Transcript: What is reconciliation? Indigenous educators have their say | Apr 22, 2019

Pam is in her forties, with long slightly wavy black hair with a blond streak. She wears a white shirt and long pendant earrings.

She says SO WHAT IS RECONCILIATION,
ANYWAY?

The name of the show reads "First things first."

A clip shows a Google search of the word "Reconciliation."

A caption reads "Pamela Palmater. Professor and Chair for Indigenous Governance."

Pam says THERE'S A NUMBER OF THINGS
THAT ARE NOT RECONCILIATION.
HIRING MORE INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
IS NOT RECONCILIATION.
HAVING MORE ARTWORK IN OFFICES
IS NOT RECONCILIATION.
WE SHOULD ALREADY BE DOING
THESE THINGS.

The caption changes to "Eddy Robinson. Keynote speaker Indigenous educator."

Eddy is in his late thirties, clean-shaven and with short brown hair. He wears a printed shirt, a blue blazer and a red pocket square/

He says BEFORE "HOW I CAN HELP,"
COMES AS A QUESTION,
I THINK THEY FIRST
NEED TO UNDERSTAND.

The caption changes to "Cindy Blackstock. Executive Director. First Nations and Family Caring Society of Canada."

Cindy is in her late forties, with short straight brown hair in an irregular cut and wears glasses, a blue shirt, a gray blazer and a white flower brooch.

She says ALL YOU NEED
IS ACCESS TO GOOGLE,
AND YOU'LL BE ABLE
TO GET ONTO
THE TRUTH AND RECONCILIATION
COMMISSION'S WEBSITE,
AND READ THE REPORT.
AND EVEN IF YOU
DON'T WANNA READ IT,
YOU CAN READ IN YOUTUBE VIDEOS,
HAVE IT READ TO YOU.

Pam says AND THEN,
NOT JUST KNOW THE TRUTH,
BUT THERE'S THE JUSTICE PART,
WHERE YOU ACTUALLY ADDRESS
AND MAKE AMENDS FOR EVERYTHING
THAT'S HAPPENED,
AND IS STILL HAPPENING.

Cindy says THE REALITY IS THAT
FIRST NATIONS KIDS
ARE STILL GETTING BETWEEN 20
TO 50 PER CENT LESS FUNDING
ACROSS EVERY
PUBLIC SERVICE.

Pam says SO UNTIL
THERE'S NO MORE MURDERED
AND MISSING INDIGENOUS WOMEN,
OR ARE PEOPLE
OVER-INCARCERATED IN PRISON,
HOW CAN WE SKIP
FORWARD TO THE FUN
RECONCILIATION PART
OF THINGS?

A picture online appears with a caption that reads "Broken system: Why is a quarter of Canada's prison population Indigenous?"

Cindy says THERE IS NO FEDERAL PLAN TO
ELIMINATE THOSE INEQUALITIES.
AND SOME PEOPLE SAY,
"WELL, YOU KNOW,
"THERE MUST BE
A REASON FOR THIS."
BUT LET'S TAKE BOIL WATER
ADVISORIES.
THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA
CAN GET A DART TEAM IN THE AIR,
FLY THEM TO AN EARTHQUAKE ZONE
HALFWAY AROUND THE WORLD
TO GET CLEAN WATER
PUMPING IN 24 HOURS,
SO WHY CAN'T THEY DO THAT
FOR FIRST NATIONS COMMUNITIES
IN CANADA?

An online article pops up with a headline that reads "Third World conditions: Many of Canada's indigenous people can't drink the water at home."

Cindy says WE'RE MAKING CHOICES
TO ALLOW THE RACIAL
DISCRIMINATION TO CONTINUE,
AND THAT'S WHAT
WE NEED TO STOP.

Pam says WE WILL NEVER
GET TO REAL TRUTH,
JUSTICE,
AND RECONCILIATION
UNTIL THERE IS
A SUBSTANTIAL TRANSFER
OF POWER, WEALTH,
AND RESOURCES.
AND THAT MEANS
LANDS HAVE TO COME BACK.
THAT ALSO MEANS THERE HAS TO BE
US SHARING IN THE RESOURCES.

A black and white picture shows 9 men with the caption "Canada Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development-Library and Archives Canada- C-068920."

Pam says AND IT ALSO MEANS A RECOGNITION
AND FULL IMPLEMENTATION
OF OUR SOVEREIGN RIGHT
TO BE SELF-DETERMINING.

Cindy says WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT THE
GREATEST HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES
THAT WERE DONE IN CANADA,
THE CHINESE HEAD TAX,
THE INTERMENT OF
JAPANESE-CANADIANS,
AND RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL,
THEY ALL HAVE TWO THINGS
IN COMMON.
FIRST, THEY WERE ALL PERPETRATED
BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT.
AND SECOND,
WE ALL LET IT HAPPEN,
BECAUSE WE COULDN'T
WATCH THE INJUSTICE
AND SPEAK UP
AND DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT.
RECONCILIATION
IS OUR CHANCE TO LEARN HOW
TO NOT TURN AWAY.

Eddy says IF I HELP THESE PEOPLE IN
PROFESSIONAL POSITIONS
OR POSITIONS OF POWER
UNDERSTAND WHAT IT IS
INDIGENOUS PEOPLE HAVE BEEN
GOING THROUGH,
AND HAVE GONE THROUGH,
IT'S GONNA HELP MY CHILDREN
IN SCHOOL RIGHT NOW,
IT'S GONNA HELP THEIR CHILDREN,
AND IT'S GONNA HELP, YOU KNOW,
SEVEN GENERATIONS.

Pam says THAT'S WHY I NEVER
TALK ABOUT RECONCILIATION
WITHOUT TALKING ABOUT TRUTH,
JUSTICE, AND RECONCILIATION.
YOU WON'T GET THAT FROM HANGING
ARTWORK IN AN OFFICE.

Watch: What is reconciliation? Indigenous educators have their say