Transcript: The Art of the Possible | May 27, 2016

On a black screen a green logo reads "National Film Board of Canada."

Bill Davis stands with his wife.

An announcer says OUR NEXT DISTINGUISHED GUEST
NEEDS NO INTRODUCTION, AS NONE
OF THE OTHERS, THE PREMIER
OF THE PROVINCE OF ONTARIO,
THE LEADER OF THE PROGRESSIVE
CONSERVATIVE PARTY, BILL DAVIS!
[thunderous and sustained applause]

The Premier and his wife walk toward the assembly hall of Parliament. A back view of their advancing figures is covered by a yellow title caption that reads "The Art of the Possible." Davis ascends the podium.

The Narrator says BILL DAVIS,
PREMIER OF ONTARIO,
CANADA'S RICHEST AND
MOST POPULOUS PROVINCE.

(Lively music plays)
An iconic image shows downtown Toronto, with high-rises surrounding the CN Tower.

The Narrator continues INDUSTRIAL HEARTLAND
OF THE NATION,
WITH AN ECONOMY BIGGER
THAN AUSTRALIA'S;
BIGGER THAN SWEDEN'S;
BIGGER, IN FACT,
THAN THAT OF MOST OF
THE WORLD'S STATES.
IN ONTARIO, THERE ARE MORE
MILLIONAIRES THAN IN PARIS,
AND YOU CAN WATCH MORE
TELEVISION STATIONS HERE
THAN ANY OTHER PLACE
ON THE PLANET.

Elegantly dressed in a gray suit and tie with a poppy in his buttonhole, the Premier walks past guests shaking hands.

The Narrator continues DAVIS IS THE FIFTH IN A LINE
OF CONSERVATIVE PARTY PREMIERS
WHO HAVE RULED ONTARIO
CONTINUOUSLY SINCE 1943,
CREATING THE MOST POWERFUL
POLITICAL DYNASTY
IN CANADIAN HISTORY.
LIKE HIS PREDECESSORS,
DAVIS IS THE QUINTESSENTIAL
POLITICIAN, A MASTER OF
WHAT GERMAN CHANCELLOR
OTTO VON BISMARCK CALLED
"THE ART OF THE POSSIBLE."

The Premier stands holding a cord, ready to unveil a slate covered in red fabric.

A man in a white hard hat says ARE YOU READY, BECAUSE
WE CAN ONLY PULL IT ONCE.

Davis says OKAY.

He pulls the cord.
[applause]

The Narrator continues AND BEHIND THIS RATHER
BLAND, ENIGMATIC CHARACTER
IS A COMPLEX ORGANIZATION
OF PARTY WORKERS,
CIVIL SERVANTS, A 28-MEMBER
CABINET, AND A SELECT
INNER CIRCLE OF TRUSTED
POLITICAL ADVISERS.

An aerial view of downtown Toronto homes in on the Queen's Park building.

The Narrator continues FOR SEVEN WEEKS IN EARLY 1978,
WE WERE GIVEN ACCESS TO FILM
THESE PEOPLE AND THIS PROCESS,
CENTRED AT QUEEN'S PARK,
THE ONTARIO LEGISLATIVE
BUILDING IN DOWNTOWN TORONTO.
THE CONSERVATIVES FACE SEVERAL
PROBLEMS -- THE ONTARIO ECONOMY
IS FALTERING; INFLATION
IS AT 8 PERCENT;
UNEMPLOYMENT IS THE HIGHEST
SINCE THE WAR, AND,
IN THE LAST TWO ELECTIONS THE
TORIES HAVE BEEN RETURNED
WITH A MINORITY GOVERNMENT
AT THE MERCY OF THE LIBERAL
AND N.D.P. OPPOSITION ANY TIME
IT COMBINES TO DEFEAT THEM.
THIS FILM FOCUSES ON
THREE MAJOR ISSUES:
PREPARATIONS FOR THE FIRST
MINISTERS' CONFERENCE,
THE THRONE SPEECH, AND THE
14.5 BILLION DOLLAR ONTARIO BUDGET.

Davis approaches an aide and says YEAH, I THINK THERE'S JUST
THAT ONE ELEMENT ON WHICH
WE'RE PARTICULARLY KEEN,
AND THAT IS THAT THERE...

The Narrator continues BUT MUCH OF A
PREMIER'S TIME IS SPENT ON ROUTINE
GOVERNMENT BUSINESS.
ED STEWART, THE PREMIER'S
DEPUTY MINISTER,
BRIEFS DAVIS FOR THE FIRST
OF TWO DOZEN MEETINGS
HE WILL ATTEND THIS WEEK.

Ed Stewart, clean-shaven with wavy red hair in his early fifties, says ...BUT IT CAN'T BE EXCLUSIVELY A
MATTER OF GOVERNMENT MONIES,
EVEN IF THE MONEY
COMES FROM DIFFERENT
LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT.
THERE HAS TO BE SOME
KIND OF PRIVATE SUPPORT.
AND UNDER THAT ARRANGEMENT,
THEN YOU SAY WE COULD USE
WINTARIO MONIES TO MATCH
THE PRIVATE FUNDS.

With a pipe in his mouth, Davis says OKAY.

Leaving the room, Stewart says IT MATCHES.

The Narrator continues THIS MORNING'S MEETING IS WITH
A GROUP OF TORONTO AND METRO
GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES WHO
ARE SEEKING ONTARIO GOVERNMENT
FUNDS FOR A MASSIVE CULTURAL
EXCHANGE PROJECT WITH QUEBEC.

Davis enters a room. People sitting around a table stand to greet him.

Davis says HI, BILL,
HOW ARE YOU!

Bill shakes his hand and says NICE TO SEE YOU.
IF YOU WANT TO STEP
BEHIND ME THERE.

Davis walks around the table greeting the others, and says
SUSAN RICHARDSON, HONOURABLE
DAVID SMITH, HOW ARE YA?
HONOURABLE JUNE ROWLANDS,
HOW ARE YOU THIS MORNING?

June says VERY WELL, THANK YOU.

Davis says YOU KNOW RAY BIGGART FROM MY
OFFICE, AND STEVE MCLAUGHLIN,
MAYOR CROMBIE'S
EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT.
IS THE MAYOR UNWELL
THIS MORNING?

They all take their seats, with Davis at the head of the table.

A male voice responds and says THE MAYOR IS UNWELL.
WE'RE TRYING TO FIND OUT
WHETHER IT'S A 24-HOUR FLU,
48 HOURS, OR 36- WHATEVER
TIME IS NECESSARY.
[laughing]

Bill, with reddish wavy hair and glasses, says
WELL, ABOUT SIX OR
SEVEN YEARS AGO,
AN IDEA OR CONCEPT WAS
DEVELOPED LARGELY BY
JUNE ROWLANDS AND RUTH EISEN,
AND THE IDEA ESSENTIALLY
WAS TO HAVE A VERY LARGE NUMBER
OF FRENCH-SPEAKING MONTREALERS
COME DOWN TO TORONTO
FOR A WEEKEND.
TEN THOUSAND HAS BEEN THE
FIGURE THAT'S BEEN SUGGESTED.
I CAN'T SEE HOW THE BUDGET OF
THIS IS GOING TO BE LESS THAN
A HALF A MILLION DOLLARS.
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT,
IN OUR VIEW,
SHOULD NOT HAVE
A HIGH PROFILE,
BUT WE ARE GLAD TO
ACCEPT THEIR MONEY.
THEY THINK THAT
IT'S A GOOD IDEA,
AND I THINK THEY'RE MORE OR
LESS IN THE POSITION THAT
ANYTHING THE PROVINCE PUT UP,
THEY REALLY WOULDN'T HAVE ANY
CHOICE BUT TO MATCH IT.
THAT'S THE INDICATION
THAT WE'VE HAD SO FAR.

Davis, leaning back with his pipe in his left hand, says
THAT BEING THE SITUATION IN
ITS MOST SIMPLISTIC TERMS,
WE'D BE PREPARED
TO SUPPORT IT,
BUT I WOULDN'T WANT IT TO
APPEAR TO BE OTHER THAN
WHAT YOU'RE PLANNING, AND
THAT IS A VISIT OF 10,000
PEOPLE. TO VISIT WITH
PEOPLE HERE IN THE CITY,
AND THAT IT'S NOT A SORT OF A
GOVERNMENT KIND OF OPERATION.

Stewart, blond with thinning hair in his forties, puts down a phone and says OKAY, TALK TO YOU
LATER, THANK YOU.

He sits down with two aides and says
NOW... LET ME...
TRY TO SUMMARIZE
WHERE WE ARE ON THIS,
AND THEN WE CAN DECIDE WHERE
WE'RE GOING TO GO - OKAY?

The Narrator continues WITH THE OPENING OF THE
LEGISLATURE IN JUST TWO WEEKS,
ED STEWART'S JOB IS TO
COORDINATE THE WRITING
OF THE "SPEECH FROM THE THRONE,"
THE GOVERNMENT'S PROGRAM
OF LEGISLATION FOR THE
UPCOMING SESSION.

Stewart says AND THEN, I THINK, WE'LL
HAVE TO TAKE THAT AND SEE IF
WE CAN'T INSERT THAT IN
PLACE OF WHAT WE'VE GOT HERE.
NOW, WE HAD INDICATED TO THE
CABINET WE MIGHT HAVE A DRAFT
FOR THEM TOMORROW, BUT
WE'LL JUST HAVE TO EXPLAIN
THAT WE'RE NOT
THAT FAR ADVANCED,
AND THERE ARE SOME MIXED
FEELINGS AS TO WHETHER
IT'S GOOD OR BAD TO GO IN
THERE WITH A DRAFT SPEECH
FROM THE THRONE ANYWAY WHEN
YOU'VE GOT 23 OR 24 EDITORS
READY TO DESCEND UPON YOU.
WE'RE LOOKING AT TWO
WEEKS FROM TODAY,
WHICH IN ITSELF
DOESN'T SEEM SO BAD,
EXCEPT WE'VE GOT THE FIRST
MINISTERS' MEETING...

Heavy snow falls from a dark sky outside. The camera homes in on a broad multistorey building.

The Narrator continues ACROSS THE STREET
FROM THE LEGISLATURE,
THE FROST BUILDING HOUSES THE
POWERFUL MINISTRY OF TREASURY,
ECONOMICS, AND
INTERGOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS:
TEGA, THE DOMAIN OF PROVINCIAL
TREASURER DARCY McKEOUGH.

A standing Darcy says JUST COMPOUNDS THE PROBLEM!

A seated gray-haired man says WELL, ALL RIGHT.

The Narrator continues WITH BUDGET NIGHT LESS
THAN A MONTH AWAY,
McKEOUGH HOLDS A SERIES OF
MEETINGS WITH THE NATION'S
TOP ECONOMISTS, UNION LEADERS,
CONSUMER GROUPS, AND BANKERS.

A caption reads "Carl Biegie, President, C.D. Howe Research Institute."

To Darcy, Carl says I'VE GOT AN ANSWER FOR YOU...
ANNOUNCE THAT YOU'RE GOING TO
CUT YOUR SALES TAXES, BUT
THAT YOU'RE GOING TO REDUCE,
NOT ELIMINATE, YOUR INDEXING.
THAT'S HOW YOU'LL PAY FOR IT.

Darcy says REDUCE, NOT ELIMINATE
OUR INDEXING?
WE DON'T INDEX ANYTHING.

Carl says NO, THE INCOME TAX;
CUT IT TO TWO-THIRDS.
(Darcy muttering)
WHAT?

Darcy, with receding brown hair in his fifties, says WELL, I DON'T...

Carl says LOOK, IN TERMS OF
ANY RECOMMENDATION,
IF YOU ACCEPT THAT YOU WANT
TO GET SOMEWHERE CLOSE
TO A LEVEL OF GROWTH IN
THE NEXT COUPLE OF YEARS
THAT'S GOING TO HAVE A
REDUCTION IN UNEMPLOYMENT,
YOU'RE NOT GOING TO GET
THERE ON CURRENT POLICIES;
I'M JUST CONVINCED OF THAT. AND...

Darcy says NOT IN A COUPLE OF YEARS.

Carl says YEAH, AND THE QUESTION
IS, HOW LONG CAN YOU HOLD?
I MEAN, CHRIST, IF
YOU HAD INFINITE TIME,
YOU'RE ON EXACTLY
THE RIGHT COURSE.

Darcy says I KNOW, BUT NOW YOU'RE
PLAYING POLITICIAN.

Carl says WELL, DAMN IT, THAT'S THE
GAME -- POLICY IS POLITICS.
I KNOW THAT.

Darcy says YOU WANT TO BE
VERY CALCULATING.
THERE IS NO INCENTIVE FOR ME
OTHER THAN MORAL AND CHRISTIAN
GROUNDS, I SAID TODAY, TO
WORRY ABOUT UNEMPLOYMENT,
WHICH IS A HELL OF A
POSITION TO BE IN, I THINK.
IT'S REALLY QUITE STAGGERING.

Carl says OH, COME ON, YOU DO GET
SOME REVENUES OUT OF IT.

Darcy says DAMN LITTLE -- YOU'LL
SEE HOW LITTLE.

Carl says REALLY?

Darcy says WELL, IF THEY GO TO WORK AT
2 DOLLARS 65 CENTS, AT THE MINIMUM WAGE,
WHICH IS WHERE A LOT OF
THEM ARE GOING TO COME IN,
IF YOU LOOK AT
THE UNEMPLOYMENT,
THEY'RE NOT GOING TO
PAY ANY INCOME TAX;
THEY'RE SPENDING SALES TAX
NOW OUT OF THEIR UNEMPLOYMENT
CHEQUE - THAT'S
HOW BROKE WE ARE.
I'D BE DELIGHTED IF YOU AND
TEN OTHER PEOPLE TELL US
WE'RE ALL WRONG, BUT IT'S
HOW OVERSPENT WE ARE.

The Narrator says IT'S BEEN SAID THAT IN THE
MARITIMES, POLITICS
IS A DISEASE -- IN
QUEBEC, IT'S A RELIGION;
IN THE PRAIRIES,
IT'S A PROTEST...
AND IN B.C., IT'S
ENTERTAINMENT.
IN ONTARIO, POLITICS
IS BUSINESS.

The members of government arrive and take their seats at long tables arranged in a large rectangle.

The Narrator says THE DAVIS GOVERNMENT IS
CHARACTERIZED BY A CONTINUAL
PROCESS OF CONSULTATION,
WITH A MULTITUDE
OF ADVISORY COMMITTEES.
MOST PRESTIGIOUS IS THE
ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON
ECONOMICS, COMPOSED OF 15 OF
THE NATION'S TOP BUSINESS
LEADERS, HALF A
DOZEN LABOUR LEADERS,
AND A COUPLE OF CONSUMER
REPRESENTATIVES.

A speaker says THERE'S NO QUESTION THAT
AMONGST ALL THE ITEMS ON
THE FIRST MINISTERS' AGENDA,
THE QUESTION OF CLOSE CONTROLS,
MONITORING AGENCY OR
NO MONITORING AGENCY,
HOW IT SHOULD FUNCTION,
PUBLIC SECTOR, ET CETERA,
IS GOING TO BE, IF NOT THE
FIRST ITEM ON THE AGENDA,
IS THE ONE WHERE I THINK THE
PRIME MINISTER IS GOING TO
TRY AND ACHIEVE SOME MEASURE
OF CONSENSUS, AND...

The Narrator says PRIME MINISTER TRUDEAU HAS
CALLED AN ECONOMIC CONFERENCE
OF FIRST MINISTERS - THE
TEN PROVINCIAL PREMIERS
AND HIMSELF - FOR
EARLY FEBRUARY.

Davis, graying in his sixties and clean-shaven with straight hair, continues
I THINK ANYTHING WE CAN DO IN
THE SHORT TERM TO HELP MATTERS
THAT THAT SHOULD BE ON THE
TABLE AT THE CONFERENCE
AS WELL, AND WE'RE
GOING TO TRY.
AND I MAY NOT REFER TO THE
AUTHORS OF THIS PARTICULAR
REPORT BY NAME, BUT YOU MAY
SEE SOME OF YOUR IDEAS
AT LEAST TROTTED OUT
AT THE CONFERENCE.
MISTER BENNETT, YOU'VE
RAISED YOUR EYEBROWS,
WHICH MEANS YOU'RE
READY TO SAY SOMETHING.
[chuckling]

A man in his sixties with wavy brown hair smiles. A caption reads "Roy Bennett, President, Ford Motor Company of Canada."

Bennett says NO, THERE CONTINUES TO BE
A GREAT DEAL OF CONCERN,
I THINK, AMONG THE BUSINESS
COMMUNITY ABOUT SOME
OF THE ECONOMIC POLICIES.
CERTAINLY, THERE HAS
BEEN, AS YOU KNOW,
NO ENDORSEMENT OF
THE A.I.B.

The Narrator says THE COMMITTEE MEMBERS
REPRESENT AN AWESOME
CONCENTRATION OF
ECONOMIC POWER --

As the Narrator speaks, the faces of different guests, largely in their sixties and seventies, are shown.

The Narrator continues DONALD FULLERTON, EXECUTIVE
MANAGER OF THE CANADIAN
IMPERIAL BANK OF COMMERCE --
JOHN CRONYN, DIRECTOR OF NINE
MAJOR CANADIAN BUSINESSES,
INCLUDING LABATTS,
CANADIAN CABLE SYSTEMS,
AND THE LONDON LIFE
INSURANCE COMPANY;
BILL DIMMA, PRESIDENT
OF THE TORONTO STAR;
AND INCO VICE-PRESIDENT
DOCTOR ARTHUR SMITH.

A man in his late sixties with short-cropped gray hair speaks. A caption reads "Cliff Pilkey, President, Ontario Federation of Labour."

Pilkey says RIGHT NOW, I SEE INFLATION
AND UNEMPLOYMENT
RUNNING HAND IN HAND.
WE WAS ALWAYS ABLE TO GET
OVER THAT KIND OF THING.
YOU KNOW, IF THERE
WAS INFLATION,
THEN CREATE A HELL OF
A LOT OF UNEMPLOYMENT.
THAT BROUGHT THE
COST OF LIVING DOWN.
THEN WE PROVIDED SOME
STIMULUS INTO THE ECONOMY,
AND THAT SORT OF ERADICATED
THE UNEMPLOYMENT LEVELS.
WE'VE SURE COME A HELL OF A
LONG WAY UNDER THOSE KINDS
OF PROPOSITIONS, BUT I THINK
THAT WE'RE CERTAINLY REACHED
AN END AT THIS POINT IN
TIME, AND IT CAN'T HAPPEN;
IT CAN'T CONTINUE TO HAPPEN.

Donald Fullerton says WE'RE NOT LOOKING AT A
DISASTER AREA BY ANY MEANS,
AND IN RELATION TO OTHER
COUNTRIES AROUND THE WORLD,
WE HAVE AN AWFUL LOT
GOING IN THIS COUNTRY
AND THAT IS WHY CAPITAL
IS FLOWING IN HERE STILL,
AND THAT'S WHY
INVESTMENT CAPITAL
IS FLOWING IN HERE STILL.
SO, I WOULD SUGGEST THAT
THERE'S A WORD OF MODERATION
WHICH I'D LIKE TO PUT
IN ON THE PESSIMISM,
AND I HAVE BEEN IN SEVERAL
AREAS OF THE COUNTRY
STATING THAT RECENTLY,
AND I BELIEVE IT.
SO, I DON'T THINK THAT WE
SHOULD JUST TRY TO UPEND
OUR SYSTEM BECAUSE
WE'RE IN A PERIOD
OF ECONOMIC DIFFICULTIES.

Puffing his pipe, Davis says MY MOTHER ALWAYS SAID
"MODERATION IN ALL THINGS."

The Narrator says LIKE MOST MEMBERS OF THE
ONTARIO POLITICAL ELITE,
DAVIS WAS RAISED IN A
SOLID PRESBYTERIAN HOME.

A photo shows him at the age of two or thereabouts. His home and his mother with him at the age of six or so are shown in old photos. His father stands with him at age ten or so.

In off, Davis says IT WAS A RELATIVELY
PLEASANT HOME ENVIRONMENT.
THERE WEREN'T A LOT OF
SIGNIFICANT ECONOMIC PRESSURES.
I MEAN, I KNEW THAT I WOULD
HAVE SOME HELP IN TERMS
OF GETTING TO UNIVERSITY
AND TO LAW SCHOOL.

The Narrator says HIS FATHER WAS A PROSPEROUS
LAWYER IN BRAMPTON, ONTARIO,
AND A LOCAL CROWN ATTORNEY.

Davis continues FROM ABOUT THE
AGE OF 13 OR 14,
THERE WAS NO DOUBT IN MY MIND
I WANTED TO GO INTO POLITICS.
(A photo at that age shows him eating a hot dog)
WHETHER I WAS GOING TO
MAKE IT OR NOT WAS ALWAYS
PROBLEMATICAL, BUT I HAD MADE
THE DECISION I'D LIKE TO TRY.
(In another he is an elegantly dressed teenager, standing with his father and another man)

The Narrator says DAVIS GOT HIS CHANCE IN 1959
WHEN PREMIER LESLIE FROST AND
HIS PREDECESSOR TOM KENNEDY (shown together with him in a photo)
CHOSE THE 28-YEAR-OLD LAWYER
TO INHERIT KENNEDY'S BRAMPTON
SEAT IN THE UPCOMING
PROVINCIAL ELECTION.

A man in his forties in shirtsleeves whose face is framed by long reddish-blond hair and a full beard sits at a desk surrounded by piles of papers. A caption reads "Jonathan Manthorpe, columnist, The Toronto Star, author "The Power and the Tories."

Jonathan says ONE THING, I GUESS, ONE HAS
TO REMEMBER ABOUT DAVIS
IS THAT FROM THE
BEGINNING, HE IS A CHILD
OF THE WHOLE 35 YEARS OF
CONSERVATIVE RULE.
HE WAS BORN INTO IT,
HE WAS RAISED IN IT,
AND HE SUCCEEDED
TO POWER IN IT.
I MEAN, IT'S ALMOST A
PREORDAINED STORY
RIGHT THE WAY THROUGH.

The Narrator says HE WAS THE YOUNGEST
MEMBER OF THE LEGISLATURE,
AND JUST THREE YEARS LATER
WAS SWORN IN AS MINISTER OF
EDUCATION IN AN ERA OF
BURSTING STUDENT POPULATION.
BY 1971, HE'D GAINED THE
POLITICAL CONTACTS NECESSARY
TO WIN THE PARTY LEADERSHIP,
SUPPORTED ON THE LAST BALLOT
BY RIVAL CANDIDATE
DARCY McKEOUGH.
[cheering]

Davis and Darcy stand on a podium raising their hands together.

The Narrator continues EIGHT MONTHS LATER, HE LED THE
CONSERVATIVES TO ONE
OF THE LARGEST ELECTION
VICTORIES IN ONTARIO HISTORY.
DAVIS CONTINUES TO MEET
REGULARLY WITH THE POLITICAL
STRATEGISTS KNOWN AS
"THE BIG BLUE MACHINE,"
WHO ORGANIZED THAT
1971 CAMPAIGN.

At a strategy meeting, a speaker says ...CONSIDER MATTERS OF ECONOMICS
AND THE ECONOMIC SITUATION,
WHICH HAS TO BE
A TOP PRIORITY.
WE'RE GOING TO HAVE AN
OPPORTUNITY TO LOOK AT THE
NATION AND OUR ROLE IN THAT
PARTICULAR DISCUSSION,
WHICH IS GOING ON NOW.
WE'RE GOING TO HAVE THE
OPPORTUNITY PARTICULARLY TO
ZERO IN ON POLICY ISSUES AND
OTHER ISSUES IN MORE DETAIL,
AND PERHAPS...

A man in his forties with red hair and sideburns smokes a pipe.

The Narrator says BILL KELLY, CONSERVATIVE
PARTY TREASURER, WHO,
LARGELY THROUGH HIS CONTACTS
IN THE BUSINESS WORLD,
RAISED 7 MILLION DOLLARS TO
FINANCE THE LAST THREE
TORY ELECTION CAMPAIGNS.
NORM ATKINS, ON THE LEFT, (Atkins is in his forties with brown hair and a reddish complexion)
PRESIDENT OF THE ADVERTISING
FIRM OF CAMP ASSOCIATES,
IS LARGELY RESPONSIBLE
FOR THE PARTY'S IMAGE
DURING ELECTIONS.
AND HUGHIE SEGAL, A
27-YEAR-OLD FORMER MEMBER
OF DAVIS'S STAFF AND ONE OF HIS
CLOSEST POLITICAL ADVISORS.

Brown-haired Segal wearing glasses sits beside Atkins. A man in his eighties with a shock of white hair speaks.

Goodman says THE SUGGESTION THAT THE ONLY
WAY FOR A MINISTER TO SOLVE
PROBLEMS IS BY PASSING
LEGISLATION IS BULL-BLEEP...

The Narrator says EDDIE GOODMAN,
CORPORATE LAWYER
AND LONGTIME DAVIS CONFIDANTE.

Goodman continues PROBABLY OUR PROBLEM IS THAT
THAT IS A FEELING ABROAD,
THAT YOU HAVE TO PASS
LEGISLATION TO SOLVE PROBLEMS,
AND I THINK THE PUBLIC
WOULD LIKE TO SEE
PROBLEMS SOLVED WITH
LESS LEGISLATION.

A man in his thirties wth brown hair waves a pencil. A caption reads "John Craig Eaton, President, Eatons of Canada Limited."

Eaton says WELL, TELL ME HOW.

The moderator's voice says I'M SORRY, WE'VE GOT TO
KEEP A LITTLE ORDER HERE...

The Narrator says -EACH OF THEM FEELS THAT
HE BEST UNDERSTANDS
THE MIND OF THE
ONTARIO VOTER.

The moderator's voice says MISTER KELLY, MISTER GREGORY,
AND THEN MISTER EATON.

Kelly, in his sixties with thinning gray hair and a small moustache, says HEAVEN KNOWS I'M ALL FOR THIS
BUSINESS OF BALANCING
THE BUDGET AND RESTRAINT AND
ALL THAT KIND OF THING,
BUT I'VE NEVER REALLY BELIEVED
THAT IT'S A VALUE IN ITSELF.

Davis listens to Kelly, puffing at his pipe.

In off, Davis says MY APPROACH HAS ALWAYS BEEN
TO LISTEN TO BOTH SIDES
OF THE DISCUSSION, BECAUSE I
DISCOVERED VERY EARLY THAT
ONCE I STATED A POINT OF
VIEW, THEN OTHERS WHO HELD
A CONTRARY POINT OF VIEW WOULD
BE RELUCTANT TO EXPRESS IT...
YOU JUST SEE THE HEADS GO
UP AND DOWN, ET CETERA.
AND I'VE TRIED TO AVOID THAT
BECAUSE I WANT TO GET A
VERY FRANK DISCUSSION OF THE
VIEWS OF MY COLLEAGUES.

Gregory, in his thirties with neatly combed brown hair and glasses, says
IF YOU LOOK AT THE
UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM IN
ONTARIO AND YOU FOCUS IN ON
WHERE THE HEAVIEST HIT GROUP IS,
IT'S IN THAT YOUNG GROUP,
AND IT'S A CONSISTENT PROBLEM.
AND I'VE GOT TO TELL YOU,
THERE AREN'T GOING TO BE ANY
TORY VOTERS BECAUSE THEY'RE
NOT GOING TO HAVE ANY REASON
TO VOTE TORY IN FIVE OR TEN
YEARS, BECAUSE THE TORY SYSTEM
WILL NOT HAVE WORKED FOR
THEM OR ANY OTHER ELEMENT
OF THE FREE ENTERPRISE SYSTEM.
AND THEY DIDN'T
CREATE THE SYSTEM...
THEY'RE JUST TRYING
TO FIND A PLACE IN IT.

Ed Stewart, with wavy red hair says IT SEEMS TO ME THAT THAT
IMPLIES A KIND OF MASSIVE
PSYCHOLOGICAL EXERCISE THAT
ISN'T JUST GOING TO TAKE PLACE
BY CHANCE, THAT IF WE
REALLY BELIEVE THIS,
WE'RE GOING TO HAVE TO DEVELOP
SOME KIND OF TECHNIQUE -- NOT
UNLIKE, IN MY OPINION, THE
KIND OF THINGS WE GO THROUGH
DURING AN ELECTION CAMPAIGN,
WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT YOUR
TACTICS AND HOW YOU'RE
GOING TO PUT YOUR CASE
ACROSS TO THE PUBLIC.

Davis, accompanied by a balding dark-haired man in his sixties who carries his suitcase and Ed Stewart carrying a briefcase, approaches a car.

The Narrator says A FORMER SCHOOLTEACHER,
ED STEWART HAS WORKED
WITH DAVIS FOR 15 YEARS.
ONCE A WEEK, HE JOINS THE
PREMIER AT HIS BRAMPTON HOME
FOR THE HALF-HOUR
DRIVE TO QUEEN'S PARK.
[coughing]

In the car, Stewart hands Davis a sheet of paper and says WOULD YOU LIKE TO
READ THAT THROUGH,
AND WE DID DISCUSS
IT YESTERDAY,
AND I THINK I DID
MENTION IT TO YOU,
AND AT THAT TIME
NONE LEAPT OUT
AS A LOGICAL CANDIDATE
FOR THE POST.
THE COUNCILLOR YESTERDAY
SUGGESTED THAT HE THOUGHT
MISTER HILTON MIGHT BE
WORTHY OF CONSIDERATION
AS A PERSON THAT WE
COULD RELATE TO.

The Narrator says THE PREMIER PERSONALLY
CONTROLS OVER 5,000
GOVERNMENT JOBS THROUGH
APPOINTMENTS TO SOME
300 AGENCIES, BOARDS,
AND COMMISSIONS.

Stewart says AS YOU KNOW, MISTER KERR
WANTS TO COME IN
AND HAVE A CHAT
WITH YOU ABOUT IT.

The Narrator says APPOINTMENTS TO EVERYTHING
FROM THE LIQUOR CONTROL BOARD
TO THE POWERFUL ONTARIO
MUNICIPAL BOARD.

Stewart continues SO, MAYBE I CAN
FOLLOW UP ON THAT.

Davis says DO YOU THINK I SHOULD SHARE
ANY OF THOSE WITH HIM,

Stewart says THAT WOULD BE A GOOD IDEA
AND GET HIS COMMENTS?

Davis says NOT YET.

Stewart says ALL RIGHT.

In off, Davis continues THE ONE THING I'VE ALWAYS
DONE IS BEEN ABLE TO SEE
SORT OF BOTH SIDES OF AN
ISSUE - ON THE ONE HAND,
ON THE OTHER HAND - BECAUSE
NO ISSUE IS THAT SIMPLE,
THAT IT'S A
STRAIGHTFORWARD YES OR NO.
THIS MAY BE ON OCCASION,
IT MAKES THE PROCESS
MORE DIFFICULT, PERHAPS
MAKES THE ULTIMATE
JUDGMENT SOMEWHAT BETTER.

Back in the car, Stewart says PREMIER, WE KEEP HEARING
FROM THAT GENTLEMAN
WANTING TO COME IN AND SEE
YOU, AND QUITE FRANKLY
WE HAVEN'T SORT OF MOVED
HEAVEN AND EARTH TO DO THAT.

In Davis's office, a balding, brown-haired man in his sixties wearing glasses and a light blue cardigan over a pink shirt and striped tie sits at a desk and presses an intercom button.

Clare Westcott says MICHELLE?
CAN YOU SEE IF YOU CAN
GET ME DICK THOMASON?

Michelle answers OKAY.

Clare says THANKS.

The Narrator says CLARE WESTCOTT, A FORMER
GRASSROOTS ORGANIZER
FOR THE CONSERVATIVES, HAS
BEEN DAVIS'S EXECUTIVE
ASSISTANT FOR 15 YEARS.
HE IS KNOWN AS THE
PREMIER'S PROBLEM SOLVER.

Clare flips through a sheaf of papers and says
WELL, IF I COULD GET ALL
THOSE, I COULD GO HOME.

Davis's voice says ARE ALL THOSE
FOR TODAY?

Clare says WELL, THAT'S LEFT
OVER FROM FRIDAY
THAT I DIDN'T GET
BACK TO.
I'LL BILL McVEAN OF
C.F.R.B. JUST GOT HIM.

The Narrator says THE PREMIER'S OFFICE RECEIVES
HUNDREDS OF TELEPHONE CALLS
EACH DAY AND 18,000
LETTERS A YEAR.

Davis says WHAT ARE THEY?

Clare says JUST PHONE CALLS,
YOU KNOW.
ACTUALLY, THE TELEPHONE
ISN'T A TELEPHONE;
THE TELEPHONE'S A DELIVERY
SYSTEM THAT DELIVERS PROBLEMS,
AND SO NOBODY HERE CALLS TO
SAY, HOW IS THE WEATHER?
BEHIND EACH ONE OF
THOSE LITTLE SLIPS
IS A PROBLEM OF
SOME KIND. HELLO!

Jonathan Manthorpe says HE HAS HIS OWN INCREDIBLY
EFFICIENT INTELLIGENCE
NETWORK ABOUT WHAT'S HAPPENING
IN THE CIVIL SERVICE.
A LOT OF IT COMES
THROUGH CLARE WESTCOTT,
HIS EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT.
SOME OF IT OBVIOUSLY COMES
FROM HIS DEPUTY MINISTER,
ED STEWART, BUT OVER ALL HIS
YEARS IN THE PREMIER'S OFFICE
AND HIS SENSE OF WHAT'S
HAPPENING IN THE CIVIL
SERVICE, OF WHO IS
DOING A GOOD JOB,
WHO IS DOING A BAD JOB HAS
ALWAYS BEEN EXCELLENT,
AND MINISTERS HAVE BEEN
DUMBFOUNDED ON SEVERAL
OCCASIONS TO FIND OUT THAT
HE KNEW MORE ABOUT THEIR
DEPARTMENTS THAN HE DID.

A group of eight people hunches over a table at a policy meeting.

Ed Stewart says BEFORE YOU CAME IN, I RAISED
THE QUESTION AS TO WHETHER
OR NOT THERE WOULD BE A...

The Narrator says EVERY MONDAY MORNING AT NINE,
ED STEWART MEETS WITH A GROUP
OF EIGHT SENIOR DEPUTY
MINISTERS TO COORDINATE WORK
THROUGHOUT THE 65,000-MEMBER
ONTARIO CIVIL SERVICE.

A man in his sixties with short gray hair and glasses speaks, A caption reads "Rendall Dick, Deputy Minister, Treasury, Economics and intergovernmental Affairs."

Dick says I THINK WE SHOULD HAVE THAT
REPORT WITHIN THREE MONTHS,
AND I'M FULLY PREPARED TO ASK
ONTARIO HYDRO WHAT CAPACITY
IT HAS TO ACCELERATE
ITS INVESTMENT PROGRAMS
WITHIN THE NEXT
THREE YEARS.

The Narrator says MOST DEPUTY MINISTERS ARE
PROFESSIONAL CIVIL SERVANTS
WHO HAVE WORKED THEIR WAY
UP THROUGH THE BUREAUCRACY.
THOUGH INVISIBLE TO
MOST OF THE PUBLIC,
THEIR EXTENSIVE KNOWLEDGE AND
CONTROL OF THEIR DEPARTMENTS
OFTEN MAKES THEM MORE
POWERFUL THAN THEIR
ELECTED CABINET MINISTERS.
TODAY'S MEETING IS TO FINALIZE
THE ECONOMIC PROPOSALS
THE CIVIL SERVICE HAS PREPARED
FOR THE FIRST MINISTERS'
CONFERENCE NEXT WEEK.

A clean-shaven man in his fifties with short dark hair speaks. A caption reads "Malcolm Rowan, Deputy Minister, Energy."

Rowan says I AM VERY SENSITIVE,
OR VERY CONCERNED,
THAT THERE WOULD BE SOMETHING
SAID ABOUT ENERGY THAT WOULD
NOT ACCORD WITH WHAT WE'RE
TRYING TO DO IN THAT FIELD.
FOR EXAMPLE, FROM
ONTARIO'S POINT OF VIEW,
THERE ARE A NUMBER OF
INITIATIVES IN THE CRUDE OIL
AND NATURAL GAS FIELD IN OTHER
PROVINCES THAT WE COULD BE
VERY SUPPORTIVE OF THAT
ARE JOBS IN CANADA
WHICH HAVE SPINOFFS
FOR ONTARIO.
AND IT'S THOSE THAT WE SHOULD
BE EMPHASIZING RATHER THAN
SAYING, GOSH, I GUESS WE'D
BETTER DO SOMETHING
IN ONTARIO, AND LET'S GET
ONTARIO HYDRO TO BOOST UP.
SO, REALLY, WHAT
I'M ASKING FOR,
WILL THERE BE AN OPPORTUNITY
TO TAKE A LOOK AT A DRAFT
OF THIS STATEMENT BEFORE
IT'S PUT TO BED, SO THAT
WE CAN COMMENT ON IT?

Stewart says LET ME JUST SAY
THAT FIRST OF ALL,
IT'S BECAUSE OF THOSE
KIND OF CONCERNS
WE'RE ALL SITTING
HERE RIGHT NOW.

A white-haired man with dark eyebrows in his late sixties speaks. A caption reads "Bill Anderson, Secretary, Management Board of Cabinet."

Anderson says THE WAY THIS THING HAS BEEN
SET UP, IT'S CLEAR THAT
THE THREE STARS ARE GOING TO
BE TRUDEAU ON THE FIRST DAY,
AND LALONDE ON
THE FINAL DAY...
AND RATHER -- HORNER AND
LALONDE ON THE FINAL DAY,
FOLLOWED BY TRUDEAU, AND I
THINK THEY NEED TO BE A LITTLE
PREEMPTED WHEREVER WE CAN.

Stewart says REMEMBER, THERE ARE A LOT OF
PLAYERS IN THIS GAME WHO
ARE SEARCHING FOR THEIR OWN
"MOMENT OF GLORY," SO TO SPEAK,
AND GOODNESS KNOWS HOW
MANY ALTERNATIVE IDEAS
WILL BE PARADED OUT IN
THE COURSE OF THAT MORNING,
SO IF WE'VE GOT THIS ONE,
LET'S GET IT OUT FRONT
WHEN WE HAVE THE
OPPORTUNITY TO DO SO.

Anderson says T.V.LAND WON'T HAVE READ
THE BLUE DOCUMENT.

Stewart says NO, NO.

Dick says THE STATEMENTS THEMSELVES
HAVE BEEN DESIGNED, I THINK,
WITH YOUR UNDERSTANDING AND
WITH ED'S UNDERSTANDING...

The Narrator says TWO DAYS LATER, DAVIS IS
PRESENTED WITH A DRAFT OF THE
TEXT HE WILL READ AT THE FIRST
MINISTER'S CONFERENCE IN OTTAWA.

Dick continues ...SORT OF BULLET POINTS SO THAT
YOU, AT YOUR DESIRE, MIGHT GO
THROUGH AND PICK OUT THE ONES
YOU REALLY WANT TO HIT...

In off, Davis says THERE ARE SOME TIMES WHEN YOU
KNOW WHAT'S BEING SAID OR
WHAT'S GOING TO BE SAID
BECAUSE A NUMBER OF THESE
ISSUES HAVE BEEN DISCUSSED
ON OTHER OCCASIONS,
IN WHICH CASE YOU'RE THINKING
AHEAD TO THE NEXT ITEM
ON THE AGENDA OR HOW YOU'RE
ULTIMATELY GOING TO BRING BACK
A STRATEGY TO DEAL WITH
THAT PARTICULAR ISSUE.
BUT I AM A GOOD LISTENER,
AND THIS IS HOW I LEARN,
AND MOST OF THE
TIME I AM, IN FACT,
PAYING ATTENTION TO
WHAT'S BEING SAID.
MY MIND IS NOT WANDERING
OFF TO HOW THE ARGOS
ARE MAKING OUT, OR
WHAT HAVE YOU.
(Davis sits puffing thoughtfully on his pipe)

At the meeting, a blond woman journalist in a red sweater says
IF WE'VE GOT ANYTHING PUNCHY,
AND I HAVEN'T READ ANY
OF THIS MATERIAL, I THINK IF
WE'VE GOT ANYTHING PUNCHY
IT WOULD BE AWFULLY NICE TO DROP
ONE PUNCHY THING SUNDAY NIGHT.
THE PREMIER OF
ONTARIO WAS GOING IN
WITH THIS AMONG
OTHER THINGS.

A red-coated guard salutes the soberly dressed members of the Federal-Provincial Conference as they file into the conference room.

The Narrator says FEDERAL/PROVINCIAL
CONFERENCES HAVE BECOME
A REGULAR FEATURE OF
CANADIAN POLITICS.
MEETINGS AMONG VARIOUS
PROVINCIAL MINISTERS OCCUR
ALMOST MONTHLY, AND FIRST
MINISTERS' CONFERENCES
ARE NOW A BIANNUAL EVENT
AND A MEDIA SPECTACLE.
FROM THEIR INITIAL CONTROL OF
EDUCATION AND PUBLIC WORKS,
THE PROVINCES HAVE
SUBSTANTIALLY INCREASED
THEIR LEGISLATIVE POWERS.
COLLECTIVELY, THEY ARE NOW IN
MANY WAYS MORE POWERFUL
THAN THE FEDERAL PARLIAMENT.
AMONG THE PROVINCES, NONE IS
MORE POWERFUL THAN ONTARIO,
AND NO INDIVIDUAL MORE
INFLUENTIAL THAN ITS PREMIER.

A red-haired man in his fifties speaks for the camera. A caption reads "Richard Hatfield, Premier of New Brunswick."

Hatfield says BECAUSE OF THE OFFICE, HE
DOES COMMAND A GREAT DEAL OF
RESPECT BECAUSE THE FACT OF
THE MATTER IS THAT ONTARIO
ECONOMY IS VERY IMPORTANT
TO ALL OF CANADA.
IT'S VERY IMPORTANT
TO ALBERTA.
WE ALL REALLY BASICALLY
HAVE TO REACT TO ONTARIO.
THAT WAS THE ORIGINAL MISTAKE
OF CONFEDERATION IN MY VIEW,
AND IN 1864 AND '65, ALL THEY
ASKED FOR WAS REP BY POP,
KNOWING FULL WELL THAT THEY'D
ALWAYS HAVE THE GREATEST
POPULATION -- THEREFORE, THEY'D
ALWAYS HAVE THE GREATEST
POLITICAL POWER -- AND
WITH POLITICAL POWER,
THEY COULD GET BASICALLY
ALMOST EVERYTHING THEY WANTED.

Prime Minister Trudeau stands in the middle of a crowd, wearing a dark red suit.

The Narrator says FOR PRIME MINISTER
PIERRE TRUDEAU,
THIS CONFERENCE TELECAST
LIVE ACROSS THE COUNTRY
IS AN OPPORTUNITY TO REGAIN HIS
POPULARITY AMONG THE VOTERS.

Arranging his papers nervously, Trudeau says ALL THESE CLOSE-UPS.

The Narrator says THE CURRENT POLLS SHOW HIS
LIBERAL PARTY TIED WITH THE
FEDERAL CONSERVATIVES
IN POPULAR SUPPORT.
[gavel banging]

The Speaker says GOOD MORNING.
IN COMING TO ORDER, I
WANT FIRST TO WELCOME
ALL THE PROVINCIAL PREMIERS...

The Narrator says IN PRIVATE BACKROOM MEETINGS,
THE WORDING OF THE JOINT
CONFERENCE COMMUNIQUE IS
ALREADY BEING NEGOTIATED
BY THE FEDERAL AND
PROVINCIAL CIVIL SERVANTS
AS THEIR LEADERS PERFORM
FOR THE TELEVISION CAMERAS.

Davis says THE PRIORITY FOR GOVERNMENT
ACTION IS THE ACHIEVEMENT
OF BETTER ECONOMIC GROWTH AND
THE CREATION OF LONG-TERM
PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT, AND
THAT'S WHAT THIS CONFERENCE -
AS I UNDERSTAND IT, SIR

IS REALLY ALL ABOUT.
I AM THEREFORE TABLING,
MISTER PRIME MINISTER,
ONTARIO'S PROPOSALS FOR A
NATIONAL ECONOMIC POLICY
OVER THE NEXT FEW YEARS.
WE'VE ENTITLED IT "AN ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT POLICY FOR CANADA,"
AND WE'D BE SATISFIED WITH ANY
CHANGE IN NAME, AS LONG AS
SOME OF THE IDEAS IN IT ARE
CONSIDERED IN A CONSTRUCTIVE
FASHION BY THIS CONFERENCE
AND PARTICULARLY, SIR,
YOUR GOVERNMENT.

The Quebec Premier, Levesque, with longish gray hair in his seventies, says
NOW, THE SUGGESTION I'D LIKE
TO MAKE IS THIS: VERY SIMPLY,
WHY DON'T WE START, MAYBE,
AS A DRAFT WITH THE VERY
DIVERSIFIED AND YET, I THINK,
IN MOST ASPECTS VERY PRACTICAL
"SHOPPING LIST" -- TO BORROW
MISTER BENNETT'S EXPRESSION -
THAT WAS PUT BEFORE US
BY ONTARIO THIS MORNING.
WE FOUND IT RATHER STRIKING.
WE IMMEDIATELY FOUND THINGS
THAT FROM OUR QUEBEC
STANDPOINT WE'D LIKED THE
NUANCE MAYBE, OR TO ADD TO IT.
I THINK IT CAME VERY CLOSE TO
A LOT OF THE THINGS WE HAD
TO SAY THIS MORNING, SO THE
SUGGESTION VERY SIMPLY IS THAT
MAYBE WE COULD INSTRUCT THE
CIVIL SERVANTS TO USE THAT
AS A STARTING POINT.

Trudeau says I THINK THAT'S A WORTHWHILE
SUGGESTION, BUT I,
WITH RESPECT, WOULD SUGGEST THAT
WE MIGHT NOT LIMIT OURSELVES
TO THE VERY FINE LIST PUT
FORWARD BY PREMIER DAVIS.

Levesque says THAT'S EXACTLY THE POINT.
OUR MAIN PREOCCUPATION IS THAT
WITH THAT OR OTHER STARTING
POINTS GELLED TOGETHER THAT
WE GET SOMETHING CONCRETE AND
SOMETHING THAT CAN IMMEDIATELY
BECOME MAYBE OPERATIONAL
IN THE PROXIMATE FUTURE.

Trudeau says WELL, THAT'S VERY
MUCH, I THINK,
IN ALL OUR MINDS THAT WE
DON'T WANT TO LEAVE HERE
WITHOUT BEING ABLE TO LOOK
AT SOME CONCRETE ACTIONS.

At a press conference, Levesque says
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, I SUPPOSE,
IN THE PRESENT CONTEXT
WOULD LIKE TO BE THE GREAT
INITIATOR, BUT THEY DIDN'T
BRING UP ANYTHING MUCH
CONCRETE TODAY, AND THE
FIRST CONCRETE THINGS
CAME FROM THE PROVINCES.
I THINK THAT LIST WAS ONE GOOD
EXAMPLE OF WHAT CAN BE DONE.

A reporter says IT'S UNUSUAL FOR YOU TO
AGREE WITH MISTER DAVIS.

Levesque says WELL, I DON'T AGREE ON
EVERYTHING - THAT YOU KNOW -
BUT ON THAT POINT, YES.
[laughing]

The Narrator says LUNCH BREAK AT THE CONFERENCE --
THE ONTARIO DELEGATION GETS
TOGETHER IN ITS SUITE IN
THE CHATEAU LAURIER HOTEL.

In a meeting with Davis and a young man with dark hair and a chin curtain beard, Stewart says I REALLY THINK WE SHOULD BE
ANNOUNCING IN THAT SPEECH,
PREMIER, SOME OF THE THINGS
THAT DON HAS SUGGESTED.

The Narrator says THE LUNCH BREAK IS AN
OPPORTUNITY FOR DAVIS
AND THE MINISTERS TO FIND
OUT WHAT HAS BEEN HAPPENING
OUT OF RANGE OF THE TELEVISION
CAMERAS IN THE PRIVATE MEETINGS
OF FEDERAL AND PROVINCIAL
CIVIL SERVANTS.
THIS MORNING, FEDERAL
OFFICIALS WERE TESTING
PROVINCIAL REACTION TO
THE MONITORING AGENCY...
THEY PLAN TO REPLACE THE
ANTI-INFLATION BOARD.

A voice says PREMIER, ARE YOU ALL SET?

Davis says IS THERE ANY POSSIBILITY,
KNOWING THAT QUEBEC
WILL NOT AGREE TO THE
STRUCTURE WE HAVE SUGGESTED,
THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN
SPITE OF THAT MIGHT AGREE TO
THIS COUNCIL OR WHATEVER
TERM THEY MAY WISH TO USE -
HAVE THEY SAID ANYTHING
AT ALL ABOUT THAT?

A man in his forties with sideburns and a fringe says
SASKATCHEWAN HAS SAID
IT'S COMPLETELY AGAINST.
MANITOBA IS RATHER
COOL TO THE IDEA.
BRITISH COLUMBIA SEES
IT AS A POTENTIAL
CONSTITUTIONAL PROBLEM.
ALBERTA IS VERY
MUCH LIKE US.
NEW BRUNSWICK HASN'T THOUGHT
MUCH ABOUT THE SPECIFICS,
THEREFORE, THE
CONCEPT GENERALLY.
QUEBEC IS AGAINST ANY FEDERAL
INVOLVEMENT IN THEIR PUBLIC
SECTOR, WILL PROBABLY SET
UP AN AGENCY OF THEIR OWN
OF SOME KIND.
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND SAID
IT WAS OKAY WITH THEM
AS LONG AS IT DIDN'T
COST THEM ANYTHING.
[laughing]

A man with beard stubble in his forties says IN THAT STATEMENT
OF CHRETIEN'S,
THERE'S A PARAGRAPH OF OTHER
THINGS THAT THEY MIGHT DO,
AND THOSE OTHER THINGS CAN
BE DONE BY THE COUNCIL
OF FINANCE MINISTERS,
THE FIRST MINISTERS,
THE ECONOMIC COUNCIL OF CANADA;
NO MORE NEEDS TO BE DONE
BY A MONITORING AGENCY
THAN FLY TO THE MOON.
THEY'RE REALLY,
IN THAT PARAGRAPH,
HE'S LOOKING FOR WORK, HE'S
TRYING TO SELL THE MONITORING
AGENCY, AND THAT'S WORK THAT
I THINK MORE APPROPRIATELY -- I
WOULD BE A FAN OF THE ECONOMIC
COUNCIL OF CANADA DOING IT.

Davis, puffing at his pipe, says YEAH, AND I THINK THIS IS TRUE
OF A NUMBER, FOR THIS IS WHEN,
OF COURSE, HE MENTIONED
THAT THEY WOULD
PROBABLY HAVE IT ANYWAY.
I THINK THEY'VE DECIDED THAT
POLITICALLY IT'S A GOOD MOVE.

The Narrator says THAT NIGHT, THE PREMIERS
ATTEND A PRIVATE DINNER
AT THE PRIME MINISTER'S
RESIDENCE, AND THEIR MINISTERS,
MEETING WITH FEDERAL FINANCE MINISTER JEAN CHRETIEN,
FINALIZED THE WORDING OF THE JOINT COMMUNIQUE,
WHICH WILL BE ANNOUNCED THE NEXT DAY.

A reporter approaches Levesque as he goes in to Trudeau's residence and says IS THIS WHERE THE REAL MEETING
TAKES PLACE, PREMIER LEVESQUE?

Levesque says I DON'T KNOW, I'LL
TELL YOU COMING OUT.
I HOPE THE REAL MEETING
TAKES PLACE SOMEWHERE.
[chuckling]

The Narrator says AFTER A SQUABBLE WITH
TRUDEAU OVER DINNER,
THE NEXT DAY LEVESQUE WALKS
OUT OF THE CONFERENCE AND
CALLS HIS OWN
PRESS CONFERENCE.
BACK IN THE CONFERENCE HALL,
THE MEETING CONTINUES WITHOUT
LEVESQUE AND EACH PROVINCIAL
GOVERNMENT CHECKS THE WORDING
OF THE JOINT COMMUNIQUE.

Speaking against a background of flags, Levesque says C'EST AVEC UNE...

Captions read "It is with a certain sadness - some of you will refuse to believe that, of course, but I can assure you it's true, anyway it's with a feeling of real deception, that I left the other participants a few moments ago, before coming here to meet with you."

A Davis aide says ALBERTA DOESN'T WANT TO
MENTION ANY ALBERTA PROJECTS
AS BEING COLLABORATED
UPON, OR WHATEVER.
THEY WANT THAT
OUT COMPLETELY.
THE OTHER ONES ARE
JUST TINKERING.
THERE'S NOT A HELL OF A LOT IN
IT FOR US, EXCEPT AUTOMOBILES.

The Narrator says THERE HAS BEEN VERY LITTLE
AGREEMENT ON ECONOMIC
COOPERATION AMONG
THE GOVERNMENTS,
THOUGH MUCH OF ONTARIO'S
TEN-POINT PROGRAM APPEARS
IN THE FINAL DOCUMENT.
SOME MONTHS LATER,
LEVESQUE FLIES TO TORONTO
FOR THE FIRST PRIVATE MEETING
WITH HIS NEIGHBOURING
PREMIER SINCE THE PQ
ELECTION VICTORY.

Levesque and Davis walk together down a hallway.

Levesque says I'M KIND OF WORRIED WHETHER
WE'LL SEE HOW THEY FEEL IT.
HE'S ON THE OTTAWA SIDE, NON?

Davis says HE'S ON THE OTTAWA
SIDE, YES, YES.
LOOK OUT, LOOK OUT.

The Narrator says LEVESQUE BELIEVES QUEBEC CAN
SEPARATE FROM CANADA WITHOUT
DAMAGING ITS CLOSE ECONOMIC
TIES WITH ONTARIO.
DAVIS DISAGREES, BUT THE TWO
PREMIERS HAVE ONE THING
IN COMMON -- A HEALTHY DISLIKE
FOR PRIME MINISTER TRUDEAU'S
WAY OF KEEPING THE
COUNTRY TOGETHER.
ANXIOUS TO CREATE SYMBOLS OF
GOOD FAITH THROUGHOUT
THE COUNTRY, TRUDEAU HAS BEEN
PUBLICLY PRESSURING DAVIS
TO RECOGNIZE FRENCH AS AN
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IN ONTARIO,
WHICH HAS THE LARGEST
FRENCH-SPEAKING POPULATION
OUTSIDE QUEBEC.
THE PREMIERS WERE ASKED
IF THEY HAD DISCUSSED
THE FUTURE OF CANADA.

Replying to the question, Davis says IT WAS NOT A MATTER THAT WAS
DISCUSSED AT ANY GREAT LENGTH.
THE PREMIER OF QUEBEC KNOWS
MY VIEWS ON THE SUBJECT --
I KNOW HIS.
IT IS MY HOPE THAT
HE'LL CHANGE HIS.
[chuckling]

Levesque says MUTUAL!
[laughing]

The Narrator says UNDER PRESSURE FROM THE PRESS,
BOTH OPPOSITION PARTIES AND
THE FEDERAL LIBERALS
TO RECOGNIZE FRENCH
AS AN OFFICIAL LANGUAGE,
DAVIS WORRIES ABOUT
THE REACTION OF
ONTARIO VOTERS.
THE ISSUE IS DISCUSSED AT THE
MONTHLY CONSERVATIVE PARTY
STRATEGY MEETING IN
THE PARK PLAZA HOTEL.

Tom Wells, Minister of Education, in his sixties with side-parted white hair, says THERE'S NO USE TRYING TO BE
ALL THINGS TO ALL PEOPLE.
YOU CAN'T BE THE SAVIOUR OF
THE HARDCORE RIGHT WING OR
WHATEVER THEY ARE THAT DON'T
WANT ANY MORE FRENCH IN THIS
PROVINCE AND JUST WOULD LIKE
TO SEE THE WHOLE THING
GO AWAY, AND ALSO STEADILY
AND INCREMENTALLY
PROGRESS WITH FRENCH LANGUAGE.
YOU CAN'T BE ALL
THINGS TO BOTH OF THEM,
BUT YOU CAN DO IT IN A MIDDLE
WAY THAT'S QUIETLY ACHIEVED
SOME OF THE GOALS THAT WE WANT.

Eddie Goodman says WE'VE MANAGED TO GET BY BY
THIS NICE CREEPING PACE,
AND I THINK THAT THAT'S THE
WAY WE SHOULD CONTINUE EXACTLY
THE WAY WE'VE BEEN FOR
THE LAST 18 MONTHS.

On the podium at the Canadian Club, Davis says
THERE ARE THOSE WHO WILL ARGUE,
AND YOU'VE SEEN SOME OF IT,
THAT AN OFFICIAL DECLARATION
OF BILINGUALISM
WOULD BE A SYMBOLIC
GESTURE OF GOOD FAITH.
TO THEM, I SAY IT IS
SUPPORT, UNDERSTANDING,
AND COMMITMENTS THAT ARE
BEING SOUGHT, NOT SYMBOLISM.
AND I HAVE NOT GIVEN 20 YEARS
TO PUBLIC LIFE IN OUR PROVINCE
AND IN THIS COUNTRY TO EMBARK
NOW UPON A STYLE OF LEADERSHIP
WHICH WOULD BE A SERIOUS
DERELICTION OF ONTARIO'S DEBT
TO HER HISTORY AND
DUTY TO HER FUTURE.
AND WITH YOUR COUNSEL,
SUPPORT, AND UNDERSTANDING,
WE WILL CONTINUE IN OUR
PROVINCE TO DISCHARGE
THAT DUTY AND ABOVE ALL, OUR
GREATER DUTY TO THE CIVILITY,
HUMANITY, AND ULTIMATE
WELLBEING OF THE CANADA
WE ALL LOVE AND CHERISH.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH.
[Sustained applause]

The Narrator says UNWILLING TO MAKE FRENCH AN
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IN ONTARIO,
BUT LOOKING FOR OTHER WAYS OF
KEEPING THE COUNTRY TOGETHER,
DAVIS HAS SET UP AN ADVISORY
COMMITTEE ON CONFEDERATION.

A man in his forties with blond hair combed back with gel speaks.

Ian Macdonald says CIRCULATED TO THE PREMIER AND
OTHER MEMBERS OF THE CABINET
IN ADVANCE, CONSTITUTIONAL
CHANGE UNDER THE GENERAL
HEADING OF GENERAL
PRINCIPLES, LANGUAGE RIGHTS,
SENATE AMENDING FORMULA,
JUDICIARY NATIONAL INSTITUTION
OF POLITICAL AND
DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS...

The Narrator says THE COMMITTEE IS CHAIRED
BY IAN MACDONALD,
PRESIDENT OF YORK UNIVERSITY.

Macdonald continues ...ON OUR AGENDA AHEAD, WE
WILL BE DEALING WITH
THE DISTRIBUTION OF POWERS --
WE WILL BE DEALING WITH...

The Narrator says COMMITTEE MEMBERS INCLUDE
ACADEMICS, LABOUR LEADERS,
CONSTITUTIONAL EXPERTS, AND
A FORMER GOVERNOR GENERAL.

A fast clip shows all those mentioned. Davis puffs on his pipe.

The man in his thirties with a chin-curtain beard speaks. A caption reads "Don Stevenson, Senior Assistant Deputy Minister, Treasury, Economics and Intergovernmental Affairs."

Stevenson says THIS SECTION DESCRIBES
THE BASIC MODEL THAT
THE COMMITTEE BELIEVES
IN FOR A SECOND CHAMBER,
IS SOMETHING THAT WOULD CHANGE
OUR PARLIAMENTARY AND FEDERAL
SYSTEM QUITE DRAMATICALLY,
AND THAT WOULD BE A SENATE
OR A SECOND CHAMBER, WHICH WOULD
BE APPOINTED BY THE PROVINCES,
SO THERE'S QUITE A DEBATE
AS TO WHETHER AN ELECTED
SECOND CHAMBER WAS
SUITABLE OR NOT.
THERE WAS A FEELING THAT
AN ELECTED SECOND CHAMBER
WOULD BE ADDING AN
ADDITIONAL COMPLICATION
TO OUR FEDERAL STRUCTURES.

Davis says TO MAKE THIS WORK, I THINK
THE APPOINTEES HAVE TO COME
FROM THE PROVINCIAL
GOVERNMENTS.
WE COULD, AT THIS
MOMENT IN HISTORY,
HAVE A SENATE OR
WHATEVER IT WAS CALLED
WITH REPRESENTATIVES THERE.
THE MAJORITY OF WHOM WOULD
BE OF PARTY OTHER THAN
THE PARTY WITH THE MAJORITY
IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS.
IT COULD BE A BIT
COMPLICATED.
I JUST CAN'T SEE THE
GOVERNMENT OF CANADA
OBJECTING TO THIS.
I MEAN, I CAN SEE IT, BUT...
[laughing]

Stevenson says WHAT WE'RE AFRAID OF IS A
FEDERAL SENATE PROPOSAL
FOR HALF FEDERAL AND HALF
PROVINCIAL APPOINTMENTS
WITH TERMS TO LAST 10 YEARS OR
SOMETHING LIKE THIS, WHICH...

Davis says IS NOT NEARLY AS GOOD
AS WHAT YOU HAVE HERE.

Stevenson says IT WOULD ACHIEVE
ALMOST NONE OF THIS.

Davis, talking with pipe in mouth, says I THINK THE COMMITTEE HAS DONE
AN EXCELLENT PIECE OF WORK;
IT'S THE MOST CONSTRUCTIVE,
ENCOURAGING THING
I'VE SEEN IN A DAY OR TWO.
I GUESS WE ARE ALL LEFT
WITH THE QUESTION OF HOW
MUCH IMPACT THINGS OF
THIS NATURE WILL HAVE
SOMEWHERE DOWN THE ROAD.
WHO KNOWS, BUT AT LEAST
THE EFFORT IS BEING MADE.

Darcy walks into McKeough's office and says GOOD DAY, GOOD DAY.

McKeough says HI, DARCE.

The Narrator says AFTER 50 PRE-BUDGET MEETINGS
IN THE LAST TWO MONTHS,
McKEOUGH'S THIRD MEETING TODAY
IS WITH THE BANK OF MONTREAL.

A man saysJACK, YOU REMEMBER;
JOHN, YOU REMEMBER.

McKeough says HOW ARE YOU?

They say GOOD.

McKeough holds up a logo and says THIS IS THE ONE YOU TOOK OFF
THE BUILDING DOWN THERE.
[laughing]

Darcy says HART, I'M REALLY SORRY,
I WAS GOING TO PUT ON
MY BANK OF MONTREAL TIE THIS
MORNING KNOWING THAT
WE WERE GOING TO BE FILMED
TODAY, BUT I WAS GOING TO
THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA
FOR LUNCH AND I REALLY
DIDN'T THINK THAT'D
GO OVER TOO WELL.

The banker says I THOUGHT THAT'S THE TIME
YOU MIGHT'VE WORN IT!
[laughing]
YOU MIGHT HAVE
GOT A LOWER RATE!
[laughing]

A gray-haired man in his seventies speaks. A caption reads "Hartland MacDougall, Executive Vice-President, The Bank of Montreal."

MacDougall says DARCY, I THINK IT'S GOOD
AND TIMELY IN THAT
JACK AND JOHN HAVE BEEN
FROM ST. JOHN'S, NEWFOUNDLAND
TO VICTORIA, B.C.
WITH OUR OUTLOOK AND ALL
PROVINCES IN BETWEEN,
SO THAT THEY NOT ONLY WERE
DELIVERING OUR MESSAGE
BUT HAVE SOME PRETTY GOOD
FEEDBACK FROM DIFFERENT
PARTS OF THE COUNTRY, WHICH
COULD MAKE THIS SESSION
EVEN MORE USEFUL
AS TO TIMING.

A man with receding gray hair and glasses in his late sixties speaks. A caption reads "Jack Toten, Vice-President and Chief Economist, The Bank of Montreal."

Toten says THE WESTERN WORLD HAS GOT
SOME YEARS TO GO THROUGH
OF THIS KIND OF A
STAGFLATIONARY PERIOD,
UNTIL WE GET INTO A
REAL EXPANSION AGAIN,
AND I WOULDN'T RULE OUT
SOME SORT OF RECESSION.
I'M THINKING THAT '83, '84,
SOMEWHERE ALONG IN THERE IS
WHEN WE'RE GOING TO WAKE UP
AND SUDDENLY FIND THAT WE'RE
SHORT OF CAPACITY TO PRODUCE
THIS AND THIS AND THIS,
BECAUSE THE WORLD HAS
INCREASED ITS POPULATION BY
20 PERCENT IN THE LAST 10 YEARS,
AND THERE'S VERY LITTLE
NEW CAPACITY PUT IN PLACE FOR
A LOT OF MAJOR THINGS.
THE GERMAN BUSINESSMEN
ARE CONVINCED THAT
THE ONLY SOLUTION IS
FOR REAL WAGES TO FALL,
THAT YOU'VE GOT TO GET
REAL CORPORATE PROFITS UP.
AND THAT'S JUST DANDY, BUT IT
CERTAINLY DOESN'T SOUND TO ME
LIKE A POLITICALLY POPULAR
STANCE FOR ANYBODY TO TAKE.

Darcy says WELL, YOU'RE NEVER GOING TO
IMPOSE THE GERMAN MODEL
ON CANADA OR THE U.S.
BECAUSE WE'RE NOT GOING
TO WORK THAT HARD,
WE'RE NOT GOING TO
BE THAT DISCIPLINED.
BY THE SAME TOKEN, I
DON'T THINK THAT PERHAPS
GENERATIONS, YOU MIGHT GET
THEM A LITTLE BIT MORE LIKE US
BUT IT ISN'T GOING TO
HAPPEN IN ONE YEAR.
AND IF THEY DON'T BELIEVE IN
GOING OUT AND BUYING A NEW CAR
EVERY YEAR, THE WAY WE DO,
YOU'RE NOT GOING TO CHANGE
THAT OVERNIGHT -- YOU
COULDN'T GIVE THEM THE CAR.

Toten says THERE IS AN ALTERNATIVE
TO CONTROLS, OF COURSE,
AND THAT'S TO ALLOW
OR PUT THE COUNTRY
INTO ONE HELL OF
A RECESSION.
AND YOU KNOW THE UNITED
STATES DID TAKE A RECESSION,
A MUCH DEEPER RECESSION
THAN CANADA TOOK,
AND, EVER SINCE, THEY'VE HAD A
LOT EASIER TIME IN HANDLING
THE BUSINESS OF
PRICES AND WAGES,
BUT IT'S STRONG MEDICINE.
I DON'T KNOW HOW MANY
PEOPLE WENT BANKRUPT
IN THAT REAL RECESSION
THAT THE U.S. TOOK.
I'M NOT RECOMMENDING WE DO IT --
ALL I'M SAYING IS THAT
IT IS HANGING OUT
THERE IN THE WINGS.
IF PEOPLE DON'T TAKE
SERIOUSLY WHAT YOU'RE SAYING,
THAT THERE IS AN
ALTERNATIVE.

The Narrator says WITH JUST THREE WEEKS
BEFORE BUDGET NIGHT,
McKEOUGH RELEASES A STAFF
BACKGROUND STUDY TO THE PRESS,
TO TEST PUBLIC REACTION.

On TV, a newscaster says HIGHER TAXES OVER
THE NEXT YEAR.
SPEAKING AT A DOWNTOWN
CONFERENCE LAST NIGHT,
McKEOUGH HINTED THAT HIS MARCH
7TH BUDGET WILL CONTAIN
SOME STIFF MEASURES FOR
GENERATING NEW REVENUES.
JIM DEEKS REPORTS.

Deeks says McKEOUGH MET WITH REPORTERS
TODAY, BUT REFUSED
TO GIVE SPECIFIC DETAILS
OF NEXT MONTH'S BUDGET,
INSTEAD REFERRING TO
A BACKGROUND STUDY
RELEASED YESTERDAY.

Darcy sits watching the report and, in off, says
THERE ARE TWO ASPECTS TO A
BUDGET -- ONE IS ECONOMIC,
ONE IS POLITICAL.
I HAVEN'T BEEN AS WORRIED
ABOUT THE POLITICS
OF THIS BUDGET AS I HAVE
ABOUT SOME OTHERS.
WHAT I WORRIED ABOUT A
LITTLE BIT MORE THIS TIME
IS THAT THE ECONOMICS
AREN'T QUITE AS CLEAR --
THERE IS A WHOLE HOST
OF CONFLICTING ADVICE.

In an interview on TV news, Darcy says THE AVERAGE GUY, IN MY VIEW,
IS WAY AHEAD OF THE POLITICIAN
IN THIS AREA AND PROBABLY
WAY AHEAD OF THE ECONOMISTS,
WHO ARE SAYING WE SHOULD BE
INCREASING EXPENDITURES
OR DECREASING TAXES.
HE KNOWS THE BOOKS AREN'T
BALANCED AND HE KNOWS
THE BOOKS HAVE
TO BE BALANCED.

The interviewer says WHEN YOU SAY WE'RE GOING TO
HAVE TO PAY A LITTLE MORE,
WHAT ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT?

Darcy says WELL, I'LL TELL YOU
THAT ON MARCH THE 7TH.

A newscaster says THE CANADIAN DOLLAR FELL
EVEN LOWER THAN YESTERDAY'S
89.5 U.S. CENTS TODAY.
THE CANADIAN DOLLAR
CLOSED AT 89.37 IN TERMS
OF THE U.S. DOLLAR.
EARLIER TODAY, THAT DOLLAR WAS
EVEN LOWER, TRADING AT 89.-

Getting up from his chair, Darcy says SO MUCH FOR CONFIDENCE.
[chuckling]

The Narrator says THE EVENING BEFORE THE
OPENING OF THE LEGISLATURE,
STEWART READS THE THRONE
SPEECH TO THE CABINET
FOR FINAL APPROVAL.

Stewart says ALL SIDES OF THIS HOUSE
WILL WORK TOGETHER
TOWARDS THESE OBJECTIVES.
THERE CANNOT BE ANY DOUBT THAT
IT IS WITHIN THE CAPACITY
OF THIS LEGISLATURE, IN ITS
DAY-TO-DAY UNDERTAKINGS,
TO EXERT A POSITIVE
INFLUENCE THROUGHOUT ONTARIO
AND THE NATION AS A WHOLE, TO
BUILD AND STRENGTHEN OUR FUTURE.
HONOURABLE MEMBERS, MY
GOVERNMENT PRESENTS THESE
MEASURES WHICH ARE NOW
SUBJECT TO YOUR CONSIDERATION
AND JUDGMENT AS BEING
IN THE BEST INTERESTS
OF THE PEOPLE OF ONTARIO.
MAY DIVINE PROVIDENCE GUIDE
YOU IN YOUR DELIBERATIONS.
IN OUR SOVEREIGN'S
NAME, I THANK YOU.
GOD BLESS THE
QUEEN AND CANADA.

In an undertone, Davis says AND THE TORY PARTY.
AMEN, BROTHER.

Davis says WELL, WE HAD A LOT OF
IDEAS FROM MINISTRIES,
MEMBERS, AND SO ON.
IT'S DIFFICULT TO GET THEM ALL
IN AND COVER EVERY MINISTRY.
THERE'S SORT OF A
GENERAL THEME TO THIS,
IN THAT FOR THE THIRD
YEAR, MISTER TREASURER,
WE'RE DOING THIS
IN A SPIRIT OF...

The Treasurer says CHEAPNESS.

Davis continues OF RESTRAINT, AND I THINK
IT FLOWS FAIRLY WELL,
SORT OF HIGHLIGHTING THE
ECONOMIC SITUATION
AND OUR OVERALL
OBJECTIVES, ET CETERA.
THERE'LL BE SOME
CRITICISM FROM THE PRESS --
THERE AREN'T ENOUGH
A, B, C, AND D.s,
AND THAT WE'LL HAVE TO ACCEPT
BECAUSE SPECIFIC A, B, C,
AND D.s USUALLY COST
A LOT OF MONEY.
YOU'LL ALL BE ABLE TO WIN THE
PRESS -- AS THEY WILL ASK YOU
ABOUT THIS, THAT, AND THE
OTHER THING -- BE ABLE TO,
IN A GENERAL WAY, RESPOND, AND
IF YOU'RE AT ALL RELUCTANT,
DON'T HESITATE TO SAY,
FELLOWS AND LADIES,
YOU'LL SEE IT
WHEN THE POLICY
AND THE LEGISLATION
IS INTRODUCED.

[trumpets play]
A horse-drawn carriage is led through the streets in a parade.

The Narrator says ALMOST 200 YEARS AGO,
THE FIRST LARGE GROUP
OF ONTARIO SETTLERS, THE
UNITED EMPIRE LOYALISTS,
FLEEING THE AMERICAN
REVOLUTION CAME NORTH
TO REMAIN UNDER THE
BRITISH CROWN.
CANADA IS STILL A
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY.
TO REPRESENT THE QUEEN, EACH
PROVINCE HAS A LIEUTENANT
GOVERNOR WHO PRESIDES AT
CEREMONIAL FUNCTIONS AND EACH
YEAR READS THE SPEECH
FROM THE THRONE.

The elderly Lieutenant Governor and her husband descend from the carriage.

A soldier calls and says ROYAL SALUTE!

The Narrator says THE FIRST WOMAN LIEUTENANT
GOVERNOR IS ONTARIO'S
PAULINE McGIBBON.
[trumpet playing]

Standing in his office with his press secretary, Davis says
ON COMMERCIAL
VEHICLES AND SO ON,
AND I WANT TO STAY
AWAY FROM THAT.
(Brass band music filters in from the street)

The Narrator says SALLY BARNES, DAVIS'S
PRESS SECRETARY,
BRIEFS HIM FOR THE PRESS
CONFERENCE WHICH WILL PRECEDE
THE READING OF
THE THRONE SPEECH.

Redheaded Sally says ...PROBABLY BE ASKING WHERE'S
YOUR BOYCOTT LEGISLATION?
WHERE IS THE LEGISLATION
ON THE CITIZENS' COMMITTEE
ON COMPLAINTS TO THE POLICE

Davis says THOSE ARE MISSING,

Sally continues SO YOU MIGHT WELL BE ASKED IF
WE ARE GOING TO BRING IN THAT.
THE AUTO CAR INSURANCE, PEOPLE
ARE CONFUSED ON THAT, AS AM I.
TAKE A LOOK AT THAT -- THAT
COMMITTEE HASN'T REPORTED?

Davis says NO.
BUT AS A MATTER OF POLICY,
WE'RE GOING TO MOVE TO
COMPULSORY AUTOMOTIVE
INSURANCE.

In Parliament, everyone takes their seat.

Giving the "Throne Speech," Pauline MacGibbon says MISTER SPEAKER AND MEMBERS OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY...

The Narrator says THE THRONE SPEECH ORIGINATED
IN THE 15TH CENTURY,
WHEN THE SOVEREIGN GATHERED
THE NOBLES AND LANDOWNERS
TO INFORM THEM OF THE
BUSINESS OF THE STATE.

MacGibbon continues ...TO THE CONTINUING STRENGTH OF
OUR PROVINCE AND OUR NATION.
THE MOST CRUCIAL CHALLENGES
ARE OF AN ECONOMIC NATURE,
RUNNING TO THE VERY HEART
OF THE FORCES THAT MAKE
OUR ECONOMY BOTH
PROSPEROUS AND FREE...

The Narrator says TODAY, IT REMAINS AS THE FIRST
INDICATION OF THE GOVERNMENT'S
PRIORITIES AND THE FIRST
OPPORTUNITY FOR THE OPPOSITION
AND THE PRESS TO ATTACK THEM.

Claire Hoy, a Toronto Sun columnist, says
WELL, THEY HAVEN'T
GOT ANY BLOODY MONEY
TO START WITH, OKAY?
I MEAN, THEY'VE ALREADY
GOT THE BIGGEST DEFICIT
IN OUR HISTORY, BROUGHT
TO YOU BY DAVIS.
WHEN HE TOOK OVER
THE GOVERNMENT,
WE HAD A
BALANCED BUDGET.
EVER SINCE, IT'S
GONE DOWNHILL.
NOW, HE TALKS ABOUT
GOVERNMENT RESTRAINT,
AND THEY NEED GOVERNMENT
RESTRAINT BECAUSE
THE FIRST FOUR YEARS THEY'RE
IN OFFICE, OF COURSE,
THEY HAD RECORD SPENDING.
NOW, WE'RE PAYING FOR IT.

MacGibbon winds up and says HONOURABLE MEMBERS, MY
GOVERNMENT PRESENTS
THESE MEASURES WHICH ARE NOW
SUBJECT TO YOUR CONSIDERATION
AND JUDGMENT AS BEING IN
THE BEST INTERESTS
OF THE PEOPLE OF ONTARIO.
MAY DIVINE PROVIDENCE GUIDE
YOU IN YOUR DELIBERATIONS.
IN OUR SOVEREIGN'S
NAME, I THANK YOU.
GOD BLESS THE
QUEEN AND CANADA.

In his forties with receding hair, Michael Cassidy, Leader of the Ontario N.D.P., says WHAT THEY'RE SAYING IS THAT
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
AND PRIVATE SECTOR SHOULD
RESCUE ONTARIO'S ECONOMY,
BUT THAT ONTARIO'S
CONSERVATIVE GOVERNMENT
IS NOT PREPARED TO SEE
ONTARIO DO ITS SHARE IN TERMS
OF BRINGING THE ECONOMY
OF THIS PROVINCE AROUND
AND CREATING THE
JOBS THAT WE NEED.

Stuart Smith, Leader of Ontario's Liberals, in his thirties with long wavy dark hair, says AND I GUESS IT'S A 35-YEAR-OLD
GOVERNMENT, AND AS SUCH,
YOU DON'T EXPECT ANYTHING
REALLY NEW FROM THEM.

Cassidy says THE STUFF THAT HAS
BEEN BEFORE US BEFORE,
THAT DIED IN THE LAST
SESSION AND THAT THEY'RE
GOING TO BRING BACK
AGAIN AND THEY'RE SAYING
THIS IS SOMETHING NEW...
WELL, I DON'T THINK THERE'S
ANYTHING NEW OR IMAGINATIVE
ABOUT IT AT ALL -- IT'S JUST
RATHER DISGUSTING, BASICALLY.

Stewart and an aide look at an agenda.

The Narrator says NEXT MORNING, STEWART AND HIS
STAFF PREPARE DAVIS'S BRIEFING
BOOK, SCANNING PRESS REACTION
TO THE THRONE SPEECH.
TODAY, DAVIS WILL FACE HIS
FIRST QUESTION PERIOD
OF THE NEW SESSION.

The aide says IT'S JUST IN CASE
SOMEONE PICKED THAT UP.

Stewart says I DIDN'T SEE THAT -- WAS THAT IN
TODAY'S PAPER OR YESTERDAY'S?

The aide says I WOULD THINK THE ONLY LIKELY
ONE IS, IF THEY WANTED TO DO
ONE ON THE SPEECH
FROM THE THRONE THING,
WILL BE UNEMPLOYMENT, BUT THAT
WOULD BE A THROWAWAY QUESTION
SINCE THERE ARE SO MANY
ANSWERS THAT COULD BE GIVEN
TO IT, SO I'D GO FOR
THAT DEAL WITH THEM.

Stewart says EXCUSE ME A SECOND -
IS THE BELL RINGING?

The aide says YES, IT WAS RINGING.

Stewart says IT'S NOT RINGING,
IT'S NOT RINGING.

Another aide says HAVE THEY
STARTED PRAYERS?

Davis says YOU SAY YOU DON'T
KNOW WHETHER
THERE'S ANOTHER
STATEMENT, STEVE?

Steve says NO, IT WILL BE
FOLLOWING YOURS.

A man in livery walks through Parliament with a golden-headed mace on his shoulder. He is followed by a man in a dark cloak and ceremonial hat, who ascends a podium. They bow to each other.

Davis walks into his office and looks at some papers on his desk.

[bell ringing]
[chimes ringing]
A voice says O GOD, OUR HEAVENLY FATHER...

An aide says PREMIER, PRAYERS
ARE ON RIGHT NOW.

Davis says THEY'RE ON?

The aide says HAVE YOU GOT A
COPY OF THIS NOW?

Davis says NO, STEVE HAS
ONE FOR ME.

He walks out of the office and collects a sheaf of papers from Steve. The camera follows Davis as he walks toward the hall of Parliament and the priest's words grow louder.

The priest continues with his homily and says ...GIVE TO EACH MEMBER OF THIS
LEGISLATURE A STRONG AND
ABIDING SENSE OF THE GREAT
RESPONSIBILITIES LAID UPON US.
GUIDE US HERE IN
OUR DELIBERATIONS,
GIVE US A DEEP AND THOROUGH
UNDERSTANDING OF THE NEEDS
OF THE PEOPLE WE SERVE, HELP US
TO USE POWER WISELY AND WELL,
INSPIRE US TO DECISIONS WHICH
ESTABLISH AND MAINTAIN A LAND
OF PROSPERITY AND WHERE
FREEDOM PREVAILS
AND WHERE JUSTICE RULES. AMEN.

Davis enters the hall and walks to his seat.

A young M.P. with dark wavy hair says I DID SAY THAT I UNDERSTOOD
THE DILEMMA OF WORKERS,
WHEN THEY WERE FACED WITH
THE CRUEL CHOICE OF EITHER
UNEMPLOYMENT OR PARTICIPATING
IN A JOB THAT CONTRIBUTED
TO THE DESTRUCTION
OF OUR ENVIRONMENT.
I ALSO KNOW THAT GIVEN THE
ECONOMIC QUALITIES OF THIS
GOVERNMENT AND THE FEDERAL
GOVERNMENT THAT WORKERS
WILL INCREASINGLY HAVE TO MAKE
THAT RATHER CRUEL CHOICE.
IN VIEW OF THE FACT THAT
THE GOVERNMENT'S PRIORITY
IS NOW ON THE ECONOMY, CAN
THE PREMIER EXPLAIN WHY THIS
GOVERNMENT HAS SO EFFECTIVELY
PASSED THE BUCK TO THE FEDERAL
GOVERNMENT AND TO THE
PRIVATE SECTOR THAT THE ONLY
SIGNIFICANT ACTION IT HAS
PROMISED IN THE THRONE SPEECH
IS A TEMPORARY PROGRAM OF
EMPLOYMENT FOR YOUNG PEOPLE?

Davis stands and says MISTER SPEAKER... (pauses)
[banging desks]

Davis continues I THANK YOU VERY MUCH
FOR THE APPLAUSE.

In off, Davis says I THINK IN TERMS OF FUN.
THE MOST FUN FOR ME IS THE
QUESTION PERIOD -- I ENJOY IT.

In Parliament, Davis continues MISTER SPEAKER, IF YOU DON'T
RULE ME OUT OF ORDER...

In off, Davis continues WHILE YOU WANT TO TAKE
THE QUESTION SERIOUSLY,
THERE'S A TENDENCY ON OCCASION
IN THE HOUSE TO TAKE ONESELF TOO SERIOUSLY, AND
I THINK A LITTLE FUN
IN THE HOUSE ON OCCASION
DOESN'T HURT, AND IT'S NOT
NECESSARILY THE MOST
PRODUCTIVE PART OF THE DAY.

In Parliament, Davis continues ...BEST WISHES IN A MORE
LIMITED SENSE, I GUESS,
TO THE NEW LEADER OF THE
NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY.
WE HAD A VERY BRIEF CHAT ON
THE PHONE YESTERDAY
AND I WISHED HIM WELL,
BUT I WANT TO MAKE SURE
THAT HE UNDERSTANDS
NOT TOO WELL.

McKeough uses a pointer on a chart and says OHIP PREMIUMS - IT'S
SUGGESTED THAT THEY WOULD
BE RAISED, THE SINGLE
POLICIES, FROM 16 TO 22 DOLLARS.

The Narrator says THE DAY BEFORE THE BUDGET
GOES TO THE PRINTERS,
McKEOUGH SHOWS DAVIS THE
DETAILS FOR THE LAST TIME.

Davis watches thoughtfully, with his pipe in his mouth.

McKeough continues AN INCREASE OF
12 DOLLARS PER MONTH.

Darcy says THAT FIRST ITEM FOR 271
MILLION DOLLARS IS DONE BY REGULATION.

The Narrator says McKEOUGH IS PROPOSING THAT
GOVERNMENT HEALTH INSURANCE
PREMIUMS BE RAISED
BY 37.5 PERCENT
AND THAT TAXES BE RAISED
ON ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO.

McKeough stands beside the charts and says THE TAX WOULD GO FROM
19.2 CENTS TO 22 CENTS
FOR A PACK OF 20, AND
CIGARS AND TOBACCO
WOULD EXPERIENCE
SIMILAR INCREASES.
THE TAX ON CIGARS
IS 40 CENTS.

Davis smiles and says I DON'T CARE ABOUT
THEM ANY MORE.
[laughing]
HOW ABOUT PIPE TOBACCO?
[chuckling]
I NOTICE THAT YOU
HAVE THAT INCLUDED.
[chuckle]
THE ONLY ONE THAT, I THINK,
WE'LL HEAR SOMETHING ABOUT...
WE'LL HEAR ABOUT TOBACCO AND
ALCOHOL, WE ALWAYS DO...
IS, OF COURSE, THE PREMIUM.

The Narrator says THE CHANGE IN HEALTH
INSURANCE PREMIUMS WILL MEAN
A 12 DOLLAR A MONTH INCREASE
FOR EVERY ONTARIO FAMILY.

Darcy says I HAD HERE SOME
PLACE WHO PAYS IT.

Stewart, sitting beside Davis as he lights his pipe, says
WE MAY HAVE TOUCHED
ON THIS BEFORE,
BUT THE RHETORIC THAT GOES
WITH THIS HAS TO DO WITH
GETTING PEOPLE TO APPRECIATE
THE COSTS OF HEALTH CARE
AND HOW THEY'LL HAVE
TO PAY THEIR FAIR SHARE
IN ORDER TO UNDERSTAND
THIS, ET CETERA.

Davis says IS THERE ANY OTHER FRINGE
AREA OF TAX REDUCTIONS...
SMOKE DETECTORS HAD NEVER
BEEN MENTIONED EXCEPT
MY WIFE THINKS WE
SHOULD HAVE A COUPLE...
IN THE ENERGY FIELD?

Darcy says WE TOOK IT OFF...

Davis says WHAT ARE WE TAKING
IT OFF NOW?

Darcy says SOLAR, WIND, HEAT PUMPS...

Davis says SO, WE REALLY HAVE DONE
ABOUT AS MUCH AS WE CAN...

Darcy says STORM WINDOWS IS THE ONLY BIG
ONE LEFT AND THAT'S A BIGGIE -
VERY BIG ONE.
INSULATION, WE TOOK IT OFF.

Davis says FUNNY HOW THESE
THINGS GO IN CYCLES.
FOR THE LAST FOUR
OR FIVE DAYS,
ENERGY CONSERVATION HAS BECOME
SORT OF AN IN-DISCUSSION AGAIN.

Darcy says WELL, WE'VE DONE A HELL
OF A LOT OF WORK ON THAT.
DO YOU WANT US TO TAKE A
LOOK AT STORM DOORS AND
WINDOWS AND
SMOKE DETECTORS?
YOU LIKE STORM DOORS
AND WINDOWS?

Davis says I JUST WANT ONE MORE OF
THOSE LITTLE THINGS
THAT REFLECT THE
ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY...

A voice says ALL THOSE GOOD CAUSES THAT
WE'RE TRYING TO SUPPORT.

Darcy says OKAY, WE'LL LOOK
AROUND - SAFETY BOOTS?
SAFETY BOOTS AND HARD HATS?
[laughing]

A voice says FOUR MONTHS LONGER
THAN LAST YEAR...
[laughing]

Another voice says TOM MADE US BET ON THAT ONE.

Members of Parliament sit at their desks drumming on them with open hands.
[banging desks]

The Narrator says POLITICALLY, THE BUDGET IS A
MINORITY GOVERNMENT'S MOST
CRUCIAL PIECE OF LEGISLATION,
FOR IF THE BUDGET IS DEFEATED
IN THE LEGISLATURE, THE
GOVERNMENT MUST RESIGN
AND FACE AN ELECTION.
[banging desks]

Darcy, standing beside a seated Davis, says
MISTER SPEAKER, I'M PLEASED TO
ANNOUNCE THAT ONTARIO
IS STEADILY ADAPTING ITSELF
TOWARDS ENERGY CONSERVATION.
TO ASSIST IN THIS PROCESS, I
PROPOSE TO REMOVE THE RETAIL
SALES TAX FROM STORM
DOORS AND STORM WINDOWS,
EFFECTIVE MARCH 8, '78.
THIS MEASURE...
[banging desks]
THIS MEASURE WILL
COST 15 MILLION DOLLARS...

A heckler's voice says I JUST PUT SOME IN.

Darcy continues IN '78, '79 AND BRING THE
GOVERNMENT'S TOTAL PACKAGE OF
ENERGY CONSERVATION EXEMPTIONS
TO 25 MILLION DOLLARS PER YEAR.
EFFECTIVE MAY 1, '78, OHIP
PREMIUMS WILL INCREASE
BY 6 DOLLARS PER MONTH FOR
SINGLE SUBSCRIBERS
AND 12 DOLLARS PER MONTH
FOR FAMILIES.

The Narrator says IT WAS A BUDGET SPEECH THAT
WOULD COME BACK TO HAUNT
McKEOUGH AND DAVIS OVER
THE NEXT FEW MONTHS.
THE OPPOSITION PARTIES, BACKED
BY A MAJOR PUBLIC OUTCRY,
COMBINED THEIR ATTACK
ON THE OHIP FEE HIKE,
AND THE PROVINCE WAS
BROUGHT TO THE BRINK
OF AN ELECTION.
[members shouting]

Darcy says MISTER SPEAKER, THAT WILL
PRODUCE NEW PREMIUM LEVELS.

The Narrator says McKEOUGH AND DAVIS WERE
FORCED TO BACK DOWN,
AND THE OHIP FEE HIKE
WAS CUT IN HALF.
FIVE MONTHS LATER, FRUSTRATED
BY THE CONTINUAL COMPROMISES
OF MINORITY GOVERNMENT,
McKEOUGH RESIGNED FROM POLITICS
AFTER 15 YEARS AS A
MEMBER OF THE LEGISLATURE.

Darcy continues ...MODEST INCOME FAMILIES,
I WOULD ALSO...
[banging desks]

The Narrator says BUT QUIETLY, CAUTIOUSLY, AND
WITH MODERATION IN ALL THINGS,
THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY WOULD
CONTINUE TO GOVERN ONTARIO AS IT HAD FOR
THE PAST THIRTY FIVE YEARS.

Darcy continues ...AND WITH THE LEADERSHIP
OF WILLIAM DAVIS,
I BELIEVE OUR CITIZENS CAN
BE CONFIDENT OF THE FUTURE.
[banging desks]
(Sound fades)

The end credits roll.

The Narrator says THERE'S A LOT OF PEOPLE
WHO SAY THAT POLITICS
IS THE ART OF THE POSSIBLE OR
THE ABILITY TO COMPROMISE
OR FIND THAT MIDDLE
POSITION THAT IS REASONABLY
ACCEPTABLE TO THE
BULK OF THE PUBLIC.
IT'S GREAT TO HAVE ALL OF
THE PHILOSOPHICAL VIEWS
IN THE WORLD -- IF, IN FACT,
THE PUBLIC ISN'T PREPARED
TO ACCEPT THEM, IT SERVES
VERY LITTLE PURPOSE
TO HOLD THESE VIEWS IF YOU
CAN'T DO MUCH ABOUT IT.
AND SO, I THINK THAT
POLITICS, GOVERNMENT IS
THE ART OF THE POSSIBLE OR BEING
PRACTICAL, BEING REALISTIC.

Written, Directed, Edited and Narrated by Peter Raymont.

Producer, Mike McKennirey.

Executive Producer, Arthur Hammond.

The Art of The Possible, A National Film Board of Canada Production.

N.F.B. and T.V.O. logos. 1978.

Watch: The Art of the Possible