Transcript: Last Home of the Giants | Apr 07, 2015

A deep sea scuba diver appears swimming surrounded by a school of fish.

Alex narrates The Ocean is a hidden
And yet, what happens
under its surface impacts

A group of sharks swims by and so does a giant turtle.

Tyler narrates Nature's greatest
food bank is disappearing
due to overfishing.

Fishermen drag a shark onto the deck of a boat.

Tyler continues Populations of large predatory
fish have been reduced by 90

Fast clips show sharks swimming in the deep sea.

Alex narrates There are only a few
remaining hot spots where
these fish still thrive.

A seashore on a rocky island appears. The wind blows and waves break on the incessantly shore.

He says The remote Cocos Island off the
coast of Costa Rica stands
out as a last home of the

The opening slate appears. It reads “Last Home of the Giants.”

A picture of Tyler appears. He’s in his thirties, he has short curly dark hair and is clean-shaven. He’s wearing a checkered shirt. A caption next to him reads “Tyler.” Behind him, a clip shows how he flips his skateboard, surfs, scuba dives and sits on a helicopter.

TYLER says Hey everyone! I'm Tyler.
And this is my younger brother, Alex.

Alex appears next to Tyler. Alex is in his late twenties, he´s blond and has short hair. He’s clean-shaven and wears a striped sweatshirt.

A picture shows him with a caption that reads his name.
Fast clips show him doing canopying through the jungle, scuba diving, holding a large fish in his arms; also pictures with Tyler as they grew up, and more recent ones in which they hold cameras and wear lifejackets in front of a pale blue lake.

ALEX says And together we're the
Water Brothers!

Fast clips show them rowing on a boat, sailing a yacht, diving with sharks, fishing in a river and watching as dolphins frolic in the ocean.

Alex continues We're going to take you on
an adventure around the
world to explore the state
of our Blue Planet.
A planet defined by water and
its ability to sustain life.

TYLER says So join us on our journey
as we explore the world, looking
at the most important water
stories of our time.

Fast clips show them, Alex stands in front of the camera and speaks as Tyler films.
Next, an African woman in a t-shirt and a skirt pulls up a bucket from a water well.

ALEX and Tyler appear. They stand in front of a river.

Alex says And together we will learn
how to better protect our most
precious resource.

A caption appears written in blue over bubbling water. It reads “The water Brothers.”

Alex narrates Millions of years of
isolation have made Cocos
Island unique

Fast clips show schools of fish swim across the deep blue sea in underwater shots. A stingray and other fish appear.

He continues for the sheer
abundance and diversity of
its waters.
Jacques Cousteau called it
the most beautiful island in
the world.

Shots of the Island show its wonderful display of vegetation and wildlife. Two blue beaked birds sit on a branch together. The waves break on the rocks chucking foam into the air.

Tyler narrates says The secret to
this bounty is a confluence
of ocean currents, wind
currents and underwater
mountains that force cold,
nutrient rich waters to the

Giant turtles, sharks, dolphins, and whale sharks appear in turns, illustrating the narration.

Alex says While many species
will spend their entire lives
Cocos also acts as an important
species found
in the ocean on their long
migratory journeys.

Tyler says But this bounty of
life is in danger.
from across the Pacific

A fishing boat sails by. It reads “BJ4910” on one side.

Tyler continues targeting schools of sharks and
yellowfin tuna.

Fast clips show a school of tuna from within its centre.

Alex narrates These giant predatory
fish play a vital role in
maintaining the overall
balance and health of every
marine ecosystem they
inhabit, by culling the weakest

Different species of fish appear, some spotted with yellow tails, some dark, some red and some completely yellow.

Tyler says Despite being
designated as a marine
protected area that is
monitored by park rangers,

A white and red coast guard vessel that reads “Guardacostas” down its side sails near the coast.

Tyler continues Cocos Island continues to be
targeted as a top fishing
ground in the lucrative
global trade of shark fins.

Fishermen haul a shark onto the deck.

Tyler says For decades, the apex
predator of these waters,
the Tiger Shark, disappeared.

A tiger shark swims towards the camera, and turns to show its gills and fins.

Alex narrates Millions of sharks
are caught in Costa Rica
every year and the country
has become one of the
world's largest suppliers of
shark fins.

Fast clips show shark heads piled up and fishermen washing and bagging shark parts.

Alex says Illegal fishing continues to
encroach upon the park.

Tyler and Alex board a ship with other men.

Tyler narrates We joined a team
of scientists and volunteers
on an expedition to document
and track the movements of
marine life here in order to
develop a plan to better
protect this unique
ecosystem from overfishing.

Tyler stands on the deck leaning on the handrail of the ship and says So we're getting our last
look at the mainland right now.
Next stop, Cocos Island.

As clips show the men on the ship, it cuts through a green sea at full speed.

Alex says The only way to get to
this uninhabited island is a 36
hour boat ride.

A map of the American continent appears on screen, the image zooms in to Central America and Costa Rica in particular. A black line shows the location of Cocos Island, south of the mainland.

Alex narrates Lying 550 kilometres
west of mainland Costa Rica and
with no space to land a plane,
this remoteness is exactly
what makes Cocos so special.

A close-up shows Cocos Island with a caption next to it that reads “55189 degrees N, 570717 degrees west.” An animated ship advances to get to the island.

Alex continues We felt privileged to have
this opportunity as only a
few people get to visit this
oceanic wilderness each

Alex appears at dawn filming the orange sunrise from the boat.

In the early morning Tyler says So we arrived in Cocos
this morning around 5am,
the sun's just come up we are
getting our first view of
the island and now we are
all getting suited up in our
dive gear, can't wait to get
in the water.

The virgin green Island rises in the background.
Fast clips show them board a smaller vessel to get to the shore. The stand and hold on to the railings to keep their balance.

A clip shows Tyler and Alex drop backwards into the sea, dressed in wet suits. They have an underwater camera and a line. Under the sea many species of fish appear. Most of them are sharks but there is a huge variety of smaller specimens as well.

Tyler narrates Cocos is home to
one of the densest
populations of sharks on
Earth, with twelve different
species that gather in
groups of hundreds of

Images of the two brothers scuba diving alternate with sharks, spotted fish, eels, red fish, and other animals.

Tyler says The Island supports an
incredible diversity of
life, for
creatures both big and
small, but it is the sheer
numbers of animals and
endless schools of fish that
set this place apart.

A clip shows Alex and Tyler swim towards the surface and right next to them a whale shark appears. It’s large and spotted on the back.

Tyler narrates says As we were about to
rise to the surface, we came
face to face with one of the
most impressive giants found in
the ocean, the whale shark.

Alex says Reaching lengths of
known as much for their
massive size as they are for
their gentle behaviour.
Despite being the largest shark
and biggest fish in the entire
the whale shark's diet is
entirely comprised of tiny
organisms like plankton.

As the shark calmly swims next to them, a vision of its lengthy and massive body can be inferred by comparison to the minute appearance of the men and other fish swimming by.

Tyler says As long as you steer
clear of its powerful tail,
diving with a whale shark is one of the most incredible
encounters you
can have underwater.

He cheers underwater as he looks at the camera.
Fast clips show the men throw up their lines to be picked up, an aerial view of the turquoise ocean from the island and a boat pick them up as requested.

Alex and Boris sit on the boat in swimsuits and shirts. Boris is in his thirties, has short curly brown hair, and is clean-shaven.

Alex says So Boris, it's your first
time to Cocos,
what are your impressions so

Boris says I'm blown away. This
is a very special place.

A caption below him reads “Doctor Boris Worm, Marine Conservation Biologist, Dalhousie University.”

He continues And for me it's been bittersweet
in a way, because I love what I
see here.
You see a halfway intact
Lots of big predators.
This is the way a lot of the
world used to be, but it's not
You have to travel very far now,
to places that are specifically
protected to have that site to
see that many large fish.

As he speaks, clips show the deep ocean ecosystem. Sharks, fish, and other animals swim calmly in a blue sea.

Boris continues And so that makes me sad in a
way, because I've never seen any
other place like this.
Boris Worm says And it's only
because it has been protected as
a national park,
also because it's far away.
It has had some level of
protection for a long time,
and that's the only reason
why we still see life in such
abundance here.

Images of the Island’s vegetation illustrate his words. The blue peaked birds appear flying and skidding on the ocean surface. A diver swims near the seabed.

Boris says And this is providing us with an
opportunity to study, and to
understand what the consequences
are of having
these predators in the systems
or not having them in the

Alex narrates The large
concentration of sharks here
helps change
perspectives of these
misunderstood creatures.
Having shark infested waters is
actually a good thing.

Alex Hearn says A lot of marine
habitats or communities are
driven by their top

A caption below him reads “Doctor Alex Hearn, director of conservation science turtle island and restoration network.”

Alex Hearn is in his thirties. He has short brown hair and a trimmed beard, and is wearing a polo neck t-shirt.

He says So as the top predator, the
shark, really is kind of an
indicator of
health of the ecosystem.
So you won't find many sick,
slow, lethargic fish around.
They're not going to get a
chance to reproduce because the
are gonna have them.

Tyler says Multiple shark
species can be seen on every
but it's the scalloped
that is the highlight of every
trip to Cocos.

A hammerhead shark swims next to the camera.

Alex Hearn says Galapagos, Cocos and
Malpelo, are three oceanic

A map with the three islands appears. It reads “Eastern Tropical Pacific, the golden triangle of hammerheads, Galapagos islands, Cocos Island, Malpelo Island.”

He says in this region called the
Eastern Tropical Pacific.
We kind of call it the golden
triangle of Hammerheads.

Tyler says One of the things
that makes filming
Hammerheads at Cocos so
tough, besides the strong
currents, is the fact that
they really don't like scuba

Tyler sits on the ship as he gets ready to scuba dive.

He explains The bubbles and the noise from
the scuba tanks
really scare them away, so
it's really tough to get close
to them.
So what Alex and I thought
might be a good idea is to
attach one of our GoPro
cameras to a scuba weight
and leave it down at one of
the dive sites and see what
all the activity is like
when there's no scuba divers

He shows the camera they want to attach. Next a clip shows them place it in position.

He continues When there's no bubbles to scare
all the sharks away.

A clip shows the first images of the camera they installed, various kinds of fish seem attracted to it and look straight into it.

Alex says The stationary
cameras were able to capture
fascinating shark activity.

A school of hammerheads swims in front of the stationary camera. They are everywhere.

Alex narrates Hammerheads exhibit a
unique schooling behaviour,
gathering in groups of more
than one hundred individuals
during the day before
becoming solitary hunters at
night, when they will leave
the island to feed.

Alex Hearn says These islands
provide a
really important service to
them, which is cleaning.
And so where we've seen them
have been at these cleaning
stations where a lot of the
small reef fish, the barber
fish, and some of the angel
fish, and even the Mexican
hogfish will come up to them
and pick off the parasites,
clean their wounds.

Fast clips show small fish grooming the sharks.

He says They have these mating scars as
well, and so the island provides
a series of
services if you will, that
would be very difficult to
provide out in the open
Tyler says Amazingly, sharks
actively seek out the cleaning
They work together in
benefiting both the sharks
and the small fish.

Alex Hearn says I think Hammerheads
are unique in the entire animal
I mean there's nothing like that
Have you ever seen a head
like that in the insect kingdom,
or anywhere else, they truly
are amazing.
Sharks have perhaps slightly
different ways of detecting
things than we do.
They have electro-receptors and
Hammerheads' head, which is
so elongated, has the
highest concentration I
think of any other shark

A clip shows hammerheads, rays, and squid swimming around the bottom of the ocean.

He says And that makes them really good
at homing in and detecting
their prey, such as maybe
rays, or in the open ocean,
squid, so they can really
almost like a metal detector I
they can really home in there
with that wide head.

Alex says sharks have roamed the oceans for over 400 million
and survived five planet-wide
mass extinctions, but nothing
could have prepared sharks
to deal with the newest and
most efficient marine
predator that has ever
existed humans.

Some sharks lie on each other on the ocean floor, as a diver flashes a light on them. Next, a fishing boat approaches the place where they are.

Alex Hearn says The major threat is
overfishing, and it comes in
a variety of forms,
so there are target fisheries
for sharks, sharks are also
often caught as by-catch in
other fisheries.

Tyler says Sharks and tuna are
using a technique called
surface long-lining.

Randall Arauz says Long-lines of
course are, as the names

A caption under him reads “Randall Arauz. Biologist founder Pretoma.”

He continues they use a very long line.
It's a monofilament line that
can be up to,
if it's a Costa Rican boat, 20
miles long, 800 to a thousand hooks.
If it's a foreign Taiwanese
boat, 150 mile line, with 5 thousand

Tyler says Surface long-lining
is very effective at catching

An animation appears. It shows lines spread in a straight line along the surface. The animation reads “longlining.”

Tyler continues
to explain the surface, they create huge
amounts of
by-catch and unintentionally
kill countless numbers of
fish, seabirds and sea
turtles that are simply

An animated map shows dozens of fishing boats sailing near the islands.

Randall Arauz says When you think
that there's at least 2500 of
these boats in the
Eastern Tropical Pacific,
setting 150 mile lines,
back and fourth, back to back,
and these boats are out for
months at a time, it's
literally like crisscrossed
with all these lines, it's
almost impossible for a
turtle to swim and not
encounter one of these lines.
We estimate that the Costa Rican
fleet is
catching anywhere from a
hundred to two hundred
thousand turtles a year on
these long line boats.

A clip shows the volunteers pick up a turtle and release it from the lines trapping it.
A fishing boat appears. It reads “B1252” across one side.

Alex says Long-liners were
attracted to Cocos in search
of tuna, but recently it's
not just tuna they're after.

Alex Hearn says Increasingly, there
is this demand for fins,
and so there's this insidious
practice called shark finning
where they're caught, the fins
are cut off,
and their body is just discarded
which is wasteful as well as
rather cruel.

Tyler says Shark finning was
largely unknown to the
public for decades until
Randall Arauz, the biologist
leading our expedition,
helped bring the issue to
international attention.
Randall convinced a cook on
video evidence that fishing
boats were catching turtles on
their lines as bycatch.
What he saw would change his
life forever.

A clip shows fishermen haul a young shark on board of a ship by hooking its mouth and pulling. Once it’s trapped one of the men cuts off its dorsal fin with a machete.

Randall Arauz says We stumbled upon
the shark finning issue.
Back then in the 90's, I didn't
anything about sharks, and
when this friend of mine
came back from his very
first trip and he brought
all this evidence, at the
very end of the video,
comes the famous blue shark
getting finned, and this was
one of the first video
evidence of shark finning.
And here comes this blue shark,
they drag
it up on the boat, they hack
off the fins, and throw the
shark back into the water,
and the first time I saw
this I was just stunned.
I didn't know what was going on.
But of course it didn't take
very long, we did a
little Internet search, and
we found out that's called
shark finning, it's for the
Asian shark fin soup market.

As he speaks, a clip shows the shark being hacked into pieces and kicked back into the water.

Alex says Shark fin soup has
consumed for nearly 1000
years dating back to China's
Ming dynasty when emperors
would serve the dish to
guests as a sign of power
and respect.

An animation shows a Chinese traditional vessel fishing for sharks and later two men sit at a low table and sip their soups from a bowl in a typical Asian-looking dining room.

He continues It did not gain wide popularity
until the 20th century when a
middle class could afford a
delicacy that was once
reserved for the most

The animation shows a restaurant and a family enjoying the soup around a large table.
Next, images of real shark soup appear as it is served in bowls. It’s a brown liquid with pieces of meat floating in it.
The clip goes on to show busy Chinese streets.

He says A bowl of shark fin soup can
but still remains a staple dish
at weddings and banquets in
Chinese communities around
the world.

Alex Hearn says I find finning
particularly objectable, not
only for the fact that it is
wasteful, but it serves no
There is no nutritional value
from shark fin soup.
It's purely a status symbol.

Tyler narrates While the demand
for shark fin soup in China
has declined by over 40
percent in the past few years,
experts are concerned that this
decline is still
not happening fast enough to
ensure the survival of
numerous shark species.

Alex asks Boris says So how many sharks are we
losing per year?

Boris Worm says We've calculated
that we're losing at least
100 million sharks a year.
That's 11 thousand sharks every
hour, day and night, 365
days a year.
It's a lot of animals.

Boris says It equates to
an exploitation rate of
about six to eight percent
of the total number of
sharks that there is ever year.
And that may not sound
like much, but the problem
with sharks is that they're
reproducing very slowly,
they're growing very slowly,
they're maturing very late
in their life, much like us,
and so they are very
vulnerable to fishing.
They can sustain on average
about four percent exploitation
so we are consistently exceeding
their exploitation rate and
that's what's driving them down.

Alex narrates For centuries, shark
finning had a much smaller
but today there are simply not
enough sharks in the ocean,
reproducing fast enough to
meet this unprecedented global

As he speaks, images of the deep sea appear. Sharks swim around together with other fish.

Boris Worm says Fundamentally,
we don't know what the
consequences are of losing
One reason for that is that
all ecosystems in the ocean have
evolved with sharks in them.
That means that everything
we see has evolved with sharks
in it.
And has adapted to that.
When we take sharks out, we can
bet that there's large

Tyler says The impacts of rapid
shark depletion cascade
down the entire food web.

An image of a map that moves from Cocos Island to the U.S shore appears. It reads “U.S Atlantic Seaboard 1990’s.”

Tyler narrates The best-documented
example of this effect occurred
along the US Atlantic seaboard
in the 1990's.
Sharks were being wiped out for
their fins, so in turn,
the population of their main
prey, the Cow Nose ray,

An animation shows four sharks and four rays swimming. The sharks begin to disappear one by one, and the rays multiply.

He explains The Rays then ate most of the
scallops and
clams at the bottom of the
food chain.
As a result, a local scallop
fishery once worth over 100
dollars, was destroyed.

A fishing boat with the words “for sale” appears on the surface.

He says out of balance,
And it all started when too many sharks were killed.

Alex stands on the deck at night and says Right now we're getting
ready for our first night
dive of the trip and we're
really excited to get into the
water because the entire reef
ecosystem changes at night.
A lot of the smaller fish go
into hiding and a lot of the big
sharks come out to hunt.

A clip shows a flashlight illuminating the bottom of the sea.

Alex narrates As soon as we turned
our lights towards the reef,
packs of White-tip reef sharks
The hunt had begun.

Tyler says White-tips of every
size worked in teams to
drive out small fish from the

Some white tip sharks swim together and hunt fish that hide between the rocks.

He continues The smallest sharks did most of
digging while the larger
sharks and fish called
off prey as they tried to

Alex says The commotion of the
hunt also attracted a pair
of 2-meter long Galapagos
sharks, which seemed almost
blinded by our lights.

The Galapagos sharks swim towards the light and quickly turn away as if bothered by it.

Alex says Because many species
of shark hunt at night,
it is no surprise that this is
the same time when the most
illegal fishing activity takes

The Cocos Island map appears again. This time a red circle around the island appears. It reads “12 miles, no fishing zone.”

Tyler says Despite the
establishment of a 12-mile no
fishing zone around Cocos
become so profitable
that many fishermen continue
to operate within the
protected waters regardless
of the threat of fines and
confiscation of fishing gear
by park rangers like Isaac

Isaac is in his forties, he’s wearing a khaki shirt with park ranger badges on it. He has short dark hair and is clean-shaven.
A caption under him reads “Isaac Chinchilla, Park Ranger Cocos Island national Park.”

Isaac speaks in Spanish.

He says they tend to venture in under the cover of the night and early morning hours, without any lights, when we supposedly have our guard down.

Alex says Fishermen have
developed several strategies
to evade park rangers.

A clip shows long-lines in the sea at night.

He continues Their long-lines are set with
camouflaged buoys with only
a couple hundred hooks and
the lines float along in
the current.
Once the lines drift back
outside the park boundaries,
fishermen can simply reel them
in, without fear of being

A clip shows fishermen pulling at a line and bringing a hammerhead shark onto the deck.

Isaac says If we find some of that gear during one of our operations, nobody claims it, it has no owner. If they lose it it’s not much, barely 200 hooks, not much is lost, but if they don’t lose it because we didn’t find it, because their plan has worked, then it’s very possible that they caught 3 or 4 tuna or possibly more tuna, some sharks or other species. It’s pretty good money. With just one of those tuna they could probably cover the cost of all the equipment.

Tyler says it’s a risk illegal fishermen are willing to take because the
criminal punishments are not
severe and the value of their
catch will always be worth
more than the cost of losing
fishing gear.

As he speaks, clips show piles of boxes containing fishing lines.

Tyler says illegal fishing gear
is piling up on the island.
Thousands of hooks are
confiscated each month.

Alex says We're just at the Cocos
island ranger station and this
is the room where they store
all the confiscated fishing

Alex shows the enormous amount of hooks and lines that are piled up in a hut in the station.

He says And what's in this room we're
told represents
less than a year of
confiscated fishing line,
I can only imagine that it's
hundreds and hundreds and
hundreds of kilometers of

Alex narrates So much fishing gear
is collected every year,
the fishing lines and buoys
in many ways, including to
make this bridge.

A hanging bridge made of buoys appears. Two people cross a river using it.

Isaac says if we are not always surveying with our boats and constant presence, we will have considerably more illegal fishing taking place.
We can’t always win the war but we always fight the battles. We are always raising our flag, letting everyone know that we’re here to defend these resources.

Fast clips show the Island from afar.

Alex says How do we deal with
issues like shark fin soup,
which has cultural meaning?

Boris Worm says Well, I think it
comes down to awareness, and
awareness among the people
who consume these products,
and that's happening right
now, and there is a huge
cultural shift away from
shark fin soup, away from
what they call dirty
diamonds, away from dirty
oil, away from products that
are seen as unsustainable,
because they are.
And I think long term how we're
going to change is cultural
it's a deep change in the
awareness of our place on
this planet, and what we can
do to sustain it for future

Fast clips show a highly populated city with buses coming and going and Skyscrapers cutting into the night sky.

Tyler says Despite a recent
decline in the demand for shark
fin soup in China, the battle
to save sharks will not be
decided in China alone.
As long as tuna are also pursued by fishermen
around Cocos, sharks will
continue to be killed as
sharks and
other large predators is to
better protect the places
where they still thrive.

Alex says Cocos Island proves
that marine parks can work.
Before the island was fully
protected in 1997, fishermen
operated much closer to
shore, and coastal dwelling
species like sea turtles and
Tiger sharks, were fished out.

Tyler says But with the
strengthened presence of park
rangers in the past
decade, illegal fishing has
been eliminated in the near
shore area.

Alex Hearn says Tiger sharks
have recently been reported
more and more abundant here
at the island, and that may
be a good sign, because it
may suggest that some of the
protection is working,
if you are getting the real top
predators coming back.

Alex says Similar success
stories are
happening at other marine
parks around the world.
But the effort to better protect the ocean with marine parks
has only just begun.

Boris Worm says At this point,
about 12 percent of the land is
and about 2.8 percent of the
ocean, so the ocean is
lagging far behind, but it's
catching up rapidly.
The target under the Convention
for Biological Diversity is
10 percent protected by
That's an ambitious target, but
it's probably still too low.
Most people think that
between 20 to 30 maybe up to
50 percent of
the ocean needs to be
protected to ensure
long-term sustainability.

Alex Hearn says There are a lot of
things that people can do out of
their homes to help protect
the ocean.
The first thing I would say is
be responsible with the
fish that you are eating.
Use a sustainable seafood guide,
and there are
plenty of them around now.
Don't consume shark fin soup.
Avoid even going to restaurants
that offer shark fin soup.
Support any Bills that help
to protect sharks,
that create marine reserves, and
create a fuss when people
who do cross the line, get away
with it.
Unfortunately we see it happen
too often.
nd learn to
dive, and come and see them,
because really, and I have
to stress this, it is one of
the few opportunities in
life that you'll get to be
up close to a top predator,
and that is a feeling that not
many people get to experience.

Tyler and Alex stand at a cliff on the Island and say Swimming with the Giants
of Cocos has been an amazing
but it's unfortunate to think
that this is one of the few
places left on Earth where
you can still see so many
large species together in
the same place.

Alex says Almost all of the large
fish and sea turtles in the
ocean are gone.
And we must act now to
protect what is left.
This not only means creating
more marine reserves,
but also ensuring that the
that are already protected,
have the resources to
actually enforce conservation
We can't expect to monitor
and protect the entire ocean,
but we can accomplish a lot by
focusing on select hotspots,
and Cocos is definitely one
of those special places.

Tyler says Protecting the
biodiversity and balance of this
marine reserve has huge
implications for the entire
Pacific Ocean and the food it
No matter where we live,
creating marine
reserves with strong fishing
regulations and enforcement
is vital for us all.

A blue slate appears, it reads “Dive deeper into the episodes at”

Alex says Join us and dive deeper into the
episodes at

The end credits roll.

Executive producer, Jonathan Barker.

Producer, Wendy Mackeigan.

Host, Director and co-producer Tyler Mifflin.

Host, writer and Co-director Alex Mifflin.

Co-writer Carl Knutson.

Story Editor Wendy Mackeigan.

Research Director Alex Mifflin.

Editor, Steve Guise.

Produced with the assistance of Canada Media Fund.

Watch: Last Home of the Giants