thailand PCI."

Pattaraphurit is in his thirties, clean-shaven with short straight brown hair and he wears glasses, a blue suit and a white shirt.

Mikael says IT MAY BE HARD TO IMAGINE,
BUT THIS WAS ONCE A DARK
AND DANGEROUS NO MAN'S LAND
BETWEEN TWO APARTMENT
BUILDINGS IN ONE OF BANGKOK'S
POOREST NEIGHBOURHOODS.
EVEN THOUGH THE SPACE
WASN'T FIT FOR THE TASK,
THEY BUILT AROUND
THE OBSTACLES.
THEY PUT UP LIGHTING
AND HERE YOU HAVE IT.
A BUNCH OF THESE IMPRESSIVE
PITCHES ARE POPPING UP IN
AND AROUND THE CITY,
CREATIVELY REPURPOSING LAND
BY AND FOR THE CITIZENS.
THERE WAS A STRUCTURE HERE,
SO YOU WORKED AROUND
THE STRUCTURE.
YOU CAN SEE THE LINE, RIGHT?
THEY'RE ACTUALLY STICKING TO
THE LINE. THEY'RE NOT SAYING:
"YEAH, THAT'S FINE."
BUT IF THE BALL COMES OVER HERE
WHERE THE HOUSE WAS,
IT'S ACTUALLY OUT.
SO THEY THROW IT.
THE CITIZENS HERE, ARE THEY
EMBRACING THIS SPACE?

Pattaraphurit says YES, OF COURSE.
ONE OF THE PROOFS THAT THEY
REALLY LOVE THIS SPACE
IS THAT THE PEOPLE HERE,
THEY ALWAYS GATHER
OVER THE WEEKENDS,
AND THEY CLEAN IT THEMSELVES
WITHOUT FUNDING FROM AP.
THEY KEEP A REGULAR
COMMUNICATION WITH OUR TEAM.
FOR EXAMPLE, THEY'RE GOING TO
HOLD THE NEW YEAR'S PARTY HERE,
AND THEY WOULD LIKE US
TO JOIN THE PARTY AS WELL,
WITHOUT ANY FUNDING REQUESTS.
THAT'S FANTASTIC.
BECAUSE IT MEANS
THEY LOVE IT SO MUCH.

Mikael says WHAT AN AMAZING EXAMPLE.
A FORMER GARBAGE DUMP,
LIFELESS, FORGOTTEN.
SIMPLE IDEA, AND YOU TRANSFORM A
COMMUNITY. THE LIFE-SIZED CITY,
THIS IS WHERE THE ROOTS ARE.
RIGHT HERE.

(music plays)

Mikael says WE'VE SEEN SIMPLE LIFE-SIZED
IDEAS CHANGE NEIGHBOURHOODS,
CREATING SPACES FOR CHILDREN
TO PLAY AND PLACES FOR PEOPLE
TO GATHER.
BUT THEY CAN EVEN CHANGE
THE SOCIAL FABRIC
OF A COMMUNITY.
A DANGEROUS AREA FULL
OF DRUG DEALERS AND THIEVES
CAN BE TRANSFORMED...
BY A GYM.

Mikael visits a boxing gym.

Kids jump ropes and practice on the ring.

Mikael says TAXI?

A translator introduces Mikael to the founder of the gym.

Subtitles read "Hello. This is Mikael."

Mikael says THIS LOOKS AMAZING.
TELL ME WHEN DID THIS START.

Subtitles read "This gym started around 7 or 8 years ago. At first, there were only 4 or 5 children, but more and more started to come. Now, there are about 20 to 30 kids training here."

The caption changes to "Kru Kan. Police officer and trainer."

Kru is in his early forties, clean-shaven and with short wavy graying hair. He wears blue basketball shorts and a black T-shirt.

Mikael says POLICE OFFICER KRU KAN
HAS BEEN WORKING
IN THIS NEGLECTED
PART OF TOWN FOR YEARS.
TIRED OF SEEING KIDS HANG OUT
HE REALISED THAT POLICING
JUST WASN'T ENOUGH.

Mikael says SO YOU MAYBE KNOW
SOME OF THE KIDS BEFORE
THEY START BOXING.

Subtitles read "In the beginning, I knew some od the first kids because they were causing trouble and I was the inspector around this area. I checked motorcyclists. I found these kids had nothing useful to do, so that’s why I talked them into boxing."

Mikael says WHAT WAS THE REACTION
OF THE COMMUNITY?

Subtitles read "At first, they weren’t interested. They didn’t believe I would succeed, because I have a full-time job, which keeps me quite busy. But over time, they saw the kids improve. They started to have more discipline and better grades in school, because of what they were doing here. Then, the parents got it. They saw we were giving their kids as sense of purpose. Now, people like our project and they want to support us. They may not give cash, but they contribute by giving things like ice or water."

Mikael says DO YOU NEED A NEW TRAINER?

The translator asks him a question.

Subtitles read "He’s asking if you need a new trainer?"

Subtitles read "You need to have skills and experience, otherwise you will get hurt so bad. Your arms will be badly sore.

The translator says HE'S QUITE WORRIED BECAUSE
HE SAID THE KIDS
KICK REALLY HARD,
SO YOU MIGHT NOT BE ABLE
TO LIFT YOUR ARMS THE NEXT DAY.

Mikael points at a kid with his arms on the floor and says SO... THIS KID!

Mikael says THE GYM ITSELF IS A SYMBOL
OF THE COMMUNITY'S ENGAGEMENT.
FROM A LOCAL CONTRACTOR.
EVERY BIT OF WOOD
WAS SUPPLIED BY THE PARENTS
AND KRU KAN PAID
FOR THE TIN ROOF HIMSELF.

Mikael gets on the ring holding training pads.

Mikael says LIKE THIS? LIKE THAT?
LIKE THIS.

Kids start practicing their kicks with him.

Subtitles read "Nobody gets paid. We’re all friends and volunteers. The coaches are former boxers or trainers who moved to this community, and they liked our ideas."

Mikael says COOL, MAN. BOOM!

Subtitles read "They have full-time jobs, but they come here after work to help us. They don’t get paid, but they think it’s fun and it’s good exercise. Boys, do you think this guy can train you?"

Mikael says FIRST TIME!

Mikael takes a selfie with the kids and trainers.

Subtitles read "Thank you!"

Mikael says AN AMAZING EXPERIENCE, ANOTHER
INDIVIDUAL FINDING SOME SPACE,
BUILDING THE DREAM,
HELPING THE COMMUNITY.
THAT'S WHAT IT'S ALL ABOUT.

(music plays)

Mikael says BANGKOK CLEARLY
HAS ITS PROBLEMS.
BUT PROBLEMS USUALLY
BRING OUT THE BEST
IN PEOPLE WITH A TALENT
FOR FINDING SOLUTIONS.
TAKE THIS GUY FOR EXAMPLE.
HE PUT TOGETHER
A MOBILE APP TO HELP
THE PEOPLE OF BANGKOK
NOTIFY THE AUTHORITIES
WHEN SOMETHING
NEEDS A LITTLE FIXING.
AND TRUST ME:
THE WHOLE CITY NEEDS
A LITTLE BIT OF TLC.

Thiti is in his early thirties, clean-shaven and with short wavy black hair. He wears jeans and a dark gray T-shirt.

Mikael walks by a sewer grill and says SO, THITI. WALKING AROUND HERE,
IF I HAD MY SMALL DAUGHTER
WITH ME, I'M AFRAID I'D LOSE HER
DOWN HOLES AND NEVER
SEE HER AGAIN.
TELL ME ABOUT THE APP
THAT YOU'VE DEVELOPED
IN ORDER TO TRY
AND MAP OUT THE PROBLEM AREAS.

Thiti says IT STARTED FOR ME
AND MY FRIENDS. WE ACTUALLY
SAW THINGS LIKE THIS,
AND THOUGHT THAT IT COULD BE
BETTER. SO WE STARTED TO REPORT
IT TO THE BMA, USING THEIR
WEBSITE AND THE CALL CENTRE.
BUT WHAT SURPRISED ME IS
THAT THEY ACTUALLY FIX THINGS.

Mikael says THEY DO?

Thiti says YEAH, THEY DO!
YOU KNOW, LIKE 10 percent GETS FIXED.
BUT AT LEAST, SOMETHING CHANGED.
BECAUSE I WORK IN TECHNOLOGY,
I FELT LIKE I COULD MAKE
A BETTER REPORTING SYSTEM.

The caption changes to "Thitipong Luang. Software developer."

Mikael says PEDESTRIANS IN BANGKOK
ALWAYS SEEM TO GET
EVEN THE SIDEWALKS,
ALREADY SCARCE, ARE BEING
USED FOR OTHER PURPOSES,
CONSTANTLY FILLED WITH
A MIND-BOGGLING
ARRAY OF OBSTACLES.

Thiti says WALKING IN BANGKOK
IS KIND OF LIKE A BATTLEFIELD,
BECAUSE THERE ARE SO MANY
DEPARTMENTS THAT JUST
DUMP THINGS HERE.
SO YOU WANT TO MAKE IT GREENER,
USE THE WALKWAY.

He points at a payphone hood and says YOU CAN HAVE BRUNCH HERE.
YEAH, THEY CAN HAVE BRUNCH.

Mikael says THEY CAN SLEEP THERE, DUDE.

Thiti points at a sign on the sidewalk and says OH, HERE!

Mikael says IT'S A BIKE LANE!

Thiti steps on a narrow path and says YOU HAVE THE BIKE LANE,
SO THIS IS THE WALKWAY.

Mikael says I'M JUST GOING
TO BE VERY POLITE.
SO LET'S HAVE A LOOK AT WHAT
KIND OF CHALLENGES THAT YOU
MAP OUT WITH YOUR APP.

Thati says JUST LOOK
AT THIS THING.

Mikael says RIGHT THERE.

They walk on a metal structure in the cement.

Thiti says IT'S VERY DIFFICULT
TO WALK THROUGH,
AND IF YOU GET PASSED THIS,
YOU GET THAT AS WELL.

He points at poorly covered whole on the sidewalk.

Thiti says THIS IS ONE EXAMPLE.
SO I GUESS PROBABLY,
THE WORKER THERE JUST DIDN'T
KNOW HOW TO FINISH THIS STUFF.

He points at wire wrapped around a tree.

Thiti says SO HE JUST ENDED IT HERE.

Mikael says SO TALKING ABOUT SOMETHING
YOU CAN BREAK YOUR TOE ON.
SORT OF SMALL SCALE,
BUT OBVIOUSLY IMPORTANT.

Thiti says YEAH, VERY IMPORTANT.
LIKE, FOR ME,
THIS IS THE STARTING POINT
FOR CITIZENS TO GET ENGAGED.

Mikael says LIKE IF I KEEP TALKING TO YOU,
AND I'M NOT PAYING ATTENTION,
I'VE GOT A POLE
RIGHT THERE.

Thiti says YEAH. BE CAREFUL.

Mikael says WOULD YOU PIN SOMETHING
LIKE THIS ON THE APP?

Thiti says YEAH, FOR SURE.

Mikael says ALL RIGHT. LET'S PIN IT.

Thiti says SO I JUST NEED
TO TAKE A PHOTO FIRST.

Mikael says ALL RIGHT.
DO YOU WANT A PICTURE
OF ME LYING HERE, BLEEDING
IN FRONT OF IT, OR NO?

Thiti says WHEN I WANT TO
REPORT AN ISSUE...

Mikael says YOU SEND IT THROUGH
FACEBOOK MESSENGER?

Thiti says IT'S JUST A CHATBOT.
THE BOT ASKED ME
FOR THE LOCATION.

Mikael says JUST BASED ON THE GPS
ON YOUR PHONE.

Thiti says YEAH.
AND THAT'S IT.

Mikael says THAT'S IT. SO WHAT HAPPENS?
IT JUST GOES INTO THE SYSTEM?

Thiti says ALL THE REPORTS
WILL GO TO THE WEBSITE,
AND THEN THE BMA OFFICER
CAN CHECK IT AND FOLLOW UP ON
ALL THE ISSUES OR WHATEVER.

He points at a police booth and says LOOK HOW MUCH SPACE IT TAKES.
IT'S TAKING TWO THIRDS
OF THE WALKWAY.
JUST FOR THE POLICE TO SIT
AND, YOU KNOW... WORK?
BUT I'M NOT REALLY SURE.
YOU LOOK INSIDE.
I MEAN...
IT'S A FOOTBALL MATCH.

Mikael says HE'S JUST GOT
THE FOOTBALL ON THE SCREEN.
THIS IS THE POLICE STATION.
HE'S GOT HIS DUCATI MOTORBIKE
PARKED OUTSIDE,
TAKING UP PUBLIC SPACE.
AND IT'S PREMIER LEAGUE TIME,
MAN!

Mikael says SO HOW MANY PINS DO YOU HAVE?

Thiti says THOUSANDS. RIGHT NOW,
THE REGULAR USERS
OF THE APP ARE TEENAGERS,
YOUNG PEOPLE, WELL-EDUCATED
WHO CARE ABOUT THE CITY,
WHO CARE ABOUT THE COUNTRY.
IT'S STILL A VERY,
VERY SMALL CIRCLE,
BUT IT'S PEOPLE
WHO ARE VERY SERIOUS
ABOUT THE ISSUE IN
BANGKOK RIGHT NOW.

Mikael says THE CAMERAMAN JUST TRIPPED
ON THAT, RIGHT THERE.
DUDE'S GOING BACKWARDS.

Thiti says BE CAREFUL, MAN!
O.K.

Mikael says IS IT JUST A COOL APP?

Thiti says IT'S NOT JUST A COOL APP
FOR SURE. YOU KNOW, RIGHT NOW,
IT MIGHT LOOK LIKE POSTING
POTHOLES OR ELECTRICITY LINE
OR WHATEVER.
BUT IT IS ACTUALLY WISE.
THAT IS A VERY, VERY BIG THING,
YOU KNOW. BECAUSE RIGHT NOW
EVERYONE THINKS
THEY CANNOT CHANGE ANYTHING,
JUST LIVE YOUR LIFE, BE QUIET.
JUST BE HAPPY.
LIKE THAI STYLE.
JUST BE HAPPY.
BUT WE HAVE SO MANY PROBLEMS.
SO MANY. AND WE DON'T
HAVE ENOUGH TIME.
IF THEY KNOW WE HAVE THIS TOOL
AND THEY CAN HELP EACH OTHER,
THEY CAN HELP CHANGE
THE CITY, THAT IS VERY BIG.

Mikael says SO EVERY SINGLE PIN IS
A DEMOCRATIC VOICE.

He goes in a tattoo parlour.

The owner says HEY MAN!

Mikael says HOW ARE YOU DOING?

The man says YOU'RE HERE FOR THE APPOINTMENT?

Mikael says YEAH, THAT'S ME.
SO I WANT TO ADD
A LITTLE PIECE OF BANGKOK
ON THAT SECTION THERE.
SO THIS IS A MAP OF POM MAHAKAN,
WHICH IS RIGHT NEXT
TO THE PALACE AND TEMPLE,
AND THE OLD WALLS OF BANGKOK.

The man says AWESOME URBAN EXPERIENCE.

Mikael says SO I'M THINKING
OF JUST GETTING THIS LITTLE
SECTION OF OLD TOWN THERE.
I WAS THINKING ALSO OF PUTTING
POM MAHAKAN IN THAI.

The man says RIGHT.

Mikael says IT'S LIKE THIS AMAZING
HISTORIC NEIGHBOURHOOD
AND THE GOVERNMENT
IS JUST GOING
TO BULLDOZE IT
AND MAKE IT INTO A PARK.
YOU DON'T RIP DOWN
NEIGHBOURHOODS LIKE THAT.
YOU KEEP THEM,
SO LET'S RECORD SOME HISTORY.

The man says PERFECT.

Mikael gets his tattoo done.

Mikael says BULLDOZING BUILDINGS
AND SLAPPING UP CONDOS
AND SHOPPING MALLS,
AND NEW MOTORWAYS
IS NOT THE WAY FORWARD.
THE NEIGHBOURHOOD
OF POM MAHAKAN
IS PRESERVED IN SOME FORM.
LET'S HOPE THAT
IT'S STILL THERE THE NEXT TIME
I COME TO BANGKOK.
IF NOT,
IT'S A SYMBOLIC GESTURE.
YOU CAN'T IGNORE YOUR HISTORY.
BANGKOK IS AN INCESSANT
SURGE OF NON-STOP MOVEMENT.
I FOUND LIFE-SIZED
INSPIRATION IN THIS CITY.
PASSIONATE CITIZENS RAGING
AGAINST AN ALL-POWERFUL MATRIX.
BUT THIS ISN'T A CITY
THAT IS DESIGNED OR PLANNED
LIKE SO MANY OTHERS. THIS IS
A CITY THAT IS ONLY ENGINEERED.
THE WORLD NEEDS
CITIES LIKE BANGKOK,
BUT BANGKOK IS STRUGGLING.
I WANT BANGKOK TO SUCCEED.
AND IF THIS CITY DOES,
THERE WILL BE HOPE
FOR EVERY CITY IN THE WORLD.

Music plays as the end credits roll.

Hosted by Mikael Colville-Andersen.

Directed by Myriam Berthelet, Nicolas Boucher and Michel D.T. Lam.

Series director, Michel. D. T. Lam.

Producer, Nicolas Boucher.

Produced in association with TVO.

Executive producers, Jane Jankovic and Natasha Negrea.

Logo: DBC2.

Copyright 2017.

Watch: Ep. 4 - Bangkok