Transcript: What is a residential school? | Jun 02, 2021

A blue slate reads "Warning: Some viewers may find the information and images in this video disturbing."

A Female Narrator says WHAT IS A RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL?
RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS WERE FUNDED
BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
UNDER THE DEPARTMENT
OF INDIAN AFFAIRS
AND RUN BY VARIOUS
CHRISTIAN CHURCHES.
THEIR PURPOSE WAS TO
EDUCATE AND ASSIMILATE
INDIGENOUS CHILDREN INTO THE
DOMINANT EURO-CANADIAN CULTURE.

Black and white pictures show students at a school.

She continues THE SCHOOLS WERE CREATED TO
"KILL THE INDIAN IN THE CHILD,"
BY REMOVING THEM FROM THEIR
FAMILIES,
CULTURE,
AND LANGUAGE,
FORCING THEM TO LEARN ENGLISH
AND FRENCH,
AND TO ADOPT THE RELIGIOUS
DENOMINATION OF THE SCHOOL.
AN ESTIMATED 150,000
FIRST NATIONS,
INUIT,
AND MÉTIS CHILDREN
AGED THREE TO 16
WERE PLACED IN 139 SCHOOLS
ACROSS CANADA;
17 OF THEM WERE IN ONTARIO.
THE SCHOOLS
WERE IN EXISTENCE
FROM THE MID-1800S
TO 1996.
THE LAST SCHOOL IN ONTARIO
CLOSED IN 1974.
IT'S BEEN DOCUMENTED
THAT MANY OF THE CHILDREN
WERE ABUSED
AND MISTREATED
AND DIED OF MALNUTRITION
AND OTHER CAUSES.
THE NUMBER OF DEATHS
HAS BEEN ESTIMATED
AT UP TO 6,000,
BUT THE FINAL TOLL
IS DIFFICULT TO DETERMINE
SINCE HISTORICAL RECORDS
ARE INCOMPLETE.
THERE ARE APPROXIMATELY
80,000 LIVING SURVIVORS.
MOST OF THOSE SURVIVORS
ARE SUFFERING TRAUMA,
AND THAT TRAUMA HAS BEEN PASSED
DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS.

In a picture an old man using a walker looks at a list on a large red banner. Then, another old man wearing a T-shirt that reads "Survivor" stands in a protest.

She continues IN 2016, THE TRUTH AND
RECONCILIATION COMMISSION
REPORT CALLED CANADA'S ACTIONS
AGAINST INDIGENOUS PEOPLES,
INCLUDING RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS,
CULTURAL GENOCIDE,
AND RECOMMENDED
94 CALLS TO ACTION,
URGING ALL LEVELS
OF GOVERNMENT TO ACKNOWLEDGE
THE PAST, WORK TO CHANGE
EXISTING POLICIES
THAT CONTINUE TO OPPRESS
INDIGENOUS PEOPLES,
AND TO MOVE FORWARD
WITH RECONCILIATION.
SINCE THEN,
ONLY NINE CALLS TO ACTION
HAVE BEEN COMPLETED.

The slate changes to "Support is available to anyone affected by their experience at residential schools and to those who are triggered by the latest reports. People can access emotional and crisis line: 1-866-925-4419."

Watch: What is a residential school?